ENTITYA TYPEA IDA DATABASEA ENTITYB TYPEB IDB DATABASEB EFFECT MECHANISM RESIDUE SEQUENCE TAX_ID CELL_DATA TISSUE_DATA MODULATOR_COMPLEX TARGET_COMPLEX MODIFICATIONA MODASEQ MODIFICATIONB MODBSEQ PMID DIRECT NOTES ANNOTATOR SENTENCE SIGNOR_ID CDK1 protein P06493 UNIPROT INCENP protein Q9NQS7 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr412 DTEIANStPNPKPAA 9606 16378098 t gcesareni "Here, we report that cdk1 phosphorylates thr 59 and thr 388 on inner centromere protein (incenp), which regulates the localization and kinase activity of aurora-b from prophase to metaphase. The replacement of endogenous incenp with t388a resulted in the delay of progression from metaphase to anaphase." SIGNOR-143387 STK3/4 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF41 SIGNOR SAV1 protein Q9H4B6 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation 9606 21084559 t miannu "Mst is activated by binding of salvador (sav1, sav in drosophila), which is, in turn, also phosphorylated by mst." SIGNOR-256184 STK3/4 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF41 SIGNOR Mob1 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF42 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation 9606 23431053 t miannu "Mob1, when phosphorylated by MST1/2, binds to the autoinhibitory motif in Lats1/2, which in turn leads to the phosphorylation of the Lats activation loop (Lats1 S909 and Lats2 S872) and thereby an increase of their kinase activity" SIGNOR-256185 DNMT3A protein Q9Y6K1 UNIPROT Differentiation phenotype SIGNOR-PH37 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 27639498 f irozzo "The DNA methyltransferase 3 genes (DNMT3A and DNMT3B) encode methyltransferases that catalyze the addition of a methyl group to the cytosine residue of CpG dinucleotide; therefore they play an essential role in DNA methylation and gene silencing regulatory processes. DNMT3A function is involved in hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) renewal and myeloid differentiation." SIGNOR-255714 UBIAD1 protein Q9Y5Z9 UNIPROT Proliferation phenotype SIGNOR-PH4 SIGNOR down-regulates 9606 BTO:0000362 30518913 f miannu "This study show that UBIAD1 interacts with H-Ras, retains H-Ras in the Golgi apparatus, prevents H-Ras trafficking from the Golgi apparatus to the plasma membrane, blocks the aberrant activation of Ras/MAPK signaling, and inhibits the proliferation of bladder cancer cells." SIGNOR-256205 MECOM protein Q03112 UNIPROT RUNX1 protein Q01196 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 10090 BTO:0000944 17575132 t irozzo "The results that we present here support this model and show that EVI1 interacts with and inhibits RUNX1. As for GATA1, EVI1 seems to repress RUNX1 function by interacting specifically with its DNA-binding domain Runt, leading to destabilization and dissolution of the DNA-RUNX1 complex." SIGNOR-255716 UBIAD1 protein Q9Y5Z9 UNIPROT HRAS protein P01112 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000362 30518913 t miannu "This study show that UBIAD1 interacts with H-Ras, retains H-Ras in the Golgi apparatus, prevents H-Ras trafficking from the Golgi apparatus to the plasma membrane, blocks the aberrant activation of Ras/MAPK signaling, and inhibits the proliferation of bladder cancer cells." SIGNOR-256206 BMP1 protein P13497 UNIPROT COL1A1 protein P02452 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" cleavage 9534 BTO:0000298 11283002 t miannu "BMP-1myc Expressed in COS-7 Cells Exhibits Procollagen C-proteinase Activity. Bone morphogenetic protein (BMP)-1, which belongs to the tolloid subgroup of astacin-like zinc metalloproteinases, cleaves the C-propeptides of procollagen at the physiologic site and is, therefore, a procollagen C-proteinase (PCP). Cleavage occurs between a specific alanine or glycine residue (depending on the procollagen chain) and an invariant aspartic acid residue in each of the three chains of procollagen." SIGNOR-256342 BMP1 protein P13497 UNIPROT COL5A2 protein P05997 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" cleavage Glu1253 SEVKMDAEFRHDSGY 9606 BTO:0002974 11741999 t miannu "BMP-1 Can Efficiently Cleave Pro-α1(V) N-propeptides and Pro-α2(V) C-propeptides and Less Efficiently Cleave Pro-α1(V) C-propeptides in Vitro. BMP-1 efficiently cleaves pro-α2(V) C-propeptides at a single site between residues 1250 (Glu) and 1251 (Asp)." SIGNOR-256343 BMP1 protein P13497 UNIPROT COL5A1 protein P20908 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" cleavage Asp1549 IKTEEISEVKMDAEF 9606 BTO:0002974 11741999 t miannu "BMP-1 Can Efficiently Cleave Pro-α1(V) N-propeptides and Pro-α2(V) C-propeptides and Less Efficiently Cleave Pro-α1(V) C-propeptides in Vitro.NH2-terminal sequencing of an ∼35-kDa band in the BMP-1-treated material (N-α1(V), Fig. 3 B,lanes 2 and 3) showed it to correspond to the NH2-terminal portion of the pro-α1(V) N-propeptide previously shown to be cleaved in pro-α1(V)3 homotrimers by BMP-1 (39), whereas NH2-terminal sequencing of an ∼38-kDa band (C-α1(V)BMP-1, Fig. 3 B,lanes 2 and 3) showed it to correspond to pro-α1(V) C-propeptides cleaved between Asp-1594 and Asp-1595." SIGNOR-256344 Calcineurin complex SIGNOR-C155 SIGNOR NFATC2 protein Q13469 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser168 YREPLCLsPASSGSS 9606 BTO:0000567 11030334 t "NFAT1 is phosphorylated on fourteen conserved phosphoserine residues in its regulatory domain, thirteen of which are dephosphorylated upon stimulation. Dephosphorylation of all thirteen residues is required to mask a nuclear export signal (NES), cause full exposure of a nuclear localization signal (NLS), and promote transcriptional activity" SIGNOR-252319 LRRK2 protein Q5S007 UNIPROT LRRK2 protein Q5S007 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr1967 QQDKASLtRTLQHRI 9606 BTO:0000938 19824698 t lperfetto "We identified ser1403, thr1404, thr1410, thr1491 located within the roc domain, as well as thr1967 and thr1969 in the kinase domain, as the autophosphorylation sites. substitution of thr1969 located in close proximity to thr1967 had little effect on its kinase activity" SIGNOR-188417 MMP25 protein Q9NPA2 UNIPROT MMP2 protein P08253 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" cleavage Asn109 CGNPDVAnYNFFPRK -1 14583471 t miannu "Direct activation of pro-matrix metalloproteinase-2 by leukolysin/membrane-type 6 matrix metalloproteinase/matrix metalloproteinase 25 at the asn(109)-Tyr bond. Leukolysin Cleaves ProMMP-2 at Asn66-Leu and Asn109-Tyr." SIGNOR-256345 MMP25 protein Q9NPA2 UNIPROT MMP2 protein P08253 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" cleavage Asn66 GCPKESCnLFVLKDT -1 14583471 t miannu "Direct activation of pro-matrix metalloproteinase-2 by leukolysin/membrane-type 6 matrix metalloproteinase/matrix metalloproteinase 25 at the asn(109)-Tyr bond. Leukolysin Cleaves ProMMP-2 at Asn66-Leu and Asn109-Tyr." SIGNOR-256346 LATS1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF43 SIGNOR WWTR1 protein Q9GZV5 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser89 AQHVRSHsSPASLQL 9606 22658639 t miannu "In response to high cell densities, activated LATS1/2 phosphorylates the WW-domain containing transcriptional co-activators YAP at Ser127 and TAZ at Ser89, promoting 14-3-3 binding and thereby inhibiting their translocation into the nucleus." SIGNOR-256187 CTSG protein P08311 UNIPROT C3 protein P01024 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" cleavage Arg748 ASHLGLARSNLDEDI 9606 BTO:0001412 1861080 t miannu "Plasma membrane elastase and cathepsin G from U937 cells cleave C3 into C3a- and C3b-like fragments; further incubation leads to C3c- and C3dg-like fragments, as judged from SDS-PAGE analysis of the digests. Sequencing of the C3b-like fragment purified by reverse phase chromatography indicates that initial cleavage of C3 by purified cathepsin G occurs at two positions in the amino-terminal part of the alpha-chain, at a Arg-Ser bond located between residues 748 and 749 and at a Leu-Asp bond between residues 751 and 752. These proteases are, thus, able to generate, on the U937 surface, active fragments of C3, which are likely to be involved in cell-protein and cell-cell interactions." SIGNOR-256347 CTSG protein P08311 UNIPROT C3 protein P01024 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" cleavage Leu751 LGLARSNLDEDIIAE 9606 BTO:0001412 1861080 t miannu "Plasma membrane elastase and cathepsin G from U937 cells cleave C3 into C3a- and C3b-like fragments; further incubation leads to C3c- and C3dg-like fragments, as judged from SDS-PAGE analysis of the digests. Sequencing of the C3b-like fragment purified by reverse phase chromatography indicates that initial cleavage of C3 by purified cathepsin G occurs at two positions in the amino-terminal part of the alpha-chain, at a Arg-Ser bond located between residues 748 and 749 and at a Leu-Asp bond between residues 751 and 752." SIGNOR-256348 MMP2 protein P08253 UNIPROT DCN protein P07585 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" cleavage Glu30 GLFDFMLEDEASGIG -1 9148753 t miannu "Degradation of decorin by matrix metalloproteinases. These data indicate proteolytic degradation of DCN by MMP-2, MMP-3 and MMP-7, and suggest the possibility that, under pathophysiological conditions, the digestion by the MMPs may induce tissue reactions mediated by TGF-beta1 released from DCN in the connective tissues." SIGNOR-256349 MMP2 protein P08253 UNIPROT DCN protein P07585 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" cleavage Ser240 ISRVDAASLKGLNNL -1 9148753 t miannu "Degradation of decorin by matrix metalloproteinases. These data indicate proteolytic degradation of DCN by MMP-2, MMP-3 and MMP-7, and suggest the possibility that, under pathophysiological conditions, the digestion by the MMPs may induce tissue reactions mediated by TGF-beta1 released from DCN in the connective tissues." SIGNOR-256350 MMP7 protein P09237 UNIPROT DCN protein P07585 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" cleavage Glu30 GLFDFMLEDEASGIG -1 9148753 t miannu "Degradation of decorin by matrix metalloproteinases. These data indicate proteolytic degradation of DCN by MMP-2, MMP-3 and MMP-7, and suggest the possibility that, under pathophysiological conditions, the digestion by the MMPs may induce tissue reactions mediated by TGF-beta1 released from DCN in the connective tissues." SIGNOR-256351 Calcineurin complex SIGNOR-C155 SIGNOR NFATC2 protein Q13469 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser172 LCLSPASsGSSASFI 9606 BTO:0000567 11030334 t "NFAT1 is phosphorylated on fourteen conserved phosphoserine residues in its regulatory domain, thirteen of which are dephosphorylated upon stimulation. Dephosphorylation of all thirteen residues is required to mask a nuclear export signal (NES), cause full exposure of a nuclear localization signal (NLS), and promote transcriptional activity" SIGNOR-252316 Calcineurin complex SIGNOR-C155 SIGNOR NFATC2 protein Q13469 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser171 PLCLSPAsSGSSASF 9606 BTO:0000567 11030334 t "NFAT1 is phosphorylated on fourteen conserved phosphoserine residues in its regulatory domain, thirteen of which are dephosphorylated upon stimulation. Dephosphorylation of all thirteen residues is required to mask a nuclear export signal (NES), cause full exposure of a nuclear localization signal (NLS), and promote transcriptional activity" SIGNOR-252318 Calcineurin complex SIGNOR-C155 SIGNOR DNM1L protein O00429 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser637 VPVARKLsAREQRDC 9606 18838687 t "When mitochondrial depolarization is associated with sustained cytosolic Ca(2+) rise, it activates the cytosolic phosphatase calcineurin that normally interacts with Drp1. Calcineurin-dependent dephosphorylation of Drp1, and in particular of its conserved serine 637, regulates its translocation to mitochondria as substantiated by site directed mutagenesis." SIGNOR-252315 Calcineurin complex SIGNOR-C155 SIGNOR DNM2 protein P50570 UNIPROT unknown dephosphorylation Ser764 LQSASSHsPTPQRRP 10116 20496096 t "CaN is activated, targeting a set of proteins for dephosphorylation, including dynamin II |We have recently discovered that the ubiquitously expressed dynamin isoform, dynII, is phosphorylated at S764 specifically during mitosis (unpublished data). We now show that S764 is phosphorylated throughout mitosis and is dephosphorylated at the time of cytokinesis(dynII)." SIGNOR-252317 CDK12 protein Q9NYV4 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser1882 SPTSPTYsPTTPKYS 9606 22012619 t miannu "Cyck/cdk12 can activate transcription and phosphorylate ser2 in the ctd of rnapii / phosphorylation of serine at position 2 (ser2) is thought to be responsible for productive transcriptional elongation and synthesis of full-length mature mrna" SIGNOR-176809 MMP7 protein P09237 UNIPROT DCN protein P07585 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" cleavage Glu273 ANTPHLRELHLDNNK -1 9148753 t miannu "Degradation of decorin by matrix metalloproteinases. These data indicate proteolytic degradation of DCN by MMP-2, MMP-3 and MMP-7, and suggest the possibility that, under pathophysiological conditions, the digestion by the MMPs may induce tissue reactions mediated by TGF-beta1 released from DCN in the connective tissues." SIGNOR-256352 MMP3 protein P08254 UNIPROT DCN protein P07585 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" cleavage Ser240 ISRVDAASLKGLNNL -1 9148753 t miannu "Degradation of decorin by matrix metalloproteinases. These data indicate proteolytic degradation of DCN by MMP-2, MMP-3 and MMP-7, and suggest the possibility that, under pathophysiological conditions, the digestion by the MMPs may induce tissue reactions mediated by TGF-beta1 released from DCN in the connective tissues." SIGNOR-256353 KEL protein P23276 UNIPROT EDN3 protein P14138 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" cleavage Trp117 YCHLDIIWINTPEQT -1 10438732 t miannu "These data demonstrate that the Kell blood group protein is a proteolytic enzyme that processes big ET-3, generating ET-3, a potent bioactive peptide with multiple biological roles." SIGNOR-256354 CMA1 protein P23946 UNIPROT EDN3 protein P14138 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" cleavage Tyr127 TPEQTVPYGLSNYRG 9606 BTO:0000830 9257865 t miannu "Chymase from human mast cells selectively cleaved big endothelins (ETs) at the Tyr31-Gly32 bond and produced novel trachea-constricting 31-amino acid-length endothelins, ETs(1-31), without any further degradation products." SIGNOR-256355 LATS1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF43 SIGNOR YAP1 protein P46937 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser127 PQHVRAHsSPASLQL 9606 22658639 t miannu "In response to high cell densities, activated LATS1/2 phosphorylates the WW-domain containing transcriptional co-activators YAP at Ser127 and TAZ at Ser89, promoting 14-3-3 binding and thereby inhibiting their translocation into the nucleus." SIGNOR-256188 CMA1 protein P23946 UNIPROT EDN1 protein P05305 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" cleavage Tyr83 TPEHVVPYGLGSPRS 9606 BTO:0000830 9257865 t miannu "Chymase from human mast cells selectively cleaved big endothelins (ETs) at the Tyr31-Gly32 bond and produced novel trachea-constricting 31-amino acid-length endothelins, ETs(1-31), without any further degradation products." SIGNOR-256356 Calcineurin complex SIGNOR-C155 SIGNOR NFATC2 protein Q13469 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser177 ASSGSSAsFISDTFS 9606 BTO:0000567 11030334 t "NFAT1 is phosphorylated on fourteen conserved phosphoserine residues in its regulatory domain, thirteen of which are dephosphorylated upon stimulation. Dephosphorylation of all thirteen residues is required to mask a nuclear export signal (NES), cause full exposure of a nuclear localization signal (NLS), and promote transcriptional activity" SIGNOR-252325 Calcineurin complex SIGNOR-C155 SIGNOR NFATC2 protein Q13469 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser174 LSPASSGsSASFISD 9606 BTO:0000567 11030334 t "NFAT1 is phosphorylated on fourteen conserved phosphoserine residues in its regulatory domain, thirteen of which are dephosphorylated upon stimulation. Dephosphorylation of all thirteen residues is required to mask a nuclear export signal (NES), cause full exposure of a nuclear localization signal (NLS), and promote transcriptional activity" SIGNOR-252326 Calcineurin complex SIGNOR-C155 SIGNOR NFATC2 protein Q13469 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser180 GSSASFIsDTFSPYT 9606 BTO:0000567 11030334 t "NFAT1 is phosphorylated on fourteen conserved phosphoserine residues in its regulatory domain, thirteen of which are dephosphorylated upon stimulation. Dephosphorylation of all thirteen residues is required to mask a nuclear export signal (NES), cause full exposure of a nuclear localization signal (NLS), and promote transcriptional activity" SIGNOR-252327 Calcineurin complex SIGNOR-C155 SIGNOR NFATC2 protein Q13469 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser274 ASPQRSRsPSPQPSS 9606 BTO:0000567 11030334 t "NFAT1 is phosphorylated on fourteen conserved phosphoserine residues in its regulatory domain, thirteen of which are dephosphorylated upon stimulation. Dephosphorylation of all thirteen residues is required to mask a nuclear export signal (NES), cause full exposure of a nuclear localization signal (NLS), and promote transcriptional activity" SIGNOR-252328 Calcineurin complex SIGNOR-C155 SIGNOR NFATC2 protein Q13469 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser213 QNIPAHYsPRTSPIM 9606 BTO:0000567 11030334 t "NFAT1 is phosphorylated on fourteen conserved phosphoserine residues in its regulatory domain, thirteen of which are dephosphorylated upon stimulation. Dephosphorylation of all thirteen residues is required to mask a nuclear export signal (NES), cause full exposure of a nuclear localization signal (NLS), and promote transcriptional activity" SIGNOR-252329 Calcineurin complex SIGNOR-C155 SIGNOR NFATC2 protein Q13469 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser280 RSPSPQPsSHVAPQD 9606 BTO:0000567 11030334 t "NFAT1 is phosphorylated on fourteen conserved phosphoserine residues in its regulatory domain, thirteen of which are dephosphorylated upon stimulation. Dephosphorylation of all thirteen residues is required to mask a nuclear export signal (NES), cause full exposure of a nuclear localization signal (NLS), and promote transcriptional activity" SIGNOR-252336 Calcineurin complex SIGNOR-C155 SIGNOR NFATC2 protein Q13469 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser326 PPKMWKTsPDPSPVS 9606 BTO:0000567 11030334 t "NFAT1 is phosphorylated on fourteen conserved phosphoserine residues in its regulatory domain, thirteen of which are dephosphorylated upon stimulation. Dephosphorylation of all thirteen residues is required to mask a nuclear export signal (NES), cause full exposure of a nuclear localization signal (NLS), and promote transcriptional activity" SIGNOR-252335 Calcineurin complex SIGNOR-C155 SIGNOR NFATC2 protein Q13469 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser276 PQRSRSPsPQPSSHV 9606 BTO:0000567 11030334 t "NFAT1 is phosphorylated on fourteen conserved phosphoserine residues in its regulatory domain, thirteen of which are dephosphorylated upon stimulation. Dephosphorylation of all thirteen residues is required to mask a nuclear export signal (NES), cause full exposure of a nuclear localization signal (NLS), and promote transcriptional activity" SIGNOR-252333 Calcineurin complex SIGNOR-C155 SIGNOR BAD protein Q92934 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser99 PFRGRSRsAPPNLWA 9606 BTO:0000007 10195903 t "Ca2+-induced apoptosis through calcineurin dephosphorylation of BAD|Calcineurin was found to dephosphorylate BAD, a pro-apoptotic member of the Bcl-2 family, thus enhancing BAD heterodimerization with Bcl-xL and promoting apoptosis." SIGNOR-252332 Calcineurin complex SIGNOR-C155 SIGNOR NFATC2 protein Q13469 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser221 PRTSPIMsPRTSLAE 9606 BTO:0000567 11030334 t "NFAT1 is phosphorylated on fourteen conserved phosphoserine residues in its regulatory domain, thirteen of which are dephosphorylated upon stimulation. Dephosphorylation of all thirteen residues is required to mask a nuclear export signal (NES), cause full exposure of a nuclear localization signal (NLS), and promote transcriptional activity" SIGNOR-252331 Calcineurin complex SIGNOR-C155 SIGNOR NFATC2 protein Q13469 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser217 AHYSPRTsPIMSPRT 9606 BTO:0000567 11030334 t "NFAT1 is phosphorylated on fourteen conserved phosphoserine residues in its regulatory domain, thirteen of which are dephosphorylated upon stimulation. Dephosphorylation of all thirteen residues is required to mask a nuclear export signal (NES), cause full exposure of a nuclear localization signal (NLS), and promote transcriptional activity" SIGNOR-252330 MMP1 protein P03956 UNIPROT COL2A1 protein P02458 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" cleavage Gly906 EGPPGPQGLAGQRGI 9606 8609233 t miannu "MMP-1 cleaves type II collagen at the peptide bond Gly906-Leu907 Proteolysis of triple-helical collagen is an important step in the progression toward irreversible tissue damage in osteoarthritis. Earlier work on the expression of enzymes in cartilage suggested that collagenase-1 (MMP-1) contributes to the process." SIGNOR-256341 Calcineurin complex SIGNOR-C155 SIGNOR NFATC2 protein Q13469 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser268 VALPPGAsPQRSRSP 9606 BTO:0000567 11030334 t "NFAT1 is phosphorylated on fourteen conserved phosphoserine residues in its regulatory domain, thirteen of which are dephosphorylated upon stimulation. Dephosphorylation of all thirteen residues is required to mask a nuclear export signal (NES), cause full exposure of a nuclear localization signal (NLS), and promote transcriptional activity" SIGNOR-252342 Calcineurin complex SIGNOR-C155 SIGNOR NFATC2 protein Q13469 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser175 SPASSGSsASFISDT 9606 BTO:0000567 11030334 t "NFAT1 is phosphorylated on fourteen conserved phosphoserine residues in its regulatory domain, thirteen of which are dephosphorylated upon stimulation. Dephosphorylation of all thirteen residues is required to mask a nuclear export signal (NES), cause full exposure of a nuclear localization signal (NLS), and promote transcriptional activity" SIGNOR-252343 DUSP26 protein Q9BV47 UNIPROT TP53 protein P04637 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation Ser37 NVLSPLPsQAMDDLM 9606 20562916 t miannu "We found that dusp26 promotes the resistance of human neuroblastoma to doxorubicin-induced apoptosis by acting as a p53 phosphatase to downregulate p53 tumor suppressor function in neuroblastoma cells. / we found that dusp26 binds to p53 and dephosphorylates p53 at ser20 and ser37." SIGNOR-166262 Calcineurin complex SIGNOR-C155 SIGNOR FLNA protein P21333 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation Ser2152 TRRRRAPsVANVGSH 9606 16442073 t gcesareni "We report that a purified c-terminal recombinant region of filamin is a suitable substrate for calcineurin in vitro. Furthermore, 1 microm cyclosporin a (csa), a specific calcineurin inhibitor, reduced the dephosphorylation of the recombinant fragment in 293ft cells" SIGNOR-252339 CASP3 protein P42574 UNIPROT GSN protein A2A418 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" cleavage Asp403 WRDPDQTdGLGLSYL 9606 BTO:0001374 9671712 t miannu "We showed that human gelsolin was cleaved during Fas-mediated apoptosis in vivo and that the caspase-3 cleavage site of human gelsolin was at D352 of DQTD352G. gelsolin seems to have dual functions, i.e., it both prevents and, once cleaved, induces cell death." SIGNOR-256357 C1RL protein Q9NZP8 UNIPROT HP protein P00738 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" cleavage Arg161 NPANPVQrILGGHLD 9534 BTO:0001538 15385675 t miannu "We demonstrate that coexpression of the proform of Hp (proHp) and C1r-LP in COS-1 cells effected cleavage of proHp in the endoplasmic reticulum. This cleavage depended on proteolytic activity of C1r-LP because mutation of the putative active-site Ser residue abolished the reaction. Furthermore, incubation of affinity-purified C1r-LP and proHp led to the cleavage of the latter protein. ProHp appeared to be cleaved at the expected site because substitution of Gly for Arg-161 blocked the reaction." SIGNOR-256358 PAX2 protein Q02962 UNIPROT PAX2/TLE4 complex SIGNOR-C152 SIGNOR "form complex" binding 9606 16631587 t miannu "Several Pax proteins are able to interact with groucho (TLE) family members. Recruitment of the groucho-related protein TLE4 may be involved in converting Pax2 into a transcriptional repressor of Wt1." SIGNOR-256359 TLE4 protein Q04727 UNIPROT PAX2/TLE4 complex SIGNOR-C152 SIGNOR "form complex" binding 9606 16631587 t miannu "Several Pax proteins are able to interact with groucho (TLE) family members. Recruitment of the groucho-related protein TLE4 may be involved in converting Pax2 into a transcriptional repressor of Wt1." SIGNOR-256360 JUN protein P05412 UNIPROT AP1 complex SIGNOR-C154 SIGNOR "form complex" binding 9606 1904542 t irozzo "The proteins encoded by the proto-oncogenes c-fos and c-jun (Fos and Jun, respectively) form a heterodimeric complex that regulates transcription by interacting with the DNA-regulatory element known as the activator protein 1 (AP-1) binding site." SIGNOR-256363 FOS protein P01100 UNIPROT AP1 complex SIGNOR-C154 SIGNOR "form complex" binding 9606 1904542 t irozzo "The proteins encoded by the proto-oncogenes c-fos and c-jun (Fos and Jun, respectively) form a heterodimeric complex that regulates transcription by interacting with the DNA-regulatory element known as the activator protein 1 (AP-1) binding site." SIGNOR-256364 JUN protein P05412 UNIPROT AP1 complex SIGNOR-C154 SIGNOR "form complex" binding 9606 25875593 t irozzo "C-Fos dimerizes with c-Jun to form the transcription activator protein-1 (AP-1) which binds to the specific recognition site." SIGNOR-256367 FOS protein P01100 UNIPROT AP1 complex SIGNOR-C154 SIGNOR "form complex" binding 9606 25875593 t irozzo "C-Fos dimerizes with c-Jun to form the transcription activator protein-1 (AP-1) which binds to the specific recognition site." SIGNOR-256368 FOS protein P01100 UNIPROT AP1 complex SIGNOR-C154 SIGNOR "form complex" binding -1 2467839 t irozzo "The protein products of the fos (Fos) and jun (Jun) proto-oncogenes have been shown to associate with a DNA element known as the transcription factor activator protein-1 (AP-1) binding site. Jun (previously known as the Fos-binding protein p39) and Fos form a protein complex in the nucleus. These data demonstrate a cooperative interaction between the protein products of two proto-oncogenes with a DNA element involved in transcriptional regulation." SIGNOR-256362 FOS protein P01100 UNIPROT AP1 complex SIGNOR-C154 SIGNOR "form complex" binding -1 3142692 t irozzo "The c-Jun and c-fos proto-oncogenes encode proteins that form a complex which regulates transcription from promoters containing AP-1 activation elements. c-Jun has specific DNA binding activity, while c-Fos has homology to the putative DNA binding domain of c-Jun." SIGNOR-256366 JUN protein P05412 UNIPROT AP1 complex SIGNOR-C154 SIGNOR "form complex" binding -1 3142692 t irozzo "The c-Jun and c-fos proto-oncogenes encode proteins that form a complex which regulates transcription from promoters containing AP-1 activation elements. c-Jun has specific DNA binding activity, while c-Fos has homology to the putative DNA binding domain of c-Jun." SIGNOR-256365 JUN protein P05412 UNIPROT AP1 complex SIGNOR-C154 SIGNOR "form complex" binding -1 2467839 t irozzo "The protein products of the fos (Fos) and jun (Jun) proto-oncogenes have been shown to associate with a DNA element known as the transcription factor activator protein-1 (AP-1) binding site. Jun (previously known as the Fos-binding protein p39) and Fos form a protein complex in the nucleus. These data demonstrate a cooperative interaction between the protein products of two proto-oncogenes with a DNA element involved in transcriptional regulation." SIGNOR-256361 AKT2 protein P31751 UNIPROT CTNNB1 protein P35222 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser552 QDTQRRTsMGGTQQQ 9606 17287208 t lperfetto "Phosphorylation of beta-catenin by akt promotes beta-catenin transcriptional activitywe have demonstrated that akt phosphorylates beta-catenin at ser552 in vitro and in vivo." SIGNOR-152958 LRRK2 protein Q5S007 UNIPROT LRRK2 protein Q5S007 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr1969 DKASLTRtLQHRIAL 9606 BTO:0000938 19824698 t lperfetto "We identified ser1403, thr1404, thr1410, thr1491 located within the roc domain, as well as thr1967 and thr1969 in the kinase domain, as the autophosphorylation sites. Substitution of thr1967, an autophosphorylation site located within the kinase domain, to ala caused a significant decrease in the kinase activity" SIGNOR-188421 RALA protein P11233 UNIPROT FOXO4 protein P98177 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr455 ALGTPVLtPPTEAAS 10090 BTO:0000944 11689711 t gcesareni "We conclude that Ral-mediated phosphorylation of threonines 447 and 451 is required for proper activity of AFX-WT." SIGNOR-249665 RALA protein P11233 UNIPROT FOXO4 protein P98177 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr451 PIPKALGtPVLTPPT 10090 BTO:0000944 11689711 t gcesareni "We conclude that Ral-mediated phosphorylation of threonines 447 and 451 is required for proper activity of AFX-WT." SIGNOR-248003 anisomycin chemical CID:253602 PUBCHEM JUN protein P05412 UNIPROT up-regulates "chemical activation" 9606 Other t CellSignaling gcesareni SIGNOR-189632 SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT PROM1 protein O43490 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Tyr852 GYHKDHVyGIHNPVM 9606 19296573 t llicata "Cd133 (prominin-1) is phosphorylated on cytoplasmic tyrosine-828 and tyrosine-852 by src" SIGNOR-184776 TNF protein P01375 UNIPROT PIK3CB protein P42338 UNIPROT up-regulates 9606 10485710 f gcesareni "Tnf activates phosphatidylinositol-3-oh kinase (pi(3)k)." SIGNOR-70619 PTEN protein P60484 UNIPROT PTEN protein P60484 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Thr383 HYRYSDTtDSDPENE 9606 BTO:0000007 22413754 t miannu "Overall, our results suggest that PTEN autodephosphorylation may be a critical event in this process; thus a major protein substrate for PTEN may be PTEN itself.|Various studies have demonstrated that PTEN is itself a phosphoprotein, and that the major sites of phosphorylation are found in an acidic stretch (DHYRYSDTTDSDPENE) near the C-terminus [1]. This prompted us to consider whether PTEN may autodephosphorylate these sites" SIGNOR-248545 PTEN protein P60484 UNIPROT PTEN protein P60484 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Thr382 DHYRYSDtTDSDPEN 9606 BTO:0000007 22413754 t miannu "Overall, our results suggest that PTEN autodephosphorylation may be a critical event in this process; thus a major protein substrate for PTEN may be PTEN itself.|Various studies have demonstrated that PTEN is itself a phosphoprotein, and that the major sites of phosphorylation are found in an acidic stretch (DHYRYSDTTDSDPENE) near the C-terminus [1]. This prompted us to consider whether PTEN may autodephosphorylate these sites" SIGNOR-248546 GSK3B protein P49841 UNIPROT PDX1 protein P52945 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity" phosphorylation Ser272 LSASPQPsSVAPRRP 10090 BTO:0002284 19833727 t "We show that glucose levels modulate PDX1 protein phosphorylation at a novel C-terminal GSK3 consensus that maps to serines 268 and 272. A decrease in glucose levels triggers increased turnover of the PDX1 protein in a GSK3-dependent manner, such that PDX1 phosphomutants are refractory to the destabilizing effect of low glucose" SIGNOR-255567 PRKDC protein P78527 UNIPROT PRKDC protein P78527 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr2609 LTPMFVEtQASQGTL 9606 BTO:0000773 12186630 t lperfetto "We have identified seven in vitro autophosphorylation sites in DNA-PKcs. Six of these sites (Thr2609, Ser2612, Thr2620, Ser2624, Thr2638 and Thr2647) are clustered in a region of 38 amino acids in the central region of the protein. Five of these sites (Thr2609, Ser2612, Thr2638, Thr2647 and Ser3205) are conserved between six vertebrate species. Moreover, we show that DNA-PKcs is phosphorylated in vivo at Thr2609, Ser2612, Thr2638 and Thr2647 in okadaic acid-treated human cells. | Thus phosphorylation of DNA-PKcs at one or more of the autophosphorylation sites identified in this study is likely to be required for DNA-PKcs function." SIGNOR-249154 PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT PFKFB2 protein O60825 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr475 TPLSSSNtIRRPRNY -1 1322130 t lperfetto "The phosphorylation sites for both cAMP-dependent protein kinase and protein kinase C were located in a single peptide whose sequence was Arg-Arg-Asn-Ser-(P)-Phe-Thr-Pro-Leu-Ser-Ser-Ser-Asn-Thr(P)-Ile-Arg-Arg-Pro. The seryl residue nearest the N terminus was the residue specifically phosphorylated by cAMP-dependent protein kinase, whereas the threonine residue nearest the C terminus was phosphorylated by protein kinase C. | Phosphorylation of bovine heart Fru-6-P,B-kinase by either protein kinase C or CAMP-dependent protein kinase results in activation of the enzyme." SIGNOR-248844 PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT GJB1 protein P08034 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser233 NPPSRKGsGFGHRLS 8390988 t lperfetto "Phosphorylation of connexin-32 by protein kinase C prevents its proteolysis by mu-calpain and m-calpain. |In agreement with other authors (see Saez et al., 1990b), we have found that phosphorylation of connexin-32 by protein kinase A and protein kinase C occurs in serine residues, although we have detected trace amounts of phosphothreonine in connexin-32 phosphorylated by protein kinase C (results not shown). Indeed, Se233 has been shown to be the major phosphorylation site catalyzed by protein kinase A. However, Ser233, Ser239, and perhaps other serines are phosphorylated by protein kinase C (Saez et al., 1990b)." SIGNOR-248920 ERK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF1 SIGNOR AP1 complex SIGNOR-C154 SIGNOR up-regulates phosphorylation Thr331 CTPVVTCtPSCTAYT 9606 12972619 t lperfetto "In a previous study we have observed that exposure of nih 3t3 cells to pdgf or serum leads to c-fos phosphorylation by erk on specific residues, thr232, thr325, thr331, and ser374, within the cooh-terminal c-fos tad we have recently shown that erk phosphorylates multiple residues within the carboxylterminal transactivation domain (tad) of c-fos, thus resulting in its increased transcriptional activity." SIGNOR-252353 MAPK8 protein P45983 UNIPROT AP1 complex SIGNOR-C154 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser63 KNSDLLTsPDVGLLK 9534 BTO:0004055 8137421 t lperfetto "The jnk-mediated phosphorylation of both ser63 and ser73 within the transactivation domain of c-jun potentiates its transcriptional activity." SIGNOR-252354 MAPK8 protein P45983 UNIPROT AP1 complex SIGNOR-C154 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser73 VGLLKLAsPELERLI 9534 BTO:0000298 8137421 t miannu "JNK1 binds to the c-Jun transactivation domain and phosphorylates it on Ser-63 and Ser-73. The effect on AP-1 transcriptional activity results, in part, from enhanced phosphorylation of the c-Jun NH2-terminal activation domain." SIGNOR-252355 PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT MBP protein P02686 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser141 MASQKRPsQRHGSKY -1 2413024 t lperfetto "MBP was phosphorylated by either protein kinase A or C | Subsequent amino acid analysis and/or sequential Edman degradation of the purified phosphopeptides, together with the known primary sequence of this protein, revealed that Ser-46 and Ser-151 were specifically phosphorylated by protein kinase C, whereas Thr-34 and Ser-115 were phosphorylated preferentially by protein kinase A. Both kinases reacted with Ser-8, Ser-11, Ser-55, Ser-110, Ser-132, and Ser-161 at various reaction velocities." SIGNOR-248869 CSNK2A2 protein P19784 UNIPROT CTDP1 protein Q9Y5B0 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser740 TKAQRENsPAAFPDR 9606 BTO:0000567 12591939 t llicata "We found that only phosphorylated FCP1 can physically interact with TFIIF. We set out to purify an FCP1 kinase from HeLa cells and identified casein kinase 2, which, surprisingly, displayed a negative effect on FCP1-associated activities.| Phosphorylation of FCP1 by CK2 Inhibits the Transcription Elongation Activity of FCP1. | Two in vivo phosphorylation sites within the C terminus of FCP1 at Ser-575 and Ser-740 were identified" SIGNOR-250986 CSNK2A2 protein P19784 UNIPROT CTDP1 protein Q9Y5B0 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser575 AGESLDQsMEEEEEE 9606 BTO:0000567 12591939 t llicata "We found that only phosphorylated FCP1 can physically interact with TFIIF. We set out to purify an FCP1 kinase from HeLa cells and identified casein kinase 2, which, surprisingly, displayed a negative effect on FCP1-associated activities.| Phosphorylation of FCP1 by CK2 Inhibits the Transcription Elongation Activity of FCP1. | Two in vivo phosphorylation sites within the C terminus of FCP1 at Ser-575 and Ser-740 were identified" SIGNOR-250985 CSNK2A2 protein P19784 UNIPROT CDC37 protein Q16543 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser13 VWDHIEVsDDEDETH -1 12930845 t llicata "Phosphorylation of serine 13 is required for the proper function of the Hsp90 co-chaperone, Cdc37. | In this report, we demonstrate that mammalian Cdc37 is phosphorylated on Ser13 in situ in rabbit reticulocyte lysate and in cultured K562 cells and that casein kinase II is capable of quantitatively phosphorylating recombinant Cdc37 at this site." SIGNOR-250982 CDK2 protein P24941 UNIPROT MYBL2 protein P10244 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr405 VGGSGIGtPPSVLKR BTO:0000007 10593981 t llicata "Ten phosphorylation sites carboxyl-terminal to the DNA-binding domain were identified by this method: threonines at positions 267, 408, 497, 519, 522, and 524 and serines at positions 283, 396, 455, and 581. | Our results indicate that B-Myb can be phosphorylated in a cell-free system by both cyclin A-Cdk2 and cyclin E-Cdk2 complexes. | These data suggest that B-Myb is a target for phosphorylation by cyclin-Cdk2 and that phosphorylation of B-Myb regulates its transcriptional activity." SIGNOR-250737 CDK2 protein P24941 UNIPROT MYBL2 protein P10244 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr266 TDLDAVRtPEPLEEF BTO:0000007 10593981 t llicata "Ten phosphorylation sites carboxyl-terminal to the DNA-binding domain were identified by this method: threonines at positions 267, 408, 497, 519, 522, and 524 and serines at positions 283, 396, 455, and 581. | Our results indicate that B-Myb can be phosphorylated in a cell-free system by both cyclin A-Cdk2 and cyclin E-Cdk2 complexes. | These data suggest that B-Myb is a target for phosphorylation by cyclin-Cdk2 and that phosphorylation of B-Myb regulates its transcriptional activity." SIGNOR-250736 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT STMN1 protein P16949 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser38 SVPEFPLsPPKKKDL 9606 BTO:0000007 9731215 t lperfetto "Stress-induced stathmin phosphorylation is not de- pendent on ERK. Stathmin is also known to be phos- phorylated by ERK on Ser-25 and Ser-38 (17). Thus, it is possible that ERK phosphorylates stathmin in 293 cells|In subsequent reports (28, 29) it was shown that phosphorylation of stathmin blocks its ability to destabilize MTs." SIGNOR-249483 STAT5A protein P42229 UNIPROT PIM proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF34 SIGNOR "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0004479 29507660 f irozzo "FLT3-ITD is the most frequent tyrosine kinase mutation in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) associated with poor prognosis. We previously reported that activation of STAT5 confers resistance to PI3K/Akt inhibitors on the FLT3-ITD-positive AML cell line MV4-11 and 32D cells driven by FLT3-ITD (32D/ITD) but not by FLT3 mutated in the tyrosine kinase domain (32D/TKD). Here, we report the involvement of Pim kinases expressed through STAT5 activation in acquisition of this resistance." SIGNOR-255733 331771-20-1 chemical CID:9914412 PUBCHEM AURKB protein Q96GD4 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-207923 ERK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF1 SIGNOR AP1 complex SIGNOR-C154 SIGNOR up-regulates phosphorylation Thr325 TELEPLCtPVVTCTP 9606 12972619 t lperfetto "In a previous study we have observed that exposure of nih 3t3 cells to pdgf or serum leads to c-fos phosphorylation by erk on specific residues, thr232, thr325, thr331, and ser374, within the cooh-terminal c-fos tad we have recently shown that erk phosphorylates multiple residues within the carboxylterminal transactivation domain (tad) of c-fos, thus resulting in its increased transcriptional activity." SIGNOR-252357 PRKCB protein P05771 UNIPROT PRKCB protein P05771 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Thr17 PSEGEEStVRFARKG -1 2377895 t lperfetto "Thus four peptides containing six major sites of intrapeptide autophosphorylation of protein kinase C have been identified. | Phosphoamino acid analyses indicated that only the NH2-terminal peptide contained phosphoserine. The modified residue was determined to be Ser16" SIGNOR-248868 PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT MBP protein P02686 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser146 RPSQRHGsKYLATAS -1 2413024 t lperfetto "MBP was phosphorylated by either protein kinase A or C | Subsequent amino acid analysis and/or sequential Edman degradation of the purified phosphopeptides, together with the known primary sequence of this protein, revealed that Ser-46 and Ser-151 were specifically phosphorylated by protein kinase C, whereas Thr-34 and Ser-115 were phosphorylated preferentially by protein kinase A. Both kinases reacted with Ser-8, Ser-11, Ser-55, Ser-110, Ser-132, and Ser-161 at various reaction velocities." SIGNOR-248870 PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT GJB1 protein P08034 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser229 QRRSNPPsRKGSGFG -1 8390988 t lperfetto "Phosphorylation of connexin-32 by protein kinase C prevents its proteolysis by mu-calpain and m-calpain. |In agreement with other authors (see Saez et al., 1990b), we have found that phosphorylation of connexin-32 by protein kinase A and protein kinase C occurs in serine residues, although we have detected trace amounts of phosphothreonine in connexin-32 phosphorylated by protein kinase C (results not shown). Indeed, Se233 has been shown to be the major phosphorylation site catalyzed by protein kinase A. However, Ser233, Ser239, and perhaps other serines are phosphorylated by protein kinase C (Saez et al., 1990b)." SIGNOR-248919 CDK2 protein P24941 UNIPROT MYBL2 protein P10244 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser452 PVKTLPFsPSQFLNF BTO:0000007 10593981 t llicata "Ten phosphorylation sites carboxyl-terminal to the DNA-binding domain were identified by this method: threonines at positions 267, 408, 497, 519, 522, and 524 and serines at positions 283, 396, 455, and 581. | Our results indicate that B-Myb can be phosphorylated in a cell-free system by both cyclin A-Cdk2 and cyclin E-Cdk2 complexes. | These data suggest that B-Myb is a target for phosphorylation by cyclin-Cdk2 and that phosphorylation of B-Myb regulates its transcriptional activity." SIGNOR-250735 CDK2 protein P24941 UNIPROT MYBL2 protein P10244 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser393 RGELIPIsPSTEVGG BTO:0000007 10593981 t llicata "Ten phosphorylation sites carboxyl-terminal to the DNA-binding domain were identified by this method: threonines at positions 267, 408, 497, 519, 522, and 524 and serines at positions 283, 396, 455, and 581. | Our results indicate that B-Myb can be phosphorylated in a cell-free system by both cyclin A-Cdk2 and cyclin E-Cdk2 complexes. | These data suggest that B-Myb is a target for phosphorylation by cyclin-Cdk2 and that phosphorylation of B-Myb regulates its transcriptional activity." SIGNOR-250734 PRKDC protein P78527 UNIPROT PRKDC protein P78527 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser2624 QTRTQEGsLSARWPV -1 12186630 t lperfetto "We have identified seven in vitro autophosphorylation sites in DNA-PKcs. Six of these sites (Thr2609, Ser2612, Thr2620, Ser2624, Thr2638 and Thr2647) are clustered in a region of 38 amino acids in the central region of the protein. Five of these sites (Thr2609, Ser2612, Thr2638, Thr2647 and Ser3205) are conserved between six vertebrate species. Moreover, we show that DNA-PKcs is phosphorylated in vivo at Thr2609, Ser2612, Thr2638 and Thr2647 in okadaic acid-treated human cells. | Thus phosphorylation of DNA-PKcs at one or more of the autophosphorylation sites identified in this study is likely to be required for DNA-PKcs function." SIGNOR-249156 CAMKK1 protein Q8N5S9 UNIPROT CAMK1D protein Q8IU85 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr180 GKGDVMStACGTPGY BTO:0000567 12935886 t llicata "CaM-KIdelta exhibits Ca(2+)/CaM-dependent activity that is enhanced (approximately 30-fold) in vitro by phosphorylation of its Thr180 by CaM-K kinase (CaM-KK)alpha, consistent with detection of CaM-KIdelta-activating activity in HeLa cells. | This sustained activation of CaM-KIdelta was completely abolished by Thr180Ala mutation and inhibited by CaM-KK inhibitor, STO-609, indicating a functional CaM-KK/CaM-KIdelta cascade in HeLa cells." SIGNOR-250715 PRKDC protein P78527 UNIPROT PRKDC protein P78527 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser2612 MFVETQAsQGTLQTR 9606 BTO:0000773 12186630 t lperfetto "We have identified seven in vitro autophosphorylation sites in DNA-PKcs. Six of these sites (Thr2609, Ser2612, Thr2620, Ser2624, Thr2638 and Thr2647) are clustered in a region of 38 amino acids in the central region of the protein. Five of these sites (Thr2609, Ser2612, Thr2638, Thr2647 and Ser3205) are conserved between six vertebrate species. Moreover, we show that DNA-PKcs is phosphorylated in vivo at Thr2609, Ser2612, Thr2638 and Thr2647 in okadaic acid-treated human cells. | Thus phosphorylation of DNA-PKcs at one or more of the autophosphorylation sites identified in this study is likely to be required for DNA-PKcs function." SIGNOR-249155 PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT MBP protein P02686 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser190 RGAPKRGsGKDSHHP -1 2413024 t lperfetto "MBP was phosphorylated by either protein kinase A or C | Subsequent amino acid analysis and/or sequential Edman degradation of the purified phosphopeptides, together with the known primary sequence of this protein, revealed that Ser-46 and Ser-151 were specifically phosphorylated by protein kinase C, whereas Thr-34 and Ser-115 were phosphorylated preferentially by protein kinase A. Both kinases reacted with Ser-8, Ser-11, Ser-55, Ser-110, Ser-132, and Ser-161 at various reaction velocities." SIGNOR-248871 PRKDC protein P78527 UNIPROT PRKDC protein P78527 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser3205 TPLPEDNsMNVDQDG 9606 BTO:0000773 12186630 t lperfetto "We have identified seven in vitro autophosphorylation sites in DNA-PKcs. Six of these sites (Thr2609, Ser2612, Thr2620, Ser2624, Thr2638 and Thr2647) are clustered in a region of 38 amino acids in the central region of the protein. Five of these sites (Thr2609, Ser2612, Thr2638, Thr2647 and Ser3205) are conserved between six vertebrate species. Moreover, we show that DNA-PKcs is phosphorylated in vivo at Thr2609, Ser2612, Thr2638 and Thr2647 in okadaic acid-treated human cells. | Thus phosphorylation of DNA-PKcs at one or more of the autophosphorylation sites identified in this study is likely to be required for DNA-PKcs function." SIGNOR-249157 ERK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF1 SIGNOR AP1 complex SIGNOR-C154 SIGNOR up-regulates phosphorylation Ser374 PSSDSLSsPTLLAL 9606 12972619 t lperfetto "In a previous study we have observed that exposure of nih 3t3 cells to pdgf or serum leads to c-fos phosphorylation by erk on specific residues, thr232, thr325, thr331, and ser374, within the cooh-terminal c-fos tad we have recently shown that erk phosphorylates multiple residues within the carboxylterminal transactivation domain (tad) of c-fos, thus resulting in its increased transcriptional activity." SIGNOR-252358 ERK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF1 SIGNOR Proliferation phenotype SIGNOR-PH4 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 BTO:0001103 20219869 f apalma "ERK1/2 activation is a component of the pathway through which many mitogenic growth factors can stimulate cell proliferation" SIGNOR-256216 CSNK2A1 protein P68400 UNIPROT CTDP1 protein Q9Y5B0 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser575 AGESLDQsMEEEEEE 9606 BTO:0000567 12591939 t llicata "We found that only phosphorylated FCP1 can physically interact with TFIIF. We set out to purify an FCP1 kinase from HeLa cells and identified casein kinase 2, which, surprisingly, displayed a negative effect on FCP1-associated activities.| Phosphorylation of FCP1 by CK2 Inhibits the Transcription Elongation Activity of FCP1. | Two in vivo phosphorylation sites within the C terminus of FCP1 at Ser-575 and Ser-740 were identified" SIGNOR-250844 PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT VTN protein P04004 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser397 NQNSRRPsRATWLSL -1 1706595 t miannu "Phosphorylation of vitronectin by protein kinase A is stoichiometric (approx. 1 mol/mol), that it is targeted to one site (Ser-378) at the C-terminal edge of the heparin-binding domain. gh the role of phosphorylation by PKA remains to be established, the identification of Ser-378 as the sole site for PKA action, and the proximity of the phosphorylation site to the point of cleavage that converts V75 into V65 10' focuses attention on a putative role for PKA in the modulation of this cleavage." SIGNOR-250072 CLK1 protein P49759 UNIPROT PTPN1 protein P18031 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser242 MDKRKDPsSVDIKKV -1 10480872 t llicata "The CLK family kinases, CLK1 and CLK2, phosphorylate and activate the tyrosine phosphatase, PTP-1B. | although CLK1 and CLK2 directly phosphorylate PTP-1B on both Ser50 and Ser242/Ser243, the preferred CLK phosphorylation site is Ser50, as it is preferentially phosphorylated at an approximate ratio of 9:1 over the Ser242/Ser243 site." SIGNOR-250773 CSNK2A1 protein P68400 UNIPROT AQP4 protein P55087 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser285 MEVEDNRsQVETDDL 9615 BTO:0000837 11742978 t llicata "We found that the stress-induced kinase casein kinase (CK)II phosphorylates the Ser276 immediately preceding the tyrosine motif, increasing AQP4-mu 3A interaction and enhancing AQP4-lysosomal targeting and degradation. AQP4 phosphorylation by CKII may thus provide a mechanism that regulates AQP4 cell surface expression. | To determine whether Ser276 is an actual CKII substrate, we used GST–AQP4-Cter proteins in which only one out of the three C-terminal CKII consensus sites was sequentially conserved (Ser276, Ser285 and Ser315, respectively). Figure 7B (right panel) shows that the three serine residues, including Ser276, were indeed efficiently phosphorylated by CKII." SIGNOR-250827 CSNK2A1 protein P68400 UNIPROT AQP4 protein P55087 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser276 AAQQTKGsYMEVEDN 9615 BTO:0000837 11742978 t llicata "We found that the stress-induced kinase casein kinase (CK)II phosphorylates the Ser276 immediately preceding the tyrosine motif, increasing AQP4-mu 3A interaction and enhancing AQP4-lysosomal targeting and degradation. AQP4 phosphorylation by CKII may thus provide a mechanism that regulates AQP4 cell surface expression. | To determine whether Ser276 is an actual CKII substrate, we used GST–AQP4-Cter proteins in which only one out of the three C-terminal CKII consensus sites was sequentially conserved (Ser276, Ser285 and Ser315, respectively). Figure 7B (right panel) shows that the three serine residues, including Ser276, were indeed efficiently phosphorylated by CKII." SIGNOR-250826 CSNK2A1 protein P68400 UNIPROT CTDP1 protein Q9Y5B0 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser740 TKAQRENsPAAFPDR 9606 BTO:0000567 12591939 t llicata "We found that only phosphorylated FCP1 can physically interact with TFIIF. We set out to purify an FCP1 kinase from HeLa cells and identified casein kinase 2, which, surprisingly, displayed a negative effect on FCP1-associated activities.| Phosphorylation of FCP1 by CK2 Inhibits the Transcription Elongation Activity of FCP1. | Two in vivo phosphorylation sites within the C terminus of FCP1 at Ser-575 and Ser-740 were identified" SIGNOR-250845 CLK2 protein P49760 UNIPROT PTPN1 protein P18031 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser242 MDKRKDPsSVDIKKV -1 10480872 t llicata "The CLK family kinases, CLK1 and CLK2, phosphorylate and activate the tyrosine phosphatase, PTP-1B. | although CLK1 and CLK2 directly phosphorylate PTP-1B on both Ser50 and Ser242/Ser243, the preferred CLK phosphorylation site is Ser50, as it is preferentially phosphorylated at an approximate ratio of 9:1 over the Ser242/Ser243 site." SIGNOR-250775 CSNK2B protein P67870 UNIPROT CTDP1 protein Q9Y5B0 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser575 AGESLDQsMEEEEEE 9606 BTO:0000567 12591939 t llicata "We found that only phosphorylated FCP1 can physically interact with TFIIF. We set out to purify an FCP1 kinase from HeLa cells and identified casein kinase 2, which, surprisingly, displayed a negative effect on FCP1-associated activities.| Phosphorylation of FCP1 by CK2 Inhibits the Transcription Elongation Activity of FCP1. | Two in vivo phosphorylation sites within the C terminus of FCP1 at Ser-575 and Ser-740 were identified" SIGNOR-251063 CSNK2B protein P67870 UNIPROT CD163 protein Q86VB7 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser1085 RQRLAVSsRGENLVH -1 11298324 t llicata "Interaction of CD163 with the regulatory subunit of casein kinase II (CKII) and dependence of CD163 signaling on CKII and protein kinase C. | Inhibition studies using specific kinase inhibitors reveal that both CKII and PKC are involved in the CD163 signaling mechanism resulting in the secretion of proinflammatory cytokines." SIGNOR-251056 ERK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF1 SIGNOR AP1 complex SIGNOR-C154 SIGNOR up-regulates phosphorylation Thr232 GGLPEVAtPESEEAF 9606 7816602 t lperfetto "Phosphorylation of the c-fos and c-jun hob1 motif stimulates its activation capacity here we show that the hob1-containing activation domain of c-fos is stimulated by ha-ras in vivo and phosphorylated by a map kinase family member in vitro and that mutating t232 to ala abolishes both functions." SIGNOR-252359 CLK2 protein P49760 UNIPROT PTPN1 protein P18031 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser243 DKRKDPSsVDIKKVL -1 10480872 t llicata "The CLK family kinases, CLK1 and CLK2, phosphorylate and activate the tyrosine phosphatase, PTP-1B. | although CLK1 and CLK2 directly phosphorylate PTP-1B on both Ser50 and Ser242/Ser243, the preferred CLK phosphorylation site is Ser50, as it is preferentially phosphorylated at an approximate ratio of 9:1 over the Ser242/Ser243 site." SIGNOR-250776 GSK3B protein P49841 UNIPROT AXIN1 protein O15169 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser486 LRTPGRQsPGPGHRS 9606 BTO:0000007 10581160 t "Axin residues T609 and S614 are physiological GSK3beta targets. Axin phosphorylation in the regulation of b-catenin stability. When active (left), GSK3b phosphorylates Axin as well as APC and b-catenin. The phosphorylated form of Axin binds strongly to b-catenin and promotes the phosphorylation of b-catenin by GSK3b, leading to strong interaction with b-TrCP" SIGNOR-251221 GSK3B protein P49841 UNIPROT AXIN1 protein O15169 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr481 HVQRVLRtPGRQSPG 9606 BTO:0000007 10581160 t "Axin residues T609 and S614 are physiological GSK3beta targets. Axin phosphorylation in the regulation of b-catenin stability. When active (left), GSK3b phosphorylates Axin as well as APC and b-catenin. The phosphorylated form of Axin binds strongly to b-catenin and promotes the phosphorylation of b-catenin by GSK3b, leading to strong interaction with b-TrCP" SIGNOR-251222 PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT FOS protein P01100 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" phosphorylation Ser362 AAAHRKGsSSNEPSS 9534 BTO:0000298 1545828 t miannu "Human c-Fos protein is phosphorylated in vitro by PKA. phosphorylation of Fos occurs at serine residue 362. Modification of the Fos protein by phosphorylation with PKA then allows it to act as a regulator of its own synthesis by downregulating fos gene expression at a transcriptional level" SIGNOR-250356 LCK protein P06239 UNIPROT CD3E protein P07766 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr188 PPVPNPDyEPIRKGQ 9534 BTO:0004055 11855827 t "Tyrosine Phosphorylation of CD8- Chimeras by Lck and ZAP-70 in COS Cells. both Y170F and Y181F chimeric proteins could be efficiently phosphorylated by Lck in vivo. phosphorylation of Y170 and Y181 within CD3- –ITAM provides to CD3- the potential to interact with multiple downstream effectors and signaling pathways." SIGNOR-251368 CARM1 protein Q86X55 UNIPROT SMARCC1 protein Q92922 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" methylation Arg1064 PGNILGPrVPLTAPN 9606 BTO:0000007;BTO:0000356 24434208 t "CARM1-mediated BAF155 methylation affects gene expression by directing methylated BAF155 to unique chromatin regions (e.g., c-Myc pathway genes). Collectively, our studies uncover a mechanism by which BAF155 acquires tumorigenic functions via arginine methylation." SIGNOR-251708 PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT CACNA1C protein Q13936 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser1897 LLRKANPsRCHSRES 10090 BTO:0000087 28119464 t "These findings reveal an essential role for _1C phosphorylation at Ser1928 in stimulating CaV1.2 channel activity and vasoconstriction by AKAP-targeted PKA upon exposure to increased glucose and in diabetes" SIGNOR-251709 POMC protein P01189 UNIPROT MC4R protein P32245 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 20694162 t miannu "α-MSH can activate both melanocortin 4 receptors (MC4R) and melanocortin 1 receptors (MC1R)" SIGNOR-252373 JAK1 protein P23458 UNIPROT TYK2 protein P29597 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr1054 AVPEGHEyYRVREDG 9606 BTO:0000667 30029643 t "Since Jak-STAT pathway primarily activated in IL-15-me- diated cell proliferation, we tested whether it is also participates in IL-15-mediated proliferation of FAPs. Interestingly, we found the expression of phospho-Jak3 and phospho-Tyk2, as well as their downstream, phospho- STAT3 and phospho-STAT5, was significantly upregulated" SIGNOR-256221 betamethasone chemical CID:9782 PUBCHEM NR3C1 protein P04150 UNIPROT up-regulates "chemical activation" 9606 17561562 t dermatitis gcesareni SIGNOR-251686 NFATC2 protein Q13469 UNIPROT FST protein P19883 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 BTO:0000165 15130492 t lperfetto "MyoD, CREB, and NFAT Mediate the Transcriptional Activation of the Follistatin Promoter Induced by TSA" SIGNOR-251729 PHA-793887 chemical CID:46191454 PUBCHEM CDK1 protein P06493 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-206124 HBB protein P68871 UNIPROT CD163 protein Q86VB7 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 16522161 t Regulation miannu "These data suggest that hemoglobin may mediate a stimulatory effect on erythropoiesis through the activation of CD163 on hematopoietic progenitor cells." SIGNOR-251746 HBB protein P68871 UNIPROT AHSP protein Q9NZD4 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" 9606 2545495 f Regulation miannu "EDRF is rapidly inactivated by hemoglobin and superoxide." SIGNOR-251750 ETV6 protein P41212 UNIPROT HBB protein P68871 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 15958056 f "Regulation of expression" miannu "Upon erythropoietin exposure, overexpressed TEL stimulated hemoglobin synthesis" SIGNOR-251793 Droxinostat chemical CID:568416 PUBCHEM HDAC6 protein Q9UBN7 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-191433 GLI2 protein P10070 UNIPROT PPARG protein P37231 UNIPROT down-regulates BTO:0004300 29205155 f areggio "Molecularly, Gli2 is the principle transcription factor in the Gli family to mediate the anti-adipogenic and anti-lipogenic effects of Hh signaling" SIGNOR-256224 PTPN11 protein Q06124 UNIPROT NRAS protein P01111 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Tyr32 QNHFVDEyDPTIEDS 9606 BTO:0000007 26617336 t miannu "Here we identify SHP2 as the ubiquitously expressed tyrosine phosphatase that preferentially binds to and dephosphorylates Ras to increase its association with Raf and activate downstream proliferative Ras/ERK/MAPK signalling." SIGNOR-255754 TNF protein P01375 UNIPROT LPL protein P06858 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 16106106 f Regulation miannu "TNF-α and IL-6 inhibit lipoprotein lipase" SIGNOR-251855 IGF1R protein P08069 UNIPROT FBN1 protein P35555 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 10116 BTO:0000951 17200203 t Regulation miannu "We report a novel mechanism of action that involves two key molecules: decorin, a small leucine-rich proteoglycan, and the IGF-IR. These two players, together with the downstream signaling pathway evoked by decorin-mediated activation of the receptor, lead to an enhanced translation of fibrillin-1 and its deposition in the extracellular environment both in vitro and in vivo." SIGNOR-251892 AMPK complex SIGNOR-C15 SIGNOR FOXO3 protein O43524 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser413 10090 BTO:0000759 22848740 t "When AMPK is stimulated, pre-existing FOXO3 becomes reverted toward an active form." SIGNOR-255756 HMOX1 protein P09601 UNIPROT heme smallmolecule CID:444098 PUBCHEM "down-regulates quantity" "small molecule catalysis" 9606 10490932 t Regulation miannu "Heme oxygenase (HO), by catabolizing heme to bile pigments, down-regulates cellular hemoprotein, hemoglobin, and heme" SIGNOR-251911 SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT EZR protein P15311 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr478 PPPPPPVyEPVSYHV 9606 BTO:0000671 15623525 t lperfetto "Src phosphorylates ezrin at tyrosine 477 and induces a phosphospecific association between ezrin and a kelch-repeat protein family member" SIGNOR-132907 JAK3 protein P52333 UNIPROT JAK3 protein P52333 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr980 LLPLDKDyYVVREPG 9606 9391116 t gcesareni "We found that jak3 is autophosphorylated on multiple sites including y980 and y981. Compared with the activity of wild-type (wt) jak3, mutant y980f demonstrated markedly decreased kinase activity, and optimal phosphorylation of jak3 on other sites was dependent on y980 phosphorylation. The mutant y980f also exhibited reduced phosphorylation of its substrates, gammac and stat5a. In contrast, mutant y981f had greatly increased kinase activity, whereas the double mutant, yy980/981ff, had intermediate activity." SIGNOR-53590 CSNK1A1 protein P48729 UNIPROT YWHAZ protein P63104 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr232 LTLWTSDtQGDEAEA 9606 BTO:0000007 9360956 t llicata "This protein kinase has been identified as casein kinase Ialpha (CKIalpha) by peptide mapping analysis and sequencing. Among mammalian 14-3-3, only 14-3-3 tau possesses a phosphorylatable residue at the same position (Ser-233), and we show that this residue is also phosphorylated by CKI. In addition, we show that 14-3-3 zeta is exclusively phosphorylated on Thr-233 in human embryonic kidney 293 cells. The residue 233 is located within a region shown to be important for the association of 14-3-3 to target proteins. | We have now shown that in vivo phosphorylation of 14-3-3 zeta at the CKIalpha site (Thr-233) negatively regulates its binding to c-Raf, and may be important in Raf-mediated signal transduction." SIGNOR-250796 PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT MBP protein P02686 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser249 GLSLSRFsWGAEGQR -1 2413024 t lperfetto "MBP was phosphorylated by either protein kinase A or C | Subsequent amino acid analysis and/or sequential Edman degradation of the purified phosphopeptides, together with the known primary sequence of this protein, revealed that Ser-46 and Ser-151 were specifically phosphorylated by protein kinase C, whereas Thr-34 and Ser-115 were phosphorylated preferentially by protein kinase A. Both kinases reacted with Ser-8, Ser-11, Ser-55, Ser-110, Ser-132, and Ser-161 at various reaction velocities." SIGNOR-248872 CSNK2A2 protein P19784 UNIPROT GTF2A1 protein P52655 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser280 VDGTGDTsSEEDEDE -1 11278496 t llicata "We now show that human TFIIA is phosphorylated in vivo on serine residues that are partially conserved between yeast and human TFIIA large subunits. Alanine substitution mutation of serine residues 316 and 321 in TFIIA alphabeta reduced TFIIA phosphorylation significantly in vivo. Additional alanine substitutions at serines 280 and 281 reduced phosphorylation to undetectable levels. Mutation of all four serine residues reduced the ability of TFIIA to stimulate transcription in transient transfection assays with various activators and promoters, indicating that TFIIA phosphorylation is required globally for optimal function." SIGNOR-250995 CSNK1D protein P48730 UNIPROT GJA1 protein P17302 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser330 AGSTISNsHAQPFDF 10116 BTO:0000067 12270943 t lperfetto "We have examined the role of casein kinase 1 (CK1) in connexin-43 (Cx43) gap junction assembly. Cellular co-immunoprecipitation experiments and in vitro CK1 phosphorylation reactions indicate that CK1 interacted with and phosphorylated Cx43, initially on serine(s) 325, 328, or 330.| To examine CK1 function, normal rat kidney cells were treated with CKI-7, and Cx43 content was analyzed by Triton X-100 extraction, cell-surface biotinylation, and immunofluorescence. Western blot analysis indicated a slight increase in total Cx43, whereas gap junctional (Triton-insoluble) Cx43 decreased, and non-junctional plasma membrane Cx43 increased (as detected by cell surface biotinylation)." SIGNOR-249331 GSK3B protein P49841 UNIPROT ESR1 protein P03372 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser106 PLNSVSPsPLMLLHP 9606 16076840 t gcesareni "The gsk-3 inhibitor lithium chloride was used to determine the role of gsk-3 in phosphorylation of ser-102, -104, and -106 and ser-118 in vivo and to explore the role of these serines in the regulation of eralpha function. Treatment of cells with lithium chloride resulted in dephosphorylation of ser-104 and -106 and ser-118, which suggests these serine residues as targets for gsk-3 in vivo. Our results further suggest that eralpha phosphorylation by gsk-3 stabilizes eralpha under resting conditions and modulates eralpha transcriptional activity upon ligand binding. Estradiol and phorbol ester cause phosphorylation of serine 118 in the human estrogen receptor. Potentiation of human estrogen receptor alpha transcriptional activation through phosphorylation of serines 104 and 106 by the cyclin a-cdk2 complex." SIGNOR-139320 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT MAPT protein P10636 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser721 PVVSGDTsPRHLSNV 9606 BTO:0000590 10737616 t lperfetto "Using nanoelectrospray mass spectrometry, we have undertaken an extensive comparison of phosphorylation in vitro by several candidate tau kinases, namely, JNK, p38, ERK2, and glycogen synthase kinase 3beta (GSK3beta). Between 10 and 15 sites were identified for each kinase. The three MAP kinases phosphorylated Ser202 and Thr205 but not detectably Ser199, whereas conversely GSK3beta phosphorylated Ser199 but not detectably Ser202 or Thr205. Phosphorylated Ser404 was found with all of these kinases except JNK. The MAP kinases may not be strictly proline specific: p38 phosphorylated the nonproline sites Ser185, Thr245, Ser305, and Ser356, whereas ERK2 was the most strict. All of the sites detected except Thr245 and Ser305 are known or suspected phosphorylation sites in paired helical filament-tau extracted from Alzheimer brains. Thus, the three MAP kinases and GSK3beta are importantly all strong candidates as tau kinases that may be involved in the pathogenic hyperphosphorylation of tau in Alzheimer's disease." SIGNOR-249418 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT MAPT protein P10636 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser519 SGYSSPGsPGTPGSR 9606 BTO:0000590 10737616 t lperfetto "Using nanoelectrospray mass spectrometry, we have undertaken an extensive comparison of phosphorylation in vitro by several candidate tau kinases, namely, JNK, p38, ERK2, and glycogen synthase kinase 3beta (GSK3beta). Between 10 and 15 sites were identified for each kinase. The three MAP kinases phosphorylated Ser202 and Thr205 but not detectably Ser199, whereas conversely GSK3beta phosphorylated Ser199 but not detectably Ser202 or Thr205. Phosphorylated Ser404 was found with all of these kinases except JNK. The MAP kinases may not be strictly proline specific: p38 phosphorylated the nonproline sites Ser185, Thr245, Ser305, and Ser356, whereas ERK2 was the most strict. All of the sites detected except Thr245 and Ser305 are known or suspected phosphorylation sites in paired helical filament-tau extracted from Alzheimer brains. Thus, the three MAP kinases and GSK3beta are importantly all strong candidates as tau kinases that may be involved in the pathogenic hyperphosphorylation of tau in Alzheimer's disease." SIGNOR-249416 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR CTNNB1 protein P35222 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser552 QDTQRRTsMGGTQQQ 9606 17287208 t lperfetto "Phosphorylation of beta-catenin by akt promotes beta-catenin transcriptional activitywe have demonstrated that akt phosphorylates beta-catenin at ser552 in vitro and in vivo." SIGNOR-244222 DUSP4 protein Q13115 UNIPROT MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Thr202 HDHTGFLtEYVATRW 10116 7535768 t "Dephosphorylation and Inactivation of ERKs|ERK1 phosphorylated on either threonine (ERK1*Y204F) or tyrosine alone (ERK1*T202A) was utilized as a substrate for HVH2. Threonine 202 and tyrosine 204 in ERK1 (53) correspond to threonine 183 and tyrosine 185 in ERK2 which are the activation-phosphorylation sites by MEK(14, 15, 16). ERK1*, a kinase-deficient mutant, was phosphorylated on both threonine and tyrosine by MEK2 (Fig. 3B). ERK1*T202A, having threonine 202 substituted by an alanine, was phosphorylated only on tyrosine while ERK1*Y204F, having tyrosine 204 substituted by a phenylalanine, was phosphorylated only on threonine (Fig. 3B). GST-HVH2 dephosphorylated all three ERK1* mutants (Fig. 3A), suggesting that double phosphorylations of adjacent threonine and tyrosine were not a prerequisite for HVH2 recognition. However, HVH2 dephosphorylated ERK1* and ERK1*T202A more efficiently than ERK1*Y204F (Fig. 3A), indicating that HVH2 preferred phosphotyrosine over phosphothreonine. Interestingly, MEK also phosphorylated tyrosine residues more efficiently than threonine residues of ERK" SIGNOR-248715 GSK3B protein P49841 UNIPROT CEBPB protein P17676 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr235 SSSSPPGtPSPADAK 10090 BTO:0001169 22355693 t "We found that expression of srebf1a depended on GSK3β activity and that GSK3β activity was necessary for C/EBPβ phosphorylation at Thr188" SIGNOR-251644 MAP2K1 protein Q02750 UNIPROT ARRB2 protein P32121 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr382 EFDTNYAtDDDIVFE 9606 BTO:0000007 28169830 t "Here, we show that activation of serotonin 5-HT2C receptors, which engage Erk1/2 pathway via a _-arrestin-dependent mechanism, promotes MEK-dependent _-arrestin2 phosphorylation at Thr383" SIGNOR-252027 GRK3 protein P35626 UNIPROT BDKRB2 protein P30411 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser373 SMGTLRTsISVERQI 9606 BTO:0000007 11517230 t "Ligand-induced phosphorylation is found at Ser339 and Ser346/Ser348 that could be executed by several G protein-coupled receptor kinases. 32P labeling of peptide 3 containing pS346/pS348 was enhanced 1.5–3-fold as compared with mock-transfected cells in the order GRK6 < GRK5 < GRK2 < GRK4α < GRK3. several endogenous GRKs may phosphorylate the B2R and that the various GRKs, even without apparent effect on total GPCR phosphorylation levels, may induce distinct phosphorylation patterns with possible functional consequences for receptor desensitization and sequestration." SIGNOR-251461 PLK1 protein P53350 UNIPROT KIF2B protein Q8N4N8 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser204 HLDSSKIsVLEPPQE 9606 BTO:0001938 22535524 t lperfetto "We show that Plk1 directly phosphorylates Kif2b at threonine 125 (T125) and serine 204 (S204), and that these two sites differentially regulate Kif2b function. Phosphorylation of S204 is required for the kinetochore localization and activity of Kif2b in prometaphase, and phosphorylation of T125 is required for Kif2b activity in the correction of k-MT attachment errors." SIGNOR-252050 PDK2 protein Q15119 UNIPROT PDHA1 protein P08559 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser293 TYRYHGHsMSDPGVS -1 11485553 t lperfetto "Here we report that the four isoenzymes of protein kinase responsible for the phosphorylation and inactivation of pyruvate dehydrogenase (pdk1, pdk2, pdk3 and pdk4) differ in their abilities to phosphorylate the enzyme. Pdk1 can phosphorylate all three sites (s232, s293, s300), whereas pdk2, pdk3 and pdk4 each phosphorylate only s232 and s293." SIGNOR-109563 PDK4 protein Q16654 UNIPROT PDHA1 protein P08559 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser293 TYRYHGHsMSDPGVS -1 11485553 t lperfetto "Here we report that the four isoenzymes of protein kinase responsible for the phosphorylation and inactivation of pyruvate dehydrogenase (pdk1, pdk2, pdk3 and pdk4) differ in their abilities to phosphorylate the enzyme. Pdk1 can phosphorylate all three sites (s232, s293, s300), whereas pdk2, pdk3 and pdk4 each phosphorylate only s232 and s293." SIGNOR-109617 PDK3 protein Q15120 UNIPROT PDHA1 protein P08559 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser232 NRYGMGTsVERAAAS -1 11485553 t lperfetto "Here we report that the four isoenzymes of protein kinase responsible for the phosphorylation and inactivation of pyruvate dehydrogenase (pdk1, pdk2, pdk3 and pdk4) differ in their abilities to phosphorylate the enzyme. Pdk1 can phosphorylate all three sites (s232, s293, s300), whereas pdk2, pdk3 and pdk4 each phosphorylate only s232 and s293." SIGNOR-109613 PDK4 protein Q16654 UNIPROT PDHA1 protein P08559 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser293 TYRYHGHsMSDPGVS -1 7782287 t gcesareni "Mammalian pyruvate dehydrogenase (?2_2) (e1) is regulated by phosphorylation-dephosphorylation, catalyzed by the e1-kinase and the phospho-e1-phosphatase." SIGNOR-33197 PDK2 protein Q15119 UNIPROT PDHA1 protein P08559 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser293 TYRYHGHsMSDPGVS -1 7782287 t gcesareni "Mammalian pyruvate dehydrogenase (?2_2) (e1) is regulated by phosphorylation-dephosphorylation, catalyzed by the e1-kinase and the phospho-e1-phosphatase." SIGNOR-33137 PDK2 protein Q15119 UNIPROT PDHA1 protein P08559 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser232 NRYGMGTsVERAAAS -1 11485553 t lperfetto "Here we report that the four isoenzymes of protein kinase responsible for the phosphorylation and inactivation of pyruvate dehydrogenase (pdk1, pdk2, pdk3 and pdk4) differ in their abilities to phosphorylate the enzyme. Pdk1 can phosphorylate all three sites (s232, s293, s300), whereas pdk2, pdk3 and pdk4 each phosphorylate only s232 and s293." SIGNOR-109559 PDK2 protein Q15119 UNIPROT PDHA1 protein P08559 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser232 NRYGMGTsVERAAAS -1 7782287 t gcesareni "Sites 1, 2, and 3 in the E1 mutants were phosphorylated either individually or in the presence of the other sites by the dihydrolipoamide acetyltransferase-protein X-E1 kinase indicating a site-independent mechanism of phosphorylation." SIGNOR-33040 PDK1 protein Q15118 UNIPROT PDHA1 protein P08559 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser232 NRYGMGTsVERAAAS -1 7782287 t gcesareni "Sites 1, 2, and 3 in the E1 mutants were phosphorylated either individually or in the presence of the other sites by the dihydrolipoamide acetyltransferase-protein X-E1 kinase indicating a site-independent mechanism of phosphorylation." SIGNOR-32977 PDK3 protein Q15120 UNIPROT PDHA1 protein P08559 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser293 TYRYHGHsMSDPGVS -1 11485553 t lperfetto "Here we report that the four isoenzymes of protein kinase responsible for the phosphorylation and inactivation of pyruvate dehydrogenase (pdk1, pdk2, pdk3 and pdk4) differ in their abilities to phosphorylate the enzyme. Pdk1 can phosphorylate all three sites (s232, s293, s300), whereas pdk2, pdk3 and pdk4 each phosphorylate only s232 and s293." SIGNOR-109609 PDK4 protein Q16654 UNIPROT PDHA1 protein P08559 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser232 NRYGMGTsVERAAAS -1 11485553 t lperfetto "Here we report that the four isoenzymes of protein kinase responsible for the phosphorylation and inactivation of pyruvate dehydrogenase (pdk1, pdk2, pdk3 and pdk4) differ in their abilities to phosphorylate the enzyme. Pdk1 can phosphorylate all three sites (s232, s293, s300), whereas pdk2, pdk3 and pdk4 each phosphorylate only s232 and s293." SIGNOR-109621 PDK3 protein Q15120 UNIPROT PDHA1 protein P08559 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser293 TYRYHGHsMSDPGVS -1 11486000 t lperfetto "Activity of the mammalian pyruvate dehydrogenase complex is regulated by phosphorylation-dephosphorylation of the alpha subunit of the pyruvate dehydrogenase (e1) component. Phosphorylation is carried out by four pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase (pdk) isoenzymes." SIGNOR-109647 PDK2 protein Q15119 UNIPROT PDHA1 protein P08559 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser300 SMSDPGVsYRTREEI -1 7782287 t gcesareni "Mammalian pyruvate dehydrogenase (?2_2) (e1) is regulated by phosphorylation-dephosphorylation, catalyzed by the e1-kinase and the phospho-e1-phosphatase." SIGNOR-33141 PDK1 protein Q15118 UNIPROT PDHA1 protein P08559 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser293 TYRYHGHsMSDPGVS -1 11485553 t lperfetto "Here we report that the four isoenzymes of protein kinase responsible for the phosphorylation and inactivation of pyruvate dehydrogenase (pdk1, pdk2, pdk3 and pdk4) differ in their abilities to phosphorylate the enzyme. Pdk1 can phosphorylate all three sites (s232, s293, s300), whereas pdk2, pdk3 and pdk4 each phosphorylate only s232 and s293." SIGNOR-109551 PDK3 protein Q15120 UNIPROT PDHA1 protein P08559 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser300 SMSDPGVsYRTREEI -1 11486000 t lperfetto "Activity of the mammalian pyruvate dehydrogenase complex is regulated by phosphorylation-dephosphorylation of the alpha subunit of the pyruvate dehydrogenase (e1) component. Phosphorylation is carried out by four pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase (pdk) isoenzymes." SIGNOR-109651 PDK1 protein Q15118 UNIPROT PDHA1 protein P08559 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser300 SMSDPGVsYRTREEI -1 11485553 t lperfetto "Here we report that the four isoenzymes of protein kinase responsible for the phosphorylation and inactivation of pyruvate dehydrogenase (pdk1, pdk2, pdk3 and pdk4) differ in their abilities to phosphorylate the enzyme. Pdk1 can phosphorylate all three sites (s232, s293, s300), whereas pdk2, pdk3 and pdk4 each phosphorylate only s232 and s293." SIGNOR-109555 Calcineurin complex SIGNOR-C155 SIGNOR BAD protein Q92934 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser75 EIRSRHSsYPAGTED 9606 BTO:0000007 10195903 t "Ca2+-induced apoptosis through calcineurin dephosphorylation of BAD|Calcineurin was found to dephosphorylate BAD, a pro-apoptotic member of the Bcl-2 family, thus enhancing BAD heterodimerization with Bcl-xL and promoting apoptosis." SIGNOR-252324 PDK4 protein Q16654 UNIPROT PDHA1 protein P08559 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser300 SMSDPGVsYRTREEI -1 7782287 t gcesareni "Mammalian pyruvate dehydrogenase (?2_2) (e1) is regulated by phosphorylation-dephosphorylation, catalyzed by the e1-kinase and the phospho-e1-phosphatase." SIGNOR-33201 PPP1CA protein P62136 UNIPROT RAF1 protein P04049 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser259 SQRQRSTsTPNVHMV 9606 BTO:0000007 16630891 t "We have identified a complex comprised of Shoc2/Sur-8 and the catalytic subunit of protein phosphatase 1 (PP1c) as a highly specific M-Ras effector. M-Ras targets Shoc2-PP1c to stimulate Raf activity by dephosphorylating the S259 inhibitory site of Raf proteins" SIGNOR-251649 PTPN6 protein P29350 UNIPROT KDR protein P35968 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Tyr1175 AQQDGKDyIVLPISE 9606 18377662 t "Src homology 2 (SH2) domain containing protein tyrosine phosphatase-1 (SHP-1) dephosphorylates VEGF Receptor-2 and attenuates endothelial DNA synthesis, but not migration|Knockdown of SHP-1 by siRNA or inhibition of c-Src by an inhibitor, results in augmented DNA synthesis perhaps due to increased phosphorylation of at least three tyrosine residues of KDR 996, 1059 and 1175" SIGNOR-248475 PTPRJ protein Q12913 UNIPROT EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by stabilization" dephosphorylation Tyr1197 STAENAEyLRVAPQS 9606 BTO:0000567 19836242 t "We report the identification of PTPRK and PTPRJ (density-enhanced phosphatase-1 [DEP-1]) as EGFR-targeting phosphatases. DEP-1 is a tumor suppressor that dephosphorylates and thereby stabilizes EGFR by hampering its ability to associate with the CBL-GRB2 ubiquitin ligase complex|By employing commercially available antibodies, which are supposed to recognize specific tyrosine phosphorylation sites of EGFR, we found that depletion of endogenous DEP-1 nonselectively increased receptor phosphorylation, affecting all three sites we analyzed (tyrosines 1045, 1068, and 1173" SIGNOR-248699 LCK protein P06239 UNIPROT CD3E protein P07766 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr199 RKGQRDLySGLNQRR 9534 BTO:0004055 11855827 t "Tyrosine Phosphorylation of CD8- Chimeras by Lck and ZAP-70 in COS Cells. both Y170F and Y181F chimeric proteins could be efficiently phosphorylated by Lck in vivo. phosphorylation of Y170 and Y181 within CD3- –ITAM provides to CD3- the potential to interact with multiple downstream effectors and signaling pathways." SIGNOR-251369 PDP1 protein Q9P0J1 UNIPROT PDHA1 protein P08559 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser232 NRYGMGTsVERAAAS -1 7782287 t "Sites 1, 2, and 3 were dephosphorylated either individually or in the presence of the other sites by the phospho-E1-phosphatase resulting in complete reactivation of the E1. The rates of dephosphorylation and reactivation were similar for sites 1, 2, and 3, indicating a random dephosphorylation mechanism" SIGNOR-252055 PDP1 protein Q9P0J1 UNIPROT PDHA1 protein P08559 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser293 TYRYHGHsMSDPGVS -1 7782287 t "Sites 1, 2, and 3 were dephosphorylated either individually or in the presence of the other sites by the phospho-E1-phosphatase resulting in complete reactivation of the E1. The rates of dephosphorylation and reactivation were similar for sites 1, 2, and 3, indicating a random dephosphorylation mechanism" SIGNOR-252054 AURKB protein Q96GD4 UNIPROT RACGAP1 protein Q9H0H5 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser144 NAGNKRLsTIDESGS 9606 BTO:0000567 14744859 t llicata "It was found that the 5A fragment in which five Ser/Thr residues were substituted with Ala (S144A/T145A/S185A/T186A/S187A) fully prevented phosphorylation (Fig. 5B), confirming that Aurora B primarily phosphorylates five Ser/Thr residues in the basic region of MgcRacGAP. | the strong phosphorylation of the basic region of MgcRacGAP by Aurora B kinase was demonstrated, and this phosphorylation prevents the inhibition of MgcRacGAP GAP activity by PRC1" SIGNOR-250586 SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT PLSCR1 protein O15162 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr69 PVPNQPVyNQPVYNQ 9606 BTO:0000671 12871937 t lperfetto "Cell stimulation by egf results in tyr phosphorylation of plscr1, its association with both shc and egf receptors, and rapid cycling of plscr1 between plasma membrane and endosomal compartments.We Now report evidence that upon egf stimulation, plscr1 is phosphorylated by c-src, within the tandem repeat sequence 68vynqpvynqp77. The in vivo interaction between plscr1 and shc requires the src-mediated phosphorylation on tyrosines 69 and 74. Furthermore, our data suggest that deletion of plscr1 from the plasma membrane results in marked reduction in egf-initiated activation of c-src kinase.\ We propose that PLSCR1, through its interaction with Shc, promotes Src kinase activation through the EGF receptor." SIGNOR-103769 FGFR1 protein P11362 UNIPROT SYNCRIP protein O60506 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Tyr373 RVKKLKDyAFIHFDE 9606 12601080 t lperfetto "Novel in vivo tyrosine phosphorylation sites were found in the fgfr-1, phospholipase cgamma, p90 ribosomal s6 kinase, cortactin, and ns-1-associated protein-1. Syncrip, was very recently found to be phosphorylated in response to insulin treatment of 3t3-l1 adipocytes (32). Phosphorylation of syncrip was accommodated by the insulin receptor tyrosine kinase in vitro but was inhibited upon binding of rna. Tyrosine phosphorylation at tyr-373 in the third rna recognition motif domain of nsap1/syncrip can possibly influence its rna binding properties and thus link fgfr-1 signaling to mrna metabolism." SIGNOR-98704 PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT DLX3 protein O60479 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser138 KPRTIYSsYQLAALQ 10090 BTO:0000667 11343707 t lperfetto "Dlx3 is primarily phosphorylated by PKCalpha. By deletion and mutational analysis, we show that the serine residue S138, located in the homeodomain of Dlx3 protein, was specifically phosphorylated by PKC. The phosphorylation of purified Dlx3 proteins by PKC partially inhibited formation of complexes between Dlx3 protein and DNA. These results suggest that Dlx3 protein can be directly phosphorylated by PKC and this affects the DNA binding activity of Dlx3. | Since DNA binding may reveal only a part of Dlx3 protein function, we cannot rule out the influence of phosphorylation on other biological functions. Thus, the characterization of the full biological function of PKC phosphorylation of Dlx3 protein will require further studies." SIGNOR-249095 CSNK2A1 protein P68400 UNIPROT AQP4 protein P55087 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser316 EKKGKDQsGEVLSSV 9615 BTO:0000837 11742978 t llicata "We found that the stress-induced kinase casein kinase (CK)II phosphorylates the Ser276 immediately preceding the tyrosine motif, increasing AQP4-mu 3A interaction and enhancing AQP4-lysosomal targeting and degradation. AQP4 phosphorylation by CKII may thus provide a mechanism that regulates AQP4 cell surface expression. | To determine whether Ser276 is an actual CKII substrate, we used GST–AQP4-Cter proteins in which only one out of the three C-terminal CKII consensus sites was sequentially conserved (Ser276, Ser285 and Ser315, respectively). Figure 7B (right panel) shows that the three serine residues, including Ser276, were indeed efficiently phosphorylated by CKII." SIGNOR-250828 PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT HMGN2 protein P05204 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser29 QRRSARLsAKPAPPK 9606 10739259 t lperfetto "Protein kinases that phosphorylate hmg-14 17 at the major sites have been implicated from previous in vitro studies. Protein kinase c and a similar calcium phospholipid-dependent kinase have been reported to phosphorylate both proteins in vitro, where the phosphorylation of hmg-17 occurs predominantly at ser24 and to a lesser degree at ser28. Phosphorylation of hmg-14 at ser6 by camp- or cgmp-dependent kinases has also been reported. Thus, other kinases may contribute to phosphorylation at ser6 in response to oa. Ser88 and ser98 on hmg-14 are also phosphorylated by casein kinase ii in vitro. we conclude that the correlation we observe reflects a causal relationship, in which phosphorylation somehow facilitates the redistribution of hmg-14 and -17 toward non-nuclear pools." SIGNOR-76324 CSNK2B protein P67870 UNIPROT CTDP1 protein Q9Y5B0 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser740 TKAQRENsPAAFPDR 9606 BTO:0000567 12591939 t llicata "We found that only phosphorylated FCP1 can physically interact with TFIIF. We set out to purify an FCP1 kinase from HeLa cells and identified casein kinase 2, which, surprisingly, displayed a negative effect on FCP1-associated activities.| Phosphorylation of FCP1 by CK2 Inhibits the Transcription Elongation Activity of FCP1. | Two in vivo phosphorylation sites within the C terminus of FCP1 at Ser-575 and Ser-740 were identified" SIGNOR-251064 PLK1 protein P53350 UNIPROT KIF2B protein Q8N4N8 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr125 MIPQKNQtASGDSLD 9606 BTO:0001938 22535524 t lperfetto "We show that Plk1 directly phosphorylates Kif2b at threonine 125 (T125) and serine 204 (S204), and that these two sites differentially regulate Kif2b function. Phosphorylation of S204 is required for the kinetochore localization and activity of Kif2b in prometaphase, and phosphorylation of T125 is required for Kif2b activity in the correction of k-MT attachment errors." SIGNOR-252049 PAK2 protein Q13177 UNIPROT PAK2 protein Q13177 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr402 PEQSKRStMVGTPYW -1 10075701 t miannu "Eight autophosphorylation sites were identified in Cdc42-activated gamma-PAK, six of which are in common with those previously reported in alpha-PAK, while Ser-19 and Ser-165 appear to be uniquely phosphorylated in the gamma-form. Further, the phosphorylation of Ser-141, Ser-165, and Thr-402 was found to correlate with gamma-PAK activation. The information resulting from manual Edman degradation and from automated sequencing clearly identified Ser-192, Ser-197, and Thr-402 as the phosphorylation sites" SIGNOR-250230 PTPN1 protein P18031 UNIPROT PDGFRB protein P09619 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Tyr1009 LDTSSVLyTAVQPNE -1 7545675 t "Upon activation, the βPDGFR is phosphorylated at multiple tyrosine residues and thereby becomes a docking site for SH2-domain-containing signal transduction proteins.|While all phosphotyrosine sites on the βPDGFR are equally good targets for rPTP1B, maps of the βPDGFR dephosphorylated by rSyp showed that rSyp had a distinct preference for certain sites (Fig. 4 D-F). The low dose of rSyp primarily dephosphorylated spots 1, 6, 7, 9, and to a lesser extent 8a|Spot 1 corresponds to tyrosine 751; spot 3 corresponds to tyrosine 1009; spot 6 corresponds to tyrosine 740; spot 8b corresponds to tyrosine 1021; spot 9 corresponds to tyrosine 771, and spots 2, 7, and 8a are as yet unidentified phosphopeptides" SIGNOR-248416 AKT3 protein Q9Y243 UNIPROT TBX3 protein O15119 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser719 AEKEAATsELQSIQR 9606 BTO:0000848 25595898 t miannu "We have identified TBX3 as a key substrate of AKT3 in melanomagenesis. we have identified the AKT3 target site at serine residue 720 in the TBX3 protein and show that this site is phosphorylated in vivo. the phosphorylation at S720 promotes TBX3 protein stability, nuclear localization, transcriptional repression of E-cadherin, and its role in cell migration and invasion." SIGNOR-223534 ERRFI1 protein Q9UJM3 UNIPROT EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 10116 11003669 t gcesareni "These data indicate that the gene 33 protein is a feedback inhibitor of ErbB-2 mitogenic function and a suppressor of ErbB-2 oncogenic activity. We propose that the gene 33 protein be renamed with the acronym RALT (receptor-associated late transducer)" SIGNOR-186198 STK4 protein Q13043 UNIPROT MOB1B protein Q7L9L4 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr35 LLKHAEAtLGSGNLR 9606 23431053 t milica "Mob1, when phosphorylated by MST1/2, binds to the autoinhibitory motif in Lats1/2, which in turn leads to the phosphorylation of the Lats activation loop (Lats1 S909 and Lats2 S872) and thereby an increase of their kinase activity" SIGNOR-201318 Calcineurin complex SIGNOR-C155 SIGNOR PPP1R1A protein Q13522 UNIPROT unknown dephosphorylation Ser67 LKSTLAMsPRQRKKM 10116 11278334 t "In vitro and in vivo studies indicated that phospho-Ser-67 inhibitor-1 was dephosphorylated by protein phosphatases-2A and -2B. | However, inhibitor-1 phosphorylated at Ser-67 was a less efficient substrate for cAMP-dependent protein kinase. These results demonstrate regulation of a Cdk5-dependent phosphorylation site in inhibitor-1 and suggest a role for this site in modulating the amplitude of signal transduction events that involve cAMP-dependent protein kinase activation." SIGNOR-252334 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT NR3C1 protein P04150 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser226 IDENCLLsPLAGEDD -1 9199329 t lperfetto "Cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) phosphorylate the rat glucocorticoid receptor in vitro at distinct sites that together correspond to the major phosphorylated receptor residues observed in vivo; MAPK phosphorylates receptor residues threonine 171 and serine 246, whereas multiple CDK complexes modify serines 224 and 232.|MAPKs and CDKs exert opposite effects on receptor transcriptional enhancement. From our results, we speculate that activators of the MAPK pathway, such as growth factors, insulin, and certain oncoproteins, or inhibitors of CDK function, such as tumor growth factor beta (TGF_), p21, and p27, might attenuate receptor-induced transcrip- tional responses. In contrast, negative regulators of MAPK, such as pKA, as well as activators of CDK, such as the cyclins or CAKs, should potentiate receptor action." SIGNOR-249428 PDPK1 protein O15530 UNIPROT RPS6KB2 protein Q9UBS0 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr228 HEGAVTHtFCGTIEY 9606 9445476 t gcesareni "A regulatory link between p70s6k and pkb was demonstrated, as pdk1 was found to selectively phosphorylate p70s6k at thr229. More importantly, pdk1 activated p70s6k in vitro and in vivo, whereas the catalytically inactive pdk1 blocked insulin-induced activation of p70s6k. one of the most studied signalling events controlled by ptdins(3,4,5)p3, comprises the activation of a group of agc family protein kinases, including isoforms of protein kinase b (pkb)/akt, p70 ribosomal s6 kinase (s6k), serum- and glucocorticoid-induced protein kinase (sgk) and protein kinase c (pkc), which play crucial roles in regulating physiological processes relevant to metabolism, growth, proliferation and survival. Here, we review recent biochemical, genetic and structural studies on the 3-phosphoinositide-dependent protein kinase-1 (pdk1), which phosphorylates and activates the agc kinase members regulated by pi 3-kinase. We also discuss whether inhibitors of pdk1 might have chemotherapeutic potential in the treatment of cancers in which the pdk1-regulated agc kinases are constitutively activated." SIGNOR-55371 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT BAD protein Q92934 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser118 GRELRRMsDEFVDSF 9606 BTO:0000938 9346240 t lperfetto "Experiments in this study reveal that akt phosphorylates bad both in vitro and in vivo and that akt-mediated phosphorylation of bad effectively blocks bad induced cell death.[...] In addition, these findings implicate a particular phosphorylation site on bad, serine 136, in the suppression of bad-mediated death by akt.[...]The Phosphorylation of bad may lead to the prevention of cell death via a mechanism that involves the selective association of the phosphorylated forms of bad with 14-3-3 protein isoforms. Akt phosphorylates bad in vitro and in vivo we show that growth factor activation of the pi3'k/akt signaling pathway culminates in the phosphorylation of the bcl-2 family member bad, thereby suppressing apoptosis and promoting cell survival. Akt phosphorylates bad in vitro and in vivo erbb-mediated phosphorylation of bad by akt promotes survival by blocking the interaction of this pro-apoptotic molecule with bcl-2 and bcl-x proteins" SIGNOR-52859 SGK1 protein O00141 UNIPROT FOXO3 protein O43524 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr32 QSRPRSCtWPLQRPE 9606 BTO:0000007 11154281 t lperfetto "Protein kinase SGK mediates survival signals by phosphorylating the forkhead transcription factor FKHRL1 (FOXO3a)|However, SGK and Akt display differences with respect to the efficacy with which they phosphorylate the three regulatory sites on FKHRL1. While both kinases can phosphorylate Thr-32, SGK displays a marked preference for Ser-315 whereas Akt favors Ser-253. These findings suggest that SGK and Akt may coordinately regulate the function of FKHRL1 by phosphorylating this transcription factor at distinct sites. The efficient phosphorylation of these three sites on FKHRL1 by SGK and Akt appears to be critical to the ability of growth factors to suppress FKHRL1-dependent transcription, thereby preventing FKHRL1 from inducing cell cycle arrest and apoptosis." SIGNOR-249134 GSK3B protein P49841 UNIPROT MYC protein P01106 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" phosphorylation Thr58 KKFELLPtPPLSPSR 9606 BTO:0000785 14563837 t gcesareni "Conversely, overexpression of gsk-3 alpha or gsk-3 beta enhances thr-58 phosphorylation and ubiquitination of c-myc" SIGNOR-118844 ERK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF1 SIGNOR ELK1 protein P19419 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr336 GGPGPERtPGSGSGS 9606 7889942 t gcesareni "Erki phosphorylates five c-terminal sites in elk-i (s324, t336, s383, s389 and s422) with varying degrees of efficiency." SIGNOR-252082 EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT ERRFI1 protein Q9UJM3 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr394 KKVSSTHyYLLPERP 10090 BTO:0000944 phosphorylation:Tyr395 KVSSTHYyLLPERPP 26280531 t """here we found that the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) phosphorylates Mig6 on Y394 and that this phosphorylation is primed by prior phosphorylation of an adjacent residue, Y395, by Src.""" SIGNOR-252091 GSK3B protein P49841 UNIPROT MYC protein P01106 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" phosphorylation Thr58 KKFELLPtPPLSPSR 10116 BTO:0004725 11018017 t "Phosphorylation of Thr 58, likely mediated by GSK-3 but dependent on the prior phosphorylation of Ser 62, is associated with degradation of Myc." SIGNOR-252080 ERK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF1 SIGNOR ELK1 protein P19419 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser383 IHFWSTLsPIAPRSP 9606 7889942 t gcesareni "Erki phosphorylates five c-terminal sites in elk-i (s324, t336, s383, s389 and s422) with varying degrees of efficiency." SIGNOR-252083 ERK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF1 SIGNOR MYC protein P01106 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by stabilization" phosphorylation Ser62 LLPTPPLsPSRRSGL 10116 BTO:0004725 11018017 t "Phosphorylation of Ser 62 is required for Ras-induced stabilization of Myc, likely mediated through the action of ERK." SIGNOR-252079 ERK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF1 SIGNOR ELK1 protein P19419 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser324 RDLELPLsPSLLGGP 9606 7889942 t gcesareni "Erki phosphorylates five c-terminal sites in elk-i (s324, t336, s383, s389 and s422) with varying degrees of efficiency." SIGNOR-252085 ERK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF1 SIGNOR ELK1 protein P19419 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser422 LSTPVVLsPGPQKP 9606 7889942 t gcesareni "Erki phosphorylates five c-terminal sites in elk-i (s324, t336, s383, s389 and s422) with varying degrees of efficiency." SIGNOR-252084 ERK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF1 SIGNOR ELK1 protein P19419 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser389 LSPIAPRsPAKLSFQ 9606 7889942 t gcesareni "Erki phosphorylates five c-terminal sites in elk-i (s324, t336, s383, s389 and s422) with varying degrees of efficiency." SIGNOR-252086 GSK3B protein P49841 UNIPROT MYC protein P01106 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" phosphorylation Thr58 KKFELLPtPPLSPSR 9606 BTO:0000938 16023596 t gcesareni "Similar to c-myc, we report here that phosphorylation of c-jun by gsk3 creates a high-affinity binding site for the e3 ligase fbw7, which targets c-jun for polyubiquitination and proteasomal degradation." SIGNOR-138603 AURKB protein Q96GD4 UNIPROT RACGAP1 protein Q9H0H5 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr145 AGNKRLStIDESGSI 9606 BTO:0000567 14744859 t llicata "It was found that the 5A fragment in which five Ser/Thr residues were substituted with Ala (S144A/T145A/S185A/T186A/S187A) fully prevented phosphorylation (Fig. 5B), confirming that Aurora B primarily phosphorylates five Ser/Thr residues in the basic region of MgcRacGAP. | the strong phosphorylation of the basic region of MgcRacGAP by Aurora B kinase was demonstrated, and this phosphorylation prevents the inhibition of MgcRacGAP GAP activity by PRC1" SIGNOR-250589 CSNK2A1 protein P68400 UNIPROT PSEN2 protein P49810 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser327 DPEMEEDsYDSFGEP -1 9558331 t llicata "In vitro the large hydrophilic loop of PS-2 between transmembrane domains 6 and 7 can be phosphorylated by casein kinase-1 (CK-1) and CK-2, but not by PKA or PKC. Quantitative analysis of in vitro phosphorylation demonstrates the presence of two phosphorylation sites for CK-1 and a single site for CK-2. A deletion analysis revealed that the CTF of PS-2 is phosphorylated in vivo within an acidic sequence containing three potential phosphorylation sites for CKs (serines 327, 330, and 335). These data suggest that CK type protein kinases phosphorylate the CTF of PS-2 within its hydrophilic loop domain in vivo. Interestingly, the potential phosphorylation sites are located directly adjacent to the recently identified caspase cleavage sites." SIGNOR-250933 CAMK2A protein Q9UQM7 UNIPROT EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser1071 SFLQRYSsDPTGALT 9606 BTO:0000007 10347170 t llicata " We show that serines 1046/1047 are sites for CaM kinase II phosphorylation, although there is a preference for serine 1047, which resides within the consensus -R-X-X-S-. In addition, we have identified major phosphorylation sites at serine 1142 and serine 1057, which lie within a novel -S-X-D- consensus. Mutation of serines 1046/1047 in full-length EGFR enhanced both fibroblast transformation and tyrosine autokinase activity that was significantly potentiated by additional mutation of serines 1057 and 1142. A single CaM kinase II site was also identified at serine 744 within sub-kinase domain III, and autokinase activity was significantly affected by mutation of this serine to an aspartic acid making this site appear constitutively phosphorylated. We have addressed the mechanism by which CaM kinase II phosphorylation of the EGFR might regulate receptor autokinase activity and show that this modification can hinder association of the cytoplasmic tail with the kinase domain to prevent an enzyme-substrate interaction. " SIGNOR-250621 PTPN11 protein Q06124 UNIPROT HRAS protein P01112 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Tyr32 QNHFVDEyDPTIEDS 9606 BTO:0000007 26617336 t "Here we identify SHP2 as the ubiquitously expressed tyrosine phosphatase that preferentially binds to and dephosphorylates Ras to increase its association with Raf and activate downstream proliferative Ras/ERK/MAPK signalling." SIGNOR-252094 APOA1 protein P02647 UNIPROT cholesterol smallmolecule CID:5997 PUBCHEM up-regulates 9606 BTO:0000443 20642861 t miannu "ApoA-I increases cholesterol release in mature human adipocytes." SIGNOR-252104 PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT CREB1 protein P16220 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser133 EILSRRPsYRKILND 10116 BTO:0001009 8336722 t gcesareni "The degree of CREB phosphorylation, assessed with antiserum specific for CREB phosphorylated at Ser-133, correlated with the amount of PKA liberated. The time course of phosphorylation closely paralleled the nuclear entry of the catalytic subun" SIGNOR-166342 BCL2 protein P10415 UNIPROT BAK1 protein Q16611 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 9463381 t amattioni "Bcl-2 bind to bax or five other pro-apoptotic relatives (bak, bad, bik, bid or bim)" SIGNOR-55546 LRRK2 protein Q5S007 UNIPROT AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser473 RPHFPQFsYSASGTA 9606 BTO:0000938 21658387 t lperfetto "A knockdown experiment using intact cells also demonstrated LRRK2-mediated phosphorylation of Akt1 (Ser473), suggesting that Akt1 is a convincing candidate for the physiological substrate of LRRK2." SIGNOR-174044 Calcineurin complex SIGNOR-C155 SIGNOR NFATC2 protein Q13469 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation 9606 21880741 t miannu "Calcineurin directly dephosphorylates nfat resulting in the nuclear import of nfat." SIGNOR-255463 CDK1 protein P06493 UNIPROT PBK protein Q96KB5 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Thr9 EGISNFKtPSKLSEK 9606 SIGNOR-C17 15541388 t llicata "Topk-thr-9 was phosphorylated by cdk1/cyclin b and topk significantly associates with mitotic spindles." SIGNOR-130439 PIM1 protein P11309 UNIPROT MARK3 protein P27448 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr95 DKTQLNPtSLQKLFR 9606 15319445 t gcesareni "Here we show that the protein kinase cdc25 c-associated kinase 1 (c-tak1) is a binding partner and a substrate of pim-1." SIGNOR-128268 PDPK1 protein O15530 UNIPROT AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser473 RPHFPQFsYSASGTA 9606 BTO:0000142 10226025 t acerquone "We have partially purified a kinase from brain extract that phosphorylates Ser473 of PKBalpha in a PtdIns(3,4,5)P3-dependent manner and that is immunoprecipitated with PDK1 antibodies." SIGNOR-67367 CREB1 protein P16220 UNIPROT IL10 protein P22301 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000876 10540320 f mianu "Our data suggest that intracellular cAMP may directly affect expression of the immunoregulatory cytokine IL-10 in monocytic cells via activation of the eukaryotic transcription factors CREB-1 and ATF-1 and their binding to CRE1 and CRE4 in the upstream enhancer of the IL-10 promoter" SIGNOR-254522 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT UBTF protein P17480 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr117 DFPKKPLtPYFRFFM 9606 11741541 t lperfetto "Erk1/2 was found to phosphorylate the architectural transcription factor ubf at amino acids 117 and 201 within hmg boxes 1 and 2, preventing their interaction with dna" SIGNOR-112805 CASP3 protein P42574 UNIPROT IKBKB protein O14920 UNIPROT down-regulates cleavage Asp78 PNVVAARdVPEGMQN 9606 11741536 t gcesareni "Ikappab kinase (ikk) beta was specifically proteolyzed by caspase-3-related caspases at aspartic acid residues 78, 242, 373, and 546 during tumor necrosis factor (tnf)-alpha-induced apoptosis." SIGNOR-112800 PRKDC protein P78527 UNIPROT AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser473 RPHFPQFsYSASGTA 9606 BTO:0001949 18439899 t gcesareni "DNA-PK phosphorylates HM Ser473 of PKB. However, we also noted similar patterns in T loop Thr308 phosphorylation after _-IR []his function is apparently restricted to the PKBalpha isoform" SIGNOR-252431 BCR-ABL "fusion protein" SIGNOR-FP6 SIGNOR JAK2 protein O60674 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr1007 "VLPQDKEyYKV KEPG" 10090 BTO:0002882 11593427 t irozzo "In this report, we show that Bcr–Abl forms a complex with Jak2, and induces tyrosine phosphorylation of Jak2; full phosphorylation requires the SH2 domain of Bcr–Abl. We found that Y1007 of Jak2 was phosphorylated in Bcr–Abl positive cells; phosphorylation of Jak2 Y1007 is known to be required for Jak2 kinase activation." SIGNOR-255812 TRAF6 protein Q9Y4K3 UNIPROT IRAK1 protein P51617 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" ubiquitination Lys134;Lys180 AEAWSPRkLPSSAST;SPAPSSTkPGPESSV 9606 BTO:0000007 18347055 t "K63-linked polyubiquitination of proximal signaling proteins is a common mechanism used by diverse innate immune receptors for recruiting IKK and activating NF-_B" SIGNOR-252252 TRAF6 protein Q9Y4K3 UNIPROT MAP3K8 protein P41279 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" 9606 BTO:0000007 16371247 f "The activation of Cot-MKK1-ERK1/ERK2 signalling pathway by IL-1 is dependent on the activity of the transducer protein TRAF6." SIGNOR-252254 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT UBTF protein P17480 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr201 DIPEKPKtPQQLWYT 9606 11741541 t lperfetto "Erk1/2 was found to phosphorylate the architectural transcription factor ubf at amino acids 117 and 201 within hmg boxes 1 and 2, preventing their interaction with dna" SIGNOR-112809 BCR-ABL "fusion protein" SIGNOR-FP6 SIGNOR CTNNB1 protein P35222 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr654 RNEGVATyAAAVLFR 9606 BTO:0001271 17318191 t lperfetto "Bcr-abl stabilizes beta-catenin in chronic myeloid leukemia through its tyrosine phosphorylationthe notion that y86 and y654 are located respectively within the n_ and c_terminal transcriptional domains of __catenin suggests that one or both residues might regulate the transactivating function of __catenin. In this regard, phosphorylation of y654 was reported to strengthen __catenin association with the basal transcription factor tata_binding protein (tbp)" SIGNOR-153431 BCR-ABL "fusion protein" SIGNOR-FP6 SIGNOR BCR protein P11274 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Tyr177 ADAEKPFyVNVEFHH 9606 BTO:0001271 8622703 t lperfetto "We have previously demonstrated that the bcr protein is tyrosine phosphorylated within first-exon sequences by the bcr-abl oncoprotein. Here we report that in addition to tyrose 177 (y-177), y-360 and y283 are phosphorylated in bcr-abl proteins in vitro. Tyrosine-phosphorylated bcr, phosphorylated in vitro by bcr-abl, was greatly inhibited in its serine/threonine kinase activity, impairing both auto- and transkinase activities of bcr." SIGNOR-40611 BCR-ABL "fusion protein" SIGNOR-FP6 SIGNOR BCR protein P11274 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Tyr360 VSPSPTTyRMFRDKS 9606 BTO:0001271 8622703 t lperfetto "We have previously demonstrated that the bcr protein is tyrosine phosphorylated within first-exon sequences by the bcr-abl oncoprotein. Here we report that in addition to tyrose 177 (y-177), y-360 and y283 are phosphorylated in bcr-abl proteins in vitro. Tyrosine-phosphorylated bcr, phosphorylated in vitro by bcr-abl, was greatly inhibited in its serine/threonine kinase activity, impairing both auto- and transkinase activities of bcr." SIGNOR-40619 CDK1 protein P06493 UNIPROT ESPL1 protein Q14674 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser1126 IAPSTNSsPVLKTKP 9606 11747808 t lperfetto "Both cdc2/cyclinb1 and mapk (erk2) efficiently phosphorylate separase at its major inhibitory site in vitro" SIGNOR-113126 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT ESPL1 protein Q14674 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser1126 IAPSTNSsPVLKTKP 9606 11747808 t lperfetto "Both cdc2/cyclinb1 and mapk (erk2) efficiently phosphorylate separase at its major inhibitory site in vitro" SIGNOR-113130 PTPRH protein Q9HD43 UNIPROT INSR protein P06213 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation Tyr1185 FGMTRDIyETDYYRK 9606 10734133 t gcesareni "These results, combined with secondary dephosphorylation tests, confirm and extend earlier findings that ptp-1b and t-cell ptp are physiological enzymes for the insulin receptor kinase" SIGNOR-76072 PRKAA2 protein P54646 UNIPROT EEF2K protein O00418 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser78 SSGSPANsFHFKEAW -1 14709557 t miannu " AMPK can phosphorylate three sites in eEF2 kinase in vitro. Of these, Ser-398 appears to be more efficiently phosphorylated than either Ser-78 or Ser-366. Ser-78 and Ser-366 do not appear to be phosphorylated by AMPK within cells. phosphorylation at Ser-78 may also decrease the activity of eEF2 kinase" SIGNOR-250321 PLK3 protein Q9H4B4 UNIPROT JUN protein P05412 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser63 KNSDLLTsPDVGLLK 9606 17804415 t gcesareni "Stress-induced c-jun activation mediated by polo-like kinase 3 in corneal epithelial cells. Hypoxia/reoxygenation activated plk3 in hce cells to directly phosphorylate c-jun proteins at phosphorylation sites ser-63 and ser-73, and to increase dna binding activity of c-jun." SIGNOR-157721 BCR-ABL "fusion protein" SIGNOR-FP6 SIGNOR BCR protein P11274 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Tyr283 YQPYQSIyVGGMMEG 9606 BTO:0001271 8622703 t lperfetto "We have previously demonstrated that the bcr protein is tyrosine phosphorylated within first-exon sequences by the bcr-abl oncoprotein. Here we report that in addition to tyrose 177 (y-177), y-360 and y283 are phosphorylated in bcr-abl proteins in vitro. Tyrosine-phosphorylated bcr, phosphorylated in vitro by bcr-abl, was greatly inhibited in its serine/threonine kinase activity, impairing both auto- and transkinase activities of bcr." SIGNOR-40615 PTPRH protein Q9HD43 UNIPROT INSR protein P06213 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation Tyr1189 RDIYETDyYRKGGKG 9606 10734133 t gcesareni "These results, combined with secondary dephosphorylation tests, confirm and extend earlier findings that ptp-1b and t-cell ptp are physiological enzymes for the insulin receptor kinase" SIGNOR-76076 BCR-ABL "fusion protein" SIGNOR-FP6 SIGNOR CTNNB1 protein P35222 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Tyr86 VADIDGQyAMTRAQR 9606 BTO:0001271 17318191 t lperfetto "Bcr_abl_mediated phosphorylation of y86 could induce a conformational change of __catenin impairing its binding to axin" SIGNOR-153435 PIN1 protein Q13526 UNIPROT IFNB1 protein P01574 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000007 16699525 t lperfetto "To investigate the temporal regulation of IRF3-dependent transcription by Pin1, we used a rapid-response luciferase reporter gene. Real-time reporter gene assays showed that suppression of endogenous Pin1 expression substantially prolonged both IRF3-dependent transcription and IFN-beta promoter activation after poly(I)dotpoly(C) stimulation (Fig. 4c,d). Consistent with the inhibitory effects of Pin1 on the IFN-beta promoter" SIGNOR-252289 BCR-ABL "fusion protein" SIGNOR-FP6 SIGNOR GRB2 protein P62993 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr7 yDFKATAD 9606 BTO:0000007 20554525 t lperfetto "More recently, however, tyrosine phosphorylation of Grb2 in BCR-ABL-transformed cells on residues Tyr7, Tyr37, Tyr52, and Tyr209 in the SH3 domains has been reported and shown to negatively regulate the Ras/MAPK pathway." SIGNOR-246285 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT TSC2 protein P49815 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser664 KKTSGPLsPPTGPPG 10090 BTO:0000944 15851026 t lperfetto "Here, we show that Erk may play a critical role in TSC progression through posttranslational inactivation of TSC2. Erk-dependent phosphorylation leads to TSC1-TSC2 dissociation and markedly impairs TSC2 ability to inhibit mTOR signaling, cell proliferation, and oncogenic transformation. |Serine to alanine substitution at S664 or double S664A/S540A mutagenesis resulted in a marked reduction in TSC2 phosphorylation to a similar extent. In contrast, S540A substitution only moderately impaired TSC2 phosphorylation (Figure 3D), corroborating the notion that in vivo S664 is the most relevant residue for Erk-mediated phosphorylation." SIGNOR-249457 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT TSC2 protein P49815 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser540 KVMARSLsPPPELEE 10090 BTO:0000944 15851026 t lperfetto "Here, we show that Erk may play a critical role in TSC progression through posttranslational inactivation of TSC2. Erk-dependent phosphorylation leads to TSC1-TSC2 dissociation and markedly impairs TSC2 ability to inhibit mTOR signaling, cell proliferation, and oncogenic transformation. |Serine to alanine substitution at S664 or double S664A/S540A mutagenesis resulted in a marked reduction in TSC2 phosphorylation to a similar extent. In contrast, S540A substitution only moderately impaired TSC2 phosphorylation (Figure 3D), corroborating the notion that in vivo S664 is the most relevant residue for Erk-mediated phosphorylation." SIGNOR-249458 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT HSPB8 protein Q9UJY1 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser27 PFRDSPLsSRLLDDG 9606 22721717 t lperfetto "Hsp22 is phosphorylated by protein kinase c (at residues ser(14) and thr(63)) and by p44 mitogen-activated protein kinase (at residues ser(27) and thr(87)). Concerning the possible function of hsp22, no definitive conclusions can be drawn with the available data, although its function might be to bind to and modulate the activity of hsp27.Some Studies claimed that phosphorylation is required for the translocation" SIGNOR-197932 MAPK8 protein P45983 UNIPROT IRS1 protein P35568 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser312 TESITATsPASMVGG 9606 18728222 t gcesareni "Insulin also activates jnk, erk, pkc and mtor, which induce the phosphorylation of irs1 on serine residues 307, 612 and 632 and inhibit its functions. Our results indicate that the insulin-stimulated degradation of irs-1 via the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase pathway is in part dependent upon the ser(312) phosphorylation of irs-1." SIGNOR-180532 PTK2 protein Q05397 UNIPROT TRIO protein O75962 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr2796 KDNFDSFySEVAELG 9534 BTO:0000298 12551902 t lperfetto "A FAK phosphorylation site, tyrosine residue 2737, was identified in subdomain I of the Trio kinase domain. Additionally, in vitro phosphorylation assays and in vivo co-expression studies indicated that Trio enhances FAK kinase activity." SIGNOR-249188 GRK3 protein P35626 UNIPROT BDKRB2 protein P30411 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser375 GTLRTSIsVERQIHK 9606 BTO:0000007 11517230 t gcesareni "...expression of GRK4Ž drastically increased the basal level of32P incorporation into B2R.[€]a clustered phosphorylation around Ser(346) is necessary for desensitization of the B2 receptor-induced phospholipase C activation." SIGNOR-249672 GSK3A protein P49840 UNIPROT AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr312 TMKTFCGtPEYLAPE 10090 BTO:0005655 23142783 t gcesareni "GSK3_ negatively regulates AKT activation by phosphorylating AKT at T312 in the substrate binding site, which inhibited IL-1-induced AKT activation and function." SIGNOR-252434 CSNK1A1 protein P48729 UNIPROT AHCYL1 protein O43865 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser77 SSTDSYSsAASYTDS 9534 BTO:0004055 17635105 t lperfetto "Residue 68 resides in a consensus phosphorylation site for PKD (Figure 1A) [22,23]. Interestingly, phosphorylation of Ser68 could allow for subsequent phosphorylation of Ser71, Ser74, Ser77 and Ser80 by CK1, for which the consensus phosphorylation site is pS/T-X-X-S/T" SIGNOR-249185 PRKAA1 protein Q13131 UNIPROT FOXO3 protein O43524 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser413 GLMQRSSsFPYTTKG 9606 BTO:0000007 17711846 t gcesareni "Phosphorylation by AMPK leads to the activtion of FOXO3 transcriptional activity without affecting FOXO3 subcellular localization." SIGNOR-249677 PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT GMFB protein P60983 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser83 QHDDGRVsYPLCFIF -1 9030586 t miannu "Protein kinase A (PKA)-phosphorylated GMF is a potent inhibitor of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) and enhancer of p38; both are subfamilies of mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase, suggesting GMF as a bifunctional regulator of the MAP kinase cascades. PKA is capable of phosphorylating threonine 26 and serine 82." SIGNOR-249983 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT TSC2 protein P49815 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser540 KVMARSLsPPPELEE 10090 BTO:0000944 15851026 t lperfetto "Here, we show that Erk may play a critical role in TSC progression through posttranslational inactivation of TSC2. Erk-dependent phosphorylation leads to TSC1-TSC2 dissociation and markedly impairs TSC2 ability to inhibit mTOR signaling, cell proliferation, and oncogenic transformation. |Serine to alanine substitution at S664 or double S664A/S540A mutagenesis resulted in a marked reduction in TSC2 phosphorylation to a similar extent. In contrast, S540A substitution only moderately impaired TSC2 phosphorylation (Figure 3D), corroborating the notion that in vivo S664 is the most relevant residue for Erk-mediated phosphorylation." SIGNOR-249454 MAPK14 protein Q16539 UNIPROT JUNB protein P17275 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser79 QGSDTGAsLKLASSE 9606 15308641 t lperfetto "These results clearly demonstrate that phosphorylation by p38 kinase is essential for the regulation of dmp1 transcription by junb and p300. phosphorylation of junb at ser-79 was found to be essential for its interaction with p300." SIGNOR-127545 BCR-ABL "fusion protein" SIGNOR-FP6 SIGNOR GRB2 protein P62993 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr209 TGMFPRNyVTPVNRN 9606 BTO:0000007 20554525 t lperfetto "More recently, however, tyrosine phosphorylation of Grb2 in BCR-ABL-transformed cells on residues Tyr7, Tyr37, Tyr52, and Tyr209 in the SH3 domains has been reported and shown to negatively regulate the Ras/MAPK pathway." SIGNOR-246281 PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT HAND1 protein O96004 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser109 KERRRTEsINSAFAE 10116 BTO:0001556 14636580 t miannu "In vitro and in vivo phosphorylation studies show that both PKA and PKC can phosphorylate HAND1 and -2. T107; S109 within helix I and S98 within the basic domain, are the phosphorylated residues. We determined that modification of HAND1 at residues 107 and 109 affects dimerization affinities with E-proteins, thus changing the bHLH dimer equilibrium within the cell. These modifications also affect HAND1 function." SIGNOR-249989 GRK4 protein P32298 UNIPROT BDKRB2 protein P30411 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser375 GTLRTSIsVERQIHK 9606 BTO:0000007 11517230 t gcesareni "...expression of GRK4ƒŽ‚ drastically increased the basal level of32P incorporation into B2R.[ƒ‚€‚]a clustered phosphorylation around Ser(346) is necessary for desensitization of the B2 receptor-induced phospholipase C activation." SIGNOR-249674 BCR-ABL "fusion protein" SIGNOR-FP6 SIGNOR GRB2 protein P62993 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Tyr209 TGMFPRNyVTPVNRN 9606 BTO:0000017 11726515 t lperfetto "Phosphorylation of grb2 by bcr/abl or egf receptor reduced its sh3-dependent binding to sos in vivo, but not its sh2-dependent binding to bcr/abl. Tyr209 within the c-terminal sh3 domain of grb2 was identified as one of the tyrosine phosphorylation sites" SIGNOR-112354 BCR-ABL "fusion protein" SIGNOR-FP6 SIGNOR CRKL protein P46109 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr207 IPEPAHAyAQPQTTT 9606 BTO:0001271 9053848 t lperfetto "Tyrosine 207 in crkl is the bcr/abl phosphorylation sitephosphorylation of y207 provides a binding site for the crkl sh2 domain and potentially for other sh2-containing proteins." SIGNOR-46893 ACP1 protein P24666 UNIPROT AKT2 protein P31751 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser474 RTHFPQFsYSASIRE 10090 17353188 t "Reduction in the levels of both LMW-PTP isoforms in vitro and in vivo increased tyrosine phosphorylation of IR and AktSer473 and increased IRS-1- and IRS-2-associated PI3-K activities in both liver and fat.|Activated PI3-K stimulates Akt (or protein kinase B) that in turn phosphorylates and inactivates glycogen synthase kinase-3" SIGNOR-248456 RPS6KA1 protein Q15418 UNIPROT MITF protein O75030 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser409 HGLSLIPsTGLCSPD 9606 10673502 t "The effect has been demonstrated using O75030-9" gcesareni "The current study reveals that c-kit signaling triggers two phosphorylation events on mi, which up-regulate transactivation potential yet simultaneously target mi for ubiquitin-dependent proteolysis. The specific activation/degradation signals derive from mapk/erk targeting of serine 73, whereas serine 409 serves as a substrate for p90 rsk-1. An unphosphorylatable double mutant at these two residues is at once profoundly stable and transcriptionally inert." SIGNOR-75034 PRKAA2 protein P54646 UNIPROT ULK1 protein O75385 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser556 GLGCRLHsAPNLSDL 9606 SIGNOR-C15 19584320 t gcesareni "In a screen for conserved substrates of ampk, we identified ulk1 and ulk2, mammalian orthologs of the yeast protein kinase atg1, which is required for autophagy." SIGNOR-186637 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR GATA1 protein P15976 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser310 QTRNRKAsGKGKKKR 9606 16107690 t lperfetto "We found that akt directly phosphorylates the transcription factor gata-1 at serine 310 and that this site-specific phosphorylation is required for the transcriptional activation of the timp-1 promoter." SIGNOR-244267 CDK6 protein Q00534 UNIPROT RUNX1 protein Q01196 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser276 VHPATPIsPGRASGM 9606 BTO:0000007 21059642 t "The effect has been demonstrated using Q01196-8" gcesareni "Phosphorylation of runx1 on ser-303 by cdks leads its ubiquitin-mediated degradation during g2/m (19). We developed additional evidence that cdks phosphorylate ser-303 and found that ser-48 and ser-424 are also substrates of cdk1/cyclin b and cdk6/cyclin d3. Moreover, we demonstrated that phosphorylation of ser-48, ser-303, and ser-424 strengthens the ability of runx1 to activate transcription and to stimulate proliferation of the ba/f3 hematopoietic cell line (20)." SIGNOR-169334 PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT PIP5K1B protein O14986 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser413 PSKKRCNsIAALKAT 9606 23909401 t lperfetto "Collaboration of ampk and pkc to induce phosphorylation of ser413 on pip5k1b resulting in decreased kinase activity and reduced ptdins(4,5)p2 synthesis in response to oxidative stress and energy restriction. we demonstrate that pkc can directly phosphorylate ser413 in vitro" SIGNOR-194820 NUAK1 protein O60285 UNIPROT CASP6 protein P55212 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser257 TLVNRKVsQRRVDFC -1 15273717 t miannu "ARK5 negatively regulates procaspase-6 by phosphorylation at Ser257, leading to resistance to the FasL/Fas system." SIGNOR-250209 NTRK2 protein Q16620 UNIPROT NTRK2 protein Q16620 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr702 FGMSRDVySTDYYRV 10090 BTO:0000944 10533983 t miannu "TrkB autophosphorylation occurs on five cytoplasmic tyrosines: Y484, Y670, Y674, Y675, and Y785. Mutagenesis of Y484 inhibits the interaction between Shc and TrkB, and also block the E3DNF-inducible tyrosine phoslphorylation of Shc" SIGNOR-250205 MAPK8 protein P45983 UNIPROT H2AFX protein P16104 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser140 GKKATQAsQEY 9606 BTO:0000671 19234442 t gcesareni "The stress-response kinase jnk1, activated by dna damage and initiating a pro-apoptotic program, has been recently shown to translocate into the nucleus upon activation where it phosphorylates substrates including h2ax s139, an event critical for dna degradation mediated by caspase-activated dnase (cad) in apoptotic cells" SIGNOR-184146 CSNK2A2 protein P19784 UNIPROT AQP4 protein P55087 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser316 EKKGKDQsGEVLSSV 9615 BTO:0000837 11742978 t llicata "We found that the stress-induced kinase casein kinase (CK)II phosphorylates the Ser276 immediately preceding the tyrosine motif, increasing AQP4-mu 3A interaction and enhancing AQP4-lysosomal targeting and degradation. | To determine whether Ser276 is an actual CKII substrate, we used GST–AQP4‐Cter proteins in which only one out of the three C‐terminal CKII consensus sites was sequentially conserved (Ser276, Ser285 and Ser315, respectively). Figure 7B (right panel) shows that the three serine residues, including Ser276, were indeed efficiently phosphorylated by CKII." SIGNOR-250976 TTK protein P33981 UNIPROT CDCA8 protein Q53HL2 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr169 KRSSRANtVTPAVGR 9606 19530738 t lperfetto "First, we confirmed that wild-type borealin is phosphorylated at the previously described sites t88, t94, t169, and t230 when present in complex with survivin borealin might be a substrate for mps1. In the case of wild-type borealin, the fast exchange between the monomeric and dimeric forms may allow mps1 to phosphorylate the monomer. In turn, mps1 may regulate borealin function by unfolding the c-terminal domain and/or shifting the population to the monomeric form." SIGNOR-186143 PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT GRIA2 protein P42262 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser880 YNVYGIEsVKI 9606 BTO:0000007 10501226 t lperfetto "Here, we show that the C terminus of GluR2 of the alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methylisoxazole-4-propionate (AMPA) receptor is phosphorylated by protein kinase C and that serine-880 is the major phosphorylation site. This phosphorylation also occurs in human embryonic kidney (HEK) cells by addition of 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol 13-acetate." SIGNOR-249022 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT MAPKAPK5 protein Q8IW41 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr182 IDQGDLMtPQFTPYY 9606 BTO:0000567 9628874 t gcesareni "Activated following phosphorylation at thr-182 by p38-alpha/mapk14, p38-beta/mapk11, erk2/mapk1, erk3/mapk6, and erk4/mapk4." SIGNOR-58127 MUL1 protein Q969V5 UNIPROT AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" ubiquitination Lys284 LENLMLDkDGHIKIT 9606 BTO:0000007 22410793 t gcesareni "The results of the functional studies suggest that the degradation of Akt by MULAN suppresses cell proliferation and viability." SIGNOR-252437 EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT PTPN1 protein P18031 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr66 LHQEDNDyINASLIK 9606 9355745 t llicata "After binding to egfr, ptp1b becomes tyrosine-phosphorylated at tyr-66 phosphorylation of ptp1b by egfr enhances its catalytic activity" SIGNOR-52950 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT SREBF1 protein P36956 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser117 YPSMPAFsPGPGIKE 9606 10915800 t llicata "Map kinases erk1/2 phosphorylate sterol regulatory element-binding protein (srebp)-1a at serine 117 in vitro. mutation of serine 117 to alanine abolished erk2-mediated phosphorylation in vitro and the map kinase-related transcriptional activation of srebp-1a by insulin and platelet-derived growth factor in vivo." SIGNOR-80092 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT SREBF1 protein P36956 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser117 YPSMPAFsPGPGIKE 9606 BTO:0000599 10915800 t lperfetto "Map kinases erk1/2 phosphorylate sterol regulatory element-binding protein (srebp)-1a at serine 117 in vitro. mutation of serine 117 to alanine abolished erk2-mediated phosphorylation in vitro and the map kinase-related transcriptional activation of srebp-1a by insulin and platelet-derived growth factor in vivo." SIGNOR-80096 mTORC2 complex SIGNOR-C2 SIGNOR AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr450 TAQMITItPPDQDDS 10090 BTO:0002572 18566586 t gcesareni "MTORC2 phosphorylates newly synthesized Akt at the TM (Thr450) site to facilitate carboxyl-terminal folding and to stabilize Akt" SIGNOR-252438 CDK1 protein P06493 UNIPROT CDC25A protein P30304 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser116 PQKLLGCsPALKRSH 9606 SIGNOR-C17 12411508 t lperfetto "Mitotic stabilization of cdc25a reflects its phosphorylation on ser17 and ser115 by cyclin b-cdk1, modifications required to uncouple cdc25a from its ubiquitin-proteasome-mediated turnover." SIGNOR-95256 PRKCD protein Q05655 UNIPROT C5AR1 protein P21730 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser334 SVVRESKsFTRSTVD 9606 10636859 t gcesareni "Whole cell phosphorylation assays with specific inhibitors as well as in vitro phosphorylation assays with recombinant enzymes and peptide substrates revealed that phosphorylation of ser-334 is regulated by protein kinase c-beta this study is among the first to analyze in a detailed manner, using a non-mutational approach, modifications of a defined phosphorylation site in a g protein-coupled receptor and to correlate these findings with functional parameters of receptor deactivation." SIGNOR-73967 CSNK2A1 protein P68400 UNIPROT SLK protein Q9H2G2 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser347 SSDLSIAsSEEDKLS 9606 16837460 t gcesareni "Slk down-regulation by v-src is indirect and is accompanied by slk hyperphosphorylation on serine residues. Deletion analysis revealed that casein kinase ii (ck2) sites at position 347/348 are critical for v-src-dependent modulation of slk activity." SIGNOR-147879 PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT TFAM protein Q00059 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser55 SCPKKPVsSYLRFSK 9606 23201127 t llicata "Here, we demonstrate that tfam is phosphorylated within its hmg box 1 (hmg1) by camp-dependent protein kinase in mitochondria. Hmg1 phosphorylation impairs the ability of tfam to bind dna and to activate transcription." SIGNOR-199934 GSK3B/Axin/APC complex SIGNOR-C110 SIGNOR CTNNB1 protein P35222 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser33 QQQSYLDsGIHSGAT 9606 BTO:0000586 16293724 t lperfetto "This leads to the inactivation and release of glycogen synthase kinase 3beta from its complex with axin, thereby relieving the inhibitory phosphorylation of beta-catenin and activating its signaling pathway." SIGNOR-227885 CSNK2A2 protein P19784 UNIPROT TCF7L2 protein Q9NQB0 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser59 SETNQNSsSDSEAER -1 11711551 t llicata "We show here that Tcf-4 can be phosphorylated in vitro by protein kinase CK2 stoichiometrically in amino acids Ser-58-Ser-59-Ser-60. Phosphorylation of these residues does not modify the interaction of Tcf-4 with beta-catenin but reduces its association to plakoglobin. | Experiments performed using a Tcf-4 mutant with decreased interaction to plakoglobin demonstrated that binding to this protein negatively affected the transcriptional activity of Tcf-4." SIGNOR-251045 BCR-ABL "fusion protein" SIGNOR-FP6 SIGNOR GRB2 protein P62993 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr37 EECDQNWyKAELNGK 9606 BTO:0000007 20554525 t lperfetto "More recently, however, tyrosine phosphorylation of Grb2 in BCR-ABL-transformed cells on residues Tyr7, Tyr37, Tyr52, and Tyr209 in the SH3 domains has been reported and shown to negatively regulate the Ras/MAPK pathway." SIGNOR-246289 RET protein P07949 UNIPROT RET protein P07949 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr905 DVYEEDSyVKRSQGR 9606 14711813 t llicata "Mass spectrometric analysis revealed that ret tyr(806), tyr(809), tyr(900), tyr(905), tyr(981), tyr(1062), tyr(1090), and tyr(1096) were autophosphorylation sites. taken together, the results suggest that phosphorylation of tyr981 is not obligatorily required for the catalytic activity but plays a supplementary role in initiating autophosphorylation of tyr905, which brings about the overall kinase activity." SIGNOR-121165 PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT HSPB8 protein Q9UJY1 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr63 LSSAWPGtLRSGMVP 9606 BTO:0000887 11342557 t lperfetto "Hsp22 is phosphorylated by protein kinase c (at residues ser(14) and thr(63)) and by p44 mitogen-activated protein kinase (at residues ser(27) and thr(87)). Concerning the possible function of hsp22, no definitive conclusions can be drawn with the available data, although its function might be to bind to and modulate the activity of hsp27.Some Studies claimed that phosphorylation is required for the translocation" SIGNOR-107688 FGFR3 protein P22607 UNIPROT FGFR3 protein P22607 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr760 TVTSTDEyLDLSAPF 9606 BTO:0000007 11294897 t lperfetto "Ligand stimulation leads to autophosphorylation of fgfr3taken together, these results clearly implicate y724 in the activation of stat proteins by constitutively activated mutants of fgfr3 and suggest that both y724 and y760 are required for maximal stat activation." SIGNOR-106742 CyclinA2/CDK2 complex SIGNOR-C83 SIGNOR AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser477 PQFSYSAsGTA 9606 BTO:0000093 24670654 t gcesareni "Phosphorylation of S477 and T479 at the Akt extreme carboxy terminus by cyclin-dependent kinase 2 (Cdk2)/cyclin A or mTORC2, under distinct physiological conditions, promotes Akt activation through facilitating, or functionally compensating for, S473 phosphorylation" SIGNOR-252440 BCR-ABL "fusion protein" SIGNOR-FP6 SIGNOR GRB2 protein P62993 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Tyr160 QVPQQPTyVQALFDF 9606 BTO:0000007 20554525 t lperfetto "Our data show that BCR-ABL also phosphorylates Grb2 in Tyr160Previous reports suggested an inhibitory role of Grb2 Tyr7, Tyr37, Tyr52, and Tyr209 phosphorylation in receptor tyrosine kinase signaling (16) (43). Instead, in our system Grb2 Tyr160 mutation was not show to have a role in ALCL proliferation." SIGNOR-247146 HCK protein P08631 UNIPROT BCR-ABL "fusion protein" SIGNOR-FP6 SIGNOR up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr177 ADAEKPFyVNVEFHH 9606 BTO:0001271 9407116 t lperfetto "The src family kinase hck interacts with bcr-abl by a kinase-independent mechanism and phosphorylates the grb2-binding site of bcr" SIGNOR-53964 STAT5A protein P42229 UNIPROT Proliferation phenotype SIGNOR-PH4 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 BTO:0000830 20535135 f miannu "Specifically, SCF-induced activation of JAK2 in human mast cells has been shown to activate STAT5 and STAT6. STAT5 contributes to mast cell homeostasis, by mediating proliferation, survival, and mediator release." SIGNOR-256233 CDK4 protein P11802 UNIPROT RASSF1 protein Q9NS23 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser207 TSVRRRTsFYLPKDA 9606 SIGNOR-C18 18071316 t llicata "This skp2-dependent destruction of rassf1a requires phosphorylation of the latter on serine-203 by cyclin d-cyclin-dependent kinase 4." SIGNOR-159849 MAPK8 protein P45983 UNIPROT KRT8 protein P05787 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser74 TVNQSLLsPLVLEVD 9606 11781324 t lperfetto "Kinase assays showed that c-jun n-terminal kinase (jnk) was also activated with activation kinetics corresponding to that of k8 phosphorylation. Furthermore, k8 was also phosphorylated on ser-73 by jnk in vitro. The ser-73 --> ala-associated filament reorganization defect is rescued by a ser-73 --> asp mutation. Also, disease-causing keratin mutations can modulate keratin phosphorylation and organization, which may affect disease pathogenesis." SIGNOR-113645 PRKCB protein P05771 UNIPROT KCNC4 protein Q03721 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser15 SSYRGRKsGNKPPSK 9606 9649584 t gcesareni "This study investigated the molecular physiology of the nh2-terminal phosphorylation sites that regulate inactivation gating of an a-type k+ channel. The main results show that: (a) pkc acts on four phosphate acceptors (s8, s9, s15, and s21) within the inactivation domain because mutation of these residues to alanine is necessary and sufficient to remove the action of pkc on channel inactivation." SIGNOR-58498 CSNK2A1 protein P68400 UNIPROT PDCL protein Q13371 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser20 LQYYYSSsEDEDSDH 9606 16717095 t lperfetto "Phosducin-like protein (phlp) is a widely expressed binding partner of the g protein betagamma subunit complex (gbetagamma) that has been recently shown to catalyze the formation of the gbetagamma dimer from its nascent polypeptides. Phosphorylation of phlp at one or more of three consecutive serines (ser-18, ser-19, and ser-20) is necessary for gbetagamma dimer formation and is believed to be mediated by the protein kinase ck2." SIGNOR-146833 CSNK2A1 protein P68400 UNIPROT PDCL protein Q13371 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser25 SSSEDEDsDHEDKDR 9606 16717095 t lperfetto "Together, these data make a strong case for ck2 phosphorylation events within the serines 18-20 and 25 sites in vivo. hey also show that phosphorylation of ser-25 and ser-296 plays no additional role in g__ expression." SIGNOR-146837 CAMK2A protein Q9UQM7 UNIPROT SMAD2 protein Q15796 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser260 TLSPVNHsLDLQPVT 9606 SIGNOR-C8 11027280 t gcesareni "Smad2 is a target substrate for cam kinase ii in vitro at serine-110, -240, and -260. furthermore, cam kinase ii blocked nuclear accumulation of a smad2 and induced smad2-smad4 hetero-oligomerization independently of tgfbeta receptor activation, while preventing tgfbeta-dependent smad2-smad3 interactions." SIGNOR-82974 PTPRE protein P23469 UNIPROT MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Thr185 HDHTGFLtEYVATRW 9606 BTO:0000007 12754301 t llicata "The effect of PTP epsilon on ERKs is at least in part indirect because phosphorylation of the threonine residue in the ERK activation loop is reduced in the presence of PTP epsilon. Nonetheless, PTP epsilon is present in a molecular complex with ERK, providing PTP epsilon with opportunity to act on ERK proteins also directly. We conclude that PTP epsilon is a physiological inhibitor of ERK signaling|These enzymes are joined by the large family of dual-specificity phosphatases, which are structurally similar to tyrosine phosphatases but which can dephosphorylate both residues of the activation loop" SIGNOR-248449 PTPRE protein P23469 UNIPROT INSR protein P06213 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Tyr1185 FGMTRDIyETDYYRK 10116 BTO:0000575 15738637 t "In this study, we showed that receptor-type PTPepsilon (PTP epsilonM) dephosphorylated IR in rat primary hepatocytes and tyrosines 972, 1158, 1162 and 1163| These results suggest that PTPepsilonM is a negative regulator of IR signaling and involved in insulin-induced glucose metabolism mainly through direct dephosphorylation and inactivation of IR in hepatocytes and liver." SIGNOR-248444 CSNK2A2 protein P19784 UNIPROT SPIB protein Q01892 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" phosphorylation Ser129 PYPSPVLsEEEDLPL 9606 BTO:0000567 10618498 t llicata "Phosphorylation of the Spi-B transcription factor reduces its intrinsic stability. | Serine residues 37 in the transactivation domain and 129, 144 and 146 in the PEST domain of Spi-B are phosphorylated by CKII in vitro | The CKII phosphorylation sites mapped in vitro are phosphorylated in vivo" SIGNOR-251039 CDK1 protein P06493 UNIPROT CHEK1 protein O14757 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser301 IQSNLDFsPVNSASS 9606 21765472 t lperfetto "Chk1 itself is also subject to cdk-mediated phosphorylation at serines 286 and 301 (s286 and 301). We show that chk1 s301 phosphorylation increases as cells progress through s and g2 and that both cdk1 and cdk2 are likely to contribute to this modification in vivo. We also find that substitution of s286 and s301 with non-phosphorylatable alanine residues strongly attenuates dna damage-induced chk1 activation and g2 checkpoint proficiency" SIGNOR-175075 SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT HNF4A protein P41235 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Tyr23 SAALDPAyTTLEFEN 9606 22308320 t lperfetto "Here we show that c-src phosphorylates human hnf4_ on three tyrosines phosphomimetic mutants in the lbd decrease p1-hnf4_ protein stability, nuclear localization and transactivation function." SIGNOR-195883 BCR-ABL "fusion protein" SIGNOR-FP6 SIGNOR GRB2 protein P62993 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr52 DGFIPKNyIEMKPHP 9606 BTO:0000007 20554525 t lperfetto "More recently, however, tyrosine phosphorylation of Grb2 in BCR-ABL-transformed cells on residues Tyr7, Tyr37, Tyr52, and Tyr209 in the SH3 domains has been reported and shown to negatively regulate the Ras/MAPK pathway." SIGNOR-246293 CAMK4 protein Q16566 UNIPROT HNRNPL protein P14866 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser544 GKSERSSsGLLEWES 9606 22570490 t lperfetto "Here we show that the regulation of the stress axis-regulated exon of the slo1 potassium channel transcripts by membrane depolarization requires a highly conserved camkiv target serine (ser-513) of the heterogeneous ribonucleoprotein l. Ser-513 phosphorylation within the rna recognition motif 4 enhanced heterogeneous ribonucleoprotein l interaction with the camkiv-responsive rna element 1 of stress axis-regulated exon and inhibited binding of the large subunit of the u2 auxiliary factor u2af65." SIGNOR-197367 CDK1 protein P06493 UNIPROT MPLKIP protein Q8TAP9 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser93 YPGSYSRsPAGSQQQ 9606 17310276 t lperfetto "Ttdn1 is phosphorylated by cdk1 in vitro and in vivo. Ttdn1 is phosphorylated at multiple residues, including ser93 and ser104. Mutation of thr120 of ttdn1 abolishes its interaction with plk1, suggesting phosphorylation of thr120 in the consensus plk1-binding motif is required for its interaction with plk1" SIGNOR-153304 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT RUNX2 protein Q13950 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser312 SYLSQMTsPSIHSTT 9606 19801668 t llicata "In this study, we identified two phosphorylation sites in runx2 at ser301 and ser319 that are required for mapk-dependent activation of runx2 transcriptional activity and osteoblast differentiation." SIGNOR-188347 INSR protein P06213 UNIPROT CALM1 protein P62158 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Tyr100 FDKDGNGyISAAELR 9606 3415247 t lperfetto "The in vitro phosphorylation of calmodulin by the insulin receptor tyrosine kinase. Phosphorylated calmodulin does not exhibit the characteristic ca2+ shift normally observed with calmodulin in electrophoretic gels, an observation that is consistent with this modification affecting the biological activity of the molecule." SIGNOR-24782 PRKCG protein P05129 UNIPROT HABP4 protein Q5JVS0 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr354 RKPANDItSQLEINF 9606 BTO:0004974 14699138 t lperfetto "We found a strong phosphorylation of Ki-1/57 by PKCalphabeta, PKCdelta, PKClambda/zeta, and especially by PKCsigma, however not by PKCmi. These data show that Ki-1/57 can serve in principal as a substrate for a wide variety of different PKC isoforms but also that its phosphorylation is strongest with PKCsigma. | This suggests that the two threonine residues present in this fragment (Thr354 and Thr375) might be the main target residues for phosphorylation by PKC in vitro. | Ki-1/57 Exits the Nucleus upon PMA Activation" SIGNOR-249249 PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT HAND1 protein O96004 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser98 RLGRRKGsGPKKERR 9606 BTO:0000007 14636580 t lperfetto "In vitro and in vivo phosphorylation studies show that both PKA and PKC can phosphorylate HAND1 and -2. In addition, phosphopeptide mapping analysis of wild-type and mutant forms of HAND1 shows that three of these conserved residues, T107; S109 within helix I and S98 within the basic domain, are the phosphorylated residues. " SIGNOR-249243 PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT HABP4 protein Q5JVS0 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr354 RKPANDItSQLEINF 9606 BTO:0004974 14699138 t lperfetto "We found a strong phosphorylation of Ki-1/57 by PKCalphabeta, PKCdelta, PKClambda/zeta, and especially by PKCsigma, however not by PKCmi. These data show that Ki-1/57 can serve in principal as a substrate for a wide variety of different PKC isoforms but also that its phosphorylation is strongest with PKCsigma. | This suggests that the two threonine residues present in this fragment (Thr354 and Thr375) might be the main target residues for phosphorylation by PKC in vitro. | Ki-1/57 Exits the Nucleus upon PMA Activation" SIGNOR-249246 AKT2 protein P31751 UNIPROT MDM2 protein Q00987 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser166 SSRRRAIsETEENSD 9606 BTO:0000093 11504915 t lperfetto "Mitogen-induced activation of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (pi3-kinase) and its downstream target, the akt/pkb serine-threonine kinase, results in phosphorylation of mdm2 on serine 166 and serine 186. Phosphorylation on these sites is necessary for translocation of mdm2 from the cytoplasm into the nucleus.. Both akt expression and serum treatment induced phosphorylation of mdm2 at ser186." SIGNOR-109732 AKT2 protein P31751 UNIPROT MDM2 protein Q00987 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser186 RQRKRHKsDSISLSF 9606 BTO:0000093 11504915 t lperfetto "Mitogen-induced activation of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (pi3-kinase) and its downstream target, the akt/pkb serine-threonine kinase, results in phosphorylation of mdm2 on serine 166 and serine 186. Phosphorylation on these sites is necessary for translocation of mdm2 from the cytoplasm into the nucleus.. Both akt expression and serum treatment induced phosphorylation of mdm2 at ser186." SIGNOR-109736 PTPN6 protein P29350 UNIPROT INSR protein P06213 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation Tyr1190 DIYETDYyRKGGKGL 9606 10734133 t flangone "Finally, we have tested the set of ptps for their ability to dephosphorylate a phosphopeptide corresponding to the irk autophosphorylation site. tc-ptp, sap-1, and ptp-1b all tested positive, but ptp-? Showed no activity, although the same gst-ptp preparation could efficiently convert pnpp (tablei). Interestingly, many other ptps showed activity, namely dep-1, glepp-1, lar, ptp-?, -?, -?, And shp-1." SIGNOR-75934 AKT2 protein P31751 UNIPROT SH3RF1 protein Q7Z6J0 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser304 KNTKKRHsFTSLTMA 9606 17535800 t gcesareni "Overexpression of posh induces apoptosis in a variety of cell types, but apoptosis can be prevented by co-expressing the pro-survival protein kinase akt. We report here that posh is a direct substrate for phosphorylation by akt in vivo and in vitro, and we identify a major site of akt phosphorylation as serine 304 of posh, which lies within the rac-binding domain. We further show that phosphorylation of posh results in a decreased ability to bind activated rac" SIGNOR-155233 CDK2 protein P24941 UNIPROT ZBTB16 protein Q05516 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr282 RGKEGPGtPTRSSVI 9606 BTO:0001271 18246121 t llicata "Here we show that the main cyclin-dependent kinase involved at the g(1) to s transition (cdk2) phosphorylates plzf at two consensus sites found within pest domains present in the hinge region of the protein. This phosphorylation triggers the ubiquitination and subsequent degradation of plzf, which impairs plzf transcriptional repression ability and antagonizes its growth inhibitory effects." SIGNOR-160630 Bafetinib chemical CID:24853523 PUBCHEM BCR-ABL "fusion protein" SIGNOR-FP6 SIGNOR down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-190224 MTOR protein P42345 UNIPROT EIF4EBP1 protein Q13541 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr46 GGTLFSTtPGGTRII 9606 BTO:0000007 SIGNOR-C3 12747827 t lperfetto "Here, we show that a functional TOS motif is required for 4E-BP1 to bind to raptor (a recently identified mTOR-interacting protein), for 4E-BP1 to be efficiently phosphorylated in vitro by themTOR/raptor complex, and for 4E-BP1 to be phosphorylated in vivo at all identified mTOR-regulated sites. mTOR/raptor regulated phosphorylation is necessary for 4E-BP’s efficient release from the translational initiation factor eIF4E. We find that the TOS motif is absolutely required for efficient phosphorylation of 4E-BP1 at all the identified mTOR-regulated sites, namely, Thr37/46, Ser65, and Thr70 in vivo." SIGNOR-101123 AURKA protein O14965 UNIPROT BRCA1 protein P38398 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser308 KAEFCNKsKQPGLAR 9606 14990569 t lperfetto "Previous studies have shown that the brca1 breast cancer tumor suppressor also localizes to the centrosome and that brca1 inactivation results in loss of the g(2)-m checkpoint. We demonstrate here that aurora-a physically binds to and phosphorylates brca1. We propose that brca1 phosphorylation by aurora-a plays a role in g(2) to m transition of cell cycle" SIGNOR-123065 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT RPS6KA1 protein Q15418 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr359 DTEFTSRtPKDSPGI 9534 BTO:0001538 9430688 t lperfetto "Several lines of evidence indicate that the mapkap-k1 isoforms are also activated by mapks in vivo via the ras-dependent protein kinase cascade that is triggered by growth factors or tumor-promoting phorbol esters, such as phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (pma). here we identify six sites in mapkap-k1a that become phosphorylated in transfected cos-1 cells. The inactive form of mapkap-k1a in unstimulated cells is partially phosphorylated at ser222 and ser733. Stimulation with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate induces the phosphorylation of thr360, ser364, thr574, and ser381 and increases the phosphorylation of ser222 and ser733." SIGNOR-219349 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR BAD protein Q92934 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser99 PFRGRSRsAPPNLWA 9606 BTO:0000938 9346240 t lperfetto "Experiments in this study reveal that akt phosphorylates bad both in vitro and in vivo and that akt-mediated phosphorylation of bad effectively blocks bad induced cell death.[...] In addition, these findings implicate a particular phosphorylation site on bad, serine 136, in the suppression of bad-mediated death by akt.[...]The Phosphorylation of bad may lead to the prevention of cell death via a mechanism that involves the selective association of the phosphorylated forms of bad with 14-3-3 protein isoforms. Akt phosphorylates bad in vitro and in vivo we show that growth factor activation of the pi3'k/akt signaling pathway culminates in the phosphorylation of the bcl-2 family member bad, thereby suppressing apoptosis and promoting cell survival. Akt phosphorylates bad in vitro and in vivo erbb-mediated phosphorylation of bad by akt promotes survival by blocking the interaction of this pro-apoptotic molecule with bcl-2 and bcl-x proteins" SIGNOR-244144 AURKB protein Q96GD4 UNIPROT HDAC5 protein Q9UQL6 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser278 QKVAERRsSPLLRRK 9606 22865920 t lperfetto "We define the precise site of aurb-mediated phosphorylation as a conserved serine within the nuclear localization signals of hdac4, hdac5, and hdac9 at ser265, ser278, and ser242, respectivelyduring mitosis, aurb-mediated phosphorylation may localize class iia hdacs to a phosphorylation gradient at the spindle midzone, permitting temporal and spatial regulatory mechanisms altering hdac protein interactions" SIGNOR-198650 PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT HDAC5 protein Q9UQL6 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser279 KVAERRSsPLLRRKD 9606 BTO:0000007;BTO:0001938;BTO:0000938 22865920 t lperfetto "We showed that phosphorylation at ser279 is necessary for efficient nuclear import of hdac5 in kidney cells (hek293) and osteosarcoma cells (u2os) (15). The kinases responsible for ser279 phosphorylation have recently been identified to be pka in cos-7 cells (16) and cdk5 in neurons" SIGNOR-198658 ATM protein Q13315 UNIPROT TP53BP1 protein Q12888 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser784 GVEKCSDsQSWEDIA 9606 12697768 t llicata "To examine whether the respective sq sites become phosphorylated in vivo, we raised polyclonal antibodies against phosphorylated ser-6 (anti-s6p), phosphorylated ser-25 and ser-29 (anti-s25p/29p), and phosphorylated ser-784 (anti-s784p). All affinity-purified antisera recognized 53bp1" SIGNOR-100653 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT RPS6KA1 protein Q15418 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser380 HQLFRGFsFVATGLM 9534 BTO:0001538 9430688 t lperfetto "Several lines of evidence indicate that the mapkap-k1 isoforms are also activated by mapks in vivo via the ras-dependent protein kinase cascade that is triggered by growth factors or tumor-promoting phorbol esters, such as phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (pma). here we identify six sites in mapkap-k1a that become phosphorylated in transfected cos-1 cells. The inactive form of mapkap-k1a in unstimulated cells is partially phosphorylated at ser222 and ser733. Stimulation with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate induces the phosphorylation of thr360, ser364, thr574, and ser381 and increases the phosphorylation of ser222 and ser733." SIGNOR-219341 MTOR protein P42345 UNIPROT EIF4EBP1 protein Q13541 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr70 RNSPVTKtPPRDLPT 9606 BTO:0000007 SIGNOR-C3 12747827 t lperfetto "Here, we show that a functional TOS motif is required for 4E-BP1 to bind to raptor (a recently identified mTOR-interacting protein), for 4E-BP1 to be efficiently phosphorylated in vitro by themTOR/raptor complex, and for 4E-BP1 to be phosphorylated in vivo at all identified mTOR-regulated sites. mTOR/raptor regulated phosphorylation is necessary for 4E-BP’s efficient release from the translational initiation factor eIF4E. We find that the TOS motif is absolutely required for efficient phosphorylation of 4E-BP1 at all the identified mTOR-regulated sites, namely, Thr37/46, Ser65, and Thr70 in vivo." SIGNOR-101127 NfKb-p65/p50 complex SIGNOR-C13 SIGNOR miR-155 mirna MI0000681 miRBase "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0004479 25092144 f miannu "We showed a strong induction of miR-155 promoter activity by p65. We demonstrate that NF-κB (p65) directly binds to the miR-155 promoter in FLT3-ITD-associated MV4;11 cells." SIGNOR-255816 CSNK2A1 protein P68400 UNIPROT EIF5 protein P55010 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser390 KEAEEESsGGEEEDE 9606 16227438 t gcesareni "We find that eif5 is associated with ck2 when the kinase activity is at the highest level in vivo, and is phosphorylated at ser389 and ser390 by ck2." SIGNOR-141159 TBK1 protein Q9UHD2 UNIPROT IRF5 protein Q13568 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser293 VELFGPIsLEQVRFP 9606 22412986 t lperfetto "Activation of interferon regulatory factor 5 by site specific phosphorylation. Although the gene induction by irf5 in the presence of tbk-1 was modest, phosphorylation by tbk-1 produced a significant shift in the mobility of irf5 in sds-page. For this reason we identified the residues that are phosphorylated on irf5 by tbk-1 with mass spectrometry. Ser-158 and ser-309 were found to be phosphorylated" SIGNOR-196532 ERBB2 protein P04626 UNIPROT ERBB2 protein P04626 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Tyr1023 DLVDAEEyLVPQQGF 9606 BTO:0000149 1706616 t gcesareni "However, each of these peptides contains tyrosines that correspond to major autophosphorylation sites of the epidermal growth factor receptor, suggesting that, in addition to y1023 and y1248, y1139 and y1222 also serve as autophosphorylation sites of her2." SIGNOR-21207 MAP2K7 protein O14733 UNIPROT MAPK9 protein P45984 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr185 TNFMMTPyVVTRYYR 9606 11062067 t lperfetto "In the present study, we found that mkk7 phosphorylates sapk2a/p38 exclusively at tyr-182, albeit at a low rate. Therefore one possibility is that the interaction of mkk7 and/or sapk1/jnk with another cellular protein alters the conformation of one of these enzymes in such a way as to facilitate phosphorylation of tyr-185 by mkk7 in vivo." SIGNOR-83748 PRKX protein P51817 UNIPROT PKD1 protein P98161 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser4166 EPLPSRSsRGSKVSP 9606 BTO:0000671 17980165 t lperfetto "The possibility of functional interactions between pkd1-encoded polycystin-1 and prkx was suggested by the renal co-distribution of prkx and polycystin-1 and the binding and phosphorylation of the c-terminal of polycystin-1 by prkx at s4166 in vitro. Taken together these results suggest that prkx can reverse the abnormalities in epithelial adhesion, migration and morphogenesis associated with pkd1 inhibition and cyst formation in adpkd." SIGNOR-158852 PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT KCNH2 protein Q12809 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr895 KLSFRRRtDKDTEQP 9606 10488078 t lperfetto "Deletion of protein kinase a phosphorylation sites in the herg potassium channel inhibits activation shift by protein kinase afour consensus pka phosphorylation sites (s283a, s890a, t895a, s1137a)" SIGNOR-70730 IKK-complex complex SIGNOR-C14 SIGNOR IKBKG protein Q9Y6K9 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser85 ELLHFQAsQREEKEF 9606 17977820 t lperfetto "In this study we analyze the ikkbeta-mediated phosphorylation of the ikk-binding domain of nemo. In vitro, ikkbeta phosphorylates three serine residues in the domain of nemo at positions 43, 68, and 85. However, mutational analysis revealed that only the phosphorylation of serine 68 in the center of the ikk-binding domain plays an essential role for the formation and the function of the ikk complex. Thus, ser(68) phosphorylation attenuates the amino-terminal dimerization of nemo as well as the ikkbeta-nemo interaction. I" SIGNOR-216353 AMPK complex SIGNOR-C15 SIGNOR PPP1R12C protein Q9BZL4 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser452 AGLQRSAsSSWLEGT 9606 22137581 t lperfetto "Ampk-induced phosphorylation is necessary for ppp1r12c interaction with 14-3-3 and phosphorylation of myosin regulatory light chain. Both ampk activity and ppp1r12c phosphorylation are increased in mitotic cells and are important for mitosis completion. The interaction between ppp1r12c and 14-3-3_ may inactivate the ppp1r12c-containing phosphatase complex in vivo." SIGNOR-216600 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT RCAN1 protein P53805 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser167 FLISPPAsPPVGWKQ 10090 BTO:0000165 12063245 t lperfetto "Consensus phosphorylation sites for p42/44 MAPK and GSK-3 are present in the SP repeat of MCIP1 at serine 112 and serine 108, respectively |Several endogenous proteins are capable of inhibiting the catalytic activity of calcineurin. Modulatory calcineurin interacting protein 1 (MCIP1) is unique among these proteins on the basis of its pattern of expression and its function in a negative feedback loop to regulate calcineurin activity. Here we show that MCIP1 can be phosphorylated by MAPK and glycogen synthase kinase-3 and that phosphorylated MCIP1 is a substrate for calcineurin." SIGNOR-249478 mTORC2 complex SIGNOR-C2 SIGNOR AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser477 PQFSYSAsGTA 9606 BTO:0000093 24670654 t gcesareni "Phosphorylation of S477 and T479 at the Akt extreme carboxy terminus by cyclin-dependent kinase 2 (Cdk2)/cyclin A or mTORC2, under distinct physiological conditions, promotes Akt activation through facilitating, or functionally compensating for, S473 phosphorylation" SIGNOR-252441 TTBK1 protein Q5TCY1 UNIPROT MAPT protein P10636 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser516 GDRSGYSsPGSPGTP 9606 BTO:0000938 16923168 t "The effect has been demonstrated using P10636-8" lperfetto "Direct tau phosphorylation by ttbk1 at ser198, ser199, ser202 and ser422, which are also phosphorylated in phfs. Ttbk1 also induces tau aggregation in human neuronal cells in a dose-dependent manner. We conclude that ttbk1 is a neuron-specific dual kinase involved in tau phosphorylation at ad-related sites and is also associated with tau aggregation." SIGNOR-148970 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT MYB protein P10242 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser532 KIKQEVEsPTDKSGN 9606 BTO:0000661 8960373 t lperfetto "Functional analysis of phosphorylation at serine 532 of human c-myb by map kinase. expression of a polypeptide containing the c-myb c-terminal domain stimulated c-myb activity. This effect is reduced upon mapk-dependent phosphorylation of serine 532. Our data suggest that the mapk-dependent state of phosphorylation modifies the cellular function of c-myb by modulating its interaction with a putative inhibitory factor" SIGNOR-45348 MAPKAPK2 protein P49137 UNIPROT ZFP36L1 protein Q07352 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser54 GGFPRRHsVTLPSSK 9606 18326031 t lperfetto "Mk2-mediated inhibition of brf1 requires phosphorylation at s54, s92, and s203. Phosphorylation of brf1 by mk2 does not appear to alter its ability to interact with ares or to associate with mrna decay enzymes. Thus, mk2 inhibits brf1-dependent amd through direct phosphorylation." SIGNOR-161274 MTOR protein P42345 UNIPROT RPS6KB1 protein P23443 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr412 NQVFLGFtYVAPSVL 9823 BTO:0004712 23486913 t lperfetto "Collectively, these results indicate that Arg, Leu, and Gln act coordinately to stimulate proliferation of pTr cells through activation of the MTOR-RPS6K-RPS6-EIF4EBP1 signal transduction pathway" SIGNOR-201538 CyclinA2/CDK2 complex SIGNOR-C83 SIGNOR AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr479 FSYSASGtA 9606 BTO:0000093 24670654 t gcesareni "Phosphorylation of S477 and T479 at the Akt extreme carboxy terminus by cyclin-dependent kinase 2 (Cdk2)/cyclin A or mTORC2, under distinct physiological conditions, promotes Akt activation through facilitating, or functionally compensating for, S473 phosphorylation" SIGNOR-252443 PRKCG protein P05129 UNIPROT CHAT protein P28329 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser464 LLKHVTQsSRKLIRA 9606 BTO:0000938 15381704 t "The effect has been demonstrated using P28329-3" gcesareni "We show that chat is differentially phosphorylated by protein kinase c (pkc) isoforms on four serines (ser-440, ser-346, ser-347, and ser-476) and one threonine (thr-255). This phosphorylation is hierarchical, with phosphorylation at ser-476 required for phosphorylation at other serines. Phosphorylation at some, but not all, sites regulates basal catalysis and activation." SIGNOR-129316 PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT VIM protein P08670 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" phosphorylation Ser27 TASRPSSsRSYVTTS -1 2500966 t lperfetto "We reported that stoichiometric phosphorylation by either cAMP-dependent protein kinase or protein kinase C induces disassembly of vimentin filaments. In the present work, we attempted to identify the sites of vimentin phosphorylated by each protein kinase. Sequential analysis of the purified phosphopeptides, together with the known primary sequence, revealed that Ser-8, Ser-9, Ser-20, Ser-25, Ser-33, and Ser-41 were specifically phosphorylated by protein kinase C, whereas Ser-46 was phosphorylated preferentially by cAMP-dependent protein kinase. Both kinases reacted with Ser-6, Ser-24, Ser-38, Ser-50, and Ser-65." SIGNOR-248879 PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT MBP protein P02686 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser285 VDAQGTLsKIFKLGG -1 2413024 t lperfetto "MBP was phosphorylated by either protein kinase A or C | Subsequent amino acid analysis and/or sequential Edman degradation of the purified phosphopeptides, together with the known primary sequence of this protein, revealed that Ser-46 and Ser-151 were specifically phosphorylated by protein kinase C, whereas Thr-34 and Ser-115 were phosphorylated preferentially by protein kinase A. Both kinases reacted with Ser-8, Ser-11, Ser-55, Ser-110, Ser-132, and Ser-161 at various reaction velocities." SIGNOR-248874 SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT RGS16 protein O15492 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr177 RFLKSPAyRDLAAQA 9606 12588871 t lperfetto "Src-mediated rgs16 tyrosine phosphorylation promotes rgs16 stability. hosphorylation on tyr(168) was mediated by the epidermal growth factor receptor (egfr)." SIGNOR-98275 GRK3 protein P35626 UNIPROT BDKRB2 protein P30411 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser373 SMGTLRTsISVERQI 9606 BTO:0000007 11517230 t gcesareni "...expression of GRK4Ž drastically increased the basal level of32P incorporation into B2R.[€]a clustered phosphorylation around Ser(346) is necessary for desensitization of the B2 receptor-induced phospholipase C activation." SIGNOR-249658 GRK2 protein P25098 UNIPROT MC4R protein P32245 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser329 LGGLCDLsSRY 9606 BTO:0000007 12639913 t gcesareni "Mutagenesis studies revealed that Thr312 and Ser329/330 in the C-terminal tail are potential sites for PKA and GRK phosphorylation and may play an essential role in the recruitment of beta-arrestin to the activated receptor." SIGNOR-249659 ATR protein Q13535 UNIPROT RAD17 protein O75943 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser656 SASELPAsQPQPFSA 9606 BTO:0000567 11687627 t lperfetto "Here we demonstrate that atr but not atm phosphorylates the human rad17 (hrad17) checkpoint protein on ser(635) and ser(645) in vitro.The rfc-related checkpoint protein rad17, a phosphorylation substrate of atr, is critical for atr-mediated checkpoint signaling and cell survival." SIGNOR-111252 PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT MARCKS protein P29966 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser163 KRFSFKKsFKLSGFS -1 1560845 t gcesareni "Here we report that MARCKS is a filamentous (F) actin crosslinking protein, with activity that is inhibited by PKC-mediated phosphorylation and by binding to calcium-calmodulin" SIGNOR-249650 DYRK2 protein Q92630 UNIPROT CARHSP1 protein Q9Y2V2 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser32 RSRERSPsPLRGNVV 9606 BTO:0000671 15910284 t lperfetto "Dyrk2 (dual-specificity tyrosine-phosphorylated and -regulated protein kinase 2) phosphorylated crhsp24 at ser30, ser32 and ser41 in vitro, and ser41 was identified as a site phosphorylated in cells." SIGNOR-137478 MAPKAPK5 protein Q8IW41 UNIPROT TH protein P07101 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser19 KGFRRAVsELDAKQA 9606 12421349 t "The effect has been demonstrated using P07101-3" gcesareni "Recombinant human tyrosine hydroxylase (hth1) was found to be phosphorylated by mitogen and stress-activated protein kinase 1 (msk1) at ser40 and by p38 regulated/activated kinase (prak) on ser19. Phosphorylation of both ser40 and ser19 induced a high-affinity binding of 14-3-3 proteins, but only the interaction of 14-3-3 with ser19 increased the hth1 activity." SIGNOR-95479 MAPK9 protein P45984 UNIPROT MAPK8IP3 protein Q9UPT6 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr286 SVPSAAVtPLNESLQ 9606 15767678 t gcesareni "Phosphoamino acid analysis confirmed that jnk caused thr phosphorylation of jip3 (fig. _(fig.3c).3c). This phosphorylation on thr was markedly decreased when thr266, thr276, and thr287 were replaced with ala. These data indicate that jnk phosphorylated jip3 on thr266, thr276, and thr287 in vitro." SIGNOR-134576 PRKD1 protein Q15139 UNIPROT PTRH2 protein Q9Y3E5 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser5 sLVMEYLA 9606 18703509 t lperfetto "Overexpression of constitutively active pkd or pkd activation by treatment with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate results in phosphorylation of two serine residues (ser5 and ser87) in a form of bit1 that is confined to the cytoplasm and concomitantly increases the apoptotic activity of cytoplasmic bit1" SIGNOR-180085 ZAP70 protein P43403 UNIPROT ZAP70 protein P43403 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr126 RDAMVRDyVRQTWKL 9606 BTO:0000661 7961936 t lperfetto "We show that ZAP-70 has a primary autophosphorylation site at Tyr-292, with a secondary site at Tyr-126. We also show additional phosphorylation at Tyr-69, Tyr-178, Tyr-492, and Tyr-493 upon the addition of the protein tyrosine kinase, p56lck. By comparative two-dimensional phosphopeptide mapping, we show that ZAP-70 isolated from Jurkat T cells also autophosphorylates at Tyr-292 and Tyr-126" SIGNOR-247044 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT PTPRR protein Q15256 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr361 EPFVSIPtPREKVAM 11493009 t lperfetto "Specifically, the complex formation between PTP-SL and ERK2 involves an unusual interaction leading to the phosphorylation of PTP-SL by ERK2 at Thr253 and the inactivating dephosphorylation of ERK2 by PTP-SL." SIGNOR-249477 PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT CTPS1 protein P17812 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr455 MRLGKRRtLFQTKNS 9606 17463002 t llicata "These data indicated that protein kinase c phosphorylation at ser(462) stimulates human ctp synthetase 1 activity, whereas phosphorylation at thr(455) inhibits activity." SIGNOR-154621 CDK1 protein P06493 UNIPROT CASP9 protein P55211 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr125 PEVLRPEtPRPVDIG 9606 SIGNOR-C17 17466630 t gcesareni "Here, we show that the apoptotic initiator protease caspase-9 is regulated during the cell cycle through periodic phosphorylation at an inhibitory site, thr125. This site is phosphorylated by cdk1/cyclin b1 during mitosis and in response to microtubule poisons that arrest cells at this stage of the cell cycle." SIGNOR-154626 CSNK2A2 protein P19784 UNIPROT GTF2A1 protein P52655 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser316 VEEEPLNsEDDVSDE -1 11278496 t llicata "We now show that human TFIIA is phosphorylated in vivo on serine residues that are partially conserved between yeast and human TFIIA large subunits. Alanine substitution mutation of serine residues 316 and 321 in TFIIA alphabeta reduced TFIIA phosphorylation significantly in vivo. Additional alanine substitutions at serines 280 and 281 reduced phosphorylation to undetectable levels. Mutation of all four serine residues reduced the ability of TFIIA to stimulate transcription in transient transfection assays with various activators and promoters, indicating that TFIIA phosphorylation is required globally for optimal function." SIGNOR-250997 CSNK2A2 protein P19784 UNIPROT GTF2A1 protein P52655 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser281 DGTGDTSsEEDEDEE -1 11278496 t llicata "We now show that human TFIIA is phosphorylated in vivo on serine residues that are partially conserved between yeast and human TFIIA large subunits. Alanine substitution mutation of serine residues 316 and 321 in TFIIA alphabeta reduced TFIIA phosphorylation significantly in vivo. Additional alanine substitutions at serines 280 and 281 reduced phosphorylation to undetectable levels. Mutation of all four serine residues reduced the ability of TFIIA to stimulate transcription in transient transfection assays with various activators and promoters, indicating that TFIIA phosphorylation is required globally for optimal function." SIGNOR-250996 CTDSPL protein O15194 UNIPROT SMAD3 protein P84022 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser208 DAGSPNLsPNPMSPA 9606 BTO:0000007 17035229 t "Dephosphorylation of Smad2/3 Linkers by SCP2 and SCP3|MAPK-mediated linker phosphorylation appears to have a dual role in Smad2/3 regulation. Mitogens and hyperactive Ras result in extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)-mediated phosphorylation of Smad3 at Ser-204, Ser-208, and Thr-179 and of Smad2 at Ser-245/250/255 and Thr-220. Mutation of these sites increases the ability of Smad3 to activate target genes, suggesting that MAPK phosphorylation of Smad3 is inhibitory (11, 12). However, in contrast, ERK-dependent phosphorylation of Smad2 at Thr-8 enhances its transcriptional activity" SIGNOR-248307 CTDSPL protein O15194 UNIPROT SMAD3 protein P84022 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser204 NHSMDAGsPNLSPNP 9606 BTO:0000007 17035229 t "Dephosphorylation of Smad2/3 Linkers by SCP2 and SCP3|MAPK-mediated linker phosphorylation appears to have a dual role in Smad2/3 regulation. Mitogens and hyperactive Ras result in extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)-mediated phosphorylation of Smad3 at Ser-204, Ser-208, and Thr-179 and of Smad2 at Ser-245/250/255 and Thr-220. Mutation of these sites increases the ability of Smad3 to activate target genes, suggesting that MAPK phosphorylation of Smad3 is inhibitory (11, 12). However, in contrast, ERK-dependent phosphorylation of Smad2 at Thr-8 enhances its transcriptional activity" SIGNOR-248306 mTORC2 complex SIGNOR-C2 SIGNOR AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr479 FSYSASGtA 9606 BTO:0000093 24670654 t gcesareni "Phosphorylation of S477 and T479 at the Akt extreme carboxy terminus by cyclin-dependent kinase 2 (Cdk2)/cyclin A or mTORC2, under distinct physiological conditions, promotes Akt activation through facilitating, or functionally compensating for, S473 phosphorylation" SIGNOR-252444 CDK1 protein P06493 UNIPROT PPP1CA protein P62136 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr320 NPGGRPItPPRNSAK 9606 BTO:0000661 12202491 t gcesareni "In this study, we observed that phosphorylation of protein phosphatase 1 (pp1) on thr(320) is reduced in brain extracts from egr-1(-/-) mice, indicating that a kinase downstream of egr-1 phosphorylates pp1. both of these pp1 isoforms contain an arg-pro-ile/val-thr-pro-pro-arg sequence near the c terminus, a known site of phosphorylation by cdc/cdk kinases, and phosphorylation attenuates phosphatase activity." SIGNOR-92261 MAPK14 protein Q16539 UNIPROT AKT2 protein P31751 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" Ser474 RTHFPQFsYSASIRE 9606 12181443 f lperfetto "We show [] that the kinase activity and s473 phosphorylation of akt induced by lpa and s1p requires both mitogen-activated protein (map) kinase kinase (mek) and p38 map kinase. [] among different stimuli tested, platelet-derived growth factor stimulates s473 phosphorylation of akt in a mek- and p38-dependent manner. However, epidermal growth factor, thrombin, and endothelin-1?stimulated Akt s473 phosphorylation require p38 but not mek." SIGNOR-91408 CSNK2A2 protein P19784 UNIPROT GTF2A1L protein Q9UNN4 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser356 VDGSGDTsSNEEIGS -1 12107178 t llicata "ALF was able to stabilize the binding of TBP to DNA, but it could not stabilize TBP mutants A184E, N189E, E191R, and R205E nor could it facilitate binding of the TBP-like factor TRF2/TLF to a consensus TATA element. However, phosphorylation of ALF with casein kinase II resulted in the partial restoration of complex formation using mutant TBPs. | Because the residues involved (Ser-280, Ser-281, Ser-316, and Ser-321) are conserved in ALF (Ser-356, Ser-357, Ser-418, and Ser-423), we tested whether its activity might also be affected by this modification. We first showed that ALF and TFIIAα/β polypeptides incubated with casein kinase II and [γ-32P]ATP could be labeled." SIGNOR-250991 SIRT1 protein Q96EB6 UNIPROT AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" deacetylation Lys14 VKEGWLHkRGEYIKT 10090 BTO:0000562 21775285 t gcesareni "We show that Akt and PDK1 are acetylated at lysine residues in their pleckstrin homology domains, which mediate PIP(3) binding. Acetylation blocked binding of Akt and PDK1 to PIP(3), thereby preventing membrane localization and phosphorylation of Akt. Deacetylation by SIRT1 enhanced binding of Akt and PDK1 to PIP(3) and promoted their activation." SIGNOR-252445 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT BCL6 protein P41182 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser343 KSDCQPNsPTESCSS 9606 BTO:0000782;BTO:0000785 9649500 t gcesareni "Here we show that antigen receptor activation leads to bcl-6 phosphorylation by mitogen-activated protein kinase (mapk). Phosphorylation, in turn, targets bcl-6 for rapid degradation by the ubiquitin/proteasome pathway." SIGNOR-58493 CHUK protein O15111 UNIPROT CREBBP protein Q92793 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser1386 FVDSGEMsESFPYRT 9606 BTO:0000551 17434128 t lperfetto "Phosphorylation of cbp by ikkalpha promotes cell growth by switching the binding preference of cbp from p53 to nf-kappabhere, we show that ikkalpha phosphorylates cbp at serine 1382 and serine 1386 and consequently increases cbp's hat and transcriptional activities" SIGNOR-154333 CSNK2A1 protein P68400 UNIPROT MAX protein P61244 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser2 sDNDDIEV 9606 8018564 t gcesareni "Here, we have mapped the nh2-terminal in vivo phosphorylation sites of max to ser2 and ser11[...]" SIGNOR-35772 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR ESR1 protein P03372 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser104 FPPLNSVsPSPLMLL 9606 11108261 t lperfetto "Studies using mutants of er-alpha demonstrated that akt increased estrogen receptor activity through the amino-terminal activation function-1 (af-1). Serines s104 s106, s118, and s167 appear to play a role in the activation of er-alpha by akt." SIGNOR-244243 FLT1 protein P17948 UNIPROT FLT1 protein P17948 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr1333 DYNSVVLySTPPI 9606 9722576 t lperfetto "Receptor tyrosine phosphorylation is crucial for signal transduction by creating high affinity binding sites for src homology 2 domain-containing molecules. By expressing the intracellular domain of flt-1/vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-1 in the baculosystem, we identified two major tyrosine phosphorylation sites at tyr-1213 and tyr-1242 and two minor tyrosine phosphorylation sites at tyr-1327 and tyr-1333 in this receptor." SIGNOR-59762 PRKCG protein P05129 UNIPROT VTN protein P04004 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by stabilization" phosphorylation Ser381 RNRKGYRsQRGHSRG -1 9030777 t lperfetto "Phosphorylation of vitronectin on Ser362 by protein kinase C attenuates its cleavage by plasmin." SIGNOR-248964 PPP2CA protein P67775 UNIPROT CHEK1 protein O14757 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser345 LVQGISFsQPTCPDH 9606 17015476 t "Phosphorylation of Chk1 by ATR is antagonized by a Chk1-regulated protein phosphatase 2A circuit|In response to genotoxic stress, Chk1 is phosphorylated on serines 317 (S317) and 345 (S345) by the ataxia-telangiectasia-related (ATR) protein kinase. Phosphorylation of Chk1 on these C-terminal serine residues is used as an indicator of Chk1 activation in vivo." SIGNOR-248615 SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT RGS16 protein O15492 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr168 TLMEKDSyPRFLKSP 9606 12588871 t miannu "Src-mediated rgs16 tyrosine phosphorylation promotes rgs16 stability. / this result suggests src phosphorylates native rgs16 at residue tyr177 in vitro." SIGNOR-98271 PAK2 protein Q13177 UNIPROT PAK2 protein Q13177 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser20 APPVRMSsTIFSTGG -1 10075701 t miannu "Eight autophosphorylation sites were identified in Cdc42-activated gamma-PAK, six of which are in common with those previously reported in alpha-PAK, while Ser-19 and Ser-165 appear to be uniquely phosphorylated in the gamma-form. Further, the phosphorylation of Ser-141, Ser-165, and Thr-402 was found to correlate with gamma-PAK activation. Autophosphorylation of γ-PAK with MgATP alone takes place at Ser-19, Ser-20, Ser-55, Ser-192, and Ser-197." SIGNOR-250227 FLT4 protein P35916 UNIPROT FLT4 protein P35916 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr1363 TFFTDNSy 9606 BTO:0000394 12881528 t lperfetto "Trans-phosphorylation of activated, dimerized receptor tyrosine kinases is known to be critical for the regulation of kinase activity and for receptor interaction with signal transduction molecules. In this study, we have identified five tyrosyl phosphorylation sites in the vegfr-3 carboxyl-terminal tail." SIGNOR-104092 PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT IL2RA protein P01589 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser268 WQRRQRKsRRTI 9606 BTO:0000782 2303462 t lperfetto "The interleukin-2 (il-2) receptor, the leukocyte-specific membrane glycoprotein, t200, and the class i major histocompatibility antigens (hla) have been identified as substrates for protein kinase c from these studies, it was concluded that ser-247 is the major site of phosphorylation in the il-2 receptor and that thr-250 is a minor site." SIGNOR-22984 PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT GMFB protein P60983 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser53 DEELEGIsPDELKDE -1 9030586 t lperfetto "Using synthetic peptide fragments containing putative phosphorylation sites of GMF, we demonstrate that PKA is capable of phosphorylating threonine 26 and serine 82, whereas PKC, p90 ribosomal S6 kinase, and casein kinase II, can phosphorylate serine 71, threonine 26, and serine 52, respectively." SIGNOR-248960 PAK2 protein Q13177 UNIPROT PAK2 protein Q13177 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser141 TVKQKYLsFTPPEKD -1 10075701 t miannu "Eight autophosphorylation sites were identified in Cdc42-activated gamma-PAK, six of which are in common with those previously reported in alpha-PAK, while Ser-19 and Ser-165 appear to be uniquely phosphorylated in the gamma-form. Further, the phosphorylation of Ser-141, Ser-165, and Thr-402 was found to correlate with gamma-PAK activation. Autophosphorylation of γ-PAK with MgATP alone takes place at Ser-19, Ser-20, Ser-55, Ser-192, and Ser-197." SIGNOR-250228 PAK2 protein Q13177 UNIPROT MKNK1 protein Q9BUB5 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser39 RRGRATDsLPGKFED 9606 BTO:0000007 15234964 t miannu "Phosphorylation of Mnk1 by caspase-activated Pak2/gamma-PAK inhibits phosphorylation and interaction of eIF4G with Mnk. When 293T cells are subjected to apoptotic induction by hydrogen peroxide, Mnk1 is phosphorylated at both Thr(22) and Ser(27). These results indicate a role for Pak2 in the down-regulation of translation initiation in apoptosis by phosphorylation of Mnk1." SIGNOR-250221 TNK2 protein Q07912 UNIPROT AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr176 EKATGRYyAMKILKK 10090 BTO:0002021 20333297 t gcesareni "Ack1 (also known as ACK or TNK2), which directly phosphorylates AKT at an evolutionarily conserved tyrosine 176 in the kinase domain. Tyr176-phosphorylated AKT localizes to the plasma membrane and promotes Thr308/Ser473-phosphorylation leading to AKT activation." SIGNOR-252446 DUSP3 protein P51452 UNIPROT MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Tyr187 HTGFLTEyVATRWYR 9534 BTO:0004055 10224087 t "Extracellular regulated kinases (ERK) 1 and ERK2 are authentic substrates for the dual-specificity protein-tyrosine phosphatase VHR. A novel role in down-regulating the ERK pathway.|Catalysis by VHR requires the native structure of ERK and is specific for tyrosine 185 of ERK2" SIGNOR-248536 PRKAA1 protein Q13131 UNIPROT SYN1 protein P17600 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser9 NYLRRRLsDSNFMAN 9606 10880969 t lperfetto "It has been reported that site 1 of syn i can be phosphorylated by pka. Pka-mediated synapsin i ser9 phosphorylation occurs in response to cgs 21680 treatment. Results show that the adenosine a2a receptor agonist, cgs 21680, increases neurotransmitter release, in particular, glutamate and noradrenaline and such response is mediated by protein kinase a activation, which in turn increased synapsin i phosphorylation" SIGNOR-78891 CDK1 protein P06493 UNIPROT RB1 protein P06400 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr373 VNVIPPHtPVRTVMN 9606 1756735 t lperfetto "The retinoblastoma gene product (prb) is a nuclear phosphoprotein that is thought to play a key role in the negative regulation of cellular proliferation. The active form of prb is underphosphorylated. Using synthetic peptides corresponding to potential cdc2 phosphorylation sites, we have developed a strategy which has allowed the identification of five sites. S249, t252, t373, s807 and s811 are phosphorylated in vivo, and in each case these sites correspond closely to the consensus sequence for phosphorylation by p34cdc2." SIGNOR-21564 UHMK1 protein Q8TAS1 UNIPROT MBP protein P02686 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser299 GRDSRSGsPMARR 9606 BTO:0000142 16401070 t lperfetto "Phosphorylation decreased the ability of mbp to polymerize actin and to bundle actin filaments but had no effect on the dissociation constant of the mbp-actin complex or on the ability of ca2+-calmodulin to dissociate the complex. The most significant effect of phosphorylation on the mbp-actin complex was a dramatic reduction in its ability to bind to negatively charged lipid bilayers. Mass spectrometry and peptide sequencing allowed us to identify serine 164 of mbp as the unique site phosphorylated by kis. Phosphorylation of synthetic peptides indicated the importance of the proline residue at position +1." SIGNOR-143485 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT CAD protein P27708 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr456 KVYFLPItPHYVTQV 9606 15890648 t lperfetto "Cad is a multifunctional protein that initiates and regulates mammalian de novo pyrimidine biosynthesis. The activation of the pathway required for cell proliferation is a consequence of the phosphorylation of cad thr-456 by mitogen-activated protein (map) kinase.Activated map kinase (erk1/2), the enzyme responsible for the phosphorylation of thr-456, was also present in larger amounts in the nucleus than the cytosol" SIGNOR-137171 PPP2CA protein P67775 UNIPROT RACGAP1 protein Q9H0H5 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation Ser387 ETGLYRIsGCDRTVK 9606 18201571 t gcesareni "We report here that (i) mgcracgap is phosphorylated by aurora b and cdk1, (ii) pp2a dephosphorylates aurora b and cdk1 phosphorylated sites and (iii) inhibition of pp2a abrogates mgcracgap/ect2 interaction. Therefore, pp2a may regulate cytokinesis by dephosphorylating mgcracgap and its interacting partners." SIGNOR-160398 PTPN3 protein P26045 UNIPROT GHR protein P10912 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Tyr534 NFLMDNAyFCEADAK -1 12907755 t lperfetto "Of several ptp candidates able to bind the phosphorylated ghr in vitro, we show that in stable ghr-expressing cells, ptp-h1 and ptp1b dephosphorylate the ligandactivated ghr, arguing for their implication in ghr signaling." SIGNOR-104549 CSNK2A1 protein P68400 UNIPROT CBX5 protein P45973 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser13 KRTADSSsSEDEEEY 9606 21245376 t gcesareni "Hp1_ was multiply phosphorylated at n-terminal serine residues (s11-14) in human and mouse cells and that this phosphorylation enhanced hp1_'s affinity for h3k9me. Unphosphorylatable mutant hp1_ exhibited severe heterochromatin localization defects in vivo, and its prolonged expression led to increased chromosomal instability." SIGNOR-171703 HIPK2 protein Q9H2X6 UNIPROT HMGA1 protein P17096 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr53 KEPSEVPtPKRPRGR 9606 17960875 t gcesareni "Here, we found that hipk2 phosphorylates hmga1a at ser-35, thr-52, and thr-77, and hmga1b at thr-41 and thr-66. In addition, we demonstrated that cdc2, which is known to phosphorylate hmga1 proteins, could induce the phosphorylation of hmga1 proteins at the same ser/thr sites. we found that the hipk2-phosphorylated hmga1a reduced the binding affinity of hmga1a to human germ line promoter, and the drop in binding affinity induced by hipk2 phosphorylation was lower than that introduced by cdc2 phosphorylation." SIGNOR-158620 EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr1110 GSVQNPVyHNQPLNP 9606 BTO:0000567 10653583 t "Dimerization mediated by a beta hairpin, which protudes from the S1 domains of each ligand bound monomer" lperfetto "After binding of epidermal growth factor (EGF), the EGF receptor (EGFR) becomes autophosphorylated via tyrosine." SIGNOR-236483 UHMK1 protein Q8TAS1 UNIPROT MBP protein P02686 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser299 GRDSRSGsPMARR 9606 10880969 t lperfetto "Phosphorylation decreased the ability of mbp to polymerize actin and to bundle actin filaments but had no effect on the dissociation constant of the mbp-actin complex or on the ability of ca2+-calmodulin to dissociate the complex. The most significant effect of phosphorylation on the mbp-actin complex was a dramatic reduction in its ability to bind to negatively charged lipid bilayers. Mass spectrometry and peptide sequencing allowed us to identify serine 164 of mbp as the unique site phosphorylated by kis. Phosphorylation of synthetic peptides indicated the importance of the proline residue at position +1." SIGNOR-78895 PLK1 protein P53350 UNIPROT NINL protein Q9Y2I6 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser88 RPSDEDSsSLESAAS -1 12852856 t lperfetto "Here, we identify a centrosomal plk1 substrate, termed nlp (ninein-like protein), whose properties suggest an important role in microtubule organization. Nlp interacts with two components of the gamma-tubulin ring complex and stimulates microtubule nucleation. Plk1 phosphorylates nlp and disrupts both its centrosome association and its gamma-tubulin interaction" SIGNOR-103356 PPP2CB protein P62714 UNIPROT AKT3 protein Q9Y243 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser472 RPHFPQFsYSASGRE 9606 18160256 t "Overexpression of BTBD10 increased phosphorylation levels of Akts at both Thr(308) and Ser(473) while the reduction of the endogenous BTBD10 level resulted in a decrease in the phosphorylation levels of Akts. In vitro analysis indicated that BTBD10 bound to protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) and inhibited dephosphorylation of Akts by PP2A." SIGNOR-248610 PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT PLEK protein P08567 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser117 ARKSTRRsIRLPETI 9606 8615792 t gcesareni "To determine the role of pkc-dependent phosphorylation in pleckstrin function, we mapped the phosphorylation sites in vivo of wild-type and site-directed mutants of pleckstrin expressed in cos cells. Phosphorylation was found to occur almost exclusively on ser-113 and ser-117. Replacing all these sites with glycine decreased phosphorylation by > 90% and reduced pleckstrin's ability to inhibit phosphoinositide hydrolysis by as much as 80%." SIGNOR-40048 CHUK protein O15111 UNIPROT CYLD protein Q9NQC7 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser436 TNGSIGHsPLSLSAQ 9606 BTO:0000938 24614225 t lperfetto "The phosphorylation of cyld was completely abolished by the combined mutations of the entire serine cluster (m4, lane 5). Similar results were obtained with the ikk holoenzyme (fig. 4c, panel 1), recombinant ikk_ (panel 2), and recombinant ikk_cyld phosphorylation may serve as a mechanism to inactivate its traf2 deubiquitination activity." SIGNOR-204700 RPS6KA1 protein Q15418 UNIPROT SLC9A1 protein P19634 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser703 MSRARIGsDPLAYEP 9606 10400637 t gcesareni "The results indicate that p90rsk phosphorylates serine 703 of nhe-1, and this phosphorylation is required for growth factor stimulation of na+/h+ exchange." SIGNOR-69171 PPP3CA protein Q08209 UNIPROT NFATC2 protein Q13469 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser268 VALPPGAsPQRSRSP 9606 BTO:0000567 11030334 t "NFAT1 is phosphorylated on fourteen conserved phosphoserine residues in its regulatory domain, thirteen of which are dephosphorylated upon stimulation. Dephosphorylation of all thirteen residues is required to mask a nuclear export signal (NES), cause full exposure of a nuclear localization signal (NLS), and promote transcriptional activity" SIGNOR-248688 PPP3CA protein Q08209 UNIPROT NFATC2 protein Q13469 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser175 SPASSGSsASFISDT 9606 BTO:0000567 11030334 t "NFAT1 is phosphorylated on fourteen conserved phosphoserine residues in its regulatory domain, thirteen of which are dephosphorylated upon stimulation. Dephosphorylation of all thirteen residues is required to mask a nuclear export signal (NES), cause full exposure of a nuclear localization signal (NLS), and promote transcriptional activity" SIGNOR-248682 AMPK complex SIGNOR-C15 SIGNOR ULK1 protein O75385 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser317 SHLASPPsLGEMQQL 9606 19584320 t lperfetto "In a screen for conserved substrates of ampk, we identified ulk1 and ulk2, mammalian orthologs of the yeast protein kinase atg1, which is required for autophagy." SIGNOR-216491 PLK1 protein P53350 UNIPROT TRIOBP protein Q9H2D6 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr2229 QAEEREHtLRRCQQE 9606 22820163 t lperfetto "Here we show that tara is a novel polo-like kinase 1 (plk1) target protein. Plk1 interacts with and phosphorylates tara in vivo and in vitro. Actually, the thr-457 in tara was a bona fide in vivo phosphorylation site for plk1. Interestingly, we found that the centrosomal localization of tara depended on the thr-457 phosphorylation and the kinase activity of plk1" SIGNOR-198353 PLK1 protein P53350 UNIPROT TRIOBP protein Q9H2D6 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr447 ASSPSRAtRDNPTTS 9606 22820163 t lperfetto "Here we show that tara is a novel polo-like kinase 1 (plk1) target protein. Plk1 interacts with and phosphorylates tara in vivo and in vitro. Actually, the thr-457 in tara was a bona fide in vivo phosphorylation site for plk1. Interestingly, we found that the centrosomal localization of tara depended on the thr-457 phosphorylation and the kinase activity of plk1" SIGNOR-198357 CBP/p300 complex SIGNOR-C6 SIGNOR H3F3A protein P84243 UNIPROT up-regulates acetylation Lys28 LATKAARkSAPSTGG 9606 21131905 t lperfetto "These results highlight the substrate and site specificities of hats in cells, demonstrate the distinct roles of gcn5/pcaf- and cbp/p300-mediated histone acetylations in gene activation, and suggest an important role of cbp/p300-mediated h3k18/27ac in nr-dependent transcription." SIGNOR-217214 PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT TPH2 protein Q8IWU9 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser19 YWARRGFsLDSAVPE 9606 BTO:0000142 18339632 t llicata "We also demonstrate that phosphorylation of serine 19, a protein kinase a consensus site located in this n-terminal domain, results in increased tph2 stability and consequent increases in enzyme output in cell culture systems" SIGNOR-178018 DUSP1 protein P28562 UNIPROT MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Thr185 HDHTGFLtEYVATRW 10116 7535768 t "We demonstrate that ERK, JNK, and p38 are activated by distinct combinations of stimuli in T cells that simulate full or partial activation through the T cell receptor. These kinases are regulated by reversible phosphorylation on Tyr and Thr, and the dual specific phosphatases PAC1 and MKP-1 previously have been implicated in the in vivo inactivation of ERK or of ERK and JNK, respectively" SIGNOR-248464 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT MED1 protein Q15648 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr1457 HSKSPAYtPQNLDSE 9606 16314496 t fstefani "We demonstrate that erk phosphorylates trap220/med1 in vivo at two specific sites: threonine 1032 and threonine 1457. importantly, we found that erk phosphorylation significantly increases the stability and half-life of trap220/med1 in vivo and correlates with increased thyroid hormone receptor-dependent transcription." SIGNOR-142462 RPS6KA1 protein Q15418 UNIPROT CDC25A protein P30304 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser293 GSTKRRKsMSGASPK 9606 23708659 t lperfetto "Rsk promotes g2/m transition through activating phosphorylation of cdc25a and cdc25b rsk is likely to be more active in mitotic cells than in interphase cells, as evidenced by the phosphorylation status of t359/s363 in rsk. Together, these findings indicate that rsk promotes g2/m transition in mammalian cells through activating phosphorylation of cdc25a and cdc25b." SIGNOR-202113 RET protein P07949 UNIPROT SHC1 protein P29353 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 8183561 t gcesareni "We have shown that the sh2 domain of the adaptor protein shc coimmunoprecipitates with all the ret." SIGNOR-36902 937174-76-0 chemical CID:16725726 PUBCHEM AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-193000 LCK protein P06239 UNIPROT ZAP70 protein P43403 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr474 VLLVNRHyAKISDFG 9606 BTO:0000661 9685404 t lperfetto "We show that ZAP-70 has a primary autophosphorylation site at Tyr-292, with a secondary site at Tyr-126. We also show additional phosphorylation at Tyr-69, Tyr-178, Tyr-492, and Tyr-493 upon the addition of the protein tyrosine kinase, p56lck" SIGNOR-249375 PLK1 protein P53350 UNIPROT CCNB1 protein P14635 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser133 SPSPMETsGCAPAEE 9606 BTO:0000567 11242082 t lperfetto "Phosphorylation of cyclin b1 is central to its nuclear translocationduring cell-cycle progression in hela cells, a change in the kinase activity of endogenous plk1 toward s147 and/or s133 correlates with a kinase activity in the cell extractsa mutant cyclin b1 in which s133 and s147 are replaced by alanines remains in the cytoplasm, whereas wild-type cyclin b1 accumulates in the nucleus during prophase.Together, these results suggest that phosphorylation of s133 and s147 is necessary for the nuclear translocation of cyclin b1 during prophase, and that phosphorylation of s126 and s128 may stimulate the nuclear translocation." SIGNOR-105715 MAP2K1 protein Q02750 UNIPROT MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr202 HDHTGFLtEYVATRW 9606 9677429 t "MAPK3/ERK1 is a MAPK which plays an important role in the MAPK/ERK cascade." gcesareni "The mek1 proline-rich insert is required for efficient activation of the mitogen-activated protein kinases erk1 and erk2 in mammalian cells." SIGNOR-59153 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT RRN3 protein Q9NYV6 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser649 PVLYMQPsPL 9606 12620228 t llicata "Erk-dependent phosphorylation of the transcription initiation factor tif-ia is required for rna polymerase i transcription and cell growth. phosphopeptide mapping and mutational analysis reveals two serine residues (s633 and s649) that are phosphorylated by erk and rsk kinases. Replacement of s649 by alanine inactivates tif-ia, inhibits pre-rrna synthesis, and retards cell growth." SIGNOR-98984 MAPKAPK5 protein Q8IW41 UNIPROT DNAJB1 protein P25685 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser171 VTHDLRVsLEEIYSG 9606 24309468 t lperfetto "Phosphorylation of heat shock protein 40 (hsp40/dnajb1) by mitogen-activated protein kinase-activated protein kinase 5 (mk5/prak). Mk5 phosphorylates hsp40/dnajb1 in vivo at ser-149 or/and ser-151 and ser-171 in the c-terminal domain of hsp40/dnajb1. Mk5 modestly stimulates the atp hydrolyse activity of hsp40/hsp70 complex and enhances the repression of heat shock factor 1 driven transcription by hsp40/dnajb1." SIGNOR-203464 AURKA protein O14965 UNIPROT RASSF1 protein Q9NS23 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr206 GTSVRRRtSFYLPKD 9606 17563743 t llicata "AuroraT-a appears to phosphorylate rassf1a at threonine202 and/or serine203 that reside within the known microtubule-binding domain of rassf1a. Substitutions of these residues with glutamic acid at both positions, mimicking constitutive phosphorylation of rassf1a, disrupt rassf1a interactions with microtubules and abolish its ability to induce m-phase cell cycle arrest." SIGNOR-155819 PRKACG protein P22612 UNIPROT BAD protein Q92934 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser118 GRELRRMsDEFVDSF 9606 10230396 t gcesareni "Ser-155 is the major phosphoacceptor site for pka on bad, but that pka also phosphorylates ser-112 and ser-136. Phosphorylated bad appears to be the inactive moiety. These results implicate pkac as the candidate kinase for s112 phosphorylation in vivo." SIGNOR-67392 CSNK2A1 protein P68400 UNIPROT STARD10 protein Q9Y365 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser284 GGAGGEGsDDDTSLT 9606 BTO:0002181 17561512 t gcesareni "Interestingly, hypotonic extracts prepared from hek293t cells expressing the serine to alanine mutant exhibited increased lipid transfer activity compared with those from wild-type stard10-expressing cells, suggesting that, in a cellular context, phosphorylation on serine 284 negatively regulates stard10 activity" SIGNOR-155740 PRMT1 protein Q99873 UNIPROT CNBP protein P62633 UNIPROT down-regulates methylation Arg27 PTGGGRGrGMRSRGR 9606 24726729 t miannu "Cnbp interacts with protein arginine methyltransferase prmt1 / r25 or r27 appear to be the major methylation sites in cnbp /arginine methylation of cnbp impedes rna binding" SIGNOR-204962 MAPKAPK5 protein Q8IW41 UNIPROT DNAJB1 protein P25685 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser151 VNFGRSRsAQEPARK 9606 24309468 t lperfetto "Phosphorylation of heat shock protein 40 (hsp40/dnajb1) by mitogen-activated protein kinase-activated protein kinase 5 (mk5/prak). Mk5 phosphorylates hsp40/dnajb1 in vivo at ser-149 or/and ser-151 and ser-171 in the c-terminal domain of hsp40/dnajb1. Mk5 modestly stimulates the atp hydrolyse activity of hsp40/hsp70 complex and enhances the repression of heat shock factor 1 driven transcription by hsp40/dnajb1." SIGNOR-203460 MAPK8 protein P45983 UNIPROT EIF4ENIF1 protein Q9NRA8 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser752 PSADRDSsPTTNSKL 9606 22966201 t llicata "Identification of 4e-t phosphorylation sites regulated by jnk. identification of these residues as phosphorylation sites (ser301, ser374, ser513, ser587, ser693, and ser752) was obtained by ms/ms sequencing, these results demonstrate that jnk activity is required to stimulate the assembly of pbs in response to oxidative stress." SIGNOR-199004 PTPN6 protein P29350 UNIPROT NFAT5 protein O94916 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Tyr143 PKRHTVLyISPPPED 9606 BTO:0000007 20351292 t "We confirmed that SHP-1 is inhibitory by overexpressing it, which reduces TonEBP/OREBP transcriptional activity at 500 mosmol/kg. SHP-1 dephosphorylates TonEBP/OREBP at a known regulatory site, Y143, both in vivo and in vitro. It inhibits TonEBP/OREBP by both reducing TonEBP/OREBP nuclear localization, which is Y143 dependent, and by lowering high NaCl-induced TonEBP/OREBP transactivating activity" SIGNOR-248467 MAP2K1 protein Q02750 UNIPROT MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr204 HTGFLTEyVATRWYR 9606 9677429 t "MAPK3/ERK1 is a MAPK which plays an important role in the MAPK/ERK cascade." gcesareni "The mek1 proline-rich insert is required for efficient activation of the mitogen-activated protein kinases erk1 and erk2 in mammalian cells." SIGNOR-59157 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR PFKFB2 protein O60825 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser483 IRRPRNYsVGSRPLK 9606 BTO:0000567 BTO:0000562 12853467 t lperfetto "These findings suggest that pkb-dependent binding of 14-3-3s to phospho-ser483 of cardiac pfk-2 mediates the stimulation of glycolysis by growth factor." SIGNOR-103462 PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT KCNK3 protein O14649 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser393 GLMKRRSsV 9606 BTO:0000007 21357689 t lperfetto "Mutation of the ser393 to alanine, which can neither be phosphorylated nor mimic a phosphorylated residue, resulted in the channel failing to pass current all of our findings support the conclusion that camp-dependent protein kinase is responsible for the phosphorylation of the terminal serine in both k2p3.1 and k2p9.1." SIGNOR-172430 CSNK2A1 protein P68400 UNIPROT VAMP4 protein O75379 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser30 RNLLEDDsDEEEDFF 9606 14608369 t gcesareni "The r-snare vamp4, which contains a dileucine motif, binds to the ap-1 or the ggas. Serine 20 and leucines 25,26 are essential for this binding. Ap-1 association with vamp4 is enhanced when serine 30 is phosphorylated by casein kinase 2. This phosphorylation-dependent modulation of ap-1 binding is mediated by pacs-1 (phosphofurin acidic cluster sorting protein). Ablation of both the dileucine motif and serine 30 results in a dramatic mislocalization of vamp4 in the regulated secretory pathway." SIGNOR-119090 FYN protein P06241 UNIPROT FYN protein P06241 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr420 RLIEDNEyTARQGAK 9606 BTO:0000782 22080863 t lperfetto "Previously, we reported that sfks can serve as bona fide substrates for tcptp and that tcptp dephosphorylates the y418 activation loop autophosphorylation site (corresponding to y394 in lck and y417 in fyn) to inactivate sfks" SIGNOR-177109 PRKCI protein P41743 UNIPROT BAD protein Q92934 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser118 GRELRRMsDEFVDSF 9606 BTO:0000527 21419810 t lperfetto "In-vitro kinase activity assay showed that pkc-_ directly phosphorylated bad at phospho specific residues, ser-112, ser-136 and ser-155 which in turn induced inactivation of bad and disruption of bad/bcl-xl dimer" SIGNOR-172886 INSR protein P06213 UNIPROT PTPN1 protein P18031 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr66 LHQEDNDyINASLIK -1 11506178 t lperfetto "Tyrosine residues 66, 152 and/or 153 of PTP1B are phosphorylated by the activated insulin receptor and are also necessary for formation of the PTP1B:insulin receptor complex| Furthermore, tyrosine phosphorylation of PTP1B by the insulin receptor tyrosine kinase increases the catalytic activity of PTP1B" SIGNOR-249370 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT RPS6KA1 protein Q15418 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser732 RRVRKLPsTTL 9534 BTO:0004055 9430688 t lperfetto "Several lines of evidence indicate that the mapkap-k1 isoforms are also activated by mapks in vivo via the ras-dependent protein kinase cascade that is triggered by growth factors or tumor-promoting phorbol esters, such as phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (pma). here we identify six sites in mapkap-k1a that become phosphorylated in transfected cos-1 cells. The inactive form of mapkap-k1a in unstimulated cells is partially phosphorylated at ser222 and ser733. Stimulation with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate induces the phosphorylation of thr360, ser364, thr574, and ser381 and increases the phosphorylation of ser222 and ser733." SIGNOR-219320 RPS6KB1 protein P23443 UNIPROT EEF2K protein O00418 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser366 SPQVRTLsGSRPPLL 9606 BTO:0000669 11500364 t lperfetto "We show that two such kinases, p70 s6 kinase (regulated via mtor) and p90(rsk1) (activated by erk), phosphorylate eef2k at a conserved serine and inhibit its activity" SIGNOR-109712 CDK5 protein Q00535 UNIPROT DNMT1 protein P26358 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser154 AKPEPSPsPRITRKS 9606 21565170 t gcesareni "We report that cyclin-dependent kinases (cdks) 1, 2 and 5 can phosphorylate ser154 of human dnmt1 in vitro. Further evidence of phosphorylation of endogenous dnmt1 at position 154 by cdks is also found in 293 cells treated with roscovitine, a specific inhibitor of cdk1, 2 and 5" SIGNOR-173685 MAPK8 protein P45983 UNIPROT NR4A1 protein P22736 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser95 TSSSSATsPASASFK 9606 17023523 t llicata "We also identified the exact phosphorylation site of jnk to be serine 95 at the n terminus of tr3, around which a classical jnk phosphorylation motif exists. Furthermore, we demonstrated that tr3 phosphorylation by jnk coincided with its ubiquitination and degradation, resulting in the loss of its mitogenic activity." SIGNOR-149998 CDK5 protein Q00535 UNIPROT PIP5K1C protein O60331 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser650 DERSWVYsPLHYSAQ 9606 15738269 t lperfetto "The interaction of talin with phosphatidylinositol(4) phosphate 5 kinase type i gamma (pipki gamma) regulates pi(4,5)p2 synthesis at synapses and at focal adhesions. Here, we show that phosphorylation of serine 650 (s650) within the talin-binding sequence of human pipki gamma blocks this interaction. At synapses, s650 is phosphorylated by p35/cdk5 and mitogen-activated protein kinase at rest, and dephosphorylated by calcineurin upon stimulation." SIGNOR-134455 SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT PIP5K1C protein O60331 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr649 TDERSWVySPLHYSA 9606 15738269 t lperfetto "Phosphorylation by src of the tyrosine adjacent to s650 (y649 in human pipki gamma) was shown to enhance pipki gamma targeting to focal adhesions. We find that y649 phosphorylation does not stimulate directly pipki gamma binding to talin, but may do so indirectly by inhibiting s650 phosphorylation." SIGNOR-134459 PRKCE protein Q02156 UNIPROT ADAP1 protein O75689 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser87 AARARFEsKVPSFYY 12893243 t lperfetto "The sites of phosphorylation by PKCalpha on centaurin-alpha1‚ were identified as S87 (peptide ARFEK) and T276 (peptide WFMDDRR) (‚ Fig. 5).‚ | The phosphorylation site analysis was carried out twice after phosphorylation of centaurin-alpha1‚ with PKCalpha and once with PKC_. A similar pattern of phosphopeptides was obtained each time." SIGNOR-249224 CDK5 protein Q00535 UNIPROT LMTK2 protein Q8IWU2 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser1450 LQTSKYFsPPPPARS 9606 BTO:0000938 BTO:0000142 22220831 t gcesareni "Here, we demonstrate that lmtk2 is phosphorylated on serine-1418 (lmtk2ser ) by cdk5/p35 and present evidence that this regulates its ability to phosphorylate pp1cthr __" SIGNOR-195329 SOX6 protein P35712 UNIPROT CEBPA protein P49715 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0003298 26893351 t "We found that SOX6 regulates adipogenesis in vertebrate species by activating adipogenic regulators including PPARγ, C/EBPα and MEST" SIGNOR-255824 PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT SNAP23 protein O00161 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Thr24 TDESLEStRRILGLA 9606 BTO:0000132 12930825 t lperfetto "Ion trap mass spectrometry revealed that platelet SNAP-23 was phosphorylated at Ser23/Thr24 and Ser161, after cell activation by thrombin; these sites were also identified in PKC-phosphorylated r-SNAP-23. SNAP-23 mutants that mimic phosphorylation at Ser23/Thr24 inhibited syntaxin 4 interactions, whereas a phosphorylation mutant of Ser161 had only minor effects. | Because mutants that mimic SNAP-23 phosphorylation affect syntaxin 4 interactions, we hypothesize that SNAP-23 phosphorylation may be important for modulating SNARE-complex interactions during membrane trafficking and fusion." SIGNOR-249229 GSK3A protein P49840 UNIPROT RELA protein Q04206 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr254 RQVAIVFRtPPYADPS 10090 BTO:0000249 22761446 t "Redundant functions of GSK-3_ and GSK-3_ through phosphorylation of RelA at Thr-254 play a crucial role in early stages of chondrocyte differentiation" SIGNOR-255827 PTPN12 protein Q05209 UNIPROT ABL1 protein P00519 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Tyr393 RLMTGDTyTAHAGAK 9534 BTO:0004055 11163214 t lperfetto "Several experiments suggest that the pest-type ptps negatively regulate c-abl activity: c-abl was hyperphosphorylated in ptp-pest-deficient cells dephosphorylation of c-abl by pest-type ptp represents a novel mechanism by which c-abl activity is regulated." SIGNOR-235568 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT BRAF protein P15056 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr753 YACASPKtPIQAGGY 9606 16508002 t gcesareni "Erk-induced phosphorylation of b-raf on t753 promoted the disassembly of raf heterodimers, and the mutation of t753 prolonged growth factor-induced heterodimerization. The b-raf t753a mutant enhanced differentiation of pc12 cells, which was previously shown to be dependent on sustained erk signaling. Site is critical for v-src dependent modulation of slk kinase activity." SIGNOR-144827 RPS6KA3 protein P51812 UNIPROT HIST1H3A protein P68431 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser11 TKQTARKsTGGKAPR 9606 10464286 t gcesareni "Phosphorylation at ser-11 (h3s10ph) by rps6ka4 and rps6ka5 is important during interphase because it enables the transcription of genes following external stimulation, like mitogens, stress, growth factors or uv irradiation and result in the activation of genes, such as c-fos and c-jun." SIGNOR-70436 SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT GJA1 protein P17302 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Tyr247 VKGKSDPyHATSGAL 9606 16916748 t lperfetto "The oncogenic tyrosine kinase, v-src, phosphorylates connexin43 (cx43) on y247 and y265 and inhibits cx43 gap junctional communication (gjc), the process of intercellular exchange of ions and metabolites." SIGNOR-148913 FYN protein P06241 UNIPROT CBL protein P22681 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr731 QQIDSCTyEAMYNIQ 9606 BTO:0001454 9890970 t lperfetto "Fyn associates with cbl and phosphorylates tyrosine 731 in cbl, a binding site for phosphatidylinositol 3-kinasecbl represents a substrate for src-like kinases that are activated in response to the engagement of cell surface receptors, and that src-like kinases are responsible for the phosphorylation of a tyrosine residue in cbl that may regulate activation of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase" SIGNOR-63968 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR NR4A1 protein P22736 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser351 GRRGRLPsKPKQPPD 9606 BTO:0000782 11274386 t lperfetto "We show that akt interacts with nur77 and inactivates nur77 by phosphorylation at ser-350" SIGNOR-105927 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR S1PR1 protein P21453 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr236 RTRSRRLtFRKNISK 9606 BTO:0001949 11583630 t lperfetto "Activated akt binds to edg-1 and phosphorylates the third intracellular loop at the t(236) residue. Transactivation of edg-1 by akt is not required for g(i)-dependent signaling but is indispensable for rac activation, cortical actin assembly, and chemotaxis" SIGNOR-110845 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR GAB2 protein Q9UQC2 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser159 LLRERKSsAPSHSSQ 9606 11782427 t lperfetto "Pkb constitutively associates with gab2, phosphorylates gab2 on a consensus phosphorylation site, ser159, in vitro and inhibits gab2 tyrosine phosphorylation." SIGNOR-113669 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT ELK1 protein P19419 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr336 GGPGPERtPGSGSGS 9606 7889942 t gcesareni "Erki phosphorylates five c-terminal sites in elk-i (s324, t336, s383, s389 and s422) with varying degrees of efficiency." SIGNOR-34669 PRKCB protein P05771 UNIPROT ITGB2 protein P05107 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser745 FEKEKLKsQWNNDNP 9606 BTO:0000751 11700305 t lperfetto "Here, we identify catalytic domain fragments of protein kinase C (PKC) delta and PKCbetaI/II as the major protein kinases in leukocyte extracts that phosphorylate a peptide corresponding to the cytoplasmic tail of the integrin CD18 chain. The sites phosphorylated in vitro were identified as Ser-745 and Thr-758. PKCalpha and PKCeta also phosphorylated these residues, and PKCalpha additionally phosphorylated Thr-760. Ser-745, a novel site, was shown to become phosphorylated in T cells in response to phorbol ester stimulation. |" SIGNOR-249119 SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT KCNB1 protein Q14721 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr128 YWGIDEIyLESCCQA 9606 BTO:0000938 19622611 t flangone "In the present study we show that an n-terminal tyrosine of kv2.1 (y124), which is a known target of src kinase, is critical for the apoptotic current surge..Kv2.1-mediated k+ currents are also enhanced during non-injurious conditions through direct phosphorylation of intracellular n-terminal residue tyrosine 124 (y124) by src kinase" SIGNOR-187201 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR MAP3K5 protein Q99683 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser83 ATRGRGSsVGGGSRR 9606 BTO:0000007 11154276 t lperfetto "Akt phosphorylates and negatively regulates apoptosis signal-regulating kinase 1 akt decreased ask1 kinase activity stimulated by both oxidative stress and overexpression in 293 cells by phosphorylating a consensus akt site at serine 83 of ask1." SIGNOR-104646 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR ADRB2 protein P07550 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser345 ELLCLRRsSLKAYGN 9606 11809767 t lperfetto "Akt mediates sequestration of the beta(2)-adrenergic receptor in response to insulin. Phosphorylation studies of the c-terminal cytoplasmic domain of the beta(2)-adrenergic receptor by akt in vitro identified ser(345) and ser(346) within a consensus motif for akt phosphorylation." SIGNOR-114466 GSK3B protein P49841 UNIPROT RELA protein Q04206 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr254 RQVAIVFRtPPYADPS 10090 BTO:0000249 22761446 t "Redundant functions of GSK-3_ and GSK-3_ through phosphorylation of RelA at Thr-254 play a crucial role in early stages of chondrocyte differentiation" SIGNOR-255828 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT STMN2 protein Q93045 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser73 EAPRTLAsPKKKDLS 10116 BTO:0000142 9525956 t lperfetto "SCG10, a growth cone-enriched MT-destabilizing protein, has been recently characterized as an in vitro substrate for various serine/threonine kinases including PKA, MAP kinase, and CDK (19). We have found that SCG10 is phosphorylated in vivo in developing rat brain.| The sites for MAP kinase phosphorylation were identified as Ser-62 and Ser-73 of SCG10|By expressing a series of phosphorylation site mutants, we showed that the MT-destabilizing effect of SCG10 could be modulated. While the nonphosphorylatable mutant showed higher activity than the wild-type protein, the activity of the mutant in which phosphorylation on all four sites was mimicked by an aspartate residue was greatly reduced. These data suggest that the nonphosphorylated state of SCG10 represents the most active form of the protein." SIGNOR-249116 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR ADRB2 protein P07550 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser346 LLCLRRSsLKAYGNG 9606 11809767 t lperfetto "Akt mediates sequestration of the beta(2)-adrenergic receptor in response to insulin. Phosphorylation studies of the c-terminal cytoplasmic domain of the beta(2)-adrenergic receptor by akt in vitro identified ser(345) and ser(346) within a consensus motif for akt phosphorylation." SIGNOR-114470 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR MST1R protein Q04912 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser1394 VRRPRPLsEPPRPT 9606 14505491 t lperfetto "Akt/pkb phosphorylates ron ser-1394, thus providing a docking site for 14-3-3based on these results, we propose a mechanism based on msp-ron-dependent phosphorylation and 14-3-3 association, whereby the function of alpha6beta4 switches from a mechanical adhesive device into a signaling component, and might be critically involved in human epidermal wound healing" SIGNOR-118053 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR PIKFYVE protein Q9Y2I7 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser307 PARNRSAsITNLSLD 9606 BTO:0000887 15546921 t gcesareni "Here we report that serine318 on the fyve domain-containing ptdins3p 5-kinase (pikfyve) is a novel substrate for pkb, and show that phosphorylation stimulates the ptdins3p 5-kinase activity of the enzyme." SIGNOR-130920 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT IRS1 protein P35568 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser616 DDGYMPMsPGVAPVP 10090 BTO:0002662 14579029 t lperfetto "MAP kinases and mTOR mediate insulin-induced phosphorylation of insulin receptor substrate-1 on serine residues 307, 612 and 632.|The phosphorylation of Serine(612/632) required the activation of the MAP kinase pathway following short-term insulin stimulation and activation of the PI 3-kinase/mTOR pathway following prolonged insulin stimulation" SIGNOR-249410 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT KRT8 protein P05787 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser432 SAYGGLTsPGLSYSL 16554440 t lperfetto "Also, several probable in vivo K8 kinases have been identified including Erk1/2 for K8 Ser431 (Ku and Omary, 1997), and p38 and Jun kinases for K8 Ser73 (Ku et al., 2002a; He et al., 2002)." SIGNOR-249411 AURKB protein Q96GD4 UNIPROT CHMP4C protein Q96CF2 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser214 ARRSRAAsSQRAEEE 9606 22724069 t lperfetto "Moreover, we find that the cpc's catalytic subunit, aurora b kinase, phosphorylates one of the three human snf7 paralogues-chmp4c-in its c-terminal tail, a region known to regulate its ability to form polymers and associate with membranes. Phosphorylation at these sites appears essential for chmp4c function because their mutation leads to cytokinesis defects. The introduction of the s214a and s215a mutations together with s210a almost completely abolished aurora b phosphorylation" SIGNOR-197971 MAP2K4 protein P45985 UNIPROT RXRA protein P19793 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Tyr249 VEPKTETyVEANMGL 9606 10938283 t miannu "Phosphorylation by mkk4/sek1 had profound effects on the biochemical properties of rxr, inhibiting the expression of genes activated by rxr-retinoic acid receptor complexes. Tyr-249 in the rxr de region was required for the inhibitory effect of mkk4/sek1." SIGNOR-80619 RPS6KA3 protein P51812 UNIPROT KRT18 protein P05783 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser53 ISVSRSTsFRGGMGS -1 7523419 t lperfetto "Ser-52 in K18 is not glycosylated and matches consensus sequences for phosphorylation by CAM kinase, S6 kinase and protein kinase C, and all these kinases can phosphorylate K18 in vitro predominantly at that site." SIGNOR-248895 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR ARFIP2 protein P53365 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser260 GTRGRLEsAQATFQA 9606 BTO:0000938 15809304 t llicata "Akt phosphorylated arfaptin 2 at ser(260). we have also demonstrated that arfaptin 2 phosphorylation restores proteasome activity that is inhibited by the presence of polyq-huntingtin in cells." SIGNOR-135105 PHLPP1 protein O60346 UNIPROT AKT2 protein P31751 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser474 RTHFPQFsYSASIRE 9606 BTO:0001544 19261608 t "The Abl kinase inhibitors and depletion of Bcr-Abl induced the expression of PHLPP1 and PHLPP2, which dephosphorylated Ser-473 on Akt1, -2, and -3, resulting in inhibited proliferation of CML cells.|Thus, Bcr-Abl represses the expression of PHLPP1 and PHLPP2 and continuously activates Akt1, -2, and -3 via phosphorylation on Ser-473, resulting in the proliferation of CML cells." SIGNOR-248328 PRKG1 protein Q13976 UNIPROT PTS protein Q03393 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser19 AQVSRRIsFSASHRL 9606 BTO:0000142 10531334 t gcesareni "Upon expression in cos-1 cells, ptps-s19a was stable but not phosphorylated and had a reduced activity of approximately 33% in comparison to wild-type ptps. Addition of cgmp stimulated phosphotransferase activity 2-fold. Extracts from transfected cos-1 cells overexpressing cgkii stimulated ser(19) phosphorylation more than 100-fold.In assays with purified enzymes, wild-type but not ptps-s19a was a specific substrate for the cgmp-dependent protein kinase (cgk) type i and ii. Upon expression in cos-1 cells, ptps-s19a was stable but not phosphorylated and had a reduced activity of approximately 33% in comparison to wild-type ptps" SIGNOR-71680 CSNK2A1 protein P68400 UNIPROT HSP90AB1 protein P08238 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser255 PKIEDVGsDEEDDSG 9606 BTO:0001271 18591256 t gcesareni "Although the kinase responsible for hsp90? Phosphorylation in vivo is not known, it has been reported that ck2 can phosphorylate these sites in vitro (24). Thus, we prephosphorylated recombinant hsp90? With ck2 before addition to the reaction. Remarkably, hsp90? Phosphorylation greatly reduced its ability to inhibit apaf-1 oligomerization and caspase-9 recruitment (fig. 5b). These results indicate that the phosphorylation status of hsp90? Significantly impacts its ability to inhibit apoptosome formation." SIGNOR-179264 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT PITPNM1 protein O00562 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr794 LEMLVPStPTSTSGA 9606 15125835 t lperfetto "Both cdk1 and erk2 induced phosphorylation of the wild-type nir2. Substitution of t794 by alanine reduced the phosphorylation by erk2, whereas the double mutations t794/1223a completely abolished it. The requirement of multiple nir2 phosphorylation sites for plk1 binding may provide a mechanism that sets a threshold for the nir2-plk1 interaction during mitosis." SIGNOR-124650 STK4 protein Q13043 UNIPROT MOB1B protein Q7L9L4 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr35 LLKHAEAtLGSGNLR 9606 21808241 t "MOB1a and MOB1b are near identical to each other with protein sequence homology>90%, and more importantly, both of them are putative tumor suppressors." gcesareni "Mob1, which forms a complex with lats1/2, is also phosphorylated by mst1/2, resulting in an enhanced lats1/2mob1 interaction." SIGNOR-175841 PAK2 protein Q13177 UNIPROT VIM protein P08670 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser73 SAVRLRSsVPGVRLL -1 11895474 t miannu "In vitro analyses revealed that vimentin served as an excellent substrate for PAK. This phosphorylated vimentin lost the potential to form 10 nm filaments. We identified Ser25, Ser38, Ser50, Ser65 and Ser72 in the amino-terminal head domain as the major phosphorylation sites on vimentin for PAK. " SIGNOR-250243 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT SMAD2 protein Q15796 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr220 QSNYIPEtPPPGYIS 9606 19115199 t gcesareni "These results suggest that oncogenic ras, acting through mek1 and erk kinases, induces the phosphorylation of smad2 and smad3 .we show that phosphorylation of smad2, a mediator of the activin/transforming growth factor-beta signal, by activated extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1 (erk1) increases the amount of smad2 protein and leads to enhanced transcriptional activity" SIGNOR-183000 CDK1 protein P06493 UNIPROT EIF4EBP1 protein Q13541 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr70 RNSPVTKtPPRDLPT 9606 BTO:0000567 11553333 t lperfetto "Phosphorylation of 4e-bp1 is critical in causing its dissociation from eif-4e, leaving 4e available to form translationally active eif-4f complexes, switching on mrna translation. We show that the cyclin-dependent kinase, cdc2, phosphorylates 4e-bp1 at thr-70 and that phosphorylation of this site is permissive for ser-65 phosphorylation. Crucially, the increased phosphorylation of 4e-bp1 during mitosis results in its complete dissociation from eif-4e." SIGNOR-110416 PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT TNNI3 protein P19429 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser77 GEKGRALsTRCQPLE -1 2584239 t lperfetto "We have now determined that PKC phosphorylated serine 43 (and/or serine 45), serine 78, and threonine 144 in the free Tn-I subunit" SIGNOR-248890 CDK5/CDK5R1 complex SIGNOR-C144 SIGNOR MAPT protein P10636 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr548 KKVAVVRtPPKSPSS 9606 BTO:0000590 12387894 t lperfetto "We found that cdk5 phosphorylated tau(441) at Thr-181, Ser-199, Ser-202, Thr-205, Thr-212, Ser-214, Thr-217, Thr-231, Ser-235, Ser-396, and Ser-404, but not at Ser-262, Ser-400, Thr-403, Ser-409, Ser-413, or Ser-422. GSK-3beta phosphorylated all the cdk5-catalyzed sites above except Ser-235." SIGNOR-251596 CDK5/CDK5R1 complex SIGNOR-C144 SIGNOR MAPT protein P10636 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr529 TPGSRSRtPSLPTPP 9606 BTO:0000590 12387894 t lperfetto "We found that cdk5 phosphorylated tau(441) at Thr-181, Ser-199, Ser-202, Thr-205, Thr-212, Ser-214, Thr-217, Thr-231, Ser-235, Ser-396, and Ser-404, but not at Ser-262, Ser-400, Thr-403, Ser-409, Ser-413, or Ser-422. GSK-3beta phosphorylated all the cdk5-catalyzed sites above except Ser-235." SIGNOR-251594 PAK5 protein Q9P286 UNIPROT BAD protein Q92934 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser75 EIRSRHSsYPAGTED 9534 BTO:0000298 12897128 t miannu "P21-Activated kinase 5 (Pak5) localizes to mitochondria and inhibits apoptosis by phosphorylating BAD. Pak5 phosphorylates BAD Ser-112" SIGNOR-250247 NEK2 protein P51955 UNIPROT PPP1CC protein P36873 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr307 EKKKPNAtRPVTPPR 9606 10880350 t miannu "Pp1 is a substrate for nek2 and phosphorylation of pp1gamma(1) on two c-terminal sites reduces its phosphatase activity. / threonine-307 and -318 appear to be equally well phosphorylated by nek2" SIGNOR-78306 FLT3 protein P36888 UNIPROT FLT3 protein P36888 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr597 FYVDFREyEYDLKWE 9606 BTO:0001271 11971190 t lperfetto "Previously we reported that flt3 with itd (flt3/itd) formed a homodimer and was autophosphorylated on tyrosine residuewe examined the role of tyr residues (y589, y591, y597 and y599) in the jm domain in the activation of flt3. In wt-flt3, these tyr residues were important for the fl-dependent activation" SIGNOR-117579 AKT2 protein P31751 UNIPROT BRAF protein P15056 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser428 GPQRERKsSSSSEDR 9606 10869359 t gcesareni "We show that phosphorylation of b-raf by akt occurs at multiple residues within its amino terminal regulatory domain, at both the conserved and unique phosphorylation sites. Akt phosphorylated b-raf on s364 and s428 to inactivate its kinase activity b-raf contains three akt consensus sites, table i. One site, ser364 is conserved with c-raf;however, two sites, ser428 and thr439, are unique to b-raf" SIGNOR-78685 CSNK2A1 protein P68400 UNIPROT WASF2 protein Q9Y6W5 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser484 IAVEYSDsEDDSSEF 9606 19012317 t gcesareni "Here we identify five casein kinase 2 (ck2) phosphorylation sites within the vca domain of wave2, serines 482, 484, 488, 489, and 497. Phosphorylation of these sites is required for a high affinity interaction with the arp2/3 complex;we and show that their mutation to non-phosphorylatable alanine residues inhibits wave2 function in vivo." SIGNOR-182354 MAPKAPK5 protein Q8IW41 UNIPROT EEF2K protein O00418 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser377 PPLLRPLsENSGDEN -1 12171600 t miannu "Identification of Ser-377 as the site on eEF2 kinase phosphorylated in vitro by MAPKAP-K2, MAPKAP-K3 and MAPKAP-K5. Maximal phosphorylation of eEF2 kinase by MAPKAP-K2 (Figure 5) or MAPKAP-K5 (results not shown) had no effect on its activity." SIGNOR-249708 WNK1 protein Q9H4A3 UNIPROT OXSR1 protein O95747 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser325 VRRVPGSsGRLHKTE 9606 17190791 t gcesareni "Activation of wnk1 coincides with the phosphorylation and activation of two wnk1 substrates, namely, the protein kinases ste20/sps1-related proline alanine-rich kinase (spak) and oxidative stress response kinase-1 (osr1)" SIGNOR-151659 PTPN11 protein Q06124 UNIPROT PDGFRB protein P09619 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Tyr740 TGESDGGyMDMSKDE -1 7545675 t "Upon activation, the βPDGFR is phosphorylated at multiple tyrosine residues and thereby becomes a docking site for SH2-domain-containing signal transduction proteins.|While all phosphotyrosine sites on the βPDGFR are equally good targets for rPTP1B, maps of the βPDGFR dephosphorylated by rSyp showed that rSyp had a distinct preference for certain sites (Fig. 4 D-F). The low dose of rSyp primarily dephosphorylated spots 1, 6, 7, 9, and to a lesser extent 8a|Spot 1 corresponds to tyrosine 751; spot 3 corresponds to tyrosine 1009; spot 6 corresponds to tyrosine 740; spot 8b corresponds to tyrosine 1021; spot 9 corresponds to tyrosine 771, and spots 2, 7, and 8a are as yet unidentified phosphopeptides" SIGNOR-248667 PTPN11 protein Q06124 UNIPROT JAK2 protein O60674 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" dephosphorylation Tyr1007 VLPQDKEyYKVKEPG 9606 14522994 t "We report that SHP-2 dephosphorylates tyrosine (Tyr-1007) of Jak2 kinase, a critical recruitment site for the ubiquitin ligase-associated inhibitory protein suppressor of cytokine signaling-1 (SOCS-1), thereby contributing to Jak2 stability. Inactivation of SHP-2 function by blocking receptor/SHP-2 association or by using a catalytically inactive mutant of SHP-2 led to a marked increase in Jak2 ubiquitination/degradation, Jak2 phosphorylation on Tyr-1007, and Jak2/SOCS-1 association" SIGNOR-248665 PTPN11 protein Q06124 UNIPROT PDGFRB protein P09619 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Tyr771 ADIESSNyMAPYDNY -1 7545675 t "Upon activation, the βPDGFR is phosphorylated at multiple tyrosine residues and thereby becomes a docking site for SH2-domain-containing signal transduction proteins.|While all phosphotyrosine sites on the βPDGFR are equally good targets for rPTP1B, maps of the βPDGFR dephosphorylated by rSyp showed that rSyp had a distinct preference for certain sites (Fig. 4 D-F). The low dose of rSyp primarily dephosphorylated spots 1, 6, 7, 9, and to a lesser extent 8a|Spot 1 corresponds to tyrosine 751; spot 3 corresponds to tyrosine 1009; spot 6 corresponds to tyrosine 740; spot 8b corresponds to tyrosine 1021; spot 9 corresponds to tyrosine 771, and spots 2, 7, and 8a are as yet unidentified phosphopeptides" SIGNOR-248669 RPS6KB1 protein P23443 UNIPROT POLDIP3 protein Q9BY77 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser385 PRRVNSAsSSNPPAE 9606 15341740 t llicata "Here we identify skar as a novel and specific binding partner and substrate of s6k1 but not s6k2. We find that serines 383 and 385 of human skar are insulin-stimulated and rapamycin-sensitive s6k1 phosphorylation sites." SIGNOR-128499 PTPN12 protein Q05209 UNIPROT PTK2B protein Q14289 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Tyr402 CSIESDIyAEIPDET 10116 11337490 t "Inhibition of the catalytic activity of cell adhesion kinase beta by protein-tyrosine phosphatase-PEST-mediated dephosphorylation|CAKbeta was found to be a substrate for PTP-PEST. Both the major autophosphorylation site of CAKbeta (Tyr(402)) and activation loop tyrosine residues, Tyr(579) and Tyr(580), were targeted for dephosphorylation by PTP-PEST. Dephosphorylation of CAKbeta by PTP-PEST dramatically inhibited CAKbeta kinase activity." SIGNOR-248662 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT MAPKAPK5 protein Q8IW41 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr182 IDQGDLMtPQFTPYY 9606 21666810 t fstefani "Like mk2, mk5 could be phosphorylated and activated by p38mapk and erk2 in vitro, but not by sapk?/Jnk3" SIGNOR-174076 PAK3 protein O75914 UNIPROT PAK3 protein O75914 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser154 VNNQKYMsFTSGDKS -1 11278486 t miannu "Both in vivo and in vitro analyses demonstrate that, although most phosphorylation events in the PAK N-terminal regulatory domain play no direct role in activation, a phosphorylation of alphaPAK serine 144 or betaPAK serine 139, which lie in the kinase inhibitory domain, significantly contribute to activation. " SIGNOR-250245 MAPK8 protein P45983 UNIPROT HNRNPK protein P61978 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser353 DSAIDTWsPSEWQMA 9606 11259409 t gcesareni "The current studies demonstrate the identification of hnrnp-k as a jnk and erk substrate. The phosphoacceptor sites for jnk and erk on the k protein are different, and indeed, erk phosphorylation results in biological consequences different from those of phosphorylation by jnk (49). Whereas erk phosphorylation on aa 284 and 353 contributes to k protein nuclear export and concomitant inhibition of rna translation (49), phosphorylation by k protein on aa 216 and 353 increases the transcriptional effects of the k protein." SIGNOR-105770 RPS6KA5 protein O75582 UNIPROT STAT3 protein P40763 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser727 NTIDLPMsPRTLDSL 9606 12763138 t gcesareni "The stat3-mediated transactivation was reduced by blocking the stat3 serine phosphorylation with the mek inhibitor u0126 or by expression of kinase-inactive msk1." SIGNOR-101251 PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT KCNQ2 protein O43526 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser551 CVMRFLVsKRKFKES 10029 BTO:0000246 12754513 t lperfetto "Phosphorylation of KCNQ2 channels was increased by muscarinic stimulation; this was prevented either by coexpression with AKAP(DeltaA) or pretreatment with PKC inhibitors that compete with diacylglycerol. These inhibitors also reduced muscarinic inhibition of M-current. | These results suggest that Ser534 and 541 are key sites for PKC phosphorylation, although we have not ruled out the possibility that other PKC sites are involved in this process." SIGNOR-249209 PRKCD protein Q05655 UNIPROT KLF5 protein Q13887 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser153 LRTGLYKsQRPCVTH 9606 BTO:0003038 12682370 t lperfetto "Phosphorylation of Kruppel-like factor 5 (KLF5/IKLF) at the CBP interaction region enhances its transactivation function. | Inhibition of protein kinase activity by H7 or calphostin C blocked both full-length and N-terminal fragment (amino acids 1-238) KLF5 activities. Mutation at a potential protein kinase C phosphorylation site within the CBP interaction domain of KLF5 reduces its transactivation function. Furthermore, using the GST pull-down approach, we showed that phosphorylation of KLF5 enhances its interaction with CBP. The results of the present study provide a mechanism for KLF5 transactivation function. | We found that KLF5€™s activity was reduced to half when the serine in the potential PKC phosphorylation site was mutated to alanine (Fig. 6B, S153A) Nonetheless, the S153A mutant still retains significant transactivation activity." SIGNOR-249206 CDK9 protein P50750 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser1735 SPTSPSYsPTSPSYS 9606 24385927 t lperfetto "Cyclin-dependent kinase 9 (cdk9) promotes elongation by rna polymerase ii (rnapii), mrna processing, and co-transcriptional histone modification. Cdk9 phosphorylates multiple targets, including the conserved rnapii elongation factor spt5 and rnapii itself. Cellular kinase cdk9 phosphorylates serine-2 in the c-terminal domain (ctd) of rnap ii" SIGNOR-203544 PTPN1 protein P18031 UNIPROT STAM2 protein O75886 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by stabilization" dephosphorylation Tyr291 KSEPEPVyIDEDKMD 9606 20504764 t "Together, the results presented here demonstrate that PTP1B can influence RTK signaling in a previously unrecognized manner. We show that PTP1B directly targets STAM2, part of the ESCRT-0 endosomal sorting complex, and we provide the first evidence that tyrosine phosphorylation affects STAM localization and function. This regulatory mechanism could impact signaling downstream of numerous cell surface receptors that are ubiquitinated and recognized by this conserved sorting machinery." SIGNOR-248406 CSNK2A1 protein P68400 UNIPROT CLIP1 protein P30622 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser1364 DDLNNYDsDDQEKQS 9606 20664522 t lperfetto "Herein, we have identified polo-like kinase 1 (plk1) and casein kinase 2 (ck2) as two kinases of clip-170 and mapped s195 and s1318 as their respective phosphorylation sites.Plk1- and ck2-associated phosphorylations of clip-170 are involved in the timely formation of kinetochore-microtubule attachments in mitosis" SIGNOR-167168 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT PLCB1 protein Q9NQ66 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser982 KKKSEPSsPDHGSST -1 11287604 t lperfetto "coimmunoprecipitation detected a specific association between the activated erk and plc beta1 within the nucleus. In vitro studies revealed that recombinant plc beta1 could be efficiently phosphorylated by activated mitogen-activated protein kinase but not by pka. The erk phosphorylation site was mapped to serine 982 this result suggests that erk-evoked phosphorylation of plc beta1 at serine 982 plays a critical role in the activation of the nuclear pi cycle and is also crucial to the mitogenic action of igf-i." SIGNOR-106561 CSNK2A1 protein P68400 UNIPROT CDC34 protein P49427 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser203 APAPDEGsDLFYDDY 9606 BTO:0000567 11546811 t lperfetto "The ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme, cdc34, has been implicated in the ubiquitination of a number of vertebrate substrates, including p27(kip1), ikappabalpha, wee1, and myod. We show that mammalian cdc34 is a phosphoprotein that is phosphorylated in proliferating cells. Phosphorylation of cdc34 by the associated kinase maps predominantly to residues 203 and 222. Mutation of cdc34 at ck2-targeted residues, ser-203, ser-222, ser-231, thr-233, and ser-236, abolishes the phosphorylation of cdc34 observed in vivo and markedly shifts nuclearly localized cdc34 to the cytoplasm." SIGNOR-110383 INSR protein P06213 UNIPROT ADRB2 protein P07550 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr132 CVIAVDRyFAITSPF 10029 BTO:0000246 8557631 t "Insulin (10 nM)-stimulated rIR-catalyzed phosphorylation of β2-adrenergic receptor peptides was found prominently in peptides L339 (Tyr350 and Tyr354), T362 (Tyr364), and to a lesser extent peptides Y132 (Tyr132 and Tyr141), and I135 (Tyr141). G-protein-linked receptors and intrinsic tyrosine-kinase growth receptors represent two prominent modalities in cell signaling. Cross-regulation among members of both receptor superfamilies has been reported, including the counter-regulatory effects of insulin on β-adrenergic catecholamine action. Cells stimulated by insulin show loss of function and increased phosphotyrosine content of β2-adrenergic receptors." SIGNOR-251299 SMAD1/5/8/SMAD4 complex SIGNOR-C215 SIGNOR DLX5 protein P56178 UNIPROT up-regulates "transcriptional regulation" 10090 BTO:0000165 12815054 f ggiuliani "Over-expression of Smad1 or Smad5, mediators of BMP-signaling, also induced Dlx5 expression even in the absence of BMP-2 treatment concomitant with positive ALP staining" SIGNOR-255837 CASP3 protein P42574 UNIPROT IKBKB protein O14920 UNIPROT down-regulates cleavage Asp373 PATQCISdGKLNEGH 9606 11741536 t gcesareni "Ikappab kinase (ikk) beta was specifically proteolyzed by caspase-3-related caspases at aspartic acid residues 78, 242, 373, and 546 during tumor necrosis factor (tnf)-alpha-induced apoptosis." SIGNOR-112792 CDK2 protein P24941 UNIPROT CDC6 protein Q99741 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser74 TPHLPPCsPPKQGKK 9606 SIGNOR-C83 10339564 t lperfetto "Based on these results, we propose that phosphorylation of hscdc6 by cdks regulates dna replication of at least two steps: first, by promoting initiation of dna replication and, second, through nuclear exclusion preventing dna rereplication. hscdc6 is an excellent substrate for cdk2 in vitro and is phosphorylated in vivo at three sites (ser-54, ser-74, and ser-106)" SIGNOR-67548 PRKAA1 protein Q13131 UNIPROT MFF protein Q9GZY8 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser155 GRLKRERsMSENAVR 9606 BTO:0001938 26816379 t gcesareni "A screen for substrates of AMPK identified mitochondrial fission factor (MFF), a mitochondrial outer-membrane receptor for DRP1, the cytoplasmic guanosine triphosphatase that catalyzes mitochondrial fission." SIGNOR-245953 CyclinE/CDK2 complex SIGNOR-C16 SIGNOR RB1 protein P06400 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser612 MYLSPVRsPKKKGST 9606 10207050 t llicata "In the present assay, ΔP3,4HA repressed E2F-mediated transcription similarly to wild-type pRB, suggesting that phosphorylation at other sites on ΔP3,4HA can disrupt its interaction with E2F and that these two sites are not sufficient to regulate E2F binding on DNA (Fig. ​(Fig.5C).5C). This result is consistent with another report which showed that mutation of the human sites 8 and 9 (human Ser608 and Ser612) repressed E2F-mediated transcription to the same level as wild-type pRB (2). | Surprisingly, no one CDK site regulated the interaction of pRB with E2F when E2F was bound to DNA. Instead, disruption of transcriptional repression resulted from accumulation of phosphate groups on the RB molecule." SIGNOR-250748 CyclinE/CDK2 complex SIGNOR-C16 SIGNOR NPM1 protein P06748 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr199 VKKSIRDtPAKNAQK BTO:0000567 11278991 t llicata "Upon phosphorylation by CDK2-cyclin E, NPM/B23 dissociates from centrosomes, which is a prerequisite step for centrosomes to initiate duplication. Here, we identified that threonine 199 (Thr(199)) of NPM/B23 is the major phosphorylation target site of CDK2-cyclin E in vitro, and the same site is phosphorylated in vivo. NPM/T199A, a nonphosphorylatable NPM/B23 substitution mutant (Thr(199) --> Ala) acts as dominant negative when expressed in cells, resulting in specific inhibition of centrosome duplication." SIGNOR-250744 CyclinE/CDK2 complex SIGNOR-C16 SIGNOR RB1 protein P06400 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser608 TAADMYLsPVRSPKK BTO:0001968 10207050 t llicata "In the present assay, ΔP3,4HA repressed E2F-mediated transcription similarly to wild-type pRB, suggesting that phosphorylation at other sites on ΔP3,4HA can disrupt its interaction with E2F and that these two sites are not sufficient to regulate E2F binding on DNA. This result is consistent with another report which showed that mutation of the human sites 8 and 9 (human Ser608 and Ser612) repressed E2F-mediated transcription to the same level as wild-type pRB (2). | Surprisingly, no one CDK site regulated the interaction of pRB with E2F when E2F was bound to DNA. Instead, disruption of transcriptional repression resulted from accumulation of phosphate groups on the RB molecule." SIGNOR-250747 CDK2 protein P24941 UNIPROT MYBL2 protein P10244 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr518 SMDNTPHtPTPFKNA BTO:0000007 10593981 t llicata "Ten phosphorylation sites carboxyl-terminal to the DNA-binding domain were identified by this method: threonines at positions 267, 408, 497, 519, 522, and 524 and serines at positions 283, 396, 455, and 581. | Our results indicate that B-Myb can be phosphorylated in a cell-free system by both cyclin A-Cdk2 and cyclin E-Cdk2 complexes. | These data suggest that B-Myb is a target for phosphorylation by cyclin-Cdk2 and that phosphorylation of B-Myb regulates its transcriptional activity." SIGNOR-250740 MTOR protein P42345 UNIPROT RPS6KB1 protein P23443 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr390 DSKFTRQtPVDSPDD 9600 BTO:0000007 11914378 t "Thr229 phosphorylation requires prior phosphorylation of the Ser/Thr-Pro sites in the autoinhibitory domain and Thr389 in the linker domain,[…] Moreover, in vitro mTOR directly phosphorylates Ser371, and this event modulates Thr389phosphorylation by mTOR, compatible with earlier in vivo findings." SIGNOR-255839 ACVR1 protein Q04771 UNIPROT SMAD1 protein Q15797 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser463 SPHNPISsVS 9534 BTO:0004055 9748228 t "ALK2 receptor specifically interacts with and phosphorylates Smad1 protein. ALK2 Activates Smad1 and Induces BMP-specific Signals. Biochemical analysis revealed that constitutively active ALK2 associated with and phosphorylated Smad1 on the COOH-terminal SSXS motif" SIGNOR-251438 mTORC1 complex SIGNOR-C3 SIGNOR RPS6KB1 protein P23443 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr390 DSKFTRQtPVDSPDD 9600 BTO:0000007 11914378 t "Thr229 phosphorylation requires prior phosphorylation of the Ser/Thr-Pro sites in the autoinhibitory domain and Thr389 in the linker domain,[…] Moreover, in vitro mTOR directly phosphorylates Ser371, and this event modulates Thr389phosphorylation by mTOR, compatible with earlier in vivo findings." SIGNOR-255840 GRK3 protein P35626 UNIPROT BDKRB2 protein P30411 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser366 EPIQMENsMGTLRTS 9606 BTO:0000007 11517230 t "Ligand-induced phosphorylation is found at Ser339 and Ser346/Ser348 that could be executed by several G protein-coupled receptor kinases. 32P labeling of peptide 3 containing pS346/pS348 was enhanced 1.5–3-fold as compared with mock-transfected cells in the order GRK6 < GRK5 < GRK2 < GRK4α < GRK3. several endogenous GRKs may phosphorylate the B2R and that the various GRKs, even without apparent effect on total GPCR phosphorylation levels, may induce distinct phosphorylation patterns with possible functional consequences for receptor desensitization and sequestration." SIGNOR-251460 PRKCB protein P05771 UNIPROT ITGB7 protein P26010 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Thr783 PLYKSAItTTINPRF 10090 BTO:0001825 12682249 t lperfetto "Beta7 subunit is phosphorylated even in unstimulated TK-1 cells. Activation of TK-1 cells with anti-CD3 (Fig. 5_A) and PDBu (Fig. 5_B) increased the phosphorylation 15€“20%. | The result shows that the fourth amino acid of the tryptic peptide was phosphorylated. This phosphorylated threonine residue is most likely the first threonine (Thr782) of threonine triplet (Thr782€“784)." SIGNOR-249200 CASP3 protein P42574 UNIPROT IKBKB protein O14920 UNIPROT down-regulates cleavage Asp546 ALQTDIVdLQRSPMG 9606 11741536 t gcesareni "Ikappab kinase (ikk) beta was specifically proteolyzed by caspase-3-related caspases at aspartic acid residues 78, 242, 373, and 546 during tumor necrosis factor (tnf)-alpha-induced apoptosis." SIGNOR-112796 GSK3A protein P49840 UNIPROT MAFA protein Q8NHW3 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser61 PLSTPCSsVPSSPSF 9606 18042454 t miannu "We also demonstrate that gsk-3 triggers mafa sequential phosphorylation on residues s61, t57, t53, and s49 /we demonstrated that phosphorylation by gsk-3 is conserved among the large maf proteins. It couples ubiquitination/degradation and transcriptional activation and modulates maf biological activity./ Taken together, these results suggest that, in contrast to what can be expected from ubiquitination/degradation, gsk-3-mediated mafa phosphorylation increases its transactivating ability, thereby controlling its biological activity." SIGNOR-159390 PLK1 protein P53350 UNIPROT MAP9 protein Q49MG5 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser289 SDENKENsFSADHVT 9606 20615875 t lperfetto "We also demonstrate that asap is a novel substrate of plk1 phosphorylation and have identified serine 289 as the major phosphorylation site by plk1 in vivo. Asap phosphorylated on serine 289 is localized to centrosomes during mitosis, but this phosphorylation is not required for its plk1-dependent localization at the spindle poles. We show that phosphorylated asap on serine 289 contributes to spindle pole stability in a microtubule-dependent manner" SIGNOR-166564 PRKCD protein Q05655 UNIPROT HNRNPK protein P61978 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser302 GRGGRGGsRARNLPL 9606 10329716 t lperfetto "Ser302 is a major k protein site phosphorylated by pkcdelta in vitrothe ability of pkc_ to inducibly bind and phosphorylate k protein may serve not only to alter the activity of k protein itself, but k protein may also provide an avenue for pkc_ to engage in a cross-talk with other k protein molecular partners in response to specific changes in the extracellular environment" SIGNOR-67515 PRKCH protein P24723 UNIPROT PRKD2 protein Q9BZL6 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser706 ARIIGEKsFRRSVVG 9606 12058027 t gcesareni "Thus, pkd2 is likely to be a novel downstream target of specific pkcs upon the stimulation of ags-b cells with gastrin. Our data suggest a two-step mechanism of activation of pkd2 via endogenously produced diacylglycerol and the activation of pkcs." SIGNOR-89423 STK4 protein Q13043 UNIPROT LATS1 protein O95835 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser909 HQRCLAHsLVGTPNY 9606 BTO:0000007 15688006 t milica "We show that Mst2 and hWW45 interact with each other in human cells and that both Mst2 and Mst1 are able to phosphorylate Lats1 and Lats2, thereby stimulating Lats kinase activity." SIGNOR-133551 MTOR protein P42345 UNIPROT RPS6K proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF26 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr390 DSKFTRQtPVDSPDD 9600 BTO:0000007 11914378 t "Thr229 phosphorylation requires prior phosphorylation of the Ser/Thr-Pro sites in the autoinhibitory domain and Thr389 in the linker domain,[…] Moreover, in vitro mTOR directly phosphorylates Ser371, and this event modulates Thr389phosphorylation by mTOR, compatible with earlier in vivo findings." SIGNOR-255841 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT SMAD1 protein Q15797 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser214 PTSSDPGsPFQMPAD 9606 9335504 t llicata "In contrast to the bmp-stimulated phosphorylation of smad1, which affects carboxy-terminal serines and induces nuclear accumulation of smad1, erk-mediated phosphorylation specifically inhibits the nuclear accumulation of smad1. phosphorylation occurs at specific serines within the region linking the inhibitory and effector domains of smad1" SIGNOR-52691 SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT FLT4 protein P35916 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr1063 FGLARDIyKDPDYVR 9606 20431062 t lperfetto "Vegfr-3 is a direct c-src target and mass spectrometry analysis identified the sites phosphorylated by c-src as tyrosine 830, 833, 853, 1063, 1333, and 1337 vegfr-3 phosphorylation activates the recruitment to the receptor of the adaptor proteins crki/ii and shc inducing activation of jnk." SIGNOR-165035 SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT FLT4 protein P35916 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr1333 ARGGQVFyNSEYGEL 9606 20431062 t lperfetto "Vegfr-3 is a direct c-src target and mass spectrometry analysis identified the sites phosphorylated by c-src as tyrosine 830, 833, 853, 1063, 1333, and 1337, demonstrating that integrin-mediated receptor phosphorylation induces a phosphorylation pattern that is distinct from that induced by growth factors. Furthermore, pull-down assays show that integrin-mediated vegfr-3 phosphorylation activates the recruitment to the receptor of the adaptor proteins crki/ii and shc inducing activation of jnk." SIGNOR-165039 PDPK1 protein O15530 UNIPROT AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr308 KDGATMKtFCGTPEY 9606 phosphorylation:Ser473 RPHFPQFsYSASGTA 12167717 t gcesareni "Together, these results suggest a mechanism in which 3' phosphoinositide lipid-dependent translocation of pkb to the plasma membrane promotes serine 473 phosphorylation, which is, in turn, necessary for pdk1-mediated phosphorylation of threonine 308 and, consequentially, full pkb activation." SIGNOR-91354 MAPK8 protein P45983 UNIPROT BCL2L1 protein Q07817 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser62 PSWHLADsPAVNGAT 9606 BTO:0001130 12633850 t gcesareni "By site-directed mutagenesis studies, we have identified that serine 62 is the necessary site for taxol- or 2-me-induced bcl-xl phosphorylation in prostate cancer cells. Further studies with the inhibitor of jun kinase (jnk) and phosphorylation mutant of bcl-xl reveal the augmentative role of jnk-mediated bcl-xl phosphorylation in apoptosis of prostate cancer cells. In summary, our studies suggest that the phosphorylation of bcl-xl by stress response kinase signaling might oppose the anti-apoptotic function of bcl-xl to permit prostate cancer cells to die by apoptosis" SIGNOR-99219 ZAP70 protein P43403 UNIPROT LCP2 protein Q13094 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr113 SSFEEDDyESPNDDQ 9606 BTO:0000782 12817019 t lperfetto "Phosphorylation of slp-76 is required for prolonged erk activation in response to sdf-1_ cr signal transduction results in slp-76 tyrosine phosphorylation at the amino-terminal tyrosines 113, 128, and 145 via a mechanism requiring the zap-70 tyrosine kinase." SIGNOR-102507 CSNK2A1 protein P68400 UNIPROT TWIST1 protein Q15672 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser18 SPADDSLsNSEEEPD 9606 21559372 t llicata "Further investigation revealed that il-6 stabilizes twist in scchn cell lines through casein kinase 2 (ck2) phosphorylation of twist residues s18 and s20, and that this phosphorylation inhibits degradation of twist." SIGNOR-173668 ABL1 protein P00519 UNIPROT RAD52 protein P43351 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr104 DLNNGKFyVGVCAFV 9606 BTO:0000007 12379650 t "C-Abl tyrosine kinase associates with and phosphorylates Rad52 on tyrosine 104. he functional significance of c-Abl-dependent phosphorylation of Rad52 is underscored by our findings that cells that express the phosphorylation-resistant Rad52 mutant, in which tyrosine 104 is replaced by phenylalanine, exhibit compromised nuclear foci formation in response to IR." SIGNOR-251435 DUSP3 protein P51452 UNIPROT MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Tyr204 HTGFLTEyVATRWYR 9606 BTO:0004419 12840032 t lperfetto "The activation of the mapk activity requires the dual phosphorylation of the ser/thr and tyr residues in the txy kinase activation motif (1113), and deactivation occurs through the action of either ser/thr protein phosphatase (14), protein-tyrosine phosphatase (ptp) (14, 15), or dual specificity phosphatases" SIGNOR-103035 CSNK2A1 protein P68400 UNIPROT PTPRC protein P08575 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser1003 EHDSDESsDDDSDSE 9606 10066810 t gcesareni "Mutational analysis of ck2 consensus sites showed that the target for ck2 was in an acidic insert of 19 amino acids in the d2 domain, and ser to ala mutations at amino acids 965, 968, 969, and 973 abrogated ck2 phosphorylation of cd45. Ck2 phosphorylation increased cd45 activity 3-fold toward phosphorylated myelin basic protein," SIGNOR-65273 CSNK1A1 protein P48729 UNIPROT SNCA protein P37840 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser87 KTVEGAGsIAAATGF 9606 BTO:0000938 10617630 t lperfetto "In vitro experiments and two-dimensional phosphopeptide mapping provided further evidence that serine 129 was phosphorylated by ck-1 and ck-2. Moreover, phosphorylation of serine 129 was reduced in vivo upon inhibition of ck-1 or ck-2. These data demonstrate that alpha-synuclein is constitutively phosphorylated within its c terminus and may indicate that the function of alpha-synuclein is regulated by phosphorylation/dephosphorylation.From these data we conclude that _-synuclein is predominantly phosphorylated at serine residue 129. However, a second serine at position 87 is also used for phosphorylation to some extent. together, these data may indicate that ck-1 and ck-2 are involved in the regulation of neuronal function and one may speculate that phosphorylation of _-synuclein could affect its binding to membranes." SIGNOR-73799 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR PFKFB3 protein Q16875 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser461 NPLMRRNsVTPLASP 9606 15896703 t gcesareni "We also found that AMP activated protein kinase and protein kinases A, B, and C catalyzed the phosphorylation of Ser-460 of HBP1, and that in addition both isoforms are phosphorylated at a second, as yet undetermined site by protein kinase C. However, none of the phosphorylations had any effect on the intrinsic kinetic characteristics of either enzymatic activity, and neither did point mutation (mimicking phosphorylation), deletion, and alternative-splice modification of the HBP1 carboxy-terminal region. Instead, these phosphorylations and mutations decreased the sensitivity of the 6PF2K to a potent allosteric inhibitor, phosphoenolpyruvate, which appears to be the major regulatory mechanism." SIGNOR-137241 FYN protein P06241 UNIPROT LAT protein O43561 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr220 SLDGSREyVNVSQEL 9606 BTO:0000782 16938345 t gcesareni "Both lck and syk, phosphorylate the itam-like motifs on lat at y171y191, which is essential for induction of the interaction of lat with downstream signaling molecules such as grb2, plc-gamma1 and c-cbl, and for activation of mapk-erk." SIGNOR-148931 GSK3B/Axin/APC complex SIGNOR-C110 SIGNOR CTNNB1 protein P35222 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser37 YLDSGIHsGATTTAP 9606 11955436 t lperfetto "Wnt regulation of beta-catenin degradation is essential for development and carcinogenesis. beta-catenin degradation is initiated upon amino-terminal serine/threonine phosphorylation, which is believed to be performed by glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK-3) in complex with tumor suppressor proteins Axin and adnomatous polyposis coli (APC)." SIGNOR-227901 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT NR5A1 protein Q13285 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser203 EYPEPYAsPPQPGLP 9534 BTO:0004055 10230405 t lperfetto "Here we show that maximal SF-1-mediated transcription and interaction with general nuclear receptor cofactors depends on phosphorylation of a single serine residue (Ser-203) located in a major activation domain (AF-1) of the protein. Moreover, phosphorylation-dependent SF-1 activation is likely mediated by the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway." SIGNOR-249431 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT PAK1 protein Q13153 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr212 VIEPLPVtPTRDVAT 10116 BTO:0001260 15542607 t lperfetto "We also show that ERK2 phosphorylates PAK1 on Thr(212) in vitro and that Thr(212) is phosphorylated in smooth muscle cells following PDGF-BB treatment in an adhesion- and MEK/ERK-dependent fashion. Expression of a phosphomimic variant, PAK-T212E, does not alter ERK association, but markedly attenuates downstream ERK signaling. Taken together, these data suggest that PAK1 may facilitate ERK signaling by serving as a scaffold to recruit Raf, MEK, and ERK to adhesion complexes, and that subsequent growth factor-stimulated phosphorylation of PAK-Thr(212) by ERK may serve to provide a negative feedback signal" SIGNOR-249432 LCK protein P06239 UNIPROT SIGLEC10 protein Q96LC7 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr667 ESQEELHyATLNFPG 9606 11733002 t lperfetto "These results suggest that the tyrosines at positions 597 and 667, contained within itim-like motifs, are likely targets of phosphorylation by several classes of signaling molecules, including lck, jak3, and emt. The tyrosine located at position y691 was also contributing to the phosphorylation of the wild-type siglec tail by lck and jak3 kinases. Phosphorylation of the tyrosine located at position 667 in an itim motif appears to be necessary for the recruitment of shp-1 and partial recruitment of shp-2" SIGNOR-112495 FES protein P07332 UNIPROT FES protein P07332 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr811 RPSFSTIyQELQSIR 9606 BTO:0002181 8663427 t llicata "Substitution of kinase domain tyrosine residues 713 or 811 with phenylalanine resulted in a loss of the 10- and 4-kda phosphopeptides, respectively, identifying these tyrosines as in vitro autophosphorylation sites. Cnbr cleavage analysis of fes isolated from 32po4-labeled 293t cells showed that tyr-713 and tyr-811 are also autophosphorylated in vivo. . Mutagenesis of tyr-713 reduced both autophosphorylation of tyr-811 and transphosphorylation of bcr, a recently identified fes substrate, supporting a major regulatory role for tyr-713." SIGNOR-42659 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT TAL1 protein P17542 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser122 DGRMVQLsPPALAAP 9606 BTO:0000782;BTO:0001271 11904294 t gcesareni "We report here that the important proangiogenic stimulus hypoxia stimulates phosphorylation, ubiquitination, and proteasomal breakdown of tal1 in endothelial cells. A specific serine in the putative transactivation domain of the protein, ser122, is preferentially phosphorylated by mapk in vitro." SIGNOR-116153 PTP4A3 protein O75365 UNIPROT KRT8 protein P05787 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser74 TVNQSLLsPLVLEVD 9606 BTO:0000586 19115206 t "the cytoskeletal intermediate filament keratin 8 (KRT8) was identified as a physiological PRL-3-interacting protein. Indeed, treatment with the PRL-3 inhibitor effectively suppressed the phosphorylation of KRT8 at S73 and S431|The site-specific phosphorylation of keratins induces the disassembly of these filaments, and the balance between their phosphorylation and dephosphorylation controls the continuous exchange of intermediate filament subunits between a soluble pool and polymerized filaments" SIGNOR-248340 PDPK1 protein O15530 UNIPROT PAK1 protein Q13153 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr423 PEQSKRStMVGTPYW 9534 BTO:0000298 10995762 t miannu "P21-activated kinase (PAK1) is phosphorylated and activated by 3-phosphoinositide-dependent kinase-1 (PDK1). We identify threonine 423, a conserved threonine in the activation loop of kinase subdomain VIII, as the PDK1 phosphorylation site on PAK1." SIGNOR-250267 AKT2 protein P31751 UNIPROT PPARGC1A protein Q9UBK2 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser571 RMRSRSRsFSRHRSC 9606 17554339 t miannu "Here we describe a mechanism by which insulin, through the intermediary protein kinase akt2/protein kinase b (pkb)-beta, elicits the phosphorylation and inhibition of the transcriptional coactivator peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-coactivator 1alpha (pgc-1alpha), a global regulator of hepatic metabolism during fasting / phosphorylation of pgc-1? At ser?570 Is required for akt to inhibit recruitment of pgc-1? To chromatin." SIGNOR-155536 PRKG1 protein Q13976 UNIPROT CFTR protein P13569 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser813 DIYSRRLsQETGLEI 9606 1377674 t lperfetto "Direct amino acid sequencing and peptide mapping of cf-2 revealed that serines 660, 700, 737, and 813 as well as serine 768, serine 795, or both were phosphorylated by pka and pkgcftr possesses a large cluster of strict dibasic consensus sites for phosphorylation by protein kinase a (pka) in the r-domain and an obligatory dependence on phosphorylation is a hallmark of cftr cl(-) channel function" SIGNOR-18253 ATM protein Q13315 UNIPROT H2AFX protein P16104 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser140 GKKATQAsQEY 9606 21690091 t gcesareni "Upon dna damage, h2ax is phosphorylated by ataxia telangiectasia mutated (atm) and atm-related kinases at serine 139, known as ?_?_?_-H2ax, which serves as a docking site to recruit the mediator of dna damage checkpoint protein 1 (mdc1) to sites of dna damage, named dna damage foci" SIGNOR-174442 ATR protein Q13535 UNIPROT ATRIP protein Q8WXE1 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser72 TLASQALsQCPAAAR 9606 15451423 t lperfetto "When dna is damaged, the atr-atrip complex is recruited to chromatin and is activated to transduce the checkpoint signal, but the precise kinase activation mechanism remains unknown. Here, we show that atrip is phosphorylated in an atr-dependent manner after genotoxic stimuli. The serine 68 and 72 residues are important for the phosphorylation in vivo and are required exclusively for direct modification by atr in vitro." SIGNOR-129473 AKT3 protein Q9Y243 UNIPROT CHUK protein O15111 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr23 EMRERLGtGGFGNVC 9606 BTO:0001454 SIGNOR-C14 19609947 t gcesareni "Although there are likely to be multiple levels of crosstalk between the pi3k-akt and nf-kb pathways, one mechanism has been attributed to direct phosphorylation of the amino acid residue t23 on ikb kinase alfa (ikkalfa) by akt, thereby leading to activation of this kinase upstream of nf-kb akt mediates ikkalpha phosphorylation at threonine 23 akt transiently associates in vivo with ikk and induces ikk activation. Akt mediates ikkalfa phosphorylation at threonine 23.Akt phosphorylates ikkalpha on t23, and this phosphorylation event is a prerequisite for the phosphorylation of p65 at s534 by ikkalpha and beta" SIGNOR-187062 JNJ-7706621 chemical CID:5330790 PUBCHEM AURKB protein Q96GD4 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-193534 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR CDKN1B protein P46527 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr157 GIRKRPAtDDSSTQN 9606 18570873 t lperfetto "Mtor may promote g1 progression in part through sgk1 activation and deregulate the cell cycle in cancers through both akt- and sgk-mediated p27 t157 phosphorylation and cytoplasmic p27 mislocalization." SIGNOR-244202 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT ADAM17 protein P78536 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr735 KPFPAPQtPGRLQPA 9606 12058067 t gcesareni "Extracellular signal-regulated kinase phosphorylates tumor necrosis factor alpha-converting enzyme at threonine 735: a potential role in regulated sheddingwe show that extracellular signal-regulated kinase (erk) acts as an intermediate in protein kinase c-regulated trka cleavage. We report that the cytosolic tail of the tumor necrosis factor alpha-converting enzyme (tace) is phosphorylated by erk at threonine 735. In addition, we show that erk and tace associate. This association is favored by erk activation and by the presence of threonine 735. In contrast to the erk route, the p38 mapk was able to stimulate trka cleavage in cells devoid of tace activity, indicating that other proteases are also involved in trka shedding." SIGNOR-89625 FES protein P07332 UNIPROT BCR protein P11274 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Tyr246 SCGVDGDyEDAELNP 9606 BTO:0000007 8955135 t lperfetto "In the present study, we demonstrate that bcr tyr-246 and at least one of the closely spaced tyrosine residues, tyr-279, tyr-283, and tyr- 289 (3y cluster), are phosphorylated by fes both in vitro and in 32p(i)- labeled cells. tyrosine phosphorylation of bcr by fes suppressed bcr serine/threonine kinase activity toward the 14-3-3 protein and bcr substrate, bap-1." SIGNOR-45330 PDK1 protein Q15118 UNIPROT PKN2 protein Q16513 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr816 GYGDRTStFCGTPEF 9606 BTO:0000007 10753910 t miannu "PDK1 phosphorylates the PRKs at their conserved activation loop threonines (Thr-774 and Thr-816 for PRK1 and PRK2, respectively) both in vitro and in vivo." SIGNOR-250265 PDPK1 protein O15530 UNIPROT PRKCE protein Q02156 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr566 LNGVTTTtFCGTPDY 9606 11964154 t llicata "In the present study, we analysed the contribution of the phosphoinositide-dependent kinase 1 (pdk-1) and pkcepsilon kinase activity in controlling the phosphorylation of thr(566) and ser(729). pdk-1 phosphorylation of the activation loop triggers autophosphorylation of the hydrophobic motif" SIGNOR-117320 PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT ADD2 protein P35612 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser713 KKKFRTPsFLKKSKK -1 8810272 t miannu "Ser-726 and Ser-713 in the C-terminal MARCKS-related domains of - and -adducin, respectively, were identified as the major phosphorylation sites common for PKA and PKC. Phosphorylation by PKA, but not PKC, reduced the affinity of adducin for spectrin-F-actin complexes as well as the activity of adducin in promoting binding of spectrin to F-actin." SIGNOR-250332 GRK2 protein P25098 UNIPROT MC4R protein P32245 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser330 GGLCDLSsRY 9606 BTO:0000007 12639913 t "Thr312 and Ser329/330 in the C-terminal tail of MC4R are potential sites for PKA and GRK phosphorylation and the subsequent recruitment of β-arrestin to the activated receptor. Replacement by alanine(s) of Thr312 and Ser329/330 in the C-terminal tail resulted in an impaired sequestration of mutated receptors to agonist, whereas mutations of Thr232 or Ser306 did not. This indicates that phosphorylation of these residues by kinases is critical for the internalization of MC4R." SIGNOR-251455 ERK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF1 SIGNOR HNRNPK protein P61978 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser353 DSAIDTWsPSEWQMA 9606 11259409 t lperfetto "When subjected to phosphorylation by erk, the most efficient decrease in erk phosphorylation was observed with the s353a mutantamong the mechanisms underlying k protein ability to confer increased transcriptional output are interconversion of duplex and single-stranded dna (59) and association with the c/ebp_ (60), each of which could be better affected by the phosphorylated form of the k protein, which may increase affinity to associated proteins or dna." SIGNOR-105754 CHEK2 protein O96017 UNIPROT TP53 protein P04637 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by stabilization" phosphorylation Ser15 PSVEPPLsQETFSDL 9606 BTO:0000776 17339337 t gcesareni "Chk1/chk2 and atm/atr also phosphorylate the effector p53, increasing its stability. We have demonstrated that the human homologs of the checkpoint kinases, chk1 and chk2/hcds1, phosphorylate at least three dna damage-inducible phosphorylation sites in p53." SIGNOR-153463 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR CARHSP1 protein Q9Y2V2 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser52 TRRTRTFsATVRASQ 9606 BTO:0000671 15910284 t lperfetto "These and other results demonstrate that crhsp24 is phosphorylated at ser52 by pkbalpha in response to igf-1, at ser52 by pkbalpha and rsk in response to egf" SIGNOR-137430 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR TAL1 protein P17542 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr90 EARHRVPtTELCRPP 9606 BTO:0000782;BTO:0001271 15930267 t miannu "Akt phosphorylates tal1 oncoprotein and inhibits its repressor activity. / our results show that akt specifically phosphorylates thr90 of the tal1 protein within its transactivation domain in vitro and in vivo." SIGNOR-137942 GRK2 protein P25098 UNIPROT FPR1 protein P21462 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr334 DSTQTSDtATNSTLP -1 7836371 t "Phosphorylation of the FPR carboxyl terminus by GRK2 is the result of a high affinity interaction and proceeds in a hierarchical manner. sequential mechanism of phosphorylation beginning with residues 328 and/or 329, followed by residues 331 and/or 332, and finally residues 334 through 339. Attenuation of receptor-mediated signal amplification in response to external stimuli, an essential step in the balance of cellular activation, may be mediated by receptor phosphorylation." SIGNOR-251451 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT CTTN protein Q14247 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser418 TEERLPSsPVYEDAA 9606 BTO:0000938 20444238 t gcesareni "Cortactin is regulated by multiple phosphorylation events, including phosphorylation of s405 and s418 by extracellular regulated kinases (erk)1/2. Erk1/2 phosphorylation of cortactin has emerged as an important positive regulatory modification, enabling cortactin to bind and activate the arp2/3 regulator neuronal wiskott-aldrich syndrome protein (n-wasp), promoting actin polymerization and enhancing tumor cell movement." SIGNOR-165204 PTPN1 protein P18031 UNIPROT PTPN1 protein P18031 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Tyr152 ISEDIKSyYTVRQLE -1 11506178 t "Tyrosine residues 66, 152 and/or 153 of PTP1B are phosphorylated by the activated insulin receptor and are also necessary for formation of the PTP1B:insulin receptor complex| Furthermore, tyrosine phosphorylation of PTP1B by the insulin receptor tyrosine kinase increases the catalytic activity of PTP1B|These results suggest that PTP1B can dephosphorylate itself under in vitro conditions." SIGNOR-248424 GRK2 protein P25098 UNIPROT MC4R protein P32245 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser329 LGGLCDLsSRY 9606 BTO:0000007 12639913 t "Thr312 and Ser329/330 in the C-terminal tail of MC4R are potential sites for PKA and GRK phosphorylation and the subsequent recruitment of β-arrestin to the activated receptor. Replacement by alanine(s) of Thr312 and Ser329/330 in the C-terminal tail resulted in an impaired sequestration of mutated receptors to agonist, whereas mutations of Thr232 or Ser306 did not. This indicates that phosphorylation of these residues by kinases is critical for the internalization of MC4R." SIGNOR-251453 OXSR1 protein O95747 UNIPROT SLC12A2 protein P55011 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr212 TNTYYLRtFGHNTMD 9606 BTO:0000007 16669787 t miannu "We have identified three residues in nkcc1 (thr175/thr179/thr184 in shark or thr203/thr207/thr212 in human) that are phosphorylated by spak and osr1 / exposure of hek-293 (human embryonic kidney) cells to osmotic stress, which leads to phosphorylation and activation of nkcc1, increased phosphorylation of nkcc1 at the sites targeted by spak/osr1" SIGNOR-146521 CHEK2 protein O96017 UNIPROT TP53 protein P04637 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by stabilization" phosphorylation Ser366 PGGSRAHsSHLKSKK 9606 BTO:0001321 15659650 t lperfetto "The cell cycle checkpoint kinases CHK1 and CHK2 have been shown to phosphorylate multiple sites in the N-terminal domain of p53, consequently leading to p53 stabilization and activation. Phosphorylation of at least three of these sites, Ser366, Ser378, and Thr387, was induced by DNA damage." SIGNOR-75633 CDK2 protein P24941 UNIPROT COIL protein P38432 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser184 NEEAKRKsPKKKEKC 9606 BTO:0000567;BTO:0000938 SIGNOR-C16 11102515 t lperfetto "In particular, we have recently found that the cdk2/cyclin e complex can phosphorylate coilin in vitro . there is but a single consensus cdk2/cyclin e phosphorylation site in coilin, located at serine 184. when serine 184 was mutated to an alanine (s184a), mimicking a dephosphorylated state, a nucleolar mislocalization similar to that of gfp-coilin(1_248) was observed" SIGNOR-84949 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR WNK1 protein Q9H4A3 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr60 EYRRRRHtMDKDSRG 9606 16081417 t llicata "Phosphorylation of wnk1 on thr-58 contributes to sgk1 activation. these data suggest that activation of sgk1 by wnk1 requires the catalytic activity of akt." SIGNOR-139391 PRKAA2 protein P54646 UNIPROT BAIAP2 protein Q9UQB8 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser366 KTLPRSSsMAAGLER 9606 SIGNOR-C15 22137581 t lperfetto "Using this approach for ppp1r12c, baiap2, and cdc27, we found that mutation of a single serine to alanine (s452, s366, and s379 respectively) resulted in almost a complete loss of ampk phosphorylation in these proteins. Termination of irsp53 function is suggested to occur following cdc42 dissociation, kinase phosphorylation of t340 and t360, and subsequent 14-3-3 binding, which competes for sh3 partners, thus allowing filopodial retraction" SIGNOR-195102 MELK protein Q14680 UNIPROT MELK protein Q14680 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser529 KGAKVFGsLERGLDK 9606 16216881 t lperfetto "We have mapped no less than 16 autophosphorylation sites including serines, threonines, and a tyrosine residue and show that the phosphorylation of thr167 and ser171 is required for the activation of melk.We have not yet explored the role of autophosphorylation of nine residues in the c-terminal, autoinhibitory domain (fig. 4c). An enticing hypothesis is that these autophosphorylations decrease the inhibitory potency of this domain and thereby contribute to the activation of the kinase." SIGNOR-141018 MAPK14 protein Q16539 UNIPROT ATF2 protein P15336 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser90 GLFNELAsPFENEFK 9606 BTO:0000599 10085140 t miannu "P38 directly phosphorylates ATF-2 at Thr-69, Thr-71, and Ser-90, resulting in stimulation of its trans-activating capacity." SIGNOR-250090 CDK1 protein P06493 UNIPROT UBA1 protein P22314 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser4 sPLSKKRR 9606 9099746 t lperfetto "Ubiquitin-activating enzyme, e1, is phosphorylated in mammalian cells by the protein kinase cdc2. Each serine residue was independently mutated to an alanine and analyzed by two-dimensional electrophoresis;only serine 4 was phosphorylated. Disruption of the basic amino acids within the nls resulted in loss of exclusive nuclear localization and a 90-95% decrease in the phosphorylation of ha1-e1" SIGNOR-47162 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR CCDC88A protein Q3V6T2 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser1417 INRERQKsLTLTPTR 9606 16139227 t llicata "Akt phosphorylates serine at position 1416 in girdin, and phosphorylated girdin accumulates at the leading edge of migrating cells." SIGNOR-140216 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR ACAP1 protein Q15027 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser554 SIRPRPGsLRSKPEP 9606 16256741 t llicata "Akt phosphorylates s554 in acap1" SIGNOR-141343 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT PTTG1 protein O95997 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser165 LFQLGPPsPVKMPSP 9606 10906323 t gcesareni "Pttg is phosphorylated in vitro on ser(162) by map kinase and this phosphorylation site plays an essential role in pttg transactivation function." SIGNOR-79515 EIF2AK2 protein P19525 UNIPROT EIF2S1 protein P05198 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser52 MILLSELsRRRIRSI 9606 16179259 t lperfetto "The antiviral protein kinase pkr inhibits protein synthesis by phosphorylating the translation initiation factor eif2alpha on ser51the protein kinases pkr, hri, perk, and gcn2 specifically phosphorylate ser51 on the _ subunit of the translation initiation factor eif2, a gtp binding protein that delivers the initiator methionyl-trna to the small ribosomal subunit in the first step of translation initiation. Phosphorylation of eif2_ converts eif2 from a substrate to an inhibitor of its gdp-gtp exchange factor eif2b, thereby blocking protein synthesis" SIGNOR-140656 SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT FLT4 protein P35916 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr833 EQCEYLSyDASQWEF 9606 20431062 t lperfetto "Vegfr-3 is a direct c-src target and mass spectrometry analysis identified the sites phosphorylated by c-src as tyrosine 830, 833, 853, 1063, 1333, and 1337, demonstrating that integrin-mediated receptor phosphorylation induces a phosphorylation pattern that is distinct from that induced by growth factors. Furthermore, pull-down assays show that integrin-mediated vegfr-3 phosphorylation activates the recruitment to the receptor of the adaptor proteins crki/ii and shc inducing activation of jnk." SIGNOR-165051 CSNK2A1 protein P68400 UNIPROT HMGA1 protein P17096 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser99 KEEEEGIsQESSEEE -1 2806554 t llicata "Sequence analysis of the native peptide (90-107) after treatment, which specifically converts phosphoserine residues to S-ethylcysteine, revealed that 70-80% of serine residues 102 and 103 were phosphorylated in vivo. Both residues were fully phosphorylated in vitro by incubation with casein kinase II. These results suggest that casein kinase II is involved in the regulation of HMG-I function in the cells. | After an 80 min incubation with CK-II, both serines were fully phosphorylated to 1 mol/mol and serine-99 to 0.3 mol/mol." SIGNOR-250894 CSNK2A1 protein P68400 UNIPROT HOXB7 protein P09629 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser133 IYPWMRSsGTDRKRG 10090 BTO:0002882 11290787 t llicata "Thus, we concluded that CKII can phosphorylate HOXB7 in vitro and that this phosphorylation occurs at both of the CKII target sites, S133 and T204. | Wild-type HOXB7 inhibited the differentiation of 32D cells, whereas mutations in the Pbx-binding pentapeptide motif or the DNA-binding homeodomain, as well as internal deletions of the N-terminal unique region, blocked this effect. Interestingly, mutations eliminating two target sites for casein kinase II, the glutamate-rich C terminus, or the first 14 amino acids of HOXB7, led to enhanced 32D differentiation." SIGNOR-250896 JNJ-7706621 chemical CID:5330790 PUBCHEM CCNA2 protein P20248 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-193537 PRKAA2 protein P54646 UNIPROT CDC27 protein P30260 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser379 NALPRRSsRLFTSDS 9606 SIGNOR-C15 22137581 t lperfetto "Using this approach for ppp1r12c, baiap2, and cdc27, we found that mutation of a single serine to alanine (s452, s366, and s379, respectively) resulted in an almost complete loss of ampk phosphorylation in these proteins" SIGNOR-195106 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR FOXO4 protein P98177 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser197 APRRRAAsMDSSSKL 9606 16272144 t lperfetto "Foxo4 transcription factor, also referred to afx, contains three putative phosphorylation motif sites for protein kinase b (pkb), thr32, ser197, and ser262, and it is proposed that phosphorylated foxo4 stays in the cytosol and is imported to the nucleus through dephosphorylation to induce target gene expression" SIGNOR-141416 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR FOXO4 protein P98177 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser262 TFRPRSSsNASSVST 9606 16272144 t lperfetto "Foxo4 transcription factor, also referred to afx, contains three putative phosphorylation motif sites for protein kinase b (pkb), thr32, ser197, and ser262, and it is proposed that phosphorylated foxo4 stays in the cytosol and is imported to the nucleus through dephosphorylation to induce target gene expression" SIGNOR-141420 FES protein P07332 UNIPROT FES protein P07332 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr713 REEADGVyAASGGLR 9606 BTO:0002181 8663427 t llicata "Substitution of kinase domain tyrosine residues 713 or 811 with phenylalanine resulted in a loss of the 10- and 4-kda phosphopeptides, respectively, identifying these tyrosines as in vitro autophosphorylation sites. Cnbr cleavage analysis of fes isolated from 32po4-labeled 293t cells showed that tyr-713 and tyr-811 are also autophosphorylated in vivo. . Mutagenesis of tyr-713 reduced both autophosphorylation of tyr-811 and transphosphorylation of bcr, a recently identified fes substrate, supporting a major regulatory role for tyr-713." SIGNOR-42655 PRKCE protein Q02156 UNIPROT CHAT protein P28329 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser558 VPTYESAsIRRFQEG 9606 BTO:0000938 15381704 t "The effect has been demonstrated using P28329-3" gcesareni "We show that chat is differentially phosphorylated by protein kinase c (pkc) isoforms on four serines (ser-440, ser-346, ser-347, and ser-476) and one threonine (thr-255). This phosphorylation is hierarchical, with phosphorylation at ser-476 required for phosphorylation at other serines. Phosphorylation at some, but not all, sites regulates basal catalysis and activation" SIGNOR-129308 PDK4 protein Q16654 UNIPROT PDHA2 protein P29803 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser291 TYRYHGHsMSDPGVS 9606 BTO:0000887;BTO:0001103 14966024 t gcesareni "Pyruvate dehydrogenase (pdh) activity (pdha) controls the entry of carbohydrate into the tricarboxylic cycle and is regulated by pdh kinase (pdk), which phosphorylates and inactivates the enzyme, and pdh phosphatase, which dephosphorylates the enzyme to the active form" SIGNOR-121936 AKT3 protein Q9Y243 UNIPROT POU5F1 protein Q01860 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by stabilization" phosphorylation Thr235 QARKRKRtSIENRVR 9606 BTO:0004180 23041284 t flangone "Here we show that in ECCs, Akt phosphorylated the master pluripotency factor Oct4 at threonine 235, and that the levels of phosphorylated Oct4 in ECCs correlated with resistance to apoptosis and tumorigenic potential. Phosphorylation of Oct4 increased its stability and facilitated its nuclear localization and its interaction with Sox2, which promoted the transcription of the core stemness genes POU5F1 and NANOG." SIGNOR-242107 CSNK2A1 protein P68400 UNIPROT PTEN protein P60484 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr382 DHYRYSDtTDSDPEN 9606 21779440 t gcesareni "The C-terminal tail of PTEN is also the target of mutations in tumors. As mentioned, this region contains the main phosphorylation sites mapped to residues Ser362, Thr366, Ser370, Ser380, Thr382, Thr383, and Ser385, and the kinases involved are casein kinase 2 (CK2), GSK3_, LKB1, and MAST.84,97-101 The phosphorylation of the tail has been shown to enhance PTEN stability but at the same time decrease its phosphatase activity" SIGNOR-89826 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT PPARG protein P37231 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser112 AIKVEPAsPPYYSEK 9606 18596912 t "The effect has been demonstrated using P37231-1" gcesareni "The genomic activity of ppargamma is modulated, in addition to ligand binding, by phosphorylation of a serine residue by mapks, such as extracellular signal-regulated protein kinases-1/2 (erk-1/2), or by nucleocytoplasmic compartmentalization through the erk activators mapk kinases-1/2 (mek-1/2). These mapks phosphorylate (in humans) ser 84 in the ppargamma1 and ser 114 in ppargamma2 isoform" SIGNOR-179397 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR FOXO4 protein P98177 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr32 QSRPRSCtWPLPRPE 9606 16272144 t lperfetto "Foxo4 transcription factor, also referred to afx, contains three putative phosphorylation motif sites for protein kinase b (pkb), thr32, ser197, and ser262, and it is proposed that phosphorylated foxo4 stays in the cytosol and is imported to the nucleus through dephosphorylation to induce target gene expression" SIGNOR-141424 CDK7 protein P50613 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser1864 SPKYSPTsPKYSPTS 9606 14662762 t lperfetto "Although there is some inconsistency in the literature, it is generally thought that cdk7, a component of the transcription factor (tf) iih, is a major ser-5 kinase, whereas cdk9, a component of positive transcription elongation factor (p-tef) b, is a major ser-2 kinase within cells. These results suggest that subsequent to h2o2 treatment, the ser-5-phosphorylated form, but not the ser-2-phosphorylated form or the unphosphorylated form, is targeted for rapid proteasomal degradation through its ubiquitination." SIGNOR-120040 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR BCL2L11 protein O43521 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser87 FIFMRRSsLLSRSSS 9606 BTO:0000776 16282323 t lperfetto "Recombinant Akt could directly phosphorylate a GST-Bim(EL) fusion protein and identified the Akt phosphorylation site in the Bim(EL) domain as Ser(87). Further, we demonstrated that cytokine stimulation promotes Bim(EL) binding to 14-3-3 proteins. Finally, we show that mutation of Ser(87) dramatically increases the apoptotic potency of Bim(EL)." SIGNOR-141581 PDPK1 protein O15530 UNIPROT RPS6KB1 protein P23443 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr252 HDGTVTHtFCGTIEY 9606 19864428 t gcesareni "A regulatory link between p70s6k and pkb was demonstrated, as pdk1 was found to selectively phosphorylate p70s6k at thr229. More importantly, pdk1 activated p70s6k in vitro and in vivo, whereas the catalytically inactive pdk1 blocked insulin-induced activation of p70s6k. One of the most studied events controlled by ptdins(3,4,5)p3, comprises the activation of a of agc family protein kinases, including isoforms of protein kinase b (pkb)/akt, p70 ribosomal s6 kinase (s6k), serum- and glucocorticoid-induced protein kinase (sgk) and protein kinase c (pkc), which play crucial roles in regulating physiological processes relevant to metabolism, growth, proliferation and survival. Here, we review recent biochemical, genetic and structural studies on the 3-phosphoinositide-dependent protein kinase-1 (pdk1), which phosphorylates and activates the agc kinase members regulated by pi 3-kinase. We also discuss whether inhibitors of pdk1 might have chemotherapeutic potential in the treatment of cancers in which the pdk1-regulated agc kinases are constitutively activated. Phosphorylation and activation of p70s6k by pdk1." SIGNOR-188907 PAK1 protein Q13153 UNIPROT ARAF protein P10398 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser299 KNLGYRDsGYYWEVP 9606 BTO:0000848 15710605 t lperfetto "Phosphorylation of endogenous a-raf, b-raf and raf-1 on the homologous pak phosphorylation sites (serine 299, serine 445, or serine 338 respectively)we found that the phosphorylation of a-raf on serine 299 was also stimulated by egf, although the duration of phosphorylation on this site was much shorter than for raf-1. Thus, by analogy with raf-1, phosphorylation of this site may play an important role in the a-raf activation mechanism." SIGNOR-236342 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR PDCD4 protein Q53EL6 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser457 RGRKRFVsEGDGGRL 9606 16357133 t gcesareni "Our results show that akt specifically phosphorylates ser(67) and ser(457) residues of pdcd4 in vitro and in vivo. We further show that phosphorylation of pdcd4 by akt causes nuclear translocation of pdcd4." SIGNOR-143098 AKT2 protein P31751 UNIPROT NOS3 protein P29474 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser615 SYKIRFNsISCSDPL 9606 BTO:0001853 24379783 t lperfetto "The phosphorylation of both S617 and S635 have also been shown to promote increased eNOS-derived NO release (Michell et al., 2002). The phosphorylaiton of S617 can be induced by PKA or Akt activity, and may serve to sensitize eNOS to calmodulin binding and modulate the phosphorylation of other eNOS sites" SIGNOR-251624 PLK1 protein P53350 UNIPROT BRCA2 protein P51587 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser205 LATPPTLsSTVLIVR 9606 BTO:0001938 12815053 t lperfetto "M phase-specific phosphorylation of brca2 by polo-like kinase 1 correlates with the dissociation of the brca2-p/caf complex.Plk1 interacts with brca2 in vivo, and mutation of ser193, ser205/206, and thr203/207 to ala in br-n1 abolished plk1 phosphorylation, suggesting that brca2 is the substrate of plk1" SIGNOR-102490 PDK1 protein Q15118 UNIPROT PDHA1 protein P08559 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser232 NRYGMGTsVERAAAS -1 11485553 t lperfetto "Here we report that the four isoenzymes of protein kinase responsible for the phosphorylation and inactivation of pyruvate dehydrogenase (pdk1, pdk2, pdk3 and pdk4) differ in their abilities to phosphorylate the enzyme. Pdk1 can phosphorylate all three sites (s232, s293, s300), whereas pdk2, pdk3 and pdk4 each phosphorylate only s232 and s293." SIGNOR-109547 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT ARRB1 protein P49407 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser412 EEEDGTGsPQLNNR 9606 15456867 t gcesareni "Erk1 and erk2 phosphorylate beta-arrestin1 at ser-412 in vitro. . in the resting state, cytosolic arrestin1 proteins are constitutively phosphorylated by extracellular signal-regulated kinase (erk) at ser412, located within their distal c terminus. erk-phosphorylated arrestin1 is unable to associate with clathrin cages, whereas this constraint is removed upon its dephosphorylation" SIGNOR-129585 CSNK2A1 protein P68400 UNIPROT STX1A protein Q16623 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser14 ELRTAKDsDDDDDVA 9606 11846792 t lperfetto "In this report, we show that syntaxin-1a is phosphorylated in vitro by cki on thr21. Casein kinase ii (ckii) has been shown previously to phosphorylate syntaxin-1a in vitro and we have identified ser14 as the ckii phosphorylation site. the phosphorylation of syntaxin-1a by ckii enhances its capacity to associate with synaptotagmin [21]. Therefore, phosphorylation of ser14 by ckii suggests an important role for this residue in regulating the interaction between syntaxin-1a and synaptotagmin" SIGNOR-114840 CSNK2A1 protein P68400 UNIPROT HDAC2 protein Q92769 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser394 EDAVHEDsGDEDGED 9606 20388487 t gcesareni "Protein kinase ck2-mediated phosphorylation of hdac2 regulates co-repressor formation, deacetylase activity and acetylation of hdac2 by cigarette smoke and aldehydesstudies using unfractionated cell extracts with ck2 inhibitors suggest that protein kinase ck2 is the major source of hdac2 kinase. Finally, and perhaps most interesting, hdac2 phosphorylation promotes enzymatic activity, selectively regulates complex formation, but has no effect on transcriptional repression. Together, our data indicate that like many hdacs, hdac2 is regulated by post-translational modification, particularly phosphorylation." SIGNOR-164795 GSK3B protein P49841 UNIPROT SREBF1 protein P36956 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" phosphorylation Thr426 TEVEDTLtPPPSDAG 9606 BTO:0000567 16825193 t lperfetto "The transcription factor SREBP1 is degraded by the ubiquitin-proteasome system following phosphorylation of Thr426 and Ser430 in its phosphodegron. We now demonstrate that the glycogen synthase kinase (GSK)-3beta-dependent phosphorylation of these residues in SREBP1 is enhanced in response to specific DNA binding" SIGNOR-236649 PRKCB protein P05771 UNIPROT SDC2 protein P34741 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser187 DLGERKPsSAAYQKA -1 9244383 t lperfetto "We investigated phosphorylation of syndecan-2 cytoplasmic domain by PKC | Peptide mapping and substitution studies showed that both serines were phosphoacceptors, but each had slightly different affinity, with that of serine-197 being higher than serine-198." SIGNOR-248974 PPP3CC protein P48454 UNIPROT DNM2 protein P50570 UNIPROT unknown dephosphorylation Ser764 LQSASSHsPTPQRRP 10116 20496096 t "CaN is activated, targeting a set of proteins for dephosphorylation, including dynamin II |We have recently discovered that the ubiquitously expressed dynamin isoform, dynII, is phosphorylated at S764 specifically during mitosis (unpublished data). We now show that S764 is phosphorylated throughout mitosis and is dephosphorylated at the time of cytokinesis(dynII)." SIGNOR-248508 PPP1CC protein P36873 UNIPROT TP53 protein P04637 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser37 NVLSPLPsQAMDDLM 9606 16501611 t "Protein serine/threonine phosphatase-1 dephosphorylates p53 at Ser-15 and Ser-37 to modulate its transcriptional and apoptotic activities|In addition, our results reveal that one of the molecular mechanisms by which PP-1 promotes cell survival is to dephosphorylate p53, and thus negatively regulate p53-dependent death pathway." SIGNOR-248500 PRKCQ protein Q04759 UNIPROT MSN protein P26038 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Thr558 LGRDKYKtLRQIRQG 9606 BTO:0001545 9856983 t lperfetto "By using mass spectroscopy and direct microsequencing of CNBr fragments of phospho-moesin, the phosphorylation site was identified as KYKT*LRQIR (where * indicates the phosphorylation site) (Thr558), which is conserved in the ERM family | Thus, PKC-theta is identified as a major kinase within cells with specificity for moesin and with activation under non-classical PKC conditions. It appears likely that this activity corresponds to a specific intracellular pathway controlling the function of moesin as well as other ERM proteins." SIGNOR-249013 SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT CTNND1 protein O60716 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr228 YPGGSDNyGSLSRVT -1 11382764 t lperfetto "Identification of Src phosphorylation sites in the catenin p120ctn.Using selected tyrosine to phenylalanine p120 mutants as dominant negative reagents, it may now be possible to selectively block events postulated to be dependent on p120 tyrosine phosphorylation.combinations of Tyr _ Phe mutations at residues 96, 112, 228, 257, 280, 291, 296, and 302" SIGNOR-246484 RPS6KA3 protein P51812 UNIPROT TINF2 protein Q9BSI4 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser330 ASTGKSKsPCQTLGG 9606 23977114 t lperfetto "Phosphorylation of serines 295 and 330 appeared to be mediated, at least in part, by the mitotic kinase rsk2. The consequence of tin2 phosphorylation during mitosis remains to be determined" SIGNOR-202536 BTRC protein Q9Y297 UNIPROT GLI3 protein P10071 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" ubiquitination Lys779 TKWMEHVkLERLKQV 9606 BTO:0000938 17283082 t lperfetto "Third, we and others have recently shown that only phosphorylated Ci/Gli3 are able to directly bind Slimb/BetaTrCP, that Gli3 is polyubiquitinated in the cell, and that mutations of 4 lysine residues, the putative ubiquitination sites in the Gli3 C-terminal region, inhibit Gli3 processing These observations further support the notion that Ci/Gli3 processing is carried out by the proteasome because the deletion of the cleavage site is expected to often disrupt the protease-mediated site-specific cleavage." SIGNOR-249576 ATM protein Q13315 UNIPROT BRCA1 protein P38398 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser1423 AVLEQHGsQPSNSYP 9606 BTO:0000150 10550055 t lperfetto "Phosphorylation of serine 1387 in brca1 is specifically required for the atm-mediated s-phase checkpoint after ionizing irradiation.We recently reported that brca1 function is required for appropriate cell cycle arrests after ionizing irradiation in both the s-phase and the g2 phase of the cell cycle. We also found that mutation of serine 1423 in brca1, a target of atm phosphorylation, abrogates the g2-m checkpoint but not the ionizing irradiation-induced s-phase checkpoint. Here we demonstrate that mutation of serine 1387 in brca1, another target of atm phosphorylation, conversely abrogates the radiation-induced s-phase arrest but does not affect the g2-m checkpoint." SIGNOR-72052 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT PDE4D protein Q08499 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser715 YQSTIPQsPSPAPDD 9606 10828059 t "The effect has been demonstrated using Q08499-2" gcesareni "These straddle the target residue, ser(579), for erk2 phosphorylation of pde4d3. Mutation of either or both of these docking sites prevented erk2 from being co-immunoprecipitated with pde4d3, ablated the ability of epidermal growth factor to inhibit pde4d3 through erk2 action in transfected cos cells, and attenuated the ability of erk2 to phosphorylate pde4d3 in vitro." SIGNOR-77578 SSH3 protein Q8TE77 UNIPROT CFL1 protein P23528 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser3 sGVAVSDG 9606 14531860 t "Differential activities, subcellular distribution and tissue expression patterns of three members of Slingshot family phosphatases that dephosphorylate cofilin.|Cofilin, a key regulator of actin filament dynamics, is inactivated by phosphorylation at Ser-3 by LIM-kinases and is reactivated by dephosphorylation by a family of protein phosphatases, termed Slingshot (SSH)." SIGNOR-248759 CSNK2A1 protein P68400 UNIPROT GYS1 protein P13807 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser10 LNRTLSMsSLPGLED -1 2117608 t llicata "With all four peptides, prior phosphorylation significantly stimulated phosphorylation by casein kinase I. From these results, we propose that there are substrates for casein kinase I for which prior phosphorylation is a critical determinant of protein kinase action. | From analysis of 32P release during Edman degradation, no radioactively labeled phosphate was associated with Thr3 or Ser7, but could be accounted for by phosphorylation at Ser10" SIGNOR-250878 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR RARA protein P10276 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser96 FVCQDKSsGYHYGVS 9606 BTO:0000551 16417524 t miannu "We report that akt, which is constitutively activated in nsclc cells, phosphorylates raralpha and inhibits its transactivation. / mutation of ser96 to alanine abrogated the suppressive effect of akt." SIGNOR-143721 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT BRAF protein P15056 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser365 GQRDRSSsAPNVHIN 9606 BTO:0000007 10869359 t "Akt phosphorylates both S364 and S428. Akt downregulates B-Raf activity in vivo" SIGNOR-251471 CSNK2A1 protein P68400 UNIPROT GTF2A1L protein Q9UNN4 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser356 VDGSGDTsSNEEIGS -1 12107178 t llicata "ALF was able to stabilize the binding of TBP to DNA, but it could not stabilize TBP mutants A184E, N189E, E191R, and R205E nor could it facilitate binding of the TBP-like factor TRF2/TLF to a consensus TATA element. However, phosphorylation of ALF with casein kinase II resulted in the partial restoration of complex formation using mutant TBPs. | Because the residues involved (Ser-280, Ser-281, Ser-316, and Ser-321) are conserved in ALF (Ser-356, Ser-357, Ser-418, and Ser-423), we tested whether its activity might also be affected by this modification. We first showed that ALF and TFIIAα/β polypeptides incubated with casein kinase II and [γ-32P]ATP could be labeled." SIGNOR-250870 PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT GJB1 protein P08034 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser233 NPPSRKGsGFGHRLS -1 8390988 t miannu "connexin- 32 is proteolyzed by pcalpain and mcalpain. phosphorylation of connexin-32 by protein kinase C, but not by protein kinase A, efficiently prevents its proteolysis by both calpain isoforms. major phosphorylation sites: Ser233(for protein kinase A). Phosphorylation of connexin-32 by protein kinase C,but not by protein kinase A, prevents the proteolytic attack of p-calpain and m-calpain. Phosphorylation of connexin-32 by protein kinase A and protein kinase C does not prevent its proteolysis by papain, a-chymotrypsin, proteinase K, and trypsin" SIGNOR-249715 CSNK2A1 protein P68400 UNIPROT GTF2A1L protein Q9UNN4 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser357 DGSGDTSsNEEIGST -1 12107178 t llicata "ALF was able to stabilize the binding of TBP to DNA, but it could not stabilize TBP mutants A184E, N189E, E191R, and R205E nor could it facilitate binding of the TBP-like factor TRF2/TLF to a consensus TATA element. However, phosphorylation of ALF with casein kinase II resulted in the partial restoration of complex formation using mutant TBPs. | Because the residues involved (Ser-280, Ser-281, Ser-316, and Ser-321) are conserved in ALF (Ser-356, Ser-357, Ser-418, and Ser-423), we tested whether its activity might also be affected by this modification. We first showed that ALF and TFIIAα/β polypeptides incubated with casein kinase II and [γ-32P]ATP could be labeled." SIGNOR-250871 HDAC1 protein Q13547 UNIPROT FLI1 protein Q01543 UNIPROT up-regulates deacetylation Lys380 PTESSMYkYPSDISY 9606 24058639 t miannu "Hdac1 interacts with fli1 and mediates its deacetylation / our previous studies have shown that pcaf-dependent acetylation of fli1 at lysine 380 decreases its protein stability / p300 promotes the interaction of fli1 with hdac1 and increases the dna binding ability of fli1 through deacetylation of lysine 380" SIGNOR-202689 FGFR1 protein P11362 UNIPROT BCAR1 protein P56945 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr327 PLLREETyDVPPAFA 9606 12601080 t lperfetto "Five tyrosine phosphorylation sites were identified in p130cas on tyr-128, tyr-249, tyr-306, tyr-327, and tyr-410. These tyrosine residues are all located in the substrate domain of p130cas that mediates binding to the sh2 domain of the adaptor molecule crk. Fgf-1-transduced fibroblasts demonstrated a > 10-fold increase in migration, an observation correlated with increased tyrosine phosphorylation of p125fak and p130cas." SIGNOR-98500 IKBKB protein O14920 UNIPROT DOK1 protein Q99704 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser450 SHNSALYsQVQKSGA 9606 15574499 t amattioni "Ikkbeta phosphorylates dok1 s(439)s(443) and s(446)s(450) after tnf-alpha, il-1, or gamma-radiation. mutant dok1 a(439), a(443), a(446), and a(450) differed from wild-type dok1 in not inhibiting platelet-derived growth factor-induced extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 phosphorylation or cell growth. Mutant dok1 a(439), a(443), a(446), and a(450) also did not promote cell motility whereas wild-type dok1 promoted cell motility." SIGNOR-131556 SGK1 protein O00141 UNIPROT CDKN1B protein P46527 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr157 GIRKRPAtDDSSTQN 9606 18570873 t gcesareni "Activated sgk1 and p27 phosphorylation at t157, and both were inhibited by short-term rapamycin treatment and by sgk1 shrna." SIGNOR-179117 MAPK14 protein Q16539 UNIPROT RPS6KA5 protein O75582 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser376 EKLFQGYsFVAPSIL 9606 BTO:0000007 15568999 t miannu "MSK1 (mitogen- and stress-activated protein kinase) is a kinase activated in cells downstream of both the ERK1/2 (extracellular-signal-regulated kinase) and p38 MAPK (mitogen-activated protein kinase) cascades. In the present study, we show that, in addition to being phosphorylated on Thr-581 and Ser-360 by ERK1/2 or p38, MSK1 can autophosphorylate on at least six sites: Ser-212, Ser-376, Ser-381, Ser-750, Ser-752 and Ser-758. The activation of MSK1 in cells therefore requires the activation of the ERK1/2 or p38 MAPK cascades" SIGNOR-250111 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR VCP protein P55072 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser352 AATNRPNsIDPALRR 9606 BTO:0000150 16551632 t llicata "Site-directed mutagenesis identified ser-351, ser-745, and ser-747 as akt phosphorylation sites on vcp. however, our study also suggests that other known biological activities of vcp, such as those related to intracellular trafficking, ubiquitin-mediated proteolysis, and activation of transcription (28), might be regulated by akt through the activation of vcp. I" SIGNOR-145284 MAPK14 protein Q16539 UNIPROT PTPN7 protein P35236 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr66 EPICSVNtPREVTLH -1 10206983 t miannu "The noncatalytic N terminus of HePTP binds Erk and p38 and is phosphorylated at Ser-72 and Thr-45 by these kinases. the N terminus of HePTP binds Erk and p38 but may release them upon phosphorylation.it is clear that phosphorylation of HePTP at Thr-45 and/or Ser-72 is not required for inhibition of MAP kinase. Rather, it seems that phosphorylation has the opposite effect, namely to lessen the inhibitory effect of HePTP." SIGNOR-250110 CSNK1A1 protein P48729 UNIPROT CREB1 protein P16220 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser111 TIAESEDsQESVDSV 9606 9931297 t lperfetto "Ser108, ser111 and ser114, located in a region matching the consensus sequence for the casein kinase ii target, were required.These results strongly suggest that the casein kinase ii target region is involved in cell cycle-regulated phosphorylation of the creb protein and also in transcriptional enhancement." SIGNOR-64254 LYN protein P07948 UNIPROT PLCG2 protein P16885 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr759 LYDVSRMyVDPSEIN -1 7682059 t lperfetto "The phosphorylation of purified phospholipase C-gamma 1 (PLC-gamma 1) and PLC-gamma 2 by src-family-protein tyrosine kinases (PTKs) P56lck, p53/56lyn, p59hck, p59fyn, and p60src was studied in vitro. All five PTKs phosphorylated PLC-gamma 1 and PLC-gamma 2, suggesting that both PLC-gamma isozymes can be phosphorylated in cells by any of the src-family PTKs in response to the activation of cell surface receptors." SIGNOR-249384 ATM protein Q13315 UNIPROT ATM protein Q13315 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser2996 QECKRNLsDIDQSFN 9606 21149446 t gcesareni "In human cells, the activation process involves autophosphorylation on three sites (ser367, ser1893, and ser1981) and acetylation on lys3016. We now describe the identification of a new atm phosphorylation site, thr(p)1885 and an additional autophosphorylation site, ser(p)2996, that is highly dna damage-inducible." SIGNOR-170473 PPP2CA protein P67775 UNIPROT EIF4E protein P06730 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation Ser209 DTATKSGsTTKNRFV 9606 20927323 t tpavlidou "A recent study using genetically engineered mouse models has clearly shown that mnk-mediated eif4e phosphorylation is absolutely required for eif4e's oncogenic action. Taken together, we conclude that pp2a negatively regulates eif4e phosphorylation and eif4f complex assembly through dephosphorylation of mnk and eif4e, thus suggesting a novel mechanism by which pp2a exerts its tumor-suppressive function." SIGNOR-168306 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR VCP protein P55072 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser746 AMRFARRsVSDNDIR 9606 BTO:0000150 16551632 t llicata "Site-directed mutagenesis identified ser-351, ser-745, and ser-747 as akt phosphorylation sites on vcp. however, our study also suggests that other known biological activities of vcp, such as those related to intracellular trafficking, ubiquitin-mediated proteolysis, and activation of transcription (28), might be regulated by akt through the activation of vcp. I" SIGNOR-145288 PLK1 protein P53350 UNIPROT CDC25C protein P30307 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser198 SDELMEFsLKDQEAK 9606 11897663 t lperfetto "The nuclear accumulation of active m-phase promoting factor (mpf) during prophase is thought to be essential for coordinating m-phase events in vertebrate cells. The protein phosphatase cdc25c, an activator of mpf, enters the nucleus to keep mpf active in the nucleus during prophase. these results suggest that plk1 phosphorylates cdc25c on ser198 and regulates nuclear translocation of cdc25c during prophase." SIGNOR-115993 PIM1 protein P11309 UNIPROT BAD protein Q92934 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser99 PFRGRSRsAPPNLWA 9606 BTO:0000007 16403219 t miannu "Pim kinases phosphorylate multiple sites on Bad and promote 14-3-3 binding and dissociation from Bcl-XL. pim kinases are constitutively active when expressed in HEK-293 cells and are able to phosphorylate the Bcl-2 family member Bad on three residues, Ser112, Ser136 and Ser155 in vitro and in cells." SIGNOR-250392 DAPK3 protein O43293 UNIPROT MYL9 protein P24844 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr19 KKRPQRAtSNVFAMF 9606 19851336 t lperfetto "More than a dozen kinases have been reported to phosphorylate the rlcs of nm ii (fig. 2), including myosin light chain kinase (mlck;also known as mylk), rho-associated, coiled coil-containing kinase (rock), citron kinase, leucine zipper interacting kinase (zipk;also known as dapk3) and myotonic dystrophy kinase-related cdc42-binding kinase (mrck;also known as cdc42bp)6,34,45,46. These kinases phosphorylate rlcs on ser19, thr18 or both, to relieve the inhibition imposed on the myosin molecule by unphosphorylated rlcs and the head_head interaction outlined above." SIGNOR-188793 SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT HNRNPK protein P61978 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Tyr230 QPYDPNFyDETYDYG 9606 12052863 t lperfetto "We show that hnrnp k and the c-src kinase specifically interact with each other, leading to c-src activation and tyrosine phosphorylation of hnrnp k in vivo and in vitro. c-src-mediated phosphorylation reversibly inhibits the binding of hnrnp k to the differentiation control element (dice) of the lox mrna 3' untranslated region in vitro and specifically derepresses the translation of dice-bearing mrnas in vivo.We confirmed that tyr 230, 234, 236, and 380 are phosphorylated and identified two additional targets of c-src, tyr 72 and tyr 225 (data not shown)." SIGNOR-88903 CDK3 protein Q00526 UNIPROT LIN9 protein Q5TKA1 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr96 KFTATMStPDKKASQ 9606 BTO:0002181 24475316 t lperfetto "In this report, we demonstrate that cyclin e1/cdk3 phosphorylates lin-9 on thr-96. Mutating thr-96 to alanine inhibits activation of cyclins a2 and b1 promoters, whereas a phosphomimetic asp mutant strongly activates their promoters and triggers accelerated entry into g2/m phase in 293t cells." SIGNOR-204529 FYN protein P06241 UNIPROT TOM1L1 protein O75674 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr460 AVTTEAIyEEIDAHQ -1 11711534 t "Tyr-457, located in the presumed Src SH2 binding site, is the predominant tyrosine residue that is phosphorylated by Fyn.Fyn can phosphorylate Srcasm, and association of these molecules relies on cooperative binding between the SH2 and SH3 domains of Fyn and corresponding canonical binding sites in Srcasm. Srcasm is capable of interacting with Grb2 and the regulatory subunit of phosphoinositide 3-kinase, p85, in a phosphorylation-dependent manner. The evidence suggests that Srcasm may help promote Src family kinase signaling in cells." SIGNOR-251185 NSD1 protein Q96L73 UNIPROT RELA protein Q04206 UNIPROT up-regulates methylation Lys218 EIFLLCDkVQKEDIE 9606 SIGNOR-C13 20080798 t miannu "Fbxl11 and nsd1 have opposite effects on nf-kb; both bind to p65 subunit after activation of nf-kb. / nsd1 activates nf-kb and reverses the inhibitory effect of fbxl11 / these data confirm that fbxl11 and nsd1 constitute an enzyme pair that methylates and demethylates p65 on k218 and 221 in response to cytokine stimulation." SIGNOR-163454 INSR protein P06213 UNIPROT PIK3R1 protein P27986 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr607 NENTEDQySLVEDDE 9534 BTO:0000298 8385099 t "The alpha-type 85-kDa subunit of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase is phosphorylated at tyrosines 368, 580, and 607 by the insulin receptor." SIGNOR-251322 PPP2CB protein P62714 UNIPROT PPP1R1A protein Q13522 UNIPROT unknown dephosphorylation Ser67 LKSTLAMsPRQRKKM 10116 11278334 t "In vitro and in vivo studies indicated that phospho-Ser-67 inhibitor-1 was dephosphorylated by protein phosphatases-2A and -2B. | However, inhibitor-1 phosphorylated at Ser-67 was a less efficient substrate for cAMP-dependent protein kinase. These results demonstrate regulation of a Cdk5-dependent phosphorylation site in inhibitor-1 and suggest a role for this site in modulating the amplitude of signal transduction events that involve cAMP-dependent protein kinase activation." SIGNOR-248602 GRK2 protein P25098 UNIPROT MC4R protein P32245 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr312 RSQELRKtFKEIICC 9606 BTO:0000007 12639913 t "Thr312 and Ser329/330 in the C-terminal tail of MC4R are potential sites for PKA and GRK phosphorylation and the subsequent recruitment of β-arrestin to the activated receptor. Replacement by alanine(s) of Thr312 and Ser329/330 in the C-terminal tail resulted in an impaired sequestration of mutated receptors to agonist, whereas mutations of Thr232 or Ser306 did not. This indicates that phosphorylation of these residues by kinases is critical for the internalization of MC4R." SIGNOR-251454 FYN protein P06241 UNIPROT SLAMF1 protein Q13291 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr281 EKKSLTIyAQVQKPG 9534 BTO:0000298 11806999 t "All 3 tyrosines of CD150 (Tyr281, Tyr307, Tyr327) are phosphorylated by the src kinase Fyn. CD150 is unique among its homologues in the immunoglobulin superfamily in that it is able to bind SAP, a floating SH2 domain, in the absence of tyrosine phosphorylation. In this study, using a detailed mutagenesis mapping approach we have shown that SAP binding to CD150 is in fact bimodal. Prior to tyrosine phosphorylation, SAP binds the membrane-proximal motif surrounding Tyr281. Following tyrosine phosphorylation by tyrosine kinases such as Fyn, SAP binds additionally to the distal motif surrounding Tyr327." SIGNOR-251181 CDK1 protein P06493 UNIPROT RANGAP1 protein P46060 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser428 EPAPVLSsPPPADVS 9606 SIGNOR-C17 15037602 t lperfetto "Here, we show that rangap1 is phosphorylated on residues t409, s428, and s442. Phosphorylation occurs before nuclear envelope breakdown and is maintained throughout mitosis . Alternatively, phosphorylated rangap1 may recruit specific sumo target proteins to ranbp2's catalytic domain." SIGNOR-123516 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT DUSP1 protein P28562 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser364 LQSPITTsPSC 9606 10617468 t lperfetto "Mkp-1 was a target in vivo and in vitro for p42(mapk) or p44(mapk), which phosphorylates mkp-1 on two carboxyl-terminal serine residues, serine 359 and serine 364. This phosphorylation did not modify mkp-1's intrinsic ability to dephosphorylate p44(mapk) but led to stabilization of the protein." SIGNOR-73633 CDC7 protein O00311 UNIPROT MCM2 protein P49736 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser13 ESFTMASsPAQRRRG 9606 16446360 t gcesareni "In this work, by in vitro kinase reactions and mass spectrometry analysis of the products, we have mapped phosphorylation sites in the n terminus of mcm2 by cdc7, cdk2, cdk1, and ck2" SIGNOR-143984 CSNK2A1 protein P68400 UNIPROT CDC34 protein P49427 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser222 EVEEEADsCFGDDED 9606 BTO:0000567 11546811 t lperfetto "The ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme, cdc34, has been implicated in the ubiquitination of a number of vertebrate substrates, including p27(kip1), ikappabalpha, wee1, and myod. We show that mammalian cdc34 is a phosphoprotein that is phosphorylated in proliferating cells. Phosphorylation of cdc34 by the associated kinase maps predominantly to residues 203 and 222. Mutation of cdc34 at ck2-targeted residues, ser-203, ser-222, ser-231, thr-233, and ser-236, abolishes the phosphorylation of cdc34 observed in vivo and markedly shifts nuclearly localized cdc34 to the cytoplasm." SIGNOR-110395 MAPK14 protein Q16539 UNIPROT SLC9A1 protein P19634 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser726 IDPASPQsPESVDLV 9606 11604491 t llicata "Trophic factor withdrawal: p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase activates nhe1, which induces intracellular alkalinization. activated p38 mapk directly phosphorylated the c terminus of nhe1 within a 40-amino-acid region. Analysis by mass spectroscopy identified four phosphorylation sites on nhe1, thr 717, ser 722, ser 725, and ser 728." SIGNOR-111043 GSK3A protein P49840 UNIPROT MAFA protein Q8NHW3 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr53 PPGSLSStPLSTPCS 9606 18042454 t miannu "We also demonstrate that gsk-3 triggers mafa sequential phosphorylation on residues s61, t57, t53, and s49 /we demonstrated that phosphorylation by gsk-3 is conserved among the large maf proteins. It couples ubiquitination/degradation and transcriptional activation and modulates maf biological activity./ Taken together, these results suggest that, in contrast to what can be expected from ubiquitination/degradation, gsk-3-mediated mafa phosphorylation increases its transactivating ability, thereby controlling its biological activity." SIGNOR-159373 GSK3A protein P49840 UNIPROT MAFA protein Q8NHW3 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr57 LSSTPLStPCSSVPS 9606 18042454 t miannu "We also demonstrate that gsk-3 triggers mafa sequential phosphorylation on residues s61, t57, t53, and s49 /we demonstrated that phosphorylation by gsk-3 is conserved among the large maf proteins. It couples ubiquitination/degradation and transcriptional activation and modulates maf biological activity./ Taken together, these results suggest that, in contrast to what can be expected from ubiquitination/degradation, gsk-3-mediated mafa phosphorylation increases its transactivating ability, thereby controlling its biological activity." SIGNOR-159377 CSNK2A1 protein P68400 UNIPROT HNRNPC protein P07910 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser260 SEGGADDsAEEGDLL 9606 15687492 t gcesareni "In contrast, hnRNP-C1 that was also modified at the CK1alpha phosphorylation sites exhibited a 14-500-fold decrease in binding affinity, demonstrating that CK1alpha-mediated phosphorylation modulates the mRNA binding ability of hnRNP-C." SIGNOR-133540 ATM protein Q13315 UNIPROT XPA protein P23025 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser196 RSLEVWGsQEALEEA -1 16540648 t llicata "Kinase phosphorylation assays were done with synthesized short peptides (20-mer) with the sequences at Ser173 and Ser196 of XPA, respectively. Both peptides seemed to be good substrates for DNA-PK, ATR ( Fig. 2D), and ATM (data not shown)." SIGNOR-250580 BTRC protein Q9Y297 UNIPROT GLI3 protein P10071 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" ubiquitination Lys773 RRNPAGTkWMEHVKL 9606 BTO:0000938 17283082 t lperfetto "Third, we and others have recently shown that only phosphorylated Ci/Gli3 are able to directly bind Slimb/BetaTrCP, that Gli3 is polyubiquitinated in the cell, and that mutations of 4 lysine residues, the putative ubiquitination sites in the Gli3 C-terminal region, inhibit Gli3 processing These observations further support the notion that Ci/Gli3 processing is carried out by the proteasome because the deletion of the cleavage site is expected to often disrupt the protease-mediated site-specific cleavage." SIGNOR-145116 PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT AANAT protein Q16613 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr31 PSCQRRHtLPASEFR -1 11336675 t miannu "AANAT1201 is phosphorylated at Thr-31 by PKA, it binds to 14-3-3. regulation is achieved by binding to 14-3-3, which structurally modulates the substrate binding sites, leading to measurable effects on the affinity of AANAT for its substrates with an accompanying increase in activity at low substrate concentrations. " SIGNOR-250325 PRKDC protein P78527 UNIPROT PRKDC protein P78527 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr2620 QGTLQTRtQEGSLSA -1 12186630 t lperfetto "We have identified seven in vitro autophosphorylation sites in DNA-PKcs. Six of these sites (Thr2609, Ser2612, Thr2620, Ser2624, Thr2638 and Thr2647) are clustered in a region of 38 amino acids in the central region of the protein. Five of these sites (Thr2609, Ser2612, Thr2638, Thr2647 and Ser3205) are conserved between six vertebrate species. Moreover, we show that DNA-PKcs is phosphorylated in vivo at Thr2609, Ser2612, Thr2638 and Thr2647 in okadaic acid-treated human cells. | Thus phosphorylation of DNA-PKcs at one or more of the autophosphorylation sites identified in this study is likely to be required for DNA-PKcs function." SIGNOR-249158 PTK2 protein Q05397 UNIPROT PTK2 protein Q05397 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr576 RYMEDSTyYKASKGK 9606 BTO:0000671 15694384 t llicata "Once stimulated, fak undergoes autophosphorylation at tyrosine (y) 397, followed by phosphorylation of several sites including y576/y577 which increases fak's kinase activity, as well as at y407, y861, and y925." SIGNOR-133841 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT CTTN protein Q14247 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser405 KTQTPPVsPAPQPTE 9606 BTO:0000938 20444238 t gcesareni "Cortactin is regulated by multiple phosphorylation events, including phosphorylation of s405 and s418 by extracellular regulated kinases (erk)1/2. Erk1/2 phosphorylation of cortactin has emerged as an important positive regulatory modification, enabling cortactin to bind and activate the arp2/3 regulator neuronal wiskott-aldrich syndrome protein (n-wasp), promoting actin polymerization and enhancing tumor cell movement." SIGNOR-165208 STK11 protein Q15831 UNIPROT BRSK2 protein Q8IWQ3 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr174 VGDSLLEtSCGSPHY 9606 14976552 t lperfetto "Lkb1 is a master kinase that activates 13 kinases of the ampk subfamily, including mark/par-1we recently demonstrated that the lkb1 tumour suppressor kinase, in complex with the pseudokinase strad and the scaffolding protein mo25, phosphorylates and activates amp-activated protein kinase (ampk). A total of 12 human kinases (nuak1, nuak2, brsk1, brsk2, qik, qsk, sik, mark1, mark2, mark3, mark4 and melk) are related to ampk. Here we demonstrate that lkb1 can phosphorylate the t-loop of all the members of this subfamily, apart from melk, increasing their activity >50-fold" SIGNOR-122485 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR VCP protein P55072 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser748 RFARRSVsDNDIRKY 9606 BTO:0000150 16551632 t llicata "Site-directed mutagenesis identified ser-351, ser-745, and ser-747 as akt phosphorylation sites on vcp. however, our study also suggests that other known biological activities of vcp, such as those related to intracellular trafficking, ubiquitin-mediated proteolysis, and activation of transcription (28), might be regulated by akt through the activation of vcp. I" SIGNOR-145292 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR TBC1D4 protein O60343 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Thr642 QFRRRAHtFSHPPSS 9606 16880201 t llicata "14-3-3 proteins interact with as160 in an insulin- and akt-dependent manner via an akt phosphorylation site, thr-642." SIGNOR-148342 MAPK14 protein Q16539 UNIPROT KRT8 protein P05787 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser74 TVNQSLLsPLVLEVD 9606 11788583 t lperfetto "Keratin 8 (k8) serine 73 occurs within a relatively conserved type ii keratin motif ((68)nqsllspl) and becomes phosphorylated in cultured cells and organs during mitosis, cell stress, and apoptosis. Here we show that ser-73 is exclusively phosphorylated in vitro by p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase.The ser-73 --> ala-associated filament reorganization defect is rescued by a ser-73 --> asp mutation. Also, disease-causing keratin mutations can modulate keratin phosphorylation and organization, which may affect disease pathogenesis." SIGNOR-114079 PRKAA1 protein Q13131 UNIPROT EEF2K protein O00418 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser398 DSLPSSPsSATPHSQ 9606 SIGNOR-C15 22669845 t gcesareni "In response to genotoxic stress, eef2k was activated by ampk (adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase)-mediated phosphorylation on serine 398. Activated eef2k phosphorylated eef2 and induced a temporary ribosomal slowdown at the stage of elongation" SIGNOR-197734 SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT GAB1 protein Q13480 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr627 KGDKQVEyLDLDLDS 9606 BTO:0000007 19881549 t lperfetto "Using both mutagenesis and mass spectrometry approaches, y242, y259, y317, y373 and y627 of gab1 were identified to be phosphorylated by c-src a gab1 mutant with substitutions of the src phosphorylation sites failed to promote hgf-induced dna synthesis" SIGNOR-236302 PRKCB protein P05771 UNIPROT ANXA1 protein P04083 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser27 EYVQTVKsSKGGPGS 9606 24103589 t lperfetto "The authors identified several phosphorylated residues by a combination of peptide mapping and sequence analysis and showed that recombinant pp60c-src phosphorylates annexin a1 near its amino terminus, at tyrosine 21 (tyr21). Also polyoma virus middle t/pp60c-src complex, recombinant pp50v-abl, and the egf receptor/kinase phosphorylated the same tyrosine residue. It was also shown that serine 27 residue of anxa1 is the primary site phosphorylated by protein kinase c (pkc). In the same study, the threonine 41 residue has been identified as a pkc substrate as well. The adenosine cyclic 3_,5_-phosphate dependent protein kinase a (pka) phosphorylates anxa1 in its carboxyl-terminal core at the threonine 216 residue (thr216) [2].The phosphorylation of serine 27 is essential for annexin a1 membrane localization." SIGNOR-202784 PRKD1 protein Q15139 UNIPROT PRKD1 protein Q15139 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser738 ARIIGEKsFRRSVVG -1 10867018 t lperfetto "The last two autophosphorylation sites (Ser(744) and Ser(748)) are located in the activation loop but are only phosphorylated in the isolated PKD-catalytic domain and not in the full-length PKD; they may affect enzyme catalysis but are not involved in the activation of wild-type PKD by phorbol ester. | These results indicate that neither of the activation loop serines is involved in PDBu-induced activation but that they may be involved in catalysis or in maintaining the conformation of the enzyme prot" SIGNOR-249046 PRKG1 protein Q13976 UNIPROT CFTR protein P13569 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser660 FSAERRNsILTETLH 9606 1377674 t lperfetto "Direct amino acid sequencing and peptide mapping of cf-2 revealed that serines 660, 700, 737, and 813 as well as serine 768, serine 795, or both were phosphorylated by pka and pkgcftr possesses a large cluster of strict dibasic consensus sites for phosphorylation by protein kinase a (pka) in the r-domain and an obligatory dependence on phosphorylation is a hallmark of cftr cl(-) channel function" SIGNOR-18237 MAPK8 protein P45983 UNIPROT HNRNPK protein P61978 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser216 ILDLISEsPIKGRAQ 9606 11259409 t lperfetto "The current studies demonstrate the identification of hnrnp-k as a jnk and erk substrate. The phosphoacceptor sites for jnk and erk on the k protein are different, and indeed, erk phosphorylation results in biological consequences different from those of phosphorylation by jnk (49). Whereas erk phosphorylation on aa 284 and 353 contributes to k protein nuclear export and concomitant inhibition of rna translation (49), phosphorylation by k protein on aa 216 and 353 increases the transcriptional effects of the k protein." SIGNOR-105247 INSR protein P06213 UNIPROT IRS1 protein P35568 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr1229 SSEDLSAyASISFQK 9606 BTO:0000443 12220227 t lperfetto "Here we show that stimulation by insulin of freshly isolated primary adipocytes resulted in the expected rapid tyrosine phosphorylation of the insulin receptor, IRS-1 and IRS-3. Inhibition of PI 3-kinase enhanced the insulin-stimulated phosphorylation of IRS-1 on (i) Tyr(612) and Tyr(941) (p85 binding sites), concomitant with an increased association of the p85 subunit of PI 3-kinase; (ii) Tyr(896) (a Grb2 binding site); and (iii) Tyr(1229) (an SHP-2 binding site), although little or no binding of SHP-2 to IRS-1 was detectable under any conditions." SIGNOR-235983 SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT HRAS protein P01112 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr32 QNHFVDEyDPTIEDS 9606 BTO:0000007 25157176 t "Src binds to and phosphorylates GTP-, but not GDP-, loaded Ras on a conserved Y32 residue within the switch I region in vitro and that in vivo, Ras-Y32 phosphorylation markedly reduces the binding to effector Raf and concomitantly increases binding to GTPase-activating proteins and the rate of GTP hydrolysis" SIGNOR-252093 MAPK9 protein P45984 UNIPROT BCL2L11 protein O43521 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser69 GPLAPPAsPGPFATR 12818176 t miannu "Mitochondrially localized JNKs but not their upstream activators MLKs or MKKs phosphorylated BIMEL at Ser65, potentiating its cytotoxicity without altering its subcellular distribution or integration into mitochondrial membranes." SIGNOR-250136 MAPK13 protein O15264 UNIPROT KRT8 protein P05787 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser74 TVNQSLLsPLVLEVD 9606 11788583 t lperfetto "Keratin 8 (k8) serine 73 occurs within a relatively conserved type ii keratin motif . Here we show that ser-73 is exclusively phosphorylated in vitro by p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase. The ser-73 --> ala-associated filament reorganization defect is rescued by a ser-73 --> asp mutation. Also, disease-causing keratin mutations can modulate keratin phosphorylation and organization, which may affect disease pathogenesis." SIGNOR-114075 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR PDCD4 protein Q53EL6 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser67 KRRLRKNsSRDSGRG 9606 17053147 t gcesareni "Both akt and p70(s6k) phosphorylate pdcd4, allowing for binding of the e3-ubiquitin ligase beta-trcp and consequently ubiquitylation." SIGNOR-150140 HCK protein P08631 UNIPROT ELMO1 protein Q92556 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr720 IPKEPSNyDFVYDCN 9606 15952790 t llicata "We previously showed that elmo1 binds directly to the hck sh3 domain and is phosphorylated by hck. In this study, we used mass spectrometry to identify the following sites of elmo1 phosphorylation: tyr 18, tyr 216, tyr 511, tyr 395, and tyr 720. Mutant forms of elmo1 lacking these sites were defective in their ability to promote phagocytosis and migration in fibroblasts." SIGNOR-138158 EIF2AK2 protein P19525 UNIPROT EIF2AK2 protein P19525 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr90 SPLLLTTtNSSEGLS 9606 11152499 t tpavlidou "Taken together, these results show that pkr is autophosphorylated on serine 83 and threonines 88, 89, and 90, that this autophosphorylation may enhance kinase activation, and that the inhibition of pkr by hcv e2 is not solely due to duplication of and competition with these autophosphorylation sites." SIGNOR-85789 DYRK1A protein Q13627 UNIPROT DNM1 protein Q05193 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser795 VPPARPGsRGPAPGP 9606 BTO:0000142 15287745 t lperfetto "Mnb/dyrk1a was shown to phosphorylate dynamin 1 and alter its interactions with several sh3 domain-containing endocytic accessory proteins.Phosphorylation At s795 and s857 was confirmed in full-length dynamin 1, and s857 was subsequently determined to be the major mnb/dyrk1a phosphorylation site in vitro. Phosphorylation at s857 was demonstrated to be the basis for altering the binding of dynamin 1 to amphiphysin 1 and grb 2 by site-directed mutants mimicking phosphorylation." SIGNOR-127440 CDK5 protein Q00535 UNIPROT EPRS protein P07814 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser886 LSQSSDSsPTRNSEP 9606 BTO:0000801 21220307 t lperfetto "Ser(886) phosphorylation is required for the interaction of nsap1, which blocks eprs binding to target mrnas. The same phosphorylation event induces subsequent binding of ribosomal protein l13a and gapdh and restores mrna binding. Ifn-_ activates cdk5 to phosphorylate ser(886) in the linker domain of glutamyl-prolyl trna synthetase (eprs), the initial event in assembly of the gait complex. Cdk5/p35 also induces, albeit indirectly via a distinct kinase, phosphorylation of ser(999), the second essential event in gait pathway activation" SIGNOR-171138 CDC25A protein P30304 UNIPROT CDK1 protein P06493 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Tyr15 EKIGEGTyGVVYKGR 9606 10454565 t "Phosphatase activity of Cdc25A is critical for its activating capacity (data not shown). In this context, it should also be mentioned that Cdc25A is able to activate cyclin B-Cdk1 in vitro" SIGNOR-248480 PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT GRM5 protein P41594 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr841 RSAFTTStVVRMHVG -1 15894802 t lperfetto "Thus, we showed that it is phosphorylation of Ser-839, not Thr-840, that is absolutely required for the unique Ca2+ oscillations produced by mGluR5 activation. The Thr-840 residue is important only in that it is permissive for the PKC-dependent phosphorylation of Ser-839." SIGNOR-249285 MAPK8 protein P45983 UNIPROT IRS1 protein P35568 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" phosphorylation Ser312 TESITATsPASMVGG 10116 BTO:0004428 12510059 t lperfetto "Modulation of insulin-stimulated degradation of human insulin receptor substrate-1 by Serine 312 phosphorylationOne of the specific Ser phosphorylation sites in IRS-1 that has been proposed to negatively modulate the insulin signal is Ser312 (numbered according to the human sequence). Prior studies have demonstrated that IRS-1 associates with and is phosphorylated by JNK in vitro on Ser312" SIGNOR-236591 EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT GAB1 protein Q13480 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr307 MRHVSISyDIPPTPG -1 10734310 t lperfetto "Gab1 is also phosphorylated in response to epidermal growth factor (egf) but is unable to induce tubule formation. nine tyrosines are phosphorylated by both receptors. Three of them (y307, y373, y407) bind phospholipase c-gamma (plc-gamma)." SIGNOR-233233 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR KHSRP protein Q92945 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser193 GLPERSVsLTGAPES 9606 17177604 t lperfetto "Beta-catenin transcript can be stabilized by either wnt or pi3k-akt signaling activation. Akt phosphorylates ksrp at a unique serine residue akt phosphorylates the mrna decay-promoting factor ksrp at a unique serine residue, induces its association with the multifunctional protein 14-3-3, and prevents ksrp interaction with the exoribonucleolytic complex exosome." SIGNOR-151216 MAPK8 protein P45983 UNIPROT BCL2 protein P10415 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr69 SRDPVARtSPLQTPA 9606 10567572 t gcesareni "G(2)/m-phase cells proved more susceptible to death signals, and phosphorylation of bcl-2 appeared to be responsible, as a ser70ala substitution restored resistance to apoptosis. We noted that ask1 and jnk1 were normally activated at g(2)/m phase, and jnk was capable of phosphorylating bcl-2.." SIGNOR-72361 RPS6KB1 protein P23443 UNIPROT IRS1 protein P35568 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" phosphorylation Ser527 RFRKRTHsAGTSPTI 10090 BTO:0002572 18498745 t lperfetto "In this report, we identified insulin receptor substrate 1 (IRS-1), a critical mediator of the insulin/insulin-like growth factor 1 signaling, as a proteolytic target of the CUL7 E3 ligase in a manner that depends on mammalian target of rapamycin and the p70 S6 kinase activities.Elimination of phosphorylation at S307/S312/S527/S636/S639 renders V5-IRS-1 partially resistant to degradation by Fbw8" SIGNOR-236595 CDK1 protein P06493 UNIPROT CEP55 protein Q53EZ4 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser425 NREKVAAsPKSPTAA 9606 16198290 t lperfetto "Upon mitotic entry, centrosome dissociation of cep55 is triggered by erk2/cdk1-dependent phosphorylation at s425 and s428. S425/428 phosphorylation is required for interaction with plk1, enabling phosphorylation of cep55 at s436. enabling it to relocate to the midbody to function in mitotic exit and cytokinesis." SIGNOR-140882 FYN protein P06241 UNIPROT SCN5A protein Q14524 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Tyr1495 TEEQKKYyNAMKKLG 9606 15831816 t llicata "This study addresses the effects of the src family tyrosine kinase fyn on na(v)1.5 cardiac sodium channels. Sodium currents were acquired by whole cell recording on hek-293 cells transiently expressing na(v)1.5. Acute treatment of cells with insulin caused a depolarizing shift in steady-state inactivation, an effect eliminated by the src-specific tyrosine kinase inhibitor pp2 we provide evidence that this linker is a substrate for fyn in vitro, and that y1495 is a preferred phosphorylation site." SIGNOR-135600 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR CTNNB1 protein P35222 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser552 QDTQRRTsMGGTQQQ 9606 12063252 t lperfetto "AKT can phosphorylate and inactivate GSK3, leading to stabilization and increased levels of BETA-catenin. Phosphorylation of beta-catenin by akt promotes beta-catenin transcriptional activitywe have demonstrated that akt phosphorylates beta-catenin at ser552 in vitro and in vivo." SIGNOR-152954 CDK1 protein P06493 UNIPROT NUP98 protein P52948 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser612 LNNSNLFsPVNRDSE 9606 21335236 t gcesareni "We show that npc disassembly is a phosphorylation-driven process, dependent on cdk1 activity and supported by members of the nima-related kinase (nek) family. mitotic hyperphosphorylation of nup98 is accomplished by multiple kinases, including cdk1 and neks." SIGNOR-172217 CSNK1D protein P48730 UNIPROT CTNNB1 protein P35222 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser45 GATTTAPsLSGKGNP 9606 12000790 t gcesareni "However, ckiepsilon has been recently shown to interact with axin (sakanaka et al. 1999;rubinfeld et al. 2001), and it was proposed that this kinase mediates axin-induced apc phosphorylation, thereby stabilizing the -catenin degradation complex (rubinfeld et al. 2001). We have, therefore, evaluated cki as a candidate s45-kinase in several assays, both in vitro and in vivo." SIGNOR-87441 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR CHEK1 protein O14757 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser280 AKRPRVTsGGVSESP 9606 15107605 t lperfetto "The chk1 protein phosphorylated by pkb on serine 280 does not enter into protein complexes after replication arrest. Moreover, chk1 phosphorylated by pkb fails to undergo activating phosphorylation on serine 345 by atm/atr. Phosphorylation by atm/atr and association with other checkpoint proteins are essential steps in activation of chk1." SIGNOR-244206 GSK3B protein P49841 UNIPROT FBXO4 protein Q9UKT5 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser12 EPRSGTNsPPPPFSD 9606 21242966 t lperfetto "Gsk3beta-mediated phosphorylation of fbx4 ser12 during the g1/s transition regulates fbx4 dimerization, which in turn governs fbx4-driven e3 ligase activity." SIGNOR-171648 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR SH3RF1 protein Q7Z6J0 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser304 KNTKKRHsFTSLTMA 9606 17535800 t miannu "We report here that posh is a direct substrate for phosphorylation by akt in vivo and in vitro, and we identify a major site of akt phosphorylation as serine 304 of posh, which lies within the rac-binding domain. We further show that phosphorylation of posh results in a decreased ability to bind activated rac, as does phosphomimetic s304d and s304e mutation of posh." SIGNOR-155229 PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT BAD protein Q92934 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser99 PFRGRSRsAPPNLWA 9606 10949026 t gcesareni "Ser-155 is the major phosphoacceptor site for pka on bad, but that pka also phosphorylates ser-112 and ser-136. Phosphorylated bad appears to be the inactive moiety. These results implicate pkac as the candidate kinase for s112 phosphorylation in vivo." SIGNOR-81137 TXK protein P42681 UNIPROT TXK protein P42681 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr91 KIQVKALyDFLPREP 9606 BTO:0000782 12081135 t lperfetto "Evidence of autophosphorylation in txk: y91 is an autophosphorylation site. the results suggest that phosphorylated txk is an active form to promote ifn-gamma synthesis" SIGNOR-89844 MTOR protein P42345 UNIPROT AKT1S1 protein Q96B36 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser183 PTQQYAKsLPVSVPV -1 SIGNOR-C3 SIGNOR-C3 18372248 t lperfetto "Pras40 functions as a negative regulator when bound to mtorc1, and it dissociates from mtorc1 in response to insulin. Pras40 has been demonstrated to be a substrate of mtorc1, and one phosphorylation site, ser-183, has been identified." SIGNOR-178120 CDK1 protein P06493 UNIPROT LBR protein Q14739 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser71 KGGSTSSsPSRRRGS 9606 14718546 t lperfetto "The binding of the nk fragment to chromatin pretreated with an s-phase extract was suppressed by incubation with an m-phase extract. Enzyme inhibitor experiments revealed that multiple kinases participate in the suppression. One of these kinases was shown to be cdc2 experiments involving a mutant nk fragment showed that the phosphorylation of serine 71 by cdc2 kinase is responsible for the suppression." SIGNOR-121335 CREBBP protein Q92793 UNIPROT KLF1 protein Q13351 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" acetylation Lys288 CAHPGCGkSYTKSSH 9606 11259590 t Regulation miannu "EKLF residues acetylated by CREB binding protein (CBP) in vitro map to Lys-288 in its transactivation domain and Lys-302 in its zinc finger domain." SIGNOR-251826 PLK1 protein P53350 UNIPROT YY1 protein P25490 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr39 PVETIETtVVGEEEE 9606 23226345 t lperfetto "More recently, we identified and mapped multiple phosphorylation sites in yy1, including, threonine 39, serine 118, serine 247, threonine 348 and threonine 378. The first kinase proven to phosphorylate yy1 in vivo was plk1, which phosphorylates threonine 39 during g2/m stage of the cell cycle [25]. Ck2_ is another kinase identified as constitutively phosphorylating yy1 at serine 118. This modification protects yy1 cleavage by caspase 7 during apoptosis" SIGNOR-200087 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR HTRA2 protein O43464 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser212 RVRVRLLsGDTYEAV 9606 17311912 t lperfetto "Akt attenuation of the serine protease activity of htra2/omi through phosphorylation of serine 212" SIGNOR-153323 TLK1 protein Q9UKI8 UNIPROT RAD9A protein Q99638 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Thr355 EPSTVPGtPPPKKFR 9606 24376897 t "The effect has been demonstrated using Q9UKI8-2" llicata "Here we show that rad9 is phosphorylated in a tlk-dependent manner in vitro and in vivo, and that t355 within the c-terminal tail is the primary targeted residue." SIGNOR-203503 DYRK1A protein Q13627 UNIPROT AMPH protein P49418 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser276 PLPSPTAsPNHTLAP 9606 BTO:0000142 15262992 t lperfetto "Recent studies show that phosphorylation of amphiphysin1 prd by cdk5 inhibited the association of amphiphysin1 with ap-2 in synaptic vesicle endocytosis (7, 8) similar to that by mapk (present report). Cdk5 appears to phosphorylate amphiphysin1 at serines 261, 272, 276, and 285 and threonine 310, located in the prd" SIGNOR-126847 SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT CTTN protein Q14247 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Tyr486 YPAEDSTyDEYENDL 9606 12601080 t lperfetto "Cortactin was first identified as a substrate of v-src (46) that mediates in vitro phosphorylation of residues tyr-421, tyr-466, and tyr-482 at the c terminus of the murine ortholog (47). Phosphorylation of these residues attenuates the f-actin cross-linking activity" SIGNOR-98720 CSNK2A1 protein P68400 UNIPROT HMGN1 protein P05114 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser7 sSAEGAAK 9606 10739259 t gcesareni "Peptide mass and sequence analysis showed major and minor phosphorylation sites, respectively, at ser24 and ser28 in hmg-17, and ser20 and ser24 in hmg-14 a third phosphorylation site in hmg-14 was located at either ser6 or ser7phosphorylation of ser6 and ser7 may compromise the binding of hmgn1 protein to the binding domain of importin proteins, which in turn affects the nuclear transport and sub-cellular localization of hmgn1 protein. Protein kinase ck2 could potentially be an enzyme that regulates this process." SIGNOR-76266 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR PPARGC1A protein Q9UBK2 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser571 RMRSRSRsFSRHRSC 9606 BTO:0000759 17554339 t lperfetto "Here we describe a mechanism by which insulin, through the intermediary protein kinase akt2/protein kinase b (pkb)-beta, elicits the phosphorylation and inhibition of the transcriptional coactivator peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-coactivator 1alpha (pgc-1alpha), a global regulator of hepatic metabolism during fasting / phosphorylation of pgc-1alpha At ser570 Is required for akt to inhibit recruitment of pgc-1alpha To chromatin." SIGNOR-155532 CDC42BPA protein Q5VT25 UNIPROT MYL9 protein P24844 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr19 KKRPQRAtSNVFAMF 9606 19851336 t lperfetto "More than a dozen kinases have been reported to phosphorylate the rlcs of nm ii (fig. 2), including myosin light chain kinase (mlck;also known as mylk), rho-associated, coiled coil-containing kinase (rock), citron kinase, leucine zipper interacting kinase (zipk;also known as dapk3) and myotonic dystrophy kinase-related cdc42-binding kinase (mrck;also known as cdc42bp)6,34,45,46. These kinases phosphorylate rlcs on ser19, thr18 or both, to relieve the inhibition imposed on the myosin molecule by unphosphorylated rlcs and the head_head interaction outlined above." SIGNOR-188785 DYRK2 protein Q92630 UNIPROT JUN protein P05412 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser243 PGETPPLsPIDMESQ 9606 BTO:0000150 22307329 t lperfetto "Degradation of c-jun/c-myc is a critical process for the g(1)/s transition, which is initiated upon phosphorylation by glycogen synthase kinase 3 ? (gsk3?). However, a specific kinase or kinases responsible for priming phosphorylation events that precede this gsk3? Modification has not been definitively identified. Here, we found that the dual-specificity tyrosine phosphorylation-regulated kinase dyrk2 functions as a priming kinase of c-jun and c-myc.The finding that kinase-active dyrk2 phosphorylated gst_c-jun210_310-wt by detection with an anti_phospho_c-jun(ser243) antibody demonstrated that dyrk2 is a ser243 kinase in vitro" SIGNOR-195771 NLK protein Q9UBE8 UNIPROT LEF1 protein Q9UJU2 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr155 SHAVHPLtPLITYSD 9606 12556497 t gcesareni "Regulation of lymphoid enhancer factor 1/t-cell factor by mitogen-activated protein kinase-related nemo-like kinase-dependent phosphorylation in wnt/beta-catenin signaling.Nlk phosphorylates lef-1/tcf on two serine/threonine residues located in its central region. Mutation of both residues to alanine enhanced lef-1 transcriptional activity and rendered it resistant to inhibition by nlk." SIGNOR-97812 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR TP53RK protein Q96S44 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser250 RLRGRKRsMVG 9606 17712528 t gcesareni "Here we show that such an activation of prpk is mediated by another kinase, akt/pkb, which phosphorylates prpk at ser250." SIGNOR-157467 GSK3B protein P49841 UNIPROT RELA protein Q04206 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser468 AVFTDLAsVDNSEFQ 9606 SIGNOR-C13 17183360 t gcesareni "Rela is phosphorylated at: ser276 by the catalytic subunit of protein kinase a (pkac), msk1 and msk2; at ser311 by the atypical pkczeta; at ser468 by ikkbeta, ikkepsilon and glycogen-synthase kinase-3beta (gsk3beta); at ser529 by ck2; and at ser536 by ikkbeta, ikkalfa, ikkepsilon, nf-kb activating kinase (nak, also known as tank-binding kinase-1 tbk1)) and rsk1 (also known as p90 ribosomal protein s6 kinase (p90s6k) ." SIGNOR-151422 FGFR4 protein P22455 UNIPROT STAT1 protein P42224 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr701 DGPKGTGyIKTELIS 9606 BTO:0000007 10918587 t "Activation of Stat1 and Stat3 by FGFR derivatives. Lysates of 293T cells transfected as indicated were analysed by Western blotting using Phospho-Stat1 (Y701) antisera (top) or Stat1 antisera (bottom). (b) The same lysates in (a) were re-examined for phosphorylated Stat3 by Western blotting with Phospho-Stat3 (Y705) (top). all three FGFR family members examined here are able to lead to Stat activation. Expression of the 'TDII-like' derivatives of FGFR1, FGFR3, and FGFR4, as well as myrR1-WT, led to phosphorylation of both Stat1 and Stat3." SIGNOR-251141 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT RPS6KA1 protein Q15418 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr573 AENGLLMtPCYTANF 9534 BTO:0001538 9430688 t lperfetto "Several lines of evidence indicate that the mapkap-k1 isoforms are also activated by mapks in vivo via the ras-dependent protein kinase cascade that is triggered by growth factors or tumor-promoting phorbol esters, such as phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (pma). here we identify six sites in mapkap-k1a that become phosphorylated in transfected cos-1 cells. The inactive form of mapkap-k1a in unstimulated cells is partially phosphorylated at ser222 and ser733. Stimulation with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate induces the phosphorylation of thr360, ser364, thr574, and ser381 and increases the phosphorylation of ser222 and ser733." SIGNOR-219353 MAPK12 protein P53778 UNIPROT SNTA1 protein Q13424 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser201 PLQRQPSsPGPTPRN 9606 BTO:0001103 10212242 t lperfetto "Sapk3 phosphorylates alpha1-syntrophin at serine residues 193 and 201 in vitro and phosphorylation is dependent on binding to the pdz domain of alpha1-syntrophin. The finding that sapk3 co-localizes with _1-syntrophin in skeletal muscle, that it binds to the pdz domain of _1-syntrophin, and that phosphorylation of _1-syntrophin depends on this interaction identifies a novel mechanism for targeting a protein kinase to its substrates." SIGNOR-67065 MAPKAPK2 protein P49137 UNIPROT YWHAZ protein P63104 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser58 VVGARRSsWRVVSSI 9606 BTO:0000007 12861023 t miannu "We confirmed that MAPKAPK2 interacted with and phosphorylated 14-3-3zeta in vitro and in HEK293 cells. Mutation analysis showed that MAPKAPK2 phosphorylated 14-3-3zeta at Ser-58. S58D mutation significantly impaired both 14-3-3zeta dimerization and binding to Raf-1." SIGNOR-250151 MAPK12 protein P53778 UNIPROT SNTA1 protein Q13424 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser193 GWDSPPAsPLQRQPS 9606 BTO:0001103 10212242 t lperfetto "Sapk3 phosphorylates alpha1-syntrophin at serine residues 193 and 201 in vitro and phosphorylation is dependent on binding to the pdz domain of alpha1-syntrophin. The finding that sapk3 co-localizes with _1-syntrophin in skeletal muscle, that it binds to the pdz domain of _1-syntrophin, and that phosphorylation of _1-syntrophin depends on this interaction identifies a novel mechanism for targeting a protein kinase to its substrates." SIGNOR-67061 EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr1172 ISLDNPDyQQDFFPK 10090 BTO:0002882 16122376 t "Dimerization mediated by a beta hairpin, which protudes from the S1 domains of each ligand bound monomer" lperfetto "EGFR possesses three major and two minor tyrosine autophosphorylation sites located at Y1068, Y1148, Y1173, and at Y992 and Y1086 respectively. In addition, EGFR Y1114 is preceded by glutamic acid (Figure 1), which should be preferred by the EGFR kinase as indicated in previous work" SIGNOR-236531 PRKG1 protein Q13976 UNIPROT CREB1 protein P16220 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser133 EILSRRPsYRKILND -1 11175347 t lperfetto "G-kinase phosphorylated GST-CREB, albeit less efficiently than A-kinase, but GST was not phosphorylated by either kinase (Figure 5a). GST-CREB purified from bacteria was similarly phosphorylated by G-kinase, whereas GST-CREB containing a serine 133 to alanine mutation was not (Figure 5b). These results demonstrate that G-kinase can directly phosphorylate CREB on serine 133." SIGNOR-249076 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR RANBP3 protein Q9H6Z4 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser126 VKRERTSsLTQFPPS 9606 18280241 t llicata "Akt regulates ranbp3 phosphorylation in vitro and in vivo" SIGNOR-160900 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR PDCD4 protein Q53EL6 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser67 KRRLRKNsSRDSGRG 9606 BTO:0000007 BTO:0001253 18296647 t gcesareni "Both akt and p70(s6k) phosphorylate pdcd4, allowing for binding of the e3-ubiquitin ligase beta-trcp and consequently ubiquitylation." SIGNOR-160982 CSNK1E protein P49674 UNIPROT PER3 protein P56645 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser628 LSLGSGIsQCGYSST 9534 BTO:0000298 11865049 t llicata "The CKI phosphorylation of mPer1 and mPer3 proteins results in their rapid degradation, which is dependent on the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway. Moreover, CKIepsilon and CKIdelta are able to induce nuclear translocation of mPer3, which requires its nuclear localization signal. The mutation in potential phosphorylation sites on mPer3 decreased the extent of both nuclear translocation and degradation of mPer3 that are stimulated by CKIepsilon. | In mut7 in which all of the conserved serine and threonine residues in this region were mutated, the ratio of the shifted band was greatly reduced reproducibly. " SIGNOR-250817 ATR protein Q13535 UNIPROT BRCA1 protein P38398 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr1394 SQSDILTtQQRDTMQ 9606 BTO:0002181 11114888 t llicata "Although no single mutation eliminated the GST–BRCA1 (1314–1863) electrophoretic mobility shift, a quadruple mutant (GST–BRCA14A) containing Ala substitutions at Ser 1387, Thr 1394, Ser 1423, and Ser 1457 showed no alteration in electrophoretic mobility after phosphorylation by ATR-containing immune complexes (Fig.2D). The total incorporation of 32Pi into the GST–BRCA14Asubstrate was reduced by 70% relative to that obtained with wild-type GST–BRCA1 (1314–1863), suggesting that these four residues account for most, but not all of the phosphorylation sites in this fragment. | Together, these results demonstrate that ATR and BRCA1 are components of the same genotoxic stress-responsive pathway, and that ATR directly phosphorylates BRCA1 in response to damaged DNA or stalled DNA replication." SIGNOR-250583 PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT HSF1 protein Q00613 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser320 ASPGRPSsVDTLLSP 9606 21085490 t lperfetto "Protein kinase a binds and activates heat shock factor 1hsf1 binds avidly to the catalytic subunit of pka, (pkac_) and becomes phosphorylated on a novel serine phosphorylation site within its central regulatory domain (serine 320 or s320), both in vitro and in vivo. Intracellular pkac_ levels and phosphorylation of hsf1 at s320 were both required for hsf1 to be localized to the nucleus, bind to response elements in the promoter of an hsf1 target gene" SIGNOR-169853 CSNK1E protein P49674 UNIPROT CSNK1E protein P49674 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser408 RIPASQTsVPFDHLG 9606 BTO:0000007 10542239 t llicata "Amino acids Ser-323, Thr-325, Thr-334, Thr-337, Ser-368, Ser-405, Thr-407, and Ser-408 in the carboxyl-terminal tail of CKIepsilon were identified as probable in vivo autophosphorylation sites. A recombinant CKIepsilon protein with serine and threonine to alanine mutations eliminating these autophosphorylation sites was 8-fold more active than wild-type CKIepsilon using IkappaBalpha as a substrate. T" SIGNOR-250810 CSNK1E protein P49674 UNIPROT PER3 protein P56645 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser634 ISQCGYSsTIVHVPP 9534 BTO:0000298 11865049 t llicata "The CKI phosphorylation of mPer1 and mPer3 proteins results in their rapid degradation, which is dependent on the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway. Moreover, CKIepsilon and CKIdelta are able to induce nuclear translocation of mPer3, which requires its nuclear localization signal. The mutation in potential phosphorylation sites on mPer3 decreased the extent of both nuclear translocation and degradation of mPer3 that are stimulated by CKIepsilon. | In mut7 in which all of the conserved serine and threonine residues in this region were mutated, the ratio of the shifted band was greatly reduced reproducibly. " SIGNOR-250819 PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT PDE3A protein Q14432 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser492 MTLTKSRsFTSSYAI 9606 19261611 t llicata "Protein kinase c-mediated phosphorylation and activation of pde3a regulate camp levels in human platelets. together, these results demonstrate that platelet activation stimulates pkc-dependent phosphorylation of pde3a on ser(312), ser(428), ser(438), ser(465), and ser(492) leading to a subsequent increase in camp hydrolysis and 14-3-3 binding." SIGNOR-184464 PRKCB protein P05771 UNIPROT PRKCB protein P05771 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser661 QNEFAGFsYTNPEFV 9606 17115692 t lperfetto "The catalytic or kinase domain requires phosphorylation at three sites for full activation (24, 25): ? Phosphorylation of threonine 500 (thr-500) in the activation loop by the upstream kinase pdk-1 is a prerequisite for the maturation of the enzyme (26), which subsequently leads to autophosphorylation at threonine 641 (thr-641) in the turn motif and serine 660 (ser-660) in the hydrophobic motif" SIGNOR-150861 ZAP70 protein P43403 UNIPROT LCP2 protein Q13094 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr128 DGEDDGDyESPNEEE 9606 BTO:0000782 9047237 t lperfetto "Zap-70 phosphorylates slp-76 at specific sites that allow vav sh2 domain bindingwe also show by in vitro and in vivo analysis that two slp-76 pyesp motifs (y113 and y128) mediate binding, the first being more efficient." SIGNOR-46859 PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT CASP9 protein P55211 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser195 EKLRRRFsSLHFMVE 9606 15703181 t lperfetto "We show that protein kinase a inhibits activation of caspase-9 and caspase-3 downstream of cytochrome c in xenopus egg extracts and in a human cell-free system. Protein kinase a directly phosphorylates human caspase-9 at serines 99, 183, and 195." SIGNOR-133884 SIK3 protein Q9Y2K2 UNIPROT CRTC2 protein Q53ET0 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser348 PSLQSSLsNPNLQAS 9606 BTO:0000567 16306228 t lperfetto "We found that QSK and SIK phosphorylated TORC2 at Ser171 as well as at least two additional residues, namely Ser70 and Ser348|QIK also phosphorylates the CREB co-activator TORC2, in unstimulated cells, to sequester it in the cell cytoplasm, thereby inhibiting CREB-dependent gene-expression" SIGNOR-249170 ABL1 protein P00519 UNIPROT EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr1197 STAENAEyLRVAPQS 9606 16943190 t lperfetto "we show that activated Abl phosphorylates the EGFR primarily on tyrosine 1173Furthermore, we show that activated Abl allows the ligand-activated EGFR to escape Cbl-dependent down-regulation by inhibiting the accumulation of Cbl at the plasma membrane in response to epidermal growth factor stimulation and disrupting the formation of the EGFR.Cbl complex without affecting Cbl protein stability. These findings reveal a novel role for Abl in promoting increased cell-surface expression of the EGFR and suggest that Abl/EGFR signaling may cooperate in human" SIGNOR-149277 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR HMOX1 protein P09601 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser188 LYRSRMNsLEMTPAV 9606 BTO:0000007 15581622 t llicata "We have identified a putative consensus sequence for phosphorylation by akt/pkb of ho-1 at ser188. although the changes in activity are small, this study provides the first evidence for a role of the survival kinase akt in the regulation of ho-1." SIGNOR-161283 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR STK4 protein Q13043 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr120 IIRLRNKtLTEDEIA 9606 19940129 t llicata "Akt interacts with mst1 and phosphorylates a highly conserved residue threonine 120 of mst1, which leads to inhibition of its kinase activity and nuclear translocation as well as the autophosphorylation of thr(183)." SIGNOR-161829 SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT BCAR1 protein P56945 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr362 SPPAEDVyDVPPPAP 10090 12972425 t lperfetto "Cas is a member of the focal adhesion complex. Phosphorylation of Cas by Src is an important event leading to cell transformation. Using mass spectrometry, we have mapped 11 sites in Cas that are phosphorylated by Src. These sites are all located between residues 132 and 414 of CasBased on these data, 11 tyrosine residues (132, 169, 183, 196, 238, 253, 271, 291, 301, 391, and 414) were phosphorylated by Src" SIGNOR-246409 AKT2 protein P31751 UNIPROT CHUK protein O15111 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr23 EMRERLGtGGFGNVC 9606 BTO:0001454 SIGNOR-C14 19609947 t gcesareni "Although there are likely to be multiple levels of crosstalk between the pi3k-akt and nf-kb pathways, one mechanism has been attributed to direct phosphorylation of the amino acid residue t23 on ikb kinase alfa (ikkalfa) by akt, thereby leading to activation of this kinase upstream of nf-kb akt mediates ikkalpha phosphorylation at threonine 23 akt transiently associates in vivo with ikk and induces ikk activation. Akt mediates ikkalfa phosphorylation at threonine 23.Akt phosphorylates ikkalpha on t23, and this phosphorylation event is a prerequisite for the phosphorylation of p65 at s534 by ikkalpha and beta" SIGNOR-187010 AURKB protein Q96GD4 UNIPROT DSN1 protein Q9H410 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser109 KETNRRKsLHPIHQG 9606 20471944 t lperfetto "To determine whether the combinatorial regulation of the kmn network by aurora b observed in vitro is critical to controlling kinetochore-microtubule attachments in vivo, we next investigated the effect of the phosphomimetic (to aspartate) and nonphosphorylatable (to alanine) mutants of dsn1, knl1, and ndc80 in vertebrate cells. We predicted that both types of mutations in critical phosphorylation sites would affect chromosome segregation, since preventing the inactivation of inappropriately attached kinetochores by aurora b (in the nonphosphorylatable mutant) or constitutively inactivating this attachment (in the phosphomimetic mutant)." SIGNOR-165550 PRKG2 protein Q13237 UNIPROT HSPB1 protein P04792 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr143 RCFTRKYtLPPGVDP 9606 19593530 t "11383510: to test the hypothesis that cGK could inhibit platelet aggregation by phosphorylating Hsp27 and interfering with the MAPKAP kinase phosphorylation of Hsp27, the known MAPKAP kinase 2-phosphorylation sites (Ser15, Ser78, and Ser82) as well as Thr143 were replaced by negatively charged amino acids, which are considered to mimic phosphate groups, and tested in actin polymerization experiments. Mimicry at the MAPKAP kinase 2 phosphorylation sites led to mutants with a stimulating effect on actin polymerization" lperfetto "Purified pkg isoforms ia, ib, and ii all caused incorporation of phosphate in recombinant hsp27 at ser-78, ser-82, and thr-143, but not ser-15.These Studies indicate that hsp27 is a genuine substrate for pkg and that pkg may mediate inhibition of platelet aggregation through phosphorylation of hsp27 and subsequent prevent of actin polymerization" SIGNOR-186947 PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT DLX3 protein O60479 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser138 KPRTIYSsYQLAALQ -1 11343707 t lperfetto "Dlx3 is primarily phosphorylated by PKC alpha. By deletion and mutational analysis, we show that the serine residue S(138), located in the homeodomain of Dlx3 protein, was specifically phosphorylated by PKC. The phosphorylation of purified Dlx3 proteins by PKC partially inhibited formation of complexes between Dlx3 protein and DNA. These results suggest that Dlx3 protein can be directly phosphorylated by PKC and this affects the DNA binding activity of Dlx3." SIGNOR-249096 MATK protein P42679 UNIPROT LYN protein P07948 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr508 YTATEGQyQQQP -1 9171348 t miannu "In vitro phosphorylation assays showed that Chk suppressed Lyn activity by phosphorylating its C-terminal negative regulatory tyrosine." SIGNOR-250177 AURKB protein Q96GD4 UNIPROT NDC80 protein O14777 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser44 KPTFGKLsINKPTSE 9606 20471944 t lperfetto "To determine whether the combinatorial regulation of the kmn network by aurora b observed in vitro is critical to controlling kinetochore-microtubule attachments in vivo, we next investigated the effect of the phosphomimetic (to aspartate) and nonphosphorylatable (to alanine) mutants of dsn1, knl1, and ndc80 in vertebrate cells. We predicted that both types of mutations in critical phosphorylation sites would affect chromosome segregation, since preventing the inactivation of inappropriately attached kinetochores by aurora b (in the nonphosphorylatable mutant) or constitutively inactivating this attachment (in the phosphomimetic mutant)." SIGNOR-165558 CDK9 protein P50750 UNIPROT SMAD3 protein P84022 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser208 DAGSPNLsPNPMSPA 9606 19914168 t lpetrilli "Similarly, tgf-?-Induced and cdk8/9-mediated phosphorylation of smad3 at threonine 179 (t179) is important for binding of the nedd4l e3 ubiquitin ligase, which accelerates smad3 turnover;cdk8 and cyclint-cdk9 showed a preference for s206 and s214 but also phosphorylated s186 and s195 in the case of smad1;and t179, s208 and s213 in the case of smad3." SIGNOR-161674 CDK9 protein P50750 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser1651 SPTSPSYsPTSPSYS 9606 24385927 t lperfetto "Cyclin-dependent kinase 9 (cdk9) promotes elongation by rna polymerase ii (rnapii), mrna processing, and co-transcriptional histone modification. Cdk9 phosphorylates multiple targets, including the conserved rnapii elongation factor spt5 and rnapii itself. Cellular kinase cdk9 phosphorylates serine-2 in the c-terminal domain (ctd) of rnap ii" SIGNOR-203520 SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT PTK2 protein Q05397 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr742 HMVQTNHyQVSGYPG 9606 BTO:0000195 17289681 t "The effect has been demonstrated using P34152-3" gcesareni "We propose that fak/c-src bipartite enzyme is a sensor of cytoplasmic shrinkage, and that the phosphorylation on fak tyr-861 by src and subsequent reorganization of f-actin can initiate an anti-apoptotic signaling pathway that protects cells from hyperosmotic stress." SIGNOR-152967 PRKCB protein P05771 UNIPROT NRGN protein Q92686 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser36 AAAKIQAsFRGHMAR -1 8080473 t lperfetto "Phosphorylation of RC3 by PKC alpha, beta, or gamma was stimulated by Ca2+, phospholipid, and diacylglycerol. A single site, Ser36, which is adjacent to the predicted calmodulin (CaM)-binding domain, was phosphorylated by these enzymes. Phosphorylation of RC3 by PKC or PKM, a protease-degraded PKC, was inhibited by CaM. The effect of CaM apparently targets at RC3, as phosphorylation of protamine sulfate by PKM was not inhibited by CaM." SIGNOR-248914 MAPK11 protein Q15759 UNIPROT TCF3 protein P15923 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser139 LNSPGPLsPSGMKGT 9606 BTO:0000887 15719023 t "p38 MAPK in particular phosphorylates Ser140 of E47. Its been observed that phosphorylation of E47 improves its ability to form heterodimers with Myod transcription factor" gcesareni "Here we show that p38 mapk, whose activity is essential for myogenesis, regulates myod/e47 heterodimerization. Phosphorylation of e47 at ser140 by p38 induces myod/e47 association and activation of muscle-specific transcription, while the nonphosphorylatable e47 mutant ser140ala fails to heterodimerize with myod and displays impaired myogenic potentia" SIGNOR-134190 ZAP70 protein P43403 UNIPROT DBNL protein Q9UJU6 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr344 PPEQETFyEQPPLVQ 9606 BTO:0000782 14557276 t lperfetto "We found an interaction between the tyrosine kinase zap-70 and hip-55, which was induced by tcr stimulation. Zap-70 phosphorylated hip-55 at tyr-334 and tyr-344, which were shown to be the tyrosine phosphorylation sites of hip-55 in stimulated t cells.Our results demonstrate for the first time that hip-55 is an important adaptor protein for the jnk kinase cascade in tcr signaling." SIGNOR-118695 FYN protein P06241 UNIPROT FYN protein P06241 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr420 RLIEDNEyTARQGAK -1 9425276 t "Activated Fyn furthermore undergoes autophosphorylation on Tyr30, Tyr39 and Tyr420. Tyr28 This site is also a Fyn autophosphorylation site When Fyn mutants with Tyr28, Tyr30 or Tyr39 replaced with phenylalanine residues were transfected into NIH3T3 cells a decreased activation after PDGF stimulation was seen, suggesting a functional importance of the N-terminal tyrosine phosphorylation of Fyn." SIGNOR-251167 CDK1 protein P06493 UNIPROT DDX3X protein O00571 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr204 LTRYTRPtPVQKHAI 9606 SIGNOR-C17 16280325 t lperfetto "Thr204 to glu204 ddx3 mutant protein lost its function, suggesting that phosphorylation at thr204 affects ddx3 function. Thr204 was phosphorylated by cyclin b/cdc2. Thr323 in motif ib was also phosphorylated by cyclin b/cdc2 kinase. We propose a novel function of cyclin b/cdc2 kinase in mitosis, which is to cause a loss of ddx3 function to repress cyclin a expression and to decrease ribosome biogenesis and translation during mitosis." SIGNOR-141565 CAMK2G protein Q13555 UNIPROT GRIA1 protein P42261 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser645 LTVERMVsPIESAED BTO:0000007 7877986 t llicata "In this study, CaM-kinase II enhanced kainate currents of expressed glutamate receptor 6 in 293 cells and of wild-type glutamate receptor 1, but not the Ser-627 to Ala mutant, in Xenopus oocytes. | This CaM-kinase II regulatory phosphorylation site is conserved in all AMPA/kainate-type glutamate receptors, and its phosphorylation may be important in enhancing postsynaptic responsiveness as occurs during synaptic plasticity." SIGNOR-250697 ITK protein Q08881 UNIPROT CD28 protein P10747 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr218 PPRDFAAyRS 8992971 t "EMT can phosphorylate all four tyrosines of the CD28 tail. in vivo, tyrosines other than tyrosine 173 become phosphorylated following CD28 stimulation, this finding suggests that, like LCK, one function of EMT during CD28 signaling is phosphorylation of the receptor." SIGNOR-251337 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR STK3 protein Q13188 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr117 IIRLRNKtLIEDEIA 9606 BTO:0000150 20231902 t gcesareni "Akt phosphorylates mst2 at thr117 in vitro and in vivo, which leads to mst2 cleavage and kinase activity as well as nuclear translocation." SIGNOR-164298 ROCK1 protein Q13464 UNIPROT PTEN protein P60484 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr232 YSSNSGPtRREDKFM 9606 BTO:0000672 15793569 t llicata "In addition, active rhoa is able to stimulate the phospholipid phosphatase activity of pten in human embryonic kidney cells and leukocytes, and this regulation seems to require rhoa's downstream effector, rhoa-associated kinase (rock). together with the observation that individual substitution of ser 229 and thr 223 restored some of the rescuing ability (fig. 4b), we conclude that effective regulation of pten by sdf-1 may require more than one of these residues." SIGNOR-134855 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR TTC3 protein P53804 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser378 AYTPRSLsAPIFTTS 9606 20059950 t llicata "Phosphorylation of ttc3 at ser378 is required for efficient biological function together, these observations support that ttc3 is a phosphorylation target of akt both in an in vitro and in a cellular context" SIGNOR-162984 PTPN22 protein Q9Y2R2 UNIPROT CBL protein P22681 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation Ser798 SDISNASsSFGWLSL 9606 BTO:0000782 10068674 t amattioni "The tyrosine phosphatase lyp1 was found to be constitutively associated with the proto-oncogene c-cbl in thymocytes and t cells. Overexpression of lyp1 reduces cbl tyrosine phosphorylation. It is known that cbl is heavily tyrosine phosphorylated after tcr stimulation and can associate with the syk and zap tyrosine kinases, negatively regulating their activities. Tyrosine phosphatases keep cbl in a basally dephosphorylated state." SIGNOR-65405 PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT MARCKS protein P29966 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser81 AAGSGAAsPSAAEKG -1 8034575 t lperfetto "Of the 7 phosphorylated serine residues identified by Edman degradation, only 1 was within the known phosphorylation domain by protein kinase C. All the other phosphorylated serine residues originated from the N-terminal half of the molecule and were immediately followed by proline. | The other phosphorylated peptides were subjected to the same analysis, and Ser45 (peptide K5), Sel-80(peptide K7), and Ser99 (peptide K8) were confirmed to be the phosphorylation sites." SIGNOR-248910 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR PALLD protein Q8WX93 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser1118 VRRPRSRsRDSGDEN 9606 BTO:0000150 20471940 t llicata "Akt1, but not akt2, phosphorylates palladin at ser507 in a domain that is critical for f-actin bundling." SIGNOR-165497 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR VIM protein P08670 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser39 TTSTRTYsLGSALRP 9606 20856200 t llicata "The binding of akt (tail region) to vim (head region) results in vim ser39 phosphorylation enhancing the ability of vim to induce motility and invasion while protecting vim from caspase-induced proteolysis." SIGNOR-167971 SSU72 protein Q9NP77 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser1672 SPTSPSYsPTSPSYS -1 15125841 t "Phosphorylation of serine-2 (S2) and serine-5 (S5) of the C-terminal domain (CTD) of RNA polymerase II (RNAP II) is a dynamic process that regulates the transcription cycle and coordinates recruitment of RNA processing factors. The Fcp1 CTD phosphatase catalyzes dephosphorylation of S2-P.| Depletion of Ssu72 impairs transcription in vitro" SIGNOR-248820 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT ESR1 protein P03372 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser106 PLNSVSPsPLMLLHP 9606 BTO:0000567 17615152 t gcesareni "In several estrogen response element-containing genes, the s118a mutation strongly reduced induction by e(2), and u0126 did not further reduce expression. Here, we show that serines 104 (s104) and 106 (s106) are also phosphorylated by mapk in vitro and upon stimulation of mapk activity in vivo.Phosphorylation at serines 104 and 106 by erk1/2 mapk is important for estrogen receptor-alpha activity" SIGNOR-156864 ITK protein Q08881 UNIPROT CD28 protein P10747 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr191 SRLLHSDyMNMTPRR 9606 22936936 t lperfetto "We demonstrate that emt can phosphorylate all four tyrosines of the cd28 tail, in contrast to lck, which phosphorylates only tyrosine 173. Together with evidence that in vivo, tyrosines other than tyrosine 173 become phosphorylated following cd28 stimulation, this finding suggests that, like lck, one function of emt during cd28 signaling is phosphorylation of the receptor" SIGNOR-198747 ABL1 protein P00519 UNIPROT CRK protein P46108 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Tyr221 GGPEPGPyAQPSVNT 9606 BTO:0001271;BTO:0000017 21602891 t lperfetto "Abl induces phosphorylation at y251 in vivo, and that the kinetics of phosphorylation at y251 and the negative regulatory y221 site in vitro are similar." SIGNOR-173845 ATM protein Q13315 UNIPROT FANCD2 protein Q9BXW9 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser222 LPEILGDsQHADVGK 9606 12086603 t lperfetto "Atm phosphorylates fancd2 on serine 222 in vitro. This site is also phosphorylated in vivo in an atm-dependent manner following ir. Phosphorylation of fancd2 is required for activation of an s phase checkpoint. The atm-dependent phosphorylation of fancd2 on s222 and the fa pathway-dependent monoubiquitination of fancd2 on k561 are independent posttranslational modifications regulating discrete cellular signaling pathways." SIGNOR-90121 SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT CDC42 protein P60953 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr64 DTAGQEDyDRLRPLS 9606 14506284 t gcesareni "Epidermal growth factor-dependent regulation of cdc42 is mediated by the src tyrosine kinaseegf signaling through src appears to have dual regulatory effects on cdc42: 1). it leads to the activation of cdc42 as mediated by the vav2 guanine nucleotide exchange factor, and 2). it results in the phosphorylation of cdc42, which stimulates the binding of rhogdi, perhaps to direct the movement of cdc42 to a specific cellular site to trigger a signaling response, because cdc42-rhogdi interactions are essential for cdc42-induced cellular transformation." SIGNOR-118206 GSK3B protein P49841 UNIPROT SFPQ protein P23246 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr687 PRGMGPGtPAGYGRG 9606 20932480 t lperfetto "We conclude that t687 is the primary site of threonine phosphorylation in psf. Gsk3 directly phosphorylates the splicing regulatory protein psf. In this phosphorylated form, psf is sequestered in a complex with trap150, precluding it from binding the ess1 sequence in cd45 alternatively spliced exons. Upon t?_Cell stimulation, reduced gsk3 activity leads to reduced psf phosphorylation, thereby releasing psf from trap150 and allowing it to participate in activation-induced cd45 exon skipping" SIGNOR-168389 MAPK10 protein P53779 UNIPROT MAPK8IP3 protein Q9UPT6 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr265 GQSSAAAtPSTTGTK 9606 15767678 t gcesareni "Phosphoamino acid analysis confirmed that jnk caused thr phosphorylation of jip3 (fig. _(fig.3c).3c). This phosphorylation on thr was markedly decreased when thr266, thr276, and thr287 were replaced with ala. These data indicate that jnk phosphorylated jip3 on thr266, thr276, and thr287 in vitro." SIGNOR-134529 SGK3 protein Q96BR1 UNIPROT FOXO3 protein O43524 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser253 APRRRAVsMDNSNKY 9606 BTO:0000007 11154281 t lperfetto "Protein kinase SGK mediates survival signals by phosphorylating the forkhead transcription factor FKHRL1 (FOXO3a)|However, SGK and Akt display differences with respect to the efficacy with which they phosphorylate the three regulatory sites on FKHRL1. While both kinases can phosphorylate Thr-32, SGK displays a marked preference for Ser-315 whereas Akt favors Ser-253. These findings suggest that SGK and Akt may coordinately regulate the function of FKHRL1 by phosphorylating this transcription factor at distinct sites. The efficient phosphorylation of these three sites on FKHRL1 by SGK and Akt appears to be critical to the ability of growth factors to suppress FKHRL1-dependent transcription, thereby preventing FKHRL1 from inducing cell cycle arrest and apoptosis." SIGNOR-249135 JAK2 protein O60674 UNIPROT CTLA4 protein P16410 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr201 SPLTTGVyVKMPPTE 9606 BTO:0001945 10842319 t "Janus Kinase 2 (Jak2) was directly associated with a box 1-like motif in the cytoplasmic tail of CTLA-4 molecule. Jak2 phosphorylated Y-165 residue in the cytoplasmic region of CTLA-4. It has been reported that phosphorylation and dephosphorylation of tyrosine residue Y-165 in the cytoplasmic region of CTLA-4 play an important role in its negative signaling and cell surface expression. Some signaling molecules such as Src homology 2 protein tyrosine phosphatase 2 (SHP-2) and the p85 subunit of phosphatidylinositol 3 kinase (PI3 kinase) associate with phosphorylated tyrosine residue Y-165, through Src homology 2 (SH2) domains. On the other hand, the adapter complex proteins, AP-2 and AP-50 interact with the same tyrosine residue when unphosphorylated, resulting in clathrin-mediated endocytosis of CTLA-4 molecules." SIGNOR-251346 ROCK1 protein Q13464 UNIPROT ARHGAP24 protein Q8N264 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser402 LSGSKTNsPKNSVHK 9606 BTO:0000007 16862148 t lperfetto "ROCK phosphorylates FilGAP, and this phosphorylation stimulates its RacGAP activity and is a requirement for FilGAP-mediated bleb formation. | As shown in Fig. 5b, ROCK stimulated the incorporation of phosphate into FilGAP. We identified seven potential phosphorylation sites in FilGAP that was isolated by preparative SDS€“PAGE and subjected to trypsin digestion and mass spectrometry: Ser 391, Ser 402, Ser 413, Ser 415, Ser 437, Thr 452, and a cluster of serine and threonine residues (SSTTT) at position 573€“577 (see Supplementary Information, Table S2)." SIGNOR-249304 CAMK2B protein Q13554 UNIPROT STAT1 protein P42224 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser727 TDNLLPMsPEEFDEV 9606 17502367 t gcesareni "All stats are phosphorylated on at least one serine residue in their tad specifically, ser727 in stats 1 and 3 and ser721 in stat4. Stat serine kinases have been identified through the use of inhibitors, dominant-negative alleles, and in vitro kinase assays. They include mapk (p38mapk: stats 1, 3, 4;erk: stat3, 5;jnk: stat3), pkc_ (stat1, stat3), mtor (stat3), nlk (stat3 (42)), and camkii and ikk_ (stat1 (39, 40, 43)).STAT Serine phosphorylation regulates transcriptional activity (see below)." SIGNOR-154771 CSNK2A2 protein P19784 UNIPROT NKX3-1 protein Q99801 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr93 EAETLAEtEPERHLG 9606 BTO:0001130 16581776 t llicata "In vitro kinase assays followed by mass spectrometric analyses demonstrated that ck2 phosphorylated recombinant nkx3.1 on thr89 and thr93. We have also determined that nkx3.1 is degraded primarily through a proteasomal pathway, suggesting that phosphorylation by ck2 protects nkx3.1 from degradation." SIGNOR-145505 AKT3 protein Q9Y243 UNIPROT FOXO3 protein O43524 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser253 APRRRAVsMDNSNKY 9606 BTO:0000150;BTO:0001130;BTO:0001271;BTO:0000527 19188143 t gcesareni "Akt-dependent phosphorylation of foxo3a (thr32, ser253, and ser315 for human foxo3) enhances foxo3a/14?3?3 Interaction and promotes foxo3a nuclear export to the cytoplasm, resulting in the repression of foxo3a transcriptional function" SIGNOR-183644 MAPK11 protein Q15759 UNIPROT EWSR1 protein Q01844 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Thr79 QPPTGYTtPTAPQAY 9606 19076070 t lperfetto "Here we report that ews and ews-fli1 become phosphorylated at thr79 . but the p38_/p38_ mapks were the major kinases phosphorylating ews-fli1. It will be important to investigate how the p38_/p38_-stimulated phosphorylation of ews-fusion proteins affects their ability to transactivate and their oncogenic potential." SIGNOR-182774 MAPK7 protein Q13164 UNIPROT MEF2A protein Q02078 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr319 TPVVSVTtPSLPPQG 9606 BTO:0000567 10849446 t lperfetto "We have previously shown that bmk1 regulates c-jun gene expression through direct phosphorylation and activation of transcription factor mef2c.Here, we demonstrate that, in addition to mef2c, bmk1 phosphorylates and activates mef2a and mef2d but not mef2b.The sites phosphorylated by activated bmk1 were mapped to ser-355, thr-312, and thr-319 of mef2a and ser-179 of mef2d both in vitro and in vivo." SIGNOR-236579 ROCK1 protein Q13464 UNIPROT ARHGAP24 protein Q8N264 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser415 HKLDVSRsPPLMVKK 9606 BTO:0000007 16862148 t lperfetto "ROCK phosphorylates FilGAP, and this phosphorylation stimulates its RacGAP activity and is a requirement for FilGAP-mediated bleb formation. | As shown in Fig. 5b, ROCK stimulated the incorporation of phosphate into FilGAP. We identified seven potential phosphorylation sites in FilGAP that was isolated by preparative SDS‚‚PAGE and subjected to trypsin digestion and mass spectrometry: Ser 391, Ser 402, Ser 413, Ser 415, Ser 437, Thr 452, and a cluster of serine and threonine residues (SSTTT) at position 573‚‚577 (see Supplementary Information, Table S2)." SIGNOR-249307 PRKG1 protein Q13976 UNIPROT HRH1 protein P35367 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser398 WKRLRSHsRQYVSGL 9606 BTO:0000975 10101032 t "Translocation from Endosome to Lysosome" fspada "Ser396 and ser398 are also potential phosphorylation sites for capk, cgmp-dependent protein kinase, and camk ii. Elevation of intracellular camp content has been shown to attenuate histamine-induced accumulation of ip in c6 glioma cells (peakman and hill, 1994) and in ddt1 mf-2 smooth muscle cells (sipma et al., 1995" SIGNOR-66019 PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT HMGN2 protein P05204 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser25 KDEPQRRsARLSAKP 9606 10739259 t lperfetto "Protein kinases that phosphorylate hmg-14 17 at the major sites have been implicated from previous in vitro studies. Protein kinase c and a similar calcium phospholipid-dependent kinase have been reported to phosphorylate both proteins in vitro, where the phosphorylation of hmg-17 occurs predominantly at ser24 and to a lesser degree at ser28. Phosphorylation of hmg-14 at ser6 by camp- or cgmp-dependent kinases has also been reported. Thus, other kinases may contribute to phosphorylation at ser6 in response to oa. Ser88 and ser98 on hmg-14 are also phosphorylated by casein kinase ii in vitro. we conclude that the correlation we observe reflects a causal relationship, in which phosphorylation somehow facilitates the redistribution of hmg-14 and -17 toward non-nuclear pools." SIGNOR-76320 ILK protein Q13418 UNIPROT CFL1 protein P23528 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser3 sGVAVSDG 9606 18252715 t gcesareni "Actin (de)polymerization is regulated by cofilin, the ser(3) phosphorylation (ps(3)cofilin) of which inhibits its actin-severing activity. To determine how ilk regulates ps(3)cofilin, we examined the effects of ilk on ps(3)cofilin using normal rie1 cells." SIGNOR-160756 AURKA protein O14965 UNIPROT TP53 protein P04637 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser315 LPNNTSSsPQPKKKP 9606 14702041 t gcesareni "Aurora kinase a phosphorylates p53 at ser315, leading to its ubiquitination by mdm2 and proteolysis" SIGNOR-120836 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT BRAF protein P15056 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr753 YACASPKtPIQAGGY 10116 BTO:0001009 16508002 t lperfetto "Erk-induced phosphorylation of b-raf on t753 promoted the disassembly of raf heterodimers, and the mutation of t753 prolonged growth factor-induced heterodimerization. The b-raf t753a mutant enhanced differentiation of pc12 cells, which was previously shown to be dependent on sustained erk signaling. Site is critical for v-src dependent modulation of slk kinase activity." SIGNOR-236388 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT GAB2 protein Q9UQC2 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser623 ALDFQPSsPSPHRKP 9606 15356145 t lperfetto "Phosphorylation of grb2-associated binder 2 on serine 623 by erk mapk regulates its association with the phosphatase shp-2 and decreases stat5 activation.We and others have demonstrated that il-2-induced tyrosine phosphorylation of gab2 and its interaction with its sh2 domain-containing partners, shp-2, p85 pi3k, and crkl (5, 26, 27). we report that pretreatment of kit 225 cells with the mek inhibitor u0126, strongly decreased the characteristic shift of gab2 in response to il-2 and increased gab2/shp-2 association, an effect that could be ascribed to erk phosphorylation of serine 623." SIGNOR-128731 ACP1 protein P24666 UNIPROT EPHA2 protein P29317 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Tyr588 QLKPLKTyVDPHTYE -1 21538645 t gcesareni "The SAM domain tyrosine Y960 which has been implicated in downstream PI3K signaling is dephosphorylated exclusively by HCPTP-B. The activation loop tyrosine (Y772) which directly controls kinase activity is dephosphorylated about six times faster by HCPTP-A. In contrast, the juxtamembrane tyrosines (Y575, Y588 and Y594) which are implicated in both control of kinase activity and downstream signaling are dephosphorylated by both variants with similar rates" SIGNOR-246035 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT RXRA protein P19793 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser260 NMGLNPSsPNDPVTN 9606 12048211 t lperfetto "9-cis retinoid x receptor alpha (rxr alpha) interacted with erk2 but not erk5 in intact cells, whereas ets-1 interacted preferentially with erk5. Increased phosphorylation of rxr alpha and ets-1 was detected in response to 1,25d. Activated erk2 and erk5 specifically phosphorylated rxr alpha and ets-1, respectively.Mutagenesis of ets-1 (t38a) reduced cyp24 promoter activity to levels observed with the dominant-negative mek5(a) and inhibited erk5-directed phosphorylation. Mutated rxr alpha (s260a) inhibited 1,25d-induced cyp24 promoter activity and abolished phosphorylation by activated erk2." SIGNOR-88662 CAMK4 protein Q16566 UNIPROT HDAC5 protein Q9UQL6 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser498 RPLSRTQsSPLPQSP 9606 BTO:0000887;BTO:0001103 12058061 t lperfetto "Recently, camkiv, a calcium-calmodulindependent protein kinase, was also shown to activate mef2s by dissociating class ii histone deacetylases (e.g., Hdac5) from mef2s, thus relieving the transcriptional repressive effect of hdacs." SIGNOR-236575 CTDSP2 protein O14595 UNIPROT SMAD3 protein P84022 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser204 NHSMDAGsPNLSPNP 9606 BTO:0000007 17035229 t "Dephosphorylation of Smad2/3 Linkers by SCP2 and SCP3|MAPK-mediated linker phosphorylation appears to have a dual role in Smad2/3 regulation. Mitogens and hyperactive Ras result in extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)-mediated phosphorylation of Smad3 at Ser-204, Ser-208, and Thr-179 and of Smad2 at Ser-245/250/255 and Thr-220. Mutation of these sites increases the ability of Smad3 to activate target genes, suggesting that MAPK phosphorylation of Smad3 is inhibitory (11, 12). However, in contrast, ERK-dependent phosphorylation of Smad2 at Thr-8 enhances its transcriptional activity" SIGNOR-248293 CTDSP1 protein Q9GZU7 UNIPROT SMAD2 protein Q15796 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser245 NQSMDTGsPAELSPT 9606 BTO:0000007 17035229 t "SCP1 Dephosphorylates Smad2/3 in the Linkers|MAPK-mediated linker phosphorylation appears to have a dual role in Smad2/3 regulation. Mitogens and hyperactive Ras result in extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)-mediated phosphorylation of Smad3 at Ser-204, Ser-208, and Thr-179 and of Smad2 at Ser-245/250/255 and Thr-220. Mutation of these sites increases the ability of Smad3 to activate target genes, suggesting that MAPK phosphorylation of Smad3 is inhibitory (11, 12). However, in contrast, ERK-dependent phosphorylation of Smad2 at Thr-8 enhances its transcriptional activity" SIGNOR-248795 DUSP3 protein P51452 UNIPROT EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Tyr1016 DVVDADEyLIPQQGF 9606 BTO:0002552 21262974 t "We found that EGF receptor (EGFR) was a direct substrate of VHR and that overexpression of VHR down-regulated EGFR phosphorylation, particularly at Tyr-992 residue. Expression of VHR inhibited the activation of phospholipase Cγ and protein kinase C, both downstream effectors of Tyr-992 phosphorylation of EGFR." SIGNOR-248532 PLK1 protein P53350 UNIPROT IRS1 protein P35568 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser24 GYLRKPKsMHKRFFV 9606 15849359 t lperfetto "Phosphorylation of ser24 in the pleckstrin homology domain of insulin receptor substrate-1 by mouse pelle-like kinase/interleukin-1 receptor-associated kinaseirs-1 mutants s24d or s24e (mimicking phosphorylation at ser(24)) had impaired ability to associate with insulin receptors resulting in diminished tyrosine phosphorylation of irs-1 and impaired ability of irs-1 to bind and activate pi-3 kinase in response to insulin." SIGNOR-135688 CAMK2A protein Q9UQM7 UNIPROT NCOR2 protein Q9Y618 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser2437 ASGDRPPsVSSVHSE 9606 22888005 t lperfetto "We demonstrated that camkii directly bound and phosphorylated smrt at ser-1407, thereby facilitating smrt translocation from the nucleus to the cytoplasm and proteasome-dependent degradation." SIGNOR-191773 EPHB1 protein P54762 UNIPROT EPHB1 protein P54762 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr928 SAIKMVQyRDSFLTA 10029 BTO:0000246 12223469 t " Co-immunoprecipitation was used to confirm the interaction of Grb7 with the cytoplasmic domain of EphB1 as well as the full-length receptor in intact cells. This interaction is mediated by the SH2 domain of Grb7 and requires tyrosine autophosphorylation of EphB1. We also found that EphB1 could phosphorylate Grb7 and mutation of either Tyr-928 or Tyr-594 to Phe decreased this activity." SIGNOR-251123 PPP1CB protein P62140 UNIPROT AXIN1 protein O15169 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser75 LGYEPEGsASPTPPY 9606 17318175 t "The data suggest that PP1 controls Wnt signaling through interaction with, and regulated dephosphorylation of, axin| Axin phosphorylation markedly enhances the binding of glycogen synthase kinase 3, leading to a more active beta-catenin destruction complex. Wnt-regulated changes in axin phosphorylation, mediated by PP1, may therefore determine beta-catenin transcriptional activity| Four sites, S80, S82, S222, and S473, were identified to be PP1 regulated" SIGNOR-248567 LCK protein P06239 UNIPROT PRKCD protein Q05655 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr514 TFCGTPDyIAPEILQ 9534 BTO:0000298 11381116 t "The tyrosine phosphorylation sites of PKC delta in the H(2)O(2)-treated cells were identified as Tyr-311, Tyr-332, and Tyr-512 by mass spectrometric analysis with the use of the precursor-scan method and by immunoblot analysis with the use of phosphorylation site-specific antibodies. Tyr-311 was the predominant modification site among them. In an in vitro study, phosphorylation at this site by Lck, a non-receptor-type tyrosine kinase, enhanced the basal enzymatic activity and elevated its maximal velocity in the presence of diacylglycerol. phosphorylation at Tyr-311 between the regulatory and catalytic domains is a critical step for generation of the active PKC delta in response to H(2)O(2)." SIGNOR-251386 LCK protein P06239 UNIPROT VAV1 protein P15498 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Tyr142 SVGDEDIySGLSDQI -1 10669745 t "Lck recognizes preferentially the tyrosine residue of Vav located at position 174 and, with significantly less affinity, those present at positions 142 and 160. It is now clear that this posttranslational modification will be involved in the activation of Vav, in the regulation of the strength of the signals emanating from this molecule, and also in the negative regulation of its function." SIGNOR-251389 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR ILF3 protein Q12906 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser647 RGRGRGGsIRGRGRG 9606 BTO:0000782 20870937 t llicata "Our results support a model in which pma stimulation activates pkc_i to phosphorylate nf90-ser(647), and this phosphorylation triggers nf90 relocation to the cytoplasm and stabilize il-2 mrna. Thus, our study elucidates the mechanism by which pma activates and stabilizes il-2 expression in t cells." SIGNOR-168169 ATR protein Q13535 UNIPROT ATM protein Q13315 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser1981 SLAFEEGsQSTTISS 9606 17124492 t lperfetto "Atr-dependent phosphorylation and activation of atm in response to uv treatment or replication fork stalling. Here, we show that atm phosphorylation at ser1981, a characterised autophosphorylation site, is atr-dependent and atm-independent following replication fork stalling or uv treatment" SIGNOR-150870 EP300 protein Q09472 UNIPROT SMAD7 protein O15105 UNIPROT up-regulates acetylation Lys64 RAGCCLGkAVRGAKG 9606 15831498 t gcesareni "Here we present evidence that smad7 interacts with the transcriptional coactivator p300, resulting in acetylation of smad7 on two lysine residues in its n terminus. Acetylation or mutation of these lysine residues stabilizes smad7 and protects it from tgfbeta-induced degradation. we have recently shown that smad7 is acetylated on lysine residues 64 and 70 by p300" SIGNOR-135469 CDK14 protein O94921 UNIPROT LRP6 protein O75581 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser1490 AILNPPPsPATERSH 9606 20059949 t gcesareni "Low-density lipoprotein receptor related proteins 5 and 6 (lrp5/6) are transmembrane receptors that initiate wnt/beta-catenin signaling. Phosphorylation of pppsp motifs in the lrp6 cytoplasmic domain is crucial for signal transduction. Using a kinome-wide rnai screen, we show that pppsp phosphorylation requires the drosophila cyclin-dependent kinase (cdk) l63. L63 and its vertebrate homolog pftk are regulated by the membrane tethered g2/m cyclin, cyclin y, which mediates binding to and phosphorylation of lrp6." SIGNOR-162924 PRKCB protein P05771 UNIPROT CASR protein P41180 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr888 FKVAARAtLRRSNVS 9606 BTO:0000007 12356761 t lperfetto "Expression of a mutant CaR in which the major PKC phosphorylation site is altered by substitution of alanine for threonine (T888A) eliminated oscillatory behavior, producing [Ca(2+)](i) responses almost identical to those produced by the wild type CaR exposed to PKC inhibitors. These results support a model in which phosphorylation of the CaR at the inhibitory threonine 888 by PKC provides the negative feedback needed to cause [Ca(2+)](i) oscillations mediated by this receptor." SIGNOR-249176 PRKG1 protein Q13976 UNIPROT HSPB1 protein P04792 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr143 RCFTRKYtLPPGVDP 9606 19593530 t "11383510: to test the hypothesis that cGK could inhibit platelet aggregation by phosphorylating Hsp27 and interfering with the MAPKAP kinase phosphorylation of Hsp27, the known MAPKAP kinase 2-phosphorylation sites (Ser15, Ser78, and Ser82) as well as Thr143 were replaced by negatively charged amino acids, which are considered to mimic phosphate groups, and tested in actin polymerization experiments. Mimicry at the MAPKAP kinase 2 phosphorylation sites led to mutants with a stimulating effect on actin polymerization" lperfetto "Purified pkg isoforms ia, ib, and ii all caused incorporation of phosphate in recombinant hsp27 at ser-78, ser-82, and thr-143, but not ser-15.These Studies indicate that hsp27 is a genuine substrate for pkg and that pkg may mediate inhibition of platelet aggregation through phosphorylation of hsp27 and subsequent prevent of actin polymerization" SIGNOR-186792 RPS6KA3 protein P51812 UNIPROT TH protein P07101 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser71 RFIGRRQsLIEDARK 9606 7901013 t "The effect has been demonstrated using P07101-3" gcesareni "Mitogen-activated protein-kinase (map) kinase-activated protein kinases 1 and 2 (mapkap kinase-1, mapkap kinase-2), were found to phosphorylate bacterially expressed human tyrosine hydroxylaserecombinant human tyrosine hydroxylase (hth1) was found to be phosphorylated by mitogen and stress-activated protein kinase 1 (msk1) at ser40 and by p38 regulated/activated kinase (prak) on ser19. Phosphorylation by msk1 induced an increase in vmax" SIGNOR-34686 PDPK1 protein O15530 UNIPROT RPS6KB2 protein Q9UBS0 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr228 HEGAVTHtFCGTIEY 9606 15209375 t gcesareni "A regulatory link between p70s6k and pkb was demonstrated, as pdk1 was found to selectively phosphorylate p70s6k at thr229. More importantly, pdk1 activated p70s6k in vitro and in vivo, whereas the catalytically inactive pdk1 blocked insulin-induced activation of p70s6k. one of the most studied signalling events controlled by ptdins(3,4,5)p3, comprises the activation of a group of agc family protein kinases, including isoforms of protein kinase b (pkb)/akt, p70 ribosomal s6 kinase (s6k), serum- and glucocorticoid-induced protein kinase (sgk) and protein kinase c (pkc), which play crucial roles in regulating physiological processes relevant to metabolism, growth, proliferation and survival. Here, we review recent biochemical, genetic and structural studies on the 3-phosphoinositide-dependent protein kinase-1 (pdk1), which phosphorylates and activates the agc kinase members regulated by pi 3-kinase. We also discuss whether inhibitors of pdk1 might have chemotherapeutic potential in the treatment of cancers in which the pdk1-regulated agc kinases are constitutively activated." SIGNOR-126076 PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT SLC2A2 protein P11168 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser491 VPETKGKsFEEIAAE 9534 BTO:0004055 8626492 t miannu "GLUT2 is rapidly phosphorylated by protein kinase A following activation of adenylyl cyclase by forskolin. serines 489 and 501/503 and threonine 510 in the carboxyl-terminal tail of the transporter are the in vitro and in vivo sites of phosphorylation. Stimulation of GLUT2 phosphorylation in beta cells reduces the initial rate of 3-O-methyl glucose uptake by approximately 48% but does not change the Michaelis constant. a consequence of GLUT2 phosphorylation is a reduction of its catalytic activity." SIGNOR-250049 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT UBTF protein P17480 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr117 DFPKKPLtPYFRFFM 9606 11741541 t lperfetto "Erk1/2 was found to phosphorylate the architectural transcription factor ubf at amino acids 117 and 201 within hmg boxes 1 and 2, preventing their interaction with dna" SIGNOR-112813 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT HSPB8 protein Q9UJY1 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser27 PFRDSPLsSRLLDDG 9606 BTO:0000887 11342557 t lperfetto "Hsp22 is phosphorylated by protein kinase c (at residues ser(14) and thr(63)) and by p44 mitogen-activated protein kinase (at residues ser(27) and thr(87)). Concerning the possible function of hsp22, no definitive conclusions can be drawn with the available data, although its function might be to bind to and modulate the activity of hsp27.Some Studies claimed that phosphorylation is required for the translocation" SIGNOR-107676 GSK3A protein P49840 UNIPROT MAPT protein P10636 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser641 KVTSKCGsLGNIHHK 9606 BTO:0000590 7706316 t lperfetto "Microtubule-associated protein/microtubule affinity-regulating kinase (p110mark). A novel protein kinase that regulates tau-microtubule interactions and dynamic instability by phosphorylation at the Alzheimer-specific site serine 262." SIGNOR-249342 PLK4 protein O00444 UNIPROT PLK4 protein O00444 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser305 SSTSISGsLFDKRRL 9606 20032307 t llicata "Autophosphorylation probably plays a role in the process of centriole duplication, because mimicking s305 phosphorylation enhances the ability of overexpressed plk4 to induce centriole amplification. Importantly, we show that s305-phosphorylated plk4 is specifically sequestered at the centrosome contrary to the nonphosphorylated form." SIGNOR-162559 PPP1CB protein P62140 UNIPROT AHCYL1 protein O43865 UNIPROT unknown dephosphorylation Ser68 RSLSRSIsQSSTDSY 10090 17635105 t "Moreover, IRBIT-associated PP1 specifically dephosphorylated Ser68 of IRBIT. Phosphorylation of Ser68 was required for subsequent phosphorylation of Ser71 and Ser74, but the latter two sites were not targeted by PP1. We found that phosphorylation of Ser71 and Ser74 were sufficient to enable inhibition of IP3 binding to the IP3R|Given the importance of phosphorylation for the function of IRBIT in suppressing IP3R activity [7,10], in the present study, we searched for a protein phosphatase involved in the dephosphorylation and, hence, inactivation of IRBIT. We found that IRBIT contains a specific well-conserved binding site for PP1." SIGNOR-248571 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT SMAD2 protein Q15796 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr8 MSSILPFtPPVVKRL 9606 BTO:0000763;BTO:0000149 10197981 t gcesareni "These results suggest that oncogenic ras, acting through mek1 and erk kinases, induces the phosphorylation of smad2 and smad3 .we show that phosphorylation of smad2, a mediator of the activin/transforming growth factor-beta signal, by activated extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1 (erk1) increases the amount of smad2 protein and leads to enhanced transcriptional activity" SIGNOR-66775 CDK5 protein Q00535 UNIPROT NDEL1 protein Q9GZM8 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser242 IPNGFGTsPLTPSAR 10090 BTO:0000142 12796778 t llicata "Three specific phosphorylation sites (Ser198, Thr219 and Ser231) and two weak phosphorylation sites (Ser242 and Thr245) for CDK5/p35 are located in this region of NUDEL | Each single or double mutant compromised,and the triple mutant completely eliminated, interaction with 14-3-3ε. | 14-3-3ε sustains NUDEL phosphorylation and protects it from phosphatase.e dynein motor function." SIGNOR-250677 CSNK2B protein P67870 UNIPROT OCLN protein Q16625 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Thr404 HYETDYTtGGESCDE 9606 BTO:0002043 12804768 t llicata "Mutagenesis of serine 407 to alanine resulted in reduced ability of the kinase to phosphorylate occludin. The threonine 403 to alanine mutant had a smaller effect but the double mutant (T403/S407A) was even less phosphorylated than either of the single mutants. These data are consistent with the claim that CK2 is the kinase in brain extracts responsible for phosphorylation of occludin." SIGNOR-251080 CSNK2A1 protein P68400 UNIPROT IGFBP3 protein P17936 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by stabilization" phosphorylation Ser140 APGNASEsEEDRSAG 9606 BTO:0000093 10650937 t llicata "The importance of Ser111 and Ser113 as targets for CK2 has also been shown in our laboratory, as mutation of either residue to alanine caused a major decrease in IGFBP-3 phosphorylation by this enzyme in vitro | These results indicate that IGFBP-3 interaction with acid-labile subunit and with the cell surface, both of which involve basic carboxyl-terminal residues, may be modulated by phosphorylation. Relative resistance to proteolysis and poor binding to cells suggest that CK2-phospho-IGFBP-3 may be a significant inhibitor of IGF activity in the extracellular environment." SIGNOR-250904 MTOR protein P42345 UNIPROT IRS1 protein P35568 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser307 TRRSRTEsITATSPA 9606 BTO:0000671 9335553 t lperfetto "These results indicate that activation of protein kinase c stimulates a kinase which can phosphorylate insulin receptor substrate-1 at serine 612, resulting in an inhibition of insulin signaling in the cell these data suggest that: 1) activation of pkctheta contributes to ikk and jnk activation by ffas;2) ikk and jnk mediate pkctheta signals for irs-1 serine phosphorylation and degradation; ser-302 phosphorylation is dependent on pi 3-kinase/mtor, whereas ser-307 depends on c-jun nh2-terminal kinase to inhibit irs1 tyrosine phosphorylation. Ser-636 is located around the pi 3-kinase binding site and, therefore, thought to inhibit pi 3-kinase signaling." SIGNOR-52700 CAMK2D protein Q13557 UNIPROT SCN5A protein Q14524 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr594 LHGKKNStVDCNGVV 9606 BTO:0000007 22514276 t miannu "A stable interaction between ?(C)-camkii and the intracellular loop between domains 1 and 2 of na(v)1.5 was observed. This region was also phosphorylated by ?(C)-camkii, specifically at the ser-516 and thr-594 sites.Wild-type (wt) and phosphomutant hna(v)1.5 were co-expressed with gfp-?(C)-camkii in hek293 cells, and i(na) was recorded. As observed in myocytes, camkii shifted wt i(na) availability to a more negative membrane potential and enhanced accumulation of i(na) into an intermediate inactivated state, but these effects were abolished by mutating either of these sites to non-phosphorylatable ala residues." SIGNOR-197067 HCK protein P08631 UNIPROT CSF3R protein Q99062 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr787 LTPSPKSyENLWFQA -1 9790917 t "Hck becomes activated upon G-CSF treatment and is, in turn, able to phosphorylate the G-CSF-R, indicating a clear functional and physical involvement in G-CSF signaling. the ability of Hck to phosphorylate the G-CSF-R in vitro, both Y728 and Y763 fit the Src consensus phosphorylation site. we investigated the activation of Hck by the G-CSF-R in intact cells as well as in vitro. These studies revealed recruitment of Hck to activated G-CSF-R, mediated by direct binding via its SH2 domain to multiple phosphotyrosines of the receptor. In addition, we show that Hck becomes activated upon G-CSF treatment and is, in turn, able to phosphorylate the G-CSF-R, indicating a clear functional and physical involvement in G-CSF signaling." SIGNOR-251264 CHUK protein O15111 UNIPROT RELA protein Q04206 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser536 SGDEDFSsIADMDFS 9606 BTO:0000007;BTO:0000567 SIGNOR-C14 SIGNOR-C13 15489227 t lperfetto "Chromatographic fractionation of cell extracts allowed the identification of two distinct enzymatic activities phosphorylating ser-536. Peak 1 represents an unknown kinase, whereas peak 2 contained ikkalpha, ikkbeta, ikkepsilon, and tbk1. collectively, our results provide evidence for at least five kinases that converge on ser-536 of p65 and a novel function for this phosphorylation site in the recruitment of components of the basal transcriptional machinery to the interleukin-8 promoter." SIGNOR-129931 RPAP2 protein Q8IXW5 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser1721 SPTSPSYsPTSPSYS 9606 BTO:0000567 22137580 t "In addition, we show that RPAP2 is a CTD Ser5 phosphatase. Taken together, our results indicate that during transcription of snRNA genes, Ser7 phosphorylation facilitates recruitment of RPAP2, which in turn both recruits Integrator and dephosphorylates Ser5.|The Pol II CTD is first phosphorylated on Ser5 and then on Ser7 by CDK7. RPAP2 associates with the Pol II CTD after Ser7 phosphorylation and tethers a subcomplex of Integrator to snRNA genes. RPAP2 dephosphorylates Ser5P of the CTD, facilitating transcription and the subsequent recruitment of the Int11 catalytic subunit of Integrator" SIGNOR-248754 CDK1 protein P06493 UNIPROT NPM1 protein P06748 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser70 EAMNYEGsPIKVTLA 9606 BTO:0001271 19933706 t gcesareni "Simultaneous inactivation of two cdk phosphorylation sites at ser10 and ser70 (npm-aa) induced g(2)/m cell cycle arrest, phosphorylation of cdk1 at tyr15 (cdc2(tyr15)) and increased cytoplasmic accumulation of cdc25c." SIGNOR-161801 MTOR protein P42345 UNIPROT EIF4EBP1 protein Q13541 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser65 FLMECRNsPVTKTPP 9606 BTO:0002181 SIGNOR-C3 10942774 t lperfetto "PHAS-I in adipocytes and HEK293 cells is phosphorylated in the following five sites, all of which conform to a (S/T)P motif (9, 10): Thr-36, Thr-45, Ser-64, Thr-69, and Ser-82. Thr-45 and Ser-64 flank the eIF4E-binding motif (7, 8), and phosphorylation of either site blocks eIF4E binding in vitro (10, 11). Insulin stimulates the phosphorylation of Thr-36, Thr-45, Ser-64, and Thr-69 in both fat cells and HEK293 cells, and incubating cells with rapamycin decreases the phosphorylation of these sites.Immunoprecipitated epitope-tagged mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) phosphorylated Thr-36/45. mTOR also phosphorylated Thr-69 and Ser-64 but only when purified immune complexes were incubated with the activating antibody, mTAb1." SIGNOR-226714 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT CHEK1 protein O14757 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser280 AKRPRVTsGGVSESP 9606 15107605 t gcesareni "The chk1 protein phosphorylated by pkb on serine 280 does not enter into protein complexes after replication arrest. Moreover, chk1 phosphorylated by pkb fails to undergo activating phosphorylation on serine 345 by atm/atr. Phosphorylation by atm/atr and association with other checkpoint proteins are essential steps in activation of chk1." SIGNOR-124365 TGFBR2 protein P37173 UNIPROT TGFBR2 protein P37173 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser409 LRLDPTLsVDDLANS 9606 BTO:0000972 phosphorylation:Ser213 TRKLMEFsEHCAIIL 9155023 t lperfetto "Ser213, in the membrane-proximal segment outside the kinase domain, undergoes intra-molecular autophosphorylation which is essential for the activation of TbetaRII kinase activity, activation of TbetaRI and TGF-beta-induced growth inhibition. In contrast, phosphorylation of Ser409 and Ser416, located in a segment corresponding to the substrate recognition T-loop region in a three-dimensional structural model of protein kinases, is enhanced by receptor dimerization and can occur via an intermolecular mechanism. Phosphorylation of Ser409 is essential for TbetaRII kinase signaling, while phosphorylation of Ser416 inhibits receptor function." SIGNOR-246743 CTDSP1 protein Q9GZU7 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser1766 SPSYSPTsPSYSPTS -1 22137580 t "Phosphorylation and dephosphorylation of the C-terminal domain (CTD) of RNA polymerase II (Pol II) represent a critical regulatory checkpoint for transcription. Transcription initiation requires Fcp1/Scp1-mediated dephosphorylation of phospho-CTD. | This combined structure-function analysis discloses the residues in Scp1 involved in CTD binding and its preferential dephosphorylation of P.Ser5 of the CTD heptad repeat." SIGNOR-248778 GNAQ protein P50148 UNIPROT PLCB1 protein Q9NQ66 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 8245028 t gcesareni "The beta- but not the gamma- and delta-type isozymes of inositol phospholipid-specific phospholipase c (plc) are activated by g protein alpha q and beta gamma subunits." SIGNOR-37149 CDK5 protein Q00535 UNIPROT MAPT protein P10636 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr548 KKVAVVRtPPKSPSS 9606 21215781 t "The effect has been demonstrated using P10636-8" lperfetto "However, other kinases, such as cdk5, p38 and pka, also phosphorylate tau at t231tau phosphorylation at t231, s235 and s262 also contributes to the dissociation of tau from microtubules" SIGNOR-171022 ERK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF1 SIGNOR FOS protein P01100 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr331 CTPVVTCtPSCTAYT 9606 12972619 t lperfetto "In a previous study we have observed that exposure of nih 3t3 cells to pdgf or serum leads to c-fos phosphorylation by erk on specific residues, thr232, thr325, thr331, and ser374, within the cooh-terminal c-fos tad we have recently shown that erk phosphorylates multiple residues within the carboxylterminal transactivation domain (tad) of c-fos, thus resulting in its increased transcriptional activity." SIGNOR-251523 RPS6KA5 protein O75582 UNIPROT H3F3A protein P84243 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser11 TKQTARKsTGGKAPR 9606 BTO:0000938 18508628 t gcesareni "In addition to ser10, msk was also found to phosphorylate a second site on h3, ser28 (75). It should be noted that while both ser10 and ser28 in h3 are extensively phosphorylated during mitosis, this is independent of msks and is catalysed by aurora kinases. In contrast, msks only phosphorylate a small proportion of the total cellular histone h3 in response to mitogens or stress. The spatial distribution of ser10 and ser28 phosphorylation is very tightly regulated in cells. In vitro, msk1 will phosphorylate one histone h3 molecule on both ser10 and ser28. Surprisingly it has been shown that in cells msk phosphorylates either ser10 or ser28 but not both on individual nucleosomes." SIGNOR-178704 MTOR protein P42345 UNIPROT EIF4EBP1 protein Q13541 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr46 GGTLFSTtPGGTRII 9823 BTO:0001840 SIGNOR-C3 23486913 t lperfetto "These results indicate that arg, leu, and gln act coordinately to stimulate proliferation of ptr cells through activation of the mtor-rps6k-rps6-eif4ebp1 signal transduction pathway. Specifically as part of mtorc1, mtor directly phosphorylates the ribosomal protein s6 kinases (s6k1 and s6k2) and the eukaryotic initiation factor 4e (eif4e)-binding proteins (4e-bp1 and 4e-bp2), both of which control specific steps in the initiation of cap-dependent translation" SIGNOR-219266 CDK2 protein P24941 UNIPROT CDC25A protein P30304 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser263 CKLFDSPsLCSSSTR 9606 17110335 t gcesareni "We show here that dna-responsive checkpoints activate pp2a/b56delta phosphatase complexes to dephosphorylate cdc25 at a site distinct from ser287 (t138), the phosphorylation of which is required for 14-3-3 release." SIGNOR-150839 LATS2 protein Q9NRM7 UNIPROT YWHAG protein P61981 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser59 VVGARRSsWRVISSI 9606 21118956 t lperfetto "Phosphorylation of 14-3-3_ on s59 by lats2. Ser(58) phosphorylation and lys(49) acetylation of 14-3-3_ occur in a coordinated time-dependent manner to regulate 14-3-3_ homodimerization. 14-3-3_ ser(58) phosphorylation is required for star interactions under control conditions," SIGNOR-170139 DUSP4 protein Q13115 UNIPROT MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Tyr204 HTGFLTEyVATRWYR 10116 7535768 t "Dephosphorylation and Inactivation of ERKs|ERK1 phosphorylated on either threonine (ERK1*Y204F) or tyrosine alone (ERK1*T202A) was utilized as a substrate for HVH2. Threonine 202 and tyrosine 204 in ERK1 (53) correspond to threonine 183 and tyrosine 185 in ERK2 which are the activation-phosphorylation sites by MEK(14, 15, 16). ERK1*, a kinase-deficient mutant, was phosphorylated on both threonine and tyrosine by MEK2 (Fig. 3B). ERK1*T202A, having threonine 202 substituted by an alanine, was phosphorylated only on tyrosine while ERK1*Y204F, having tyrosine 204 substituted by a phenylalanine, was phosphorylated only on threonine (Fig. 3B). GST-HVH2 dephosphorylated all three ERK1* mutants (Fig. 3A), suggesting that double phosphorylations of adjacent threonine and tyrosine were not a prerequisite for HVH2 recognition. However, HVH2 dephosphorylated ERK1* and ERK1*T202A more efficiently than ERK1*Y204F (Fig. 3A), indicating that HVH2 preferred phosphotyrosine over phosphothreonine. Interestingly, MEK also phosphorylated tyrosine residues more efficiently than threonine residues of ERK" SIGNOR-248716 EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT ANXA1 protein P04083 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr21 IENEEQEyVQTVKSS 9606 24103589 t lperfetto "The authors identified several phosphorylated residues by a combination of peptide mapping and sequence analysis and showed that recombinant pp60c-src phosphorylates annexin a1 near its amino terminus, at tyrosine 21 (tyr21). Also polyoma virus middle t/pp60c-src complex, recombinant pp50v-abl, and the egf receptor/kinase phosphorylated the same tyrosine residue. It was also shown that serine 27 residue of anxa1 is the primary site phosphorylated by protein kinase c (pkc). In the same study, the threonine 41 residue has been identified as a pkc substrate as well. The adenosine cyclic 3_,5_-phosphate dependent protein kinase a (pka) phosphorylates anxa1 in its carboxyl-terminal core at the threonine 216 residue (thr216) [2].Finally in 2013 caron et al. showed the relevance of y21 phosphorylation for the anxa1 stability. In fact the authors demonstrated that the tyrosine 21 phosphorylation is crucial for anxa1 sumoylation induced by egf" SIGNOR-202776 MLL-AF4 "fusion protein" SIGNOR-FP4 SIGNOR Proliferation phenotype SIGNOR-PH4 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 BTO:0000725 21389315 f irozzo "Consequently, cell cycle and apoptosis analyses suggest that MLL-AF4 conveys a selective proliferation coupled to a survival advantage, which correlates with changes in the expression of genes involved in apoptosis, sensing DNA damage and DNA repair." SIGNOR-255872 SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr1172 ISLDNPDyQQDFFPK 9606 8845374 t lperfetto "Revealed that peptides derived from egfr residues y992, y1086, y1101, and y1148 bound directly to the sh2 domain of c-src (figure 8c). These experiments demonstrate that a specific subset of egfr receptor c-src phosphorylation sites are also ligands for the sh2 domain of c-src.Cellular src functions as a co-transducer of transmembrane signals emanating from a variety of growth factor receptors, including egfr" SIGNOR-44251 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT THRB protein P10828 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser142 IQKNLHPsYSCKYEG 9606 12809513 t llicata "We concluded that serine 142 of the tr dbd is the likely site of phosphorylation by t(4)-activated mapk and that the docking site on tr for activated mapk includes residues 128-133 (kgffrr), a basic amino acid-enriched motif novel for mapk substrates. Tr mutations in the proposed mapk docking domain and at residue 142 modulated t(4)-conditioned shedding of co-repressor and recruitment of co-activator proteins by the receptor, and they altered transcriptional activity of tr in a thyroid hormone response element-luciferase reporter assay." SIGNOR-102216 PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT MAPT protein P10636 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser726 DTSPRHLsNVSSTGS -1 12435421 t miannu "Ser214, Ser262, Ser356, and Ser409 of tau441‚ were phosphorylated by PKA. tau in PHF is abnormally hyperphosphorylated and lacks its normal activity to bind to microtubules and to stimulate their assembly" SIGNOR-250009 PRKD1 protein Q15139 UNIPROT PPP1R14A protein Q96A00 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr38 QKRHARVtVKYDRRE 9606 BTO:0000142 15003508 t llicata "Cpi-17 is phosphorylated by several kinases on thr-38 in vitro, which increases the inhibitory potency of cpi-17 on pp1 by 1000-fold using affinity chromatography and western blot analysis, we found interaction with all pkc isotypes and casein kinase i isoforms, ckialpha and cki. By contrast, rock and pkn did not associate with cpi-17, suggesting that pkc may be the relevant kinase that phosphorylates thr-38 in vivo." SIGNOR-123226 CDK1 protein P06493 UNIPROT RUNX1 protein Q01196 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser397 SMVGGERsPPRILPP 9606 BTO:0000007 SIGNOR-C17 21059642 t "The effect has been demonstrated using Q01196-8" gcesareni "Phosphorylation of runx1 on ser-303 by cdks leads its ubiquitin-mediated degradation during g2/m (19). We developed additional evidence that cdks phosphorylate ser-303 and found that ser-48 and ser-424 are also substrates of cdk1/cyclin b and cdk6/cyclin d3. Moreover, we demonstrated that phosphorylation of ser-48, ser-303, and ser-424 strengthens the ability of runx1 to activate transcription and to stimulate proliferation of the ba/f3 hematopoietic cell line (20)." SIGNOR-169322 PLK1 protein P53350 UNIPROT CDC6 protein Q99741 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr37 SDAKLEPtNVQTVTC 9606 21041660 t lperfetto "Binding between cdc6 and plk1 occurs through the polo-box domain of plk1, and cdc6 is phosphorylated by plk1 on t37. These results suggest that plk1-mediated phosphorylation of cdc6 promotes the interaction of cdc6 and cdk1, leading to the attenuation of cdk1 activity, release of separase, and subsequent anaphase progression." SIGNOR-169184 PTPN13 protein Q12923 UNIPROT INSR protein P06213 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation Tyr1190 DIYETDYyRKGGKGL 9606 15611135 t gcesareni "We demonstrate that ptpl1, like ptp1b, interacts with and dephosphorylates a bis-phosphorylated insulin receptor peptide more efficiently than monophosphorylated peptides, indicating that ptpl1 may down-regulate the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase pathway, by dephosphorylating insulin or growth factor receptors that contain tandem phosphotyrosines." SIGNOR-132559 PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT MARCKS protein P29966 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser159 KKKKKRFsFKKSFKL -1 8422248 t lperfetto "These results indicate that in vitro, PKC phosphorylates MARCKS only at three sites, but not at Ser160 as that reported previously, and there was no preferential phosphorylation of MARCKS by either PKC isozyme I, II or III." SIGNOR-248925 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT BCL6 protein P41182 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser343 KSDCQPNsPTESCSS 9606 BTO:0000782;BTO:0000785 9649500 t gcesareni "Here we show that antigen receptor activation leads to bcl-6 phosphorylation by mitogen-activated protein kinase (mapk). Phosphorylation, in turn, targets bcl-6 for rapid degradation by the ubiquitin/proteasome pathway." SIGNOR-58485 CDK5 protein Q00535 UNIPROT MAPT protein P10636 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr522 SSPGSPGtPGSRSRT 9606 BTO:0000590 12226093 t "The effect has been demonstrated using P10636-8" lperfetto "Phosphopeptide mapping revealed enhanced phosphorylation of ser(202)/thr(205) residues by p25-cdk5 considering the fact that phosphorylation of ser(202)/thr(205) antagonizes the tau-mediated nucleation of tubulin, p25-cdk5 may play a pivotal role in neuronal cell death in alzheimer's disease." SIGNOR-92607 mTORC2 complex SIGNOR-C2 SIGNOR AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser473 RPHFPQFsYSASGTA 9606 BTO:0000132 21592956 t lperfetto "Protein kinase B (PKB, Akt) is a Ser/Thr kinase involved in the regulation of cell survival, proliferation, and metabolism and is activated by dual phosphorylation on Thr(308) in the activation loop and Ser(473) in the hydrophobic motif. It plays a contributory role to platelet function, although little is known about its regulation. In this study, we investigated the role of the mammalian target of rapamycin complex (mTORC)-2 in Akt regulation using the recently identified small molecule ATP competitive mTOR inhibitors PP242 and Torin1." SIGNOR-217012 SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT BCAR1 protein P56945 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr192 AGMGHDIyQVPPSMD 10090 12972425 t lperfetto "Cas is a member of the focal adhesion complex. Phosphorylation of Cas by Src is an important event leading to cell transformation. Using mass spectrometry, we have mapped 11 sites in Cas that are phosphorylated by Src. These sites are all located between residues 132 and 414 of CasBased on these data, 11 tyrosine residues (132, 169, 183, 196, 238, 253, 271, 291, 301, 391, and 414) were phosphorylated by Src" SIGNOR-246393 PPP2R1B protein P30154 UNIPROT PPP2CA protein P67775 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 19114990 t lperfetto "Since B_ suppresses the association of the catalytic C and regulatory A subunits of protein phosphatase 2A [94], the B_ interaction with the receptor is expected to result in enhanced protein phosphatase 2A activity" SIGNOR-217872 EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT GAB1 protein Q13480 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr285 TEADGELyVFNTPSG 9606 BTO:0000527;BTO:0000017 9890893 t lperfetto "Gab-1 is a multisubstrate docking protein downstream in the signaling pathways of different receptor tyrosine kinases, including the epidermal growth factor receptor (egfr)the entire protein was phosphorylated by regfr at eight tyrosine residues (y285, y373, y406, y447, y472, y619, y657, and y689)." SIGNOR-236400 CHEK2 protein O96017 UNIPROT CDC25A protein P30304 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" phosphorylation Ser124 PALKRSHsDSLDHDI 9606 11298456 t "Phosphorylation is the signal for ubiquitination" lperfetto "We show that IR-induced destruction of Cdc25A requires both ATM and the Chk2-mediated phosphorylation of Cdc25A on serine 123." SIGNOR-106808 CDK1 protein P06493 UNIPROT RB1 protein P06400 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser811 IYISPLKsPYKISEG 9606 1756735 t gcesareni "The retinoblastoma gene product (prb) is a nuclear phosphoprotein that is thought to play a key role in the negative regulation of cellular proliferation. The active form of prb is underphosphorylated. Using synthetic peptides corresponding to potential cdc2 phosphorylation sites, we have developed a strategy which has allowed the identification of five sites. S249, t252, t373, s807 and s811 are phosphorylated in vivo, and in each case these sites correspond closely to the consensus sequence for phosphorylation by p34cdc2." SIGNOR-21556 TEC protein P42680 UNIPROT BMX protein P51813 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr216 SSTSLAQyDSNSKKI 9606 BTO:0000873 12573241 t lperfetto "Tec family protein tyrosine kinases (TFKs) play a central role in hematopoietic cellular signaling. Initial activation takes place through specific tyrosine phosphorylation situated in the activation loop.The major phosphorylation sites were identified as conserved tyrosines, for Itk Y180 and for Bmx Y215, both sites being homologous to the Y223 site in Btk" SIGNOR-246647 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT STAT3 protein P40763 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser727 NTIDLPMsPRTLDSL 9606 19723038 t gcesareni "The activation of stat-3 is regulated by phosphorylation of tyrosine 705 by receptor and nonreceptor protein tyrosine kinases these include epidermal growth factor receptor (egfr) kinase,92 src,5 janus-activated kinases (jak), and extracellular signal-regulated kinase (erk)a constitutively active galpha16 mutant, galpha16ql, stimulated stat3-dependent luciferase activity as well as the phosphorylation of stat3 at both tyr705 and ser727. Galpha16ql-induced stat3 activation was enhanced by overexpression of extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1 (erk1" SIGNOR-187779 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT GAB1 protein Q13480 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser551 ELQAPVRsPITRSFA 10029 BTO:0000246 15379552 t lperfetto "Our results demonstrate that ERK1/2 phosphorylate Gab1 at six serine/threonine residues (T312, S381, S454, T476, S581, S597) in consensus motifs for MAP kinase phosphorylation. |serine and threonine phosphorylation are capable of modulating the initial signal" SIGNOR-249461 PTPN14 protein Q15678 UNIPROT BCAR1 protein P56945 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation Tyr128 SKAQQGLyQVPGPSP 9606 BTO:0000586 22710723 t lperfetto "We show that p130 crk-associated substrate (p130cas) is a direct substrate of ptpn14 and that ptpn14 specifically regulates p130cas phosphorylation at tyrosine residue 128 (y128) in colorectal cancer (crc) cells. We engineered crc cells homozygous for a p130cas y128f knock-in mutant and found that these cells exhibit significantly reduced migration and colony formation" SIGNOR-197923 PPP2CB protein P62714 UNIPROT PAK1 protein Q13153 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser57 KKDRFYRsILPGDKT 10116 18586681 t "Both sites were dephosphorylated with the same kinetics; the anti-Ser(P)198 antibody was subsequently used as it exhibited lower background staining. Direct comparison of PP2Cα with purified PP1 and PP2A lead us to conclude that at the same molar ratio PP2Cα was the most efficient in dephosphorylating PAK1 (Fig. 1D). In this case we monitored two autophosphorylation sites in the Pak1 N-terminal regulatory region (Ser57 and Ser198/203) using phosphospecific antibodies: both sites showed the same kinetics of inactivation." SIGNOR-248598 EIF2AK2 protein P19525 UNIPROT EIF2AK2 protein P19525 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr258 DMKETKYtVDKRFGM 9606 11152499 t tpavlidou "We previously identified four autophosphorylated amino acids and elucidated their participation in pkr activation.Replacement Of all four of these residues in pkr with alanines did not dramatically affect kinase activity in vitro or in yeast saccharomyces cerevisiae.However, when coupled with mutations of serine 242 and threonines 255 and 258 in the central region, these mutations increased pkr protein expression in mammalian cells, consistent with diminished kinase activity." SIGNOR-85777 PTPN6 protein P29350 UNIPROT CASP8 protein Q14790 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Tyr448 TILTEVNyEVSNKDD 9606 18086677 t "Caspase-8 is tyrosine-phosphorylated in freshly isolated neutrophils but spontaneously dephosphorylates in culture, in association with the progression of constitutive apoptosis. Phosphorylation of caspase-8 on Tyr-310 facilitates its interaction with the Src-homology domain 2 containing tyrosine phosphatase-1 (SHP-1) and enables SHP-1 to dephosphorylate caspase-8, permitting apoptosis to proceed. The non-receptor tyrosine kinase, Lyn, can phosphorylate caspase-8 on Tyr-397 and Tyr-465, rendering it resistant to activational cleavage and inhibiting apoptosis. Exposure to lipopolysaccharide reduces SHP-1 activity and binding to caspase-8, caspase-8 activity, and rates of spontaneous apoptosis." SIGNOR-248478 RPAP2 protein Q8IXW5 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser1619 SPSYSPTsPSYSPTS 9606 BTO:0000567 22137580 t "In addition, we show that RPAP2 is a CTD Ser5 phosphatase. Taken together, our results indicate that during transcription of snRNA genes, Ser7 phosphorylation facilitates recruitment of RPAP2, which in turn both recruits Integrator and dephosphorylates Ser5.|The Pol II CTD is first phosphorylated on Ser5 and then on Ser7 by CDK7. RPAP2 associates with the Pol II CTD after Ser7 phosphorylation and tethers a subcomplex of Integrator to snRNA genes. RPAP2 dephosphorylates Ser5P of the CTD, facilitating transcription and the subsequent recruitment of the Int11 catalytic subunit of Integrator" SIGNOR-248735 PTPN6 protein P29350 UNIPROT KDR protein P35968 UNIPROT unknown dephosphorylation Tyr996 EEAPEDLyKDFLTLE 9606 BTO:0000007 18840653 t "Src homology 2 (SH2) domain containing protein tyrosine phosphatase-1 (SHP-1) dephosphorylates VEGF Receptor-2 and attenuates endothelial DNA synthesis, but not migration|Knockdown of SHP-1 by siRNA or inhibition of c-Src by an inhibitor, results in augmented DNA synthesis perhaps due to increased phosphorylation of at least three tyrosine residues of KDR 996, 1059 and 1175" SIGNOR-248476 SATB1 protein Q01826 UNIPROT MYC protein P01106 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000725 23563689 f miannu "Satb1 simultaneously repressed sets of genes encoding molecules involved in HSC activation and cellular polarity, including Numb and Myc" SIGNOR-224831 PLK1 protein P53350 UNIPROT PLEKHG6 protein Q3KR16 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr574 HLVVTEDtDEDAPLV 9606 BTO:0000567 18694934 t lperfetto "We reported previously that a guanine nucleotide exchange factor, myogef, localizes to the central spindle, activates rhoa, and is required for cytokinesis. In this study, we have found that plk1 (polo-like kinase 1) can phosphorylate myogef, thereby recruiting myogef to the central spindle as well as enhancing myogef activity toward rhoa. The in vitro kinase assay shows that plk1 can phosphorylate myogef on threonine 574." SIGNOR-179954 CTDSPL protein O15194 UNIPROT SMAD1 protein Q15797 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser214 PTSSDPGsPFQMPAD 9606 BTO:0000552 17085434 t "Smad proteins transduce bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) and transforming growth factor-beta (TGFbeta) signals upon phosphorylation of their C-terminal SXS motif by receptor kinases.|Phosphatases that dephosphorylate the linker region are therefore likely to play an integral part in the regulation of Smad activity. We reported previously that small C-terminal domain phosphatases 1, 2, and 3 (SCP1-3) dephosphorylate Smad1 C-terminal tail, thereby attenuating BMP signaling. |The linker region of Smad1 consists of four MAPK phosphorylation sites (Ser-187, Ser-195, Ser-206, and Ser-214)" SIGNOR-248316 PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT VIM protein P08670 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" phosphorylation Ser51 LRPSTSRsLYASSPG -1 2500966 t lperfetto "We reported that stoichiometric phosphorylation by either cAMP-dependent protein kinase or protein kinase C induces disassembly of vimentin filaments. In the present work, we attempted to identify the sites of vimentin phosphorylated by each protein kinase. Sequential analysis of the purified phosphopeptides, together with the known primary sequence, revealed that Ser-8, Ser-9, Ser-20, Ser-25, Ser-33, and Ser-41 were specifically phosphorylated by protein kinase C, whereas Ser-46 was phosphorylated preferentially by cAMP-dependent protein kinase. Both kinases reacted with Ser-6, Ser-24, Ser-38, Ser-50, and Ser-65." SIGNOR-248883 SATB1 protein Q01826 UNIPROT NUMB protein P49757 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000725 23563689 f miannu "Satb1 simultaneously repressed sets of genes encoding molecules involved in HSC activation and cellular polarity, including Numb and Myc" SIGNOR-224835 MAPK9 protein P45984 UNIPROT JUN protein P05412 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser63 KNSDLLTsPDVGLLK 9606 19118012 t gcesareni "Phosphorylation by activated jnk protects c-jun from ubiquitination;phosphorylation of c-jun on ser73 by jnk is sufficient to protect c-jun from ubiquitination c-jun is targeted for ubiquitination by its association with inactive c-jun nh2-terminal kinase (jnk). Phosphorylation by activated jnk protects c-jun from ubiquitination, thus by prolonging its half-life targets of the jnk signal transduction pathway include the transcription factors atf2 and c-jun apoptosis, altered;apoptosis, induced;transcription, altered;cell growth, altered;jnk1(disrupts);pin1(induces);dna(disrupts) transcription, altered;cell growth, altered;jnk1(disrupts);pin1(induces);dna(disrupts)" SIGNOR-183017 SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT GRB2 protein P62993 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Tyr160 QVPQQPTyVQALFDF 9606 BTO:0000007 20554525 t lperfetto "In our work we show that, in contrast to BCR-ABL and prolactin, NPM-ALK phosphorylates Grb2 mainly in Tyr160)Previous reports suggested an inhibitory role of Grb2 Tyr7, Tyr37, Tyr52, and Tyr209 phosphorylation in receptor tyrosine kinase signaling (16) (43). Instead, in our system Grb2 Tyr160 mutation was not show to have a role in ALCL proliferation." SIGNOR-247138 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT TSC2 protein P49815 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser939 SFRARSTsLNERPKS 10090 BTO:0000944 12150915 t lperfetto "We demonstrate that, upon activation of PI3K, tuberin is phosphorylated on consensus recognition sites for PI3K-dependent S/T kinases. Moreover, Akt/PKB can phosphorylate tuberin in vitro and in vivo. We also show that S939 and T1462 of tuberin are PI3K-regulated phosphorylation sites and that T1462 is constitutively phosphorylated in PTEN(-/-) tumor-derived cell lines." SIGNOR-235511 CSF1R protein P07333 UNIPROT CSF1R protein P07333 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr809 DIMNDSNyIVKGNAR 9606 BTO:0001271 15297464 t lperfetto "Csf-1r homodimerizes and autophosphorylates on six tyrosines in the cytoplasmic portion of the receptor. Tyr807 is located in the activation loop of the kinase domain (9) and its phosphorylation is important for kinase activity (10). The remaining tyrosines serve as binding sites for proteins containing src homology 2 (sh2) binding domains. Three sites are found in the ki: grb2/mona (tyr697) (11, 12), p85 subunit of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (tyr721) (13), and stat1 (tyr706) (14), the c-cbl binding site is in the cooh terminus (tyr974) (15, 16), and the src family kinase (sfk) binding site is in the jmd (y559) (17). These molecules further propagate the csf-1 signal through activation of ras/erk, phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/akt, and stat proteins." SIGNOR-127618 PRKCD protein Q05655 UNIPROT ITGB2 protein P05107 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr758 NPLFKSAtTTVMNPK 9606 BTO:0000782 11700305 t lperfetto "We identify catalytic domain fragments of protein kinase c (pkc) delta and pkcbetai/ii as the major protein kinases in leukocyte extracts that phosphorylate a peptide corresponding to the cytoplasmic tail of the integrin cd18 chain. The sites phosphorylated in vitro were identified as ser-745 and thr-758. Pkc-mediated phosphorylation of cd18 after cell stimulation could lead to the recruitment of 14-3-3 proteins to the activated integrin, which may play a role in regulating its adhesive state or ability to signal." SIGNOR-111495 PTEN protein P60484 UNIPROT PTK2 protein Q05397 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Tyr397 SVSETDDyAEIIDEE 9606 BTO:0000356 10400703 t "The tumor suppressor PTEN is a phosphatase with sequence homology to tensin. PTEN dephosphorylates phosphatidylinositol 3,4, 5-trisphosphate (PIP3) and focal adhesion kinase (FAK), and it can inhibit cell growth, invasion, migration, and focal adhesions. We investigated molecular interactions of PTEN and FAK in glioblastoma and breast cancer cells lacking PTEN. The PTEN trapping mutant D92A bound wild-type FAK, requiring FAK autophosphorylation site Tyr397" SIGNOR-248547 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT RPS6KA1 protein Q15418 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser221 DHEKKAYsFCGTVEY 9534 BTO:0001538 9430688 t lperfetto "Several lines of evidence indicate that the mapkap-k1 isoforms are also activated by mapks in vivo via the ras-dependent protein kinase cascade that is triggered by growth factors or tumor-promoting phorbol esters, such as phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (pma). here we identify six sites in mapkap-k1a that become phosphorylated in transfected cos-1 cells. The inactive form of mapkap-k1a in unstimulated cells is partially phosphorylated at ser222 and ser733. Stimulation with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate induces the phosphorylation of thr360, ser364, thr574, and ser381 and increases the phosphorylation of ser222 and ser733." SIGNOR-219332 MAPK8 protein P45983 UNIPROT EIF4ENIF1 protein Q9NRA8 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser587 YLRPRIPsPIGFTPG 9606 22966201 t llicata "Identification of 4e-t phosphorylation sites regulated by jnk. identification of these residues as phosphorylation sites (ser301, ser374, ser513, ser587, ser693, and ser752) was obtained by ms/ms sequencing, these results demonstrate that jnk activity is required to stimulate the assembly of pbs in response to oxidative stress." SIGNOR-198996 CDK2 protein P24941 UNIPROT NR3C1 protein P04150 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser203 DLEFSSGsPGKETNE -1 9199329 t lperfetto "Cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) phosphorylate the rat glucocorticoid receptor in vitro at distinct sites that together correspond to the major phosphorylated receptor residues observed in vivo; MAPK phosphorylates receptor residues threonine 171 and serine 246, whereas multiple CDK complexes modify serines 224 and 232.|MAPKs and CDKs exert opposite effects on receptor transcriptional enhancement. From our results, we speculate that activators of the MAPK pathway, such as growth factors, insulin, and certain oncoproteins, or inhibitors of CDK function, such as tumor growth factor beta (TGF_), p21, and p27, might attenuate receptor-induced transcrip- tional responses. In contrast, negative regulators of MAPK, such as pKA, as well as activators of CDK, such as the cyclins or CAKs, should potentiate receptor action." SIGNOR-249426 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR LTB4R2 protein Q9NPC1 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Thr355 GGRSREGtMELRTTP 9606 22044535 t llicata "Blt2 phosphorylation at thr355 by akt is necessary for blt2-mediated chemotaxis." SIGNOR-177019 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR MDM4 protein O15151 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser367 PDCRRTIsAPVVRPK 9606 18356162 t lperfetto "We demonstrate that the serine/threonine kinase akt mediates phosphorylation of mdmx at ser367. This phosphorylation leads to stabilization of mdmx and consequent stabilization of mdm2." SIGNOR-178063 CyclinE/CDK2 complex SIGNOR-C16 SIGNOR NPM1 protein P06748 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr234 SFKKQEKtPKTPKGP 9606 14670079 t lperfetto "We have recently found that nucleophosmin (npm/b23), a phosphoprotein primarily found in nucleolus, associates with unduplicated centrosomes and is a direct substrate of cdk2-cyclin e in centrosome duplication." SIGNOR-216690 SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT PAK2 protein Q13177 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr130 VLDVLKFyDSNTVKQ 9606 12215529 t llicata "Pak2 became tyrosine phosphorylated in its n-terminal regulatory domain, where y130 was identified as the major phosphoacceptor site. Tyrosine phosphorylation-mediated superactivation of pak2 could be induced by overexpression of different src kinases or by inhibiting cellular tyrosine phosphatases with pervanadate and could be blocked by the src kinase inhibitor pp1 or by mutating the y130 residue." SIGNOR-92460 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT RPS6KA1 protein Q15418 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser363 TSRTPKDsPGIPPSA 9534 BTO:0001538 9430688 t lperfetto "Several lines of evidence indicate that the mapkap-k1 isoforms are also activated by mapks in vivo via the ras-dependent protein kinase cascade that is triggered by growth factors or tumor-promoting phorbol esters, such as phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (pma). here we identify six sites in mapkap-k1a that become phosphorylated in transfected cos-1 cells. The inactive form of mapkap-k1a in unstimulated cells is partially phosphorylated at ser222 and ser733. Stimulation with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate induces the phosphorylation of thr360, ser364, thr574, and ser381 and increases the phosphorylation of ser222 and ser733." SIGNOR-219337 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR ALYREF protein Q86V81 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr219 GGGTRRGtRGGARGR 9606 18562279 t llicata "Nuclear akt directly binds aly and phosphorylates it on the t219 residue. gfp-aly t219d displayed comparable activity to gfp control and wild-type aly, indicating that aly phosphorylation by akt is sufficient to enhance mrna export." SIGNOR-179054 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR HNRNPA1 protein P09651 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser199 SQRGRSGsGNFGGGR 9606 18562319 t gcesareni "Our data also suggest that akt negatively regulates hnrnp a1-mediated ires activity via phosphorylation at ser199." SIGNOR-179059 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR EIF4B protein P23588 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser422 RERSRTGsESSQTGT 9606 18836482 t gcesareni "Using an in vitro kinase assay, we found that pkb can directly phosphorylate eif4b on serine 422 (ser422). This was prevented by pretreatment of cells with the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (pi3k) inhibitor ly294002 or pharmacological inhibition of pkb. Phosphorylation regultes the activation of eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4b." SIGNOR-181536 ACVR2B protein Q13705 UNIPROT ACVR1B protein P36896 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr206 VQRTVARtIVLQEII 9606 8622651 t miannu "Activin binds directly to ActR-IIB, and this complex associates with ActR-IB, which does not bind ligand on its own. In the resulting complex, ActR-IB becomes hyperphosphorylated, and this requires the kinase activity of ActR-IIB." SIGNOR-235146 CDC14B protein O60729 UNIPROT MAPK6 protein Q16659 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" dephosphorylation Thr698 KSIQATLtPSAMKSS 9606 20236090 t "Reciprocally, we found that the phosphatases Cdc14A and Cdc14B (Cdc is cell-division cycle) bind to ERK3 and reverse its C-terminal phosphorylation in mitosis. Importantly, alanine substitution of the four C-terminal phosphorylation sites markedly decreased the half-life of ERK3 in mitosis, thereby linking phosphorylation to the stabilization of the kinase.|In vitro phosphorylation of a series of ERK3-deletion mutants by mitotic cell extracts revealed that phosphorylation is confined to the unique C-terminal extension of the protein. Using MS analysis, we identified four novel phosphorylation sites, Ser684, Ser688, Thr698 and Ser705, located at the extreme C-terminus of ERK3." SIGNOR-248336 CDC14B protein O60729 UNIPROT TP53 protein P04637 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser315 LPNNTSSsPQPKKKP 9606 10644693 t "The human Cdc14 phosphatases interact with and dephosphorylate the tumor suppressor protein p53|. Furthermore, the hCdc14 phosphatases were found to dephosphorylate p53 specifically at the p34Cdc2/clb phosphorylation site (p53-phosphor-Ser315)|Earlier studies showed that Ser315 phosphorylation increases the sequence-specific DNA binding capacity of p53, suggesting that Ser315 phosphorylation is an activating modification" SIGNOR-248332 FLT1 protein P17948 UNIPROT FLT1 protein P17948 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr1242 ATSMFDDyQGDSSTL 9606 9722576 t lperfetto "Receptor tyrosine phosphorylation is crucial for signal transduction by creating high affinity binding sites for src homology 2 domain-containing molecules. By expressing the intracellular domain of flt-1/vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-1 in the baculosystem, we identified two major tyrosine phosphorylation sites at tyr-1213 and tyr-1242 and two minor tyrosine phosphorylation sites at tyr-1327 and tyr-1333 in this receptor." SIGNOR-59754 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT CTTN protein Q14247 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser418 TEERLPSsPVYEDAA 9606 BTO:0000938 20444238 t gcesareni "Cortactin is regulated by multiple phosphorylation events, including phosphorylation of s405 and s418 by extracellular regulated kinases (erk)1/2. Erk1/2 phosphorylation of cortactin has emerged as an important positive regulatory modification, enabling cortactin to bind and activate the arp2/3 regulator neuronal wiskott-aldrich syndrome protein (n-wasp), promoting actin polymerization and enhancing tumor cell movement." SIGNOR-165212 PAK1 protein Q13153 UNIPROT CTTN protein Q14247 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser405 KTQTPPVsPAPQPTE 9606 20444238 t gcesareni "Strikingly, we find that pak1 phosphorylation of cortactin on serine residues 405 and 418 increases its association with n-wasp. Thus, pak1, by controlling the interaction between cortactin and n-wasp, could regulate the polymerization of actin during clathrin-independent endocytosis." SIGNOR-165216 PTPN12 protein Q05209 UNIPROT PSTPIP1 protein O43586 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Tyr345 PERNEGVyTAIAVQE 10090 11711533 t "We also demonstrate that PTP-PEST dephosphorylates PSTPIP at tyrosine 344. Importantly, we identified tyrosine 344 as the main phosphorylation site of PSTPIP by performing tryptic phosphopeptide maps. |The biological functions of the complexes formed between PSTPIP and SH2 domain-containing tyrosine kinases may be to transmit the signals from activated EGF and PDGF receptor.|Furthermore, we show that PSTPIP is phosphorylated downstream of the activated PDGF and EGF receptors. This phosphorylation of PSTPIP is most likely mediated by c-Abl" SIGNOR-248656 GSK3A protein P49840 UNIPROT MAFA protein Q8NHW3 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser49 CHRLPPGsLSSTPLS 9606 18042454 t miannu "We also demonstrate that gsk-3 triggers mafa sequential phosphorylation on residues s61, t57, t53, and s49 /we demonstrated that phosphorylation by gsk-3 is conserved among the large maf proteins. It couples ubiquitination/degradation and transcriptional activation and modulates maf biological activity./ Taken together, these results suggest that, in contrast to what can be expected from ubiquitination/degradation, gsk-3-mediated mafa phosphorylation increases its transactivating ability, thereby controlling its biological activity." SIGNOR-159381 MAPK12 protein P53778 UNIPROT MAPT protein P10636 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser519 SGYSSPGsPGTPGSR -1 9199504 t miannu "Phosphorylation of tau by SAPK3 and SAPK4 markedly reduced the ability of tau to promote microtubule assembly. SAPK3 (also called ERK6 and p38) and SAPK4 phosphorylate recombinant tau protein at multiple Ser/Thr-Pro sites that are hyperphosphorylated in PHF-tau, with SAPK4 and SAPK3 being the most effective." SIGNOR-250084 CDC14B protein O60729 UNIPROT MAPK6 protein Q16659 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" dephosphorylation Ser684 IGIPQFHsPVGSPLK 9606 20236090 t "Reciprocally, we found that the phosphatases Cdc14A and Cdc14B (Cdc is cell-division cycle) bind to ERK3 and reverse its C-terminal phosphorylation in mitosis. Importantly, alanine substitution of the four C-terminal phosphorylation sites markedly decreased the half-life of ERK3 in mitosis, thereby linking phosphorylation to the stabilization of the kinase.|In vitro phosphorylation of a series of ERK3-deletion mutants by mitotic cell extracts revealed that phosphorylation is confined to the unique C-terminal extension of the protein. Using MS analysis, we identified four novel phosphorylation sites, Ser684, Ser688, Thr698 and Ser705, located at the extreme C-terminus of ERK3." SIGNOR-248334 PLK1 protein P53350 UNIPROT BRCA2 protein P51587 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser206 ATPPTLSsTVLIVRN 9606 BTO:0001938 12815053 t lperfetto "Plk1 interacts with BRCA2 in vivo, and mutation of Ser193, Ser205/206, and Thr203/207 to Ala in BR-N1 abolished Plk1 phosphorylation, suggesting that BRCA2 is the substrate of Plk1. Furthermore, both the hyperphosphorylated and hypophosphorylated forms of BRCA2 bind to RAD51, whereas the M phase hyperphosphorylated form of BRCA2 no longer associates with the P/CAF, suggesting that the dissociation of P/CAF-BRCA2 complex is regulated by phosphorylation." SIGNOR-249219 PTPRC protein P08575 UNIPROT LYN protein P07948 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Tyr397 RVIEDNEyTAREGAK 10090 BTO:0000776 10415030 t "CD45 negatively regulates lyn activity by dephosphorylating both positive and negative regulatory tyrosine residues in immature B cells.| Phosphoamino acid analysis confirmed that Lyn is tyrosine phosphorylated with little serine or threonine phosphorylation. In CD45-negative cells, two bands at 8.2 and 4.1 kDa were phosphorylated in the absence of B cell Ag receptor (BCR) ligation. The 8.2-kDa band corresponded to a fragment containing the positive regulatory site (Tyr397), as assessed by its size and its phosphorylation in an in vitro kinase assay. The 4.1-kDa band was phosphorylated by COOH-terminal Src kinase, suggesting that it contains the COOH-terminal negative regulatory site (Tyr508)" SIGNOR-248353 PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT RRAD protein P55042 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser273 AGTRRREsLGKKAKR -1 9677319 t lperfetto "Here we show that Rad serves as a substrate for phosphorylation by CaMKII, cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA), protein kinase C (PKC) and casein kinase II (CKII) with stoichiometries in vitro of 0.2-1.3 mol of phosphate/mol of Rad. | PKC and CKII phosphorylate multiple C-terminal serine residues, including Ser214, Ser257, Ser273, Ser290 and Ser299. | However, phosphorylation of Rad by PKC and CKII abolishes the interaction of Rad with calmodulin. These findings suggest that the binding of Rad to calmodulin, as well as its ability to bind GTP, might be regulated by the activation of several serine kinases." SIGNOR-249004 PPM1B protein O75688 UNIPROT IKBKB protein O14920 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation Ser181 DQGSLCTsFVGTLQY 9606 18930133 t lperfetto "Using a functional genomic approach, we have identified two protein serine/threonine phosphatases, ppm1a and ppm1b, as ikkbeta phosphatases. Overexpression of ppm1a or ppm1b results in dephosphorylation of ikkbeta at ser177 and ser181 and termination of ikkbeta-induced nf-kappab activation" SIGNOR-181667 "Membrane Blebbing" phenotype SIGNOR-PH24 SIGNOR BMI1 protein P35226 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser316 ANRPRKSsVNGSSAT 22505453 f lperfetto "The polycomb group silencing protein Bmi1 can be phosphorylated by AKT, which enhances its oncogenic potential in PCa. Overexpression of Bmi1 can act in combination with PTEN haploinsufficiency to induce invasive carcinogenic formation in the prostate" SIGNOR-249584 PRKDC protein P78527 UNIPROT RPA2 protein P15927 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser13 FESYGSSsYGGAGGY -1 9295339 t lperfetto "We showed previously that UV irradiation increases phosphorylation of the p34 subunit of human replication protein A (RPA) and that this hyperphosphorylation correlated with loss of activity of the DNA replication complex. | we detected phosphorylation of the RPA complex by DNA-PK on RPA-p34 sites Ser-23, Ser-29, and Ser-11, -12, or -13" SIGNOR-248982 PTPN1 protein P18031 UNIPROT MET protein P08581 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation Tyr1234 RDMYDKEyYSVHNKT 9606 16537444 t gcesareni "Using substrate trapping mutants of ptp1b or tcptp, we have demonstrated that both phosphatases interact with met and that these interactions require phosphorylation of twin tyrosines (tyr-1234/1235) in the activation loop of the met kinase domain. We demonstrate that phosphorylation of tyr-1234/1235 in the activation loop of the met receptor is elevated in the absence of either ptp1b or tcptp and further elevated upon loss of both phosphatases. This enhanced phosphorylation of met corresponds to enhanced biological activity and cellular invasion." SIGNOR-145141 DYRK1B protein Q9Y463 UNIPROT HDAC5 protein Q9UQL6 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser279 KVAERRSsPLLRRKD 10090 BTO:0000165;BTO:0000222 BTO:0000887;BTO:0001103 15546868 t lperfetto "Mirk activated mef2 not through direct phosphorylation of mef2 but by phosphorylation of its inhibitors, the class ii histone deacetylases (hdacs). Mef2 is sequestered by class ii hdacs such as hdac5 and mef2-interacting transcriptional repressor (mitr). Mirk antagonized the inhibition of mef2c by mitr, whereas kinase-inactive mirk was ineffective. Mirk phosphorylates class ii hdacs at a conserved site within the nuclear localization region, reducing their nuclear accumulation in a dose-dependent and kinase-dependent mannermirk phosphorylates hdac5 at ser-279" SIGNOR-235809 CDK11B protein P21127 UNIPROT EIF3F protein O00303 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser46 PAAAPASsSDPAAAA 9606 12446680 t lperfetto "The interaction between cdk11p46 and eif3 p47 occurs in vitro and in vivo. In addition, cdk11 protein kinase isolated from cells undergoing apoptosis can phosphorylate eif3 p47in vitro, and serine phosphorylation of eif3 p47 occurs in cells during apoptosis.Purified recombinant cdk11p46 inhibited translation of a reporter gene in vitro in a dose-dependent manner.These data suggest that the function of the caspase-processed cdk11p110 isoform may be to inhibit translation during apoptosis. However, whether or not this inhibition of protein translation occurs in an eif3 p47-dependent or -independent manner remains to be clarified." SIGNOR-95762 CSNK2A1 protein P68400 UNIPROT CLTB protein P09497 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser11 DFGFFSSsESGAPEA -1 3128543 t llicata "To date, the only evidence for a functional distinction of LCa and LCb is the preferential phosphorylation of LCb, which takes place at serine residues and is mediated by coated vesicle-associated casein kinase II. As a first step toward determining the function of light chain diversity, we have mapped the in vitro phosphorylation sites on LCb. We use [32P]ATP to phosphorylate LCb within coated vesicles, followed by sequencing of 32P-labeled chymotryptic peptides thereof, to identify serine residues at positions 11 and 13 as the phosphorylation sites." SIGNOR-250842 CSNK2A1 protein P68400 UNIPROT CDH1 protein P12830 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser851 SLSSLNSsESDKDQD 10090 BTO:0000944 10671552 t llicata "Casein kinase II phosphorylation of E-cadherin increases E-cadherin/beta-catenin interaction and strengthens cell-cell adhesion. | Under these conditions, phosphorylation of the E-cadherin double mutant S853A/S855A was reduced by 25% as compared with wt E-cadherin. | Expression of the E-cadherin double mutant S853A/S855A in NIH3T3 cells expressing Wnt-1 reduces cell-cell adhesion." SIGNOR-250840 PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT KIT protein P10721 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser959 DHSVRINsVGSTASS 9823 BTO:0004007 7539802 t lperfetto "We present here the identification of the major phosphorylation sites for PKC in Kit/SCFR. Two serine residues in the kinase insert, Ser-741 and Ser-746, are PKC-dependent phosphorylation sites in vivo and account for all phosphorylation by PKC in vitro. | Two additional serine residues, Ser-821 close to the major tyrosine autophosphorylation site in the kinase domain and Ser-959 in the carboxyl terminus are SCF-stimulated PKC-dependent phosphorylation sites. | Furthermore, the kinase activity of Kit/SCFR(S741A/S746A) toward an exogenous substrate was increased, which was reflected as a decreased Km and an increased Vmax, in accordance with the negative regulatory role of PKC on Kit/SCFR signaling." SIGNOR-248900 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR FOXO3 protein O43524 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr32 QSRPRSCtWPLQRPE 9606 BTO:0000150;BTO:0001130;BTO:0001271;BTO:0000527 19188143 t lperfetto "Akt-dependent phosphorylation of foxo3a (thr32, ser253, and ser315 for human foxo3) enhances foxo3a/14-3-3 Interaction and promotes foxo3a nuclear export to the cytoplasm, resulting in the repression of foxo3a transcriptional function" SIGNOR-183620 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR MXD1 protein Q05195 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser145 IERIRMDsIGSTVSS 9606 19526459 t llicata "Here, we present evidence that akt inhibits mad1-mediated transcription repression by physical interaction with and phosphorylation of mad1." SIGNOR-186130 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR FOXO3 protein O43524 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser253 APRRRAVsMDNSNKY 9606 BTO:0000150;BTO:0001130;BTO:0001271;BTO:0000527 19188143 t lperfetto "Akt-dependent phosphorylation of foxo3a (thr32, ser253, and ser315 for human foxo3) enhances foxo3a/14?3?3 Interaction and promotes foxo3a nuclear export to the cytoplasm, resulting in the repression of foxo3a transcriptional function" SIGNOR-183612 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR HSPB1 protein P04792 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser82 RALSRQLsSGVSEIR 9606 19593530 t "10383393: We demonstrate that both phosphorylated sHsps and the triple mutant Hsp27-S15D,S78D,S82D show significantly decreased abilities to act as molecular chaperones suppressing thermal denaturation and facilitating refolding of citrate synthase in vitro." lperfetto "First, the akt1, akt2, and akt3 isoforms can bind directly to hsp27 and can be found in a complex with p38 mapk, mk2, and hsp27 [98_100]. Second, rane and colleagues showed that akt could phosphorylate hsp27 at ser-82, but not ser-15 or ser-78, in vitro, while co-expression of an active akt mutant and hsp27 in hek cells resulted in hsp27 phosphorylation at the same residue." SIGNOR-186772 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT CDKN1B protein P46527 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr157 GIRKRPAtDDSSTQN 9606 18570873 t gcesareni "Mtor may promote g1 progression in part through sgk1 activation and deregulate the cell cycle in cancers through both akt- and sgk-mediated p27 t157 phosphorylation and cytoplasmic p27 mislocalization." SIGNOR-179109 ATM protein Q13315 UNIPROT PNKP protein Q96T60 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser126 PPGTPLVsQDEKRDA 9606 21824916 t lperfetto "We demonstrate that pnkp is phosphorylated by the dna-dependent protein kinase (dna-pk) and ataxia-telangiectasia mutated (atm) in vitro. The major phosphorylation site for both kinases was serine 114, with serine 126 being a minor site. Purified pnkp protein with mutation of serines 114 and 126 had decreased dna kinase and dna phosphatase activities and reduced affinity for dna in vitro." SIGNOR-176012 MAP3K3 protein Q99759 UNIPROT MAP3K3 protein Q99759 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser526 MSGTGMRsVTGTPYW 9606 BTO:0000007 16407301 t lperfetto "Phosphorylation of serine 526 is required for mekk3 activity, and association with 14-3-3 blocks dephosphorylationautophosphorylation of mekk3 at ser526" SIGNOR-143647 RPS6KA3 protein P51812 UNIPROT TH protein P07101 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser71 RFIGRRQsLIEDARK 9606 12421349 t "The effect has been demonstrated using P07101-3" gcesareni "Mitogen-activated protein-kinase (map) kinase-activated protein kinases 1 and 2 (mapkap kinase-1, mapkap kinase-2), were found to phosphorylate bacterially expressed human tyrosine hydroxylaserecombinant human tyrosine hydroxylase (hth1) was found to be phosphorylated by mitogen and stress-activated protein kinase 1 (msk1) at ser40 and by p38 regulated/activated kinase (prak) on ser19. Phosphorylation by msk1 induced an increase in vmax" SIGNOR-95487 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR FOXO3 protein O43524 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser315 DFRSRTNsNASTVSG 9606 BTO:0000150;BTO:0001130;BTO:0001271;BTO:0000527 19188143 t lperfetto "Akt-dependent phosphorylation of foxo3a (thr32, ser253, and ser315 for human foxo3) enhances foxo3a/14?3?3 Interaction and promotes foxo3a nuclear export to the cytoplasm, resulting in the repression of foxo3a transcriptional function" SIGNOR-183616 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR SKI protein P12755 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr458 QPRKRKLtVDTPGAP 9606 19875456 t llicata "The phosphorylation of ski at threonine 458 is induced by akt pathway activators including insulin, insulin-like growth factor-1, and hepatocyte growth factor. The phosphorylation of ski causes its destabilization and reduces ski-mediated inhibition of expression of another negative regulator of tgf-beta, smad7" SIGNOR-188969 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR PFKFB2 protein O60825 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser483 IRRPRNYsVGSRPLK 9606 BTO:0000562 23457334 t lperfetto "Akt-dependent activation of the heart 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase/fructose-2,6-bisphosphatase (pfkfb2) isoenzyme by amino acids." SIGNOR-192260 PRKD2 protein Q9BZL6 UNIPROT PRKD2 protein Q9BZL6 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser876 QGLAERIsVL 9606 11062248 t gcesareni "The addition of phorbol 12,13-dibutyrate in the presence of dioleoylphosphatidylserine stimulated the autophosphorylation of pkd2 in a synergistic fashion.In addition, we could identify the c-terminal ser(876) residue as an in vivo phosphorylation site within pkd2. Phosphorylation of ser(876) of pkd2 correlated with the activation status of the kinase." SIGNOR-83834 CDK5 protein Q00535 UNIPROT HTT protein P42858 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser1179 LTNPPSLsPIRRKGK 9606 BTO:0000938 17611284 t lperfetto "Huntingtin is an antiapoptotic proteinwe show here that huntingtin is phosphorylated by the cyclin-dependent kinase 5 (cdk5) at serines 1181 and 1201. Phosphorylation can be induced by dna damage in vitro and in vivo. The state of huntingtin phosphorylation is a crucial regulator of neuronal cell death. Absence of phosphorylation of huntingtin at serines 1181 and 1201 confers toxic properties to wild-type huntingtin in a p53-dependent manner in striatal neurons and accelerates neuronal death induced by dna damage." SIGNOR-156836 SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT AFAP1 protein Q8N556 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Tyr453 PEALHYDyIDVEMSA 9534 BTO:0004055 9655255 t lperfetto "In this report, site-directed mutagenesis and a transient expression system that permits co-expression of activated pp60c-src (Src527F) and AFAP-110 in Cos-1 cells were used to identify the SH2-binding motif in AFAP-110. Four tyrosine residues, two in the amino terminus (Y93 and Y94) and two in the carboxy terminus (Y451 and Y453), were mutated to phenylalanine, significantly reducing overall steady-state levels of tyrosine phosphorylation and preventing Src527F from forming a stable complex with AFAP-110." SIGNOR-246355 SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT AFAP1 protein Q8N556 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Tyr93 TSSLPEGyYEEAVPL 9534 BTO:0004055 9655255 t lperfetto "In this report, site-directed mutagenesis and a transient expression system that permits co-expression of activated pp60c-src (Src527F) and AFAP-110 in Cos-1 cells were used to identify the SH2-binding motif in AFAP-110. Four tyrosine residues, two in the amino terminus (Y93 and Y94) and two in the carboxy terminus (Y451 and Y453), were mutated to phenylalanine, significantly reducing overall steady-state levels of tyrosine phosphorylation and preventing Src527F from forming a stable complex with AFAP-110." SIGNOR-246359 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT EIF4EBP1 protein Q13541 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr45 PGGTLFStTPGGTRI 9606 11777913 t gcesareni "Phosphorylation of 4e-bp1 is mediated by the p38/msk1 pathway in response to uvb irradiation. In the present study we demonstrated that uvb induced 4e-bp1 phosphorylation at multiple sites, thr-36, thr-45, ser-64, and thr-69, leading to dissociation of 4e-bp1 from eif-4e. Uvb-induced phosphorylation of 4e-bp1 was blocked by p38 kinase inhibitors, pd169316 and sb202190, and msk1 inhibitor, h89, but not by mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase inhibitors, pd98059 or u0126." SIGNOR-113563 JAK2 protein O60674 UNIPROT JAK2 protein O60674 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Tyr317 TEQDLQLyCDFPNII 9606 BTO:0000007 19364823 t "16705160:the phosphorylation of Jak2 on Ser523 inhibits Jak2 activity and represents a novel mechanism for the regulation of Jak2-dependent cytokine signaling." lperfetto "Analysis of in vitro autophosphorylated jak2while cytokine receptor stimulation mediates the phosphorylation of both tyr317 and tyr637, these residues oppositely regulate jak2-dependent signaling: the mutation of tyr317 enhances jak2 function, suggesting a role for the phosphorylation of tyr317 in the inhibition of jak2. Conversely, mutation of tyr637 reduces jak2 signaling, suggesting a role for the phosphorylation of this residue in the activation of jak2." SIGNOR-236502 RPS6KA3 protein P51812 UNIPROT NR4A1 protein P22736 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser351 GRRGRLPsKPKQPPD 9606 BTO:0000007 16223362 t lperfetto "In the present paper, we have re-examined the phosphorylation of Nur77 on Ser354. Using a combination of cell-permeable kinase inhibitors and mouse knockin mutations, we show that Nur77 is phosphorylated by RSK in response to mitogenic stimulation of cells. Phosphorylation of Nur77 on Ser354 did not, however, appear to affect the transcriptional activity of Nur77, or its ability to bind 14-3-3 proteins in vivo." SIGNOR-249295 CSNK1D protein P48730 UNIPROT PSEN2 protein P49810 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser335 YDSFGEPsYPEVFEP -1 9558331 t llicata "In vitro the large hydrophilic loop of PS-2 between transmembrane domains 6 and 7 can be phosphorylated by casein kinase-1 (CK-1) and CK-2, but not by PKA or PKC. Quantitative analysis of in vitro phosphorylation demonstrates the presence of two phosphorylation sites for CK-1 and a single site for CK-2. A deletion analysis revealed that the CTF of PS-2 is phosphorylated in vivo within an acidic sequence containing three potential phosphorylation sites for CKs (serines 327, 330, and 335). These data suggest that CK type protein kinases phosphorylate the CTF of PS-2 within its hydrophilic loop domain in vivo. Interestingly, the potential phosphorylation sites are located directly adjacent to the recently identified caspase cleavage sites." SIGNOR-250802 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR PHF20 protein Q9BVI0 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser291 ELRRRKIsKGCEVPL 9606 22334668 t llicata "Akt phosphorylates phf20 at ser(291) in vitro and in vivo, which results in its translocation from the nucleus to the cytoplasm and attenuation of phf20 function." SIGNOR-196112 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR FAM129A protein Q9BZQ8 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser602 ASPARRAsAILPGVL 9606 22510990 t llicata "We demonstrate here that ultraviolet irradiation induces phosphorylation of niban at s602 by akt, which increases the association of niban with nucleophosmin and disassociation of nucleophosmin from the mdm2 complex." SIGNOR-197053 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT DUSP1 protein P28562 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser359 SALSYLQsPITTSPS 9606 10617468 t lperfetto "Mkp-1 was a target in vivo and in vitro for p42(mapk) or p44(mapk), which phosphorylates mkp-1 on two carboxyl-terminal serine residues, serine 359 and serine 364. This phosphorylation did not modify mkp-1's intrinsic ability to dephosphorylate p44(mapk) but led to stabilization of the protein." SIGNOR-73621 PTPRB protein P23467 UNIPROT MET protein P08581 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation Tyr1356 YVHVNATyVNVKCVA 9606 16101282 t gcesareni "Ptp1b and shp-2 are bound to the c-met receptor to control its activity. Although the binding of ptp1b increases when there is a decrease in c-met activation and acts as a negative regulator of the receptor, the increased binding and phosphorylation of shp-2 coincide with maximal stimulation of c-met, acting as a positive regulator." SIGNOR-139560 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR COPS6 protein Q7L5N1 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser60 DHWIRMRsQEGRPVQ 9606 23095642 t llicata "Mechanistic studies show that akt causes csn6 phosphorylation at ser 60, which, in turn, reduces ubiquitin-mediated protein degradation of csn6." SIGNOR-199254 CTDSP1 protein Q9GZU7 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser1644 SPTSPSYsPTSPSYS -1 22137580 t "Phosphorylation and dephosphorylation of the C-terminal domain (CTD) of RNA polymerase II (Pol II) represent a critical regulatory checkpoint for transcription. Transcription initiation requires Fcp1/Scp1-mediated dephosphorylation of phospho-CTD. | This combined structure-function analysis discloses the residues in Scp1 involved in CTD binding and its preferential dephosphorylation of P.Ser5 of the CTD heptad repeat." SIGNOR-248781 PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT DSP protein P15924 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser2849 RSGSRRGsFDATGNS 9606 BTO:0000567 7525582 t miannu "HeLa cells treated with forskolin indicated that stimulation of protein kinase A in transfected cells could decrease the interaction of DP.AN.SerC23 with keratin IF networks. phosphorylation of Ser-C23 could destabilize interactions that occur either directly through this 20 residue sequence or that are dependent on its correct conformation" SIGNOR-250353 BLK protein P51451 UNIPROT FCGR2A protein P12318 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr288 YETADGGyMTLNPRA -1 8756631 t lperfetto "To identify the FcgammaRII-phosphorylating protein tyrosine kinase (PTK), we used the combination of an in vitro and an in vivo approach. In an in vitro assay using recombinant cytoplasmic tails of the different FcgammaRII isoforms as well as tyrosine exchange mutants, we show that each of the BCR-associated PTKs (Lyn, Blk, Fyn, and Syk) shows different phosphorylation patterns with regard to the different FcgammaR isoforms and point|Fyn and Blk definitely phosphorylate Y-282 in the ITAM of Fc_RIIa/c, whereas the non-ITAM tyrosine residue (Y-275) becomes phosphorylated by Syk, as the phosphorylation of double point mutants shows. In addi-tion to these tyrosine residues, Fyn, Blk, and Syk might phosphorylate the most C-terminal tyrosine residue (Y-298) because altering this tyrosine residue together with one of the tyrosine residues clearly shown to be phosphorylated by the respective PTK results in the abrogation of phosphorylation." SIGNOR-249311 PDPK1 protein O15530 UNIPROT RPS6KB1 protein P23443 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr412 NQVFLGFtYVAPSVL 9606 9445476 t gcesareni "A regulatory link between p70s6k and pkb was demonstrated, as pdk1 was found to selectively phosphorylate p70s6k at thr229. More importantly, pdk1 activated p70s6k in vitro and in vivo, whereas the catalytically inactive pdk1 blocked insulin-induced activation of p70s6k. one of the most studied signalling events controlled by ptdins(3,4,5)p3, comprises the activation of a group of agc family protein kinases, including isoforms of protein kinase b (pkb)/akt, p70 ribosomal s6 kinase (s6k), serum- and glucocorticoid-induced protein kinase (sgk) and protein kinase c (pkc), which play crucial roles in regulating physiological processes relevant to metabolism, growth, proliferation and survival. Here, we review recent biochemical, genetic and structural studies on the 3-phosphoinositide-dependent protein kinase-1 (pdk1), which phosphorylates and activates the agc kinase members regulated by pi 3-kinase. We also discuss whether inhibitors of pdk1 might have chemotherapeutic potential in the treatment of cancers in which the pdk1-regulated agc kinases are constitutively activated." SIGNOR-55310 JAK3 protein P52333 UNIPROT SIGLEC10 protein Q96LC7 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Tyr691 PKGTQADyAEVKFQ 9606 11733002 t lperfetto "These results suggest that the tyrosines at positions 597 and 667, contained within itim-like motifs, are likely targets of phosphorylation by several classes of signaling molecules, including lck, jak3, and emt. The tyrosine located at position y691 was also contributing to the phosphorylation of the wild-type siglec tail by lck and jak3 kinases. however, it is not clear whether y691 is capable of binding sap or a similar protein. Future studies will attempt to elucidate the signaling activities associated with y691" SIGNOR-112487 PDPK1 protein O15530 UNIPROT RPS6KB1 protein P23443 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr252 HDGTVTHtFCGTIEY 9606 9445476 t gcesareni "A regulatory link between p70s6k and pkb was demonstrated, as pdk1 was found to selectively phosphorylate p70s6k at thr229. More importantly, pdk1 activated p70s6k in vitro and in vivo, whereas the catalytically inactive pdk1 blocked insulin-induced activation of p70s6k. one of the most studied signalling events controlled by ptdins(3,4,5)p3, comprises the activation of a group of agc family protein kinases, including isoforms of protein kinase b (pkb)/akt, p70 ribosomal s6 kinase (s6k), serum- and glucocorticoid-induced protein kinase (sgk) and protein kinase c (pkc), which play crucial roles in regulating physiological processes relevant to metabolism, growth, proliferation and survival. Here, we review recent biochemical, genetic and structural studies on the 3-phosphoinositide-dependent protein kinase-1 (pdk1), which phosphorylates and activates the agc kinase members regulated by pi 3-kinase. We also discuss whether inhibitors of pdk1 might have chemotherapeutic potential in the treatment of cancers in which the pdk1-regulated agc kinases are constitutively activated." SIGNOR-55306 STK38L protein Q9Y2H1 UNIPROT STK38L protein Q9Y2H1 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser282 NRRQLAYsTVGTPDY 9606 BTO:0000007 16314523 t lperfetto "Ndr1/ndr2 protein kinase is activated by phosphorylation on the activation loop phosphorylation site ser281/ser282 and the hydrophobic motif phosphorylation site thr444/thr442. Autophosphorylation of ndr is responsible for phosphorylation on ser281/ser282, whereas thr444/thr442 is targeted by an upstream kinase. Here we show that mst3, a mammalian ste20-like protein kinase, is able to phosphorylate ndr protein kinase at thr444/thr442. In vitro, mst3 selectively phosphorylated thr442 of ndr2, resulting in a 10-fold stimulation of ndr activity." SIGNOR-142518 BLK protein P51451 UNIPROT FCGR2A protein P12318 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr304 TDDDKNIyLTLPPND -1 8756631 t lperfetto "To identify the FcgammaRII-phosphorylating protein tyrosine kinase (PTK), we used the combination of an in vitro and an in vivo approach. In an in vitro assay using recombinant cytoplasmic tails of the different FcgammaRII isoforms as well as tyrosine exchange mutants, we show that each of the BCR-associated PTKs (Lyn, Blk, Fyn, and Syk) shows different phosphorylation patterns with regard to the different FcgammaR isoforms and point|Fyn and Blk definitely phosphorylate Y-282 in the ITAM of Fc_RIIa/c, whereas the non-ITAM tyrosine residue (Y-275) becomes phosphorylated by Syk, as the phosphorylation of double point mutants shows. In addi-tion to these tyrosine residues, Fyn, Blk, and Syk might phosphorylate the most C-terminal tyrosine residue (Y-298) because altering this tyrosine residue together with one of the tyrosine residues clearly shown to be phosphorylated by the respective PTK results in the abrogation of phosphorylation." SIGNOR-249312 CHEK2 protein O96017 UNIPROT RASGRF1 protein Q13972 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser287 PITHDDVsSIFLNSE 9606 17110335 t miannu "During interphase, cdc25 is inhibited by ser287 phosphorylation (xenopus cdc25;ser 216 in human cdc25c) and this inhibitory phosphorylation is maintained by dna-responsive checkpoints / s287 is targeted by many kinases, including chk1, chk2, ctak-1, pka, p38 and mapkap kinase-2 suggesting that phosphorylation of this site may integrate multiple signaling inputs." SIGNOR-150843 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR BAD protein Q92934 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser118 GRELRRMsDEFVDSF 9606 BTO:0000938 9346240 t lperfetto "Experiments in this study reveal that akt phosphorylates bad both in vitro and in vivo and that akt-mediated phosphorylation of bad effectively blocks bad induced cell death.[...] In addition, these findings implicate a particular phosphorylation site on bad, serine 136, in the suppression of bad-mediated death by akt.[...]The Phosphorylation of bad may lead to the prevention of cell death via a mechanism that involves the selective association of the phosphorylated forms of bad with 14-3-3 protein isoforms. Akt phosphorylates bad in vitro and in vivo we show that growth factor activation of the pi3'k/akt signaling pathway culminates in the phosphorylation of the bcl-2 family member bad, thereby suppressing apoptosis and promoting cell survival. Akt phosphorylates bad in vitro and in vivo erbb-mediated phosphorylation of bad by akt promotes survival by blocking the interaction of this pro-apoptotic molecule with bcl-2 and bcl-x proteins" SIGNOR-244148 CyclinB/CDK1 complex SIGNOR-C17 SIGNOR KAT5 protein Q92993 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser86 TKNGLPGsRPGSPER 9606 BTO:0000567 12468530 t llicata "Baculovirus-based expression and purification of Tip60 combined with mass spectrometry allowed the identification of serines 86 and 90 as two major sites of phosphorylation in vivo. The phosphorylation of Tip60 was found to modulate its histone acetyltransferase activity. One of the identified phosphorylated serines, Ser-90, was within a consensus cyclin B/Cdc2 site. Ser-90 was specifically phosphorylatedin vitro by the cyclin B/Cdc2 complex." SIGNOR-250641 PDPK1 protein O15530 UNIPROT SGK3 protein Q96BR1 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr320 AISDTTTtFCGTPEY 9606 16790420 t llicata "Full-length sgk3 contains a complete phox homology (px) domain that targets the protein to endosomes. Both a functional px domain and pi3k activation are necessary for phosphorylation of sgk3 at two regulatory sites (thr-320 and ser-486) and subsequent induction of kinase activity. Pdk1 phosphorylates endosome-associated sgk3 at thr-320" SIGNOR-147213 DYRK2 protein Q92630 UNIPROT DPYSL3 protein Q14195 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr514 TTTPKGGtPAGSARG 9606 BTO:0000938 16611631 t lperfetto "Primary rat cortical neurons were treated with purvalanol, a more potent inhibitor of cdk5 and dyrk2 than roscovitine (25). Phosphorylation was monitored using antibodies that specifically recognize crmp2 when phosphorylated at thr514/thr509, or crmp4 when phosphorylated at thr509. Loss of phosphorylation of ser522 will prevent subsequent phosphorylation of ser518/thr514/thr509 by gsk3. Together, these results suggest that crmp4 is able to increase neurite formation and elongation in neurons, although not as potently as crmp2, and that this process is regulated by ser522/ser518/thr514/thr509 phosphorylation in both cases. We demonstrate that cdk5 primes crmp2 and crmp4 for subsequent phosphorylation by gsk3, whereas dyrk2, phosphorylates and primes only crmp4 in vitro" SIGNOR-145987 RET protein P07949 UNIPROT PTK2 protein Q05397 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr576 RYMEDSTyYKASKGK 9606 21454698 t gcesareni "The identification of focal adhesion kinase (fak) as a direct substrate for ret kinase revealed (i) a ret-fak transactivation mechanism consisting of direct phosphorylation of fak tyr-576/577 by ret and a reciprocal phosphorylation of ret by fak, which crucially is able to rescue the kinase-impaired ret k758m mutant and (ii) that fak binds ret via its ferm domain. Interestingly, this interaction is abolished upon ret phosphorylation, indicating that ret binding to the ferm domain of fak is a priming step for ret-fak transactivation." SIGNOR-173013 PDPK1 protein O15530 UNIPROT PDPK1 protein O15530 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser241 SKQARANsFVGTAQY -1 12177059 t miannu "PDK1 kinase activity is negatively regulated by binding to 14-3-3 through the PDK1 autophosphorylation site Ser-241. PDK1 binds to 14-3-3 in vivo and in vitro through the residues surrounding the autophosphorylation site Ser-241 and that the association is achieved only when Ser-241 has been phosphorylated" SIGNOR-250077 PP2B proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF18 SIGNOR MAPT protein P10636 UNIPROT up-regulates dephosphorylation Ser516 GDRSGYSsPGSPGTP 9606 BTO:0000142 20308788 t "The effect has been demonstrated using P10636-8" lperfetto "Among the sites studied, thr205, thr212, ser214, and ser262 were the most favorable sites, and ser199 and ser404 were the least favorable sites for pp2a in vitro." SIGNOR-164659 SPI1 protein P17947 UNIPROT IRF8 protein Q02556 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0001413 11483597 t miannu "We found that tyrosine phosphorylated ICSBP activates CYBB and NCF2 transcription, during late myeloid differentiation, by interacting with PU.1, IRF1 and CBP." SIGNOR-222880 CDK1 protein P06493 UNIPROT NPM1 protein P06748 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr234 SFKKQEKtPKTPKGP 9606 14670079 t gcesareni "We have recently found that nucleophosmin (npm/b23), a phosphoprotein primarily found in nucleolus, associates with unduplicated centrosomes and is a direct substrate of cdk2-cyclin e in centrosome duplication." SIGNOR-120330 EFNA1 protein P20827 UNIPROT EPHA1 protein P21709 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 9330863 t gcesareni "The eph family receptors and ligands." SIGNOR-51932 CDK5/CDK5R1 complex SIGNOR-C144 SIGNOR DCX protein O43602 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser332 STPKSKQsPISTPTS 9606 BTO:0000007 14741103 t llicata "In order to determine the sites of phosphorylation by Cdk5, serine or threonine in the nine potential sites were substituted with alanine by site-directed mutagenesis to create mutant Dcx proteins. hese were analyzed by co-transfection of 293T cells with cdk5/p35. All-sites-A mutant Dcx showed no slower migrating species on Western analysis, indicating that removal of all nine possible sites is sufficient to block the phosphorylation by Cdk5/p35. However, each single mutant Dcx retains the slower migrating species similar to the wild-type Dcx, suggesting that any single mutation is not sufficient to block phosphorylation by Cdk5/p35." SIGNOR-250667 PTEN protein P60484 UNIPROT PTEN protein P60484 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser380 EPDHYRYsDTTDSDP 9606 BTO:0000007 22413754 t miannu "Overall, our results suggest that PTEN autodephosphorylation may be a critical event in this process; thus a major protein substrate for PTEN may be PTEN itself.|Various studies have demonstrated that PTEN is itself a phosphoprotein, and that the major sites of phosphorylation are found in an acidic stretch (DHYRYSDTTDSDPENE) near the C-terminus [1]. This prompted us to consider whether PTEN may autodephosphorylate these sites" SIGNOR-248544 CDK5 protein Q00535 UNIPROT ERBB3 protein P21860 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr873 LLYSEAKtPIKWMAL 10116 BTO:0004102 12824184 t llicata "We demonstrated that Cdk5 phosphorylated Ser-1176 in the neuregulin receptor ErbB2 and phosphorylated Thr-871 and Ser-1120 in the ErbB3 receptor. We identified the Ser-1120 sequence RSRSPR in ErbB3 as a novel phosphorylation consensus sequence of Cdk5. Finally, we found that Cdk5 activity is involved in neuregulin-induced Akt activity and neuregulin-mediated neuronal survival. " SIGNOR-250664 LYN protein P07948 UNIPROT CD19 protein P15391 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr531 HEEDADSyENMDNPD 10090 BTO:0000776 10933394 t lperfetto "Experiments with purified proteins demonstrated that CD19-Y513 was Lyn's initial phosphorylation and binding site. This led to processive phosphorylation of CD19-Y482, which recruited a second Lyn molecule, allowing for transphosphorylation and amplification of Lyn activation|Tyrosine phosphorylation of CD19 following BCR and/or CD19 ligation provides Src homology 2 (SH2) recognition motifs that recruit regulatory molecules to the cell surface. CD19 dually phosphorylated at CD19€“Y482 and CD19€“Y513 binds the tandem SH2 domains of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI 3-kinase) p85 subuni" SIGNOR-249377 MAPK7 protein Q13164 UNIPROT MEF2A protein Q02078 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser355 SALQGFNsPGMLSLG 9606 BTO:0000567 10849446 t lperfetto "We have previously shown that bmk1 regulates c-jun gene expression through direct phosphorylation and activation of transcription factor mef2c.Here, we demonstrate that, in addition to mef2c, bmk1 phosphorylates and activates mef2a and mef2d but not mef2b.The sites phosphorylated by activated bmk1 were mapped to ser-355, thr-312, and thr-319 of mef2a and ser-179 of mef2d both in vitro and in vivo." SIGNOR-236587 MAP3K5 protein Q99683 UNIPROT DAXX protein Q9UER7 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser176 TNAENTAsQSPRTRG 9606 19789335 t gcesareni "Our data demonstrated that ask1 controls the cytoplasmic localization of daxx (fig.1). our results indicate that daxx not only activates ask1 but also is a downstream target of ask1 and that accumulated daxx further activates ask1. Thus, the daxx-ask1 positive feedback loop amplifying jnk/p38 signaling plays an important role in the cell-killing effects of stressors, such as tnfalpha." SIGNOR-188321 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR CDKN1A protein P38936 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser146 GRKRRQTsMTDFYHS 9606 17855660 t lperfetto "Whereas akt1 phosphorylates p21, inducing its release from cdk2 and cytoplasmic localization as previously described for akt, akt2 binds p21 in the region spanning the t145 site of p21, thus competing with phosphorylation by akt1 and inducing its accumulation in the nucleus. These distinct roles of akt/pkb isoforms in modulating proliferation and p21 have important implications for the development of drugs aimed at inhibiting cancer cell proliferation.[...] We next investigated if phosphorylation of p21-t145 interfered with akt2 binding. As shown in fig. ?Fig.8e8e (right lane), phosphorylation of p21 on t145 effectively prevented akt2 interaction." SIGNOR-244180 STK11 protein Q15831 UNIPROT MARK2 protein Q7KZI7 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr208 TFGNKLDtFCGSPPY 9606 14976552 t lperfetto "Lkb1 is a master kinase that activates 13 kinases of the ampk subfamily, including mark/par-1we recently demonstrated that the lkb1 tumour suppressor kinase, in complex with the pseudokinase strad and the scaffolding protein mo25, phosphorylates and activates amp-activated protein kinase (ampk). A total of 12 human kinases (nuak1, nuak2, brsk1, brsk2, qik, qsk, sik, mark1, mark2, mark3, mark4 and melk) are related to ampk. Here we demonstrate that lkb1 can phosphorylate the t-loop of all the members of this subfamily, apart from melk, increasing their activity >50-fold" SIGNOR-122628 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR CDCA7 protein Q9BWT1 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr163 SRRPRRRtFPGVASR 9606 23166294 t llicata "The prosurvival kinase akt phosphorylates cdca7 at threonine 163, promoting binding to 14-3-3, dissociation from myc, and sequestration to the cytoplasm. we have mapped the domains of interaction and have discovered that akt phosphorylates cdca7 near this contact region, leading to loss of its association with myc, binding to 14-3-3 proteins, and exclusion from the nucleus." SIGNOR-199776 PRKDC protein P78527 UNIPROT PDX1 protein P52945 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" phosphorylation Thr11 EEQYYAAtQLYKDPC 10090 BTO:0002284 16166097 t miannu "The interaction of PDX-1 with Ku subunits and its phosphorylation on threonine 11 by the DNA-PK appear to be implicated in its degradation by the proteosome." SIGNOR-225542 STK11 protein Q15831 UNIPROT SIK3 protein Q9Y2K2 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr163 TPGQLLKtWCGSPPY 9606 14976552 t lperfetto "Lkb1 is a master kinase that activates 13 kinases of the ampk subfamily, including mark/par-1we recently demonstrated that the lkb1 tumour suppressor kinase, in complex with the pseudokinase strad and the scaffolding protein mo25, phosphorylates and activates amp-activated protein kinase (ampk). A total of 12 human kinases (nuak1, nuak2, brsk1, brsk2, qik, qsk, sik, mark1, mark2, mark3, mark4 and melk) are related to ampk. Here we demonstrate that lkb1 can phosphorylate the t-loop of all the members of this subfamily, apart from melk, increasing their activity >50-fold" SIGNOR-122835 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR CDKN1C protein P49918 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser282 FFAKRKRsAPEKSSG 9606 BTO:0000150 23421998 t lperfetto "Cdk inhibitor p57 (kip2) is downregulated by akt during her2-mediated tumorigenicityakt phosphorylates p57 on ser 282 or thr310. Akt activity results in destabilization of p57 by accelerating turnover rate of p57 and enhancing p57 ubiquitination" SIGNOR-201042 NMI protein Q13287 UNIPROT SOX10 protein P56693 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000007 16214168 t miannu "we identify an association of Sox10 with the N-myc interactor Nmi. Nmi modulated the transcriptional activity of Sox10 in reporter gene assays. Nmi effects varied between different Sox10 target gene promoters, indicating that Nmi function in vivo may be promoter-specific." SIGNOR-225599 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT MBP protein P02686 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr232 KNIVTPRtPPPSQGK 9606 1939237 t lperfetto "Phosphorylation decreased the ability of mbp to polymerize actin and to bundle actin filaments but had no effect on the dissociation constant of the mbp-actin complex or on the ability of ca2+-calmodulin to dissociate the complex. The most significant effect of phosphorylation on the mbp-actin complex was a dramatic reduction in its ability to bind to negatively charged lipid bilayers. The identification of myelin basic protein (phosphorylation at -pro-arg-thr-pro-) as a substrate for the erk kinases (fig. 1) demonstrates that there are other determinants important for substrate recognition than those present in the originally identified consensus sequence." SIGNOR-22420 PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT PPP1R8 protein Q12972 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser178 TAHNKRIsTLTIEEG -1 9407077 t miannu "NIPP-1 is the RNA-binding subunit of a major species of protein phosphatase-1 in the nucleus. The purified recombinant protein was a potent (Ki = 9.9 +/- 0.3 pM) and specific inhibitor of protein phosphatase-1 and was stoichiometrically phosphorylated by protein kinases A and CK2. At physiological ionic strength, phosphorylation by these protein kinases drastically decreased the inhibitory potency of free NIPP-1. Sequencing and phosphoamino acid analysis of tryptic phosphopeptides enabled us to identify Ser178 and Ser199 as the phosphorylation sites of protein kinase A" SIGNOR-250032 ERK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF1 SIGNOR RUNX1 protein Q01196 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser249 DTRQIQPsPPWSYDQ 9606 BTO:0002181 16046550 t "The effect has been demonstrated using Q01196-8" lperfetto "We have identified four phosphorylation sites on aml1c that are necessary for transcriptional activity of aml1c in k562 and 293t cells (27).4 mutation of these four sites (serine 276, serine 293, serine 303, and threonine 300) to alanine abolishes transcriptional activation, whereas mutation of these sites to aspartic acid (which mimics phosphorylation) results in a hyperactive protein." SIGNOR-244703 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR CDKN1C protein P49918 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr310 GVGSVEQtPRKRLR 9606 BTO:0000150 23421998 t lperfetto "Cdk inhibitor p57 (kip2) is downregulated by akt during her2-mediated tumorigenicityakt phosphorylates p57 on ser 282 or thr310. Akt activity results in destabilization of p57 by accelerating turnover rate of p57 and enhancing p57 ubiquitination" SIGNOR-201046 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR STK4 protein Q13043 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr387 TMKRRDEtMQPAKPS 9606 23431053 t gcesareni "Full activation of mst1 requires an activation cleavage that is prevented by the phosphorylation of thr-387 by akt." SIGNOR-201121 CSNK2A1 protein P68400 UNIPROT PSEN2 protein P49810 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser335 YDSFGEPsYPEVFEP -1 9558331 t llicata "In vitro the large hydrophilic loop of PS-2 between transmembrane domains 6 and 7 can be phosphorylated by casein kinase-1 (CK-1) and CK-2, but not by PKA or PKC. Quantitative analysis of in vitro phosphorylation demonstrates the presence of two phosphorylation sites for CK-1 and a single site for CK-2. A deletion analysis revealed that the CTF of PS-2 is phosphorylated in vivo within an acidic sequence containing three potential phosphorylation sites for CKs (serines 327, 330, and 335). These data suggest that CK type protein kinases phosphorylate the CTF of PS-2 within its hydrophilic loop domain in vivo. Interestingly, the potential phosphorylation sites are located directly adjacent to the recently identified caspase cleavage sites." SIGNOR-250935 CDC14A protein Q9UNH5 UNIPROT MAPK6 protein Q16659 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" dephosphorylation Ser684 IGIPQFHsPVGSPLK 9606 20236090 t "Reciprocally, we found that the phosphatases Cdc14A and Cdc14B (Cdc is cell-division cycle) bind to ERK3 and reverse its C-terminal phosphorylation in mitosis. Importantly, alanine substitution of the four C-terminal phosphorylation sites markedly decreased the half-life of ERK3 in mitosis, thereby linking phosphorylation to the stabilization of the kinase.|In vitro phosphorylation of a series of ERK3-deletion mutants by mitotic cell extracts revealed that phosphorylation is confined to the unique C-terminal extension of the protein. Using MS analysis, we identified four novel phosphorylation sites, Ser684, Ser688, Thr698 and Ser705, located at the extreme C-terminus of ERK3." SIGNOR-248830 MAPK8 protein P45983 UNIPROT STMN1 protein P16949 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser38 SVPEFPLsPPKKKDL 9606 20630875 t gcesareni "Involved in the regulation of the microtubule (mt) filament system by destabilizing microtubules. Prevents assembly and promotes disassembly of microtubules. Here we show that in response to hyperosmotic stress, jnk phosphorylates a key cytoplasmic microtubule regulatory protein, stathmin (stmn), on conserved ser-25 and ser-38 residues. In in vitro biochemical studies, we identified stmn ser-38 as the critical residue required for efficient phosphorylation by jnk and identified a novel kinase interaction domain in stmn required for recognition by jnk. We revealed that jnk was required for microtubule stabilization in response to hyperosmotic stress." SIGNOR-166694 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR BAX protein Q07812 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser184 VAGVLTAsLTIWKKM 9606 BTO:0003473 14766748 t lperfetto "Phosphorylation of Bax Ser184 by Akt regulates its activity and apoptosis in neutrophilsWe suggest that Bax is regulated by phosphorylation of Ser(184) in an Akt-dependent manner and that phosphorylation inhibits Bax effects on the mitochondria by maintaining the protein in the cytoplasm, heterodimerized with antiapoptotic Bcl-2 family members" SIGNOR-209651 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR PTPN1 protein P18031 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser50 RNRYRDVsPFDHSRI 10090 BTO:0000944 11579209 t lperfetto "Phosphorylation of ptp1b at ser(50) by akt impairs its ability to dephosphorylate the insulin receptor." SIGNOR-235411 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR NR3C1 protein P04150 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser134 ANLNRSTsVPENPKS 9606 BTO:0000731 24291004 t lperfetto "Akt1 impairs glucocorticoid-induced gene expression by direct phosphorylation of nr3c1 at position s134 and blocking glucocorticoid-induced nr3c1 translocation to the nucleus" SIGNOR-236216 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR AKT1S1 protein Q96B36 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr246 LPRPRLNtSDFQKLK 9606 BTO:0000007 12524439 t gcesareni "Treatment of these cells with 4-hydroxytamoxifen stimulated the phosphorylation of wt PRAS40 but not the mutant PRAS40 in which Thr-246 was mutated. These results demonstrate that activation of Akt alone is sufficient to induce phosphorylation of PRAS40" SIGNOR-236929 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR POU5F1 protein Q01860 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by stabilization" phosphorylation Thr235 QARKRKRtSIENRVR 9606 BTO:0004180 23041284 t flangone "Here we show that in ECCs, Akt phosphorylated the master pluripotency factor Oct4 at threonine 235, and that the levels of phosphorylated Oct4 in ECCs correlated with resistance to apoptosis and tumorigenic potential. Phosphorylation of Oct4 increased its stability and facilitated its nuclear localization and its interaction with Sox2, which promoted the transcription of the core stemness genes POU5F1 and NANOG." SIGNOR-242092 CSNK2A1 protein P68400 UNIPROT SLC18A2 protein Q05940 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser511 PIGEDEEsESD -1 9045708 t llicata "Purified CKI and CKII phosphorylate the wild-type carboxyl terminus of VMAT2, but not a double mutant with both serines 512 and 514 replaced by alanine. The protein kinase inhibitor CKI-7 and unlabeled GTP both block in vitro phosphorylation by cell homogenates, indicating a role for CKII and possibly CKI in vivo. Both kinases phosphorylate the VMAT2 fusion protein to a much greater extent than a similar fusion protein containing the carboxyl terminus of VMAT1, consistent with differential phosphorylation of the two transporters observed in intact cells. " SIGNOR-250953 PDP1 protein Q9P0J1 UNIPROT PDHA1 protein P08559 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser300 SMSDPGVsYRTREEI -1 7782287 t "Sites 1, 2, and 3 were dephosphorylated either individually or in the presence of the other sites by the phospho-E1-phosphatase resulting in complete reactivation of the E1. The rates of dephosphorylation and reactivation were similar for sites 1, 2, and 3, indicating a random dephosphorylation mechanism" SIGNOR-252056 CSNK2A1 protein P68400 UNIPROT GTF2A1 protein P52655 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser316 VEEEPLNsEDDVSDE -1 11278496 t llicata "We now show that human TFIIA is phosphorylated in vivo on serine residues that are partially conserved between yeast and human TFIIA large subunits. Alanine substitution mutation of serine residues 316 and 321 in TFIIA alphabeta reduced TFIIA phosphorylation significantly in vivo. Additional alanine substitutions at serines 280 and 281 reduced phosphorylation to undetectable levels. Mutation of all four serine residues reduced the ability of TFIIA to stimulate transcription in transient transfection assays with various activators and promoters, indicating that TFIIA phosphorylation is required globally for optimal function." SIGNOR-250876 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT CALD1 protein Q05682 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser759 KTPDGNKsPAPKPSD 9606 BTO:0001260 10514499 t lperfetto "Extracellular signal-regulated kinases (erks) phosphorylate the high molecular mass isoform of the actin-binding protein caldesmon (h-cad) at two sites (ser(759) and ser(789)) during smooth muscle stimulation. Nmr spectroscopy shows that the actin binding properties of the minimal inhibitory region of caldesmon, residues 750-779, alter upon map kinase phosphorylation of ser-759, a residue not involved in actin binding. This phosphorylation leads to markedly diminished actin affinity as a result of the loss of interaction at one of the two sites that bind to f-actin." SIGNOR-71033 PRKCD protein Q05655 UNIPROT ADRB2 protein P07550 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser261 TGHGLRRsSKFCLKE -1 1848190 t lperfetto "We investigate the role of the beta 2-adrenergic receptor phosphorylation by protein kinase C in this regulatory process. Mutation of the serine-261, -262, -344 and -345 of the beta 2-adrenergic receptor prevented the phorbol-ester-induced phosphorylation of the receptor. This mutation also abolished the phorbol-ester-induced decrease in high-affinity agonist binding and potency of the beta 2-adrenergic receptor. We suggest that protein kinase C mediated phosphorylation of the receptor promotes its functional uncoupling." SIGNOR-248854 SPI1 protein P17947 UNIPROT FCGR1A protein P12314 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "Transcriptional activation" 9606 12393465 f apalma "In patients with t(8;21), expression of the cell surface markers CD11b, CD14, and CD64 was less in comparison to patients without t(8;21) (Figure 5B). CD14 and CD64 promoters have putative PU.1 binding sites but not AML1-, C/EBPα-, or MEF-binding sites suggesting that down-regulation of the function of PU.1 by AML1-ETO could possibly be an important step in progression toward leukemia." SIGNOR-255697 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR GSK3B protein P49841 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser9 SGRPRTTsFAESCKP 9606 BTO:0000007 9373175 t gcesareni "Evidence that the inhibition of glycogen synthase kinase-3_ by IGF-1 is mediated by PDK1/PKB-induced phosphorylation of Ser-9" SIGNOR-242578 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR BAX protein Q07812 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser184 VAGVLTAsLTIWKKM -1 26763134 t lperfetto "We found that AKT activated Bax and increased its cellular content. Both effects were dependent on Ser184, but a phosphorylation of this residue did not fully explain the effects of AKT." SIGNOR-245113 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR CFLAR protein O15519 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity" phosphorylation Ser273 LLRDTFTsLGYEVQK 9606 BTO:0000801 19339247 t gcesareni "TNFalpha enhanced FLIP(L) serine phosphorylation, which was increased by activated Akt-1. Serine 273, a putative Akt-1 phosphorylation site in FLIP(L), was critical for the activation-induced reduction of FLIP(L). Thus, these observations document a novel mechanism where by TNFalpha facilitates the reduction of FLIP(L) protein, which is dependent on the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/Akt signaling." SIGNOR-245304 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR CREB1 protein P16220 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser133 EILSRRPsYRKILND 9606 BTO:0000007 9829964 t gcesareni "When overexpressed in serum-stimulated cells, Akt/PKB potently induced Ser-133 phosphorylation of CREB and promoted recruitment of CBP. Correspondingly, Akt/PKB stimulated target gene expression via CREB in a phospho(Ser-133)-dependent manner." SIGNOR-247992 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR FANCA protein O15360 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser1149 CLRSRDPsLMVDFIL -1 11855836 t "FANCA is phosphorylated at Ser1149 by Akt. The biological significance of FANCA phosphorylation and its regulation by Akt remains unclear at this time." SIGNOR-251476 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR DLC1 protein Q96QB1 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser766 VTRTRSLsACNKRVG 10116 BTO:0000443 16338927 t gcesareni "We have demonstrated that Ser-322 is phosphorylated upon insulin stimulation of intact cells and that this site is directly phosphorylated in vitro by PKB and ribosomal S6 kinase, members of the AGC (protein kinases A, G, and C) family of insulin-stimulated protein kinases" SIGNOR-247997 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR IRAK1 protein P51617 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr100 LRARDIItAWHPPAP 9606 BTO:0000007 11976320 t gcesareni "CaMKKc and Akt overexpression increases IRAK1 phosphorylation at Thr100, and point mutation of this site abrogates the inhibitory effect of Akt on IRAK1-mediated NF-kappaB activation." SIGNOR-248008 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR ITGB3 protein P05106 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr779 LYKEATStFTNITYR 9606 BTO:0000132 10896934 t gcesareni "A survey of several protein kinases revealed that Thr-753 was avidly phosphorylated by PDK1 and Akt/PKB in vitro. These observations suggest that activation of PDK1 and/or Akt/PKB in platelets may modulate the binding activity and/or specificity of beta(3) for signaling molecules." SIGNOR-248013 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR MAP3K8 protein P41279 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser400 EDQPRCQsLDSALLE 9606 BTO:0000661 12138205 t gcesareni "The regulation of NF-kappa B-dependent transcription by Cot requires Akt-dependent phosphorylation of serine 400 (S400)," SIGNOR-248019 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR PDE3B protein Q13370 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser318 CKIFRRPsLPCISRE 10090 BTO:0000011 10454575 t gcesareni "PDE3B is a physiological substrate of Akt and that Akt-mediated phosphorylation of PDE3B on serine-273 is important for insulin-induced activation of PDE3B." SIGNOR-248027 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR PFKFB2 protein O60825 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser466 PVRMRRNsFTPLSSS 9606 BTO:0000567 12853467 t gcesareni "These findings suggest that PKB-dependent binding of 14-3-3s to phospho-Ser483 of cardiac PFK-2 mediates the stimulation of glycolysis by growth factor." SIGNOR-248031 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR RAC1 protein P63000 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser71 YDRLRPLsYPQTDVF 9606 BTO:0003476 10617634 t gcesareni "The results suggest that Akt kinase of the phosphoinositide 3-kinase signal transduction pathway phosphorylates serine 71 of Rac1 as one of its authentic substrates and modulates the Rac1 signal transduction pathway through phosphorylation." SIGNOR-248036 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR SH2B2 protein O14492 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser598 SARSRSNsAERLLEA 10090 BTO:0000011 16141217 t gcesareni "This study identifies APS as a novel physiological substrate for PKB and the first serine phosphorylation site on APS" SIGNOR-248042 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR RNF11 protein Q9Y3C5 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity" phosphorylation Thr135 DWLMRSFtCPSCMEP 9606 BTO:0003474 16123141 t gcesareni "Upon inhibition of the AKT pathway or mutation of T135, the phosphorylation at one of these sites is virtually eliminated, suggesting that AKT may phosphorylate RNF11 at T135. Moreover, RNF11 is phosphorylated by AKT in vitro and is recognized by phospho-AKT substrate antibodies. RNF11 shows enhanced binding to 14-3-3 in WM239 cells compared with that seen in the parental WM35 cells which have low AKT activity" SIGNOR-248085 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR MAP3K8 protein P41279 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser413 LERKRLLsRKELELP 9606 BTO:0000661 12138205 t gcesareni "The regulation of NF-kappa B-dependent transcription by Cot requires Akt-dependent phosphorylation of serine 400 (S400)," SIGNOR-249666 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR ATXN1 protein P54253 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by stabilization" phosphorylation Ser775 ATRKRRWsAPESRKL 9606 BTO:0000567 12757707 t "Interaction of Ataxin-1 and 14-3-3 Requires Akt Phosphorylation at S776. 14-3-3 protein, a multifunctional regulatory molecule, mediates the neurotoxicity of ataxin-1 by binding to and stabilizing ataxin-1, thereby slowing its normal degradation." SIGNOR-251468 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR CASP9 protein P55211 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser196 KLRRRFSsLHFMVEV -1 9812896 t "Akt phosphorylated recombinant Casp9 in vitro on serine-196 and inhibited its protease activity." SIGNOR-251473 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR MAP3K8 protein P41279 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser400 EDQPRCQsLDSALLE 9606 BTO:0000007 12138205 t "Akt-dependent phosphorylation of Cot occurs exclusively on serines 400 and 413. Akt to phosphorylate Cot at two sites in the carboxy-terminal domain, at least one of which may promote binding of substrates or coactivators to Cot, or alternatively may relieve binding of a negative regulator." SIGNOR-251480 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR GSK3A protein P49840 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser21 SGRARTSsFAEPGGG 9606 11035810 t gcesareni "In response to insulin, gsk3a inhibited by phosphorylation at ser-21 by pkb/akt1;phosphorylation at this site causes a conformational change, preventing access of substrates to the active site." SIGNOR-83217 PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT RAF1 protein P04049 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser497 ATVKSRWsGSQQVEQ 9606 8288587 t gcesareni "Pkc can effectively phosphorylate raf-1, this is a direct effect of activated pkc and not the result of raf-1 autophosphorylation." SIGNOR-37470 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR MAP3K8 protein P41279 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser413 LERKRLLsRKELELP 9606 BTO:0000007 12138205 t "Akt-dependent phosphorylation of Cot occurs exclusively on serines 400 and 413. Akt to phosphorylate Cot at two sites in the carboxy-terminal domain, at least one of which may promote binding of substrates or coactivators to Cot, or alternatively may relieve binding of a negative regulator." SIGNOR-251481 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR PDE3B protein Q13370 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser295 VIRPRRRsSCVSLGE 10090 BTO:0000944 10454575 t "PDE3B is a physiological substrate of Akt and that Akt-mediated phosphorylation of PDE3B on serine-273 is important for insulin-induced activation of PDE3B" SIGNOR-251483 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR PFKFB2 protein O60825 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser466 PVRMRRNsFTPLSSS 9606 BTO:0000567 12853467 t "14-3-3s bind directly to cardiac PFK-2 phosphorylated by PKB. PFK-2 was phosphorylated on both Ser466 and Ser483 by PKB. the precise mechanism of fru-2,6-P2 regulation by 14-3-3s is still puzzling." SIGNOR-251484 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR PFKFB2 protein O60825 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser483 IRRPRNYsVGSRPLK 9606 BTO:0000567 12853467 t "14-3-3s bind directly to cardiac PFK-2 phosphorylated by PKB. PFK-2 was phosphorylated on both Ser466 and Ser483 by PKB. the precise mechanism of fru-2,6-P2 regulation by 14-3-3s is still puzzling." SIGNOR-251485 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR RAC1 protein P63000 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser71 YDRLRPLsYPQTDVF 9606 BTO:0000848 10617634 t "Akt protein kinase inhibits Rac1-GTP binding through phosphorylation at serine 71 of Rac1" SIGNOR-251486 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR SH2B2 protein O14492 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser598 SARSRSNsAERLLEA 10090 BTO:0000944 16141217 t "Serine 588 of APS is a newly identified target for protein kinase B in intact cells and in vitro. The precise function of this PKB-mediated phosphorylation event is not entirely clear but may be responsible for regulating cellular localization and will be the subject of future investigation." SIGNOR-251487 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR PLN protein P26678 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr17 SAIRRAStIEMPQQA 10090 BTO:0003265 19696029 t "Akt interacts with and phosphorylates PLN at Thr(17), the Ca(2+)-calmodulin-dependent kinase IIdelta site, whereas silencing Akt signaling, through the knock-out of phosphatidylinositol-dependent kinase-1, resulted in reduced phosphorylation of PLN at Thr(17)." SIGNOR-252035 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR CASP9 protein P55211 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser196 KLRRRFSsLHFMVEV -1 9812896 t lperfetto "Akt phosphorylated recombinant casp9 in vitro on serine-196 and inhibited its protease activity" SIGNOR-61557 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR PDE3B protein Q13370 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser295 VIRPRRRsSCVSLGE 9606 10454575 t esanto "Pde3b is a physiological substrate of akt and that akt-mediated phosphorylation of pde3b on serine-273 is important for insulin-induced activation of pde3b." SIGNOR-70205 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR CASP9 protein P55211 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser196 KLRRRFSsLHFMVEV 9606 BTO:0000938 10529400 t lperfetto "Akt phosphorylation site found in human caspase-9 is absent in mouse caspase-9BAD phosphorylation by Akt is an essential step for growth factor-mediated inhibition of caspase activation" SIGNOR-71480 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR NCF1 protein P14598 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser304 GAPPRRSsIRNAHSI 9606 BTO:0000130 10559253 t esanto "Akt phosphorylates p47phox and mediates respiratory burst activity in human neutrophils. A direct interaction between p47(phox) and akt was shown. Active recombinant akt phosphorylated recombinant p47(phox) in vitro. Mutation analysis indicated that 2 aa residues, ser(304) and ser(328), were phosphorylated by akt. Inhibition of akt activity also inhibited fmlp-stimulated neutrophil chemotaxis." SIGNOR-72133 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR NCF1 protein P14598 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser328 QDAYRRNsVRFLQQR 9606 BTO:0000130 10559253 t esanto "Akt phosphorylates p47phox and mediates respiratory burst activity in human neutrophils. A direct interaction between p47(phox) and akt was shown. Active recombinant akt phosphorylated recombinant p47(phox) in vitro. Mutation analysis indicated that 2 aa residues, ser(304) and ser(328), were phosphorylated by akt. Inhibition of akt activity also inhibited fmlp-stimulated neutrophil chemotaxis." SIGNOR-72137 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR HTT protein P42858 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser419 GGRSRSGsIVELIAG 9606 BTO:0000938 12062094 t llicata "We demonstrate that huntingtin is a substrate of akt and that phosphorylation of huntingtin by akt is crucial to mediate the neuroprotective effects of igf-1." SIGNOR-89696 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR NUAK1 protein O60285 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser600 PARQRIRsCVSAENF 9606 12409306 t esanto "Ser(600) in ark5 was found to be phosphorylated by active akt resulting in the activation of kinase activity." SIGNOR-95247 TBK1 protein Q9UHD2 UNIPROT AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR up-regulates phosphorylation Ser473 RPHFPQFsYSASGTA 9606 21329883 t lperfetto "Upon mitogen stimulation, triggering of the innate immune response, re-exposure to glucose, or oncogene activation, tbk1 is recruited to the exocyst, where it activates akt. Akt is a direct tbk1 substrate that connects tbk1 to prosurvival signaling." SIGNOR-172132 PRKCB protein P05771 UNIPROT RAF1 protein P04049 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser497 ATVKSRWsGSQQVEQ 9606 8288587 t gcesareni "Pkc can effectively phosphorylate raf-1, this is a direct effect of activated pkc and not the result of raf-1 autophosphorylation. the sites of pkc-mediated raf-1 phosphorylation are deduced to be ser497 and ser619." SIGNOR-37474 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR MAP3K11 protein Q16584 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser674 PGRERGEsPTTPPTP 9606 BTO:0000938 12458207 t lperfetto "Negative regulation of mixed lineage kinase 3 by protein kinase b/akt leads to cell survivalthe expression of activated akt1 inhibits mlk3-mediated cell death in a manner dependent on serine 674 phosphorylation." SIGNOR-96062 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR YAP1 protein P46937 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser127 PQHVRAHsSPASLQL 9606 12535517 t gcesareni "One protein that associates with 14-3-3 in an akt-dependent manner is shown here to be the yes-associated protein (yap), which is phosphorylated by akt at serine 127, leading to binding to 14-3-3. Akt promotes yap localization to the cytoplasm, resulting in loss from the nucleus where it functions as a coactivator of transcription factors including p73." SIGNOR-97485 CSNK2A1 protein P68400 UNIPROT AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR up-regulates phosphorylation Ser129 SGSPSDNsGAEEMEV 9606 BTO:0000007 21735093 t gcesareni "CK2 hyperactivates AKT by phosphorylation at Ser129" SIGNOR-174691 ILK protein Q13418 UNIPROT AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser473 RPHFPQFsYSASGTA -1 11313365 t miannu "ILK Phosphorylates PKB/Akt on Serine 473 To become fully activated, PKB/Akt requires phosphorylation at two sites, threonine 308 and serine 473, in a phosphatidylinositol (PI) 3-kinase-dependent manner." SIGNOR-250261 ILK protein Q13418 UNIPROT AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR up-regulates phosphorylation Ser473 RPHFPQFsYSASGTA 9606 9736715 t acerquone "Ilk can phosphorylate pkb-akt on serine-473, whereas kinase-deficient ilk severely inhibits endogenous phosphorylation of pkb-akt on serine-473, demonstrating that ilk is involved in agonist stimulated, pi(3)k-dependent, pkb-akt activation." SIGNOR-60115 LRRK2 protein Q5S007 UNIPROT AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR up-regulates phosphorylation Ser473 RPHFPQFsYSASGTA 9606 BTO:0000938 24916379 t lperfetto "Expression of wild-type LRRK2 promoted neuronal survival against apoptosis through activation of the downstream effector, Akt by phosphorylation of Ser473. Phosphorylated Akt in turn inhibited FOXO 1 signaling" SIGNOR-205115 MTOR protein P42345 UNIPROT AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser473 RPHFPQFsYSASGTA 9606 BTO:0000182;BTO:0000018 SIGNOR-C2 15718470 t lperfetto "The rictor-mtor complex directly phosphorylated akt/pkb on ser473 in vitro and facilitated thr308 phosphorylation by pdk1" SIGNOR-134185 mTORC2 complex SIGNOR-C2 SIGNOR AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser473 RPHFPQFsYSASGTA 9606 BTO:0000182;BTO:0000018 15718470 t lperfetto "The rictor-mtor complex directly phosphorylated akt/pkb on ser473 in vitro and facilitated thr308 phosphorylation by pdk1" SIGNOR-217008 PHLPP1 protein O60346 UNIPROT AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR down-regulates dephosphorylation Ser473 RPHFPQFsYSASGTA 9606 BTO:0000527 15808505 t gcesareni "Here, we identify a protein_ phosphatase, ph domain leucine-rich repeat protein_ phosphatase_ (phlpp), that specifically_ dephosphorylates_ the hydrophobic motif of_ akt_ (ser473 in akt1), triggering_ apoptosis_ and suppressing_ tumor_ growth." SIGNOR-135005 PHLPP2 protein Q6ZVD8 UNIPROT AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR down-regulates dephosphorylation Ser473 RPHFPQFsYSASGTA 9606 BTO:0000527 15808505 t gcesareni "Here, we identify a protein phosphatase, ph domain leucine-rich repeat protein phosphatase (phlpp), that specifically dephosphorylates the hydrophobic motif of akt (ser473 in akt1), triggering apoptosis and suppressing tumor growth.[...] These data are consistent with phlpp terminating akt signaling by directly dephosphorylating and inactivating akt." SIGNOR-135046 PPP1CA protein P62136 UNIPROT AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser473 RPHFPQFsYSASGTA 9606 BTO:0002419 14633703 t "Here, we identify PP1 as a serine/threonine phosphatase that associates with and dephosphorylates AKT in breast cancer cells|The heat shock protein 90 inhibitor geldanamycin and the ErbB inhibitor ZD1839 promote rapid PP1 phosphatase-dependent inactivation of AKT in ErbB2 overexpressing breast cancer cells" SIGNOR-248559 PPP1CB protein P62140 UNIPROT AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser473 RPHFPQFsYSASGTA 9606 BTO:0002419 14633703 t "Here, we identify PP1 as a serine/threonine phosphatase that associates with and dephosphorylates AKT in breast cancer cells|The heat shock protein 90 inhibitor geldanamycin and the ErbB inhibitor ZD1839 promote rapid PP1 phosphatase-dependent inactivation of AKT in ErbB2 overexpressing breast cancer cells" SIGNOR-248575 PPP1CC protein P36873 UNIPROT AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser473 RPHFPQFsYSASGTA 9606 BTO:0002419 14633703 t "Here, we identify PP1 as a serine/threonine phosphatase that associates with and dephosphorylates AKT in breast cancer cells|The heat shock protein 90 inhibitor geldanamycin and the ErbB inhibitor ZD1839 promote rapid PP1 phosphatase-dependent inactivation of AKT in ErbB2 overexpressing breast cancer cells" SIGNOR-248502 PPP2CA protein P67775 UNIPROT AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser473 RPHFPQFsYSASGTA 10090 BTO:0000944 15367694 t "Protein phosphatase 2A negatively regulates insulin's metabolic signaling pathway by inhibiting Akt (protein kinase B) activity in 3T3-L1 adipocytes" SIGNOR-248627 PTPA protein Q15257 UNIPROT AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR down-regulates dephosphorylation Ser473 RPHFPQFsYSASGTA 9606 21159657 t gcesareni "Consistent with previous reports (2830), we found that expression of sv40st, suppression of either pp2a c or b resulted in elevated levels of akt phosphorylation (ser473)" SIGNOR-170699 PDPK1 protein O15530 UNIPROT AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr308 KDGATMKtFCGTPEY 9606 BTO:0000567 15718470 t gcesareni "Akt/PKB activation requires the phosphorylation of Thr308 in the activation loop by the phosphoinositide-dependent kinase 1 (PDK1) and Ser473 within the carboxyl-terminal hydrophobic motif by an unknown kinase." SIGNOR-243203 PPP2CA protein P67775 UNIPROT AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Thr308 KDGATMKtFCGTPEY 10090 BTO:0000944 15367694 t "Protein phosphatase 2A negatively regulates insulin's metabolic signaling pathway by inhibiting Akt (protein kinase B) activity in 3T3-L1 adipocytes" SIGNOR-248629 PPP2R5B protein Q15173 UNIPROT AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR down-regulates dephosphorylation Thr308 KDGATMKtFCGTPEY 9606 16495456 t gcesareni "Activation of pp2a is the intermediate step between the abeta-ceramide cascade and the subsequent inactivation of akt." SIGNOR-144808 PPP2CA protein P67775 UNIPROT AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR down-regulates dephosphorylation Thr450 TAQMITItPPDQDDS 9606 11839802 t gcesareni "Integrin alpha 2 beta 1 promotes activation of protein phosphatase 2a and dephosphorylation of akt and glycogen synthase kinase 3 beta" SIGNOR-114767 PTK6 protein Q13882 UNIPROT AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr315 TFCGTPEyLAPEVLE 9606 15994200 t gcesareni "These observations suggest that RET/PTC is able to phosphorylate the Y315 residue of PKB, an event that results in maximal activation of PKB for RET/PTC-induced thyroid tumorigenesis." SIGNOR-138437 PTK6 protein Q13882 UNIPROT AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr315 TFCGTPEyLAPEVLE 9606 BTO:0000150 BTO:0001129 20606012 t gcesareni "Here we demonstrate that AKT is a direct substrate of PTK6 and that AKT tyrosine residues 315 and 326 are phosphorylated by PTK6." SIGNOR-166506 RET protein P07949 UNIPROT AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr315 TFCGTPEyLAPEVLE 9606 BTO:0000944 15994200 t lperfetto "The PKB Y315 residue, which is known to be phosphorylated by Src tyrosine kinase, was also a major site of phosphorylation by RET/PTC. RET/PTC-mediated tyrosine phosphorylation results in the activation of PKB kinase activity" SIGNOR-166514 SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr315 TFCGTPEyLAPEVLE 9534 BTO:0004055 11445557 t lperfetto "Regulation of Akt/PKB Activation by Tyrosine PhosphorylationAs shown in Fig. 2 d, while mutation of Tyr340 has little effect on either tyrosine phosphorylation or kinase activity of Akt induced by Src527F, substitution of Tyr315 or Tyr326 with a phenylalanine, respectively, dramatically reduces both the tyrosine phosphorylation and kinase activity of Akt. The combination of these two mutations abolishes Src-induced tyrosine phosphorylation of Akt as well as its kinase activity." SIGNOR-246368 SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr315 TFCGTPEyLAPEVLE 9606 BTO:0000007 12600984 t lperfetto "We also showed that phosphorylation of Tyr-315 in Akt induced by Src or EGF is dependent on the integrity of this proline-rich motif. Furthermore, the Akt mutant lacking this proline motif fails to block the transcription activity of Forkhead in 293 cells and poorly stimulates the proliferation of Madin-Darby canine kidney cells. Taken together, our data suggest that the interaction between the SH3 domain of Src family kinases and the proline-rich motif in the C-terminal regulatory region of Akt is required for tyrosine phosphorylation of Akt and its subsequent activation." SIGNOR-246373 PTK6 protein Q13882 UNIPROT AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr326 EVLEDNDyGRAVDWW 9606 BTO:0000150 BTO:0001129 20606012 t gcesareni "Here we demonstrate that AKT is a direct substrate of PTK6 and that AKT tyrosine residues 315 and 326 are phosphorylated by PTK6." SIGNOR-166510 SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr326 EVLEDNDyGRAVDWW 9534 BTO:0004055 11445557 t lperfetto "Regulation of Akt/PKB Activation by Tyrosine PhosphorylationAs shown in Fig. 2 d, while mutation of Tyr340 has little effect on either tyrosine phosphorylation or kinase activity of Akt induced by Src527F, substitution of Tyr315 or Tyr326 with a phenylalanine, respectively, dramatically reduces both the tyrosine phosphorylation and kinase activity of Akt. The combination of these two mutations abolishes Src-induced tyrosine phosphorylation of Akt as well as its kinase activity." SIGNOR-246377 PRKDC protein P78527 UNIPROT AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser473 RPHFPQFsYSASGTA 9606 BTO:0001949 18439899 t gcesareni "DNA-PK phosphorylates HM Ser473 of PKB. However, we also noted similar patterns in T loop Thr308 phosphorylation after _-IR []his function is apparently restricted to the PKBalpha isoform" SIGNOR-252447 mTORC2 complex SIGNOR-C2 SIGNOR AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr450 TAQMITItPPDQDDS 10090 BTO:0002572 18566586 t gcesareni "MTORC2 phosphorylates newly synthesized Akt at the TM (Thr450) site to facilitate carboxyl-terminal folding and to stabilize Akt" SIGNOR-252448 CyclinA2/CDK2 complex SIGNOR-C83 SIGNOR AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser477 PQFSYSAsGTA 9606 BTO:0000093 24670654 t gcesareni "Phosphorylation of S477 and T479 at the Akt extreme carboxy terminus by cyclin-dependent kinase 2 (Cdk2)/cyclin A or mTORC2, under distinct physiological conditions, promotes Akt activation through facilitating, or functionally compensating for, S473 phosphorylation" SIGNOR-252450 PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT F11R protein Q9Y624 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser284 KVIYSQPsARSEGEF 9606 BTO:0000130;BTO:0000876 11027562 t gcesareni "We also demonstrated phosphorylation of ser 284, a putative pkc phosphorylation site, by immunoblotting with anti-phosphoserine-jam antibody in thrombin-stimulated platelets." SIGNOR-83037 mTORC2 complex SIGNOR-C2 SIGNOR AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser477 PQFSYSAsGTA 9606 BTO:0000093 24670654 t gcesareni "Phosphorylation of S477 and T479 at the Akt extreme carboxy terminus by cyclin-dependent kinase 2 (Cdk2)/cyclin A or mTORC2, under distinct physiological conditions, promotes Akt activation through facilitating, or functionally compensating for, S473 phosphorylation" SIGNOR-252451 CyclinA2/CDK2 complex SIGNOR-C83 SIGNOR AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr479 FSYSASGtA 9606 BTO:0000093 24670654 t gcesareni "Phosphorylation of S477 and T479 at the Akt extreme carboxy terminus by cyclin-dependent kinase 2 (Cdk2)/cyclin A or mTORC2, under distinct physiological conditions, promotes Akt activation through facilitating, or functionally compensating for, S473 phosphorylation" SIGNOR-252453 mTORC2 complex SIGNOR-C2 SIGNOR AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr479 FSYSASGtA 9606 BTO:0000093 24670654 t gcesareni "Phosphorylation of S477 and T479 at the Akt extreme carboxy terminus by cyclin-dependent kinase 2 (Cdk2)/cyclin A or mTORC2, under distinct physiological conditions, promotes Akt activation through facilitating, or functionally compensating for, S473 phosphorylation" SIGNOR-252454 GSK3A protein P49840 UNIPROT AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr312 TMKTFCGtPEYLAPE 10090 BTO:0005655 23142783 t gcesareni "GSK3_ negatively regulates AKT activation by phosphorylating AKT at T312 in the substrate binding site, which inhibited IL-1-induced AKT activation and function." SIGNOR-252455 SIRT1 protein Q96EB6 UNIPROT AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" deacetylation Lys14 VKEGWLHkRGEYIKT 10090 BTO:0000562 21775285 t gcesareni "We show that Akt and PDK1 are acetylated at lysine residues in their pleckstrin homology domains, which mediate PIP(3) binding. Acetylation blocked binding of Akt and PDK1 to PIP(3), thereby preventing membrane localization and phosphorylation of Akt. Deacetylation by SIRT1 enhanced binding of Akt and PDK1 to PIP(3) and promoted their activation." SIGNOR-252456 TNK2 protein Q07912 UNIPROT AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr176 EKATGRYyAMKILKK 10090 BTO:0002021 20333297 t gcesareni "Ack1 (also known as ACK or TNK2), which directly phosphorylates AKT at an evolutionarily conserved tyrosine 176 in the kinase domain. Tyr176-phosphorylated AKT localizes to the plasma membrane and promotes Thr308/Ser473-phosphorylation leading to AKT activation." SIGNOR-252457 MUL1 protein Q969V5 UNIPROT AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" ubiquitination Lys284 LENLMLDkDGHIKIT 9606 BTO:0000007 22410793 t gcesareni "The results of the functional studies suggest that the degradation of Akt by MULAN suppresses cell proliferation and viability." SIGNOR-252460 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT PFKFB3 protein Q16875 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser461 NPLMRRNsVTPLASP 9606 15896703 t gcesareni "We also found that AMP activated protein kinase and protein kinases A, B, and C catalyzed the phosphorylation of Ser-460 of HBP1, and that in addition both isoforms are phosphorylated at a second, as yet undetermined site by protein kinase C. However, none of the phosphorylations had any effect on the intrinsic kinetic characteristics of either enzymatic activity, and neither did point mutation (mimicking phosphorylation), deletion, and alternative-splice modification of the HBP1 carboxy-terminal region. Instead, these phosphorylations and mutations decreased the sensitivity of the 6PF2K to a potent allosteric inhibitor, phosphoenolpyruvate, which appears to be the major regulatory mechanism." SIGNOR-252477 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT CARHSP1 protein Q9Y2V2 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser52 TRRTRTFsATVRASQ 9606 BTO:0000671 15910284 t lperfetto "These and other results demonstrate that crhsp24 is phosphorylated at ser52 by pkbalpha in response to igf-1, at ser52 by pkbalpha and rsk in response to egf" SIGNOR-252478 CDK2 protein P24941 UNIPROT NPM1 protein P06748 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr234 SFKKQEKtPKTPKGP 10090 BTO:0000944 SIGNOR-C16 11278991 t lperfetto "We have recently found that nucleophosmin (npm/b23), a phosphoprotein primarily found in nucleolus, associates with unduplicated centrosomes and is a direct substrate of cdk2-cyclin e in centrosome duplication. Upon phosphorylation by CDK2-cyclin E, NPM/B23 dissociates from centrosomes, which is a prerequisite step for centrosomes to initiate duplication." SIGNOR-235725 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT PFKFB2 protein O60825 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser483 IRRPRNYsVGSRPLK 9606 BTO:0000567 BTO:0000562 12853467 t lperfetto "These findings suggest that pkb-dependent binding of 14-3-3s to phospho-ser483 of cardiac pfk-2 mediates the stimulation of glycolysis by growth factor." SIGNOR-252464 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT MAP3K5 protein Q99683 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser83 ATRGRGSsVGGGSRR 9606 BTO:0000007 11154276 t lperfetto "Akt phosphorylates and negatively regulates apoptosis signal-regulating kinase 1 akt decreased ask1 kinase activity stimulated by both oxidative stress and overexpression in 293 cells by phosphorylating a consensus akt site at serine 83 of ask1." SIGNOR-252465 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT NR4A1 protein P22736 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser351 GRRGRLPsKPKQPPD 9606 BTO:0000782 11274386 t lperfetto "We show that akt interacts with nur77 and inactivates nur77 by phosphorylation at ser-350" SIGNOR-252466 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT S1PR1 protein P21453 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr236 RTRSRRLtFRKNISK 9606 BTO:0001949 11583630 t lperfetto "Activated akt binds to edg-1 and phosphorylates the third intracellular loop at the t(236) residue. Transactivation of edg-1 by akt is not required for g(i)-dependent signaling but is indispensable for rac activation, cortical actin assembly, and chemotaxis" SIGNOR-252467 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT GAB2 protein Q9UQC2 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser159 LLRERKSsAPSHSSQ 9606 11782427 t lperfetto "Pkb constitutively associates with gab2, phosphorylates gab2 on a consensus phosphorylation site, ser159, in vitro and inhibits gab2 tyrosine phosphorylation." SIGNOR-252468 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT ADRB2 protein P07550 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser345 ELLCLRRsSLKAYGN 9606 11809767 t lperfetto "Akt mediates sequestration of the beta(2)-adrenergic receptor in response to insulin. Phosphorylation studies of the c-terminal cytoplasmic domain of the beta(2)-adrenergic receptor by akt in vitro identified ser(345) and ser(346) within a consensus motif for akt phosphorylation." SIGNOR-252469 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT ADRB2 protein P07550 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser346 LLCLRRSsLKAYGNG 9606 11809767 t lperfetto "Akt mediates sequestration of the beta(2)-adrenergic receptor in response to insulin. Phosphorylation studies of the c-terminal cytoplasmic domain of the beta(2)-adrenergic receptor by akt in vitro identified ser(345) and ser(346) within a consensus motif for akt phosphorylation." SIGNOR-252470 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT MST1R protein Q04912 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser1394 VRRPRPLsEPPRPT 9606 14505491 t lperfetto "Akt/pkb phosphorylates ron ser-1394, thus providing a docking site for 14-3-3based on these results, we propose a mechanism based on msp-ron-dependent phosphorylation and 14-3-3 association, whereby the function of alpha6beta4 switches from a mechanical adhesive device into a signaling component, and might be critically involved in human epidermal wound healing" SIGNOR-252471 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT CASP9 protein P55211 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser196 KLRRRFSsLHFMVEV 9606 15004527 t gcesareni "Akt phosphorylated recombinant casp9 in vitro on serine-196 and inhibited its protease activity" SIGNOR-252472 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT PIKFYVE protein Q9Y2I7 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser307 PARNRSAsITNLSLD 9606 BTO:0000887 15546921 t gcesareni "Here we report that serine318 on the fyve domain-containing ptdins3p 5-kinase (pikfyve) is a novel substrate for pkb, and show that phosphorylation stimulates the ptdins3p 5-kinase activity of the enzyme." SIGNOR-252474 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT YBX1 protein P67809 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser102 NPRKYLRsVGDGETV 9606 BTO:0000150 15806160 t lperfetto "Phosphorylation of yb-1 at the serine 102 residue is required for transcriptional activation of growth-enhancing genes, such as egfr. Herein, we illustrate that activated akt binds to and phosphorylates the yb-1 cold shock domain at ser102" SIGNOR-252475 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT ARFIP2 protein P53365 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser260 GTRGRLEsAQATFQA 9606 BTO:0000938 15809304 t llicata "Akt phosphorylated arfaptin 2 at ser(260). we have also demonstrated that arfaptin 2 phosphorylation restores proteasome activity that is inhibited by the presence of polyq-huntingtin in cells." SIGNOR-252476 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT TAL1 protein P17542 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr90 EARHRVPtTELCRPP 9606 BTO:0000782;BTO:0001271 15930267 t miannu "Akt phosphorylates tal1 oncoprotein and inhibits its repressor activity. / our results show that akt specifically phosphorylates thr90 of the tal1 protein within its transactivation domain in vitro and in vivo." SIGNOR-252479 937174-76-0 chemical CID:16725726 PUBCHEM AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-252462 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT FOXO4 protein P98177 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser262 TFRPRSSsNASSVST 9606 16272144 t lperfetto "Foxo4 transcription factor, also referred to afx, contains three putative phosphorylation motif sites for protein kinase b (pkb), thr32, ser197, and ser262, and it is proposed that phosphorylated foxo4 stays in the cytosol and is imported to the nucleus through dephosphorylation to induce target gene expression" SIGNOR-252485 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT FOXO4 protein P98177 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr32 QSRPRSCtWPLPRPE 9606 16272144 t lperfetto "Foxo4 transcription factor, also referred to afx, contains three putative phosphorylation motif sites for protein kinase b (pkb), thr32, ser197, and ser262, and it is proposed that phosphorylated foxo4 stays in the cytosol and is imported to the nucleus through dephosphorylation to induce target gene expression" SIGNOR-252486 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT BCL2L11 protein O43521 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser87 FIFMRRSsLLSRSSS 9606 BTO:0000776 16282323 t lperfetto "Recombinant Akt could directly phosphorylate a GST-Bim(EL) fusion protein and identified the Akt phosphorylation site in the Bim(EL) domain as Ser(87). Further, we demonstrated that cytokine stimulation promotes Bim(EL) binding to 14-3-3 proteins. Finally, we show that mutation of Ser(87) dramatically increases the apoptotic potency of Bim(EL)." SIGNOR-252487 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT PDCD4 protein Q53EL6 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser457 RGRKRFVsEGDGGRL 9606 16357133 t gcesareni "Our results show that akt specifically phosphorylates ser(67) and ser(457) residues of pdcd4 in vitro and in vivo. We further show that phosphorylation of pdcd4 by akt causes nuclear translocation of pdcd4." SIGNOR-252488 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT RARA protein P10276 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser96 FVCQDKSsGYHYGVS 9606 BTO:0000551 16417524 t miannu "We report that akt, which is constitutively activated in nsclc cells, phosphorylates raralpha and inhibits its transactivation. / mutation of ser96 to alanine abrogated the suppressive effect of akt." SIGNOR-252489 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT VCP protein P55072 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser352 AATNRPNsIDPALRR 9606 BTO:0000150 16551632 t llicata "Site-directed mutagenesis identified ser-351, ser-745, and ser-747 as akt phosphorylation sites on vcp. however, our study also suggests that other known biological activities of vcp, such as those related to intracellular trafficking, ubiquitin-mediated proteolysis, and activation of transcription (28), might be regulated by akt through the activation of vcp. I" SIGNOR-252491 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT VCP protein P55072 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser746 AMRFARRsVSDNDIR 9606 BTO:0000150 16551632 t llicata "Site-directed mutagenesis identified ser-351, ser-745, and ser-747 as akt phosphorylation sites on vcp. however, our study also suggests that other known biological activities of vcp, such as those related to intracellular trafficking, ubiquitin-mediated proteolysis, and activation of transcription (28), might be regulated by akt through the activation of vcp. I" SIGNOR-252492 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT VCP protein P55072 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser748 RFARRSVsDNDIRKY 9606 BTO:0000150 16551632 t llicata "Site-directed mutagenesis identified ser-351, ser-745, and ser-747 as akt phosphorylation sites on vcp. however, our study also suggests that other known biological activities of vcp, such as those related to intracellular trafficking, ubiquitin-mediated proteolysis, and activation of transcription (28), might be regulated by akt through the activation of vcp. I" SIGNOR-252493 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT TBC1D4 protein O60343 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Thr642 QFRRRAHtFSHPPSS 9606 16880201 t llicata "14-3-3 proteins interact with as160 in an insulin- and akt-dependent manner via an akt phosphorylation site, thr-642." SIGNOR-252494 PRKCB protein P05771 UNIPROT RAF1 protein P04049 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser619 SLPKINRsASEPSLH 9606 8288587 t gcesareni "Pkc can effectively phosphorylate raf-1, this is a direct effect of activated pkc and not the result of raf-1 autophosphorylation. the sites of pkc-mediated raf-1 phosphorylation are deduced to be ser497 and ser619." SIGNOR-37478 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT WNK1 protein Q9H4A3 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr60 EYRRRRHtMDKDSRG 9606 16081417 t llicata "Phosphorylation of wnk1 on thr-58 contributes to sgk1 activation. these data suggest that activation of sgk1 by wnk1 requires the catalytic activity of akt." SIGNOR-252481 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT CCDC88A protein Q3V6T2 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser1417 INRERQKsLTLTPTR 9606 16139227 t llicata "Akt phosphorylates serine at position 1416 in girdin, and phosphorylated girdin accumulates at the leading edge of migrating cells." SIGNOR-252482 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT ACAP1 protein Q15027 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser554 SIRPRPGsLRSKPEP 9606 16256741 t llicata "Akt phosphorylates s554 in acap1" SIGNOR-252483 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT FOXO4 protein P98177 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser197 APRRRAAsMDSSSKL 9606 16272144 t lperfetto "Foxo4 transcription factor, also referred to afx, contains three putative phosphorylation motif sites for protein kinase b (pkb), thr32, ser197, and ser262, and it is proposed that phosphorylated foxo4 stays in the cytosol and is imported to the nucleus through dephosphorylation to induce target gene expression" SIGNOR-252484 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT ILF3 protein Q12906 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser647 RGRGRGGsIRGRGRG 9606 BTO:0000782 20870937 t llicata "Our results support a model in which pma stimulation activates pkc_i to phosphorylate nf90-ser(647), and this phosphorylation triggers nf90 relocation to the cytoplasm and stabilize il-2 mrna. Thus, our study elucidates the mechanism by which pma activates and stabilizes il-2 expression in t cells." SIGNOR-252512 PTPRJ protein Q12913 UNIPROT MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation Tyr205 IMLNSKGyTKSIDIW 9606 19494114 t gcesareni "In this study we show that one of these potential targets, the erk1/2, is indeed a direct dep-1 substrate in vivo." SIGNOR-161536 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT PDCD4 protein Q53EL6 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser67 KRRLRKNsSRDSGRG 9606 17053147 t gcesareni "Both akt and p70(s6k) phosphorylate pdcd4, allowing for binding of the e3-ubiquitin ligase beta-trcp and consequently ubiquitylation." SIGNOR-252496 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT KHSRP protein Q92945 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser193 GLPERSVsLTGAPES 9606 17177604 t lperfetto "Beta-catenin transcript can be stabilized by either wnt or pi3k-akt signaling activation. Akt phosphorylates ksrp at a unique serine residue akt phosphorylates the mrna decay-promoting factor ksrp at a unique serine residue, induces its association with the multifunctional protein 14-3-3, and prevents ksrp interaction with the exoribonucleolytic complex exosome." SIGNOR-252497 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT PPP1CA protein P62136 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr320 NPGGRPItPPRNSAK 9606 BTO:0000938 BTO:0000142 17202132 t gcesareni "Ir-induced pp1 activation in the nucleus may be a critical component in an atm-mediated pathway controlling checkpoint activation." SIGNOR-252498 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT CTNNB1 protein P35222 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser552 QDTQRRTsMGGTQQQ 9606 12063252 t lperfetto "AKT can phosphorylate and inactivate GSK3, leading to stabilization and increased levels of BETA-catenin. Phosphorylation of beta-catenin by akt promotes beta-catenin transcriptional activitywe have demonstrated that akt phosphorylates beta-catenin at ser552 in vitro and in vivo." SIGNOR-252499 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT HTRA2 protein O43464 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser212 RVRVRLLsGDTYEAV 9606 17311912 t lperfetto "Akt attenuation of the serine protease activity of htra2/omi through phosphorylation of serine 212" SIGNOR-252500 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT SH3RF1 protein Q7Z6J0 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser304 KNTKKRHsFTSLTMA 9606 17535800 t miannu "We report here that posh is a direct substrate for phosphorylation by akt in vivo and in vitro, and we identify a major site of akt phosphorylation as serine 304 of posh, which lies within the rac-binding domain. We further show that phosphorylation of posh results in a decreased ability to bind activated rac, as does phosphomimetic s304d and s304e mutation of posh." SIGNOR-252501 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT PPARGC1A protein Q9UBK2 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser571 RMRSRSRsFSRHRSC 9606 BTO:0000759 17554339 t lperfetto "Here we describe a mechanism by which insulin, through the intermediary protein kinase akt2/protein kinase b (pkb)-beta, elicits the phosphorylation and inhibition of the transcriptional coactivator peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-coactivator 1alpha (pgc-1alpha), a global regulator of hepatic metabolism during fasting / phosphorylation of pgc-1alpha At ser570 Is required for akt to inhibit recruitment of pgc-1alpha To chromatin." SIGNOR-252502 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT TP53RK protein Q96S44 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser250 RLRGRKRsMVG 9606 17712528 t gcesareni "Here we show that such an activation of prpk is mediated by another kinase, akt/pkb, which phosphorylates prpk at ser250." SIGNOR-252503 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT RANBP3 protein Q9H6Z4 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser126 VKRERTSsLTQFPPS 9606 18280241 t llicata "Akt regulates ranbp3 phosphorylation in vitro and in vivo" SIGNOR-252504 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT PDCD4 protein Q53EL6 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser67 KRRLRKNsSRDSGRG 9606 BTO:0000007 BTO:0001253 18296647 t gcesareni "Both akt and p70(s6k) phosphorylate pdcd4, allowing for binding of the e3-ubiquitin ligase beta-trcp and consequently ubiquitylation." SIGNOR-252505 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT HMOX1 protein P09601 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser188 LYRSRMNsLEMTPAV 9606 BTO:0000007 15581622 t llicata "We have identified a putative consensus sequence for phosphorylation by akt/pkb of ho-1 at ser188. although the changes in activity are small, this study provides the first evidence for a role of the survival kinase akt in the regulation of ho-1." SIGNOR-252506 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT STK4 protein Q13043 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr120 IIRLRNKtLTEDEIA 9606 19940129 t llicata "Akt interacts with mst1 and phosphorylates a highly conserved residue threonine 120 of mst1, which leads to inhibition of its kinase activity and nuclear translocation as well as the autophosphorylation of thr(183)." SIGNOR-252507 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT TTC3 protein P53804 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser378 AYTPRSLsAPIFTTS 9606 20059950 t llicata "Phosphorylation of ttc3 at ser378 is required for efficient biological function together, these observations support that ttc3 is a phosphorylation target of akt both in an in vitro and in a cellular context" SIGNOR-252508 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT STK3 protein Q13188 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr117 IIRLRNKtLIEDEIA 9606 BTO:0000150 20231902 t gcesareni "Akt phosphorylates mst2 at thr117 in vitro and in vivo, which leads to mst2 cleavage and kinase activity as well as nuclear translocation." SIGNOR-252509 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT PALLD protein Q8WX93 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser1118 VRRPRSRsRDSGDEN 9606 BTO:0000150 20471940 t llicata "Akt1, but not akt2, phosphorylates palladin at ser507 in a domain that is critical for f-actin bundling." SIGNOR-252510 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT VIM protein P08670 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser39 TTSTRTYsLGSALRP 9606 20856200 t llicata "The binding of akt (tail region) to vim (head region) results in vim ser39 phosphorylation enhancing the ability of vim to induce motility and invasion while protecting vim from caspase-induced proteolysis." SIGNOR-252511 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT LTB4R2 protein Q9NPC1 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Thr355 GGRSREGtMELRTTP 9606 22044535 t llicata "Blt2 phosphorylation at thr355 by akt is necessary for blt2-mediated chemotaxis." SIGNOR-252516 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT MDM4 protein O15151 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser367 PDCRRTIsAPVVRPK 9606 18356162 t lperfetto "We demonstrate that the serine/threonine kinase akt mediates phosphorylation of mdmx at ser367. This phosphorylation leads to stabilization of mdmx and consequent stabilization of mdm2." SIGNOR-252517 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT ALYREF protein Q86V81 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr219 GGGTRRGtRGGARGR 9606 18562279 t llicata "Nuclear akt directly binds aly and phosphorylates it on the t219 residue. gfp-aly t219d displayed comparable activity to gfp control and wild-type aly, indicating that aly phosphorylation by akt is sufficient to enhance mrna export." SIGNOR-252518 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT HNRNPA1 protein P09651 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser199 SQRGRSGsGNFGGGR 9606 18562319 t gcesareni "Our data also suggest that akt negatively regulates hnrnp a1-mediated ires activity via phosphorylation at ser199." SIGNOR-252519 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT EIF4B protein P23588 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser422 RERSRTGsESSQTGT 9606 18836482 t gcesareni "Using an in vitro kinase assay, we found that pkb can directly phosphorylate eif4b on serine 422 (ser422). This was prevented by pretreatment of cells with the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (pi3k) inhibitor ly294002 or pharmacological inhibition of pkb. Phosphorylation regultes the activation of eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4b." SIGNOR-252520 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT YBX1 protein P67809 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser102 NPRKYLRsVGDGETV 9606 BTO:0000150 19036157 t lperfetto "Phosphorylation of yb-1 at the serine 102 residue is required for transcriptional activation of growth-enhancing genes, such as egfr. Herein, we illustrate that activated akt binds to and phosphorylates the yb-1 cold shock domain at ser102" SIGNOR-252521 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT FOXO3 protein O43524 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser253 APRRRAVsMDNSNKY 9606 BTO:0000150;BTO:0001130;BTO:0001271;BTO:0000527 19188143 t lperfetto "Akt-dependent phosphorylation of foxo3a (thr32, ser253, and ser315 for human foxo3) enhances foxo3a/14?3?3 Interaction and promotes foxo3a nuclear export to the cytoplasm, resulting in the repression of foxo3a transcriptional function" SIGNOR-252522 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT FOXO3 protein O43524 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser315 DFRSRTNsNASTVSG 9606 BTO:0000150;BTO:0001130;BTO:0001271;BTO:0000527 19188143 t lperfetto "Akt-dependent phosphorylation of foxo3a (thr32, ser253, and ser315 for human foxo3) enhances foxo3a/14?3?3 Interaction and promotes foxo3a nuclear export to the cytoplasm, resulting in the repression of foxo3a transcriptional function" SIGNOR-252523 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT FOXO3 protein O43524 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr32 QSRPRSCtWPLQRPE 9606 BTO:0000150;BTO:0001130;BTO:0001271;BTO:0000527 19188143 t lperfetto "Akt-dependent phosphorylation of foxo3a (thr32, ser253, and ser315 for human foxo3) enhances foxo3a/14-3-3 Interaction and promotes foxo3a nuclear export to the cytoplasm, resulting in the repression of foxo3a transcriptional function" SIGNOR-252524 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT MXD1 protein Q05195 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser145 IERIRMDsIGSTVSS 9606 19526459 t llicata "Here, we present evidence that akt inhibits mad1-mediated transcription repression by physical interaction with and phosphorylation of mad1." SIGNOR-252525 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT HSPB1 protein P04792 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser82 RALSRQLsSGVSEIR 9606 19593530 t "10383393: We demonstrate that both phosphorylated sHsps and the triple mutant Hsp27-S15D,S78D,S82D show significantly decreased abilities to act as molecular chaperones suppressing thermal denaturation and facilitating refolding of citrate synthase in vitro." lperfetto "First, the akt1, akt2, and akt3 isoforms can bind directly to hsp27 and can be found in a complex with p38 mapk, mk2, and hsp27 [98_100]. Second, rane and colleagues showed that akt could phosphorylate hsp27 at ser-82, but not ser-15 or ser-78, in vitro, while co-expression of an active akt mutant and hsp27 in hek cells resulted in hsp27 phosphorylation at the same residue." SIGNOR-252526 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT SKI protein P12755 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr458 QPRKRKLtVDTPGAP 9606 19875456 t llicata "The phosphorylation of ski at threonine 458 is induced by akt pathway activators including insulin, insulin-like growth factor-1, and hepatocyte growth factor. The phosphorylation of ski causes its destabilization and reduces ski-mediated inhibition of expression of another negative regulator of tgf-beta, smad7" SIGNOR-252527 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT PFKFB2 protein O60825 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser483 IRRPRNYsVGSRPLK 9606 BTO:0000562 23457334 t lperfetto "Akt-dependent activation of the heart 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase/fructose-2,6-bisphosphatase (pfkfb2) isoenzyme by amino acids." SIGNOR-252528 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT PHF20 protein Q9BVI0 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser291 ELRRRKIsKGCEVPL 9606 22334668 t llicata "Akt phosphorylates phf20 at ser(291) in vitro and in vivo, which results in its translocation from the nucleus to the cytoplasm and attenuation of phf20 function." SIGNOR-252529 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT FAM129A protein Q9BZQ8 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser602 ASPARRAsAILPGVL 9606 22510990 t llicata "We demonstrate here that ultraviolet irradiation induces phosphorylation of niban at s602 by akt, which increases the association of niban with nucleophosmin and disassociation of nucleophosmin from the mdm2 complex." SIGNOR-252530 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT COPS6 protein Q7L5N1 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser60 DHWIRMRsQEGRPVQ 9606 23095642 t llicata "Mechanistic studies show that akt causes csn6 phosphorylation at ser 60, which, in turn, reduces ubiquitin-mediated protein degradation of csn6." SIGNOR-252532 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT CDCA7 protein Q9BWT1 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr163 SRRPRRRtFPGVASR 9606 23166294 t llicata "The prosurvival kinase akt phosphorylates cdca7 at threonine 163, promoting binding to 14-3-3, dissociation from myc, and sequestration to the cytoplasm. we have mapped the domains of interaction and have discovered that akt phosphorylates cdca7 near this contact region, leading to loss of its association with myc, binding to 14-3-3 proteins, and exclusion from the nucleus." SIGNOR-252533 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT ITGB3 protein P05106 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr779 LYKEATStFTNITYR 9606 BTO:0000132 10896934 t gcesareni "A survey of several protein kinases revealed that Thr-753 was avidly phosphorylated by PDK1 and Akt/PKB in vitro. These observations suggest that activation of PDK1 and/or Akt/PKB in platelets may modulate the binding activity and/or specificity of beta(3) for signaling molecules." SIGNOR-252552 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT MAP3K8 protein P41279 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser400 EDQPRCQsLDSALLE 9606 BTO:0000661 12138205 t gcesareni "The regulation of NF-kappa B-dependent transcription by Cot requires Akt-dependent phosphorylation of serine 400 (S400)," SIGNOR-252553 PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT IGF2R protein P11717 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser2347 TTCCRRSsNVSYKYS 9606 8318012 t lperfetto "Pka phosphorylates the cytoplasmic mpr 300 domain at ser20 and at a non-identified site," SIGNOR-37839 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT CDKN1C protein P49918 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser282 FFAKRKRsAPEKSSG 9606 BTO:0000150 23421998 t lperfetto "Cdk inhibitor p57 (kip2) is downregulated by akt during her2-mediated tumorigenicityakt phosphorylates p57 on ser 282 or thr310. Akt activity results in destabilization of p57 by accelerating turnover rate of p57 and enhancing p57 ubiquitination" SIGNOR-252535 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT CDKN1C protein P49918 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr310 GVGSVEQtPRKRLR 9606 BTO:0000150 23421998 t lperfetto "Cdk inhibitor p57 (kip2) is downregulated by akt during her2-mediated tumorigenicityakt phosphorylates p57 on ser 282 or thr310. Akt activity results in destabilization of p57 by accelerating turnover rate of p57 and enhancing p57 ubiquitination" SIGNOR-252536 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT STK4 protein Q13043 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr387 TMKRRDEtMQPAKPS 9606 23431053 t gcesareni "Full activation of mst1 requires an activation cleavage that is prevented by the phosphorylation of thr-387 by akt." SIGNOR-252537 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT BAX protein Q07812 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser184 VAGVLTAsLTIWKKM 9606 BTO:0003473 14766748 t lperfetto "Phosphorylation of Bax Ser184 by Akt regulates its activity and apoptosis in neutrophilsWe suggest that Bax is regulated by phosphorylation of Ser(184) in an Akt-dependent manner and that phosphorylation inhibits Bax effects on the mitochondria by maintaining the protein in the cytoplasm, heterodimerized with antiapoptotic Bcl-2 family members" SIGNOR-252538 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT PTPN1 protein P18031 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser50 RNRYRDVsPFDHSRI 10090 BTO:0000944 11579209 t lperfetto "Phosphorylation of ptp1b at ser(50) by akt impairs its ability to dephosphorylate the insulin receptor." SIGNOR-252542 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT NR3C1 protein P04150 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser134 ANLNRSTsVPENPKS 9606 BTO:0000731 24291004 t lperfetto "Akt1 impairs glucocorticoid-induced gene expression by direct phosphorylation of nr3c1 at position s134 and blocking glucocorticoid-induced nr3c1 translocation to the nucleus" SIGNOR-252543 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT AKT1S1 protein Q96B36 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr246 LPRPRLNtSDFQKLK 9606 BTO:0000007 12524439 t gcesareni "Treatment of these cells with 4-hydroxytamoxifen stimulated the phosphorylation of wt PRAS40 but not the mutant PRAS40 in which Thr-246 was mutated. These results demonstrate that activation of Akt alone is sufficient to induce phosphorylation of PRAS40" SIGNOR-252544 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT POU5F1 protein Q01860 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by stabilization" phosphorylation Thr235 QARKRKRtSIENRVR 9606 BTO:0004180 23041284 t flangone "Here we show that in ECCs, Akt phosphorylated the master pluripotency factor Oct4 at threonine 235, and that the levels of phosphorylated Oct4 in ECCs correlated with resistance to apoptosis and tumorigenic potential. Phosphorylation of Oct4 increased its stability and facilitated its nuclear localization and its interaction with Sox2, which promoted the transcription of the core stemness genes POU5F1 and NANOG." SIGNOR-252545 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT BAX protein Q07812 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser184 VAGVLTAsLTIWKKM -1 26763134 t lperfetto "We found that AKT activated Bax and increased its cellular content. Both effects were dependent on Ser184, but a phosphorylation of this residue did not fully explain the effects of AKT." SIGNOR-252547 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT CFLAR protein O15519 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity" phosphorylation Ser273 LLRDTFTsLGYEVQK 9606 BTO:0000801 19339247 t gcesareni "TNFalpha enhanced FLIP(L) serine phosphorylation, which was increased by activated Akt-1. Serine 273, a putative Akt-1 phosphorylation site in FLIP(L), was critical for the activation-induced reduction of FLIP(L). Thus, these observations document a novel mechanism where by TNFalpha facilitates the reduction of FLIP(L) protein, which is dependent on the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/Akt signaling." SIGNOR-252548 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT CREB1 protein P16220 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser133 EILSRRPsYRKILND 9606 BTO:0000007 9829964 t gcesareni "When overexpressed in serum-stimulated cells, Akt/PKB potently induced Ser-133 phosphorylation of CREB and promoted recruitment of CBP. Correspondingly, Akt/PKB stimulated target gene expression via CREB in a phospho(Ser-133)-dependent manner." SIGNOR-252549 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT DLC1 protein Q96QB1 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser766 VTRTRSLsACNKRVG 10116 BTO:0000443 16338927 t gcesareni "We have demonstrated that Ser-322 is phosphorylated upon insulin stimulation of intact cells and that this site is directly phosphorylated in vitro by PKB and ribosomal S6 kinase, members of the AGC (protein kinases A, G, and C) family of insulin-stimulated protein kinases" SIGNOR-252550 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT IRAK1 protein P51617 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr100 LRARDIItAWHPPAP 9606 BTO:0000007 11976320 t gcesareni "CaMKKc and Akt overexpression increases IRAK1 phosphorylation at Thr100, and point mutation of this site abrogates the inhibitory effect of Akt on IRAK1-mediated NF-kappaB activation." SIGNOR-252551 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT PDE3B protein Q13370 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser318 CKIFRRPsLPCISRE 10090 BTO:0000011 10454575 t gcesareni "PDE3B is a physiological substrate of Akt and that Akt-mediated phosphorylation of PDE3B on serine-273 is important for insulin-induced activation of PDE3B." SIGNOR-252554 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT PFKFB2 protein O60825 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser466 PVRMRRNsFTPLSSS 9606 BTO:0000567 12853467 t gcesareni "These findings suggest that PKB-dependent binding of 14-3-3s to phospho-Ser483 of cardiac PFK-2 mediates the stimulation of glycolysis by growth factor." SIGNOR-252555 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT RAC1 protein P63000 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser71 YDRLRPLsYPQTDVF 9606 BTO:0003476 10617634 t gcesareni "The results suggest that Akt kinase of the phosphoinositide 3-kinase signal transduction pathway phosphorylates serine 71 of Rac1 as one of its authentic substrates and modulates the Rac1 signal transduction pathway through phosphorylation." SIGNOR-252556 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT SH2B2 protein O14492 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser598 SARSRSNsAERLLEA 10090 BTO:0000011 16141217 t gcesareni "This study identifies APS as a novel physiological substrate for PKB and the first serine phosphorylation site on APS" SIGNOR-252557 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT RNF11 protein Q9Y3C5 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity" phosphorylation Thr135 DWLMRSFtCPSCMEP 9606 BTO:0003474 16123141 t gcesareni "Upon inhibition of the AKT pathway or mutation of T135, the phosphorylation at one of these sites is virtually eliminated, suggesting that AKT may phosphorylate RNF11 at T135. Moreover, RNF11 is phosphorylated by AKT in vitro and is recognized by phospho-AKT substrate antibodies. RNF11 shows enhanced binding to 14-3-3 in WM239 cells compared with that seen in the parental WM35 cells which have low AKT activity" SIGNOR-252558 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT BMI1 protein P35226 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser316 ANRPRKSsVNGSSAT 22505453 t lperfetto "The polycomb group silencing protein Bmi1 can be phosphorylated by AKT, which enhances its oncogenic potential in PCa. Overexpression of Bmi1 can act in combination with PTEN haploinsufficiency to induce invasive carcinogenic formation in the prostate" SIGNOR-252559 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT MAP3K8 protein P41279 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser413 LERKRLLsRKELELP 9606 BTO:0000661 12138205 t gcesareni "The regulation of NF-kappa B-dependent transcription by Cot requires Akt-dependent phosphorylation of serine 400 (S400)," SIGNOR-252560 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT ATXN1 protein P54253 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by stabilization" phosphorylation Ser775 ATRKRRWsAPESRKL 9606 BTO:0000567 12757707 t "Interaction of Ataxin-1 and 14-3-3 Requires Akt Phosphorylation at S776. 14-3-3 protein, a multifunctional regulatory molecule, mediates the neurotoxicity of ataxin-1 by binding to and stabilizing ataxin-1, thereby slowing its normal degradation." SIGNOR-252561 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT BAD protein Q92934 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser75 EIRSRHSsYPAGTED 9606 BTO:0000007 9381178 t "Active Akt induced a significant increase in BAD phosphorylation. mutant BAD with alanine substitutions at Ser112 and Ser136 was not phosphorylated by active Akt . phosphorylation of BAD by Akt will preclude its binding to membrane-anchored Bcl-xL, leading to increased cell survival." SIGNOR-252562 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT BAD protein Q92934 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser99 PFRGRSRsAPPNLWA 9606 BTO:0000007 9381178 t "Active Akt induced a significant increase in BAD phosphorylation. mutant BAD with alanine substitutions at Ser112 and Ser136 was not phosphorylated by active Akt . phosphorylation of BAD by Akt will preclude its binding to membrane-anchored Bcl-xL, leading to increased cell survival." SIGNOR-252563 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT CASP9 protein P55211 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser196 KLRRRFSsLHFMVEV -1 9812896 t "Akt phosphorylated recombinant Casp9 in vitro on serine-196 and inhibited its protease activity." SIGNOR-252564 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT FANCA protein O15360 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser1149 CLRSRDPsLMVDFIL -1 11855836 t "FANCA is phosphorylated at Ser1149 by Akt. The biological significance of FANCA phosphorylation and its regulation by Akt remains unclear at this time." SIGNOR-252567 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT MAP3K8 protein P41279 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser400 EDQPRCQsLDSALLE 9606 BTO:0000007 12138205 t "Akt-dependent phosphorylation of Cot occurs exclusively on serines 400 and 413. Akt to phosphorylate Cot at two sites in the carboxy-terminal domain, at least one of which may promote binding of substrates or coactivators to Cot, or alternatively may relieve binding of a negative regulator." SIGNOR-252571 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT MAP3K8 protein P41279 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser413 LERKRLLsRKELELP 9606 BTO:0000007 12138205 t "Akt-dependent phosphorylation of Cot occurs exclusively on serines 400 and 413. Akt to phosphorylate Cot at two sites in the carboxy-terminal domain, at least one of which may promote binding of substrates or coactivators to Cot, or alternatively may relieve binding of a negative regulator." SIGNOR-252572 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT PDE3B protein Q13370 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser295 VIRPRRRsSCVSLGE 10090 BTO:0000944 10454575 t "PDE3B is a physiological substrate of Akt and that Akt-mediated phosphorylation of PDE3B on serine-273 is important for insulin-induced activation of PDE3B" SIGNOR-252573 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT PFKFB2 protein O60825 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser466 PVRMRRNsFTPLSSS 9606 BTO:0000567 12853467 t "14-3-3s bind directly to cardiac PFK-2 phosphorylated by PKB. PFK-2 was phosphorylated on both Ser466 and Ser483 by PKB. the precise mechanism of fru-2,6-P2 regulation by 14-3-3s is still puzzling." SIGNOR-252574 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT PFKFB2 protein O60825 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser483 IRRPRNYsVGSRPLK 9606 BTO:0000567 12853467 t "14-3-3s bind directly to cardiac PFK-2 phosphorylated by PKB. PFK-2 was phosphorylated on both Ser466 and Ser483 by PKB. the precise mechanism of fru-2,6-P2 regulation by 14-3-3s is still puzzling." SIGNOR-252575 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT RAC1 protein P63000 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser71 YDRLRPLsYPQTDVF 9606 BTO:0000848 10617634 t "Akt protein kinase inhibits Rac1-GTP binding through phosphorylation at serine 71 of Rac1" SIGNOR-252576 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT SH2B2 protein O14492 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser598 SARSRSNsAERLLEA 10090 BTO:0000944 16141217 t "Serine 588 of APS is a newly identified target for protein kinase B in intact cells and in vitro. The precise function of this PKB-mediated phosphorylation event is not entirely clear but may be responsible for regulating cellular localization and will be the subject of future investigation." SIGNOR-252577 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT PLN protein P26678 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr17 SAIRRAStIEMPQQA 10090 BTO:0003265 19696029 t "Akt interacts with and phosphorylates PLN at Thr(17), the Ca(2+)-calmodulin-dependent kinase IIdelta site, whereas silencing Akt signaling, through the knock-out of phosphatidylinositol-dependent kinase-1, resulted in reduced phosphorylation of PLN at Thr(17)." SIGNOR-252578 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT CASP9 protein P55211 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser196 KLRRRFSsLHFMVEV -1 9812896 t lperfetto "Akt phosphorylated recombinant casp9 in vitro on serine-196 and inhibited its protease activity" SIGNOR-252581 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT PDE3B protein Q13370 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser295 VIRPRRRsSCVSLGE 9606 10454575 t esanto "Pde3b is a physiological substrate of akt and that akt-mediated phosphorylation of pde3b on serine-273 is important for insulin-induced activation of pde3b." SIGNOR-252583 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT PFKFB2 protein O60825 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser466 PVRMRRNsFTPLSSS 9606 BTO:0000562 10521487 t gcesareni "Heart 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase activation by insulin results from ser-466 and ser-483 phosphorylation and requires 3-phosphoinositide-dependent kinase-1, but not protein kinase b." SIGNOR-252584 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT CASP9 protein P55211 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser196 KLRRRFSsLHFMVEV 9606 BTO:0000938 10529400 t lperfetto "Akt phosphorylation site found in human caspase-9 is absent in mouse caspase-9BAD phosphorylation by Akt is an essential step for growth factor-mediated inhibition of caspase activation" SIGNOR-252585 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT NCF1 protein P14598 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser304 GAPPRRSsIRNAHSI 9606 BTO:0000130 10559253 t esanto "Akt phosphorylates p47phox and mediates respiratory burst activity in human neutrophils. A direct interaction between p47(phox) and akt was shown. Active recombinant akt phosphorylated recombinant p47(phox) in vitro. Mutation analysis indicated that 2 aa residues, ser(304) and ser(328), were phosphorylated by akt. Inhibition of akt activity also inhibited fmlp-stimulated neutrophil chemotaxis." SIGNOR-252586 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT NCF1 protein P14598 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser328 QDAYRRNsVRFLQQR 9606 BTO:0000130 10559253 t esanto "Akt phosphorylates p47phox and mediates respiratory burst activity in human neutrophils. A direct interaction between p47(phox) and akt was shown. Active recombinant akt phosphorylated recombinant p47(phox) in vitro. Mutation analysis indicated that 2 aa residues, ser(304) and ser(328), were phosphorylated by akt. Inhibition of akt activity also inhibited fmlp-stimulated neutrophil chemotaxis." SIGNOR-252587 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT RAF1 protein P04049 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser259 SQRQRSTsTPNVHMV 9606 BTO:0000222 BTO:0000887;BTO:0001760 10576741 t gcesareni "Akt and protein kinase a (pka) phosphorylate s259 on raf-1 and inhibit its activity." SIGNOR-252588 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT GSK3A protein P49840 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser21 SGRARTSsFAEPGGG 9606 11035810 t gcesareni "In response to insulin, gsk3a inhibited by phosphorylation at ser-21 by pkb/akt1;phosphorylation at this site causes a conformational change, preventing access of substrates to the active site." SIGNOR-252589 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT HTT protein P42858 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser419 GGRSRSGsIVELIAG 9606 BTO:0000938 12062094 t llicata "We demonstrate that huntingtin is a substrate of akt and that phosphorylation of huntingtin by akt is crucial to mediate the neuroprotective effects of igf-1." SIGNOR-252590 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT NUAK1 protein O60285 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser600 PARQRIRsCVSAENF 9606 12409306 t esanto "Ser(600) in ark5 was found to be phosphorylated by active akt resulting in the activation of kinase activity." SIGNOR-252591 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT MAP3K11 protein Q16584 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser674 PGRERGEsPTTPPTP 9606 BTO:0000938 12458207 t lperfetto "Negative regulation of mixed lineage kinase 3 by protein kinase b/akt leads to cell survivalthe expression of activated akt1 inhibits mlk3-mediated cell death in a manner dependent on serine 674 phosphorylation." SIGNOR-252592 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT YAP1 protein P46937 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser127 PQHVRAHsSPASLQL 9606 12535517 t gcesareni "One protein that associates with 14-3-3 in an akt-dependent manner is shown here to be the yes-associated protein (yap), which is phosphorylated by akt at serine 127, leading to binding to 14-3-3. Akt promotes yap localization to the cytoplasm, resulting in loss from the nucleus where it functions as a coactivator of transcription factors including p73." SIGNOR-252593 CSNK2A1 protein P68400 UNIPROT AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser129 SGSPSDNsGAEEMEV 9606 BTO:0000007 21735093 t gcesareni "CK2 hyperactivates AKT by phosphorylation at Ser129" SIGNOR-252595 ILK protein Q13418 UNIPROT AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser473 RPHFPQFsYSASGTA -1 11313365 t miannu "ILK Phosphorylates PKB/Akt on Serine 473 To become fully activated, PKB/Akt requires phosphorylation at two sites, threonine 308 and serine 473, in a phosphatidylinositol (PI) 3-kinase-dependent manner." SIGNOR-252596 ILK protein Q13418 UNIPROT AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser473 RPHFPQFsYSASGTA 9606 9736715 t acerquone "Ilk can phosphorylate pkb-akt on serine-473, whereas kinase-deficient ilk severely inhibits endogenous phosphorylation of pkb-akt on serine-473, demonstrating that ilk is involved in agonist stimulated, pi(3)k-dependent, pkb-akt activation." SIGNOR-252597 LRRK2 protein Q5S007 UNIPROT AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser473 RPHFPQFsYSASGTA 9606 BTO:0000938 24916379 t lperfetto "Expression of wild-type LRRK2 promoted neuronal survival against apoptosis through activation of the downstream effector, Akt by phosphorylation of Ser473. Phosphorylated Akt in turn inhibited FOXO 1 signaling" SIGNOR-252598 MTOR protein P42345 UNIPROT AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser473 RPHFPQFsYSASGTA 9606 BTO:0000182;BTO:0000018 SIGNOR-C2 15718470 t lperfetto "The rictor-mtor complex directly phosphorylated akt/pkb on ser473 in vitro and facilitated thr308 phosphorylation by pdk1" SIGNOR-252599 mTORC2 complex SIGNOR-C2 SIGNOR AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser473 RPHFPQFsYSASGTA 9606 BTO:0000182;BTO:0000018 15718470 t lperfetto "The rictor-mtor complex directly phosphorylated akt/pkb on ser473 in vitro and facilitated thr308 phosphorylation by pdk1" SIGNOR-252600 PHLPP1 protein O60346 UNIPROT AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation Ser473 RPHFPQFsYSASGTA 9606 BTO:0000527 15808505 t gcesareni "Here, we identify a protein_ phosphatase, ph domain leucine-rich repeat protein_ phosphatase_ (phlpp), that specifically_ dephosphorylates_ the hydrophobic motif of_ akt_ (ser473 in akt1), triggering_ apoptosis_ and suppressing_ tumor_ growth." SIGNOR-252601 PHLPP2 protein Q6ZVD8 UNIPROT AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation Ser473 RPHFPQFsYSASGTA 9606 BTO:0000527 15808505 t gcesareni "Here, we identify a protein phosphatase, ph domain leucine-rich repeat protein phosphatase (phlpp), that specifically dephosphorylates the hydrophobic motif of akt (ser473 in akt1), triggering apoptosis and suppressing tumor growth.[...] These data are consistent with phlpp terminating akt signaling by directly dephosphorylating and inactivating akt." SIGNOR-252602 PPP1CA protein P62136 UNIPROT AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser473 RPHFPQFsYSASGTA 9606 BTO:0002419 14633703 t "Here, we identify PP1 as a serine/threonine phosphatase that associates with and dephosphorylates AKT in breast cancer cells|The heat shock protein 90 inhibitor geldanamycin and the ErbB inhibitor ZD1839 promote rapid PP1 phosphatase-dependent inactivation of AKT in ErbB2 overexpressing breast cancer cells" SIGNOR-252603 PPP1CB protein P62140 UNIPROT AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser473 RPHFPQFsYSASGTA 9606 BTO:0002419 14633703 t "Here, we identify PP1 as a serine/threonine phosphatase that associates with and dephosphorylates AKT in breast cancer cells|The heat shock protein 90 inhibitor geldanamycin and the ErbB inhibitor ZD1839 promote rapid PP1 phosphatase-dependent inactivation of AKT in ErbB2 overexpressing breast cancer cells" SIGNOR-252604 PPP1CC protein P36873 UNIPROT AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser473 RPHFPQFsYSASGTA 9606 BTO:0002419 14633703 t "Here, we identify PP1 as a serine/threonine phosphatase that associates with and dephosphorylates AKT in breast cancer cells|The heat shock protein 90 inhibitor geldanamycin and the ErbB inhibitor ZD1839 promote rapid PP1 phosphatase-dependent inactivation of AKT in ErbB2 overexpressing breast cancer cells" SIGNOR-252605 PPP2CA protein P67775 UNIPROT AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser473 RPHFPQFsYSASGTA 10090 BTO:0000944 15367694 t "Protein phosphatase 2A negatively regulates insulin's metabolic signaling pathway by inhibiting Akt (protein kinase B) activity in 3T3-L1 adipocytes" SIGNOR-252606 PTPA protein Q15257 UNIPROT AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation Ser473 RPHFPQFsYSASGTA 9606 21159657 t gcesareni "Consistent with previous reports (2830), we found that expression of sv40st, suppression of either pp2a c or b resulted in elevated levels of akt phosphorylation (ser473)" SIGNOR-252607 TBK1 protein Q9UHD2 UNIPROT AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser473 RPHFPQFsYSASGTA 9606 21329883 t lperfetto "Upon mitogen stimulation, triggering of the innate immune response, re-exposure to glucose, or oncogene activation, tbk1 is recruited to the exocyst, where it activates akt. Akt is a direct tbk1 substrate that connects tbk1 to prosurvival signaling." SIGNOR-252608 PDPK1 protein O15530 UNIPROT AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr308 KDGATMKtFCGTPEY 9606 12808134 t lperfetto "Akt1 and akt2 are phosphorylated and activated by the protein kinase pdk1 at thr-308 or thr-309, respectively, in the activation t-loop, and further activation occurs through phosphorylation at ser-473 or ser-474, respectively. In this paper, we demonstrate that this is indeed the case, and report the purification and initial characterization of a 3 phosphoinositide-dependent protein kinase, pdk1, which activates pkb by phosphorylating it at thr308. Akt is directly phosphorylated and activated by pdk1. Akt/pkb activation requires the phosphorylation of thr308 in the activation loop by the phosphoinositide-dependent kinase 1 (pdk1)." SIGNOR-252611 PDPK1 protein O15530 UNIPROT AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr308 KDGATMKtFCGTPEY 9606 BTO:0000567 15718470 t gcesareni "Akt/PKB activation requires the phosphorylation of Thr308 in the activation loop by the phosphoinositide-dependent kinase 1 (PDK1) and Ser473 within the carboxyl-terminal hydrophobic motif by an unknown kinase." SIGNOR-252612 PPP2CA protein P67775 UNIPROT AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Thr308 KDGATMKtFCGTPEY 10090 BTO:0000944 15367694 t "Protein phosphatase 2A negatively regulates insulin's metabolic signaling pathway by inhibiting Akt (protein kinase B) activity in 3T3-L1 adipocytes" SIGNOR-252614 PPP2R5B protein Q15173 UNIPROT AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation Thr308 KDGATMKtFCGTPEY 9606 16495456 t gcesareni "Activation of pp2a is the intermediate step between the abeta-ceramide cascade and the subsequent inactivation of akt." SIGNOR-252615 PPP2CA protein P67775 UNIPROT AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation Thr450 TAQMITItPPDQDDS 9606 11839802 t gcesareni "Integrin alpha 2 beta 1 promotes activation of protein phosphatase 2a and dephosphorylation of akt and glycogen synthase kinase 3 beta" SIGNOR-252616 PTK6 protein Q13882 UNIPROT AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr315 TFCGTPEyLAPEVLE 9606 15994200 t gcesareni "These observations suggest that RET/PTC is able to phosphorylate the Y315 residue of PKB, an event that results in maximal activation of PKB for RET/PTC-induced thyroid tumorigenesis." SIGNOR-252617 PTK6 protein Q13882 UNIPROT AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr315 TFCGTPEyLAPEVLE 9606 BTO:0000150 BTO:0001129 20606012 t gcesareni "Here we demonstrate that AKT is a direct substrate of PTK6 and that AKT tyrosine residues 315 and 326 are phosphorylated by PTK6." SIGNOR-252618 RET protein P07949 UNIPROT AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr315 TFCGTPEyLAPEVLE 9606 BTO:0000944 15994200 t lperfetto "The PKB Y315 residue, which is known to be phosphorylated by Src tyrosine kinase, was also a major site of phosphorylation by RET/PTC. RET/PTC-mediated tyrosine phosphorylation results in the activation of PKB kinase activity" SIGNOR-252619 SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr315 TFCGTPEyLAPEVLE 9534 BTO:0004055 11445557 t lperfetto "Regulation of Akt/PKB Activation by Tyrosine PhosphorylationAs shown in Fig. 2 d, while mutation of Tyr340 has little effect on either tyrosine phosphorylation or kinase activity of Akt induced by Src527F, substitution of Tyr315 or Tyr326 with a phenylalanine, respectively, dramatically reduces both the tyrosine phosphorylation and kinase activity of Akt. The combination of these two mutations abolishes Src-induced tyrosine phosphorylation of Akt as well as its kinase activity." SIGNOR-252620 GSK3B protein P49841 UNIPROT HNRNPD protein Q14103 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser83 DEGHSNSsPRHSEAA 9606 11903055 t gcesareni "In kinase assays pka phosphorylated ser-87 of hnrnp d, whereas glycogen synthase kinase-3 beta (gsk-3 beta) phosphorylated ser-83, but only if ser-87 had been pre-phosphorylated by pka. Phosphorylation of ser-87 enhanced, whereas phosphorylation of ser-83 repressed, transactivation." SIGNOR-116140 PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT CAPN2 protein P17655 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr370 GNWRRGStAGGCRNY 9606 11909964 t llicata "Activation of m-calpain (calpain ii) by epidermal growth factor is limited by protein kinase a phosphorylation of m-calpain.These Data point to a novel mechanism of negative control of calpain activation, direct phosphorylation by pka." SIGNOR-116248 SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr315 TFCGTPEyLAPEVLE 9606 BTO:0000007 12600984 t lperfetto "We also showed that phosphorylation of Tyr-315 in Akt induced by Src or EGF is dependent on the integrity of this proline-rich motif. Furthermore, the Akt mutant lacking this proline motif fails to block the transcription activity of Forkhead in 293 cells and poorly stimulates the proliferation of Madin-Darby canine kidney cells. Taken together, our data suggest that the interaction between the SH3 domain of Src family kinases and the proline-rich motif in the C-terminal regulatory region of Akt is required for tyrosine phosphorylation of Akt and its subsequent activation." SIGNOR-252621 PTK6 protein Q13882 UNIPROT AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr326 EVLEDNDyGRAVDWW 9606 BTO:0000150 BTO:0001129 20606012 t gcesareni "Here we demonstrate that AKT is a direct substrate of PTK6 and that AKT tyrosine residues 315 and 326 are phosphorylated by PTK6." SIGNOR-252622 SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr326 EVLEDNDyGRAVDWW 9534 BTO:0004055 11445557 t lperfetto "Regulation of Akt/PKB Activation by Tyrosine PhosphorylationAs shown in Fig. 2 d, while mutation of Tyr340 has little effect on either tyrosine phosphorylation or kinase activity of Akt induced by Src527F, substitution of Tyr315 or Tyr326 with a phenylalanine, respectively, dramatically reduces both the tyrosine phosphorylation and kinase activity of Akt. The combination of these two mutations abolishes Src-induced tyrosine phosphorylation of Akt as well as its kinase activity." SIGNOR-252623 PF-04691502 chemical CID:25033539 PUBCHEM AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t "Selleck;inhibitor of phosphorylation of AktT308 and AktS473" gcesareni SIGNOR-252631 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR BAD protein Q92934 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser75 EIRSRHSsYPAGTED 9606 BTO:0000007 9381178 t "Active Akt induced a significant increase in BAD phosphorylation. mutant BAD with alanine substitutions at Ser112 and Ser136 was not phosphorylated by active Akt . phosphorylation of BAD by Akt will preclude its binding to membrane-anchored Bcl-xL, leading to increased cell survival." SIGNOR-251469 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR BAD protein Q92934 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser99 PFRGRSRsAPPNLWA 9606 BTO:0000007 9381178 t "Active Akt induced a significant increase in BAD phosphorylation. mutant BAD with alanine substitutions at Ser112 and Ser136 was not phosphorylated by active Akt . phosphorylation of BAD by Akt will preclude its binding to membrane-anchored Bcl-xL, leading to increased cell survival." SIGNOR-251470 MSTN protein O14793 UNIPROT AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR "down-regulates activity" 9606 19357233 f miannu "In the current study, it was demonstrated that myostatin inhibits activation of Akt, in both myoblasts and myotubes." SIGNOR-255339 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser1892 TPKYSPTsPTYSPTS 9606 14662762 t lperfetto "Erk1/2 are major ser-5 kinases after h2o2 treatment. These results suggest that subsequent to h2o2 treatment, the ser-5-phosphorylated form, but not the ser-2-phosphorylated form or the unphosphorylated form, is targeted for rapid proteasomal degradation through its ubiquitination." SIGNOR-120140 INSR protein P06213 UNIPROT PI3K complex SIGNOR-C156 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr580 LRKTRDQyLMWLTQK 9534 BTO:0000298 8385099 t "The alpha-type 85-kDa subunit of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase is phosphorylated at tyrosines 368, 580, and 607 by the insulin receptor." SIGNOR-252691 INSR protein P06213 UNIPROT PI3K complex SIGNOR-C156 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr368 STKMHGDyTLTLRKG 9534 BTO:0000298 8385099 t "The alpha-type 85-kDa subunit of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase is phosphorylated at tyrosines 368, 580, and 607 by the insulin receptor." SIGNOR-252692 INSR protein P06213 UNIPROT PI3K complex SIGNOR-C156 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr607 NENTEDQySLVEDDE 9534 BTO:0000298 8385099 t "The alpha-type 85-kDa subunit of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase is phosphorylated at tyrosines 368, 580, and 607 by the insulin receptor." SIGNOR-252693 GNB1 protein P62873 UNIPROT PI3K complex SIGNOR-C156 SIGNOR up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000938 16537363 t gcesareni "Gbetagamma subunits released from gi can activate pi3k (phosphoinositide 3-kinase), and can be therefore implicated in smo-dependent activation of akt" SIGNOR-252679 PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT WT1 protein P19544 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser393 KTCQRKFsRSDHLKT 9606 9366517 t llicata "Pka phosphorylated wt1 at ser-365 and ser-393 in vitro, as well as at additional sites, and this phosphorylation abolished the dna-binding activity of wt1 in vitro. Using wt1 mutants in which ser-365 and ser-393 were mutated to ala individually and in combination, we showed that phosphorylation of these sites was critical for inhibition of dna binding in vivo." SIGNOR-53176 LCK protein P06239 UNIPROT PI3K complex SIGNOR-C156 SIGNOR "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr688 FAEPYNLySSLKELV 9534 BTO:0004055 9461588 t "The regulatory p85 subunit of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase is phosphorylated on tyrosine residues. We report that this phosphorylation event is readily catalyzed by the Abl and Lck protein-tyrosine kinases in vitro, by Bcr-Abl or a catalytically activated Lck-Y505F in co-transfected COS cells. we have mapped a major phosphorylation site to Tyr-688 in the C-terminal SH2 domain of p85. Tyrosine phosphorylation of p85 in vitro or in vivo was not associated with detectable change in the enzymatic activity of the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase heterodimer, but correlated with a strong reduction in the binding of some, but not all, phosphoproteins to the SH2 domains of p85." SIGNOR-252699 PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT WT1 protein P19544 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser365 KDCERRFsRSDQLKR 9606 9366517 t llicata "Pka phosphorylated wt1 at ser-365 and ser-393 in vitro, as well as at additional sites, and this phosphorylation abolished the dna-binding activity of wt1 in vitro. Using wt1 mutants in which ser-365 and ser-393 were mutated to ala individually and in combination, we showed that phosphorylation of these sites was critical for inhibition of dna binding in vivo." SIGNOR-53172 MK-1775 chemical CID:24856436 PUBCHEM WEE1 protein P30291 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-194423 PRKCE protein Q02156 UNIPROT PRKCE protein Q02156 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser729 QEEFKGFsYFGEDLM 9606 11964154 t llicata "Protein kinase-inactive mutants of pkcepsilon were not phosphorylated at ser(729) in cells, and phosphorylation of this site leads to dephosphorylation of the activation-loop thr(566)" SIGNOR-117324 PRKCD protein Q05655 UNIPROT C5AR1 protein P21730 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser334 SVVRESKsFTRSTVD 9606 17145764 t gcesareni "Whole cell phosphorylation assays with specific inhibitors as well as in vitro phosphorylation assays with recombinant enzymes and peptide substrates revealed that phosphorylation of ser-334 is regulated by protein kinase c-beta this study is among the first to analyze in a detailed manner, using a non-mutational approach, modifications of a defined phosphorylation site in a g protein-coupled receptor and to correlate these findings with functional parameters of receptor deactivation." SIGNOR-151015 PRKCB protein P05771 UNIPROT C5AR1 protein P21730 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser334 SVVRESKsFTRSTVD 9606 17145764 t lperfetto "Dynamics of protein kinase c-mediated phosphorylation of the complement c5a receptor on serine 334. Analysis of c5ar ser/ala mutants that possess a single intact serine residue either at position 334 or at neighboring positions 327, 332, or 338 revealed functional redundancy of c-terminal phosphorylation sites since all 4 serine residues could individually support c5ar internalization and desensitization" SIGNOR-151011 PPM1A protein P35813 UNIPROT PI3K complex SIGNOR-C156 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser608 ENTEDQYsLVEDDED 10090 BTO:0000944 15016818 t "Protein phosphatase-2C alpha as a positive regulator of insulin sensitivity through direct activation of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase in 3T3-L1 adipocytes|PP2C_ dephosphorylates the p85 subunit of PI3K, and dephosphorylation of the p85 subunit of PI3K at Ser608 increases its activity" SIGNOR-252724 PIAS1 protein O75925 UNIPROT AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" sumoylation Lys276 NVVYRDLkLENLMLD 10090 BTO:0002572 23884910 t gcesareni "Although multiple sites on Akt could be SUMOylated, K276 was identified as a major SUMO acceptor site. K276R or E278A mutation reduced SUMOylation of Akt but had little effect on its ubiquitination. Strikingly, these mutations also completely abolished Akt kinase activity. In support of these results, we found that expression of PIAS1 and SUMO1 increased Akt activity, whereas expression of SENP1 reduced Akt1 activity." SIGNOR-252735 SENP1 protein Q9P0U3 UNIPROT AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" desumoylation Lys276 NVVYRDLkLENLMLD 10090 BTO:0002572 23884910 t gcesareni "Although multiple sites on Akt could be SUMOylated, K276 was identified as a major SUMO acceptor site. K276R or E278A mutation reduced SUMOylation of Akt but had little effect on its ubiquitination. Strikingly, these mutations also completely abolished Akt kinase activity. In support of these results, we found that expression of PIAS1 and SUMO1 increased Akt activity, whereas expression of SENP1 reduced Akt1 activity." SIGNOR-252736 ERK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF1 SIGNOR RPS6K proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF26 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser221 DHEKKAYsFCGTVEY 9534 BTO:0004055 9430688 t lperfetto "Several lines of evidence indicate that the mapkap-k1 isoforms are also activated by mapks in vivo via the ras-dependent protein kinase cascade that is triggered by growth factors or tumor-promoting phorbol esters, such as phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (pma). here we identify six sites in mapkap-k1a that become phosphorylated in transfected cos-1 cells. The inactive form of mapkap-k1a in unstimulated cells is partially phosphorylated at ser222 and ser733. Stimulation with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate induces the phosphorylation of thr360, ser364, thr574, and ser381 and increases the phosphorylation of ser222 and ser733." SIGNOR-252741 ERK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF1 SIGNOR RPS6K proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF26 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser363 TSRTPKDsPGIPPSA 9534 BTO:0004055 9430688 t lperfetto "Several lines of evidence indicate that the mapkap-k1 isoforms are also activated by mapks in vivo via the ras-dependent protein kinase cascade that is triggered by growth factors or tumor-promoting phorbol esters, such as phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (pma). here we identify six sites in mapkap-k1a that become phosphorylated in transfected cos-1 cells. The inactive form of mapkap-k1a in unstimulated cells is partially phosphorylated at ser222 and ser733. Stimulation with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate induces the phosphorylation of thr360, ser364, thr574, and ser381 and increases the phosphorylation of ser222 and ser733." SIGNOR-252742 ERK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF1 SIGNOR RPS6K proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF26 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr573 AENGLLMtPCYTANF 9534 BTO:0004055 9430688 t lperfetto "Several lines of evidence indicate that the mapkap-k1 isoforms are also activated by mapks in vivo via the ras-dependent protein kinase cascade that is triggered by growth factors or tumor-promoting phorbol esters, such as phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (pma). here we identify six sites in mapkap-k1a that become phosphorylated in transfected cos-1 cells. The inactive form of mapkap-k1a in unstimulated cells is partially phosphorylated at ser222 and ser733. Stimulation with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate induces the phosphorylation of thr360, ser364, thr574, and ser381 and increases the phosphorylation of ser222 and ser733." SIGNOR-252743 ERK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF1 SIGNOR RPS6K proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF26 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser732 RRVRKLPsTTL 9534 BTO:0004055 9430688 t lperfetto "Several lines of evidence indicate that the mapkap-k1 isoforms are also activated by mapks in vivo via the ras-dependent protein kinase cascade that is triggered by growth factors or tumor-promoting phorbol esters, such as phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (pma). here we identify six sites in mapkap-k1a that become phosphorylated in transfected cos-1 cells. The inactive form of mapkap-k1a in unstimulated cells is partially phosphorylated at ser222 and ser733. Stimulation with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate induces the phosphorylation of thr360, ser364, thr574, and ser381 and increases the phosphorylation of ser222 and ser733." SIGNOR-252744 ERK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF1 SIGNOR RPS6K proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF26 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr359 DTEFTSRtPKDSPGI 9534 BTO:0004055 9430688 t lperfetto "Several lines of evidence indicate that the mapkap-k1 isoforms are also activated by mapks in vivo via the ras-dependent protein kinase cascade that is triggered by growth factors or tumor-promoting phorbol esters, such as phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (pma). here we identify six sites in mapkap-k1a that become phosphorylated in transfected cos-1 cells. The inactive form of mapkap-k1a in unstimulated cells is partially phosphorylated at ser222 and ser733. Stimulation with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate induces the phosphorylation of thr360, ser364, thr574, and ser381 and increases the phosphorylation of ser222 and ser733." SIGNOR-252745 ERK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF1 SIGNOR RPS6K proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF26 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser380 HQLFRGFsFVATGLM 9534 BTO:0004055 9430688 t lperfetto "Several lines of evidence indicate that the mapkap-k1 isoforms are also activated by mapks in vivo via the ras-dependent protein kinase cascade that is triggered by growth factors or tumor-promoting phorbol esters, such as phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (pma). here we identify six sites in mapkap-k1a that become phosphorylated in transfected cos-1 cells. The inactive form of mapkap-k1a in unstimulated cells is partially phosphorylated at ser222 and ser733. Stimulation with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate induces the phosphorylation of thr360, ser364, thr574, and ser381 and increases the phosphorylation of ser222 and ser733." SIGNOR-252746 PIAS1 protein O75925 UNIPROT AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" sumoylation Lys276 NVVYRDLkLENLMLD 10090 BTO:0002572 23884910 t gcesareni "Although multiple sites on Akt could be SUMOylated, K276 was identified as a major SUMO acceptor site. K276R or E278A mutation reduced SUMOylation of Akt but had little effect on its ubiquitination. Strikingly, these mutations also completely abolished Akt kinase activity. In support of these results, we found that expression of PIAS1 and SUMO1 increased Akt activity, whereas expression of SENP1 reduced Akt1 activity." SIGNOR-252737 SENP1 protein Q9P0U3 UNIPROT AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" desumoylation Lys276 NVVYRDLkLENLMLD 10090 BTO:0002572 23884910 t gcesareni "Although multiple sites on Akt could be SUMOylated, K276 was identified as a major SUMO acceptor site. K276R or E278A mutation reduced SUMOylation of Akt but had little effect on its ubiquitination. Strikingly, these mutations also completely abolished Akt kinase activity. In support of these results, we found that expression of PIAS1 and SUMO1 increased Akt activity, whereas expression of SENP1 reduced Akt1 activity." SIGNOR-252738 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT RPS6K proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF26 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser732 RRVRKLPsTTL 9534 BTO:0004055 9430688 t lperfetto "Several lines of evidence indicate that the mapkap-k1 isoforms are also activated by mapks in vivo via the ras-dependent protein kinase cascade that is triggered by growth factors or tumor-promoting phorbol esters, such as phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (pma). here we identify six sites in mapkap-k1a that become phosphorylated in transfected cos-1 cells. The inactive form of mapkap-k1a in unstimulated cells is partially phosphorylated at ser222 and ser733. Stimulation with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate induces the phosphorylation of thr360, ser364, thr574, and ser381 and increases the phosphorylation of ser222 and ser733." SIGNOR-252747 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT RPS6K proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF26 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser380 HQLFRGFsFVATGLM 9534 BTO:0004055 9430688 t lperfetto "Several lines of evidence indicate that the mapkap-k1 isoforms are also activated by mapks in vivo via the ras-dependent protein kinase cascade that is triggered by growth factors or tumor-promoting phorbol esters, such as phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (pma). here we identify six sites in mapkap-k1a that become phosphorylated in transfected cos-1 cells. The inactive form of mapkap-k1a in unstimulated cells is partially phosphorylated at ser222 and ser733. Stimulation with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate induces the phosphorylation of thr360, ser364, thr574, and ser381 and increases the phosphorylation of ser222 and ser733." SIGNOR-252748 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT RPS6K proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF26 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser221 DHEKKAYsFCGTVEY 9534 BTO:0004055 9430688 t lperfetto "Several lines of evidence indicate that the mapkap-k1 isoforms are also activated by mapks in vivo via the ras-dependent protein kinase cascade that is triggered by growth factors or tumor-promoting phorbol esters, such as phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (pma). here we identify six sites in mapkap-k1a that become phosphorylated in transfected cos-1 cells. The inactive form of mapkap-k1a in unstimulated cells is partially phosphorylated at ser222 and ser733. Stimulation with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate induces the phosphorylation of thr360, ser364, thr574, and ser381 and increases the phosphorylation of ser222 and ser733." SIGNOR-252750 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT RPS6K proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF26 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr359 DTEFTSRtPKDSPGI 9534 BTO:0004055 9430688 t lperfetto "Several lines of evidence indicate that the mapkap-k1 isoforms are also activated by mapks in vivo via the ras-dependent protein kinase cascade that is triggered by growth factors or tumor-promoting phorbol esters, such as phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (pma). here we identify six sites in mapkap-k1a that become phosphorylated in transfected cos-1 cells. The inactive form of mapkap-k1a in unstimulated cells is partially phosphorylated at ser222 and ser733. Stimulation with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate induces the phosphorylation of thr360, ser364, thr574, and ser381 and increases the phosphorylation of ser222 and ser733." SIGNOR-252751 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT RPS6K proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF26 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr573 AENGLLMtPCYTANF 9534 BTO:0004055 9430688 t lperfetto "Several lines of evidence indicate that the mapkap-k1 isoforms are also activated by mapks in vivo via the ras-dependent protein kinase cascade that is triggered by growth factors or tumor-promoting phorbol esters, such as phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (pma). here we identify six sites in mapkap-k1a that become phosphorylated in transfected cos-1 cells. The inactive form of mapkap-k1a in unstimulated cells is partially phosphorylated at ser222 and ser733. Stimulation with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate induces the phosphorylation of thr360, ser364, thr574, and ser381 and increases the phosphorylation of ser222 and ser733." SIGNOR-252752 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT RPS6K proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF26 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr573 AENGLLMtPCYTANF 9606 BTO:0000567 9687510 t lperfetto "Thus, MAPK1/ERK1 and MAPK2/ERK2 activate three closely related protein kinases known as MAPK_activated protein kinases_1a, _1b and _1c (MAPKAP_K1a/b/c; also known as RSK1/2/3)" SIGNOR-252753 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT RPS6K proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF26 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser363 TSRTPKDsPGIPPSA 9534 BTO:0004055 9430688 t lperfetto "Several lines of evidence indicate that the mapkap-k1 isoforms are also activated by mapks in vivo via the ras-dependent protein kinase cascade that is triggered by growth factors or tumor-promoting phorbol esters, such as phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (pma). here we identify six sites in mapkap-k1a that become phosphorylated in transfected cos-1 cells. The inactive form of mapkap-k1a in unstimulated cells is partially phosphorylated at ser222 and ser733. Stimulation with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate induces the phosphorylation of thr360, ser364, thr574, and ser381 and increases the phosphorylation of ser222 and ser733." SIGNOR-252754 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT RPS6K proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF26 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr359 DTEFTSRtPKDSPGI 9534 BTO:0001538 9430688 t lperfetto "Several lines of evidence indicate that the mapkap-k1 isoforms are also activated by mapks in vivo via the ras-dependent protein kinase cascade that is triggered by growth factors or tumor-promoting phorbol esters, such as phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (pma). here we identify six sites in mapkap-k1a that become phosphorylated in transfected cos-1 cells. The inactive form of mapkap-k1a in unstimulated cells is partially phosphorylated at ser222 and ser733. Stimulation with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate induces the phosphorylation of thr360, ser364, thr574, and ser381 and increases the phosphorylation of ser222 and ser733." SIGNOR-252755 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT RPS6K proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF26 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser380 HQLFRGFsFVATGLM 9534 BTO:0001538 9430688 t lperfetto "Several lines of evidence indicate that the mapkap-k1 isoforms are also activated by mapks in vivo via the ras-dependent protein kinase cascade that is triggered by growth factors or tumor-promoting phorbol esters, such as phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (pma). here we identify six sites in mapkap-k1a that become phosphorylated in transfected cos-1 cells. The inactive form of mapkap-k1a in unstimulated cells is partially phosphorylated at ser222 and ser733. Stimulation with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate induces the phosphorylation of thr360, ser364, thr574, and ser381 and increases the phosphorylation of ser222 and ser733." SIGNOR-252756 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT RPS6K proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF26 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr573 AENGLLMtPCYTANF 9534 BTO:0001538 9430688 t lperfetto "Several lines of evidence indicate that the mapkap-k1 isoforms are also activated by mapks in vivo via the ras-dependent protein kinase cascade that is triggered by growth factors or tumor-promoting phorbol esters, such as phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (pma). here we identify six sites in mapkap-k1a that become phosphorylated in transfected cos-1 cells. The inactive form of mapkap-k1a in unstimulated cells is partially phosphorylated at ser222 and ser733. Stimulation with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate induces the phosphorylation of thr360, ser364, thr574, and ser381 and increases the phosphorylation of ser222 and ser733." SIGNOR-252757 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT RPS6K proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF26 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser221 DHEKKAYsFCGTVEY 9534 BTO:0001538 9430688 t lperfetto "Several lines of evidence indicate that the mapkap-k1 isoforms are also activated by mapks in vivo via the ras-dependent protein kinase cascade that is triggered by growth factors or tumor-promoting phorbol esters, such as phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (pma). here we identify six sites in mapkap-k1a that become phosphorylated in transfected cos-1 cells. The inactive form of mapkap-k1a in unstimulated cells is partially phosphorylated at ser222 and ser733. Stimulation with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate induces the phosphorylation of thr360, ser364, thr574, and ser381 and increases the phosphorylation of ser222 and ser733." SIGNOR-252758 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT RPS6K proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF26 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser363 TSRTPKDsPGIPPSA 9534 BTO:0001538 9430688 t lperfetto "Several lines of evidence indicate that the mapkap-k1 isoforms are also activated by mapks in vivo via the ras-dependent protein kinase cascade that is triggered by growth factors or tumor-promoting phorbol esters, such as phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (pma). here we identify six sites in mapkap-k1a that become phosphorylated in transfected cos-1 cells. The inactive form of mapkap-k1a in unstimulated cells is partially phosphorylated at ser222 and ser733. Stimulation with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate induces the phosphorylation of thr360, ser364, thr574, and ser381 and increases the phosphorylation of ser222 and ser733." SIGNOR-252759 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT RPS6K proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF26 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser732 RRVRKLPsTTL 9534 BTO:0001538 9430688 t lperfetto "Several lines of evidence indicate that the mapkap-k1 isoforms are also activated by mapks in vivo via the ras-dependent protein kinase cascade that is triggered by growth factors or tumor-promoting phorbol esters, such as phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (pma). here we identify six sites in mapkap-k1a that become phosphorylated in transfected cos-1 cells. The inactive form of mapkap-k1a in unstimulated cells is partially phosphorylated at ser222 and ser733. Stimulation with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate induces the phosphorylation of thr360, ser364, thr574, and ser381 and increases the phosphorylation of ser222 and ser733." SIGNOR-252761 RPS6K proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF26 SIGNOR RPS6 protein P62753 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser244 LRASTSKsESSQK 9606 21233202 t lperfetto "In response to mitogenic stimuli, rps6 undergoes ordered c-terminal phosphorylation by p70 s6 kinases and p90 ribosomal s6 kinases on four conserved ser residues (ser-235, ser-236, ser-240, and ser-244) whose modification potentiates rps6 cap binding activity" SIGNOR-252764 RPS6K proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF26 SIGNOR RPS6 protein P62753 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser240 RLSSLRAsTSKSESS 9606 21233202 t lperfetto "In response to mitogenic stimuli, rps6 undergoes ordered c-terminal phosphorylation by p70 s6 kinases and p90 ribosomal s6 kinases on four conserved ser residues (ser-235, ser-236, ser-240, and ser-244) whose modification potentiates rps6 cap binding activity" SIGNOR-252765 RPS6K proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF26 SIGNOR CDC25A protein P30304 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser295 TKRRKSMsGASPKES 9606 23708659 t lperfetto "Rsk promotes g2/m transition through activating phosphorylation of cdc25a and cdc25b rsk is likely to be more active in mitotic cells than in interphase cells, as evidenced by the phosphorylation status of t359/s363 in rsk. Together, these findings indicate that rsk promotes g2/m transition in mammalian cells through activating phosphorylation of cdc25a and cdc25b." SIGNOR-252776 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT RPS6KA1 protein Q15418 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser380 HQLFRGFsFVATGLM 9534 BTO:0004055 9430688 t lperfetto "Several lines of evidence indicate that the mapkap-k1 isoforms are also activated by mapks in vivo via the ras-dependent protein kinase cascade that is triggered by growth factors or tumor-promoting phorbol esters, such as phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (pma). here we identify six sites in mapkap-k1a that become phosphorylated in transfected cos-1 cells. The inactive form of mapkap-k1a in unstimulated cells is partially phosphorylated at ser222 and ser733. Stimulation with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate induces the phosphorylation of thr360, ser364, thr574, and ser381 and increases the phosphorylation of ser222 and ser733." SIGNOR-219316 RPS6K proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF26 SIGNOR L1CAM protein P32004 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser1152 RSKGGKYsVKDKEDT 10116 BTO:0001009 8663493 t lperfetto "Western blot analysis demonstrated that the L1 kinase activity from PC12 cells that phosphorylated this site was co-eluted with the S6 kinase, p90(rsk). Moreover, S6 kinase activity and p90(rsk) immunoreactivity co-immunoprecipitate with L1 from brain, and metabolic labeling studies have demonstrated that Ser1152 is phosphorylated in vivo in the developing rat brain. | These data demonstrate that the membrane-proximal 15 amino acids of the cytoplasmic domain of L1 are important for neurite outgrowth on L1, and the interactions it mediates may be regulated by phosphorylation of Ser1152." SIGNOR-252766 RPS6K proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF26 SIGNOR BAD protein Q92934 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser153 SWTRVFQsWWDRNLG 9606 BTO:0000007 10837486 t lperfetto "We report here that the phosphorylation of BAD at Ser-155 within the BH3 domain is a second phosphorylation-dependent mechanism that inhibits the death-promoting activity of BAD. Protein kinase A, RSK1, and survival factor signaling stimulate phosphorylation of BAD at Ser-155, blocking the binding of BAD to Bcl-XL. RSK1 phosphorylates BAD at both Ser-112 and Ser-155 and rescues BAD-mediated cell death in a manner dependent upon phosphorylation at both sites." SIGNOR-252767 RPS6K proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF26 SIGNOR ETV1 protein P50549 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser191 HRFRRQLsEPCNSFP 9606 BTO:0002181 12213813 t lperfetto "Here we describe that the 90-kDa ribosomal S6 kinase 1 (RSK1), a protein kinase downstream of the extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) subclass of MAPKs, binds to ER81, phosphorylates it, and enhances ER81-dependent transcription. Two in vivo RSK1 phosphorylation sites within ER81, Ser(191) and Ser(216), were identified, whose mutation to alanine reduces ER81 activity upon ERK-MAPK stimulation." SIGNOR-252768 RPS6K proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF26 SIGNOR ETV1 protein P50549 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser216 PMYQRQMsEPNIPFP 9606 BTO:0002181 12213813 t lperfetto "Here we describe that the 90-kDa ribosomal S6 kinase 1 (RSK1), a protein kinase downstream of the extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) subclass of MAPKs, binds to ER81, phosphorylates it, and enhances ER81-dependent transcription. Two in vivo RSK1 phosphorylation sites within ER81, Ser(191) and Ser(216), were identified, whose mutation to alanine reduces ER81 activity upon ERK-MAPK stimulation." SIGNOR-252769 RPS6K proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF26 SIGNOR RANBP3 protein Q9H6Z4 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser126 VKRERTSsLTQFPPS 9606 18280241 t llicata "Rsk phosphorylates serine 58 of ranbp3 in vitro and in vivo" SIGNOR-252770 RPS6K proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF26 SIGNOR RPTOR protein Q8N122 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser719 PCTPRLRsVSSYGNI 9606 SIGNOR-C3 18722121 t llicata "Ser719, ser721, and ser722 are the predominant rsk-dependent phosphorylation sites in raptor raptor phosphorylation regulates mtorc1 activity" SIGNOR-252772 RPS6K proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF26 SIGNOR RPTOR protein Q8N122 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser722 PRLRSVSsYGNIRAV 9606 SIGNOR-C3 18722121 t llicata "Ser719, ser721, and ser722 are the predominant rsk-dependent phosphorylation sites in raptor raptor phosphorylation regulates mtorc1 activity" SIGNOR-252773 RPS6K proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF26 SIGNOR RPTOR protein Q8N122 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser721 TPRLRSVsSYGNIRA 9606 SIGNOR-C3 18722121 t llicata "Ser719, ser721, and ser722 are the predominant rsk-dependent phosphorylation sites in raptor raptor phosphorylation regulates mtorc1 activity" SIGNOR-252774 RPS6K proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF26 SIGNOR EEF2K protein O00418 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser366 SPQVRTLsGSRPPLL 9606 BTO:0000669 11500364 t lperfetto "We show that two such kinases, p70 s6 kinase (regulated via mtor) and p90(rsk1) (activated by erk), phosphorylate eef2k at a conserved serine and inhibit its activity" SIGNOR-252775 RPS6K proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF26 SIGNOR CIC protein Q96RK0 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser173 PGKRRTQsLSALPKE 9606 BTO:0000848 21087211 t gcesareni "Specifically, 14-3-3 binds to p90(rsk)-phosphorylated ser?_??_ Of capic?_A thereby modulating dna binding to its hmg (high-mobility group) box, whereas erk phosphorylations prevent binding of a c-terminal nls (nuclear localization sequence) to importin ?4 (kpna3)" SIGNOR-252778 RPS6K proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF26 SIGNOR CDC25B protein P30305 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr355 NKRRRSVtPPEEQQE 9606 23708659 t lperfetto "Rsk promotes g2/m transition through activating phosphorylation of cdc25a and cdc25b rsk is likely to be more active in mitotic cells than in interphase cells, as evidenced by the phosphorylation status of t359/s363 in rsk. Together, these findings indicate that rsk promotes g2/m transition in mammalian cells through activating phosphorylation of cdc25a and cdc25b." SIGNOR-252779 RPS6K proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF26 SIGNOR FLNA protein P21333 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser2152 TRRRRAPsVANVGSH 9606 BTO:0000848 15024089 t gcesareni "We show that the n-terminal kinase domain of rsk phosphorylates flna on ser(2152) in response to mitogens" SIGNOR-252790 RPS6K proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF26 SIGNOR MITF protein O75030 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser409 HGLSLIPsTGLCSPD 9606 10673502 t "The effect has been demonstrated using O75030-9" gcesareni "The current study reveals that c-kit signaling triggers two phosphorylation events on mi, which up-regulate transactivation potential yet simultaneously target mi for ubiquitin-dependent proteolysis. The specific activation/degradation signals derive from mapk/erk targeting of serine 73, whereas serine 409 serves as a substrate for p90 rsk-1. An unphosphorylatable double mutant at these two residues is at once profoundly stable and transcriptionally inert." SIGNOR-252791 RPS6K proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF26 SIGNOR SLC9A1 protein P19634 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser703 MSRARIGsDPLAYEP 9606 10400637 t gcesareni "The results indicate that p90rsk phosphorylates serine 703 of nhe-1, and this phosphorylation is required for growth factor stimulation of na+/h+ exchange." SIGNOR-252792 RPS6K proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF26 SIGNOR CDC25A protein P30304 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser293 GSTKRRKsMSGASPK 9606 23708659 t lperfetto "Rsk promotes g2/m transition through activating phosphorylation of cdc25a and cdc25b rsk is likely to be more active in mitotic cells than in interphase cells, as evidenced by the phosphorylation status of t359/s363 in rsk. Together, these findings indicate that rsk promotes g2/m transition in mammalian cells through activating phosphorylation of cdc25a and cdc25b." SIGNOR-252793 GSK3B protein P49841 UNIPROT CCNE1 protein P24864 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr77 DPCSLIPtPDKEDDD 9606 14536078 t gcesareni "Our experiments suggest that gsk3 is the kinase primarily responsible for phosphorylation of cyclin e on t380" SIGNOR-118563 GSK3B protein P49841 UNIPROT CCNE1 protein P24864 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr395 PLPSGLLtPPQSGKK 9606 14536078 t gcesareni "Our experiments suggest that gsk3 is the kinase primarily responsible for phosphorylation of cyclin e on t380" SIGNOR-118559 CDK12 protein Q9NYV4 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser1924 SPTSPKYsPTSPTYS 9606 22012619 t miannu "Cyck/cdk12 can activate transcription and phosphorylate ser2 in the ctd of rnapii / phosphorylation of serine at position 2 (ser2) is thought to be responsible for productive transcriptional elongation and synthesis of full-length mature mrna" SIGNOR-176829 RPS6K proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF26 SIGNOR CCT2 protein P78371 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser260 GSRVRVDsTAKVAEI 9606 21440620 t lperfetto "Furthermore, both the s260a and s260d mutants showed a decreased folding capacity as compared to cells expressing the wild-type cct_ subunit ( fig.?_5e), suggesting that a cyclic phosphorylation of the s260 site by s6k1 is likely to be important for chaperonin function and that mutation of this site interferes with this process." SIGNOR-252780 RPS6K proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF26 SIGNOR CDC25B protein P30305 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser353 VQNKRRRsVTPPEEQ 9606 23708659 t lperfetto "Rsk promotes g2/m transition through activating phosphorylation of cdc25a and cdc25b rsk is likely to be more active in mitotic cells than in interphase cells, as evidenced by the phosphorylation status of t359/s363 in rsk. Together, these findings indicate that rsk promotes g2/m transition in mammalian cells through activating phosphorylation of cdc25a and cdc25b." SIGNOR-252781 RPS6K proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF26 SIGNOR CREB1 protein P16220 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser133 EILSRRPsYRKILND 9606 BTO:0000938 10558990 t lperfetto "The rsks phosphorylate the trascription factor creb at serine 133 to promote cell survival." SIGNOR-252782 RPS6K proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF26 SIGNOR EIF4B protein P23588 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser422 RERSRTGsESSQTGT 9606 15071500 t gcesareni "S6k1/s6k2 specifically phosphorylate ser422 in vitro. Substitution of ser422 with ala results in a loss of activity in an in vivo translation assay, indicating that phosphorylation of this site plays an important role in eif4b function." SIGNOR-252783 RPS6K proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF26 SIGNOR BAD protein Q92934 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser75 EIRSRHSsYPAGTED 9606 BTO:0000848 18246127 t lperfetto "To understand the mechanisms underlying B-RAF effects on cell survival we initially analysed the Bcl-2 family protein, Bad, that is phosphorylated by RSK1 at the inhibitory serine-75 residue in a MEK-dependent manner in melanoma cells" SIGNOR-252784 RPS6K proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF26 SIGNOR RPS6K proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF26 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser221 DHEKKAYsFCGTVEY 9606 BTO:0000007 20048145 t lperfetto "Herein, we demonstrate that the n-terminal kinase domain (ntk) of rsk1 is necessary for interactions with pkarialpha. Substitution of the activation loop phosphorylation site (ser-221) in the ntk with the negatively charged asp residue abrogated the association between rsk1 and pkarialpha." SIGNOR-252785 RPS6K proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF26 SIGNOR BAD protein Q92934 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser118 GRELRRMsDEFVDSF 9606 BTO:0000007 10837486 t lperfetto "Rsk1, and survival factor signaling stimulate phosphorylation of bad at ser-155, blocking the binding of bad to bcl-xl." SIGNOR-252786 RPS6K proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF26 SIGNOR GSK3B protein P49841 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser9 SGRPRTTsFAESCKP 9606 11584304 t lperfetto "S6k then phosphorylates the same serine residue on gsk3 that is targeted by pkb/akt (fig. 1), thereby inhibiting its activity." SIGNOR-252788 RPS6K proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF26 SIGNOR FOS protein P01100 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser362 AAAHRKGsSSNEPSS 9606 8248197 t gcesareni "We now provide evidence that two growth-regulated, nucleus- and cytoplasm-localized protein kinases, 90-kda ribosomal s6 kinase (rsk) and mitogen-activated protein kinase (map kinase), contribute to the serum-induced phosphorylation of c-fos. The major phosphopeptides derived from biosynthetically labeled c-fos correspond to phosphopeptides generated after phosphorylation of c-fos in vitro with both rsk and map kinase. The phosphorylation sites identified for rsk (ser-362) and map kinase (ser-374) are in the transrepression domain. Cooperative phosphorylation at these sites by both enzymes was observed in vitro and reflected in vivo by the predominance of the peptide phosphorylated on both sites, as opposed to singly phosphorylated peptides. This study suggests a role for nuclear rsk and map kinase in modulating newly synthesized c-fos phosphorylation and downstream signaling." SIGNOR-252789 RPS6K proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF26 SIGNOR MITF protein O75030 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser409 HGLSLIPsTGLCSPD 9606 21749389 t "The effect has been demonstrated using O75030-9" gcesareni "The current study reveals that c-kit signaling triggers two phosphorylation events on mi, which up-regulate transactivation potential yet simultaneously target mi for ubiquitin-dependent proteolysis. The specific activation/degradation signals derive from mapk/erk targeting of serine 73, whereas serine 409 serves as a substrate for p90 rsk-1. An unphosphorylatable double mutant at these two residues is at once profoundly stable and transcriptionally inert." SIGNOR-252795 RPS6K proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF26 SIGNOR DEPTOR protein Q8TB45 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser286 SSMSSCGsSGYFSSS 9606 22017877 t lperfetto "We found that deptor was rapidly phosphorylated on three serines in a conserved degron, facilitating binding and ubiquitylation by the f box protein _trcp, with consequent proteasomal degradation of deptor. Phosphorylation of the _trcp degron in deptor is executed by ck1" SIGNOR-252797 RPS6K proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF26 SIGNOR DEPTOR protein Q8TB45 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser287 SMSSCGSsGYFSSSP 9606 22017877 t lperfetto "We found that deptor was rapidly phosphorylated on three serines in a conserved degron, facilitating binding and ubiquitylation by the f box protein _trcp, with consequent proteasomal degradation of deptor. Phosphorylation of the _trcp degron in deptor is executed by ck1" SIGNOR-252798 RPS6K proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF26 SIGNOR DEPTOR protein Q8TB45 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser291 CGSSGYFsSSPTLSS 9606 22017877 t lperfetto "We found that deptor was rapidly phosphorylated on three serines in a conserved degron, facilitating binding and ubiquitylation by the f box protein _trcp, with consequent proteasomal degradation of deptor. Phosphorylation of the _trcp degron in deptor is executed by ck1" SIGNOR-252799 RPS6K proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF26 SIGNOR METTL1 protein Q9UBP6 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser27 YYRQRAHsNPMADHT 9606 BTO:0000007;BTO:0000567 15861136 t gcesareni "Pkb and ribosomal s6 kinase (rsk) both phosphorylated mettl1 at ser27 in vitro." SIGNOR-252800 RPS6K proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF26 SIGNOR TSC2 protein P49815 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser1798 GQRKRLIsSVEDFTE 9606 BTO:0000007 15342917 t lperfetto "The mitogen-activated protein kinase (mapk)-activated kinase, p90 ribosomal s6 kinase (rsk) 1, was found to interact with and phosphorylate tuberin at a regulatory site, ser-1798, located at the evolutionarily conserved c terminus of tuberin. Rsk1 phosphorylation of ser-1798 inhibits the tumor suppressor function of the tuberin/hamartin complex, resulting in increased mtor signaling to s6k1" SIGNOR-252801 RPS6K proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF26 SIGNOR VASP protein P50552 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr278 LARRRKAtQVGEKTP 9606 BTO:0000551 21423205 t lperfetto "Rsk1 phosphorylated vasp on t278, a site regulating its binding to actin." SIGNOR-252802 RPS6K proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF26 SIGNOR YBX1 protein P67809 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser102 NPRKYLRsVGDGETV 9606 BTO:0000150 19036157 t lperfetto "We therefore conclude that rsk1/rsk2 are novel activators of yb-1, able to phosphorylate the serine 102 residue." SIGNOR-252804 RPS6K proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF26 SIGNOR STK11 protein Q15831 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser428 SSKIRRLsACKQQ 9606 BTO:0001271 25846811 t lperfetto "Negative regulation of the LKB1/AMPK pathway by ERK in human acute myeloid leukemia cellsBRAFV600E activates downstream molecules, including ERK and p90 ribosomal S6 kinase (RSK), and leads to the phosphorylation of LKB-1 at Ser428 by these kinases. This cascade results in the dissociation of LKB1 from AMPK." SIGNOR-252805 RPS6K proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF26 SIGNOR H3F3A protein P84243 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser11 TKQTARKsTGGKAPR 9606 BTO:0000938 14625384 t gcesareni "Phosphorylation at ser-11 (h3s10ph) by rps6ka4 and rps6ka5 is important during interphase because it enables the transcription of genes following external stimulation, like mitogens, stress, growth factors or uv irradiation and result in the activation of genes, such as c-fos and c-jun." SIGNOR-252806 RPS6K proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF26 SIGNOR ESR1 protein P03372 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser167 GGRERLAsTNDKGSM 9606 BTO:0000150 7838153 t gcesareni "Serine 167 is the major phosphorylation site on the human estrogen receptor. Phosphorylation is mediated by casein kinase ii." SIGNOR-252807 RPS6K proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF26 SIGNOR H3F3A protein P84243 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser11 TKQTARKsTGGKAPR 9606 15994958 t gcesareni "Phosphorylation at ser-11 (h3s10ph) by rps6ka4 and rps6ka5 is important during interphase because it enables the transcription of genes following external stimulation, like mitogens, stress, growth factors or uv irradiation and result in the activation of genes, such as c-fos and c-jun." SIGNOR-252808 RPS6K proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF26 SIGNOR WWC1 protein Q8IX03 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser947 CRLNRSDsDSSTLSK 9606 BTO:0000149 24269383 t llicata "Moreover, we found that rsk1/2 specifically phosphorylates kibra at two highly conserved sites (thr(929) and ser(947)) in vitro and in cells. erk_rsk phosphorylation of kibra is required for proper cell proliferation and rsk-mediated phosphorylation also positively modulates kibra's migratory activity." SIGNOR-252809 RPS6K proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF26 SIGNOR WWC1 protein Q8IX03 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr929 STIIRSKtFSPGPQS 9606 BTO:0000149 24269383 t llicata "Moreover, we found that rsk1/2 specifically phosphorylates kibra at two highly conserved sites (thr(929) and ser(947)) in vitro and in cells. Rsk-mediated phosphorylation is required for kibra binding to rsk1, but not rsk2." SIGNOR-252810 RPS6K proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF26 SIGNOR MXD1 protein Q05195 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser145 IERIRMDsIGSTVSS 9606 18451027 t lperfetto "In this study, we showed that mad1 is a substrate of p90 ribosomal kinase (rsk) and p70 s6 kinase (s6k). Both rsk and s6k phosphorylate serine 145 of mad1 upon serum or insulin stimulation. Ser-145 phosphorylation of mad1 accelerates the ubiquitination and degradation of mad1 through the 26s proteasome pathway" SIGNOR-252811 RPS6K proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF26 SIGNOR RPS6 protein P62753 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser236 AKRRRLSsLRASTSK 9606 17360704 t gcesareni "We demonstrate that while ribosomal s6 kinase 1 (s6k1) phosphorylates rps6 at all sites, rsk exclusively phosphorylates rps6 at ser(235/236) in vitro and in vivo using an mtor-independent mechanism." SIGNOR-252812 RPS6K proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF26 SIGNOR RPS6 protein P62753 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser235 IAKRRRLsSLRASTS 9606 17360704 t gcesareni "We demonstrate that while ribosomal s6 kinase 1 (s6k1) phosphorylates rps6 at all sites, rsk exclusively phosphorylates rps6 at ser(235/236) in vitro and in vivo using an mtor-independent mechanism." SIGNOR-252813 RPS6K proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF26 SIGNOR CARHSP1 protein Q9Y2V2 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser52 TRRTRTFsATVRASQ 9606 BTO:0000671 15910284 t lperfetto "These and other results demonstrate that crhsp24 is phosphorylated at ser52 by pkbalpha in response to igf-1, at ser52 by pkbalpha and rsk in response to egf" SIGNOR-252814 RPS6K proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF26 SIGNOR H3F3A protein P84243 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser11 TKQTARKsTGGKAPR 9606 10464286 t gcesareni "Phosphorylation at ser-11 (h3s10ph) by rps6ka4 and rps6ka5 is important during interphase because it enables the transcription of genes following external stimulation, like mitogens, stress, growth factors or uv irradiation and result in the activation of genes, such as c-fos and c-jun." SIGNOR-252815 PDPK1 protein O15530 UNIPROT AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr308 KDGATMKtFCGTPEY 10090 12808134 t lperfetto "Akt1 and akt2 are phosphorylated and activated by the protein kinase pdk1 at thr-308 or thr-309, respectively, in the activation t-loop, and further activation occurs through phosphorylation at ser-473 or ser-474, respectively. In this paper, we demonstrate that this is indeed the case, and report the purification and initial characterization of a 3 phosphoinositide-dependent protein kinase, pdk1, which activates pkb by phosphorylating it at thr308. Akt is directly phosphorylated and activated by pdk1. Akt/pkb activation requires the phosphorylation of thr308 in the activation loop by the phosphoinositide-dependent kinase 1 (pdk1)." SIGNOR-134477 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR FOXO1 protein Q12778 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser319 TFRPRTSsNASTISG 9606 11237865 t lperfetto "The transcription factor, forkhead in rhabdomyosarcoma (fkhr), is phosphorylated at three amino acid residues (thr-24, ser-256 and ser-319) by protein kinase b (pkb)alpha.Fkhr (forkhead in rhabdomyosarcoma), afx (all1 fused gene from chromosome x) and fkhrl1 (fkhr-like 1) are phosphorylated directly by pkb in cells, preventing them from stimulating gene transcription and leading to their exit from the nucleus" SIGNOR-252349 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR FOXO1 protein Q12778 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser256 SPRRRAAsMDNNSKF -1 BTO:0000318 10377430 t lperfetto "Here we show that the activation of phosphatidylinositol 3 (PI3) kinase by extracellular growth factors induces phosphorylation, nuclear export, and transcriptional inactivation of FKHR1, a member of the FKHR subclass of the forkhead family of transcription factors. Protein kinase B (PKB)/Akt, a key mediator of PI3 kinase signal transduction, phosphorylated recombinant FKHR1 in vitro at threonine-24 and serine-253. Mutants FKHR1(T24A), FKHR1(S253A), and FKHR1(T24A/S253A) were resistant to both PKB/Akt-mediated phosphorylation and PI3 kinase-stimulated nuclear export. These results indicate that phosphorylation by PKB/Akt negatively regulates FKHR1 by promoting export from the nucleus." SIGNOR-252346 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR FOXO1 protein Q12778 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr24 LPRPRSCtWPLPRPE -1 BTO:0000318 10377430 t lperfetto "Here we show that the activation of phosphatidylinositol 3 (PI3) kinase by extracellular growth factors induces phosphorylation, nuclear export, and transcriptional inactivation of FKHR1, a member of the FKHR subclass of the forkhead family of transcription factors. Protein kinase B (PKB)/Akt, a key mediator of PI3 kinase signal transduction, phosphorylated recombinant FKHR1 in vitro at threonine-24 and serine-253. Mutants FKHR1(T24A), FKHR1(S253A), and FKHR1(T24A/S253A) were resistant to both PKB/Akt-mediated phosphorylation and PI3 kinase-stimulated nuclear export." SIGNOR-252347 MMP14 protein P50281 UNIPROT Adipogenesis phenotype SIGNOR-PH26 SIGNOR up-regulates 10090 BTO:0005300 28709001 f "MMP14 Promotes Adipogenesis Downstream of or in Parallel to TIMP3" SIGNOR-255909 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR FOXO4 protein P98177 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser197 APRRRAAsMDSSSKL 10090 BTO:0004245 10217147 t "Here we show that protein kinase B phosphorylates AFX, a human orthologue of daf -16 (refs 5, 6, 9), both in vitro and in vivo." SIGNOR-251477 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR FOXO4 protein P98177 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser262 TFRPRSSsNASSVST 10090 BTO:0004245 10217147 t "Here we show that protein kinase B phosphorylates AFX, a human orthologue of daf -16 (refs 5, 6, 9), both in vitro and in vivo." SIGNOR-251478 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT FOXO4 protein P98177 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser197 APRRRAAsMDSSSKL 10090 BTO:0004245 10217147 t "Here we show that protein kinase B phosphorylates AFX, a human orthologue of daf -16 (refs 5, 6, 9), both in vitro and in vivo." SIGNOR-252568 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT FOXO4 protein P98177 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser262 TFRPRSSsNASSVST 10090 BTO:0004245 10217147 t "Here we show that protein kinase B phosphorylates AFX, a human orthologue of daf -16 (refs 5, 6, 9), both in vitro and in vivo." SIGNOR-252569 INSR protein P06213 UNIPROT INSR protein P06213 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr1190 DIYETDYyRKGGKGL -1 2449432 t lperfetto "We identified the major autophosphorylation sites in the insulin receptor and correlated their phosphorylation with the phosphotransferase activity of the receptor on synthetic peptides. We conclude that 1) autophosphorylation of the insulin receptor begins by phosphorylation of Tyr-1146 and either Tyr-1150 or Tyr-1151;" SIGNOR-106518 NDN protein Q99608 UNIPROT PPARGC1A protein Q9UBK2 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by stabilization" binding 9606 BTO:0000007;BTO:0000793 26971449 t lperfetto "Necdin binds and stabilizes PGC-1α|Necdin strongly stabilizes PGC-1α by inhibiting its ubiquitin-dependent degradation. Forced expression of necdin enhances mitochondrial function in primary cortical neurons and human SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells to prevent mitochondrial respiratory chain inhibitor-induced degeneration." SIGNOR-253390 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR FOXO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF27 SIGNOR "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr32 QSRPRSCtWPLQRPE 9606 BTO:0000150;BTO:0001130;BTO:0001271;BTO:0000527 19188143 t lperfetto "Akt-dependent phosphorylation of foxo3a (thr32, ser253, and ser315 for human foxo3) enhances foxo3a/14-3-3 Interaction and promotes foxo3a nuclear export to the cytoplasm, resulting in the repression of foxo3a transcriptional function" SIGNOR-252825 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR FOXO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF27 SIGNOR "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser253 APRRRAVsMDNSNKY 9606 BTO:0000150;BTO:0001130;BTO:0001271;BTO:0000527 19188143 t lperfetto "Akt-dependent phosphorylation of foxo3a (thr32, ser253, and ser315 for human foxo3) enhances foxo3a/14?3?3 Interaction and promotes foxo3a nuclear export to the cytoplasm, resulting in the repression of foxo3a transcriptional function" SIGNOR-252826 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR FOXO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF27 SIGNOR down-regulates phosphorylation Ser319 TFRPRTSsNASTISG 9606 11237865 t lperfetto "The transcription factor, forkhead in rhabdomyosarcoma (fkhr), is phosphorylated at three amino acid residues (thr-24, ser-256 and ser-319) by protein kinase b (pkb)alpha.Fkhr (forkhead in rhabdomyosarcoma), afx (all1 fused gene from chromosome x) and fkhrl1 (fkhr-like 1) are phosphorylated directly by pkb in cells, preventing them from stimulating gene transcription and leading to their exit from the nucleus" SIGNOR-252835 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT PLA2G4A protein P47712 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser505 LNTSYPLsPLSDFAT 9606 8381049 t gcesareni "Activated map kinase phosphorylates cpla2 at ser-505, causing increased enzymatic activity of cpla2, which is only realized upon translocation of cpla2 to the membrane." SIGNOR-38434 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR FOXO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF27 SIGNOR "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser315 DFRSRTNsNASTVSG 9606 BTO:0000150;BTO:0001130;BTO:0001271;BTO:0000527 19188143 t lperfetto "Akt-dependent phosphorylation of foxo3a (thr32, ser253, and ser315 for human foxo3) enhances foxo3a/14?3?3 Interaction and promotes foxo3a nuclear export to the cytoplasm, resulting in the repression of foxo3a transcriptional function" SIGNOR-252827 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR FOXO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF27 SIGNOR down-regulates phosphorylation Ser197 APRRRAAsMDSSSKL 9606 16272144 t lperfetto "Foxo4 transcription factor, also referred to afx, contains three putative phosphorylation motif sites for protein kinase b (pkb), thr32, ser197, and ser262, and it is proposed that phosphorylated foxo4 stays in the cytosol and is imported to the nucleus through dephosphorylation to induce target gene expression" SIGNOR-252828 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR FOXO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF27 SIGNOR down-regulates phosphorylation Ser262 TFRPRSSsNASSVST 9606 16272144 t lperfetto "Foxo4 transcription factor, also referred to afx, contains three putative phosphorylation motif sites for protein kinase b (pkb), thr32, ser197, and ser262, and it is proposed that phosphorylated foxo4 stays in the cytosol and is imported to the nucleus through dephosphorylation to induce target gene expression" SIGNOR-252829 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR FOXO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF27 SIGNOR down-regulates phosphorylation Thr32 QSRPRSCtWPLPRPE 9606 16272144 t lperfetto "Foxo4 transcription factor, also referred to afx, contains three putative phosphorylation motif sites for protein kinase b (pkb), thr32, ser197, and ser262, and it is proposed that phosphorylated foxo4 stays in the cytosol and is imported to the nucleus through dephosphorylation to induce target gene expression" SIGNOR-252830 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR FOXO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF27 SIGNOR down-regulates phosphorylation Ser256 SPRRRAAsMDNNSKF -1 BTO:0000318 10377430 t lperfetto "Here we show that the activation of phosphatidylinositol 3 (PI3) kinase by extracellular growth factors induces phosphorylation, nuclear export, and transcriptional inactivation of FKHR1, a member of the FKHR subclass of the forkhead family of transcription factors. Protein kinase B (PKB)/Akt, a key mediator of PI3 kinase signal transduction, phosphorylated recombinant FKHR1 in vitro at threonine-24 and serine-253. Mutants FKHR1(T24A), FKHR1(S253A), and FKHR1(T24A/S253A) were resistant to both PKB/Akt-mediated phosphorylation and PI3 kinase-stimulated nuclear export." SIGNOR-252831 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR FOXO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF27 SIGNOR down-regulates phosphorylation Thr24 LPRPRSCtWPLPRPE -1 BTO:0000318 10377430 t lperfetto "Here we show that the activation of phosphatidylinositol 3 (PI3) kinase by extracellular growth factors induces phosphorylation, nuclear export, and transcriptional inactivation of FKHR1, a member of the FKHR subclass of the forkhead family of transcription factors. Protein kinase B (PKB)/Akt, a key mediator of PI3 kinase signal transduction, phosphorylated recombinant FKHR1 in vitro at threonine-24 and serine-253. Mutants FKHR1(T24A), FKHR1(S253A), and FKHR1(T24A/S253A) were resistant to both PKB/Akt-mediated phosphorylation and PI3 kinase-stimulated nuclear export." SIGNOR-252832 "BMS 794833" chemical CID:44155856 PUBCHEM MET protein P08581 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-190422 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT FOXO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF27 SIGNOR "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser253 APRRRAVsMDNSNKY 9606 BTO:0000150;BTO:0001130;BTO:0001271;BTO:0000527 19188143 t lperfetto "Akt-dependent phosphorylation of foxo3a (thr32, ser253, and ser315 for human foxo3) enhances foxo3a/14?3?3 Interaction and promotes foxo3a nuclear export to the cytoplasm, resulting in the repression of foxo3a transcriptional function" SIGNOR-252849 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT FOXO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF27 SIGNOR "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser315 DFRSRTNsNASTVSG 9606 BTO:0000150;BTO:0001130;BTO:0001271;BTO:0000527 19188143 t lperfetto "Akt-dependent phosphorylation of foxo3a (thr32, ser253, and ser315 for human foxo3) enhances foxo3a/14?3?3 Interaction and promotes foxo3a nuclear export to the cytoplasm, resulting in the repression of foxo3a transcriptional function" SIGNOR-252850 ATR protein Q13535 UNIPROT XPA protein P23025 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser173 VKKNPHHsQWGDMKL 9606 BTO:0000018 16540648 t llicata "Defects in ATR-dependent XPA phosphorylation increases the cell sensitivity to UV irradiation. | The XPA-deficient cells complemented with XPA-S196A mutant, in which Ser196 was substituted with an alanine, displayed significantly higher UV sensitivity compared with the XPA cells complemented with wild-type XPA. Moreover, substitution of Ser196 with aspartic acid for mimicking the phosphorylation of XPA increased the cell survival to UV irradiation." SIGNOR-250584 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR FOXO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF27 SIGNOR "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser197 APRRRAAsMDSSSKL 10090 BTO:0004245 10217147 t "Here we show that protein kinase B phosphorylates AFX, a human orthologue of daf -16 (refs 5, 6, 9), both in vitro and in vivo." SIGNOR-252838 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR FOXO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF27 SIGNOR "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser262 TFRPRSSsNASSVST 10090 BTO:0004245 10217147 t "Here we show that protein kinase B phosphorylates AFX, a human orthologue of daf -16 (refs 5, 6, 9), both in vitro and in vivo." SIGNOR-252839 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT FOXO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF27 SIGNOR "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" phosphorylation Ser253 APRRRAVsMDNSNKY 19951971 t lperfetto "AKT phosphorylates FOXO3a at three conserved sites (Thr32, Ser253 and Ser315), therefore creating binding sites for the 14-3-3 chaperone proteins and leading to the active export of FOXO3a to the cytoplasm where it is targeted for proteasomal degradation." SIGNOR-252844 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT FOXO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF27 SIGNOR "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" phosphorylation Ser315 DFRSRTNsNASTVSG 19951971 t lperfetto "AKT phosphorylates FOXO3a at three conserved sites (Thr32, Ser253 and Ser315), therefore creating binding sites for the 14-3-3 chaperone proteins and leading to the active export of FOXO3a to the cytoplasm where it is targeted for proteasomal degradation." SIGNOR-252845 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT FOXO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF27 SIGNOR "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" phosphorylation Thr32 QSRPRSCtWPLQRPE 19951971 t lperfetto "AKT phosphorylates FOXO3a at three conserved sites (Thr32, Ser253 and Ser315), therefore creating binding sites for the 14-3-3 chaperone proteins and leading to the active export of FOXO3a to the cytoplasm where it is targeted for proteasomal degradation." SIGNOR-252846 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT FOXO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF27 SIGNOR "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr32 QSRPRSCtWPLQRPE 9606 BTO:0000150;BTO:0001130;BTO:0001271;BTO:0000527 19188143 t lperfetto "Akt-dependent phosphorylation of foxo3a (thr32, ser253, and ser315 for human foxo3) enhances foxo3a/14-3-3 Interaction and promotes foxo3a nuclear export to the cytoplasm, resulting in the repression of foxo3a transcriptional function" SIGNOR-252848 AKT2 protein P31751 UNIPROT FOXO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF27 SIGNOR "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" phosphorylation Thr32 QSRPRSCtWPLQRPE 19951971 t lperfetto "AKT phosphorylates FOXO3a at three conserved sites (Thr32, Ser253 and Ser315), therefore creating binding sites for the 14-3-3 chaperone proteins and leading to the active export of FOXO3a to the cytoplasm where it is targeted for proteasomal degradation." SIGNOR-252865 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser1899 SPTYSPTsPVYTPTS 9606 14662762 t lperfetto "Erk1/2 are major ser-5 kinases after h2o2 treatment. These results suggest that subsequent to h2o2 treatment, the ser-5-phosphorylated form, but not the ser-2-phosphorylated form or the unphosphorylated form, is targeted for rapid proteasomal degradation through its ubiquitination." SIGNOR-120144 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT FOXO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF27 SIGNOR down-regulates phosphorylation Ser197 APRRRAAsMDSSSKL 9606 16272144 t lperfetto "Foxo4 transcription factor, also referred to afx, contains three putative phosphorylation motif sites for protein kinase b (pkb), thr32, ser197, and ser262, and it is proposed that phosphorylated foxo4 stays in the cytosol and is imported to the nucleus through dephosphorylation to induce target gene expression" SIGNOR-252853 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT FOXO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF27 SIGNOR down-regulates phosphorylation Ser262 TFRPRSSsNASSVST 9606 16272144 t lperfetto "Foxo4 transcription factor, also referred to afx, contains three putative phosphorylation motif sites for protein kinase b (pkb), thr32, ser197, and ser262, and it is proposed that phosphorylated foxo4 stays in the cytosol and is imported to the nucleus through dephosphorylation to induce target gene expression" SIGNOR-252854 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT FOXO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF27 SIGNOR down-regulates phosphorylation Thr32 QSRPRSCtWPLPRPE 9606 16272144 t lperfetto "Foxo4 transcription factor, also referred to afx, contains three putative phosphorylation motif sites for protein kinase b (pkb), thr32, ser197, and ser262, and it is proposed that phosphorylated foxo4 stays in the cytosol and is imported to the nucleus through dephosphorylation to induce target gene expression" SIGNOR-252855 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT FOXO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF27 SIGNOR down-regulates phosphorylation Ser256 SPRRRAAsMDNNSKF -1 BTO:0000318 10377430 t lperfetto "Here we show that the activation of phosphatidylinositol 3 (PI3) kinase by extracellular growth factors induces phosphorylation, nuclear export, and transcriptional inactivation of FKHR1, a member of the FKHR subclass of the forkhead family of transcription factors. Protein kinase B (PKB)/Akt, a key mediator of PI3 kinase signal transduction, phosphorylated recombinant FKHR1 in vitro at threonine-24 and serine-253. Mutants FKHR1(T24A), FKHR1(S253A), and FKHR1(T24A/S253A) were resistant to both PKB/Akt-mediated phosphorylation and PI3 kinase-stimulated nuclear export." SIGNOR-252856 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT FOXO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF27 SIGNOR down-regulates phosphorylation Thr24 LPRPRSCtWPLPRPE -1 BTO:0000318 10377430 t lperfetto "Here we show that the activation of phosphatidylinositol 3 (PI3) kinase by extracellular growth factors induces phosphorylation, nuclear export, and transcriptional inactivation of FKHR1, a member of the FKHR subclass of the forkhead family of transcription factors. Protein kinase B (PKB)/Akt, a key mediator of PI3 kinase signal transduction, phosphorylated recombinant FKHR1 in vitro at threonine-24 and serine-253. Mutants FKHR1(T24A), FKHR1(S253A), and FKHR1(T24A/S253A) were resistant to both PKB/Akt-mediated phosphorylation and PI3 kinase-stimulated nuclear export." SIGNOR-252857 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT FOXO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF27 SIGNOR down-regulates phosphorylation Ser319 TFRPRTSsNASTISG 9606 11237865 t lperfetto "The transcription factor, forkhead in rhabdomyosarcoma (fkhr), is phosphorylated at three amino acid residues (thr-24, ser-256 and ser-319) by protein kinase b (pkb)alpha.Fkhr (forkhead in rhabdomyosarcoma), afx (all1 fused gene from chromosome x) and fkhrl1 (fkhr-like 1) are phosphorylated directly by pkb in cells, preventing them from stimulating gene transcription and leading to their exit from the nucleus" SIGNOR-252860 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT FOXO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF27 SIGNOR "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser197 APRRRAAsMDSSSKL 10090 BTO:0004245 10217147 t "Here we show that protein kinase B phosphorylates AFX, a human orthologue of daf -16 (refs 5, 6, 9), both in vitro and in vivo." SIGNOR-252861 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT FOXO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF27 SIGNOR "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser262 TFRPRSSsNASSVST 10090 BTO:0004245 10217147 t "Here we show that protein kinase B phosphorylates AFX, a human orthologue of daf -16 (refs 5, 6, 9), both in vitro and in vivo." SIGNOR-252862 AKT2 protein P31751 UNIPROT FOXO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF27 SIGNOR "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" phosphorylation Ser253 APRRRAVsMDNSNKY 19951971 t lperfetto "AKT phosphorylates FOXO3a at three conserved sites (Thr32, Ser253 and Ser315), therefore creating binding sites for the 14-3-3 chaperone proteins and leading to the active export of FOXO3a to the cytoplasm where it is targeted for proteasomal degradation." SIGNOR-252863 AKT2 protein P31751 UNIPROT FOXO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF27 SIGNOR "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" phosphorylation Ser315 DFRSRTNsNASTVSG 19951971 t lperfetto "AKT phosphorylates FOXO3a at three conserved sites (Thr32, Ser253 and Ser315), therefore creating binding sites for the 14-3-3 chaperone proteins and leading to the active export of FOXO3a to the cytoplasm where it is targeted for proteasomal degradation." SIGNOR-252864 ABL1 protein P00519 UNIPROT PPARG protein P37231 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity" phosphorylation Tyr108;Tyr102 SSISTPHyEDIPFTR;DLKLQEyQSAIKVE 10090 BTO:0000007;BTO:0000011 25368164 t "We show that the tyrosine kinase Abelson murine leukemia viral oncogene (cAbl) is an adipogenic key regulator. c-Abl promotes adipogenesis by phosphorylation and subsequent stabilization of PPARγ." SIGNOR-255912 AKT3 protein Q9Y243 UNIPROT FOXO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF27 SIGNOR down-regulates phosphorylation Thr32 QSRPRSCtWPLQRPE 9606 BTO:0000150;BTO:0001130;BTO:0001271;BTO:0000527 19188143 t gcesareni "Akt-dependent phosphorylation of foxo3a (thr32, ser253, and ser315 for human foxo3) enhances foxo3a/14?3?3 Interaction and promotes foxo3a nuclear export to the cytoplasm, resulting in the repression of foxo3a transcriptional function" SIGNOR-252879 AMPK complex SIGNOR-C15 SIGNOR FOXO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF27 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser399 DNITLPPsQPSPTGG 9606 BTO:0000007 17711846 t gcesareni "Phosphorylation by AMPK leads to the activtion of FOXO3 transcriptional activity without affecting FOXO3 subcellular localization." SIGNOR-252880 PRKCG protein P05129 UNIPROT RAF1 protein P04049 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser497 ATVKSRWsGSQQVEQ 9606 8288587 t gcesareni "Pkc can effectively phosphorylate raf-1, this is a direct effect of activated pkc and not the result of raf-1 autophosphorylation." SIGNOR-37541 AKT2 protein P31751 UNIPROT FOXO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF27 SIGNOR "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser253 APRRRAVsMDNSNKY 9606 BTO:0000150;BTO:0001130;BTO:0001271;BTO:0000527 19188143 t lperfetto "Akt-dependent phosphorylation of foxo3a (thr32, ser253, and ser315 for human foxo3) enhances foxo3a/14-3-3 Interaction and promotes foxo3a nuclear export to the cytoplasm, resulting in the repression of foxo3a transcriptional function akt phosphorylates members of the foxo factors (forkhead family of transcription factors), leading to binding of 14-3-3 proteins and cytoplasmic localisation. In particular, akt phosphorylates foxo1 on thr24, ser256 and ser319. Foxo 3alfa and foxo4 are phosphorylated on equivalent sites." SIGNOR-252867 AKT2 protein P31751 UNIPROT FOXO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF27 SIGNOR "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser315 DFRSRTNsNASTVSG 9606 BTO:0000150;BTO:0001130;BTO:0001271;BTO:0000527 19188143 t lperfetto "Akt-dependent phosphorylation of foxo3a (thr32, ser253, and ser315 for human foxo3) enhances foxo3a/14-3-3 Interaction and promotes foxo3a nuclear export to the cytoplasm, resulting in the repression of foxo3a transcriptional function akt phosphorylates members of the foxo factors (forkhead family of transcription factors), leading to binding of 14-3-3 proteins and cytoplasmic localisation. In particular, akt phosphorylates foxo1 on thr24, ser256 and ser319. Foxo 3alfa and foxo4 are phosphorylated on equivalent sites." SIGNOR-252868 AKT2 protein P31751 UNIPROT FOXO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF27 SIGNOR "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr32 QSRPRSCtWPLQRPE 9606 BTO:0000150;BTO:0001130;BTO:0001271;BTO:0000527 19188143 t lperfetto "Akt-dependent phosphorylation of foxo3a (thr32, ser253, and ser315 for human foxo3) enhances foxo3a/14-3-3 Interaction and promotes foxo3a nuclear export to the cytoplasm, resulting in the repression of foxo3a transcriptional function akt phosphorylates members of the foxo factors (forkhead family of transcription factors), leading to binding of 14-3-3 proteins and cytoplasmic localisation. In particular, akt phosphorylates foxo1 on thr24, ser256 and ser319. Foxo 3alfa and foxo4 are phosphorylated on equivalent sites." SIGNOR-252869 AKT2 protein P31751 UNIPROT FOXO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF27 SIGNOR "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr32 QSRPRSCtWPLPRPE 9606 16272144 t gcesareni "FOXO4 transcription factor, also referred to AFX, contains three putative phosphorylation motif sites for protein kinase B (PKB), Thr32, Ser197, and Ser262, and it is proposed that phosphorylated FOXO4 stays in the cytosol and is imported to the nucleus through dephosphorylation to induce target gene expression.[...]These results indicate that phosphorylation at Thr32 and Ser197 is indispensable, whereas that at Ser262 is not critical, for regulation of the nuclear localization and transcriptional activity of FOXO4" SIGNOR-252870 AKT2 protein P31751 UNIPROT FOXO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF27 SIGNOR "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser256 SPRRRAAsMDNNSKF 9606 10377430 t lperfetto "Our results demonstrate that pkb/akt directly phosphorylates fkhr1, a member of the closely related fkhr subclass of the forkhead family of transcription factors, on at least two residues (threonine-24 and serine-253). These results indicate that phosphorylation by pkbyakt negatively regulates fkhr1 by promoting export from the nucleus." SIGNOR-252871 AKT2 protein P31751 UNIPROT FOXO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF27 SIGNOR "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr24 LPRPRSCtWPLPRPE 9606 10377430 t lperfetto "Our results demonstrate that pkb/akt directly phosphorylates fkhr1, a member of the closely related fkhr subclass of the forkhead family of transcription factors, on at least two residues (threonine-24 and serine-253). These results indicate that phosphorylation by pkbyakt negatively regulates fkhr1 by promoting export from the nucleus." SIGNOR-252872 AKT2 protein P31751 UNIPROT FOXO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF27 SIGNOR "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr32 QSRPRSCtWPLPRPE 10090 BTO:0000944 11313479 t "Phosphorylation of AFX by PKB occurs in the nucleus. Phosphorylation of S193 reduces the rate of nuclear import. PKB-mediated phosphorylation of AFX, therefore, attenuates the import of the transcription factor, which shifts the localization of the protein from the nucleus to the cytoplasm and results in the inhibition of AFX transcriptional activity." SIGNOR-252873 AKT3 protein Q9Y243 UNIPROT FOXO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF27 SIGNOR "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" phosphorylation Ser253 APRRRAVsMDNSNKY 19951971 t lperfetto "AKT phosphorylates FOXO3a at three conserved sites (Thr32, Ser253 and Ser315), therefore creating binding sites for the 14-3-3 chaperone proteins and leading to the active export of FOXO3a to the cytoplasm where it is targeted for proteasomal degradation." SIGNOR-252874 AKT3 protein Q9Y243 UNIPROT FOXO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF27 SIGNOR "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" phosphorylation Ser315 DFRSRTNsNASTVSG 19951971 t lperfetto "AKT phosphorylates FOXO3a at three conserved sites (Thr32, Ser253 and Ser315), therefore creating binding sites for the 14-3-3 chaperone proteins and leading to the active export of FOXO3a to the cytoplasm where it is targeted for proteasomal degradation." SIGNOR-252875 AKT3 protein Q9Y243 UNIPROT FOXO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF27 SIGNOR "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" phosphorylation Thr32 QSRPRSCtWPLQRPE 19951971 t lperfetto "AKT phosphorylates FOXO3a at three conserved sites (Thr32, Ser253 and Ser315), therefore creating binding sites for the 14-3-3 chaperone proteins and leading to the active export of FOXO3a to the cytoplasm where it is targeted for proteasomal degradation." SIGNOR-252876 AKT3 protein Q9Y243 UNIPROT FOXO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF27 SIGNOR down-regulates phosphorylation Ser253 APRRRAVsMDNSNKY 9606 BTO:0000150;BTO:0001130;BTO:0001271;BTO:0000527 19188143 t gcesareni "Akt-dependent phosphorylation of foxo3a (thr32, ser253, and ser315 for human foxo3) enhances foxo3a/14?3?3 Interaction and promotes foxo3a nuclear export to the cytoplasm, resulting in the repression of foxo3a transcriptional function" SIGNOR-252877 AKT3 protein Q9Y243 UNIPROT FOXO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF27 SIGNOR down-regulates phosphorylation Ser315 DFRSRTNsNASTVSG 9606 BTO:0000150;BTO:0001130;BTO:0001271;BTO:0000527 19188143 t gcesareni "Akt-dependent phosphorylation of foxo3a (thr32, ser253, and ser315 for human foxo3) enhances foxo3a/14?3?3 Interaction and promotes foxo3a nuclear export to the cytoplasm, resulting in the repression of foxo3a transcriptional function" SIGNOR-252878 AMPK complex SIGNOR-C15 SIGNOR FOXO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF27 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser413 GLMQRSSsFPYTTKG 9606 BTO:0000007 17711846 t gcesareni "Phosphorylation by AMPK leads to the activtion of FOXO3 transcriptional activity without affecting FOXO3 subcellular localization." SIGNOR-252881 AMPK complex SIGNOR-C15 SIGNOR FOXO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF27 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser555 RALSNSVsNMGLSES 9606 BTO:0000007 17711846 t gcesareni "Phosphorylation by AMPK leads to the activtion of FOXO3 transcriptional activity without affecting FOXO3 subcellular localization." SIGNOR-252882 AMPK complex SIGNOR-C15 SIGNOR FOXO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF27 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser588 QTLSDSLsGSSLYST 9606 BTO:0000007 17711846 t gcesareni "Phosphorylation by AMPK leads to the activtion of FOXO3 transcriptional activity without affecting FOXO3 subcellular localization." SIGNOR-252883 AMPK complex SIGNOR-C15 SIGNOR FOXO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF27 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser626 SLECDMEsIIRSELM 9606 BTO:0000007 17711846 t gcesareni "Phosphorylation by AMPK leads to the activtion of FOXO3 transcriptional activity without affecting FOXO3 subcellular localization." SIGNOR-252884 AMPK complex SIGNOR-C15 SIGNOR FOXO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF27 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr179 SSPDKRLtLSQIYEW 9606 BTO:0000007 17711846 t gcesareni "Phosphorylation by AMPK leads to the activtion of FOXO3 transcriptional activity without affecting FOXO3 subcellular localization." SIGNOR-252885 CDK1 protein P06493 UNIPROT FOXO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF27 SIGNOR down-regulates phosphorylation Ser249 EGGKSGKsPRRRAAS 9606 BTO:0001130 18408765 t gcesareni "Overexpression of cdk1 inhibits the transcriptional activity of foxo1 in pca cells through s249 phosphorylation on foxo1." SIGNOR-252890 CDK2 protein P24941 UNIPROT FOXO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF27 SIGNOR down-regulates phosphorylation Ser249 EGGKSGKsPRRRAAS 9606 17038621 t lperfetto "Cdk2 specifically phosphorylated foxo1 at serine-249 (ser249) in vitro and in vivo. Phosphorylation of ser249 resulted in cytoplasmic localization and inhibition of foxo1." SIGNOR-252892 CHUK protein O15111 UNIPROT FOXO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF27 SIGNOR down-regulates phosphorylation Ser644 GLDFNFDsLISTQNV 9606 BTO:0000150 SIGNOR-C14 15084260 t gcesareni "Ikappab kinase promotes tumorigenesis through inhibition of forkhead foxo3a. The tnf treatment of ht-29 cells increased ikk-dependent foxo3 ser644 phosphorylation." SIGNOR-252893 CSNK1A1 protein P48729 UNIPROT FOXO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF27 SIGNOR down-regulates phosphorylation Ser318 SRTNSNAsTVSGRLS 9606 20110348 t lperfetto "Casein kinase (ck) 1 mediates the hierarchical phosphorylation of foxo3a at s318 and s321, which like foxo1 (rena et al., 2002 blue right-pointing triangle, 2004 blue right-pointing triangle), is probably to enhance its rate of nuclear export" SIGNOR-252899 CSNK1A1 protein P48729 UNIPROT FOXO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF27 SIGNOR down-regulates phosphorylation Ser321 NSNASTVsGRLSPIM 9606 20110348 t lperfetto "Casein kinase (ck) 1 mediates the hierarchical phosphorylation of foxo3a at s318 and s321, which like foxo1 (rena et al., 2002 blue right-pointing triangle, 2004 blue right-pointing triangle), is probably to enhance its rate of nuclear export" SIGNOR-252900 CSNK1G1 protein Q9HCP0 UNIPROT FOXO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF27 SIGNOR "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser322 PRTSSNAsTISGRLS -1 11980723 t llicata "Phosphorylation of Ser319 forms a consensus sequence for phosphorylation by CK1, allowing it to phosphorylate Ser322, which in turn primes the CK1-catalysed phosphorylation of Ser325 | Multisite phosphorylation of the region containing Ser319, Ser322, Ser325 and Ser329 provides a signal for the nuclear exclusion of FKHR" SIGNOR-252901 CSNK1G1 protein Q9HCP0 UNIPROT FOXO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF27 SIGNOR "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser325 SSNASTIsGRLSPIM -1 11980723 t llicata "Phosphorylation of Ser319 forms a consensus sequence for phosphorylation by CK1, allowing it to phosphorylate Ser322, which in turn primes the CK1-catalysed phosphorylation of Ser325 | Multisite phosphorylation of the region containing Ser319, Ser322, Ser325 and Ser329 provides a signal for the nuclear exclusion of FKHR" SIGNOR-252902 DYRK1A protein Q13627 UNIPROT FOXO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF27 SIGNOR "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser330 RLSPIMAsTELDEVQ 9606 19188143 t lperfetto "Additionally, ck1, dyrk1a, and cdk2 also phosphorylate foxos at various sites to inhibit foxos activity phosphorylation of foxos by akt, ikk, erk, ck1, cdk2, and dyrk1a universally leads to foxo's inhibition." SIGNOR-252906 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser1654 SPSYSPTsPSYSPTS 9606 14662762 t lperfetto "Erk1/2 are major ser-5 kinases after h2o2 treatment. These results suggest that subsequent to h2o2 treatment, the ser-5-phosphorylated form, but not the ser-2-phosphorylated form or the unphosphorylated form, is targeted for rapid proteasomal degradation through its ubiquitination." SIGNOR-119366 AURKB protein Q96GD4 UNIPROT CENPA protein P49450 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser7 sRKPEAPR 9606 BTO:0000567 11756469 t llicata "CENP-A–GST constructs were prepared in which Ser7 was mutated to alanine or glutamic acid. Phosphorylation of these proteins by Aurora B was reduced by 50%, demonstrating that Ser7 is a kinase substrate | Therefore, under the short term induction conditions used in these experiments, we can conclude that CENP-A Ser7 mutations do not grossly interfere with kinetochore formation, spindle assembly, or cell cycle progression." SIGNOR-250585 DYRK1A protein Q13627 UNIPROT FOXO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF27 SIGNOR down-regulates phosphorylation Ser330 RLSPIMAsTELDEVQ 9606 BTO:0000150;BTO:0001130;BTO:0001271;BTO:0000527 19188143 t gcesareni "Additionally, ck1, dyrk1a, and cdk2 also phosphorylate foxos at various sites to inhibit foxos activity phosphorylation of foxos by akt, ikk, erk, ck1, cdk2, and dyrk1a universally leads to foxo's inhibition." SIGNOR-252907 DYRK1A protein Q13627 UNIPROT FOXO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF27 SIGNOR "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser329 STISGRLsPIMTEQD 9606 BTO:0000887;BTO:0001103 11311120 t lperfetto "The kinase dyrk1a phosphorylates the transcription factor fkhr at ser329 in vitro, a novel in vivo phosphorylation siteser(329) phosphorylation also decreases the ability of fkhr to stimulate gene transactivation and reduces the proportion of fkhr present in the nucleus" SIGNOR-252909 PDPK1 protein O15530 UNIPROT PDPK1 protein O15530 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser393 MQVSSSSsSHSLSAS 9606 BTO:0000010 10455013 t lperfetto "3-phosphoinositide-dependent protein kinase-1 (pdk1) expressed in unstimulated 293 cells was phosphorylated at ser-25, ser-241, ser-393, ser-396 and ser-410 and the level of phosphorylation of each site was unaffected by stimulation with insulin-like growth factor-1. Mutation of ser-241 to ala abolished pdk1 activity, whereas mutation of the other phosphorylation sites individually to ala did not affect pdk1 activity" SIGNOR-235782 FOXO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF27 SIGNOR CDKN2D protein P55273 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 17873901 f gcesareni "Foxo1a strongly activated p15ink4b transcription and p19ink4d transcription, while foxo3a showed higher p19ink4d transcription activity than p15ink4b transcription activity" SIGNOR-252918 PAK1 protein Q13153 UNIPROT STMN1 protein P16949 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser16 KELEKRAsGQAFELI 9606 14645234 t gcesareni "Pak1 phosphorylates op18/stathmin specifically at serine 16 and inactivates its catastrophe promoting activity in biochemical and time lapse microscopy microtubule assembly assays. Furthermore, phosphorylation of either serine 16 or 63 is sufficient to inhibit op18/stathmin in vitro." SIGNOR-119483 PDPK1 protein O15530 UNIPROT PDPK1 protein O15530 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser25 VVLCSCPsPSMVRTQ 9606 BTO:0000009 10455013 t lperfetto "3-phosphoinositide-dependent protein kinase-1 (pdk1) expressed in unstimulated 293 cells was phosphorylated at ser-25, ser-241, ser-393, ser-396 and ser-410 and the level of phosphorylation of each site was unaffected by stimulation with insulin-like growth factor-1. Mutation of ser-241 to ala abolished pdk1 activity, whereas mutation of the other phosphorylation sites individually to ala did not affect pdk1 activity" SIGNOR-236777 MAPK12 protein P53778 UNIPROT CARM1 protein Q86X55 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser595 GPAISMAsPMSIPTN 10090 BTO:0002314 BTO:0001103 29681515 t apalma "Here, we identify a role for the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) p38g/MAPK12 as a critical regulator of satellite stem cell fate through phosphorylation of Carm1." SIGNOR-255897 FOXO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF27 SIGNOR CDKN1B protein P46527 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 BTO:0004245 10783894 t gcesareni "AFX transcriptionally activates p27kip1, resulting in increased protein levels." SIGNOR-252928 PDPK1 protein O15530 UNIPROT PDPK1 protein O15530 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser410 GLPQRSGsNIEQYIH 9606 BTO:0000008 10455013 t lperfetto "3-phosphoinositide-dependent protein kinase-1 (pdk1) expressed in unstimulated 293 cells was phosphorylated at ser-25, ser-241, ser-393, ser-396 and ser-410 and the level of phosphorylation of each site was unaffected by stimulation with insulin-like growth factor-1. Mutation of ser-241 to ala abolished pdk1 activity, whereas mutation of the other phosphorylation sites individually to ala did not affect pdk1 activity" SIGNOR-236772 IKBKE protein Q14164 UNIPROT FOXO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF27 SIGNOR down-regulates phosphorylation Ser644 GLDFNFDsLISTQNV 9606 BTO:0000150;BTO:0000551 23691078 t lperfetto "Ikbke phosphorylation and inhibition of foxo3a: a mechanism of ikbke oncogenic functionhere we report that ikbke regulates foxo3a through phosphorylation of foxo3a-ser644. The phosphorylation of foxo3a resulted in its degradation and nuclear-cytoplasmic translocation." SIGNOR-252949 IKK-complex complex SIGNOR-C14 SIGNOR FOXO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF27 SIGNOR down-regulates phosphorylation Ser644 GLDFNFDsLISTQNV 9606 BTO:0000150 15084260 t lperfetto "Ikappab kinase promotes tumorigenesis through inhibition of forkhead foxo3a. The tnf treatment of ht-29 cells increased ikk-dependent foxo3 ser644 phosphorylation." SIGNOR-252950 IKK-complex complex SIGNOR-C14 SIGNOR FOXO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF27 SIGNOR "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" phosphorylation Ser644 GLDFNFDsLISTQNV 9606 19188143 t lperfetto "Ikkbeta phosphorylates foxo3a at ser644. Ikappab kinase (ikk) physically interacts with, phosphorylates, and inhibits foxo3a independent of akt and causes proteolysis of foxo3a via the ub-dependent proteasome pathway" SIGNOR-252951 CHEK2 protein O96017 UNIPROT E2F1 protein Q01094 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by stabilization" phosphorylation Ser364 PLLSRMGsLRAPVDE 9606 12717439 t lperfetto "We report that checkpoint kinase 2 (chk2) regulates e2f-1 activity in response to the dna-damaging agent etoposide. A chk2 consensus phosphorylation site in e2f-1 is phosphorylated in response to dna damage" SIGNOR-100898 CDK1 protein P06493 UNIPROT NPM1 protein P06748 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr237 KQEKTPKtPKGPSSV 9606 14670079 t gcesareni "We further demonstrate that phospho-mkk1/mkk2 antibodies recognize npm on the c-terminal region, which is phosphorylated by cdc2 (cell division control kinase-2) during g2/m-phase. biochemical and immunocytochemistry analyses verified that the phospho-mkk1/mkk2 antibodies cross-reacted with npm that was phosphorylated at thr234 and thr237 during g2/m-phase, which are the same sites that are targeted by cdc2 (cell division cycle protein-2) during mitosis." SIGNOR-120334 CDK7 protein P50613 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser1619 SPSYSPTsPSYSPTS 9606 14662762 t lperfetto "Although there is some inconsistency in the literature, it is generally thought that cdk7, a component of the transcription factor (tf) iih, is a major ser-5 kinase, whereas cdk9, a component of positive transcription elongation factor (p-tef) b, is a major ser-2 kinase within cells. These results suggest that subsequent to h2o2 treatment, the ser-5-phosphorylated form, but not the ser-2-phosphorylated form or the unphosphorylated form, is targeted for rapid proteasomal degradation through its ubiquitination." SIGNOR-119992 JNK proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF15 SIGNOR FOXO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF27 SIGNOR up-regulates phosphorylation Ser230 PEGATPTsPVGHFAK 9606 BTO:0000848 BTO:0001253 20959475 t lperfetto "Braf(v600e) signaling through mitogen-activated protein kinase/extracellular signal-regulated kinase kinase resulted in increased reactive oxygen species levels and c-jun nh(2) terminal kinase-mediated activation of foxo4 via its phosphorylation on thr(223), ser(226), thr(447), and thr(451)." SIGNOR-252953 JNK proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF15 SIGNOR FOXO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF27 SIGNOR up-regulates phosphorylation Thr227 PAPPEGAtPTSPVGH 9606 BTO:0000848 BTO:0001253 20959475 t lperfetto "Braf(v600e) signaling through mitogen-activated protein kinase/extracellular signal-regulated kinase kinase resulted in increased reactive oxygen species levels and c-jun nh(2) terminal kinase-mediated activation of foxo4 via its phosphorylation on thr(223), ser(226), thr(447), and thr(451)." SIGNOR-252954 JNK proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF15 SIGNOR FOXO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF27 SIGNOR up-regulates phosphorylation Thr451 PIPKALGtPVLTPPT 9606 BTO:0000848 BTO:0001253 20959475 t lperfetto "Braf(v600e) signaling through mitogen-activated protein kinase/extracellular signal-regulated kinase kinase resulted in increased reactive oxygen species levels and c-jun nh(2) terminal kinase-mediated activation of foxo4 via its phosphorylation on thr(223), ser(226), thr(447), and thr(451)." SIGNOR-252955 MAPK14 protein Q16539 UNIPROT FOXO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF27 SIGNOR up-regulates phosphorylation Ser7 sPAPLSPL 9606 BTO:0000150 22128155 t gcesareni "Ogether, our results suggest that p38 phosphorylation of foxo3a on ser-7 is essential for its nuclear relocalization in response to doxorubicin" SIGNOR-252960 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT FOXO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF27 SIGNOR "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" phosphorylation Ser294 QLSKWPGsPTSRSSD 9606 19282669 t lperfetto "Phosphorylation of foxo3a by erk1/2 at residues ser 294, ser 344 and ser 425 increases foxo3amdm2 interaction and enhances foxo3a degradation via an mdm2-dependent ubiquitin-proteasome pathway" SIGNOR-252961 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT FOXO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF27 SIGNOR "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" phosphorylation Ser344 QDDDAPLsPMLYSSS 9606 19282669 t lperfetto "Phosphorylation of foxo3a by erk1/2 at residues ser 294, ser 344 and ser 425 increases foxo3amdm2 interaction and enhances foxo3a degradation via an mdm2-dependent ubiquitin-proteasome pathway" SIGNOR-252962 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT FOXO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF27 SIGNOR "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" phosphorylation Ser425 TKGSGLGsPTSSFNS 9606 19282669 t lperfetto "Phosphorylation of foxo3a by erk1/2 at residues ser 294, ser 344 and ser 425 increases foxo3amdm2 interaction and enhances foxo3a degradation via an mdm2-dependent ubiquitin-proteasome pathway" SIGNOR-252963 MAPK8 protein P45983 UNIPROT FOXO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF27 SIGNOR up-regulates phosphorylation Thr451 PIPKALGtPVLTPPT 9606 15538382 t lperfetto "Upon treatment of cells with h2o2, the small gtpase ral is activated and this results in a jnk-dependent phosphorylation of foxo4 on threonine 447 and threonine 451. This ral-mediated, jnk-dependent phosphorylation is involved in the nuclear translocation and transcriptional activation of foxo4 after h2o2 treatment." SIGNOR-252964 MAPK8 protein P45983 UNIPROT FOXO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF27 SIGNOR up-regulates phosphorylation Thr455 ALGTPVLtPPTEAAS 9606 15538382 t lperfetto "Upon treatment of cells with h2o2, the small gtpase ral is activated and this results in a jnk-dependent phosphorylation of foxo4 on threonine 447 and threonine 451. This ral-mediated, jnk-dependent phosphorylation is involved in the nuclear translocation and transcriptional activation of foxo4 after h2o2 treatment." SIGNOR-252965 CDK7 protein P50613 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser1647 SPSYSPTsPSYSPTS 9606 14662762 t lperfetto "Although there is some inconsistency in the literature, it is generally thought that cdk7, a component of the transcription factor (tf) iih, is a major ser-5 kinase, whereas cdk9, a component of positive transcription elongation factor (p-tef) b, is a major ser-2 kinase within cells. These results suggest that subsequent to h2o2 treatment, the ser-5-phosphorylated form, but not the ser-2-phosphorylated form or the unphosphorylated form, is targeted for rapid proteasomal degradation through its ubiquitination." SIGNOR-120000 TEC protein P42680 UNIPROT BTK protein Q06187 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr223 LKKVVALyDYMPMNA 9606 BTO:0000873 12573241 t lperfetto "Tec family protein tyrosine kinases (TFKs) play a central role in hematopoietic cellular signaling. Initial activation takes place through specific tyrosine phosphorylation situated in the activation loop. Further activation occurs within the SH3 domain via a transphosphorylation mechanism, which for Bruton's tyrosine kinase (Btk) affects tyrosine 223." SIGNOR-246652 CDK7 protein P50613 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser1626 SPSYSPTsPSYSPTS 9606 14662762 t lperfetto "Although there is some inconsistency in the literature, it is generally thought that cdk7, a component of the transcription factor (tf) iih, is a major ser-5 kinase, whereas cdk9, a component of positive transcription elongation factor (p-tef) b, is a major ser-2 kinase within cells. These results suggest that subsequent to h2o2 treatment, the ser-5-phosphorylated form, but not the ser-2-phosphorylated form or the unphosphorylated form, is targeted for rapid proteasomal degradation through its ubiquitination." SIGNOR-119996 JNK proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF15 SIGNOR FOXO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF27 SIGNOR up-regulates phosphorylation Thr455 ALGTPVLtPPTEAAS 9606 BTO:0000848 BTO:0001253 20959475 t lperfetto "Braf(v600e) signaling through mitogen-activated protein kinase/extracellular signal-regulated kinase kinase resulted in increased reactive oxygen species levels and c-jun nh(2) terminal kinase-mediated activation of foxo4 via its phosphorylation on thr(223), ser(226), thr(447), and thr(451)." SIGNOR-252956 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT FOXO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF27 SIGNOR "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" phosphorylation Ser294 QLSKWPGsPTSRSSD 9606 BTO:0000007 18204439 t lperfetto "Here, we show that erk downregulates forkhead box o 3a (foxo3a) by directly interacting with and phosphorylating foxo3a at ser 294, ser 344 and ser 425, which consequently promotes cell proliferation and tumorigenesisMDM2 is required for ERk-mediated FOXO3a degradation." SIGNOR-252957 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT FOXO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF27 SIGNOR "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" phosphorylation Ser344 QDDDAPLsPMLYSSS 9606 BTO:0000007 18204439 t lperfetto "Here, we show that erk downregulates forkhead box o 3a (foxo3a) by directly interacting with and phosphorylating foxo3a at ser 294, ser 344 and ser 425, which consequently promotes cell proliferation and tumorigenesisMDM2 is required for ERk-mediated FOXO3a degradation." SIGNOR-252958 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT FOXO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF27 SIGNOR "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" phosphorylation Ser425 TKGSGLGsPTSSFNS 9606 BTO:0000007 18204439 t lperfetto "Here, we show that erk downregulates forkhead box o 3a (foxo3a) by directly interacting with and phosphorylating foxo3a at ser 294, ser 344 and ser 425, which consequently promotes cell proliferation and tumorigenesisMDM2 is required for ERk-mediated FOXO3a degradation." SIGNOR-252959 PIM1 protein P11309 UNIPROT FOXO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF27 SIGNOR down-regulates phosphorylation Ser253 APRRRAVsMDNSNKY 9606 18593906 t tpavlidou "Pim-mediated phosphorylation and inactivation of forkhead transcription factors, foxo1a and foxo3a, was involved in the transcriptional repression of the p27(kip1) gene." SIGNOR-252966 PIM1 protein P11309 UNIPROT FOXO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF27 SIGNOR down-regulates phosphorylation Thr32 QSRPRSCtWPLQRPE 9606 18593906 t fspada "Pim1s expression induced the phosphorylation of foxo3a (fig. 5a and b) and inactivated its transcriptional activity (fig. 5c). A previous report showed that phosphorylation at t32, s253, and s315 residues in foxo3a induced 14-3-3 binding, nuclear export, and proteasomemediated degradation (42)." SIGNOR-252967 PKN1 protein Q16512 UNIPROT FOXO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF27 SIGNOR down-regulates phosphorylation Ser256 SPRRRAAsMDNNSKF 9606 BTO:0000150 12560069 t lperfetto "Furthermore, estrogen induced phosphorylation and perinuclear localization of the cell survival forkhead transcription factor fkhr in the cytoplasm in a pak1-dependent manner. In addition, pak1 directly interacted with fkhr and phosphorylated it. The noticed phosphorylation-dependent exclusion of fkhr from the nucleus impaired the ability of fkhr to activate its target fas ligand promoter containing the fkhr binding motif (fre) in cells treated with estrogen or expressing catalytically active pak1." SIGNOR-252968 SGK1 protein O00141 UNIPROT FOXO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF27 SIGNOR "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr32 QSRPRSCtWPLQRPE 9606 BTO:0000007 11154281 t lperfetto "Protein kinase SGK mediates survival signals by phosphorylating the forkhead transcription factor FKHRL1 (FOXO3a)|However, SGK and Akt display differences with respect to the efficacy with which they phosphorylate the three regulatory sites on FKHRL1. While both kinases can phosphorylate Thr-32, SGK displays a marked preference for Ser-315 whereas Akt favors Ser-253. These findings suggest that SGK and Akt may coordinately regulate the function of FKHRL1 by phosphorylating this transcription factor at distinct sites. The efficient phosphorylation of these three sites on FKHRL1 by SGK and Akt appears to be critical to the ability of growth factors to suppress FKHRL1-dependent transcription, thereby preventing FKHRL1 from inducing cell cycle arrest and apoptosis." SIGNOR-252988 METTL21C protein Q5VZV1 UNIPROT VCP protein P55072 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" methylation Lys315 AIAPKREkTHGEVER 10090 BTO:0002319 29719249 t "We reveal that METTL21C trimethylates p97 on the Lys315 residue and found that loss of this modification reduced p97 hexamer formation and ATPase activity in vivo." SIGNOR-255918 PRKCG protein P05129 UNIPROT RAF1 protein P04049 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser619 SLPKINRsASEPSLH 9606 8288587 t gcesareni "Pkc can effectively phosphorylate raf-1, this is a direct effect of activated pkc and not the result of raf-1 autophosphorylation." SIGNOR-37545 PPP2CA protein P67775 UNIPROT FOXO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF27 SIGNOR up-regulates dephosphorylation Ser253 APRRRAVsMDNSNKY 9606 18593906 t gcesareni "Pp2a-mediated dephosphorylation of t32/s253 is required for dissociation of 14-3-3, nuclear translocation, and transcriptional activation of foxo3a." SIGNOR-252971 PPP2CA protein P67775 UNIPROT FOXO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF27 SIGNOR up-regulates dephosphorylation Ser253 APRRRAVsMDNSNKY 9606 20110348 t gcesareni "Protein phosphatase 2a reactivates foxo3a through a dynamic interplay with 14-3-3 and aktpp2a-mediated dephosphorylation of t32/s253 is required for dissociation of 14-3-3, nuclear translocation, and transcriptional activation of foxo3a." SIGNOR-252973 PPP2CA protein P67775 UNIPROT FOXO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF27 SIGNOR up-regulates dephosphorylation Thr32 QSRPRSCtWPLQRPE 9606 20110348 t gcesareni "Protein phosphatase 2a reactivates foxo3a through a dynamic interplay with 14-3-3 and aktpp2a-mediated dephosphorylation of t32/s253 is required for dissociation of 14-3-3, nuclear translocation, and transcriptional activation of foxo3a." SIGNOR-252974 PRKAA1 protein Q13131 UNIPROT FOXO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF27 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser399 DNITLPPsQPSPTGG 9606 BTO:0000007 17711846 t gcesareni "Phosphorylation by AMPK leads to the activtion of FOXO3 transcriptional activity without affecting FOXO3 subcellular localization." SIGNOR-252975 PRKAA1 protein Q13131 UNIPROT FOXO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF27 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser413 GLMQRSSsFPYTTKG 9606 BTO:0000007 17711846 t gcesareni "Phosphorylation by AMPK leads to the activtion of FOXO3 transcriptional activity without affecting FOXO3 subcellular localization." SIGNOR-252976 PRKAA1 protein Q13131 UNIPROT FOXO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF27 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser555 RALSNSVsNMGLSES 9606 BTO:0000007 17711846 t gcesareni "Phosphorylation by AMPK leads to the activtion of FOXO3 transcriptional activity without affecting FOXO3 subcellular localization." SIGNOR-252977 PRKAA1 protein Q13131 UNIPROT FOXO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF27 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser588 QTLSDSLsGSSLYST 9606 BTO:0000007 17711846 t gcesareni "Phosphorylation by AMPK leads to the activtion of FOXO3 transcriptional activity without affecting FOXO3 subcellular localization." SIGNOR-252978 PRKAA1 protein Q13131 UNIPROT FOXO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF27 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser626 SLECDMEsIIRSELM 9606 BTO:0000007 17711846 t gcesareni "Phosphorylation by AMPK leads to the activtion of FOXO3 transcriptional activity without affecting FOXO3 subcellular localization." SIGNOR-252979 PRKAA1 protein Q13131 UNIPROT FOXO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF27 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr179 SSPDKRLtLSQIYEW 9606 BTO:0000007 17711846 t gcesareni "Phosphorylation by AMPK leads to the activtion of FOXO3 transcriptional activity without affecting FOXO3 subcellular localization." SIGNOR-252980 RALA protein P11233 UNIPROT FOXO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF27 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr451 PIPKALGtPVLTPPT 10090 BTO:0000944 11689711 t gcesareni "We conclude that Ral-mediated phosphorylation of threonines 447 and 451 is required for proper activity of AFX-WT." SIGNOR-252984 RALA protein P11233 UNIPROT FOXO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF27 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr455 ALGTPVLtPPTEAAS 10090 BTO:0000944 11689711 t gcesareni "We conclude that Ral-mediated phosphorylation of threonines 447 and 451 is required for proper activity of AFX-WT." SIGNOR-252985 SGK1 protein O00141 UNIPROT FOXO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF27 SIGNOR "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser253 APRRRAVsMDNSNKY 9606 BTO:0000007 11154281 t lperfetto "Protein kinase SGK mediates survival signals by phosphorylating the forkhead transcription factor FKHRL1 (FOXO3a)|However, SGK and Akt display differences with respect to the efficacy with which they phosphorylate the three regulatory sites on FKHRL1. While both kinases can phosphorylate Thr-32, SGK displays a marked preference for Ser-315 whereas Akt favors Ser-253. These findings suggest that SGK and Akt may coordinately regulate the function of FKHRL1 by phosphorylating this transcription factor at distinct sites. The efficient phosphorylation of these three sites on FKHRL1 by SGK and Akt appears to be critical to the ability of growth factors to suppress FKHRL1-dependent transcription, thereby preventing FKHRL1 from inducing cell cycle arrest and apoptosis." SIGNOR-252987 STK4 protein Q13043 UNIPROT FOXO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF27 SIGNOR up-regulates phosphorylation Ser209 SSAGWKNsIRHNLSL 9606 BTO:0000782 BTO:0001253 22898666 t gcesareni "Bonni and coworkers demonstrated that mst1 can phosphorylate foxo3 (and subsequently, foxo1) principally ser207 (ser212 in foxo1), a conserved site in the forkhead domain. This phosphorylation interdicts 14-3-3 binding, promotes foxo nuclear residence and transcriptional activity." SIGNOR-253000 STK4 protein Q13043 UNIPROT FOXO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF27 SIGNOR up-regulates phosphorylation Ser209 SSAGWKNsIRHNLSL 9606 18394876 t gcesareni "Bonni and coworkers demonstrated that mst1 can phosphorylate foxo3 (and subsequently, foxo1) principally ser207 (ser212 in foxo1), a conserved site in the forkhead domain. This phosphorylation interdicts 14-3-3 binding, promotes foxo nuclear residence and transcriptional activity." SIGNOR-253001 MET protein P08581 UNIPROT MET protein P08581 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr1234 RDMYDKEyYSVHNKT 9606 8302603 t lperfetto "Previous work has shown that autophosphorylation of p190met enhances its enzymatic activity and that the major phosphorylation site is tyr1235, located in the catalytic domainonly the replacement of both tyr1234 and tyr1235 yielded a mutant which completely lost the ability to be activated by autophosphorylation" SIGNOR-37723 SGK1 protein O00141 UNIPROT FOXO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF27 SIGNOR "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser315 DFRSRTNsNASTVSG 9606 BTO:0000007 11154281 t lperfetto "We show here that sgk1, like akt, promotes cell survival and that it does so in part by phosphorylating and inactivating fkhrl1. However, sgk and akt display differences with respect to the efficacy with which they phosphorylate the three regulatory sites on fkhrl1. While both kinases can phosphorylate thr-32, sgk displays a marked preference for ser-315 whereas akt favors ser-253." SIGNOR-252989 SGK2 protein Q9HBY8 UNIPROT FOXO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF27 SIGNOR "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser253 APRRRAVsMDNSNKY 9606 BTO:0000007 11154281 t lperfetto "Protein kinase SGK mediates survival signals by phosphorylating the forkhead transcription factor FKHRL1 (FOXO3a)|However, SGK and Akt display differences with respect to the efficacy with which they phosphorylate the three regulatory sites on FKHRL1. While both kinases can phosphorylate Thr-32, SGK displays a marked preference for Ser-315 whereas Akt favors Ser-253. These findings suggest that SGK and Akt may coordinately regulate the function of FKHRL1 by phosphorylating this transcription factor at distinct sites. The efficient phosphorylation of these three sites on FKHRL1 by SGK and Akt appears to be critical to the ability of growth factors to suppress FKHRL1-dependent transcription, thereby preventing FKHRL1 from inducing cell cycle arrest and apoptosis." SIGNOR-252990 SGK2 protein Q9HBY8 UNIPROT FOXO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF27 SIGNOR "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr32 QSRPRSCtWPLQRPE 9606 BTO:0000007 11154281 t lperfetto "Protein kinase SGK mediates survival signals by phosphorylating the forkhead transcription factor FKHRL1 (FOXO3a)|However, SGK and Akt display differences with respect to the efficacy with which they phosphorylate the three regulatory sites on FKHRL1. While both kinases can phosphorylate Thr-32, SGK displays a marked preference for Ser-315 whereas Akt favors Ser-253. These findings suggest that SGK and Akt may coordinately regulate the function of FKHRL1 by phosphorylating this transcription factor at distinct sites. The efficient phosphorylation of these three sites on FKHRL1 by SGK and Akt appears to be critical to the ability of growth factors to suppress FKHRL1-dependent transcription, thereby preventing FKHRL1 from inducing cell cycle arrest and apoptosis." SIGNOR-252991 SGK3 protein Q96BR1 UNIPROT FOXO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF27 SIGNOR "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser253 APRRRAVsMDNSNKY 9606 BTO:0000007 11154281 t lperfetto "Protein kinase SGK mediates survival signals by phosphorylating the forkhead transcription factor FKHRL1 (FOXO3a)|However, SGK and Akt display differences with respect to the efficacy with which they phosphorylate the three regulatory sites on FKHRL1. While both kinases can phosphorylate Thr-32, SGK displays a marked preference for Ser-315 whereas Akt favors Ser-253. These findings suggest that SGK and Akt may coordinately regulate the function of FKHRL1 by phosphorylating this transcription factor at distinct sites. The efficient phosphorylation of these three sites on FKHRL1 by SGK and Akt appears to be critical to the ability of growth factors to suppress FKHRL1-dependent transcription, thereby preventing FKHRL1 from inducing cell cycle arrest and apoptosis." SIGNOR-252992 STK4 protein Q13043 UNIPROT FOXO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF27 SIGNOR up-regulates phosphorylation Ser212 SSAGWKNsIRHNLSL 9606 BTO:0000782 BTO:0001253 22898666 t gcesareni "Bonni and coworkers demonstrated that mst1 can phosphorylate foxo3 (and subsequently, foxo1) principally ser207 (ser212 in foxo1), a conserved site in the forkhead domain. This phosphorylation interdicts 14-3-3 binding, promotes foxo nuclear residence and transcriptional activity. The other major signaling modules that directly regulate the activity of the foxo factors include the stress-activated jun-n-terminal kinase (jnk), the mammalian ortholog of the ste20-like protein kinase (mst1), and the deacetylase sirt1." SIGNOR-252998 STK4 protein Q13043 UNIPROT FOXO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF27 SIGNOR up-regulates phosphorylation Ser212 SSAGWKNsIRHNLSL 9606 18394876 t gcesareni "Bonni and coworkers demonstrated that mst1 can phosphorylate foxo3 (and subsequently, foxo1) principally ser207 (ser212 in foxo1), a conserved site in the forkhead domain. This phosphorylation interdicts 14-3-3 binding, promotes foxo nuclear residence and transcriptional activity. The other major signaling modules that directly regulate the activity of the foxo factors include the stress-activated jun-n-terminal kinase (jnk), the mammalian ortholog of the ste20-like protein kinase (mst1), and the deacetylase sirt1." SIGNOR-252999 GSK3B protein P49841 UNIPROT GYS1 protein P13807 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser641 YRYPRPAsVPPSPSL -1 6772446 t "Glycogen synthase kinase-3 phosphorylates three serine residues on glycogen synthase (sites 3a, 3b and 3c) which are all located in the same nine-amino-acid segment of the polypeptide chain. The sequence in this region is: Arg-Tyr-Pro-Arg-Pro-Ala-Ser(P)-Val-Pro-Pro-Ser(P)-Pro-Ser-Leu-Ser(P)-Arg-." SIGNOR-253005 GSK3B protein P49841 UNIPROT GYS1 protein P13807 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser645 RPASVPPsPSLSRHS -1 6772446 t "Glycogen synthase kinase-3 phosphorylates three serine residues on glycogen synthase (sites 3a, 3b and 3c) which are all located in the same nine-amino-acid segment of the polypeptide chain. The sequence in this region is: Arg-Tyr-Pro-Arg-Pro-Ala-Ser(P)-Val-Pro-Pro-Ser(P)-Pro-Ser-Leu-Ser(P)-Arg-." SIGNOR-253006 GSK3B protein P49841 UNIPROT GYS1 protein P13807 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser649 VPPSPSLsRHSSPHQ -1 6772446 t "Glycogen synthase kinase-3 phosphorylates three serine residues on glycogen synthase (sites 3a, 3b and 3c) which are all located in the same nine-amino-acid segment of the polypeptide chain. The sequence in this region is: Arg-Tyr-Pro-Arg-Pro-Ala-Ser(P)-Val-Pro-Pro-Ser(P)-Pro-Ser-Leu-Ser(P)-Arg-." SIGNOR-253007 PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT GYS1 protein P13807 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser8 MPLNRTLsMSSLPGL -1 6263629 t "A reinvestigation of the phosphorylation of Rabbit Skeletal-muscle glycogen synthase by cyclic AMP dependent Protein Kinase: identification of the third site of phosphorylation at Serine-7" SIGNOR-253008 PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT GYS1 protein P13807 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser698 PEWPRRAsCTSSTSG -1 196939 t "The results presented in this paper show that the phosphorylation of glycogen synthetase a by cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase results in the phosphorylation of two distinct serines termed site-l and site-2, which account for 90% of the total phosphorylation" SIGNOR-253009 TEK protein Q02763 UNIPROT TEK protein Q02763 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr897 GACEHRGyLYLAIEY -1 11080633 t lperfetto "The Tie2 nucleotide binding loop is in an inhibitory conformation, which is not seen in other kinase structures, while its activation loop adopts an activated-like conformation in the absence of phosphorylation. Tyr-897, located in the N-terminal domain, may negatively regulate the activity of Tie2 by preventing dimerization of the kinase domains or by recruiting phosphatases when it is phosphorylated." SIGNOR-246662 SPRY4 protein Q9C004 UNIPROT TESK1 protein Q15569 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 9606 15584898 t miannu "Spry4 negatively regulates the kinase activity of TESK1 by associating with it through the C-terminal cysteine-rich region of Spry4" SIGNOR-253032 MET protein P08581 UNIPROT MET protein P08581 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr1235 DMYDKEYySVHNKTG 9606 8302603 t lperfetto "Previous work has shown that autophosphorylation of p190met enhances its enzymatic activity and that the major phosphorylation site is tyr1235, located in the catalytic domainonly the replacement of both tyr1234 and tyr1235 yielded a mutant which completely lost the ability to be activated by autophosphorylation" SIGNOR-37727 CCR1 protein P32246 UNIPROT Differentiation phenotype SIGNOR-PH37 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 25230753 f "CCL3, an eosinophil precursor-produced chemokine that signals through CCR1, promotes terminal differentiation of CCR1-positive eosinophil precursors in the absence of IL-5, highlighting an autocrine loop capable of sustaining eosinophil differentiation" SIGNOR-254369 CDK7 protein P50613 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser1668 SPSYSPTsPSYSPTS 9606 14662762 t lperfetto "Although there is some inconsistency in the literature, it is generally thought that cdk7, a component of the transcription factor (tf) iih, is a major ser-5 kinase, whereas cdk9, a component of positive transcription elongation factor (p-tef) b, is a major ser-2 kinase within cells. These results suggest that subsequent to h2o2 treatment, the ser-5-phosphorylated form, but not the ser-2-phosphorylated form or the unphosphorylated form, is targeted for rapid proteasomal degradation through its ubiquitination." SIGNOR-120008 ABL1 protein P00519 UNIPROT MYOD1 protein P15172 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr30 FATTDDFyDDPCFDSP 9606 BTO:0000007 12415271 t "We have found that c-Abl can phosphorylate MyoD at a conserved N-terminal tyrosine (Tyr30) that is located within the transactivation domain. Mutation of Tyr30 to Phe does not interfere with the function of MyoD, but theTyr30Phe mutant becomes resistant to the inhibitory effect of DNA damage." SIGNOR-253055 PTPN11 protein Q06124 UNIPROT PTK2 protein Q05397 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation Tyr577 YMEDSTYyKASKGKL 9606 16920701 t gcesareni "Dca concomitantly and significantly increased association of tyrosine phosphatase shp2 with fak. Incubation of immunoprecipitated fak, in vitro, with glutathione-s-transferase-shp2 fusion protein resulted in tyrosine dephosphorylation of fak in a concentration-dependent manner." SIGNOR-148926 Ruxolitinib chemical CID:25126798 PUBCHEM JAK2 protein O60674 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-206670 SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT ENO1 protein P06733 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr44 SGASTGIyEALELRD 9606 BTO:0000887 7629021 t lperfetto "The present finding suggested that the tyrosine residue at position 44 in chicken alpha-enolase is the phosphorylation site by the tyrosine kinase. Our data suggest that eno1 was upregulated by caga protein through activating the src and mek/erk signal pathways" SIGNOR-30126 MAPK14 protein Q16539 UNIPROT DLX5 protein P56178 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser34 MHHPSQEsPTLPESS 10090 BTO:0000165 18056716 t ggiuliani "We show that Dlx5 is a novel substrate for p38 MAPK in vitro and in vivo and that Ser-34 and Ser-217 are the sites phosphorylated by p38" SIGNOR-255792 MAP2K3 protein P46734 UNIPROT MAPK14 protein Q16539 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr180 RHTDDEMtGYVATRW 9606 8622669 t lperfetto "Mkk3 is a protein kinase that phosphorylates and activates p38 map kinase but does not phosphorylate the related jnk or erk map kinases." SIGNOR-40349 CDK7 protein P50613 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser1696 SPSYSPTsPSYSPTS 9606 14662762 t lperfetto "Although there is some inconsistency in the literature, it is generally thought that cdk7, a component of the transcription factor (tf) iih, is a major ser-5 kinase, whereas cdk9, a component of positive transcription elongation factor (p-tef) b, is a major ser-2 kinase within cells. These results suggest that subsequent to h2o2 treatment, the ser-5-phosphorylated form, but not the ser-2-phosphorylated form or the unphosphorylated form, is targeted for rapid proteasomal degradation through its ubiquitination." SIGNOR-120016 CDK7 protein P50613 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser1675 SPSYSPTsPSYSPTS 9606 14662762 t lperfetto "Although there is some inconsistency in the literature, it is generally thought that cdk7, a component of the transcription factor (tf) iih, is a major ser-5 kinase, whereas cdk9, a component of positive transcription elongation factor (p-tef) b, is a major ser-2 kinase within cells. These results suggest that subsequent to h2o2 treatment, the ser-5-phosphorylated form, but not the ser-2-phosphorylated form or the unphosphorylated form, is targeted for rapid proteasomal degradation through its ubiquitination." SIGNOR-120012 PKA proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF17 SIGNOR "SMN complex" complex SIGNOR-C158 SIGNOR "up-regulates quantity by stabilization" phosphorylation 9606 BTO:0000007 19103745 t lperfetto "PKA increases SMN complex formation and SMN stability." SIGNOR-253122 SGK1 protein O00141 UNIPROT FOXO1 protein Q12778 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr24 LPRPRSCtWPLPRPE 10090 BTO:0000011 19965929 t "We demonstrate that SGK1 affects differentiation by direct phosphorylation of Foxo1, thereby changing its cellular localization from the nucleus to the cytosol. In addition we show that SGK1-/- cells are unable to relocalize Foxo1 to the cytosol in response to dexamethasone." SIGNOR-255925 CDK7 protein P50613 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser1717 SPSYSPTsPSYSPTS 9606 14662762 t lperfetto "Although there is some inconsistency in the literature, it is generally thought that cdk7, a component of the transcription factor (tf) iih, is a major ser-5 kinase, whereas cdk9, a component of positive transcription elongation factor (p-tef) b, is a major ser-2 kinase within cells. These results suggest that subsequent to h2o2 treatment, the ser-5-phosphorylated form, but not the ser-2-phosphorylated form or the unphosphorylated form, is targeted for rapid proteasomal degradation through its ubiquitination." SIGNOR-120020 CDK7 protein P50613 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser1724 SPSYSPTsPSYSPTS 9606 14662762 t lperfetto "Although there is some inconsistency in the literature, it is generally thought that cdk7, a component of the transcription factor (tf) iih, is a major ser-5 kinase, whereas cdk9, a component of positive transcription elongation factor (p-tef) b, is a major ser-2 kinase within cells. These results suggest that subsequent to h2o2 treatment, the ser-5-phosphorylated form, but not the ser-2-phosphorylated form or the unphosphorylated form, is targeted for rapid proteasomal degradation through its ubiquitination." SIGNOR-120024 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser1619 SPSYSPTsPSYSPTS 9606 14662762 t lperfetto "Erk1/2 are major ser-5 kinases after h2o2 treatment. These results suggest that subsequent to h2o2 treatment, the ser-5-phosphorylated form, but not the ser-2-phosphorylated form or the unphosphorylated form, is targeted for rapid proteasomal degradation through its ubiquitination." SIGNOR-120084 CDK7 protein P50613 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser1738 SPSYSPTsPSYSPTS 9606 14662762 t lperfetto "Although there is some inconsistency in the literature, it is generally thought that cdk7, a component of the transcription factor (tf) iih, is a major ser-5 kinase, whereas cdk9, a component of positive transcription elongation factor (p-tef) b, is a major ser-2 kinase within cells. These results suggest that subsequent to h2o2 treatment, the ser-5-phosphorylated form, but not the ser-2-phosphorylated form or the unphosphorylated form, is targeted for rapid proteasomal degradation through its ubiquitination." SIGNOR-120028 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser1913 SPKYSPTsPTYSPTS 9606 14662762 t lperfetto "Erk1/2 are major ser-5 kinases after h2o2 treatment. These results suggest that subsequent to h2o2 treatment, the ser-5-phosphorylated form, but not the ser-2-phosphorylated form or the unphosphorylated form, is targeted for rapid proteasomal degradation through its ubiquitination." SIGNOR-120148 CDK7 protein P50613 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser1766 SPSYSPTsPSYSPTS 9606 14662762 t lperfetto "Although there is some inconsistency in the literature, it is generally thought that cdk7, a component of the transcription factor (tf) iih, is a major ser-5 kinase, whereas cdk9, a component of positive transcription elongation factor (p-tef) b, is a major ser-2 kinase within cells. These results suggest that subsequent to h2o2 treatment, the ser-5-phosphorylated form, but not the ser-2-phosphorylated form or the unphosphorylated form, is targeted for rapid proteasomal degradation through its ubiquitination." SIGNOR-120032 CyclinE/CDK2 complex SIGNOR-C16 SIGNOR SF3B1 protein O75533 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr248 GSETPGAtPGSKIWD 9606 12105215 t lperfetto "To map the set of phosphorylation sites in sap155-(223-322) that determine its interaction with nipp1, we have identified phosphorylation sites of cyclin e-cdk2 by the sequencing of proteolytically derived phosphopeptides. Three phosphorylation sites were identified as thr244, thr248, and thr313" SIGNOR-216666 GSK3A protein P49840 UNIPROT GATA6 protein Q92908 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" phosphorylation Ser37 REPSTPPsPISSSSS 9606 BTO:0000182 27273097 t lperfetto "Through bioinformatics and cell-based experiments, we identified the AKT-repressed signal as glycogen synthase kinase 3 (GSK3)-catalyzed phosphorylation of Ser(37) on the long form of the transcription factor GATA6. Phosphorylation of GATA6 on Ser(37) promoted its degradation, thereby preventing GATA6 from repressing transcripts that are induced by TNF and attenuated by insulin" SIGNOR-253156 DYRK1B protein Q9Y463 UNIPROT HNF1A protein P20823 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser249 IQRGVSPsQAQGLGS 9606 BTO:0000887;BTO:0001103 11980910 t lperfetto "Mirk phosphorylates hnf1 at amino acid 249mkk3 enhanced mirk kinase activity and the transcriptional activation of hnf1alpha by mirk" SIGNOR-86728 CDK7 protein P50613 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser1787 SPNYSPTsPSYSPTS 9606 14662762 t lperfetto "Although there is some inconsistency in the literature, it is generally thought that cdk7, a component of the transcription factor (tf) iih, is a major ser-5 kinase, whereas cdk9, a component of positive transcription elongation factor (p-tef) b, is a major ser-2 kinase within cells. These results suggest that subsequent to h2o2 treatment, the ser-5-phosphorylated form, but not the ser-2-phosphorylated form or the unphosphorylated form, is targeted for rapid proteasomal degradation through its ubiquitination." SIGNOR-120036 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser1696 SPSYSPTsPSYSPTS 9606 14662762 t lperfetto "Erk1/2 are major ser-5 kinases after h2o2 treatment. These results suggest that subsequent to h2o2 treatment, the ser-5-phosphorylated form, but not the ser-2-phosphorylated form or the unphosphorylated form, is targeted for rapid proteasomal degradation through its ubiquitination." SIGNOR-120104 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser1675 SPSYSPTsPSYSPTS 9606 14662762 t lperfetto "Erk1/2 are major ser-5 kinases after h2o2 treatment. These results suggest that subsequent to h2o2 treatment, the ser-5-phosphorylated form, but not the ser-2-phosphorylated form or the unphosphorylated form, is targeted for rapid proteasomal degradation through its ubiquitination." SIGNOR-120100 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser1647 SPSYSPTsPSYSPTS 9606 14662762 t lperfetto "Erk1/2 are major ser-5 kinases after h2o2 treatment. These results suggest that subsequent to h2o2 treatment, the ser-5-phosphorylated form, but not the ser-2-phosphorylated form or the unphosphorylated form, is targeted for rapid proteasomal degradation through its ubiquitination." SIGNOR-120092 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser1626 SPSYSPTsPSYSPTS 9606 14662762 t lperfetto "Erk1/2 are major ser-5 kinases after h2o2 treatment. These results suggest that subsequent to h2o2 treatment, the ser-5-phosphorylated form, but not the ser-2-phosphorylated form or the unphosphorylated form, is targeted for rapid proteasomal degradation through its ubiquitination." SIGNOR-120088 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser1717 SPSYSPTsPSYSPTS 9606 14662762 t lperfetto "Erk1/2 are major ser-5 kinases after h2o2 treatment. These results suggest that subsequent to h2o2 treatment, the ser-5-phosphorylated form, but not the ser-2-phosphorylated form or the unphosphorylated form, is targeted for rapid proteasomal degradation through its ubiquitination." SIGNOR-120108 PPP2CA protein P67775 UNIPROT EEF2 protein P13639 UNIPROT up-regulates dephosphorylation Thr57 RAGETRFtDTRKDEQ 9606 phosphorylation:Thr57 RAGETRFtDTRKDEQ 8386634 t gcesareni "Protein phosphatases-2a and -2c (pp-2a and pp-2c) can each efficiently dephosphorylate phosphorylated eef-2" SIGNOR-38561 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser1724 SPSYSPTsPSYSPTS 9606 14662762 t lperfetto "Erk1/2 are major ser-5 kinases after h2o2 treatment. These results suggest that subsequent to h2o2 treatment, the ser-5-phosphorylated form, but not the ser-2-phosphorylated form or the unphosphorylated form, is targeted for rapid proteasomal degradation through its ubiquitination." SIGNOR-120112 LAMA3 protein Q16787 UNIPROT Laminin-5 complex SIGNOR-C184 SIGNOR "form complex" binding 9211848 t lperfetto "Like the other laminins (3), Ln-5 comprises three disul- fide-bonded subunits: a3, b3, and g2." SIGNOR-253235 LRRK2 protein Q5S007 UNIPROT MSN protein P26038 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr558 LGRDKYKtLRQIRQG 9606 8537411 t lperfetto "This led to the discovery that moesin, a protein which anchors the actin cytoskeleton to the plasma membrane, is efficiently phosphorylated by lrrk2, at thr558. Moesin phosphorylation could be essential to support the cytoskeletal changes accompanying this process." SIGNOR-39433 TGFBR2 protein P37173 UNIPROT TGFBR1 protein P36897 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr200 LPLLVQRtIARTIVL 452646 7774578 t lperfetto "The tgf-beta type ii receptor (t beta r-ii) is a transmembrane serine/threonine kinase that, upon ligand binding, recruits and phosphorylates a second transmembrane kinase, t beta r-i, as a requirement for signal transduction. In contrast to the relatively innocuous nature of single site mutations in the ttsgsgsg sequence, mutation of thr200 or 204 to valine causes marked losses in ligand-induced phosphorylation and signaling." SIGNOR-32744 GSK3B/Axin/APC complex SIGNOR-C110 SIGNOR CTNNB1 protein P35222 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr41 GIHSGATtTAPSLSG 9606 BTO:0000938 BTO:0000142 19303846 t lperfetto "GSK3β regulates β-catenin stability by phosphorylating serine and threonine residues (Ser33/37 and Thr41) important for targeting β-catenin for ubiquitin-dependent proteasomal degradation" SIGNOR-227878 NCOR1 protein O75376 UNIPROT PPARG protein P37231 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 22395773 t FFerrentino "In differentiated adipocyte cell lines, SIRT1 inhibits adipogenesis and enhances fat mobilization through lipolysis by suppressing the activity of PPARγ. SIRT1 achieves this by promoting the assembly of a corepressor complex, involving NCoR1 and SMRT, on the promoters of PPARγ target genes to repress their transcription." SIGNOR-253507 WNT10B protein O00744 UNIPROT FZD1 protein Q9UP38 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 19008118 t FFerrentino "In mesenchymal precursor cells, Wnt10b (and Wnt10a) binding to frizzled (FZD1)" SIGNOR-253511 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser1766 SPSYSPTsPSYSPTS 9606 14662762 t lperfetto "Erk1/2 are major ser-5 kinases after h2o2 treatment. These results suggest that subsequent to h2o2 treatment, the ser-5-phosphorylated form, but not the ser-2-phosphorylated form or the unphosphorylated form, is targeted for rapid proteasomal degradation through its ubiquitination." SIGNOR-120120 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser1738 SPSYSPTsPSYSPTS 9606 14662762 t lperfetto "Erk1/2 are major ser-5 kinases after h2o2 treatment. These results suggest that subsequent to h2o2 treatment, the ser-5-phosphorylated form, but not the ser-2-phosphorylated form or the unphosphorylated form, is targeted for rapid proteasomal degradation through its ubiquitination." SIGNOR-120116 AMPK complex SIGNOR-C15 SIGNOR ULK1 protein O75385 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser556 GLGCRLHsAPNLSDL 9606 19584320 t lperfetto "In a screen for conserved substrates of ampk, we identified ulk1 and ulk2, mammalian orthologs of the yeast protein kinase atg1, which is required for autophagy." SIGNOR-216495 MAML1 protein Q92585 UNIPROT NOTCH1 protein P46531 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 12370315 f gcesareni "It has been shown that maml1 binds directly to the ankyrin repeat region of notch1 and forms a dna-binding complex with icn and csl" SIGNOR-94029 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR FOXA2 protein Q9Y261 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr156 9606 14500912 t "Foxa-2 physically interacts with Akt, a key mediator of the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase pathway and is phosphorylated at a single conserved site (T156) that is absent in Foxa-1 and Foxa-3 proteins. This Akt phosphorylation site in Foxa-2 is highly conserved from mammals to insects. Mutant Foxa-2T156A is resistant to Akt-mediated phosphorylation, nuclear exclusion, and transcriptional inactivation of Foxa-2-regulated gene expression." SIGNOR-254974 PI3K complex SIGNOR-C156 SIGNOR AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" 9606 12167717 f lperfetto "PKB induction requires phosphorylation of two critical residues, threonine 308 in the activation loop and serine 473 near the carboxyl terminus. Membrane localization of PKB was found to be a primary determinant of serine 473 phosphorylation. PI3K activity was equally important for promoting phosphorylation of serine 473," SIGNOR-252715 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser1787 SPNYSPTsPSYSPTS 9606 14662762 t lperfetto "Erk1/2 are major ser-5 kinases after h2o2 treatment. These results suggest that subsequent to h2o2 treatment, the ser-5-phosphorylated form, but not the ser-2-phosphorylated form or the unphosphorylated form, is targeted for rapid proteasomal degradation through its ubiquitination." SIGNOR-120124 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser1864 SPKYSPTsPKYSPTS 9606 14662762 t lperfetto "Erk1/2 are major ser-5 kinases after h2o2 treatment. These results suggest that subsequent to h2o2 treatment, the ser-5-phosphorylated form, but not the ser-2-phosphorylated form or the unphosphorylated form, is targeted for rapid proteasomal degradation through its ubiquitination." SIGNOR-120128 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser1920 SPTYSPTsPKYSPTS 9606 14662762 t lperfetto "Erk1/2 are major ser-5 kinases after h2o2 treatment. These results suggest that subsequent to h2o2 treatment, the ser-5-phosphorylated form, but not the ser-2-phosphorylated form or the unphosphorylated form, is targeted for rapid proteasomal degradation through its ubiquitination." SIGNOR-120152 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser1878 SPKYSPTsPTYSPTT 9606 14662762 t lperfetto "Erk1/2 are major ser-5 kinases after h2o2 treatment. These results suggest that subsequent to h2o2 treatment, the ser-5-phosphorylated form, but not the ser-2-phosphorylated form or the unphosphorylated form, is targeted for rapid proteasomal degradation through its ubiquitination." SIGNOR-120136 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser1871 SPKYSPTsPKYSPTS 9606 14662762 t lperfetto "Erk1/2 are major ser-5 kinases after h2o2 treatment. These results suggest that subsequent to h2o2 treatment, the ser-5-phosphorylated form, but not the ser-2-phosphorylated form or the unphosphorylated form, is targeted for rapid proteasomal degradation through its ubiquitination." SIGNOR-120132 Laminin-10 complex SIGNOR-C182 SIGNOR Laminin-10 complex SIGNOR-C182 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" binding 10090 BTO:0001086 18757303 t lperfetto "Recombinant human LN-511 alone was suffi- cient to enable self-renewal of mouse ES cells for up to 169 days (31 passages). Cells cultured on LN-511 maintained expression of pluripotency markers, such as Oct4, Sox2, Tert, UTF1, and Nanog|ES cells interacted with LN-511 via 􏰇1-integrins, mostly a6b1 and aVb1." SIGNOR-253277 MAPK14 protein Q16539 UNIPROT NR3C1 protein P04150 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser211 PGKETNEsPWRSDLL 10090 BTO:0000011 20660302 t "We demonstrate here that AMPK differentially modulates glucocorticoid action by phosphorylating the human GR at serine 211 indirectly through the activation of p38 MAPK" SIGNOR-255952 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser1944 GSTYSPTsPGYSPTS 9606 14662762 t lperfetto "Erk1/2 are major ser-5 kinases after h2o2 treatment. These results suggest that subsequent to h2o2 treatment, the ser-5-phosphorylated form, but not the ser-2-phosphorylated form or the unphosphorylated form, is targeted for rapid proteasomal degradation through its ubiquitination." SIGNOR-120164 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR ACLY protein P53396 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser455 PAPSRTAsFSESRAD 10116 BTO:0000443 12107176 t gcesareni "Taken together, these results demonstrate that serine 454 of ATP-citrate lyase is a novel and major in vivo substrate for protein kinase B." SIGNOR-245259 GSK3B protein P49841 UNIPROT NR3C1 protein P04150 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser404 SMRPDVSsPPSSSST 9606 18838540 t gcesareni "We found hormone-dependent GR phosphorylation on serine 404 by GSK-3beta [ ]Cells expressing a GR that is incapable of GSK-3beta phosphorylation had a redirection of the global transcriptional response to hormone, including the activation of additional signaling pathways, in part due to the altered ability of unphosphorylatable GR to recruit transcriptional cofactors CBP/p300 and the p65 (RelA) subunit of NF-kappaB" SIGNOR-181541 AKT2 protein P31751 UNIPROT ACLY protein P53396 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser455 PAPSRTAsFSESRAD 10116 BTO:0000443 12107176 t gcesareni "Taken together, these results demonstrate that serine 454 of ATP-citrate lyase is a novel and major in vivo substrate for protein kinase B." SIGNOR-245263 TGFBR2 protein P37173 UNIPROT TGFBR1 protein P36897 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr176 PFISEGTtLKDLIYD -1 8576253 t "giulio giuliani" "From our present data, it is not easy to deduce the mechanistic significance of serine 172 and threonine 176 of TŒ≤R-I in TGF-Œ≤ signaling. Although it was reported that TGF-Œ≤-induced phosphorylation of these residues was not detected in vivo(22), it is still possible that TŒ≤R-II may phosphorylate these residues as minor phosphorylation site(s)." SIGNOR-255961 TGFBR2 protein P37173 UNIPROT TGFBR1 protein P36897 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr200 LPLLVQRtIARTIVL -1 8576253 t "giulio giuliani" "From our present data, it is not easy to deduce the mechanistic significance of serine 172 and threonine 176 of TŒ≤R-I in TGF-Œ≤ signaling. Although it was reported that TGF-Œ≤-induced phosphorylation of these residues was not detected in vivo(22), it is still possible that TŒ≤R-II may phosphorylate these residues as minor phosphorylation site(s)." SIGNOR-255962 TNF protein P01375 UNIPROT CTSK protein P43235 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 11920402 f lperfetto "This is supported by our finding that inflammatory cytokines such as IL-1b and TNFa increase the expres- sion of cathepsin K mRNA 􏰌6–8-fold and increase the secretion of the mature enzyme." SIGNOR-253317 CTSK protein P43235 UNIPROT "ECM disassembly" phenotype SIGNOR-PH80 SIGNOR up-regulates 11920402 f lperfetto "Cathepsins K and S have been implicated in various aspects of extracellular matrix degradation and inflammatory responses." SIGNOR-253318 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser1951 SPGYSPTsPTYSLTS 9606 14662762 t lperfetto "Erk1/2 are major ser-5 kinases after h2o2 treatment. These results suggest that subsequent to h2o2 treatment, the ser-5-phosphorylated form, but not the ser-2-phosphorylated form or the unphosphorylated form, is targeted for rapid proteasomal degradation through its ubiquitination." SIGNOR-120168 ERK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF1 SIGNOR BCL2 protein P10415 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by stabilization" phosphorylation Ser87 AAAGPALsPVPPVVH 9606 BTO:0000567 10669763 t lperfetto "The results of this study reveal the following novel findings: destruction of the three putative MAP kinase sites at positions 56, 74, and 87 results in ubiquitination and subsequent degradation of the protein. Progressive inactivation of these MAP kinase sites revealed that Bcl-2 stability is mainly regulated by phosphorylation at Thr74 and Ser87, with Ser87 phosphorylation playing a predominant role. TNF-α or the MAP kinase-specific inhibitor PD98059 diminishes Ser87 phosphorylation of Bcl-2 in vivo, while activated ERK2 induces phosphorylation of Bcl-2 in vivo and in vitro." SIGNOR-244505 ERK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF1 SIGNOR BCL2 protein P10415 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by stabilization" phosphorylation Thr74 ARTSPLQtPAAPGAA 9606 BTO:0000567 10669763 t lperfetto "The results of this study reveal the following novel findings: destruction of the three putative MAP kinase sites at positions 56, 74, and 87 results in ubiquitination and subsequent degradation of the protein. Progressive inactivation of these MAP kinase sites revealed that Bcl-2 stability is mainly regulated by phosphorylation at Thr74 and Ser87, with Ser87 phosphorylation playing a predominant role. TNF-α or the MAP kinase-specific inhibitor PD98059 diminishes Ser87 phosphorylation of Bcl-2 in vivo, while activated ERK2 induces phosphorylation of Bcl-2 in vivo and in vitro." SIGNOR-244494 ERK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF1 SIGNOR BCL2 protein P10415 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr56 FSSQPGHtPHPAASR 9606 10669763 t lperfetto "The results of this study reveal the following novel findings: destruction of the three putative MAP kinase sites at positions 56, 74, and 87 results in ubiquitination and subsequent degradation of the protein. Progressive inactivation of these MAP kinase sites revealed that Bcl-2 stability is mainly regulated by phosphorylation at Thr74 and Ser87, with Ser87 phosphorylation playing a predominant role. TNF-α or the MAP kinase-specific inhibitor PD98059 diminishes Ser87 phosphorylation of Bcl-2 in vivo, while activated ERK2 induces phosphorylation of Bcl-2 in vivo and in vitro." SIGNOR-244610 COL2A1 protein P02458 UNIPROT "A10/b1 integrin" complex SIGNOR-C167 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000249 25169886 t lperfetto "Isolation, cloning, and sequence analysis of the integrin subunit alpha10, a beta1-associated collagen binding integrin expressed on chondrocytes." SIGNOR-253347 IKK-complex complex SIGNOR-C14 SIGNOR NFKBIA protein P25963 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser32 LLDDRHDsGLDSMKD 9606 9346241 t lperfetto "We described the purification of a 900 kda protein kinase complex, the ikb kinase (ikk), that phosphorylates ikbalfa and ikbbeta at the sites that mediate their ubiquitination and degradation" SIGNOR-216385 IKK-complex complex SIGNOR-C14 SIGNOR NFKBIA protein P25963 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser36 RHDSGLDsMKDEEYE 9606 9346241 t lperfetto "We described the purification of a 900 kda protein kinase complex, the ikb kinase (ikk), that phosphorylates ikbalfa and ikbbeta at the sites that mediate their ubiquitination and degradation" SIGNOR-216389 IKK-complex complex SIGNOR-C14 SIGNOR NCOR2 protein Q9Y618 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser2418 AKVSGRPsSRKAKSP 9606 15494311 t "Translocation from Nucleus to Cytoplasm" lperfetto "Nf-kappab transcription requires ikkalpha to phosphorylate smrt on chromatin, stimulating the exchange of corepressor for coactivator complexes. Ikk directly phosphorylates smrt to stimulate nuclear export. Ikkalpha orchestrates smrt derepression, a prerequisite for nf-kappab transcription and survival." SIGNOR-216393 LCK protein P06239 UNIPROT DEF6 protein Q9H4E7 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr133 NFLSEDKyPLIMVPD 9606 BTO:0000661 18976935 t lperfetto "Here, we report that the T cell receptor (TCR)-induced translocation of SLAT to the immunological synapse required Lck-mediated phosphorylation of two tyrosine residues located in an immunoreceptor tyrosine-based activation motif-like sequence but was independent of the SLAT PH domain. This subcellular relocalization was coupled to, and necessary for, activation of the NFAT pathway|These results indicate that SLAT undergoes Lck-dependent phosphorylation on Tyr-144 and Tyr-133 upon TCR and CD28 stimulation." SIGNOR-253367 LCK protein P06239 UNIPROT DEF6 protein Q9H4E7 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr144 MVPDEVEyLLKKVLS 9606 BTO:0000661 18976935 t lperfetto "Here, we report that the T cell receptor (TCR)-induced translocation of SLAT to the immunological synapse required Lck-mediated phosphorylation of two tyrosine residues located in an immunoreceptor tyrosine-based activation motif-like sequence but was independent of the SLAT PH domain. This subcellular relocalization was coupled to, and necessary for, activation of the NFAT pathway|These results indicate that SLAT undergoes Lck-dependent phosphorylation on Tyr-144 and Tyr-133 upon TCR and CD28 stimulation." SIGNOR-253368 IKK-complex complex SIGNOR-C14 SIGNOR IKBKG protein Q9Y6K9 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser43 PAMLHLPsEQGAPET 9606 17977820 t lperfetto "In this study we analyze the ikkbeta-mediated phosphorylation of the ikk-binding domain of nemo. In vitro, ikkbeta phosphorylates three serine residues in the domain of nemo at positions 43, 68, and 85. However, mutational analysis revealed that only the phosphorylation of serine 68 in the center of the ikk-binding domain plays an essential role for the formation and the function of the ikk complex. Thus, ser(68) phosphorylation attenuates the amino-terminal dimerization of nemo as well as the ikkbeta-nemo interaction. I" SIGNOR-216403 IKK-complex complex SIGNOR-C14 SIGNOR FOXO3 protein O43524 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser644 GLDFNFDsLISTQNV 9606 BTO:0000150 15084260 t lperfetto "Ikappab kinase promotes tumorigenesis through inhibition of forkhead foxo3a. The tnf treatment of ht-29 cells increased ikk-dependent foxo3 ser644 phosphorylation." SIGNOR-216407 AMPK complex SIGNOR-C15 SIGNOR ULK1 protein O75385 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser638 FDFPKTPsSQNLLAL 9606 19584320 t lperfetto "In a screen for conserved substrates of ampk, we identified ulk1 and ulk2, mammalian orthologs of the yeast protein kinase atg1, which is required for autophagy." SIGNOR-216499 SB-505124 chemical CID:9858940 PUBCHEM TGFBR1 protein P36897 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 14978253 t gcesareni "Sb-505124 is a selective inhibitor of transforming growth factor-beta type i receptors alk4, alk5, and alk7." SIGNOR-122910 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser1619 SPSYSPTsPSYSPTS 9606 14662762 t lperfetto "Erk1/2 are major ser-5 kinases after h2o2 treatment. These results suggest that subsequent to h2o2 treatment, the ser-5-phosphorylated form, but not the ser-2-phosphorylated form or the unphosphorylated form, is targeted for rapid proteasomal degradation through its ubiquitination." SIGNOR-120172 RAF1 protein P04049 UNIPROT MEK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF25 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation 9606 BTO:0000975 11018021 t lperfetto "The best characterized Raf substrates are MEK1 and MEK2. The activation of MEK1/2 by Raf is required to mediate many of the cellular responses to Raf activation, suggesting that MEK1/2 are the dominant Raf effector proteins." SIGNOR-244945 ATR protein Q13535 UNIPROT CHEK2 protein O96017 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr68 SSLETVStQELYSIP 9606 BTO:0000007 10973490 t lperfetto "Atm- and rad3-related also phosphorylates thr68 in addition to thr26 and ser50, which are not phosphorylated to a significant extent by atm in vitro.Substitution of thr68 with ala reduced the extent of phosphorylation and activation of chk2 in response to ir" SIGNOR-81442 AMPK complex SIGNOR-C15 SIGNOR CDC27 protein P30260 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser379 NALPRRSsRLFTSDS 9606 22137581 t lperfetto "Using this approach for ppp1r12c, baiap2, and cdc27, we found that mutation of a single serine to alanine (s452, s366, and s379, respectively) resulted in an almost complete loss of ampk phosphorylation in these proteins" SIGNOR-216434 ERK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF1 SIGNOR SOS1 protein Q07889 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser1193 QPTSKAYsPRYSISD 9606 20724475 t lperfetto "ERK activation was sufficient for the SOS1 phosphorylation and resulting inhibition of EGF-induced Ras activation. This result also showed that SOS1 could be phosphorylated by ERK in the absence of association with EGFR at the plasma membrane, which is a phosphotyrosine-dependent process." SIGNOR-244747 ERK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF1 SIGNOR SOS1 protein Q07889 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser1178 IMSKHLDsPPAIPPR 9606 20724475 t lperfetto "ERK activation was sufficient for the SOS1 phosphorylation and resulting inhibition of EGF-induced Ras activation. This result also showed that SOS1 could be phosphorylated by ERK in the absence of association with EGFR at the plasma membrane, which is a phosphotyrosine-dependent process." SIGNOR-244743 PPARGC1A protein Q9UBK2 UNIPROT GPX1 protein P07203 UNIPROT up-regulates 10090 18074631 f lperfetto "In fact, experiments with either genetic knockouts or RNAi for the PGC1s show that the ability of ROS to induce a ROS scavenging programme depends entirely on the PGC1s. This includes genes encoding mitochondrial proteins like SOD2, but also includes cytoplasmic proteins such as catalase and GPX1. Cells lacking PGC1alpha are hypersensitive to death from oxidative stress caused by H2O2 or paraquat." SIGNOR-253396 ROS stimulus SIGNOR-ST2 SIGNOR PPARGC1A protein Q9UBK2 UNIPROT up-regulates 10090 18074631 f lperfetto "In fact, experiments with either genetic knockouts or RNAi for the PGC1s show that the ability of ROS to induce a ROS scavenging programme depends entirely on the PGC1s. This includes genes encoding mitochondrial proteins like SOD2, but also includes cytoplasmic proteins such as catalase and GPX1. Cells lacking PGC1alpha are hypersensitive to death from oxidative stress caused by H2O2 or paraquat." SIGNOR-253397 JAK3 protein P52333 UNIPROT STAT3 protein P40763 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation 9606 30029643 t "Since Jak-STAT pathway primarily activated in IL-15-me- diated cell proliferation, we tested whether it is also participates in IL-15-mediated proliferation of FAPs. Interestingly, we found the expression of phospho-Jak3 and phospho-Tyk2, as well as their downstream, phospho- STAT3 and phospho-STAT5, was significantly upregulated" SIGNOR-256254 TYK2 protein P29597 UNIPROT STAT3 protein P40763 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation 9606 30029643 t "Since Jak-STAT pathway primarily activated in IL-15-me- diated cell proliferation, we tested whether it is also participates in IL-15-mediated proliferation of FAPs. Interestingly, we found the expression of phospho-Jak3 and phospho-Tyk2, as well as their downstream, phospho- STAT3 and phospho-STAT5, was significantly upregulated" SIGNOR-256255 Mocetinostat chemical CID:9865515 PUBCHEM HDAC2 protein Q92769 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-194548 AMPK complex SIGNOR-C15 SIGNOR TSC2 protein P49815 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser1387 QPLSKSSsSPELQTL 9606 16959574 t lperfetto "We have observed that ampk directly phosphorylates tsc2, and the ampk-dependent phosphorylation of tsc2 is critical for the coordination between cell growth and cellular energy levels. Phosphorylation of tsc2 by ampk is required for translation regulation and cell size control in response to energy deprivation." SIGNOR-216438 AMPK complex SIGNOR-C15 SIGNOR NOS3 protein P29474 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser1177 TSRIRTQsFSLQERQ 9606 11729179 t lperfetto "Recently many investigators have shown that protein phosphorylation of enos by several serine/threonine kinases is a critical control step for no production by endothelial cells. Phosphorylation by amp kinase, akt (or protein kinase b), or protein kinase a on serine 1179 (bovine) or serine 1177 (human) of enos leads to enhanced activity of the enzyme and, thus, augmented production of no." SIGNOR-216445 AMPK complex SIGNOR-C15 SIGNOR ULK1 protein O75385 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser317 SHLASPPsLGEMQQL 9606 21205641 t lperfetto "In a screen for conserved substrates of ampk, we identified ulk1 and ulk2, mammalian orthologs of the yeast protein kinase atg1, which is required for autophagy." SIGNOR-216453 AMPK complex SIGNOR-C15 SIGNOR ULK1 protein O75385 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser556 GLGCRLHsAPNLSDL 9606 21205641 t lperfetto "In a screen for conserved substrates of ampk, we identified ulk1 and ulk2, mammalian orthologs of the yeast protein kinase atg1, which is required for autophagy." SIGNOR-216457 AMPK complex SIGNOR-C15 SIGNOR KPNA2 protein P52292 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser105 QAARKLLsREKQPPI 9606 15342649 t lperfetto "Ampk phosphorylated importin alpha1 on ser(105). Accordingly, expression of importin alpha1 proteins bearing k22r or s105a mutations failed to mediate the nuclear import of hur in intact cells. Our results point to importin alpha1 as a critical downstream target of ampk and key mediator of ampk-triggered hur nuclear import." SIGNOR-216449 AMPK complex SIGNOR-C15 SIGNOR KLC2 protein Q9H0B6 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser582 PRMKRASsLNFLNKS 9606 21725060 t lperfetto "Consistent with phosphorylation of both ser545 and ser582 of klc2 contributing to its 14-3-3 binding, a ser545ala mutant of klc2 could be phosphorylated in vitro by ampk on ser582" SIGNOR-216468 AMPK complex SIGNOR-C15 SIGNOR TP53 protein P04637 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser15 PSVEPPLsQETFSDL 9606 15866171 t lperfetto "Ampk activation induces phosphorylation of p53 on serine 15, and this phosphorylation is required to initiate ampk-dependent cell-cycle arrest" SIGNOR-216475 IL10 protein P22301 UNIPROT SCN2A protein Q99250 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 10116 BTO:0000938 BTO:0001264 23357618 f miannu "Interleukin-10 down-regulates voltage gated sodium channels in rat dorsal root ganglion neurons. Consistent with the electrophysiological results, real-time PCR and western blot revealed that IL-10 (200 pg/ml) down-regulated VGSCs in both mRNA and protein levels and reversed the up-regulation of VGSCs by TNF-α." SIGNOR-253499 IL10 protein P22301 UNIPROT SCN4A protein P35499 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 10116 BTO:0000938 BTO:0001264 23357618 f miannu "Interleukin-10 down-regulates voltage gated sodium channels in rat dorsal root ganglion neurons. Consistent with the electrophysiological results, real-time PCR and western blot revealed that IL-10 (200 pg/ml) down-regulated VGSCs in both mRNA and protein levels and reversed the up-regulation of VGSCs by TNF-α." SIGNOR-253500 IL10 protein P22301 UNIPROT SCN8A protein Q9UQD0 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 10116 BTO:0000938 BTO:0001264 23357618 f miannu "Interleukin-10 down-regulates voltage gated sodium channels in rat dorsal root ganglion neurons. Consistent with the electrophysiological results, real-time PCR and western blot revealed that IL-10 (200 pg/ml) down-regulated VGSCs in both mRNA and protein levels and reversed the up-regulation of VGSCs by TNF-α." SIGNOR-253501 IL10 protein P22301 UNIPROT SCN11A protein Q9UI33 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 10116 BTO:0000938 BTO:0001264 23357618 f miannu "Interleukin-10 down-regulates voltage gated sodium channels in rat dorsal root ganglion neurons. Consistent with the electrophysiological results, real-time PCR and western blot revealed that IL-10 (200 pg/ml) down-regulated VGSCs in both mRNA and protein levels and reversed the up-regulation of VGSCs by TNF-α." SIGNOR-253502 IL10 protein P22301 UNIPROT SCN10A protein Q9Y5Y9 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 10116 BTO:0000938 BTO:0001264 23357618 f miannu "Interleukin-10 down-regulates voltage gated sodium channels in rat dorsal root ganglion neurons. Consistent with the electrophysiological results, real-time PCR and western blot revealed that IL-10 (200 pg/ml) down-regulated VGSCs in both mRNA and protein levels and reversed the up-regulation of VGSCs by TNF-α." SIGNOR-253503 IL10 protein P22301 UNIPROT SCN3A protein Q9NY46 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 10116 BTO:0000938 BTO:0001264 23357618 f miannu "Interleukin-10 down-regulates voltage gated sodium channels in rat dorsal root ganglion neurons. Consistent with the electrophysiological results, real-time PCR and western blot revealed that IL-10 (200 pg/ml) down-regulated VGSCs in both mRNA and protein levels and reversed the up-regulation of VGSCs by TNF-α." SIGNOR-253504 PTPN11 protein Q06124 UNIPROT KRAS protein P01116 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Tyr32 QNHFVDEyDPTIEDS 9606 BTO:0000007 26617336 t irozzo "Here we identify SHP2 as the ubiquitously expressed tyrosine phosphatase that preferentially binds to and dephosphorylates Ras to increase its association with Raf and activate downstream proliferative Ras/ERK/MAPK signalling." SIGNOR-255982 IL15RA protein Q13261 UNIPROT PPARG protein P37231 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" 9606 30029643 f areggio "In addition, level of mRNAs encoding C/EBPa, PPARg and FABP4, the classic adipogenic markers, was significantly lower in samples administrated with IL-15" SIGNOR-256228 TRIM27 protein P14373 UNIPROT WASHC1 protein A8K0Z3 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" ubiquitination Lys220 DAPLSISkREQLEQQ 9606 23452853 t miannu "Our mechanistic studies uncovered that K63-linked ubiquitination of WASH K220 by MAGE-L2-TRIM27 is required for endosomal F-actin nucleation and retrograde transport. These results suggest that K63-linked ubiquitination of WASH K220 by TRIM27 is required for WASH function in retrograde transport." SIGNOR-253514 AMPK complex SIGNOR-C15 SIGNOR EEF2K protein O00418 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser398 DSLPSSPsSATPHSQ 9606 22669845 t lperfetto "In response to genotoxic stress, eef2k was activated by ampk (adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase)-mediated phosphorylation on serine 398. Activated eef2k phosphorylated eef2 and induced a temporary ribosomal slowdown at the stage of elongation" SIGNOR-216503 TGFBR2 protein P37173 UNIPROT TGFBR1 protein P36897 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr176 PFISEGTtLKDLIYD 9606 8576253 t lperfetto "Recent studies have revealed that upon TGF-beta binding several serine and threonine residues in the GS domain of TGF-beta type I receptor (T beta R-I) are phosphorylated by TGF-beta type II receptor (T beta R-II) and that the phosphorylation of GS domain is essential for TGF-beta signalingThese observations indicate that serine 172 and threonine 176 of T beta R-I are dispensable for extracellular matrix protein production but essential to the growth inhibition by TGF-beta" SIGNOR-246732 AMPK complex SIGNOR-C15 SIGNOR HNF4A protein P41235 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser303 DPDAKGLsDPGKIKR 9606 12740371 t lperfetto "Here we demonstrate that ampk directly phosphorylates hnf4 and represses its transcriptional activity. Ampk-mediated phosphorylation of hnf4 on serine 304 had a 2-fold effect" SIGNOR-216511 AMPK complex SIGNOR-C15 SIGNOR LIPE protein Q05469 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser855 EPMRRSVsEAALAQP 9606 9636039 t lperfetto "Phosphorylation of bovine hormone-sensitive lipase by the amp-activated protein kinase." SIGNOR-216507 "PAS complex" complex SIGNOR-C190 SIGNOR "Multivesicular body assembly" phenotype SIGNOR-PH83 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 BTO:0000007 17556371 f miannu "Sac3 assembles with PIKfyve and ArPIKfyve in a stable ternary complex and controls PtdIns(3,5)P2 levels. We further demonstrate a key function for each of the three proteins in the biogenesis of ECV/MVB transport intermediates from early endosomes." SIGNOR-253532 TGFBR2 protein P37173 UNIPROT TGFBR1 protein P36897 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser172 SLDRPFIsEGTTLKD 9606 8576253 t lperfetto "Recent studies have revealed that upon TGF-beta binding several serine and threonine residues in the GS domain of TGF-beta type I receptor (T beta R-I) are phosphorylated by TGF-beta type II receptor (T beta R-II) and that the phosphorylation of GS domain is essential for TGF-beta signalingThese observations indicate that serine 172 and threonine 176 of T beta R-I are dispensable for extracellular matrix protein production but essential to the growth inhibition by TGF-beta" SIGNOR-246728 TGFBR1 protein P36897 UNIPROT SMAD3 protein P84022 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser423 SPSIRCSsVS 10090 BTO:0005493;BTO:0000165 19458083 t lperfetto "A major event leading to smad3 activation is the tgf-beta-induced, tbetari-mediated phosphorylation at two c-terminal serine residues, ser-423 and ser-425, which triggers dissociation of smad3 from its receptors to form a complex with smad4 and accumulate in the nucleus" SIGNOR-235385 TGFBR1 protein P36897 UNIPROT SMAD3 protein P84022 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser425 SIRCSSVs 10090 BTO:0005493;BTO:0000165 19458083 t lperfetto "A major event leading to Smad3 activation is the TGF-beta-induced, TbetaRI-mediated phosphorylation at two C-terminal serine residues, Ser-423 and Ser-425, which triggers dissociation of Smad3 from its receptors to form a complex with Smad4 and accumulate in the nucleus" SIGNOR-235380 FBXW7 protein Q969H0 UNIPROT GATA2 protein P23769 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" ubiquitination Thr176 HLFGFPPtPPKEVSP 9606 BTO:0000007 25670854 t irozzo "Here, we demonstrate that F-box/WD repeat-containing protein 7 (Fbw7/Fbxw7), a component of Skp1, Cullin 1, F-box-containing complex (SCF)-type E3 ligase, is an E3 ligase for GATA2. GATA2 contains a cell division control protein 4 (Cdc4) phosphodegron (CPD), a consensus motif for ubiquitylation by Fbw7, which includes Thr(176). Ectopic expression of Fbw7 destabilized GATA2 and promoted its proteasomal degradation." SIGNOR-256005 AMPK complex SIGNOR-C15 SIGNOR GLI1 protein P08151 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" phosphorylation Ser408 GPLPRAPsISTVEPK 26843621 t "Indeed we show that AMPK phosphorylates Gli1 at the unique residue Ser408, which is conserved only in primates but not in other species. Once phosphorylated, Gli1 is targeted for proteasomal degradation." SIGNOR-253540 AMPK complex SIGNOR-C15 SIGNOR GLI1 protein P08151 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" phosphorylation Ser408 GPLPRAPsISTVEPK 26190112 t "Activation of AMPK reduces GLI1 protein levels and stability, thus blocking Sonic-hedgehog-induced transcriptional activity. AMPK phosphorylates GLI1 at serines 102 and 408 and threonine 1074. Mutation of these three sites into alanine prevents phosphorylation by AMPK. This leads to increased GLI1 protein stability, transcriptional activity, and oncogenic potency." SIGNOR-253541 AMPK complex SIGNOR-C15 SIGNOR GLI1 protein P08151 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" phosphorylation Ser102 LQTVIRTsPSSLVAF 26190112 t "Activation of AMPK reduces GLI1 protein levels and stability, thus blocking Sonic-hedgehog-induced transcriptional activity. AMPK phosphorylates GLI1 at serines 102 and 408 and threonine 1074. Mutation of these three sites into alanine prevents phosphorylation by AMPK. This leads to increased GLI1 protein stability, transcriptional activity, and oncogenic potency." SIGNOR-253542 AMPK complex SIGNOR-C15 SIGNOR GLI1 protein P08151 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" phosphorylation Thr1074 QRGSSGHtPPPSGPP 26190112 t "Activation of AMPK reduces GLI1 protein levels and stability, thus blocking Sonic-hedgehog-induced transcriptional activity. AMPK phosphorylates GLI1 at serines 102 and 408 and threonine 1074. Mutation of these three sites into alanine prevents phosphorylation by AMPK. This leads to increased GLI1 protein stability, transcriptional activity, and oncogenic potency." SIGNOR-253543 PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT SUFU protein Q9UMX1 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by stabilization" phosphorylation Ser342 LAHDRAPsRKDSLES 9606 21317289 t gcesareni "We report that Sufu is phosphorylated at Ser-342 and Ser-346 by GSK3? and cAMP-dependent protein kinase A (PKA), respectively, and phosphorylation at this dual site stabilizes Sufu against Shh signaling-induced degradation." SIGNOR-171999 PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT SUFU protein Q9UMX1 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser346 RAPSRKDsLESDSST 9606 21317289 t gcesareni "We report that Sufu is phosphorylated at Ser-342 and Ser-346 by GSK3? and cAMP-dependent protein kinase A (PKA), respectively, and phosphorylation at this dual site stabilizes Sufu against Shh signaling-induced degradation" SIGNOR-200496 PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT SUFU protein Q9UMX1 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser346 RAPSRKDsLESDSST 9606 23337587 t gcesareni "Interestingly, sufu stability is regulated via dual phosphorylation at ser342/ser346 by pka and gsk3, and blocking sufu phosphorylation either by mutating ser346 to ala or by treating cultured cells with pka inhibitors attenuates sufu ciliary accumulation, whereas phospho-mimetic forms of sufu exhibits increased ciliary localization" SIGNOR-119099 PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT SUFU protein Q9UMX1 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by stabilization" phosphorylation Ser346 RAPSRKDsLESDSST 9606 21317289 t gcesareni "We report that Sufu is phosphorylated at Ser-342 and Ser-346 by GSK3? and cAMP-dependent protein kinase A (PKA), respectively, and phosphorylation at this dual site stabilizes Sufu against Shh signaling-induced degradation" SIGNOR-172003 PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT PRKAA2 protein P54646 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser173 DGEFLRTsCGSPNYA 9606 19942859 t gcesareni "Pka associates with and phosphorylates ampk?1 At ser-173 to impede threonine thr-172 phosphorylation and thus activation of ampk1 by lkb1 in response to lipolytic signals" SIGNOR-161860 SIAH1 protein Q8IUQ4 UNIPROT SNCAIP protein Q9Y6H5 UNIPROT down-regulates ubiquitination 9606 BTO:0000938 16174773 t lperfetto "Siah proteins ubiquitylate synphilin-1 and promote its degradation through the ubiquitin proteasome system" SIGNOR-140612 ESR1 protein P03372 UNIPROT ESR2 protein Q92731 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 10022879 t tpavlidou "It was recently shown that er? And er? Could form a heterodimer complex both in vitro and in vivo" SIGNOR-64427 PLCE1 protein Q9P212 UNIPROT PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT up-regulates 9606 12645577 f miannu "TNF-alpha Binds to tnfr1 and activates pc-plc to induce pkc? And c-src activation" SIGNOR-99307 EIF4A2 protein Q14240 UNIPROT EIF4A2/EIF4E/EIF4G1 complex SIGNOR-C44 SIGNOR "form complex" binding 9606 BTO:0000671 11408474 t miannu "Eif4a interacts with a scaffold protein, eif4g, to form complexes that also contain the cap-binding protein eif4e, which binds the cap structure (m7gpppn_) at the 5_-end of the mrna. These complexes are termed eif4f." SIGNOR-108512 UBE2N protein P61088 UNIPROT H2AFX protein P16104 UNIPROT up-regulates ubiquitination 9606 18077395 t gcesareni "In an h2ax- and mdc1-dependent manner , rnf8/ubc13 complexes go to sites of dna damage through their fha domain and initiate the synthesis of k63 polyubiquitin chains on chromatin that recruit the brca1 a complex through the uim domains of rap80." SIGNOR-159880 TET2 protein Q6N021 UNIPROT OGT protein O15294 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 23353889 t miannu "Tet2 and tet3 associate with the o_glcnac transferase ogt / tet2 and tet3 promote ogt_mediated glcnacylation" SIGNOR-200695 HIP1 protein O00291 UNIPROT AR protein P10275 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0001130 16027218 f miannu "Hip1 as a transcriptional regulator of the ar / silencing hip1 expression reduces the transcriptional activity and protein levels of the ar" SIGNOR-138820 MYOD1 protein P15172 UNIPROT MYOG protein P15173 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 18676376 f gcesareni "€ provide a novel transcriptional paradigm for the first steps of myogenesis, where a calcineurin/NFATc3 pathway regulates myogenin induction in cooperation with MyoD during myogenesis." SIGNOR-235009 PTPRF protein P10586 UNIPROT PLCG1 protein P19174 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation 9606 11121408 t gcesareni "Here we show that lar reduces the constitutive tyrosine autophosphorylation and kinase activity of ret-men2a but not ret-men2b, accompanying a significant decrease of phosphorylation of phospholipase cgamma, akt, and erk1/2." SIGNOR-85166 BRCC3 protein P46736 UNIPROT HIST1H2AG protein P0C0S8 UNIPROT down-regulates deubiquitination 9606 20656690 t gcesareni "Brcc36 regulates the abundance of lys(63)-linked ubiquitin chains at chromatin and that one of its substrates is diubiquitinated histone h2a" SIGNOR-167142 ERK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF1 SIGNOR MKNK1 protein Q9BUB5 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr350 NSCTPITtPELTTPC 9606 BTO:0000093 17130135 t "We generated a phosphospecific antibody to Thr(P)-214 in the T-loop of MNKs and found that phosphorylations of both Thr-209 and Thr-214 in human MNK1 are required for activation" SIGNOR-253014 ERK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF1 SIGNOR MKNK1 protein Q9BUB5 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr355 ITTPELTtPCGSAEY 9606 BTO:0000093 17130135 t "We generated a phosphospecific antibody to Thr(P)-214 in the T-loop of MNKs and found that phosphorylations of both Thr-209 and Thr-214 in human MNK1 are required for activation" SIGNOR-253015 CSNK2A1 protein P68400 UNIPROT GAP43 protein P17677 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser203 PTETGESsQAEENIE -1 1828073 t llicata "Phosphorylation of neuromodulin (GAP-43) by casein kinase II. Identification of phosphorylation sites and regulation by calmodulin.|" SIGNOR-250867 SGK1 protein O00141 UNIPROT NR3C1 protein P04150 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser226 IDENCLLsPLAGEDD 9606 23650397 f gcesareni "SGK1 also potentiated and maintained GR activation in the presence of cortisol, and even after cortisol withdrawal, by increasing GR phosphorylation and GR nuclear translocation|SGK1 mediates CORT effects on GR phosphorylation. After 12 h, CORT (100 µM) increases GR phosphorylation at S203 (n = 6; A), S211 (n = 6; B), and S226 (n = 6; C)." SIGNOR-251671 SGK1 protein O00141 UNIPROT NR3C1 protein P04150 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser211 PGKETNEsPWRSDLL 9606 23650397 f gcesareni "SGK1 also potentiated and maintained GR activation in the presence of cortisol, and even after cortisol withdrawal, by increasing GR phosphorylation and GR nuclear translocation|SGK1 mediates CORT effects on GR phosphorylation. After 12 h, CORT (100 µM) increases GR phosphorylation at S203 (n = 6; A), S211 (n = 6; B), and S226 (n = 6; C)." SIGNOR-251670 SGK1 protein O00141 UNIPROT NR3C1 protein P04150 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser203 DLEFSSGsPGKETNE 9606 23650397 f gcesareni "SGK1 also potentiated and maintained GR activation in the presence of cortisol, and even after cortisol withdrawal, by increasing GR phosphorylation and GR nuclear translocation|SGK1 mediates CORT effects on GR phosphorylation. After 12 h, CORT (100 µM) increases GR phosphorylation at S203 (n = 6; A), S211 (n = 6; B), and S226 (n = 6; C)." SIGNOR-251669 MAPK8 protein P45983 UNIPROT AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr450 TAQMITItPPDQDDS 10116 BTO:0003324 16306447 t gcesareni "We report that JNKs are necessary for the reactivation of Akt after ischemic injury. We identified Thr450 of Akt as a residue that is phosphorylated by JNKs, and the phosphorylation status of Thr450 regulates reactivation of Akt after hypoxia, apparently by priming Akt for subsequent phosphorylation by 3-phosphoinositide-dependent protein kinase." SIGNOR-252426 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR CREB1 protein P16220 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser133 EILSRRPsYRKILND 9606 BTO:0000007 9829964 f "The nuclear factor CREB stimulates the expression of cellular genes following its protein kinase A-mediated phosphorylation at Ser-133. Ser-133 phosphorylation, in turn, activates target gene expression by promoting recruitment of the co-activator CBP. |When overexpressed in serum-stimulated cells, Akt/PKB potently induced Ser-133 phosphorylation of CREB and promoted recruitment of CBP." SIGNOR-251474 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR ITGB3 protein P05106 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr779 LYKEATStFTNITYR -1 10896934 t "Threonine phosphorylation of the beta 3 integrin cytoplasmic tail, at a site recognized by PDK1 and Akt/PKB in vitro, regulates Shc binding.|We recently observed that phosphorylation of a threonine (Thr-753), six amino acids proximal to tyrosine 759 in beta(3) of the platelet specific integrin alpha(IIb)beta(3), inhibits outside-in signaling through this receptor.| A survey of several protein kinases revealed that Thr-753 was avidly phosphorylated by PDK1 and Akt/PKB in vitro." SIGNOR-251479 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT ITGB3 protein P05106 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr779 LYKEATStFTNITYR -1 10896934 t "Threonine phosphorylation of the beta 3 integrin cytoplasmic tail, at a site recognized by PDK1 and Akt/PKB in vitro, regulates Shc binding.|We recently observed that phosphorylation of a threonine (Thr-753), six amino acids proximal to tyrosine 759 in beta(3) of the platelet specific integrin alpha(IIb)beta(3), inhibits outside-in signaling through this receptor.| A survey of several protein kinases revealed that Thr-753 was avidly phosphorylated by PDK1 and Akt/PKB in vitro." SIGNOR-252570 CAMKK1 protein Q8N5S9 UNIPROT AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr308 KDGATMKtFCGTPEY 10833263 t llicata "Protein kinase B (PKB) was recently reported to be activated on the phosphorylation of Thr(308) by Ca(2+)/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase kinase alpha (CaM-kinase kinase alpha), suggesting that PKB was regulated through not only the phosphoinositide 3-kinase pathway but also the Ca(2+)/calmodulin protein kinase pathway." SIGNOR-250714 CAMKK1 protein Q8N5S9 UNIPROT AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr308 KDGATMKtFCGTPEY 10833263 t llicata "Protein kinase B (PKB) was recently reported to be activated on the phosphorylation of Thr(308) by Ca(2+)/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase kinase alpha (CaM-kinase kinase alpha), suggesting that PKB was regulated through not only the phosphoinositide 3-kinase pathway but also the Ca(2+)/calmodulin protein kinase pathway." SIGNOR-252609 FOXO3 protein O43524 UNIPROT Apoptosis phenotype SIGNOR-PH2 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 BTO:0000007 14976264 f lperfetto "Sirt1 inhibited foxo3's ability to induce cell death." SIGNOR-217887 PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT BAD protein Q92934 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser118 GRELRRMsDEFVDSF 9606 10230394 t gcesareni "Ser-155 is the major phosphoacceptor site for pka on bad, but that pka also phosphorylates ser-112 and ser-136. Phosphorylated bad appears to be the inactive moiety. These results implicate pkac as the candidate kinase for s112 phosphorylation in vivo." SIGNOR-67379 PP2Ca_R1A_Ba complex SIGNOR-C132 SIGNOR AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Thr308 KDGATMKtFCGTPEY 10090 BTO:0000944 18042541 t gcesareni "Regulation of phosphorylation of Thr-308 of Akt, cell proliferation, and survival by the B55alpha regulatory subunit targeting of the protein phosphatase 2A holoenzyme to Akt.|Phosphorylation of Akt at regulatory residues Thr-308 and Ser-473 leads to its full activation. The protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) has long been known to negatively regulate Akt activity. The PP2A holoenzyme consists of the structural subunit (A), catalytic subunit (C), and a variable regulatory subunit (B)." SIGNOR-252613 PDPK1 protein O15530 UNIPROT RPS6K proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF26 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser221 DHEKKAYsFCGTVEY 9534 BTO:0000298 10480933 t miannu "90-kDa ribosomal S6 kinase is phosphorylated and activated by 3-phosphoinositide-dependent protein kinase-1." SIGNOR-252763 RPS6K proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF26 SIGNOR PPP1R3A protein Q16821 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser46 PQPSRRGsDSSEDIY -1 10648825 t lperfetto "The protein G(M), which targets protein phosphatase 1 (PP1) to the glycogen particles and sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) of striated muscles, is known to be phosphorylated at Ser48 and Ser67 in vitro by adenosine 3',5' cyclic monophosphate-dependent protein kinase (PKA) and at Ser48 by MAP kinase-activated protein kinase-1 (MAPKAP-K1, also called p90 RSK). The phosphorylation of Ser48 increases the rate at which the glycogen-associated PP1.G(M) complex dephosphorylates (activates) glycogen synthase, but the phosphorylation of Ser67 has the opposite effect, suppressing the activity of PP1 toward glycogen-bound substrates." SIGNOR-252777 RPS6K proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF26 SIGNOR NR4A3 protein Q92570 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser376 GRRGRLPsKPKSPLQ 9606 BTO:0000007 16223362 t lperfetto "Phosphorylation of Nur77 on Ser354 has been suggested to reduce ability of Nur77 to bind DNA; however, the kinase responsible for this phosphorylation in cells has not been clearly established. In the present study, we show that Nur77 is phosphorylated on this site by RSK (ribosomal S6 kinase)" SIGNOR-252771 CDKN2A protein P42771 UNIPROT CyclinD/CDK4 complex SIGNOR-C18 SIGNOR "down-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000093 11154267 t lperfetto "Overexpression of p16INK4a in cells with functional pRb results in inhibition of both Cdk4- and Cdk6-associated kinase activity and pRb phosphorylation, with subsequent cell cycle arrest (46, 50). In addition, inhibition of D cyclin-Cdk4 complex formation by p16INK4a prevents sequestration of p21Cip1 and p27Kip1 by these complexes in early G1, leading to suppression of cyclin E-Cdk2 activity" SIGNOR-245459 SLC34A2 protein O95436 UNIPROT EGF protein P01133 UNIPROT down-regulates 9606 BTO:0000195 BTO:0000763 11171583 f miannu "In vivo and in vitro studies showed that egf treatment decreased intestinal napi-iib mrna abundance by _50%, suggesting possible transcriptional regulation." SIGNOR-105161 FOXO3 protein O43524 UNIPROT "Cell Cycle Block" phenotype SIGNOR-PH10 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 BTO:0000007 14976264 f lperfetto "Sirt1 increased foxo3's ability to induce cell cycle arrest and resistance to oxidative stress" SIGNOR-217881 RBPJ/NOTCH complex SIGNOR-C97 SIGNOR Quiescence phenotype SIGNOR-PH25 SIGNOR up-regulates 10090 BTO:0002314 22045613 f gcesareni "Notch signaling is active in quiescent SCs. SC-specific deletion of recombining binding protein-J (RBP-J), a nuclear factor required for Notch signaling, resulted in the depletion of the SC pool and muscles that lacked any ability to regenerate in response to injury." SIGNOR-244004 DET1 protein Q7L5Y6 UNIPROT "DCX DET1-COP1" complex SIGNOR-C24 SIGNOR "form complex" binding 9606 17452440 t lperfetto "Mammalian det1 regulates cul4a activity and forms stable complexes with e2 ubiquitin-conjugating enzymes" SIGNOR-154508 TNFRSF17 protein Q02223 UNIPROT MAPK10 protein P53779 UNIPROT up-regulates 9606 10903733 f miannu "Overexpression of bcma activates jnk" SIGNOR-79492 AVP protein P01185 UNIPROT BAD protein Q92934 UNIPROT down-regulates 9606 BTO:0000938 BTO:0000142 18402937 f gcesareni "Vp induces phosphorylation of the pro-apoptotic protein bad and prevents cytochrome c release." SIGNOR-178197 CREB1 protein P16220 UNIPROT BCL2 protein P10415 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 10116 BTO:0001009 10753867 f lperfetto "Creb activity by akt signaling leads to increased bcl-2 promoter activity and cell survival." SIGNOR-76558 IL1A protein P01583 UNIPROT IL1R1 protein P14778 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0001573 9565970 t lperfetto "Il-1ri is responsible for il-1 signaling" SIGNOR-56718 85375-15-1 chemical CID:6917797 PUBCHEM SLC6A12 protein P48065 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-207031 RAF1 protein P04049 UNIPROT BAD protein Q92934 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser75 EIRSRHSsYPAGTED 9606 15849194 t "Ser112 corresponds to EIRSRHSsYPAGTED" lperfetto "Raf-1 protects cells from apoptosis, independently of its signals to MEK and ERK, by translocating to the mitochondria where it binds Bcl-2 and displaces BAD|Upon phosphorylation by Pak1, Raf-1 translocates to mitochondria and phosphorylates BAD at Ser-112." SIGNOR-81165 PAK2 protein Q13177 UNIPROT PRL protein P01236 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser207 LHCLRRDsHKIDNYL 9606 19555049 t gcesareni "Phosphorylated form of prolactin has a higher affinity for heparin." SIGNOR-186211 MAPK10 protein P53779 UNIPROT APP protein P05067 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr743 VEVDAAVtPEERHLS 9606 BTO:0000793 24610780 t lperfetto "Phosphorylation of amyloid precursor protein at threonine 668 is essential for its copper-responsive trafficking in sh-sy5y neuroblastoma cells. is regulated by jnk3 via phosphorylation of app at thr668" SIGNOR-204671 NUAK1 protein O60285 UNIPROT PPP1R12A protein O14974 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser910 SLLGRSGsYSYLEER 9606 20354225 t gcesareni "Phosphorylation of ser(445), ser(472), and ser(910) of mypt1 by nuak1 promoted the interaction of mypt1 with 14-3-3 adaptor proteins, thereby suppressing phosphatase activity." SIGNOR-22572 NUAK1 protein O60285 UNIPROT PPP1R12A protein O14974 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser445 LGLRKTGsYGALAEI 9606 20354225 t gcesareni "Phosphorylation of ser(445), ser(472), and ser(910) of mypt1 by nuak1 promoted the interaction of mypt1 with 14-3-3 adaptor proteins, thereby suppressing phosphatase activity." SIGNOR-164747 AMPK complex SIGNOR-C15 SIGNOR VASP protein P50552 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr278 LARRRKAtQVGEKTP 9606 17082196 t lperfetto "Pharmacological ampk inhibitors and activators and ampk mutants revealed that the kinase specifically targets residue thr-278 but not ser-157 or ser-239. Quantitative fluorescence-activated cell sorter analysis and serum response factor transcriptional reporter assays, which quantify the cellular f-/g-actin equilibrium, indicated that ampk-mediated vasp phosphorylation impaired actin stress fiber formation and altered cell morphology." SIGNOR-216515 AMPK complex SIGNOR-C15 SIGNOR ZNF692 protein Q9BU19 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser470 VAAHRSKsHPALLLA 9606 17097062 t lperfetto "Arebp is phosphorylated at ser(470) by ampk. Phosphorylation reduces the dna-binding activity of arebp." SIGNOR-216519 AMPK complex SIGNOR-C15 SIGNOR RAF1 protein P04049 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser259 SQRQRSTsTPNVHMV 9606 11971957 t lperfetto "Mutation of serine 259 increased the basal raf-1 activity and rendered it largely resistant to inhibition by pka." SIGNOR-216523 ELOC protein Q15369 UNIPROT HIST1H1A protein Q02539 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser183 KPKKVAKsPAKAKAV 9606 BTO:0000567 20551309 t lperfetto "Our results also show the potential function of p-tefb phosphorylation of h1, namely, to increase h1 dissociation from actively transcribed dna. P-tefb preferentially phosphorylates the ser-183 phosphorylation site of histone h1.1" SIGNOR-166120 SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT ARRB1 protein P49407 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Tyr54 YLKERRVyVTLTCAF 9606 17456551 t lperfetto "Using fluorescently tagged proteins combined with resonance energy transfer and image cross-correlation spectroscopy approaches, we show in live cells that beta2-adaptin phosphorylation is an important regulatory process for the dissociation of beta-arrestin-AP-2 complexes in CCPs. Finally, we show that beta2-adaptin phosphorylation is involved in the early steps of receptor internalization. Our findings not only unveil beta2-adaptin as a new Src target during AT1R internalization, but also support the role of receptor-mediated signaling in the control of clathrin-dependent endocytosis of receptors." SIGNOR-154564 MAPK9 protein P45984 UNIPROT TP53 protein P04637 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser6 sDPSVEPP 9606 17525747 t gcesareni "Our studies revealed a novel mechanism in which phosphorylation of jnk2 is mediated by jnk1 before phosphorylation of p53, and then p53 is directly phosphorylated by jnk2 at ser6. |Role of map kinases in uvb-induced phosphorylation of p53 at serine 20." SIGNOR-155209 SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT UGT2B7 protein P16662 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr438 RVINDPSyKENVMKL 9606 BTO:0000150 19289110 t gcesareni "Overexpression of regular or active src, but not dominant-negative src, in 2b7-transfected cos-1 cells increased 2b7 activity and phospho-y438-2b7 by 50%" SIGNOR-184613 PAK2 protein Q13177 UNIPROT PAK2 protein Q13177 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser141 TVKQKYLsFTPPEKD 9606 BTO:0000007 16204230 t gcesareni "Pak2 is autophosphorylated at eight sites;ser-141 and ser-165 in the regulatory domain and thr-402 in the activation loop are identified as key sites in activation of the protein kinase." SIGNOR-140907 GSK3B protein P49841 UNIPROT AXIN1 protein O15169 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000586 SIGNOR-C110 SIGNOR-C110 9734785 t lperfetto "Interaction with beta-catenin and GSK-3beta was required for the Axin-mediated beta-catenin reduction." SIGNOR-60046 MST1 protein P26927 UNIPROT MST1R protein Q04912 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000801;BTO:0000876 8062829 t gcesareni "P185ron is a tyrosine kinase activated by msp" SIGNOR-31107 PLK1 protein P53350 UNIPROT WEE1 protein P30291 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser53 GHSTGEDsAFQEPDS 9606 BTO:0000567 16085715 t gcesareni "Phosphorylation of serines 53 and 123 (s53 and s123) of wee1a by polo-like kinase 1 (plk1) and cdk, respectively, are required for binding to beta-trcp." SIGNOR-139477 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR YBX1 protein P67809 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser102 NPRKYLRsVGDGETV 9606 BTO:0000150 19036157 t lperfetto "Phosphorylation of yb-1 at the serine 102 residue is required for transcriptional activation of growth-enhancing genes, such as egfr. Herein, we illustrate that activated akt binds to and phosphorylates the yb-1 cold shock domain at ser102" SIGNOR-182493 PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT LCP1 protein P13796 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser5 sVSDEEMM 9606 BTO:0000007 16636079 t gcesareni "Phosphorylation on ser5 increases the f-actin-binding activity of l-plastin and promotes its targeting to sites of actin assembly in cells. L-plastin phosphorylation require protein kinase a." SIGNOR-146287 AMPK complex SIGNOR-C15 SIGNOR CRTC2 protein Q53ET0 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser171 SALNRTSsDSALHTS 10090 BTO:0000575 20577053 t lperfetto "Phosphorylation on the ser171 residue of crtc2 by ampk and ampk-related kinases, including the salt-inducible kinases (siks), is critical for determining the activity, cellular localization, and degradation of crtc2" SIGNOR-216576 EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT RGS16 protein O15492 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr168 TLMEKDSyPRFLKSP 9606 BTO:0000093 12588871 t gcesareni "Phosphorylation on tyr(168) was mediated by the epidermal growth factor receptor (egfr). We show here that endogenous rgs16 is phosphorylated after epidermal growth factor stimulation of mcf-7 cells." SIGNOR-98267 PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT RAF1 protein P04049 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser43 FGYQRRAsDDGKLTD 9606 7935389 t gcesareni "Pka can inhibit raf-1 function directly via phosphorylation of the raf-1 kinase domain" SIGNOR-34761 PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT RAF1 protein P04049 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser499 VKSRWSGsQQVEQPT 9606 12551925 t gcesareni "For example, PKCα phosphorylates Raf-1 at serine 499 (13), but mutation of this residue did not impede activation of Raf-1 by the physiological stimulators Ras and Lck. Similarly, both v-Src and phorbol esters were able to activate Raf-1 even though the PKC phosphorylation sites at serine 497 and serine 499 were mutated to alanine (14). Thus, although some PKC phosphorylation sites on Raf-1 have been identified, these sites do not appear to be required for activation of Raf-1." SIGNOR-97644 PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT RAF1 protein P04049 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser497 ATVKSRWsGSQQVEQ 9606 12551925 t gcesareni "For example, PKCα phosphorylates Raf-1 at serine 499 (13), but mutation of this residue did not impede activation of Raf-1 by the physiological stimulators Ras and Lck. Similarly, both v-Src and phorbol esters were able to activate Raf-1 even though the PKC phosphorylation sites at serine 497 and serine 499 were mutated to alanine (14). Thus, although some PKC phosphorylation sites on Raf-1 have been identified, these sites do not appear to be required for activation of Raf-1." SIGNOR-37844 PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT RAF1 protein P04049 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser233 VSSQHRYsTPHAFTF 9606 12551925 t gcesareni "For example, PKCα phosphorylates Raf-1 at serine 499 (13), but mutation of this residue did not impede activation of Raf-1 by the physiological stimulators Ras and Lck. Similarly, both v-Src and phorbol esters were able to activate Raf-1 even though the PKC phosphorylation sites at serine 497 and serine 499 were mutated to alanine (14). Thus, although some PKC phosphorylation sites on Raf-1 have been identified, these sites do not appear to be required for activation of Raf-1." SIGNOR-37466 PPM1D protein O15297 UNIPROT TP53 protein P04637 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation Ser15 PSVEPPLsQETFSDL 9606 15870257 t lperfetto "PPM1D also dephosphorylates p53 at phospho-Ser 15. PPM1D dephosphorylations are correlated with reduced cellular intra-S and G2/M checkpoint activity in response to DNA damage induced by ultraviolet and ionizing radiation. Thus, a primary function of PPM1D may be to reverse the p53 and Chk1-induced DNA damage and cell cycle checkpoint responses and return the cell to a homeostatic state following completion of DNA repair." SIGNOR-135980 FOXF2 protein Q12947 UNIPROT TBP protein P20226 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding -1 9722567 t miannu "The human forkhead protein FREAC-2 contains two functionally redundant activation domains and interacts with TBP and TFIIB." SIGNOR-220373 CSNK2A1 protein P68400 UNIPROT SSB protein P05455 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser366 GKKTKFAsDDEHDEH 9606 18257391 t gcesareni "Prior studies indicate that hla is activated by phosphorylation of serine-366 by protein kinase ck2, neutralizing a negative effect of a short basic motif (sbm)" SIGNOR-160761 PTPN1 protein P18031 UNIPROT JAK2 protein O60674 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation Tyr1008 LPQDKEYyKVKEPGE 9606 15780598 t lperfetto "JAK2 and STAT3 are dephosphorylated by PTP1B in vitro" SIGNOR-133852 CAMK2B protein Q13554 UNIPROT CYLD protein Q9NQC7 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser772 LFKKIFPsLELNITD 9606 24614225 t lperfetto "Purified camkii phosphorylates cyld on at least three residues (s-362, s-418, and s-772 on the human cyld protein q9nqc7-1) and promotes its deubiquitinase activity." SIGNOR-91403 CAMK2B protein Q13554 UNIPROT CYLD protein Q9NQC7 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser418 TTENRFHsLPFSLTK 9606 24614225 t lperfetto "Purified camkii phosphorylates cyld on at least three residues (s-362, s-418, and s-772 on the human cyld protein q9nqc7-1) and promotes its deubiquitinase activity." SIGNOR-25329 CAMK2B protein Q13554 UNIPROT CYLD protein Q9NQC7 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser362 FYTLNGSsVDSQPQS 9606 24614225 t lperfetto "Purified camkii phosphorylates cyld on at least three residues (s-362, s-418, and s-772 on the human cyld protein q9nqc7-1) and promotes its deubiquitinase activity." SIGNOR-25334 CKI-7 chemical CID:129236 PUBCHEM CSNK1E protein P49674 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 11524435 t amattioni "Cki-7, an inhibitor of ck1epsilon" SIGNOR-110053 GSK1059615 chemical CID:23582824 PUBCHEM PIK3CA protein P42336 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-192771 TRADD protein Q15628 UNIPROT TRAF1 protein Q13077 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 10629108 t amattioni "Tradd mediates recruitment of traf1/2" SIGNOR-73913 WNT5A protein P41221 UNIPROT FZD5 protein Q13467 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 9054360 t gcesareni "These results identify hfz5 as a receptor for wnt-5a." SIGNOR-46897 JNJ-7706621 chemical CID:5330790 PUBCHEM CCNB1 protein P14635 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-193540 JNJ-7706621 chemical CID:5330790 PUBCHEM CCNE1 protein P24864 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-193543 "Adenosine triphosphate" smallmolecule CID:5957 PUBCHEM AMPK complex SIGNOR-C15 SIGNOR down-regulates binding 9606 21399626 t lperfetto "Atp promotes dephosphorylation of catalytic subunit, rendering the ampk enzyme inactive" SIGNOR-217481 GANT61 smallmolecule CID:421610 PUBCHEM GLI1 protein P08151 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 BTO:0000150;BTO:0001130 17494766 t gcesareni "Gant61 was able to efficiently block gli1 as well as gli2-induced transcription" SIGNOR-154753 KRN-633 chemical CID:9549295 PUBCHEM FLT1 protein P17948 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-193582 XIAP protein P98170 UNIPROT CASP9 protein P55211 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" binding 9606 11242052 t lperfetto "A conserved XIAP-interaction motif in caspase-9 and Smac/DIABLO regulates caspase activity and apoptosis" SIGNOR-105702 EFNA5 protein P52803 UNIPROT EPHA8 protein P29322 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 9330863 t gcesareni "Efna5 are able to activate epha8" SIGNOR-52479 PAX7 protein P23759 UNIPROT MYF5 protein P13349 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000222;BTO:0002314 BTO:0000887;BTO:0001103 18066051 f gcesareni "In particular, we identified myf5 as a gene whose expression was regulated by pax7" SIGNOR-159643 FOXL2 protein P58012 UNIPROT Apoptosis phenotype SIGNOR-PH2 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 BTO:0000975 16153597 f miannu "We observed that foxl2 induces apoptosis in the ovarian cells unveiling a novel function of foxl2" SIGNOR-140391 Erismodegib chemical CID:24775005 PUBCHEM SMO protein Q99835 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-193630 MAP3K4 protein Q9Y6R4 UNIPROT MAP2K3 protein P46734 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation 9606 BTO:0000298 9305639 t lperfetto "These results, therefore, suggest that mtk1 directly phosphorylates and activates mkk3, mkk6 and sek1." SIGNOR-50891 DFFA protein O00273 UNIPROT DFFB protein O76075 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000567 9108473 t amattioni "Dff is a heterodimer of 40 kda and 45 kda subunits." SIGNOR-29729 CSNK2A1 protein P68400 UNIPROT RELA protein Q04206 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser529 GLPNGLLsGDEDFSS 9606 BTO:0000567 10938077 t gcesareni "Tumor necrosis factor alpha-induced phosphorylation of RelA/p65 on Ser529 is controlled by casein kinase II.|Furthermore, our results indicate that the association between IkappaBalpha and p65 inhibits p65 phosphorylation by CKII and that degradation of IkappaBalpha allows CKII to phosphorylate p65 to increase NF-kappaB transactivation potential." SIGNOR-149635 PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT BAD protein Q92934 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser75 EIRSRHSsYPAGTED 9606 10230394 t gcesareni "Phosphorylation and inactivation of BAD by mitochondria-anchored protein kinase A|Collectively, these results implicate PKA as the principal mitochondria-based S112 kinase." SIGNOR-67383 PRKACG protein P22612 UNIPROT BAD protein Q92934 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser99 PFRGRSRsAPPNLWA -1 10949026 t gcesareni "Survival factors, acting through kinases such as Akt and PKA, induce endogenous BAD phosphorylation at two evolutionarily conserved sites, Ser-112 and Ser-136, which leads to the translocation of BAD from the mitochondria to the cytoplasm and the inhibition of BAD-dependent death" SIGNOR-67400 PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT BAD protein Q92934 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser99 PFRGRSRsAPPNLWA -1 10949026 t gcesareni "Survival factors, acting through kinases such as Akt and PKA, induce endogenous BAD phosphorylation at two evolutionarily conserved sites, Ser-112 and Ser-136, which leads to the translocation of BAD from the mitochondria to the cytoplasm and the inhibition of BAD-dependent death" SIGNOR-180780 MAPK13 protein O15264 UNIPROT STMN1 protein P16949 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser38 SVPEFPLsPPKKKDL 9606 BTO:0000782;BTO:0001271 8325880 t gcesareni "Serine 25 of oncoprotein 18 is a major cytosolic target for the mitogen-activated protein kinase|The present study shows that the MAP kinase has a 20-fold preference for Ser25 as opposed to Ser38 of Op18, while cdc2 kinases have a 5-fold preference for the Ser38 residue." SIGNOR-36366 MAPK13 protein O15264 UNIPROT STMN1 protein P16949 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser25 QAFELILsPRSKESV 9606 BTO:0000782 8325880 t gcesareni "Serine 25 of oncoprotein 18 is a major cytosolic target for the mitogen-activated protein kinase|The present study shows that the MAP kinase has a 20-fold preference for Ser25 as opposed to Ser38 of Op18, while cdc2 kinases have a 5-fold preference for the Ser38 residue." SIGNOR-37848 mTORC1 complex SIGNOR-C3 SIGNOR RPS6K proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF26 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr390 DSKFTRQtPVDSPDD 9600 BTO:0000007 11914378 t azuccotti "Thr229 phosphorylation requires prior phosphorylation of the Ser/Thr-Pro sites in the autoinhibitory domain and Thr389 in the linker domain [..]. Moreover, in vitro mTOR directly phosphorylates Ser371, and this event modulates Thr389phosphorylation by mTOR, compatible with earlier in vivo findings." SIGNOR-255842 WNK1 protein Q9H4A3 UNIPROT STK39 protein Q9UEW8 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser371 VRRVPGSsGHLHKTE 9606 16083423 t gcesareni "Phosphorylation by WNK1 or WNK4 markedly increased SPAK and OSR1 activity. Phosphopeptide mapping studies demonstrated that WNK1 phosphorylated kinase-inactive SPAK and OSR1 at an equivalent residue located within the T-loop of the catalytic domain (Thr233 in SPAK, Thr185 in OSR1) and a serine residue located within a C-terminal non-catalytic region (Ser373 in SPAK, Ser325 in OSR1)" SIGNOR-253553 PRKDC protein P78527 UNIPROT GOLPH3 protein Q9H4A6 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr143 ALKHVKEtQPPETVQ -1 BTO:0000567 24485452 t "In response to DNA damage, DNA-PK phosphorylates GOLPH3, resulting in increased interaction with MYO18A, which applies a tensile force to the Golgi. Interference with the Golgi DNA damage response by depletion of DNA-PK, GOLPH3, or MYO18A reduces survival after DNA damage, whereas overexpression of GOLPH3, as is observed frequently in human cancers, confers resistance to killing by DNA-damaging agents" SIGNOR-253557 CD74 protein P04233 UNIPROT CXCR4 protein P61073 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000007;BTO:0000876 19665027 t miannu "Cd74 forms functional complexes with cxcr4 that mediate mif-specific signaling." SIGNOR-187461 PRKDC protein P78527 UNIPROT GOLPH3 protein Q9H4A6 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr148 KETQPPEtVQNWIEL -1 BTO:0000567 24485452 t "In response to DNA damage, DNA-PK phosphorylates GOLPH3, resulting in increased interaction with MYO18A, which applies a tensile force to the Golgi. Interference with the Golgi DNA damage response by depletion of DNA-PK, GOLPH3, or MYO18A reduces survival after DNA damage, whereas overexpression of GOLPH3, as is observed frequently in human cancers, confers resistance to killing by DNA-damaging agents" SIGNOR-253558 WNK1 protein Q9H4A3 UNIPROT STK39 protein Q9UEW8 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr231 TRNKVRKtFVGTPCW 9606 BTO:0000007 BTO:0000671 16083423 t gcesareni "Phosphorylation by WNK1 or WNK4 markedly increased SPAK and OSR1 activity. Phosphopeptide mapping studies demonstrated that WNK1 phosphorylated kinase-inactive SPAK and OSR1 at an equivalent residue located within the T-loop of the catalytic domain (Thr233 in SPAK, Thr185 in OSR1) and a serine residue located within a C-terminal non-catalytic region (Ser373 in SPAK, Ser325 in OSR1)" SIGNOR-160846 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR RAF1 protein P04049 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser259 SQRQRSTsTPNVHMV 9606 BTO:0000222 BTO:0000887;BTO:0001760 10576741 t gcesareni "The stage-specific inhibitory action of Akt correlated with its stage-specific ability to form a complex with Raf, suggesting the existence of differentially expressed mediators of an inhibitory Akt-Raf complex." SIGNOR-72669 RAF1 protein P04049 UNIPROT MAP2K2 protein P36507 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser218;Ser222 VSGQLIDsMANSFVG;LIDSMANsFVGTRSY 9606 8157000 t "Catalyzes the concomitant phosphorylation of a threonine and a tyrosine residue in a Thr-Glu-Tyr sequence located in MAP kinases." gcesareni "To understand the mechanism of activation of MAPKK, we have identified Ser217 and Ser221 of MAPKK1 as the sites phosphorylated by p74raf-1." SIGNOR-36553 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT RPS6KB1 protein P23443 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser434 SFEPKIRsPRRFIGS 9606 7545671 t gcesareni "Erk phosphorylates multiple cytoplasmatic and cytoskeletal proteins, including mapk-activated protein kinases and the ribosomal p70-s6 kinase" SIGNOR-28796 AMPK complex SIGNOR-C15 SIGNOR SREBF1 protein P36956 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser396 TAVHKSKsLKDLVSA 9606 21459323 t lperfetto "Here we demonstrate that ampk interacts with and directly phosphorylates sterol regulatory element binding proteins (srebp-1c and -2). Ser372" SIGNOR-216533 RET protein P07949 UNIPROT MAPK14 protein Q16539 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr182 TDDEMTGyVATRWYR 9606 7535770 t gcesareni "Dually phosphorylated on thr-180 and tyr-182 by the map2ks map2k3/mkk3, map2k4/mkk4 and map2k6/mkk6 in response to inflammatory citokines, environmental stress or growth factors, which activates the enzyme." SIGNOR-28063 RET protein P07949 UNIPROT MAPK14 protein Q16539 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr182 TDDEMTGyVATRWYR 9606 8622669 t gcesareni "Dually phosphorylated on thr-180 and tyr-182 by the map2ks map2k3/mkk3, map2k4/mkk4 and map2k6/mkk6 in response to inflammatory citokines, environmental stress or growth factors, which activates the enzyme." SIGNOR-40497 RET protein P07949 UNIPROT MAPK14 protein Q16539 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr180 RHTDDEMtGYVATRW 9606 17548358 t gcesareni "Dually phosphorylated on thr-180 and tyr-182 by the map2ks map2k3/mkk3, map2k4/mkk4 and map2k6/mkk6 in response to inflammatory citokines, environmental stress or growth factors, which activates the enzyme." SIGNOR-155377 RET protein P07949 UNIPROT MAPK14 protein Q16539 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr180 RHTDDEMtGYVATRW 9606 17126298 t gcesareni "Dually phosphorylated on thr-180 and tyr-182 by the map2ks map2k3/mkk3, map2k4/mkk4 and map2k6/mkk6 in response to inflammatory citokines, environmental stress or growth factors, which activates the enzyme." SIGNOR-150875 SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT MYLK protein Q15746 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr464 QEGSIEVyEDAGSHY 9606 12408982 t gcesareni "Ec mlck-1 is phosphorylated by p60(src) on tyr(464) and tyr(471), resulting in a 2- to 3-fold increase in ec mlck-1 enzymatic activity." SIGNOR-95238 SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT MYLK protein Q15746 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr471 YEDAGSHyLCLLKAR 9606 11113114 t gcesareni "Ec mlck-1 is phosphorylated by p60(src) on tyr(464) and tyr(471), resulting in a 2- to 3-fold increase in ec mlck-1 enzymatic activity." SIGNOR-85009 EEF2K protein O00418 UNIPROT EEF2 protein P13639 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr59 GETRFTDtRKDEQER 9606 2261989 t gcesareni "Ef-2 kinase phosphorylates ef-2 at 3 threonine residues: thr-53, thr-56, thr-58. Phosphorylation of thr56 and thr58 was found to be an ordered process, modification of thr56 preceding, and apparently being required for, phosphorylation of thr58." SIGNOR-22928 EEF2K protein O00418 UNIPROT EEF2 protein P13639 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr59 GETRFTDtRKDEQER 9606 8386634 t gcesareni "Ef-2 kinase phosphorylates ef-2 at 3 threonine residues: thr-53, thr-56, thr-58. Phosphorylation of thr56 and thr58 was found to be an ordered process, modification of thr56 preceding, and apparently being required for, phosphorylation of thr58." SIGNOR-38556 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT RPS6KB1 protein P23443 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser434 SFEPKIRsPRRFIGS 9606 21035469 t gcesareni "Erk phosphorylates multiple cytoplasmatic and cytoskeletal proteins, including mapk-activated protein kinases and the ribosomal p70-s6 kinase" SIGNOR-169150 MAP3K3 protein Q99759 UNIPROT RCAN1 protein P53805 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser167 FLISPPAsPPVGWKQ 9606 BTO:0000782 16126726 t gcesareni "Essential role of mekk3 signaling in angiotensin ii-induced calcineurin/nuclear factor of activated t-cells activation" SIGNOR-138945 EFNA1 protein P20827 UNIPROT EPHA8 protein P29322 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 17420126 t gcesareni "Ephrins are cell-surface tethered guidance cues that bind to eph receptor tyrosine kinases in trans on opposing cells." SIGNOR-154298 JAK3 protein P52333 UNIPROT STAT5A protein P42229 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr694 LAKAVDGyVKPQIKQ 9606 18250158 t gcesareni "For these assays, coexpression of wt jak3 with stat5a was found to result in tyrosine phosphorylation of stat5a (lane 2) mediated by jak3, since stat5a coexpressed with the kinase-inactive k855a mutant form of jak3 was not tyrosine phosphorylated." SIGNOR-160672 JAK3 protein P52333 UNIPROT STAT5A protein P42229 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr694 LAKAVDGyVKPQIKQ 9606 BTO:0000007;BTO:0000567 19088846 t gcesareni "For these assays, coexpression of wt jak3 with stat5a was found to result in tyrosine phosphorylation of stat5a (lane 2) mediated by jak3, since stat5a coexpressed with the kinase-inactive k855a mutant form of jak3 was not tyrosine phosphorylated." SIGNOR-182817 BTK protein Q06187 UNIPROT WAS protein P42768 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Tyr291 AETSKLIyDFIEDQG 9606 BTO:0000776 10068673 t llicata "These results indicate that btk phosphorylates wasp on its tyrosine 291" SIGNOR-86004 MAP3K3 protein Q99759 UNIPROT RCAN1 protein P53805 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser167 FLISPPAsPPVGWKQ 9606 BTO:0000782 12809556 t gcesareni "Essential role of mekk3 signaling in angiotensin ii-induced calcineurin/nuclear factor of activated t-cells activation" SIGNOR-102294 TRAF2 protein Q12933 UNIPROT RIPK1 protein Q13546 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" ubiquitination Lys377 NEPSLQSkLQDEANY 10090 BTO:0002572;BTO:0000801 21232017 t lperfetto "Following binding to tradd, traf2 was thought to mediate non-degradative lys-63-linked polyubiquitination of rip1 via its ring e3 ligase domain. Rip1 is known to directly interact with traf2." SIGNOR-235407 TRAF2 protein Q12933 UNIPROT RIPK1 protein Q13546 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" ubiquitination Lys377 NEPSLQSkLQDEANY 9606 BTO:0000459 18621737 t lperfetto "Following binding to tradd, traf2 was thought to mediate non-degradative lys-63-linked polyubiquitination of rip1 via its ring e3 ligase domain. Rip1 is known to directly interact with traf2." SIGNOR-179456 TRAF2 protein Q12933 UNIPROT RIPK1 protein Q13546 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" ubiquitination Lys377 NEPSLQSkLQDEANY 9606 BTO:0000007 9712898 t lperfetto "Following binding to tradd, traf2 was thought to mediate non-degradative lys-63-linked polyubiquitination of rip1 via its ring e3 ligase domain. Rip1 is known to directly interact with traf2." SIGNOR-59689 TRAF2 protein Q12933 UNIPROT RIPK1 protein Q13546 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" ubiquitination Lys377 NEPSLQSkLQDEANY 9606 BTO:0000007 8702708 t lperfetto "Following binding to tradd, traf2 was thought to mediate non-degradative lys-63-linked polyubiquitination of rip1 via its ring e3 ligase domain. Rip1 is known to directly interact with traf2." SIGNOR-42984 PLK1 protein P53350 UNIPROT BORA protein Q6PGQ7 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr501 QMDSGYNtQNCGSNI 9606 18378770 t gcesareni "Following cdk1-dependent recruitment, plk1 triggers hbora destruction by phosphorylating a recognition site for scf(beta-trcp)." SIGNOR-178154 PLK1 protein P53350 UNIPROT BORA protein Q6PGQ7 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser497 SSNIQMDsGYNTQNC 9606 18521620 t gcesareni "Following cdk1-dependent recruitment, plk1 triggers hbora destruction by phosphorylating a recognition site for scf(beta-trcp)." SIGNOR-178803 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR PFKFB2 protein O60825 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser466 PVRMRRNsFTPLSSS 9606 BTO:0000562 10521487 t gcesareni "Heart 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase activation by insulin results from ser-466 and ser-483 phosphorylation and requires 3-phosphoinositide-dependent kinase-1, but not protein kinase b." SIGNOR-71419 RPS6KB1 protein P23443 UNIPROT PFKFB2 protein O60825 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser466 PVRMRRNsFTPLSSS 9606 BTO:0000562 2846551 t gcesareni "Heart 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase activation by insulin results from ser-466 and ser-483 phosphorylation and requires 3-phosphoinositide-dependent kinase-1, but not protein kinase b." SIGNOR-23757 RPS6KA3 protein P51812 UNIPROT PFKFB2 protein O60825 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser466 PVRMRRNsFTPLSSS 9606 BTO:0000562 9211863 t gcesareni "Heart 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase activation by insulin results from ser-466 and ser-483 phosphorylation and requires 3-phosphoinositide-dependent kinase-1, but not protein kinase b." SIGNOR-49367 AMPK complex SIGNOR-C15 SIGNOR PFKFB2 protein O60825 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser466 PVRMRRNsFTPLSSS 9606 BTO:0000562 11069105 t lperfetto "Heart 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase activation by insulin results from ser-466 and ser-483 phosphorylation and requires 3-phosphoinositide-dependent kinase-1, but not protein kinase b." SIGNOR-216623 CAMK2D protein Q13557 UNIPROT TPD52 protein P55327 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser176 KNSPTFKsFEEKVEN 9606 BTO:0000567 BTO:0000975;BTO:0000671 20032513 t gcesareni "Here we demonstrate, using site-specific mutations, that ca(2+)-sensitive phosphorylation at serine 136 modulates the accumulation of d52 at the plasma membrane within 2 min of cell stimulation" SIGNOR-162630 CAMKK2 protein Q96RR4 UNIPROT CAMK1 protein Q14012 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr177 DPGSVLStACGTPGY 7641687 t llicata "Human calcium-calmodulin dependent protein kinase I: cDNA cloning, domain structure and activation by phosphorylation at threonine-177 by calcium-calmodulin dependent protein kinase I kinase." SIGNOR-250716 AMPK complex SIGNOR-C15 SIGNOR NR2C2 protein P49116 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser351 HVISRDQsTPIIEVE 9606 21478464 t lperfetto "Tr4 transactivation is inhibited via phosphorylation bymetformin-induced amp-activated protein kinase (ampk) at the amino acid serine 351, which results in the suppression of scd1 gene expression" SIGNOR-216537 CAMK2D protein Q13557 UNIPROT TPD52 protein P55327 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser176 KNSPTFKsFEEKVEN 9606 20946871 t gcesareni "Here we demonstrate, using site-specific mutations, that ca(2+)-sensitive phosphorylation at serine 136 modulates the accumulation of d52 at the plasma membrane within 2 min of cell stimulation" SIGNOR-168550 PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT NCOA3 protein Q9Y6Q9 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser857 PPYNRAVsLDSPVSV 9606 BTO:0000551 22505454 t gcesareni "Herein, we report the successful identification of six functional in vivo src-3 phosphorylation sites." SIGNOR-196961 CHUK protein O15111 UNIPROT NCOA3 protein Q9Y6Q9 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser857 PPYNRAVsLDSPVSV 9606 15383283 t gcesareni "Herein, we report the successful identification of six functional in vivo src-3 phosphorylation sites." SIGNOR-127064 AURKB protein Q96GD4 UNIPROT HIST1H3A protein P68431 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser29 ATKAARKsAPATGGV 9606 21282660 t gcesareni "Histone code pathway involving h3 s28 phosphorylation and k27 acetylation activates transcription and antagonizes polycomb silencingaurora-b phosphorylates histone h3 at serine28 with regard to the mitotic chromosome condensation" SIGNOR-171717 AURKB protein Q96GD4 UNIPROT HIST1H3A protein P68431 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser29 ATKAARKsAPATGGV 9606 11856369 t gcesareni "Histone code pathway involving h3 s28 phosphorylation and k27 acetylation activates transcription and antagonizes polycomb silencingaurora-b phosphorylates histone h3 at serine28 with regard to the mitotic chromosome condensation" SIGNOR-114852 PTPN6 protein P29350 UNIPROT CSF2RB protein P32927 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation Tyr628 PPPGSLEyLCLPAGG 9606 9162089 t gcesareni "However, inhibition of shp2 binding to betac, did not prevent tyrosine phosphorylation of shp2. Interestingly, this same phosphopeptide served as a substrate for the tyrosine phosphatase activity of both shp1 and shp2." SIGNOR-48561 PTPN6 protein P29350 UNIPROT CSF2RB protein P32927 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation Tyr628 PPPGSLEyLCLPAGG 9606 11812650 t gcesareni "However, inhibition of shp2 binding to betac, did not prevent tyrosine phosphorylation of shp2. Interestingly, this same phosphopeptide served as a substrate for the tyrosine phosphatase activity of both shp1 and shp2." SIGNOR-114597 GSK3B protein P49841 UNIPROT CEBPB protein P17676 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser231 LSTSSSSsPPGTPSP 9606 phosphorylation:Thr188 T-->L 17601773 t fspada "However, the acquisition of dna binding and transactivation capacity of c/ebpbeta is delayed until further phosphorylation (on ser(184) or thr(179)) by gsk3beta occurs." SIGNOR-156514 GSK3B protein P49841 UNIPROT CEBPB protein P17676 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser231 LSTSSSSsPPGTPSP 9606 phosphorylation:Thr188 T-->L 22369944 t fspada "However, the acquisition of dna binding and transactivation capacity of c/ebpbeta is delayed until further phosphorylation (on ser(184) or thr(179)) by gsk3beta occurs." SIGNOR-196377 CAMKK1 protein Q8N5S9 UNIPROT CAMK1 protein Q14012 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr177 DPGSVLStACGTPGY 8253780 t llicata "Human calcium-calmodulin dependent protein kinase I: cDNA cloning, domain structure and activation by phosphorylation at threonine-177 by calcium-calmodulin dependent protein kinase I kinase." SIGNOR-250717 CDK5 protein Q00535 UNIPROT LMTK2 protein Q8IWU2 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation 9606 BTO:0000938 BTO:0000887;BTO:0000142 12832520 t gcesareni "Cprk displays catalytic activity in in vitro kinase assays and is itself phosphorylated by cdk5/p35. Cdk5/p35 inhibits cprk activity." SIGNOR-102652 IKBKB protein O14920 UNIPROT FOXO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF27 SIGNOR down-regulates phosphorylation Ser644 GLDFNFDsLISTQNV 9606 BTO:0000150;BTO:0001130;BTO:0001271;BTO:0000527 19188143 t gcesareni "Ikkbeta phosphorylates foxo3a at ser644. Ikappab kinase (ikk) physically interacts with, phosphorylates, and inhibits foxo3a independent of akt and causes proteolysis of foxo3a via the ub-dependent proteasome pathway" SIGNOR-252947 IKBKB protein O14920 UNIPROT FOXO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF27 SIGNOR down-regulates phosphorylation Ser644 GLDFNFDsLISTQNV 9606 BTO:0000150 15084260 t gcesareni "Ikkbeta phosphorylates foxo3a at ser644. Ikappab kinase (ikk) physically interacts with, phosphorylates, and inhibits foxo3a independent of akt and causes proteolysis of foxo3a via the ub-dependent proteasome pathway" SIGNOR-252948 IKBKB protein O14920 UNIPROT NFKB1 protein P19838 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser927 DSDSVCDsGVETSFR 9606 BTO:0000007 SIGNOR-C13 11158290 t lperfetto "Ikkbeta phosphorylates p105 resulting in its degradation, which releases tpl2 resulting in activation of the pro-proliferative map kinase- pathway." SIGNOR-104807 PRKAA2 protein P54646 UNIPROT ULK1 protein O75385 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser638 FDFPKTPsSQNLLAL 9606 SIGNOR-C15 21205641 t gcesareni "In a screen for conserved substrates of ampk, we identified ulk1 and ulk2, mammalian orthologs of the yeast protein kinase atg1, which is required for autophagy." SIGNOR-170867 PRKAA2 protein P54646 UNIPROT ULK1 protein O75385 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser638 FDFPKTPsSQNLLAL 9606 SIGNOR-C15 19584320 t gcesareni "In a screen for conserved substrates of ampk, we identified ulk1 and ulk2, mammalian orthologs of the yeast protein kinase atg1, which is required for autophagy." SIGNOR-186641 CSNK2A1 protein P68400 UNIPROT MYH9 protein P35579 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser1943 RKGAGDGsDEEVDGK 9606 18971378 t gcesareni "In egf-stimulated cells, the myosin-iia heavy chain is phosphorylated on the casein kinase 2 site (s1943)" SIGNOR-181811 CSNK2A1 protein P68400 UNIPROT MYH9 protein P35579 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser1943 RKGAGDGsDEEVDGK 9606 BTO:0000150 21316371 t gcesareni "In egf-stimulated cells, the myosin-iia heavy chain is phosphorylated on the casein kinase 2 site (s1943)" SIGNOR-171907 CSNK2A1 protein P68400 UNIPROT MYH9 protein P35579 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser1943 RKGAGDGsDEEVDGK 9606 22123909 t gcesareni "In egf-stimulated cells, the myosin-iia heavy chain is phosphorylated on the casein kinase 2 site (s1943)" SIGNOR-177818 CSNK2A1 protein P68400 UNIPROT MYH9 protein P35579 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser1943 RKGAGDGsDEEVDGK 9606 BTO:0000150 17567956 t gcesareni "In egf-stimulated cells, the myosin-iia heavy chain is phosphorylated on the casein kinase 2 site (s1943)" SIGNOR-155987 TAK-960 chemical CID:53357478 PUBCHEM PLK1 protein P53350 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-207200 AMPK complex SIGNOR-C15 SIGNOR CRTC2 protein Q53ET0 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser170 PSALNRTsSDSALHT 9606 21892142 t lperfetto "Collectively, these findings suggest ampk suppresses glucose production through two transcriptional effects:reduced expression of creb targets via crtc inactivation and reduced expression of foxo target genes via class iia hdac inactivation" SIGNOR-216541 AMPK complex SIGNOR-C15 SIGNOR CRY1 protein Q16526 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser71 ANLRKLNsRLFVIRG 9606 phosphorylation:Ser71 ANLRKLNsRLFVIRG 21892142 t lperfetto "Ampk was shown to regulate the stability of the core clock component cry1 though phosphorylation of cry1 ser71, which stimulates the direct binding of the fbox protein fbxl3 to cry1, targeting it for ubiquitin-mediated degradation" SIGNOR-216546 CDC7 protein O00311 UNIPROT MCM2 protein P49736 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser27 GNDPLTSsPGRSSRR 9606 16446360 t gcesareni "In the present study, we report the identification of cdc7/dbf4 phosphorylation sites on mcm2 and determine the functional role of cdc7/dbf4 phosphorylation of mcm2 in the initiation of dna replication in human cells." SIGNOR-143992 CDC7 protein O00311 UNIPROT MCM2 protein P49736 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser41 RTDALTSsPGRDLPP 9606 BTO:0000567 16899510 t gcesareni "In the present study, we report the identification of cdc7/dbf4 phosphorylation sites on mcm2 and determine the functional role of cdc7/dbf4 phosphorylation of mcm2 in the initiation of dna replication in human cells." SIGNOR-148717 BIRC3 protein Q13489 UNIPROT RIPK1 protein Q13546 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" ubiquitination Lys377 NEPSLQSkLQDEANY 9606 16603398 t amattioni "In this report, we show that ciap1 and ciap2 promote cancer cell survival by functioning as e3 ubiquitin ligases that maintain constitutive ubiquitination of the rip1 adaptor protein." SIGNOR-145855 BIRC3 protein Q13489 UNIPROT RIPK1 protein Q13546 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" ubiquitination Lys377 NEPSLQSkLQDEANY 9606 18570872 t amattioni "In this report, we show that ciap1 and ciap2 promote cancer cell survival by functioning as e3 ubiquitin ligases that maintain constitutive ubiquitination of the rip1 adaptor protein." SIGNOR-179104 BIRC3 protein Q13489 UNIPROT RIPK1 protein Q13546 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" ubiquitination Lys377 NEPSLQSkLQDEANY 9606 18621737 t amattioni "In this report, we show that ciap1 and ciap2 promote cancer cell survival by functioning as e3 ubiquitin ligases that maintain constitutive ubiquitination of the rip1 adaptor protein." SIGNOR-179443 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR PPP1CA protein P62136 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr320 NPGGRPItPPRNSAK 9606 BTO:0000661 12202491 t lperfetto "Ir-induced pp1 activation in the nucleus may be a critical component in an atm-mediated pathway controlling checkpoint activation." SIGNOR-244330 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR PPP1CA protein P62136 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr320 NPGGRPItPPRNSAK 9606 BTO:0000938 BTO:0000142 17202132 t gcesareni "Ir-induced pp1 activation in the nucleus may be a critical component in an atm-mediated pathway controlling checkpoint activation." SIGNOR-151795 "AMG 900" chemical CID:24856041 PUBCHEM AURKC protein Q9UQB9 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-189498 JAK2 protein O60674 UNIPROT STAT5A protein P42229 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr694 LAKAVDGyVKPQIKQ 9606 18250158 t gcesareni "Jak2 kinase induces tyrosine phosphorylation, dimerization, nuclear translocation, and dna binding of a concomitantly expressed stat5 protein." SIGNOR-160656 JAK2 protein O60674 UNIPROT STAT5A protein P42229 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr694 LAKAVDGyVKPQIKQ 9606 BTO:0000007;BTO:0000567 19088846 t gcesareni "Jak2 kinase induces tyrosine phosphorylation, dimerization, nuclear translocation, and dna binding of a concomitantly expressed stat5 protein." SIGNOR-182813 MAPK8 protein P45983 UNIPROT BCL2 protein P10415 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser87 AAAGPALsPVPPVVH 9606 10567572 t gcesareni "Jnk1-mediated phosphorylation of bcl-2 regulates starvation-induced autophagy." SIGNOR-48038 MAPK8 protein P45983 UNIPROT BCL2 protein P10415 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser87 AAAGPALsPVPPVVH 9606 18570871 t gcesareni "Jnk1-mediated phosphorylation of bcl-2 regulates starvation-induced autophagy." SIGNOR-179092 CASP3 protein P42574 UNIPROT PTCH1 protein Q13635 UNIPROT down-regulates cleavage Asp1405 CPGYPETdHGLFEDP 9606 23074268 t gcesareni "Like other dependence receptors, ptc1 contains a dependence-as-associated receptor c-terminal motif that is cleaved by caspases at a conserved aspartic acid (asp 1392) in the absence of shh, to expose a proapoptotic domain." SIGNOR-199111 CASP3 protein P42574 UNIPROT PTCH1 protein Q13635 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" cleavage Asp1405 CPGYPETdHGLFEDP 9606 12907805 t lperfetto "Like other dependence receptors, ptc1 contains a dependence-as-associated receptor c-terminal motif that is cleaved by caspases at a conserved aspartic acid (asp 1392) in the absence of shh, to expose a proapoptotic domain." SIGNOR-104585 JAK2 protein O60674 UNIPROT STAT5A protein P42229 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr694 LAKAVDGyVKPQIKQ 4932 9575217 t gcesareni "Jak2 kinase induces tyrosine phosphorylation, dimerization, nuclear translocation, and dna binding of a concomitantly expressed stat5 protein." SIGNOR-56827 CyclinA2/CDK2 complex SIGNOR-C83 SIGNOR CEBPB protein P17676 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr235 SSSSPPGtPSPADAK 9606 17601773 t lperfetto "Mass spectrometric analysis revealed that cdk2/cyclina phosphorylates c/ebpbeta on thr(188) and is required for phosphorylation (on ser(184) or thr(179)) of c/ebpbeta by gsk3beta and maintenance of dna binding activity." SIGNOR-217312 CyclinA2/CDK2 complex SIGNOR-C83 SIGNOR CEBPB protein P17676 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr235 SSSSPPGtPSPADAK 9606 22369944 t lperfetto "Mass spectrometric analysis revealed that cdk2/cyclina phosphorylates c/ebpbeta on thr(188) and is required for phosphorylation (on ser(184) or thr(179)) of c/ebpbeta by gsk3beta and maintenance of dna binding activity." SIGNOR-217316 RET protein P07949 UNIPROT RET protein P07949 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr900 FGLSRDVyEEDSYVK 9606 14711813 t gcesareni "Mass spectrometric analysis revealed that ret tyr(900) was autophosphorylation site. Tyr900 can partially replace the function of tyr905 as a local switch for kinase activation" SIGNOR-121161 RET protein P07949 UNIPROT RET protein P07949 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr900 FGLSRDVyEEDSYVK 9606 16928683 t gcesareni "Mass spectrometric analysis revealed that ret tyr(900) was autophosphorylation site. Tyr900 can partially replace the function of tyr905 as a local switch for kinase activation" SIGNOR-148992 CyclinB/CDK1 complex SIGNOR-C17 SIGNOR MCL1 protein Q07820 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr92 EVPDVTAtPARLLFF 9606 BTO:0000150 18676833 t lperfetto "Mcl-1 is phosphorylated at two sites in mitosis, ser64 and thr92. Phosphorylation of thr92 by cyclin-dependent kinase 1 (cdk1)-cyclin b1 initiates degradation of mcl-1 in cells arrested in mitosis by microtubule poisons." SIGNOR-216900 CyclinB/CDK1 complex SIGNOR-C17 SIGNOR MCL1 protein Q07820 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr92 EVPDVTAtPARLLFF 9606 20526282 t lperfetto "Mcl-1 is phosphorylated at two sites in mitosis, ser64 and thr92. Phosphorylation of thr92 by cyclin-dependent kinase 1 (cdk1)-cyclin b1 initiates degradation of mcl-1 in cells arrested in mitosis by microtubule poisons." SIGNOR-216813 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT PPARG protein P37231 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser112 AIKVEPAsPPYYSEK 9606 9099735 t gcesareni "Moreover, the inhibition of erks 1 and 2 with a mek inhibitor, u1026, lead to an inhibition in the decay of ppargamma proteins, indicating that serine phosphorylation influences the degradation of ppargamma in fat cells." SIGNOR-47157 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT PPARG protein P37231 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser112 AIKVEPAsPPYYSEK 9606 9030579 t gcesareni "Moreover, the inhibition of erks 1 and 2 with a mek inhibitor, u1026, lead to an inhibition in the decay of ppargamma proteins, indicating that serine phosphorylation influences the degradation of ppargamma in fat cells." SIGNOR-46514 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT PPARG protein P37231 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser112 AIKVEPAsPPYYSEK 9606 11733495 t gcesareni "Moreover, the inhibition of erks 1 and 2 with a mek inhibitor, u1026, lead to an inhibition in the decay of ppargamma proteins, indicating that serine phosphorylation influences the degradation of ppargamma in fat cells." SIGNOR-112544 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT PPARG protein P37231 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser112 AIKVEPAsPPYYSEK 9606 16574647 t gcesareni "Moreover, the inhibition of erks 1 and 2 with a mek inhibitor, u1026, lead to an inhibition in the decay of ppargamma proteins, indicating that serine phosphorylation influences the degradation of ppargamma in fat cells." SIGNOR-145195 PRKCD protein Q05655 UNIPROT DAB2 protein P98082 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser24 QAAPKAPsKKEKKKG 9606 BTO:0001130 10542228 t gcesareni "Mutational analysis revealed that a dab2 ser(24) phosphorylation mutant (s24a) abrogated the inhibitory function of dab2." SIGNOR-71764 PRKCD protein Q05655 UNIPROT DAB2 protein P98082 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser24 QAAPKAPsKKEKKKG 9606 BTO:0000782 15280374 t gcesareni "Mutational analysis revealed that a dab2 ser(24) phosphorylation mutant (s24a) abrogated the inhibitory function of dab2." SIGNOR-127198 MAPKAPK2 protein P49137 UNIPROT CREB1 protein P16220 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser133 EILSRRPsYRKILND 9606 17389598 t lperfetto "Neverthless, some transcription factors, such as e47, er81, srf and creb are also phosphorylated by mk2." SIGNOR-153944 MAPKAPK2 protein P49137 UNIPROT CREB1 protein P16220 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser133 EILSRRPsYRKILND 9606 20626350 t lperfetto "Neverthless, some transcription factors, such as e47, er81, srf and creb are also phosphorylated by mk2." SIGNOR-166619 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT FOXO1 protein Q12778 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser319 TFRPRTSsNASTISG 9606 11237865 t lperfetto "The transcription factor, forkhead in rhabdomyosarcoma (FKHR), is phosphorylated at three amino acid residues (Thr-24, Ser-256 and Ser-319) by protein kinase b (PKB)alpha. FKHR (forkhead in rhabdomyosarcoma), AFX (all1 fused gene from chromosome x) and FKHRL1 (FKHR-like 1) are phosphorylated directly by PKB in cells, preventing them from stimulating gene transcription and leading to their exit from the nucleus." SIGNOR-105459 AMPK complex SIGNOR-C15 SIGNOR HDAC7 protein Q8WUI4 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser155 FPLRKTVsEPNLKLR 9606 21892142 t lperfetto "Another recently described set of transcriptional regulators targeted by ampk and its related family members across a range of eukaryotes are the class iia family of histone deacetylases (hdacs)." SIGNOR-216554 MAPKAPK2 protein P49137 UNIPROT HSPB1 protein P04792 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser82 RALSRQLsSGVSEIR 9606 BTO:0000938 12367505 t "10383393: We demonstrate that both phosphorylated sHsps and the triple mutant Hsp27-S15D,S78D,S82D show significantly decreased abilities to act as molecular chaperones suppressing thermal denaturation and facilitating refolding of citrate synthase in vitro." gcesareni "Notably mk2 is well known to play an important role in actin filament remodellng by phosphorylating hsp27." SIGNOR-94025 MAPKAPK2 protein P49137 UNIPROT HSPB1 protein P04792 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser78 PAYSRALsRQLSSGV 9606 20626350 t "10383393: We demonstrate that both phosphorylated sHsps and the triple mutant Hsp27-S15D,S78D,S82D show significantly decreased abilities to act as molecular chaperones suppressing thermal denaturation and facilitating refolding of citrate synthase in vitro." gcesareni "Notably mk2 is well known to play an important role in actin filament remodellng by phosphorylating hsp27." SIGNOR-166633 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT GSK3B protein P49841 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser9 SGRPRTTsFAESCKP 9606 BTO:0000007 9373175 t gcesareni "Evidence that the inhibition of glycogen synthase kinase-3beta by IGF-1 is mediated by PDK1/PKB-induced phosphorylation of Ser-9" SIGNOR-252546 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT GSK3B protein P49841 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser9 SGRPRTTsFAESCKP 9606 23552696 t lperfetto "Active AKT, a common mediator of cell survival signals induced by radiation through multiple intracellular signaling pathways,11, 12 suppresses apoptosis. AKT positively regulates cyclin D1 expression through inactivation of glycogen synthase kinase 3beta (GSK3B). The AKT-mediated phosphorylation of glycogen synthase kinase 3b on serine9 decreases its kinase activity for Thr286 of cyclin D1, which inhibits the nuclear export and the cytoplasmic proteasomal degradation of cyclin D1" SIGNOR-245416 IGF1R protein P08069 UNIPROT IGF1R protein P08069 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr1165 RDIYETDyYRKGGKG 9606 7493944 t lperfetto "Insulin and insulin-like growth factor (IGF-I) receptors are heterotetrameric proteins consisting of two alpha-and two beta-subunits and members of the transmembrane tyrosine kinase receptors. Specific ligand binding to the receptor triggers a cascade of intracellular events, which begins with autophosphorylation of several tyrosine residues of the beta-subunit of the receptor." SIGNOR-26586 IGF1R protein P08069 UNIPROT IGF1R protein P08069 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr973 RLGNGVLyASVNPEY -1 7493944 t lperfetto "The insulin-like growth factor type I (IGF-I) receptor can become tyrosine phosphorylated and enzymatically activated either in response to ligand or because of the activity of the Src tyrosine kinase. We mapped the sites of IGF-I receptor autophosphorylation to peptides representing three different receptor domains: tyrosines 943 and 950 in the juxtamembrane region; tyrosines 1131, 1135, and 1136 within the kinase domain; and tyrosine 1316 in the carboxyl-terminal domain." SIGNOR-246252 IGF1R protein P08069 UNIPROT IGF1R protein P08069 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr980 YASVNPEyFSAADVY -1 7493944 t lperfetto "The insulin-like growth factor type I (IGF-I) receptor can become tyrosine phosphorylated and enzymatically activated either in response to ligand or because of the activity of the Src tyrosine kinase. We mapped the sites of IGF-I receptor autophosphorylation to peptides representing three different receptor domains: tyrosines 943 and 950 in the juxtamembrane region; tyrosines 1131, 1135, and 1136 within the kinase domain; and tyrosine 1316 in the carboxyl-terminal domain." SIGNOR-246256 IGF1R protein P08069 UNIPROT IRS1 protein P35568 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr1179 GLENGLNyIDLDLVK 9606 17827393 t gcesareni "Furthermore, IGF-1 stimulates tyrosine phosphorylation of insulin receptor substrate-1 (IRS-1) and IRS-2 and their association with the p85 subunit of phosphoinositide-3 kinase (PI3K)." SIGNOR-157730 IGF1R protein P08069 UNIPROT IRS1 protein P35568 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr1229 SSEDLSAyASISFQK 9606 17827393 t gcesareni "Furthermore, IGF-1 stimulates tyrosine phosphorylation of insulin receptor substrate-1 (IRS-1) and IRS-2 and their association with the p85 subunit of phosphoinositide-3 kinase (PI3K)." SIGNOR-157734 IGF1R protein P08069 UNIPROT IRS1 protein P35568 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr632 GRKGSGDyMPMSPKS 9606 17827393 t gcesareni "Furthermore, IGF-1 stimulates tyrosine phosphorylation of insulin receptor substrate-1 (IRS-1) and IRS-2 and their association with the p85 subunit of phosphoinositide-3 kinase (PI3K)." SIGNOR-157746 IGF1R protein P08069 UNIPROT IRS1 protein P35568 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr941 EETGTEEyMKMDLGP 9606 17827393 t gcesareni "Furthermore, IGF-1 stimulates tyrosine phosphorylation of insulin receptor substrate-1 (IRS-1) and IRS-2 and their association with the p85 subunit of phosphoinositide-3 kinase (PI3K)." SIGNOR-157754 IGF1R protein P08069 UNIPROT IRS1 protein P35568 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr989 VPSSRGDyMTMQMSC 9606 17827393 t gcesareni "Furthermore, IGF-1 stimulates tyrosine phosphorylation of insulin receptor substrate-1 (IRS-1) and IRS-2 and their association with the p85 subunit of phosphoinositide-3 kinase (PI3K)." SIGNOR-157758 IGF1R protein P08069 UNIPROT IRS1 protein P35568 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr465 GEEELSNyICMGGKG 9606 17827393 t gcesareni "Furthermore, IGF-1 stimulates tyrosine phosphorylation of insulin receptor substrate-1 (IRS-1) and IRS-2 and their association with the p85 subunit of phosphoinositide-3 kinase (PI3K)." SIGNOR-157738 AMPK complex SIGNOR-C15 SIGNOR VASP protein P50552 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser322 TTLPRMKsSSSVTTS 9606 21945940 t lperfetto "Here we show that phosphorylation of vasp by ampk occurs at a novel site, serine 322, and that phosphorylation at this site alters actin filament binding. We also show that inhibition of ampk activity results in the accumulation of vasp at cell-cell adhesions and a concomitant increase in cell-cell adhesion." SIGNOR-216568 AMPK complex SIGNOR-C15 SIGNOR HDAC7 protein Q8WUI4 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser358 WPLSRTRsEPLPPSA 9606 21892142 t lperfetto "Another recently described set of transcriptional regulators targeted by ampk and its related family members across a range of eukaryotes are the class iia family of histone deacetylases (hdacs)." SIGNOR-216558 AMPK complex SIGNOR-C15 SIGNOR MLXIPL protein Q9NP71 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser556 LLRSPGsPQETVPE 10116 11724780 t lperfetto "These results strongly suggested that the fatty acid inhibition of glucose-induced l-PK transcription resulted from AMPK phosphorylation of ChREBP at Ser568, which inactivated the DNA binding activity." SIGNOR-216526 CDK1 protein P06493 UNIPROT WEE1 protein P30291 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser123 EEGFGSSsPVKSPAA 9606 BTO:0000567 15070733 t gcesareni "We have found also that the major M-phase kinases polo-like kinase 1 (Plk1) and Cdc2 are responsible for the phosphorylation of S53 and S123, respectively, and that in each case phosphorylation generates an unconventional phospho-degron (signal for degradation) that can be recognized by beta-TrCP" SIGNOR-123824 CDK1 protein P06493 UNIPROT WEE1 protein P30291 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser123 EEGFGSSsPVKSPAA 9606 16085715 t gcesareni "We show that phosphorylation of S123 (pS123) by CDK promoted the binding of Wee1A to beta-TrCP through three independent mechanisms. The pS123 not only directly interacted with basic residues in the WD40 repeat domain of beta-TrCP but also primed phosphorylation by two independent protein kinases, Plk1 and CK2 (formerly casein kinase 2)" SIGNOR-139465 IGF1R protein P08069 UNIPROT IRS1 protein P35568 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr612 TLHTDDGyMPMSPGV 9606 17827393 t gcesareni "Furthermore, IGF-1 stimulates tyrosine phosphorylation of insulin receptor substrate-1 (IRS-1) and IRS-2 and their association with the p85 subunit of phosphoinositide-3 kinase (PI3K)." SIGNOR-157742 PTPN12 protein Q05209 UNIPROT INSR protein P06213 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation "Tyr1185; Tyr1190" FGMTRDIyETDYYRK;DIYETDYyRKGGKGL -1 10734133 t gcesareni "Interestingly, all PTPs that were tested could completely dephosphorylate the receptor, given sufficient time, including a negative control (PTP-PEST) that failed to bind IRK as a trapping mutant." SIGNOR-75894 IGF1R protein P08069 UNIPROT IRS1 protein P35568 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr896 EPKSPGEyVNIEFGS 9606 17827393 t gcesareni "Furthermore, IGF-1 stimulates tyrosine phosphorylation of insulin receptor substrate-1 (IRS-1) and IRS-2 and their association with the p85 subunit of phosphoinositide-3 kinase (PI3K)." SIGNOR-157750 RAP1GDS1 protein P52306 UNIPROT RHOA protein P61586 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 21242305 t miannu "Smggds is a guanine nucleotide exchange factor that specifically activates rhoa and rhoc" SIGNOR-171347 ELL protein P55199 UNIPROT ELL/ICE1 complex SIGNOR-C48 SIGNOR "form complex" binding 9606 BTO:0001271 22195968 t miannu "The ell-ice complex is called lec for its proposed role in transcriptional regulation of the littlesnrna genes." SIGNOR-193458 AMPK complex SIGNOR-C15 SIGNOR BAIAP2 protein Q9UQB8 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser366 KTLPRSSsMAAGLER 9606 19933840 t lperfetto "Using this approach for ppp1r12c, baiap2, and cdc27, we found that mutation of a single serine to alanine (s452, s366, and s379 respectively) resulted in almost a complete loss of ampk phosphorylation in these proteins. Termination of irsp53 function is suggested to occur following cdc42 dissociation, kinase phosphorylation of t340 and t360, and subsequent 14-3-3 binding, which competes for sh3 partners, thus allowing filopodial retraction" SIGNOR-216572 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser1626 SPSYSPTsPSYSPTS 9606 14662762 t lperfetto "Erk1/2 are major ser-5 kinases after h2o2 treatment. These results suggest that subsequent to h2o2 treatment, the ser-5-phosphorylated form, but not the ser-2-phosphorylated form or the unphosphorylated form, is targeted for rapid proteasomal degradation through its ubiquitination." SIGNOR-120176 KRAS protein P01116 UNIPROT RAF1 protein P04049 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 16293107 t gcesareni "Among other effectors, active ras binds and activates the raf kinase, iniziating a kinase cascade involving serine phosporylation of mek1/2 (mapkk) and tyrosine and threonine phosphorylation of erk1/2. the raf family of proteins (raf-1, a-raf, and b-raf) is serine/threonine kinases that bind to the effector region of ras-gtp, thus inducing translocation of the protein to the plasma membrane. Once there, raf proteins are activated and phosphorylated by different protein kinases.. Association of ras with the mapk kinase kinase, raf, initiates the raf mek erk map kinase cascade." SIGNOR-141641 ARHGEF25 protein Q86VW2 UNIPROT RAC1 protein P63000 UNIPROT up-regulates "guanine nucleotide exchange factor" 10090 BTO:0000165;BTO:0000222 16314529 t gcesareni "Exogenous expression of geft promotes myogenesis ofc2c12 cells via activation of rhoa, rac1, and cdc42 and their downstream effector proteins, while a dominant negative mutant of geft inhibits this process." SIGNOR-236882 "Prostaglandin E2" smallmolecule CID:5280360 PUBCHEM AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT up-regulates "chemical activation" 9606 16293724 t gcesareni "Pge2 also stimulated akt activity in a pi3k-dependent manner." SIGNOR-141817 AKT2 protein P31751 UNIPROT AKT1S1 protein Q96B36 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation 9606 SIGNOR-C3 17386266 t gcesareni "Insulin-stimulated phosphorylation of pras40 by akt/pkb suppresses its mtorc1 inhibitory activity." SIGNOR-153931 RNF111 protein Q6ZNA4 UNIPROT SKIL protein P12757 UNIPROT down-regulates ubiquitination 9606 17591695 t gcesareni "Arkadia interacts with snon and induces its ubiquitination irrespective of tgf-beta/activin signaling, but snon is efficiently degraded only when it forms a complex with both arkadia and phosphorylated smad2 or smad3" SIGNOR-156430 PHLPP1 protein O60346 UNIPROT AKT2 protein P31751 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation 9606 17386267 t gcesareni "These data are consistent with phlpp terminating akt signaling by directly dephosphorylating and inactivating akt / phlpp1 specifically modulates the phosphorylation of hdm2 and gsk-3alpha through akt2, whereas phlpp2 specifically modulates the phosphorylation of p27 through akt3" SIGNOR-153935 PTPN13 protein Q12923 UNIPROT PDCD10 protein Q9BUL8 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation 9606 17657516 t gcesareni "We also show that ccm3 directly binds to serine/threonine kinase 25 (stk25, ysk1, sok1) and the phosphatase domain of fas-associated phosphatase-1 (fap-1, ptpn13, ptp-bas, ptp-bl)." SIGNOR-157076 GSK3B protein P49841 UNIPROT MAP3K4 protein Q9Y6R4 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 17726008 t gcesareni "Gsk3beta binding to mekk4 blocks mekk4 dimerization that is required for mekk4 activation, effectively inhibiting mekk4 stimulation of the jnk and p38 mapk pathways" SIGNOR-157541 PAK2 protein Q13177 UNIPROT PAK2 protein Q13177 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation 9606 16837009 t gcesareni "A dimeric kinase assembly underlying autophosphorylation in the p21 activated kinasesa key step in the activation process is the phosphorylation of the activation loop of one pak kinase domain by another, but little is known about the underlying recognition events that make this phosphorylation specific." SIGNOR-147874 INVS protein Q9Y283 UNIPROT DVL1 protein O14640 UNIPROT down-regulates ubiquitination 9606 BTO:0000671 15852005 t gcesareni "Inversin inhibits the canonical wnt pathway by targeting cytoplasmic dishevelled (dsh or dvl1) for degradation" SIGNOR-135766 BTRC protein Q9Y297 UNIPROT PER1 protein O15534 UNIPROT down-regulates ubiquitination 9606 BTO:0000671 15917223 t miannu "We have found that per1 interacts with both _-trcp1 and _-trcp2 in a manner that depends on casein kinase 1 activity, and depletion of both _-trcp1 and _-trcp2 by rnai leads to dramatic stabilization of per1" SIGNOR-137755 RELA protein Q04206 UNIPROT TRAF1 protein Q13077 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 9733516 f gcesareni "Thus, our data indicate that nf-kb controls the expression of traf1 and traf2 and c-iap1 and c-iap2." SIGNOR-59957 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser1654 SPSYSPTsPSYSPTS 9606 14662762 t lperfetto "Erk1/2 are major ser-5 kinases after h2o2 treatment. These results suggest that subsequent to h2o2 treatment, the ser-5-phosphorylated form, but not the ser-2-phosphorylated form or the unphosphorylated form, is targeted for rapid proteasomal degradation through its ubiquitination." SIGNOR-120184 AMPK complex SIGNOR-C15 SIGNOR HDAC5 protein Q9UQL6 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser259 FPLRKTAsEPNLKVR 9606 21892142 t lperfetto "Another recently described set of transcriptional regulators targeted by ampk and its related family members across a range of eukaryotes are the class iia family of histone deacetylases (hdacs)" SIGNOR-216596 SPI1 protein P17947 UNIPROT NAB2 protein Q15742 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional activation" 10090 BTO:0000801 16923394 f miannu "PU.1 Induces Egr-2 and Nab-2, which Repress Neutrophil Genes during Macrophage Differentiation" SIGNOR-256039 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser1647 SPSYSPTsPSYSPTS 9606 14662762 t lperfetto "Erk1/2 are major ser-5 kinases after h2o2 treatment. These results suggest that subsequent to h2o2 treatment, the ser-5-phosphorylated form, but not the ser-2-phosphorylated form or the unphosphorylated form, is targeted for rapid proteasomal degradation through its ubiquitination." SIGNOR-120180 AMPK complex SIGNOR-C15 SIGNOR GBF1 protein Q92538 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr1337 GKIHRSAtDADVVNS 9606 18063581 t lperfetto "These results indicate that gbf1 is a novel ampk substrate and that the ampk-mediated phosphorylation of gbf1 at thr(1337) has a critical role, presumably by attenuating the function of gbf1, in the disassembly of the golgi apparatus induced under stress conditions that lower the intracellular atp concentration." SIGNOR-216588 AMPK complex SIGNOR-C15 SIGNOR RRN3 protein Q9NYV6 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser635 DTHFRSPsSSVGSPP 9606 19815529 t lperfetto "We show that ampk down-regulates rrna synthesis under glucose restriction by phosphorylating the rna polymerase i (pol i)-associated transcription factor tif-ia at a single serine residue (ser-635)." SIGNOR-216592 MAPK9 protein P45984 UNIPROT TOB1 protein P50616 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser154 SSVSSSPsPPFGHSA 9606 BTO:0000782 12151396 t gcesareni "Biochemical analyses have then shown that erk mapk (erk2) and jnk/sapk (jnk2) bind to and phosphorylate tob in vitro." SIGNOR-91071 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT TOB1 protein P50616 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser154 SSVSSSPsPPFGHSA 9606 12050114 t gcesareni "Tob is rapidly phosphorylated at Ser 152, Ser 154, and Ser 164 by Erk1 and Erk2 upon growth-factor stimulation." SIGNOR-88732 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT TOB1 protein P50616 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser152 PASSVSSsPSPPFGH 9606 BTO:0000782 12050114 t gcesareni "Tob is rapidly phosphorylated at Ser 152, Ser 154, and Ser 164 by Erk1 and Erk2 upon growth-factor stimulation." SIGNOR-91055 TGFB1 protein P01137 UNIPROT NfKb-p65/p50 complex SIGNOR-C13 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 18586026 f gcesareni "These data show that tgf-beta-induced nf-kappab activation is through tak1/mek-mediated aktactivation, which is essential for tgf-beta to support of osteoclast survival" SIGNOR-179179 MAPK8IP1 protein Q9UQF2 UNIPROT MAPK8 protein P45983 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 18486448 t gcesareni "The jip proteins function by aggregating components of a map kinase module (including mlk, mkk7, and jnk) and facilitate signal transmission by the protein kinase cascade. Overexpression of jip1 deactivates the jnk pathway selectively by cytoplasmic retention of jnk and thereby inhibits gene expression mediated by jnk, which occurs in the nucleus" SIGNOR-178655 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser1668 SPSYSPTsPSYSPTS 9606 14662762 t lperfetto "Erk1/2 are major ser-5 kinases after h2o2 treatment. These results suggest that subsequent to h2o2 treatment, the ser-5-phosphorylated form, but not the ser-2-phosphorylated form or the unphosphorylated form, is targeted for rapid proteasomal degradation through its ubiquitination." SIGNOR-120188 MAPKAPK2 protein P49137 UNIPROT PARN protein O95453 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser557 NHYYRNNsFTAPSTV 9606 20932473 t lperfetto "Mk2 phosphorylates parn, blocking gadd45_ mrna degradation. Parn can serve as a direct substrate for mk2, and demonstrating that ser-557 is the dominant mk2 phosphorylation site." SIGNOR-168377 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser1675 SPSYSPTsPSYSPTS 9606 14662762 t lperfetto "Erk1/2 are major ser-5 kinases after h2o2 treatment. These results suggest that subsequent to h2o2 treatment, the ser-5-phosphorylated form, but not the ser-2-phosphorylated form or the unphosphorylated form, is targeted for rapid proteasomal degradation through its ubiquitination." SIGNOR-120192 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser1696 SPSYSPTsPSYSPTS 9606 14662762 t lperfetto "Erk1/2 are major ser-5 kinases after h2o2 treatment. These results suggest that subsequent to h2o2 treatment, the ser-5-phosphorylated form, but not the ser-2-phosphorylated form or the unphosphorylated form, is targeted for rapid proteasomal degradation through its ubiquitination." SIGNOR-120196 PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT NPHS1 protein O60500 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr1120 EYEESQWtGERDTQS 9606 BTO:0000007 21321125 t llicata "Binding of _-arrestin2 to the nephrin intracellular domain depended on phosphorylation of nephrin threonine residues 1120 and 1125 by pkc_." SIGNOR-178695 PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT NPHS1 protein O60500 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr1125 QWTGERDtQSSTVST 9606 BTO:0000007 21321125 t llicata "Binding of _-arrestin2 to the nephrin intracellular domain depended on phosphorylation of nephrin threonine residues 1120 and 1125 by pkc_." SIGNOR-172056 PDPK1 protein O15530 UNIPROT PRKCG protein P05129 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation 9606 15209375 t gcesareni "One of the most studiedevents controlled by ptdins(3,4,5)p3, comprises the activation of aof agc family protein kinases, including isoforms of protein kinase b (pkb)/akt, p70 ribosomal s6 kinase (s6k), serum- and glucocorticoid-induced protein kinase (sgk) and protein kinase c (pkc), which play crucial roles in regulating physiological processes relevant to metabolism, growth, proliferation and survival. Here, we review recent biochemical, genetic and structural studies on the 3-phosphoinositide-dependent protein kinase-1 (pdk1), which phosphorylates and activates the agc kinase members regulated by pi 3-kinase. We also discuss whether inhibitors of pdk1 might have chemotherapeutic potential in the treatment of cancers in which the pdk1-regulated agc kinases are constitutively activated." SIGNOR-126072 CDK5 protein Q00535 UNIPROT PPP1CA protein P62136 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr320 NPGGRPItPPRNSAK 9606 BTO:0000938 BTO:0000142 17202132 t gcesareni "We observed that phosphorylation of protein phosphatase 1 (PP1) on Thr320 is reduced in brain extracts from Egr-1-/- mice, indicating that a kinase downstream of Egr-1 phosphorylates PP1. In HEK 293 cells co-transfected with PP1 and Cdk5, Cdk5 phosphorylates PP1. In vitro, Cdk5 purified from bovine brain phosphorylates bacterially expressed recombinant PP1" SIGNOR-151803 SYK protein P43405 UNIPROT SH3BP2 protein P78314 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr183 HDDEDDSyLEPDSPE 9534 BTO:0004055 12709437 t lperfetto "By using the transient expression system in COS-7 cells, we have demonstrated that 3BP2 was predominantly phosphorylated on Tyr174, Tyr183, and Tyr446 when it was coexpressed with Syk" SIGNOR-246592 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser1724 SPSYSPTsPSYSPTS 9606 14662762 t lperfetto "Erk1/2 are major ser-5 kinases after h2o2 treatment. These results suggest that subsequent to h2o2 treatment, the ser-5-phosphorylated form, but not the ser-2-phosphorylated form or the unphosphorylated form, is targeted for rapid proteasomal degradation through its ubiquitination." SIGNOR-120204 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser1717 SPSYSPTsPSYSPTS 9606 14662762 t lperfetto "Erk1/2 are major ser-5 kinases after h2o2 treatment. These results suggest that subsequent to h2o2 treatment, the ser-5-phosphorylated form, but not the ser-2-phosphorylated form or the unphosphorylated form, is targeted for rapid proteasomal degradation through its ubiquitination." SIGNOR-120200 FLI1 protein Q01543 UNIPROT GATA1 protein P15976 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 10090 BTO:0000944 12556498 t irozzo "On the other hand, our data demonstrate that FLI-1 also interacts with GATA-1. However, FLI-1 does not repress but enhances GATA-1 activity." SIGNOR-256045 SYK protein P43405 UNIPROT SH3BP2 protein P78314 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr174 YPTDNEDyEHDDEDD 9534 BTO:0004055 12709437 t lperfetto "By using the transient expression system in COS-7 cells, we have demonstrated that 3BP2 was predominantly phosphorylated on Tyr174, Tyr183, and Tyr446 when it was coexpressed with Syk." SIGNOR-246587 ABL1 protein P00519 UNIPROT CAT protein P04040 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr231 NANGEAVyCKFHYKT 9606 BTO:0000093 12777400 t lperfetto "The SH3 domains of c-Abl and Arg bound directly to catalase at a P293FNP site. c-Abl and Arg phosphorylated catalase at Tyr231 and Tyr386 in vitro and in the response of cells to H2O2" SIGNOR-101298 ABL1 protein P00519 UNIPROT CAT protein P04040 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr231 NANGEAVyCKFHYKT 9606 12950161 t lperfetto "C-abl and arg phosphorylated catalase at tyr231 and tyr386 in vitro.catalase is a major effector in the defense of aerobic cells against oxidative stress. Recent studies have shown that catalase activity is stimulated by the c-abl and arg tyrosine kinases" SIGNOR-86581 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser1766 SPSYSPTsPSYSPTS 9606 14662762 t lperfetto "Erk1/2 are major ser-5 kinases after h2o2 treatment. These results suggest that subsequent to h2o2 treatment, the ser-5-phosphorylated form, but not the ser-2-phosphorylated form or the unphosphorylated form, is targeted for rapid proteasomal degradation through its ubiquitination." SIGNOR-120212 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser1738 SPSYSPTsPSYSPTS 9606 14662762 t lperfetto "Erk1/2 are major ser-5 kinases after h2o2 treatment. These results suggest that subsequent to h2o2 treatment, the ser-5-phosphorylated form, but not the ser-2-phosphorylated form or the unphosphorylated form, is targeted for rapid proteasomal degradation through its ubiquitination." SIGNOR-120208 PDPK1 protein O15530 UNIPROT SGK3 protein Q96BR1 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation 9606 15209375 t gcesareni "One of the most studied events controlled by ptdins(3,4,5)p3, comprises the activation of a of agc family protein kinases, including isoforms of protein kinase b (pkb)/akt, p70 ribosomal s6 kinase (s6k), serum- and glucocorticoid-induced protein kinase (sgk) and protein kinase c (pkc), which play crucial roles in regulating physiological processes relevant to metabolism, growth, proliferation and survival. Here, we review recent biochemical, genetic and structural studies on the 3-phosphoinositide-dependent protein kinase-1 (pdk1), which phosphorylates and activates the agc kinase members regulated by pi 3-kinase. We also discuss whether inhibitors of pdk1 might have chemotherapeutic potential in the treatment of cancers in which the pdk1-regulated agc kinases are constitutively activated." SIGNOR-126236 "BMS 794833" chemical CID:44155856 PUBCHEM KDR protein P35968 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-190419 PDGFRB protein P09619 UNIPROT CRK protein P46108 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 19426560 t amattioni "Crk can interact directly with tyrosine kinase receptors and can transmit signals downstream" SIGNOR-185667 SMURF2 protein Q9HAU4 UNIPROT SMAD9 protein O15198 UNIPROT down-regulates ubiquitination 9606 22298955 t gcesareni "Smurf1 and smurf2 are e3 ubiquitin ligases known to suppress tgf-beta signaling through degra-dation of smads and receptors for tgf-beta and bmps" SIGNOR-193390 STMN1 protein P16949 UNIPROT TTL protein Q8NG68 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 23624152 t miannu "Stathmin depresses ttl tubulin tyrosination activityin vitro." SIGNOR-193465 FHL2 protein Q14192 UNIPROT AR protein P10275 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0001129 10654935 t gcesareni "Fhl2 contains a strong, autonomous transactivation function and binds specifically to the ar in vitro and in vivo." SIGNOR-74703 CDK8 protein P49336 UNIPROT E2F1 protein Q01094 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser375 PVDEDRLsPLVAADS 9606 22945643 t lperfetto "Cdk8 regulates e2f1 transcriptional activity through s375 phosphorylation." SIGNOR-198934 CDK8 protein P49336 UNIPROT E2F1 protein Q01094 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser375 PVDEDRLsPLVAADS 9606 18794899 t lperfetto "E2F1 activity is also repressed by cyclin-dependent kinase-8 (CDK8), a colorectal oncoprotein. Elevated levels of CDK8 protect beta-catenin/TCF-dependent transcription from inhibition by E2F1." SIGNOR-181078 DAPK1 protein P53355 UNIPROT BECN1 protein Q14457 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr119 LSRRLKVtGDLFDIM 9606 BTO:0000007 19180116 t gcesareni "The activated form of DAPK triggers autophagy in a beclin-1-dependent manner. DAPK phosphorylates beclin 1 on Thr 119 located at a crucial position within its BH3 domain, and thus promotes the dissociation of beclin 1 from Bcl-XL and the induction of autophagy." SIGNOR-183548 DAPK1 protein P53355 UNIPROT BECN1 protein Q14457 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr119 LSRRLKVtGDLFDIM 9606 19395874 t gcesareni "We found that DAPk phosphorylates Beclin 1 on T119, a critical residue within its BH3 domain, and thus promotes Beclin 1 dissociation from Bcl-X(L) and autophagy induction. Here we report that T119 phosphorylation also reduces the interaction between Beclin 1 and Bcl-2, in line with the high degree of structural homology between the BH3 binding pockets of Bcl-2 and Bcl-X(L) proteins." SIGNOR-185589 ATM protein Q13315 UNIPROT TP53 protein P04637 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by stabilization" phosphorylation Ser20 PLSQETFsDLWKLLP 9606 BTO:0000552 20663147 t gcesareni "DeltaNp63alpha depletion by RNAi reduces steady-state ATM mRNA and protein levels, and attenuates p53 Serine-15 phosphorylation. Conversely, ectopic expression of DeltaNp63alpha in p63-null tumour cells stimulates ATM transcription and p53 Serine-15 phosphorylation" SIGNOR-167156 ATM protein Q13315 UNIPROT TP53 protein P04637 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by stabilization" phosphorylation Ser20 PLSQETFsDLWKLLP 9606 BTO:0002552 17967874 t gcesareni "The increased interaction between B56gamma and p53 after DNA damage requires ATM-dependent phosphorylation of p53 at Ser15." SIGNOR-158636 FOXA1 protein P55317 UNIPROT NFIB protein O00712 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0001129 24801505 t miannu "Androgen receptor (ar) action throughout prostate development and in maintenance of the prostatic epithelium is partly controlled by interactions between ar and forkhead box (fox) transcription factors, particularly foxa1./ Foxa1 is capable of bringing ar and nfix into proximity, indicating that foxa1 facilitates the ar and nfi interaction by bridging the complex." SIGNOR-205027 FOXA1 protein P55317 UNIPROT NFIX protein Q14938 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0001129 24801505 t miannu "Androgen receptor (ar) action throughout prostate development and in maintenance of the prostatic epithelium is partly controlled by interactions between ar and forkhead box (fox) transcription factors, particularly foxa1./ Foxa1 is capable of bringing ar and nfix into proximity, indicating that foxa1 facilitates the ar and nfi interaction by bridging the complex." SIGNOR-205082 PLAG1 protein Q6DJT9 UNIPROT IGF2 protein P01344 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 14695992 f miannu "Plag1 has been shown be a transcriptional activator of igf2" SIGNOR-120363 NfKb-p65/p50 complex SIGNOR-C13 SIGNOR SOD2 protein P04179 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 21357467 f gcesareni "The nfkb p65/p50 heterodimer increases sod2, and p50/p50 suppresses it nf-kb p65/p50 binds to the enhancer and is important for cytokine-induced sod2" SIGNOR-172392 MAPK14 protein Q16539 UNIPROT COL1A1 protein P02452 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 22298955 f gcesareni "(tak1) and tak1 binding protein 1 (tab1) play a pivotal role as upstream sig-nal transducers by activating the mkk3-p38 mapk signaling cascade that leads to the induction of type i collagen expression by tgf-beta1." SIGNOR-192796 HOXD13 protein P35453 UNIPROT EPHA7 protein Q15375 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 16314414 f miannu "We show that hoxd13 andhoxa13activate transcription from the epha7 promoter and that a mutation of thehoxa13/hoxd13 binding site was sufficient to abolish activation." SIGNOR-142453 CDX1 protein P47902 UNIPROT VIL1 protein P09327 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 19371634 f miannu "We concluded that cdx2 regulates intestinal villin expression through recruiting brm-type swi/snf complex to the villin promoter." SIGNOR-185483 CDX2 protein Q99626 UNIPROT VIL1 protein P09327 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 19371634 f miannu "We concluded that cdx2 regulates intestinal villin expression through recruiting brm-type swi/snf complex to the villin promoter." SIGNOR-185486 ELF4 protein Q99607 UNIPROT MDM2 protein Q00987 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 19380490 f miannu "We found that elf4/mef activates mdm2 expression" SIGNOR-185490 GLI1 protein P08151 UNIPROT CCND1 protein P24385 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 23074268 f gcesareni "Canonical hh signaling plays an essential role in cell proliferation throught introduction of the genes encoding cyclin d1 and n-myc" SIGNOR-199126 XXYLT1 protein Q8NBI6 UNIPROT NOTCH1 protein P46531 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 22117070 t "Xylosylation in ER membrane" gcesareni "Xxylt1 acts on the xyl1,3glc-o-linked glycan of notch egf domains." SIGNOR-177745 SHPRH protein Q149N8 UNIPROT PCNA protein P12004 UNIPROT up-regulates ubiquitination 9606 19706603 t gcesareni "We provide evidence that similar to rad5, shprh physically interacts with the human rad6rad18 and mms2ubc13 protein complexes, and importantly, we show that it exhibits an ubiquitin ligase activity and mediates mms2ubc13-dependent polyubiquitylation of pcna. Thus, shprh is a functional homolog of rad5." SIGNOR-187757 DIABLO protein Q9NR28 UNIPROT BIRC2 protein Q13490 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity" binding 9606 BTO:0000567 14960576 t amattioni "Smac/DIABLO selectively reduces the levels of c-IAP1 and c-IAP2 but not that of XIAP and livin in HeLa cells." SIGNOR-121883 BMPR1B protein O00238 UNIPROT SMAD5 protein Q99717 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation 9606 19620713 t gcesareni "Two types of bmp-induced signaling pathways are known, the smad and p38 mapk pathways. In the former case, bmpr1 phosphorylates smad-1,-5,-8, which forms a complex with smad4 that translocates into the nucleus and regulates gene expression." SIGNOR-187193 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT BRAF protein P15056 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser429 PQRERKSsSSSEDRN 9606 BTO:0000007 10869359 t "Akt phosphorylates both S364 and S428. Akt downregulates B-Raf activity in vivo" SIGNOR-251472 MYC protein P01106 UNIPROT CCNE1 protein P24864 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 9188852 f gcesareni "Our results suggest that this activation may involve at least two myc-dependent steps: the induction of cyclin e gene transcription followed by accumulation of cyclin e mrna in a protein synthesis-independent manner and the p27(kip1) association with cyce/cdk2 complexes containing newly synthesised cyce." SIGNOR-49130 NFKB1 protein P19838 UNIPROT IEX-1L protein O75353 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 9703517 f gcesareni "Transcription factors of the nuclear factor-kappab/rel (nf-kappab) family may be important in cell survival by regulating unidentified, anti-apoptotic genes. One such gene that protects cells from apoptosis induced by fas or tumor necrosis factor type alpha (tnf), iex-1l, is described here. Its transcription induced by tnf was decreased in cells with defective nf-kappab activation, rendering them sensitive to tnf-induced apoptosis, which was abolished by transfection with iex-1l." SIGNOR-59539 NFKB1 protein P19838 UNIPROT BIRC2 protein Q13490 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 9733516 f gcesareni "Thus, our data indicate that nf-kb controls the expression of traf1 and traf2 and c-iap1 and c-iap2" SIGNOR-59948 NFKB1 protein P19838 UNIPROT BIRC3 protein Q13489 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 9733516 f gcesareni "Thus, our data indicate that nf-kb controls the expression of traf1 and traf2 and c-iap1 and c-iap2" SIGNOR-59951 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT SOX9 protein P48436 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 20457810 f fspada "Soluble pref-1 inhibits adipocyte differentiation through the activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase/mitogen-activated protein kinase (erk/mapk) and the subsequent upregulation of sox9 expression." SIGNOR-165353 CREB1 protein P16220 UNIPROT PKM protein P14618 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 20577053 f gcesareni "In fasted mammals, glucose homeostasis is maintained through induction of the camp response element-binding protein (creb) coactivator transducer of regulated creb activity 2 (torc2), which stimulates the gluconeogenic program in concert with the forkhead factor foxo1" SIGNOR-166346 FOXO1 protein Q12778 UNIPROT G6PC protein P35575 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 20577053 f gcesareni "In the gk gene regulation, foxo1 represses hnf-4-potentiated transcription of the gene, whereas it synergizes with hnf-4 in activating the g6pase gene transcription." SIGNOR-166349 JAK1 protein P23458 UNIPROT STAT3 protein P40763 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr705 DPGSAAPyLKTKFIC 10090 26260587 t lperfetto "IL10R2 recruits cytoplasmic protein Jak1 followed by phosphorylation of tyrosine at position 705 in the STAT3 (705Y-STAT3) molecule. Phosphorylated STAT3 forms a homodimer, which is then translocated to the nucleus to facilitate transcriptional regulation of target genes." SIGNOR-249546 JAK2 protein O60674 UNIPROT STAT3 protein P40763 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr705 DPGSAAPyLKTKFIC 9606 BTO:0000599 9575217 t lperfetto "Activation of wild type stat3: il-6 treatment causes stat3 recruitment to receptor tyrosine phosphopeptides (gp130) where it is phosphorylated on tyrosine 705 (y) by jak kinase" SIGNOR-236463 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser1787 SPNYSPTsPSYSPTS 9606 14662762 t lperfetto "Erk1/2 are major ser-5 kinases after h2o2 treatment. These results suggest that subsequent to h2o2 treatment, the ser-5-phosphorylated form, but not the ser-2-phosphorylated form or the unphosphorylated form, is targeted for rapid proteasomal degradation through its ubiquitination." SIGNOR-120216 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser1892 TPKYSPTsPTYSPTS 9606 14662762 t lperfetto "Erk1/2 are major ser-5 kinases after h2o2 treatment. These results suggest that subsequent to h2o2 treatment, the ser-5-phosphorylated form, but not the ser-2-phosphorylated form or the unphosphorylated form, is targeted for rapid proteasomal degradation through its ubiquitination." SIGNOR-120232 TESK1 protein Q15569 UNIPROT CFL2 protein Q9Y281 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser3 sGVTVNDE 9606 BTO:0001363 11418599 t lperfetto "Like TESK1, TESK2 phosphorylated cofilin specifically at Ser-3 and induced formation of actin stress fibers and focal adhesionsExpression of cofilin or S3A-cofilin into HeLa cells induced marked decreases in rhodamine-phalloidin staining due to the actin binding and -depolymerizing activity of cofilin" SIGNOR-246719 AMPK complex SIGNOR-C15 SIGNOR CTBP1 protein Q13363 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser158 REGTRVQsVEQIREV 9606 23291169 t lperfetto "We found that an activated amp-activated protein kinase (ampk) phosphorylates ctbp1 on ser-158 upon metabolic stresses. Moreover, ampk-mediated phosphorylation of ctbp1 (s158) attenuates the repressive function of ctbp1" SIGNOR-216604 AMPK complex SIGNOR-C15 SIGNOR BAIAP2 protein Q9UQB8 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser366 KTLPRSSsMAAGLER 9606 22137581 t lperfetto "Using this approach for ppp1r12c, baiap2, and cdc27, we found that mutation of a single serine to alanine (s452, s366, and s379 respectively) resulted in almost a complete loss of ampk phosphorylation in these proteins. Termination of irsp53 function is suggested to occur following cdc42 dissociation, kinase phosphorylation of t340 and t360, and subsequent 14-3-3 binding, which competes for sh3 partners, thus allowing filopodial retraction" SIGNOR-216608 MBTPS2 protein O43462 UNIPROT CREB3L1 protein Q96BA8 UNIPROT up-regulates cleavage 9606 16417584 t miannu "Cleavage of oasis by site-1 and site-2 proteases / oasis is cleaved at the membrane under er stress conditions and that its cleaved n-terminal domain translocates into the nucleus;and then activates transcription of target genes" SIGNOR-143820 AMPK complex SIGNOR-C15 SIGNOR PAK2 protein Q13177 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser20 APPVRMSsTIFSTGG 9606 22137581 t lperfetto "Together, these results indicate that ampk phosphorylates endogenous ppp1r12c at s452 and pak2 at s20 in human cells." SIGNOR-216612 AMPK complex SIGNOR-C15 SIGNOR RAF1 protein P04049 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser621 PKINRSAsEPSLHRA 9606 9091312 t lperfetto "Ampk also phosphorylated full-length, kinase-defective raf-1 (k375m) to generate two [32p]phosphopeptides, one co-migrating with synthetic tryptic peptide containing phospho-ser621 and the other with phospho-ser259" SIGNOR-216616 NfKb-p65/p50 complex SIGNOR-C13 SIGNOR KLK3 protein P07288 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0001321 11909978 t "NF-kappa B activates prostate-specific antigen expression and is upregulated in androgen-independent prostate cancer." SIGNOR-253667 PRKCB protein P05771 UNIPROT CHAT protein P28329 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser464 LLKHVTQsSRKLIRA 9606 BTO:0000938 15381704 t "The effect has been demonstrated using P28329-3" gcesareni "Protein kinase c isoforms differentially phosphorylate human choline acetyltransferase regulating its catalytic activity." SIGNOR-129280 JAK2 protein O60674 UNIPROT STAT3 protein P40763 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr705 DPGSAAPyLKTKFIC 9606 BTO:0000599 9575217 t lperfetto "Inactive cytoplasmic STATs are recruited to the activated receptor by docking of the STAT SH2 domain to selected receptor tyrosine phosphopeptides, where they are in turn phosphorylated on a single tyrosine by Jak kinases. Has been identified tyrosine 705 of Stat3 as the likely site of phosphorylation by Jak kinases during signal transduction." SIGNOR-238638 UPR stimulus SIGNOR-ST6 SIGNOR CREB3L1 protein Q96BA8 UNIPROT up-regulates 9606 16417584 f miannu "Oasis (old astrocyte specifically induced substance) is an er stress transducer in astrocytes, a membrane-bound transcription factor that activates genes in the er stress response / when unfolded proteins accumulate in the er, oasis is cleaved at the membrane to release its cytoplasmic domain, which then enters the nucleus and activates target genes." SIGNOR-143823 STAT1 protein P42224 UNIPROT IL12B protein P29460 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000801 19029990 f lperfetto "STAT1 binds as a homodimer to cis elements known as gammaactivated sequences in the promoters of the genes encoding NOS2, the MHC class II transactivator (CIITA) and IL-12, among others." SIGNOR-249500 TP53INP1 protein Q96A56 UNIPROT GABARAPL2 protein P60520 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 22421968 t gcesareni "In this work, we show that tp53inp1 is also able to interact with atg8-family proteins and to induce autophagy-dependent cell death. mammalian cells contain multiple atg8 orthologs belonging to three subfamilies: microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3, -aminobutyric acid receptor-associated protein (gabarap) and -aminobutyric acid receptor-associated protein like 2 (gabarapl2)." SIGNOR-196667 BMP7 protein P18075 UNIPROT PPARGC1A protein Q9UBK2 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 18719589 f "induction of mitochondrial biogenesis" fspada "Bmp7 activates a full program of brown adipogenesis including induction of early regulators of brown fat fate prdm16 (pr-domain-containing 16;ref. 4) and pgc-1alpha (peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (ppargamma) coactivator-1alpha;ref. 5), increased expression of the brown-fat-defining marker uncoupling protein 1 (ucp1) and adipogenic transcription factors ppargamma and ccaat/enhancer-binding proteins (c/ebps), and induction of mitochondrial biogenesis via p38 mitogen-activated protein (map) kinase-(also known as mapk14) and pgc-1-dependent pathways" SIGNOR-180314 TESK1 protein Q15569 UNIPROT CFL1 protein P23528 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser3 sGVAVSDG 9606 BTO:0001363 11418599 t lperfetto "Like TESK1, TESK2 phosphorylated cofilin specifically at Ser-3 and induced formation of actin stress fibers and focal adhesionsExpression of cofilin or S3A-cofilin into HeLa cells induced marked decreases in rhodamine-phalloidin staining due to the actin binding and -depolymerizing activity of cofilin" SIGNOR-246723 EDN1 protein P05305 UNIPROT EDNRB protein P24530 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0001130 16597412 t gcesareni "Endothelin-1 (et-1) and angiotensin ii (angii), two potent vasoactive peptides involved in the regulation of cardiovascular homeostasis, also induce mitogenic and pro-angiogenic responses in vitro and in vivo. Both peptides are produced by cleavage of inactive precursors by metalloproteases (endothelin-converting enzyme and angiotensin-converting enzyme, respectively) and activate two subtypes of membrane receptors (eta-r and etb-r for et-1, at1r and at2r for angii) that all belong to the superfamily of g-protein coupled receptors." SIGNOR-145762 SH2B3 protein Q9UQQ2 UNIPROT BCL2L1 protein Q07817 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 22101255 f miannu "Our results indicated that lnk/sh2b3 constrains expression of bcl-xl and participates in the regulation of hsc homeostasis by maintaining proper responses against various proapoptotic stimuli." SIGNOR-177485 NFIB protein O00712 UNIPROT EZH2 protein Q15910 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 24553933 f miannu "Nfibbinds to the ezh2 promoter and overexpression ofnfibrepresses ezh2 transcription." SIGNOR-204643 RASSF1 protein Q9NS23 UNIPROT STK4 protein Q13043 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 22683405 t "Mst1/2 are pro-apoptotic kinases that are activated by caspase cleavage" gcesareni "Rassf1a and mst1 co-exist as a complex localizing at microtubules throughout the cell cycle, of which the rassf1a mst1 interaction is stimulatory to the mst1 kinase activity." SIGNOR-197744 LPAR3 protein Q9UBY5 UNIPROT GNA13 protein Q14344 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 22863277 t gcesareni "Serum-borne lysophosphatidic acid (lpa) and sphingosine 1-phosphophate (s1p) act through g12/13-coupled receptors to inhibit the hippo pathway kinases lats1/2 thereby activating yap and taz transcription co-activators, which are oncoproteins repressed by lats1/2." SIGNOR-198547 GNG3 protein P63215 UNIPROT PLCG1 protein P19174 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 23074268 t gcesareni "Furthermore, this work suggested that the gbetagamma subunits released upon gi activation activated phospholipase c-gamma (plc-gamma) to produce inositol 3 phosphate (ip3) which would subsequently increase intracellular ca2+ abundance." SIGNOR-199141 KLF15 protein Q9UIH9 UNIPROT PPARG protein P37231 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 BTO:0000011 15664998 f lperfetto "Moreover, KLF15 and C/EBPalpha acted synergistically to increase the activity of the PPARgamma2 gene promoter in 3T3-L1 adipocytes." SIGNOR-235331 SMARCB1 protein Q12824 UNIPROT "SWI/SNF complex" complex SIGNOR-C92 SIGNOR "form complex" binding 9606 15627498 t miannu "We discuss recent insights in the functional differences between two evolutionary conserved subclasses of swi/snf-related chromatin remodeling factors. Onesubfamily comprises yeast swi/snf, fly bap and mammalian baf, whereas the other subfamily includes yeast rsc, fly pbap andmammalian pbaf. We review the subunit composition, conserved protein modules and biological functions of each of these subclasses ofswi/snf remodelers." SIGNOR-132930 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser1899 SPTYSPTsPVYTPTS 9606 14662762 t lperfetto "Erk1/2 are major ser-5 kinases after h2o2 treatment. These results suggest that subsequent to h2o2 treatment, the ser-5-phosphorylated form, but not the ser-2-phosphorylated form or the unphosphorylated form, is targeted for rapid proteasomal degradation through its ubiquitination." SIGNOR-120236 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser1920 SPTYSPTsPKYSPTS 9606 14662762 t lperfetto "Erk1/2 are major ser-5 kinases after h2o2 treatment. These results suggest that subsequent to h2o2 treatment, the ser-5-phosphorylated form, but not the ser-2-phosphorylated form or the unphosphorylated form, is targeted for rapid proteasomal degradation through its ubiquitination." SIGNOR-120244 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser1913 SPKYSPTsPTYSPTS 9606 14662762 t lperfetto "Erk1/2 are major ser-5 kinases after h2o2 treatment. These results suggest that subsequent to h2o2 treatment, the ser-5-phosphorylated form, but not the ser-2-phosphorylated form or the unphosphorylated form, is targeted for rapid proteasomal degradation through its ubiquitination." SIGNOR-120240 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser1927 SPKYSPTsPTYSPTS 9606 14662762 t lperfetto "Erk1/2 are major ser-5 kinases after h2o2 treatment. These results suggest that subsequent to h2o2 treatment, the ser-5-phosphorylated form, but not the ser-2-phosphorylated form or the unphosphorylated form, is targeted for rapid proteasomal degradation through its ubiquitination." SIGNOR-120248 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser1934 SPTYSPTsPKGSTYS 9606 14662762 t lperfetto "Erk1/2 are major ser-5 kinases after h2o2 treatment. These results suggest that subsequent to h2o2 treatment, the ser-5-phosphorylated form, but not the ser-2-phosphorylated form or the unphosphorylated form, is targeted for rapid proteasomal degradation through its ubiquitination." SIGNOR-120252 PRKG1 protein Q13976 UNIPROT VASP protein P50552 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser157 EHIERRVsNAGGPPA 9606 14679200 t lperfetto "Vasodilator-stimulated phosphoprotein activation of serum-response element-dependent transcription occurs downstream of rhoa and is inhibited by cgmp-dependent protein kinase phosphorylationg-kinase phosphorylation of vasp on ser(239) at the carboxyl-terminal end of the g-actin binding site, with some contribution by phosphorylation of ser(157)" SIGNOR-120347 GTF2F1 protein P35269 UNIPROT GTF2F1 protein P35269 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr389 RGNSRPGtPSAEGGS 9606 10428810 t gcesareni "We show that tfiifalpha possesses a serine/threonine kinase activity, allowing an autophosphorylation of the two residues at position serine 385 and threonine 389. Mutation analysis strongly suggests that autophosphorylation of both sites regulates the transcription elongation process." SIGNOR-69771 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser1951 SPGYSPTsPTYSLTS 9606 14662762 t lperfetto "Erk1/2 are major ser-5 kinases after h2o2 treatment. These results suggest that subsequent to h2o2 treatment, the ser-5-phosphorylated form, but not the ser-2-phosphorylated form or the unphosphorylated form, is targeted for rapid proteasomal degradation through its ubiquitination." SIGNOR-120260 NR1H3 protein Q13133 UNIPROT BHLHE40 protein O14503 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 BTO:0000575 19032342 f lperfetto "LXRα and LXRβ are potent positive regulators for hepatic Dec1" SIGNOR-253691 PRKG1 protein Q13976 UNIPROT VASP protein P50552 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser239 GAKLRKVsKQEEASG 9606 14679200 t lperfetto "Vasodilator-stimulated phosphoprotein activation of serum-response element-dependent transcription occurs downstream of rhoa and is inhibited by cgmp-dependent protein kinase phosphorylation. G-kinase phosphorylation of vasp on ser(239) at the carboxyl-terminal end of the g-actin binding site, with some contribution by phosphorylation of ser(157)" SIGNOR-120351 CDK2 protein P24941 UNIPROT TK1 protein P04183 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser13 LPTVLPGsPSKTRGQ 9606 14697231 t gcesareni "Given that the dimeric form of tk1 is less active than the tetrameric, we propose that mitotic phosphorylation of serine-13 is of physiological importance, in that it may counteract atp-dependent activation of tk1 by affecting its quaternary structure, thus attenuating its enzymatic function at the g2/m phase." SIGNOR-120372 CDK1 protein P06493 UNIPROT TK1 protein P04183 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser13 LPTVLPGsPSKTRGQ 9606 14697231 t gcesareni "Given that the dimeric form of tk1 is less active than the tetrameric, we propose that mitotic phosphorylation of serine-13 is of physiological importance, in that it may counteract atp-dependent activation of tk1 by affecting its quaternary structure, thus attenuating its enzymatic function at the g2/m phase." SIGNOR-120368 MAPK6 protein Q16659 UNIPROT MAPK6 protein Q16659 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser189 YSHKGHLsEGLVTKW 9606 8621539 t lperfetto "Ser189 of erk3, which corresponds to thr183, one of the activating phosphorylation sites of erk2, is autophosphorylated in vitro and phosphorylated in vivo." SIGNOR-40097 IFNGR2 protein P38484 UNIPROT JAK2 protein O60674 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000801 23898330 t lperfetto "In the classical model of IFNgamma signaling, dimeric IFNgamma cross-links the IFNGR1 receptor subunit that results in allosteric changes in receptor cytoplasmic domain. This results in movement of JAK2 from receptor subunit IFNGR2 to IFNGR1. The JAKs autophosphorylate and then phosphorylate IFNGR1 cytoplasmic domain. This results in binding, phosphorylation, and dimer formation of STAT1_. The dimeric STAT1_ dissociates from receptor and undergoes nuclear translocation via an intrinsic NLS for specific gene activation" SIGNOR-249504 ROS stimulus SIGNOR-ST2 SIGNOR ATF4 protein P18848 UNIPROT up-regulates "transcriptional regulation" 9606 19439225 f lperfetto "Oxidative and ER stress conditions induce rapid and significant activation of ATF4 downstream of eIF2alpha phosphorylation, which is responsible for Redd1 expression" SIGNOR-253729 TP53 protein P04637 UNIPROT Apoptosis phenotype SIGNOR-PH2 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 24212651 f miannu "P53 is a nuclear transcription factor with a pro-apoptotic function" SIGNOR-255678 PIK-90 chemical CID:6857685 PUBCHEM PIK3CG protein P48736 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-206232 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT NUP50 protein Q9UKX7 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser221 KVAAETQsPSLFGST 9606 19767751 t llicata "Erk phosphorylates nup50 at ser221 and ser315 erk phosphorylation of the fg repeat region of nup50 reduced its affinity for importin-beta family proteins, importin-beta and transportin." SIGNOR-188131 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT NUP50 protein Q9UKX7 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser315 TQSKPVSsPFPTKPL 9606 19767751 t llicata "Erk phosphorylates nup50 at ser221 and ser315 erk phosphorylation of the fg repeat region of nup50 reduced its affinity for importin-beta family proteins, importin-beta and transportin." SIGNOR-188135 CREB1 protein P16220 UNIPROT PCSK1 protein P29120 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 8999965 f miannu "both CREB-1 and ATF-1 transactivate the human PC1 promoter in transient transfection experiments." SIGNOR-253789 RET protein P07949 UNIPROT MAPK14 protein Q16539 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr180 RHTDDEMtGYVATRW 9606 8622669 t gcesareni "Dually phosphorylated on thr-180 and tyr-182 by the map2ks map2k3/mkk3, map2k4/mkk4 and map2k6/mkk6 in response to inflammatory citokines, environmental stress or growth factors, which activates the enzyme." SIGNOR-40493 CSNK1A1 protein P48729 UNIPROT CTPS2 protein Q9NRF8 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser568 LSSSDRYsDASDDSF 9606 20739275 t gcesareni "Hctps2 ser(568) was phosphorylated by casein kinase 1 both in vitro and in vivo. Mutation of ser(568) (s568a) significantly increased hctps2 activity, demonstrating that ser(568) is a major inhibitory phosphorylation site." SIGNOR-167623 AURKB protein Q96GD4 UNIPROT RACGAP1 protein Q9H0H5 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser185 KKREKRRsTSRQFVD 9606 BTO:0000567 14744859 t llicata "It was found that the 5A fragment in which five Ser/Thr residues were substituted with Ala (S144A/T145A/S185A/T186A/S187A) fully prevented phosphorylation (Fig. 5B), confirming that Aurora B primarily phosphorylates five Ser/Thr residues in the basic region of MgcRacGAP. | the strong phosphorylation of the basic region of MgcRacGAP by Aurora B kinase was demonstrated, and this phosphorylation prevents the inhibition of MgcRacGAP GAP activity by PRC1" SIGNOR-250587 JAK1 protein P23458 UNIPROT TYK2 protein P29597 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr1054 AVPEGHEyYRVREDG 9606 8702790 t llicata "These results indicate that tyk2 is activated by phosphorylation on tyr-1054 and/or tyr-1055 and that this phosphorylation requires another kinase, most likely jak1." SIGNOR-43080 RET protein P07949 UNIPROT GRB7 protein Q14451 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 8631863 t gcesareni "Grb7 and grb10, likely relay signals emanating from ret to other, as yet, unidentified targets within the cell" SIGNOR-41765 AMPK complex SIGNOR-C15 SIGNOR NOS3 protein P29474 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser1177 TSRIRTQsFSLQERQ 9606 BTO:0000567 18303014 t lperfetto "The central finding of this report is that rosiglitazone rapidly stimulates no production and enos ser-1177 phosphorylation in an ampk-dependent manner" SIGNOR-216627 KRAS protein P01116 UNIPROT MAP3K1 protein Q13233 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 7744823 t fstefani "Mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase kinase (mekk1) is a serine-threonine kinase that regulates sequential protein kinase pathways involving stress-activated protein kinases and mitogen-activated protein kinases. Mekk1 is activated in response to growth factor stimulation of cells and by expression of activated ras. mekk1 directly binds ras.GTP. Thus, ras interacts with protein kinases of both the raf and mekk families." SIGNOR-32620 JAG2 protein Q9Y219 UNIPROT NOTCH1 protein P46531 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 10090 BTO:0000165;BTO:0000222 9315665 t gcesareni "Immunohistochemistry revealed coexpression of jagged2 and notch1 within thymus and other fetal murine tissues, consistent with interaction of the two proteins in vivo. Coculture of fibroblasts expressing human jagged2 with murine c2c12 myoblasts inhibited myogenic differentiation, accompanied by increased notch1 and the appearance of a novel 115-kda notch1 fragment. Exposure of c2c12 cells to jagged2 led to increased amounts of notch mrna as well as mrnas for a second notch receptor, notch3, and a second notch ligand, jagged1. Constitutively active forms of notchl in c2c12 cells also induced increased levels of the same set of mrnas, suggesting positive feedback control of these genes initiated by binding of jagged2 to notch1." SIGNOR-236922 metformin chemical CID:4091 PUBCHEM NR0B2 protein Q15466 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 17909097 f gcesareni "In this study, we found that metformin increased shp gene expression via ampk activation and inhibited the expression of the hepatic gluconeogenic genes pepck and g6pase via upregulation of shp." SIGNOR-158059 JAG2 protein Q9Y219 UNIPROT NOTCH3 protein Q9UM47 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 11006133 t gcesareni "These results suggest that delta1, jagged1, and jagged2 are ligands for notch1 and notch3 receptors." SIGNOR-82401 NR4A1 protein P22736 UNIPROT NR3C1 protein P04150 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 15591535 f gcesareni "Our data suggest a mechanism for transrepression between two nuclear receptors, gr and ngfi-b." SIGNOR-132312 MDM2 protein Q00987 UNIPROT NOTCH1 protein P46531 UNIPROT up-regulates ubiquitination 9606 23252402 t gcesareni "Although the interaction between notch1 and mdm2 results in ubiquitination of notch1, this does not result in degradation of notch1, but instead leads to activation of the intracellular domain of notch1." SIGNOR-200197 LPAR1 protein Q92633 UNIPROT GNA12 protein Q03113 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 10090 BTO:0000944 15856019 t milica "Lysophosphatidic acid (lpa), a major g protein coupled receptor (gpcr)-activating ligand present in serum, elicits growth factor like responses by stimulating specific gpcrs coupled to heterotrimeric g proteins such as g(i), g(q), and g12/13." SIGNOR-236988 FLT3 protein P36888 UNIPROT CEBPA protein P49715 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 16146838 t lperfetto "Oncogenic mutations of Flt3 also result in the activation of aberrant signaling pathways, including strong activation of STAT5, induction of STAT target genes, and repression of myeloid transcription factors c/EBP-3 and Pu.1." SIGNOR-249635 Dalcetrapib chemical CID:6918540 PUBCHEM CETP protein P11597 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-191265 PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT HDAC8 protein Q9BY41 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser39 AKIPKRAsMVHSLIE 9606 14701748 t lperfetto "Negative regulation of histone deacetylase 8 activity by cyclic amp-dependent protein kinase athe pka phosphoacceptor site of hdac8 is ser(39)" SIGNOR-120643 EAPP protein Q56P03 UNIPROT MAOB protein P27338 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 20980443 f miannu "we identified two novel transcriptional repressors of MAO B, E2F-associated phosphoprotein (EAPP) and R1 (RAM2/CDCA7L/JPO2), that down-regulate MAO B via MAO B core promoter, which contains Sp1 sites." SIGNOR-253867 FLT3 protein P36888 UNIPROT SHC1 protein P29353 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr349 EEPPDHQyYNDFPGK 9606 10482988 t miannu "Intracellular FLT3 signaling involves tyrosine phosphorylation of several cytoplasmic proteins including SHC. We have found that upon FLT3 activation SHC phosphorylation occurs at tyrosine 239/240 and 313." SIGNOR-251146 FLT3 protein P36888 UNIPROT SHC1 protein P29353 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr350 EPPDHQYyNDFPGKE 9606 10482988 t miannu "Intracellular FLT3 signaling involves tyrosine phosphorylation of several cytoplasmic proteins including SHC. We have found that upon FLT3 activation SHC phosphorylation occurs at tyrosine 239/240 and 313." SIGNOR-251147 FLT3 protein P36888 UNIPROT SHC1 protein P29353 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr427 ELFDDPSyVNVQNLD 9606 10482988 t miannu "Intracellular FLT3 signaling involves tyrosine phosphorylation of several cytoplasmic proteins including SHC. We have found that upon FLT3 activation SHC phosphorylation occurs at tyrosine 239/240 and 313." SIGNOR-251148 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR FOXO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF27 SIGNOR "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" phosphorylation Ser253 APRRRAVsMDNSNKY 9606 19951971 t lperfetto "AKT phosphorylates FOXO3a at three conserved sites (Thr32, Ser253 and Ser315), therefore creating binding sites for the 14-3-3 chaperone proteins and leading to the active export of FOXO3a to the cytoplasm where it is targeted for proteasomal degradation." SIGNOR-252821 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR FOXO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF27 SIGNOR "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" phosphorylation Ser315 DFRSRTNsNASTVSG 9606 19951971 t lperfetto "AKT phosphorylates FOXO3a at three conserved sites (Thr32, Ser253 and Ser315), therefore creating binding sites for the 14-3-3 chaperone proteins and leading to the active export of FOXO3a to the cytoplasm where it is targeted for proteasomal degradation." SIGNOR-252822 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR FOXO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF27 SIGNOR "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" phosphorylation Thr32 QSRPRSCtWPLQRPE 9606 19951971 t lperfetto "AKT phosphorylates FOXO3a at three conserved sites (Thr32, Ser253 and Ser315), therefore creating binding sites for the 14-3-3 chaperone proteins and leading to the active export of FOXO3a to the cytoplasm where it is targeted for proteasomal degradation." SIGNOR-252823 AMPK complex SIGNOR-C15 SIGNOR PFKFB3 protein Q16875 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser461 NPLMRRNsVTPLASP 9606 BTO:0000876 BTO:0000671 12065600 t lperfetto "Ipfk-2 was phosphorylated on the homologous serine (ser-461) and activated by ampk in vitro." SIGNOR-216639 AMPK complex SIGNOR-C15 SIGNOR RB1 protein P06400 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser811 IYISPLKsPYKISEG 9606 BTO:0000938 BTO:0000142 19217427 t lperfetto "Amp-activated protein kinase phosphorylates retinoblastoma protein. Rb phosphorylation sites, ser804 (ser811 in human), resembled the ampk consensus phosphorylation site." SIGNOR-216635 PRKDC protein P78527 UNIPROT PRKDC protein P78527 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr3950 GHAFGSAtQFLPVPE 9606 17189255 t gcesareni "Ir-induced dna-pkcs phosphorylation at thr-2609 and ser-2056, however, exhibits distinct kinetics indicating that they are differentially regulated. Although dna-pkcs autophosphorylates itself at ser-2056 after ir, we have reported here that atm mediates dna-pkcs phosphorylation at thr-2609 as well as at the adjacent (s/t)q motifs within the thr-2609 cluster." SIGNOR-151453 TAF1 protein P21675 UNIPROT TP53 protein P04637 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr55 DDIEQWFtEDPGPDE 9606 15053879 t llicata "Phosphorylation on thr-55 by taf1 mediates degradation of p53" SIGNOR-123651 AMPK complex SIGNOR-C15 SIGNOR PPARGC1A protein Q9UBK2 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr178 NHNHRIRtNPAIVKT 9606 BTO:0000887;BTO:0001103 17609368 t lperfetto "Ampk phosphorylates pgc-1alpha directly both in vitro and in cells. These direct phosphorylations of the pgc-1alpha protein at threonine-177 and serine-538." SIGNOR-216651 AMPK complex SIGNOR-C15 SIGNOR PLD1 protein Q13393 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser505 GSVKRVTsGPSLGSL 9606 BTO:0000887;BTO:0001103 20231899 t lperfetto "Ampk-wild type (wt) stimulates pld activity, while ampk-dominant negative (dn) inhibits it. Ampk regulates pld1 activity through phosphorylation of the ser-505 and this phosphorylation is increased by the presence of amp." SIGNOR-216643 AMPK complex SIGNOR-C15 SIGNOR PPARGC1A protein Q9UBK2 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser539 SLFNVSPsCSSFNSP 9606 BTO:0000887;BTO:0001103 17609368 t lperfetto "Ampk phosphorylates pgc-1alpha directly both in vitro and in cells. These direct phosphorylations of the pgc-1alpha protein at threonine-177 and serine-538." SIGNOR-216647 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT RAF1 protein P04049 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation 9606 9922370 t gcesareni "Mapkerk1/2 is also able to phopshorylate the egf receptor, the ras exchange factor sos, mkkkraf1, and mkkmek1. The phosphorylation of each of these proteins by mapkerk1/2 is believed to reduce their catalytic activity. previous studies have shown that phosphorylation is required for raf-1 activation, and here, we identify six phosphorylation sites that contribute to the downregulation of raf-1 after mitogen stimulation. Five of the identified sites are proline-directed targets of activated erk" SIGNOR-64172 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT AGAP2 protein Q99490 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser985 THLSRVRsLDLDDWP 9606 BTO:0001130 19176382 t llicata "In addition, we have found that activated akt can bind and phosphorylate ggap2 at serine 629, which enhances gtp binding by ggap2." SIGNOR-183543 CHEK2 protein O96017 UNIPROT CHEK2 protein O96017 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser516 PQVLAQPsTSRKRPR 9606 BTO:0002201 12855706 t lperfetto "Chk2 is also autophosphorylated following dna damage. It is proposed that autophosphorylation of chk2 may contribute to chk2 activation. To fully understand the regulation of chk2, we mapped an in vitro chk2 autophosphorylation site at c-terminal serine 516 site (ser-516). Ser-516 of chk2 is phosphorylated following radiation in vivo, and this phosphorylation depends on the kinase activity of chk2." SIGNOR-103544 PURB protein Q96QR8 UNIPROT MYH6 protein P13533 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 12933792 f miannu "In functional assays, PURalpha and PURbeta repressed alpha-myosin heavy chain (alpha-MHC) gene expression in the presence of upstream regulatory sequences of the gene." SIGNOR-253901 MAPK8IP1 protein Q9UQF2 UNIPROT MAPK8 protein P45983 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 9922370 t gcesareni "The jip proteins function by aggregating components of a map kinase module (including mlk, mkk7, and jnk) and facilitate signal transmission by the protein kinase cascade. Overexpression of jip1 deactivates the jnk pathway selectively by cytoplasmic retention of jnk and thereby inhibits gene expression mediated by jnk, which occurs in the nucleus" SIGNOR-64175 NFE2L2 protein Q16236 UNIPROT TBXAS1 protein P24557 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000018 14565864 f miannu "Ecotopic expression of NF-E2 related factors showed that Nrf2, but not Nrf1, Nrf3, or Bach1, activated TXAS promoter in a dose-dependent manner." SIGNOR-253907 CSNK2A1 protein P68400 UNIPROT CDC25C protein P30307 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr236 VEKFKDNtIPDKVKK 9606 15064744 t lperfetto "Inhibition of protein kinase ck2 enzyme activity in vivo resulted in an enhanced nuclear localization of cdc25c. Thus, phosphorylation of cdc25c at threonine 236 is an important signal for the retention of cdc25c in the cytoplasm" SIGNOR-123713 CyclinE/CDK2 complex SIGNOR-C16 SIGNOR PRKAR1A protein P10644 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser83 DSREDEIsPPPPNPV 9606 BTO:0000093 16582606 t lperfetto "In this context, we have identified rialpha as a novel substrate for the g(1)/s-cyclin-dependent kinase, cdk2/cyclin e, and found that rialpha is specifically phosphorylated at the serine residue." SIGNOR-216729 CyclinE/CDK2 complex SIGNOR-C16 SIGNOR SIRT2 protein Q8IXJ6 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser368 PNPSTSAsPKKSPPP 9606 BTO:0000938 18332217 t lperfetto "We define ser-331 as the site phosphorylated by cyclin e-cdk2, cyclin a-cdk2, and p35-cdk5 both in vitro and in cells. Importantly, phosphorylation at ser-331 inhibits the catalytic activity of sirt2." SIGNOR-216725 CyclinE/CDK2 complex SIGNOR-C16 SIGNOR CDC25C protein P30307 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser214 SRSGLYRsPSMPENL 9606 BTO:0000150 20530684 t lperfetto "The cyclin e/cdk2 complex phosphorylates cdc25c on ser(214), leading to its premature activation, which coincides with higher cyclin b/cdk1 and polo-like kinase 1 (plk1) activities in an s-phase-enriched population that result in faster mitotic entry." SIGNOR-216721 PRKCZ protein Q05513 UNIPROT MARK3 protein P27448 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr564 RGTASRStFHGQPRE 9606 15084291 t lperfetto "Hpar-1a, t564, is phosphorylated in vivo and by apkc in vitro.This study establishes a novel functional link between two central determinants of cellular polarity, apkc and par-1, and suggests a model by which apkc may regulate par-1 in polarized cells" SIGNOR-124221 MAPK10 protein P53779 UNIPROT YWHAZ protein P63104 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser184 FYYEILNsPEKACSL 9606 15071501 t "Ser residues in the reagion between alpha-helices 7 and 8, JNK3 is essential for apoptosis of hippocampal neurons" gcesareni "Jnk phosphorylates 14-3-3zetaat ser-184 and 14-3-3sigmaat ser-190" SIGNOR-124009 MAPK8 protein P45983 UNIPROT YWHAZ protein P63104 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser184 FYYEILNsPEKACSL 9606 15071501 t "JNK1 and JNK2 are required for apoptosis of thymocites,Ser residues in the reagion between alpha-helices 7 and 8." gcesareni "Jnk phosphorylated 14-3-3 at ser-184 and 14-3-3 at ser-186 both in vitro and in vivo, and such phosphorylation reduced the affinity of 14-3-3 proteins for bax" SIGNOR-124020 MAPK8 protein P45983 UNIPROT SFN protein P31947 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser186 FHYEIANsPEEAISL 9606 15071501 t "JNK1 and JNK2 are required for apoptosis of thymocites,Ser residues in the reagion between alpha-helices 7 and 8" gcesareni "Jnk phosphorylates 14-3-3zeta_ at ser-184 and 14-3-3sigma_ at ser-187." SIGNOR-124016 MAPK9 protein P45984 UNIPROT YWHAZ protein P63104 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser184 FYYEILNsPEKACSL 9606 15071501 t gcesareni "Jnk phosphorylates 14-3-3zetaat ser-184 and 14-3-3sigmaat ser-188" SIGNOR-124031 MAPK9 protein P45984 UNIPROT SFN protein P31947 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser186 FHYEIANsPEEAISL 9606 15071501 t "JNK1 and JNK2 are required for apoptosis of thymocites,Ser residues in the reagion between alpha-helices 7 and 8" gcesareni "Jnk phosphorylates 14-3-3zeta_ at ser-184 and 14-3-3sigma_ at ser-189" SIGNOR-124027 ATM protein Q13315 UNIPROT CREB1 protein P16220 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser111 TIAESEDsQESVDSV 9606 15073328 t lperfetto "Individual ala substitutions at thr-100, ser-111, or ser-121 inhibited atm-catalyzed phosphate incorporationatm phosphorylated creb in vitro and in vivophosphorylation of creb correlated with a decrease in creb transactivation potential and reduced interaction between creb and its transcriptional coactivator, creb-binding protein (cbp)" SIGNOR-124043 PKN1 protein Q16512 UNIPROT MARCKS protein P29966 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser163 KRFSFKKsFKLSGFS -1 8557118 t gcesareni "PRK1 phosphorylates MARCKS at the PKC sites: serine 152, serine 156 and serine 163." SIGNOR-249651 YWHAE protein P62258 UNIPROT CDKN1B protein P46527 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 12042314 t miannu "14-3-3_, 14-3-3_, and 14-3-3_ (but not 14-3-3_ and 14-3-3_) could form a complex with p27kip1 / we discovered that akt-mediated p27kip1phosphorylation directly induces p27kip1binding to 14-3-3 and cytoplasmic localization through phosphorylating the newly identified thr198residue." SIGNOR-88297 IRF5 protein Q13568 UNIPROT "M1 polarization" phenotype SIGNOR-PH54 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 BTO:0000801 22378047 f lperfetto "IL-4-induced c-Myc activity controls a subset of M2-associated genes. IL-4 also induces the M2-polarizing JMJD3-IRF4 axis to inhibit IRF5-mediated M1 polarization." SIGNOR-249562 PTPN2 protein P17706 UNIPROT EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation 9606 15592458 t gcesareni "Here, we report that the 45-kda variant of the protein tyrosine phosphatase tcptp (tc45) can recognize delta egfr as a cellular substrate" SIGNOR-132316 "Guanosine 5'-diphosphate" smallmolecule CID:8977 PUBCHEM GNAQ protein P50148 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 12040175 t gcesareni "Agonist binding triggers a conformational change in the receptor, which catalyses the dissociation of gdp from the alfa subunit followed by gtp-binding to galfa and the dissociation of galfa from gbetagamma subunits1." SIGNOR-88229 CDK2 protein P24941 UNIPROT CCNE1 protein P24864 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr395 PLPSGLLtPPQSGKK 9606 BTO:0000150 BTO:0000149 19561641 t gcesareni "Phosphorylation of threonine 395 has been linked to the proteasome-mediated degradation of full length cyclin e" SIGNOR-186418 YWHAH protein Q04917 UNIPROT CDKN1B protein P46527 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 12042314 t miannu "14-3-3_, 14-3-3_, and 14-3-3_ (but not 14-3-3_ and 14-3-3_) could form a complex with p27kip1 / we discovered that akt-mediated p27kip1phosphorylation directly induces p27kip1binding to 14-3-3 and cytoplasmic localization through phosphorylating the newly identified thr198residue." SIGNOR-109771 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR CTNNB1 protein P35222 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000586 16293724 f lperfetto "We show that pge2 stimulates colon cancer cell growth through its heterotrimeric guanine nucleotide-binding protein (g protein) coupled receptor, ep2, by a signaling route that involves the activation of phosphoinositide 3-kinase and the protein kinase akt by free g protein bg subunits and the direct association of the g protein as subunit with the regulator of g protein signaling (rgs) domain of axin. This leads to the inactivation and release of glycogen synthase kinase 3b from its complex with axin, thereby relieving the inhibitory phosphorylation of b-catenin and activating its signaling pathway." SIGNOR-244225 PPM1A protein P35813 UNIPROT SMAD1 protein Q15797 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation 9606 16931515 t lpetrilli "In this study, we have found that ppm1a, a metal ion-dependent protein serine/threonine phosphatase, physically interacts with and dephosphorylates smad1 both in vitro and in vivo. considering the highly conserved nature of the sxs motif in all r-smads, we reasoned that ppm1a might also recognize the sxs motif in the bmp-activated smad1." SIGNOR-149077 IFNGR2 protein P38484 UNIPROT IFNGR2/INFGR1 complex SIGNOR-C142 SIGNOR "form complex" binding 9606 BTO:0000801 19041276 t lperfetto "The activation of this signaling pathway involves the binding of IFN-g to two IFN-g receptor (IFN-gR) subunits, made up of respective IFNgR1:IFNgR2 pairs, which dimerize upon IFN-g binding to form the IFN-gR complex. Two JAKs, JAK1and JAK2,which bind to each IFN-gR subunits, respectively through their N-terminal domains, both become activated by tyrosine phosphorylation in a JAK2-dependent process." SIGNOR-249486 NF1 protein P21359 UNIPROT ADCY3 protein O60266 UNIPROT up-regulates 9606 BTO:0000938 24431436 f miannu "Nf1encodes neurofibromin, a protein with multiple functions including ras inactivation (ras gtpase-activating protein or rasgap) and adenylyl cyclase (ac) activation" SIGNOR-204034 BRCA1 protein P38398 UNIPROT MRE11/RAD50/NBS1 complex SIGNOR-C147 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" binding 10426999 t lperfetto "BRCA1 encodes a tumor suppressor that is mutated in familial breast and ovarian cancers. Here, it is shown that BRCA1 interacts in vitro and in vivo with hRad50, which forms a complex with hMre11 and p95/nibrin. Upon irradiation, BRCA1 was detected in discrete foci in the nucleus, which colocalize with hRad50.| These data suggest that BRCA1 is important for the cellular responses to DNA damage that are mediated by the hRad50-hMre11-p95 complex." SIGNOR-251501 MRE11/RAD50/NBS1 complex SIGNOR-C147 SIGNOR "DNA Repair" phenotype SIGNOR-PH57 SIGNOR up-regulates 17713585 f lperfetto "The mre11_rad50_nbs1 (mrn) complex is among the earliest respondents to dna double-strand breaks (dsbs).|Current emerging structural and biological evidence suggests that MRN has 3 coupled critical roles in DSB sensing, stabilization, signaling, and effector scaffolding: (1) expeditious establishment of protein--nucleic acid tethering scaffolds for the recognition and stabilization of DSBs; (2) initiation of DSB sensing, cell-cycle checkpoint signaling cascades, and establishment of epigenetic marks via the ATM kinase; and (3) functional regulation of chromatin remodeling in the vicinity of a DSB." SIGNOR-251502 BMPR2 protein Q13873 UNIPROT ACVR1/BMPR2 complex SIGNOR-C30 SIGNOR "form complex" binding 9606 7791754 t lperfetto "Bmpr-ii is a transmembrane serine/threonine kinase that binds bmp-2 and bmp-7 in association with multiple type i receptors, including bmpr-ia/brk1, bmpr-ib, and actr-i, which is also an activin type i receptor." SIGNOR-33437 BMPR2 protein Q13873 UNIPROT BMPR1A/1B/2 complex SIGNOR-C29 SIGNOR "form complex" binding 9606 7791754 t lperfetto "Using several complementary approaches, we investigated the formation of homomeric and heteromeric complexes between the two known bmp type i receptors (br-ia and br-ib) and the bmp type ii receptor (br-ii)." SIGNOR-33443 NR3C1 protein P04150 UNIPROT NR3C1/STAT5A complex SIGNOR-C84 SIGNOR "form complex" binding 9606 8878484 t fspada "We show here that the glucocorticoid receptor can act as a transcriptional co-activator for stat5 and enhance stat5-dependent transcription. Stat5 forms a complex with the gluco-corticoid receptor which binds to dna independently of the gre. This complex formation between stat5 and the glucocorticoid receptor diminishes the glucocorticoid response of a gre-con-taining promoter." SIGNOR-44373 RAD50 protein Q92878 UNIPROT MRE11/RAD50/NBS1 complex SIGNOR-C147 SIGNOR "form complex" binding 17713585 t lperfetto "The mre11_rad50_nbs1 (mrn) complex is among the earliest respondents to dna double-strand breaks (dsbs). To organize the mrn complex, the mre11 exonuclease directly binds nbs1, dna, and rad50." SIGNOR-251506 CIITA protein P33076 UNIPROT HLA-A protein P30443 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000776 10329350 f "Transfection of CIITA in JEG-3 cells also upregulated functional HLA-B and HLA-C expression." SIGNOR-254020 PTEN protein P60484 UNIPROT PIK3CA protein P42336 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" 9606 BTO:0000938 18794881 f lperfetto "The pten tumour suppressor is a lipid and protein phosphatase that inhibits phosphoinositide 3-kinase (pi3k)-dependent by dephosphorylating phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate (ptdinsp(3))." SIGNOR-209856 ATM protein Q13315 UNIPROT CREB1 protein P16220 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser121 SVDSVTDsQKRREIL 9606 15073328 t lperfetto "Atm phosphorylated creb in vitro and in vivo in response to ionizing radiation (ir) and h(2)o(2) on a stress-inducible domain. Ir-induced phosphorylation of creb correlated with a decrease in creb transactivation potential and reduced interaction between creb and its transcriptional coactivator, creb-binding protein (cbp). A creb mutant containing ala substitutions at atm phosphorylation sites displayed enhanced transactivation potential," SIGNOR-124047 ATM protein Q13315 UNIPROT CREB1 protein P16220 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr100 LKRLFSGtQISTIAE 9606 15073328 t lperfetto "Individual ala substitutions at thr-100, ser-111, or ser-121 inhibited atm-catalyzed phosphate incorporationatm phosphorylated creb in vitro and in vivo in response to ionizing radiation (ir) and h(2)o(2) on a stress-inducible domain. Ir-induced phosphorylation of creb correlated with a decrease in creb transactivation potential and reduced interaction between creb and its transcriptional coactivator, creb-binding protein (cbp)" SIGNOR-124051 IKBKE protein Q14164 UNIPROT NFKBIA protein P25963 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" phosphorylation 9606 BTO:0000801 20717897 t lperfetto "The activated ikk complex then phosphorylates ikbalfa (an inhibitor of nf-kb) thereby targeting it for ubiquitination and proteasomal degradation." SIGNOR-167524 TNFRSF1A protein P19438 UNIPROT TRADD protein Q15628 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000007 7758105 t lperfetto "We have identified a novel 34 kda protein, designated tradd, that specifically interacts with an intracellular domain of tnfr1 tradd interacts with the death domain of tnfrsf1a to initiate distinct signaling cascades for two of the most important biological activities of tnf, nf-kb activation and programmed cell death tradd, a novel protein that specifically interacts with the death domain of tnfr1 and activates signaling pathways for both of these activities when overexpressed." SIGNOR-32739 "SB 202190" chemical CID:5353940 PUBCHEM MAPK14 protein Q16539 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-206697 CDK2 protein P24941 UNIPROT SMAD3 protein P84022 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr8 MSSILPFtPPIVKRL 9606 15241418 t gcesareni "We have mapped cdk4 and cdk2 phosphorylation sites to thr 8, thr 178 and ser 212 in smad3. taken together, these findings indicate that cdk phosphorylation of smad3 inhibits its transcriptional activity and antiproliferative function" SIGNOR-126740 ABL1 protein P00519 UNIPROT PLSCR1 protein O15162 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Tyr69 PVPNQPVyNQPVYNQ 9606 11390389 t lperfetto "C-abl tyrosine kinase binds and phosphorylates phospholipid scramblase 1. Phosphorylation was abolished by mutation of tyr residues tyr(69)/tyr(74) within the tandem repeat sequence (68)vynqpvynqp(77) of plscr1" SIGNOR-86013 CyclinB/CDK1 complex SIGNOR-C17 SIGNOR CDC25A protein P30304 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser116 PQKLLGCsPALKRSH 9606 12411508 t lperfetto "Mitotic stabilization of cdc25a reflects its phosphorylation on ser17 and ser115 by cyclin b-cdk1, modifications required to uncouple cdc25a from its ubiquitin-proteasome-mediated turnover." SIGNOR-216761 CyclinB/CDK1 complex SIGNOR-C17 SIGNOR CDC25C protein P30307 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser214 SRSGLYRsPSMPENL 9606 10864927 t lperfetto "Activation of human cdc25c at the g2/m transition occurs concomitantly with phosphorylation of five serine/threonine-proline sites: thr48, thr67, ser122, thr130, and ser214, presumably by cdc2-cyclin b." SIGNOR-216765 HSPA2 protein P54652 UNIPROT MAP3K5 protein Q99683 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 12391142 t gcesareni "Coimmunoprecipitation analysis revealed a physical interaction between endogenous hsp72 and ask1 in nih 3t3 cells exposed to mild heat shock. Hsp72 blocked both the homo-oligomerization of ask1 and ask1-dependent apoptosis." SIGNOR-94565 RAD52 protein P43351 UNIPROT "DNA Repair" phenotype SIGNOR-PH57 SIGNOR up-regulates 27649245 f lperfetto "Homologous recombination (HR) plays an important role in maintaining genomic integrity. It is responsible for repair of the most harmful DNA lesions, DNA double-strand breaks and inter-strand DNA cross-links. HR function is also essential for proper segregation of homologous chromosomes in meiosis, maintenance of telomeres, and resolving stalled replication forks. Defects in HR often lead to genetic diseases and cancer. Rad52 is one of the key HR proteins, which is evolutionarily conserved from yeast to humans| in mammals, Rad52 knockouts showed no significant DNA repair or recombination phenotype. |These new findings indicate an important backup role for Rad52, which complements the main HR mechanism in mammals." SIGNOR-251507 PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT PTPN6 protein P29350 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser591 DKEKSKGsLKRK 9606 15269224 t llicata "Protein kinase calpha therefore critically and negatively regulates shp-1 function, forming part of a mechanism to retain shp-1 in a basal active state through interaction with its sh2 domains, and phosphorylating its c-terminal ser591 upon cellular activation" SIGNOR-126876 CDK9 protein P50750 UNIPROT NCOA2 protein Q15596 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser469 NYALKMNsPSQSSPG 9606 BTO:0000801 29170386 t "Interestingly, GRIP1 is phosphorylated at an N-terminal serine cluster by cyclin-dependent kinase-9 (CDK9), which is recruited into GC-induced GR:GRIP1:CDK9 hetero-complexes, producing distinct GRE-specific GRIP1 phospho-isoforms. Phosphorylation potentiates GRIP1 coactivator but, remarkably, not its corepressor properties." SIGNOR-256096 EZH2 protein Q15910 UNIPROT HOXB13 protein Q92826 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0001033 22808286 f miannu "EZH2 recruited DNMT3b to HOXB13 promoter to form a repression complex." SIGNOR-254144 ADAM17 protein P78536 UNIPROT MUC1 protein P15941 UNIPROT down-regulates cleavage 9606 12441351 t gcesareni "These characteristics along with studies conducted with cell lines genetically deficient in various adams (for a disintegrin and metalloprotease) identified tumor necrosis factor-alpha converting enzyme (tace)/adam 17 as a muc1 sheddase." SIGNOR-95630 CyclinB/CDK1 complex SIGNOR-C17 SIGNOR CDC25C protein P30307 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr67 LSILSGGtPKRCLDL 9606 10864927 t lperfetto "Activation of human cdc25c at the g2/m transition occurs concomitantly with phosphorylation of five serine/threonine-proline sites: thr48, thr67, ser122, thr130, and ser214, presumably by cdc2-cyclin b." SIGNOR-216777 CyclinB/CDK1 complex SIGNOR-C17 SIGNOR CDC25C protein P30307 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr48 VCPDVPRtPVGKFLG 9606 10864927 t lperfetto "Activation of human cdc25c at the g2/m transition occurs concomitantly with phosphorylation of five serine/threonine-proline sites: thr48, thr67, ser122, thr130, and ser214, presumably by cdc2-cyclin b." SIGNOR-216773 CyclinB/CDK1 complex SIGNOR-C17 SIGNOR CDC25C protein P30307 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr130 PAQLLCStPNGLDRG 9606 10864927 t lperfetto "Activation of human cdc25c at the g2/m transition occurs concomitantly with phosphorylation of five serine/threonine-proline sites: thr48, thr67, ser122, thr130, and ser214, presumably by cdc2-cyclin b." SIGNOR-216769 SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT IGF1R protein P08069 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr1161 FGMTRDIyETDYYRK 9606 8940173 t lperfetto "Src phosphorylates the insulin-like growth factor type i receptor on the autophosphorylation sites. Requirement for transformation by srcsrc kinase can substitute for the receptor kinase in phosphorylating and activating the igf-i receptor" SIGNOR-45122 CDK9 protein P50750 UNIPROT NCOA2 protein Q15596 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser487 GQPTSMLsPRHRMSP 9606 BTO:0000801 29170386 t "Interestingly, GRIP1 is phosphorylated at an N-terminal serine cluster by cyclin-dependent kinase-9 (CDK9), which is recruited into GC-induced GR:GRIP1:CDK9 hetero-complexes, producing distinct GRE-specific GRIP1 phospho-isoforms. Phosphorylation potentiates GRIP1 coactivator but, remarkably, not its corepressor properties." SIGNOR-256097 CDK9 protein P50750 UNIPROT NCOA2 protein Q15596 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser493 LSPRHRMsSPGVAGS 9606 BTO:0000801 29170386 t "Interestingly, GRIP1 is phosphorylated at an N-terminal serine cluster by cyclin-dependent kinase-9 (CDK9), which is recruited into GC-induced GR:GRIP1:CDK9 hetero-complexes, producing distinct GRE-specific GRIP1 phospho-isoforms. Phosphorylation potentiates GRIP1 coactivator but, remarkably, not its corepressor properties." SIGNOR-256098 PRKG1 protein Q13976 UNIPROT CFTR protein P13569 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser795 TASTRKVsLAPQANL 9606 1377674 t lperfetto "Direct amino acid sequencing and peptide mapping of cf-2 revealed that serines 660, 700, 737, and 813 as well as serine 768, serine 795, or both were phosphorylated by pka and pkgcftr possesses a large cluster of strict dibasic consensus sites for phosphorylation by protein kinase a (pka) in the r-domain and an obligatory dependence on phosphorylation is a hallmark of cftr cl(-) channel function" SIGNOR-18249 CDK9 protein P50750 UNIPROT NCOA2 protein Q15596 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser499 MSPGVAGsPRIPPSQ 9606 BTO:0000801 29170386 t "Interestingly, GRIP1 is phosphorylated at an N-terminal serine cluster by cyclin-dependent kinase-9 (CDK9), which is recruited into GC-induced GR:GRIP1:CDK9 hetero-complexes, producing distinct GRE-specific GRIP1 phospho-isoforms. Phosphorylation potentiates GRIP1 coactivator but, remarkably, not its corepressor properties." SIGNOR-256099 LTB protein Q06643 UNIPROT LTBR protein P36941 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000782 BTO:0000975 7995952 t lperfetto "These experiments point toward the lt-alpha 1/beta 2 complex as the predominant membrane form of lt on the lymphocyte surface, and this complex is the primary ligand for the lt-beta receptor." SIGNOR-35759 TRAF2 protein Q12933 UNIPROT MAP3K14 protein Q99558 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 9020361 t lperfetto "NIK binds to Traf2 and stimulates NF-kappaB activity." SIGNOR-46215 FASLG protein P48023 UNIPROT FAS protein P25445 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000007 BTO:0000671 9228058 t lperfetto "The death-inducing receptor fas is activated when cross-linked by the type ii membrane protein faslg (fasl)" SIGNOR-49688 TRADD protein Q15628 UNIPROT RIPK1 protein Q13546 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000007 8612133 t lperfetto "We show that tradd interacts strongly with rip;rip is a serinethreonine kinase that is recruited by tradd to tnfr1 in a tnf-dependent process." SIGNOR-40043 CBY1 protein Q9Y3M2 UNIPROT CTNNB1 protein P35222 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 12712206 t gcesareni "Here we report a conserved nuclear protein, named chibby, which was identified in a screen for proteins that directly interact with the c-terminal region of beta-catenin. In mammalian cultured cells we demonstrate that chibby inhibits beta-catenin-mediated transcriptional activation by competing with lef-1 to bind to beta-catenin." SIGNOR-100835 GLI3 protein P10071 UNIPROT MED12 protein Q93074 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 17000779 t gcesareni "We propose that activated gli3 physically targets med12 in mediator to reverse mediator-dependent suppression of shh target gene (i.e., Gli1 or cyclin d1) transcription." SIGNOR-149876 FGF2 protein P09038 UNIPROT FGFR2 protein P21802 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 10116 BTO:0001130 7687739 t lperfetto "The FGF-R2(IIIb) isoform displays high affinity for stromal cell-derived FGF-7, whereas the FGF-R2(IIIc) isoform does not recognize FGF-7 but has high affinity for the FGF-2 member of the FGF ligand family" SIGNOR-236033 PTPN9 protein P43378 UNIPROT GHR protein P10912 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation 9606 12907755 t fspada "Using ghr hyper-phosphorylated by elk kinase, we have identified tc-ptp, ptp- , pyst-2, sap1, meg-2, ptp1b, and ptph1 as having substrate specificity for this receptor. In addition, we have shown that these same ptps (or rather their nonmutated counterparts) can dephosphorylate the ghr." SIGNOR-104577 PPP2CA protein P67775 UNIPROT MAP2K1 protein Q02750 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation 9606 20626350 t gcesareni "In particular, p38 mapk activity stimulates the physical association between ppa2 and mkk1/2- erk1/2 complex, leading to mkk1/2 dephosphorilation by pp2a." SIGNOR-166649 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT MAP2K1 protein Q02750 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr292 ETPPRPRtPGRPLSS 9534 BTO:0004055 14993270 t lperfetto "We propose that activation of erk during adhesion creates a feedback system in which erk phosphorylates mek1 on t292, and this in turn blocks additional s298 phosphorylation in response to integrin signaling." SIGNOR-236335 PLK1 protein P53350 UNIPROT TPT1 protein P13693 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser46 TEGNIDDsLIGGNAS 9606 12167714 t lperfetto "Plk phosphorylates tctp on two serine residues. These results suggest that phosphorylation decreases the microtubule-stabilizing activity of tctp and promotes the increase in microtubule dynamics that occurs after metaphase" SIGNOR-91344 PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT ADD1 protein P35611 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser726 KKKFRTPsFLKKSKK 9606 8810272 t gcesareni "These data demonstrate that adducin is a significant in vivo substrate for pkc or other pma-activated kinases in a variety of cells, and that phosphorylation of adducin occurs in dendritic spines that are believed to respond to external signals by changes in morphology and reorganization of cytoskeletal structures. Ser-726 and ser-713 in the c-terminal marcks-related domains of alpha- and beta-adducin, respectively, were identified as the major phosphorylation sites common for pka and pkc." SIGNOR-43744 JAK1 protein P23458 UNIPROT STAT1 protein P42224 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr701 DGPKGTGyIKTELIS -1 7657660 t lperfetto "Stat1 was phosphorylated at tyr 701 in jak immune complex kinase reaction. The stat1 and stat2 proteins are present in the cytoplasm of untreated cells;upon stimulation with ifn-g, They become rapidly activated by tyrosine phosphorylation at a single site catalyzed by receptor associated jak (janus) kinases." SIGNOR-30905 PRKCZ protein Q05513 UNIPROT ADD1 protein P35611 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser726 KKKFRTPsFLKKSKK 9606 8810272 t gcesareni "These data demonstrate that adducin is a significant in vivo substrate for pkc or other pma-activated kinases in a variety of cells, and that phosphorylation of adducin occurs in dendritic spines that are believed to respond to external signals by changes in morphology and reorganization of cytoskeletal structures. Ser-726 and ser-713 in the c-terminal marcks-related domains of alpha- and beta-adducin, respectively, were identified as the major phosphorylation sites common for pka and pkc." SIGNOR-43834 CSNK2A1 protein P68400 UNIPROT SNAI1 protein O95863 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser11 SFLVRKPsDPNRKPN 9606 19923321 t lperfetto "Serines 11 and 92 participate in the control of snail1 stability and positively regulate snail1 repressive function and its interaction with msin3a corepressor. Furthermore, serines 11 and 92 are required for snail1-mediated emt and cell viability, respectively. Pka and ck2 have been characterized as the main kinases responsible for in vitro snail1 phosphorylation at serine 11 and 92, respectively." SIGNOR-161771 AURKB protein Q96GD4 UNIPROT RACGAP1 protein Q9H0H5 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr186 KREKRRStSRQFVDG 9606 BTO:0000567 14744859 t llicata "It was found that the 5A fragment in which five Ser/Thr residues were substituted with Ala (S144A/T145A/S185A/T186A/S187A) fully prevented phosphorylation (Fig. 5B), confirming that Aurora B primarily phosphorylates five Ser/Thr residues in the basic region of MgcRacGAP. | the strong phosphorylation of the basic region of MgcRacGAP by Aurora B kinase was demonstrated, and this phosphorylation prevents the inhibition of MgcRacGAP GAP activity by PRC1" SIGNOR-250590 PPP2R5C protein Q13362 UNIPROT MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 16456541 t gcesareni "B56-containing pp2a dephosphorylate erk and their activity is controlled by the early gene iex-1 and erk" SIGNOR-144325 NRAS protein P01111 UNIPROT BRAF protein P15056 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 21779497 t lperfetto "The raf family of proteins (raf-1, a-raf, and b-raf) is serine/threonine kinases that bind to the effector region of ras-gtp, thus inducing translocation of the protein to the plasma membrane. Once there, raf proteins are activated and phosphorylated by different protein kinases." SIGNOR-175219 RARB protein P10826 UNIPROT RXRA protein P19793 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 1310351 t gcesareni "Here we report that the transcriptional activity of rar and rxr can be reciprocally modulated by direct interactions between the two proteins." SIGNOR-16519 RARB protein P10826 UNIPROT RXRB protein P28702 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 1310351 t gcesareni "Here we report that the transcriptional activity of rar and rxr can be reciprocally modulated by direct interactions between the two proteins." SIGNOR-16581 HRAS protein P01112 UNIPROT BRAF protein P15056 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 21779497 t lperfetto "The raf family of proteins (raf-1, a-raf, and b-raf) is serine/threonine kinases that bind to the effector region of ras-gtp, thus inducing translocation of the protein to the plasma membrane. Once there, raf proteins are activated and phosphorylated by different protein kinases." SIGNOR-147327 CDK4 protein P11802 UNIPROT SMAD3 protein P84022 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr8 MSSILPFtPPIVKRL 9606 15241418 t lperfetto "We have mapped CDK4 and CDK2 phosphorylation sites to Thr 8, Thr 178 and Ser 212 in Smad3. Mutation of the CDK phosphorylation sites increases Smad3 transcriptional activity" SIGNOR-232138 SOS1 protein Q07889 UNIPROT NRAS protein P01111 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" "guanine nucleotide exchange factor" 9606 21779497 t lperfetto "Grb2 binds and activates sos, which then activates ras, and this activates p110 independently of p85." SIGNOR-175259 ACTR2 protein P61160 UNIPROT ARP2/3 complex SIGNOR-C146 SIGNOR "form complex" binding 9606 12479800 t "The subunits in mammalian cells are named Arp3, Arp2, p41-Arc, p34-Arc, p21-Arc, p20-Arc and p16-Arc" SIGNOR-251512 MAP3K7 protein O43318 UNIPROT MAP3K7 protein O43318 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser192 HMTNNKGsAAWMAPE -1 20538596 t lperfetto "Analyses of phosphorylation site mutants of the activation segment indicate that autophosphorylation of Ser-192 precedes TAB1 phosphorylation and is followed by sequential phosphorylation of Thr-178, Thr-187, and finally Thr-184. Finally, we present a model for the chronological order of events governing TAB1-induced TAK1 autoactivation." SIGNOR-232153 ACTR3 protein P61158 UNIPROT ARP2/3 complex SIGNOR-C146 SIGNOR "form complex" binding 9606 12479800 t "The subunits in mammalian cells are named Arp3, Arp2, p41-Arc, p34-Arc, p21-Arc, p20-Arc and p16-Arc" SIGNOR-251513 MCL1 protein Q07820 UNIPROT BAK1 protein Q16611 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 17289999 t gcesareni "Bax is held in check by mcl1, bcl-2, and either bcl2l1 or bcl2l2, or by all four. They bind a primed conformer of bak or bax" SIGNOR-149774 PPP2CA protein P67775 UNIPROT MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation 9606 20626350 t gcesareni "In particular, p38 mapk activity stimulates the physical association between ppa2 and mkk1/2- erk1/2 complex, leading to mkk1/2 dephosphorilation by pp2a . p38 mapks activity stimulates the physical association between pp2a and erk complex, leading to mkk1/2 dephosphorylation by pp2a." SIGNOR-166655 KRAS protein P01116 UNIPROT BRAF protein P15056 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 21779497 t miannu "The raf family of proteins (raf-1, a-raf, and b-raf) is serine/threonine kinases that bind to the effector region of ras-gtp, thus inducing translocation of the protein to the plasma membrane. Once there, raf proteins are activated and phosphorylated by different protein kinases." SIGNOR-156906 TGFB2 protein P61812 UNIPROT TGFBR2 protein P37173 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 1310899 t gcesareni "A cdna encoding the tgf-beta type ii receptor protein has been isolated by an expression cloning strategy. The cloned cdna, when transfected into cos cells, leads to overexpression of an approximately 80 kd protein that specifically binds radioiodinated tgf-beta 1. Excess tgf-beta 1 competes for binding of radioiodinated tgf-beta 1 in a dose-dependent manner and is more effective than tgf-beta 2." SIGNOR-16690 PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT PRKAA1 protein Q13131 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser486 DDEITEAKsGTATPQRS 10116 BTO:0002135 17023420 t "These agents also enhanced phosphorylation of alpha-Ser(485/491) by the cAMP-dependent protein kinase. AMPK alpha-Ser(485/491) phosphorylation was necessary but not sufficient for inhibition of AMPK activity in response to forskolin/isobutylmethylxanthine." SIGNOR-256110 PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT PRKAA1 protein Q13131 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser491 SSTPQRSCsAAGLHRPR 10116 BTO:0002135 17023420 t "These agents also enhanced phosphorylation of alpha-Ser(485/491) by the cAMP-dependent protein kinase. AMPK alpha-Ser(485/491) phosphorylation was necessary but not sufficient for inhibition of AMPK activity in response to forskolin/isobutylmethylxanthine." SIGNOR-256112 AMPK complex SIGNOR-C15 SIGNOR PRKAA1 protein Q13131 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser486 DDEITEAKsGTATPQRS -1 17023420 t "We show that AMPK α-Ser485/491 can be a site for autophosphorylation, which may play a role in limiting AMPK activation in response to energy depletion or other regulators" SIGNOR-256113 PRKAA1 protein Q13131 UNIPROT PRKAA1 protein Q13131 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser486 DDEITEAKsGTATPQRS -1 17023420 t "We show that AMPK α-Ser485/491 can be a site for autophosphorylation, which may play a role in limiting AMPK activation in response to energy depletion or other regulators" SIGNOR-256114 MAP2K1 protein Q02750 UNIPROT MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr185 HDHTGFLtEYVATRW 9606 BTO:0003807 11971971 t lperfetto "Mapk1 is phosphorylated by map2k1/mek1 and map2k2/mek2 on thr-185 and tyr-187 in response to external stimuli like insulin or ngf. Both phosphorylations are required for activity." SIGNOR-236447 CyclinB/CDK1 complex SIGNOR-C17 SIGNOR KIF22 protein Q14807 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr463 QGAPLLStPKRERMV 9606 12727876 t lperfetto "Cdc2-mediated phosphorylation of kid controls its distribution to spindle and chromosomes. We identify ser427 and thr463 as m phase-specific phosphorylation sites and cdc2-cyclin b as a thr463 kinase. Kid with a thr463 to alanine mutation fails to be localized on chromosomes and is only detected along spindles, although it retains the ability to bind dna or chromosomes" SIGNOR-216793 AXL protein P30530 UNIPROT AXL protein P30530 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr779 ADCLDGLyALMSRCW -1 9178760 t llicata "Our data showed that various receptor substrates are at least associated with the C-terminal tyrosine pY821. Two additional potential autophosphorylation sites (pY866 and pY779) may play a minor role in binding of e€ector proteins" SIGNOR-250591 MAP2K1 protein Q02750 UNIPROT MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr187 HTGFLTEyVATRWYR 9606 BTO:0003807 11971971 t lperfetto "Mapk1 is phosphorylated by map2k1/mek1 and map2k2/mek2 on thr-185 and tyr-187 in response to external stimuli like insulin or ngf. Both phosphorylations are required for activity." SIGNOR-235937 PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT CAMKK1 protein Q8N5S9 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr108 SPRAWRRPtIESHHVAI 10116 BTO:0001009 10187789 t "In vitro, CaMKK is phosphorylated by PKA and this is associated with inhibition of enzyme activity. The major site of phosphorylation is threonine 108, although additional sites are phosphorylated with lower efficiency." SIGNOR-256115 OXT protein P01178 UNIPROT OXTR protein P30559 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 1313946 t gcesareni "The oxytocin receptor, expressed in xenopus oocytes, specifically responds to oxytocin and induces an inward membrane current" SIGNOR-16758 IRAK1 protein P51617 UNIPROT PELI1 protein Q96FA3 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser78 NKDQHSIsYTLSRAQ 9606 BTO:0000007 12496252 t lperfetto "In this article we demonstrate that pellino 1 is phosphorylated at multiple sites by irak1 or irak4 in vitro. The key residues involved in activation are located between residues 76 and 86 (ser-76, ser-78, thr-80, ser-82, and thr-86) and at thr-288 and ser-293, just n-terminal to the ring-like domain that carries the e3 ligase activity. Unusually, we found that the phosphorylation of ser-76 or thr-288 or ser-293 alone was sufficient for maximal activation" SIGNOR-96743 CTTN protein Q14247 UNIPROT ARP2/3 complex SIGNOR-C146 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 11231575 t "Cortactin binds directly to the Arp2/3 complex and activates it to promote nucleation of actin filaments." SIGNOR-251519 MAP3K7 protein O43318 UNIPROT NFKBIA protein P25963 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" 9606 BTO:0000567 9480845 f lperfetto "Overexpression of tak1 together with its activator protein, tak1 binding protein 1 (tab1), induced the nuclear translocation of nf-kappa b p50/p65 heterodimer accompanied by the degradation of i kappa b alpha and i kappa b beta, and the expression of kappa b-dependent reporter gene." SIGNOR-55716 LAT protein O43561 UNIPROT GRB2 protein P62993 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 23150273 t "Phosphorylated tyrosines 171, 191, and 226 [in LAT] bind to the SH2 domains of the Grb2 family of adaptor proteins and must be present for optimal signalling" SIGNOR-251520 LAT protein O43561 UNIPROT GRB2 protein P62993 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000661 10811803 t "Our results showed that three distal tyrosines, Tyr(171), Tyr(191), and Tyr(226), are responsible for Grb2-binding;" SIGNOR-251521 FLT3 protein P36888 UNIPROT GRB2 protein P62993 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 10090 10080542 t gcesareni "FL stimulation induces association of Grb2 with Flt3, SHP-2,and Shc" SIGNOR-245060 FBXW11 protein Q9UKB1 UNIPROT CTNNB1 protein P35222 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 10074433 t gcesareni "We conclude that beta-trcp is a component of an e3 ubiquitin ligase that is responsible for the targeted degradation of phosphorylated beta-catenin. we found that the binding of beta-trcp to beta-catenin was direct." SIGNOR-65429 SMAD7 protein O15105 UNIPROT MAP3K1 protein Q13233 UNIPROT down-regulates 9606 10085121 f lperfetto "Overexpression of smad7 can inhibit the mekk-1-mediated stimulation of smad2 transcriptional activity" SIGNOR-65572 KLF8 protein O95600 UNIPROT CTBP2 protein P56545 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 10090 BTO:0000944 10756197 t miannu "Here we report the characterisation of KLF8/ZNF741/BKLF3 (KLF8). We demonstrate that this protein is able to bind CACCC-boxes in DNA and can repress gene expression by associating with CtBP co-repressors." SIGNOR-236962 COL1A1 protein P02452 UNIPROT DDR1 protein Q08345 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 9659900 t gcesareni "We report that the collagens serve as ligands for the previously orphan family of discoidin domain-containing receptor-like tyrosine kinases." SIGNOR-58779 ZFPM2 protein Q8WW38 UNIPROT GATA4 protein P43694 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 10090 BTO:0000944 9927675 t miannu "FOG-2 associates physically with the N-terminal zinc finger of GATA-4 both in vitro and in vivo. This interaction appears to modulate specifically the transcriptional activity of GATA-4 because overexpression of FOG-2 in both NIH 3T3 cells and primary rat cardiomyocytes represses GATA-4-dependent transcription from multiple cardiac-restricted promoters." SIGNOR-236959 DUSP10 protein Q9Y6W6 UNIPROT MAPK14 protein Q16539 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation 9606 10391943 t gcesareni "Mkp-5 binds to p38 and sapk/jnk, but not to mapk/erk, and inactivates p38 and sapk/jnk, but not mapk/erk. p38 is a preferred substrate" SIGNOR-68983 DUSP10 protein Q9Y6W6 UNIPROT MAPK8 protein P45983 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation 9606 10391943 t gcesareni "Mkp-5 directly dephosphorylates sapk/jnk and p38 in vitromkp-5 binds to p38 and sapk/jnk, but not to mapk/erk, and inactivates p38 and sapk/jnk" SIGNOR-68986 MAPK8IP1 protein Q9UQF2 UNIPROT MAPK8 protein P45983 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 10490659 t "JNK bound to an NH2-terminal reagion of JIP1 (residues 283 to 660)." gcesareni "These experiments demonstrated that 10 different jnk isoforms bound to both jip proteins." SIGNOR-70851 MAPK8IP1 protein Q9UQF2 UNIPROT MAPK9 protein P45984 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 10490659 t "JNK bound to an NH2-terminal reagion of JIP1 (residues 283 to 660)" gcesareni "These experiments demonstrated that 10 different jnk isoforms bound to both jip proteins." SIGNOR-70854 CSNK1A1 protein P48729 UNIPROT FOXO6 protein A8MYZ6 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation 9606 BTO:0000150;BTO:0001130;BTO:0001271;BTO:0000527 19188143 t gcesareni "Additionally, ck1, dyrk1a, and cdk2 also phosphorylate foxos at various sites to inhibit foxos activity." SIGNOR-183667 CellCont stimulus SIGNOR-ST13 SIGNOR AMOT/MPP5/INADL/LIN7C complex SIGNOR-C27 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 21529719 f milica "In vertebrates, cell density information feeds into the Hpo pathway, which is transmitted, in part, through the Crumbs polarity complex. The Crumbs complex contains Angiomotin (AMOT), a protein that binds YAP/TAZ and SMAD to inhibit their nuclear activity." SIGNOR-230700 CellCont stimulus SIGNOR-ST13 SIGNOR TJP2 protein Q9UDY2 UNIPROT up-regulates 9606 21529719 f milica "Another junction protein, the tight junction protein ZO-2, binds to YAP/TAZ, facilitating their nuclear translocation." SIGNOR-230703 IRAK1 protein P51617 UNIPROT PELI1 protein Q96FA3 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser82 HSISYTLsRAQTVVV 9606 BTO:0000007 12496252 t lperfetto "In this article we demonstrate that pellino 1 is phosphorylated at multiple sites by irak1 or irak4 in vitro. The key residues involved in activation are located between residues 76 and 86 (ser-76, ser-78, thr-80, ser-82, and thr-86) and at thr-288 and ser-293, just n-terminal to the ring-like domain that carries the e3 ligase activity. Unusually, we found that the phosphorylation of ser-76 or thr-288 or ser-293 alone was sufficient for maximal activation" SIGNOR-96747 CSNK1E protein P49674 UNIPROT YAP1 protein P46937 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser400 SRDESTDsGLSMSSY 9606 phosphorylation:Ser127 PQHVRAHsSPASLQL 24715453 t milica "LATS1/2-mediated phosphorylation of a conserved serine in this region (Ser311 in human TAZ; Ser397 in human YAP) primes for further phosphorylation by CK1_/_ kinases (Ser314 on human TAZ; Ser400/403 in human YAP)" SIGNOR-230728 JNK proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF15 SIGNOR CTNNB1 protein P35222 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr41 GIHSGATtTAPSLSG 9606 19667122 t lperfetto "Specifically, we provide evidence that jnk binds to e-cadherin/beta-catenin complex and phosphorylates beta-catenin at serine 37 and threonine 41, the sites also phosphorylated by gsk-3beta." SIGNOR-187582 SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT PTK2 protein Q05397 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr577 YMEDSTYyKASKGKL 9606 15735019 t gcesareni "Surprisingly, phosphorylation of fak on tyr407, tyr576, tyr577, and tyr861, previously attributed to src kinase activity, was not mediated by src kinase but was dependent on a functional src sh2 domain." SIGNOR-134212 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT ETV6 protein P41212 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser213 DNMIRRLsPAERAQG 9606 15060146 t tpavlidou "Tel became phosphorylated by erk on two serine residues, ser213 and ser257, in the internal domain between the hlh and ets domains. Tel lost its abilities to repress transcription through the phosphorylation." SIGNOR-123656 MAP4K2 protein Q12851 UNIPROT MAP3K1 protein Q13233 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 9712898 t gcesareni "The mekk1 associated with the gck carboxyl terminus is catalytically active." SIGNOR-59682 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT SULT4A1 protein Q9BR01 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr11 SEAETPStPGEFESK 9606 BTO:0000938 BTO:0000142 20920535 t gcesareni "The phosphorylation of sult4a1 allows interaction with pin1, which then promotes degradation of the sulfotransferase." SIGNOR-168248 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT RPS6KB1 protein P23443 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr444 RFIGSPRtPVSPVKF 9606 BTO:0000887;BTO:0001103 11705993 t gcesareni "The principal target of rapamycin-induced p70s6k inactivation is a novel phosphorylation site within a conserved hydrophobic domain." SIGNOR-111511 CDK1 protein P06493 UNIPROT RPS6KB1 protein P23443 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr444 RFIGSPRtPVSPVKF 9606 15774499 t gcesareni "The principal target of rapamycin-induced p70s6k inactivation is a novel phosphorylation site within a conserved hydrophobic domain." SIGNOR-134654 MAPK14 protein Q16539 UNIPROT BCL2 protein P10415 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser87 AAAGPALsPVPPVVH 9606 19336399 t gcesareni "The protein's reduced antiapoptotic capacity was related to phosphorylation of its threonine 56 and serine 87 residues by virally activated p38mapk" SIGNOR-184936 RPS6KA3 protein P51812 UNIPROT BAD protein Q92934 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser75 EIRSRHSsYPAGTED 9606 19282669 t lperfetto "The rsks catalyze the phosphorylation of the pro-apoptotic protein bad at serine 112 to promote cell survival." SIGNOR-184595 MAP3K11 protein Q16584 UNIPROT MAP2K4 protein P45985 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser257 ISGQLVDsIAKTRDA 9606 BTO:0001538 9003778 t lperfetto "These data suggest that mlk-3 phosphorylates sek1 directly and that it does so specifically on those residues known to activate sek1 in vivo." SIGNOR-48574 PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT RHO protein P08100 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser343 TVSKTETsQVAPA -1 9099669 t lperfetto "Thus, the primary protein kinase C sites are Ser334 and Ser338, with minor phosphorylation of Thr335/336 and Ser343." SIGNOR-248968 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT RPS6KA5 protein O75582 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr581 PDNQPLKtPCFTLHY 9606 BTO:0000887 11940578 t gcesareni "Together, our in vivo and in vitro studies indicate that the pkc/c-raf/mek/erk pathway plays a major role in the s6k1 activation in hypertrophic cardiac growth." SIGNOR-116489 SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT PTPRA protein P18433 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr798 YIDAFSDyANFK 9606 BTO:0000007 7518772 t "The effect has been demonstrated using P18433-2" lperfetto "Transient overexpression of c-src together with rptp alpha in human embryonic kidney 293 cells increased phosphorylation of tyr789, suggesting that c-src may phosphorylate rptp alpha in vivo." SIGNOR-111306 TAOK proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF21 SIGNOR STK4 protein Q13043 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation 9606 23431053 t milica "In addition, the thousand-and-one (tao) amino acids kinase or taok13 has been shown to directly phosphorylate and activate hpo or mst1/2." SIGNOR-230710 PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT CBX3 protein Q13185 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser93 KDGTKRKsLSDSESD 9606 16531993 t gcesareni "We demonstrate that p-ser 83-hp1gamma has an exclusively euchromatic localization, interacts with ku70 (a regulatory protein involved in multiple nuclear procesess), has impaired silencing activity and serves as a marker for transcription elongation." SIGNOR-145109 CSNK2A1 protein P68400 UNIPROT EIF5 protein P55010 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser389 LKEAEEEsSGGEEED 9606 18649047 t gcesareni "We find that eif5 is associated with ck2 when the kinase activity is at the highest level in vivo, and is phosphorylated at ser389 and ser390 by ck2." SIGNOR-179542 CyclinB/CDK1 complex SIGNOR-C17 SIGNOR MAPK6 protein Q16659 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser688 QFHSPVGsPLKSIQA 9606 20236090 t lperfetto "Using ms analysis, we identified four novel phosphorylation sites, ser684, ser688, thr698 and ser705, located at the extreme c-terminus of erk3. All four sites are followed by a proline residue. We have shown that purified cyclin b-cdk1 (cyclindependent kinase 1) phosphorylates these sitesalanine substitution of the four c-terminal phosphorylation sites markedly decreased the half-life of erk3 in mitosis, thereby linking phosphorylation to the stabilization of the kinase." SIGNOR-216801 CyclinB/CDK1 complex SIGNOR-C17 SIGNOR MAPK6 protein Q16659 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser684 IGIPQFHsPVGSPLK 9606 20236090 t lperfetto "Using ms analysis, we identified four novel phosphorylation sites, ser684, ser688, thr698 and ser705, located at the extreme c-terminus of erk3. All four sites are followed by a proline residue. We have shown that purified cyclin b-cdk1 (cyclindependent kinase 1) phosphorylates these sitesalanine substitution of the four c-terminal phosphorylation sites markedly decreased the half-life of erk3 in mitosis, thereby linking phosphorylation to the stabilization of the kinase." SIGNOR-216797 PRKCD protein Q05655 UNIPROT PA2G4 protein Q9UQ80 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser360 ELKALLQsSASRKTQ 9606 BTO:0000938 21145366 t gcesareni "Trk receptor activation by both ngf and bdnf induced phosphorylation of ebp1 at the s360 upon the activation of protein kinase c (pkc ) and triggered dissociation of p48 from retinoblastoma (rb" SIGNOR-170348 RPS6KA5 protein O75582 UNIPROT HIST1H3A protein P68431 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser29 ATKAARKsAPATGGV 9606 BTO:0000938 20129940 t gcesareni "Upon activation of the erk and p38 mapk pathways, the msk1/2-mediated nucleosomal response, including h3 phosphorylation at serine 28 or 10, is coupled with the induction of immediate-early (ie) gene transcription." SIGNOR-163712 SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT RAF1 protein P04049 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr340 RGQRDSSyYWEIEAS 9606 12551923 t gcesareni "We also show that phosphorylation of raf-1 on serine 338 by pak1 and tyrosines 340 and 341 by src relieves autoinhibition and that this occurs through a specific decrease in the binding of the raf-1 regulatory domain to its catalytic domain." SIGNOR-97635 CyclinE/CDK2 complex SIGNOR-C16 SIGNOR NPM1 protein P06748 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr234 SFKKQEKtPKTPKGP 9606 11278991 t lperfetto "We have recently found that nucleophosmin (npm/b23), a phosphoprotein primarily found in nucleolus, associates with unduplicated centrosomes and is a direct substrate of cdk2-cyclin e in centrosome duplication." SIGNOR-216674 PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT ADD2 protein P35612 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser713 KKKFRTPsFLKKSKK 9606 16116087 t gcesareni "We now demonstrate that ptn stimulates the phosphorylation of serines 713 and 726 in the myristoylated alanine-rich protein kinase (pk) c substrate domain of beta-adducin through activation of either pkc alpha or beta." SIGNOR-139870 LIMK2 protein P53671 UNIPROT CFL1 protein P23528 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser3 sGVAVSDG 9606 BTO:0000567 11171090 t lperfetto "We report here that limk1 and limk2 phosphorylate both cofilin and actin-depolymerizing factor (adf) specifically at ser-3 and exhibit partially distinct substrate specificity when tested using site-directed cofilin mutants as substrates" SIGNOR-105098 WNT9B protein O14905 UNIPROT LRP6 protein O75581 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 20093360 t gcesareni "We find that wnt9b binds to a different part of the lrp6 extracellular domain" SIGNOR-163552 STK3 protein Q13188 UNIPROT SAV1 protein Q9H4B6 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation -1 BTO:0000007 16930133 t milica "In vitro phosphorylation experiments indicate that the phosphorylation of Sav by Mst is direct. The stabilizing effect of Mst was much greater on N-terminally truncated hSav mutants, as long as they retained the ability to bind Mst. Mst mutants that lacked the C-terminal coiled-coil domain and were unable to bind to hSav, also failed to stabilize or phosphorylate hSav" SIGNOR-230716 CyclinB/CDK1 complex SIGNOR-C17 SIGNOR MAPK6 protein Q16659 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser705 TPSAMKSsPQIPHQT 9606 20236090 t lperfetto "Using ms analysis, we identified four novel phosphorylation sites, ser684, ser688, thr698 and ser705, located at the extreme c-terminus of erk3. All four sites are followed by a proline residue. We have shown that purified cyclin b-cdk1 (cyclindependent kinase 1) phosphorylates these sitesalanine substitution of the four c-terminal phosphorylation sites markedly decreased the half-life of erk3 in mitosis, thereby linking phosphorylation to the stabilization of the kinase." SIGNOR-216805 PHLPP1 protein O60346 UNIPROT RPS6KB1 protein P23443 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Thr390 DSKFTRQtPVDSPDD 9606 BTO:0000182 21986499 t gcesareni "We show that PHLPP preferentially dephosphorylates the hydrophobic motif T389 site in S6K1 in vitro" SIGNOR-248227 PHLPP2 protein Q6ZVD8 UNIPROT RPS6KB1 protein P23443 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Thr390 DSKFTRQtPVDSPDD 9606 BTO:0000182 21986499 t gcesareni "We show that PHLPP preferentially dephosphorylates the hydrophobic motif T389 site in S6K1 in vitro" SIGNOR-248247 CSNK2A1 protein P68400 UNIPROT XRCC1 protein P18887 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser518 GEDPYAGsTDENTDS 9606 20471329 t lperfetto "Xrcc1 phosphorylation by ck2 is required for its stability and efficient dna repair. Rcc1 is phosphorylated in vivo and in vitro by ck2, and ck2 phosphorylation of xrcc1 on s518, t519, and t523" SIGNOR-165423 TNF protein P01375 UNIPROT TNFRSF1B protein P20333 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 12040173 t lperfetto "The binding of tnf to tnf-r1 triggers a series of intracellular events that ultimately result in the activation of two major transcription factors, nuclear factor kb (nf-kb) and c-jun." SIGNOR-88216 ADAM17 protein P78536 UNIPROT NOTCH1 protein P46531 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" cleavage 9606 BTO:0000567 10882063 t gcesareni "... here we show that an additional processing event occurs in the extracellular part of the receptor, preceding cleavage by the gamma-secretase-like activity. Purification of the activity accounting for this cleavage in vitro shows that it is due to tace (tnfalpha-converting enzyme), a member of the adam (a disintegrin and metalloprotease domain) family of metalloproteases." SIGNOR-78903 CSNK1E protein P49674 UNIPROT CTNNB1 protein P35222 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser45 GATTTAPsLSGKGNP 9606 12000790 t gcesareni "However, ck1epsilon has been recently shown to interact with axin (sakanaka et al. 1999;rubinfeld et al. 2001), and it was proposed that this kinase mediates axin-induced apc phosphorylation, thereby stabilizing the beta-catenin degradation complex (rubinfeld et al. 2001). We have, therefore, evaluated ck1epsilon as a candidate s45-kinase in several assays, both in vitro and in vivo." SIGNOR-87448 PRKCG protein P05129 UNIPROT KIR3DL1 protein P43629 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser415 QRKITRPsQRPKTPP 9606 17911614 t gcesareni "Functional studies of the wild-type receptor and serine/threonine mutants indicated that phosphorylation of ser(394) by protein kinase c slightly suppresses kir3dl1 inhibitory function, and reduces receptor internalization and turnover." SIGNOR-158133 IL1R1 protein P14778 UNIPROT MYD88 protein Q99836 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0003432 10217414 t lperfetto "Interleukin-1 (il-1) stimulates the association of the il-1 receptor-associated protein kinase (irak) with the heterodimer of il-iri and il-iracp via the adapter protein myd88." SIGNOR-67140 TBK1 protein Q9UHD2 UNIPROT IKBKE protein Q14164 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 18353649 t lperfetto "Whereas nemo assembles some but not all ikk complexes [12,13], recent reports provide strong experimental evidence for a role of tank [also called traf-interacting protein (i-traf)], nak-associated protein (nap1) and similar to nap1 tbk1 adaptor (sintbad) in the assembly of tbk1 and ikk-e kinase complexes that phosphorylate irf3 and irf7 and promote type i ifn gene induction" SIGNOR-178053 FGF1 protein P05230 UNIPROT FGFR4 protein P22455 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 1385111 t gcesareni "Our results establish an fgf binding profile for fgfr-4 with afgf having the highest affinity, followed by k-fgf/hst-1 and bfgf. In addition, fgf-6 was found to bind to fgfr-4 in ligand competition experiments. Ligands binding to fgfr-4 induced receptor autophosphorylation and phosphorylation of a set of cellular polypeptides." SIGNOR-18454 ERBB4 protein Q15303 UNIPROT PIK3CB protein P42338 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 16729043 t gcesareni "Pi3k is the sole binding partner to six tyrosines of erbb3 and one in erbb4." SIGNOR-146882 FGF2 protein P09038 UNIPROT FGFR4 protein P22455 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 1385111 t gcesareni "Our results establish an fgf binding profile for fgfr-4 with afgf having the highest affinity, followed by k-fgf/hst-1 and bfgf. In addition, fgf-6 was found to bind to fgfr-4 in ligand competition experiments. Ligands binding to fgfr-4 induced receptor autophosphorylation and phosphorylation of a set of cellular polypeptides." SIGNOR-18564 SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT SPTAN1 protein Q13813 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr1176 AVQQQEVyGMMPRDE 9606 BTO:0000671 11971983 t llicata "Using mutagenesis on recombinant peptides, we identified the residue y1176 located in the calpain cleavage site of alpha ii-spectrin, near the sh3 domain, as an in vitro substrate for src kinase and lmw-ptp a. phosphorylation of this residue decreases spectrin sensitivity to calpain in vitro." SIGNOR-86718 EIF2AK3 protein Q9NZJ5 UNIPROT EIF2S1 protein P05198 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser52 MILLSELsRRRIRSI 9606 17998206 t lperfetto "The endoplasmic reticulum (er)-resident protein kinase perk attenuates protein synthesis in response to er stress through the phosphorylation of translation initiation factor eif2_ at serine 51 / a modification that blocks initiation" SIGNOR-159160 CyclinB/CDK1 complex SIGNOR-C17 SIGNOR MAPK6 protein Q16659 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr698 KSIQATLtPSAMKSS 9606 20236090 t lperfetto "Using ms analysis, we identified four novel phosphorylation sites, ser684, ser688, thr698 and ser705, located at the extreme c-terminus of erk3. All four sites are followed by a proline residue. We have shown that purified cyclin b-cdk1 (cyclindependent kinase 1) phosphorylates these sitesalanine substitution of the four c-terminal phosphorylation sites markedly decreased the half-life of erk3 in mitosis, thereby linking phosphorylation to the stabilization of the kinase." SIGNOR-216809 UBE2I protein P63279 UNIPROT SOX6 protein P35712 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" sumoylation Lys404 VSPTGIkNEKRGTS 9606 BTO:0000007 16442531 t "We show that SOX6 is modified in vitro and in vivo by small ubiquitin‐related modifier (SUMO) on two distinct sites. Mutation of both sites abolished SOX6 sumoylation and increased SOX6 transcriptional activity. SUMO dependent repression of SOX6 transcription was promoted by UBC9 whereas siRNA to UBC9, cotransfection of inactive UBC9 or a SUMO protease increased SOX6 transcriptional activity." SIGNOR-256129 UBE2I protein P63279 UNIPROT SOX6 protein P35712 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" sumoylation Lys417 TSPVTQkVkDEAAAQP 9606 BTO:0000007 16442531 t "We show that SOX6 is modified in vitro and in vivo by small ubiquitin‐related modifier (SUMO) on two distinct sites. Mutation of both sites abolished SOX6 sumoylation and increased SOX6 transcriptional activity. SUMO dependent repression of SOX6 transcription was promoted by UBC9 whereas siRNA to UBC9, cotransfection of inactive UBC9 or a SUMO protease increased SOX6 transcriptional activity." SIGNOR-256130 MAP2K1 protein Q02750 UNIPROT MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation 9606 BTO:0000443 12270934 t lperfetto "Mek1 as indicated by extensive phosphorylation of erk1 and erk2 during the initial 2 h of adipogenesis." SIGNOR-235940 ERBB4 protein Q15303 UNIPROT PIK3CG protein P48736 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 16729043 t gcesareni "Pi3k is the sole binding partner to six tyrosines of erbb3 and one in erbb4." SIGNOR-146888 PCSK7 protein Q16549 UNIPROT RELA protein Q04206 UNIPROT up-regulates 10090 BTO:0000165;BTO:0000222 BTO:0000887;BTO:0001103 14767066 f lperfetto "Treatment with sb203580 significantly reduced this cooperation, consistent with the idea that p38 indirectly stimulates the transactivating activity of p65 through a mechanism involving cbp." SIGNOR-235734 INHA protein P05111 UNIPROT TGFBR3 protein Q03167 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 10746731 t gcesareni "Type iii tgf-beta receptor, betaglycan, can function as an inhibin co-receptor with actrii. Betaglycan binds inhibin with high affinity and enhances binding in cells co-expressing actrii and betaglycan. ability of betaglycan to facilitate inhibin antagonism of activin" SIGNOR-76470 FGF4 protein P08620 UNIPROT FGFR4 protein P22455 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 1385111 t gcesareni "Our results establish an fgf binding profile for fgfr-4 with afgf having the highest affinity, followed by k-fgf/hst-1 and bfgf. In addition, fgf-6 was found to bind to fgfr-4 in ligand competition experiments. Ligands binding to fgfr-4 induced receptor autophosphorylation and phosphorylation of a set of cellular polypeptides." SIGNOR-18567 MAPK14 protein Q16539 UNIPROT MAPKAPK3 protein Q16644 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation 10090 BTO:0000944 11157753 t lperfetto "These results, taken together, suggest the importance of the docking interaction in the efficient phosphorylation and activation of 3pk by p38." SIGNOR-235451 CYP19A1 protein P11511 UNIPROT estradiol smallmolecule CID:5757 PUBCHEM "up-regulates quantity" "small molecule catalysis" 395188 t lperfetto "Studies show that aromatization (a reaction sequence unique in steroid biosynthesis) of androgens to estrogens is not limited to the female reproductive organs but also occurs in extragonadal tissue. Aromatization involves the loss of the angular C-19 methyl group and cis elimination of the 1beta and 2beta hydrogens from the androgen precursors, androstenedione and testosterone, to yield estrone and estradiol, respectively. In men, the production of estrone is 18 ug/day and is mainly extraglandular. Aromatase activity has also been shown in a variety of tissues in mammalian and other species." SIGNOR-251528 HES1 protein Q14469 UNIPROT RBPJ protein Q06330 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 16682003 t gcesareni "Here we show that hrt2 and hes1 interact with rbp-jkappa to negatively regulate notch-dependent activation of hrt and hes expression." SIGNOR-146684 HEY2 protein Q9UBP5 UNIPROT NOTCH1 protein P46531 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 16682003 t "The NotchIC-RBP-Jkappa complex activates target genes, such as those encoding the Hrt and Hes families. The interaction did not interfere with the formation or DNA-binding of the NotchIC-RBP-Jkappa complex, indicating direct inhibition by Hrt and Hes as co-repressors." gcesareni "Here we show that hrt2 and hes1 interact with rbp-jkappa to negatively regulate notch-dependent activation of hrt and hes expression." SIGNOR-146690 RHEB protein Q15382 UNIPROT mTORC1 complex SIGNOR-C3 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" 9606 19222999 t lperfetto "Recent studies document that Rheb activates mTORC1 via direct, GTP-dependent interaction with the peptidyl-prolyl-cis/trans-isomerase FKBP38, which is proposed to act as an inhibitor of mTORC1." SIGNOR-232208 IGF1 protein P05019 UNIPROT Adipogenesis phenotype SIGNOR-PH26 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 2689937 f fspada "Preadipocytes converted to adipocytes when insulin-like growth factor-1 or insulin was added to a medium depleted of those compounds" SIGNOR-23166 ABL1 protein P00519 UNIPROT MTOR protein P42345 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation 9606 10753870 t gcesareni "Abl binds directly to raft1 and phosphorylates raft1 in vitro and in vivo. c-abl inhibits autophosphorylation of raft1 and raft1-mediated phosphorylation p70(s6k)." SIGNOR-76562 MAP3K7 protein O43318 UNIPROT IKBKB protein O14920 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation 9606 SIGNOR-C14 19632174 t lperfetto "Tak1 become activated and then phosphorylates and activates ikk2 which in turn now phosphorylates ikba, marking it for k48-ubiquitination and proteasomal degradation. tak1 kinase complex phosphorylates and activates ikk in a manner that depends on traf6 and ubc13-uev1a our studies suggests that tak1_ acts as an upstream activating kinase for ikkbeta." SIGNOR-187242 TRAF6 protein Q9Y4K3 UNIPROT TAB2 protein Q9NYJ8 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 25290089 t lperfetto "The irak1/traf6 complex can also activate jnk and p38 signalling through assembly of a catalytically active tab2-tab3-tak1 complex." SIGNOR-205458 SCF-betaTRCP complex SIGNOR-C5 SIGNOR NFKB2 protein Q00653 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" ubiquitination 9606 BTO:0000567 14676825 t lperfetto "Mechanism of processing of the nf-kappa b2 p100 precursor: identification of the specific polyubiquitin chain-anchoring lysine residue and analysis of the role of nedd8-modification on the scf(beta-trcp) ubiquitin ligase." SIGNOR-217175 TBX3 protein O15119 UNIPROT CDH1 protein P12830 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000848 25595898 f miannu "AKT phosphorylation potentiates the ability of TBX3 to repress the transcription of the E-cadherin gene" SIGNOR-223537 AMPK complex SIGNOR-C15 SIGNOR SREBF1 protein P36956 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation 9606 21892142 t lperfetto "Ampk was recently found to phosphorylate a conserved serine near the cleavage site within srebp1, suppressing its activation" SIGNOR-216564 NFKB1 protein P19838 UNIPROT RELA protein Q04206 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000007 9450761 t lperfetto "Here we report the crystal structure at 2.9 a resolution of the p50/p65 heterodimer bound to the kappab dna" SIGNOR-55378 MAP3K7 protein O43318 UNIPROT NFKB1 protein P19838 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000567 9480845 f lperfetto "These results suggest that tak1 induces nf-kappa b activation through a novel nik-independent signaling pathway." SIGNOR-55713 RELA protein Q04206 UNIPROT TRAF2 protein Q12933 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 9733516 f lperfetto "Thus, our data indicate that nf-kb controls the expression of traf1 and traf2 and c-iap1 and c-iap2" SIGNOR-59960 CTNNBIP1 protein Q9NSA3 UNIPROT CTNNB1 protein P35222 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 10898789 t gcesareni "We identify a novel beta-catenin-interacting protein, icat, that was found to inhibit the interaction of beta-catenin with tcf-4 and represses beta-catenin-tcf-4-mediated transactivation." SIGNOR-79399 PRKAA1 protein Q13131 UNIPROT TET2 protein Q6N021 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by stabilization" phosphorylation Ser99 GGIKRTVsEPSLSGLL 9606 BTO:0001025 30022161 t "We identify the tumour suppressor TET2 as a substrate of the AMP-activated kinase (AMPK), which phosphorylates TET2 at serine 99, thereby stabilizing the tumour suppressor. Increased glucose levels impede AMPK-mediated phosphorylation at serine 99, which results in the destabilization of TET2 followed by dysregulation of both 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5hmC) and the tumour suppressive function of TET2 in vitro and in vivo" SIGNOR-256134 AMPK complex SIGNOR-C15 SIGNOR TET2 protein Q6N021 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by stabilization" phosphorylation Ser99 GGIKRTVsEPSLSGLL 9606 BTO:0001025 30022161 t "We identify the tumour suppressor TET2 as a substrate of the AMP-activated kinase (AMPK), which phosphorylates TET2 at serine 99, thereby stabilizing the tumour suppressor. Increased glucose levels impede AMPK-mediated phosphorylation at serine 99, which results in the destabilization of TET2 followed by dysregulation of both 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5hmC) and the tumour suppressive function of TET2 in vitro and in vivo" SIGNOR-256135 GSK3B protein P49841 UNIPROT AXIN1 protein O15169 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 SIGNOR-C110 SIGNOR-C110 10318824 t lperfetto "From the binding experiments, we defined the domains of Axin that bind glycogen synthase kinase-3beta (GSK-3beta) and beta-catenin. We also examined the ability of each Axin mutant to inhibit lymphoid enhancer factor-1 (Lef-1) reporter activity in a cell line expressing high levels of beta-catenin." SIGNOR-67438 DIABLO protein Q9NR28 UNIPROT BIRC5 protein O15392 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 10929711 t gcesareni "Diablo seem to function as a general iaps neutralizer by binding to these protein. Diablo promotes casp9 activation by binding to inhibitor of apoptosis proteins, iaps, and removing their inhibitory activity. mitochondrial survivin associated with smac/diablo, delaying its release." SIGNOR-80212 GSK3B protein P49841 UNIPROT AXIN1 protein O15169 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation 9606 BTO:0000007 SIGNOR-C110 SIGNOR-C110 23579495 t lperfetto "Phosphorylation by GSK3 kept Axin activated (open) for _-catenin interaction and poised for engagement of LRP6." SIGNOR-201683 NLK protein Q9UBE8 UNIPROT TCF7L2 protein Q9NQB0 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr212 TYSNEHFtPGNPPPH 9606 12556497 t llicata "Nlk phosphorylates lef-1/tcf on two serine/threonine residues located in its central region. Mutation of both residues to alanine enhanced lef-1 transcriptional activity and rendered it resistant to inhibition by nlk." SIGNOR-97873 SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT IGF1R protein P08069 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr1165 RDIYETDyYRKGGKG 9606 8940173 t lperfetto "Src phosphorylates the insulin-like growth factor type i receptor on the autophosphorylation sites. Requirement for transformation by srcsrc kinase can substitute for the receptor kinase in phosphorylating and activating the igf-i receptor" SIGNOR-45126 PRKCD protein Q05655 UNIPROT EP300 protein Q09472 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser89 SELLRSGsSPNLNMG 9606 12379484 t lperfetto "Inhibition of histone acetyltransferase function of p300 by pkcdeltawe found that pkcdelta but not classical pkc, specifically phosphorylates p300 at serine 89 in vitro and in vivo. This phosphorylation causes inhibition of p300 intrinsic hat activity." SIGNOR-94263 POU3F4 protein P49335 UNIPROT POU3F2 protein P20265 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding -1 9105675 t miannu "POU proteins (Brain-1, Brain-2, Brain-4 and SCIP) serve as transcriptional transactivators. if they were to form homomeric and heteromeric complexes with each other, depending on the particular combination, they might have different DNA-binding specificities and, thus, activate different genes." SIGNOR-220080 IL12A protein P29459 UNIPROT IL12B protein P29460 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 7527811 t fspada "However, a proper conformation required for high affinity binding is achieved only when p40 is associated with a p35 subunit or another p40 subunit. When p40 is associated with a p35 subunit, the heterodimer acts as an agonist mediating biologic activity. However, when p40 associates with another p40, the homodimer behaves as an antagonist in vitro" SIGNOR-27619 PKNOX1 protein P55347 UNIPROT HOXA1 protein P49639 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000007 9582372 t miannu "Our results are consistent with a primary interaction of the YPWM motif of HOXA1 with the homeodomain of PBX. HOX proteins are dependent upon cofactors of the PBX family for specificity of DNA binding." SIGNOR-220242 14-3-3 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF7 SIGNOR BAD protein Q92934 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 10949026 t gcesareni "14-3-3 blocks bad activity by promoting ser-155 phosphorylation, which induces the dissociation of bad and bcl-xl. in the presence of survival factor il-3, cells phosphorylated bad on two serine residues embedded in 14-3-3 consensus binding sites. Only the nonphosphorylated bad heterodimerized with bcl-x(l) at membrane sites to promote cell death." SIGNOR-81106 CASP8 protein Q14790 UNIPROT CASP8AP2 protein Q9UKL3 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 17245429 t gcesareni "The caspase-8-binding protein flice-associated huge protein (flash) would form a molecular complex with caspase-8, thereby presumably activating the mitochondrial apoptosis pathway by regulating caspase-8 activity." SIGNOR-152473 IRS1 protein P35568 UNIPROT PIK3CB protein P42338 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 10090 BTO:0000944 11416002 t lperfetto "To examine contributions of specific YXXM motifs in human insulin receptor substrate-1 (IRS-1) to mediating the metabolic actions of insulin, we studied IRS-1 mutants containing various substitutions of Phe for Tyr. In transfected NIH-3T3(IR) cells, insulin stimulation caused a 5-fold increase in phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) activity coimmunoprecipitated with wild-type IRS-1" SIGNOR-235487 AXIN1 protein O15169 UNIPROT MAP3K1 protein Q13233 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 10829020 t gcesareni "We found that in contrast to axin, dvl2 activation of jnk does not require mekk1." SIGNOR-77591 SMAD2 protein Q15796 UNIPROT SMURF2 protein Q9HAU4 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 11389444 t lperfetto "We show that in the presence of TGF-beta signalling, Smad2 interacts through its proline-rich PPXY motif with the tryptophan-rich WW domains of Smurf2, a recently identified E3 ubiquitin ligases.Thus, stimulation by TGF-beta can induce the assembly of a Smad2-Smurf2 ubiquitin ligase complex that functions to target substrates for degradation." SIGNOR-108490 PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT PIM1 protein P11309 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser65 HSHSPRHsLRHSPGS 9606 BTO:0000007 30017192 t miannu "In this study, we found that PKCα stabilized and activated PIM-1L by phosphorylation at Ser65. The PIM-1L phosphorylation suppressed sotrastaurin-induced apoptosis. These findings suggest that PKCα promotes cell survival and proliferation by upregulating PIM-1L in acute myeloid leukemia." SIGNOR-256153 HSF4 protein Q9ULV5 UNIPROT DNASE2B protein Q8WZ79 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 23507146 f miannu "We found that HSF4 promoted the expression and DNase activity of DLAD by directly binding to the DLAD promoter." SIGNOR-254479 DUSP1 protein P28562 UNIPROT MAPK14 protein Q16539 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation 9606 20626350 t lperfetto "The activity of MAPKs can be also regulated by a family of DUSPs (dual-specificity phosphatases)/MKPs (MAPK phosphatases), which dephosphorylate both phosphotyrosine and phosphothreonine residues MKPs 1, 4, 5 and 7 can dephosphorylate p38_ and p38_ in addition to JNK MAPKs. Importantly, some MKPs are transcriptionally up-regulated by stimuli that activate MAPK signalling, and are thought to play an important role limiting the extent of MAPK activation" SIGNOR-166571 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR MDM2 protein Q00987 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser188 RKRHKSDsISLSFDE 9606 BTO:0000671 15169778 t lperfetto "Stabilization of mdm2 via decreased ubiquitination is mediated by protein kinase b/akt-dependent phosphorylationhere we show that pkb inhibits mdm2 self-ubiquitination via phosphorylation of mdm2 on ser(166) and ser(188)" SIGNOR-244300 KRAS protein P01116 UNIPROT PIK3CA protein P42336 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 21779497 t gcesareni "Grb2 binds and activates sos, which then activates ras, and this activates p110 independently of p85./it was also described that ras interacts with pi3k in a direct manner./lysine residue 227 is essential for the interaction of ras with pi3k phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (pi3k) is one of the main effector pathways of ras, regulating cell growth, cell cycle entry, cell survival, cytoskeleton reorganization, and metabolism." SIGNOR-175204 LHX1 protein P48742 UNIPROT OTX2 protein P32243 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000567 10623575 t miannu "Here we show that OTX2 directly associates with LIM1 and HNF-3beta. The luciferase assay with the P3C sequence, a specific DNA binding sequence for paired-class homeobox genes, has demonstrated that LIM1 enhances, but HNF-3beta represses, OTX2-directed gene expression." SIGNOR-221161 FOXA2 protein Q9Y261 UNIPROT OTX2 protein P32243 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000567 10623575 t miannu "Here we show that OTX2 directly associates with LIM1 and HNF-3beta. The luciferase assay with the P3C sequence, a specific DNA binding sequence for paired-class homeobox genes, has demonstrated that LIM1 enhances, but HNF-3beta represses, OTX2-directed gene expression." SIGNOR-221164 NCL protein P19338 UNIPROT MYBL1 protein P10243 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000007 10660576 t miannu "We identify nucleolin as one of the nuclear polypeptides that interact specifically with the A-Myb and c-Myb. We show that the interaction of nucleolin with Myb is functional because co-transfection of nucleolin down-regulates Myb transcriptional activity." SIGNOR-221233 NCL protein P19338 UNIPROT MYB protein P10242 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000007 10660576 t miannu "We identify nucleolin as one of the nuclear polypeptides that interact specifically with the A-Myb and c-Myb. We show that the interaction of nucleolin with Myb is functional because co-transfection of nucleolin down-regulates Myb transcriptional activity." SIGNOR-221236 SCAND1 protein P57086 UNIPROT MZF1 protein P28698 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding -1 10777584 t miannu "Co-immunoprecipitation and yeast two-hybrid analyses demonstrate that MZF1B and RAZ1 associate in vitro via a SCAN box-dependent mechanism. The interaction between MZF1B and RAZ1 might be necessary for mediating MZF1B function" SIGNOR-221561 TFAP4 protein Q01664 UNIPROT MDM2 protein Q00987 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0001109 19505873 f miannu "AP-4 Mediates E-box-dependent Complex Formation for Transcriptional Repression of HDM2" SIGNOR-226596 PRKCD protein Q05655 UNIPROT PRKCD protein Q05655 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr141 EDEAKFPtMNRRGAI 9606 19366211 t llicata "This study identifies novel in vitro pkcdelta autophosphorylation sites at thr(141) adjacent to the pseudosubstrate domain, thr(218) in the c1a-c1b interdomain, ser(295), ser(302), and ser(304) in the hinge region, and ser(503) adjacent to thr(505) in the activation loop. a t141d substitution markedly increases basal lipid-independent pkcdelta activity;" SIGNOR-185279 RFX5 protein P48382 UNIPROT "RFX complex" complex SIGNOR-C104 SIGNOR "form complex" binding -1 10825209 t miannu "RFXANK and RFXAP bind to each other and form a heterodimer (step 1) that subsequently interacts with RFX5 Upon binding, the conformation of RFX5 changes (step 2) in a way that enables the RFX complex to bind to DNA (step 3) and to recruit other proteins that are required for the transcription of MHC II genes" SIGNOR-221565 RFXAP protein O00287 UNIPROT "RFX complex" complex SIGNOR-C104 SIGNOR "form complex" binding -1 10825209 t miannu "RFXANK and RFXAP bind to each other and form a heterodimer (step 1) that subsequently interacts with RFX5 Upon binding, the conformation of RFX5 changes (step 2) in a way that enables the RFX complex to bind to DNA (step 3) and to recruit other proteins that are required for the transcription of MHC II genes" SIGNOR-221568 RFXANK protein O14593 UNIPROT "RFX complex" complex SIGNOR-C104 SIGNOR "form complex" binding -1 10825209 t miannu "RFXANK and RFXAP bind to each other and form a heterodimer (step 1) that subsequently interacts with RFX5 Upon binding, the conformation of RFX5 changes (step 2) in a way that enables the RFX complex to bind to DNA (step 3) and to recruit other proteins that are required for the transcription of MHC II genes" SIGNOR-221571 CyclinB/CDK1 complex SIGNOR-C17 SIGNOR SIRT1 protein Q96EB6 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser540 HVSEDSSsPERTSPP 9606 19107194 t lperfetto "We identified cyclinb/cdk1 as a cell cycle-dependent kinase that forms a complex with and phosphorylates sirt1. Mutation of two residues phosphorylated by cyclin b/cdk1 (threonine 530 and serine 540) disturbs normal cell cycle progression and fails to rescue proliferation defects in sirt1-deficient cells" SIGNOR-216841 TYK2 protein P29597 UNIPROT IFNAR1 protein P17181 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr466 VFLRCINyVFFPSLK -1 8605876 t lperfetto "We demonstrate that, in vitro, p135tyk2 phosphorylates two tyrosines on IFNaR1. A phosphopeptide corresponding to the major phosphorylation site (Tyr466) binds STAT2, but not STAT1, in an SH-2-dependent manner. Furthermore, only latent, non-phosphorylated STAT2 interacts with this phosphopeptide. When this phosphopeptide is introduced into permeabilized cells, the IFN alpha-dependent tyrosine phosphorylation of both STATs is blocked. Finally, mutant versions of IFNaR1, in which Tyr466 is changed to phenylalanine, can act in a dominant negative manner to inhibit phosphorylation of STAT2." SIGNOR-246934 CENPK protein Q9BS16 UNIPROT SOX6 protein P35712 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 10029 BTO:0000246 10996314 t miannu "Here we report the cloning of a novel cDNA, termed Solt, from a mouse testis cDNA library. Its gene product, Solt, interacts with the leucine zipper region of SoxLZ/Sox6. In transient transfection assays with SoxLZ/Sox6 containing the transactivation domain of herpes simplex virus VP16, the expression of a luciferase reporter gene under the control of a promoter containing a synthetic cis element that is bound by the HMG box of SoxLZ/Sox6 was poorly enhanced in the presence of Solt." SIGNOR-221820 BIRC2 protein Q13490 UNIPROT CASP2 protein P42575 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 16701639 t gcesareni "However, among hiap1, hiap2 and xiap, only hiap2 binds and inhibits caspase-2." SIGNOR-146738 FLT3 protein P36888 UNIPROT PTPN11 protein Q06124 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 10090 BTO:0002882 phosphorylation:Tyr599 VDFREYEyDLKWEFP 16684964 t gcesareni "Y599 was additionally found to interact with the protein tyrosine phosphatase SHP2 in a phosphorylation-dependent manner. As Y599F-Flt3-32D was unable to associate with and to phosphorylate SHP2 and since silencing of SHP2 in WT-Flt3-expressing cells mimicked the Y599F-Flt3 phenotype, we hypothesize that recruitment of SHP2 to pY599 contributes to FL-mediated Erk activation and proliferation." SIGNOR-245057 PIK3CA protein P42336 UNIPROT PtsIns(3,4,5)P3 smallmolecule CID:24755492 PUBCHEM "up-regulates quantity" "small molecule catalysis" 9606 24367090 t "AKT is a serine-threonine protein kinase that plays important roles in cell growth, proliferation and apoptosis. It is activated after binding to phosphatidylinositol phosphates (PIPs) with phosphate s at positions 3, 4 and 3,4,5 on the inositol ring" miannu "Insulin activation of phosphoinositide 3-kinase (pi3k) signaling regulates glucose homeostasis through the production of phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate (pip3). The dual-specificity phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome 10 (pten) blocks pi3k signaling by dephosphorylating pip3, and is inhibited through its interaction with phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate-dependent rac exchanger 2" SIGNOR-147948 PRRX1 protein P54821 UNIPROT MAFF protein Q9ULX9 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding -1 11036080 t miannu "Hoxd12 and MHox, that interact with v-/c-Maf, using the phage display method. The Hox proteins also could associate with the other Maf protein family members, MafB, MafK, MafF, and MafG, but not with Jun and Fos. The Hox proteins negatively regulated the DNA binding, transactivation and cell-transforming abilities of Maf." SIGNOR-221890 PRRX1 protein P54821 UNIPROT MAF protein O75444 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding -1 11036080 t miannu "Hoxd12 and MHox, that interact with v-/c-Maf, using the phage display method. The Hox proteins also could associate with the other Maf protein family members, MafB, MafK, MafF, and MafG, but not with Jun and Fos. The Hox proteins negatively regulated the DNA binding, transactivation and cell-transforming abilities of Maf." SIGNOR-221893 HOXD12 protein P35452 UNIPROT MAFB protein Q9Y5Q3 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding -1 11036080 t miannu "Hoxd12 and MHox, that interact with v-/c-Maf, using the phage display method. The Hox proteins also could associate with the other Maf protein family members, MafB, MafK, MafF, and MafG, but not with Jun and Fos. The Hox proteins negatively regulated the DNA binding, transactivation and cell-transforming abilities of Maf." SIGNOR-221896 14-3-3 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF7 SIGNOR YAP1 protein P46937 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9534 BTO:0004055 12535517 t milica "One protein that associates with 14-3-3 in an akt-dependent manner is shown here to be the yes-associated protein (yap), which is phosphorylated by akt at serine 127, leading to binding to 14-3-3. Akt promotes yap localization to the cytoplasm, resulting in loss from the nucleus where it functions as a coactivator of transcription factors including p73." SIGNOR-97481 GSK3B protein P49841 UNIPROT EIF4EBP1 protein Q13541 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr46 GGTLFSTtPGGTRII 9606 23584478 t lperfetto "Glycogen synthase kinase-3_ positively regulates protein synthesis and cell proliferation through the regulation of translation initiation factor 4E-binding protein 1We found that GSK-3_ phosphorylates and inactivates 4E-BP1, thereby increasing eIF4E-dependent protein synthesis." SIGNOR-201699 IRF3 protein Q14653 UNIPROT ABCC2 protein Q92887 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 15185298 f miannu "Expression of recombinant human IRF3 increased MRP2 promoter activity. " SIGNOR-254533 GRB2 protein P62993 UNIPROT SOS1 protein Q07889 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" relocalization 10090 BTO:0000669 23452850 t "GRB2 associated guanine nucleotide exchange factor Sos activates Ras through the exchange of GDP for GTP" lperfetto "Interaction domains of sos1/grb2 are finely tuned for cooperative control of embryonic stem cell fate." SIGNOR-235773 GRB2 protein P62993 UNIPROT SOS1 protein Q07889 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" relocalization 9606 8479541 t "GRB2 associated guanine nucleotide exchange factor Sos activates Ras through the exchange of GDP for GTP" lperfetto "Furthermore, our results indicate that the interaction domains of sos1 and grb2 have evolved so as to bind ligands not with maximal strength but with specificities and affinities that maintain cooperativity. Grb2 binds and activates sos, which then activates ras, and this activates p110 independently of p85." SIGNOR-39163 MAPK9 protein P45984 UNIPROT BAZ1B protein Q9UIG0 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser158 KSDGACDsPSSDKEN 9606 19776015 t gcesareni "Wstf, a specific component of two chromatin remodeling complexes (swi/snf-type winac and iswi-type wich), was phosphorylated by the stimulation of mapk cascades in vitro and in vivo. Ser-158 residue in the wac (wstf/acf1/cbpq46) domain, located close to the n terminus of wstf, was identified as a major phosphorylation target" SIGNOR-188168 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT BAZ1B protein Q9UIG0 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser158 KSDGACDsPSSDKEN 9606 19776015 t gcesareni "Wstf, a specific component of two chromatin remodeling complexes (swi/snf-type winac and iswi-type wich), was phosphorylated by the stimulation of mapk cascades in vitro and in vivo. Ser-158 residue in the wac (wstf/acf1/cbpq46) domain, located close to the n terminus of wstf, was identified as a major phosphorylation target" SIGNOR-188164 BCL2L1 protein Q07817 UNIPROT HIP1 protein O00291 UNIPROT down-regulates 9606 11007801 f miannu "Hip-1 activity was found to be independent of the ded-containing caspase 8 but was significantly inhibited by the antiapoptotic protein bcl-x(l), implicating the intrinsic pathway of apoptosis in hip-1-induced cell death." SIGNOR-82460 RNF111 protein Q6ZNA4 UNIPROT SMAD2 protein Q15796 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" ubiquitination 10090 BTO:0000165;BTO:0000222 17341133 t lperfetto "Arkadia represses the expression of myoblast differentiation markers through degradation of ski and the ski-bound smad complex in c2c12 myoblasts. Arkadia bound smad2/3 via ski to induce the ubiquitination of smad2/3. These results suggest that arkadia targets ski-bound, inactive phospho-smad2/3 to regulate positively myostatin/tgf-beta signaling." SIGNOR-235394 "Flavopiridol hydrochloride" chemical CID:9910986 PUBCHEM CDK5 protein Q00535 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-192467 PRRX1 protein P54821 UNIPROT MAFB protein Q9Y5Q3 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding -1 11036080 t miannu "Hoxd12 and MHox, that interact with v-/c-Maf, using the phage display method. The Hox proteins also could associate with the other Maf protein family members, MafB, MafK, MafF, and MafG, but not with Jun and Fos. The Hox proteins negatively regulated the DNA binding, transactivation and cell-transforming abilities of Maf." SIGNOR-221899 CRB3 protein Q9BUF7 UNIPROT AMOT/MPP5/INADL/LIN7C complex SIGNOR-C27 SIGNOR up-regulates binding 10090 BTO:0000150 21145499 t milica "Interestingly, knockdown of crb3, which facilitates crumbs complex assembly and localization to the apical junctions disrupted taz/yap interaction with multiple components of the complex, whereas the other knockdowns only disrupted their respective interaction." SIGNOR-170399 KLF3 protein P57682 UNIPROT CEBPA protein P49715 UNIPROT down-regulates "transcriptional regulation" 9606 18391014 f fspada "We find that c/ebpalpha is derepressed in klf3 and ctbp knockout fibroblasts and adipocytes from klf3 knockout mice." SIGNOR-210117 HOXD12 protein P35452 UNIPROT MAFK protein O60675 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding -1 11036080 t miannu "Hoxd12 and MHox, that interact with v-/c-Maf, using the phage display method. The Hox proteins also could associate with the other Maf protein family members, MafB, MafK, MafF, and MafG, but not with Jun and Fos. The Hox proteins negatively regulated the DNA binding, transactivation and cell-transforming abilities of Maf." SIGNOR-221929 LAT protein O43561 UNIPROT VAV1 protein P15498 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 phosphorylation:Tyr255;Tyr220 EEEGAPDyENLQELN;SLDGSREyVNVSQEL 11368773 t lperfetto "By substituting these tyrosine residues in LAT with phenylalanine and by utilizing phosphorylated peptides derived from these sites, we mapped the tyrosine residues in LAT required for the direct interaction and activation of Vav, p85/p110alpha and phospholipase Cgamma1 (PLCgamma1). Our results indicate that Tyr(226) and Tyr(191) are required for Vav binding, whereas Tyr(171) and Tyr(132) are necessary for association and activation of phosphoinositide 3-kinase activity and PLCgamma1 respectively." SIGNOR-246045 mTORC2 complex SIGNOR-C2 SIGNOR MYC protein P01106 UNIPROT up-regulates 9606 24856037 f miannu "MTORC1 and mTORC2 converge on c-Myc to control metabolic reprogramming in cancer. mTORC1 and mTORC2 conspire to link growth factor receptor–PI3K signaling with c-Myc-dependent metabolic reprogramming by controlling both c-Myc levels and activity" SIGNOR-256171 CyclinB/CDK1 complex SIGNOR-C17 SIGNOR TP73 protein O15350 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr86 AASASPYtPEHAASV 9606 12676926 t lperfetto "Cyclin-dependent kinases phosphorylate p73 at threonine 86 in a cell cycle-dependent manner and negatively regulate p73.Furthermore, cyclin a/cdk1/2, cyclin b/cdk1/2, and cyclin e/cdk2 complexes can phosphorylate multiple p73 isoforms in vitro at threonine 86." SIGNOR-216849 CyclinB/CDK1 complex SIGNOR-C17 SIGNOR MYOD1 protein P15172 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser200 YSGDSDAsSPRSNCS 9606 21902831 t lperfetto "Phosphorylation of myod at s200 is common to other cdks, such as the mitotic cyclin b/cdk1, which may prevent inappropriate myod accumulation during mitosis." SIGNOR-216860 CyclinB/CDK1 complex SIGNOR-C17 SIGNOR ECT2 protein Q9H8V3 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr373 VSMLSLNtPNSNRKR 9606 16170345 t lperfetto "We show that phosphorylation of ect2 at threonine-341 (t341) affects the autoregulatory mechanism of ect2. In g2/m phase, ect2 was phosphorylated at t341 most likely by cyclin b/cyclin-dependent kinase 1 (cdk1) ect2 is biologically active even when it is not phosphorylated at t341" SIGNOR-216864 CyclinB/CDK1 complex SIGNOR-C17 SIGNOR KMT5A protein Q9NQR1 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser100 SKIYSYMsPNKCSGM 9606 20966048 t lperfetto "First, we found that pr-set7 is phosphorylated at ser 29 (s29) specifically by the cyclin-dependent kinase 1 (cdk1)/cyclinb complex, s29 phosphorylation also functions to stabilize pr-set7 by directly inhibiting its interaction with the anaphase-promoting complex (apc), an e3 ubiquitin ligase." SIGNOR-216856 PAK1 protein Q13153 UNIPROT CTNNB1 protein P35222 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser675 QDYKKRLsVELTSSL 9606 21822311 t lperfetto "Pak1 directly phosphorylates _-catenin proteins at ser675 site and this leads to more stable and transcriptional active _-catenin" SIGNOR-175944 CyclinB/CDK1 complex SIGNOR-C17 SIGNOR DDX3X protein O00571 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr204 LTRYTRPtPVQKHAI 9606 16280325 t lperfetto "Thr204 to glu204 ddx3 mutant protein lost its function, suggesting that phosphorylation at thr204 affects ddx3 function. Thr204 was phosphorylated by cyclin b/cdc2. Thr323 in motif ib was also phosphorylated by cyclin b/cdc2 kinase. We propose a novel function of cyclin b/cdc2 kinase in mitosis, which is to cause a loss of ddx3 function to repress cyclin a expression and to decrease ribosome biogenesis and translation during mitosis." SIGNOR-216868 MAP2K4 protein P45985 UNIPROT MAPK10 protein P53779 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation 9606 10715136 t "Phosphorylation of a threonine and a tyrosine residue in a Thr-Pro-Tyr motif." gcesareni "A map kinase kinase kinase (mapkkk), termed ask1, was identified that activated two different subs of map kinase kinases (mapkk), sek1 (or mkk4) and mkk3/mapkk6 (or mkk6), which in turn activated stress-activated protein kinase (sapk, also known as jnk;c-jun amino-terminal kinase) and p38 subs of map kinases, respectively. Here we report that mkk4 shows a striking preference for the tyrosine residue (tyr-185), and mkk7 a striking preference for the threonine residue (thr-183) in three sapk1/jnk1 isoforms tested (jnk1 alpha 1, jnk2 alpha 2 and jnk3 alpha 1)." SIGNOR-75792 dexamethasone smallmolecule CID:5743 PUBCHEM PPARG protein P37231 UNIPROT up-regulates 9606 11279134 f fspada "The differentiation of 3t3-l1 preadipocytes is regulated in part by a cascade of transcriptional events involving activation of the ccaat/enhancer-binding proteins (c/ebps) and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (ppargamma) by dexamethasone (dex), 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine (mix), and insulin" SIGNOR-106475 CHRM2 protein P08172 UNIPROT GNAO1 protein P09471 UNIPROT up-regulates 9606 BTO:0000007 12665513 f lperfetto "Here we show that m2 muscarinic receptors and go require taos and mek3/6 as the primary intermediates activating p38 mapk in 293 cells" SIGNOR-235536 AES protein Q08117 UNIPROT SIX6 protein O95475 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding -1 12441302 t lperfetto "Biochemical and mutational analysis shows that the Six domain of both SIX3 and SIX6 strongly interact with the QD domain of TLE1 and AES. AES abrogates SIX3- and SIX6-induced phenotypes" SIGNOR-234589 PRRX1 protein P54821 UNIPROT MAFK protein O60675 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding -1 11036080 t miannu "Hoxd12 and MHox, that interact with v-/c-Maf, using the phage display method. The Hox proteins also could associate with the other Maf protein family members, MafB, MafK, MafF, and MafG, but not with Jun and Fos. The Hox proteins negatively regulated the DNA binding, transactivation and cell-transforming abilities of Maf." SIGNOR-221932 LRP6 protein O75581 UNIPROT LPR5/6 complex SIGNOR-C219 SIGNOR "form complex" binding 9606 27821587 t miannu "Low-density lipoprotein receptor-related proteins 5 and 6 (LRP5/6) are co-receptors for Wnt ligands." SIGNOR-256175 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT MDM2 protein Q00987 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser166 SSRRRAIsETEENSD 9606 11504915 t lperfetto "Mitogen-induced activation of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (pi3-kinase) and its downstream target, the akt/pkb serine-threonine kinase, results in phosphorylation of mdm2 on serine 166 and serine 186. Phosphorylation on these sites is necessary for translocation of mdm2 from the cytoplasm into the nucleus.Both akt expression and serum treatment induced phosphorylation of mdm2 at ser186." SIGNOR-116270 CyclinB/CDK1 complex SIGNOR-C17 SIGNOR CASP9 protein P55211 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr125 PEVLRPEtPRPVDIG 9606 17466630 t lperfetto "Here, we show that the apoptotic initiator protease caspase-9 is regulated during the cell cycle through periodic phosphorylation at an inhibitory site, thr125. This site is phosphorylated by cdk1/cyclin b1 during mitosis and in response to microtubule poisons that arrest cells at this stage of the cell cycle." SIGNOR-216884 CyclinB/CDK1 complex SIGNOR-C17 SIGNOR IREB2 protein P48200 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser157 LQKAGKLsPVKVQPK 9606 18574241 t lperfetto "Irp2 ser-157 is phosphorylated by cdk1/cyclin b1 during g(2)/m / ser-157 phosphorylation during g(2)/m reduces irp2 rna-binding activity" SIGNOR-216888 CyclinB/CDK1 complex SIGNOR-C17 SIGNOR DDX3X protein O00571 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr323 GCHLLVAtPGRLVDM 9606 16280325 t lperfetto "Thr204 to glu204 ddx3 mutant protein lost its function, suggesting that phosphorylation at thr204 affects ddx3 function. Thr204 was phosphorylated by cyclin b/cdc2. Thr323 in motif ib was also phosphorylated by cyclin b/cdc2 kinase. We propose a novel function of cyclin b/cdc2 kinase in mitosis, which is to cause a loss of ddx3 function to repress cyclin a expression and to decrease ribosome biogenesis and translation during mitosis." SIGNOR-216872 TYK2 protein P29597 UNIPROT IFNAR1 protein P17181 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr481 PSSSIDEyFSEQPLK 9606 7526154 t lperfetto "In this report, we demonstrate that the alpha subunit of the type I IFN receptor (IFN-R) corresponds to the product of a previously cloned receptor subunit cDNA and, further, that the p135tyk2 tyrosine kinase directly binds and tyrosine phosphorylates this receptor subunit.These data support the hypothesis that the Tyk2 protein functions as part of a receptor complex to initiate intracellular signaling in response to type I IFNs" SIGNOR-246939 PTPN6 protein P29350 UNIPROT ROS1 protein P08922 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation 9606 11266449 t lperfetto "Overexpression of shp-1 results in ros dephosphorylation and effectively downregulates ros-dependent proliferation and transformation. We propose that shp-1 is an important downstream regulator of ros signaling." SIGNOR-105922 HOXD12 protein P35452 UNIPROT MAFG protein O15525 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding -1 11036080 t miannu "Hoxd12 and MHox, that interact with v-/c-Maf, using the phage display method. The Hox proteins also could associate with the other Maf protein family members, MafB, MafK, MafF, and MafG, but not with Jun and Fos. The Hox proteins negatively regulated the DNA binding, transactivation and cell-transforming abilities of Maf." SIGNOR-221958 MAP3K14 protein Q99558 UNIPROT IKK-complex complex SIGNOR-C14 SIGNOR up-regulates phosphorylation 9606 9520446 t lperfetto "Nf-kappab-inducing kinase activates ikk-alpha by phosphorylation of ser-176.Nik preferentially phosphorylates ikk-alpha over ikk-beta, leading to the activation of ikk-alpha kinase activity; the accumulated nik phosphorylates ikkalfa." SIGNOR-217433 PRRX1 protein P54821 UNIPROT MAFG protein O15525 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding -1 11036080 t miannu "Hoxd12 and MHox, that interact with v-/c-Maf, using the phage display method. The Hox proteins also could associate with the other Maf protein family members, MafB, MafK, MafF, and MafG, but not with Jun and Fos. The Hox proteins negatively regulated the DNA binding, transactivation and cell-transforming abilities of Maf." SIGNOR-221961 FHL5 protein Q5TD97 UNIPROT CREM protein Q03060 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 10086359 t miannu "ACT (for activator of CREM in testis), a LIM-only protein which specifically associates with CREM. ACT is expressed coordinately with CREM in a tissue- and developmentally regulated manner. It strongly stimulates CREM transcriptional activity in yeast and mammalian cells and contains an intrinsic activation function." SIGNOR-222111 TYK2 protein P29597 UNIPROT STAT1 protein P42224 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr701 DGPKGTGyIKTELIS -1 7657660 t lperfetto "Co-expression of Stat1 with Tyk2, Jak1, or Jak2 resulted in the specific tyrosine phosphorylation of Stat1 at Tyr701Phosphorylation of purified Stat1 was necessary and sufficient for the acquisition of DNA binding activity." SIGNOR-246943 MYC protein P01106 UNIPROT HLA-E protein P13747 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000848 8206526 f miannu "In melanoma, HLA class I expression is suppressed by overexpression of the c-myc oncogene." SIGNOR-254604 CyclinB/CDK1 complex SIGNOR-C17 SIGNOR NCOA3 protein Q9Y6Q9 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser728 VVKQEQLsPKKKENN 9606 22163316 t lperfetto "We demonstrate that aib1 is phosphorylated on ser728 and ser867 by cdk1/cyclin b at the onset of mitosis and remains phosphorylated until exit from m phase." SIGNOR-216892 CyclinB/CDK1 complex SIGNOR-C17 SIGNOR PBK protein Q96KB5 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Thr9 EGISNFKtPSKLSEK 9606 15541388 t lperfetto "Topk-thr-9 was phosphorylated by cdk1/cyclin b and topk significantly associates with mitotic spindles." SIGNOR-216896 CyclinB/CDK1 complex SIGNOR-C17 SIGNOR PLEC protein Q15149 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr4539 GGLIEPDtPGRVPLD 9606 BTO:0000567 19709076 t lperfetto "Identification of plectin as a substrate of p34cdc2 kinase and mapping of a single phosphorylation site. threonine 4542 was identified as the major target for the kinase. Phosphorylation of plectin by cyclin-dependent kinase 1/cyclin b (cdk1/cycb) kinase has been reported to abolish its cross-linking function during mitosis. Here, we induced phosphorylation of plectin in prepared fractions of hela cells by adding activated cdk1/cycb kinase. Consequently, there was significant dissociation of the centrosome from the nuclear membrane." SIGNOR-216904 CyclinB/CDK1 complex SIGNOR-C17 SIGNOR PLEC protein Q15149 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr4539 GGLIEPDtPGRVPLD 9606 BTO:0000567 8626512 t lperfetto "Identification of plectin as a substrate of p34cdc2 kinase and mapping of a single phosphorylation site. threonine 4542 was identified as the major target for the kinase. Phosphorylation of plectin by cyclin-dependent kinase 1/cyclin b (cdk1/cycb) kinase has been reported to abolish its cross-linking function during mitosis. Here, we induced phosphorylation of plectin in prepared fractions of hela cells by adding activated cdk1/cycb kinase. Consequently, there was significant dissociation of the centrosome from the nuclear membrane." SIGNOR-216908 CyclinB/CDK1 complex SIGNOR-C17 SIGNOR RUNX1 protein Q01196 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser397 SMVGGERsPPRILPP 9606 BTO:0000007 21059642 t "The effect has been demonstrated using Q01196-8" lperfetto "Phosphorylation of runx1 on ser-303 by cdks leads its ubiquitin-mediated degradation during g2/m (19). We developed additional evidence that cdks phosphorylate ser-303 and found that ser-48 and ser-424 are also substrates of cdk1/cyclin b and cdk6/cyclin d3. Moreover, we demonstrated that phosphorylation of ser-48, ser-303, and ser-424 strengthens the ability of runx1 to activate transcription and to stimulate proliferation of the ba/f3 hematopoietic cell line (20)." SIGNOR-216912 ARHGEF25 protein Q86VW2 UNIPROT CDC42 protein P60953 UNIPROT up-regulates "guanine nucleotide exchange factor" 10090 BTO:0000165;BTO:0000222 16314529 t lperfetto "Exogenous expression of geft promotes myogenesis of c2c12 cells via activation of rhoa, rac1, and cdc42 and their downstream effector proteins, while a dominant negative mutant of geft inhibits this process." SIGNOR-235391 BMS-599626 chemical CID:10437018 PUBCHEM EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 17062696 t "AC480 significantly enhanced the radiosensitivity of HN-5 cells, expressing both EGFR and Her2." gcesareni "The studies described here are intended to characterize the ability of bms-599626, a small-molecule inhibitor of the human epidermal growth factor receptor (her) kinase family, to modulate signaling and growth of tumor cells that depend on her1 and/or her2." SIGNOR-150190 PCSK7 protein Q16549 UNIPROT CDC25B protein P30305 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation 9606 11333986 t gcesareni "We propose that regulation of cdc25b phosphorylation by p38 is a critical event for initiating the g2/m checkpoint after ultraviolet radiation" SIGNOR-107423 GNG12 protein Q9UBI6 UNIPROT PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 17251915 t gcesareni "As pka suppresses the activity of gli, smo might use the stimulation of pi3k by galfai and gbetagamma subu- nits to block pka in cells that have high levels of camp." SIGNOR-152615 LFNG protein Q8NES3 UNIPROT NOTCH2 protein Q04721 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 11346656 t gcesareni "Although both manic fringe (mfng) and lunatic fringe (lfng) decreased the binding of jagged1 to notch2 and not that of delta1, the decrease by mfng was greater in degree than that by lfng. We also found that both fringe proteins reduced jagged1-triggered notch2 signaling, whereas neither affected delta1-triggered notch2 signaling." SIGNOR-107705 CyclinB/CDK1 complex SIGNOR-C17 SIGNOR MYOD1 protein P15172 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser200 YSGDSDAsSPRSNCS 9606 BTO:0000222 14749395 t lperfetto "Myod is phosphorylated on ser5 and ser200 by cyclin b-cdc2, resulting in a decrease of its stability and down-regulation of both myod and p21." SIGNOR-216920 CyclinB/CDK1 complex SIGNOR-C17 SIGNOR RUNX1 protein Q01196 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser21 TPPSTALsPGKMSEA 9606 BTO:0000007 21059642 t "The effect has been demonstrated using Q01196-8" lperfetto "Phosphorylation of runx1 on ser-303 by cdks leads its ubiquitin-mediated degradation during g2/m (19). We developed additional evidence that cdks phosphorylate ser-303 and found that ser-48 and ser-424 are also substrates of cdk1/cyclin b and cdk6/cyclin d3. Moreover, we demonstrated that phosphorylation of ser-48, ser-303, and ser-424 strengthens the ability of runx1 to activate transcription and to stimulate proliferation of the ba/f3 hematopoietic cell line (20)." SIGNOR-216916 PAX3 protein P23760 UNIPROT MEOX1 protein P50221 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding -1 11423130 t miannu "We show that Mox1 and Mox2 proteins are capable of interacting with Pax1 and Pax3. We propose that the Mox family of homeodomain proteins participates in the molecular signaling network regulating the diverse events of somite development through the physical interaction with the Pax1 and Pax3 members of the Pax family." SIGNOR-222235 PAX3 protein P23760 UNIPROT MEOX2 protein P50222 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding -1 11423130 t miannu "We show that Mox1 and Mox2 proteins are capable of interacting with Pax1 and Pax3. We propose that the Mox family of homeodomain proteins participates in the molecular signaling network regulating the diverse events of somite development through the physical interaction with the Pax1 and Pax3 members of the Pax family." SIGNOR-222238 KLF11 protein O14901 UNIPROT SIN3A protein Q96ST3 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 10029 BTO:0000246 11438660 t miannu "detailed biochemical and functional analyses have demonstrated that the TIEG2 _-HRM domain interacts specifically with the PAH2 domain of mSin3A to repress transcription. our data suggest the presence of a conserved _-helical repression motif (_-HRM) in the TIEG and BTEB subfamilies of Sp1-like proteins that mediates transcriptional repression activity through interaction with the corepressor mSin3A." SIGNOR-222344 SUZ12/EZH2 complex SIGNOR-C77 SIGNOR SUZ12/EZH2/YY1 complex SIGNOR-C102 SIGNOR "form complex" binding 10090 BTO:0000165;BTO:0002314 20887952 t lperfetto "TNF-activated p38a kinase promotes the interaction between YY1 and PRC2, via threonine 372 phosphorylation of EZH2, the enzy- matic subunit of the complex, leading to the for- mation of repressive chromatin on Pax7 promoter." SIGNOR-235577 DUSP16 protein Q9BY84 UNIPROT MAPK14 protein Q16539 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation 9606 11359773 t gcesareni "Mkp-7 binds to and inactivates p38 mapk and jnk/sapk, but not erk inhibited by dual specificity phosphatases, such as dusp1, dusp10, and dusp16(uniprot)" SIGNOR-108233 YY1 protein P25490 UNIPROT SUZ12/EZH2/YY1 complex SIGNOR-C102 SIGNOR "form complex" binding 10090 BTO:0000165;BTO:0002314 20887952 t lperfetto "TNF-activated p38a kinase promotes the interaction between YY1 and PRC2, via threonine 372 phosphorylation of EZH2, the enzy- matic subunit of the complex, leading to the for- mation of repressive chromatin on Pax7 promoter." SIGNOR-235580 LAT protein O43561 UNIPROT PIK3R1 protein P27986 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 phosphorylation:Tyr161;Tyr200 DDYHNPGyLVVLPDS;SMESIDDyVNVPESG 11368773 t lperfetto "By substituting these tyrosine residues in LAT with phenylalanine and by utilizing phosphorylated peptides derived from these sites, we mapped the tyrosine residues in LAT required for the direct interaction and activation of Vav, p85/p110alpha and phospholipase Cgamma1 (PLCgamma1). Our results indicate that Tyr(226) and Tyr(191) are required for Vav binding, whereas Tyr(171) and Tyr(132) are necessary for association and activation of phosphoinositide 3-kinase activity and PLCgamma1 respectively." SIGNOR-246050 KLF10 protein Q13118 UNIPROT SIN3A protein Q96ST3 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 10029 BTO:0000246 11438660 t miannu "detailed biochemical and functional analyses have demonstrated that the TIEG2 _-HRM domain interacts specifically with the PAH2 domain of mSin3A to repress transcription. our data suggest the presence of a conserved _-helical repression motif (_-HRM) in the TIEG and BTEB subfamilies of Sp1-like proteins that mediates transcriptional repression activity through interaction with the corepressor mSin3A." SIGNOR-222394 KLF9 protein Q13886 UNIPROT SIN3A protein Q96ST3 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 10029 BTO:0000246 11438660 t miannu "detailed biochemical and functional analyses have demonstrated that the TIEG2 _-HRM domain interacts specifically with the PAH2 domain of mSin3A to repress transcription. our data suggest the presence of a conserved _-helical repression motif (_-HRM) in the TIEG and BTEB subfamilies of Sp1-like proteins that mediates transcriptional repression activity through interaction with the corepressor mSin3A." SIGNOR-222434 UHMK1 protein Q8TAS1 UNIPROT PAM protein P19021 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser946 DRLSTEGsDQEKEDD 9606 BTO:0004055 10574929 t lperfetto "Although P-CIP2 interacts with stathmin, it does not phosphorylate stathmin. Site-directed mutagenesis, phosphoamino acid analysis, and use of synthetic peptides demonstrate that PAM-Ser(949) is the major site phosphorylated by P-CIP2. B" SIGNOR-247009 MAPK14 protein Q16539 UNIPROT FGFR1 protein P11362 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser777 SMPLDQYsPSFPDTR 9606 20626350 t gcesareni "Fgfr1 translocation requires p38 mapk activation which phosphorylates the c-term tail of fgfr1 on ser777" SIGNOR-166598 CyclinB/CDK1 complex SIGNOR-C17 SIGNOR MYOD1 protein P15172 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser5 sPPLRDVD 9606 BTO:0000222 14749395 t lperfetto "Myod is phosphorylated on ser5 and ser200 by cyclin b-cdc2, resulting in a decrease of its stability and down-regulation of both myod and p21." SIGNOR-216924 YES1 protein P07947 UNIPROT YES1 protein P07947 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr426 RLIEDNEyTARQGAK 9606 9794236 t lperfetto "Autophosphorylation of Src and Yes blocks their inactivation by Csk phosphorylation" SIGNOR-247014 SL0101 chemical CID:10459196 PUBCHEM RPS6KA3 protein P51812 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-207075 KLF16 protein Q9BXK1 UNIPROT SIN3A protein Q96ST3 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 10029 BTO:0000246 11438660 t miannu "detailed biochemical and functional analyses have demonstrated that the TIEG2 _-HRM domain interacts specifically with the PAH2 domain of mSin3A to repress transcription. our data suggest the presence of a conserved _-helical repression motif (_-HRM) in the TIEG and BTEB subfamilies of Sp1-like proteins that mediates transcriptional repression activity through interaction with the corepressor mSin3A." SIGNOR-222460 "calcium ion" smallmolecule CID:271 PUBCHEM PLA2G4A protein P47712 UNIPROT up-regulates relocalization 9606 8027085 t gcesareni "Cytosolic phospholipase a2 (cpla2) is a calcium-sensitive 85-kda enzyme that hydrolyzes arachidonic acid-containing membrane phospholipids to initiate the biosynthesis of eicosanoids and platelet-activating factor, potent inflammatory mediators. The calcium-dependent activation of the enzyme is mediated by an n-terminal c2 domain, which is responsible for calcium-dependent translocation of the enzyme to membranes and that enables the intact enzyme to hydrolyze membrane-resident substrates. cytosolic phospholipase a2 (cpla2) associates with natural membranes in response to physiological increases in ca2+, resulting in the selective hydrolysis of arachidonyl phospholipids." SIGNOR-35874 MEN1 protein O00255 UNIPROT RELA protein Q04206 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 SIGNOR-C13 11526476 t miannu "Menin represses p65-mediated transcriptional activation on nf-kappab sites in a dose-dependent and specific manner." SIGNOR-110067 PPP1CA protein P62136 UNIPROT AURKA protein O14965 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation 9606 11551964 t gcesareni "Pp1 is shown to dephosphorylate active stk15 and abolish its activity in vitro." SIGNOR-110411 GZMA protein P12544 UNIPROT SET protein Q01105 UNIPROT down-regulates cleavage 9606 11555662 t miannu "Gzma cleaved the nucleosome assembly protein set after lys176 and disrupted its nucleosome assembly activity." SIGNOR-110462 SUZ12/EZH2/YY1 complex SIGNOR-C102 SIGNOR PAX7 protein P23759 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 BTO:0000165;BTO:0002314 20887952 t lperfetto "TNF-activated p38a kinase promotes the interaction between YY1 and PRC2, via threonine 372 phosphorylation of EZH2, the enzy- matic subunit of the complex, leading to the for- mation of repressive chromatin on Pax7 promoter." SIGNOR-235583 "lysophosphatidic acid" smallmolecule CID:5497152 PUBCHEM LPAR3 protein Q9UBY5 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 8276865 t gcesareni "Lpa activates its own g protein-coupled receptor(s)." SIGNOR-36389 DTX1 protein Q86Y01 UNIPROT ASCL1 protein P50553 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 11564735 t gcesareni "Through its binding to p300, dtx1 inhibited transcriptional activation by the neural-specific helix-loop-helix-type transcription factor mash1" SIGNOR-110626 HTRA2 protein O43464 UNIPROT XIAP protein P98170 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 11583623 t gcesareni "Here we report that a serine protease called htra2/omi is released from mitochondria and inhibits the function of xiap by direct binding in a similar way to diablo." SIGNOR-110834 TFEC protein O14948 UNIPROT MYH9 protein P35579 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000567 11467950 f miannu "we have focused on element F of the NMHC-A gene. We have identified and characterized the factors which are capable of binding to element F. The basic helix_loop_helix leucine zipper (bHLH-LZ) proteins, TFEC-l and -s, which are alternatively spliced isoforms, TFE3, USF1, and USF2 have all been found to bind to element F with different binding activities and with different transcriptional activation potencies." SIGNOR-222551 NFE2L2 protein Q16236 UNIPROT SOD2 protein P04179 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000093 22493435 f miannu "BTG2 was found to up-regulate expression of antioxidant enzymes known to be regulated by NFE2L2, including catalase, SOD1, and SOD2" SIGNOR-254652 thalidomide chemical CID:5426 PUBCHEM CRBN protein Q96SW2 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 20223979 t gcesareni "we identified cereblon (CRBN) as a thalidomide-binding protein. CRBN forms an E3 ubiquitin ligase complex with damaged DNA binding protein 1 (DDB1) and Cul4A that is important for limb outgrowth and expression of the fibroblast growth factor Fgf8 in zebrafish and chicks" SIGNOR-234786 RASGEF1A protein Q8N9B8 UNIPROT NRAS protein P01111 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 19201597 t gcesareni "Gefs catalyse the transition from gdp-bound, inactive ras to gtp-bound, active ras." SIGNOR-183829 USF1 protein P22415 UNIPROT MYH9 protein P35579 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000567 11467950 f miannu "we have focused on element F of the NMHC-A gene. We have identified and characterized the factors which are capable of binding to element F. The basic helix_loop_helix leucine zipper (bHLH-LZ) proteins, TFEC-l and -s, which are alternatively spliced isoforms, TFE3, USF1, and USF2 have all been found to bind to element F with different binding activities and with different transcriptional activation potencies." SIGNOR-222554 HOXB8 protein P17481 UNIPROT PBX3 protein P40426 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0001545 11571641 t miannu "the ability of HoxB8 to heterodimerizes with endogenous Pbx proteins on DNA alters gene transcription in a manner that prevents progression through an intrinsic genetic differentiation program. In conjunction with Pbx, HoxB8 could alter transcription of Pbx target genes by direct or indirect mechanisms." SIGNOR-223149 HOXB8 protein P17481 UNIPROT PBX1 protein P40424 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0001545 11571641 t miannu "the ability of HoxB8 to heterodimerizes with endogenous Pbx proteins on DNA alters gene transcription in a manner that prevents progression through an intrinsic genetic differentiation program. In conjunction with Pbx, HoxB8 could alter transcription of Pbx target genes by direct or indirect mechanisms." SIGNOR-223153 "Guanosine 5'-diphosphate" smallmolecule CID:8977 PUBCHEM GNAS protein P63092 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 17095603 t gcesareni "Galfa subunits cycle between inactive (gdp-bound) and active (gtp-bound) states, and the lifetime of the active state is limited by gtp hydrolysis." SIGNOR-150549 Lenalidomide chemical CID:216326 PUBCHEM CRBN protein Q96SW2 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000670 26131937 t gcesareni "Lenalidomide, like thalidomide and pomalidomide, binds CRBN and induces degradation of specific substrates" SIGNOR-236891 RFX4 protein Q33E94 UNIPROT IFT172 protein Q9UG01 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 19887680 f miannu "We find that Ift172, which encodes an intraflagellar transport protein necessary for ciliogenesis, is a direct transcriptional target of Rfx4" SIGNOR-223319 DIO2 protein Q92813 UNIPROT 3,3',5'-triiodo-L-thyronine smallmolecule CHEBI:11684 ChEBI "up-regulates quantity" "small molecule catalysis" 20978344 t "The deiodinase family of enzymes controls the tissue-specific activation and inactivation of the prohormone thyroxine (T4)" SIGNOR-256202 SS18L1 protein O75177 UNIPROT CREBBP protein Q92793 UNIPROT up-regulates relocalization 9606 BTO:0000938 15488321 t miannu "The calcium-responsive transactivator recruits creb binding protein to nuclear bodies." SIGNOR-129926 RAF1 protein P04049 UNIPROT STK3 protein Q13188 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 15618521 t gcesareni "Raf-1 prevents dimerization and phosphorylation of the activation loop of mst2 independently of its protein kinase activity.Raf-1 counteracts apoptosis by suppressing the activation of mammalian sterile 20-like kinase (mst2)" SIGNOR-132824 AML1-ETO "fusion protein" SIGNOR-FP1 SIGNOR CEBPA protein P49715 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0001271 11283671 t apalma "Here we show that AML1–ETO blocks C/EBPα –dependent activation of its own promoter and thereby inhibits autoregulation." SIGNOR-255672 CEBPA protein P49715 UNIPROT CEBPA protein P49715 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0001056 11283671 t apalma "Here, we demonstrate that C/EBPα indeed activates its promoter in transient transfection assays in myeloid cells." SIGNOR-255673 CEBPA protein P49715 UNIPROT Differentiation phenotype SIGNOR-PH37 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 BTO:0004730 11283671 f apalma "We previously reported that the transcription factor C/EBPα is sufficient to induce granulocytic differentiation in multipotential precursor cells, and that Cebpa -knockout mice have a selective block in granulocyte maturation" SIGNOR-255674 CEBPA protein P49715 UNIPROT SOX4 protein Q06945 UNIPROT down-regulates "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0001271 24183681 t apalma "In summary, our data demonstrate that C/EBPα negatively regulates Sox4 transcription via direct DNA-binding." SIGNOR-255675 SOX4 protein Q06945 UNIPROT Differentiation phenotype SIGNOR-PH37 SIGNOR down-regulates 9606 BTO:0001271 24183681 f apalma "Collectively, our experiments identified the oncogene Sox4 as a factor mediating increased serial-replating ability and blocked differentiation of Cebpa-deficient progenitors." SIGNOR-255676 GDNF protein P39905 UNIPROT LAMA3 protein Q16787 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 10116 BTO:0002881 15212950 f miannu "We characterize the network of 43 genes induced by GDNF overproduction of neuronal progenitor cells (ST14A), which mainly regulate migration and differentiation of neuronal progenitor cells.Laminin, Mpl3, Alcam, Bin1, Id1, Id2, Id3, neuregulin1, the ephrinB2-receptor, neuritin, focal adhesion kinase (FAK), Tc10, Pdpk1, clusterin, GTP-cyclooxygenase1, and follistatin are genes up-regulated by GDNF overexpression." SIGNOR-252175 GDNF protein P39905 UNIPROT MAP1LC3B protein Q9GZQ8 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 10116 BTO:0002881 15212950 f miannu "We characterize the network of 43 genes induced by GDNF overproduction of neuronal progenitor cells (ST14A), which mainly regulate migration and differentiation of neuronal progenitor cells.Laminin, Mpl3, Alcam, Bin1, Id1, Id2, Id3, neuregulin1, the ephrinB2-receptor, neuritin, focal adhesion kinase (FAK), Tc10, Pdpk1, clusterin, GTP-cyclooxygenase1, and follistatin are genes up-regulated by GDNF overexpression." SIGNOR-252176 GDNF protein P39905 UNIPROT ALCAM protein Q13740 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 10116 BTO:0002881 15212950 f miannu "We characterize the network of 43 genes induced by GDNF overproduction of neuronal progenitor cells (ST14A), which mainly regulate migration and differentiation of neuronal progenitor cells.Laminin, Mpl3, Alcam, Bin1, Id1, Id2, Id3, neuregulin1, the ephrinB2-receptor, neuritin, focal adhesion kinase (FAK), Tc10, Pdpk1, clusterin, GTP-cyclooxygenase1, and follistatin are genes up-regulated by GDNF overexpression." SIGNOR-252177 RB1 protein P06400 UNIPROT MYOD1 protein P15172 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 21902831 t gcesareni "Cycline/cdk2 blocks myod-induced gene expression through the phosphorylation of rb, preventing rb from binding and transactivating myod, and triggering s phase entry instead of differentiation." SIGNOR-176563 CH5132799 chemical CID:49784945 PUBCHEM MTOR protein P42345 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-190937 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT FOXO3 protein O43524 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" phosphorylation Thr32 QSRPRSCtWPLQRPE 19951971 t lperfetto "AKT phosphorylates FOXO3a at three conserved sites (Thr32, Ser253 and Ser315), therefore creating binding sites for the 14-3-3 chaperone proteins and leading to the active export of FOXO3a to the cytoplasm where it is targeted for proteasomal degradation." SIGNOR-249625 CDKN2A protein P42771 UNIPROT ATR protein Q13535 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation 9606 BTO:0002260 15775976 t gcesareni "Regulation of NF-kappaB and p53 through activation of ATR and Chk1 by the ARF tumour suppressorInduction of ATR activity in Hs68 E2F1–ER cells by endogenous ARF." SIGNOR-134781 TBX2 protein Q13207 UNIPROT CDKN2A protein P42771 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0002267 25211658 t lperfetto "TBX2 and TBX3 function as transcriptional repressors and both have been shown to inhibit myogenesis (Carlson et al, 2002; Zhu et al, 2014). Abnormal expression of TBX2 has been reported in several cancers including breast, pancreas, and melanoma, where it has been shown to drive proliferation (reviewed in Abrahams et al (2010)). As has been previously shown in other cell types, TBX2 was found to induce a downregulation of p14/19ARF and function as a direct repressor of p21 in RMS" SIGNOR-249594 SPOP protein O43791 UNIPROT NCOA3 protein Q9Y6Q9 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" binding 9606 24239470 t miannu "Mutations in SPOP represent the most common point mutations in primary prostate cancer,with recurrent mutations in SPOP in 6% to 15% of multiple independent cohorts. Wild-type SPOP will bind and promote the degradation of SRC-3,whereas prostate cancer–derived SPOP mutants lose this ability,leading to increased androgen signaling in certain model systems." SIGNOR-251529 NCOA3 protein Q9Y6Q9 UNIPROT AR protein P10275 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 24239470 t miannu "The NCOA2 gene encodes a transcriptional coactivator (SRC-2) that modulates gene expression by hormone receptors, including AR. NCOA2 is both amplified and rarely mutated in prostate cancers, with higher NCOA2 levels resulting in increased androgen signaling readout. Furthermore, as mentioned previously, SRC-3, a close homolog encoded by NCOA3, is a substrate of SPOP whose protein levels are increased by SPOP mutation, potentially linking these common point mutations to the androgen axis" SIGNOR-251530 NCOA2 protein Q15596 UNIPROT AR protein P10275 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 24239470 t miannu "The NCOA2 gene encodes a transcriptional coactivator (SRC-2) that modulates gene expression by hormone receptors, including AR. NCOA2 is both amplified and rarely mutated in prostate cancers, with higher NCOA2 levels resulting in increased androgen signaling readout. Furthermore, as mentioned previously, SRC-3, a close homolog encoded by NCOA3, is a substrate of SPOP whose protein levels are increased by SPOP mutation, potentially linking these common point mutations to the androgen axis" SIGNOR-251531 TBX3 protein O15119 UNIPROT CDKN2A protein P42771 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0002267 25211658 t lperfetto "TBX2 and TBX3 function as transcriptional repressors and both have been shown to inhibit myogenesis (Carlson et al, 2002; Zhu et al, 2014). Abnormal expression of TBX2 has been reported in several cancers including breast, pancreas, and melanoma, where it has been shown to drive proliferation (reviewed in Abrahams et al (2010)). As has been previously shown in other cell types, TBX2 was found to induce a downregulation of p14/19ARF and function as a direct repressor of p21 in RMS" SIGNOR-249603 SIRT1 protein Q96EB6 UNIPROT MYOD1 protein P15172 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" 10090 BTO:0000165 12887892 t gcesareni "Sir2 forms a complex with the acetyltransferase PCAF and MyoD and, when overexpressed, retards muscle differentiation" SIGNOR-241963 CDKN2A protein P42771 UNIPROT MDM2 protein Q00987 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" relocalization 9606 BTO:0001938 23416275 t fstefani "We propose that p14(arf) increases the binding of p53-mdm2 complexes to chromatin, thereby limiting the access of protein deacetylases to p53." SIGNOR-192697 STANOLONE smallmolecule CID:10635 PUBCHEM AR protein P10275 UNIPROT up-regulates "chemical activation" 9606 15861399 t miannu "Testosterone is the predominant circulating androgen in mammals and is converted to dihydrotestosterone (DHT) by 5α-reductase in certain tissues of the male urogenital tract, skin, and other target cells. DHT binds with highest affinity to AR and together with testosterone promotes AR transcriptional activity thereby ensuring the development and maintenance of male reproductive functions." SIGNOR-251533 ZBTB7A protein O95365 UNIPROT CDKN2A protein P42771 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 15662416 f miannu "Pokemon can specifically repress the transcription of the tumour suppressor gene ARF through direct binding." SIGNOR-225900 AR protein P10275 UNIPROT AR protein P10275 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 15861399 t miannu "The unliganded AR resides predominately in the cytoplasm as a heteromeric complex with hsp90 and other chaperone proteins. These chaperone proteins maintain AR in a form that is receptive to ligand binding. Regulation of gene expression by androgen-activated AR occurs through receptor nuclear translocation, dimerization, and binding to androgen response elements (AREs) in the DNA of target genes." SIGNOR-251537 AR protein P10275 UNIPROT Differentiation phenotype SIGNOR-PH37 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 15861399 f miannu "AR homodimers recruit a panoply of factors including coactivators and mediator proteins whose enzymatic activities promote chromatin remodeling and transcriptional regulation of target genes leading to cell differentiation, survival, and proliferation" SIGNOR-251538 PTPRG protein P23470 UNIPROT JAK2 protein O60674 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Tyr1007 VLPQDKEyYKVKEPG 9606 BTO:0000876 25624455 t miannu "Deeper examination shows that JAKs are critically involved in integrin-mediated monocyte adhesion and that PTPRG activation leads to JAK2 dephosphorylation on the critical 1007–1008 phosphotyrosine residues, implying JAK2 inhibition and thus explaining the antiadhesive role of PTPRG." SIGNOR-254689 PTPRG protein P23470 UNIPROT JAK2 protein O60674 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Tyr1008 LPQDKEYyKVKEPGE 9606 BTO:0000876 25624455 t miannu "Deeper examination shows that JAKs are critically involved in integrin-mediated monocyte adhesion and that PTPRG activation leads to JAK2 dephosphorylation on the critical 1007–1008 phosphotyrosine residues, implying JAK2 inhibition and thus explaining the antiadhesive role of PTPRG." SIGNOR-254690 PTPRG protein P23470 UNIPROT ABL1 protein P00519 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Tyr413 TAPESLAyNKFSIKS -1 25624455 t miannu "PTPRG activation by the P1-WD peptide affected the tyrosine phosphorylation of several signaling molecules. Data analysis identified 31 molecules whose phosphorylation was modified in a statistically significant manner (Table I). inhibition of ABL1, BMX, BTK, DAB1, ITGB1, JAK2