ENTITYA TYPEA IDA DATABASEA ENTITYB TYPEB IDB DATABASEB EFFECT MECHANISM RESIDUE SEQUENCE TAX_ID CELL_DATA TISSUE_DATA MODULATOR_COMPLEX TARGET_COMPLEX MODIFICATIONA MODASEQ MODIFICATIONB MODBSEQ PMID DIRECT NOTES ANNOTATOR SENTENCE SIGNOR_ID SMAD4 protein Q13485 UNIPROT MYC protein P01106 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 11689553 t lperfetto "Down-regulation of c-Myc is a critical event for growth inhibition induced by transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) and is frequently impaired in cancer cells. We determined a Smad-responsive element in the c-mycpromoter." SIGNOR-251493 SMAD3 protein P84022 UNIPROT MYC protein P01106 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 11689553 t lperfetto "Down-regulation of c-Myc is a critical event for growth inhibition induced by transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) and is frequently impaired in cancer cells. We determined a Smad-responsive element in the c-mycpromoter." SIGNOR-251494 "Immune complexes" stimulus SIGNOR-ST15 SIGNOR FCGR2B protein P31994 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" 9606 BTO:0000801 25475856 f lperfetto "Low affinity-activating Fcgamma receptors (FcgammaRs) that bind immune complexes are controlled by a single inhibitory receptor, FcgammaRIIb (CD32b)." SIGNOR-249522 IRF5 protein Q13568 UNIPROT "M1 polarization" phenotype SIGNOR-PH54 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 BTO:0000801 22378047 f lperfetto "IL-4-induced c-Myc activity controls a subset of M2-associated genes. IL-4 also induces the M2-polarizing JMJD3-IRF4 axis to inhibit IRF5-mediated M1 polarization." SIGNOR-249562 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT TOB1 protein P50616 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser154 SSVSSSPsPPFGHSA 9606 12050114 t gcesareni "Tob is rapidly phosphorylated at ser 152, ser 154, and ser 164 by erk1 and erk2 upon growth-factor stimulation." SIGNOR-88720 PTPN2 protein P17706 UNIPROT EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation 9606 15592458 t gcesareni "Here, we report that the 45-kda variant of the protein tyrosine phosphatase tcptp (tc45) can recognize delta egfr as a cellular substrate" SIGNOR-132316 "Guanosine 5'-diphosphate" smallmolecule CID:8977 PUBCHEM GNAQ protein P50148 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 12040175 t gcesareni "Agonist binding triggers a conformational change in the receptor, which catalyses the dissociation of gdp from the alfa subunit followed by gtp-binding to galfa and the dissociation of galfa from gbetagamma subunits1." SIGNOR-88229 YWHAH protein Q04917 UNIPROT CDKN1B protein P46527 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 12042314 t miannu "14-3-3_, 14-3-3_, and 14-3-3_ (but not 14-3-3_ and 14-3-3_) could form a complex with p27kip1 / we discovered that akt-mediated p27kip1phosphorylation directly induces p27kip1binding to 14-3-3 and cytoplasmic localization through phosphorylating the newly identified thr198residue." SIGNOR-109771 p38 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF16 SIGNOR NFATC4 protein Q14934 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser168 QGGGAFFsPSPGSSS 9606 11997522 t lperfetto "Phosphorylation of nfatc4 by p38 mitogen-activated protein kinasesthe p38 map kinase phosphorylates multiple residues, including ser(168) and ser(170), in the nfat homology domain of nfatc4. Replacement of ser(168,170) with ala promotes nuclear localization of nfatc4 and increases nfat-mediated transcription activity." SIGNOR-87393 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT CDKN1B protein P46527 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser10 NVRVSNGsPSLERMD 9606 12042314 t miannu "Identification of p27kip1phosphorylation sites revealed that akt phosphorylated p27kip1at ser10(fig.4). Therefore, akt might participate in nuclear export of p27kip1as well as p27kip1degradation. Moreover, akt might be one of the unidentified ser10kinases." SIGNOR-88290 p38 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF16 SIGNOR NFATC4 protein Q14934 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser170 GGAFFSPsPGSSSLS 9606 11997522 t lperfetto "Phosphorylation of nfatc4 by p38 mitogen-activated protein kinasesthe p38 map kinase phosphorylates multiple residues, including ser(168) and ser(170), in the nfat homology domain of nfatc4. Replacement of ser(168,170) with ala promotes nuclear localization of nfatc4 and increases nfat-mediated transcription activity." SIGNOR-87397 IKBKB protein O14920 UNIPROT CYLD protein Q9NQC7 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser436 TNGSIGHsPLSLSAQ 9606 BTO:0000938 24614225 t lperfetto "The phosphorylation of cyld was completely abolished by the combined mutations of the entire serine cluster (m4, lane 5). Similar results were obtained with the ikk holoenzyme (fig. 4c, panel 1), recombinant ikk_ (panel 2), and recombinant ikk_cyld phosphorylation may serve as a mechanism to inactivate its traf2 deubiquitination activity." SIGNOR-204728 PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT RAF1 protein P04049 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser43 FGYQRRAsDDGKLTD 9606 11971957 t gcesareni "Serine 43 phosphorylation decreased the binding to ras in serum-starved but not in mitogen-stimulated cells. However, the kinase activity of a rafs43a mutant was fully inhibited by pka." SIGNOR-86145 CSNK1A1L protein Q8N752 UNIPROT CTNNB1 protein P35222 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser45 GATTTAPsLSGKGNP 9606 12000790 t gcesareni "We show that a complex of axin and casein kinase i (cki) induces beta-catenin phosphorylation at a single site: serine 45 (s45)." SIGNOR-87430 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT RXRA protein P19793 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser260 NMGLNPSsPNDPVTN 9606 12048211 t gcesareni "Mutated rxr alpha (s260a) inhibited 1,25d-induced cyp24 promoter activity and abolished phosphorylation by activated erk2." SIGNOR-88658 ILK protein Q13418 UNIPROT PPP1R12A protein O14974 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr696 ARQSRRStQGVTLTD 9606 12030846 t lperfetto "Mypt1 was phosphorylated by ilk and phosphorylation sites in the n- and c-terminal fragments of mypt1 were detected. From sequence analyses, three sites were identified: a primary site at thr(709), and two other sites at thr(695) and thr(495)" SIGNOR-87924 IKBKB protein O14920 UNIPROT CYLD protein Q9NQC7 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser432 KMPNTNGsIGHSPLS 9606 BTO:0000938 24614225 t lperfetto "The phosphorylation of cyld was completely abolished by the combined mutations of the entire serine cluster (m4, lane 5). Similar results were obtained with the ikk holoenzyme (fig. 4c, panel 1), recombinant ikk_ (panel 2), and recombinant ikk_cyld phosphorylation may serve as a mechanism to inactivate its traf2 deubiquitination activity." SIGNOR-204724 SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT GJA1 protein P17302 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Tyr265 KDCGSQKyAYFNGCS 9606 16916748 t lperfetto "The oncogenic tyrosine kinase, v-src, phosphorylates connexin43 (cx43) on y247 and y265 and inhibits cx43 gap junctional communication (gjc), the process of intercellular exchange of ions and metabolites." SIGNOR-148917 IGF2 protein P01344 UNIPROT IGF1R protein P08069 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 22810696 t lperfetto "These results strongly suggest that the IGF2–IGF1R–IRS2 axis signals to PI3K in CRC and imply that therapeutic targeting of the pathway could act to block PI3K activity in this subset of patients." SIGNOR-251495 ESR1 protein P03372 UNIPROT PPARG protein P37231 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000150;BTO:0000093;BTO:0000567 16144913 t lperfetto "Our data show for the first time that eralpha binds to ppar response element and represses its transactivation" SIGNOR-140233 GLI3 protein P10071 UNIPROT GLI1 protein P08151 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 BTO:0002572 16571352 f lperfetto "The basal expression of Gli1, Ptc1, and Hip1 was positively associated with the loss of Gli3 alleles.These findings implicate Gli3 as a repressor of Hh target gene expression." SIGNOR-209638 MAPK14 protein Q16539 UNIPROT EWSR1 protein Q01844 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Thr79 QPPTGYTtPTAPQAY 9606 19076070 t lperfetto "Here we report that ews and ews-fli1 become phosphorylated at thr79 . but the p38_/p38_ mapks were the major kinases phosphorylating ews-fli1. It will be important to investigate how the p38_/p38_-stimulated phosphorylation of ews-fusion proteins affects their ability to transactivate and their oncogenic potential." SIGNOR-182778 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT TOB1 protein P50616 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser152 PASSVSSsPSPPFGH 9606 12050114 t gcesareni "Tob is rapidly phosphorylated at ser 152, ser 154, and ser 164 by erk1 and erk2 upon growth-factor stimulation." SIGNOR-88716 NCK1 protein P16333 UNIPROT PAK1 protein Q13153 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000782 11157752 t lperfetto "Both nck and grb4 proteins could associate with receptor tyrosine kinases and the sh3-binding proteins pak, sos1, and prk2, and they synergized with v-abl and sos to induce gene expression via the transcription factor elk-1. Association of nck with pak1 may serve to link this important regulatory kinase to cell activation by growth factor receptors." SIGNOR-235947 RIN1 protein Q13671 UNIPROT HRAS protein P01112 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 11784866 t gcesareni "We demonstrate that the ras effector protein rin1 binds to activated ras with an affinity (k(d), 22 nm) similar to that observed for raf1." SIGNOR-113967 RPS6KA1 protein Q15418 UNIPROT BAD protein Q92934 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser75 EIRSRHSsYPAGTED 9606 BTO:0000848 18246127 t lperfetto "To understand the mechanisms underlying B-RAF effects on cell survival we initially analysed the Bcl-2 family protein, Bad, that is phosphorylated by RSK1 at the inhibitory serine-75 residue in a MEK-dependent manner in melanoma cells" SIGNOR-160635 KREMEN2 protein Q8NCW0 UNIPROT LRP6 protein O75581 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 12050670 t gcesareni "Here we show that the transmembrane proteins kremen1 and kremen2 are high-affinity dkk1 receptors that functionally cooperate with dkk1 to block wnt/beta-catenin signalling. Kremen2 forms a ternary complex with dkk1 and lrp6, and induces rapid endocytosis and removal of the wnt receptor lrp6 from the plasma membrane." SIGNOR-88894 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT TOB1 protein P50616 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser164 FGHSAAVsPTFMPRS 9606 12050114 t gcesareni "Biochemical analyses have then shown that erk mapk (erk2) and jnk/sapk (jnk2) bind to and phosphorylate tob in vitro. Erk catalyzes the phosphorylation more efficiently than jnk" SIGNOR-88736 GSK3B protein P49841 UNIPROT GLI2 protein P10070 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" phosphorylation Ser820 VSSAYTVsRRSSGIS 9606 BTO:0000007 16611981 t lperfetto "The degradation of Gli2 requires the phosphorylation of a cluster of numerous serine residues in its carboxyl terminus by protein kinase A and subsequently by casein kinase 1 and glycogen synthase kinase 3." SIGNOR-148472 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT EWSR1 protein Q01844 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Thr79 QPPTGYTtPTAPQAY 9606 19076070 t lperfetto "Here we report that ews and ews-fli1 become phosphorylated at thr79 in the n-terminal domain in response to mitogens or dna damage. Mitogen-induced phosphorylation of ews and ews-fli1 was weak and catalysed by erk1 (extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1) and erk2." SIGNOR-182782 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT TOB1 protein P50616 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser152 PASSVSSsPSPPFGH 9606 12050114 t gcesareni "Biochemical analyses have then shown that erk mapk (erk2) and jnk/sapk (jnk2) bind to and phosphorylate tob in vitro. Erk catalyzes the phosphorylation more efficiently than jnk" SIGNOR-88728 MAPK9 protein P45984 UNIPROT TOB1 protein P50616 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser154 SSVSSSPsPPFGHSA 9606 12050114 t gcesareni "Biochemical analyses have then shown that erk mapk (erk2) and jnk/sapk (jnk2) bind to and phosphorylate tob in vitro." SIGNOR-88744 MAPK9 protein P45984 UNIPROT TOB1 protein P50616 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser164 FGHSAAVsPTFMPRS 9606 12050114 t gcesareni "Biochemical analyses have then shown that erk mapk (erk2) and jnk/sapk (jnk2) bind to and phosphorylate tob in vitro." SIGNOR-88748 SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT HNRNPK protein P61978 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Tyr234 PNFYDETyDYGGFTM 9606 12052863 t lperfetto "We show that hnrnp k and the c-src kinase specifically interact with each other, leading to c-src activation and tyrosine phosphorylation of hnrnp k in vivo and in vitro. c-src-mediated phosphorylation reversibly inhibits the binding of hnrnp k to the differentiation control element (dice) of the lox mrna 3' untranslated region in vitro and specifically derepresses the translation of dice-bearing mrnas in vivo.We confirmed that tyr 230, 234, 236, and 380 are phosphorylated and identified two additional targets of c-src, tyr 72 and tyr 225 (data not shown)." SIGNOR-88907 PLK1 protein P53350 UNIPROT PINX1 protein Q96BK5 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser226 ATGKDVEsYLQPKAK 9606 20573420 t lperfetto "Here, we show that polo-like kinase 1 (plk1) is a novel interacting protein of pinx1. Plk1 interacts with and phosphorylates pinx1 in vivo and in vitro. Moreover, plk1-mediated phosphorylation of pinx1 at five phosphorylation sites is essential for its plk1-induced degradation." SIGNOR-166325 RHEB protein Q15382 UNIPROT MTOR protein P42345 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000007 20006481 t lperfetto "Rheb stimulates the phosphorylation of mtor and plays an essential role in regulation of s6k and 4ebp1 in response to nutrients and cellular energy status." SIGNOR-162006 ESR1 protein P03372 UNIPROT CCND1 protein P24385 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000150 15808510 t gcesareni "Ikkalpha in conjunction with eralpha and aib1/src-3, is important in activating the transcription of estrogen-responsive genes, including cyclin d1." SIGNOR-135053 PRKAA1 protein Q13131 UNIPROT FOXO3 protein O43524 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation 6239 SIGNOR-C15 17900900 t lperfetto "The energy sensor amp-activated protein kinase (ampk) has been shown to directly phosphorylate foxo factors at six regulatory sites that are distinct from the akt." SIGNOR-219247 "DNA damage" stimulus SIGNOR-ST1 SIGNOR ATM protein Q13315 UNIPROT up-regulates 9606 21034966 f lperfetto "the ATM-Chk2 and ATR-Chk1 pathways, which are activated by DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) and single-stranded DNA respectively." SIGNOR-242612 IKBKB protein O14920 UNIPROT CYLD protein Q9NQC7 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser439 SIGHSPLsLSAQSVM 9606 BTO:0000938 24614225 t lperfetto "The phosphorylation of cyld was completely abolished by the combined mutations of the entire serine cluster (m4, lane 5). Similar results were obtained with the ikk holoenzyme (fig. 4c, panel 1), recombinant ikk_ (panel 2), and recombinant ikk_cyld phosphorylation may serve as a mechanism to inactivate its traf2 deubiquitination activity." SIGNOR-204732 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR CTNNB1 protein P35222 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000586 16293724 f lperfetto "We show that pge2 stimulates colon cancer cell growth through its heterotrimeric guanine nucleotide-binding protein (g protein) coupled receptor, ep2, by a signaling route that involves the activation of phosphoinositide 3-kinase and the protein kinase akt by free g protein bg subunits and the direct association of the g protein as subunit with the regulator of g protein signaling (rgs) domain of axin. This leads to the inactivation and release of glycogen synthase kinase 3b from its complex with axin, thereby relieving the inhibitory phosphorylation of b-catenin and activating its signaling pathway." SIGNOR-244225 SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT HNRNPK protein P61978 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Tyr236 FYDETYDyGGFTMMF 9606 12052863 t lperfetto "We show that hnrnp k and the c-src kinase specifically interact with each other, leading to c-src activation and tyrosine phosphorylation of hnrnp k in vivo and in vitro. c-src-mediated phosphorylation reversibly inhibits the binding of hnrnp k to the differentiation control element (dice) of the lox mrna 3' untranslated region in vitro and specifically derepresses the translation of dice-bearing mrnas in vivo.We confirmed that tyr 230, 234, 236, and 380 are phosphorylated and identified two additional targets of c-src, tyr 72 and tyr 225 (data not shown)." SIGNOR-88911 PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT NEDD4L protein Q96PU5 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser448 IRRPRSLsSPTVTLS 9606 15328345 t gcesareni "Nedd4-2 was a substrate for phosphorylation by pka in vitro and in cells;three nedd4-2 residues were phosphorylated by pka and were required for camp to inhibit nedd4-2 (relative functional importance ser-327 > ser-221 > thr-246)." SIGNOR-128429 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT CCT2 protein P78371 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser260 GSRVRVDsTAKVAEI 9606 19332537 t llicata "Furthermore, ha-tagged akt can phosphorylate gst-cct_ protein in vitro" SIGNOR-184922 AKT2 protein P31751 UNIPROT TSC2 protein P49815 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr1462 GLRPRGYtISDSAPS 9606 12150915 t gcesareni "We demonstrate here that tuberin is phosphorylated on s939 and t1462 in response to pi3k activation. Our results are consistent with akt being the pi3k-depen-dent tuberin kinase. The pi3k-akt-mediated phosphorylation of tuberin would inhibit the function of the tuberin-hamartin complex." SIGNOR-91045 IKBKB protein O14920 UNIPROT CYLD protein Q9NQC7 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser441 GHSPLSLsAQSVMEE 9606 BTO:0000938 24614225 t lperfetto "The phosphorylation of cyld was completely abolished by the combined mutations of the entire serine cluster (m4, lane 5). Similar results were obtained with the ikk holoenzyme (fig. 4c, panel 1), recombinant ikk_ (panel 2), and recombinant ikk_cyld phosphorylation may serve as a mechanism to inactivate its traf2 deubiquitination activity." SIGNOR-204736 SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT HNRNPK protein P61978 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Tyr225 IKGRAQPyDPNFYDE 9606 12052863 t lperfetto "We show that hnrnp k and the c-src kinase specifically interact with each other, leading to c-src activation and tyrosine phosphorylation of hnrnp k in vivo and in vitro. c-src-mediated phosphorylation reversibly inhibits the binding of hnrnp k to the differentiation control element (dice) of the lox mrna 3' untranslated region in vitro and specifically derepresses the translation of dice-bearing mrnas in vivo.We confirmed that tyr 230, 234, 236, and 380 are phosphorylated and identified two additional targets of c-src, tyr 72 and tyr 225 (data not shown)." SIGNOR-88899 ATM protein Q13315 UNIPROT RFWD2 protein Q8NHY2 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser387 SDDSRTAsQLDEFQE 9606 16931761 t lperfetto "Atm engages autodegradation of the e3 ubiquitin ligase cop1 after dna damage. We observed that in response to dna damage, atm phosphorylated cop1 on ser(387) and stimulated a rapid autodegradation mechanism" SIGNOR-149082 CyclinB/CDK1 complex SIGNOR-C17 SIGNOR "Mitotic Checkpoint" phenotype SIGNOR-PH28 SIGNOR down-regulates 15549093 f lperfetto "The critical target of the G2 checkpoint is the mitosis-promoting activity of the cyclin B/CDK1 kinase, whose activation after various stresses is inhibited by ATM/ATR, CHK1/CHK2 and/or p38-kinase-mediated subcellular sequestration, degradation and/or inhibition of the CDC25 family of phosphatases that normally activate CDK1 at the G2/M boundary" SIGNOR-251496 CyclinB/CDK1 complex SIGNOR-C17 SIGNOR "G2/M transition" phenotype SIGNOR-PH52 SIGNOR up-regulates 15549093 f lperfetto "The critical target of the G2 checkpoint is the mitosis-promoting activity of the cyclin B/CDK1 kinase, whose activation after various stresses is inhibited by ATM/ATR, CHK1/CHK2 and/or p38-kinase-mediated subcellular sequestration, degradation and/or inhibition of the CDC25 family of phosphatases that normally activate CDK1 at the G2/M boundary" SIGNOR-251497 EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr1197 STAENAEyLRVAPQS 10090 BTO:0002882 16122376 t "Dimerization mediated by a beta hairpin, which protudes from the S1 domains of each ligand bound monomer" lperfetto "EGFR possesses three major and two minor tyrosine autophosphorylation sites located at Y1068, Y1148, Y1173, and at Y992 and Y1086 respectively. In addition, EGFR Y1114 is preceded by glutamic acid (Figure 1), which should be preferred by the EGFR kinase as indicated in previous work" SIGNOR-235951 PLK1 protein P53350 UNIPROT PINX1 protein Q96BK5 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr141 DLSSRSKtDLDCIFG 9606 20573420 t lperfetto "Here, we show that polo-like kinase 1 (plk1) is a novel interacting protein of pinx1. Plk1 interacts with and phosphorylates pinx1 in vivo and in vitro. Moreover, plk1-mediated phosphorylation of pinx1 at five phosphorylation sites is essential for its plk1-induced degradation." SIGNOR-166329 PPM1A protein P35813 UNIPROT SMAD1 protein Q15797 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation 9606 16931515 t lpetrilli "In this study, we have found that ppm1a, a metal ion-dependent protein serine/threonine phosphatase, physically interacts with and dephosphorylates smad1 both in vitro and in vivo. considering the highly conserved nature of the sxs motif in all r-smads, we reasoned that ppm1a might also recognize the sxs motif in the bmp-activated smad1." SIGNOR-149077 KDM5A protein P29375 UNIPROT RBPJ/NOTCH complex SIGNOR-C97 SIGNOR down-regulates binding 7227 BTO:0000782 20231316 t lperfetto "In this study, we show that the histone demethylase kdm5a associated with rbp-j protein and is essential for notch/rbp-j target gene silencing in vitro." SIGNOR-219250 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT FOXO3 protein O43524 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" phosphorylation Ser294 QLSKWPGsPTSRSSD 9606 BTO:0000007 18204439 t lperfetto "Here, we show that erk downregulates forkhead box o 3a (foxo3a) by directly interacting with and phosphorylating foxo3a at ser 294, ser 344 and ser 425, which consequently promotes cell proliferation and tumorigenesisMDM2 is required for ERk-mediated FOXO3a degradation." SIGNOR-160407 IKBKB protein O14920 UNIPROT CYLD protein Q9NQC7 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser444 PLSLSAQsVMEELNT 9606 BTO:0000938 24614225 t lperfetto "The phosphorylation of cyld was completely abolished by the combined mutations of the entire serine cluster (m4, lane 5). Similar results were obtained with the ikk holoenzyme (fig. 4c, panel 1), recombinant ikk_ (panel 2), and recombinant ikk_cyld phosphorylation may serve as a mechanism to inactivate its traf2 deubiquitination activity." SIGNOR-204740 SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT HNRNPK protein P61978 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Tyr72 IKALRTDyNASVSVP 9606 12052863 t lperfetto "We show that hnrnp k and the c-src kinase specifically interact with each other, leading to c-src activation and tyrosine phosphorylation of hnrnp k in vivo and in vitro. c-src-mediated phosphorylation reversibly inhibits the binding of hnrnp k to the differentiation control element (dice) of the lox mrna 3' untranslated region in vitro and specifically derepresses the translation of dice-bearing mrnas in vivo.We confirmed that tyr 230, 234, 236, and 380 are phosphorylated and identified two additional targets of c-src, tyr 72 and tyr 225 (data not shown)." SIGNOR-88919 EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr869 LGAEEKEyHAEGGKV 10090 BTO:0002882 16122376 t "Dimerization mediated by a beta hairpin, which protudes from the S1 domains of each ligand bound monomer" lperfetto "EGFR possesses three major and two minor tyrosine autophosphorylation sites located at Y1068, Y1148, Y1173, and at Y992 and Y1086 respectively. In addition, EGFR Y1114 is preceded by glutamic acid (Figure 1), which should be preferred by the EGFR kinase as indicated in previous work" SIGNOR-235956 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT FOXO3 protein O43524 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" phosphorylation Ser344 QDDDAPLsPMLYSSS 9606 BTO:0000007 18204439 t lperfetto "Here, we show that erk downregulates forkhead box o 3a (foxo3a) by directly interacting with and phosphorylating foxo3a at ser 294, ser 344 and ser 425, which consequently promotes cell proliferation and tumorigenesisMDM2 is required for ERk-mediated FOXO3a degradation." SIGNOR-160411 SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT CAV2 protein P51636 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Tyr19 LFMDDDSySHHSGLE 9606 12091389 t lperfetto "We show that caveolin-2 undergoes src-induced phosphorylation on tyrosine 19. we conclude that the tyrosine phosphorylation of caveolin-2 (tyr(p)(19)) may function as a signal that is recognized by the cellular machinery to induce the dissociation of caveolin-2 from caveolin-1 oligomers" SIGNOR-90225 CDK8 protein P49336 UNIPROT SMAD3 protein P84022 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr179 PQSNIPEtPPPGYLS 9606 19914161 t lpetrilli "Similarly, tgf-?-Induced and cdk8/9-mediated phosphorylation of smad3 at threonine 179 (t179) is important for binding of the nedd4l e3 ubiquitin ligase, which accelerates smad3 turnover;cdk8 and cyclint-cdk9 showed a preference for s206 and s214 but also phosphorylated s186 and s195 in the case of smad1;and t179, s208 and s213 in the case of smad3." SIGNOR-161561 AKT2 protein P31751 UNIPROT TSC2 protein P49815 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr1462 GLRPRGYtISDSAPS 9606 12172553 t gcesareni "We demonstrate here that tuberin is phosphorylated on s939 and t1462 in response to pi3k activation. Our results are consistent with akt being the pi3k-depen-dent tuberin kinase. The pi3k-akt-mediated phosphorylation of tuberin would inhibit the function of the tuberin-hamartin complex." SIGNOR-91392 MAPK11 protein Q15759 UNIPROT EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation 9606 16932740 t gcesareni "P38 map kinase mediates stress-induced internalization of egfrthe underlying mechanism entails phosphorylation of egfr at a short segment (amino acids 1002-1022) containing multiple serines and threonines, as well as phosphorylation of two rab5 effectors, eea1 and gdi." SIGNOR-149086 RPS6KA1 protein Q15418 UNIPROT RPS6KA1 protein Q15418 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser221 DHEKKAYsFCGTVEY 9606 BTO:0000007 20048145 t lperfetto "Herein, we demonstrate that the n-terminal kinase domain (ntk) of rsk1 is necessary for interactions with pkarialpha. Substitution of the activation loop phosphorylation site (ser-221) in the ntk with the negatively charged asp residue abrogated the association between rsk1 and pkarialpha." SIGNOR-162681 RIPK1 protein Q13546 UNIPROT TRAF6 protein Q9Y4K3 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 20404851 t lperfetto "Collectively, TRIF forms a multiprotein signaling complex along with TRAF6, TRADD, Pellino-1 and RIP1 for the activation of TAK1, which in turn activates the NF-_B and MAPK pathways." SIGNOR-216325 FAS protein P25445 UNIPROT FAS protein P25445 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000776 19305384 t lperfetto "Fas/FasL, TRAIL/DR4, TRAIL/DR5 and TNF-alpha/TNFR1 are ligand/receptor pairs of the tumor necrosis factor/nerve growth factor family, which are able to induce apoptosis by trimerization of the receptor by its corresponding ligand." SIGNOR-217809 AKT2 protein P31751 UNIPROT TSC2 protein P49815 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser939 SFRARSTsLNERPKS 9606 12172553 t gcesareni "We demonstrate here that tuberin is phosphorylated on s939 and t1462 in response to pi3k activation. Our results are consistent with akt being the pi3k-depen-dent tuberin kinase. The pi3k-akt-mediated phosphorylation of tuberin would inhibit the function of the tuberin-hamartin complex." SIGNOR-91388 CDKN1A protein P38936 UNIPROT CyclinB/CDK1 complex SIGNOR-C17 SIGNOR "down-regulates activity" binding 10913154 t lperfetto "P21 Inhibits Thr161 Phosphorylation of Cdc2 to Enforce the G2 DNA Damage Checkpoint|The cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p21 is required for a sustained G2 arrest after activation of the DNA damage checkpoint. Here we have addressed the mechanism by which p21 can contribute to this arrest in G2. We show that p21 blocks the activating phosphorylation of Cdc2 on Thr161" SIGNOR-251498 PLK1 protein P53350 UNIPROT TPT1 protein P13693 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser64 PEGEGTEsTVITGVD 9606 12167714 t lperfetto "Plk phosphorylates tctp on two serine residues. These results suggest that phosphorylation decreases the microtubule-stabilizing activity of tctp and promotes the increase in microtubule dynamics that occurs after metaphase" SIGNOR-91348 IFNGR2 protein P38484 UNIPROT IFNGR2/INFGR1 complex SIGNOR-C142 SIGNOR "form complex" binding 9606 BTO:0000801 19041276 t lperfetto "The activation of this signaling pathway involves the binding of IFN-g to two IFN-g receptor (IFN-gR) subunits, made up of respective IFNgR1:IFNgR2 pairs, which dimerize upon IFN-g binding to form the IFN-gR complex. Two JAKs, JAK1and JAK2,which bind to each IFN-gR subunits, respectively through their N-terminal domains, both become activated by tyrosine phosphorylation in a JAK2-dependent process." SIGNOR-249486 MAPK14 protein Q16539 UNIPROT PXN protein P49023 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser85 HQQPQSSsPVYGSSA 9606 14970194 t llicata "Here, we show that paxillin is phosphorylated by p38mapk in vitro and in nerve growth factor (ngf)-induced pc-12 cells. Ser 85 (ser 83 for endogenous paxillin) is identified as one of major phosphorylation sites by phosphopeptide mapping and mass spectrometry." SIGNOR-122108 AKT2 protein P31751 UNIPROT TSC2 protein P49815 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser939 SFRARSTsLNERPKS 9606 12150915 t gcesareni "We demonstrate here that tuberin is phosphorylated on s939 and t1462 in response to pi3k activation. Our results are consistent with akt being the pi3k-depen-dent tuberin kinase. The pi3k-akt-mediated phosphorylation of tuberin would inhibit the function of the tuberin-hamartin complex." SIGNOR-91041 RPS6KB1 protein P23443 UNIPROT CCT2 protein P78371 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser260 GSRVRVDsTAKVAEI 9606 19332537 t llicata "Mass spectrometry and mutagenesis analysis revealed that rsk and s6k1 phosphorylate cct_ ser-260 in vitro and in intact cells" SIGNOR-184926 AKT2 protein P31751 UNIPROT FOXO3 protein O43524 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser315 DFRSRTNsNASTVSG 9606 BTO:0000150;BTO:0001130;BTO:0001271;BTO:0000527 19188143 t lperfetto "Akt-dependent phosphorylation of foxo3a (thr32, ser253, and ser315 for human foxo3) enhances foxo3a/14-3-3 Interaction and promotes foxo3a nuclear export to the cytoplasm, resulting in the repression of foxo3a transcriptional function akt phosphorylates members of the foxo factors (forkhead family of transcription factors), leading to binding of 14-3-3 proteins and cytoplasmic localisation. In particular, akt phosphorylates foxo1 on thr24, ser256 and ser319. Foxo 3alfa and foxo4 are phosphorylated on equivalent sites." SIGNOR-235960 CSNK2A2 protein P19784 UNIPROT HSPH1 protein Q92598 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser509 PTEENEMsSEADMEC -1 12558502 t llicata "Protein kinase CK2 phosphorylates Hsp105 alpha at Ser509 and modulates its function. | the phosphorylation of Hsp105 alpha at Ser(509) abolished the inhibitory activity of Hsp105 alpha in vitro." SIGNOR-251008 CDK19 protein Q9BWU1 UNIPROT PAK1 protein Q13153 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser174 TPAVPPVsEDEDDDD 9606 19520772 t llicata "Here, we identified p21 activated kinase 1 (pak1) as a new cdk11(p58) substrate and we mapped a new phosphorylation site of ser174 on pak1" SIGNOR-185000 AKT2 protein P31751 UNIPROT mTORC1 complex SIGNOR-C3 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation 9606 17277771 t lperfetto "Furthermore, pras40 phosphorylation by akt and association with 14-3-3, a cytosolic anchor protein, are crucial for insulin to stimulate mtor. These findings identify pras40 as an important regulator of insulin sensitivity of the akt-mtor pathway and a potential target for the treatment of cancers, insulin resistance and hamartoma syndromes." SIGNOR-235967 CDK2 protein P24941 UNIPROT CyclinA2/CDK2 complex SIGNOR-C83 SIGNOR "form complex" binding 9606 19056339 t lperfetto "We therefore compared human cyclin a1- and cyclin a2-containing cdk complexes in vitro by determining kinetic constants and by examining the complexes for their ability to phosphorylate prb and p53. Differences in biochemical activity were observed in cdk2 but not cdk1 when complexed with cyclin a1 versus cyclin a2. Further, cdk1/cyclin a1 is a better kinase complex for phosphorylating potentially physiologically relevant substrates prb and p53 than cdk2/cyclin a2." SIGNOR-182569 BRCA1 protein P38398 UNIPROT "Cell Cycle Block" phenotype SIGNOR-PH10 SIGNOR up-regulates 15549093 f lperfetto "The BRCA1 protein also contributes to cell-cycle arrest and DNA repair by homologous recombination" SIGNOR-251499 BRCA1 protein P38398 UNIPROT "DNA Repair" phenotype SIGNOR-PH57 SIGNOR up-regulates 15549093 f lperfetto "The BRCA1 protein also contributes to cell-cycle arrest and DNA repair by homologous recombination" SIGNOR-251500 NF1 protein P21359 UNIPROT ADCY3 protein O60266 UNIPROT up-regulates 9606 BTO:0000938 24431436 f miannu "Nf1encodes neurofibromin, a protein with multiple functions including ras inactivation (ras gtpase-activating protein or rasgap) and adenylyl cyclase (ac) activation" SIGNOR-204034 INSR protein P06213 UNIPROT IRS1 protein P35568 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr989 VPSSRGDyMTMQMSC 10116 BTO:0000443 7651388 t lperfetto "All known IRS proteins contain multiple YXXM motifs that upon phosphorylation by activated insulin receptors A previous study using phosphopeptides suggested that tyrosine-phosphorylated YXXM motifs at positions 608 and 939 in rat IRS-1 bind with high affinity to SH2 domains of p85, and motifs at positions 460 and 987 bind with lower affinity (10)." SIGNOR-235979 PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT NFATC1 protein O95644 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser245 PSTSPRAsVTEESWL 9606 12351631 t lperfetto "Here we show that overexpression of pka causes phosphorylation and cytoplasmic accumulation of nf-atc1 in direct opposition to calcineurin by phosphorylating ser-245, ser-269, and ser-294 in the conserved serine-proline repeat domainwe further show that a complete block of nf-atc1 nuclear localization by pka requires a second kinase activity that can be supplied by glycogen synthase kinase-3 (gsk-3)" SIGNOR-93531 ATM protein Q13315 UNIPROT MDM4 protein O15151 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser342 SKLTHSLsTSDITAI 9606 16943424 t lperfetto "Recently we showed that atm- and hdm2-dependent ubiquitination and subsequent degradation of hdmx following dsb induction are mediated by phosphorylation of hdmx on s403, s367, and s342, with s403 being targeted directly by atm." SIGNOR-149292 MAPK8 protein P45983 UNIPROT PXN protein P49023 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser178 PPLPGALsPLYGVPE 10116 BTO:0004316 12853963 t miannu "JNK1 phosphorylates serine 178 on paxillin, a focal adhesion adaptor, both in vitro and in intact cells. NBT-II cells expressing the Ser 178 --> Ala mutant of paxillin (Pax(S178A)) formed focal adhesions and exhibited the limited movement associated with such contacts in both single-cell-migration and wound-healing assays. In contrast, cells expressing wild-type paxillin moved rapidly and retained close contacts as the predominant adhesion." SIGNOR-250129 INSR protein P06213 UNIPROT IRS1 protein P35568 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr941 EETGTEEyMKMDLGP 10116 BTO:0000443 7651388 t lperfetto "All known IRS proteins contain multiple YXXM motifs that upon phosphorylation by activated insulin receptors A previous study using phosphopeptides suggested that tyrosine-phosphorylated YXXM motifs at positions 608 and 939 in rat IRS-1 bind with high affinity to SH2 domains of p85, and motifs at positions 460 and 987 bind with lower affinity (10)." SIGNOR-235975 INSR protein P06213 UNIPROT IRS1 protein P35568 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr612 TLHTDDGyMPMSPGV 10116 BTO:0000443 11416002 t lperfetto "All known IRS proteins contain multiple YXXM motifs that upon phosphorylation by activated insulin re- ceptors Tyr(612) and Tyr(632) in human insulin receptor substrate-1 are important for full activation of insulin-stimulated phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase activity and translocation of GLUT4 in adipose cells" SIGNOR-235971 ATM protein Q13315 UNIPROT MDM4 protein O15151 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser403 DLAHSSEsQETISSM 9606 16943424 t lperfetto "Recently we showed that atm- and hdm2-dependent ubiquitination and subsequent degradation of hdmx following dsb induction are mediated by phosphorylation of hdmx on s403, s367, and s342, with s403 being targeted directly by atm." SIGNOR-149300 SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT ARHGDIA protein P52565 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Tyr156 YGPRAEEyEFLTPVE 9606 16943322 t llicata "We show here that src kinase binds and phosphorylates rhogdi both in vitro and in vivo at tyr156. analysis of rho gtpase-rhogdi complexes using in vitro assays of complexation and in vivo by coimmunoprecipitation analysis indicates that src-mediated phosphorylation of tyr156 causes a dramatic decrease in the ability of rhogdi to form a complex with rhoa, rac1, or cdc42." SIGNOR-149282 ATM protein Q13315 UNIPROT MDM4 protein O15151 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser367 PDCRRTIsAPVVRPK 9606 16943424 t lperfetto "Recently we showed that atm- and hdm2-dependent ubiquitination and subsequent degradation of hdmx following dsb induction are mediated by phosphorylation of hdmx on s403, s367, and s342, with s403 being targeted directly by atm." SIGNOR-149296 PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT NFATC1 protein O95644 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser269 PCNKRKYsLNGRQPP 9606 12351631 t lperfetto "Here we show that overexpression of pka causes phosphorylation and cytoplasmic accumulation of nf-atc1 in direct opposition to calcineurin by phosphorylating ser-245, ser-269, and ser-294 in the conserved serine-proline repeat domainwe further show that a complete block of nf-atc1 nuclear localization by pka requires a second kinase activity that can be supplied by glycogen synthase kinase-3 (gsk-3)" SIGNOR-93535 TNF protein P01375 UNIPROT TNFRSF1A protein P19438 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 10634209 t lperfetto "TNF-induced apoptosis is mediated primarily through the activation of type I receptors" SIGNOR-226676 BRCA1 protein P38398 UNIPROT MRE11/RAD50/NBS1 complex SIGNOR-C147 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" binding 10426999 t lperfetto "BRCA1 encodes a tumor suppressor that is mutated in familial breast and ovarian cancers. Here, it is shown that BRCA1 interacts in vitro and in vivo with hRad50, which forms a complex with hMre11 and p95/nibrin. Upon irradiation, BRCA1 was detected in discrete foci in the nucleus, which colocalize with hRad50.| These data suggest that BRCA1 is important for the cellular responses to DNA damage that are mediated by the hRad50-hMre11-p95 complex." SIGNOR-251501 MRE11/RAD50/NBS1 complex SIGNOR-C147 SIGNOR "DNA Repair" phenotype SIGNOR-PH57 SIGNOR up-regulates 17713585 f lperfetto "The mre11_rad50_nbs1 (mrn) complex is among the earliest respondents to dna double-strand breaks (dsbs).|Current emerging structural and biological evidence suggests that MRN has 3 coupled critical roles in DSB sensing, stabilization, signaling, and effector scaffolding: (1) expeditious establishment of protein--nucleic acid tethering scaffolds for the recognition and stabilization of DSBs; (2) initiation of DSB sensing, cell-cycle checkpoint signaling cascades, and establishment of epigenetic marks via the ATM kinase; and (3) functional regulation of chromatin remodeling in the vicinity of a DSB." SIGNOR-251502 RAF1 protein P04049 UNIPROT MAP2K1 protein Q02750 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser218 VSGQLIDsMANSFVG 9606 BTO:0000975 10359597 t lperfetto "Among other effectors, active ras binds and activates the raf kinase, iniziating a kinase cascade involving serine phosporylation of mek1/2 (mapkk) and tyrosine and threonine phosphorylation of erk1/2 active raf phosphorylates mek phospholpeptide analysis demostrated that serine residues 218 and 222 of human mek1 are the primary sites for phosphorylation by c-raf." SIGNOR-235987 PIK3AP1 protein Q6ZUJ8 UNIPROT PIK3CA protein P42336 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000801 22187458 t gcesareni "This accumulation of tyrosine-phosphorylated bcap at the membrane with its associated pi3k would then allow for the catalysis of ptd ins p2 to ptd ins p3 and downstream pi3k-dependent signals. Therefore, bcap is an essential activator of the pi3k pathway downstream of tlr signaling, providing a brake to limit potentially pathogenic excessive tlr responses." SIGNOR-191664 BMPR2 protein Q13873 UNIPROT ACVR1/BMPR2 complex SIGNOR-C30 SIGNOR "form complex" binding 9606 7791754 t lperfetto "Bmpr-ii is a transmembrane serine/threonine kinase that binds bmp-2 and bmp-7 in association with multiple type i receptors, including bmpr-ia/brk1, bmpr-ib, and actr-i, which is also an activin type i receptor." SIGNOR-33437 BMPR2 protein Q13873 UNIPROT BMPR1A/1B/2 complex SIGNOR-C29 SIGNOR "form complex" binding 9606 7791754 t lperfetto "Using several complementary approaches, we investigated the formation of homomeric and heteromeric complexes between the two known bmp type i receptors (br-ia and br-ib) and the bmp type ii receptor (br-ii)." SIGNOR-33443 NR3C1 protein P04150 UNIPROT NR3C1/STAT5A complex SIGNOR-C84 SIGNOR "form complex" binding 9606 8878484 t fspada "We show here that the glucocorticoid receptor can act as a transcriptional co-activator for stat5 and enhance stat5-dependent transcription. Stat5 forms a complex with the gluco-corticoid receptor which binds to dna independently of the gre. This complex formation between stat5 and the glucocorticoid receptor diminishes the glucocorticoid response of a gre-con-taining promoter." SIGNOR-44373 PRKAA2 protein P54646 UNIPROT PAK2 protein Q13177 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser20 APPVRMSsTIFSTGG 9606 SIGNOR-C15 22137581 t llicata "Together, these results indicate that ampk phosphorylates endogenous ppp1r12c at s452 and pak2 at s20 in human cells." SIGNOR-195110 AKT2 protein P31751 UNIPROT GSK3B protein P49841 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser9 SGRPRTTsFAESCKP 9606 23552696 t lperfetto "Active AKT, a common mediator of cell survival signals induced by radiation through multiple intracellular signaling pathways,11, 12 suppresses apoptosis. AKT positively regulates cyclin D1 expression through inactivation of glycogen synthase kinase 3_ (GSK3_). The AKT-mediated phosphorylation of glycogen synthase kinase 3_ on serine9 decreases its kinase activity for Thr286 of cyclin D1, which inhibits the nuclear export and the cytoplasmic proteasomal degradation of cyclin D1" SIGNOR-245420 TGFBR1 protein P36897 UNIPROT SMAD2 protein Q15796 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser467 SVRCSSMs 9606 BTO:0001538 9346908 t lperfetto "Recently, it was demonstrated that Smad2 interacts transiently with and is a direct substrate of the transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) type I receptor, TbetaRI. Phosphorylation sites on Smad2 were localized to a carboxyl-terminal fragment containing three serine residues at positions 464, 465, and 467. These results indicate that receptor-dependent phosphorylation of Smad2 on serines 465 and 467 is required in mammalian cells to permit association with Smad4 and to propagate TGF-_ signals." SIGNOR-235995 CSNK2A1 protein P68400 UNIPROT CDC34 protein P49427 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser236 DDSGTEEs 9606 BTO:0000567 11546811 t lperfetto "The ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme, cdc34, has been implicated in the ubiquitination of a number of vertebrate substrates, including p27(kip1), ikappabalpha, wee1, and myod. We show that mammalian cdc34 is a phosphoprotein that is phosphorylated in proliferating cells. Phosphorylation of cdc34 by the associated kinase maps predominantly to residues 203 and 222. Mutation of cdc34 at ck2-targeted residues, ser-203, ser-222, ser-231, thr-233, and ser-236, abolishes the phosphorylation of cdc34 observed in vivo and markedly shifts nuclearly localized cdc34 to the cytoplasm." SIGNOR-110403 CUL1 protein Q13616 UNIPROT SCF-betaTRCP complex SIGNOR-C5 SIGNOR "form complex" binding 9606 10023660 t gcesareni "The human f box protein beta-trcp associates with the cul1/skp1 complex and regulates the stability of beta-catenin." SIGNOR-64502 AKT3 protein Q9Y243 UNIPROT GSK3B protein P49841 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser9 SGRPRTTsFAESCKP 9606 23552696 t lperfetto "Active AKT, a common mediator of cell survival signals induced by radiation through multiple intracellular signaling pathways,11, 12 suppresses apoptosis. AKT positively regulates cyclin D1 expression through inactivation of glycogen synthase kinase 3_ (GSK3_). The AKT-mediated phosphorylation of glycogen synthase kinase 3_ on serine9 decreases its kinase activity for Thr286 of cyclin D1, which inhibits the nuclear export and the cytoplasmic proteasomal degradation of cyclin D1" SIGNOR-245424 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT BCL2 protein P10415 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by stabilization" phosphorylation Thr56 FSSQPGHtPHPAASR 9606 BTO:0000567 10669763 t lperfetto "Phosphorylation of the map kinase sites in bcl-2, thr56, thr74, and ser87, is sufficient to inhibit tnf--induced degradation. p44mapk/extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1 (erk1) and p42 mapk/erk2 are activated by il-3, colocalize with mitochondrial bcl2, and can directly phosphorylate bcl2 on ser-70 in a stauro-resistant manner both_ in vitro_ and_ in vivo." SIGNOR-74923 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT BCL2 protein P10415 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by stabilization" phosphorylation Thr74 ARTSPLQtPAAPGAA 9606 BTO:0000567 10669763 t lperfetto "In endothelial cells, tumor necrosis factor alpha (tnf-alpha) induces dephosphorylation and subsequent ubiquitin-dependent degradation of the antiapoptotic protein bcl-2. Here, we investigate the role of different putative phosphorylation sites to facilitate bcl-2 degradation" SIGNOR-74927 MRE11/RAD50/NBS1 complex SIGNOR-C147 SIGNOR "Mitotic Checkpoint" phenotype SIGNOR-PH28 SIGNOR up-regulates 17713585 f lperfetto "The mre11_rad50_nbs1 (mrn) complex is among the earliest respondents to dna double-strand breaks (dsbs).|Current emerging structural and biological evidence suggests that MRN has 3 coupled critical roles in DSB sensing, stabilization, signaling, and effector scaffolding: (1) expeditious establishment of protein--nucleic acid tethering scaffolds for the recognition and stabilization of DSBs; (2) initiation of DSB sensing, cell-cycle checkpoint signaling cascades, and establishment of epigenetic marks via the ATM kinase; and (3) functional regulation of chromatin remodeling in the vicinity of a DSB." SIGNOR-251503 MRE11 protein P49959 UNIPROT MRE11/RAD50/NBS1 complex SIGNOR-C147 SIGNOR "form complex" binding 17713585 t lperfetto "The mre11_rad50_nbs1 (mrn) complex is among the earliest respondents to dna double-strand breaks (dsbs). To organize the mrn complex, the mre11 exonuclease directly binds nbs1, dna, and rad50." SIGNOR-251504 NBN protein O60934 UNIPROT MRE11/RAD50/NBS1 complex SIGNOR-C147 SIGNOR "form complex" binding 17713585 t lperfetto "The mre11_rad50_nbs1 (mrn) complex is among the earliest respondents to dna double-strand breaks (dsbs). To organize the mrn complex, the mre11 exonuclease directly binds nbs1, dna, and rad50." SIGNOR-251505 RAD50 protein Q92878 UNIPROT MRE11/RAD50/NBS1 complex SIGNOR-C147 SIGNOR "form complex" binding 17713585 t lperfetto "The mre11_rad50_nbs1 (mrn) complex is among the earliest respondents to dna double-strand breaks (dsbs). To organize the mrn complex, the mre11 exonuclease directly binds nbs1, dna, and rad50." SIGNOR-251506 PTEN protein P60484 UNIPROT PIK3CA protein P42336 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" 9606 BTO:0000938 18794881 f lperfetto "The pten tumour suppressor is a lipid and protein phosphatase that inhibits phosphoinositide 3-kinase (pi3k)-dependent by dephosphorylating phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate (ptdinsp(3))." SIGNOR-209856 IKBKE protein Q14164 UNIPROT NFKBIA protein P25963 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" phosphorylation 9606 BTO:0000801 20717897 t lperfetto "The activated ikk complex then phosphorylates ikbalfa (an inhibitor of nf-kb) thereby targeting it for ubiquitination and proteasomal degradation." SIGNOR-167524 IRS1 protein P35568 UNIPROT PIK3CA protein P42336 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000551 20966354 t lperfetto "Irs proteins are capable of both regulating and activating pi3k, depending on the cell of origin." SIGNOR-168985 TNFRSF1A protein P19438 UNIPROT TRADD protein Q15628 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000007 7758105 t lperfetto "We have identified a novel 34 kda protein, designated tradd, that specifically interacts with an intracellular domain of tnfr1 tradd interacts with the death domain of tnfrsf1a to initiate distinct signaling cascades for two of the most important biological activities of tnf, nf-kb activation and programmed cell death tradd, a novel protein that specifically interacts with the death domain of tnfr1 and activates signaling pathways for both of these activities when overexpressed." SIGNOR-32739 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT KRT8 protein P05787 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser432 SAYGGLTsPGLSYSL 9606 22344252 t llicata "Our data suggested a close relationship between k8(s431) phosphorylation and keratin reorganization in epithelial tumor cells." SIGNOR-196141 PTPN22 protein Q9Y2R2 UNIPROT LCK protein P06239 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation Tyr394 RLIEDNEyTAREGAK 9606 BTO:0000007 16461343 t gcesareni "Native ptpn22 dephosphorylated lck at its activating tyrosine residues tyr-394." SIGNOR-144341 PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT NFATC1 protein O95644 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser294 PHGSPRVsVTDDSWL 9606 12351631 t lperfetto "Here we show that overexpression of pka causes phosphorylation and cytoplasmic accumulation of nf-atc1 in direct opposition to calcineurin by phosphorylating ser-245, ser-269, and ser-294 in the conserved serine-proline repeat domainwe further show that a complete block of nf-atc1 nuclear localization by pka requires a second kinase activity that can be supplied by glycogen synthase kinase-3 (gsk-3)" SIGNOR-93539 ESRRB protein O95718 UNIPROT NR0B1 protein P51843 UNIPROT down-regulates 9606 12482977 f lperfetto "When dax-1 was cotransfected, it exerted efficient repression on transcription of the reporter gene activated by gal4-ad4bp-lbd, gal4-lrh-1-lbd, gal4-err2-lbd" SIGNOR-96533 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT BCL2 protein P10415 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by stabilization" phosphorylation Ser87 AAAGPALsPVPPVVH 9606 BTO:0000567 10669763 t lperfetto "Phosphorylation of the map kinase sites in bcl-2, thr56, thr74, and ser87, is sufficient to inhibit tnf--induced degradation." SIGNOR-74931 TNFRSF1B protein P20333 UNIPROT TRAF2 protein Q12933 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 8069916 t lperfetto "Our analysis indicates that traf1 and traf2 are associated with the cytoplasmic domain of tnf-r2 in a heterodimeric complex in which traf2 contacts the receptor directly." SIGNOR-34645 SPEN protein Q96T58 UNIPROT RBPJ protein Q06330 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 12374742 t gcesareni "We identified sharp as an rbp-jkappa/cbf-1-interacting corepressor in a yeast two-hybrid screen." SIGNOR-94201 RPS6KB1 protein P23443 UNIPROT MAPK8 protein P45983 UNIPROT down-regulates 9606 17181399 f gcesareni "Finally, downregulation of p70 s6 kinase by sirna significantly enhanced the fgf-2-stimulated vegf release and phosphorylation of sapk/jnk." SIGNOR-149367 HSPA2 protein P54652 UNIPROT MAP3K5 protein Q99683 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 12391142 t gcesareni "Coimmunoprecipitation analysis revealed a physical interaction between endogenous hsp72 and ask1 in nih 3t3 cells exposed to mild heat shock. Hsp72 blocked both the homo-oligomerization of ask1 and ask1-dependent apoptosis." SIGNOR-94565 RAD52 protein P43351 UNIPROT "DNA Repair" phenotype SIGNOR-PH57 SIGNOR up-regulates 27649245 f lperfetto "Homologous recombination (HR) plays an important role in maintaining genomic integrity. It is responsible for repair of the most harmful DNA lesions, DNA double-strand breaks and inter-strand DNA cross-links. HR function is also essential for proper segregation of homologous chromosomes in meiosis, maintenance of telomeres, and resolving stalled replication forks. Defects in HR often lead to genetic diseases and cancer. Rad52 is one of the key HR proteins, which is evolutionarily conserved from yeast to humans| in mammals, Rad52 knockouts showed no significant DNA repair or recombination phenotype. |These new findings indicate an important backup role for Rad52, which complements the main HR mechanism in mammals." SIGNOR-251507 ADAM17 protein P78536 UNIPROT MUC1 protein P15941 UNIPROT down-regulates cleavage 9606 12441351 t gcesareni "These characteristics along with studies conducted with cell lines genetically deficient in various adams (for a disintegrin and metalloprotease) identified tumor necrosis factor-alpha converting enzyme (tace)/adam 17 as a muc1 sheddase." SIGNOR-95630 SRGAP3 protein O43295 UNIPROT RAC1 protein P63000 UNIPROT down-regulates 9606 12447388 f miannu "Wrp binds directly to wave-1 through its src homology domain 3 and specifically inhibits rac function in vivo." SIGNOR-95918 LTB protein Q06643 UNIPROT LTBR protein P36941 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000782 BTO:0000975 7995952 t lperfetto "These experiments point toward the lt-alpha 1/beta 2 complex as the predominant membrane form of lt on the lymphocyte surface, and this complex is the primary ligand for the lt-beta receptor." SIGNOR-35759 MAPK8 protein P45983 UNIPROT IRS1 protein P35568 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser636 SGDYMPMsPKSVSAP 9606 12510059 t gcesareni "Insulin also activates jnk, erk, pkc and mtor, which induce the phosphorylation of irs1 on serine residues 307, 612 and 632 and inhibit its functions. Our results indicate that the insulin-stimulated degradation of irs-1 via the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase pathway is in part dependent upon the ser(312) phosphorylation of irs-1." SIGNOR-96948 MAPK8 protein P45983 UNIPROT NR3C1 protein P04150 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser226 IDENCLLsPLAGEDD 9606 12351702 t gcesareni "Taken together, these findings suggest that jnk-mediated phosphorylation of the gr-ser226 enhances gr nuclear export and may contribute to termination of gr-mediated transcription." SIGNOR-93558 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT CEP55 protein Q53EZ4 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser428 KVAASPKsPTAALNE 9606 16198290 t lperfetto "Upon mitotic entry, centrosome dissociation of cep55 is triggered by erk2/cdk1-dependent phosphorylation at s425 and s428. S425/428 phosphorylation is required for interaction with plk1, enabling phosphorylation of cep55 at s436. enabling it to relocate to the midbody to function in mitotic exit and cytokinesis." SIGNOR-140894 MAP3K7 protein O43318 UNIPROT HDAC7 protein Q8WUI4 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser155 FPLRKTVsEPNLKLR 9606 16980613 t lperfetto "We further show that emk and c-tak1 phosphorylate class iia hdacs on one of their multiple 14-3-3 binding sites and alter their subcellular localization and repressive function" SIGNOR-149579 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT NR3C1 protein P04150 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser226 IDENCLLsPLAGEDD 9606 12351702 t gcesareni "Furthermore, we show that this gnrh-stimulated phosphorylation of the unliganded gr is mediated by a combination of the mapks jnk, p38, and erk as well as pkc in l t2 cells, because individual kinase inhibitors or combinations thereof inhibit this phosphorylation in intact cells." SIGNOR-93554 MAPK14 protein Q16539 UNIPROT PIP4K2B protein P78356 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser326 SYGTPPDsPGNLLSF 9606 16949365 t gcesareni "Inhibition of pip4kbeta activity occurs through the direct phosphorylation of pip4kbeta at ser326 by the p38 stress-activated protein kinase." SIGNOR-149359 MARK2 protein Q7KZI7 UNIPROT HDAC7 protein Q8WUI4 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser155 FPLRKTVsEPNLKLR 9606 16980613 t lperfetto "We further show that emk and c-tak1 phosphorylate class iia hdacs on one of their multiple 14-3-3 binding sites and alter their subcellular localization and repressive function" SIGNOR-149583 PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT RPS6KB2 protein Q9UBS0 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser473 PPSGTKKsKRGRGRP 9606 12529391 t llicata "Pkc-mediated phosphorylation at s486 does not affect s6k activity but eliminates the function of its nuclear localization signal and causes retention of an activated form of the kinase in the cytoplasm." SIGNOR-97279 RBPJ protein Q06330 UNIPROT MAML2 protein Q8IZL2 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 21873209 t gcesareni "When bound to the active intracellular domain of notch (nicd), rbpj recruits a coactivator complex, including a mastermind homologue (maml1-3 in mammals), and drives a complex transcriptional program with pervasive phenotypic effects" SIGNOR-176197 RAD51 protein Q06609 UNIPROT "DNA Repair" phenotype SIGNOR-PH57 SIGNOR up-regulates 27660832 f lperfetto "Rad51 is a key component of homologous recombination (HR) to repair DNA double-strand breaks and it forms Rad51 recombinase filaments of broken single-stranded DNA to promote HR. In addition to its role in DNA repair and cell cycle progression, Rad51 contributes to the reprogramming process during the generation of induced pluripotent stem cells" SIGNOR-251508 WDR5 protein P61964 UNIPROT KMT2A/WDR5 complex SIGNOR-C57 SIGNOR "form complex" binding 9606 15960975 t miannu "The mll1-wdr5 complex is enzymatically active" SIGNOR-138251 AKT2 protein P31751 UNIPROT CTNNB1 protein P35222 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000586 16293724 f gcesareni "We show that pge2 stimulates colon cancer cell growth through its heterotrimeric guanine nucleotide-binding protein (g protein) coupled receptor, ep2, by a signaling route that involves the activation of phosphoinositide 3-kinase and the protein kinase akt by free g protein bg subunits and the direct association of the g protein as subunit with the regulator of g protein signaling (rgs) domain of axin. This leads to the inactivation and release of glycogen synthase kinase 3b from its complex with axin, thereby relieving the inhibitory phosphorylation of b-catenin and activating its signaling pathway." SIGNOR-141655 CHEK1 protein O14757 UNIPROT CDC7 protein O00311 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation 9606 20068082 t gcesareni "Chk1 directly phosphorylates essential s-phase kinases cdc7." SIGNOR-163161 Ruxolitinib chemical CID:25126798 PUBCHEM JAK3 protein P52333 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-206673 RBPJ protein Q06330 UNIPROT RBPJ/NOTCH complex SIGNOR-C97 SIGNOR "form complex" binding 9606 21873209 t lperfetto "When bound to the active intracellular domain of notch (nicd), rbpj recruits a coactivator complex, including a mastermind homologue (maml1-3 in mammals), and drives a complex transcriptional program with pervasive phenotypic effects." SIGNOR-209702 CSNK2A1 protein P68400 UNIPROT CDC34 protein P49427 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr233 DDEDDSGtEES 9606 BTO:0000567 11546811 t lperfetto "The ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme, cdc34, has been implicated in the ubiquitination of a number of vertebrate substrates, including p27(kip1), ikappabalpha, wee1, and myod. We show that mammalian cdc34 is a phosphoprotein that is phosphorylated in proliferating cells. Phosphorylation of cdc34 by the associated kinase maps predominantly to residues 203 and 222. Mutation of cdc34 at ck2-targeted residues, ser-203, ser-222, ser-231, thr-233, and ser-236, abolishes the phosphorylation of cdc34 observed in vivo and markedly shifts nuclearly localized cdc34 to the cytoplasm." SIGNOR-110407 PRKCE protein Q02156 UNIPROT RPS6KB2 protein Q9UBS0 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser473 PPSGTKKsKRGRGRP 9606 12529391 t llicata "Pkc-mediated phosphorylation at s486 does not affect s6k activity but eliminates the function of its nuclear localization signal and causes retention of an activated form of the kinase in the cytoplasm." SIGNOR-97291 PRKCB protein P05771 UNIPROT RPS6KB2 protein Q9UBS0 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser473 PPSGTKKsKRGRGRP 9606 12529391 t llicata "Pkc-mediated phosphorylation at s486 does not affect s6k activity but eliminates the function of its nuclear localization signal and causes retention of an activated form of the kinase in the cytoplasm." SIGNOR-97283 PRKCD protein Q05655 UNIPROT RPS6KB2 protein Q9UBS0 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser473 PPSGTKKsKRGRGRP 9606 12529391 t gcesareni "Protein kinase c phosphorylates ribosomal protein s6 kinase betaii and regulates its subcellular localization." SIGNOR-97287 PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT MAPT protein P10636 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser579 NVKSKIGsTENLKHQ -1 12435421 t miannu "Ser214, Ser262, Ser356, and Ser409 of tau441‚ were phosphorylated by PKA. tau in PHF is abnormally hyperphosphorylated and lacks its normal activity to bind to microtubules and to stimulate their assembly" SIGNOR-250008 GSK3B protein P49841 UNIPROT CCND1 protein P24385 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" phosphorylation Thr286 EEVDLACtPTDVRDV 9606 phosphorylation:Ser9 SGRPRTTsFAESCKP 23552696 t lperfetto "Active AKT, a common mediator of cell survival signals induced by radiation through multiple intracellular signaling pathways,11, 12 suppresses apoptosis. AKT positively regulates cyclin D1 expression through inactivation of glycogen synthase kinase 3_ (GSK3_). The AKT-mediated phosphorylation of glycogen synthase kinase 3_ on serine9 decreases its kinase activity for Thr286 of cyclin D1, which inhibits the nuclear export and the cytoplasmic proteasomal degradation of cyclin D1" SIGNOR-245437 WNT10B protein O00744 UNIPROT FZD2 protein Q14332 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 12055200 t fspada "Inhibition of adipogenesis by wnt10b is likely mediated by wnt receptors, frizzled 1, 2, and/or 5, and co-receptors low density lipoprotein receptor-related proteins 5 and 7" SIGNOR-89137 PIK3CA protein P42336 UNIPROT AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" 9606 BTO:0000150 12167717 f lperfetto "PKB induction requires phosphorylation of two critical residues, threonine 308 in the activation loop and serine 473 near the carboxyl terminus. Membrane localization of PKB was found to be a primary determinant of serine 473 phosphorylation. PI3K activity was equally important for promoting phosphorylation of serine 473," SIGNOR-236353 PIK3CA protein P42336 UNIPROT AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" 9606 BTO:0000586 16293724 f lperfetto "We show that PGE2 stimulates colon cancer cell growth through its heterotrimeric guanine nucleotide-binding protein;G protein)-coupled receptor, EP2, by a signaling route that involves the activation of phosphoinositide 3-kinase and the protein kinase Akt" SIGNOR-235914 PAK1 protein Q13153 UNIPROT MAP2K1 protein Q02750 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser298 RTPGRPLsSYGMDSR 9606 BTO:0001955 12876277 t lperfetto "We find that adhesion to fibronectin induces pak1-dependent phosphorylation of mek1 on s298 and that this phosphorylation is necessary for efficient activation of mek1 and subsequent mapk activation." SIGNOR-236002 E2F1 protein Q01094 UNIPROT CCNE1 protein P24864 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 8649818 f lperfetto "We have found that cell cycle regulation of cyclin E transcription is mediated by E2F binding sites present in the promoter. The activity of this promoter can be regulated negatively by pRB." SIGNOR-245474 FGFR1 protein P11362 UNIPROT CTTN protein Q14247 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Tyr446 GTEPEPVySMEAADY 9606 12601080 t lperfetto "Cortactin, which is an actin-binding protein that also plays a role in actin cytoskeleton dynamics (45), was phosphorylated on tyr-446 in our assay (by fgfr1).Phosphorylation of these residues attenuates the f-actin cross-linking activity" SIGNOR-98618 PRKG1 protein Q13976 UNIPROT VASP protein P50552 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr278 LARRRKAtQVGEKTP 9606 12576312 t lperfetto "Vasodilator-stimulated phosphoprotein activation of serum-response element-dependent transcription occurs downstream of rhoa and is inhibited by cgmp-dependent protein kinase phosphorylation. Three phosphorylation sites have been identified in vasp: ser157, ser239, and thr278, all of which can be phosphorylated by either pka or pkg in vitro" SIGNOR-98139 NLK protein Q9UBE8 UNIPROT LEF1 protein Q9UJU2 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser166 TYSDEHFsPGSHPSH 9606 12556497 t gcesareni "Regulation of lymphoid enhancer factor 1/t-cell factor by mitogen-activated protein kinase-related nemo-like kinase-dependent phosphorylation in wnt/beta-catenin signaling.Nlk phosphorylates lef-1/tcf on two serine/threonine residues located in its central region. Mutation of both residues to alanine enhanced lef-1 transcriptional activity and rendered it resistant to inhibition by nlk." SIGNOR-97808 SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT KCNJ1 protein P48048 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Tyr337 SKTKEGKyRVDFHNF 9606 12556363 t flangone "Inhibition of c-src with herbimycin a significantly decreased the tyrosine phosphorylation level of romk1... tyrosine dephosphorylation enhances the exocytosis of romk1" SIGNOR-97803 PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT FRAT1 protein Q92837 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser188 RLQQRRGsQPETRTG 9606 16982607 t lperfetto "Phosphorylation of ser188 by pka inhibited the ability of frat1 to activate beta-catenin-dependent transcription." SIGNOR-149689 NLK protein Q9UBE8 UNIPROT TCF7L2 protein Q9NQB0 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr201 PHHVHPLtPLITYSN 9606 12556497 t llicata "Nlk phosphorylates lef-1/tcf on two serine/threonine residues located in its central region. Mutation of both residues to alanine enhanced lef-1 transcriptional activity and rendered it resistant to inhibition by nlk." SIGNOR-97819 chelerythrine chemical CID:2703 PUBCHEM BCL2L1 protein Q07817 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 12702731 t gcesareni "Chelerythrine inhibited the bclxl-bak bh3 peptide binding with ic50 of 1.5 micro m and displaced bax, a bh3-containing protein, from bclxl." SIGNOR-100670 PAK1 protein Q13153 UNIPROT MAP3K1 protein Q13233 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser67 RQLRKVRsVELDQLP 9606 BTO:0000007 12228228 t lperfetto "We found that pak1 phosphorylated mekk1 on serine 67 of its amino-terminal regulatory domain. mekk1 activity was increased modestly following pak phosphorylation." SIGNOR-236006 303727-31-3 chemical CID:9950176 PUBCHEM ARAF protein P10398 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 12970777 t gcesareni "At drug concentrations around the reported ic(50) for the raf inhibitor l-779,450, it suppressed dna synthesis and induced apoptosis in hematopoietic fdc-p1 cells transformed to grow in response to either raf-1 or a-raf (fd/deltaraf-1:er and fd/deltaa-raf:er)" SIGNOR-100355 303727-31-3 chemical CID:9950176 PUBCHEM RAF1 protein P04049 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 12970777 t gcesareni "The raf inhibitor l-779,450. This raf inhibitor was less effective on b-raf- or mek1-responsive cells, demonstrating the specificity of this drug." SIGNOR-100358 NOG protein Q13253 UNIPROT BMP2 protein P12643 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 12700180 t lperfetto "Noggin acts by binding bmps, thus preventing them from binding to their receptors (180). Noggin binds with various degrees of affinity bmp-2, -4, -5, -6, and -7, gdf-5, gdf-6, and vg1, but not other members of the tgf- family of peptides" SIGNOR-100657 NOG protein Q13253 UNIPROT BMP4 protein P12644 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 12700180 t lperfetto "Noggin acts by binding bmps, thus preventing them from binding to their receptors (180). Noggin binds with various degrees of affinity bmp-2, -4, -5, -6, and -7, gdf-5, gdf-6, and vg1, but not other members of the tgf- family of peptides" SIGNOR-100660 TRAF2 protein Q12933 UNIPROT MAP3K14 protein Q99558 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 9020361 t lperfetto "NIK binds to Traf2 and stimulates NF-kappaB activity." SIGNOR-46215 FASLG protein P48023 UNIPROT FAS protein P25445 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000007 BTO:0000671 9228058 t lperfetto "The death-inducing receptor fas is activated when cross-linked by the type ii membrane protein faslg (fasl)" SIGNOR-49688 TRADD protein Q15628 UNIPROT RIPK1 protein Q13546 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000007 8612133 t lperfetto "We show that tradd interacts strongly with rip;rip is a serinethreonine kinase that is recruited by tradd to tnfr1 in a tnf-dependent process." SIGNOR-40043 CBY1 protein Q9Y3M2 UNIPROT CTNNB1 protein P35222 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 12712206 t gcesareni "Here we report a conserved nuclear protein, named chibby, which was identified in a screen for proteins that directly interact with the c-terminal region of beta-catenin. In mammalian cultured cells we demonstrate that chibby inhibits beta-catenin-mediated transcriptional activation by competing with lef-1 to bind to beta-catenin." SIGNOR-100835 GLI3 protein P10071 UNIPROT MED12 protein Q93074 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 17000779 t gcesareni "We propose that activated gli3 physically targets med12 in mediator to reverse mediator-dependent suppression of shh target gene (i.e., Gli1 or cyclin d1) transcription." SIGNOR-149876 SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT CTTN protein Q14247 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Tyr470 AYATEAVyESAEAPG 9606 12601080 t lperfetto "Cortactin was first identified as a substrate of v-src (46) that mediates in vitro phosphorylation of residues tyr-421, tyr-466, and tyr-482 at the c terminus of the murine ortholog (47). Phosphorylation of these residues attenuates the f-actin cross-linking activity" SIGNOR-98716 SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT CTTN protein Q14247 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Tyr446 GTEPEPVySMEAADY 9606 12601080 t lperfetto "Cortactin was first identified as a substrate of v-src (46) that mediates in vitro phosphorylation of residues tyr-421, tyr-466, and tyr-482 at the c terminus of the murine ortholog (47). Phosphorylation of these residues attenuates the f-actin cross-linking activity" SIGNOR-98712 CDK9 protein P50750 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser1917 SPTSPTYsPTSPKYS 9606 24385927 t lperfetto "Cyclin-dependent kinase 9 (cdk9) promotes elongation by rna polymerase ii (rnapii), mrna processing, and co-transcriptional histone modification. Cdk9 phosphorylates multiple targets, including the conserved rnapii elongation factor spt5 and rnapii itself. Cellular kinase cdk9 phosphorylates serine-2 in the c-terminal domain (ctd) of rnap ii" SIGNOR-203592 MAPK12 protein P53778 UNIPROT MAPT protein P10636 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser637 VDLSKVTsKCGSLGN -1 9199504 t miannu "Phosphorylation of tau by SAPK3 and SAPK4 markedly reduced the ability of tau to promote microtubule assembly. SAPK3 (also called ERK6 and p38) and SAPK4 phosphorylate recombinant tau protein at multiple Ser/Thr-Pro sites that are hyperphosphorylated in PHF-tau, with SAPK4 and SAPK3 being the most effective." SIGNOR-250085 DAPK3 protein O43293 UNIPROT MYL12B protein O14950 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr19 KKRPQRAtSNVFAMF 9606 1178183 t gcesareni "Hzipk phosphorylated the regulatory light chain of myosin ii (mrlc) at both ser19 and thr18 in vitro. Phosphorylation of mrlc is required to generate the driving force in the migration of the cells but not necessary for localization of myosin ii at the leading edge." SIGNOR-16047 FLT4 protein P35916 UNIPROT RPS6KA3 protein P51812 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Tyr707 KGAMAATySALNRNQ 9606 12601080 t llicata "Upon truncation of this c-terminal stretch, or mutation of the tyr-707 residue alone, autoinhibition is attenuated, and the kinase becomes constitutively active. Based on these findings we propose that phosphorylation of the tyr-707 represents a novel alternative regulatory mechanism for p90rsk activation." SIGNOR-98708 PTPRJ protein Q12913 UNIPROT MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation 9606 12771128 t gcesareni "A dominant-negative mutant of high cell density-enhanced ptp 1 (dep-1)//cd148 as well as reduction of its expression by rna interference partially restore vegfr-2 phosphorylation and map kinase activation." SIGNOR-101279 PTPRJ protein Q12913 UNIPROT MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation 9606 12771128 t gcesareni "A dominant-negative mutant of high cell densityenhanced ptp 1 (dep-1)//cd148 as well as reduction of its expression by rna interference partially restore vegfr-2 phosphorylation and map kinase activation." SIGNOR-101282 RXRA protein P19793 UNIPROT CTNNB1 protein P35222 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 12771132 t gcesareni "Rxr agonists still inactivated endogenous beta-catenin via rxr alpha." SIGNOR-101293 NR0B2 protein Q15466 UNIPROT NR1I2 protein O75469 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 12805410 t gcesareni "Our results suggest that shp is a negative regulator of pxr transcriptional activity. This conclusion derives from_ in vitro, cell culture, and_ in vivo_ experiments." SIGNOR-101924 PAK2 protein Q13177 UNIPROT JUN protein P05412 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr2 tAKMETTF 9606 BTO:0000848 21177766 t lperfetto "P21-activated protein kinase (pak2)-mediated c-jun phosphorylation at 5 threonine sites promotes cell transformationour data showed that pak2 binds and phosphorylates c-jun at five threonine sites (thr2, thr8, thr89, thr93 and thr286)" SIGNOR-170760 MTOR protein P42345 UNIPROT MTOR protein P42345 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser2481 TVPESIHsFIGDGLV 9606 BTO:0000782 SIGNOR-C2 SIGNOR-C2 10702316 t lperfetto "We report here the identification of a FRAP autophosphorylation site. This site, Ser-2481, is located in a hydrophobic region near the conserved carboxyl-terminal FRAP tail. We demonstrate that the COOH-terminal tail is required for FRAP kinase activity and for signaling to the translational regulator p70(s6k) (ribosomal subunit S6 kinase)." SIGNOR-75394 DUSP6 protein Q16828 UNIPROT MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation 9606 12840032 t gcesareni "P-erk1/2 proteins were efficiently dephosphorylated in vitro by protein phosphatases 1 and 2a (pp1/2a) and mapk phosphatase 3 (mkp3)." SIGNOR-103149 PPP1CA protein P62136 UNIPROT MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation 9606 12840032 t gcesareni "P-erk1/2 proteins were efficiently dephosphorylated in vitro by protein phosphatases 1 and 2a (pp1/2a) and mapk phosphatase 3 (mkp3)" SIGNOR-103152 DUSP7 protein Q16829 UNIPROT GHR protein P10912 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation 9606 12907755 t gcesareni "Identification of protein tyrosine phosphatases with specificity for the ligand-activated growth hormone receptor." SIGNOR-104545 FGF2 protein P09038 UNIPROT FGFR2 protein P21802 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 10116 BTO:0001130 7687739 t lperfetto "The FGF-R2(IIIb) isoform displays high affinity for stromal cell-derived FGF-7, whereas the FGF-R2(IIIc) isoform does not recognize FGF-7 but has high affinity for the FGF-2 member of the FGF ligand family" SIGNOR-236033 PTPN9 protein P43378 UNIPROT GHR protein P10912 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation 9606 12907755 t fspada "Using ghr hyper-phosphorylated by elk kinase, we have identified tc-ptp, ptp- , pyst-2, sap1, meg-2, ptp1b, and ptph1 as having substrate specificity for this receptor. In addition, we have shown that these same ptps (or rather their nonmutated counterparts) can dephosphorylate the ghr." SIGNOR-104577 CHUK protein O15111 UNIPROT NFKBIA protein P25963 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" phosphorylation Ser32 LLDDRHDsGLDSMKD 9606 BTO:0000567 SIGNOR-C14 9346241 t lperfetto "We described the purification of a 900 kda protein kinase complex, the ikb kinase (ikk), that phosphorylates ikbalfa and ikbbeta at the sites that mediate their ubiquitination and degradation" SIGNOR-52875 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT THRB protein P10828 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser142 IQKNLHPsYSCKYEG 9606 12809513 t llicata "We concluded that serine 142 of the tr dbd is the likely site of phosphorylation by t(4)-activated mapk and that the docking site on tr for activated mapk includes residues 128-133 (kgffrr), a basic amino acid-enriched motif novel for mapk substrates. Tr mutations in the proposed mapk docking domain and at residue 142 modulated t(4)-conditioned shedding of co-repressor and recruitment of co-activator proteins by the receptor, and they altered transcriptional activity of tr in a thyroid hormone response element-luciferase reporter assay." SIGNOR-102224 GSK3B protein P49841 UNIPROT SREBF1 protein P36956 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" phosphorylation Ser430 DTLTPPPsDAGSPFQ 9606 BTO:0000007 19126544 t lperfetto "Importantly, we demonstrate that the mature form of endogenous SREBP1 is phosphorylated on Ser-434. Glycogen synthase kinase-3 phosphorylates Ser-434, and the phosphorylation of this residue is attenuated in response to insulin signaling. Interestingly, phosphorylation of Ser-434 promotes the glycogen synthase kinase-3-dependent phosphorylation of Thr-426 and Ser-430 and destabilizes SREBP1." SIGNOR-236030 PRKCB protein P05771 UNIPROT TNNI3 protein P19429 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr143 RGKFKRPtLRRVRIS 9606 17010989 t lperfetto "Pkc-betaii sensitizes cardiac myofilaments to ca2+ by phosphorylating troponin i on threonine-144." SIGNOR-149957 SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT TERT protein O14746 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Tyr707 QDPPPELyFVKVDVT 9606 12808100 t lperfetto "Hydrogen peroxide triggers nuclear export of telomerase reverse transcriptase via src kinase family-dependent phosphorylation of tyrosine 707" SIGNOR-102097 DLL4 protein Q9NR61 UNIPROT NOTCH1 protein P46531 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000574 10837024 t lperfetto "Expression analysis of known notch ligands suggests that dll4 is the only ligand that exhibits spatial and temporal expression consistent with the activation of notch1 and notch4 during vascular development. The identification of dll4 reveals a candidate ligand for notch receptors involved in blood vessel biology" SIGNOR-77973 ITCH protein Q96J02 UNIPROT DTX1 protein Q86Y01 UNIPROT down-regulates ubiquitination 9606 17028573 t gcesareni "Itch/aip4 mediates deltex degradation through the formation of k29-linked polyubiquitin chains." SIGNOR-150002 BIRC5 protein O15392 UNIPROT CASP9 protein P55211 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 11069302 t amattioni "Survivin (an inhibitor of apoptosis) phosphorylation on thr34 may regulate apoptosis at cell division via an interaction with caspase-9." SIGNOR-84065 FAS protein P25445 UNIPROT RIPK1 protein Q13546 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 10090 BTO:0000944 7538908 t lperfetto "Fas associates with rip. Rip is a novel form of apoptosis-inducing protein" SIGNOR-235430 HRAS protein P01112 UNIPROT BRAF protein P15056 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 18098337 t lperfetto "BRAF kinase is a downstream target of KRAS and activates the MAPK pathway." SIGNOR-160043 PPP2CA protein P67775 UNIPROT MAP2K1 protein Q02750 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation 9606 20626350 t gcesareni "In particular, p38 mapk activity stimulates the physical association between ppa2 and mkk1/2- erk1/2 complex, leading to mkk1/2 dephosphorilation by pp2a." SIGNOR-166649 PPP2R5C protein Q13362 UNIPROT MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 16456541 t gcesareni "B56-containing pp2a dephosphorylate erk and their activity is controlled by the early gene iex-1 and erk" SIGNOR-144325 NRAS protein P01111 UNIPROT BRAF protein P15056 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 21779497 t lperfetto "The raf family of proteins (raf-1, a-raf, and b-raf) is serine/threonine kinases that bind to the effector region of ras-gtp, thus inducing translocation of the protein to the plasma membrane. Once there, raf proteins are activated and phosphorylated by different protein kinases." SIGNOR-175219 RARB protein P10826 UNIPROT RXRA protein P19793 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 1310351 t gcesareni "Here we report that the transcriptional activity of rar and rxr can be reciprocally modulated by direct interactions between the two proteins." SIGNOR-16519 RARB protein P10826 UNIPROT RXRB protein P28702 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 1310351 t gcesareni "Here we report that the transcriptional activity of rar and rxr can be reciprocally modulated by direct interactions between the two proteins." SIGNOR-16581 HRAS protein P01112 UNIPROT BRAF protein P15056 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 21779497 t lperfetto "The raf family of proteins (raf-1, a-raf, and b-raf) is serine/threonine kinases that bind to the effector region of ras-gtp, thus inducing translocation of the protein to the plasma membrane. Once there, raf proteins are activated and phosphorylated by different protein kinases." SIGNOR-147327 SOS1 protein Q07889 UNIPROT NRAS protein P01111 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" "guanine nucleotide exchange factor" 9606 21779497 t lperfetto "Grb2 binds and activates sos, which then activates ras, and this activates p110 independently of p85." SIGNOR-175259 PTPN2 protein P17706 UNIPROT INSR protein P06213 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation Tyr1190 DIYETDYyRKGGKGL 9606 1373652 t gcesareni "The question of whether protein tyrosine phosphatases (ptpases) dephosphorylate a multiply phosphorylated peptide in a random or ordered manner was investigated using the synthetic triphosphotyrosyl peptide trdiy(p)etdy(p)y(p)rk, corresponding to the major sites of autophosphorylation of the insulin receptor, as a substrate for four purified ptpases." SIGNOR-18018 RPS6KA1 protein Q15418 UNIPROT BAD protein Q92934 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser118 GRELRRMsDEFVDSF 9606 BTO:0000007 10837486 t lperfetto "Rsk1, and survival factor signaling stimulate phosphorylation of bad at ser-155, blocking the binding of bad to bcl-xl." SIGNOR-78020 EIF2AK1 protein Q9BQI3 UNIPROT EIF2S1 protein P05198 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser52 MILLSELsRRRIRSI 9606 3352609 t lperfetto "The wild-type and ser-48 mutant proteins became extensively phosphorylated by eif-2 kinases . The ser-51 mutant showed little covalent modification by the endogenous enzymes. Phosphorylation of the serine 51 residue in the alpha-subunit of translational initiation factor 2 in eukaryotes (eif2 alpha) impairs protein synthesis presumably by sequestering eif2b, a rate-limiting pentameric guanine nucleotide exchange protein which catalyzes the exchange of gtp for gdp in the eif2-gdp binary complex" SIGNOR-24543 CHUK protein O15111 UNIPROT NFKB1 protein P19838 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" phosphorylation Ser923 DELRDSDsVCDSGVE 10090 BTO:0000944 SIGNOR-C14 SIGNOR-C13 11297557 t lperfetto "The i b kinase (ikk) complex rapidly phosphorylates nf- b1 p105 on serine 927 in the pest region romashkova et al. demonstrated that akt binds to and activates inhibitor of kappa b kinase-alfa (ikkalfa), which in turn phosphorylates and thereby promotes the degradation of the inhibitory cofactor of nf-kb, i-kb the scf-betatrcp complex is responsible for the ubiquitination of p100 and p105 following their phosphorylation by ikk." SIGNOR-235434 MTOR protein P42345 UNIPROT MTOR protein P42345 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser2481 TVPESIHsFIGDGLV 10090 BTO:0000944 SIGNOR-C2 SIGNOR-C2 20022946 t lperfetto "We have found that in HEK293 cells and 3T3-L1 adipocytes, insulin promotes both raptor- and rictor-associated mTOR Ser(P)-2481 in a wortmannin-sensitive manner. Thus, insulin signals via PI3K to promote both mTORC1- and mTORC2-associated mTOR Ser-2481 autophosphorylation." SIGNOR-235427 RPS6KA3 protein P51812 UNIPROT GSK3A protein P49840 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser21 SGRARTSsFAEPGGG 9606 BTO:0000130 11583116 t lperfetto "P90-rsk and akt may promote rapid phosphorylation/inactivation of glycogen synthase kinase 3 in chemoattractant-stimulated neutrophils. These reactions were monitored with a phosphospecific antibody that only recognized the alpha- or beta-isoforms of GSK-3 when these proteins were phosphorylated on serine residues 21 and 9, respectively." SIGNOR-110827 RARG protein P13631 UNIPROT RXRA protein P19793 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 1310351 t gcesareni "Here we report that the transcriptional activity of rar and rxr can be reciprocally modulated by direct interactions between the two proteins." SIGNOR-16659 RARG protein P13631 UNIPROT RXRB protein P28702 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 1310351 t gcesareni "Here we report that the transcriptional activity of rar and rxr can be reciprocally modulated by direct interactions between the two proteins." SIGNOR-16662 RXRA protein P19793 UNIPROT RARA protein P10276 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 1310351 t gcesareni "Here we report that the transcriptional activity of rar and rxr can be reciprocally modulated by direct interactions between the two proteins" SIGNOR-16665 RXRA protein P19793 UNIPROT RARB protein P10826 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 1310351 t gcesareni "Here we report that the transcriptional activity of rar and rxr can be reciprocally modulated by direct interactions between the two proteins" SIGNOR-16668 CAMK2A protein Q9UQM7 UNIPROT HRH1 protein P35367 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr140 LRYLKYRtKTRASAT 9606 BTO:0000975 15107581 t "Translocation from Endosome to Lysosome" gcesareni "As we have shown previously, human h1r can be phosphorylated in vitro by several kinases includingpka, pkc, pkg, and camk ii in summary, these data suggest that thr140, thr142, ser396, ser398, and thr478 can be phosphorylated by the kinases described above (table 2)." SIGNOR-124348 ACTR2 protein P61160 UNIPROT ARP2/3 complex SIGNOR-C146 SIGNOR "form complex" binding 9606 12479800 t "The subunits in mammalian cells are named Arp3, Arp2, p41-Arc, p34-Arc, p21-Arc, p20-Arc and p16-Arc" SIGNOR-251512 ACTR3 protein P61158 UNIPROT ARP2/3 complex SIGNOR-C146 SIGNOR "form complex" binding 9606 12479800 t "The subunits in mammalian cells are named Arp3, Arp2, p41-Arc, p34-Arc, p21-Arc, p20-Arc and p16-Arc" SIGNOR-251513 MCL1 protein Q07820 UNIPROT BAK1 protein Q16611 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 17289999 t gcesareni "Bax is held in check by mcl1, bcl-2, and either bcl2l1 or bcl2l2, or by all four. They bind a primed conformer of bak or bax" SIGNOR-149774 PPP2CA protein P67775 UNIPROT MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation 9606 20626350 t gcesareni "In particular, p38 mapk activity stimulates the physical association between ppa2 and mkk1/2- erk1/2 complex, leading to mkk1/2 dephosphorilation by pp2a . p38 mapks activity stimulates the physical association between pp2a and erk complex, leading to mkk1/2 dephosphorylation by pp2a." SIGNOR-166655 MAPK7 protein Q13164 UNIPROT MEF2D protein Q14814 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser180 LTDPRLLsPQQPALQ 9606 BTO:0000567 10849446 t lperfetto "Here, we demonstrate that, in addition to mef2c, bmk1 phosphorylates and activates mef2a and mef2d but not mef2b. the sites phosphorylated by activated bmk1 were mapped to ser-355, thr-312, and thr-319 of mef2a and ser-179 of mef2d both in vitro and in vivo." SIGNOR-236041 RPS6KA5 protein O75582 UNIPROT H3F3A protein P84243 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser11 TKQTARKsTGGKAPR 9606 15994958 t gcesareni "Phosphorylation at ser-11 (h3s10ph) by rps6ka4 and rps6ka5 is important during interphase because it enables the transcription of genes following external stimulation, like mitogens, stress, growth factors or uv irradiation and result in the activation of genes, such as c-fos and c-jun." SIGNOR-138479 RPS6KA3 protein P51812 UNIPROT HIST1H3A protein P68431 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser11 TKQTARKsTGGKAPR 9606 15994958 t gcesareni "Phosphorylation at ser-11 (h3s10ph) by rps6ka4 and rps6ka5 is important during interphase because it enables the transcription of genes following external stimulation, like mitogens, stress, growth factors or uv irradiation and result in the activation of genes, such as c-fos and c-jun." SIGNOR-138475 SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT ARAF protein P10398 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr301 LGYRDSGyYWEVPPS 9534 BTO:0004055 9020159 t lperfetto "A-raf behaves like raf-1, being weakly activated by oncogenic ras more strongly activated by oncogenic src, and these signals synergize to give maximal activation. Activation of Raf-1 and A-Raf by Src requires tyrosine phosphorylation at residues 340 and 341 in Raf-1 and 301 and 302 in A-Raf." SIGNOR-236037 RPS6KA5 protein O75582 UNIPROT HIST1H3A protein P68431 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser11 TKQTARKsTGGKAPR 9606 15994958 t gcesareni "Phosphorylation at ser-11 (h3s10ph) by rps6ka4 and rps6ka5 is important during interphase because it enables the transcription of genes following external stimulation, like mitogens, stress, growth factors or uv irradiation and result in the activation of genes, such as c-fos and c-jun." SIGNOR-138483 ACP1 protein P24666 UNIPROT EPHA2 protein P29317 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Tyr960 GHQKRIAySLLGLKD -1 21538645 t gcesareni "The SAM domain tyrosine Y960 which has been implicated in downstream PI3K signaling is dephosphorylated exclusively by HCPTP-B. The activation loop tyrosine (Y772) which directly controls kinase activity is dephosphorylated about six times faster by HCPTP-A. In contrast, the juxtamembrane tyrosines (Y575, Y588 and Y594) which are implicated in both control of kinase activity and downstream signaling are dephosphorylated by both variants with similar rates" SIGNOR-246023 KRAS protein P01116 UNIPROT BRAF protein P15056 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 21779497 t miannu "The raf family of proteins (raf-1, a-raf, and b-raf) is serine/threonine kinases that bind to the effector region of ras-gtp, thus inducing translocation of the protein to the plasma membrane. Once there, raf proteins are activated and phosphorylated by different protein kinases." SIGNOR-156906 PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT KCNN2 protein Q9H2S1 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser568 SSRRRRSsSTAPPTS 9606 16513649 t llicata "Mutagenesis and mass spectrometry studies identified four pka phosphorylation sites: ser465 (minor site) and three amino acid residues ser568, ser569, and ser570 (major sites) within the carboxyl-terminal region. pka activation decreased sk2 surface localization" SIGNOR-145040 PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT KCNN2 protein Q9H2S1 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser569 SRRRRSSsTAPPTSS 9606 16513649 t llicata "Mutagenesis and mass spectrometry studies identified four pka phosphorylation sites: ser465 (minor site) and three amino acid residues ser568, ser569, and ser570 (major sites) within the carboxyl-terminal region. pka activation decreased sk2 surface localization" SIGNOR-145044 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT ELK1 protein P19419 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser383 IHFWSTLsPIAPRSP 10090 BTO:0000944 7889942 t lperfetto "We demonstrate that elk-1, a protein closely related to p62tcf in function, is a nuclear target of two members of the map kinase family, erk1 and erk2, erk1 phosphorylates five c-terminal sites in elk-1 (s324,t336, s383, s389 and s422) with varying degrees of efficiency." SIGNOR-235455 CDK1 protein P06493 UNIPROT ERF protein P50548 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation 9606 SIGNOR-C17 7588608 t lperfetto "Consistent with the in vivo phosphorylation and inactivation by ras, erf is efficiently phosphorylated in vitro by erk2 and cdc2/cyclin b kinases, at sites similar to those detected in vivo. Furthermore, a single mutation at position 526 results in the loss of a specific phosphopeptide both in in vivo and in vitro (by erk2) labeling. Substitution of thr526 for glutamic acid also decreases the repression ability of erf" SIGNOR-29501 ARPC2 protein O15144 UNIPROT ARP2/3 complex SIGNOR-C146 SIGNOR "form complex" binding 9606 12479800 t "The subunits in mammalian cells are named Arp3, Arp2, p41-Arc, p34-Arc, p21-Arc, p20-Arc and p16-Arc" SIGNOR-251514 ARPC1A protein Q92747 UNIPROT ARP2/3 complex SIGNOR-C146 SIGNOR "form complex" binding 9606 12479800 t "The subunits in mammalian cells are named Arp3, Arp2, p41-Arc, p34-Arc, p21-Arc, p20-Arc and p16-Arc" SIGNOR-251515 ARPC3 protein O15145 UNIPROT ARP2/3 complex SIGNOR-C146 SIGNOR "form complex" binding 9606 12479800 t "The subunits in mammalian cells are named Arp3, Arp2, p41-Arc, p34-Arc, p21-Arc, p20-Arc and p16-Arc" SIGNOR-251516 ARPC4 protein P59998 UNIPROT ARP2/3 complex SIGNOR-C146 SIGNOR "form complex" binding 9606 12479800 t "The subunits in mammalian cells are named Arp3, Arp2, p41-Arc, p34-Arc, p21-Arc, p20-Arc and p16-Arc" SIGNOR-251517 ARPC5 protein O15511 UNIPROT ARP2/3 complex SIGNOR-C146 SIGNOR "form complex" binding 9606 12479800 t "The subunits in mammalian cells are named Arp3, Arp2, p41-Arc, p34-Arc, p21-Arc, p20-Arc and p16-Arc" SIGNOR-251518 TAOK proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF21 SIGNOR STK3 protein Q13188 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation 9606 23431053 t milica "In addition, the thousand-and-one (tao) amino acids kinase or taok13 has been shown to directly phosphorylate and activate hpo or mst1/2." SIGNOR-230713 ATM protein Q13315 UNIPROT RAD17 protein O75943 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser656 SASELPAsQPQPFSA 9606 10608806 t lperfetto "We determined a general phosphorylation consensus sequence for atm and identified putative in vitro targets by using glutathione s-transferase peptides as substrates. Putative atm in vitro targets include p95/nibrin, mre11, brca1, rad17, pts, wrn, and atm (s440) itself." SIGNOR-73524 PTK2 protein Q05397 UNIPROT PTK2 protein Q05397 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr407 IIDEEDTyTMPSTRD 9606 BTO:0000671 15694384 t llicata "Once stimulated, fak undergoes autophosphorylation at tyrosine (y) 397, followed by phosphorylation of several sites including y576/y577 which increases fak's kinase activity, as well as at y407, y861, and y925." SIGNOR-133837 SYK protein P43405 UNIPROT BLNK protein Q8WV28 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr178 LLEDEADyVVPVEDN 9606 BTO:0000776 12456653 t llicata "The phosphorylation of multiple tyrosine residues not only amplifies plcgamma-mediated signaling but also supports 'cis'-mediated interaction between distinct signaling effectors within a large molecular complex." SIGNOR-96040 CDK1 protein P06493 UNIPROT MAP2K1 protein Q02750 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr286 VEGDAAEtPPRPRTP 9606 8114697 t gcesareni "P34cdc2 catalyzes the in vitro phosphorylation of mkk1 on both of these threonine residues and inactivates mkk1 enzymatic activity. Both sites are phosphorylated in vivo as well" SIGNOR-36112 CDK1 protein P06493 UNIPROT VIM protein P08670 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser55 TSRSLYAsSPGGVYA 9606 7983050 t llicata "These results strongly suggest that cdc2 kinase is the kinase which phosphorylates vimentin ser55 in the entire cytoplasm during mitosis and that the appearance of immunoreactivities with antibody 4a4 in cell staining indeed reflect the vimentin phosphorylation by cdc2 kinase. immunofluorescent evidence using antibody 4a4 and biochemical analysis using vimentin ser55 peptide showed that the degree of disassembly of vimentin filament of various cell types at early mitotic phase correlated well with the amount of mitotically activated cdc2 kinase." SIGNOR-35492 PTPN11 protein Q06124 UNIPROT IRS1 protein P35568 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation Tyr1179 GLENGLNyIDLDLVK 9606 7515062 t gcesareni "The specific activity of four candidate protein-tyrosine phosphatases (protein-tyrosine phosphatase 1b (ptp1b), sh2 domain-containing ptpase-2 (shp-2), leukocyte common antigen-related (lar), and leukocyte antigen-related phosphatase) (lrp) toward irs-1 dephosphorylation was studied using recombinant proteins in vitro. Ptp1b exhibited the highest specific activity these results provide new insight into novel molecular interactions involving ptp1b and grb2 that may influence the steady-state capacity of irs-1 to function as a phosphotyrosine scaffold and possibly affect the balance of postreceptor insulin signaling." SIGNOR-27024 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT FOXO3 protein O43524 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation 9606 BTO:0001103 21798082 t lperfetto "Akt inactivates protein degradation by phosphorylating and thus repressing the transcription factors of the foxo family, and stimulates protein synthesis via the mammalian target of rapamycin (mtor) and glycogen synthase kinase 3b (gsk3b)." SIGNOR-175288 RXRB protein P28702 UNIPROT RARA protein P10276 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 1310351 t gcesareni "Here we report that the transcriptional activity of rar and rxr can be reciprocally modulated by direct interactions between the two proteins" SIGNOR-16674 RXRB protein P28702 UNIPROT RARB protein P10826 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 1310351 t gcesareni "Here we report that the transcriptional activity of rar and rxr can be reciprocally modulated by direct interactions between the two proteins." SIGNOR-16677 TGFB2 protein P61812 UNIPROT TGFBR2 protein P37173 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 1310899 t gcesareni "A cdna encoding the tgf-beta type ii receptor protein has been isolated by an expression cloning strategy. The cloned cdna, when transfected into cos cells, leads to overexpression of an approximately 80 kd protein that specifically binds radioiodinated tgf-beta 1. Excess tgf-beta 1 competes for binding of radioiodinated tgf-beta 1 in a dose-dependent manner and is more effective than tgf-beta 2." SIGNOR-16690 OXT protein P01178 UNIPROT OXTR protein P30559 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 1313946 t gcesareni "The oxytocin receptor, expressed in xenopus oocytes, specifically responds to oxytocin and induces an inward membrane current" SIGNOR-16758 CTTN protein Q14247 UNIPROT ARP2/3 complex SIGNOR-C146 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 11231575 t "Cortactin binds directly to the Arp2/3 complex and activates it to promote nucleation of actin filaments." SIGNOR-251519 MAP3K7 protein O43318 UNIPROT NFKBIA protein P25963 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" 9606 BTO:0000567 9480845 f lperfetto "Overexpression of tak1 together with its activator protein, tak1 binding protein 1 (tab1), induced the nuclear translocation of nf-kappa b p50/p65 heterodimer accompanied by the degradation of i kappa b alpha and i kappa b beta, and the expression of kappa b-dependent reporter gene." SIGNOR-55716 PTPN12 protein Q05209 UNIPROT SHC1 protein P29353 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation Tyr350 EPPDHQYyNDFPGKE 9606 8939605 t gcesareni "The shc adaptor protein is highly phosphorylated at conserved, twin tyrosine residues (y239/240) that mediate protein-protein interactions." SIGNOR-44862 ATR protein Q13535 UNIPROT RAD17 protein O75943 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser646 ETWSLPLsQNSASEL 9606 BTO:0000567 11687627 t lperfetto "Here we demonstrate that atr but not atm phosphorylates the human rad17 (hrad17) checkpoint protein on ser(635) and ser(645) in vitro.The rfc-related checkpoint protein rad17, a phosphorylation substrate of atr, is critical for atr-mediated checkpoint signaling and cell survival." SIGNOR-111248 CHUK protein O15111 UNIPROT NFKB1 protein P19838 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" phosphorylation Ser932 CDSGVETsFRKLSFT 10090 BTO:0000944 SIGNOR-C14 SIGNOR-C13 11297557 t lperfetto "The i b kinase (ikk) complex rapidly phosphorylates nf- b1 p105 on serine 927 in the pest region romashkova et al. demonstrated that akt binds to and activates inhibitor of kappa b kinase-alfa (ikkalfa), which in turn phosphorylates and thereby promotes the degradation of the inhibitory cofactor of nf-kb, i-kb the scf-betatrcp complex is responsible for the ubiquitination of p100 and p105 following their phosphorylation by ikk." SIGNOR-235442 ATM protein Q13315 UNIPROT IKBKG protein Q9Y6K9 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser85 ELLHFQAsQREEKEF 9606 16497931 t lperfetto "Atm phosphorylates serine-85 of nemo to promote its ubiquitin-dependent nuclear export." SIGNOR-144813 SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT RRAS protein P10301 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr66 DPTIEDSyTKICSVD 9606 BTO:0000007 11682467 t lperfetto "The small gtpase, r-ras, affects cell adhesion by maintaining integrin activity. Activated src oncogene phosphorylates r-ras and suppresses integrin activity. the src phosphorylation site in r-ras was tyrosine 66" SIGNOR-111189 CHUK protein O15111 UNIPROT NFKB1 protein P19838 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" phosphorylation Ser927 DSDSVCDsGVETSFR 10090 BTO:0000944 SIGNOR-C14 SIGNOR-C13 11297557 t lperfetto "The i b kinase (ikk) complex rapidly phosphorylates nf- b1 p105 on serine 927 in the pest region romashkova et al. demonstrated that akt binds to and activates inhibitor of kappa b kinase-alfa (ikkalfa), which in turn phosphorylates and thereby promotes the degradation of the inhibitory cofactor of nf-kb, i-kb the scf-betatrcp complex is responsible for the ubiquitination of p100 and p105 following their phosphorylation by ikk." SIGNOR-235438 PPP5C protein P53041 UNIPROT MAP3K5 protein Q99683 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Thr838 GINPCTEtFTGTLQY 9606 BTO:0000567 11689443 t lperfetto "Pp5 directly dephosphorylated an essential phospho-threonine residue within the kinase domain of ask1 and thereby inactivated ask1 activity in vitro and in vivo." SIGNOR-111301 CHUK protein O15111 UNIPROT NFKBIA protein P25963 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" phosphorylation Ser36 RHDSGLDsMKDEEYE 9606 BTO:0000567 SIGNOR-C14 9346241 t lperfetto "We described the purification of a 900 kda protein kinase complex, the ikb kinase (ikk), that phosphorylates ikbalfa and ikbbeta at the sites that mediate their ubiquitination and degradation" SIGNOR-52879 PTPRB protein P23467 UNIPROT INSR protein P06213 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation Tyr1190 DIYETDYyRKGGKGL 9606 10734133 t gcesareni "Identification of tyrosine phosphatases that dephosphorylate the insulin receptor." SIGNOR-75997 ATM protein Q13315 UNIPROT CHEK2 protein O96017 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser50 TSTMPNSsQSSHSSS 9606 BTO:0000007 10973490 t lperfetto "Phosphorylation and activation of chk2 are ataxia telangiectasia-mutated (atm) dependent in response to iratm- and rad3-related also phosphorylates thr68 in addition to thr26 and ser50, which are not phosphorylated to a significant extent by atm in vitro." SIGNOR-81407 PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT ETV5 protein P41161 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser367 PPYQRRGsLQLWQFL 9606 BTO:0002909 11682477 t lperfetto "We further show that the increase in erm transcriptional activity after pka phosphorylation is closely correlated with a drastic reduction in the dna binding of the transcription factor. These results indicate that the phosphorylation of erm by pka is involved in erm-mediated transcription and suggest that the activation of erm is probably related to conformational changes." SIGNOR-111239 IL3RA protein P26951 UNIPROT STAT5A protein P42229 UNIPROT up-regulates 9606 15795318 f gcesareni "We previously demonstrated that integrin-dependent adhesion activates stat5a, a well known target of il-3-mediated signaling" SIGNOR-134862 RASA1 protein P20936 UNIPROT HRAS protein P01112 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 9219684 t gcesareni "The three-dimensional structure of the complex between human h-ras bound to guanosine diphosphate and the guanosine triphosphatase (gtpase)-activating domain of the human gtpase-activating protein p120gap (gap-334) in the presence of aluminum fluoride was solved at a resolution of 2.5 angstroms." SIGNOR-49477 RNF10 protein Q8N5U6 UNIPROT MEOX2 protein P50222 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 10090 BTO:0000944 16335786 t miannu "RFN10 co-immunoprecipitates with MEOX2. RNF10 potentiates MEOX2 transcriptional activation" SIGNOR-236968 PIAS3 protein Q9Y6X2 UNIPROT STAT3 protein P40763 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 9388184 t gcesareni "Specific inhibition of stat3 signal transduction by pias3stat3 mediated signaling pathways can be inhibited by pias3 (protein inhibitor of activated stat3), which was recently found to regulate protein stability and function by its sumo (small-ubiquitin like modifiers) ligase activity in promoting sumoylation of important nuclear proteins." SIGNOR-53572 PTPN6 protein P29350 UNIPROT EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation Tyr1197 STAENAEyLRVAPQS 9606 9733788 t tpavlidou "The sh2-domain ptpase shp-1 binds to and dephosphorylates autophosphorylated egfr and may participate in modulation of egfr signaling in epithelial cells. Reduced shp-1 binding to the egfr y1173f mutant resulted in a reduced receptor dephosphorylation by coexpressed shp-1 and less interference with egf-dependent mitogen-activated protein kinase stimulation." SIGNOR-59965 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT SMAD1 protein Q15797 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser206 SSSTYPHsPTSSDPG 9606 9335504 t llicata "In contrast to the bmp-stimulated phosphorylation of smad1, which affects carboxy-terminal serines and induces nuclear accumulation of smad1, erk-mediated phosphorylation specifically inhibits the nuclear accumulation of smad1. phosphorylation occurs at specific serines within the region linking the inhibitory and effector domains of smad1" SIGNOR-52687 MAPK8 protein P45983 UNIPROT PPARG protein P37231 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser112 AIKVEPAsPPYYSEK 9606 9030579 t llicata "The a/b domain of human ppargamma1 was phosphorylated in vivo, and this was abolished either by mutation of serine 84 to alanine (s84a) or coexpression of a phosphoprotein phosphatase. In vitro, this domain was phosphorylated by erk2 and jnk, and this was markedly reduced in the s84a mutant. Thus, phosphorylation of a mitogen-activated protein kinase site in the a/b region of ppargamma inhibits both ligand-independent and ligand-dependent transactivation functions." SIGNOR-46518 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT ELK1 protein P19419 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr336 GGPGPERtPGSGSGS 10090 BTO:0000944 7889942 t lperfetto "We demonstrate that elk-1, a protein closely related to p62tcf in function, is a nuclear target of two members of the map kinase family, erk1 and erk2, erki phosphorylates five c-terminal sites in elk-i (s324,t336, s383, s389 and s422) with varying degrees of efficiency." SIGNOR-235467 PRKCB protein P05771 UNIPROT STMN1 protein P16949 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser25 QAFELILsPRSKESV 9606 9271428 t gcesareni "Op18 is multisite phosphorylated on four ser residues during mitosis;two of these ser residues, ser-25 and ser-38, are targets for cyclin-dependent protein kinases. our findings suggest that stathmin phosphorylation in reh6 cells could be in part mediated by pkc activation." SIGNOR-50594 MAP3K14 protein Q99558 UNIPROT CHUK protein O15111 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser176 AKDVDQGsLCTSFVG 9606 BTO:0000007;BTO:0000567 SIGNOR-C14 9520446 t lperfetto "Nf-kappab-inducing kinase activates ikk-alpha by phosphorylation of ser-176. Nik preferentially phosphorylates ikk-alpha over ikk-beta, leading to the activation of ikk-alpha kinase activity; the accumulated nik phosphorylates ikkalfa." SIGNOR-55942 MAP3K14 protein Q99558 UNIPROT CHUK protein O15111 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser180 DQGSLCTsFVGTLQY 9606 BTO:0000007;BTO:0000567 SIGNOR-C14 9520446 t lperfetto "NIK preferentially phosphorylates ikk-alpha over ikk-beta, leading to the activation of ikk-alpha kinase activity; the accumulated nik phosphorylates ikkalfa." SIGNOR-55946 PRKAA1 protein Q13131 UNIPROT POU2F1 protein P14859 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser385 RRRKKRTsIETNIRV 9606 9368058 t lperfetto "Mitosis-specific phosphorylation site in the homeodomain of oct-1 was phosphorylated in vitro by protein kinase a. Pka-mediated phosphorylation event was identified in the cns-specific pou domain protein brn-2/n-oct-3/pou3f2 (nieto et al. 2007). In this case, the modification, at a position homologous to oct1 s385, was found to alter binding specificity for complex dimeric sites." SIGNOR-53254 GSK3B protein P49841 UNIPROT CCND1 protein P24385 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr286 EEVDLACtPTDVRDV 9606 9832503 t gcesareni "Phosphorylation of cyclin d1 on a single threonine residue near the carboxyl terminus (thr-286) positively regulates proteasomal degradation of d1. Now, we demonstrate that glycogen synthase kinase-3beta (gsk-3beta) phosphorylates cyclin d1 specifically on thr-286, thereby triggering rapid cyclin d1 turnover now, we demonstrate that glycogen synthase kinase-3beta (gsk-3beta) phosphorylates cyclin d1 specifically on thr-286, thereby triggering rapid cyclin d1 turnover." SIGNOR-62265 CDK1 protein P06493 UNIPROT GOLGA2 protein Q08379 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser37 REYQQRNsPGVPTGA 9606 9753325 t lperfetto "Cdc2 kinase directly phosphorylates the cis-golgi matrix protein gm130 and is required for golgi fragmentation in mitosis. Mitotic fragmentation of the golgi apparatus can be largely explained by disruption of the interaction between gm130 and the vesicle-docking protein p115. Here we identify a single serine (ser-25) in gm130 as the key phosphorylated target and cdc2 as the responsible kinase" SIGNOR-60281 RPS6KA1 protein Q15418 UNIPROT IRS1 protein P35568 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" phosphorylation 9606 BTO:0001103 21798082 t lperfetto "Negative feedback involves s6k, which inactivates irs by phosphorylation at multiple sites, thus inducing its degradation and altered cell localization." SIGNOR-175687 PTK2 protein Q05397 UNIPROT PTK2 protein Q05397 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr577 YMEDSTYyKASKGKL 9606 BTO:0000671 15694384 t llicata "Once stimulated, fak undergoes autophosphorylation at tyrosine (y) 397, followed by phosphorylation of several sites including y576/y577 which increases fak's kinase activity, as well as at y407, y861, and y925." SIGNOR-133845 SMO protein Q99835 UNIPROT SUFU protein Q9UMX1 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000452 22114142 t lperfetto "In addition to activating g(i), smo signals through its c-terminal tail to inhibit suppressor of fused, resulting in stabilization and activation of the gli family of transcription factors, which execute a transcriptional response to so-called canonical hh signaling." SIGNOR-177656 FRZB protein Q92765 UNIPROT WNT8A protein Q9H1J5 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000671 9326585 t gcesareni "We and others demonstrated that fzb-1 blocks wnt-1 and xwnt-8 signaling in xenopus embryos," SIGNOR-51798 NPM1 protein P06748 UNIPROT FBXW7 protein Q969H0 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity" binding 10090 BTO:0002572 18625840 t gcesareni "We report here that NPM regulates turnover of the c-Myc oncoprotein by acting on the F-box protein Fbw7 , a component of the E3 ligase complex involved in the ubiquitination and proteasome degradation of c-Myc. NPM was required for nucleolar localization and stabili- zation of Fbw7" SIGNOR-245084 FLT3 protein P36888 UNIPROT FLT3 protein P36888 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr591 SSDNEYFyVDFREYE 9606 BTO:0001271 11971190 t lperfetto "Previously we reported that flt3 with itd (flt3/itd) formed a homodimer and was autophosphorylated on tyrosine residuewe examined the role of tyr residues (y589, y591, y597 and y599) in the jm domain in the activation of flt3. In wt-flt3, these tyr residues were important for the fl-dependent activation" SIGNOR-117575 PTK2 protein Q05397 UNIPROT PTK2 protein Q05397 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr861 PIGNQHIyQPVGKPD 9606 BTO:0000671 15694384 t llicata "Once stimulated, fak undergoes autophosphorylation at tyrosine (y) 397, followed by phosphorylation of several sites including y576/y577 which increases fak's kinase activity, as well as at y407, y861, and y925." SIGNOR-133849 FBXW11 protein Q9UKB1 UNIPROT NFKBIA protein P25963 UNIPROT down-regulates ubiquitination Lys21 EGPRDGLkKERLLDD 9606 9990853 t gcesareni "We report here the identification of an ikappab-ubiquitin (ub) ligase complex containing the f-box/wd40-repeat protein, beta-trcp, a vertebrate homolog of drosophila slimb. beta-trcp binds to ikappabalpha only when the latter is specifically phosphorylated by an ikappab kinase complex. here we provide evidence that lysine residues 21 and 22 serve as the primary sites for signal-induced ubiquitination of i kappa b alpha." SIGNOR-64317 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT ELK1 protein P19419 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser422 LSTPVVLsPGPQKP 10090 BTO:0000944 7889942 t lperfetto "We demonstrate that elk-1, a protein closely related to p62tcf in function, is a nuclear target of two members of the map kinase family, erk1 and erk2, erki phosphorylates five c-terminal sites in elk-i (s324,t336, s383, s389 and s422) with varying degrees of efficiency." SIGNOR-235463 PDGFRB protein P09619 UNIPROT PDGFRB protein P09619 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr771 ADIESSNyMAPYDNY 9606 1314164 t llicata "Mutagenesis studies show that tyr740 and 751 are involved in the pdgf-stimulated binding of phosphatidylinositol (pi) 3 kinase, and tyr771 is required for efficient binding of gap, the gtpase activator of ras." SIGNOR-16892 CDK1 protein P06493 UNIPROT KAT5 protein Q92993 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser90 LPGSRPGsPEREVPA 9606 BTO:0000671 16103124 t lperfetto "Moreover, app stabilized tip60 through cdk-dependent phosphorylation" SIGNOR-139653 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT ELK1 protein P19419 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser324 RDLELPLsPSLLGGP 10090 BTO:0000944 7889942 t lperfetto "We demonstrate that elk-1, a protein closely related to p62tcf in function, is a nuclear target of two members of the map kinase family, erk1 and erk2, erk1 phosphorylates five c-terminal sites in elk-1 (s324,t336, s383, s389 and s422) with varying degrees of efficiency." SIGNOR-235459 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT ELK1 protein P19419 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser389 LSPIAPRsPAKLSFQ 10090 BTO:0000944 7889942 t lperfetto "We demonstrate that elk-1, a protein closely related to p62tcf in function, is a nuclear target of two members of the map kinase family, erk1 and erk2, erki phosphorylates five c-terminal sites in elk-i (s324,t336, s383, s389 and s422) with varying degrees of efficiency." SIGNOR-235471 PIK3CD protein O00329 UNIPROT PIK3CD protein O00329 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser1039 NWLAHNVsKDNRQ 9606 10064595 t gcesareni "Autophosphorylation of p110delta phosphoinositide 3-kinase: a new paradigm for the regulation of lipid kinases in vitro and in vivo in vitro autophosphorylation of p110delta completely down-regulates its lipid kinase activity." SIGNOR-65186 FLT3 protein P36888 UNIPROT FLT3 protein P36888 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr589 TGSSDNEyFYVDFRE 9606 BTO:0001271 11971190 t lperfetto "Previously we reported that flt3 with itd (flt3/itd) formed a homodimer and was autophosphorylated on tyrosine residuewe examined the role of tyr residues (y589, y591, y597 and y599) in the jm domain in the activation of flt3. In wt-flt3, these tyr residues were important for the fl-dependent activation" SIGNOR-117571 CDK1 protein P06493 UNIPROT KAT5 protein Q92993 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser86 TKNGLPGsRPGSPER 9606 BTO:0000671 16103124 t gcesareni "Moreover, app stabilized tip60 through cdk-dependent phosphorylation" SIGNOR-139649 FLT3 protein P36888 UNIPROT FLT3 protein P36888 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr599 VDFREYEyDLKWEFP 9606 BTO:0001271 11971190 t lperfetto "Previously we reported that flt3 with itd (flt3/itd) formed a homodimer and was autophosphorylated on tyrosine residuewe examined the role of tyr residues (y589, y591, y597 and y599) in the jm domain in the activation of flt3. In wt-flt3, these tyr residues were important for the fl-dependent activation" SIGNOR-117583 FLT3LG protein P49771 UNIPROT FLT3 protein P36888 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000574 10080542 t gcesareni "Flt3 ligand (fl) is an early-acting potent co-stimulatory cytokine that regulates proliferation and differentiation of a number of blood cell lineages. Its receptor flt3/flk2 belongs to class iii receptor tyrosine kinases that also include the receptors for colony-stimulating factor 1" SIGNOR-65564 GRB2 protein P62993 UNIPROT GAB1 protein Q13480 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000007 12766170 t "Grb2-associated binding (Gab) scaffolding/adapter proteins are a family of three members including mammalian Gab1, Gab2, and Gab3 that are highly conserved." lperfetto "The gab1 docking protein forms a platform for the assembly of a multiprotein signaling complex downstream from receptor tyrosine kinases. In general, recruitment of gab1 occurs indirectly, via the adapter protein grb2" SIGNOR-235917 LAT protein O43561 UNIPROT GRB2 protein P62993 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 23150273 t "Phosphorylated tyrosines 171, 191, and 226 [in LAT] bind to the SH2 domains of the Grb2 family of adaptor proteins and must be present for optimal signalling" SIGNOR-251520 LAT protein O43561 UNIPROT GRB2 protein P62993 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000661 10811803 t "Our results showed that three distal tyrosines, Tyr(171), Tyr(191), and Tyr(226), are responsible for Grb2-binding;" SIGNOR-251521 CDK1 protein P06493 UNIPROT RPA2 protein P15927 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser23 GAGGYTQsPGGFGSP 9606 1318195 t llicata "Cdc2 family kinases phosphorylate a human cell dna replication factor, rpa, and activate dna replication. therefore, the serines on rpa p34 that were necessary for phosphorylation by cdc2 kinase were also necessary for phosphorylation in the cell" SIGNOR-16971 FLT3 protein P36888 UNIPROT GRB2 protein P62993 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 10090 10080542 t gcesareni "FL stimulation induces association of Grb2 with Flt3, SHP-2,and Shc" SIGNOR-245060 FBXW11 protein Q9UKB1 UNIPROT CTNNB1 protein P35222 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 10074433 t gcesareni "We conclude that beta-trcp is a component of an e3 ubiquitin ligase that is responsible for the targeted degradation of phosphorylated beta-catenin. we found that the binding of beta-trcp to beta-catenin was direct." SIGNOR-65429 SMAD7 protein O15105 UNIPROT MAP3K1 protein Q13233 UNIPROT down-regulates 9606 10085121 f lperfetto "Overexpression of smad7 can inhibit the mekk-1-mediated stimulation of smad2 transcriptional activity" SIGNOR-65572 PTPN11 protein Q06124 UNIPROT GAB1 protein Q13480 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Tyr589 SHDSEENyVPMNPNL 9606 BTO:0000782;BTO:0000776 10068651 t lperfetto "Tyrosine phosphorylation of gab2 was induced by stimulation through gp130, il-2r, il-3r, tpor, scfr, and tcr. Gab1 and gab2 were shown to be substrates for shp-2 in vitro." SIGNOR-236258 PTPN11 protein Q06124 UNIPROT GAB1 protein Q13480 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation Tyr659 VADERVDyVVVDQQK 9606 BTO:0000782;BTO:0000776 10068651 t lperfetto "Tyrosine phosphorylation of gab2 was induced by stimulation through gp130, il-2r, il-3r, tpor, scfr, and tcr. Gab1 and gab2 were shown to be substrates for shp-2 in vitro." SIGNOR-236254 MAPKAPK5 protein Q8IW41 UNIPROT MAPK4 protein P31152 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser186 YSHKGYLsEGLVTKW 9606 1319925 t lperfetto "This is due to mk5-dependent phosphorylation and only this retarded erk4 species is both phosphorylated on ser(186) and co-immunoprecipitates with wild-type mk5. We conclude that binding between erk4 and mk5 facilitates phosphorylation of ser(186) and stabilization of the erk4-mk5 complex." SIGNOR-17069 ATM protein Q13315 UNIPROT CHEK2 protein O96017 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr26 SQPHGSVtQSQGSSS 9606 BTO:0000007 12024051 t gcesareni "We show here that autophosphorylation of chk2 produced in a cell-free system requires trans phosphorylation by a wortmannin-sensitive kinase, probably atm or atr" SIGNOR-87850 CSNK2A1 protein P68400 UNIPROT NPHP1 protein O15259 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser123 EEEEESEsEDSEDSG 9606 BTO:0000671 16308564 t lperfetto "Casein kinase 2 (ck2)-mediated phosphorylation of three critical serine residues within a cluster of acidic amino acids in nephrocystin mediates pacs-1 binding, and is essential for colocalization of nephrocystin with pacs-1 at the base of cilia. Inhibition of ck2 activity abrogates this interaction and results in the loss of correct nephrocystin targeting." SIGNOR-142347 ATM protein Q13315 UNIPROT CHEK2 protein O96017 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser33 TQSQGSSsQSQGISS 9606 BTO:0000007 10973490 t lperfetto "Phosphorylation and activation of chk2 are ataxia telangiectasia-mutated (atm) dependent in response to ir" SIGNOR-81399 ERK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF1 SIGNOR FOS protein P01100 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr325 TELEPLCtPVVTCTP 9606 12972619 t lperfetto "In a previous study we have observed that exposure of nih 3t3 cells to pdgf or serum leads to c-fos phosphorylation by erk on specific residues, thr232, thr325, thr331, and ser374, within the cooh-terminal c-fos tad we have recently shown that erk phosphorylates multiple residues within the carboxylterminal transactivation domain (tad) of c-fos, thus resulting in its increased transcriptional activity." SIGNOR-251522 PTPN11 protein Q06124 UNIPROT GAB1 protein Q13480 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation Tyr627 KGDKQVEyLDLDLDS 9606 BTO:0000782;BTO:0000776 10068651 t lperfetto "Tyrosine phosphorylation of gab2 was induced by stimulation through gp130, il-2r, il-3r, tpor, scfr, and tcr. Gab1 and gab2 were shown to be substrates for shp-2 in vitro." SIGNOR-236262 CDK1 protein P06493 UNIPROT RPA2 protein P15927 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser29 QSPGGFGsPAPSQAE 9606 1318195 t llicata "Cdc2 family kinases phosphorylate a human cell dna replication factor, rpa, and activate dna replication. therefore, the serines on rpa p34 that were necessary for phosphorylation by cdc2 kinase were also necessary for phosphorylation in the cell" SIGNOR-16975 ATM protein Q13315 UNIPROT CHEK2 protein O96017 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser19 SHGSSACsQPHGSVT 9606 BTO:0000007 10973490 t lperfetto "Phosphorylation and activation of chk2 are ataxia telangiectasia-mutated (atm) dependent in response to ir" SIGNOR-81391 CSNK2A1 protein P68400 UNIPROT NPHP1 protein O15259 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser121 PTEEEEEsESEDSED 9606 BTO:0000671 16308564 t lperfetto "Casein kinase 2 (ck2)-mediated phosphorylation of three critical serine residues within a cluster of acidic amino acids in nephrocystin mediates pacs-1 binding, and is essential for colocalization of nephrocystin with pacs-1 at the base of cilia. Inhibition of ck2 activity abrogates this interaction and results in the loss of correct nephrocystin targeting." SIGNOR-142343 ATM protein Q13315 UNIPROT CDC25C protein P30307 UNIPROT down-regulates 9606 10097108 f gcesareni "Atm also contributes to the cdc25c activity, particularly in ir-damaged cells, by activating chk2." SIGNOR-65966 WIF1 protein Q9Y5W5 UNIPROT WNT8A protein Q9H1J5 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 10201374 t gcesareni "Here we describe wnt-inhibitory factor-1 (wif-1), a secreted protein that binds to wnt proteins and inhibits their activities." SIGNOR-66892 DUSP5 protein Q16690 UNIPROT MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation 9606 10224087 t gcesareni "Extracellular regulated kinases (erk) 1 and erk2 are authentic substrates for the dual-specificity protein-tyrosine phosphatase vhr. A novel role in down-regulating the erk pathway" SIGNOR-67355 DUSP5 protein Q16690 UNIPROT MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation 9606 10224087 t gcesareni "Extracellular regulated kinases (erk) 1 and erk2 are authentic substrates for the dual-specificity protein-tyrosine phosphatase vhr. A novel role in down-regulating the erk pathway" SIGNOR-67358 PPARGC1A protein Q9UBK2 UNIPROT NFKB1 protein P19838 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 BTO:0001103 SIGNOR-C13 20404331 f lperfetto "In mouse muscles, overexpression of PGC-1beta (like PGC-1alpha) inhibited denervation atrophy, ubiquitin ligase induction, and transcription by NFkappaB" SIGNOR-217969 BTRC protein Q9Y297 UNIPROT CTNNB1 protein P35222 UNIPROT down-regulates ubiquitination 9606 10228155 t gcesareni "Here we show that fwd1 (the mouse homologue of slimb/betatrcp), an f-box/wd40-repeat protein, specifically formed a multi-molecular complex with beta-catenin, axin, gsk-3beta and apc. Mutations at the signal-induced phosphorylation site of beta-catenin inhibited its association with fwd1. Fwd1 facilitated ubiquitination and promoted degradation of beta-catenin, resulting in reduced cytoplasmic beta-catenin levels." SIGNOR-67374 KLF8 protein O95600 UNIPROT CTBP2 protein P56545 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 10090 BTO:0000944 10756197 t miannu "Here we report the characterisation of KLF8/ZNF741/BKLF3 (KLF8). We demonstrate that this protein is able to bind CACCC-boxes in DNA and can repress gene expression by associating with CtBP co-repressors." SIGNOR-236962 MEK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF25 SIGNOR PPARG protein P37231 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser112 AIKVEPAsPPYYSEK 9606 18596912 t lperfetto "In conclusion, PPAR emerges as a tumor-type and tumor-stage-specific modulator that is regulated by at least three mechanisms through the ERK cascade. Downregulation is carried out through (1) MAPK-mediated Ser84/114 phosphorylation, (2) ERK cascade activation through PPAR ligands, and (3) cooperation of PPAR with tumor modulating proteins (such as MEK1)" SIGNOR-244968 GSK3B protein P49841 UNIPROT JUN protein P05412 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser243 PGETPPLsPIDMESQ 9606 BTO:0000007 16023596 t lperfetto "The c-jun and c-myc oncogenic transcription factors are highly unstable proteins due to polyubiquitination. Similar to c-myc, we report here that phosphorylation of c-jun by gsk3 creates a high-affinity binding site for the e3 ligase fbw7, which targets c-jun for polyubiquitination and proteasomal degradation similar to c-myc, we report here that phosphorylation of c-jun by gsk3 creates a high-affinity binding site for the e3 ligase fbw7, which targets c-jun for polyubiquitination and proteasomal degradation.Phosphorylation of Thr-239 and Ser-243 is required for Fbw7-mediated c-Jun disappearance" SIGNOR-235892 CDK1 protein P06493 UNIPROT RAP1GAP protein P47736 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser484 SLIVPGKsPTRKKSG 9606 1406653 t lperfetto "Two of the sites of phosphorylation by cyclic amp (camp)-dependent kinase were localized to serine residues 490 and 499, and one site of phosphorylation by p34cdc2 was localized to serine 484." SIGNOR-18735 ERK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF1 SIGNOR FOS protein P01100 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr232 GGLPEVAtPESEEAF 9606 7816602 t lperfetto "Phosphorylation of the c-fos and c-jun hob1 motif stimulates its activation capacity here we show that the hob1-containing activation domain of c-fos is stimulated by ha-ras in vivo and phosphorylated by a map kinase family member in vitro and that mutating t232 to ala abolishes both functions." SIGNOR-251525 PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT BAD protein Q92934 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser99 PFRGRSRsAPPNLWA 9606 10230394 t gcesareni "Ser-155 is the major phosphoacceptor site for pka on bad, but that pka also phosphorylates ser-112 and ser-136. Phosphorylated bad appears to be the inactive moiety. These results implicate pkac as the candidate kinase for s112 phosphorylation in vivo." SIGNOR-67387 ERK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF1 SIGNOR FOS protein P01100 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser374 PSSDSLSsPTLLAL 9606 12972619 t lperfetto "In a previous study we have observed that exposure of nih 3t3 cells to pdgf or serum leads to c-fos phosphorylation by erk on specific residues, thr232, thr325, thr331, and ser374, within the cooh-terminal c-fos tad we have recently shown that erk phosphorylates multiple residues within the carboxylterminal transactivation domain (tad) of c-fos, thus resulting in its increased transcriptional activity." SIGNOR-251524 PRKACG protein P22612 UNIPROT BAD protein Q92934 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser75 EIRSRHSsYPAGTED 9606 10230396 t gcesareni "Ser-155 is the major phosphoacceptor site for pka on bad, but that pka also phosphorylates ser-112 and ser-136. Phosphorylated bad appears to be the inactive moiety. These results implicate pkac as the candidate kinase for s112 phosphorylation in vivo." SIGNOR-67396 GADD45A protein P24522 UNIPROT CDK1 protein P06493 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 SIGNOR-C17 10362260 t gcesareni "Gadd45 has now been found to directly inhibit the activity of cdc2/cyclin b1 complex" SIGNOR-68221 SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT STAT3 protein P40763 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation 10090 BTO:0000944 9566874 t lperfetto "Previous studies have demonstrated that one STAT family member, Stat3, possesses constitutively elevated tyrosine phosphorylation and DNA-binding activity in fibroblasts stably transformed by the Src oncoprotein.We conclude that Stat3 activation by the Src oncoprotein leads to specific gene regulation and that Stat3 is one of the critical signaling pathways involved in Src oncogenesis." SIGNOR-235445 COL1A1 protein P02452 UNIPROT DDR1 protein Q08345 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 9659900 t gcesareni "We report that the collagens serve as ligands for the previously orphan family of discoidin domain-containing receptor-like tyrosine kinases." SIGNOR-58779 ZFPM2 protein Q8WW38 UNIPROT GATA4 protein P43694 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 10090 BTO:0000944 9927675 t miannu "FOG-2 associates physically with the N-terminal zinc finger of GATA-4 both in vitro and in vivo. This interaction appears to modulate specifically the transcriptional activity of GATA-4 because overexpression of FOG-2 in both NIH 3T3 cells and primary rat cardiomyocytes represses GATA-4-dependent transcription from multiple cardiac-restricted promoters." SIGNOR-236959 DUSP10 protein Q9Y6W6 UNIPROT MAPK14 protein Q16539 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation 9606 10391943 t gcesareni "Mkp-5 binds to p38 and sapk/jnk, but not to mapk/erk, and inactivates p38 and sapk/jnk, but not mapk/erk. p38 is a preferred substrate" SIGNOR-68983 DUSP10 protein Q9Y6W6 UNIPROT MAPK8 protein P45983 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation 9606 10391943 t gcesareni "Mkp-5 directly dephosphorylates sapk/jnk and p38 in vitromkp-5 binds to p38 and sapk/jnk, but not to mapk/erk, and inactivates p38 and sapk/jnk" SIGNOR-68986 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT ARRB1 protein P49407 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser412 EEEDGTGsPQLNNR 9606 10347142 t gcesareni "Erk1 and erk2 phosphorylate beta-arrestin1 at ser-412 in vitro. . in the resting state, cytosolic arrestin1 proteins are constitutively phosphorylated by extracellular signal-regulated kinase (erk) at ser412, located within their distal c terminus. erk-phosphorylated arrestin1 is unable to associate with clathrin cages, whereas this constraint is removed upon its dephosphorylation" SIGNOR-67630 MAPK8IP1 protein Q9UQF2 UNIPROT MAPK8 protein P45983 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 10490659 t "JNK bound to an NH2-terminal reagion of JIP1 (residues 283 to 660)." gcesareni "These experiments demonstrated that 10 different jnk isoforms bound to both jip proteins." SIGNOR-70851 MAPK8IP1 protein Q9UQF2 UNIPROT MAPK9 protein P45984 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 10490659 t "JNK bound to an NH2-terminal reagion of JIP1 (residues 283 to 660)" gcesareni "These experiments demonstrated that 10 different jnk isoforms bound to both jip proteins." SIGNOR-70854 PTPRF protein P10586 UNIPROT INSR protein P06213 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation Tyr1189 RDIYETDyYRKGGKG 9606 1303753 t gcesareni "Lar ptpase shows strong preference for dephosphorylation first at py5 (at tri-, di-, and monophosphotyrosyl levels). Initially this regioselectivity gives the y5(py9)(py10) diphospho regioisomer, followed by equal dephosphorylation at py9 or py10 to give the corresponding monophosphoryl species on the way to fully dephosphorylated product." SIGNOR-16239 MAPK12 protein P53778 UNIPROT MAPT protein P10636 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr522 SSPGSPGtPGSRSRT -1 9199504 t miannu "Phosphorylation of tau by SAPK3 and SAPK4 markedly reduced the ability of tau to promote microtubule assembly. SAPK3 (also called ERK6 and p38) and SAPK4 phosphorylate recombinant tau protein at multiple Ser/Thr-Pro sites that are hyperphosphorylated in PHF-tau, with SAPK4 and SAPK3 being the most effective." SIGNOR-250087 CDK2 protein P24941 UNIPROT PTHLH protein P12272 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr121 YKEQPLKtPGKKKKG 9606 10373465 t llicata "Phosphorylation at the cyclin-dependent kinases site (thr85) of parathyroid hormone-related protein negatively regulates its nuclear localization" SIGNOR-68548 CDK1 protein P06493 UNIPROT PTHLH protein P12272 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr121 YKEQPLKtPGKKKKG 9606 10373465 t lperfetto "Phosphorylation at the cyclin-dependent kinases site (thr85) of parathyroid hormone-related protein negatively regulates its nuclear localization" SIGNOR-68544 GTF2F1 protein P35269 UNIPROT GTF2F1 protein P35269 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser385 GGSSRGNsRPGTPSA 9606 10428810 t gcesareni "We show that tfiifalpha possesses a serine/threonine kinase activity, allowing an autophosphorylation of the two residues at position serine 385 and threonine 389. Mutation analysis strongly suggests that autophosphorylation of both sites regulates the transcription elongation process." SIGNOR-69767 PRKAA1 protein Q13131 UNIPROT EP300 protein Q09472 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser89 SELLRSGsSPNLNMG 9606 BTO:0000801;BTO:0001271;BTO:0000876 21940946 t gcesareni "The mechanism of ampk-mediated anti- inflammation involves the induction of p300 ser89 phosphor- ylation and subsequent inactivation of p300 hat activity." SIGNOR-176637 CDK7 protein P50613 UNIPROT E2F1 protein Q01094 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr433 DCDFGDLtPLDF 9606 10428966 t lperfetto "These results suggest that tfiih-mediated phosphorylation of e2f-1 plays a role in triggering e2f-1 degradation during s phase. here we show that the e2f-1 activation domain interacts with a kinase activity which phosphorylates two sites, ser403 and thr433, within the activation domain." SIGNOR-69780 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT ARRB1 protein P49407 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser412 EEEDGTGsPQLNNR 9606 10347142 t gcesareni "Erk1 and erk2 phosphorylate beta-arrestin1 at ser-412 in vitro. . in the resting state, cytosolic arrestin1 proteins are constitutively phosphorylated by extracellular signal-regulated kinase (erk) at ser412, located within their distal c terminus. erk-phosphorylated arrestin1 is unable to associate with clathrin cages, whereas this constraint is removed upon its dephosphorylation" SIGNOR-67634 CDK7 protein P50613 UNIPROT E2F1 protein Q01094 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser403 PEEFISLsPPHEALD 9606 10428966 t lperfetto "These results suggest that tfiih-mediated phosphorylation of e2f-1 plays a role in triggering e2f-1 degradation during s phase. here we show that the e2f-1 activation domain interacts with a kinase activity which phosphorylates two sites, ser403 and thr433, within the activation domain." SIGNOR-69776 SFRP1 protein Q8N474 UNIPROT WNT1 protein P04628 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 10523516 t gcesareni "Frp inhibits wnt signaling through interactions with wnt and/or formation of nonfunctional complexes with the frizzled receptor. here we demonstrate that frza, a sfrp that is highly expressed in vascular endothelium and a variety of epithelium, specifically binds to wnt-1 protein, but not wnt-5a protein, and modulates wnt-1 signaling." SIGNOR-71423 SOX17 protein Q9H6I2 UNIPROT CTNNB1 protein P35222 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 10549281 t gcesareni "Two additional sox proteins, xsox17alfa and xsox3 , likewise bind to beta-catenin and inhibit its tcf-mediated signaling activity" SIGNOR-72006 PAXIP1 protein Q6ZW49 UNIPROT PAX2 protein Q02962 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 10090 BTO:0000944 10908331 t miannu "PTIP, a novel BRCT domain-containing protein interacts with Pax2 and is associated with active chromatin. The degree of interaction with the Pax2 C-terminal polypeptides correlates with their transcription transactivation potential and we have therefore designated this factor PTIP for Pax transactivation-domain interacting protein." SIGNOR-236965 SOX3 protein P41225 UNIPROT CTNNB1 protein P35222 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 10549281 t gcesareni "Two additional sox proteins, xsox17alfa and xsox3, likewise bind to beta-catenin and inhibit its tcf-mediated signaling activity." SIGNOR-72039 CBP/p300 complex SIGNOR-C6 SIGNOR SMAD2 protein Q15796 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" acetylation Lys19 VKRLLGWkKSAGGSG 9606 BTO:0000567;BTO:0002181;BTO:0000552 17074756 t lperfetto "We demonstrate that both smad2 and smad3 are acetylated by the coactivators p300 and cbp in a tgfbeta-dependent manner. To identify the specific lysine residue acetylated by p300, lys19, and lys20 in smad2(fl) were mutated individually and subjected to p300-mediated acetylation following expression in 293t cells. Mutation of lys19 blocked the p300-mediated acetylation of smad2(fl), whereas mutation of lys20 had no effect (fig. 2b), suggesting that lys19 is the preferred site for p300-mediated acetylation of smad2(fl)." SIGNOR-235899 RBCK1 protein Q9BYM8 UNIPROT BACH1 protein O14867 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" ubiquitination 10090 BTO:0000944 17682061 t miannu "HOIL-1 bound Bach1 in vivo and thus stimulated its polyubiquitination in vitro. These results suggest that heme regulates the polyubiquitination of Bach1 and subsequent degradation and that HOIL-1 may function as an E3 ligase in this process." SIGNOR-236971 CSNK1A1 protein P48729 UNIPROT FOXO6 protein A8MYZ6 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation 9606 BTO:0000150;BTO:0001130;BTO:0001271;BTO:0000527 19188143 t gcesareni "Additionally, ck1, dyrk1a, and cdk2 also phosphorylate foxos at various sites to inhibit foxos activity." SIGNOR-183667 CellCont stimulus SIGNOR-ST13 SIGNOR AMOT/MPP5/INADL/LIN7C complex SIGNOR-C27 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 21529719 f milica "In vertebrates, cell density information feeds into the Hpo pathway, which is transmitted, in part, through the Crumbs polarity complex. The Crumbs complex contains Angiomotin (AMOT), a protein that binds YAP/TAZ and SMAD to inhibit their nuclear activity." SIGNOR-230700 CellCont stimulus SIGNOR-ST13 SIGNOR TJP2 protein Q9UDY2 UNIPROT up-regulates 9606 21529719 f milica "Another junction protein, the tight junction protein ZO-2, binds to YAP/TAZ, facilitating their nuclear translocation." SIGNOR-230703 TAOK proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF21 SIGNOR STK4 protein Q13043 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation 9606 23431053 t milica "In addition, the thousand-and-one (tao) amino acids kinase or taok13 has been shown to directly phosphorylate and activate hpo or mst1/2." SIGNOR-230710 STK3 protein Q13188 UNIPROT SAV1 protein Q9H4B6 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation -1 BTO:0000007 16930133 t milica "In vitro phosphorylation experiments indicate that the phosphorylation of Sav by Mst is direct. The stabilizing effect of Mst was much greater on N-terminally truncated hSav mutants, as long as they retained the ability to bind Mst. Mst mutants that lacked the C-terminal coiled-coil domain and were unable to bind to hSav, also failed to stabilize or phosphorylate hSav" SIGNOR-230716 TNF protein P01375 UNIPROT TNFRSF1B protein P20333 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 12040173 t lperfetto "The binding of tnf to tnf-r1 triggers a series of intracellular events that ultimately result in the activation of two major transcription factors, nuclear factor kb (nf-kb) and c-jun." SIGNOR-88216 ADAM17 protein P78536 UNIPROT NOTCH1 protein P46531 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" cleavage 9606 BTO:0000567 10882063 t gcesareni "... here we show that an additional processing event occurs in the extracellular part of the receptor, preceding cleavage by the gamma-secretase-like activity. Purification of the activity accounting for this cleavage in vitro shows that it is due to tace (tnfalpha-converting enzyme), a member of the adam (a disintegrin and metalloprotease domain) family of metalloproteases." SIGNOR-78903 IL1R1 protein P14778 UNIPROT MYD88 protein Q99836 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0003432 10217414 t lperfetto "Interleukin-1 (il-1) stimulates the association of the il-1 receptor-associated protein kinase (irak) with the heterodimer of il-iri and il-iracp via the adapter protein myd88." SIGNOR-67140 PRKACB protein P22694 UNIPROT BAD protein Q92934 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser118 GRELRRMsDEFVDSF 9606 10949026 t gcesareni "Ser-155 is the major phosphoacceptor site for pka on bad, but that pka also phosphorylates ser-112 and ser-136." SIGNOR-81141 PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT PTPN7 protein P35236 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser44 RLQERRGsNVALMLD 9606 10559944 t llicata "Here we show that cyclic-amp-dependent protein kinase (pka) phosphorylates serine residue 23 in the kim of heptp in vitro and in intact cells. This modification reduces binding of map kinases to the kim, an effect that is prevented by mutation of serine 23 to alanine." SIGNOR-72147 TEAD proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF22 SIGNOR YAP1 protein P46937 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 23431053 t miannu "YAP/TAZ do not contain intrinsic DNA-binding domains but instead bind to the promoters of target genes by interacting with DNA-binding transcription factors. YAP/TAZ mainly bind to the transcription factors TEAD1–4 to regulate genes involved in cell proliferation and cell death" SIGNOR-230719 602306-29-6 chemical CID:16747683 PUBCHEM CDK9 protein P50750 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-190182 SKI protein P12755 UNIPROT EP300 protein Q09472 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 SIGNOR-C6 10575014 t gcesareni "Smad2/3 interacts with c-ski through its c-terminal mh2 domain in a tgf-beta-dependent mannerc-ski is incorporated in the smad dna binding complex, interferes with the interaction of smad3 with a transcriptional co-activator, p300, and in turn recruits hdac. c-ski is thus a transcriptional co-repressor that links smads to hdac in tgf-beta signaling." SIGNOR-72664 BIRC5 protein O15392 UNIPROT CASP3 protein P42574 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 10587640 t gcesareni "Use of a dominant-negative survivin mutant or antisense survivin complementary dna disrupts a supramolecular assembly of survivin, caspase-3 and the cyclin-dependent-kinase inhibitor p21waf1/cip1 within centrosomes, and results in caspase-dependent cleavage of p21." SIGNOR-72882 TEAD proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF22 SIGNOR WWTR1 protein Q9GZV5 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 23431053 t miannu "YAP/TAZ do not contain intrinsic DNA-binding domains but instead bind to the promoters of target genes by interacting with DNA-binding transcription factors. YAP/TAZ mainly bind to the transcription factors TEAD1–4 to regulate genes involved in cell proliferation and cell death" SIGNOR-230722 MYD88 protein Q99836 UNIPROT IRAK1 protein P51617 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 10090 BTO:0003432 10217414 t lperfetto "Interleukin-1 (il-1) stimulates the association of the il-1 receptor-associated protein kinase (irak) with the heterodimer of il-iri and il-iracp via the adapter protein myd88. Myd88 binds to both irak (il-1 receptor-associated kinase) and the heterocomplex (the signaling complex) of the two receptor chains and thereby mediates the association of irak with the receptor." SIGNOR-67143 PRKCG protein P05129 UNIPROT GSK3A protein P49840 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser21 SGRARTSsFAEPGGG 9606 BTO:0000007 11884598 t gcesareni "Convergence of multiple signaling cascades at glycogen synthase kinase 3: edg receptor-mediated phosphorylation and inactivation by lysophosphatidic acid through a protein kinase c-dependent intracellular pathway." SIGNOR-115726 IRAK1 protein P51617 UNIPROT TRAF6 protein Q9Y4K3 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000007 12242293 t lperfetto "We now find that the phosphorylated IRAK in turn recruits TRAF6 to the receptor complex (complex I), which differs from the previous concept that IRAK interacts with TRAF6 after it leaves the receptor. IRAK then brings TRAF6 to TAK1" SIGNOR-92994 TBK1 protein Q9UHD2 UNIPROT IKBKE protein Q14164 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 18353649 t lperfetto "Whereas nemo assembles some but not all ikk complexes [12,13], recent reports provide strong experimental evidence for a role of tank [also called traf-interacting protein (i-traf)], nak-associated protein (nap1) and similar to nap1 tbk1 adaptor (sintbad) in the assembly of tbk1 and ikk-e kinase complexes that phosphorylate irf3 and irf7 and promote type i ifn gene induction" SIGNOR-178053 ATM protein Q13315 UNIPROT ATM protein Q13315 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser440 SPLLMILsQLLPQQR -1 10608806 t llicata "Putative ATM in vitro targets include p95/nibrin, Mre11, Brca1, Rad17, PTS, WRN, and ATM (S440) itself." SIGNOR-250576 MAPK12 protein P53778 UNIPROT MAPT protein P10636 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr548 KKVAVVRtPPKSPSS -1 9199504 t miannu "Phosphorylation of tau by SAPK3 and SAPK4 markedly reduced the ability of tau to promote microtubule assembly. SAPK3 (also called ERK6 and p38) and SAPK4 phosphorylate recombinant tau protein at multiple Ser/Thr-Pro sites that are hyperphosphorylated in PHF-tau, with SAPK4 and SAPK3 being the most effective." SIGNOR-250088 PRKAA2 protein P54646 UNIPROT EEF2K protein O00418 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser398 DSLPSSPsSATPHSQ 9606 BTO:0000665 14709557 t miannu " AMPK can phosphorylate three sites in eEF2 kinase in vitro. Of these, Ser-398 appears to be more efficiently phosphorylated than either Ser-78 or Ser-366. phosphorylation of eEF2 kinase at Ser-398 leads to an increase in its activity." SIGNOR-250320 "arachidonic acid" smallmolecule CID:444899 PUBCHEM PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT up-regulates "chemical activation" 9606 1357097 t miannu "These results suggest that the activation of protein kinase c by both arachidonic acid and phorbol esters may play a role in the potentiation of glutamate exocytosis." SIGNOR-17809 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR TSC1/TSC2 complex SIGNOR-C101 SIGNOR "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation 10090 BTO:0000011 19593385 t lperfetto "In examining the requirements for different Akt-mediated phosphorylation sites on TSC2, we find that only TSC2 mutants lacking all five previously identified Akt sites fully block insulin-stimulated mTORC1 signaling in reconstituted Tsc2 null cells, and this mutant also inhibits adipogenesis" SIGNOR-251526 TSC1/TSC2 complex SIGNOR-C101 SIGNOR mTORC1 complex SIGNOR-C3 SIGNOR "down-regulates activity" 9606 BTO:0000007;BTO:0001938 12271141 f lperfetto "These findings strongly implicate the tuberin-hamartin tumor suppressor complex as an inhibitor of mtor" SIGNOR-251527 PTPRH protein Q9HD43 UNIPROT INSR protein P06213 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation Tyr1190 DIYETDYyRKGGKGL 9606 10734133 t gcesareni "These results, combined with secondary dephosphorylation tests, confirm and extend earlier findings that ptp-1b and t-cell ptp are physiological enzymes for the insulin receptor kinase" SIGNOR-76080 JAK2 protein O60674 UNIPROT JAK2 protein O60674 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr813 NSLFTPDyELLTEND 9606 BTO:0000007 15121872 t "16705160:The effect of Ser523 on Jak2 function was independent of Tyr570-mediated inhibition." lperfetto "Tyrosine 813 is a site of jak2 autophosphorylation critical for activation of jak2 by sh2-b betawe show that phosphorylation of tyrosine 813 is required for the sh2 domain-containing adapter protein sh2-b beta to bind jak2 and to enhance the activity of jak2 and stat5b." SIGNOR-235910 PTPRF protein P10586 UNIPROT INSR protein P06213 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation Tyr1185 FGMTRDIyETDYYRK 9606 10734133 t gcesareni "Lar ptpase shows strong preference for dephosphorylation first at py5 (at tri-, di-, and monophosphotyrosyl levels). Initially this regioselectivity gives the y5(py9)(py10) diphospho regioisomer, followed by equal dephosphorylation at py9 or py10 to give the corresponding monophosphoryl species on the way to fully dephosphorylated product." SIGNOR-76005 PTPRF protein P10586 UNIPROT INSR protein P06213 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation Tyr1189 RDIYETDyYRKGGKG 9606 10734133 t gcesareni "Lar ptpase shows strong preference for dephosphorylation first at py5 (at tri-, di-, and monophosphotyrosyl levels). Initially this regioselectivity gives the y5(py9)(py10) diphospho regioisomer, followed by equal dephosphorylation at py9 or py10 to give the corresponding monophosphoryl species on the way to fully dephosphorylated product." SIGNOR-76009 PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT CFTR protein P13569 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser768 LQARRRQsVLNLMTH 9606 1377674 t lperfetto "Direct amino acid sequencing and peptide mapping of cf-2 revealed that serines 660, 700, 737, and 813 as well as serine 768, serine 795, or both were phosphorylated by pka and pkgcftr possesses a large cluster of strict dibasic consensus sites for phosphorylation by protein kinase a (pka) in the r-domain and an obligatory dependence on phosphorylation is a hallmark of cftr cl(-) channel function" SIGNOR-18141 PRKG1 protein Q13976 UNIPROT CFTR protein P13569 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser737 EPLERRLsLVPDSEQ 9606 1377674 t lperfetto "Direct amino acid sequencing and peptide mapping of cf-2 revealed that serines 660, 700, 737, and 813 as well as serine 768, serine 795, or both were phosphorylated by pka and pkgcftr possesses a large cluster of strict dibasic consensus sites for phosphorylation by protein kinase a (pka) in the r-domain and an obligatory dependence on phosphorylation is a hallmark of cftr cl(-) channel function" SIGNOR-18241 PRKAA1 protein Q13131 UNIPROT EEF2K protein O00418 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser398 DSLPSSPsSATPHSQ 9606 BTO:0000665 14709557 t miannu " AMPK can phosphorylate three sites in eEF2 kinase in vitro. Of these, Ser-398 appears to be more efficiently phosphorylated than either Ser-78 or Ser-366. phosphorylation of eEF2 kinase at Ser-398 leads to an increase in its activity." SIGNOR-250403 PTPRB protein P23467 UNIPROT INSR protein P06213 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation Tyr1189 RDIYETDyYRKGGKG 9606 10734133 t gcesareni "Identification of tyrosine phosphatases that dephosphorylate the insulin receptor." SIGNOR-75993 PRKG1 protein Q13976 UNIPROT CFTR protein P13569 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser768 LQARRRQsVLNLMTH 9606 1377674 t lperfetto "Direct amino acid sequencing and peptide mapping of cf-2 revealed that serines 660, 700, 737, and 813 as well as serine 768, serine 795, or both were phosphorylated by pka and pkgcftr possesses a large cluster of strict dibasic consensus sites for phosphorylation by protein kinase a (pka) in the r-domain and an obligatory dependence on phosphorylation is a hallmark of cftr cl(-) channel function" SIGNOR-18245 PTPRF protein P10586 UNIPROT INSR protein P06213 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation Tyr1190 DIYETDYyRKGGKGL 9606 10734133 t gcesareni "Lar ptpase shows strong preference for dephosphorylation first at py5 (at tri-, di-, and monophosphotyrosyl levels). Initially this regioselectivity gives the y5(py9)(py10) diphospho regioisomer, followed by equal dephosphorylation at py9 or py10 to give the corresponding monophosphoryl species on the way to fully dephosphorylated product." SIGNOR-76013 PTPRJ protein Q12913 UNIPROT INSR protein P06213 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation Tyr999 YASSNPEyLSASDVF 9606 10734133 t gcesareni "These results, combined with secondary dephosphorylation tests, confirm and extend earlier findings that ptp-1b and t-cell ptp are physiological enzymes for the insulin receptor kinase." SIGNOR-76100 CD40LG protein P29965 UNIPROT CD40 protein P25942 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000776 12324477 t lperfetto "Ramos cells were mixed with increasing numbers of transfected cells that expressed cd70 (cd27l) or cd154 (cd40l), both of which are expressed by activated T cells, in the presence of anti-igm ab. Cd27 ligation as well as cd40 ligation inhibited bcr-mediated apoptosis in a dose-dependent manner. cd40 binds its ligand cd40l." SIGNOR-93432 BRAF protein P15056 UNIPROT MAP2K1 protein Q02750 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser222 LIDSMANsFVGTRSY -1 8413257 t lperfetto "Raf-1 phosphorylation of MEK activated it, as judged by its ability to stimulate the phosphorylation of myelin basic protein by glutathione S-transferase-ERK1." SIGNOR-39054 PTPRH protein Q9HD43 UNIPROT INSR protein P06213 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation Tyr999 YASSNPEyLSASDVF 9606 10734133 t gcesareni "These results, combined with secondary dephosphorylation tests, confirm and extend earlier findings that ptp-1b and t-cell ptp are physiological enzymes for the insulin receptor kinase" SIGNOR-76084 MAPK14 protein Q16539 UNIPROT TP53 protein P04637 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser392 FKTEGPDsD 10747897 t miannu "We demonstrate that anisomycin- and tumor necrosis factor--induced phosphorylation of p53 at Ser-392, which is important for the transcriptional activity of this growth suppressor protein, requires p38 MAP kinase" SIGNOR-250114 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT MAP2K1 protein Q02750 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr386 IGLNQPStPTHAAGV 9606 BTO:0000007 10567369 t lperfetto "An ERK2-binding site at the N terminus of MEK1 was reported to mediate their stable association. We examined the importance of this binding site in the feedback phosphorylation of mek1 on thr(292) and thr(386) by erk2" SIGNOR-236498 IRAK1 protein P51617 UNIPROT PELI1 protein Q96FA3 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser293 FNTLAFPsMKRKDVV 9606 BTO:0000007 12496252 t lperfetto "In this article we demonstrate that pellino 1 is phosphorylated at multiple sites by irak1 or irak4 in vitro. The key residues involved in activation are located between residues 76 and 86 (ser-76, ser-78, thr-80, ser-82, and thr-86) and at thr-288 and ser-293, just n-terminal to the ring-like domain that carries the e3 ligase activity. Unusually, we found that the phosphorylation of ser-76 or thr-288 or ser-293 alone was sufficient for maximal activation" SIGNOR-96735 BRAF protein P15056 UNIPROT MAP2K1 protein Q02750 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser218 VSGQLIDsMANSFVG 10090 BTO:0000944 8131746 t lperfetto "Activation of mek family kinases requires phosphorylation of two conserved ser/thr residueserine residues 218 and 222 of human mek1 are the primary sites for phosphorylation by c-raf." SIGNOR-235475 CSNK2A1 protein P68400 UNIPROT HMGN1 protein P05114 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser8 MPKRKVSsAEGAAKE 9606 10739259 t gcesareni "Peptide mass and sequence analysis showed major and minor phosphorylation sites, respectively, at ser24 and ser28 in hmg-17, and ser20 and ser24 in hmg-14 a third phosphorylation site in hmg-14 was located at either ser6 or ser7phosphorylation of ser6 and ser7 may compromise the binding of hmgn1 protein to the binding domain of importin proteins, which in turn affects the nuclear transport and sub-cellular localization of hmgn1 protein. Protein kinase ck2 could potentially be an enzyme that regulates this process." SIGNOR-76270 PTPRJ protein Q12913 UNIPROT INSR protein P06213 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation Tyr1189 RDIYETDyYRKGGKG 9606 10734133 t gcesareni "These results, combined with secondary dephosphorylation tests, confirm and extend earlier findings that ptp-1b and t-cell ptp are physiological enzymes for the insulin receptor kinase." SIGNOR-76092 BRAF protein P15056 UNIPROT MAP2K1 protein Q02750 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser252 DIWSMGLsLVEMAVG -1 8413257 t lperfetto "Raf-1 phosphorylation of MEK activated it, as judged by its ability to stimulate the phosphorylation of myelin basic protein by glutathione S-transferase-ERK1." SIGNOR-39062 IKBKE protein Q14164 UNIPROT IRF3 protein Q14653 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser385 MARVGGAsSLENTVD -1 18440553 t lperfetto "Virus-induced phosphoactivation of irf-3, thought to be mediated directly or indirectly by ikkepsilon And/or tbk1 occurs in the c-terminal region of irf-3 at seven ser/thr residues, 385sslentvdlhisnshplslts405 (fig. 1a).Within This region, irf-3 has two phosphorylation sites: site 1 includes ser385 and ser386, whereas site 2 includes ser396, ser398, ser402, ser405, and thr404." SIGNOR-178363 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT FOS protein P01100 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr331 CTPVVTCtPSCTAYT 9606 BTO:0000007 12972619 t lperfetto "We have recently shown that erk phosphorylates multiple residues within the carboxylterminal transactivation domain (tad) of c-fos, thus resulting in its increased transcriptional activity. ERK2 phosphorylated c-Fos TADs that included Thr- 325, Thr-331, or Ser-374 as unique phospho-acceptor sites, thus indicating that these residues can serve as in vitro targets for the enzymatic activity of ERK2." SIGNOR-236014 RAF1 protein P04049 UNIPROT MAP2K1 protein Q02750 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser222 LIDSMANsFVGTRSY 9606 BTO:0000975 10359597 t lperfetto "Among other effectors, active ras binds and activates the raf kinase, iniziating a kinase cascade involving serine phosporylation of mek1/2 (mapkk) and tyrosine and threonine phosphorylation of erk1/2 ras activation leads to raf and subsequently mek activation. Phospholipide analysis demostrated that serine residues 218 and 222 of human mek1 are the primary sites for phosphorylation by c-raf." SIGNOR-235991 BRAF protein P15056 UNIPROT MAP2K1 protein Q02750 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser248 SVQSDIWsMGLSLVE -1 8413257 t lperfetto "Raf-1 phosphorylation of MEK activated it, as judged by its ability to stimulate the phosphorylation of myelin basic protein by glutathione S-transferase-ERK1." SIGNOR-39058 AURKB protein Q96GD4 UNIPROT WWC1 protein Q8IX03 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser539 TSLSPRSsLSSPSPP 9606 21878642 t llicata "We identified the highly conserved ser(539) as the primary phosphorylation site for aurora kinases." SIGNOR-176363 ITSN1 protein Q15811 UNIPROT CDC42 protein P60953 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 15824104 t gcesareni "Full-length intersectin-l exhibited little ability to stimulate nucleotide exchange on cdc42" SIGNOR-135377 DLK1 protein P80370 UNIPROT NOTCH1 protein P46531 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 10090 BTO:0002572 21419176 t gcesareni "Moreover, the interaction of DLK1 with NOTCH1 caused an inhibition of basal NOTCH signaling in preadipocytes and mesenchymal multipotent cells. In this work, we demonstrate, for the first time, that DLK2 interacts with itself, with DLK1, and with the same NOTCH1 receptor region as DLK1 does. We demonstrate also that the interaction of DLK2 with NOTCH1 similarly results in an inhibition of NOTCH signaling in preadipocytes and Mouse Embryo fibloblasts." SIGNOR-172830 CSNK1D protein P48730 UNIPROT YAP1 protein P46937 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser400 SRDESTDsGLSMSSY 9606 phosphorylation:Ser127 PQHVRAHsSPASLQL 24715453 t milica "LATS1/2-mediated phosphorylation of a conserved serine in this region (Ser311 in human TAZ; Ser397 in human YAP) primes for further phosphorylation by CK1_/_ kinases (Ser314 on human TAZ; Ser400/403 in human YAP)" SIGNOR-230738 FGF1 protein P05230 UNIPROT FGFR4 protein P22455 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 1385111 t gcesareni "Our results establish an fgf binding profile for fgfr-4 with afgf having the highest affinity, followed by k-fgf/hst-1 and bfgf. In addition, fgf-6 was found to bind to fgfr-4 in ligand competition experiments. Ligands binding to fgfr-4 induced receptor autophosphorylation and phosphorylation of a set of cellular polypeptides." SIGNOR-18454 FGF2 protein P09038 UNIPROT FGFR4 protein P22455 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 1385111 t gcesareni "Our results establish an fgf binding profile for fgfr-4 with afgf having the highest affinity, followed by k-fgf/hst-1 and bfgf. In addition, fgf-6 was found to bind to fgfr-4 in ligand competition experiments. Ligands binding to fgfr-4 induced receptor autophosphorylation and phosphorylation of a set of cellular polypeptides." SIGNOR-18564 MAP2K1 protein Q02750 UNIPROT MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation 9606 BTO:0000443 12270934 t lperfetto "Mek1 as indicated by extensive phosphorylation of erk1 and erk2 during the initial 2 h of adipogenesis." SIGNOR-235940 PCSK7 protein Q16549 UNIPROT RELA protein Q04206 UNIPROT up-regulates 10090 BTO:0000165;BTO:0000222 BTO:0000887;BTO:0001103 14767066 f lperfetto "Treatment with sb203580 significantly reduced this cooperation, consistent with the idea that p38 indirectly stimulates the transactivating activity of p65 through a mechanism involving cbp." SIGNOR-235734 INHA protein P05111 UNIPROT TGFBR3 protein Q03167 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 10746731 t gcesareni "Type iii tgf-beta receptor, betaglycan, can function as an inhibin co-receptor with actrii. Betaglycan binds inhibin with high affinity and enhances binding in cells co-expressing actrii and betaglycan. ability of betaglycan to facilitate inhibin antagonism of activin" SIGNOR-76470 MAPK14 protein Q16539 UNIPROT SMAD3 protein P84022 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser204 NHSMDAGsPNLSPNP 9606 BTO:0001939 15520018 t miannu "Smad3 was phosphorylated at both Ser203 and Ser207 in untreated MCF10CA1h cells and the p38 and ROCK inhibitors each down-regulated phosphorylation at these sites. we demonstrate that phosphorylation at Ser203 and Ser207 residues is required for the full transactivation potential of Smad3, and that these residues are targets of the p38 and Rho/ROCK pathways." SIGNOR-250113 FGF4 protein P08620 UNIPROT FGFR4 protein P22455 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 1385111 t gcesareni "Our results establish an fgf binding profile for fgfr-4 with afgf having the highest affinity, followed by k-fgf/hst-1 and bfgf. In addition, fgf-6 was found to bind to fgfr-4 in ligand competition experiments. Ligands binding to fgfr-4 induced receptor autophosphorylation and phosphorylation of a set of cellular polypeptides." SIGNOR-18567 MAPK14 protein Q16539 UNIPROT SMAD3 protein P84022 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser208 DAGSPNLsPNPMSPA 9606 BTO:0001939 15520018 t miannu "Smad3 was phosphorylated at both Ser203 and Ser207 in untreated MCF10CA1h cells and the p38 and ROCK inhibitors each down-regulated phosphorylation at these sites. we demonstrate that phosphorylation at Ser203 and Ser207 residues is required for the full transactivation potential of Smad3, and that these residues are targets of the p38 and Rho/ROCK pathways." SIGNOR-250112 IRAK1 protein P51617 UNIPROT PELI1 protein Q96FA3 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser76 ISNKDQHsISYTLSR 9606 BTO:0000007 12496252 t lperfetto "In this article we demonstrate that pellino 1 is phosphorylated at multiple sites by irak1 or irak4 in vitro. The key residues involved in activation are located between residues 76 and 86 (ser-76, ser-78, thr-80, ser-82, and thr-86) and at thr-288 and ser-293, just n-terminal to the ring-like domain that carries the e3 ligase activity. Unusually, we found that the phosphorylation of ser-76 or thr-288 or ser-293 alone was sufficient for maximal activation" SIGNOR-96739 IRAK1 protein P51617 UNIPROT PELI1 protein Q96FA3 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr288 QCPVGFNtLAFPSMK 9606 BTO:0000007 12496252 t lperfetto "In this article we demonstrate that pellino 1 is phosphorylated at multiple sites by irak1 or irak4 in vitro. The key residues involved in activation are located between residues 76 and 86 (ser-76, ser-78, thr-80, ser-82, and thr-86) and at thr-288 and ser-293, just n-terminal to the ring-like domain that carries the e3 ligase activity. Unusually, we found that the phosphorylation of ser-76 or thr-288 or ser-293 alone was sufficient for maximal activation" SIGNOR-96751 ATM protein Q13315 UNIPROT CHEK2 protein O96017 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser28 PHGSVTQsQGSSSQS 9606 BTO:0000007 10973490 t lperfetto "Phosphorylation and activation of chk2 are ataxia telangiectasia-mutated (atm) dependent in response to irser28 was also found to be phosphorylated in an atm-dependent manner" SIGNOR-81395 MAPK14 protein Q16539 UNIPROT NFATC4 protein Q14934 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser168 QGGGAFFsPSPGSSS 10029 BTO:0001131 11997522 t miannu "P38 MAP kinase phosphorylates Ser168 and Ser170 of NFATc4. Mutational replacement of Ser168,170 with Ala promotes NFATc4 nuclear localization and increases NFATc4-mediated transcription activity." SIGNOR-250107 CSNK1E protein P49674 UNIPROT YAP1 protein P46937 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser403 ESTDSGLsMSSYSVP 9606 phosphorylation:Ser127 PQHVRAHsSPASLQL 24715453 t milica "LATS1/2-mediated phosphorylation of a conserved serine in this region (Ser311 in human TAZ; Ser397 in human YAP) primes for further phosphorylation by CK1_/_ kinases (Ser314 on human TAZ; Ser400/403 in human YAP)" SIGNOR-230733 IRAK1 protein P51617 UNIPROT PELI1 protein Q96FA3 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr86 YTLSRAQtVVVEYTH 9606 BTO:0000007 12496252 t lperfetto "In this article we demonstrate that pellino 1 is phosphorylated at multiple sites by irak1 or irak4 in vitro. The key residues involved in activation are located between residues 76 and 86 (ser-76, ser-78, thr-80, ser-82, and thr-86) and at thr-288 and ser-293, just n-terminal to the ring-like domain that carries the e3 ligase activity. Unusually, we found that the phosphorylation of ser-76 or thr-288 or ser-293 alone was sufficient for maximal activation" SIGNOR-96759 FGF6 protein P10767 UNIPROT FGFR4 protein P22455 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 1385111 t gcesareni "Our results establish an fgf binding profile for fgfr-4 with afgf having the highest affinity, followed by k-fgf/hst-1 and bfgf. In addition, fgf-6 was found to bind to fgfr-4 in ligand competition experiments. Ligands binding to fgfr-4 induced receptor autophosphorylation and phosphorylation of a set of cellular polypeptides." SIGNOR-18570 TNFRSF17 protein Q02223 UNIPROT MAPK8 protein P45983 UNIPROT up-regulates 9606 10903733 f miannu "Overexpression of bcma activates jnk" SIGNOR-79489 IRF7 protein Q92985 UNIPROT IFNA1 protein P01562 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 16612387 f gcesareni "Ikkalfa can also phosphorylate and activate interferon regulatory factor-7 (irf7), which is required for interferon-alfa (ifnalfa) production." SIGNOR-146119 SIRT1 protein Q96EB6 UNIPROT RELA protein Q04206 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" deacetylation Lys310 KRTYETFkSIMKKSP 9606 BTO:0002207 15152190 t gcesareni "SIRT1 physically interacts with the RelA/p65 subunit of NF-kappaB and inhibits transcription by deacetylating RelA/p65 at lysine 310." SIGNOR-238817 LTBR protein P36941 UNIPROT TRAF2 protein Q12933 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000007 12571250 t lperfetto "Endogenous association of traf2, traf3, ciap1, and smac with lymphotoxin beta receptor reveals a novel mechanism of apoptosis." SIGNOR-97950 IKBKB protein O14920 UNIPROT NFKB1 protein P19838 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser923 DELRDSDsVCDSGVE 9606 BTO:0000007 SIGNOR-C13 11158290 t lperfetto "Ikkbeta phosphorylates p105 resulting in its degradation, which releases tpl2 resulting in activation of the pro-proliferative map kinase- pathway." SIGNOR-104803 CSNK1D protein P48730 UNIPROT YAP1 protein P46937 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser403 ESTDSGLsMSSYSVP 9606 phosphorylation:Ser127 PQHVRAHsSPASLQL 24715453 t milica "LATS1/2-mediated phosphorylation of a conserved serine in this region (Ser311 in human TAZ; Ser397 in human YAP) primes for further phosphorylation by CK1_/_ kinases (Ser314 on human TAZ; Ser400/403 in human YAP)" SIGNOR-230743 CSNK1E protein P49674 UNIPROT WWTR1 protein Q9GZV5 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser314 SREQSTDsGLGLGCY 9606 24715453 t milica "LATS1/2-mediated phosphorylation of a conserved serine in this region (Ser311 in human TAZ; Ser397 in human YAP) primes for further phosphorylation by CK1_/_ kinases (Ser314 on human TAZ; Ser400/403 in human YAP)" SIGNOR-230747 MAPK14 protein Q16539 UNIPROT NFATC4 protein Q14934 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser170 GGAFFSPsPGSSSLS 10029 BTO:0001131 11997522 t miannu "P38 MAP kinase phosphorylates Ser168 and Ser170 of NFATc4. Mutational replacement of Ser168,170 with Ala promotes NFATc4 nuclear localization and increases NFATc4-mediated transcription activity." SIGNOR-250108 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT MTOR protein P42345 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr2446 NKRSRTRtDSYSAGQ 9606 BTO:0000007 10910062 t "AKT phosphorylated mTOR at two COOH-terminal sites (Thr2446 and Ser2448) in vitro, Ser2448 was the major phosphorylation site in insulin-stimulated or -activated AKT-expressing human embryonic kidney cells. These results demonstrate that mTOR is a direct target of the PI3K-AKT signaling pathway in mitogen-stimulated cells, and that the identified AKT phosphorylation sites are nested within a repressor domain that negatively regulates the catalytic activity of mTOR. " SIGNOR-251482 ERK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF1 SIGNOR RPS6KA1 protein Q15418 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser221 DHEKKAYsFCGTVEY 9534 BTO:0004055 9430688 t lperfetto "Several lines of evidence indicate that the mapkap-k1 isoforms are also activated by mapks in vivo via the ras-dependent protein kinase cascade that is triggered by growth factors or tumor-promoting phorbol esters, such as phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (pma). here we identify six sites in mapkap-k1a that become phosphorylated in transfected cos-1 cells. The inactive form of mapkap-k1a in unstimulated cells is partially phosphorylated at ser222 and ser733. Stimulation with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate induces the phosphorylation of thr360, ser364, thr574, and ser381 and increases the phosphorylation of ser222 and ser733." SIGNOR-250553 PDGFRB protein P09619 UNIPROT PDGFRB protein P09619 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr1009 LDTSSVLyTAVQPNE 9606 1396585 t llicata "These data show that tyrosine phosphorylation of plc-gamma is dependent on autophosphorylation of the pdgf beta-receptor at tyr1009 and tyr1021." SIGNOR-18575 PDGFRB protein P09619 UNIPROT PDGFRB protein P09619 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr1021 PNEGDNDyIIPLPDP 9606 1396585 t llicata "These data show that tyrosine phosphorylation of plc-gamma is dependent on autophosphorylation of the pdgf beta-receptor at tyr1009 and tyr1021." SIGNOR-18579 PHLPP2 protein Q6ZVD8 UNIPROT PRKCB protein P05771 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity" dephosphorylation Ser661 QNEFAGFsYTNPEFV 9606 BTO:0000067 18162466 t gcesareni "Here we show that the two PHLPP isoforms, PHLPP1 and PHLPP2, also dephosphorylate the hydrophobic motif on PKC betaII, an event that shunts PKC to the detergent-insoluble fraction, effectively terminating its life cycle" SIGNOR-237039 TNFRSF17 protein Q02223 UNIPROT MAPK14 protein Q16539 UNIPROT up-regulates 9606 10903733 f miannu "Overexpression of bcma activates the p38 mapk" SIGNOR-79504 TJP2 protein Q9UDY2 UNIPROT YAP1 protein P46937 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 23829894 t milica "The Crumbs complex component AMOT co-localizes with MST1_ 2, LATS1_ 2 and YAP in a complex at the tight junction to control cell growth. Zona occludens-2 (ZO-2) in the tight junction, and a-catenin, b-catenin, or PTPN14 in the adherence junction, also bind to YAP_TAZ." SIGNOR-230754 ERBB2 protein P04626 UNIPROT PLCG1 protein P19174 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 1676673 t gcesareni "Activated egfr binds the sh2 domain of phospholipase c-gamma (plc-gamma), activating plc-gamma-mediated downstream signaling." SIGNOR-20815 TP53 protein P04637 UNIPROT RPS6KA1 protein Q15418 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 15073170 t gcesareni "Rather, p53 expression stimulates the serine/threonine kinase ribosomal s6 kinase 1 (rsk1), which in turn phosphorylates the p65 subunit of nf-kb." SIGNOR-124038 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT MDM2 protein Q00987 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser188 RKRHKSDsISLSFDE 9606 BTO:0000671 15169778 t lperfetto "Stabilization of mdm2 via decreased ubiquitination is mediated by protein kinase b/akt-dependent phosphorylationhere we show that pkb inhibits mdm2 self-ubiquitination via phosphorylation of mdm2 on ser(166) and ser(188)" SIGNOR-124953 KITLG protein P21583 UNIPROT KIT protein P10721 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 1698556 t gcesareni "We have also provided biological and physical evidence that scf is a ligand for the c-kit receptor." SIGNOR-21193 PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT CFTR protein P13569 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser660 FSAERRNsILTETLH 9606 1716180 t lperfetto "Cftr, the protein associated with cystic fibrosis, is phosphorylated on serine residues in response to camp agonists. Serines 660, 737, 795, and 813 were identified as in vivo targets for phosphorylation by protein kinase a.mutagenesis of all four sites abolished the response." SIGNOR-21312 ATG14 protein Q6ZNE5 UNIPROT PIK3C3 protein Q8NEB9 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 10090 BTO:0000944 19270693 t lperfetto "Characterization of the new proteins revealed that atg14l enhances vps34 lipid kinase activity and upregulates autophagy," SIGNOR-235448 MAPK14 protein Q16539 UNIPROT MAPKAPK3 protein Q16644 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation 10090 BTO:0000944 11157753 t lperfetto "These results, taken together, suggest the importance of the docking interaction in the efficient phosphorylation and activation of 3pk by p38." SIGNOR-235451 CYP19A1 protein P11511 UNIPROT estradiol smallmolecule CID:5757 PUBCHEM "up-regulates quantity" "small molecule catalysis" 395188 t lperfetto "Studies show that aromatization (a reaction sequence unique in steroid biosynthesis) of androgens to estrogens is not limited to the female reproductive organs but also occurs in extragonadal tissue. Aromatization involves the loss of the angular C-19 methyl group and cis elimination of the 1beta and 2beta hydrogens from the androgen precursors, androstenedione and testosterone, to yield estrone and estradiol, respectively. In men, the production of estrone is 18 ug/day and is mainly extraglandular. Aromatase activity has also been shown in a variety of tissues in mammalian and other species." SIGNOR-251528 IKBKB protein O14920 UNIPROT NFKB1 protein P19838 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser932 CDSGVETsFRKLSFT 9606 BTO:0000007 SIGNOR-C13 11158290 t lperfetto "Ikkbeta phosphorylates p105 resulting in its degradation, which releases tpl2 resulting in activation of the pro-proliferative map kinase- pathway." SIGNOR-104811 MAP3K7 protein O43318 UNIPROT IKBKB protein O14920 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser177 AKELDQGsLCTSFVG 9606 BTO:0000007 SIGNOR-C14 11460167 t lperfetto "Tak1 become activated and then phosphorylates and activates ikk2 which in turn now phosphorylates ikba, marking it for k48-ubiquitination and proteasomal degradation. tak1 kinase complex phosphorylates and activates ikk in a manner that depends on traf6 and ubc13-uev1a our studies suggests that tak1_ acts as an upstream activating kinase for ikkbeta." SIGNOR-109490 SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT CASP8 protein Q14790 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Tyr380 TDSEEQPyLEMDLSS 9606 16619028 t lperfetto "Src kinase phosphorylates caspase-8 on tyr380: a novel mechanism of apoptosis suppressionwe identified caspase-8 as a new substrate for src kinase. Phosphorylation occurs on tyr380, situated in the linker region between the large and the small subunits of human procaspase-8, and results in downregulation of caspase-8 proapoptotic function" SIGNOR-146127 DYRK1B protein Q9Y463 UNIPROT DYRK1B protein Q9Y463 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr273 LGQRIYQyIQSRFYR 9606 10910078 t lperfetto "Mirk kinase is activated by autophosphorylation on tyrosine at the y271/y273 site" SIGNOR-79810 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT MDM2 protein Q00987 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser166 SSRRRAIsETEENSD 9606 BTO:0000671 15169778 t gcesareni "Stabilization of mdm2 via decreased ubiquitination is mediated by protein kinase b/akt-dependent phosphorylation." SIGNOR-124949 ACP1 protein P24666 UNIPROT EPHA2 protein P29317 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Tyr594 TYVDPHTyEDPNQAV -1 21538645 t gcesareni "The SAM domain tyrosine Y960 which has been implicated in downstream PI3K signaling is dephosphorylated exclusively by HCPTP-B. The activation loop tyrosine (Y772) which directly controls kinase activity is dephosphorylated about six times faster by HCPTP-A. In contrast, the juxtamembrane tyrosines (Y575, Y588 and Y594) which are implicated in both control of kinase activity and downstream signaling are dephosphorylated by both variants with similar rates" SIGNOR-246039 LPAR2 protein Q9HBW0 UNIPROT GNAI1 protein P63096 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 15856019 t gcesareni "Lysophosphatidic acid (lpa), a major g protein coupled receptor (gpcr)-activating ligand present in serum, elicits growth factor like responses by stimulating specific gpcrs coupled to heterotrimeric g proteins such as g(i), g(q), and g12/13. Lpa2also can couple to the gi/o, g12/13, and gqfamilies." SIGNOR-135840 85375-15-1 chemical CID:6917797 PUBCHEM SLC6A13 protein Q9NSD5 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-207066 IL9 protein P15248 UNIPROT IL9R protein Q01113 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 10642536 t fspada "Interleukin 9 (il-9) exerts its pleiotropic effects through the il-9 receptor (il-9r) complex, which consists of the il-9r alpha-chain, which determines the cytokine specificity, and the il-2 receptor gamma-chain" SIGNOR-73601 BMPR1A protein P36894 UNIPROT BMPR1B protein O00238 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 10712517 t gcesareni "Using several complementary approaches, we investigated the formation of homomeric and heteromeric complexes between the two known bmp type i receptors" SIGNOR-75649 HES1 protein Q14469 UNIPROT RBPJ protein Q06330 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 16682003 t gcesareni "Here we show that hrt2 and hes1 interact with rbp-jkappa to negatively regulate notch-dependent activation of hrt and hes expression." SIGNOR-146684 HEY2 protein Q9UBP5 UNIPROT NOTCH1 protein P46531 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 16682003 t "The NotchIC-RBP-Jkappa complex activates target genes, such as those encoding the Hrt and Hes families. The interaction did not interfere with the formation or DNA-binding of the NotchIC-RBP-Jkappa complex, indicating direct inhibition by Hrt and Hes as co-repressors." gcesareni "Here we show that hrt2 and hes1 interact with rbp-jkappa to negatively regulate notch-dependent activation of hrt and hes expression." SIGNOR-146690 PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT CFTR protein P13569 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser813 DIYSRRLsQETGLEI 9606 1716180 t lperfetto "Cftr, the protein associated with cystic fibrosis, is phosphorylated on serine residues in response to camp agonists. Serines 660, 737, 795, and 813 were identified as in vivo targets for phosphorylation by protein kinase a.mutagenesis of all four sites abolished the response." SIGNOR-21324 RHEB protein Q15382 UNIPROT mTORC1 complex SIGNOR-C3 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" 9606 19222999 t lperfetto "Recent studies document that Rheb activates mTORC1 via direct, GTP-dependent interaction with the peptidyl-prolyl-cis/trans-isomerase FKBP38, which is proposed to act as an inhibitor of mTORC1." SIGNOR-232208 PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT CFTR protein P13569 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser795 TASTRKVsLAPQANL 9606 1716180 t lperfetto "Cftr, the protein associated with cystic fibrosis, is phosphorylated on serine residues in response to camp agonists. Serines 660, 737, 795, and 813 were identified as in vivo targets for phosphorylation by protein kinase a.mutagenesis of all four sites abolished the response." SIGNOR-21320 PTPN9 protein P43378 UNIPROT INSR protein P06213 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation Tyr999 YASSNPEyLSASDVF 9606 16679294 t gcesareni "Ectopic expression of ptp-meg2 in cells inhibited insulin-induced phosphorylation of the insulin receptor, while rnai-mediated reduction of ptp-meg2 transcript levels enhanced insulin action" SIGNOR-146680 PAK1 protein Q13153 UNIPROT ILK protein Q13418 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser246 CPRLRIFsHPNVLPV 9606 17420447 t lperfetto "We found that pak1 phosphorylates ilk at threonine-173 and serine-246 in vitro and in vivo. together, these results suggest that ilk is a pak1 substrate, undergoes phosphorylation-dependent shuttling between the cell nucleus and cytoplasm, and interacts with gene-regulatory chromatin." SIGNOR-154303 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT JAK2 protein O60674 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser523 GVSDVPTsPTLQRPT 9606 16705159 t "16705160:the phosphorylation of Jak2 on Ser523 inhibits Jak2 activity and represents a novel mechanism for the regulation of Jak2-dependent cytokine signaling." lperfetto "We hypothesize that phosphorylation of ser523 in jak2 by erks 1 and/or 2 or other as-yet-unidentified kinases acts in a negative feedback manner" SIGNOR-146747 PHLPP1 protein O60346 UNIPROT PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity" dephosphorylation Ser657 QSDFEGFsYVNPQFV 9606 BTO:0000067 18162466 t gcesareni "In addition, knockdown of PHLPP expression reduces the rate of phorbol ester-triggered dephosphorylation of the hydrophobic motif, but not turn motif, of PKC alpha" SIGNOR-237043 PAK2 protein Q13177 UNIPROT JUN protein P05412 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr286 RLEEKVKtLKAQNSE 9606 BTO:0000848 21177766 t lperfetto "P21-activated protein kinase (pak2)-mediated c-jun phosphorylation at 5 threonine sites promotes cell transformationour data showed that pak2 binds and phosphorylates c-jun at five threonine sites (thr2, thr8, thr89, thr93 and thr286)" SIGNOR-170764 MAP3K7 protein O43318 UNIPROT IKBKB protein O14920 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser181 DQGSLCTsFVGTLQY 9606 BTO:0000007 SIGNOR-C14 11460167 t lperfetto "Tak1 become activated and then phosphorylates and activates ikk2 which in turn now phosphorylates ikba, marking it for k48-ubiquitination and proteasomal degradation. tak1 kinase complex phosphorylates and activates ikk in a manner that depends on traf6 and ubc13-uev1a our studies suggests that tak1_ acts as an upstream activating kinase for ikkbeta." SIGNOR-109494 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT MDM2 protein Q00987 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser186 RQRKRHKsDSISLSF 9606 11504915 t lperfetto "Mitogen-induced activation of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (pi3-kinase) and its downstream target, the akt/pkb serine-threonine kinase, results in phosphorylation of mdm2 on serine 166 and serine 186. Phosphorylation on these sites is necessary for translocation of mdm2 from the cytoplasm into the nucleus.Both akt expression and serum treatment induced phosphorylation of mdm2 at ser186." SIGNOR-116274 IKBKB protein O14920 UNIPROT CDKN2A protein P42771 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser8 MEPAAGSsMEPSADW 9606 20152798 t lperfetto "Ikkbeta specifically binds to p16 and phosphorylates ser8 of p16phosphorylation at ser8 of p16 brings about a significant loss of its cyclin-dependent kinase (cdk) 4-inhibitory activity" SIGNOR-163801 FBXW7 protein Q969H0 UNIPROT MYC protein P01106 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity" ubiquitination 9606 SIGNOR-C135 20852628 t gcesareni "We now show that the F-box protein Fbw7 interacts with and thereby destabilizes c-Myc in a manner dependent on phosphorylation of MB1. Whereas wild-type Fbw7 promoted c-Myc turnover in cells, an Fbw7 mutant lacking the F-box domain delayed it." SIGNOR-243545 NFKB1 protein P19838 UNIPROT TRAF1 protein Q13077 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 9733516 f gcesareni "Thus, our data indicate that nf-kb controls the expression of traf1 and traf2 and c-iap1 and c-iap2" SIGNOR-59954 CCND1 protein P24385 UNIPROT HDAC2 protein Q92769 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 15713663 t gcesareni "Cyclin d1 bound hdac in vivo and preferentially physically associated with hdac1, hdac2, hdac3, and hdac5." SIGNOR-134053 TAB2 protein Q9NYJ8 UNIPROT MAP3K7 protein O43318 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000007 14633987 t lperfetto "These results suggest that TAB2 and TAB3 function redundantly as mediators of TAK1 activation in IL-1 and TNF signal transduction." SIGNOR-119370 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT MYC protein P01106 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser62 LLPTPPLsPSRRSGL 9534 BTO:0004055 8386367 t lperfetto "Transactivation of gene expression by myc is inhibited by mutation at the phosphorylation sites thr-58 and ser-62." SIGNOR-235700 UBE2N protein P61088 UNIPROT TRAF2 protein Q12933 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" ubiquitination 9606 BTO:0000785 14713952 t lperfetto "Intact ring and zinc finger domains are required for tnfalfa-induced traf2 ubiquitination, which is also dependent on ubc13. Traf2 ubiquitination coincides with its translocation to the insoluble cellular fraction, resulting in selective activation of jnk. Ubc13 expression by rnai resulted in tnfalfa-induced traf2 translocation and impaired activation of jnk but not of ikk or p38." SIGNOR-121274 TFAP4 protein Q01664 UNIPROT HDAC1 protein Q13547 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0001109 19505873 t miannu "We also observed moderately increased recruitment of CTCF, HDAC1, and SP1 by the full-length AP-4 onto the WT DNA beads." SIGNOR-226590 IGF1 protein P05019 UNIPROT Adipogenesis phenotype SIGNOR-PH26 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 2689937 f fspada "Preadipocytes converted to adipocytes when insulin-like growth factor-1 or insulin was added to a medium depleted of those compounds" SIGNOR-23166 ABL1 protein P00519 UNIPROT MTOR protein P42345 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation 9606 10753870 t gcesareni "Abl binds directly to raft1 and phosphorylates raft1 in vitro and in vivo. c-abl inhibits autophosphorylation of raft1 and raft1-mediated phosphorylation p70(s6k)." SIGNOR-76562 CSK protein P41240 UNIPROT SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Tyr530 FTSTEPQyQPGENL 9606 18614016 t gcesareni "The catalytic activity of the src family of tyrosine kinases is suppressed by phosphorylation on a tyrosine residue located near the c terminus (tyr 527 in c-src), which is catalyzed by c-terminal src kinase (csk)." SIGNOR-179417 PIM1 protein P11309 UNIPROT CDKN1B protein P46527 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr157 GIRKRPAtDDSSTQN 9606 18593906 t gcesareni "We show, herein, that all the pim family members (pim1, pim2, and pim3) bind to and directly phosphorylate the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p27(kip1) at threonine-157 and threonine-198 residues in cells and in vitro." SIGNOR-179296 ATM protein Q13315 UNIPROT CHEK2 protein O96017 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr68 SSLETVStQELYSIP 9606 BTO:0000007 10973490 t gcesareni "Here we show that in vitro, atm phosphorylates the ser-gln/thr-gln (sq/tq) cluster domain (scd) on chk2, which contains seven sq/tq motifs, and thr68 is the major in vitro phosphorylation site by atm. Atm predominantly phosphorylates chk2 at thr68, promoting homodimerization and activation via intramolecular trans-autophosphorylation at thr383/387." SIGNOR-81438 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT MYC protein P01106 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr58 KKFELLPtPPLSPSR 9534 BTO:0004055 8386367 t "Recently, we have demonstrated that Myc is an in vitro substrate for phosphorylation by mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAP kinases) at Ser-62" lperfetto "Transactivation of gene expression by myc is inhibited by mutation at the phosphorylation sites thr-58 and ser-62." SIGNOR-236250 CHUK protein O15111 UNIPROT NFKB2 protein Q00653 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser870 KEDSAYGsQSVEQEA 10090 BTO:0000785 15084608 t lperfetto "Ikkalfa phosphorylates p100, leading to its proteasomal processing to p52." SIGNOR-124230 EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT PKIA protein P61925 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr8 MTDVETTyADFIASG 9606 1956339 t lperfetto "The difference in inhibitory potency between pki_ and pki_ has been attributed to the absence of a tyrosine residue (tyr7) in pki_ that is present in the nh2-terminal region of pki_. This suggests that the absence of a single amino acid residue can result in variations in how the catalytic subunit of camp-dependent protein kinase interacts with pki which ultimately can result in alterations in pki inhibitory potency." SIGNOR-22455 CHUK protein O15111 UNIPROT NFKB2 protein Q00653 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser866 TAEVKEDsAYGSQSV 10090 BTO:0000785 15084608 t lperfetto "Ikkalfa phosphorylates p100, leading to its proteasomal processing to p52." SIGNOR-124226 CyclinD/CDK4 complex SIGNOR-C18 SIGNOR RB1 protein P06400 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr5 tPRKTAAT -1 9139732 t llicata "In summary, we have shown evidence that CDK4-cyclin D1 phosphorylates Thr5, Ser249, Thr252, Thr356, Thr373, Ser788, Ser795, Ser807, Ser811, and Thr826 of pRB." SIGNOR-250762 GRK2 protein P25098 UNIPROT OPRD1 protein P41143 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser363 RVTACTPsDGPGGGA 9606 BTO:0000007 11040053 t "GRK2 strongly enhanced agonist-stimulated phosphorylation of the wild-type DOR (WT), but Delta15 or mutant DOR (T358A/T361A/S363G) failed to show any detectable phosphorylation under these conditions. agonist-induced opioid receptor phosphorylation occurs exclusively at two phosphate acceptor sites (T358 and S363) of GRK2 at the DOR carboxyl terminus. GRKs are important mediators in agonist-induced opioid receptor phosphorylation and desensitization." SIGNOR-251456 CSNK2A1 protein P68400 UNIPROT LEF1 protein Q9UJU2 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation 9606 2861485 t gcesareni "Here, we identify ck1 and ck2 as major kinases that directly bind to and phosphorylate lef-1 inducing distinct, kinase-specific changes in the lef-1/dna complex.CK1-dependent phosphorylation inhibits, whereas ck2 activates lef-1/beta-catenin transcriptional activity in reporter gene assays." SIGNOR-23958 CDK1 protein P06493 UNIPROT MAP4 protein P27816 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser787 KAPEKRAsPSKPASA 9606 10791892 t gcesareni "Ser787 in the proline-rich region of human map4 is a critical phosphorylation site that reduces its activity to promote tubulin polymerization. Phosphorylation on ser-787 negatively regulates map4 activity to promote microtubule assembly." SIGNOR-77087 ATR protein Q13535 UNIPROT KMT2A protein Q03164 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser516 VHPPLPIsQSPENES 9606 4709074 t lperfetto "Mll is phosphorylated at serine 516 by atr in response to genotoxic stress in the s phase, which disrupts its interaction with, and hence its degradation by, the scf(skp2) e3 ligase, leading to its accumulation." SIGNOR-25151 IKBKB protein O14920 UNIPROT RELA protein Q04206 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser536 SGDEDFSsIADMDFS 9606 BTO:0000007 SIGNOR-C13 15489227 t lperfetto "Chromatographic fractionation of cell extracts allowed the identification of two distinct enzymatic activities phosphorylating ser-536. Peak 1 represents an unknown kinase, whereas peak 2 contained ikkalpha, ikkbeta, ikkepsilon, and tbk1. collectively, our results provide evidence for at least five kinases that converge on ser-536 of p65 and a novel function for this phosphorylation site in the recruitment of components of the basal transcriptional machinery to the interleukin-8 promoter." SIGNOR-129935 EIF2AK1 protein Q9BQI3 UNIPROT EIF2S1 protein P05198 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser49 IEGMILLsELSRRRI 9606 3352609 t lperfetto "The wild-type and ser-48 mutant proteins became extensively phosphorylated by eif-2 kinases present in the reticulocyte lysate. These findings support the hypothesis that the serine 48 residue is required for high-affinity interaction between eif2 alpha(p) and eif2b." SIGNOR-24539 PHLPP1 protein O60346 UNIPROT PRKCB protein P05771 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity" dephosphorylation Ser661 QNEFAGFsYTNPEFV 9606 BTO:0000067 18162466 t gcesareni "Here we show that the two PHLPP isoforms, PHLPP1 and PHLPP2, also dephosphorylate the hydrophobic motif on PKC betaII, an event that shunts PKC to the detergent-insoluble fraction, effectively terminating its life cycle" SIGNOR-237047 CyclinD/CDK4 complex SIGNOR-C18 SIGNOR RB1 protein P06400 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser788 PIPHIPRsPYKFPSS -1 9139732 t llicata "In summary, we have shown evidence that CDK4-cyclin D1 phosphorylates Thr5, Ser249, Thr252, Thr356, Thr373, Ser788, Ser795, Ser807, Ser811, and Thr826 of pRB." SIGNOR-250759 CDK1 protein P06493 UNIPROT BCL2 protein P10415 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr56 FSSQPGHtPHPAASR 9606 10766756 t gcesareni "Using synthetic peptides and mutant cell lines, we identified threonine 56, one of two consensus sites for cdc2 within the bcl-2 sequence, as a residue phosphorylated by cdc2. Mutation at threonine 56 abrogated the cell cycle inhibitory effect of bcl-2 without affecting anti-apoptotic function.Taken together, our present findings indicate that phosphorylation of bcl-2 at threonine 56 by cdc2 is required for bcl-2-mediated cell cycle inhibition, which may have some roles during mitosis in the normal cell cycle." SIGNOR-76837 PIM2 protein Q9P1W9 UNIPROT BAD protein Q92934 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser118 GRELRRMsDEFVDSF 9606 10837473 t gcesareni "Similar to pim1, pim2 phosphorylates bad, which antagonizes the pro-apoptotic function of bax" SIGNOR-78015 PRKCB protein P05771 UNIPROT PRKCB protein P05771 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser661 QNEFAGFsYTNPEFV 9606 10828076 t "The effect has been demonstrated using P05771-2" llicata "We found in preliminary studies that autophosphorylation at ser660 was enhanced in response to angiotensin ii and phorbol esters.2 this raises the possibility that initial translocation and activation of pkc result in further autophosphorylation, which then provides a further force for reverse translocation and signal termination." SIGNOR-77583 CyclinD/CDK4 complex SIGNOR-C18 SIGNOR RB1 protein P06400 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr356 DSFETQRtPRKSNLD -1 9139732 t llicata "In summary, we have shown evidence that CDK4-cyclin D1 phosphorylates Thr5, Ser249, Thr252, Thr356, Thr373, Ser788, Ser795, Ser807, Ser811, and Thr826 of pRB." SIGNOR-250760 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT PDE4D protein Q08499 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser715 YQSTIPQsPSPAPDD 9606 10828059 t "The effect has been demonstrated using Q08499-5" gcesareni "These straddle the target residue, ser(579), for erk2 phosphorylation of pde4d3. Mutation of either or both of these docking sites prevented erk2 from being co-immunoprecipitated with pde4d3, ablated the ability of epidermal growth factor to inhibit pde4d3 through erk2 action in transfected cos cells, and attenuated the ability of erk2 to phosphorylate pde4d3 in vitro." SIGNOR-77571 TNFAIP3 protein P21580 UNIPROT TRAF6 protein Q9Y4K3 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" deubiquitination 9606 18164316 t lperfetto "A20 is a deubiquitinating enzyme (dub) for lys63-linked polyubiquitinated signaling mediators such as traf6" SIGNOR-160223 RPS6KA5 protein O75582 UNIPROT PLA2G4A protein P47712 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser727 RQNPSRCsVSLSNVE 9606 BTO:0000007 10978317 t lperfetto "Serine 727 phosphorylation and activation of cytosolic phospholipase A2 by MNK1-related protein kinases." SIGNOR-249051 PHLPP2 protein Q6ZVD8 UNIPROT PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity" dephosphorylation Ser657 QSDFEGFsYVNPQFV 9606 BTO:0000067 18162466 t gcesareni "In addition, knockdown of PHLPP expression reduces the rate of phorbol ester-triggered dephosphorylation of the hydrophobic motif, but not turn motif, of PKC alpha" SIGNOR-237051 CDH1 protein P12830 UNIPROT CTNNA1 protein P35221 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 24336504 t milica "Additionally, the E-cadherin associated protein _-catenin regulates YAP directly by sequestering YAP/14-3-3 complexes in the cytoplasm." SIGNOR-203468 CTNNA1 protein P35221 UNIPROT YAP1 protein P46937 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 23431053 t milica "The trimeric complex of alfa-catenin, 14-3-3, and yap sequesters yap at ajs and prevents yap dephosphorylation/activation." SIGNOR-201173 AKT2 protein P31751 UNIPROT BRAF protein P15056 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser364 FGQRDRSsSAPNVHI 9606 10869359 t gcesareni "We show that phosphorylation of b-raf by akt occurs at multiple residues within its amino terminal regulatory domain, at both the conserved and unique phosphorylation sites. Akt phosphorylated b-raf on s364 and s428 to inactivate its kinase activity b-raf contains three akt consensus sites, table i. One site, ser364 is conserved with c-raf;however, two sites, ser428 and thr439, are unique to b-raf" SIGNOR-78681 NEK2 protein P51955 UNIPROT PPP1CC protein P36873 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr318 TPPRGMItKQAKK 9606 10880350 t gcesareni "Pp1 is a substrate for nek2 and phosphorylation of pp1gamma(1) on two c-terminal sites reduces its phosphatase activity." SIGNOR-78603 IKBKB protein O14920 UNIPROT IKBKG protein Q9Y6K9 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser43 PAMLHLPsEQGAPET 9606 BTO:0000007 SIGNOR-C14 17977820 t lperfetto "In this study we analyze the ikkbeta-mediated phosphorylation of the ikk-binding domain of nemo. In vitro, ikkbeta phosphorylates three serine residues in the domain of nemo at positions 43, 68, and 85. However, mutational analysis revealed that only the phosphorylation of serine 68 in the center of the ikk-binding domain plays an essential role for the formation and the function of the ikk complex. Thus, ser(68) phosphorylation attenuates the amino-terminal dimerization of nemo as well as the ikkbeta-nemo interaction." SIGNOR-158655 IKBKG protein Q9Y6K9 UNIPROT RELA protein Q04206 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser536 SGDEDFSsIADMDFS 9606 BTO:0000007;BTO:0000567 SIGNOR-C13 15489227 t lperfetto "Chromatographic fractionation of cell extracts allowed the identification of two distinct enzymatic activities phosphorylating ser-536. Peak 1 represents an unknown kinase, whereas peak 2 contained ikkalpha, ikkbeta, ikkepsilon, and tbk1. collectively, our results provide evidence for at least five kinases that converge on ser-536 of p65 and a novel function for this phosphorylation site in the recruitment of components of the basal transcriptional machinery to the interleukin-8 promoter." SIGNOR-129947 CHUK protein O15111 UNIPROT RELA protein Q04206 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser536 SGDEDFSsIADMDFS 9606 BTO:0000876 SIGNOR-C14 SIGNOR-C13 15611276 t lperfetto "Our data suggest that the stimulation of nfkb by akt is dependent on the phosphorylation of p65 at s534, mediated by ikk (ikb kinase) alfa and beta." SIGNOR-132568 IKBKB protein O14920 UNIPROT IKBKG protein Q9Y6K9 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser68 LRDAIRQsNQILRER 9606 BTO:0000007 SIGNOR-C14 17977820 t lperfetto "In this study we analyze the ikkbeta-mediated phosphorylation of the ikk-binding domain of nemo. In vitro, ikkbeta phosphorylates three serine residues in the domain of nemo at positions 43, 68, and 85. However, mutational analysis revealed that only the phosphorylation of serine 68 in the center of the ikk-binding domain plays an essential role for the formation and the function of the ikk complex. Thus, ser(68) phosphorylation attenuates the amino-terminal dimerization of nemo as well as the ikkbeta-nemo interaction. I" SIGNOR-158659 IKBKB protein O14920 UNIPROT IKBKG protein Q9Y6K9 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser85 ELLHFQAsQREEKEF 9606 BTO:0000007 SIGNOR-C14 17977820 t lperfetto "In this study we analyze the ikkbeta-mediated phosphorylation of the ikk-binding domain of nemo. In vitro, ikkbeta phosphorylates three serine residues in the domain of nemo at positions 43, 68, and 85. However, mutational analysis revealed that only the phosphorylation of serine 68 in the center of the ikk-binding domain plays an essential role for the formation and the function of the ikk complex. Thus, ser(68) phosphorylation attenuates the amino-terminal dimerization of nemo as well as the ikkbeta-nemo interaction. I" SIGNOR-158663 IKBKB protein O14920 UNIPROT RELA protein Q04206 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser468 AVFTDLAsVDNSEFQ 9606 BTO:0000150;BTO:0000782 SIGNOR-C13 16046471 t lperfetto "Rela is phosphorylated at ser536 by ikkbeta, ikkalfa, ikkepsilon, nf-kb activating kinase (nak, also known as tank-binding kinase-1 tbk1) and rsk1 (also known as p90 ribosomal protein s6 kinase (p90s6k). We now present evidence that suggests that the upstream kinase ikkbeta plays an important role in tax-induced p53 inhibition through phosphorylation of p65/rela at ser-536. Ikkbeta plays an important role in tax-induced p53 inhibition through phosphorylation of p65/rela at ser-536." SIGNOR-138903 RASSF1 protein Q9NS23 UNIPROT STK3 protein Q13188 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 21808241 t "Mst1/2 are pro-apoptotic kinases that are activated by caspase cleavage" milica "Mst1/2 is also activated by binding to Ras association domain family (RASSF) proteins, possibly owing to alteration of Mst1/2 subcellular localization." SIGNOR-175790 RASSF1 protein Q9NS23 UNIPROT STK4 protein Q13043 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 21808241 t "Mst1/2 are pro-apoptotic kinases that are activated by caspase cleavage" milica "Mst1/2 is also activated by binding to Ras association domain family (RASSF) proteins, possibly owing to alteration of Mst1/2 subcellular localization." SIGNOR-175793 PLA2G4A protein P47712 UNIPROT "arachidonic acid" smallmolecule CID:444899 PUBCHEM up-regulates "small molecule catalysis" 9606 6810878 t acerquone "Alternatively, a phospholipase a2 may indeed deacylate the phosphatidylinositol, but the point of debate here is whether deacylation constitutes a significant component of the arachidonate liberation." SIGNOR-25633 TRAF2 protein Q12933 UNIPROT UBE2N protein P61088 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000459 18635759 t lperfetto "Traf2, ubc13, and ikkgamma were required for complex assembly and activation of mekk1 and mapk cascades." SIGNOR-179479 RNF11 protein Q9Y3C5 UNIPROT ITCH protein Q96J02 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000150 19131965 t lperfetto "Rnf11, together with tax1bp1 and itch, is an essential component of an a20 ubiquitin-editing protein complex; rnf11 is required for a20 to interact with and inactivate rip1 to inhibit tnf-mediated nf-_kb activation." SIGNOR-183188 MAP3K7 protein O43318 UNIPROT IKBKB protein O14920 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation 9606 SIGNOR-C14 19632174 t lperfetto "Tak1 become activated and then phosphorylates and activates ikk2 which in turn now phosphorylates ikba, marking it for k48-ubiquitination and proteasomal degradation. tak1 kinase complex phosphorylates and activates ikk in a manner that depends on traf6 and ubc13-uev1a our studies suggests that tak1_ acts as an upstream activating kinase for ikkbeta." SIGNOR-187242 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT SMAD3 protein P84022 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser208 DAGSPNLsPNPMSPA 9606 SIGNOR-C9 15241418 t llicata "We found that ser 203 and ser 207 were phosphorylated by map kinase and that thr 178 was phosphorylated mostly by cdk and to a lesser extent by map kinase" SIGNOR-126748 TRAF6 protein Q9Y4K3 UNIPROT TAB2 protein Q9NYJ8 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 25290089 t lperfetto "The irak1/traf6 complex can also activate jnk and p38 signalling through assembly of a catalytically active tab2-tab3-tak1 complex." SIGNOR-205458 SCF-betaTRCP complex SIGNOR-C5 SIGNOR NFKB2 protein Q00653 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" ubiquitination 9606 BTO:0000567 14676825 t lperfetto "Mechanism of processing of the nf-kappa b2 p100 precursor: identification of the specific polyubiquitin chain-anchoring lysine residue and analysis of the role of nedd8-modification on the scf(beta-trcp) ubiquitin ligase." SIGNOR-217175 AKT2 protein P31751 UNIPROT BRAF protein P15056 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr440 EDRNRMKtLGRRDSS 9606 10869359 t gcesareni "We show that phosphorylation of b-raf by akt occurs at multiple residues within its amino terminal regulatory domain, at both the conserved and unique phosphorylation sites. Akt phosphorylated b-raf on s364 and s428 to inactivate its kinase activity b-raf contains three akt consensus sites, table i. One site, ser364 is conserved with c-raf;however, two sites, ser428 and thr439, are unique to b-raf" SIGNOR-78689 ERK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF1 SIGNOR RPS6KA1 protein Q15418 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser363 TSRTPKDsPGIPPSA 9534 BTO:0004055 9430688 t lperfetto "Several lines of evidence indicate that the mapkap-k1 isoforms are also activated by mapks in vivo via the ras-dependent protein kinase cascade that is triggered by growth factors or tumor-promoting phorbol esters, such as phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (pma). here we identify six sites in mapkap-k1a that become phosphorylated in transfected cos-1 cells. The inactive form of mapkap-k1a in unstimulated cells is partially phosphorylated at ser222 and ser733. Stimulation with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate induces the phosphorylation of thr360, ser364, thr574, and ser381 and increases the phosphorylation of ser222 and ser733." SIGNOR-250554 AKT3 protein Q9Y243 UNIPROT BRAF protein P15056 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser428 GPQRERKsSSSSEDR 9606 10869359 t gcesareni "We show that phosphorylation of b-raf by akt occurs at multiple residues within its aminoterminal regulatory domain, at both the conserved and unique phosphorylation sites. Akt phosphorylated b-raf on s364 and s428 to inactivate its kinase activity." SIGNOR-78697 AKT3 protein Q9Y243 UNIPROT BRAF protein P15056 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser364 FGQRDRSsSAPNVHI 9606 10869359 t gcesareni "We show that phosphorylation of b-raf by akt occurs at multiple residues within its aminoterminal regulatory domain, at both the conserved and unique phosphorylation sites. Akt phosphorylated b-raf on s364 and s428 to inactivate its kinase activity." SIGNOR-78693 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT SMAD3 protein P84022 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser204 NHSMDAGsPNLSPNP 9606 SIGNOR-C9 15241418 t llicata "We found that ser 203 and ser 207 were phosphorylated by map kinase and that thr 178 was phosphorylated mostly by cdk and to a lesser extent by map kinase" SIGNOR-126744 CHUK protein O15111 UNIPROT TAX1BP1 protein Q86VP1 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser593 NYKELKRsLENPAER 10090 BTO:0002572 21765415 t "The effect has been demonstrated using Q86VP1-2" lperfetto "Here we demonstrate that tax1bp1 was inducibly phosphorylated on ser593 and ser624 in response to proinflammatory stimuli. The kinase ikkalpha, But not ikkbeta, was required for phosphorylation of tax1bp1 and directly phosphorylated tax1bp1 in response to stimulation with tumor necrosis factor (tnf) or interleukin 1 (il-1)." SIGNOR-175058 "Sphingosine 1-phosphate" smallmolecule CID:5283560 PUBCHEM S1PR1 protein P21453 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 16794003 t gcesareni "The evidence suggests that s1p acting on s1p receptors coupled to gq" SIGNOR-147227 AURKB protein Q96GD4 UNIPROT GFAP protein P14136 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser38 LGPGTRLsLARMPPP -1 12686604 t lperfetto "We report here that aurora-b phosphorylates gfap and desmin in vitro, and this phosphorylation leads to a reduction in filament forming ability. The sites phosphorylated by aurora-b;thr-7/ser-13/ser-38 of gfap, and thr-16 of desmin are common with those related to rho-associated kinase (rho-kinase), which has been reported to phosphorylate gfap and desmin at cleavage furrow during cytokinesis. We identified ser-59 of desmin to be a specific site phosphorylated by aurora-b in vitro." SIGNOR-100169 GAB1 protein Q13480 UNIPROT PIK3CA protein P42336 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 11043767 t lperfetto "We have shown that gab1 colocalizes pi3k with sh2 domain-containing inositol phosphatase (ship) and shp2, two enzymes that regulate pi3k-dependent signaling. The src homology 2 (sh2) domain of the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (pi3k) regulatory subunit binds gab1 in a phosphorylation-independent manner. Moreover, the regulatory subunit of pi3k can mediate the association of gab1 and receptor protein-tyrosine kinases including the insulin, egf, and ngf receptors, all of which phosphorylate gab1." SIGNOR-83343 HAND2 protein P61296 UNIPROT HAND2 protein P61296 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding -1 11812799 t miannu "The basic helix-loop-helix factor, HAND2, functions as a transcriptional activator by binding to E-boxes as a heterodimer" SIGNOR-223476 TBX3 protein O15119 UNIPROT CDH1 protein P12830 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000848 25595898 f miannu "AKT phosphorylation potentiates the ability of TBX3 to repress the transcription of the E-cadherin gene" SIGNOR-223537 AMPK complex SIGNOR-C15 SIGNOR SREBF1 protein P36956 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation 9606 21892142 t lperfetto "Ampk was recently found to phosphorylate a conserved serine near the cleavage site within srebp1, suppressing its activation" SIGNOR-216564 NFKB1 protein P19838 UNIPROT RELA protein Q04206 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000007 9450761 t lperfetto "Here we report the crystal structure at 2.9 a resolution of the p50/p65 heterodimer bound to the kappab dna" SIGNOR-55378 MAP3K7 protein O43318 UNIPROT NFKB1 protein P19838 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000567 9480845 f lperfetto "These results suggest that tak1 induces nf-kappa b activation through a novel nik-independent signaling pathway." SIGNOR-55713 RELA protein Q04206 UNIPROT TRAF2 protein Q12933 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 9733516 f lperfetto "Thus, our data indicate that nf-kb controls the expression of traf1 and traf2 and c-iap1 and c-iap2" SIGNOR-59960 SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT GRB10 protein Q13322 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Tyr67 NASLESLySACSMQS 9606 10871840 t lperfetto "Grb10 tyrosine phosphorylation was stimulated by expression of constitutively active src or fyn in cells and by incubation with purified src or fyn in vitro. The insulin stimulated or src/fyn-mediated tyrosine phosphorylation in vivo was significantly reduced when grb10 tyrosine 67 was changed to glycine. This mutant form of grb10 bound with higher affinity to the ir in cells than that of the wild-type protein, suggesting that tyrosine phosphorylation of grb10 may normally negatively regulate its binding to the ir." SIGNOR-78706 KDR protein P35968 UNIPROT KDR protein P35968 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr1059 DIYKDPDyVRKGDAR 9606 BTO:0000801;BTO:0000876 17658244 t gcesareni "Binding of vegf to the receptor induces dimerisation and autophosphorylation of specific intracellular tyrosine residues. Activation of intracellular cascades results in proliferation, migration, survival and increased permeability." SIGNOR-157085 SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT PRKD1 protein Q15139 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr95 KFPECGFyGMYDKIL 9606 17804414 t llicata "Critical for the regulation of pkd1 activity in response to oxidative stress are src- and abl-mediated tyrosine phosphorylations that eventually lead to protein kinase cdelta (pkcdelta)-mediated activation of pkd1. our data suggest that pkd1 phosphorylation at tyr95 generates a binding motif for pkcdelta, and that oxidative stress-mediated pkcdelta/pkd interaction results in pkd1 activation loop phosphorylation and activation." SIGNOR-157716 IKBKB protein O14920 UNIPROT IKBKB protein O14920 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser733 TVREQDQsFTALDWS 9606 BTO:0000007;BTO:0000567 SIGNOR-C14 SIGNOR-C14 10195894 t lperfetto "Once activated, ikkbeta autophosphorylated at a carboxyl-terminal serine cluster. Such phosphorylation decreased ikk activity and may prevent prolonged activation of the inflammatory response" SIGNOR-66344 STK11 protein Q15831 UNIPROT PTEN protein P60484 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr383 HYRYSDTtDSDPENE 9606 18321849 t gcesareni "The C-terminal tail of PTEN is also the target of mutations in tumors. As mentioned, this region contains the main phosphorylation sites mapped to residues Ser362, Thr366, Ser370, Ser380, Thr382, Thr383, and Ser385, and the kinases involved are casein kinase 2 (CK2), GSK3_, LKB1, and MAST.84,97-101 The phosphorylation of the tail has been shown to enhance PTEN stability but at the same time decrease its phosphatase activity" SIGNOR-161126 FYN protein P06241 UNIPROT GRB10 protein Q13322 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Tyr67 NASLESLySACSMQS 9606 10871840 t lperfetto "Grb10 tyrosine phosphorylation was stimulated by expression of constitutively active src or fyn in cells and by incubation with purified src or fyn in vitro. The insulin stimulated or src/fyn-mediated tyrosine phosphorylation in vivo was significantly reduced when grb10 tyrosine 67 was changed to glycine. This mutant form of grb10 bound with higher affinity to the ir in cells than that of the wild-type protein, suggesting that tyrosine phosphorylation of grb10 may normally negatively regulate its binding to the ir." SIGNOR-78702 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT DUSP1 protein P28562 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser364 LQSPITTsPSC 9606 10617468 t lperfetto "Mkp-1 was a target in vivo and in vitro for p42(mapk) or p44(mapk), which phosphorylates mkp-1 on two carboxyl-terminal serine residues, serine 359 and serine 364. This phosphorylation did not modify mkp-1's intrinsic ability to dephosphorylate p44(mapk) but led to stabilization of the protein." SIGNOR-73625 ROCK1 protein Q13464 UNIPROT GFAP protein P14136 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser38 LGPGTRLsLARMPPP -1 12686604 t lperfetto "We report here that aurora-b phosphorylates gfap and desmin in vitro, and this phosphorylation leads to a reduction in filament forming ability. The sites phosphorylated by aurora-b;thr-7/ser-13/ser-38 of gfap, and thr-16 of desmin are common with those related to rho-associated kinase (rho-kinase), which has been reported to phosphorylate gfap and desmin at cleavage furrow during cytokinesis. We identified ser-59 of desmin to be a specific site phosphorylated by aurora-b in vitro." SIGNOR-100188 KLF7 protein O75840 UNIPROT CDKN1A protein P38936 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9534 BTO:0004055 14729953 f miannu "KLF7 stimulates p21WAF1/Cip1 transcription" SIGNOR-224624 PTPRA protein P18433 UNIPROT KCNB1 protein Q14721 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation 9606 16870705 t gcesareni "Ptpalpha inhibits kv channels more strongly than ptpepsilon;this correlates with constitutive association of ptpalpha with kv2.1, driven by membranal localization of ptpalpha." SIGNOR-148301 EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT SHC1 protein P29353 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 10090 BTO:0000944 7518560 t lperfetto "Both competition experiments with synthetic phosphopeptides and dephosphorylation protection analysis demonstrated that y-1173 and y-992 are major and minor binding sites, respectively, for shc on the egfr." SIGNOR-235481 ROCK1 protein Q13464 UNIPROT GFAP protein P14136 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser13 ITSAARRsYVSSGEM -1 12686604 t lperfetto "We report here that aurora-b phosphorylates gfap and desmin in vitro, and this phosphorylation leads to a reduction in filament forming ability. The sites phosphorylated by aurora-b;thr-7/ser-13/ser-38 of gfap, and thr-16 of desmin are common with those related to rho-associated kinase (rho-kinase), which has been reported to phosphorylate gfap and desmin at cleavage furrow during cytokinesis. We identified ser-59 of desmin to be a specific site phosphorylated by aurora-b in vitro." SIGNOR-100181 AURKB protein Q96GD4 UNIPROT GFAP protein P14136 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser13 ITSAARRsYVSSGEM -1 12686604 t lperfetto "We report here that aurora-b phosphorylates gfap and desmin in vitro, and this phosphorylation leads to a reduction in filament forming ability. The sites phosphorylated by aurora-b;thr-7/ser-13/ser-38 of gfap, and thr-16 of desmin are common with those related to rho-associated kinase (rho-kinase), which has been reported to phosphorylate gfap and desmin at cleavage furrow during cytokinesis. We identified ser-59 of desmin to be a specific site phosphorylated by aurora-b in vitro." SIGNOR-100165 IKBKB protein O14920 UNIPROT IKBKB protein O14920 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser740 SFTALDWsWLQTEEE 9606 BTO:0000567 SIGNOR-C14 SIGNOR-C14 10195894 t lperfetto "Once activated, ikkbeta autophosphorylated at a carboxyl-terminal serine cluster. Such phosphorylation decreased ikk activity and may prevent prolonged activation of the inflammatory response" SIGNOR-236048 STK3 protein Q13188 UNIPROT MOB1A protein Q9H8S9 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr12 FSSRSSKtFKPKKNI 9606 23431053 t milica "Mob1, when phosphorylated by MST1/2, binds to the autoinhibitory motif in Lats1/2, which in turn leads to the phosphorylation of the Lats activation loop (Lats1 S909 and Lats2 S872) and thereby an increase of their kinase activity" SIGNOR-201282 AURKB protein Q96GD4 UNIPROT DES protein P17661 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr17 RVSSYRRtFGGAPGF -1 12686604 t lperfetto "We report here that aurora-b phosphorylates gfap and desmin in vitro, and this phosphorylation leads to a reduction in filament forming ability. In the present study, we found aurora-b phosphorylates desmin at ser-11, thr-16, and ser-59, in vitro." SIGNOR-100115 AURKB protein Q96GD4 UNIPROT DES protein P17661 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser60 VYQVSRTsGGAGGLG -1 12686604 t lperfetto "We report here that aurora-b phosphorylates gfap and desmin in vitro, and this phosphorylation leads to a reduction in filament forming ability. In the present study, we found aurora-b phosphorylates desmin at ser-11, thr-16, and ser-59, in vitro." SIGNOR-100111 ROCK1 protein Q13464 UNIPROT DES protein P17661 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr17 RVSSYRRtFGGAPGF -1 12686604 t lperfetto "The sites phosphorylated by Aurora-B; Thr-7/Ser-13/Ser-38 of GFAP, and Thr-16 of desmin are common with those related to Rho-associated kinase (Rho-kinase), which has been reported to phosphorylate GFAP and desmin at cleavage furrow during cytokinesis. Rho-kinase was found to phosphorylate desmin at Thr-16, Thr-75, and Thr-76" SIGNOR-100177 AURKB protein Q96GD4 UNIPROT GFAP protein P14136 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr7 tSAARRSY -1 12686604 t lperfetto "We report here that aurora-b phosphorylates gfap and desmin in vitro, and this phosphorylation leads to a reduction in filament forming ability. The sites phosphorylated by aurora-b;thr-7/ser-13/ser-38 of gfap, and thr-16 of desmin are common with those related to rho-associated kinase (rho-kinase), which has been reported to phosphorylate gfap and desmin at cleavage furrow during cytokinesis. We identified ser-59 of desmin to be a specific site phosphorylated by aurora-b in vitro." SIGNOR-100173 ROCK1 protein Q13464 UNIPROT GFAP protein P14136 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr7 tSAARRSY -1 12686604 t lperfetto "We report here that aurora-b phosphorylates gfap and desmin in vitro, and this phosphorylation leads to a reduction in filament forming ability. The sites phosphorylated by aurora-b;thr-7/ser-13/ser-38 of gfap, and thr-16 of desmin are common with those related to rho-associated kinase (rho-kinase), which has been reported to phosphorylate gfap and desmin at cleavage furrow during cytokinesis. We identified ser-59 of desmin to be a specific site phosphorylated by aurora-b in vitro." SIGNOR-100192 TNK2 protein Q07912 UNIPROT TNK2 protein Q07912 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr284 LPQNDDHyVMQEHRK -1 16472662 t "Purified ACK1 undergoes autophosphorylation at Tyr284, and autophosphorylation increases kinase activity" SIGNOR-251184 AURKB protein Q96GD4 UNIPROT DES protein P17661 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser12 YSSSQRVsSYRRTFG -1 12686604 t lperfetto "We report here that aurora-b phosphorylates gfap and desmin in vitro, and this phosphorylation leads to a reduction in filament forming ability. In the present study, we found aurora-b phosphorylates desmin at ser-11, thr-16, and ser-59, in vitro." SIGNOR-100107 AMPK complex SIGNOR-C15 SIGNOR TBC1D1 protein Q86TI0 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser237 RPMRKSFsQPGLRSL 9606 BTO:0001760 17995453 t lperfetto "In rat l6 myotubes, endogenous tbc1d1 is strongly phosphorylated on ser237 and binds to 14-3-3s in response to the ampk activators aicar" SIGNOR-216631 SNIP1 protein Q8TAD8 UNIPROT SMAD4 protein Q13485 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 SIGNOR-C6 10887155 t gcesareni "In this study, we characterize a novel nuclear protein, termed snip1 its principal mechanism of action appears to be through transcription by binding to cbp/p300 and interfering with the ability of these coactivators to interact with smad4" SIGNOR-78984 CTNNBIP1 protein Q9NSA3 UNIPROT CTNNB1 protein P35222 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 10898789 t gcesareni "We identify a novel beta-catenin-interacting protein, icat, that was found to inhibit the interaction of beta-catenin with tcf-4 and represses beta-catenin-tcf-4-mediated transactivation." SIGNOR-79399 GSK3B protein P49841 UNIPROT AXIN1 protein O15169 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 SIGNOR-C110 SIGNOR-C110 10318824 t lperfetto "From the binding experiments, we defined the domains of Axin that bind glycogen synthase kinase-3beta (GSK-3beta) and beta-catenin. We also examined the ability of each Axin mutant to inhibit lymphoid enhancer factor-1 (Lef-1) reporter activity in a cell line expressing high levels of beta-catenin." SIGNOR-67438 DIABLO protein Q9NR28 UNIPROT BIRC5 protein O15392 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 10929711 t gcesareni "Diablo seem to function as a general iaps neutralizer by binding to these protein. Diablo promotes casp9 activation by binding to inhibitor of apoptosis proteins, iaps, and removing their inhibitory activity. mitochondrial survivin associated with smac/diablo, delaying its release." SIGNOR-80212 GSK3B protein P49841 UNIPROT AXIN1 protein O15169 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation 9606 BTO:0000007 SIGNOR-C110 SIGNOR-C110 23579495 t lperfetto "Phosphorylation by GSK3 kept Axin activated (open) for _-catenin interaction and poised for engagement of LRP6." SIGNOR-201683 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT DUSP1 protein P28562 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser359 SALSYLQsPITTSPS 9606 10617468 t lperfetto "Mkp-1 was a target in vivo and in vitro for p42(mapk) or p44(mapk), which phosphorylates mkp-1 on two carboxyl-terminal serine residues, serine 359 and serine 364. This phosphorylation did not modify mkp-1's intrinsic ability to dephosphorylate p44(mapk) but led to stabilization of the protein." SIGNOR-73629 POU3F4 protein P49335 UNIPROT POU3F2 protein P20265 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding -1 9105675 t miannu "POU proteins (Brain-1, Brain-2, Brain-4 and SCIP) serve as transcriptional transactivators. if they were to form homomeric and heteromeric complexes with each other, depending on the particular combination, they might have different DNA-binding specificities and, thus, activate different genes." SIGNOR-220080 IL12A protein P29459 UNIPROT IL12B protein P29460 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 7527811 t fspada "However, a proper conformation required for high affinity binding is achieved only when p40 is associated with a p35 subunit or another p40 subunit. When p40 is associated with a p35 subunit, the heterodimer acts as an agonist mediating biologic activity. However, when p40 associates with another p40, the homodimer behaves as an antagonist in vitro" SIGNOR-27619 Enzastaurin chemical CID:176167 PUBCHEM PRKCE protein Q02156 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-191496 DHH protein O43323 UNIPROT PTCH1 protein Q13635 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0001363 9811851 t lperfetto "Biochemical analysis of ptch and ptch2 shows that they both bind to all hedgehog family members with similar affinity and that they can form a complex with smoThe function of the hedgehog ligands appears to be mediated at the cell surface by the PTCH-SMO receptor complex. Current models suggest that binding of Shh to PTCH prevents the normal inhibition of the seven-transmembrane-protein Smoothened (SMO) by PTCH..Because Desert Hedgehog (Dhh) is expressed specifically in the testis and is required for germ cell development, it is likely that PTCH2 mediates its activity in vivo." SIGNOR-61232 DHH protein O43323 UNIPROT PTCH2 protein Q9Y6C5 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0001363 9811851 t lperfetto "Biochemical analysis of ptch and ptch2 shows that they both bind to all hedgehog family members with similar affinity and that they can form a complex with smoThe function of the hedgehog ligands appears to be mediated at the cell surface by the PTCH-SMO receptor complex. Current models suggest that binding of Shh to PTCH prevents the normal inhibition of the seven-transmembrane-protein Smoothened (SMO) by PTCH..Because Desert Hedgehog (Dhh) is expressed specifically in the testis and is required for germ cell development, it is likely that PTCH2 mediates its activity in vivo." SIGNOR-61267 GRK4 protein P32298 UNIPROT BDKRB2 protein P30411 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser373 SMGTLRTsISVERQI 9606 BTO:0000007 11517230 t "Expression of GRK4α drastically increased the basal level of32P incorporation into B2R. GRK4α elevated the basal phosphorylation of Ser339 and Ser346/Ser348. phosphorylation of specific residues was correlated with the initiation of receptor internalization and the regulation of its desensitization." SIGNOR-251193 STK4 protein Q13043 UNIPROT MOB1A protein Q9H8S9 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr35 LLKHAEAtLGSGNLR 9606 23431053 t milica "Mob1, when phosphorylated by MST1/2, binds to the autoinhibitory motif in Lats1/2, which in turn leads to the phosphorylation of the Lats activation loop (Lats1 S909 and Lats2 S872) and thereby an increase of their kinase activity" SIGNOR-201310 ERK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF1 SIGNOR RPS6KA1 protein Q15418 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr573 AENGLLMtPCYTANF 9534 BTO:0004055 9430688 t lperfetto "Several lines of evidence indicate that the mapkap-k1 isoforms are also activated by mapks in vivo via the ras-dependent protein kinase cascade that is triggered by growth factors or tumor-promoting phorbol esters, such as phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (pma). here we identify six sites in mapkap-k1a that become phosphorylated in transfected cos-1 cells. The inactive form of mapkap-k1a in unstimulated cells is partially phosphorylated at ser222 and ser733. Stimulation with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate induces the phosphorylation of thr360, ser364, thr574, and ser381 and increases the phosphorylation of ser222 and ser733." SIGNOR-250558 STK3 protein Q13188 UNIPROT MOB1B protein Q7L9L4 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr12 FGSRSSKtFKPKKNI 9606 23431053 t milica "Mob1, when phosphorylated by MST1/2, binds to the autoinhibitory motif in Lats1/2, which in turn leads to the phosphorylation of the Lats activation loop (Lats1 S909 and Lats2 S872) and thereby an increase of their kinase activity" SIGNOR-201290 PSTPIP1 protein O43586 UNIPROT ABL1 protein P00519 UNIPROT down-regulates 9606 11163214 f lperfetto "Cytoskeletal protein pstpip1 directs the pest-type protein tyrosine phosphatase to the c-abl kinase to mediate abl dephosphorylationSeveral experiments suggest that the PEST-type PTPs negatively regulate c-Abl activity" SIGNOR-105035 CAMK4 protein Q16566 UNIPROT HDAC4 protein P56524 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation 9606 11062529 t gcesareni "Mckinsey et al. report that calcium/calmodulin-dependent kinase (camk), stimulates myogenesis and prevents formation of mef2/hdac complexes by inducing phosphorylation and nuclear export of hdacs 4 and 5." SIGNOR-83837 VHL protein P40337 UNIPROT HIF1A protein Q16665 UNIPROT down-regulates ubiquitination 9606 10944113 t miannu "Here we show that the product of the von hippel-lindau (vhl) tumor suppressor gene mediated ubiquitylation and proteasomal degradation of hif-1 alpha under normoxic conditions via interaction with the core of the oxygen-dependent degradation domain of hif-1 alpha." SIGNOR-80969 ISL1 protein P61371 UNIPROT NLI/Lmx1.1/Isl1 complex SIGNOR-C103 SIGNOR "form complex" binding 9606 BTO:0000007 9452425 t miannu "Interactions between LIM transcription factors were also evaluated in vivo. Cotransfected FLAG-Lmx1.1 and HA-Isl1 were capable of interacting. the NLI-dependent interaction observed between Isl1 and Lmx1.1 is likely to represent a physiologically significant complex found in the endocrine cells of the pancreas." SIGNOR-220131 LHX3 protein Q9UBR4 UNIPROT ISL1 protein P61371 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000007 9452425 t miannu "the Lhx3-Isl1 C terminus interaction was dependent on the LIM domains of Lhx3. The combinatorial expression of the LIM homeodomain proteins Isl1, Isl2, Lhx1, and Lhx3 in subsets of developing motor neurons correlates with the future organization of these neurons into motor columns with distinct innervation targets, implying a functional role for LIM homeodomain protein combinations in the specification of neuronal identity" SIGNOR-220169 TGFB2 protein P61812 UNIPROT TGFB2 protein P61812 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 16885528 t gcesareni "The active form of tgf-b is a dimer stabilized by hydrophobic interactions and usually further strengthened by an intersubunit disulfide bridge" SIGNOR-148608 PKNOX1 protein P55347 UNIPROT HOXA1 protein P49639 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000007 9582372 t miannu "Our results are consistent with a primary interaction of the YPWM motif of HOXA1 with the homeodomain of PBX. HOX proteins are dependent upon cofactors of the PBX family for specificity of DNA binding." SIGNOR-220242 PTK2 protein Q05397 UNIPROT PTK2 protein Q05397 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr577 YMEDSTYyKASKGKL 9606 7529876 t llicata "We found that maximal kinase activity of fak immune complexes requires phosphorylation of both tyrosines 576 and 577. Our results indicate that phosphorylation of fak by src (or other src family kinases) is an important step in the formation of an active signaling complex." SIGNOR-27879 LATS1 protein O95835 UNIPROT YAP1 protein P46937 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser127 PQHVRAHsSPASLQL 9606 22658639 t milica "In response to high cell densities, activated LATS1/2 phosphorylates the WW-domain containing transcriptional co-activators YAP at Ser127 and TAZ at Ser89, promoting 14-3-3 binding and thereby inhibiting their translocation into the nucleus." SIGNOR-197647 STK4 protein Q13043 UNIPROT MOB1A protein Q9H8S9 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr12 FSSRSSKtFKPKKNI 9606 23431053 t milica "Mob1, when phosphorylated by MST1/2, binds to the autoinhibitory motif in Lats1/2, which in turn leads to the phosphorylation of the Lats activation loop (Lats1 S909 and Lats2 S872) and thereby an increase of their kinase activity" SIGNOR-201306 RET protein P07949 UNIPROT MAPK14 protein Q16539 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr180 RHTDDEMtGYVATRW 9606 7535770 t gcesareni "Dually phosphorylated on thr-180 and tyr-182 by the map2ks map2k3/mkk3, map2k4/mkk4 and map2k6/mkk6 in response to inflammatory citokines, environmental stress or growth factors, which activates the enzyme." SIGNOR-28059 STK4 protein Q13043 UNIPROT MOB1B protein Q7L9L4 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr12 FGSRSSKtFKPKKNI 9606 23431053 t milica "Mob1, when phosphorylated by MST1/2, binds to the autoinhibitory motif in Lats1/2, which in turn leads to the phosphorylation of the Lats activation loop (Lats1 S909 and Lats2 S872) and thereby an increase of their kinase activity" SIGNOR-201314 STK3 protein Q13188 UNIPROT MOB1B protein Q7L9L4 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr35 LLKHAEAtLGSGNLR 9606 23431053 t milica "Mob1, when phosphorylated by MST1/2, binds to the autoinhibitory motif in Lats1/2, which in turn leads to the phosphorylation of the Lats activation loop (Lats1 S909 and Lats2 S872) and thereby an increase of their kinase activity" SIGNOR-201294 AKT3 protein Q9Y243 UNIPROT BAD protein Q92934 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser118 GRELRRMsDEFVDSF 9606 10949026 t gcesareni "Ser-136 is the major phosphoacceptor site for akt;akt can weakly phosphorilate ser-155." SIGNOR-81118 HSP90AB1 protein P08238 UNIPROT APAF1 protein O14727 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 10944114 t gcesareni "The present studies demonstrate that heat shock protein 90 (hsp90) forms a cytosolic complex with apaf-1 and thereby inhibits the formation of the active complex." SIGNOR-81043 14-3-3 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF7 SIGNOR BAD protein Q92934 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 10949026 t gcesareni "14-3-3 blocks bad activity by promoting ser-155 phosphorylation, which induces the dissociation of bad and bcl-xl. in the presence of survival factor il-3, cells phosphorylated bad on two serine residues embedded in 14-3-3 consensus binding sites. Only the nonphosphorylated bad heterodimerized with bcl-x(l) at membrane sites to promote cell death." SIGNOR-81106 mTORC2 complex SIGNOR-C2 SIGNOR mTORC2 complex SIGNOR-C2 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation 10090 BTO:0000944 20022946 t lperfetto "These data suggest that mTORC1- and likely mTORC2-associated mTOR Ser-2481 autophosphorylation directly monitors intrinsic mTORC-specific catalytic activity" SIGNOR-235484 CASP8 protein Q14790 UNIPROT CASP8AP2 protein Q9UKL3 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 17245429 t gcesareni "The caspase-8-binding protein flice-associated huge protein (flash) would form a molecular complex with caspase-8, thereby presumably activating the mitochondrial apoptosis pathway by regulating caspase-8 activity." SIGNOR-152473 IRS1 protein P35568 UNIPROT PIK3CB protein P42338 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 10090 BTO:0000944 11416002 t lperfetto "To examine contributions of specific YXXM motifs in human insulin receptor substrate-1 (IRS-1) to mediating the metabolic actions of insulin, we studied IRS-1 mutants containing various substitutions of Phe for Tyr. In transfected NIH-3T3(IR) cells, insulin stimulation caused a 5-fold increase in phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) activity coimmunoprecipitated with wild-type IRS-1" SIGNOR-235487 SMAD2 protein Q15796 UNIPROT SMURF2 protein Q9HAU4 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 11389444 t lperfetto "We show that in the presence of TGF-beta signalling, Smad2 interacts through its proline-rich PPXY motif with the tryptophan-rich WW domains of Smurf2, a recently identified E3 ubiquitin ligases.Thus, stimulation by TGF-beta can induce the assembly of a Smad2-Smurf2 ubiquitin ligase complex that functions to target substrates for degradation." SIGNOR-108490 DUSP1 protein P28562 UNIPROT MAPK14 protein Q16539 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation 9606 20626350 t lperfetto "The activity of MAPKs can be also regulated by a family of DUSPs (dual-specificity phosphatases)/MKPs (MAPK phosphatases), which dephosphorylate both phosphotyrosine and phosphothreonine residues MKPs 1, 4, 5 and 7 can dephosphorylate p38_ and p38_ in addition to JNK MAPKs. Importantly, some MKPs are transcriptionally up-regulated by stimuli that activate MAPK signalling, and are thought to play an important role limiting the extent of MAPK activation" SIGNOR-166571 AKT2 protein P31751 UNIPROT PTPN1 protein P18031 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser50 RNRYRDVsPFDHSRI 10090 BTO:0000944 11579209 t lperfetto "We conclude that ptp1b is a novel substrate for akt and that phosphorylation of ptp1b by akt at ser(50) may negatively modulate its phosphatase activity creating a positive feedback mechanism forinsulin signaling" SIGNOR-235491 KRAS protein P01116 UNIPROT PIK3CA protein P42336 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 21779497 t gcesareni "Grb2 binds and activates sos, which then activates ras, and this activates p110 independently of p85./it was also described that ras interacts with pi3k in a direct manner./lysine residue 227 is essential for the interaction of ras with pi3k phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (pi3k) is one of the main effector pathways of ras, regulating cell growth, cell cycle entry, cell survival, cytoskeleton reorganization, and metabolism." SIGNOR-175204 AKT2 protein P31751 UNIPROT BAD protein Q92934 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser99 PFRGRSRsAPPNLWA 9606 10949026 t gcesareni "Ser-136 is the major phosphoacceptor site for akt;akt can weakly phosphorilate ser-155." SIGNOR-81114 AKT2 protein P31751 UNIPROT BAD protein Q92934 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser118 GRELRRMsDEFVDSF 9606 10949026 t gcesareni "Ser-136 is the major phosphoacceptor site for akt;akt can weakly phosphorilate ser-155." SIGNOR-81110 LATS2 protein Q9NRM7 UNIPROT YAP1 protein P46937 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser127 PQHVRAHsSPASLQL 9606 22658639 t "Uninhibited YAP/TAZ localize to the nucleus where they serve as coactivators for the TEA-domain family member (TEAD) of DNA-binding transcription factors." milica "In response to high cell densities, activated LATS1/2 phosphorylates the WW-domain containing transcriptional co-activators YAP at Ser127 and TAZ at Ser89, promoting 14-3-3 binding and thereby inhibiting their translocation into the nucleus." SIGNOR-197655 PTPN1 protein P18031 UNIPROT INSR protein P06213 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Tyr1185 FGMTRDIyETDYYRK 10090 BTO:0000944 11579209 t lperfetto "Ptp1b is a protein tyrosine phosphatase that negatively regulates insulin sensitivity by dephosphorylating the insulin receptor." SIGNOR-235495 LATS1 protein O95835 UNIPROT WWTR1 protein Q9GZV5 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser89 AQHVRSHsSPASLQL 9606 22658639 t "Together,the YAP/TAZ-TEAD complex promotes proliferative and survival programs." milica "In response to high cell densities, activated LATS1/2 phosphorylates the WW-domain containing transcriptional co-activators YAP at Ser127 and TAZ at Ser89, promoting 14-3-3 binding and thereby inhibiting their translocation into the nucleus." SIGNOR-197643 CyclinE/CDK2 complex SIGNOR-C16 SIGNOR MYOD1 protein P15172 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser200 YSGDSDAsSPRSNCS 9606 21902831 t lperfetto "Cyclin e/cdk2 can phosphorylate myod at serine 200, which causes ubiquitination and degradation of this transcription factor during g1, preventing its accumulation and a commitment to differentiation." SIGNOR-216706 GRK6 protein P43250 UNIPROT GRK6 protein P43250 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Thr485 LDIEQFStVKGVELE 9534 BTO:0000298 10334944 t "GRK6 Is Autophosphorylated in COS-7 Cells. GRK6, like GRK5, is autophosphorylated on Ser484 and Thr485. Whether the autophosphorylation of GRK6 modulates its activity remains however to be established." SIGNOR-251212 TRAF2 protein Q12933 UNIPROT MAP3K7 protein O43318 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" ubiquitination Lys158 ALIHRDLkPPNLLLV 9606 BTO:0000007 20038579 t lperfetto "Tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated factors 2 and 6 (traf2 and -6) act as the ubiquitin e3 ligases to mediate lys63-linked tak1 polyubiquitination at the lys158 residue in vivo and in vitro. Lys(63)-linked TAK1 polyubiquitination at the Lys(158) residue is required for TAK1-mediated IKK complex recruitment." SIGNOR-162638 ERK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF1 SIGNOR RPS6KA1 protein Q15418 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser732 RRVRKLPsTTL 9534 BTO:0004055 9430688 t lperfetto "Several lines of evidence indicate that the mapkap-k1 isoforms are also activated by mapks in vivo via the ras-dependent protein kinase cascade that is triggered by growth factors or tumor-promoting phorbol esters, such as phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (pma). here we identify six sites in mapkap-k1a that become phosphorylated in transfected cos-1 cells. The inactive form of mapkap-k1a in unstimulated cells is partially phosphorylated at ser222 and ser733. Stimulation with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate induces the phosphorylation of thr360, ser364, thr574, and ser381 and increases the phosphorylation of ser222 and ser733." SIGNOR-250556 PIK3CA protein P42336 UNIPROT PtsIns(3,4,5)P3 smallmolecule CID:24755492 PUBCHEM "up-regulates quantity" "small molecule catalysis" 9606 10071752 t "AKT is a serine-threonine protein kinase that plays important roles in cell growth, proliferation and apoptosis. It is activated after binding to phosphatidylinositol phosphates (PIPs) with phosphate s at positions 3, 4 and 3,4,5 on the inositol ring" lperfetto "Stimulation of tyrosine kinase receptors initiates a signaling cascade that activates pi3k. Activated pi3k uses pip2 to generate pip3, which recruit akt to the plasma membrane through its pleckstrin homology (ph) domain, permitting its activation by pdks." SIGNOR-65409 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT YWHAZ protein P63104 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser58 VVGARRSsWRVVSSI 9606 BTO:0000007 11956222 t "PKB/Akt phosphorylates Ser-58 on 14-3-3zeta both in vitro and in intact cells. The functional relevance of this phosphorylation remains to be determined." SIGNOR-251488 ZBTB14 protein O43829 UNIPROT MYC protein P01106 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 10080939 f miannu "ZF5, which we have cloned as a transcriptional repressor on the mouse c-myc promoter" SIGNOR-220537 BTG2 protein P78543 UNIPROT HOXB9 protein P17482 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000567 10617598 t miannu "The leukemia-associated protein Btg1 and the p53-regulated protein Btg2 interact with the homeoprotein Hoxb9 and enhance its transcriptional activation." SIGNOR-220987 BTG1 protein P62324 UNIPROT HOXB9 protein P17482 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000567 10617598 t miannu "The leukemia-associated protein Btg1 and the p53-regulated protein Btg2 interact with the homeoprotein Hoxb9 and enhance its transcriptional activation." SIGNOR-221019 GSK3B protein P49841 UNIPROT CABYR protein O75952 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser155 KTTTPPSsPPPTAVS -1 15752768 t "GSK3β interacts with and phosphorylates CABYR in vitro. GSK3β interacts with and phosphorylates CABYR in vitro. the functional extent of the CABYR phosphorylation sites to participate in cellular processes through GSK3β remains to be investigated." SIGNOR-251223 AKT2 protein P31751 UNIPROT ESR1 protein P03372 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser167 GGRERLAsTNDKGSM 9534 BTO:0001538 11139588 t "AKT activate ERalpha in the absence of estrogen. The consensus AKT phosphorylation site Ser-167 of ERalpha is required for phosphorylation and activation by AKT." SIGNOR-251490 AKT3 protein Q9Y243 UNIPROT BAD protein Q92934 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser99 PFRGRSRsAPPNLWA 9606 10949026 t gcesareni "Ser-136 is the major phosphoacceptor site for akt;akt can weakly phosphorilate ser-155." SIGNOR-81122 AKT2 protein P31751 UNIPROT AKT1S1 protein Q96B36 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr246 LPRPRLNtSDFQKLK 9606 BTO:0000007 12524439 t "PRAS40 is a novel substrate of Akt, the phosphorylation of which leads to the binding of this protein to 14-3-3. Thr-246 Is the Major Phosphorylation Site" SIGNOR-251489 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT RPS6KB1 protein P23443 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser447 GSPRTPVsPVKFSPG 9606 7545671 t gcesareni "Erk phosphorylates multiple cytoplasmatic and cytoskeletal proteins, including mapk-activated protein kinases and the ribosomal p70-s6 kinase" SIGNOR-28800 AKT2 protein P31751 UNIPROT FOXO4 protein P98177 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr32 QSRPRSCtWPLPRPE 10090 BTO:0000944 11313479 t "Phosphorylation of AFX by PKB occurs in the nucleus. Phosphorylation of S193 reduces the rate of nuclear import. PKB-mediated phosphorylation of AFX, therefore, attenuates the import of the transcription factor, which shifts the localization of the protein from the nucleus to the cytoplasm and results in the inhibition of AFX transcriptional activity." SIGNOR-251491 PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT BAD protein Q92934 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser118 GRELRRMsDEFVDSF 9606 10949026 t gcesareni "Ser-155 is the major phosphoacceptor site for pka on bad, but that pka also phosphorylates ser-112 and ser-136. Phosphorylated bad appears to be the inactive moiety. These results implicate pkac as the candidate kinase for s112 phosphorylation in vivo." SIGNOR-81129 MTOR protein P42345 UNIPROT RPS6KB1 protein P23443 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr412 NQVFLGFtYVAPSVL 10090 BTO:0000944 SIGNOR-C3 17510057 t lperfetto "mTORC1 catalyzes the phosphorylation of eIF4E binding protein-1 (4EBP1, also known as PHAS-I) and p70 S6 kinase 1 (S6K1)Phosphorylation of S6K1 at Thr-389" SIGNOR-235507 LHX1 protein P48742 UNIPROT OTX2 protein P32243 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000567 10623575 t miannu "Here we show that OTX2 directly associates with LIM1 and HNF-3beta. The luciferase assay with the P3C sequence, a specific DNA binding sequence for paired-class homeobox genes, has demonstrated that LIM1 enhances, but HNF-3beta represses, OTX2-directed gene expression." SIGNOR-221161 FOXA2 protein Q9Y261 UNIPROT OTX2 protein P32243 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000567 10623575 t miannu "Here we show that OTX2 directly associates with LIM1 and HNF-3beta. The luciferase assay with the P3C sequence, a specific DNA binding sequence for paired-class homeobox genes, has demonstrated that LIM1 enhances, but HNF-3beta represses, OTX2-directed gene expression." SIGNOR-221164 NCL protein P19338 UNIPROT MYBL1 protein P10243 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000007 10660576 t miannu "We identify nucleolin as one of the nuclear polypeptides that interact specifically with the A-Myb and c-Myb. We show that the interaction of nucleolin with Myb is functional because co-transfection of nucleolin down-regulates Myb transcriptional activity." SIGNOR-221233 NCL protein P19338 UNIPROT MYB protein P10242 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000007 10660576 t miannu "We identify nucleolin as one of the nuclear polypeptides that interact specifically with the A-Myb and c-Myb. We show that the interaction of nucleolin with Myb is functional because co-transfection of nucleolin down-regulates Myb transcriptional activity." SIGNOR-221236 SCAND1 protein P57086 UNIPROT MZF1 protein P28698 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding -1 10777584 t miannu "Co-immunoprecipitation and yeast two-hybrid analyses demonstrate that MZF1B and RAZ1 associate in vitro via a SCAN box-dependent mechanism. The interaction between MZF1B and RAZ1 might be necessary for mediating MZF1B function" SIGNOR-221561 TFAP4 protein Q01664 UNIPROT MDM2 protein Q00987 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0001109 19505873 f miannu "AP-4 Mediates E-box-dependent Complex Formation for Transcriptional Repression of HDM2" SIGNOR-226596 RFX5 protein P48382 UNIPROT "RFX complex" complex SIGNOR-C104 SIGNOR "form complex" binding -1 10825209 t miannu "RFXANK and RFXAP bind to each other and form a heterodimer (step 1) that subsequently interacts with RFX5 Upon binding, the conformation of RFX5 changes (step 2) in a way that enables the RFX complex to bind to DNA (step 3) and to recruit other proteins that are required for the transcription of MHC II genes" SIGNOR-221565 RFXAP protein O00287 UNIPROT "RFX complex" complex SIGNOR-C104 SIGNOR "form complex" binding -1 10825209 t miannu "RFXANK and RFXAP bind to each other and form a heterodimer (step 1) that subsequently interacts with RFX5 Upon binding, the conformation of RFX5 changes (step 2) in a way that enables the RFX complex to bind to DNA (step 3) and to recruit other proteins that are required for the transcription of MHC II genes" SIGNOR-221568 RFXANK protein O14593 UNIPROT "RFX complex" complex SIGNOR-C104 SIGNOR "form complex" binding -1 10825209 t miannu "RFXANK and RFXAP bind to each other and form a heterodimer (step 1) that subsequently interacts with RFX5 Upon binding, the conformation of RFX5 changes (step 2) in a way that enables the RFX complex to bind to DNA (step 3) and to recruit other proteins that are required for the transcription of MHC II genes" SIGNOR-221571 PIK3CA protein P42336 UNIPROT PtsIns(3,4,5)P3 smallmolecule CID:24755492 PUBCHEM "up-regulates quantity" "small molecule catalysis" 9606 16847462 t "AKT is a serine-threonine protein kinase that plays important roles in cell growth, proliferation and apoptosis. It is activated after binding to phosphatidylinositol phosphates (PIPs) with phosphate s at positions 3, 4 and 3,4,5 on the inositol ring" lperfetto "Insulin activation of phosphoinositide 3-kinase (pi3k) signaling regulates glucose homeostasis through the production of phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate (pip3). The dual-specificity phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome 10 (pten) blocks pi3k signaling by dephosphorylating pip3, and is inhibited through its interaction with phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate-dependent rac exchanger 2" SIGNOR-147948 CENPK protein Q9BS16 UNIPROT SOX6 protein P35712 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 10029 BTO:0000246 10996314 t miannu "Here we report the cloning of a novel cDNA, termed Solt, from a mouse testis cDNA library. Its gene product, Solt, interacts with the leucine zipper region of SoxLZ/Sox6. In transient transfection assays with SoxLZ/Sox6 containing the transactivation domain of herpes simplex virus VP16, the expression of a luciferase reporter gene under the control of a promoter containing a synthetic cis element that is bound by the HMG box of SoxLZ/Sox6 was poorly enhanced in the presence of Solt." SIGNOR-221820 BIRC2 protein Q13490 UNIPROT CASP2 protein P42575 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 16701639 t gcesareni "However, among hiap1, hiap2 and xiap, only hiap2 binds and inhibits caspase-2." SIGNOR-146738 ZSTK474 chemical CID:11647372 PUBCHEM PIK3CB protein P42338 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-207938 PTPN1 protein P18031 UNIPROT INSR protein P06213 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Tyr1189 RDIYETDyYRKGGKG 10090 BTO:0000944 11579209 t lperfetto "Ptp1b is a protein tyrosine phosphatase that negatively regulates insulin sensitivity by dephosphorylating the insulin receptor." SIGNOR-235499 GSK3B protein P49841 UNIPROT CTNND1 protein O60716 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Thr310 GTARRTGtPSDPRRR -1 12885254 t "GSK3beta selectively phosphorylates p120 on S252 and T310 in Vitro" SIGNOR-251235 FLT3 protein P36888 UNIPROT PTPN11 protein Q06124 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 10090 BTO:0002882 phosphorylation:Tyr599 VDFREYEyDLKWEFP 16684964 t gcesareni "Y599 was additionally found to interact with the protein tyrosine phosphatase SHP2 in a phosphorylation-dependent manner. As Y599F-Flt3-32D was unable to associate with and to phosphorylate SHP2 and since silencing of SHP2 in WT-Flt3-expressing cells mimicked the Y599F-Flt3 phenotype, we hypothesize that recruitment of SHP2 to pY599 contributes to FL-mediated Erk activation and proliferation." SIGNOR-245057 PTPN1 protein P18031 UNIPROT INSR protein P06213 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Tyr1190 DIYETDYyRKGGKGL 10090 BTO:0000944 11579209 t lperfetto "Ptp1b is a protein tyrosine phosphatase that negatively regulates insulin sensitivity by dephosphorylating the insulin receptor." SIGNOR-235503 SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT CDH5 protein P33151 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr658 GEMDTTSyDVSVLNS 10029 BTO:0000246 16027153 t lperfetto "cadherins also act to prevent epithelial cell motilityCadherin-cytoskeletal interactions occur through a number of adaptor proteins that interact with the C-terminal portion of the cadherin cytoplasmic tail, including the _-, _-, and _-catenin (6, 10). Additionally, VE-cadherin stability at the plasma membrane may be regulated by the binding of p120-catenin to the juxtamembrane region of the cytoplasmic tailWe show here that tyrosine phosphorylation of the adherens junction protein VE-cadherin at two critical tyrosines, Tyr-658 and Tyr-731, via tyrosine kinase activation or phosphatase inactivation was sufficient to prevent the binding of p120- and beta-catenin, respectively, to the cytoplasmic tail of VE-cadherinVE-cadherin becomes phosphorylated on Tyr-658 and/or Tyr-731 in response to Src kinase activity." SIGNOR-246462 POU3F2 protein P20265 UNIPROT POU3F2 protein P20265 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0002269 11029584 t miannu "These experiments lead to the conclusion that the full-length Brn-2 protein can interact with full-length Brn-2. Assay of homodimerization properties of Brn-2 protein on the b2s1 dimer recognition sequence also demonstrated cooperativity, indicating that protein-protein contacts would be important for synergistic interactions between the Brn-2 subunits." SIGNOR-221824 HOXD12 protein P35452 UNIPROT MAFF protein Q9ULX9 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding -1 11036080 t miannu "Hoxd12 and MHox, that interact with v-/c-Maf, using the phage display method. The Hox proteins also could associate with the other Maf protein family members, MafB, MafK, MafF, and MafG, but not with Jun and Fos. The Hox proteins negatively regulated the DNA binding, transactivation and cell-transforming abilities of Maf." SIGNOR-221884 HOXD12 protein P35452 UNIPROT MAF protein O75444 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding -1 11036080 t miannu "Hoxd12 and MHox, that interact with v-/c-Maf, using the phage display method. The Hox proteins also could associate with the other Maf protein family members, MafB, MafK, MafF, and MafG, but not with Jun and Fos. The Hox proteins negatively regulated the DNA binding, transactivation and cell-transforming abilities of Maf." SIGNOR-221887 PRRX1 protein P54821 UNIPROT MAFF protein Q9ULX9 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding -1 11036080 t miannu "Hoxd12 and MHox, that interact with v-/c-Maf, using the phage display method. The Hox proteins also could associate with the other Maf protein family members, MafB, MafK, MafF, and MafG, but not with Jun and Fos. The Hox proteins negatively regulated the DNA binding, transactivation and cell-transforming abilities of Maf." SIGNOR-221890 PRRX1 protein P54821 UNIPROT MAF protein O75444 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding -1 11036080 t miannu "Hoxd12 and MHox, that interact with v-/c-Maf, using the phage display method. The Hox proteins also could associate with the other Maf protein family members, MafB, MafK, MafF, and MafG, but not with Jun and Fos. The Hox proteins negatively regulated the DNA binding, transactivation and cell-transforming abilities of Maf." SIGNOR-221893 HOXD12 protein P35452 UNIPROT MAFB protein Q9Y5Q3 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding -1 11036080 t miannu "Hoxd12 and MHox, that interact with v-/c-Maf, using the phage display method. The Hox proteins also could associate with the other Maf protein family members, MafB, MafK, MafF, and MafG, but not with Jun and Fos. The Hox proteins negatively regulated the DNA binding, transactivation and cell-transforming abilities of Maf." SIGNOR-221896 14-3-3 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF7 SIGNOR YAP1 protein P46937 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9534 BTO:0004055 12535517 t milica "One protein that associates with 14-3-3 in an akt-dependent manner is shown here to be the yes-associated protein (yap), which is phosphorylated by akt at serine 127, leading to binding to 14-3-3. Akt promotes yap localization to the cytoplasm, resulting in loss from the nucleus where it functions as a coactivator of transcription factors including p73." SIGNOR-97481 TJP2 protein Q9UDY2 UNIPROT WWTR1 protein Q9GZV5 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 21808241 t milica "In addition, yap and taz interact with another tight junction protein zo-2, which was reported to increase nuclear localization of yap and tight-junction localization of taz." SIGNOR-175931 PRKACB protein P22694 UNIPROT BAD protein Q92934 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser75 EIRSRHSsYPAGTED 9606 10949026 t gcesareni "Ser-155 is the major phosphoacceptor site for pka on bad, but that pka also phosphorylates ser-112 and ser-136." SIGNOR-81145 GRB2 protein P62993 UNIPROT SOS1 protein Q07889 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" relocalization 10090 BTO:0000669 23452850 t "GRB2 associated guanine nucleotide exchange factor Sos activates Ras through the exchange of GDP for GTP" lperfetto "Interaction domains of sos1/grb2 are finely tuned for cooperative control of embryonic stem cell fate." SIGNOR-235773 GRB2 protein P62993 UNIPROT SOS1 protein Q07889 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" relocalization 9606 8479541 t "GRB2 associated guanine nucleotide exchange factor Sos activates Ras through the exchange of GDP for GTP" lperfetto "Furthermore, our results indicate that the interaction domains of sos1 and grb2 have evolved so as to bind ligands not with maximal strength but with specificities and affinities that maintain cooperativity. Grb2 binds and activates sos, which then activates ras, and this activates p110 independently of p85." SIGNOR-39163 ERBB2 protein P04626 UNIPROT ERBB2 protein P04626 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr1139 TCSPQPEyVNQPDVR -1 1706616 t " Y1023 and Y1248, Y1139 and Y1222 also serve as autophosphorylation sites of HER2." SIGNOR-251127 PRKACB protein P22694 UNIPROT BAD protein Q92934 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser99 PFRGRSRsAPPNLWA 9606 10949026 t gcesareni "Ser-155 is the major phosphoacceptor site for pka on bad, but that pka also phosphorylates ser-112 and ser-136." SIGNOR-81149 "lysophosphatidic acid" smallmolecule CID:5497152 PUBCHEM LPAR1 protein Q92633 UNIPROT up-regulates "chemical activation" 10116 BTO:0003293 8276865 t milica "LPA activates its own G protein-coupled receptor(s) leading to stimulation of phospholipase C and inhibition of adenylate cyclase." SIGNOR-37365 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT SOS1 protein Q07889 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation 9606 BTO:0000763;BTO:0000149 10197981 t lperfetto "These results suggest that oncogenic ras, acting through mek1 and erk kinases, induces the phosphorylation of smad2 and smad3" SIGNOR-236242 CDK8 protein P49336 UNIPROT CCNH protein P51946 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser5 sSQKRHWT 9606 10993082 t gcesareni "Here we show that cdk8/cyclin c can regulate transcription by targeting the cdk7/cyclin h subunits of the general transcription initiation factor iih (tfiih). cdk8 phosphorylates mammalian cyclin h in the vicinity of its functionally unique amino-terminal and carboxy-terminal alpha-helical domains. This phosphorylation represses both the ability of tfiih to activate transcription and its ctd kinase activity. In addition, mimicking cdk8 phosphorylation of cyclin h in vivo has a dominant-negative effect on cell growth." SIGNOR-82037 BCL2L1 protein Q07817 UNIPROT HIP1 protein O00291 UNIPROT down-regulates 9606 11007801 f miannu "Hip-1 activity was found to be independent of the ded-containing caspase 8 but was significantly inhibited by the antiapoptotic protein bcl-x(l), implicating the intrinsic pathway of apoptosis in hip-1-induced cell death." SIGNOR-82460 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT SOS1 protein Q07889 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser1178 IMSKHLDsPPAIPPR 9534 BTO:0004055 8816480 t lperfetto "In this report, we describe the identification of five map kinase sites (s-1137, s-1167, s-1178, s-1193, and s-1197) on hsos1Replacing the MAP kinase phosphorylation sites with alanine residues results in an increase in the binding affinity of Grb2 to hSos1" SIGNOR-235925 RNF111 protein Q6ZNA4 UNIPROT SMAD2 protein Q15796 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" ubiquitination 10090 BTO:0000165;BTO:0000222 17341133 t lperfetto "Arkadia represses the expression of myoblast differentiation markers through degradation of ski and the ski-bound smad complex in c2c12 myoblasts. Arkadia bound smad2/3 via ski to induce the ubiquitination of smad2/3. These results suggest that arkadia targets ski-bound, inactive phospho-smad2/3 to regulate positively myostatin/tgf-beta signaling." SIGNOR-235394 TNFRSF1B protein P20333 UNIPROT TRAF1 protein Q13077 UNIPROT up-regulates 9606 8069916 f gcesareni "Traf1 interacts with tnf-r2 indirectly through heterodimer formation with traf2." SIGNOR-33843 PRKACG protein P22612 UNIPROT BAD protein Q92934 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser75 EIRSRHSsYPAGTED 9606 10949026 t gcesareni "Ser-155 is the major phosphoacceptor site for pka on bad, but that pka also phosphorylates ser-112 and ser-136. Phosphorylated bad appears to be the inactive moiety. These results implicate pkac as the candidate kinase for s112 phosphorylation in vivo." SIGNOR-81157 CAMK2A protein Q9UQM7 UNIPROT CREB1 protein P16220 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser142 RKILNDLsSDAPGVP 9606 11013247 t gcesareni "Phosphorylation of creb1 at ser142 and ser143 is selectively activated by ca(2+) influx;phosphorylation of ser142 and ser143, disrupts the interaction of creb with its cofactor cbp. Phosphorylation of serine 142 in creb by camkii leads to dissociation of the creb dimer." SIGNOR-82501 PRKACG protein P22612 UNIPROT BAD protein Q92934 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser118 GRELRRMsDEFVDSF 9606 10949026 t gcesareni "Ser-155 is the major phosphoacceptor site for pka on bad, but that pka also phosphorylates ser-112 and ser-136. Phosphorylated bad appears to be the inactive moiety. These results implicate pkac as the candidate kinase for s112 phosphorylation in vivo." SIGNOR-81153 PRKACG protein P22612 UNIPROT BAD protein Q92934 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser99 PFRGRSRsAPPNLWA 9606 10949026 t gcesareni "Ser-155 is the major phosphoacceptor site for pka on bad, but that pka also phosphorylates ser-112 and ser-136. Phosphorylated bad appears to be the inactive moiety. These results implicate pkac as the candidate kinase for s112 phosphorylation in vivo." SIGNOR-81161 SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT CEACAM1 protein P13688 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr493 NKMNEVTySTLNFEA 9606 BTO:0000007 9867848 t lperfetto "Recent reports have also suggested that Bgp1 behaves as a signal transduction molecule. Several physiological events promote the Tyr phosphorylation of Bgp1 on one or two Tyr residues within its cytoplasmic domain (Tyr-488 and Tyr-515). BGP becomes Tyr-phosphorylated by Src-like Tyr kinases in activated neutrophils (24) and in human colon carcinoma cellsWe have recently shown that Tyr phosphorylation of the mouse Bgp1 cytoplasmic domain in CT51 mouse colonic carcinoma cells led to its binding to the protein-Tyr phosphatase SHP-1 and that this event required the presence of both Tyr-488 and Tyr-515" SIGNOR-246471 CDK1 protein P06493 UNIPROT CSNK2A1 protein P68400 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser370 PLGPLAGsPVIAAAN 9606 7592773 t lperfetto "Four residues within this domain, thr-344, thr-360, ser-362, and ser-370, conform to the minimal consensus sequence for p34cdc2 phosphorylationthe high stoichiometry of phosphorylation suggests that phosphorylation could regulate functional properties of ckii and that it could in some way participate in the burst of phosphorylation that accompanies the activation of p34graphic at the ggraphic-m transition" SIGNOR-29521 IKBKB protein O14920 UNIPROT IKBKB protein O14920 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser756 HSCLEQAs 9606 BTO:0000007 10195894 t "Once activated, IKKbeta autophosphorylated at a carboxyl-terminal serine cluster. Such phosphorylation decreased IKK activity and may prevent prolonged activation of the inflammatory response." SIGNOR-251284 SYK protein P43405 UNIPROT IL15RA protein Q13261 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr227 AVSLLACyLKSRQTP 9606 BTO:0001154 11714793 t lperfetto "Mutation of a defined region of the intracellular signaling portion of IL-15Ralpha (Tyr227) abrogates both the IL-15Ralpha/Syk association and IL-15Ralpha phosphorylation. Taken together, this suggests that Syk kinase physically and functionally associates with the IL-15Ralpha chain in B cells and that Syk plays a key role in mediating IL-15-induced signal transduction, thus accounting for the distinct functional consequences of IL-15 vs IL-2 binding to B cells" SIGNOR-246556 CAMK2A protein Q9UQM7 UNIPROT SMAD2 protein Q15796 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser110 SFSEQTRsLDGRLQV 9606 SIGNOR-C8 11027280 t gcesareni "Smad2 is a target substrate for cam kinase ii in vitro at serine-110, -240, and -260. furthermore, cam kinase ii blocked nuclear accumulation of a smad2 and induced smad2-smad4 hetero-oligomerization independently of tgfbeta receptor activation, while preventing tgf-beta-dependent smad2-smad3 interactions." SIGNOR-82966 ATM protein Q13315 UNIPROT WRN protein Q14191 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser1141 PEKAYSSsQPVISAQ -1 10608806 t llicata "We determined a general phosphorylation consensus sequence for ATM and identified putative in vitro targets by using glutathione S-transferase peptides as substrates. Putative ATM in vitro targets include p95/nibrin, Mre11, Brca1, Rad17, PTS, WRN, and ATM (S440) itself." SIGNOR-250577 AR protein P10275 UNIPROT NR3C1 protein P04150 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" binding 9606 9162033 t lperfetto "Androgen and glucocorticoid receptor heterodimer formation. A possible mechanism for mutual inhibition of transcriptional activity" SIGNOR-48513 F2R protein P25116 UNIPROT GNA13 protein Q14344 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 22318735 t milica "The protease-activated receptors (PAR)2 are a class of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCR) that are activated by the proteolysis of the N-terminal exodomain. Upon proteolysis, the newly formed n terminus acts as a tethered ligand that activates the receptor and initiates signaling cascades through multiple g proteins (galfaq, galfai, and galfa12/13)." SIGNOR-196006 SYK protein P43405 UNIPROT LCK protein P06239 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr192 NLDNGGFyISPRITF 9606 BTO:0000782 8798764 t lperfetto "Our experiments indicate that the TCR-induced activation of Erk2 depends on the function of SH2 domain of Lck and is reduced by phosphorylation of wild type Lck at Tyr192 or by mutation of this site to a negatively charged amino acid. Such dependence on the SH2 domain has also been reported for the bulk of TCR-induced tyrosine phosphorylation and activation of the interleukin 2 gene (26). Thus, phosphorylation of Lck at Tyr192 may represent a negative feedback mechanism in the interplay between Src and Syk family PTKs in TCR signaling" SIGNOR-246562 EIF2AK1 protein Q9BQI3 UNIPROT EIF2S1 protein P05198 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser52 MILLSELsRRRIRSI 9606 11041858 t lperfetto "The wild-type and ser-48 mutant proteins became extensively phosphorylated by eif-2 kinases . The ser-51 mutant showed little covalent modification by the endogenous enzymes. Phosphorylation of the serine 51 residue in the alpha-subunit of translational initiation factor 2 in eukaryotes (eif2 alpha) impairs protein synthesis presumably by sequestering eif2b, a rate-limiting pentameric guanine nucleotide exchange protein which catalyzes the exchange of gtp for gdp in the eif2-gdp binary complex" SIGNOR-83226 SPRY2 protein O43597 UNIPROT CBLB protein Q13191 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 11053437 t gcesareni "One function of hspry2 in signaling processes downstream of rtks may be to modulate c-cbl physiological function such as that seen with receptor-mediated endocytosis." SIGNOR-83507 GSK3B protein P49841 UNIPROT GLI3 protein P10071 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" phosphorylation 10090 16885213 t lperfetto "Gli2 and Gli3 (in vertebrates) are phosphorylated by protein kinase A and glycogen synthase kinase-3_ and are proteolytically processed" SIGNOR-148475 HRAS protein P01112 UNIPROT JUN protein P05412 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser73 VGLLKLAsPELERLI 10090 BTO:0000944 12169099 t lperfetto "c-Jun was first shown to be phosphorylated in its transactivation domain (Ser-63 and Ser-73) by ERKs and p54-JNK. This is consistent with other studies which show that PD98059 inhibits up-regulation of c-Jun protein in Ras-transformed NIH-3T3 cells" SIGNOR-235526 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT PDE4C protein Q08493 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser641 YQSKIPRsPSDLTNP 9606 11030732 t "The effect has been demonstrated using Q08493-2" gcesareni "The short-form pde4b2 isoenzyme was activated by erk2 phosphorylation. sub-family selective actions in the ability of erk2 map kinase to phosphorylate and regulate the activity of pde4 cyclic amp-specific phosphodiesterases" SIGNOR-83187 SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT RAF1 protein P04049 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr340 RGQRDSSyYWEIEAS 9606 7692235 t gcesareni "We also show that phosphorylation of raf-1 on serine 338 by pak1 and tyrosines 340 and 341 by src relieves autoinhibition and that this occurs through a specific decrease in the binding of the raf-1 regulatory domain to its catalytic domain." SIGNOR-32081 HCK protein P08631 UNIPROT STAT3 protein P40763 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr705 DPGSAAPyLKTKFIC -1 12244095 t "Activation of STAT3 by the Src family kinase Hck requires a functional SH3 domain. Direct Phosphorylation of STAT3 on Tyr-705 by Src Family Kinases" SIGNOR-251267 PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT GSK3A protein P49840 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser21 SGRARTSsFAEPGGG 9606 11035810 t gcesareni "Phosphorylation of ser21 and inactivation of glycogen synthase kinase 3 by protein kinase a." SIGNOR-83221 HRAS protein P01112 UNIPROT JUN protein P05412 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser63 KNSDLLTsPDVGLLK 10090 BTO:0000944 12169099 t lperfetto "c-Jun was first shown to be phosphorylated in its transactivation domain (Ser-63 and Ser-73) by ERKs and p54-JNK. This is consistent with other studies which show that PD98059 inhibits up-regulation of c-Jun protein in Ras-transformed NIH-3T3 cells" SIGNOR-235522 CAMK2A protein Q9UQM7 UNIPROT SMAD2 protein Q15796 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser240 SDQQLNQsMDTGSPA 9606 SIGNOR-C8 11027280 t gcesareni "Smad2 is a target substrate for cam kinase ii in vitro at serine-110, -240, and -260. furthermore, cam kinase ii blocked nuclear accumulation of a smad2 and induced smad2-smad4 hetero-oligomerization independently of tgfbeta receptor activation, while preventing tgfbeta-dependent smad2-smad3 interactions." SIGNOR-82970 CASP7 protein P55210 UNIPROT PARP1 protein P09874 UNIPROT down-regulates cleavage 9606 11058599 t amattioni "Caspase-7 cleaves parp;redundancy exists between the caspase-3 and -7 at the level of parp proteolysis." SIGNOR-83703 XPO1 protein O14980 UNIPROT SMAD4 protein Q13485 UNIPROT down-regulates relocalization 9606 11074002 t gcesareni "We demonstrate that inhibition of crm1-mediated nuclear export by treatment of cells with leptomycin b results in endogenous smad4 accumulating very rapidly in the nucleus." SIGNOR-84247 LRP5 protein O75197 UNIPROT AXIN1 protein O15169 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity" relocalization 10090 BTO:0000944 11336703 t amattioni "Axin is a protein that interacts with the intracellular domain of LRP-5. LRP-5 active form bind Axin and induce LEF-1 activation by destabilizing Axin and stabilizing beta-catenin." SIGNOR-236997 cAMP smallmolecule CID:6076 PUBCHEM PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT up-regulates "chemical activation" 9606 BTO:0000007 22863277 t milica "The camp signaling cascade can activate protein kinase a (pka)" SIGNOR-198492 BCL2L11 protein O43521 UNIPROT BCL2 protein P10415 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000007 18498746 t lperfetto "We show that mutation of the phosphorylation site Thr-112 causes decreased binding of Bim to the antiapoptotic protein Bcl2 and can increase cell survival." SIGNOR-178676 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT SOS1 protein Q07889 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser1132 TLPHGPRsASVSSIS 9534 BTO:0004055 8816480 t lperfetto "In this report, we describe the identification of five map kinase sites (s-1137, s-1167, s-1178, s-1193, and s-1197) on hsos1Replacing the MAP kinase phosphorylation sites with alanine residues results in an increase in the binding affinity of Grb2 to hSos1" SIGNOR-235742 SRPK1 protein Q96SB4 UNIPROT RBM8A protein Q9Y5S9 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser168 GGRRRSRsPDRRRR 9606 16100109 t gcesareni "We demonstrate that y14 is phosphorylated at its repeated arginine/serine (rs) dipeptides, likely by sr protein-specific kinases. Phosphorylation of y14 abolished its interaction with ejc components as well as factors that function downstream of the ejc." SIGNOR-139555 PLK1 protein P53350 UNIPROT CTNNB1 protein P35222 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser718 QDDPSYRsFHSGGYG 9606 19001871 t lperfetto "Ser-718 of beta-catenin was directly phosphorylated by recombinant plk1thus it may be possible that function of the additional phosphorylation site(s) in cooperation with the ser-718 is required for the regulation of _-catenin at m phase" SIGNOR-182150 SYK protein P43405 UNIPROT PLCG1 protein P19174 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr771 IGTAEPDyGALYEGR 9606 BTO:0000776 8657103 t lperfetto "Syk isolated from antigen receptor-activated B cells phosphorylated PLC-gamma1 on Tyr-771 and the key regulatory residue Tyr-783 in vitro, whereas Lyn from the same B cells phosphorylated PLC-gamma1 only on Tyr-771." SIGNOR-246572 F2R protein P25116 UNIPROT GNA13 protein Q14344 UNIPROT up-regulates 9606 BTO:0000007 22972936 t milica "Par1 acts through g12/13 and rho gtpase to inhibit the lats1/2 kinase." SIGNOR-192042 F2R protein P25116 UNIPROT LATS1 protein O95835 UNIPROT down-regulates 9606 BTO:0000007 22972936 f "Here we report that stimulation of protease-activated receptors (PARs) activates YAP/TAZ by decreasing phosphorylation and increasing nuclear localization." milica "Par1 acts through g12/13 and rho gtpase to inhibit the lats1/2 kinase." SIGNOR-192045 CCND1 protein P24385 UNIPROT CDK4 protein P11802 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 7736585 t gcesareni "D-type cyclins (cyclin d1, d2, or d3) and their associated cyclin-dependent kinases (cdk4, cdk6) connect signals from cytokines to the cell cycle machinery, and they propel cells through the g1 restriction point and into the s phase when activated by cyclin d1, cdk4 is able to phosphorylate prb," SIGNOR-32295 MAPK9 protein P45984 UNIPROT ATF2 protein P15336 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr69 SVIVADQtPTPTRFL 9606 7737130 t gcesareni "Stimulation of atf-2-dependent transactivation by genotoxic agents requires the presence of threonines 69 and 71 located in the n-terminal transactivation domain. These sites are the target of p54 and p46 stress-activated protein kinases (sapks) which bind to, and phosphorylate atf-2 in vitro." SIGNOR-32429 F2R protein P25116 UNIPROT GNA12 protein Q03113 UNIPROT up-regulates 9606 BTO:0000007 22972936 t milica "Par1 acts through g12/13 and rho gtpase to inhibit the lats1/2 kinase." SIGNOR-199010 GCG protein P01275 UNIPROT GCGR protein P47871 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000007 22863277 t milica "In contrast, stimulation of gs-coupled receptors by glucagon or epinephrine activates lats1/2 kinase activity, thereby inhibiting yap function." SIGNOR-198504 GNAS protein Q5JWF2 UNIPROT ADCY1 protein Q08828 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000007 22863277 t milica "Thus, Gs-coupled GPCR can induce YAP phosphorylation mainly via cAMP and PKA." SIGNOR-198510 ADCY1 protein Q08828 UNIPROT cAMP smallmolecule CID:6076 PUBCHEM up-regulates "small molecule catalysis" 9606 BTO:0000007 22863277 t milica "To further explore the role of camp signaling in the hippo pathway, we treated cells with forskolin, an activator of adenylyl cyclase that results in camp production." SIGNOR-198486 "Flavopiridol hydrochloride" chemical CID:9910986 PUBCHEM CDK5 protein Q00535 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-192467 PRRX1 protein P54821 UNIPROT MAFB protein Q9Y5Q3 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding -1 11036080 t miannu "Hoxd12 and MHox, that interact with v-/c-Maf, using the phage display method. The Hox proteins also could associate with the other Maf protein family members, MafB, MafK, MafF, and MafG, but not with Jun and Fos. The Hox proteins negatively regulated the DNA binding, transactivation and cell-transforming abilities of Maf." SIGNOR-221899 CRB3 protein Q9BUF7 UNIPROT AMOT/MPP5/INADL/LIN7C complex SIGNOR-C27 SIGNOR up-regulates binding 10090 BTO:0000150 21145499 t milica "Interestingly, knockdown of crb3, which facilitates crumbs complex assembly and localization to the apical junctions disrupted taz/yap interaction with multiple components of the complex, whereas the other knockdowns only disrupted their respective interaction." SIGNOR-170399 CSNK2A1 protein P68400 UNIPROT WASF2 protein Q9Y6W5 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser497 EFDEDDWsD 9606 19012317 t gcesareni "Here we identify five casein kinase 2 (ck2) phosphorylation sites within the vca domain of wave2, serines 482, 484, 488, 489, and 497. Phosphorylation of these sites is required for a high affinity interaction with the arp2/3 complex;we and show that their mutation to non-phosphorylatable alanine residues inhibits wave2 function in vivo." SIGNOR-182362 KLF3 protein P57682 UNIPROT CEBPA protein P49715 UNIPROT down-regulates "transcriptional regulation" 9606 18391014 f fspada "We find that c/ebpalpha is derepressed in klf3 and ctbp knockout fibroblasts and adipocytes from klf3 knockout mice." SIGNOR-210117 HOXD12 protein P35452 UNIPROT MAFK protein O60675 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding -1 11036080 t miannu "Hoxd12 and MHox, that interact with v-/c-Maf, using the phage display method. The Hox proteins also could associate with the other Maf protein family members, MafB, MafK, MafF, and MafG, but not with Jun and Fos. The Hox proteins negatively regulated the DNA binding, transactivation and cell-transforming abilities of Maf." SIGNOR-221929 LAT protein O43561 UNIPROT VAV1 protein P15498 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 phosphorylation:Tyr255;Tyr220 EEEGAPDyENLQELN;SLDGSREyVNVSQEL 11368773 t lperfetto "By substituting these tyrosine residues in LAT with phenylalanine and by utilizing phosphorylated peptides derived from these sites, we mapped the tyrosine residues in LAT required for the direct interaction and activation of Vav, p85/p110alpha and phospholipase Cgamma1 (PLCgamma1). Our results indicate that Tyr(226) and Tyr(191) are required for Vav binding, whereas Tyr(171) and Tyr(132) are necessary for association and activation of phosphoinositide 3-kinase activity and PLCgamma1 respectively." SIGNOR-246045 SYK protein P43405 UNIPROT PLCG1 protein P19174 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr783 EGRNPGFyVEANPMP 9606 BTO:0000776 8657103 t lperfetto "Syk isolated from antigen receptor-activated B cells phosphorylated PLC-gamma1 on Tyr-771 and the key regulatory residue Tyr-783 in vitro, whereas Lyn from the same B cells phosphorylated PLC-gamma1 only on Tyr-771." SIGNOR-246576 IKBKB protein O14920 UNIPROT IRS1 protein P35568 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser270 EFRPRSKsQSSSNCS -1 12351658 t "IRS-1 is a novel direct substrate for IKK and that phosphorylation of IRS-1 at Ser(312) (and other sites) by IKK may contribute to the insulin resistance mediated by activation of inflammatory pathways." SIGNOR-251289 MAPK8 protein P45983 UNIPROT ATF2 protein P15336 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr69 SVIVADQtPTPTRFL 9606 7737130 t gcesareni "Stimulation of atf-2-dependent transactivation by genotoxic agents requires the presence of threonines 69 and 71 located in the n-terminal transactivation domain. These sites are the target of p54 and p46 stress-activated protein kinases (sapks) which bind to, and phosphorylate atf-2 in vitro." SIGNOR-32421 CyclinB/CDK1 complex SIGNOR-C17 SIGNOR CASP9 protein P55211 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr125 PEVLRPEtPRPVDIG 9606 16287866 t lperfetto "Here, we show that the apoptotic initiator protease caspase-9 is regulated during the cell cycle through periodic phosphorylation at an inhibitory site, thr125. This site is phosphorylated by cdk1/cyclin b1 during mitosis and in response to microtubule poisons that arrest cells at this stage of the cell cycle." SIGNOR-216876 MAPK9 protein P45984 UNIPROT ATF2 protein P15336 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr71 IVADQTPtPTRFLKN 9606 7737130 t gcesareni "Stimulation of atf-2-dependent transactivation by genotoxic agents requires the presence of threonines 69 and 71 located in the n-terminal transactivation domain. These sites are the target of p54 and p46 stress-activated protein kinases (sapks) which bind to, and phosphorylate atf-2 in vitro." SIGNOR-32433 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT SOS1 protein Q07889 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser1167 ESAPAESsPSKIMSK 9534 BTO:0004055 8816480 t lperfetto "In this report, we describe the identification of five map kinase sites (s-1137, s-1167, s-1178, s-1193, and s-1197) on hsos1Replacing the MAP kinase phosphorylation sites with alanine residues results in an increase in the binding affinity of Grb2 to hSos1" SIGNOR-235933 TNFRSF1B protein P20333 UNIPROT TRAF1 protein Q13077 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 8069916 t gcesareni "Traf1 interacts with tnf-r2 indirectly through heterodimer formation with traf2." SIGNOR-33133 CD19 protein P15391 UNIPROT MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" 9606 10706702 f lperfetto "CD19 is a coreceptor on B cells that enhances the increase in cytoplasmic calcium and ERK2 activation when coligated with the B cell Ag receptor." SIGNOR-249609 CRK protein P46108 UNIPROT RAPGEF1 protein Q13905 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 7806500 t gcesareni "The endogenous c3g could be coprecipitated with crk from cell lysates of cells expressing high levels of c-crk or v-crk, suggesting high binding affinity and a possible interaction in vivo." SIGNOR-33732 VAV1 protein P15498 UNIPROT GRAP protein Q13588 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 7809090 t gcesareni "Here we report that both in cell extracts and within intact mammalian cells vav binds to grb2 (sem-5/ash/drk), an adaptor molecule which plays a key role in ras activation." SIGNOR-33840 MAP2K4 protein P45985 UNIPROT MAPK10 protein P53779 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation 9606 10715136 t "Phosphorylation of a threonine and a tyrosine residue in a Thr-Pro-Tyr motif." gcesareni "A map kinase kinase kinase (mapkkk), termed ask1, was identified that activated two different subs of map kinase kinases (mapkk), sek1 (or mkk4) and mkk3/mapkk6 (or mkk6), which in turn activated stress-activated protein kinase (sapk, also known as jnk;c-jun amino-terminal kinase) and p38 subs of map kinases, respectively. Here we report that mkk4 shows a striking preference for the tyrosine residue (tyr-185), and mkk7 a striking preference for the threonine residue (thr-183) in three sapk1/jnk1 isoforms tested (jnk1 alpha 1, jnk2 alpha 2 and jnk3 alpha 1)." SIGNOR-75792 GAS6 protein Q14393 UNIPROT TYRO3 protein Q06418 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 7867073 t gcesareni "We report the identification of ligands for tyro 3 (alternatively called sky, rse, brt, or tif) and axl (alternatively, ark or ufo), members of a previously orphan family of receptor-like tyrosine kinases. These ligands correspond to protein s, a protease regulator that is a potent anticoagulant, and gas6, a protein related to protein s but lacking any known function." SIGNOR-34414 ATM protein Q13315 UNIPROT WRN protein Q14191 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser1292 MTIGMHLsQAVKAGC -1 10608806 t llicata "We determined a general phosphorylation consensus sequence for ATM and identified putative in vitro targets by using glutathione S-transferase peptides as substrates. Putative ATM in vitro targets include p95/nibrin, Mre11, Brca1, Rad17, PTS, WRN, and ATM (S440) itself." SIGNOR-250578 dexamethasone smallmolecule CID:5743 PUBCHEM PPARG protein P37231 UNIPROT up-regulates 9606 11279134 f fspada "The differentiation of 3t3-l1 preadipocytes is regulated in part by a cascade of transcriptional events involving activation of the ccaat/enhancer-binding proteins (c/ebps) and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (ppargamma) by dexamethasone (dex), 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine (mix), and insulin" SIGNOR-106475 CHRM2 protein P08172 UNIPROT GNAO1 protein P09471 UNIPROT up-regulates 9606 BTO:0000007 12665513 f lperfetto "Here we show that m2 muscarinic receptors and go require taos and mek3/6 as the primary intermediates activating p38 mapk in 293 cells" SIGNOR-235536 AES protein Q08117 UNIPROT SIX6 protein O95475 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding -1 12441302 t lperfetto "Biochemical and mutational analysis shows that the Six domain of both SIX3 and SIX6 strongly interact with the QD domain of TLE1 and AES. AES abrogates SIX3- and SIX6-induced phenotypes" SIGNOR-234589 MAPK8 protein P45983 UNIPROT ATF2 protein P15336 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr69 SVIVADQtPTPTRFL 9606 7824938 t gcesareni "Activating transcription factor-2 (atf2) was found to be a target of the jnk signal transduction pathway. Atf2 was phosphorylated by jnk on two closely spaced threonine residues within the nh2-terminal activation domain." SIGNOR-33914 CSNK1D protein P48730 UNIPROT WWTR1 protein Q9GZV5 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser314 SREQSTDsGLGLGCY 9606 24715453 t lperfetto "LATS1/2-mediated phosphorylation of a conserved serine in this region (Ser311 in human TAZ; Ser397 in human YAP) primes for further phosphorylation by CK1_/_ kinases (Ser314 on human TAZ; Ser400/403 in human YAP)" SIGNOR-234438 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT FOS protein P01100 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr232 GGLPEVAtPESEEAF 9606 7816602 t lperfetto "Phosphorylation of the c-fos and c-jun hob1 motif stimulates its activation capacity here we show that the hob1-containing activation domain of c-fos is stimulated by ha-ras in vivo and phosphorylated by a map kinase family member in vitro and that mutating t232 to ala abolishes both functions." SIGNOR-33909 CyclinA2/CDK2 complex SIGNOR-C83 SIGNOR CDC6 protein Q99741 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser54 RVKALPLsPRKRLGD 9606 10339564 t lperfetto "Based on these results, we propose that phosphorylation of hscdc6 by cdks regulates dna replication of at least two steps: first, by promoting initiation of dna replication and, second, through nuclear exclusion preventing dna rereplication. hscdc6 is an excellent substrate for cdk2 in vitro and is phosphorylated in vivo at three sites (ser-54, ser-74, and ser-106)" SIGNOR-217276 CHUK protein O15111 UNIPROT CYLD protein Q9NQC7 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser418 TTENRFHsLPFSLTK 9606 BTO:0000938 24614225 t lperfetto "Thus, serine 418 is phosphorylated in vivo. Cyld phosphorylation may serve as a mechanism to inactivate its traf2 deubiquitination activity." SIGNOR-204688 MAPK8 protein P45983 UNIPROT ATF2 protein P15336 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr71 IVADQTPtPTRFLKN 9606 7824938 t gcesareni "Activating transcription factor-2 (atf2) was found to be a target of the jnk signal transduction pathway. Atf2 was phosphorylated by jnk on two closely spaced threonine residues within the nh2-terminal activation domain." SIGNOR-33918 INSR protein P06213 UNIPROT GAB1 protein Q13480 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr242 FFQQQMIyDSPPSRA 10090 BTO:0000944 10978177 t "HGab-1 was phosphorylated by IR at eight tyrosine residues (Y242, Y285, Y373, Y447, Y472, Y619, Y657, and Y689). t Gab-1 is the major binding partner of PI-3 kinase in 3T3L1 cells when stimulated with insulin" SIGNOR-251310 AES protein Q08117 UNIPROT SIX3 protein O95343 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding -1 12441302 t lperfetto "Biochemical and mutational analysis shows that the Six domain of both SIX3 and SIX6 strongly interact with the QD domain of TLE1 and AES. AES abrogates SIX3- and SIX6-induced phenotypes" SIGNOR-234586 MAP3K1 protein Q13233 UNIPROT MAP2K1 protein Q02750 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser222 LIDSMANsFVGTRSY 10090 BTO:0000944 8131746 t lperfetto "Phosphorylation at ser-218 and ser-222 by map kinase kinase kinases (raf or mekk1) positively regulates mek1 kinase activity." SIGNOR-235564 "Flavopiridol hydrochloride" chemical CID:9910986 PUBCHEM CDK9 protein P50750 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-192480 PTPN11 protein Q06124 UNIPROT SPRY1 protein O43609 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation 9606 16481357 t gcesareni "These results identify sprouty proteins as in vivo targets of corkscrew/shp-2 tyrosine phosphatases and show how corkscrew/shp-2 proteins can promote rtk signaling by inactivating a feedback inhibitor." SIGNOR-144547 FLT3 protein P36888 UNIPROT STAT5A protein P42229 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr694 LAKAVDGyVKPQIKQ 10090 BTO:0002882 17356133 t gcesareni "in vitro kinase assays revealed that STAT5 is a direct target of Flt3" SIGNOR-245069 ATM protein Q13315 UNIPROT XPA protein P23025 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser173 VKKNPHHsQWGDMKL -1 16540648 t llicata "Kinase phosphorylation assays were done with synthesized short peptides (20-mer) with the sequences at Ser173 and Ser196 of XPA, respectively. Both peptides seemed to be good substrates for DNA-PK, ATR ( Fig. 2D), and ATM (data not shown)." SIGNOR-250579 MDM2 protein Q00987 UNIPROT TP53 protein P04637 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" ubiquitination 9606 23150757 t lperfetto "Dual Roles of MDM2 in the Regulation of p53: Ubiquitination Dependent and Ubiquitination Independent Mechanisms of MDM2 Repression of p53 Activity" SIGNOR-199371 MDM2 protein Q00987 UNIPROT TP53 protein P04637 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" ubiquitination 9606 10935507 t lperfetto "Many posttranslational modifications of p53, such as phosphorylation, dephosphorylation, acetylation and ribosylation, have been shown to occur following cellular stress. Some of these modifications may activate the p53 protein, interfere with MDM2 binding and/or dictate cellular localization of p53." SIGNOR-80528 MDM2 protein Q00987 UNIPROT TP53 protein P04637 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" ubiquitination 9606 BTO:0000093 22337874 t lperfetto "The E3 ubiquitin ligase, MDM2, uses a dual-site mechanism to ubiquitinate and degrade the tumor suppressor protein p53, involving interactions with the N-terminal hydrophobic pocket and the acidic domain of MDM2." SIGNOR-196116 MAP3K10 protein Q02779 UNIPROT NEUROD1 protein Q13562 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding -1 12881483 t lperfetto "we identified two proteins that interact with ND, huntingtin-associated protein 1 (HAP1) and mixed-lineage kinase 2 (MLK2). Stimulation of NeuroD activity by huntingtin and huntingtin-associated proteins HAP1 and MLK2" SIGNOR-234599 HAP1 protein P54257 UNIPROT NEUROD1 protein Q13562 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding -1 12881483 t lperfetto "we identified two proteins that interact with ND, huntingtin-associated protein 1 (HAP1) and mixed-lineage kinase 2 (MLK2). Stimulation of NeuroD activity by huntingtin and huntingtin-associated proteins HAP1 and MLK2" SIGNOR-234602 PRRX1 protein P54821 UNIPROT MAFK protein O60675 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding -1 11036080 t miannu "Hoxd12 and MHox, that interact with v-/c-Maf, using the phage display method. The Hox proteins also could associate with the other Maf protein family members, MafB, MafK, MafF, and MafG, but not with Jun and Fos. The Hox proteins negatively regulated the DNA binding, transactivation and cell-transforming abilities of Maf." SIGNOR-221932 PTPN6 protein P29350 UNIPROT ROS1 protein P08922 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation 9606 11266449 t lperfetto "Overexpression of shp-1 results in ros dephosphorylation and effectively downregulates ros-dependent proliferation and transformation. We propose that shp-1 is an important downstream regulator of ros signaling." SIGNOR-105922 HOXD12 protein P35452 UNIPROT MAFG protein O15525 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding -1 11036080 t miannu "Hoxd12 and MHox, that interact with v-/c-Maf, using the phage display method. The Hox proteins also could associate with the other Maf protein family members, MafB, MafK, MafF, and MafG, but not with Jun and Fos. The Hox proteins negatively regulated the DNA binding, transactivation and cell-transforming abilities of Maf." SIGNOR-221958 PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT SOX9 protein P48436 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser64 EPDLKKEsEEDKFPV 9606 15889150 t llicata "We find that activation of camp-dependent protein kinase a (pka) induces phosphorylation of sox9 on its two s64 and s181 pka sites, and its nuclear localization by enhancing sox9 binding to the nucleocytoplasmic transport protein importin beta." SIGNOR-137089 PTPN1 protein P18031 UNIPROT PRKCD protein Q05655 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation 9606 11350745 t gcesareni "Dephosphorylation of tyrosine residues by ptp1b, a protein tyrosine phosphatase, reduced the enhanced pkcdelta activity." SIGNOR-107754 PROS1 protein P07225 UNIPROT AXL protein P30530 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 7867073 t gcesareni "We report the identification of ligands for tyro 3 (alternatively called sky, rse, brt, or tif) and axl (alternatively, ark or ufo), members of a previously orphan family of receptor-like tyrosine kinases. These ligands correspond to protein s, a protease regulator that is a potent anticoagulant, and gas6, a protein related to protein s but lacking any known function." SIGNOR-34483 CDC25B protein P30305 UNIPROT CDK1 protein P06493 UNIPROT up-regulates dephosphorylation 9606 SIGNOR-C17 7880537 t gcesareni "Cdc25 dephosphorylates cdc2/cdk1 within the activation loop of the kinase domain to achieve full activity of the cyclin-cdk complex" SIGNOR-34541 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT ELK1 protein P19419 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser422 LSTPVVLsPGPQKP 9606 7889942 t gcesareni "Erki phosphorylates five c-terminal sites in elk-i (s324, t336, s383, s389 and s422) with varying degrees of efficiency." SIGNOR-34665 MAP3K1 protein Q13233 UNIPROT MAP2K1 protein Q02750 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser218 VSGQLIDsMANSFVG 10090 BTO:0000944 8131746 t lperfetto "Phosphorylation at ser-218 and ser-222 by map kinase kinase kinases (raf or mekk1) positively regulates mek1 kinase activity." SIGNOR-235587 SYK protein P43405 UNIPROT SYK protein P43405 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr348 LPMDTEVyESPYADP 9606 BTO:0000776 9820500 t lperfetto "These represented sites of tyrosine phosphorylation previously identified from the study of in vitro autophosphorylated Syk. Phosphorylation was observed on peptides corresponding to Tyr130, Tyr317, Tyr342, Tyr346, Tyr519, and Tyr520" SIGNOR-246609 PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT RXRA protein P19793 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser27 TSPTGRGsMAAPSLH 9606 11162439 t llicata "Serine 27, a human retinoid x receptor alpha residue, phosphorylated by protein kinase a is essential for cyclicamp-mediated downregulation of rxralpha function." SIGNOR-104954 SYK protein P43405 UNIPROT SYK protein P43405 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr323 STVSFNPyEPELAPW 9606 BTO:0000776 9820500 t lperfetto "These represented sites of tyrosine phosphorylation previously identified from the study of in vitro autophosphorylated Syk. Phosphorylation was observed on peptides corresponding to Tyr130, Tyr317, Tyr342, Tyr346, Tyr519, and Tyr520" SIGNOR-246605 SYK protein P43405 UNIPROT SYK protein P43405 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr526 LRADENYyKAQTHGK 9606 BTO:0000776 9820500 t lperfetto "These represented sites of tyrosine phosphorylation previously identified from the study of in vitro autophosphorylated Syk. Phosphorylation was observed on peptides corresponding to Tyr130, Tyr317, Tyr342, Tyr346, Tyr519, and Tyr520" SIGNOR-246621 PTPRF protein P10586 UNIPROT RET protein P07949 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation Tyr1062 TWIENKLyGMSDPNW 9606 11121408 t gcesareni "Lar expression significantly reduced tyrosine-1062 phosphorylation in ret-men2a but not in ret-men2b" SIGNOR-85170 SYK protein P43405 UNIPROT SH3BP2 protein P78314 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr448 GDDSDEDyEKVPLPN 9534 BTO:0004055 12709437 t lperfetto "By using the transient expression system in COS-7 cells, we have demonstrated that 3BP2 was predominantly phosphorylated on Tyr174, Tyr183, and Tyr446 when it was coexpressed with Syk." SIGNOR-246596 SYK protein P43405 UNIPROT SYK protein P43405 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr525 ALRADENyYKAQTHG 9606 BTO:0000776 9820500 t lperfetto "These represented sites of tyrosine phosphorylation previously identified from the study of in vitro autophosphorylated Syk. Phosphorylation was observed on peptides corresponding to Tyr130, Tyr317, Tyr342, Tyr346, Tyr519, and Tyr520" SIGNOR-246617 SYK protein P43405 UNIPROT SYK protein P43405 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr352 TEVYESPyADPEEIR 9606 BTO:0000776 9820500 t lperfetto "These represented sites of tyrosine phosphorylation previously identified from the study of in vitro autophosphorylated Syk. Phosphorylation was observed on peptides corresponding to Tyr130, Tyr317, Tyr342, Tyr346, Tyr519, and Tyr520" SIGNOR-246613 CDK2 protein P24941 UNIPROT FOXO1 protein Q12778 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser249 EGGKSGKsPRRRAAS 9606 17038621 t lperfetto "Cdk2 specifically phosphorylated foxo1 at serine-249 (ser249) in vitro and in vivo. Phosphorylation of ser249 resulted in cytoplasmic localization and inhibition of foxo1." SIGNOR-150028 PPP2CA protein P67775 UNIPROT EEF2 protein P13639 UNIPROT up-regulates dephosphorylation Thr59 GETRFTDtRKDEQER 9606 phosphorylation:Thr59 GETRFTDtRKDEQER 8386634 t gcesareni "Protein phosphatases-2a and -2c (pp-2a and pp-2c) can each efficiently dephosphorylate phosphorylated eef-2" SIGNOR-38566 TP53 protein P04637 UNIPROT MDM2 protein Q00987 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 7958853 f gcesareni "The p53 tumor suppressor protein trans-activates mdm2 itself, which is therefore considered a component of a p53 negative feedback loop." SIGNOR-34962 PIAS4 protein Q8N2W9 UNIPROT STAT1 protein P42224 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 11248056 t gcesareni "First, piasy interacts with stat1 both in vitro and in vivo. The in vivo piasy__stat1 interaction is dependent on cytokine stimulation. Second, piasy can inhibit stat1-mediated gene activation without blocking the dna binding activity of stat1." SIGNOR-105723 MAP3K14 protein Q99558 UNIPROT IKK-complex complex SIGNOR-C14 SIGNOR up-regulates phosphorylation 9606 9520446 t lperfetto "Nf-kappab-inducing kinase activates ikk-alpha by phosphorylation of ser-176.Nik preferentially phosphorylates ikk-alpha over ikk-beta, leading to the activation of ikk-alpha kinase activity; the accumulated nik phosphorylates ikkalfa." SIGNOR-217433 RPS6KB1 protein P23443 UNIPROT PDCD4 protein Q53EL6 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser67 KRRLRKNsSRDSGRG 9606 17053147 t gcesareni "Both akt and p70(s6k) phosphorylate pdcd4, allowing for binding of the e3-ubiquitin ligase beta-trcp and consequently ubiquitylation." SIGNOR-150144 PRRX1 protein P54821 UNIPROT MAFG protein O15525 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding -1 11036080 t miannu "Hoxd12 and MHox, that interact with v-/c-Maf, using the phage display method. The Hox proteins also could associate with the other Maf protein family members, MafB, MafK, MafF, and MafG, but not with Jun and Fos. The Hox proteins negatively regulated the DNA binding, transactivation and cell-transforming abilities of Maf." SIGNOR-221961 FHL5 protein Q5TD97 UNIPROT CREM protein Q03060 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 10086359 t miannu "ACT (for activator of CREM in testis), a LIM-only protein which specifically associates with CREM. ACT is expressed coordinately with CREM in a tissue- and developmentally regulated manner. It strongly stimulates CREM transcriptional activity in yeast and mammalian cells and contains an intrinsic activation function." SIGNOR-222111 BTRC protein Q9Y297 UNIPROT SMAD3 protein P84022 UNIPROT down-regulates ubiquitination 9606 11359933 t gcesareni "An e3 ubiquitin ligase complex roc1-scffbw1a consisting of roc1, skp1, cullin1, and fbw1a (also termed trcp1) induces ubiquitination of smad3." SIGNOR-108237 ARHGEF25 protein Q86VW2 UNIPROT CDC42 protein P60953 UNIPROT up-regulates "guanine nucleotide exchange factor" 10090 BTO:0000165;BTO:0000222 16314529 t lperfetto "Exogenous expression of geft promotes myogenesis of c2c12 cells via activation of rhoa, rac1, and cdc42 and their downstream effector proteins, while a dominant negative mutant of geft inhibits this process." SIGNOR-235391 BMS-599626 chemical CID:10437018 PUBCHEM EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 17062696 t "AC480 significantly enhanced the radiosensitivity of HN-5 cells, expressing both EGFR and Her2." gcesareni "The studies described here are intended to characterize the ability of bms-599626, a small-molecule inhibitor of the human epidermal growth factor receptor (her) kinase family, to modulate signaling and growth of tumor cells that depend on her1 and/or her2." SIGNOR-150190 PCSK7 protein Q16549 UNIPROT CDC25B protein P30305 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation 9606 11333986 t gcesareni "We propose that regulation of cdc25b phosphorylation by p38 is a critical event for initiating the g2/m checkpoint after ultraviolet radiation" SIGNOR-107423 GNG12 protein Q9UBI6 UNIPROT PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 17251915 t gcesareni "As pka suppresses the activity of gli, smo might use the stimulation of pi3k by galfai and gbetagamma subu- nits to block pka in cells that have high levels of camp." SIGNOR-152615 LFNG protein Q8NES3 UNIPROT NOTCH2 protein Q04721 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 11346656 t gcesareni "Although both manic fringe (mfng) and lunatic fringe (lfng) decreased the binding of jagged1 to notch2 and not that of delta1, the decrease by mfng was greater in degree than that by lfng. We also found that both fringe proteins reduced jagged1-triggered notch2 signaling, whereas neither affected delta1-triggered notch2 signaling." SIGNOR-107705 SYK protein P43405 UNIPROT TUBA4A protein P68366 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr432 MAALEKDyEEVGIDS 9606 BTO:0000776 9490415 t lperfetto "Syk, Activated by Cross-linking the B-cell Antigen Receptor, Localizes to the Cytosol Where It Interacts with and Phosphorylates alpha-Tubulin on Tyrosine" SIGNOR-246626 PTPN6 protein P29350 UNIPROT ROS1 protein P08922 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation Tyr2274 KNREGLNyMVLATEC 9606 11266449 t gcesareni "Phosphorylated ros strongly and directly associates with shp-1.Overexpression Of shp-1 results in ros dephosphorylation and effectively downregulates ros-dependent proliferation and transformation" SIGNOR-105919 TAF1 protein P21675 UNIPROT GTF2A1 protein P52655 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser281 DGTGDTSsEEDEDEE 9606 11278496 t lperfetto "TAFII 250 Phosphorylates Human Transcription Factor IIA on Serine Residues Important for TBP Binding and Transcription ActivityAdditional alanine substitutions at serines 280 and 281 reduced phosphorylation to undetectable levels" SIGNOR-246634 TAOK2 protein Q9UL54 UNIPROT ELK1 protein P19419 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser383 IHFWSTLsPIAPRSP 9606 BTO:0000007 12665513 t lperfetto "Transfection studies demonstrated that TAO2 stimulates phosphorylation of the TCF Elk1 on the major activating site, Ser383, and that TAO2 stimulates transactivation of Elk1 and the related TCF, Sap1." SIGNOR-246638 TAF1 protein P21675 UNIPROT GTF2A1 protein P52655 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser280 VDGTGDTsSEEDEDE 9606 11278496 t lperfetto "TAFII 250 Phosphorylates Human Transcription Factor IIA on Serine Residues Important for TBP Binding and Transcription ActivityAdditional alanine substitutions at serines 280 and 281 reduced phosphorylation to undetectable levels" SIGNOR-246630 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT ELK1 protein P19419 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser324 RDLELPLsPSLLGGP 9606 7889942 t gcesareni "Erki phosphorylates five c-terminal sites in elk-i (s324, t336, s383, s389 and s422) with varying degrees of efficiency." SIGNOR-34653 PPP2CA protein P67775 UNIPROT MAP3K7 protein O43318 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation Thr187 CDIQTHMtNNKGSAA 9606 17079228 t gcesareni "Our results demonstrate that pp6 specifically down-regulates tak1 through dephosphorylation of thr-187 in the activation loop, which is likely important for suppressing inflammatory responses via tak1 signaling pathways." SIGNOR-150369 TBK1 protein Q9UHD2 UNIPROT NFKBIA protein P25963 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" phosphorylation Ser36 RHDSGLDsMKDEEYE 9606 11815618 t lperfetto "Nuclear factor-kappaB activation depends on phosphorylation and degradation of its inhibitor protein, IkapapB. TBK-1 and IKK-i phosphorylate Ser36 of IkappaBalpha." SIGNOR-246643 SUZ12/EZH2 complex SIGNOR-C77 SIGNOR YY1 protein P25490 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 10090 BTO:0000165;BTO:0002314 20887952 t lperfetto "TNF-activated p38a kinase promotes the interaction between YY1 and PRC2, via threonine 372 phosphorylation of EZH2, the enzy- matic subunit of the complex, leading to the for- mation of repressive chromatin on Pax7 promoter." SIGNOR-235574 PAX1 protein P15863 UNIPROT MEOX1 protein P50221 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding -1 11423130 t miannu "We show that Mox1 and Mox2 proteins are capable of interacting with Pax1 and Pax3. We propose that the Mox family of homeodomain proteins participates in the molecular signaling network regulating the diverse events of somite development through the physical interaction with the Pax1 and Pax3 members of the Pax family." SIGNOR-222193 PAX1 protein P15863 UNIPROT MEOX2 protein P50222 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding -1 11423130 t miannu "We show that Mox1 and Mox2 proteins are capable of interacting with Pax1 and Pax3. We propose that the Mox family of homeodomain proteins participates in the molecular signaling network regulating the diverse events of somite development through the physical interaction with the Pax1 and Pax3 members of the Pax family." SIGNOR-222232 PAX3 protein P23760 UNIPROT MEOX1 protein P50221 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding -1 11423130 t miannu "We show that Mox1 and Mox2 proteins are capable of interacting with Pax1 and Pax3. We propose that the Mox family of homeodomain proteins participates in the molecular signaling network regulating the diverse events of somite development through the physical interaction with the Pax1 and Pax3 members of the Pax family." SIGNOR-222235 PAX3 protein P23760 UNIPROT MEOX2 protein P50222 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding -1 11423130 t miannu "We show that Mox1 and Mox2 proteins are capable of interacting with Pax1 and Pax3. We propose that the Mox family of homeodomain proteins participates in the molecular signaling network regulating the diverse events of somite development through the physical interaction with the Pax1 and Pax3 members of the Pax family." SIGNOR-222238 KLF11 protein O14901 UNIPROT SIN3A protein Q96ST3 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 10029 BTO:0000246 11438660 t miannu "detailed biochemical and functional analyses have demonstrated that the TIEG2 _-HRM domain interacts specifically with the PAH2 domain of mSin3A to repress transcription. our data suggest the presence of a conserved _-helical repression motif (_-HRM) in the TIEG and BTEB subfamilies of Sp1-like proteins that mediates transcriptional repression activity through interaction with the corepressor mSin3A." SIGNOR-222344 SUZ12/EZH2 complex SIGNOR-C77 SIGNOR SUZ12/EZH2/YY1 complex SIGNOR-C102 SIGNOR "form complex" binding 10090 BTO:0000165;BTO:0002314 20887952 t lperfetto "TNF-activated p38a kinase promotes the interaction between YY1 and PRC2, via threonine 372 phosphorylation of EZH2, the enzy- matic subunit of the complex, leading to the for- mation of repressive chromatin on Pax7 promoter." SIGNOR-235577 DUSP16 protein Q9BY84 UNIPROT MAPK14 protein Q16539 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation 9606 11359773 t gcesareni "Mkp-7 binds to and inactivates p38 mapk and jnk/sapk, but not erk inhibited by dual specificity phosphatases, such as dusp1, dusp10, and dusp16(uniprot)" SIGNOR-108233 YY1 protein P25490 UNIPROT SUZ12/EZH2/YY1 complex SIGNOR-C102 SIGNOR "form complex" binding 10090 BTO:0000165;BTO:0002314 20887952 t lperfetto "TNF-activated p38a kinase promotes the interaction between YY1 and PRC2, via threonine 372 phosphorylation of EZH2, the enzy- matic subunit of the complex, leading to the for- mation of repressive chromatin on Pax7 promoter." SIGNOR-235580 LAT protein O43561 UNIPROT PIK3R1 protein P27986 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 phosphorylation:Tyr161;Tyr200 DDYHNPGyLVVLPDS;SMESIDDyVNVPESG 11368773 t lperfetto "By substituting these tyrosine residues in LAT with phenylalanine and by utilizing phosphorylated peptides derived from these sites, we mapped the tyrosine residues in LAT required for the direct interaction and activation of Vav, p85/p110alpha and phospholipase Cgamma1 (PLCgamma1). Our results indicate that Tyr(226) and Tyr(191) are required for Vav binding, whereas Tyr(171) and Tyr(132) are necessary for association and activation of phosphoinositide 3-kinase activity and PLCgamma1 respectively." SIGNOR-246050 ILK protein Q13418 UNIPROT NACA protein E9PAV3 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser1906 PELEEQDsTQATTQQ 9606 15299025 t lperfetto "The inactivation of gsk3? In response to adhesion and ilk activation (6) would then result in a thr-159-hypophosphorylated ?-Nac that would become unavailable for proteasome degradation but would become a substrate for the ilk kinase activity on residue ser-43. The ser-43-phosphorylated ?-Nac would preferentially interact with c-jun (30), translocate to the nucleus, and potentiate transcription" SIGNOR-127631 KLF10 protein Q13118 UNIPROT SIN3A protein Q96ST3 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 10029 BTO:0000246 11438660 t miannu "detailed biochemical and functional analyses have demonstrated that the TIEG2 _-HRM domain interacts specifically with the PAH2 domain of mSin3A to repress transcription. our data suggest the presence of a conserved _-helical repression motif (_-HRM) in the TIEG and BTEB subfamilies of Sp1-like proteins that mediates transcriptional repression activity through interaction with the corepressor mSin3A." SIGNOR-222394 KLF9 protein Q13886 UNIPROT SIN3A protein Q96ST3 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 10029 BTO:0000246 11438660 t miannu "detailed biochemical and functional analyses have demonstrated that the TIEG2 _-HRM domain interacts specifically with the PAH2 domain of mSin3A to repress transcription. our data suggest the presence of a conserved _-helical repression motif (_-HRM) in the TIEG and BTEB subfamilies of Sp1-like proteins that mediates transcriptional repression activity through interaction with the corepressor mSin3A." SIGNOR-222434 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT ELK1 protein P19419 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser389 LSPIAPRsPAKLSFQ 9606 7889942 t gcesareni "Erki phosphorylates five c-terminal sites in elk-i (s324, t336, s383, s389 and s422) with varying degrees of efficiency." SIGNOR-34661 CDK1 protein P06493 UNIPROT CDC25C protein P30307 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr48 VCPDVPRtPVGKFLG 9606 8119945 t gcesareni "Phosphorylation at thr-48, thr-67, ser-122, thr-130, ser-168 and ser-214 occurs at g2 and g2-m transition and is catalyzed by cdk1. Ser-168 phosphorylation levels are lower than those at the other 5 cdk1 sites. Phosphorylation by cdk1 leads to increased activity." SIGNOR-36271 KLF13 protein Q9Y2Y9 UNIPROT SIN3A protein Q96ST3 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 10029 BTO:0000246 11438660 t miannu "detailed biochemical and functional analyses have demonstrated that the TIEG2 _-HRM domain interacts specifically with the PAH2 domain of mSin3A to repress transcription. our data suggest the presence of a conserved _-helical repression motif (_-HRM) in the TIEG and BTEB subfamilies of Sp1-like proteins that mediates transcriptional repression activity through interaction with the corepressor mSin3A." SIGNOR-222437 KLF16 protein Q9BXK1 UNIPROT SIN3A protein Q96ST3 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 10029 BTO:0000246 11438660 t miannu "detailed biochemical and functional analyses have demonstrated that the TIEG2 _-HRM domain interacts specifically with the PAH2 domain of mSin3A to repress transcription. our data suggest the presence of a conserved _-helical repression motif (_-HRM) in the TIEG and BTEB subfamilies of Sp1-like proteins that mediates transcriptional repression activity through interaction with the corepressor mSin3A." SIGNOR-222460 GUCY1A3 protein Q02108 UNIPROT GUCY1A3-B2 complex SIGNOR-C139 SIGNOR "form complex" binding 9606 10977868 t gcesareni "This enzyme is a heterodimeric protein consisting of - and ²-subunits, and expression of both subunits is required for catalytic activity" SIGNOR-244116 "calcium ion" smallmolecule CID:271 PUBCHEM PLA2G4A protein P47712 UNIPROT up-regulates relocalization 9606 8027085 t gcesareni "Cytosolic phospholipase a2 (cpla2) is a calcium-sensitive 85-kda enzyme that hydrolyzes arachidonic acid-containing membrane phospholipids to initiate the biosynthesis of eicosanoids and platelet-activating factor, potent inflammatory mediators. The calcium-dependent activation of the enzyme is mediated by an n-terminal c2 domain, which is responsible for calcium-dependent translocation of the enzyme to membranes and that enables the intact enzyme to hydrolyze membrane-resident substrates. cytosolic phospholipase a2 (cpla2) associates with natural membranes in response to physiological increases in ca2+, resulting in the selective hydrolysis of arachidonyl phospholipids." SIGNOR-35874 MEN1 protein O00255 UNIPROT RELA protein Q04206 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 SIGNOR-C13 11526476 t miannu "Menin represses p65-mediated transcriptional activation on nf-kappab sites in a dose-dependent and specific manner." SIGNOR-110067 PPP1CA protein P62136 UNIPROT AURKA protein O14965 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation 9606 11551964 t gcesareni "Pp1 is shown to dephosphorylate active stk15 and abolish its activity in vitro." SIGNOR-110411 GZMA protein P12544 UNIPROT SET protein Q01105 UNIPROT down-regulates cleavage 9606 11555662 t miannu "Gzma cleaved the nucleosome assembly protein set after lys176 and disrupted its nucleosome assembly activity." SIGNOR-110462 SUZ12/EZH2/YY1 complex SIGNOR-C102 SIGNOR PAX7 protein P23759 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 BTO:0000165;BTO:0002314 20887952 t lperfetto "TNF-activated p38a kinase promotes the interaction between YY1 and PRC2, via threonine 372 phosphorylation of EZH2, the enzy- matic subunit of the complex, leading to the for- mation of repressive chromatin on Pax7 promoter." SIGNOR-235583 "lysophosphatidic acid" smallmolecule CID:5497152 PUBCHEM LPAR3 protein Q9UBY5 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 8276865 t gcesareni "Lpa activates its own g protein-coupled receptor(s)." SIGNOR-36389 DTX1 protein Q86Y01 UNIPROT ASCL1 protein P50553 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 11564735 t gcesareni "Through its binding to p300, dtx1 inhibited transcriptional activation by the neural-specific helix-loop-helix-type transcription factor mash1" SIGNOR-110626 CDK1 protein P06493 UNIPROT CDC25C protein P30307 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr67 LSILSGGtPKRCLDL 9606 8119945 t gcesareni "Phosphorylation at thr-48, thr-67, ser-122, thr-130, ser-168 and ser-214 occurs at g2 and g2-m transition and is catalyzed by cdk1. Ser-168 phosphorylation levels are lower than those at the other 5 cdk1 sites. Phosphorylation by cdk1 leads to increased activity." SIGNOR-36275 HTRA2 protein O43464 UNIPROT XIAP protein P98170 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 11583623 t gcesareni "Here we report that a serine protease called htra2/omi is released from mitochondria and inhibits the function of xiap by direct binding in a similar way to diablo." SIGNOR-110834 PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT UBE3A protein Q05086 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr508 MYSERRItVLYSLVQ 10090 BTO:0000142 26255772 t gcesareni "These data suggest that PKA phosphorylation at T485 inhibits UBE3A ubiquitin ligase activity in cells." SIGNOR-236899 PLK1 protein P53350 UNIPROT CENPU protein Q71F23 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser77 TFDPPLHsTAIYADE 9606 17081991 t lperfetto "S77 and t78 of pbip1 are important for plk1-dependent pbip1 phosphorylation and degradation. Here, we demonstrate that a pbd-binding protein, pbip1, is crucial for recruiting plk1 to the interphase and mitotic kinetochores. Unprecedentedly, plk1 phosphorylated pbip1 at t78. Later in mitosis, plk1 also induced pbip1 degradation in a t78-dependent manner, thereby enabling itself to interact with other components critical for proper kinetochore functions" SIGNOR-150453 PLK1 protein P53350 UNIPROT CENPU protein Q71F23 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr78 FDPPLHStAIYADEE 9606 17081991 t lperfetto "S77 and t78 of pbip1 are important for plk1-dependent pbip1 phosphorylation and degradation. Here, we demonstrate that a pbd-binding protein, pbip1, is crucial for recruiting plk1 to the interphase and mitotic kinetochores. Unprecedentedly, plk1 phosphorylated pbip1 at t78. Later in mitosis, plk1 also induced pbip1 degradation in a t78-dependent manner, thereby enabling itself to interact with other components critical for proper kinetochore functions" SIGNOR-150457 JAK2 protein O60674 UNIPROT RAF1 protein P04049 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr340 RGQRDSSyYWEIEAS 10090 BTO:0001482 8876196 t " JAK2 phosphorylated Raf-1. e sites at 340/341 are indeed phosphorylated by JAK2 and that this phosphorylation represents a major component of the activation process." SIGNOR-251361 PPP6C protein O00743 UNIPROT MAP3K7 protein O43318 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation Thr187 CDIQTHMtNNKGSAA 9606 17079228 t gcesareni "Our results demonstrate that pp6 specifically down-regulates tak1 through dephosphorylation of thr-187 in the activation loop, which is likely important for suppressing inflammatory responses via tak1 signaling pathways." SIGNOR-150408 MAP3K8 protein P41279 UNIPROT MAP2K1 protein Q02750 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser244 GTHYSVQsDIWSMGL 9606 8131746 t gcesareni "Activation of mek family kinases requires phosphorylation of two conserved ser/thr residues.Phosphopeptide analysis demonstrated that serine residues 218 and 222 of human mek1 are the primary sites for phosphorylation by c-raf" SIGNOR-36453 CDK1 protein P06493 UNIPROT CUX1 protein P39880 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser1270 YQQKPYPsPKTIEDL 9606 11584018 t lperfetto "Phosphorylation of serines 1237 and 1270 caused inhibition of dna binding in vitro. In cotransfection studies, cyclin a-cdk1 inhibited cdp/cux stable dna binding and prevented repression of the p21(waf1) reporter." SIGNOR-110912 TFE3 protein P19532 UNIPROT MYH9 protein P35579 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000567 11467950 f miannu "we have focused on element F of the NMHC-A gene. We have identified and characterized the factors which are capable of binding to element F. The basic helix_loop_helix leucine zipper (bHLH-LZ) proteins, TFEC-l and -s, which are alternatively spliced isoforms, TFE3, USF1, and USF2 have all been found to bind to element F with different binding activities and with different transcriptional activation potencies." SIGNOR-222504 TFEC protein O14948 UNIPROT MYH9 protein P35579 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000567 11467950 f miannu "we have focused on element F of the NMHC-A gene. We have identified and characterized the factors which are capable of binding to element F. The basic helix_loop_helix leucine zipper (bHLH-LZ) proteins, TFEC-l and -s, which are alternatively spliced isoforms, TFE3, USF1, and USF2 have all been found to bind to element F with different binding activities and with different transcriptional activation potencies." SIGNOR-222551 THEM4 protein Q5T1C6 UNIPROT AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 11598301 t gcesareni "Here, we describe a protein partner for pkbalpha termed ctmp, or carboxyl-terminal modulator protein, that binds specifically to the carboxyl-terminal regulatory domain of pkbalpha at the plasma membrane. Binding of ctmp reduces the activity of pkbalpha by inhibiting phosphorylation on serine 473 and threonine 308." SIGNOR-111003 PRKAA2 protein P54646 UNIPROT VASP protein P50552 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr278 LARRRKAtQVGEKTP 9606 SIGNOR-C15 17082196 t lperfetto "Pharmacological ampk inhibitors and activators and ampk mutants revealed that the kinase specifically targets residue thr-278 but not ser-157 or ser-239. Quantitative fluorescence-activated cell sorter analysis and serum response factor transcriptional reporter assays, which quantify the cellular f-/g-actin equilibrium, indicated that ampk-mediated vasp phosphorylation impaired actin stress fiber formation and altered cell morphology." SIGNOR-150462 thalidomide chemical CID:5426 PUBCHEM CRBN protein Q96SW2 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 20223979 t gcesareni "we identified cereblon (CRBN) as a thalidomide-binding protein. CRBN forms an E3 ubiquitin ligase complex with damaged DNA binding protein 1 (DDB1) and Cul4A that is important for limb outgrowth and expression of the fibroblast growth factor Fgf8 in zebrafish and chicks" SIGNOR-234786 MAP3K8 protein P41279 UNIPROT MAP2K1 protein Q02750 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser222 LIDSMANsFVGTRSY 9606 8131746 t gcesareni "Activation of mek family kinases requires phosphorylation of two conserved ser/thr residues.Phosphopeptide analysis demonstrated that serine residues 218 and 222 of human mek1 are the primary sites for phosphorylation by c-raf" SIGNOR-36449 RASGEF1A protein Q8N9B8 UNIPROT NRAS protein P01111 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 19201597 t gcesareni "Gefs catalyse the transition from gdp-bound, inactive ras to gtp-bound, active ras." SIGNOR-183829 USF1 protein P22415 UNIPROT MYH9 protein P35579 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000567 11467950 f miannu "we have focused on element F of the NMHC-A gene. We have identified and characterized the factors which are capable of binding to element F. The basic helix_loop_helix leucine zipper (bHLH-LZ) proteins, TFEC-l and -s, which are alternatively spliced isoforms, TFE3, USF1, and USF2 have all been found to bind to element F with different binding activities and with different transcriptional activation potencies." SIGNOR-222554 LCK protein P06239 UNIPROT IL2RB protein P14784 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Tyr381 EIEACQVyFTYDPYS -1 10214954 t "Recombinant p56(lck) phosphorylates in vitro tyrosine residues within the IL-2Rbeta chain. p56(lck) phosphorylates tyrosine residues 355, 358 and 361 but not 338 of the IL-2Rbeta chain acidic subdomain. p56(lck) also phosphorylates very efficiently the two tyrosines present in the IL-2Rbeta chain C-terminal region, Tyr-392 and Tyr-510." SIGNOR-251375 RPS6KA1 protein Q15418 UNIPROT GSK3B protein P49841 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser9 SGRPRTTsFAESCKP 9606 11584304 t lperfetto "S6k then phosphorylates the same serine residue on gsk3 that is targeted by pkb/akt (fig. 1), thereby inhibiting its activity." SIGNOR-110917 ATR protein Q13535 UNIPROT BRCA1 protein P38398 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser1143 PMGSSHAsQVCSETP 9606 BTO:0002181 11114888 t llicata "Of the four potential phosphoacceptor sites in the BRCA1 (1005–1313) fragment (Ser 1143, Ser 1239, Ser 1280, Ser 1298), Ala substitutions at two sites, Ser 1143 and Ser 1280, reduced the in vitro phosphorylation of GST–BRCA1 (1005–1313) by ATR, whereas substitution of Ser 1239 or Ser 1298 with Ala had little or no effect (Fig. 2C; data not shown). A Ser 1143/Ser 1280 double mutant was a poor substrate for ATR, suggesting that these are the two major in vitro phosphorylation sites on this BRCA1 fragment. | Together, these results demonstrate that ATR and BRCA1 are components of the same genotoxic stress-responsive pathway, and that ATR directly phosphorylates BRCA1 in response to damaged DNA or stalled DNA replication." SIGNOR-250581 CDK1 protein P06493 UNIPROT CUX1 protein P39880 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser1237 TEYSQGAsPQPQHQL 9606 11584018 t lperfetto "Phosphorylation of serines 1237 and 1270 caused inhibition of dna binding in vitro. In cotransfection studies, cyclin a-cdk1 inhibited cdp/cux stable dna binding and prevented repression of the p21(waf1) reporter." SIGNOR-110908 LCK protein P06239 UNIPROT LCP2 protein Q13094 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Tyr423 NSLNEEWyVSYITRP -1 8702662 t "Ability of p56lck to phosphorylate Tyr-423/426 within SLP-76 in vitro" SIGNOR-251381 USF2 protein Q15853 UNIPROT MYH9 protein P35579 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000567 11467950 f miannu "we have focused on element F of the NMHC-A gene. We have identified and characterized the factors which are capable of binding to element F. The basic helix_loop_helix leucine zipper (bHLH-LZ) proteins, TFEC-l and -s, which are alternatively spliced isoforms, TFE3, USF1, and USF2 have all been found to bind to element F with different binding activities and with different transcriptional activation potencies." SIGNOR-222608 IRF8 protein Q02556 UNIPROT CYBB protein P04839 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0001412 11483597 f miannu "we found that tyrosine phosphorylated ICSBP activates CYBB and NCF2 transcription, during late myeloid differentiation, by interacting with PU.1, IRF1 and CBP." SIGNOR-222710 IRF8 protein Q02556 UNIPROT NCF2 protein P19878 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0001412 11483597 f miannu "we found that tyrosine phosphorylated ICSBP activates CYBB and NCF2 transcription, during late myeloid differentiation, by interacting with PU.1, IRF1 and CBP." SIGNOR-222789 IRF1 protein P10914 UNIPROT IRF8 protein Q02556 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0001413 11483597 t miannu "we found that tyrosine phosphorylated ICSBP activates CYBB and NCF2 transcription, during late myeloid differentiation, by interacting with PU.1, IRF1 and CBP." SIGNOR-222841 HOXB8 protein P17481 UNIPROT PBX3 protein P40426 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0001545 11571641 t miannu "the ability of HoxB8 to heterodimerizes with endogenous Pbx proteins on DNA alters gene transcription in a manner that prevents progression through an intrinsic genetic differentiation program. In conjunction with Pbx, HoxB8 could alter transcription of Pbx target genes by direct or indirect mechanisms." SIGNOR-223149 HOXB8 protein P17481 UNIPROT PBX1 protein P40424 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0001545 11571641 t miannu "the ability of HoxB8 to heterodimerizes with endogenous Pbx proteins on DNA alters gene transcription in a manner that prevents progression through an intrinsic genetic differentiation program. In conjunction with Pbx, HoxB8 could alter transcription of Pbx target genes by direct or indirect mechanisms." SIGNOR-223153 ATXN7 protein O15265 UNIPROT CRX protein O43186 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 10090 11580893 t miannu "We found that ataxin-7 and CRX colocalize and coimmunoprecipitate. We observed that polyglutamine-expanded ataxin-7 can dramatically suppress CRX transactivation." SIGNOR-223226 "Guanosine 5'-diphosphate" smallmolecule CID:8977 PUBCHEM GNAS protein P63092 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 17095603 t gcesareni "Galfa subunits cycle between inactive (gdp-bound) and active (gtp-bound) states, and the lifetime of the active state is limited by gtp hydrolysis." SIGNOR-150549 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT UBTF protein P17480 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr201 DIPEKPKtPQQLWYT 9606 11741541 t lperfetto "Erk1/2 was found to phosphorylate the architectural transcription factor ubf at amino acids 117 and 201 within hmg boxes 1 and 2, preventing their interaction with dna" SIGNOR-112817 Lenalidomide chemical CID:216326 PUBCHEM CRBN protein Q96SW2 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000670 26131937 t gcesareni "Lenalidomide, like thalidomide and pomalidomide, binds CRBN and induces degradation of specific substrates" SIGNOR-236891 RFX4 protein Q33E94 UNIPROT IFT172 protein Q9UG01 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 19887680 f miannu "We find that Ift172, which encodes an intraflagellar transport protein necessary for ciliogenesis, is a direct transcriptional target of Rfx4" SIGNOR-223319 PRKAA1 protein Q13131 UNIPROT ZNF692 protein Q9BU19 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser470 VAAHRSKsHPALLLA 9606 SIGNOR-C15 17097062 t gcesareni "Arebp is phosphorylated at ser(470) by ampk. Phosphorylation reduces the dna-binding activity of arebp." SIGNOR-150590 MAP3K8 protein P41279 UNIPROT MAP2K1 protein Q02750 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser248 SVQSDIWsMGLSLVE 9606 8131746 t gcesareni "Activation of mek family kinases requires phosphorylation of two conserved ser/thr residues.Phosphopeptide analysis demonstrated that serine residues 218 and 222 of human mek1 are the primary sites for phosphorylation by c-raf" SIGNOR-36457 CDK1 protein P06493 UNIPROT NPM1 protein P06748 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr199 VKKSIRDtPAKNAQK 9606 SIGNOR-C17 12058066 t llicata "However, under the experimental conditions used here, the t199 residue was the most likely candidate to be phosphorylated by cyclin b/cdc2 these results strongly support the concept that the rna binding activity of b23.1 is inactivated by cyclin b/cdc2-mediated phosphorylation." SIGNOR-89605 CyclinB/CDK1 complex SIGNOR-C17 SIGNOR NPM1 protein P06748 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr199 VKKSIRDtPAKNAQK 9606 12058066 t lperfetto "However, under the experimental conditions used here, the t199 residue was the most likely candidate to be phosphorylated by cyclin b/cdc2 these results strongly support the concept that the rna binding activity of b23.1 is inactivated by cyclin b/cdc2-mediated phosphorylation." SIGNOR-216845 LCK protein P06239 UNIPROT PTPN6 protein P29350 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr536 QKGQESEyGNITYPP 10090 BTO:0000782 8114715 t "Two sites (Y-536 and Y-564) which are directly phosphorylated by Lck in vitro are also phosphorylated in vivo in LSTRA cells. ." SIGNOR-251387 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT POU5F1 protein Q01860 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser111 ESNSDGAsPEPCTVT 9606 23024368 t gcesareni "Phosphorylation of this site downregulates nanog, sox2, rex1 and upregulates bmp4, gata6, ddlx5." SIGNOR-192101 PPP2CA protein P67775 UNIPROT SNCA protein P37840 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser129 NEAYEMPsEEGYQDY 9606 21562258 t "α-Synuclein (α-Syn) is a key protein that accumulates as hyperphosphorylated aggregates in pathologic hallmark features of Parkinson's disease (PD) and other neurodegenerative disorders. Phosphorylation of this protein at serine 129 is believed to promote its aggregation and neurotoxicity, suggesting that this post-translational modification could be a therapeutic target. Here, we demonstrate that phosphoprotein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) dephosphorylates α-Syn at serine 129" SIGNOR-248635 MAP2K6 protein P52564 UNIPROT MAPK13 protein O15264 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr180 RHADAEMtGYVVTRW -1 9218798 t "SKK3 mediates the activation of SAPK4. Phosphorylation and activation of SAPK4 and SAPK2a by purified SKK3." SIGNOR-251424 1173900-33-8 chemical CID:44137675 PUBCHEM PIK3CB protein P42338 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-190200 "Adenosine triphosphate" smallmolecule CID:5957 PUBCHEM PRKAG1 protein P54619 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 SIGNOR-C15 21680840 t gcesareni "AMPK is an ___ heterotrimer activated by decreasing concentrations of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and increasing AMP concentrations." SIGNOR-228607 LCK protein P06239 UNIPROT PIK3R1 protein P27986 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr688 FAEPYNLySSLKELV 9534 BTO:0004055 9461588 t "the regulatory p85 subunit of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase is phosphorylated on tyrosine residues. We report that this phosphorylation event is readily catalyzed by the Abl and Lck protein-tyrosine kinases in vitro, by Bcr-Abl or a catalytically activated Lck-Y505F in co-transfected COS cells. we have mapped a major phosphorylation site to Tyr-688 in the C-terminal SH2 domain of p85. Tyrosine phosphorylation of p85 in vitro or in vivo was not associated with detectable change in the enzymatic activity of the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase heterodimer, but correlated with a strong reduction in the binding of some, but not all, phosphoproteins to the SH2 domains of p85." SIGNOR-251383 LCK protein P06239 UNIPROT LCP2 protein Q13094 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Tyr426 NEEWYVSyITRPEAE -1 8702662 t "Ability of p56lck to phosphorylate Tyr-423/426 within SLP-76 in vitro" SIGNOR-251382 LCK protein P06239 UNIPROT ITK protein Q08881 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr512 RFVLDDQyTSSTGTK -1 9312162 t "Lck phosphorylates the activation loop tyrosine of the Itk kinase domain and activates Itk kinase activity. The major site of Lck phosphorylation on Itk was mapped to the conserved tyrosine (Tyr511) in the activation loop of the Itk kinase domain." SIGNOR-251380 LCK protein P06239 UNIPROT IL2RB protein P14784 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Tyr536 LPLNTDAyLSLQELQ -1 10214954 t "Recombinant p56(lck) phosphorylates in vitro tyrosine residues within the IL-2Rbeta chain. p56(lck) phosphorylates tyrosine residues 355, 358 and 361 but not 338 of the IL-2Rbeta chain acidic subdomain. p56(lck) also phosphorylates very efficiently the two tyrosines present in the IL-2Rbeta chain C-terminal region, Tyr-392 and Tyr-510." SIGNOR-251379 PTK2 protein Q05397 UNIPROT ACTN4 protein O43707 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr265 MTYVSSFyHAFSGAQ 9606 23454549 t lperfetto "Phosphorylation at y12 by fak reduces _-actinin1's affinity for actin [25] and [27]. _-actinin4 is phosphorylated at y4, y31, and y265. Phosphorylation at y4 or y31 decreases its binding to actin [28] while phosphorylation of y265 increases its affinity for actin" SIGNOR-192191 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT RPS3 protein P23396 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Thr42 SGVEVRVtPTRTEII 9606 15950189 t llicata "Erk phosphorylates threonine 42 residue of ribosomal protein s3." SIGNOR-137959 IGF1R protein P08069 UNIPROT AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" 10090 BTO:0000165 11715022 f lperfetto "we show that IGF-1 unexpectedly acts via Akt to antagonize calcineurin signalling during myotube hypertrophy." SIGNOR-244403 MAP3K3 protein Q99759 UNIPROT MAP2K6 protein P52564 UNIPROT up-regulates 9606 BTO:0000007 10347227 f gcesareni "However, the autocatalytic activities of both mkk6 and mkk7 were enhanced by their coexpression with either mekk3 or mekk2." SIGNOR-68020 MAPK7 protein Q13164 UNIPROT PML protein P29590 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation 9606 BTO:0001271 20832753 t gcesareni "We found that bmk1 interacted with promyelocytic leukemia protein (pml), and inhibited its tumor-suppressor function through phosphorylation." SIGNOR-167947 RXRB protein P28702 UNIPROT RARG protein P13631 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 1310351 t gcesareni "Here we report that the transcriptional activity of rar and rxr can be reciprocally modulated by direct interactions between the two proteins." SIGNOR-16683 TNF protein P01375 UNIPROT PIK3CG protein P48736 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 10485710 t gcesareni "Tnf activates phosphatidylinositol-3-oh kinase (pi(3)k)" SIGNOR-70625 TRAF7 protein Q6Q0C0 UNIPROT MAP3K3 protein Q99759 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 15001576 t miannu "Traf7 specifically interacts with and activates mekk3." SIGNOR-123221 ARAF protein P10398 UNIPROT MAP2K2 protein P36507 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation 9606 21779497 t gcesareni "Active raf phosphorylates mek." SIGNOR-175142 "Prostaglandin E2" smallmolecule CID:5280360 PUBCHEM PTGER2 protein P43116 UNIPROT up-regulates "chemical activation" 9606 15299086 t gcesareni "Pge2 acts via four ep receptors termed ep1 to ep4." SIGNOR-127735 IL22 protein Q9GZX6 UNIPROT IL10RB protein Q08334 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 17208301 t gcesareni "See table 2" SIGNOR-151880 MAP2K4 protein P45985 UNIPROT MAP2K4 protein P45985 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser257 ISGQLVDsIAKTRDA -1 9162092 t "Ser221 and, to a lesser extent, Thr225 in MKK4 as necessary sites for basal and MEKK-induced autophosphorylation and activation of MKK4." SIGNOR-251420 ACVR1 protein Q04771 UNIPROT SMAD1 protein Q15797 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser465 HNPISSVs 9534 BTO:0004055 9748228 t "ALK2 receptor specifically interacts with and phosphorylates Smad1 protein. ALK2 Activates Smad1 and Induces BMP-specific Signals. Biochemical analysis revealed that constitutively active ALK2 associated with and phosphorylated Smad1 on the COOH-terminal SSXS motif" SIGNOR-251439 DIO2 protein Q92813 UNIPROT 3,3',5'-triiodo-L-thyronine smallmolecule CHEBI:11684 ChEBI "up-regulates quantity" "small molecule catalysis" 20978344 t "The deiodinase family of enzymes controls the tissue-specific activation and inactivation of the prohormone thyroxine (T4)" SIGNOR-256202 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT TNFRSF1A protein P19438 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser274 LAPNPSFsPTPGFTP -1 11606045 t lperfetto "Phosphorylation of murine CD120a by p42(mapk/erk2) has been shown to inhibit its ability to initiate apoptosis while preserving signaling events such as NF-kappaB activation.|Additionally, we demonstrated that (i) the p42(mapk/erk2)-dependent phosphorylation of CD120a and DR3 occurred on Ser and Thr residues, (ii) p42(mapk/erk2) phosphorylated residues located in the membrane proximal regions but not the death domains of CD120a and DR3, (iii) Ser 253 is a preferred site of phosphorylation on CD120a" SIGNOR-249452 CSNK2A2 protein P19784 UNIPROT ARRB2 protein P32121 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Thr382 EFDTNYAtDDDIVFE -1 11877451 t llicata "We found that arrestin-3 is constitutively phosphorylated at Thr-382 and becomes dephosphorylated upon beta(2)-adrenergic receptor activation in COS-1 cells. Casein kinase II (CKII) appears to be the major kinase mediating arrestin-3 phosphorylation, since 1) Thr-382 is contained within a canonical consensus sequence for CKII phosphorylation and 2) wild type arrestin-3 but not a T382A mutant is phosphorylated by CKII in vitro. | However, additional analysis reveals that arrestin-3 phosphorylation may regulate formation of a large arrestin-3-containing protein complex." SIGNOR-250977 NME2 protein P22392 UNIPROT NME2 protein P22392 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser44 AMKFLRAsEEHLKQH 9606 BTO:0000093 8245015 t miannu "An acid-stable (nonhistidine) phosphorylation was identified on autophosphorylated purified recombinant Nm23 proteins and [32P]orthophosphate-labeled human breast carcinoma and murine melanoma Nm23. Phosphoamino acid analysis identified serine as the acid-stable phosphorylation and serine 44 as the major site of phosphorylation. The biological relevance of the novel phosphorylation identified herein is suggested by the direct correlation of in vivo Nm23 acid-stable phosphorylation levels, but not Nm23 NDPK activity, with suppression of tumor metastatic potential among control and nm23-1 transfected murine melanoma cells." SIGNOR-250201 CSNK2A1 protein P68400 UNIPROT TERF1 protein P54274 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr122 LTACQLRtIYICQFL 9606 18347021 t lperfetto "Regulation of telomeric repeat binding factor 1 binding to telomeres by casein kinase 2-mediated phosphorylation. Mapping of the ck2 target site identified threonine 122 as a substrate in trf1. A threonine to alanine change at this position led to a diminished dna binding due to reduced dimerization of trf1." SIGNOR-178034 PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT NF2 protein P35240 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser10 GAIASRMsFSSLKRK 9606 18071304 t lperfetto "Merlin contains a c-terminal serine 518, which is phosphorylated both by p21-activated kinase (pak) and protein kinase a (pka) (shaw et al., 2001;kissil et al., 2002;xiao et al., 2002;alfthan et al., 2004). Phosphorylation at this site is predicted to result in a more open conformation incapable of inhibiting cell growth," SIGNOR-159840 CSNK1A1 protein P48729 UNIPROT BID protein P55957 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser64 LQTDGNRsSHSRLGR 9606 BTO:0000567 11583622 t llicata "Here we report that Bid is phosphorylated by casein kinase I (CKI) and casein kinase II (CKII). Inhibition of CKI and CKII accelerated Fas-mediated apoptosis and Bid cleavage, whereas hyperactivity of the kinases delayed apoptosis. | These results suggest that residues S61, S64, and to a much lesser extent T58 are sites of phosphorylation of Bid." SIGNOR-250785 PDK2 protein Q15119 UNIPROT PDHA1 protein P08559 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser300 SMSDPGVsYRTREEI 9606 17474719 t gcesareni "Regulation of mammalian pdc activity is accomplished in large part by phosphorylation (resulting in inactivation) of the e1 component by a family of pyruvate dehydrogenase kinases (pdk 14 isozymes) and dephosphorylation (leading to activation) of phosphorylated e1 by a set of specific phosphatases (phosphopyruvate dehydrogenase phosphatase 12 isozymes) (1, 3-6). The subunit of the e1 component has three phosphorylation sites, named site 1 (ser-264), site 2 (ser-271), and site 3 (ser-203), and phosphorylation of any one of these three sites results in inactivation" SIGNOR-154640 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT PPARA protein Q07869 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser21 LEAGDLEsPLSEEFL 9606 BTO:0000599 10187842 t lperfetto "We now demonstrate that amino acids 1-92 of hPPARalpha contain an activation function (AF)-1-like domain, which is further activated by insulin through a pathway involving the mitogen-activated protein kinases p42 and p44. Further analysis of the amino-terminal region of PPARalpha revealed that the insulin-induced trans-activation occurs through the phosphorylation of two mitogen-activated protein kinase sites at positions 12 and 21, both of which are conserved across evolution." SIGNOR-249474 FGFR3 protein P22607 UNIPROT FGFR3 protein P22607 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr770 LSAPFEQySPGGQDT 9606 BTO:0000007 11294897 t lperfetto "Ligand stimulation leads to autophosphorylation of fgfr3these results suggest that y770 may negatively regulate the activation of pi 3-kinase by constitutively activated fgfr3" SIGNOR-106746 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT TFCP2 protein Q12800 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser291 TYVNNSPsPGFNSSH 9606 19237534 t lperfetto "We previously established that phosphorylation of lsf in early g1 at ser-291 and ser-309 inhibits its transcriptional activity and that dephosphorylation later in g1 is required for its reactivation. At the peak activities of erk and cyclin c/cdk2 in early g1, lsf is efficiently phosphorylated on ser-291 and ser-309." SIGNOR-184176 SS18L1 protein O75177 UNIPROT CREBBP protein Q92793 UNIPROT up-regulates relocalization 9606 BTO:0000938 15488321 t miannu "The calcium-responsive transactivator recruits creb binding protein to nuclear bodies." SIGNOR-129926 RAF1 protein P04049 UNIPROT STK3 protein Q13188 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 15618521 t gcesareni "Raf-1 prevents dimerization and phosphorylation of the activation loop of mst2 independently of its protein kinase activity.Raf-1 counteracts apoptosis by suppressing the activation of mammalian sterile 20-like kinase (mst2)" SIGNOR-132824 AML1-ETO "fusion protein" SIGNOR-FP1 SIGNOR CEBPA protein P49715 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0001271 11283671 t apalma "Here we show that AML1–ETO blocks C/EBPα –dependent activation of its own promoter and thereby inhibits autoregulation." SIGNOR-255672 CEBPA protein P49715 UNIPROT CEBPA protein P49715 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0001056 11283671 t apalma "Here, we demonstrate that C/EBPα indeed activates its promoter in transient transfection assays in myeloid cells." SIGNOR-255673 CEBPA protein P49715 UNIPROT Differentiation phenotype SIGNOR-PH37 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 BTO:0004730 11283671 f apalma "We previously reported that the transcription factor C/EBPα is sufficient to induce granulocytic differentiation in multipotential precursor cells, and that Cebpa -knockout mice have a selective block in granulocyte maturation" SIGNOR-255674 CEBPA protein P49715 UNIPROT SOX4 protein Q06945 UNIPROT down-regulates "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0001271 24183681 t apalma "In summary, our data demonstrate that C/EBPα negatively regulates Sox4 transcription via direct DNA-binding." SIGNOR-255675 SOX4 protein Q06945 UNIPROT Differentiation phenotype SIGNOR-PH37 SIGNOR down-regulates 9606 BTO:0001271 24183681 f apalma "Collectively, our experiments identified the oncogene Sox4 as a factor mediating increased serial-replating ability and blocked differentiation of Cebpa-deficient progenitors." SIGNOR-255676 GDNF protein P39905 UNIPROT LAMA3 protein Q16787 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 10116 BTO:0002881 15212950 f miannu "We characterize the network of 43 genes induced by GDNF overproduction of neuronal progenitor cells (ST14A), which mainly regulate migration and differentiation of neuronal progenitor cells.Laminin, Mpl3, Alcam, Bin1, Id1, Id2, Id3, neuregulin1, the ephrinB2-receptor, neuritin, focal adhesion kinase (FAK), Tc10, Pdpk1, clusterin, GTP-cyclooxygenase1, and follistatin are genes up-regulated by GDNF overexpression." SIGNOR-252175 MKNK1 protein Q9BUB5 UNIPROT SPRY2 protein O43597 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser112 APLSRSIsTVSSGSR 9606 19864419 t llicata "The spry2/nedd4 association involves the ww domains of nedd4 and requires phosphorylation of the mnk2 kinase sites, ser(112) and ser(121), on spry2. mnk2 silencing decreased spry2-nedd4 interactions and also augmented the ability of spry2 to inhibit fibroblast growth factor signaling. endogenous and overexpressed nedd4 polyubiquitinate spry2 via lys(48) on ubiquitin and decrease its stability." SIGNOR-188889 EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT GAB1 protein Q13480 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr447 SEELDENyVPMNPNS 9606 BTO:0000527;BTO:0000017 9890893 t lperfetto "Gab-1 is a multisubstrate docking protein downstream in the signaling pathways of different receptor tyrosine kinases, including the epidermal growth factor receptor (egfr)the entire protein was phosphorylated by regfr at eight tyrosine residues (y285, y373, y406, y447, y472, y619, y657, and y689)." SIGNOR-236420 PLK1 protein P53350 UNIPROT BRCA2 protein P51587 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Thr207 TPPTLSStVLIVRNE 9606 BTO:0001938 12815053 t lperfetto "Plk1 interacts with BRCA2 in vivo, and mutation of Ser193, Ser205/206, and Thr203/207 to Ala in BR-N1 abolished Plk1 phosphorylation, suggesting that BRCA2 is the substrate of Plk1. Furthermore, both the hyperphosphorylated and hypophosphorylated forms of BRCA2 bind to RAD51, whereas the M phase hyperphosphorylated form of BRCA2 no longer associates with the P/CAF, suggesting that the dissociation of P/CAF-BRCA2 complex is regulated by phosphorylation." SIGNOR-249221 CSNK2A1 protein P68400 UNIPROT PTGES3 protein Q15185 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser118 DDSDEDMsNFDRFSE 9606 15040786 t gcesareni "Cpges-activating protein kinase is ck-ii (casein kinase ii). Mutations of either of two predicted ck-ii phosphorylation sites on cpges (ser113 and ser118) abrogated its phosphorylation and activation both in vitro and in vivo. Hypoxia induced the mitogen-activated protein kinase-mediated phosphorylation of a single serine residue, ser(122), in the protein, and site-directed mutagenesis demonstrated that ser(122) phosphorylation was necessary for hypoxic acceleration of tal1 turnover." SIGNOR-123598 GSK3B protein P49841 UNIPROT MAFA protein Q8NHW3 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr57 LSSTPLStPCSSVPS 9606 18042454 t miannu "We also demonstrate that gsk-3 triggers mafa sequential phosphorylation on residues s61, t57, t53, and s49 /we demonstrated that phosphorylation by gsk-3 is conserved among the large maf proteins. It couples ubiquitination/degradation and transcriptional activation and modulates maf biological activity./ Taken together, these results suggest that, in contrast to what can be expected from ubiquitination/degradation, gsk-3-mediated mafa phosphorylation increases its transactivating ability, thereby controlling its biological activity." SIGNOR-159470 FYN protein P06241 UNIPROT FCGR2A protein P12318 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr288 YETADGGyMTLNPRA -1 8756631 t lperfetto "To identify the FcgammaRII-phosphorylating protein tyrosine kinase (PTK), we used the combination of an in vitro and an in vivo approach. In an in vitro assay using recombinant cytoplasmic tails of the different FcgammaRII isoforms as well as tyrosine exchange mutants, we show that each of the BCR-associated PTKs (Lyn, Blk, Fyn, and Syk) shows different phosphorylation patterns with regard to the different FcgammaR isoforms and point|Fyn and Blk definitely phosphorylate Y-282 in the ITAM of Fc_RIIa/c, whereas the non-ITAM tyrosine residue (Y-275) becomes phosphorylated by Syk, as the phosphorylation of double point mutants shows. In addi-tion to these tyrosine residues, Fyn, Blk, and Syk might phosphorylate the most C-terminal tyrosine residue (Y-298) because altering this tyrosine residue together with one of the tyrosine residues clearly shown to be phosphorylated by the respective PTK results in the abrogation of phosphorylation." SIGNOR-249336 PRKCZ protein Q05513 UNIPROT NCF1 protein P14598 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser328 QDAYRRNsVRFLQQR 9606 BTO:0000130 12056906 t lperfetto "Phosphopeptide mapping of p47(phox) showed that, as opposed to pkc zeta, pkc alpha, beta ii, and delta are able to phosphorylate all the major pkc sites. The use of p47(phox) mutants identified serines 303, 304, 315, 320, 328, 359, 370, and 379 as targets of pkc alpha, beta ii, and delta.Taken together, these results suggest that pkc alpha, beta ii, delta, and zeta expressed in human neutrophils can individually phosphorylate p47(phox) and induce both its translocation and nadph oxidase activation." SIGNOR-89272 STK24 protein Q9Y6E0 UNIPROT STK38 protein Q15208 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr444 DWVFINYtYKRFEGL 9606 BTO:0000007 16314523 t lperfetto "Ndr1/ndr2 protein kinase is activated by phosphorylation on the activation loop phosphorylation site ser281/ser282 and the hydrophobic motif phosphorylation site thr444/thr442. Autophosphorylation of ndr is responsible for phosphorylation on ser281/ser282, whereas thr444/thr442 is targeted by an upstream kinase. Here we show that mst3, a mammalian ste20-like protein kinase, is able to phosphorylate ndr protein kinase at thr444/thr442. In vitro, mst3 selectively phosphorylated thr442 of ndr2, resulting in a 10-fold stimulation of ndr activity." SIGNOR-142467 GDNF protein P39905 UNIPROT MAP1LC3B protein Q9GZQ8 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 10116 BTO:0002881 15212950 f miannu "We characterize the network of 43 genes induced by GDNF overproduction of neuronal progenitor cells (ST14A), which mainly regulate migration and differentiation of neuronal progenitor cells.Laminin, Mpl3, Alcam, Bin1, Id1, Id2, Id3, neuregulin1, the ephrinB2-receptor, neuritin, focal adhesion kinase (FAK), Tc10, Pdpk1, clusterin, GTP-cyclooxygenase1, and follistatin are genes up-regulated by GDNF overexpression." SIGNOR-252176 GDNF protein P39905 UNIPROT ALCAM protein Q13740 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 10116 BTO:0002881 15212950 f miannu "We characterize the network of 43 genes induced by GDNF overproduction of neuronal progenitor cells (ST14A), which mainly regulate migration and differentiation of neuronal progenitor cells.Laminin, Mpl3, Alcam, Bin1, Id1, Id2, Id3, neuregulin1, the ephrinB2-receptor, neuritin, focal adhesion kinase (FAK), Tc10, Pdpk1, clusterin, GTP-cyclooxygenase1, and follistatin are genes up-regulated by GDNF overexpression." SIGNOR-252177 RB1 protein P06400 UNIPROT MYOD1 protein P15172 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 21902831 t gcesareni "Cycline/cdk2 blocks myod-induced gene expression through the phosphorylation of rb, preventing rb from binding and transactivating myod, and triggering s phase entry instead of differentiation." SIGNOR-176563 CH5132799 chemical CID:49784945 PUBCHEM MTOR protein P42345 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-190937 CDKN2A protein P42771 UNIPROT ATR protein Q13535 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation 9606 BTO:0002260 15775976 t gcesareni "Regulation of NF-kappaB and p53 through activation of ATR and Chk1 by the ARF tumour suppressorInduction of ATR activity in Hs68 E2F1–ER cells by endogenous ARF." SIGNOR-134781 TBX2 protein Q13207 UNIPROT CDKN2A protein P42771 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0002267 25211658 t lperfetto "TBX2 and TBX3 function as transcriptional repressors and both have been shown to inhibit myogenesis (Carlson et al, 2002; Zhu et al, 2014). Abnormal expression of TBX2 has been reported in several cancers including breast, pancreas, and melanoma, where it has been shown to drive proliferation (reviewed in Abrahams et al (2010)). As has been previously shown in other cell types, TBX2 was found to induce a downregulation of p14/19ARF and function as a direct repressor of p21 in RMS" SIGNOR-249594 PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT KIT protein P10721 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser821 ARDIKNDsNYVVKGN 9823 BTO:0004007 7539802 t lperfetto "We present here the identification of the major phosphorylation sites for PKC in Kit/SCFR. Two serine residues in the kinase insert, Ser-741 and Ser-746, are PKC-dependent phosphorylation sites in vivo and account for all phosphorylation by PKC in vitro. | Two additional serine residues, Ser-821 close to the major tyrosine autophosphorylation site in the kinase domain and Ser-959 in the carboxyl terminus are SCF-stimulated PKC-dependent phosphorylation sites. | Furthermore, the kinase activity of Kit/SCFR(S741A/S746A) toward an exogenous substrate was increased, which was reflected as a decreased Km and an increased Vmax, in accordance with the negative regulatory role of PKC on Kit/SCFR signaling." SIGNOR-248897 PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser12 KSKPKDAsQRRRSLE -1 2996780 t lperfetto "We propose that protein kinase C is responsible for this modification based on the following evidence. First, the tumor promoters, 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate and teleocidin, and synthetic diacylglycerol, known activators of protein kinase C in vivo, cause nearly complete phosphorylation of pp60src at serine 12. Second, among five purified serine/threonine-specific protein kinases tested, only protein kinase C phosphorylates pp60c-src and pp60v-src in vitro at serine 12. Third, purified protein kinase C phosphorylates a synthetic peptide corresponding to the N-terminal 20 amino acids of pp60c-src at serine 12. The physiological significance of this novel phosphorylation is discussed." SIGNOR-248893 SPOP protein O43791 UNIPROT NCOA3 protein Q9Y6Q9 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" binding 9606 24239470 t miannu "Mutations in SPOP represent the most common point mutations in primary prostate cancer,with recurrent mutations in SPOP in 6% to 15% of multiple independent cohorts. Wild-type SPOP will bind and promote the degradation of SRC-3,whereas prostate cancer–derived SPOP mutants lose this ability,leading to increased androgen signaling in certain model systems." SIGNOR-251529 PAK5 protein Q9P286 UNIPROT PAK5 protein Q9P286 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation His19 SGPSNFEhRVHTGFD -1 12860998 t miannu "Active form of Cdc42, but not Rac1 and Rho, protein was able to activate the purified GST-Pak5 autophosphorylation and kinase activity. Mutations of Pak5, which disrupted the interaction of Cdc42 and Pak5, also abolished the induction of autophosphorylation.  The H19L/H22L mutant of Pak5 was insensitive to the Cdc42-induced autophosphorylation." SIGNOR-250248 NCOA3 protein Q9Y6Q9 UNIPROT AR protein P10275 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 24239470 t miannu "The NCOA2 gene encodes a transcriptional coactivator (SRC-2) that modulates gene expression by hormone receptors, including AR. NCOA2 is both amplified and rarely mutated in prostate cancers, with higher NCOA2 levels resulting in increased androgen signaling readout. Furthermore, as mentioned previously, SRC-3, a close homolog encoded by NCOA3, is a substrate of SPOP whose protein levels are increased by SPOP mutation, potentially linking these common point mutations to the androgen axis" SIGNOR-251530 NCOA2 protein Q15596 UNIPROT AR protein P10275 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 24239470 t miannu "The NCOA2 gene encodes a transcriptional coactivator (SRC-2) that modulates gene expression by hormone receptors, including AR. NCOA2 is both amplified and rarely mutated in prostate cancers, with higher NCOA2 levels resulting in increased androgen signaling readout. Furthermore, as mentioned previously, SRC-3, a close homolog encoded by NCOA3, is a substrate of SPOP whose protein levels are increased by SPOP mutation, potentially linking these common point mutations to the androgen axis" SIGNOR-251531 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT MKL1 protein Q969V6 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser454 TGSTPPVsPTPSERS 9606 18694962 t "Translocation from Nuleus to Cytoplasm" gcesareni "Serum induces rhoa-dependent translocation of mkl1 from the cytoplasm to the nucleus and also causes a rapid increase in mkl1 phosphorylation. Serum-induced phosphorylation of the serum response factor coactivator mkl1 by the extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 pathway inhibits its nuclear localization." SIGNOR-179963 FGFR1 protein P11362 UNIPROT FGFR1 protein P11362 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr280 VEFMCKVySDPQPHI 9606 12601080 t lperfetto "Fgfr signaling is under the control of tyrosine phosphorylation to elicit activation of cellular signaling cascades. Ligand binding induces receptor dimerization and transphosphorylation. Fgfr1 contains eleven tyrosine residues (tyr154, tyr280, tyr307, tyr463, tyr585, tyr605, tyr653, tyr654, tyr730 and tyr766), some of which are directly involved regulating the activity of the receptor and others bind to activate substrates leading to the activation of various transduction pathways." SIGNOR-98626 PTPN1 protein P18031 UNIPROT INSR protein P06213 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Tyr1185 FGMTRDIyETDYYRK 9606 BTO:0000007 16582879 t "Binding of insulin to the IR results in autophosphorylation of each beta‐subunit on at least six different tyrosines. This autophosphorylation occurs first on three tyrosines located in the activation loop of the kinase domain (Y1158, 1162 and 1163), resulting in the stabilization of the kinase in an active conformation.|Termination of the signal involves inactivation of the IR by dephosphorylation of the three tyrosines of the kinase domain (Tonks, 2003). PTP1B is a protein tyrosine phosphatase located in the endoplasmic reticulum that has an important role in the dephosphorylation of these tyrosines after internalization of the IR" SIGNOR-248408 TBX3 protein O15119 UNIPROT CDKN2A protein P42771 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0002267 25211658 t lperfetto "TBX2 and TBX3 function as transcriptional repressors and both have been shown to inhibit myogenesis (Carlson et al, 2002; Zhu et al, 2014). Abnormal expression of TBX2 has been reported in several cancers including breast, pancreas, and melanoma, where it has been shown to drive proliferation (reviewed in Abrahams et al (2010)). As has been previously shown in other cell types, TBX2 was found to induce a downregulation of p14/19ARF and function as a direct repressor of p21 in RMS" SIGNOR-249603 SIRT1 protein Q96EB6 UNIPROT MYOD1 protein P15172 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" 10090 BTO:0000165 12887892 t gcesareni "Sir2 forms a complex with the acetyltransferase PCAF and MyoD and, when overexpressed, retards muscle differentiation" SIGNOR-241963 CDKN2A protein P42771 UNIPROT MDM2 protein Q00987 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" relocalization 9606 BTO:0001938 23416275 t fstefani "We propose that p14(arf) increases the binding of p53-mdm2 complexes to chromatin, thereby limiting the access of protein deacetylases to p53." SIGNOR-192697 STANOLONE smallmolecule CID:10635 PUBCHEM AR protein P10275 UNIPROT up-regulates "chemical activation" 9606 15861399 t miannu "Testosterone is the predominant circulating androgen in mammals and is converted to dihydrotestosterone (DHT) by 5α-reductase in certain tissues of the male urogenital tract, skin, and other target cells. DHT binds with highest affinity to AR and together with testosterone promotes AR transcriptional activity thereby ensuring the development and maintenance of male reproductive functions." SIGNOR-251533 ZBTB7A protein O95365 UNIPROT CDKN2A protein P42771 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 15662416 f miannu "Pokemon can specifically repress the transcription of the tumour suppressor gene ARF through direct binding." SIGNOR-225900 AR protein P10275 UNIPROT AR protein P10275 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 15861399 t miannu "The unliganded AR resides predominately in the cytoplasm as a heteromeric complex with hsp90 and other chaperone proteins. These chaperone proteins maintain AR in a form that is receptive to ligand binding. Regulation of gene expression by androgen-activated AR occurs through receptor nuclear translocation, dimerization, and binding to androgen response elements (AREs) in the DNA of target genes." SIGNOR-251537 AR protein P10275 UNIPROT Differentiation phenotype SIGNOR-PH37 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 15861399 f miannu "AR homodimers recruit a panoply of factors including coactivators and mediator proteins whose enzymatic activities promote chromatin remodeling and transcriptional regulation of target genes leading to cell differentiation, survival, and proliferation" SIGNOR-251538 AR protein P10275 UNIPROT Survival phenotype SIGNOR-PH13 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 15861399 f miannu "AR homodimers recruit a panoply of factors including coactivators and mediator proteins whose enzymatic activities promote chromatin remodeling and transcriptional regulation of target genes leading to cell differentiation, survival, and proliferation" SIGNOR-251539 AR protein P10275 UNIPROT Proliferation phenotype SIGNOR-PH4 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 15861399 f miannu "AR homodimers recruit a panoply of factors including coactivators and mediator proteins whose enzymatic activities promote chromatin remodeling and transcriptional regulation of target genes leading to cell differentiation, survival, and proliferation" SIGNOR-251540 FOXA1 protein P55317 UNIPROT AR protein P10275 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 24875621 t miannu "FOXA1 directly inhibits AR expression and thus the transcription of its target genes. FOXA1 inhibits AR gene expression in prostate cancer. oss of FOXA1 may lead to androgen-independent AR signaling and thus castration-resistant prostate cancer progression. Indeed, we have recently reported that FOXA1 is downregulated in CRPC" SIGNOR-251541 EZH2 protein Q15910 UNIPROT AR protein P10275 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 23239736 t miannu "This study demonstrates that phosphorylation of EZH2 at Ser21, mediated directly or indirectly by the PI3K-Akt pathway, can switch its function from a Polycomb repressor to a transcriptional coactivator of AR (and potentially other factors)." SIGNOR-251542 AR protein P10275 UNIPROT UBE2C protein O00762 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 19632176 t miannu "The evolution of prostate cancer from an androgen-dependent state (ADPCa) to one that is androgen-independent (AIPCa) marks its lethal progression. The androgen receptor (AR) is essential in both, though its function in AIPCa is poorly understood. We have defined the direct AR-dependent target genes in both AIPCa and ADPCa by generating AR-dependent gene expression profiles and AR cistromes. In contrast to ADPCa, AR selectively up-regulates M-phase cell cycle genes in AIPCa including UBE2C, a gene that inactivates the M-phase checkpoint." SIGNOR-251543 CSF1R protein P07333 UNIPROT CSF1R protein P07333 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Tyr561 ESYEGNSyTFIDPTQ 9606 BTO:0001271 15297464 t lperfetto "Csf-1-mediated wild-type (wt)-csf-1r phosphorylation was not markedly affected by sfk inhibition, indicating that lack of sfk binding is not responsible for diminished y559f phosphorylation. Unexpectedly, cells expressing y559f were hyperproliferative in response to csf-1. Hyperproliferation correlated with prolonged activation of akt, erk, and stat5 in the y559f mutant. Consistent with a defect in receptor negative regulation, c-cbl tyrosine phosphorylation and csf-1r/c-cbl co-association were almost undetectable in the y559f mutant. Furthermore, y559f underwent reduced multiubiquitination and delayed receptor internalization and degradation. In conclusion, we propose that tyr559 is a switch residue that functions in kinase regulation, signal transduction and, indirectly, receptor down-regulation." SIGNOR-127622 AR protein P10275 UNIPROT ERG protein B2Y833 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 24505269 t miannu "Recurrent gene fusion between the androgen-regulated gene TMPRSS2 and members of the ETS transcription factor family, most commonly ERG, are present in about 50% of prostate cancer cases. Presence of this fusion gene is a critical event in the development of prostate cancer. the more aggressive phenotype that arises with the presence of TMPRSS2-ERG at least in part is caused by changes in the tumor stroma." SIGNOR-251545 AR protein P10275 UNIPROT NKX3-1 protein Q99801 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 16697957 t miannu "Whereas androgen receptor (AR) positively regulates NKX3.1 expression, NKX3.1 negatively modulates AR transcription and consequently the AR-associated signaling events." SIGNOR-251546 NKX3-1 protein Q99801 UNIPROT AR protein P10275 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 16697957 t miannu "Whereas androgen receptor (AR) positively regulates NKX3.1 expression, NKX3.1 negatively modulates AR transcription and consequently the AR-associated signaling events." SIGNOR-251547 LCK protein P06239 UNIPROT SIGLEC10 protein Q96LC7 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Tyr691 PKGTQADyAEVKFQ 9606 11733002 t lperfetto "These results suggest that the tyrosines at positions 597 and 667, contained within itim-like motifs, are likely targets of phosphorylation by several classes of signaling molecules, including lck, jak3, and emt. The tyrosine located at position y691 was also contributing to the phosphorylation of the wild-type siglec tail by lck and jak3 kinases. however, it is not clear whether y691 is capable of binding sap or a similar protein. Future studies will attempt to elucidate the signaling activities associated with y691" SIGNOR-112499 NPM1 protein P06748 UNIPROT CDKN2A protein P42771 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 10090 BTO:0002572 16199867 t gcesareni "The Arf-NPM interaction seems to be critical in regulating the stability of both proteins. Arf, in fact, induces polyubiquitination and degradation of NPM and inhibits its effects on ribogenesis (18). NPM, instead, protects Arf from degradation and, surprisingly, antagonizes its ability to inhibit cell division" SIGNOR-245073 3,3',5'-triiodo-L-thyronine smallmolecule CHEBI:11684 ChEBI MYOD1 protein P15172 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 20978344 f "D2-mediated increases in T3 were essential for the enhanced transcription of myogenic differentiation 1 (MyoD) and for execution of the myogenic program." SIGNOR-256203 NKX3-1 protein Q99801 UNIPROT TP53 protein P04637 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by stabilization" stabilization 9606 16697957 t miannu "NKX3.1 stabilizes p53.NKX3.1 can physically associate with HDAC1 and promotes p53 acetylation by recruiting HDAC1 from p53-MDM2-HDAC1 complex" SIGNOR-251548 NKX3-1 protein Q99801 UNIPROT HDAC1 protein Q13547 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 9606 16697957 t miannu "NKX3.1 also binds HDAC1 and releases p53 from p53-MDM2-HDAC1 complex, promoting p53 acetylation and activity." SIGNOR-251549 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR Survival phenotype SIGNOR-PH13 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 16288293 f miannu "Akt promotes both cell growth and cell survival by inactivating its downstream substrates including GSK3, BAD, FOXO and TSC2." SIGNOR-251550 PRKCD protein Q05655 UNIPROT ELAVL1 protein Q15717 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser221 QAQRFRFsPMGVDHM 9606 20086103 t lperfetto "Tandem phosphorylation of serines 221 and 318 by protein kinase cdelta coordinates mrna binding and nucleocytoplasmic shuttling of hurstabilization of mrna by the ubiquitous rna binding protein human antigen r (hur), a member of the embryonic lethal abnormal vision (elav) protein family, requires canonical binding to au-rich element (are)-bearing target mrna and export of nuclear hur-mrna complexes to the cytoplasm. In human mesangial cells (hmc) both processes are induced by angiotensin ii (angii) via protein kinase cdelta (pkcdelta)-triggered serine phosphorylation of hur." SIGNOR-163524 MAP2K4 protein P45985 UNIPROT MAPK8 protein P45983 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr185 TSFMMTPyVVTRYYR -1 11062067 t "Stress-activated protein kinase 1 (SAPK1), also called c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), becomes activated in vivo in response to pro-inflammatory cytokines or cellular stresses. Its full activation requires the phosphorylation of a threonine and a tyrosine residue in a Thr-Pro-Tyr motif, which can be catalysed by the protein kinases mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase (MKK)4 and MKK7. Here we report that MKK4 shows a striking preference for the tyrosine residue (Tyr-185), and MKK7 a striking preference for the threonine residue (Thr-183) in three SAPK1/JNK1 isoforms tested (JNK1 alpha 1, JNK2 alpha 2 and JNK3 alpha 1)." SIGNOR-251419 CDK4 protein P11802 UNIPROT RB1 protein P06400 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser249 AVIPINGsPRTPRRG 9606 15809340 t gcesareni "Phosphorylated by cdk6 and cdk4, and subsequently by cdk2 at ser-567 in g1, thereby releasing e2f1 which is then able to activate cell growth. Here we show that although these cdks phosphorylate multiple residues in prb, they do so with different residue selectivities in vitro;thr821 and thr826 are preferentially phosphorylated by cdk6 and cdk4, respectively." SIGNOR-135181 PTPRC protein P08575 UNIPROT SKAP1 protein Q86WV1 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Tyr232 EEEKEETyDDIDGFD 9606 BTO:0000661 11909961 t "Mutational analysis demonstrated the pivotal role of Tyr-232 in SKAP55 in the association with CD45. In Jurkat cells, anti-CD3 antibody stimulation promoted SKAP55 tyrosine phosphorylation and translocation from the cytoplasm to the membrane. Overexpression of SKAP55 in these cells induced transcriptional activation of the IL-2 promoter, while mutant SKAP55-Y232F totally suppressed the promoter activity. Furthermore, overexpression of SKAP55-Y232F also caused the tyrosine hyperphosphorylation of Fyn with a decreased kinase activity. Thus, SKAP55 is an essential adapter to couple CD45 with the Src family kinases for dephosphorylation and, thus, positively regulates TCR signaling." SIGNOR-248360 CDK2 protein P24941 UNIPROT ZC3HC1 protein Q86WB0 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser395 PGLEVPSsPLRKAKR 9606 17389604 t gcesareni "Moreover, we found cyclin b1/cdk1 to phosphorylate nipa at ser-395 in mitosis. Mutation of both ser-359 and ser-395 impaired effective inactivation of the scfnipa complex, resulting in reduced levels of mitotic cyclin b1" SIGNOR-154051 FRZB protein Q92765 UNIPROT WNT1 protein P04628 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000671 9326585 t gcesareni "We and others demonstrated that fzb-1 blocks wnt-1 and xwnt-8 signaling in xenopus embryos," SIGNOR-51762 MTOR protein P42345 UNIPROT RPTOR protein Q8N122 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser863 LTQSAPAsPTNKGVH 9606 BTO:0000007 SIGNOR-C3 SIGNOR-C3 19864431 t lperfetto "Our data that insulin-stimulated raptor ser863 phosphorylation requires kinase-active mtorc1 and displays rapamycin sensitivity in intact cells, together with the data of wang et al. (67) that mtor phosphorylates raptor ser863 in vitro, strongly suggest that mtor itself mediates raptor ser863 phosphorylation. / strikingly, raptor ser863 phosphorylation is absolutely required for raptor ser859 and ser855 phosphorylation. These data suggest that mtorc1 activation leads to raptor multisite phosphorylation and that raptor ser863 phosphorylation functions as a master biochemical switch that modulates hierarchical raptor phosphorylation" SIGNOR-188924 AURKB protein Q96GD4 UNIPROT KIF2C protein Q99661 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser95 IQKQKRRsVNSKIPA 9606 17567953 t lperfetto "Here, we show that the binding of mcak to chromosome arms is also regulated by aurora b and that aurora b-dependent chromosome arm and centromere localization is regulated by distinct two-site phosphoregulatory mechanisms. Mcak association with chromosome arms is promoted by phosphorylation of t95 on mcak, whereas phosphorylation of s196 on mcak promotes dissociation from the arms. Although targeting of mcak to centromeres requires phosphorylation of s110 on mcak, dephosphorylation of t95 on mcak increases the binding of mcak to centromeres." SIGNOR-155890 SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT LRP1 protein Q07954 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr4507 TNFTNPVyATLYMGG 9606 BTO:0000007 12789267 t lperfetto "We recently observed that the ldl receptor-related protein 1 (lrp-1) is tyrosine phosphorylated in v-src-transformed cells.Of the four tyrosine residues present in the cytoplasmic domain of lrp-1, only tyr 63 is phosphorylated by v-src in vivo or in vitro. Using fibroblasts deficient in src, yes and fyn, we were able to show that there are multiple kinases present in the cell that can phosphorylate lrp-1. Tyrosine-phosphorylated lrp-1 associates with shc, a ptb and sh2 domain containing signaling protein that is involved in the activation of ras" SIGNOR-101535 CAMK2G protein Q13555 UNIPROT PLCB3 protein Q01970 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser537 PSLEPQKsLGDEGLN 11325525 t llicata "CaMK II phosphorylated PLCbeta3 but not PLCbeta1 in vitro. Phosphorylation occurred exclusively on 537Ser in the X-Y linker region of PLCbeta3. 537Ser was also phosphorylated in the basal state in cells and phosphorylation was enhanced by ionomycin treatment" SIGNOR-250702 CDKN2A protein P42771 UNIPROT NPM1 protein P06748 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" binding 9606 BTO:0000971 14636574 t gcesareni "The Arf-NPM interaction seems to be critical in regulating the stability of both proteins. Arf, in fact, induces polyubiquitination and degradation of NPM and inhibits its effects on ribogenesis (18). NPM, instead, protects Arf from degradation and, surprisingly, antagonizes its ability to inhibit cell division" SIGNOR-245077 NKX3-1 protein Q99801 UNIPROT AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR "down-regulates activity" 9606 16697957 t miannu "NKX3.1 negatively regulates AKT activity in an AR-dependent manner" SIGNOR-251552 testosterone smallmolecule CID:6013 PUBCHEM AR protein P10275 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" "chemical activation" 9606 15861399 t miannu "Testosterone is the predominant circulating androgen in mammals and is converted to dihydrotestosterone (DHT) by 5α-reductase in certain tissues of the male urogenital tract, skin, and other target cells. DHT binds with highest affinity to AR and together with testosterone promotes AR transcriptional activity thereby ensuring the development and maintenance of male reproductive functions." SIGNOR-251553 testosterone smallmolecule CID:6013 PUBCHEM SRD5A1 protein P18405 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" "chemical activation" 9606 15861399 t miannu "Testosterone is the predominant circulating androgen in mammals and is converted to dihydrotestosterone (DHT) by 5α-reductase in certain tissues of the male urogenital tract, skin, and other target cells. DHT binds with highest affinity to AR and together with testosterone promotes AR transcriptional activity thereby ensuring the development and maintenance of male reproductive functions." SIGNOR-251532 ERG protein B2Y833 UNIPROT NKX3-1 protein Q99801 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 25277175 t miannu "Increased expression of ERG or other ETS factors under control of androgen responsive promoter (TMPRSS2) is an inevitable consequence of the fusion events, and it activates transcriptional program that contributes to oncogenesis by upregulating expression of, among others, MYC, EZH2 and SOX9 and repressing NKX3." SIGNOR-251556 ERG protein B2Y833 UNIPROT EZH2 protein Q15910 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 25277175 t miannu "Increased expression of ERG or other ETS factors under control of androgen responsive promoter (TMPRSS2) is an inevitable consequence of the fusion events, and it activates transcriptional program that contributes to oncogenesis by upregulating expression of, among others, MYC, EZH2 and SOX9 and repressing NKX3." SIGNOR-251555 ERG protein B2Y833 UNIPROT MYC protein P01106 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 25277175 t miannu "Increased expression of ERG or other ETS factors under control of androgen responsive promoter (TMPRSS2) is an inevitable consequence of the fusion events, and it activates transcriptional program that contributes to oncogenesis by upregulating expression of, among others, MYC, EZH2 and SOX9 and repressing NKX3." SIGNOR-251554 GDNF protein P39905 UNIPROT BIN1 protein O00499 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 10116 BTO:0002881 15212950 f miannu "We characterize the network of 43 genes induced by GDNF overproduction of neuronal progenitor cells (ST14A), which mainly regulate migration and differentiation of neuronal progenitor cells.Laminin, Mpl3, Alcam, Bin1, Id1, Id2, Id3, neuregulin1, the ephrinB2-receptor, neuritin, focal adhesion kinase (FAK), Tc10, Pdpk1, clusterin, GTP-cyclooxygenase1, and follistatin are genes up-regulated by GDNF overexpression." SIGNOR-252178 GDNF protein P39905 UNIPROT ID1 protein P41134 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 10116 BTO:0002881 15212950 f miannu "We characterize the network of 43 genes induced by GDNF overproduction of neuronal progenitor cells (ST14A), which mainly regulate migration and differentiation of neuronal progenitor cells.Laminin, Mpl3, Alcam, Bin1, Id1, Id2, Id3, neuregulin1, the ephrinB2-receptor, neuritin, focal adhesion kinase (FAK), Tc10, Pdpk1, clusterin, GTP-cyclooxygenase1, and follistatin are genes up-regulated by GDNF overexpression." SIGNOR-252179 TBX2 protein Q13207 UNIPROT Proliferation phenotype SIGNOR-PH4 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 24470334 f "TBX2 blocks myogenesis and promotes proliferation in rhabdomyosarcoma cells" SIGNOR-251562 TBX2 protein Q13207 UNIPROT "Skeletal Muscle Differentiation" phenotype SIGNOR-PH1 SIGNOR down-regulates 9606 24470334 f "TBX2 blocks myogenesis and promotes proliferation in rhabdomyosarcoma cells" SIGNOR-251563 CDKN1A protein P38936 UNIPROT "Cell cycle progr." phenotype SIGNOR-PH42 SIGNOR down-regulates 9606 24470334 f "The cell cycle regulator p21 is induced early in myoblast differentiation and functions to block cell cycle progression" SIGNOR-251564 INSR protein P06213 UNIPROT ADRB2 protein P07550 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr354 LKAYGNGySSNGNTG 10029 BTO:0000246 8557631 t "Insulin (10 nM)-stimulated rIR-catalyzed phosphorylation of β2-adrenergic receptor peptides was found prominently in peptides L339 (Tyr350 and Tyr354), T362 (Tyr364), and to a lesser extent peptides Y132 (Tyr132 and Tyr141), and I135 (Tyr141). G-protein-linked receptors and intrinsic tyrosine-kinase growth receptors represent two prominent modalities in cell signaling. Cross-regulation among members of both receptor superfamilies has been reported, including the counter-regulatory effects of insulin on β-adrenergic catecholamine action. Cells stimulated by insulin show loss of function and increased phosphotyrosine content of β2-adrenergic receptors." SIGNOR-251302 INSR protein P06213 UNIPROT ADRB2 protein P07550 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr141 AITSPFKyQSLLTKN 10029 BTO:0000246 8557631 t "Insulin (10 nM)-stimulated rIR-catalyzed phosphorylation of β2-adrenergic receptor peptides was found prominently in peptides L339 (Tyr350 and Tyr354), T362 (Tyr364), and to a lesser extent peptides Y132 (Tyr132 and Tyr141), and I135 (Tyr141). G-protein-linked receptors and intrinsic tyrosine-kinase growth receptors represent two prominent modalities in cell signaling. Cross-regulation among members of both receptor superfamilies has been reported, including the counter-regulatory effects of insulin on β-adrenergic catecholamine action. Cells stimulated by insulin show loss of function and increased phosphotyrosine content of β2-adrenergic receptors." SIGNOR-251300 TEC protein P42680 UNIPROT BMX protein P51813 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr224 DSNSKKIyGSQPNFN 9606 12573241 t lperfetto "Tec family protein tyrosine kinases (tfks) play a central role in hematopoietic cellular signaling. Initial activation takes place through specific tyrosine phosphorylation situated in the activation loop. Further activation occurs within the sh3 domain via a transphosphorylation mechanism. For bmx, we obtained two phosphorylated sites, y215 and y223 (fig. 6c). The bmx-y215 is a conserved tyrosine, which is homologous to btk-y223 and itk-y180" SIGNOR-98094 AML1-ETO "fusion protein" SIGNOR-FP1 SIGNOR CDKN2A protein P42771 UNIPROT down-regulates "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0004136 12091906 t apalma "We have identified the p14(ARF) tumor suppressor, a mediator of the p53 oncogene checkpoint, as a direct transcriptional target of AML1 ETO." SIGNOR-255677 GDNF protein P39905 UNIPROT ID2 protein Q02363 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 10116 BTO:0002881 15212950 f miannu "We characterize the network of 43 genes induced by GDNF overproduction of neuronal progenitor cells (ST14A), which mainly regulate migration and differentiation of neuronal progenitor cells.Laminin, Mpl3, Alcam, Bin1, Id1, Id2, Id3, neuregulin1, the ephrinB2-receptor, neuritin, focal adhesion kinase (FAK), Tc10, Pdpk1, clusterin, GTP-cyclooxygenase1, and follistatin are genes up-regulated by GDNF overexpression." SIGNOR-252180 TBX2 protein Q13207 UNIPROT MYOD1 protein P15172 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 9606 24470334 t "We have found that TBX2 is highly up regulated in both ERMS and ARMS subtypes of RMS and demonstrate that TBX2 is a repressor of myogenesis by binding to MyoD and myogenin and inhibiting their activity." SIGNOR-251560 GDNF protein P39905 UNIPROT ID3 protein Q02535 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 10116 BTO:0002881 15212950 f miannu "We characterize the network of 43 genes induced by GDNF overproduction of neuronal progenitor cells (ST14A), which mainly regulate migration and differentiation of neuronal progenitor cells.Laminin, Mpl3, Alcam, Bin1, Id1, Id2, Id3, neuregulin1, the ephrinB2-receptor, neuritin, focal adhesion kinase (FAK), Tc10, Pdpk1, clusterin, GTP-cyclooxygenase1, and follistatin are genes up-regulated by GDNF overexpression." SIGNOR-252181 L-serine chemical CID:5951 PUBCHEM PKM protein P14618 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0001109 23064226 t "We show that serine can bind to and activate human PKM2, and that PKM2 activity in cells is reduced in response to serine deprivation." SIGNOR-251557 PLCG1 protein P19174 UNIPROT Diacylglycerol smallmolecule CID:6026790 PUBCHEM "up-regulates quantity" "small molecule catalysis" 9606 23140367 t "Phospholipase C (PLC) converts phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2) to inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) and diacylglycerol (DAG)." SIGNOR-251558 Diacylglycerol smallmolecule CID:6026790 PUBCHEM PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 12629049 t "Activation of PKC depends on the availability of DAG,a signaling lipid that is tightly and dynamically regulated." SIGNOR-251559 Pax3-FOXO1 protein J9SW06 UNIPROT PDGFA protein P04085 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 25211658 t "Several deregulated signalling pathways enhance cell growth by modulating cell-cycle regulatory factors in RMS. The most frequently affected signalling pathways include the insulin-like growth factor (IGF), fibroblast growth factor (FGF), hepatocyte growth factor, and platelet-derived growth factor. In ARMS, PAX-FOXO1 activates these pathways by transcriptional activation of receptor genes including IGFR1, FGFR4, MET (c-Met), and PDGFRA." SIGNOR-251571 PAX3 protein P23760 UNIPROT FGFR4 protein P22455 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 25211658 t "FGFR4 is a transcriptional target of PAX3 and the PAX3-FOXO1 fusion protein found in ARMS." SIGNOR-251572 Pax3-FOXO1 protein J9SW06 UNIPROT IGF2 protein P01344 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 25211658 t "Insulin-like growth factor is required for RMS cell growth and IGF2 is expressed in an autocrine manner by the tumour cells. The IGF2 locus shows a loss of imprinting in both ERMS and ARMS tumours and expression of PAX3-FOXO1 can induce the upregulation of IGF2, thus enhancing the activation of IGF signalling pathway in ARMS" SIGNOR-251573 MYOD1 protein P15172 UNIPROT CDKN1A protein P38936 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 25211658 t "P21 is regulated by MyoD and myogenin in normal muscle cells and the inactivation of these factors in RMS cells contributes to the silencing of p21 in RMS cells" SIGNOR-251574 MYOG protein P15173 UNIPROT CDKN1A protein P38936 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 25211658 t "P21 is regulated by MyoD and myogenin in normal muscle cells and the inactivation of these factors in RMS cells contributes to the silencing of p21 in RMS cells" SIGNOR-251575 NRAS protein P01111 UNIPROT PIK3CA protein P42336 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 21779497 t lperfetto "Grb2 binds and activates sos, which then activates ras, and this activates p110 independently of p85./it was also described that ras interacts with pi3k in a direct manner./lysine residue 227 is essential for the interaction of ras with pi3k" SIGNOR-175222 GDNF protein P39905 UNIPROT NRG1 protein Q02297 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 10116 BTO:0002881 15212950 f miannu "We characterize the network of 43 genes induced by GDNF overproduction of neuronal progenitor cells (ST14A), which mainly regulate migration and differentiation of neuronal progenitor cells.Laminin, Mpl3, Alcam, Bin1, Id1, Id2, Id3, neuregulin1, the ephrinB2-receptor, neuritin, focal adhesion kinase (FAK), Tc10, Pdpk1, clusterin, GTP-cyclooxygenase1, and follistatin are genes up-regulated by GDNF overexpression." SIGNOR-252182 CAMK2G protein Q13555 UNIPROT CHAT protein P28329 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr574 VDNIRSAtPEALAFV BTO:0000932 12486117 t llicata "Using mass spectrometry, we identified threonine 456 as a new phosphorylation site in choline acetyltransferase from A beta-(1-42)-treated cells and in purified recombinant ChAT phosphorylated in vitro by calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaM kinase II). | This phosphorylation combination was observed in choline acetyltransferase from A beta-(1-42)-treated cells. Treatment of cells with A beta-(1-42) resulted in two phases of activation of choline acetyltransferase, the first within 30 min and associated with phosphorylation by protein kinase C and the second by 10 h and associated with phosphorylation by both CaM kinase II and protein kinase C." SIGNOR-250693 CAMK2G protein Q13555 UNIPROT GRIA1 protein P42261 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser849 FCLIPQQsINEAIRT 12609872 t llicata "Direct phosphorylation of the GluR1 subunit of postsynaptic AMPA receptors by Ca(2+)/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaM-KII) is believed to be one of the major contributors to the enhanced strength of glutamatergic synapses in CA1 area of hippocampus during long-term potentiation. | Validity of the approach was confirmed by modeling, and silence analysis was applied then to the GluR1 AMPA receptor mutated at S831, the site phosphorylated by CaM-KII during long-term potentiation. Silence analysis indicates that a negative charge at S831 is a critical determinant for the enhanced channel function as a charge carrier. Silence and variance analyses, when applied to the same sets of data, were in agreement on the receptor regulation upon mutations." SIGNOR-250698 SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT CDH5 protein P33151 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr731 PYDTLHIyGYEGSES 10029 BTO:0000246 16027153 t lperfetto "cadherins also act to prevent epithelial cell motilityCadherin-cytoskeletal interactions occur through a number of adaptor proteins that interact with the C-terminal portion of the cadherin cytoplasmic tail, including the _-, _-, and _-catenin (6, 10). Additionally, VE-cadherin stability at the plasma membrane may be regulated by the binding of p120-catenin to the juxtamembrane region of the cytoplasmic tailWe show here that tyrosine phosphorylation of the adherens junction protein VE-cadherin at two critical tyrosines, Tyr-658 and Tyr-731, via tyrosine kinase activation or phosphatase inactivation was sufficient to prevent the binding of p120- and beta-catenin, respectively, to the cytoplasmic tail of VE-cadherinVE-cadherin becomes phosphorylated on Tyr-658 and/or Tyr-731 in response to Src kinase activity." SIGNOR-246466 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT CDKN1A protein P38936 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr145 QGRKRRQtSMTDFYH 9606 BTO:0000222 16982699 t gcesareni "Whereas akt1 phosphorylates p21, inducing its release from cdk2 and cytoplasmic localization as previously described for akt, akt2 binds p21 in the region spanning the t145 site of p21, thus competing with phosphorylation by akt1 and inducing its accumulation in the nucleus. These distinct roles of akt/pkb isoforms in modulating proliferation and p21 have important implications for the development of drugs aimed at inhibiting cancer cell proliferation.[...] We next investigated if phosphorylation of p21-t145 interfered with akt2 binding. As shown in fig. ?Fig.8e8e (right lane), phosphorylation of p21 on t145 effectively prevented akt2 interaction." SIGNOR-149698 Frizzled proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF11 SIGNOR CTNNB1 protein P35222 UNIPROT up-regulates BTO:0001103 23209147 f apalma "The Wnt–FZD–LRP5/6 trimeric complex recruits Dishevelled (DVL) and Axin through the intracellular domains of FZD and LRP5/6, resulting in inhibition of β-catenin phosphorylation and thus ensuing β-catenin stabilization." SIGNOR-255687 SRD5A1 protein P18405 UNIPROT STANOLONE smallmolecule CID:10635 PUBCHEM "up-regulates activity" "small molecule catalysis" 9606 15861399 t miannu "Testosterone is the predominant circulating androgen in mammals and is converted to dihydrotestosterone (DHT) by 5α-reductase in certain tissues of the male urogenital tract, skin, and other target cells. DHT binds with highest affinity to AR and together with testosterone promotes AR transcriptional activity thereby ensuring the development and maintenance of male reproductive functions." SIGNOR-251534 NR3C1 protein P04150 UNIPROT NFKBIA protein P25963 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 7569975 t "andrea cerquone perpetuini" "Here it is shown that the synthetic glucocorticoid dexamethasone induces the transcription of the IKBc gene, which results in an increased rate of IKBa protein synthesis" SIGNOR-255688 TNF protein P01375 UNIPROT NfKb-p65/p50 complex SIGNOR-C13 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" 9606 8530143 f "andrea cerquone perpetuini" "Data from our laboratory demonstrate that the TNF signal transduction pathway-mediating NF-kappa B activation involves two phospholipases, a phosphatidylcholine-specific phospholipase C (PC-PLC) and an endosomal acidic sphingomyelinase (aSMase). The aSMase activation by TNF is secondary to the generation of 1,2-diacylglycerol (DAG) produced by a TNF-responsive PC-PLC. SMase and its product ceramide induce degradation of the NF-kappa B inhibitor I kappa B as well as NF-kappa B activation." SIGNOR-255689 CDON protein Q4KMG0 UNIPROT MAP3K5 protein Q99683 UNIPROT unknown binding 10090 BTO:0000165;BTO:0000222;BTO:0002181 SIGNOR-C21 22337877 t lperfetto "Cdo and jlp interacted with ask1 or tak1 in 293t cells and c2c12 myoblasts" SIGNOR-235551 CDON protein Q4KMG0 UNIPROT MAP3K7 protein O43318 UNIPROT unknown binding 10090 BTO:0000165;BTO:0000222;BTO:0002181 SIGNOR-C21 22337877 t lperfetto "Cdo and jlp interacted with ask1 or tak1 in 293t cells and c2c12 myoblasts" SIGNOR-235554 CDON/SPAG9 complex SIGNOR-C21 SIGNOR MAP3K5 protein Q99683 UNIPROT unknown binding 10090 BTO:0000165;BTO:0000222;BTO:0002181 22337877 t lperfetto "Cdo and jlp interacted with ask1 or tak1 in 293t cells and c2c12 myoblasts" SIGNOR-235557 CDON/SPAG9 complex SIGNOR-C21 SIGNOR MAP3K7 protein O43318 UNIPROT unknown binding 10090 BTO:0000165;BTO:0000222;BTO:0002181 22337877 t lperfetto "Cdo and jlp interacted with ask1 or tak1 in 293t cells and c2c12 myoblasts" SIGNOR-235560 SPAG9 protein O60271 UNIPROT MAP3K7 protein O43318 UNIPROT unknown binding 10090 BTO:0000165;BTO:0000222;BTO:0002181 SIGNOR-C21 22337877 t lperfetto "Cdo and jlp interacted with ask1 or tak1 in 293t cells and c2c12 myoblasts" SIGNOR-235548 SPAG9 protein O60271 UNIPROT MAP3K5 protein Q99683 UNIPROT unknown binding 10090 BTO:0000165;BTO:0000222;BTO:0002181 SIGNOR-C21 22337877 t lperfetto "Cdo and jlp interacted with ask1 or tak1 in 293t cells and c2c12 myoblasts" SIGNOR-235545 PHLPP1 protein O60346 UNIPROT AKT2 protein P31751 UNIPROT unknown dephosphorylation 9606 BTO:0000527 15808505 t gcesareni "These data are consistent with phlpp terminating akt signaling by directly dephosphorylating and inactivating akt / phlpp1 specifically modulates the phosphorylation of hdm2 and gsk-3alpha through akt2, whereas phlpp2 specifically modulates the phosphorylation of p27 through akt3" SIGNOR-135008 PDPK1 protein O15530 UNIPROT PDPK1 protein O15530 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser393 MQVSSSSsSHSLSAS 9606 BTO:0000010 10455013 t lperfetto "3-phosphoinositide-dependent protein kinase-1 (pdk1) expressed in unstimulated 293 cells was phosphorylated at ser-25, ser-241, ser-393, ser-396 and ser-410 and the level of phosphorylation of each site was unaffected by stimulation with insulin-like growth factor-1. Mutation of ser-241 to ala abolished pdk1 activity, whereas mutation of the other phosphorylation sites individually to ala did not affect pdk1 activity" SIGNOR-235782 CNOT3 protein O75175 UNIPROT CAND2 protein O75155 UNIPROT unknown binding 10090 BTO:0000165;BTO:0000222 BTO:0000887;BTO:0001760 12207886 t lperfetto "Hnot3l is associated with tip120b / tip120b presumably affects tissue-specific transcriptional regulation via interaction with not3." SIGNOR-235593 g-secretase complex SIGNOR-C98 SIGNOR APP protein P05067 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" cleavage 9606 BTO:0000590 19958215 t lperfetto "The production and accumulation of the beta amyloid protein (Abeta) is a key event in the cascade of oxidative and inflammatory processes that characterizes Alzheimer's disease (AD). A multi-subunit enzyme complex, referred to as gamma (gamma) secretase, plays a pivotal role in the generation of Abeta from its parent molecule, the amyloid precursor protein (APP)." SIGNOR-251576 APP protein P05067 UNIPROT NAE1 protein Q13564 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000590 25568892 t lperfetto "Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the gradual loss of the cognitive function due to neuronal death. Currently no therapy is available to slow down, reverse or prevent the disease. Here we analyze the existing data in literature and hypothesize that the physiological function of the Amyloid Precursor Protein (APP) is activating the AppBp1 pathway and this function is gradually lost during the progression of AD pathogenesis." SIGNOR-251577 GRIN2A protein Q12879 UNIPROT "calcium ion" smallmolecule CID:271 PUBCHEM "up-regulates quantity" relocalization 9606 BTO:0000938 20950656 t lperfetto "In addition, neurons also possess unique systems for local Ca2+ signaling at synapses including; presynaptic voltage-gated Ca2+ channels coupled to the synaptic vesicle membrane fusion machinery [39]; postsynaptic excitatory glutamate receptor channels which flux either Na+ (AMPA receptors) or Ca2+ (NMDA receptors) [40] and [41]; and Ca2+-binding proteins" SIGNOR-251578 PDPK1 protein O15530 UNIPROT PDPK1 protein O15530 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser396 SSSSSSHsLSASDTG 9606 BTO:0000007 10455013 t lperfetto "3-phosphoinositide-dependent protein kinase-1 (pdk1) expressed in unstimulated 293 cells was phosphorylated at ser-25, ser-241, ser-393, ser-396 and ser-410 and the level of phosphorylation of each site was unaffected by stimulation with insulin-like growth factor-1. Mutation of ser-241 to ala abolished pdk1 activity, whereas mutation of the other phosphorylation sites individually to ala did not affect pdk1 activity" SIGNOR-236764 RUNX1 protein Q01196 UNIPROT IKK-complex complex SIGNOR-C14 SIGNOR "down-regulates activity" binding 9606 22021368 t apalma "We found that AML1 inhibits NF-κB signaling through interaction with IκB kinase complex in the cytoplasm. Remarkably, AML1 mutants found in myeloid tumors lack the ability to inhibit NF-κB signaling, and human cases with AML1-related leukemia exhibits distinctly activated NF-κB signaling" SIGNOR-255690 PDPK1 protein O15530 UNIPROT PDPK1 protein O15530 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser25 VVLCSCPsPSMVRTQ 9606 BTO:0000009 10455013 t lperfetto "3-phosphoinositide-dependent protein kinase-1 (pdk1) expressed in unstimulated 293 cells was phosphorylated at ser-25, ser-241, ser-393, ser-396 and ser-410 and the level of phosphorylation of each site was unaffected by stimulation with insulin-like growth factor-1. Mutation of ser-241 to ala abolished pdk1 activity, whereas mutation of the other phosphorylation sites individually to ala did not affect pdk1 activity" SIGNOR-236777 FOXO3 protein O43524 UNIPROT DIO2 protein Q92813 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity" "transcriptional activation" 20978344 f "Forkhead box O3 (FoxO3) was identified as a key molecule inducing D2 expression and thereby increasing intracellular T3 production. Accordingly, FoxO3-depleted primary myoblasts also had a differentiation deficit that could be rescued by high levels of T3." SIGNOR-256204 CDK5/CDK5R1 complex SIGNOR-C144 SIGNOR MAPT protein P10636 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser721 PVVSGDTsPRHLSNV 9606 BTO:0000590 12387894 t lperfetto "We found that cdk5 phosphorylated tau(441) at Thr-181, Ser-199, Ser-202, Thr-205, Thr-212, Ser-214, Thr-217, Thr-231, Ser-235, Ser-396, and Ser-404, but not at Ser-262, Ser-400, Thr-403, Ser-409, Ser-413, or Ser-422. GSK-3beta phosphorylated all the cdk5-catalyzed sites above except Ser-235." SIGNOR-251592 "calcium ion" smallmolecule CID:271 PUBCHEM CAPN1 protein P07384 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" "chemical activation" 9606 BTO:0000590 25969760 t lperfetto "The data obtained from those studies suggest that the mechanisms leading to the formation of the hallmark lesions of AD might be linked. One of such mechanisms seems to be the dysregulation of calcium homeostasis that results in the abnormal activation of calpains. Calpains are a family of Ca2+-dependent cysteine proteases that play a key role in multiple cell functions including cell development, differentiation and proliferation, axonal guidance, growth cone motility, and cell death, among others." SIGNOR-251580 CAPN1 protein P07384 UNIPROT CDK5/CDK5R1 complex SIGNOR-C144 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" cleavage 9606 BTO:0000590 25969760 t lperfetto "Calpains also modulate the activity of CDK5. Physiologically, CDK 5 is activated by p35 and its cleaved product p25. The latter has a longer half life than p35 and therefore it is a more potent activator of CDK5. The cleavage of p35 to p25 is mediated by calpain" SIGNOR-251581 CAST protein P20810 UNIPROT CAPN1 protein P07384 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000590 25969760 t lperfetto "In addition to Ca2+, calpastatin has a key role in the regulation of calpain. Calpastatin, a heat-stable protein ranging from ~70 to ~140 kDa of apparent molecular weight depending on the cell type, is considered a specific endogenous inhibitor of calpains|The calpastatin molecule contains four inhibitory units [75–77]. Each of these units binds to one calpain molecule [75–77]. Therefore, the ratio calpain/calpastatin plays a key role in the regulation of calpain activity [78–80]. The inhibitory effect of calpastatin requires Ca2+-dependent high-affinity binding to three sites of calpain" SIGNOR-251582 CAPN1 protein P07384 UNIPROT CDK5R1 protein Q15078 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" cleavage 9606 BTO:0000590 25969760 t lperfetto "Calpains also modulate the activity of CDK5. Physiologically, CDK 5 is activated by p35 and its cleaved product p25. The latter has a longer half life than p35 and therefore it is a more potent activator of CDK5. The cleavage of p35 to p25 is mediated by calpain" SIGNOR-251583 CAPN1 protein P07384 UNIPROT MAPT protein P10636 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" cleavage 9606 BTO:0000590 25969760 t lperfetto "Besides tau phosphorylation, calpain activation might play a role in tau-mediated neurodegeneration by inducing tau cleavage. In vitro studies have shown that both fetal and adult tau isoforms are rapidly proteolyzed by calpains" SIGNOR-251584 CAPN1 protein P07384 UNIPROT GSK3A protein P49840 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" cleavage 9606 BTO:0000590 25969760 t lperfetto "Thus, it has been shown that calpain cleaves the inhibitory domain of GSK3 generating two fragments of 40 and 30 kDa. This cleavage enhanced activity of the kinase" SIGNOR-251585 CAPN1 protein P07384 UNIPROT GSK3B protein P49841 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" cleavage 9606 BTO:0000590 25969760 t lperfetto "Thus, it has been shown that calpain cleaves the inhibitory domain of GSK3 generating two fragments of 40 and 30 kDa. This cleavage enhanced activity of the kinase" SIGNOR-251586 CDK5/CDK5R1 complex SIGNOR-C144 SIGNOR MAPT protein P10636 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr522 SSPGSPGtPGSRSRT 9606 BTO:0000590 12387894 t lperfetto "We found that cdk5 phosphorylated tau(441) at Thr-181, Ser-199, Ser-202, Thr-205, Thr-212, Ser-214, Thr-217, Thr-231, Ser-235, Ser-396, and Ser-404, but not at Ser-262, Ser-400, Thr-403, Ser-409, Ser-413, or Ser-422. GSK-3beta phosphorylated all the cdk5-catalyzed sites above except Ser-235." SIGNOR-251593 CDK5/CDK5R1 complex SIGNOR-C144 SIGNOR MAPT protein P10636 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser519 SGYSSPGsPGTPGSR 9606 BTO:0000590 12387894 t lperfetto "We found that cdk5 phosphorylated tau(441) at Thr-181, Ser-199, Ser-202, Thr-205, Thr-212, Ser-214, Thr-217, Thr-231, Ser-235, Ser-396, and Ser-404, but not at Ser-262, Ser-400, Thr-403, Ser-409, Ser-413, or Ser-422. GSK-3beta phosphorylated all the cdk5-catalyzed sites above except Ser-235." SIGNOR-251588 CDK5/CDK5R1 complex SIGNOR-C144 SIGNOR MAPT protein P10636 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser552 VVRTPPKsPSSAKSR 9606 BTO:0000590 12387894 t lperfetto "We found that cdk5 phosphorylated tau(441) at Thr-181, Ser-199, Ser-202, Thr-205, Thr-212, Ser-214, Thr-217, Thr-231, Ser-235, Ser-396, and Ser-404, but not at Ser-262, Ser-400, Thr-403, Ser-409, Ser-413, or Ser-422. GSK-3beta phosphorylated all the cdk5-catalyzed sites above except Ser-235." SIGNOR-251590 CDK5/CDK5R1 complex SIGNOR-C144 SIGNOR MAPT protein P10636 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser713 GAEIVYKsPVVSGDT 9606 BTO:0000590 12387894 t lperfetto "We found that cdk5 phosphorylated tau(441) at Thr-181, Ser-199, Ser-202, Thr-205, Thr-212, Ser-214, Thr-217, Thr-231, Ser-235, Ser-396, and Ser-404, but not at Ser-262, Ser-400, Thr-403, Ser-409, Ser-413, or Ser-422. GSK-3beta phosphorylated all the cdk5-catalyzed sites above except Ser-235." SIGNOR-251591 CDK5 protein Q00535 UNIPROT TP53 protein P04637 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser20 PLSQETFsDLWKLLP 9606 BTO:0000938 17591690 t gcesareni "Here, we demonstrate for the first time that cdk5 interacts with p53 and increases its stability through posttranslational regulation, leading to accumulation of p53, particularly in the nucleus. We show that cdk5 phosphorylates p53 on ser15, ser33 and ser46 in vitro," SIGNOR-156418 CDK5/CDK5R1 complex SIGNOR-C144 SIGNOR MAPT protein P10636 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser235 SPQDSPPsKASPAQD 9606 21215781 t lperfetto "Cdk5 regulates app (amyloid precursor protein) processing and tau hyperphosphorylationtau phosphorylation at t231, s235 and s262 also contributes to the dissociation of tau from microtubules" SIGNOR-251587 AT-406 chemical CID:25022340 PUBCHEM BIRC2 protein Q13490 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-189954 CDK5/CDK5R1 complex SIGNOR-C144 SIGNOR MAPT protein P10636 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser531 GSRSRTPsLPTPPTR 9606 BTO:0000590 12387894 t lperfetto "We found that cdk5 phosphorylated tau(441) at Thr-181, Ser-199, Ser-202, Thr-205, Thr-212, Ser-214, Thr-217, Thr-231, Ser-235, Ser-396, and Ser-404, but not at Ser-262, Ser-400, Thr-403, Ser-409, Ser-413, or Ser-422. GSK-3beta phosphorylated all the cdk5-catalyzed sites above except Ser-235." SIGNOR-251589 NfKb-p65/p50 complex SIGNOR-C13 SIGNOR Proliferation phenotype SIGNOR-PH4 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 22021368 f apalma "In normal hematopoiesis, AML1 suppresses NF-κB signaling and thus may contribute to inhibition of excessive proliferation of hematopoietic cells." SIGNOR-255692 CDK5/CDK5R1 complex SIGNOR-C144 SIGNOR MAPT protein P10636 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr534 SRTPSLPtPPTREPK 9606 BTO:0000590 12387894 t lperfetto "We found that cdk5 phosphorylated tau(441) at Thr-181, Ser-199, Ser-202, Thr-205, Thr-212, Ser-214, Thr-217, Thr-231, Ser-235, Ser-396, and Ser-404, but not at Ser-262, Ser-400, Thr-403, Ser-409, Ser-413, or Ser-422. GSK-3beta phosphorylated all the cdk5-catalyzed sites above except Ser-235." SIGNOR-251595 NfKb-p65/p50 complex SIGNOR-C13 SIGNOR Apoptosis phenotype SIGNOR-PH2 SIGNOR down-regulates 9606 22021368 f apalma "Once genetic mutation of AML1 occurs in hematopoietic cells, aberrant activation of NF-κB signaling exerts antiapoptotic and proliferation-promoting effects via activation of BCL-XL or JUNB." SIGNOR-255693 CDK5/CDK5R1 complex SIGNOR-C144 SIGNOR MAPT protein P10636 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser516 GDRSGYSsPGSPGTP 9606 BTO:0000590 12387894 t lperfetto "We found that cdk5 phosphorylated tau(441) at Thr-181, Ser-199, Ser-202, Thr-205, Thr-212, Ser-214, Thr-217, Thr-231, Ser-235, Ser-396, and Ser-404, but not at Ser-262, Ser-400, Thr-403, Ser-409, Ser-413, or Ser-422. GSK-3beta phosphorylated all the cdk5-catalyzed sites above except Ser-235." SIGNOR-251598 CAPN3 protein P20807 UNIPROT CDK5/CDK5R1 complex SIGNOR-C144 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" cleavage 9606 BTO:0000590 25969760 t lperfetto "Calpains also modulate the activity of CDK5. Physiologically, CDK 5 is activated by p35 and its cleaved product p25. The latter has a longer half life than p35 and therefore it is a more potent activator of CDK5. The cleavage of p35 to p25 is mediated by calpain" SIGNOR-251602 CAST protein P20810 UNIPROT CAPN3 protein P20807 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000590 25969760 t lperfetto "In addition to Ca2+, calpastatin has a key role in the regulation of calpain. Calpastatin, a heat-stable protein ranging from ~70 to ~140 kDa of apparent molecular weight depending on the cell type, is considered a specific endogenous inhibitor of calpains|The calpastatin molecule contains four inhibitory units [75–77]. Each of these units binds to one calpain molecule [75–77]. Therefore, the ratio calpain/calpastatin plays a key role in the regulation of calpain activity [78–80]. The inhibitory effect of calpastatin requires Ca2+-dependent high-affinity binding to three sites of calpain" SIGNOR-251603 CAPN3 protein P20807 UNIPROT CDK5R1 protein Q15078 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" cleavage 9606 BTO:0000590 25969760 t lperfetto "Calpains also modulate the activity of CDK5. Physiologically, CDK 5 is activated by p35 and its cleaved product p25. The latter has a longer half life than p35 and therefore it is a more potent activator of CDK5. The cleavage of p35 to p25 is mediated by calpain" SIGNOR-251604 CAPN3 protein P20807 UNIPROT MAPT protein P10636 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" cleavage 9606 BTO:0000590 25969760 t lperfetto "Besides tau phosphorylation, calpain activation might play a role in tau-mediated neurodegeneration by inducing tau cleavage. In vitro studies have shown that both fetal and adult tau isoforms are rapidly proteolyzed by calpains" SIGNOR-251605 CAPN3 protein P20807 UNIPROT GSK3A protein P49840 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" cleavage 9606 BTO:0000590 25969760 t lperfetto "Thus, it has been shown that calpain cleaves the inhibitory domain of GSK3 generating two fragments of 40 and 30 kDa. This cleavage enhanced activity of the kinase" SIGNOR-251606 CAPN3 protein P20807 UNIPROT GSK3B protein P49841 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" cleavage 9606 BTO:0000590 25969760 t lperfetto "Thus, it has been shown that calpain cleaves the inhibitory domain of GSK3 generating two fragments of 40 and 30 kDa. This cleavage enhanced activity of the kinase" SIGNOR-251607 CAPN2 protein P17655 UNIPROT CDK5/CDK5R1 complex SIGNOR-C144 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" cleavage 9606 BTO:0000590 25969760 t lperfetto "Calpains also modulate the activity of CDK5. Physiologically, CDK 5 is activated by p35 and its cleaved product p25. The latter has a longer half life than p35 and therefore it is a more potent activator of CDK5. The cleavage of p35 to p25 is mediated by calpain" SIGNOR-251608 CAST protein P20810 UNIPROT CAPN2 protein P17655 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000590 25969760 t lperfetto "In addition to Ca2+, calpastatin has a key role in the regulation of calpain. Calpastatin, a heat-stable protein ranging from ~70 to ~140 kDa of apparent molecular weight depending on the cell type, is considered a specific endogenous inhibitor of calpains|The calpastatin molecule contains four inhibitory units [75–77]. Each of these units binds to one calpain molecule [75–77]. Therefore, the ratio calpain/calpastatin plays a key role in the regulation of calpain activity [78–80]. The inhibitory effect of calpastatin requires Ca2+-dependent high-affinity binding to three sites of calpain" SIGNOR-251609 CAPN2 protein P17655 UNIPROT CDK5R1 protein Q15078 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" cleavage 9606 BTO:0000590 25969760 t lperfetto "Calpains also modulate the activity of CDK5. Physiologically, CDK 5 is activated by p35 and its cleaved product p25. The latter has a longer half life than p35 and therefore it is a more potent activator of CDK5. The cleavage of p35 to p25 is mediated by calpain" SIGNOR-251610 CDK5/CDK5R1 complex SIGNOR-C144 SIGNOR MAPT protein P10636 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser519 SGYSSPGsPGTPGSR 9606 BTO:0000590 12226093 t "The effect has been demonstrated using P10636-8" lperfetto "Phosphopeptide mapping revealed enhanced phosphorylation of ser(202)/thr(205) residues by p25-cdk5 considering the fact that phosphorylation of ser(202)/thr(205) antagonizes the tau-mediated nucleation of tubulin, p25-cdk5 may play a pivotal role in neuronal cell death in alzheimer's disease." SIGNOR-251599 TRADD protein Q15628 UNIPROT TRAF2 protein Q12933 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000007 8702708 t lperfetto "The high affinity of the tradd-traf2 interaction is required for efficient suppression of apoptosis upon stimulation of the tumor necrosis factor receptor1 (tnfr1), tnf-receptor-associated death domain (tradd) provides a scaffold for the assembly of complex i at the plasma membrane by binding receptor interacting protein 1 (rip1), tnfreceptor- associated factor 2 ,traf2 these results provide evidence that tradd can serve as an adaptor protein and recruit traf1, traf2, or both to tnfrsf1a. The demonstration that tradd interacts with traf2 and fadd, and can recruit both to tnfrsf1a, suggested that traf2 and fadd may be involved in tnfrsf1a tradd-mediated signaling. That these interactions define two distinct signaling pathways emanating from tradd (figure 9) is supported by the ability of traf2 and fadd to activate nf-kb and induce apoptosis, respectively." SIGNOR-42980 CDK5/CDK5R1 complex SIGNOR-C144 SIGNOR MAPT protein P10636 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr548 KKVAVVRtPPKSPSS 9606 21215781 t "The effect has been demonstrated using P10636-8" lperfetto "However, other kinases, such as cdk5, p38 and pka, also phosphorylate tau at t231tau phosphorylation at t231, s235 and s262 also contributes to the dissociation of tau from microtubules" SIGNOR-251601 GDNF protein P39905 UNIPROT NRN1 protein Q9NPD7 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 10116 BTO:0002881 15212950 f miannu "We characterize the network of 43 genes induced by GDNF overproduction of neuronal progenitor cells (ST14A), which mainly regulate migration and differentiation of neuronal progenitor cells.Laminin, Mpl3, Alcam, Bin1, Id1, Id2, Id3, neuregulin1, the ephrinB2-receptor, neuritin, focal adhesion kinase (FAK), Tc10, Pdpk1, clusterin, GTP-cyclooxygenase1, and follistatin are genes up-regulated by GDNF overexpression." SIGNOR-252183 CDK5/CDK5R1 complex SIGNOR-C144 SIGNOR MAPT protein P10636 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr522 SSPGSPGtPGSRSRT 9606 BTO:0000590 12226093 t "The effect has been demonstrated using P10636-8" lperfetto "Phosphopeptide mapping revealed enhanced phosphorylation of ser(202)/thr(205) residues by p25-cdk5 considering the fact that phosphorylation of ser(202)/thr(205) antagonizes the tau-mediated nucleation of tubulin, p25-cdk5 may play a pivotal role in neuronal cell death in alzheimer's disease." SIGNOR-251600 CDK5/CDK5R1 complex SIGNOR-C144 SIGNOR MAPT protein P10636 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr498 KTPPAPKtPPSSGEP 9606 BTO:0000590 12387894 t lperfetto "We found that cdk5 phosphorylated tau(441) at Thr-181, Ser-199, Ser-202, Thr-205, Thr-212, Ser-214, Thr-217, Thr-231, Ser-235, Ser-396, and Ser-404, but not at Ser-262, Ser-400, Thr-403, Ser-409, Ser-413, or Ser-422. GSK-3beta phosphorylated all the cdk5-catalyzed sites above except Ser-235." SIGNOR-251597 CAPN2 protein P17655 UNIPROT MAPT protein P10636 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" cleavage 9606 BTO:0000590 25969760 t lperfetto "Besides tau phosphorylation, calpain activation might play a role in tau-mediated neurodegeneration by inducing tau cleavage. In vitro studies have shown that both fetal and adult tau isoforms are rapidly proteolyzed by calpains" SIGNOR-251611 CAPN2 protein P17655 UNIPROT GSK3A protein P49840 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" cleavage 9606 BTO:0000590 25969760 t lperfetto "Thus, it has been shown that calpain cleaves the inhibitory domain of GSK3 generating two fragments of 40 and 30 kDa. This cleavage enhanced activity of the kinase" SIGNOR-251612 CAPN2 protein P17655 UNIPROT GSK3B protein P49841 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" cleavage 9606 BTO:0000590 25969760 t lperfetto "Thus, it has been shown that calpain cleaves the inhibitory domain of GSK3 generating two fragments of 40 and 30 kDa. This cleavage enhanced activity of the kinase" SIGNOR-251613 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT BCL2 protein P10415 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr56 FSSQPGHtPHPAASR 9606 10669763 t gcesareni "Erk1 and erk2 directly phosphorylate bcl2 exclusively at ser-70 p44mapk/extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1 (erk1) and p42 mapk/erk2 are activated by il-3, colocalize with mitochondrial bcl2, and can directly phosphorylate bcl2 on ser-70 in a stauro-resistant manner both in vitro and in vivo molecular association, regulation;protein stabilization;ubiquitination;cell cycle regulation;apoptosis, altered;apoptosis, induced;apoptosis, inhibited;ppp1ca(induces);cdk1(induces);ncl(induces);phosphorylation induced by viral infection protein stabilization;ubiquitination;apoptosis, altered;apoptosis, induced;apoptosis, inhibited;molecular association, regulation;protein stabilization;inhibition;ubiquitination;apoptosis, altered;apoptosis, induced;apoptosis, inhibited;beclin 1(disrupts);bax(induces);p53(disrupts);phosphorylation induced by viral infection" SIGNOR-74939 CTNNB1 protein P35222 UNIPROT Proliferation phenotype SIGNOR-PH4 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 23645839 f apalma "For example, prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), 1 of the major metabolites downstream of both COX-1 and COX-2, has been shown to activate β-catenin–dependent signaling in hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) and promote HSC expansion" SIGNOR-255695 GDNF protein P39905 UNIPROT PTK2 protein Q05397 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 10116 BTO:0002881 15212950 f miannu "We characterize the network of 43 genes induced by GDNF overproduction of neuronal progenitor cells (ST14A), which mainly regulate migration and differentiation of neuronal progenitor cells.Laminin, Mpl3, Alcam, Bin1, Id1, Id2, Id3, neuregulin1, the ephrinB2-receptor, neuritin, focal adhesion kinase (FAK), Tc10, Pdpk1, clusterin, GTP-cyclooxygenase1, and follistatin are genes up-regulated by GDNF overexpression." SIGNOR-252184 CDK2 protein P24941 UNIPROT LIG3 protein P49916 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser210 TTTGQVTsPVKGASF 9606 17040896 t llicata "Dna ligase iii_ is specifically phosphorylated in replicating cells by the cell cycle kinase cdk2. However, in response to oxidative dna damage, dna ligase iii_ is dephosphorylated in a pathway that is dependent upon the dna damage-activated, phosphatidylinositol 3-phosphate (pi3)1-related kinase atm." SIGNOR-150121 GDNF protein P39905 UNIPROT RHOQ protein P17081 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 10116 BTO:0002881 15212950 f miannu "We characterize the network of 43 genes induced by GDNF overproduction of neuronal progenitor cells (ST14A), which mainly regulate migration and differentiation of neuronal progenitor cells.Laminin, Mpl3, Alcam, Bin1, Id1, Id2, Id3, neuregulin1, the ephrinB2-receptor, neuritin, focal adhesion kinase (FAK), Tc10, Pdpk1, clusterin, GTP-cyclooxygenase1, and follistatin are genes up-regulated by GDNF overexpression." SIGNOR-252185 mTORC1 complex SIGNOR-C3 SIGNOR EIF4EBP1 protein Q13541 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr45 PGGTLFStTPGGTRI 9606 9465032 t lperfetto "Mtorc1 promotes protein synthesis by phosphorylating the eukaryotic initiation factor 4e (eif4e)- binding protein 1 (4e-bp1) and the p70 ribosomal s6 kinase 1 (s6k1). Raft1 phosphorylation of 4e-bp1 on thr-36 and thr-45 blocks its association with the cap-binding protein, eif-4e,in vitro. in response to insulin and nutrients, mtorc1, consisting of mtor, raptor (regulatory-associated protein of mtor), and mlst8, is activated and phosphorylates eukaryotic initiation factor 4e-binding protein (4ebp) and p70 s6 kinase to promote protein synthesis and cell size." SIGNOR-217090 MTOR protein P42345 UNIPROT EIF4EBP1 protein Q13541 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr37 PPGDYSTtPGGTLFS 9823 BTO:0001840 SIGNOR-C3 23486913 t lperfetto "These results indicate that arg, leu, and gln act coordinately to stimulate proliferation of ptr cells through activation of the mtor-rps6k-rps6-eif4ebp1 signal transduction pathway. Specifically as part of mtorc1, mtor directly phosphorylates the ribosomal protein s6 kinases (s6k1 and s6k2) and the eukaryotic initiation factor 4e (eif4e)-binding proteins (4e-bp1 and 4e-bp2), both of which control specific steps in the initiation of cap-dependent translation" SIGNOR-219262 CSNK2A1 protein P68400 UNIPROT NPHP1 protein O15259 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser126 EESESEDsEDSGGEE 9606 BTO:0000671 16308564 t lperfetto "Casein kinase 2 (ck2)-mediated phosphorylation of three critical serine residues within a cluster of acidic amino acids in nephrocystin mediates pacs-1 binding, and is essential for colocalization of nephrocystin with pacs-1 at the base of cilia. Inhibition of ck2 activity abrogates this interaction and results in the loss of correct nephrocystin targeting." SIGNOR-142351 PAK4 protein O96013 UNIPROT RAN protein P62826 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser135 DRKVKAKsIVFHRKK 9606 20805321 t llicata "We show that ran is a substrate for p21-activated kinase 4 (pak4) and that its phosphorylation on serine-135 increases during mitosis. our study suggests that pak4-mediated phosphorylation of gdp- or gtp-bound ran regulates the assembly of ran-dependent complexes on the mitotic spindle" SIGNOR-167671 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT DUSP1 protein P28562 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser323 HCSAEAGsPAMAVLD 9606 16286470 t lperfetto "The dual-specificity mapk phosphatase mkp-1/cl100/dusp1 is an inducible nuclear protein controlled by p44/42 mapk (erk1/2) in a negative feedback mechanism to inhibit kinase activity. Here, we report on the molecular basis for a novel positive feedback mechanism to sustain erk activation by triggering mkp-1 proteolysis. Active erk2 docking to the def motif (fxfp, residues 339-342) of n-terminally truncated mkp-1 in vitro initiated phosphorylation at the ser(296)/ser(323) domain" SIGNOR-141609 SMAD6 protein O43541 UNIPROT SMAD1 protein Q15797 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 SIGNOR-C85 12857866 t gcesareni "Smad6 also inhibits bmp signaling by forming a complex with smad1 and by interfering with complex formation between smad1 and smad4" SIGNOR-103621 IRAK1 protein P51617 UNIPROT TRAF6 protein Q9Y4K3 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000007 8837778 t lperfetto "Il-1 treatment of 293 cells induces the association of traf6 with irak." SIGNOR-44234 TRAF2 protein Q12933 UNIPROT RIPK1 protein Q13546 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 10090 BTO:0002572;BTO:0000801 21232017 t gcesareni "Rip1 is known to directly interact with traf2" SIGNOR-245032 TBX2 protein Q13207 UNIPROT CDKN2A protein P42771 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 25211658 t "TBX2 and TBX3 function as transcriptional repressors and both have been shown to inhibit myogenesis (Carlson et al, 2002; Zhu et al, 2014). Abnormal expression of TBX2 has been reported in several cancers including breast, pancreas, and melanoma, where it has been shown to drive proliferation (reviewed in Abrahams et al (2010)). As has been previously shown in other cell types, TBX2 was found to induce a downregulation of p14/19ARF and function as a direct repressor of p21 in RMS" SIGNOR-251614 CALM1 protein P62158 UNIPROT NOS3 protein P29474 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0001853 24379783 t lperfetto "Electrons flow from the C-terminal reductase domain of one NOS monomer to the N-terminal oxygenase domain of the other NOS monomer (Siddhanta et al., 1998). The primary mode of enzyme activation is the binding of calcium-bound calmodulin to the N-terminal CaM-binding domain. This facilitates a structure change and the flow of electrons from NADPH through the flavins to the oxygenase domain of the other eNOS monomer" SIGNOR-251615 AKT3 protein Q9Y243 UNIPROT NOS3 protein P29474 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser615 SYKIRFNsISCSDPL 9606 BTO:0001853 24379783 t lperfetto "The phosphorylation of both S617 and S635 have also been shown to promote increased eNOS-derived NO release (Michell et al., 2002). The phosphorylaiton of S617 can be induced by PKA or Akt activity, and may serve to sensitize eNOS to calmodulin binding and modulate the phosphorylation of other eNOS sites" SIGNOR-251626 NOS3 protein P29474 UNIPROT "nitric oxide" smallmolecule CID:145068 PUBCHEM "up-regulates quantity" "small molecule catalysis" 9606 BTO:0001853 24379783 t lperfetto "Nitric oxide (NO) is a major mediator of endothelial function and is synthesized in endothelial cells by endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS)." SIGNOR-251629 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR NOS3 protein P29474 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding Ser633 WRRKRKEsSNTDSAG 9606 BTO:0001853 24379783 t lperfetto "The phosphorylation of both S617 and S635 have also been shown to promote increased eNOS-derived NO release (Michell et al., 2002). The phosphorylaiton of S617 can be induced by PKA or Akt activity, and may serve to sensitize eNOS to calmodulin binding and modulate the phosphorylation of other eNOS sites" SIGNOR-251627 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT NOS3 protein P29474 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser615 SYKIRFNsISCSDPL 9606 BTO:0001853 24379783 t lperfetto "The phosphorylation of both S617 and S635 have also been shown to promote increased eNOS-derived NO release (Michell et al., 2002). The phosphorylaiton of S617 can be induced by PKA or Akt activity, and may serve to sensitize eNOS to calmodulin binding and modulate the phosphorylation of other eNOS sites" SIGNOR-251622 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT NOS3 protein P29474 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding Ser633 WRRKRKEsSNTDSAG 9606 BTO:0001853 24379783 t lperfetto "The phosphorylation of both S617 and S635 have also been shown to promote increased eNOS-derived NO release (Michell et al., 2002). The phosphorylaiton of S617 can be induced by PKA or Akt activity, and may serve to sensitize eNOS to calmodulin binding and modulate the phosphorylation of other eNOS sites" SIGNOR-251621 AKT2 protein P31751 UNIPROT NOS3 protein P29474 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding Ser633 WRRKRKEsSNTDSAG 9606 BTO:0001853 24379783 t lperfetto "The phosphorylation of both S617 and S635 have also been shown to promote increased eNOS-derived NO release (Michell et al., 2002). The phosphorylaiton of S617 can be induced by PKA or Akt activity, and may serve to sensitize eNOS to calmodulin binding and modulate the phosphorylation of other eNOS sites" SIGNOR-251623 PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT NOS3 protein P29474 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser615 SYKIRFNsISCSDPL 9606 BTO:0001853 24379783 t lperfetto "The phosphorylation of both S617 and S635 have also been shown to promote increased eNOS-derived NO release (Michell et al., 2002). The phosphorylaiton of S617 can be induced by PKA or Akt activity, and may serve to sensitize eNOS to calmodulin binding and modulate the phosphorylation of other eNOS sites" SIGNOR-251617 GDNF protein P39905 UNIPROT PDPK1 protein O15530 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 10116 BTO:0002881 15212950 f miannu "We characterize the network of 43 genes induced by GDNF overproduction of neuronal progenitor cells (ST14A), which mainly regulate migration and differentiation of neuronal progenitor cells.Laminin, Mpl3, Alcam, Bin1, Id1, Id2, Id3, neuregulin1, the ephrinB2-receptor, neuritin, focal adhesion kinase (FAK), Tc10, Pdpk1, clusterin, GTP-cyclooxygenase1, and follistatin are genes up-regulated by GDNF overexpression." SIGNOR-252186 PRKAA1 protein Q13131 UNIPROT NOS3 protein P29474 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr495 TGITRKKtFKEVANA 9606 BTO:0001853 24379783 t lperfetto "The phosphorylation of both S617 and S635 have also been shown to promote increased eNOS-derived NO release (Michell et al., 2002). The phosphorylaiton of S617 can be induced by PKA or Akt activity, and may serve to sensitize eNOS to calmodulin binding and modulate the phosphorylation of other eNOS sites" SIGNOR-251619 AKT3 protein Q9Y243 UNIPROT NOS3 protein P29474 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding Ser633 WRRKRKEsSNTDSAG 9606 BTO:0001853 24379783 t lperfetto "The phosphorylation of both S617 and S635 have also been shown to promote increased eNOS-derived NO release (Michell et al., 2002). The phosphorylaiton of S617 can be induced by PKA or Akt activity, and may serve to sensitize eNOS to calmodulin binding and modulate the phosphorylation of other eNOS sites" SIGNOR-251625 AMPK complex SIGNOR-C15 SIGNOR NOS3 protein P29474 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr495 TGITRKKtFKEVANA 9606 BTO:0001853 24379783 t lperfetto "The phosphorylation of both S617 and S635 have also been shown to promote increased eNOS-derived NO release (Michell et al., 2002). The phosphorylaiton of S617 can be induced by PKA or Akt activity, and may serve to sensitize eNOS to calmodulin binding and modulate the phosphorylation of other eNOS sites" SIGNOR-251618 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR NOS3 protein P29474 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser615 SYKIRFNsISCSDPL 9606 BTO:0001853 24379783 t lperfetto "The phosphorylation of both S617 and S635 have also been shown to promote increased eNOS-derived NO release (Michell et al., 2002). The phosphorylaiton of S617 can be induced by PKA or Akt activity, and may serve to sensitize eNOS to calmodulin binding and modulate the phosphorylation of other eNOS sites" SIGNOR-251628 PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT NOS3 protein P29474 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr495 TGITRKKtFKEVANA 9606 BTO:0001853 24379783 t lperfetto "The phosphorylation of both S617 and S635 have also been shown to promote increased eNOS-derived NO release (Michell et al., 2002). The phosphorylaiton of S617 can be induced by PKA or Akt activity, and may serve to sensitize eNOS to calmodulin binding and modulate the phosphorylation of other eNOS sites" SIGNOR-251620 PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT NOS3 protein P29474 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser633 WRRKRKEsSNTDSAG 9606 BTO:0001853 24379783 t lperfetto "The phosphorylation of both S617 and S635 have also been shown to promote increased eNOS-derived NO release (Michell et al., 2002). The phosphorylaiton of S617 can be induced by PKA or Akt activity, and may serve to sensitize eNOS to calmodulin binding and modulate the phosphorylation of other eNOS sites" SIGNOR-251616 AML1-ETO "fusion protein" SIGNOR-FP1 SIGNOR KIT protein P10721 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional activation" 9606 BTO:0000567 29236325 f irozzo "We report here that AML1/ETO transactivates c-KIT expression through directly binding to and mediating the long-range interaction between the promoter and intronic enhancer regions of c-KIT." SIGNOR-255699 PRKCZ protein Q05513 UNIPROT NOS3 protein P29474 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr495 TGITRKKtFKEVANA 9606 BTO:0001853 24379783 t lperfetto "The phosphorylation of both S617 and S635 have also been shown to promote increased eNOS-derived NO release (Michell et al., 2002). The phosphorylaiton of S617 can be induced by PKA or Akt activity, and may serve to sensitize eNOS to calmodulin binding and modulate the phosphorylation of other eNOS sites" SIGNOR-251637 PRKCH protein P24723 UNIPROT NOS3 protein P29474 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr495 TGITRKKtFKEVANA 9606 BTO:0001853 24379783 t lperfetto "The phosphorylation of both S617 and S635 have also been shown to promote increased eNOS-derived NO release (Michell et al., 2002). The phosphorylaiton of S617 can be induced by PKA or Akt activity, and may serve to sensitize eNOS to calmodulin binding and modulate the phosphorylation of other eNOS sites" SIGNOR-251634 PRKCQ protein Q04759 UNIPROT NOS3 protein P29474 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr495 TGITRKKtFKEVANA 9606 BTO:0001853 24379783 t lperfetto "The phosphorylation of both S617 and S635 have also been shown to promote increased eNOS-derived NO release (Michell et al., 2002). The phosphorylaiton of S617 can be induced by PKA or Akt activity, and may serve to sensitize eNOS to calmodulin binding and modulate the phosphorylation of other eNOS sites" SIGNOR-251636 PRKCI protein P41743 UNIPROT NOS3 protein P29474 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr495 TGITRKKtFKEVANA 9606 BTO:0001853 24379783 t lperfetto "The phosphorylation of both S617 and S635 have also been shown to promote increased eNOS-derived NO release (Michell et al., 2002). The phosphorylaiton of S617 can be induced by PKA or Akt activity, and may serve to sensitize eNOS to calmodulin binding and modulate the phosphorylation of other eNOS sites" SIGNOR-251635 PRKCD protein Q05655 UNIPROT NOS3 protein P29474 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr495 TGITRKKtFKEVANA 9606 BTO:0001853 24379783 t lperfetto "The phosphorylation of both S617 and S635 have also been shown to promote increased eNOS-derived NO release (Michell et al., 2002). The phosphorylaiton of S617 can be induced by PKA or Akt activity, and may serve to sensitize eNOS to calmodulin binding and modulate the phosphorylation of other eNOS sites" SIGNOR-251631 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT BCL2 protein P10415 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by stabilization" phosphorylation Ser70 RDPVARTsPLQTPAA 9534 BTO:0004055 10677502 t lperfetto "Erk1 and erk2 directly phosphorylate bcl2 exclusively at ser-70." SIGNOR-219217 PRKCB protein P05771 UNIPROT NOS3 protein P29474 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr495 TGITRKKtFKEVANA 9606 BTO:0001853 24379783 t lperfetto "The phosphorylation of both S617 and S635 have also been shown to promote increased eNOS-derived NO release (Michell et al., 2002). The phosphorylaiton of S617 can be induced by PKA or Akt activity, and may serve to sensitize eNOS to calmodulin binding and modulate the phosphorylation of other eNOS sites" SIGNOR-251630 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT ACLY protein P53396 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser455 PAPSRTAsFSESRAD 10116 BTO:0000443 12107176 t gcesareni "Taken together, these results demonstrate that serine 454 of ATP-citrate lyase is a novel and major in vivo substrate for protein kinase B." SIGNOR-245255 AML1-ETO "fusion protein" SIGNOR-FP1 SIGNOR CEBPA protein P49715 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0001412 11283671 t irozzo "AML1–ETO inhibits CEBPA autoregulation in myeloid cells.[…]It was also demonstrated that AML1–ETO and C/EBPα physically interact in vivo." SIGNOR-255700 PRKCD protein Q05655 UNIPROT HABP4 protein Q5JVS0 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr375 GRGARGGtRGGRGRI 9606 BTO:0004974 14699138 t lperfetto "We found a strong phosphorylation of Ki-1/57 by PKCalphabeta, PKCdelta, PKClambda/zeta, and especially by PKCsigma, however not by PKCmi. These data show that Ki-1/57 can serve in principal as a substrate for a wide variety of different PKC isoforms but also that its phosphorylation is strongest with PKCsigma. | This suggests that the two threonine residues present in this fragment (Thr354 and Thr375) might be the main target residues for phosphorylation by PKC in vitro. | Ki-1/57 Exits the Nucleus upon PMA Activation" SIGNOR-249254 CEBPA protein P49715 UNIPROT USF1 protein P22415 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0004116 7862113 t irozzo "Our studies show that the human C/EBPa protein stimulates USF to bind to a USF consensus element within C/EBPa promoter and activates it by two- to threefold.The mechanism by which C/EBPa enhances USF binding and transactivation is currently under study." SIGNOR-255701 PPP1CA protein P62136 UNIPROT NEK2 protein P51955 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation 9606 17283141 t gcesareni "Nek2 is activated by autophosphorylation, and its dephosphorylation is catalyzed by pp1" SIGNOR-152949 CAMK2A protein Q9UQM7 UNIPROT SRF protein P11831 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr160 NKLRRYTtFSKRKTG 10753652 t llicata "Skeletal muscle CaMKII enriches in nuclei and phosphorylates myogenic factor SRF at multiple sites. | Microsequencing of these phosphorylated peptides identified that both Ser-103 and a novel residue, Thr-160 in the MADS box of SRF, were sites of phosphorylation. | The location of Thr-160 in the 3-D structure of SRF suggests that its phosphorylation by nuclear CaMKII may directly influence DNA binding of SRF and other MADS box factors." SIGNOR-250639 MTOR protein P42345 UNIPROT EIF4EBP1 protein Q13541 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser65 FLMECRNsPVTKTPP 9606 BTO:0000007 SIGNOR-C3 12747827 t lperfetto "Here, we show that a functional TOS motif is required for 4E-BP1 to bind to raptor (a recently identified mTOR-interacting protein), for 4E-BP1 to be efficiently phosphorylated in vitro by themTOR/raptor complex, and for 4E-BP1 to be phosphorylated in vivo at all identified mTOR-regulated sites. mTOR/raptor regulated phosphorylation is necessary for 4E-BP’s efficient release from the translational initiation factor eIF4E. We find that the TOS motif is absolutely required for efficient phosphorylation of 4E-BP1 at all the identified mTOR-regulated sites, namely, Thr37/46, Ser65, and Thr70 in vivo." SIGNOR-101115 PRKCE protein Q02156 UNIPROT NOS3 protein P29474 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr495 TGITRKKtFKEVANA 9606 BTO:0001853 24379783 t lperfetto "The phosphorylation of both S617 and S635 have also been shown to promote increased eNOS-derived NO release (Michell et al., 2002). The phosphorylaiton of S617 can be induced by PKA or Akt activity, and may serve to sensitize eNOS to calmodulin binding and modulate the phosphorylation of other eNOS sites" SIGNOR-251632 ERK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF1 SIGNOR RPS6KA1 protein Q15418 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr359 DTEFTSRtPKDSPGI 9534 BTO:0004055 9430688 t lperfetto "Several lines of evidence indicate that the mapkap-k1 isoforms are also activated by mapks in vivo via the ras-dependent protein kinase cascade that is triggered by growth factors or tumor-promoting phorbol esters, such as phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (pma). here we identify six sites in mapkap-k1a that become phosphorylated in transfected cos-1 cells. The inactive form of mapkap-k1a in unstimulated cells is partially phosphorylated at ser222 and ser733. Stimulation with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate induces the phosphorylation of thr360, ser364, thr574, and ser381 and increases the phosphorylation of ser222 and ser733." SIGNOR-250557 APP protein P05067 UNIPROT "Amyloid fibril formation" phenotype SIGNOR-PH59 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 BTO:0000590 11578751 f lperfetto "Neurodegeneration in Alzheimer's disease is a pathologic condition of cells rather than an accelerated way of aging. The senile plaques are generated by a deposition in the human brain of fibrils of the β-amyloid peptide (Aβ), a fragment derived from the proteolytic processing of the amyloid precursor protein (APP). Tau protein is the major component of paired helical filaments (PHFs), which form a compact filamentous network described as neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs)." SIGNOR-251638 USF1 protein P22415 UNIPROT CEBPA protein P49715 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional activation" 9606 BTO:0004116 7862113 f irozzo "Our studies show that the human C/EBPa protein stimulates USF to bind to a USF consensus element within C/EBPa promoter and activates it by two- to threefold.The mechanism by which C/EBPa enhances USF binding and transactivation is currently under study." SIGNOR-255702 MAPT protein P10636 UNIPROT "Neurofibrillary tangle formation" phenotype SIGNOR-PH58 SIGNOR down-regulates 9606 BTO:0000938 11578751 f lperfetto "Tau is a multifunctional microtubule-associated protein that plays major roles in the assembly of microtubules, the stabilization of microtubules against dynamic instability, and in bridging these polymers with other cytoskeletal filaments 43, 44, 45, 46 and 47. In normal brain, the equilibrium between phosphorylations and dephosphorylations of tau modulates the stability of the cytoskeleton and consequently axonal morphology. The earliest modification found in Alzheimer brains consists of hyperphosphorylations on tau by the action of different protein kinase and phosphatase systems that appear to lead to structural and conformational changes in this protein, thus affecting its binding with tubulin and the capacity to promote microtubule assembly" SIGNOR-251639 "Amyloid fibril formation" phenotype SIGNOR-PH59 SIGNOR Apoptosis phenotype SIGNOR-PH2 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 BTO:0000590 11578751 f lperfetto "Alzheimer's disease, the cause of one of the most common types of dementia, is a brain disorder affecting the elderly and is characterized by the formation of two main protein aggregates: senile plaques and neurofibrillary tangles, which are involved in the process leading to progressive neuronal degeneration and death" SIGNOR-251640 "Neurofibrillary tangle formation" phenotype SIGNOR-PH58 SIGNOR Apoptosis phenotype SIGNOR-PH2 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 BTO:0000590 11578751 f lperfetto "Alzheimer's disease, the cause of one of the most common types of dementia, is a brain disorder affecting the elderly and is characterized by the formation of two main protein aggregates: senile plaques and neurofibrillary tangles, which are involved in the process leading to progressive neuronal degeneration and death" SIGNOR-251641 MAPT protein P10636 UNIPROT "Neurofibrillary tangle formation" phenotype SIGNOR-PH58 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 BTO:0000590 11578751 f lperfetto "Tau is a multifunctional microtubule-associated protein that plays major roles in the assembly of microtubules, the stabilization of microtubules against dynamic instability, and in bridging these polymers with other cytoskeletal filaments 43, 44, 45, 46 and 47. In normal brain, the equilibrium between phosphorylations and dephosphorylations of tau modulates the stability of the cytoskeleton and consequently axonal morphology. The earliest modification found in Alzheimer brains consists of hyperphosphorylations on tau by the action of different protein kinase and phosphatase systems that appear to lead to structural and conformational changes in this protein, thus affecting its binding with tubulin and the capacity to promote microtubule assembly" SIGNOR-251642 GDNF protein P39905 UNIPROT CLU protein P10909 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 10116 BTO:0002881 15212950 f miannu "We characterize the network of 43 genes induced by GDNF overproduction of neuronal progenitor cells (ST14A), which mainly regulate migration and differentiation of neuronal progenitor cells.Laminin, Mpl3, Alcam, Bin1, Id1, Id2, Id3, neuregulin1, the ephrinB2-receptor, neuritin, focal adhesion kinase (FAK), Tc10, Pdpk1, clusterin, GTP-cyclooxygenase1, and follistatin are genes up-regulated by GDNF overexpression." SIGNOR-252187 PTPN1 protein P18031 UNIPROT INSR protein P06213 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Tyr1190 DIYETDYyRKGGKGL 9606 BTO:0000007 16582879 t "Binding of insulin to the IR results in autophosphorylation of each beta‐subunit on at least six different tyrosines. This autophosphorylation occurs first on three tyrosines located in the activation loop of the kinase domain (Y1158, 1162 and 1163), resulting in the stabilization of the kinase in an active conformation.|Termination of the signal involves inactivation of the IR by dephosphorylation of the three tyrosines of the kinase domain (Tonks, 2003). PTP1B is a protein tyrosine phosphatase located in the endoplasmic reticulum that has an important role in the dephosphorylation of these tyrosines after internalization of the IR" SIGNOR-248410 PTPN1 protein P18031 UNIPROT PDGFRB protein P09619 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Tyr771 ADIESSNyMAPYDNY -1 7545675 t "Upon activation, the βPDGFR is phosphorylated at multiple tyrosine residues and thereby becomes a docking site for SH2-domain-containing signal transduction proteins.|While all phosphotyrosine sites on the βPDGFR are equally good targets for rPTP1B, maps of the βPDGFR dephosphorylated by rSyp showed that rSyp had a distinct preference for certain sites (Fig. 4 D-F). The low dose of rSyp primarily dephosphorylated spots 1, 6, 7, 9, and to a lesser extent 8a|Spot 1 corresponds to tyrosine 751; spot 3 corresponds to tyrosine 1009; spot 6 corresponds to tyrosine 740; spot 8b corresponds to tyrosine 1021; spot 9 corresponds to tyrosine 771, and spots 2, 7, and 8a are as yet unidentified phosphopeptides" SIGNOR-248415 RPS6KA1 protein Q15418 UNIPROT FOS protein P01100 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser362 AAAHRKGsSSNEPSS 9606 8248197 t gcesareni "We now provide evidence that two growth-regulated, nucleus- and cytoplasm-localized protein kinases, 90-kda ribosomal s6 kinase (rsk) and mitogen-activated protein kinase (map kinase), contribute to the serum-induced phosphorylation of c-fos. The major phosphopeptides derived from biosynthetically labeled c-fos correspond to phosphopeptides generated after phosphorylation of c-fos in vitro with both rsk and map kinase. The phosphorylation sites identified for rsk (ser-362) and map kinase (ser-374) are in the transrepression domain. Cooperative phosphorylation at these sites by both enzymes was observed in vitro and reflected in vivo by the predominance of the peptide phosphorylated on both sites, as opposed to singly phosphorylated peptides. This study suggests a role for nuclear rsk and map kinase in modulating newly synthesized c-fos phosphorylation and downstream signaling." SIGNOR-37154 MAPK8 protein P45983 UNIPROT MYC protein P01106 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser62 LLPTPPLsPSRRSGL 9606 BTO:0000007;BTO:0000567 10551811 t lperfetto "The jnk pathway is selectively involved in the c-myc-mediated apoptosis and that the apoptotic function of c-myc is directly regulated by jnk pathway through phosphorylation at ser-62 and ser-71." SIGNOR-236018 PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT LATS1 protein O95835 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation 10090 BTO:0000944 23644383 t milica "Here, we show that cyclic amp (camp)-dependent protein kinase (pka) phosphorylates lats and thereby enhances its activity sufficiently to phosphorylate yap on ser381." SIGNOR-236991 IL17A protein Q16552 UNIPROT KLF3 protein P57682 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 23332504 f fspada "Specifically, il-17 suppresses klf15, a pro-adipogenic tf, and enhances expression of klf2 and klf3, which are anti-adipogenic." SIGNOR-192610 TET2 protein Q6N021 UNIPROT Proliferation phenotype SIGNOR-PH4 SIGNOR down-regulates 9606 BTO:0000738 25601757 f irozzo "Cell proliferation was stimulated by the knockdown of either TET2 or WT1 gene in KG-1 cells, but not additively by the co-depletion of both genes. Collectively, these results suggest that TET2 and WT1 function in the same pathway to inhibit leukemia cell proliferation and colony formation." SIGNOR-255704 PTPN11 protein Q06124 UNIPROT IRS1 protein P35568 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation Tyr896 EPKSPGEyVNIEFGS 9606 7515062 t gcesareni "The specific activity of four candidate protein-tyrosine phosphatases (protein-tyrosine phosphatase 1b (ptp1b), sh2 domain-containing ptpase-2 (shp-2), leukocyte common antigen-related (lar), and leukocyte antigen-related phosphatase) (lrp) toward irs-1 dephosphorylation was studied using recombinant proteins in vitro. Ptp1b exhibited the highest specific activity these results provide new insight into novel molecular interactions involving ptp1b and grb2 that may influence the steady-state capacity of irs-1 to function as a phosphotyrosine scaffold and possibly affect the balance of postreceptor insulin signaling." SIGNOR-27028 PDPK1 protein O15530 UNIPROT RPS6KB1 protein P23443 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr412 NQVFLGFtYVAPSVL 9606 19864428 t gcesareni "A regulatory link between p70s6k and pkb was demonstrated, as pdk1 was found to selectively phosphorylate p70s6k at thr229. More importantly, pdk1 activated p70s6k in vitro and in vivo, whereas the catalytically inactive pdk1 blocked insulin-induced activation of p70s6k. One of the most studied events controlled by ptdins(3,4,5)p3, comprises the activation of a of agc family protein kinases, including isoforms of protein kinase b (pkb)/akt, p70 ribosomal s6 kinase (s6k), serum- and glucocorticoid-induced protein kinase (sgk) and protein kinase c (pkc), which play crucial roles in regulating physiological processes relevant to metabolism, growth, proliferation and survival. Here, we review recent biochemical, genetic and structural studies on the 3-phosphoinositide-dependent protein kinase-1 (pdk1), which phosphorylates and activates the agc kinase members regulated by pi 3-kinase. We also discuss whether inhibitors of pdk1 might have chemotherapeutic potential in the treatment of cancers in which the pdk1-regulated agc kinases are constitutively activated. Phosphorylation and activation of p70s6k by pdk1." SIGNOR-188911 PRKCG protein P05129 UNIPROT NOS3 protein P29474 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr495 TGITRKKtFKEVANA 9606 BTO:0001853 24379783 t lperfetto "The phosphorylation of both S617 and S635 have also been shown to promote increased eNOS-derived NO release (Michell et al., 2002). The phosphorylaiton of S617 can be induced by PKA or Akt activity, and may serve to sensitize eNOS to calmodulin binding and modulate the phosphorylation of other eNOS sites" SIGNOR-251633 ABL1 protein P00519 UNIPROT ERCC6 protein Q03468 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr932 GANRVVIyDPDWNPS 9606 17626041 t Regulation miannu "N-terminal region of CSB interacts with the SH3 domain of c-Abl in vitro and in vivo. In addition, c-Abl kinase phosphorylates CSB at Tyr932. our results suggest that c-Abl interacts with and tyrosine phosphorylates CSB. This interaction may play an important role in the response to oxidative stress, resulting in activation of c-Abl, tyrosine phosphorylation of CSB and more efficient BER of oxidative DNA damage. Tyrosine-phosphorylated CSB may serve as a signal for repair proteins to localize to DNA damage and may help maintain active transcription in the nucleolus." SIGNOR-251933 MAPK14 protein Q16539 UNIPROT JDP2 protein Q8WYK2 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Thr148 VRTDSVKtPESEGNP -1 12225289 t miannu "Wild-type JDP2 exhibited efficient phosphorylation by the p38 kinase, the mutant JDP2 T%)A did not incorporate labelled Figure 5 JDP2 C-terminal domain is necessary but not sufficient for p38 phosphorylation (A) p38 phosphorylated JDP2 at Thr-148. Bacterially purified His-JDP2 (Wt) or His-JDP2 T148A (Ala) were incubated with bacterially purified activated p38 F327S [21] in the presence of [γ- 32P]ATP for 30 min. Proteins were resolved by SDS/PAGE (12 % gel), dried and exposed to autoradiography. (B) The JDP2 C-terminal domain is necessary but not sufficient for phosphorylation by p38 kinase. Bacterially purified GST fusion proteins with full-length JDP2 (Wt) C-terminally truncated JDP2 (∆C) and JDP2 C-terminal fragment (Dock) were used in an in vitro kinase assay as described in (A). A representative experiment is presented. (C) In vitro kinase assay using GST-JDP2 (JDP2wt), JDP2 ∆C and JDP2-Dock as substrates with either activated p38 or HA-JNK2 kinases. Protein mixtures were resolved by SDS/PAGE, fixed, dried and analysed by PhosphorImaging. The results represent meansS.E.M. from three independent experiments. phosphate in the presence of activated p38 kinase. This indicates that both p38 and JNK kinases are able to integrate stress signals to JDP2 Thr-148" SIGNOR-250100 CDC42BPA protein Q5VT25 UNIPROT MYL9 protein P24844 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser20 KRPQRATsNVFAMFD 9606 19851336 t lperfetto "More than a dozen kinases have been reported to phosphorylate the rlcs of nm ii (fig. 2), including myosin light chain kinase (mlck;also known as mylk), rho-associated, coiled coil-containing kinase (rock), citron kinase, leucine zipper interacting kinase (zipk;also known as dapk3) and myotonic dystrophy kinase-related cdc42-binding kinase (mrck;also known as cdc42bp)6,34,45,46. These kinases phosphorylate rlcs on ser19, thr18 or both, to relieve the inhibition imposed on the myosin molecule by unphosphorylated rlcs and the head_head interaction outlined above." SIGNOR-188781 LCK protein P06239 UNIPROT ESR1 protein P03372 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr537 CKNVVPLyDLLLEML 9606 10571988 t gcesareni "On the basis of these data and other reports describing the structure and activity of y537 mutations, as well as knowledge of the three-dimensional structure of the her ligand binding domain, we propose an alternate model wherein y537f mutation favors an open pocket conformation, affecting the estrogen binding kinetics and stability of the hormone-bound, transcriptionally active closed pocket conformation." SIGNOR-72373 PTK2 protein Q05397 UNIPROT PTK2 protein Q05397 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr576 RYMEDSTyYKASKGK 9606 7529876 t llicata "We found that maximal kinase activity of fak immune complexes requires phosphorylation of both tyrosines 576 and 577. Our results indicate that phosphorylation of fak by src (or other src family kinases) is an important step in the formation of an active signaling complex." SIGNOR-27875 GDNF protein P39905 UNIPROT FST protein P19883 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 10116 BTO:0002881 15212950 f miannu "We characterize the network of 43 genes induced by GDNF overproduction of neuronal progenitor cells (ST14A), which mainly regulate migration and differentiation of neuronal progenitor cells.Laminin, Mpl3, Alcam, Bin1, Id1, Id2, Id3, neuregulin1, the ephrinB2-receptor, neuritin, focal adhesion kinase (FAK), Tc10, Pdpk1, clusterin, GTP-cyclooxygenase1, and follistatin are genes up-regulated by GDNF overexpression." SIGNOR-252188 alpha-ketoglutarate smallmolecule CID:164533 PUBCHEM TET2 protein Q6N021 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" "chemical activation" 9606 25699704 t irozzo "A second group of AML patients (15%–33% of all cases) harbor mutations in either the isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) 1 or 2 gene (Shih et al., 2012). These enzymes produce α-ketoglutarate (α-KG), which is required for TET activity." SIGNOR-255706 CHEK2 protein O96017 UNIPROT CDC25A protein P30304 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" phosphorylation Ser178 LFTQRQNsAPARMLS 9606 14559997 t "Phosphorylation is the signal for ubiquitination" gcesareni "The order and fidelity of cell cycle events in mammals is intimately linked to the integrity of the Chk1 kinase-Cdc25A phosphatase pathway. Chk1 phosphorylation targets Cdc25A for destruction and, as shown here, inhibits interactions between Cdc25A and its mitotic substrate cyclin B1-Cdk1. Phosphorylation of Cdc25A on serine 178 and threonine 507 facilitates 14-3-3 binding, and Chk1 phosphorylates both residues in vitro." SIGNOR-118759 FES protein P07332 UNIPROT BCR protein P11274 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr246 SCGVDGDyEDAELNP 9606 BTO:0000007 8955135 t "In the present study, we demonstrate that BCR Tyr-246 and at least one of the closely spaced tyrosine residues, Tyr-279, Tyr-283, and Tyr-289 (3Y cluster), are phosphorylated by FES both in vitro and in 32Pi-labeled cells. Co-expression of BCR and FES in human 293T cells stimulated the tyrosine autophosphorylation of FES. By contrast, tyrosine phosphorylation of BCR by FES suppressed BCR serine/threonine kinase activity toward the 14-3-3 protein and BCR substrate, BAP-1. " SIGNOR-251137 KMT2A protein Q03164 UNIPROT RUNX1 protein Q01196 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by stabilization" binding 9606 BTO:0002181 22012064 t irozzo "Similar to CBFβ, we show that MLL binds to AML1 abrogating its proteasome-dependent degradation.Furthermore, we demonstrate that MLL binds to a region of AML1 (that is conserved in AML2 and AML3) and increases AML1 (AML2 and AML3) protein levels" SIGNOR-255707 CDK2 protein P24941 UNIPROT TP63 protein Q9H3D4 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr491 PQQRNALtPTTIPDG 9606 18769144 t lperfetto "Atm kinase is a master switch for the delta np63 alpha phosphorylation/degradation in human head and neck squamous cell carcinoma cells upon dna damage. We previously found that the pro-apoptotic dna damaging agent, cisplatin, mediated the proteasome-dependent degradation of delta np63 alpha associated with its increased phosphorylated status. We found that delta np63 alpha is phosphorylated in the time-dependent fashion at the following positions: s385, t397 and s466, which were surrounded by recognition motifs for atm, cdk2 and p70s6k kinases, respectively" SIGNOR-180767 RPS6KA1 protein Q15418 UNIPROT FLNA protein P21333 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser2152 TRRRRAPsVANVGSH 9606 BTO:0000848 15024089 t gcesareni "We show that the n-terminal kinase domain of rsk phosphorylates flna on ser(2152) in response to mitogens" SIGNOR-123458 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT MBP protein P02686 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr232 KNIVTPRtPPPSQGK 9606 BTO:0000142 16401070 t lperfetto "Phosphorylation decreased the ability of mbp to polymerize actin and to bundle actin filaments but had no effect on the dissociation constant of the mbp-actin complex or on the ability of ca2+-calmodulin to dissociate the complex. The most significant effect of phosphorylation on the mbp-actin complex was a dramatic reduction in its ability to bind to negatively charged lipid bilayers. The identification of myelin basic protein (phosphorylation at -pro-arg-thr-pro-) as a substrate for the erk kinases (fig. 1) demonstrates that there are other determinants important for substrate recognition than those present in the originally identified consensus sequence." SIGNOR-143477 PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT ITGB2 protein P05107 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Thr760 LFKSATTtVMNPKFA 9606 BTO:0000751 11700305 t lperfetto "Here, we identify catalytic domain fragments of protein kinase C (PKC) delta and PKCbetaI/II as the major protein kinases in leukocyte extracts that phosphorylate a peptide corresponding to the cytoplasmic tail of the integrin CD18 chain. The sites phosphorylated in vitro were identified as Ser-745 and Thr-758. PKCalpha and PKCeta also phosphorylated these residues, and PKCalpha additionally phosphorylated Thr-760. Ser-745, a novel site, was shown to become phosphorylated in T cells in response to phorbol ester stimulation. |" SIGNOR-249125 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT RAF1 protein P04049 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser289 RSHSESAsPSALSSS 9606 16407412 t llicata "Erk-induced raf-1 phosphorylation sustains raf-1 kinase activity furthermore, using direct in vitro phosphorylation we show that these sites are direct targets of erk-1 and using phosphospecific antibodies developed against one of the sites, s296, show that these sites are physiological phosphorylation sites induced in vivo after mitogen stimulation." SIGNOR-143688 PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT SLC2A2 protein P11168 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser503 AAEFQKKsGSAHRPK 9534 BTO:0004055 8626492 t miannu "GLUT2 is rapidly phosphorylated by protein kinase A following activation of adenylyl cyclase by forskolin. serines 489 and 501/503 and threonine 510 in the carboxyl-terminal tail of the transporter are the in vitro and in vivo sites of phosphorylation. Stimulation of GLUT2 phosphorylation in beta cells reduces the initial rate of 3-O-methyl glucose uptake by approximately 48% but does not change the Michaelis constant. a consequence of GLUT2 phosphorylation is a reduction of its catalytic activity." SIGNOR-250050 KMT2A protein Q03164 UNIPROT RUNX1 protein Q01196 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by stabilization" binding 9606 BTO:0002181 23817177 t irozzo "RUNX1 wild-type protein first binds to the PU.1 URE region and recruits the MLL complex to open up part of the compact chromatin structure. The partially relaxed chromatin allows the binding of another RUNX1 at the PU.1 promoter region to further distort compact DNA structure. The relaxed form of chromatin facilitates the accumulation of transcription factors and cofactors to initiate transcriptional activity." SIGNOR-255708 TAOK proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF21 SIGNOR STK3/4 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF41 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation 9606 23431053 t miannu "The thousand-and-one (TAO) amino acids kinase or TAOK1 – 3 has been shown to directly phosphorylate and activate Hpo or MST1/2." SIGNOR-256182 PTPRJ protein Q12913 UNIPROT MET protein P08581 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Tyr1365 NVKCVAPyPSLLSSE 9606 BTO:0000007 12475979 t "When co-expressed in 293 cells, the full-length substrate-trapping mutant form of DEP-1 formed a stable complex with the chimeric receptor colony stimulating factor 1 (CSF)-Met and wild type DEP-1 dephosphorylated CSF-Met. Furthermore, we observed that DEP-1 preferentially dephosphorylated a Gab1 binding site (Tyr(1349)) and a COOH-terminal tyrosine implicated in morphogenesis (Tyr(1365))," SIGNOR-248703 RUNX1 protein Q01196 UNIPROT "Core Binding Factor complex" complex SIGNOR-C214 SIGNOR "form complex" binding 9606 12495904 t irozzo "The core binding factor (CBF) transcription complex, consisting of the interacting proteins RUNX1 and CBFβ, is essential for normal hematopoiesis" SIGNOR-255710 CBFB protein Q13951 UNIPROT "Core Binding Factor complex" complex SIGNOR-C214 SIGNOR "form complex" binding 9606 12495904 t irozzo "The core binding factor (CBF) transcription complex, consisting of the interacting proteins RUNX1 and CBFβ, is essential for normal hematopoiesis" SIGNOR-255711 MBTPS1 protein Q14703 UNIPROT CREB3L1 protein Q96BA8 UNIPROT up-regulates cleavage 9606 16417584 t miannu "Cleavage of oasis by site-1 and site-2 proteases / oasis is cleaved at the membrane under er stress conditions and that its cleaved n-terminal domain translocates into the nucleus;and then activates transcription of target genes" SIGNOR-143785 SAV1 protein Q9H4B6 UNIPROT STK3/4 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF41 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 21084559 t miannu "Mst is activated by binding of salvador (sav1, sav in drosophila), which is, in turn, also phosphorylated by mst." SIGNOR-256183 STK3/4 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF41 SIGNOR SAV1 protein Q9H4B6 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation 9606 21084559 t miannu "Mst is activated by binding of salvador (sav1, sav in drosophila), which is, in turn, also phosphorylated by mst." SIGNOR-256184 STK3/4 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF41 SIGNOR Mob1 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF42 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation 9606 23431053 t miannu "Mob1, when phosphorylated by MST1/2, binds to the autoinhibitory motif in Lats1/2, which in turn leads to the phosphorylation of the Lats activation loop (Lats1 S909 and Lats2 S872) and thereby an increase of their kinase activity" SIGNOR-256185 DNMT3A protein Q9Y6K1 UNIPROT Differentiation phenotype SIGNOR-PH37 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 27639498 f irozzo "The DNA methyltransferase 3 genes (DNMT3A and DNMT3B) encode methyltransferases that catalyze the addition of a methyl group to the cytosine residue of CpG dinucleotide; therefore they play an essential role in DNA methylation and gene silencing regulatory processes. DNMT3A function is involved in hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) renewal and myeloid differentiation." SIGNOR-255714 CDK1 protein P06493 UNIPROT INCENP protein Q9NQS7 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr412 DTEIANStPNPKPAA 9606 16378098 t gcesareni "Here, we report that cdk1 phosphorylates thr 59 and thr 388 on inner centromere protein (incenp), which regulates the localization and kinase activity of aurora-b from prophase to metaphase. The replacement of endogenous incenp with t388a resulted in the delay of progression from metaphase to anaphase." SIGNOR-143387 MECOM protein Q03112 UNIPROT RUNX1 protein Q01196 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 10090 BTO:0000944 17575132 t irozzo "The results that we present here support this model and show that EVI1 interacts with and inhibits RUNX1. As for GATA1, EVI1 seems to repress RUNX1 function by interacting specifically with its DNA-binding domain Runt, leading to destabilization and dissolution of the DNA-RUNX1 complex." SIGNOR-255716 Calcineurin complex SIGNOR-C155 SIGNOR NFATC2 protein Q13469 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser168 YREPLCLsPASSGSS 9606 BTO:0000567 11030334 t "NFAT1 is phosphorylated on fourteen conserved phosphoserine residues in its regulatory domain, thirteen of which are dephosphorylated upon stimulation. Dephosphorylation of all thirteen residues is required to mask a nuclear export signal (NES), cause full exposure of a nuclear localization signal (NLS), and promote transcriptional activity" SIGNOR-252319 LRRK2 protein Q5S007 UNIPROT LRRK2 protein Q5S007 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr1967 QQDKASLtRTLQHRI 9606 BTO:0000938 19824698 t lperfetto "We identified ser1403, thr1404, thr1410, thr1491 located within the roc domain, as well as thr1967 and thr1969 in the kinase domain, as the autophosphorylation sites. substitution of thr1969 located in close proximity to thr1967 had little effect on its kinase activity" SIGNOR-188417 CDKN2A protein Q8N726 UNIPROT TP53 protein P04637 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by stabilization" stabilization 9606 12091906 f apalma "P14/p19 ARF functions by antagonizing MDM2 and thereby stabilizing p53 (refs. 17,18). Thus, loss of p14/p19ARF impairs p53-mediated growth arrest and/or apoptosis in response to activated oncogenes" SIGNOR-255694 Mob1 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF42 SIGNOR LATS1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF43 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 21084559 t miannu "Lats1/2 are activated by association with the highly homologous scaffold proteins mps one binder kinase activator-like 1a (mobkl1a) and 1b (mobkl1b), which are collectively referred to as mob1." SIGNOR-256186 LATS1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF43 SIGNOR WWTR1 protein Q9GZV5 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser89 AQHVRSHsSPASLQL 9606 22658639 t miannu "In response to high cell densities, activated LATS1/2 phosphorylates the WW-domain containing transcriptional co-activators YAP at Ser127 and TAZ at Ser89, promoting 14-3-3 binding and thereby inhibiting their translocation into the nucleus." SIGNOR-256187 LCK protein P06239 UNIPROT TCR complex SIGNOR-C153 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation 9606 BTO:0000661 8626561 t "The binding of Lck to the tyrosine-phosphorylated zeta chain of the TcR would serve to strengthen the interaction of the associated CD4 and the TcR complex, leading to increased avidity for the antigen-major histocompatibility protein complex" SIGNOR-252305 IGF1 protein P05019 UNIPROT Calcineurin complex SIGNOR-C155 SIGNOR up-regulates 10090 BTO:0000165;BTO:0002314 BTO:0000887;BTO:0001103;BTO:0001760 10448861 f lperfetto "Treatment with igf-1 or insulin and dexamethasone mobilizes intracellular calcium, activates the ca2+/calmodulin-dependent phosphatase calcineurin, and induces the nuclear translocation of the transcription factor nf-atc1." SIGNOR-252306 "cyclosporin A" chemical CID:5284373 PUBCHEM Calcineurin complex SIGNOR-C155 SIGNOR down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 15276472 t gcesareni "Calcineurin catalytic activity is inhibited by the immunosuppressive drugs cyclosporine and fk506 through complexes with immunophilin proteins." SIGNOR-252307 tacrolimus chemical CID:445643 PUBCHEM Calcineurin complex SIGNOR-C155 SIGNOR down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 15276472 t gcesareni "Calcineurin catalytic activity is inhibited by the immunosuppressive drugs cyclosporine and fk506 through complexes with immunophilin proteins." SIGNOR-252308 Calcineurin complex SIGNOR-C155 SIGNOR MEF2C protein Q06413 UNIPROT up-regulates 9606 BTO:0001103 11062529 f gcesareni "The ca2+ dependent phosphatase calcineurin induces cardiac and skeletal muscle hypertrophy by a process that involves nf-at nuclear translocation, and activation of mef2c." SIGNOR-252309 "calcium ion" smallmolecule CID:271 PUBCHEM Calcineurin complex SIGNOR-C155 SIGNOR up-regulates binding 9606 21880741 f gcesareni "Except for nfat5, nfatc1c4 are activated upon a rise in intracellular ca2+, which stimulates the serine/threonine phosphatase activity of calcineurin the ca2+-calcineurin signal is the most important signal for regulating nfat activation, but the signal that leads to ca2+ influx during neural tube differentiation is still unclear." SIGNOR-252310 Calcineurin complex SIGNOR-C155 SIGNOR NFATC2 protein Q13469 UNIPROT up-regulates dephosphorylation 9606 21880741 t gcesareni "Calcineurin directly dephosphorylates nfat resulting in the nuclear import of nfat." SIGNOR-252311 Calcineurin complex SIGNOR-C155 SIGNOR NFATC3 protein Q12968 UNIPROT up-regulates dephosphorylation 9606 21880741 t gcesareni "Calcineurin directly dephosphorylates nfat resulting in the nuclear import of nfat." SIGNOR-252312 "calcium ion" smallmolecule CID:271 PUBCHEM Calcineurin complex SIGNOR-C155 SIGNOR up-regulates "chemical activation" 9606 22944199 t lperfetto "Non-canonical Wnt/Ca2+ pathway has also been implicated in multiple functions including cell adhesion and cell movements during gastrulation. In this signaling cascade, binding of Wnt to the Fzd receptor leads to the release of intracellular Ca2+, a process which is mediated through heterotrimeric G proteins, PLC (phospholipase C) and CamKII (calcium-calmodulin-dependent kinae II) as well as PKC (protein kinase C). The increased intracellular Ca2+ concentration also activates the calcineurin phosphatase, leading to activation of the transcription factor NFAT (nuclear factor of activated T cell)." SIGNOR-252320 Calcineurin complex SIGNOR-C155 SIGNOR NFATC2 protein Q13469 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser172 LCLSPASsGSSASFI 9606 BTO:0000567 11030334 t "NFAT1 is phosphorylated on fourteen conserved phosphoserine residues in its regulatory domain, thirteen of which are dephosphorylated upon stimulation. Dephosphorylation of all thirteen residues is required to mask a nuclear export signal (NES), cause full exposure of a nuclear localization signal (NLS), and promote transcriptional activity" SIGNOR-252316 Calcineurin complex SIGNOR-C155 SIGNOR NFATC2 protein Q13469 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser171 PLCLSPAsSGSSASF 9606 BTO:0000567 11030334 t "NFAT1 is phosphorylated on fourteen conserved phosphoserine residues in its regulatory domain, thirteen of which are dephosphorylated upon stimulation. Dephosphorylation of all thirteen residues is required to mask a nuclear export signal (NES), cause full exposure of a nuclear localization signal (NLS), and promote transcriptional activity" SIGNOR-252318 Calcineurin complex SIGNOR-C155 SIGNOR DNM1L protein O00429 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser637 VPVARKLsAREQRDC 9606 18838687 t "When mitochondrial depolarization is associated with sustained cytosolic Ca(2+) rise, it activates the cytosolic phosphatase calcineurin that normally interacts with Drp1. Calcineurin-dependent dephosphorylation of Drp1, and in particular of its conserved serine 637, regulates its translocation to mitochondria as substantiated by site directed mutagenesis." SIGNOR-252315 Calcineurin complex SIGNOR-C155 SIGNOR DNM2 protein P50570 UNIPROT unknown dephosphorylation Ser764 LQSASSHsPTPQRRP 10116 20496096 t "CaN is activated, targeting a set of proteins for dephosphorylation, including dynamin II |We have recently discovered that the ubiquitously expressed dynamin isoform, dynII, is phosphorylated at S764 specifically during mitosis (unpublished data). We now show that S764 is phosphorylated throughout mitosis and is dephosphorylated at the time of cytokinesis(dynII)." SIGNOR-252317 CDK12 protein Q9NYV4 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser1882 SPTSPTYsPTTPKYS 9606 22012619 t miannu "Cyck/cdk12 can activate transcription and phosphorylate ser2 in the ctd of rnapii / phosphorylation of serine at position 2 (ser2) is thought to be responsible for productive transcriptional elongation and synthesis of full-length mature mrna" SIGNOR-176809 Calcineurin complex SIGNOR-C155 SIGNOR NFATC2 protein Q13469 UNIPROT up-regulates dephosphorylation 9606 18676376 t lperfetto "Calcineurin dephosphorylates members of the nuclear factor of activated T cells (NFAT)2 transcription factor family, allowing NFAT to translocate to the nucleus where it cooperates with other transcription factors to induce transcription of target genes." SIGNOR-252321 Calcineurin complex SIGNOR-C155 SIGNOR NFATC4 protein Q14934 UNIPROT up-regulates dephosphorylation 9606 21880741 t gcesareni "Calcineurin directly dephosphorylates nfat resulting in the nuclear import of nfat." SIGNOR-252322 Calcineurin complex SIGNOR-C155 SIGNOR NFATC1 protein O95644 UNIPROT up-regulates dephosphorylation 9606 21880741 t gcesareni "Calcineurin directly dephosphorylates nfat resulting in the nuclear import of nfat." SIGNOR-252323 FLT3 protein P36888 UNIPROT ID1 protein P41134 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional activation" 10090 BTO:0002883 18559972 f apalma "In this study, we used specific tyrosine kinase inhibitors to identify critical target genes that are regulated by oncogenic tyrosine kinases. Using oligonucleotide microarrays, we identified genes that are either up- or down-regulated by selective small molecule inhibitors that target the ABL, PDGFβR, or FLT3 kinases. Genes induced by these inhibitors are presumably repressed by activated tyrosine kinases.Among these genes, we detected a 5- to 50-fold reduction in Id1 expression when the cancer cells were treated with inhibitors." SIGNOR-255698 LATS1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF43 SIGNOR YAP1 protein P46937 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser127 PQHVRAHsSPASLQL 9606 22658639 t miannu "In response to high cell densities, activated LATS1/2 phosphorylates the WW-domain containing transcriptional co-activators YAP at Ser127 and TAZ at Ser89, promoting 14-3-3 binding and thereby inhibiting their translocation into the nucleus." SIGNOR-256188 CALM1 protein P62158 UNIPROT Calcineurin complex SIGNOR-C155 SIGNOR up-regulates binding 9606 11796223 t gcesareni "Calcium-bound calmodulin associates with calcineurin (cn), releasing the phosphatase from the repressive effects on an autoinhibitory domain." SIGNOR-252337 Calcineurin complex SIGNOR-C155 SIGNOR NFATC2 protein Q13469 UNIPROT up-regulates relocalization 9606 BTO:0001103 11062529 t gcesareni "The ca2+ dependent phosphatase calcineurin induces cardiac and skeletal muscle hypertrophy by a process that involves nf-at nuclear translocation, and activation of mef2c." SIGNOR-252338 Calcineurin complex SIGNOR-C155 SIGNOR NFATC2 protein Q13469 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser177 ASSGSSAsFISDTFS 9606 BTO:0000567 11030334 t "NFAT1 is phosphorylated on fourteen conserved phosphoserine residues in its regulatory domain, thirteen of which are dephosphorylated upon stimulation. Dephosphorylation of all thirteen residues is required to mask a nuclear export signal (NES), cause full exposure of a nuclear localization signal (NLS), and promote transcriptional activity" SIGNOR-252325 Calcineurin complex SIGNOR-C155 SIGNOR NFATC2 protein Q13469 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser174 LSPASSGsSASFISD 9606 BTO:0000567 11030334 t "NFAT1 is phosphorylated on fourteen conserved phosphoserine residues in its regulatory domain, thirteen of which are dephosphorylated upon stimulation. Dephosphorylation of all thirteen residues is required to mask a nuclear export signal (NES), cause full exposure of a nuclear localization signal (NLS), and promote transcriptional activity" SIGNOR-252326 Calcineurin complex SIGNOR-C155 SIGNOR NFATC2 protein Q13469 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser180 GSSASFIsDTFSPYT 9606 BTO:0000567 11030334 t "NFAT1 is phosphorylated on fourteen conserved phosphoserine residues in its regulatory domain, thirteen of which are dephosphorylated upon stimulation. Dephosphorylation of all thirteen residues is required to mask a nuclear export signal (NES), cause full exposure of a nuclear localization signal (NLS), and promote transcriptional activity" SIGNOR-252327 Calcineurin complex SIGNOR-C155 SIGNOR NFATC2 protein Q13469 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser274 ASPQRSRsPSPQPSS 9606 BTO:0000567 11030334 t "NFAT1 is phosphorylated on fourteen conserved phosphoserine residues in its regulatory domain, thirteen of which are dephosphorylated upon stimulation. Dephosphorylation of all thirteen residues is required to mask a nuclear export signal (NES), cause full exposure of a nuclear localization signal (NLS), and promote transcriptional activity" SIGNOR-252328 Calcineurin complex SIGNOR-C155 SIGNOR NFATC2 protein Q13469 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser213 QNIPAHYsPRTSPIM 9606 BTO:0000567 11030334 t "NFAT1 is phosphorylated on fourteen conserved phosphoserine residues in its regulatory domain, thirteen of which are dephosphorylated upon stimulation. Dephosphorylation of all thirteen residues is required to mask a nuclear export signal (NES), cause full exposure of a nuclear localization signal (NLS), and promote transcriptional activity" SIGNOR-252329 Calcineurin complex SIGNOR-C155 SIGNOR NFATC2 protein Q13469 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser280 RSPSPQPsSHVAPQD 9606 BTO:0000567 11030334 t "NFAT1 is phosphorylated on fourteen conserved phosphoserine residues in its regulatory domain, thirteen of which are dephosphorylated upon stimulation. Dephosphorylation of all thirteen residues is required to mask a nuclear export signal (NES), cause full exposure of a nuclear localization signal (NLS), and promote transcriptional activity" SIGNOR-252336 Calcineurin complex SIGNOR-C155 SIGNOR NFATC2 protein Q13469 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser326 PPKMWKTsPDPSPVS 9606 BTO:0000567 11030334 t "NFAT1 is phosphorylated on fourteen conserved phosphoserine residues in its regulatory domain, thirteen of which are dephosphorylated upon stimulation. Dephosphorylation of all thirteen residues is required to mask a nuclear export signal (NES), cause full exposure of a nuclear localization signal (NLS), and promote transcriptional activity" SIGNOR-252335 Calcineurin complex SIGNOR-C155 SIGNOR NFATC2 protein Q13469 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser276 PQRSRSPsPQPSSHV 9606 BTO:0000567 11030334 t "NFAT1 is phosphorylated on fourteen conserved phosphoserine residues in its regulatory domain, thirteen of which are dephosphorylated upon stimulation. Dephosphorylation of all thirteen residues is required to mask a nuclear export signal (NES), cause full exposure of a nuclear localization signal (NLS), and promote transcriptional activity" SIGNOR-252333 Calcineurin complex SIGNOR-C155 SIGNOR BAD protein Q92934 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser99 PFRGRSRsAPPNLWA 9606 BTO:0000007 10195903 t "Ca2+-induced apoptosis through calcineurin dephosphorylation of BAD|Calcineurin was found to dephosphorylate BAD, a pro-apoptotic member of the Bcl-2 family, thus enhancing BAD heterodimerization with Bcl-xL and promoting apoptosis." SIGNOR-252332 Calcineurin complex SIGNOR-C155 SIGNOR NFATC2 protein Q13469 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser221 PRTSPIMsPRTSLAE 9606 BTO:0000567 11030334 t "NFAT1 is phosphorylated on fourteen conserved phosphoserine residues in its regulatory domain, thirteen of which are dephosphorylated upon stimulation. Dephosphorylation of all thirteen residues is required to mask a nuclear export signal (NES), cause full exposure of a nuclear localization signal (NLS), and promote transcriptional activity" SIGNOR-252331 Calcineurin complex SIGNOR-C155 SIGNOR NFATC2 protein Q13469 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser217 AHYSPRTsPIMSPRT 9606 BTO:0000567 11030334 t "NFAT1 is phosphorylated on fourteen conserved phosphoserine residues in its regulatory domain, thirteen of which are dephosphorylated upon stimulation. Dephosphorylation of all thirteen residues is required to mask a nuclear export signal (NES), cause full exposure of a nuclear localization signal (NLS), and promote transcriptional activity" SIGNOR-252330 "Fatty acid" stimulus SIGNOR-ST19 SIGNOR PPARG protein P37231 UNIPROT up-regulates 9606 29369787 f miannu "Omega 3 fatty acids and fibrates are considered as natural and pharmacological ligands of PPARα, respectively, that reduce inflammation and arteriosclerosis in cardiovascular system" SIGNOR-256189 Calcineurin complex SIGNOR-C155 SIGNOR IL6 protein P05231 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 18177723 f lperfetto "Interestingly, since IL-6 production by nerve-mediated skeletal muscle contraction has recently been shown to be partly dependent on the activation of the calcineurin pathway |The fact that IL-6 is produced not only by proliferating satellite cells but also by growing myofibers during hypertrophy" SIGNOR-252340 RCAN1 protein P53805 UNIPROT Calcineurin complex SIGNOR-C155 SIGNOR "down-regulates activity" binding 9606 12554096 t "MCIP proteins can bind to and inhibit calcineurin, a calcium/calmodulin-regulated serine/threonine protein phosphatase that is activated during cardiac hypertrophy and failure" SIGNOR-252341 NFATC1 protein O95644 UNIPROT "T cell activation" phenotype SIGNOR-PH73 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" 10358178 f "The transcription factor NF-ATc that controls gene expression in T lymphocytes and embryonic cardiac cells is expressed in three prominent isoforms." SIGNOR-252344 Calcineurin complex SIGNOR-C155 SIGNOR NFATC2 protein Q13469 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser268 VALPPGAsPQRSRSP 9606 BTO:0000567 11030334 t "NFAT1 is phosphorylated on fourteen conserved phosphoserine residues in its regulatory domain, thirteen of which are dephosphorylated upon stimulation. Dephosphorylation of all thirteen residues is required to mask a nuclear export signal (NES), cause full exposure of a nuclear localization signal (NLS), and promote transcriptional activity" SIGNOR-252342 Calcineurin complex SIGNOR-C155 SIGNOR NFATC2 protein Q13469 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser175 SPASSGSsASFISDT 9606 BTO:0000567 11030334 t "NFAT1 is phosphorylated on fourteen conserved phosphoserine residues in its regulatory domain, thirteen of which are dephosphorylated upon stimulation. Dephosphorylation of all thirteen residues is required to mask a nuclear export signal (NES), cause full exposure of a nuclear localization signal (NLS), and promote transcriptional activity" SIGNOR-252343 DUSP26 protein Q9BV47 UNIPROT TP53 protein P04637 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation Ser37 NVLSPLPsQAMDDLM 9606 20562916 t miannu "We found that dusp26 promotes the resistance of human neuroblastoma to doxorubicin-induced apoptosis by acting as a p53 phosphatase to downregulate p53 tumor suppressor function in neuroblastoma cells. / we found that dusp26 binds to p53 and dephosphorylates p53 at ser20 and ser37." SIGNOR-166262 Calcineurin complex SIGNOR-C155 SIGNOR FLNA protein P21333 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation Ser2152 TRRRRAPsVANVGSH 9606 16442073 t gcesareni "We report that a purified c-terminal recombinant region of filamin is a suitable substrate for calcineurin in vitro. Furthermore, 1 microm cyclosporin a (csa), a specific calcineurin inhibitor, reduced the dephosphorylation of the recombinant fragment in 293ft cells" SIGNOR-252339 "all-trans-retinoic acid" smallmolecule CHEBI:15367 ChEBI RXR proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF44 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 17132853 t miannu "The physiological effects of retinoic acids (RAs) are mediated by members of two families of nuclear receptors, the retinoic acid receptors (RARs) and the retinoid X receptors (RXRs), which are encoded by three distinct human genes, RXRalpha, RXRbeta, and RXRgamma." SIGNOR-256190 "all-trans-retinoic acid" smallmolecule CHEBI:15367 ChEBI RXRB protein P28702 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 17132853 t miannu "The physiological effects of retinoic acids (RAs) are mediated by members of two families of nuclear receptors, the retinoic acid receptors (RARs) and the retinoid X receptors (RXRs), which are encoded by three distinct human genes, RXRalpha, RXRbeta, and RXRgamma." SIGNOR-256191 RUNX1 protein Q01196 UNIPROT MECOM protein Q03112 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional activation" 9606 BTO:0000565 22689058 f irozzo "Our results suggest that RUNX1 and EVI1 could be regulating each other. RUNX1 would activate EVI1 transcription, and when highly expressed, EVI1 could bind to RUNX1 at protein level, inhibiting its activity as a transcription factor, acting in a negative feedback." SIGNOR-255715 CBFB protein Q13951 UNIPROT RUNX1 protein Q01196 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by stabilization" stabilization 10090 BTO:0000596 11179217 t irozzo "We observed previously that the RUNX proteins are susceptible to proteolytic degradation (Ogawa et al., 1993b). In this study, we show that the ubiquitin– proteasome system is largely responsible for this degradation. We also show that when PEBP2β dimerizes with RUNX it inhibits the ubiquitylation of RUNX, which is necessary for the protein to be targeted for proteolysis by the proteasome." SIGNOR-255712 "all-trans-retinoic acid" smallmolecule CHEBI:15367 ChEBI RXRA protein P19793 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 17132853 t miannu "The physiological effects of retinoic acids (RAs) are mediated by members of two families of nuclear receptors, the retinoic acid receptors (RARs) and the retinoid X receptors (RXRs), which are encoded by three distinct human genes, RXRalpha, RXRbeta, and RXRgamma." SIGNOR-256192 "all-trans-retinoic acid" smallmolecule CHEBI:15367 ChEBI RXRG protein P48443 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 17132853 t miannu "The physiological effects of retinoic acids (RAs) are mediated by members of two families of nuclear receptors, the retinoic acid receptors (RARs) and the retinoid X receptors (RXRs), which are encoded by three distinct human genes, RXRalpha, RXRbeta, and RXRgamma." SIGNOR-256193 "all-trans-retinoic acid" smallmolecule CHEBI:15367 ChEBI RARA protein P10276 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 17132853 t miannu "The physiological effects of retinoic acids (RAs) are mediated by members of two families of nuclear receptors, the retinoic acid receptors (RARs) and the retinoid X receptors (RXRs), which are encoded by three distinct human genes, RXRalpha, RXRbeta, and RXRgamma." SIGNOR-256194 "all-trans-retinoic acid" smallmolecule CHEBI:15367 ChEBI RARB protein P10826 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 17132853 t miannu "The physiological effects of retinoic acids (RAs) are mediated by members of two families of nuclear receptors, the retinoic acid receptors (RARs) and the retinoid X receptors (RXRs), which are encoded by three distinct human genes, RXRalpha, RXRbeta, and RXRgamma." SIGNOR-256195 "all-trans-retinoic acid" smallmolecule CHEBI:15367 ChEBI RARG protein P13631 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 17132853 t miannu "The physiological effects of retinoic acids (RAs) are mediated by members of two families of nuclear receptors, the retinoic acid receptors (RARs) and the retinoid X receptors (RXRs), which are encoded by three distinct human genes, RXRalpha, RXRbeta, and RXRgamma." SIGNOR-256196 "all-trans-retinoic acid" smallmolecule CHEBI:15367 ChEBI RAR proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF45 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 17132853 t miannu "The physiological effects of retinoic acids (RAs) are mediated by members of two families of nuclear receptors, the retinoic acid receptors (RARs) and the retinoid X receptors (RXRs), which are encoded by three distinct human genes, RXRalpha, RXRbeta, and RXRgamma." SIGNOR-256197 GNG2 protein P59768 UNIPROT PLCG1 protein P19174 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 23074268 t gcesareni "Furthermore, this work suggested that the gbetagamma subunits released upon gi activation activated phospholipase c-gamma (plc-gamma) to produce inositol 3 phosphate (ip3) which would subsequently increase intracellular ca2+ abundance." SIGNOR-199138 ARP2/3 complex SIGNOR-C146 SIGNOR "F-actin Assembly" phenotype SIGNOR-PH18 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 12479800 f lperfetto "The Arp2/3 complex concentrates at leading edges, where it catalyzes the growth of branched actin networks that are believed to provide the protrusive force for leading edge extension." SIGNOR-251511 UBE2C protein O00762 UNIPROT "Mitotic Checkpoint" phenotype SIGNOR-PH28 SIGNOR down-regulates 9606 19632176 f miannu "The evolution of prostate cancer from an androgen-dependent state (ADPCa) to one that is androgen-independent (AIPCa) marks its lethal progression. The androgen receptor (AR) is essential in both, though its function in AIPCa is poorly understood. We have defined the direct AR-dependent target genes in both AIPCa and ADPCa by generating AR-dependent gene expression profiles and AR cistromes. In contrast to ADPCa, AR selectively up-regulates M-phase cell cycle genes in AIPCa including UBE2C, a gene that inactivates the M-phase checkpoint." SIGNOR-251544 NAE1 protein Q13564 UNIPROT Apoptosis phenotype SIGNOR-PH2 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 BTO:0000938 25568892 f lperfetto "Overexpression of AppBp1 in primary neurons induces apoptosis through the neddylation pathway" SIGNOR-251579 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR SMAD3 protein P84022 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 15048128 t gcesareni "Pkb inhibits smad3 by preventing its phosphorylation, binding to smad4 and nuclear translocation. [...] Regulation of smad3 by pkb occurs through a kinase-activity-independent mechanism, resulting in a decrease in smad3-mediated transcription and protection of cells against tgf-beta-induced apoptosis." SIGNOR-252345 PtsIns(3,4,5)P3 smallmolecule CID:24755492 PUBCHEM AKT2 protein P31751 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 21779497 t lperfetto "When active, pi3k converts phosphatidylinositol (4,5)-bisphosphate (pip2) into phosphatidylinositol (3,4,5)-trisphosphate (pip3). Pip3, in turn, binds the pleckstrin homology (ph) domain of akt/pkb, stimulating its kinase activity, resulting in the phosphorylation of a host of other proteins that affect cell growth, cell cycle entry, and cell survival." SIGNOR-175247 BCL2 protein P10415 UNIPROT DIABLO protein Q9NR28 UNIPROT down-regulates 9606 14585074 f amattioni "Bcl- confers protection to apoptosis by interference with bax/bak-mediated release of the pro-apoptotic mitochodrial factors smac/diablo and htra2/omi" SIGNOR-88885 BAK1 protein Q16611 UNIPROT AIFM1 protein O95831 UNIPROT up-regulates relocalization 9606 23003569 t gcesareni "First, bax/bak-mediated momp leads to the release of a significant part of the cyt c, smac/diablo and htra2/omi proteins. in a third step, cyt c, smac/diablo and htra2/omi, which were released into the cytosol, trigger caspase activation. This is necessary to alter the physical association of aif and endog with the im to enable their relocation to the cytosol." SIGNOR-192092 PTEN protein P60484 UNIPROT AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR "down-regulates activity" 9606 BTO:0001332 19903340 f lperfetto "PTEN-mediated suppression of the PI3K/AKT pathway is well established, accumulating evidence suggests that nuclear PTEN also plays a critical role in tumor suppression" SIGNOR-244439 PIK3CA protein P42336 UNIPROT AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 BTO:0000586 16293724 f lperfetto "We show that pge2 stimulates colon cancer cell growth through its heterotrimeric guanine nucleotide-binding protein (g protein)coupled receptor, ep2, by a signaling route that involves the activation of phosphoinositide 3-kinase and the protein kinase akt by free g protein bg subunits and the direct association of the g protein as subunit with the regulator of g protein signaling (rgs) domain of axin." SIGNOR-244476 INPPL1 protein O15357 UNIPROT AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR down-regulates 9606 BTO:0000776 10942391 f lperfetto "Taken together, the data presented here demonstrate that ship inhibits akt primarily through regulation of akt membrane localization." SIGNOR-244406 PIK3CA protein P42336 UNIPROT AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" 9606 12167717 f lperfetto "PKB induction requires phosphorylation of two critical residues, threonine 308 in the activation loop and serine 473 near the carboxyl terminus. Membrane localization of PKB was found to be a primary determinant of serine 473 phosphorylation. PI3K activity was equally important for promoting phosphorylation of serine 473," SIGNOR-244429 MAPK14 protein Q16539 UNIPROT AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" 9606 12181443 f lperfetto "We show [] that the kinase activity and s473 phosphorylation of akt induced by lpa and s1p requires both mitogen-activated protein (map) kinase kinase (mek) and p38 map kinase. [] among different stimuli tested, platelet-derived growth factor stimulates s473 phosphorylation of akt in a mek- and p38-dependent manner. However, epidermal growth factor, thrombin, and endothelin-1?stimulated Akt s473 phosphorylation require p38 but not mek." SIGNOR-244465 INPPL1 protein O15357 UNIPROT AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT down-regulates 9606 BTO:0000776 10942391 f gcesareni "Taken together, the data presented here demonstrate that ship inhibits akt primarily through regulation of akt membrane localization." SIGNOR-80706 PTEN protein P60484 UNIPROT AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" 9606 BTO:0001332 19903340 f lperfetto "PTEN-mediated suppression of the PI3K/AKT pathway is well established, accumulating evidence suggests that nuclear PTEN also plays a critical role in tumor suppression" SIGNOR-189105 PIK3CA protein P42336 UNIPROT AKT2 protein P31751 UNIPROT up-regulates 9606 BTO:0000586 16293724 f gcesareni "We show that pge2 stimulates colon cancer cell growth through its heterotrimeric guanine nucleotide-binding protein (g protein)coupled receptor, ep2, by a signaling route that involves the activation of phosphoinositide 3-kinase and the protein kinase akt by free g protein bg subunits and the direct association of the g protein as subunit with the regulator of g protein signaling (rgs) domain of axin." SIGNOR-141814 estradiol smallmolecule CID:5757 PUBCHEM AKT2 protein P31751 UNIPROT up-regulates 9606 BTO:0000150 12554767 f gcesareni "Treatment of cells with estradiol resulted in phosphorylation of akt and a 9-fold increase in akt activity in 10 min." SIGNOR-97798 MAPK14 protein Q16539 UNIPROT MAPK10 protein P53779 UNIPROT down-regulates 9606 20626350 f gcesareni "Jnk and p38 mapk activation have antagonistic effects in many cases. Froma a mechanicistic point of view, the p38 mapk pathway can negatively regulate jnk activity at the level of map3ks, either by phosphorylating mlk3 or the tak1 regulatory subunit tab1" SIGNOR-166608 AT-406 chemical CID:25022340 PUBCHEM BIRC3 protein Q13489 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-189957 SMAD3/SMAD4 complex SIGNOR-C9 SIGNOR "M2 polarization" phenotype SIGNOR-PH55 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 BTO:0000801 22703233 f lperfetto "Our results establish a novel biological role for TGFbeta signaling in controlling expression of genes characteristic for alternatively activated macrophages. We speculate that lack of TbetaRII signaling reduces the anti-inflammatory M2 phenotype of macrophages because of reduced expression of these products." SIGNOR-249551 MYOD1 protein P15172 UNIPROT PJA1 protein Q8NG27 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity" "transcriptional activation" 10090 BTO:0000165 28067271 t "... chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) analysis showed MYOD binds to a site upstream the Pja1 promoter preferentially in C2C12 cells induced to differentiate (Fig. 2c). In addition, over-expression of MyoD in human fibroblasts is sufficient to up-regulate Pja1 expression" SIGNOR-255718 EZH2 protein Q15910 UNIPROT "Skeletal Muscle Differentiation" phenotype SIGNOR-PH1 SIGNOR "down-regulates activity" "transcriptional repression" 10090 BTO:0002314 15520282 f "We report that Ezh2 expression was developmentally regulated in the myotome compartment of mouse somites and that its down-regulation coincided with activation of muscle gene expression and differentiation of satellite-cell-derived myoblasts" SIGNOR-255719 PtsIns(3,4,5)P3 smallmolecule CID:24755492 PUBCHEM AKT3 protein Q9Y243 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 21779497 t gcesareni "When active, pi3k converts phosphatidylinositol (4,5)-bisphosphate (pip2) into phosphatidylinositol (3,4,5)-trisphosphate (pip3). Pip3, in turn, binds the pleckstrin homology (ph) domain of akt/pkb, stimulating its kinase activity, resulting in the phosphorylation of a host of other proteins that affect cell growth, cell cycle entry, and cell survival." SIGNOR-175250 MACF1 protein Q9UPN3 UNIPROT AXIN1 protein O15169 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" 9606 BTO:0000938 16815997 f gcesareni "In the absence of wnt, macf1 associated with a complex that contained axin, betBeta-catenin, gsk3beta, and apc. Upon wnt stimulation, macf1 appeared to be involved in the translocation and subsequent binding of the axin complex to lrp6 at the cell membrane. Macf1 is involved in the translocation of the complex containing axin, Beta-catenin, and gsk3_ but not apc from the cytosol to the cell membrane, where axin and macf1 bind to lrp-5/6. Subsequently, gsk3_ is inactivated by phosphorylation, axin is degraded, and Beta-catenin is released and enters the nucleus, where it can activate the wnt-responsive genes." SIGNOR-147448 MAPK8 protein P45983 UNIPROT BAX protein Q07812 UNIPROT up-regulates 9606 15071501 f "JNK-mediated phosphorylation of 14-3-3 at Ser184 reduces its affinity for Bax." gcesareni "We demonstrate that jnk-mediated phosphorylation of 14-3-3 induces the release of bax from 14-3-3 and triggers its translocation to the mitochondria here we demonstrate that activated jnk promotes bax translocation to mitochondria through phosphorylation of 14-3-3, a cytoplasmic anchor of bax. Phosphorylation of 14-3-3 led to dissociation of bax from this protein." SIGNOR-124012 AIFM1 protein O95831 UNIPROT BAX protein Q07812 UNIPROT up-regulates 9606 21210296 f gcesareni "Permeabilization of the outer mitochondrial membrane allows the leakage of at least five apoptotic mediators from the mitochondrial intermembrane space, such as cyt c, (diablo/diablo), htra2/omi, apoptosis-inducing factors (aif), and endonuclease g. Such modifications result in their activation and translocation to outer mitochondrial membrane (omm) which helps it to interact with multidomain pro-apototic members, bax/baklike proteins, leading to their oligomerization and formation of pore." SIGNOR-170960 FOXO3 protein O43524 UNIPROT MIR1-1 mirna MI0000651 miRBase "up-regulates quantity" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 BTO:0000165 19933931 t "The activation state of the IGF-1 signal transduction cascade reciprocally regulates miR-1 expression through the Foxo3a transcription factor;" SIGNOR-255720 MIR1-1 mirna MI0000651 miRBase IGF1 protein P05019 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity" "post transcriptional regulation" 10090 BTO:0000165 19933931 t "On the basis of bioinformatics tools, biochemical assays, and in vivo models, we demonstrate that (1) insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) and IGF-1 receptor are targets of miR-1" SIGNOR-255721 UNII-XH2662798I chemical CID:16156006 PUBCHEM CDK1 protein P06493 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 20068082 t gcesareni "Cdk1/cdc2 activation involves tyr15/thr14 dephosphorylation, regulated by wee1- and myt1-mediated phosphorylation and cdc25c-mediated dephosphorylation. Cdc25a may also be involved in cdk1 dephosphorylation in the g2/m-phase checkpoint." SIGNOR-163127 NAMPT protein P43490 UNIPROT "coenzyme I" smallmolecule CID:15938971 PUBCHEM "up-regulates quantity" "small molecule catalysis" 9606 12555668 t gcesareni "Pre-B-cell colony-enhancing factor, whose expression is up-regulated in activated lymphocytes, is a nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase, a cytosolic enzyme involved in NAD biosynthesi" SIGNOR-238602 Lenalidomide chemical CID:216326 PUBCHEM CSNK1A1 protein P48729 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" 9606 BTO:0000670 26131937 f gcesareni "We demonstrate that lenalidomide induces the ubiquitination of casein kinase 1A1 (CK1a) by the E3 ubiquitin ligase CUL4€“RBX1€“DDB1€“CRBN (known as CRL4CRBN)" SIGNOR-236895 RAR proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF45 SIGNOR RXR proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF44 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 1310351 t miannu "Cellular responsiveness to retinoic acid and its metabolites is conferred through two structurally and pharmacologically distinct families of receptors: the retinoic acid receptors (RAR) and the retinoid X receptors (RXR). Here we report that the transcriptional activity of RAR and RXR can be reciprocally modulated by direct interactions between the two proteins." SIGNOR-256198 RXR proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF44 SIGNOR RAR proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF45 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 1310351 t miannu "Cellular responsiveness to retinoic acid and its metabolites is conferred through two structurally and pharmacologically distinct families of receptors: the retinoic acid receptors (RAR) and the retinoid X receptors (RXR). Here we report that the transcriptional activity of RAR and RXR can be reciprocally modulated by direct interactions between the two proteins." SIGNOR-256199 APC2 protein O95996 UNIPROT CTNNB1 protein P35222 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" relocalization 9606 BTO:0000038 10980707 t lperfetto "The tumour-suppressing activity of apc largely involves facilitating the proteasome-mediated degradation of b-cateninit is possible that once exported from the nucleus, apc directs b-catenin along the cytoskeletal network to sites of degradation." SIGNOR-81545 RARA protein P10276 UNIPROT CTNNB1 protein P35222 UNIPROT down-regulates 9606 BTO:0000150 10607566 f gcesareni "We shown that retinoic acid (ra) decreases the activity of the beta-catenin-lef/tcf signaling pathway" SIGNOR-73274 AKT2 protein P31751 UNIPROT CTNNB1 protein P35222 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser552 QDTQRRTsMGGTQQQ 9606 17287208 t lperfetto "Phosphorylation of beta-catenin by akt promotes beta-catenin transcriptional activitywe have demonstrated that akt phosphorylates beta-catenin at ser552 in vitro and in vivo." SIGNOR-152958 LRRK2 protein Q5S007 UNIPROT LRRK2 protein Q5S007 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr1969 DKASLTRtLQHRIAL 9606 BTO:0000938 19824698 t lperfetto "We identified ser1403, thr1404, thr1410, thr1491 located within the roc domain, as well as thr1967 and thr1969 in the kinase domain, as the autophosphorylation sites. Substitution of thr1967, an autophosphorylation site located within the kinase domain, to ala caused a significant decrease in the kinase activity" SIGNOR-188421 BCL2 protein P10415 UNIPROT CYCS protein P99999 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" 9606 BTO:0000567 12624108 f lperfetto "Bcl-2 blocked the release of mitochondrial cytochrome c" SIGNOR-99063 BID protein P55957 UNIPROT CYCS protein P99999 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" 9606 BTO:0000093 9727492 f "Translocation from Mitochondria to Cytosol" lperfetto "TBID induces first the clustering of mitochondria around the nuclei and release of cytochrome c." SIGNOR-59224 CASP8 protein Q14790 UNIPROT CYCS protein P99999 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" 9606 BTO:0000661 10364179 f "Translocation from Mitochondria to Cytosol" lperfetto "Caspase-8 triggered rapid cytochrome c release from mitochondria. The effect was indirect." SIGNOR-68225 BAX protein Q07812 UNIPROT CYCS protein P99999 UNIPROT up-regulates 9606 18097445 f gcesareni "This process of mitochondrial outer membrane permeabilization (momp) results in the release of cycs.it is commonly thought that bax and bak form pores in membranes" SIGNOR-160039 BAK1 protein Q16611 UNIPROT CYCS protein P99999 UNIPROT up-regulates 9606 18097445 f gcesareni "This process of mitochondrial outer membrane permeabilization (momp) results in the release of cycs. It is commonly thought that bax and bak form pores in membranes" SIGNOR-160036 BAK1 protein Q16611 UNIPROT DIABLO protein Q9NR28 UNIPROT up-regulates 9606 21210296 f gcesareni "Permeabilization of the outer mitochondrial membrane allows the leakage of at least five apoptotic mediators from the mitochondrial intermembrane space, such as cyt c, (diablo/diablo), htra2/omi, apoptosis-inducing factors (aif), and endonuclease g. Such modifications result in their activation and translocation to outer mitochondrial membrane (omm) which helps it to interact with multidomain pro-apototic members, bax/baklike proteins, leading to their oligomerization and formation of pore." SIGNOR-170963 BAX protein Q07812 UNIPROT DIABLO protein Q9NR28 UNIPROT up-regulates 9606 21210296 f gcesareni "Permeabilization of the outer mitochondrial membrane allows the leakage of at least five apoptotic mediators from the mitochondrial intermembrane space, such as cyt c,(diablo/diablo), htra2/omi, apoptosis-inducing factors (aif), and endonuclease g. Such modifications result in their activation and translocation to outer mitochondrial membrane (omm) which helps it to interact with multidomain pro-apototic members, bax/baklike proteins, leading to their oligomerization and formation of pore." SIGNOR-170969 BAK1 protein Q16611 UNIPROT ENDOG protein Q14249 UNIPROT up-regulates 9606 12941691 f gcesareni "We show that the mitochondrial outer-membrane permeabilization induced by bax-, tbid- or bax/bak-dependent pro-apoptotic drugs results in the release of cytochrome c, smac/diablo and htra2/omi, but that subsequent caspase activation is required to induce the translocation of endog in addition to aif into the cytosol." SIGNOR-86406 LRIG3 protein Q6UXM1 UNIPROT ERBB2 protein P04626 UNIPROT up-regulates 9606 23723069 f miannu "Lrig3 opposes lrig1 negative regulatory activity and stabilizes erbb receptors." SIGNOR-202180 LRIG1 protein Q96JA1 UNIPROT ERBB2 protein P04626 UNIPROT down-regulates 9606 23723069 f miannu "Lrig1 is a negative regulator of oncogenic receptor tyrosine kinases, including erbb and met receptors, and promotes receptor degradation." SIGNOR-202143 LRIG1 protein Q96JA1 UNIPROT ERBB4 protein Q15303 UNIPROT down-regulates 9606 23723069 f miannu "Lrig1 is a negative regulator of oncogenic receptor tyrosine kinases, including erbb and met receptors, and promotes receptor degradation." SIGNOR-202146 LRIG3 protein Q6UXM1 UNIPROT ERBB4 protein Q15303 UNIPROT up-regulates 9606 23723069 f miannu "Lrig3 opposes lrig1 negative regulatory activity and stabilizes erbb receptors." SIGNOR-202183 anisomycin chemical CID:253602 PUBCHEM FOS protein P01100 UNIPROT up-regulates "chemical activation" 9606 Other t CellSignaling gcesareni SIGNOR-189626 anisomycin chemical CID:253602 PUBCHEM FOSB protein P53539 UNIPROT up-regulates "chemical activation" 9606 Other t CellSignaling gcesareni SIGNOR-189629 RARA protein P10276 UNIPROT CCNA1 protein P78396 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0002136 11090075 t miannu "RARα is involved in the regulation of cyclin A1. Further studies using ligands selective for various retinoic acid receptors suggested that cyclin A1 expression is negatively regulated by activated RARα." SIGNOR-249636 ZIC1 protein Q15915 UNIPROT GLI1 protein P08151 UNIPROT up-regulates 9606 BTO:0002181 11238441 f fspada "Moreover, gli proteins were translocated to cell nuclei by coexpressed zic proteins, and both proteins regulated each others transcriptional activity.In Nih3t3 and 293t cells, both gli1 and gli3 proteins were located predominantly in the cytoplasm (fig. 2, c, d, h, k, l, and p). Coexpression of zic1 resulted in gli1 and gli3 proteins being translocated to the nucleus in varying levels (fig. 2, e and m)." SIGNOR-105494 ZIC1 protein Q15915 UNIPROT GLI3 protein P10071 UNIPROT up-regulates 9606 BTO:0002181 11238441 f fspada "Moreover, gli proteins were translocated to cell nuclei by coexpressed zic proteins, and both proteins regulated each others transcriptional activity.In Nih3t3 and 293t cells, both gli1 and gli3 proteins were located predominantly in the cytoplasm (fig. 2, c, d, h, k, l, and p). Coexpression of zic1 resulted in gli1 and gli3 proteins being translocated to the nucleus in varying levels (fig. 2, e and m)." SIGNOR-105500 MACF1 protein Q9UPN3 UNIPROT GSK3B protein P49841 UNIPROT down-regulates 9606 BTO:0000938 16815997 f gcesareni "In the absence of wnt, macf1 associated with a complex that contained axin, betBeta-catenin, gsk3beta, and apc. Upon wnt stimulation, macf1 appeared to be involved in the translocation and subsequent binding of the axin complex to lrp6 at the cell membrane. Macf1 is involved in the translocation of the complex containing axin, Beta-catenin, and gsk3_ but not apc from the cytosol to the cell membrane, where axin and macf1 bind to lrp-5/6. Subsequently, gsk3_ is inactivated by phosphorylation, axin is degraded, and Beta-catenin is released and enters the nucleus, where it can activate the wnt-responsive genes." SIGNOR-147451 RALA protein P11233 UNIPROT FOXO4 protein P98177 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr455 ALGTPVLtPPTEAAS 10090 BTO:0000944 11689711 t gcesareni "We conclude that Ral-mediated phosphorylation of threonines 447 and 451 is required for proper activity of AFX-WT." SIGNOR-249665 RALA protein P11233 UNIPROT FOXO4 protein P98177 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr451 PIPKALGtPVLTPPT 10090 BTO:0000944 11689711 t gcesareni "We conclude that Ral-mediated phosphorylation of threonines 447 and 451 is required for proper activity of AFX-WT." SIGNOR-248003 PML-RARα "fusion protein" SIGNOR-FP2 SIGNOR Proliferation phenotype SIGNOR-PH4 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 BTO:0001412 8394219 f "We expressed the PML-RARa protein in U937 myeloid precursor cells and showed that they lost the capacity to differentiate under the action of different stimuli (vitamin Ds and transforming growth factor pl), acquired enhanced sensitivity to retinoic acid, and exhibited a higher growth rate consequent to diminished apoptotic cell death." SIGNOR-255722 PML-RARα "fusion protein" SIGNOR-FP2 SIGNOR Differentiation phenotype SIGNOR-PH37 SIGNOR down-regulates 9606 BTO:0001412 8394219 f "We expressed the PML-RARa protein in U937 myeloid precursor cells and showed that they lost the capacity to differentiate under the action of different stimuli (vitamin Ds and transforming growth factor pl), acquired enhanced sensitivity to retinoic acid, and exhibited a higher growth rate consequent to diminished apoptotic cell death." SIGNOR-255723 PML-RARα "fusion protein" SIGNOR-FP2 SIGNOR Differentiation phenotype SIGNOR-PH37 SIGNOR down-regulates 9606 20966922 f "APL cells closely resemble normal promyelocytes, a specific stage of the granulocytic differentiation pathway, suggesting that PML–RARα blocks the normal myeloid differentiation programme." SIGNOR-255724 MACF1 protein Q9UPN3 UNIPROT GSK3B/Axin/APC complex SIGNOR-C110 SIGNOR "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" 9606 BTO:0000938 16815997 f lperfetto "In the absence of wnt, macf1 associated with a complex that contained axin, betBeta-catenin, gsk3beta, and apc. Upon wnt stimulation, macf1 appeared to be involved in the translocation and subsequent binding of the axin complex to lrp6 at the cell membrane. Macf1 is involved in the translocation of the complex containing axin, Beta-catenin, and gsk3_ but not apc from the cytosol to the cell membrane, where axin and macf1 bind to lrp-5/6. Subsequently, gsk3_ is inactivated by phosphorylation, axin is degraded, and Beta-catenin is released and enters the nucleus, where it can activate the wnt-responsive genes." SIGNOR-227997 MACF1 protein Q9UPN3 UNIPROT GSK3B/Axin/APC complex SIGNOR-C110 SIGNOR "down-regulates activity" 9606 BTO:0000938 16815997 f lperfetto "In the absence of wnt, macf1 associated with a complex that contained axin, betBeta-catenin, gsk3beta, and apc. Upon wnt stimulation, macf1 appeared to be involved in the translocation and subsequent binding of the axin complex to lrp6 at the cell membrane. Macf1 is involved in the translocation of the complex containing axin, Beta-catenin, and gsk3_ but not apc from the cytosol to the cell membrane, where axin and macf1 bind to lrp-5/6. Subsequently, gsk3_ is inactivated by phosphorylation, axin is degraded, and Beta-catenin is released and enters the nucleus, where it can activate the wnt-responsive genes." SIGNOR-228000 UNII-XH2662798I chemical CID:16156006 PUBCHEM H3F3A protein P84243 UNIPROT down-regulates 9606 20068082 f gcesareni "Pf-00477736 also significantly enhances docetaxel efficacy in vitro and in vivo, in association with decreased cdc25c cytoplasmic phosphorylation (ser216) and histone h3 phosphorylation (ser10)(42)." SIGNOR-163130 PPARG protein P37231 UNIPROT HDAC1 protein Q13547 UNIPROT down-regulates relocalization 9606 16431920 t fspada "These data suggest that c/ebp beta activates a single unified pathway of adipogenesis involving its stimulation of ppargamma expression, which then activates c/ebp alpha expression by dislodging hdac1 from the promoter for degradation in the proteasome" SIGNOR-143961 BCL2 protein P10415 UNIPROT HTRA2 protein O43464 UNIPROT down-regulates 9606 14585074 f amattioni "Bcl- confers protection to apoptosis by interference with bax/bak-mediated release of the pro-apoptotic mitochodrial factors smac/diablo and htra2/omi" SIGNOR-89189 BAK1 protein Q16611 UNIPROT HTRA2 protein O43464 UNIPROT up-regulates 9606 21210296 f gcesareni "Permeabilization of the outer mitochondrial membrane allows the leakage of at least five apoptotic mediators from the mitochondrial intermembrane space, such as cyt c, (diablo/diablo), htra2/omi, apoptosis-inducing factors (aif), and endonuclease g. Such modifications result in their activation and translocation to outer mitochondrial membrane (omm) which helps it to interact with multidomain pro-apototic members, bax/baklike proteins, leading to their oligomerization and formation of pore." SIGNOR-170966 GPER1 protein Q99527 UNIPROT "inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate" smallmolecule CID:439456 PUBCHEM up-regulates 9606 19549922 f gcesareni "Gpr30 also stimulates the pi3k pathway, elevating cellular pip3 levels, which is also predicted to activate nr5a receptors by direct binding of pip3 to the ligand binding domain ." SIGNOR-186206 INS protein P01308 UNIPROT IRS1 protein P35568 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" 10116 15069075 f lperfetto "Insulin receptor substrate-1 (IRS-1) was recently identified as a novel upstream substrate for the insulin-activated protein kinase C (PKC)-zeta. This interaction down-regulates insulin signal transduction under hyper-insulinemic conditions. To clarify the molecular mechanism of this feedback loop, we sought to identify the PKC-zeta phosphorylation sites of IRS-1 and to investigate their biological significance. Upon incubation of recombinant IRS-1 fragments with PKC-zeta, we identified Ser(318) of rat IRS-1 (Ser(323) in human IRS-1) as the major in vitro phosphorylation site" SIGNOR-236629 PML-RARα "fusion protein" SIGNOR-FP2 SIGNOR CCNA1 protein P78396 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional activation" 9606 BTO:0001412 11090075 f "Overexpression of cyclin A1 observed in APL cells is caused by the expression of the aberrant fusion proteins, PML-RARα and PLZF-RARα. PML-RARα itself can lead to activation of the cyclin A1 promoter.Since both fusion proteins disrupt the normal RARα function, our results strongly suggested that the RARα pathway negatively regulates the expression of cyclin A1 and that this negative regulation is disrupted by the aberrant fusion proteins." SIGNOR-255725 INS protein P01308 UNIPROT IRS1 protein P35568 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" 9606 17360977 f lperfetto "Research has focused on insulin receptor substrate (IRS)-1 as a locus for insulin resistance. Tyrosine phosphorylation of IRS-1 initiates insulin signaling, whereas serine/threonine phosphorylation alters the ability of IRS-1 to transduce the insulin signal. Insulin increased the phosphorylation of Ser312, Ser616, Ser636, Ser892, Ser1101, and Ser1223" SIGNOR-236737 rapamycin chemical CID:5284616 PUBCHEM IRS1 protein P35568 UNIPROT up-regulates 9606 16452206 f gcesareni "The mtor inhibitory drug rapamycin up-regulates irs-1 protein levels and induces akt phosphorylation, protein kinase activity, and downstream signaling." SIGNOR-144159 PIK3CA protein P42336 UNIPROT IRS1 protein P35568 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" 9606 11160134 f lperfetto "Ly294002 or wortmannin were used to determine whether pi 3-kinasedependent pathways mediate ser307 phosphorylation during insulin/igf-1 or TNF-alpha Stimulation. As expected, the pi-3 kinase inhibitors ly294002 or wortmannin inhibited activation of pkb/akt in insulin or igf-1 stimulated 3t3-l1 preadipocytes, but were without effect on erk1/2. these results suggest that elements of the pi 3-kinase cascade mediate insulin/igf-1stimulated phosphorylation of ser307" SIGNOR-104911 anisomycin chemical CID:253602 PUBCHEM JUN protein P05412 UNIPROT up-regulates "chemical activation" 9606 Other t CellSignaling gcesareni SIGNOR-189632 anisomycin chemical CID:253602 PUBCHEM JUNB protein P17275 UNIPROT up-regulates "chemical activation" 9606 Other t "CellSignaling;phospho-JunB (Thr102/Thr104) (D3C6) Rabbit mAb #8053" gcesareni SIGNOR-189644 anisomycin chemical CID:253602 PUBCHEM JUND protein P17535 UNIPROT up-regulates "chemical activation" 9606 Other t CellSignaling gcesareni SIGNOR-189672 GRB2 protein P62993 UNIPROT KIT protein P10721 UNIPROT down-regulates 9606 BTO:0001271 17904548 f miannu "Grb2 mediates c-kit degradation through recruitment of cbl to c-kit, leading to ubiquitination of c-kit followed by internalization and degradation" SIGNOR-157956 "Sphingosine 1-phosphate" smallmolecule CID:5283560 PUBCHEM LATS1 protein O95835 UNIPROT down-regulates 9606 BTO:0000007 22863277 f milica "Serum-borne lysophosphatidic acid (lpa) and sphingosine 1-phosphophate (s1p) act through g12/13-coupled receptors to inhibit the hippo pathway kinases lats1/2, thereby activating yap and taz transcription coactivators, which are oncoproteins repressed by lats1/2." SIGNOR-198550 "lysophosphatidic acid" smallmolecule CID:5497152 PUBCHEM LATS1 protein O95835 UNIPROT down-regulates 10090 BTO:0002572 22863277 f milica "Serum-borne lysophosphatidic acid (lpa) and sphingosine 1-phosphophate (s1p) act through g12/13-coupled receptors to inhibit the hippo pathway kinases lats1/2, thereby activating yap and taz transcription coactivators, which are oncoproteins repressed by lats1/2." SIGNOR-198517 epinephrine smallmolecule CID:5816 PUBCHEM LATS1 protein O95835 UNIPROT up-regulates 9606 23075495 f gcesareni "On the other hand, galfas-coupled signals, such as epinephrine and glucagon, induce kinase activity of lats1/2, leading to phosphorylation and yap/taz." SIGNOR-199196 "Sphingosine 1-phosphate" smallmolecule CID:5283560 PUBCHEM LATS2 protein Q9NRM7 UNIPROT down-regulates 9606 BTO:0000007 22863277 f milica "Serum-borne lysophosphatidic acid (lpa) and sphingosine 1-phosphophate (s1p) act through g12/13-coupled receptors to inhibit the hippo pathway kinases lats1/2, thereby activating yap and taz transcription coactivators, which are oncoproteins repressed by lats1/2." SIGNOR-198553 "lysophosphatidic acid" smallmolecule CID:5497152 PUBCHEM LATS2 protein Q9NRM7 UNIPROT down-regulates 10090 BTO:0002572 22863277 f milica "Serum-borne lysophosphatidic acid (lpa) and sphingosine 1-phosphophate (s1p) act through g12/13-coupled receptors to inhibit the hippo pathway kinases lats1/2, thereby activating yap and taz transcription coactivators, which are oncoproteins repressed by lats1/2." SIGNOR-198520 epinephrine smallmolecule CID:5816 PUBCHEM LATS2 protein Q9NRM7 UNIPROT up-regulates 9606 23075495 f gcesareni "On the other hand, galfas-coupled signals, such as epinephrine and glucagon, induce kinase activity of lats1/2, leading to phosphorylation and yap/taz." SIGNOR-199199 LRIG1 protein Q96JA1 UNIPROT LRIG3 protein Q6UXM1 UNIPROT down-regulates 9606 23723069 f miannu "Lrig1 destabilizes lrig3, limiting lrig3's positive effects on receptors and identifying lrig3 as a new target of lrig1." SIGNOR-202177 MACF1 protein Q9UPN3 UNIPROT LRP6 protein O75581 UNIPROT up-regulates 9606 BTO:0000938 16815997 f gcesareni "Upon wnt stimulation, macf1 appeared to be involved in the translocation and subsequent binding of the axin complex to lrp6 at the cell membrane." SIGNOR-147454 PEA15 protein Q15121 UNIPROT MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT down-regulates 9606 11702783 f gcesareni "Here, we report that pea-15, a protein variably expressed in multiple cell types, blocks erk-dependent transcription and proliferation by binding erks and preventing their localization in the nucleus._ Pea-15 can redirect the biological outcome of map kinase signaling by regulating the subcellular localization of erk map kinase." SIGNOR-111499 CDON protein Q4KMG0 UNIPROT MAPK14 protein Q16539 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000222 18678706 t lperfetto "During myoblast differentiation, the promyogenic cell surface receptor cdo binds to the p38alpha/beta pathway scaffold protein jlp and, via jlp, p38alpha/beta itself" SIGNOR-179867 PEA15 protein Q15121 UNIPROT MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT down-regulates 9606 11702783 f gcesareni "Here, we report that pea-15, a protein variably expressed in multiple cell types, blocks erk-dependent transcription and proliferation by binding erks and preventing their localization in the nucleus._ Pea-15 can redirect the biological outcome of map kinase signaling by regulating the subcellular localization of erk map kinase." SIGNOR-111502 U-0126 chemical CID:3006531 PUBCHEM MAPK7 protein Q13164 UNIPROT down-regulates 9606 11782488 f gcesareni "Bmk1activation by h2o2 was inhibited by both pd98059 and u0126, which were reported to inhibit mek5 as well as mek1/2." SIGNOR-113782 BMP4 protein P12644 UNIPROT MKL1 protein Q969V6 UNIPROT up-regulates 9606 21673106 f gcesareni "These results demonstrate that mrtf-a is essential for the bmp4-mediated induction of pri-mir-143/145 and mature mir-143/145, whereas tgf- -mediated induction of mir-143/145 requires myocd. Mrtf-a is primarily localized in the cytoplasm in unstimulated cells;upon stimulation with bmp4, mrtf-a translocates into the nucleus to promote changes in gene expression." SIGNOR-174124 PDZD8 protein Q8NEN9 UNIPROT MSN/PDZD8 complex SIGNOR-C61 SIGNOR "form complex" binding 9606 21549406 t miannu "These results demonstrated that both human moesin and its newly identified binding partner, pdzd8 had similar effects on host mt networks, suggesting that they are likely to function as part of a stable mt regulatory complex." SIGNOR-173650 MSN protein P26038 UNIPROT MSN/PDZD8 complex SIGNOR-C61 SIGNOR "form complex" binding 9606 21549406 t miannu "These results demonstrated that both human moesin and its newly identified binding partner, pdzd8 had similar effects on host mt networks, suggesting that they are likely to function as part of a stable mt regulatory complex." SIGNOR-173647 MAP3K7 protein O43318 UNIPROT NfKb-p65/p50 complex SIGNOR-C13 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" 9606 9480845 f lperfetto "Overexpression of tak1 together with its activator protein, tak1 binding protein 1 (tab1), induced the nuclear translocation of nf-kappa b p50/p65 heterodimer accompanied by the degradation of i kappa b alpha and i kappa b beta, and the expression of kappa b-dependent reporter gene...[]...These Results suggest that tak1 induces nf-kappa b activation through a novel nik-independent signaling pathway" SIGNOR-55710 TNF protein P01375 UNIPROT PIK3CB protein P42338 UNIPROT up-regulates 9606 10485710 f gcesareni "Tnf activates phosphatidylinositol-3-oh kinase (pi(3)k)." SIGNOR-70619 TNF protein P01375 UNIPROT PIK3CD protein O00329 UNIPROT up-regulates 9606 10485710 f gcesareni "Tnf activates phosphatidylinositol-3-oh kinase (pi(3)k)" SIGNOR-70622 PIK3C2A protein O00443 UNIPROT PLCG1 protein P19174 UNIPROT up-regulates 9606 9430633 f gcesareni "Activation of pi 3-kinase causes plc gamma ph domain-mediated membrane targeting and plc gamma activation." SIGNOR-54707 MAPK14 protein Q16539 UNIPROT PPARG protein P37231 UNIPROT up-regulates 9606 12589053 f fspada "Specific inhibitors for p38 kinase inhibited bmp2-induced adipocytic differentiation and transcriptional activation of ppargamma, whereas overexpression of smad6 had no effect on transcriptional activity of ppargamma. " SIGNOR-210090 metformin chemical CID:4091 PUBCHEM PRKAA1 protein Q13131 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" 10116 BTO:0000759 11602624 f gcesareni "Using a novel AMPK inhibitor, we find that AMPK activation is required for metformin€™s inhibitory effect on glucose production by hepatocytes. In isolated rat skeletal muscles, metformin stimulates glucose uptake coincident with AMPK activation" SIGNOR-241952 metformin chemical CID:4091 PUBCHEM PRKAA2 protein P54646 UNIPROT up-regulates 9606 11602624 f gcesareni "Here we report that metformin activates ampk in hepatocytes." SIGNOR-111034 PML-RARα "fusion protein" SIGNOR-FP2 SIGNOR CEBPA protein P49715 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 19797526 f "We therefore conclude that PML-RARα–mediated repression of C/EBPα is driven through a DNA methylation pathway. In accordance with this finding, a recent study in human APL samples described increased C/EBPα promoter methylation, consistent with the ability of PML-RARα to recruit corepressor complexes. Moreover, the PML-RARα effect on C/EBPα repression does not seem to be mediated via direct binding." SIGNOR-255726 TP53 protein P04637 UNIPROT NR4A3 protein Q92570 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional activation" 9606 BTO:0002552 30455429 f miannu "We showed that p53 directly bound the promoter of NR4A3 gene and induced its transcription. p53 transactivates the NR4A3 promoter in H1299 cells." SIGNOR-256200 SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT PROM1 protein O43490 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Tyr852 GYHKDHVyGIHNPVM 9606 19296573 t llicata "Cd133 (prominin-1) is phosphorylated on cytoplasmic tyrosine-828 and tyrosine-852 by src" SIGNOR-184776 PTEN protein P60484 UNIPROT PTEN protein P60484 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Thr383 HYRYSDTtDSDPENE 9606 BTO:0000007 22413754 t miannu "Overall, our results suggest that PTEN autodephosphorylation may be a critical event in this process; thus a major protein substrate for PTEN may be PTEN itself.|Various studies have demonstrated that PTEN is itself a phosphoprotein, and that the major sites of phosphorylation are found in an acidic stretch (DHYRYSDTTDSDPENE) near the C-terminus [1]. This prompted us to consider whether PTEN may autodephosphorylate these sites" SIGNOR-248545 PIK3R1 protein P27986 UNIPROT PtsIns(3,4,5)P3 smallmolecule CID:24755492 PUBCHEM "up-regulates quantity" 10116 21798082 f lperfetto "Phosphorylated irs then acts as docking site to recruit and activate phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (pi3k) which phosphorylates membrane phospholipids, generating phosphoinositide-3,4,5-triphosphate (pip3) from phosphoinositide-4,5-biphosphate. (pip2)." SIGNOR-175678 "Torin 2" chemical CID:51358113 PUBCHEM RPS6KB1 protein P23443 UNIPROT down-regulates 9606 BTO:0000551 23436801 f gcesareni "Torin2 inhibited mtorc1-dependent t389 phosphorylation on s6k (rps6kb1)" SIGNOR-201502 TGFB1 protein P01137 UNIPROT SKP2 protein Q13309 UNIPROT down-regulates 9606 21212736 f gcesareni "Skp2, a f-box protein that determines the substrate specificity for scf ubiquitin ligase, has recently been demonstrated to be degraded by cdh1/apc in response to tgfbeta signaling." SIGNOR-171013 EXOC7 protein Q9UPT5 UNIPROT SLC2A4 protein P14672 UNIPROT up-regulates 9606 12687004 f gcesareni "So, the exocyst might have a crucial role in the targeting of the glut4 vesicle to the plasma membrane, perhaps directing the vesicle to the precise site of fusion" SIGNOR-100242 PML-RARα "fusion protein" SIGNOR-FP2 SIGNOR ID1 protein P41134 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional activation" 9606 BTO:0000972 18025157 f "We show that the ID1 and ID2 promoters are activated by PML-RARα but, unexpectedly, not by wild-type RARα/RXR. In contrast, PML-RARα transactivated the promoter more than 12-fold in an ATRA-dependent fashion." SIGNOR-255728 TBC1D4 protein O60343 UNIPROT SLC2A4 protein P14672 UNIPROT down-regulates 9606 12637568 f gcesareni "These findings strongly indicate that insulin-stimulated phosphorylation of as160 is required for glut4 translocation and that this phosphorylation signals translocation through inactivation of the rab gap function." SIGNOR-99303 PML-RARα "fusion protein" SIGNOR-FP2 SIGNOR SP1 protein P08047 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding -1 18025157 t "We show that PML-RARα physically interacts with Sp1 in the absence of DNA. In this report, we show that PML-RARα interacts with Sp1 and may interfere with the expression of genes that are not normally regulated by retinoic acid receptors." SIGNOR-255729 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT SLC2A4 protein P14672 UNIPROT up-regulates 9606 20231899 f gcesareni "An erk pharmacological inhibitor, pd98059, and the pld inhibitor, 1-btoh, both attenuate (14)c-glucose uptake in muscle cells. Finally, the extracellular stresses caused by glucose deprivation or aminoimidazole carboxamide ribonucleotide (aicar;ampk activator) regulate (14)c-glucose uptake and cell surface glucose transport (glut) 4 through erk stimulation by ampk-mediated pld1 activation." SIGNOR-164286 RHOQ protein P17081 UNIPROT SLC2A4 protein P14672 UNIPROT up-regulates 9606 12242347 f gcesareni "Tc10 is activated afte rinsulin stimulation, and its activation is required for insulin-stimulated glucose uptake and glut4 translocation" SIGNOR-93117 NR4A3 protein Q92570 UNIPROT Proliferation phenotype SIGNOR-PH4 SIGNOR down-regulates 9606 BTO:0000815;BTO:0002552 30455429 f miannu "NR4A3 exhibits p53-independent anti-proliferative functions. Ectopic expression of NR4A3 inhibits the growth of MDA-MB-231 and H1299 cancer cell lines." SIGNOR-256201 "okadaic acid" chemical CID:446512 PUBCHEM STK3 protein Q13188 UNIPROT up-regulates 9606 23493077 f gcesareni "Okadaic acid has been frequently used to enhance the phosphorylation of mst1 and mst2 and to trigger the activation of the hippo pathway." SIGNOR-201551 "okadaic acid" chemical CID:446512 PUBCHEM STK4 protein Q13043 UNIPROT up-regulates 9606 23493077 f gcesareni "Okadaic acid has been frequently used to enhance the phosphorylation of mst1 and mst2 and to trigger the activation of the hippo pathway." SIGNOR-201554 INS protein P01308 UNIPROT TRIP10 protein Q15642 UNIPROT up-regulates 9606 12242347 f gcesareni "The specific interaction of active tc10 with cip4 2 suggested thatinsulinmight induce a change in the subcellular localization of cip4 2" SIGNOR-93062 dobutamine chemical CID:36811 PUBCHEM YAP1 protein P46937 UNIPROT down-regulates 9606 23431053 f "These results suggest that the activity of YAP/TAZ can be either up-regulated or down-regulated by GPCR signaling,depending on which Galfa protein is activated" gcesareni "Dobutamine is an agonist for the beta1 adrenergic receptor, which likely inhibits yap by activating gaalfas." SIGNOR-201259 CTNND1 protein O60716 UNIPROT ZBTB33 protein Q86T24 UNIPROT down-regulates 9606 23481205 f gcesareni "Nuclear signaling is affected by the interaction ofp120with kaiso, a transcription factor regulatingwnt-responsive genes. in addition, p120 cytoplasmic localization results in sequestration of kaiso in the cytoplasm and its inactivation" SIGNOR-192369 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR FOXO1 protein Q12778 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" phosphorylation 9606 21440011 t lperfetto "Phosphorylation of FoxOs by Akt inhibits transcriptional functions of FoxOs and contributes to cell survival, growth and proliferation.The PI3K/Akt signaling regulates cell proliferation and survival in part by phosphorylating FoxOs to promote their interaction with 14-3-3 protein that results in nuclear exclusion and eventual ubiquitin proteasome pathway (UPP)-dependent degradation of FoxOs" SIGNOR-252348 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR FOXO1 protein Q12778 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation 9606 21798082 t lperfetto "Akt inactivates protein degradation by phosphorylating and thus repressing the transcription factors of the foxo family, and stimulates protein synthesis via the mammalian target of rapamycin (mtor) and glycogen synthase kinase 3b (gsk3b)." SIGNOR-252352 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR FOXO1 protein Q12778 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser319 TFRPRTSsNASTISG 9606 11237865 t lperfetto "The transcription factor, forkhead in rhabdomyosarcoma (fkhr), is phosphorylated at three amino acid residues (thr-24, ser-256 and ser-319) by protein kinase b (pkb)alpha.Fkhr (forkhead in rhabdomyosarcoma), afx (all1 fused gene from chromosome x) and fkhrl1 (fkhr-like 1) are phosphorylated directly by pkb in cells, preventing them from stimulating gene transcription and leading to their exit from the nucleus" SIGNOR-252349 PTEN protein P60484 UNIPROT PTEN protein P60484 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Thr382 DHYRYSDtTDSDPEN 9606 BTO:0000007 22413754 t miannu "Overall, our results suggest that PTEN autodephosphorylation may be a critical event in this process; thus a major protein substrate for PTEN may be PTEN itself.|Various studies have demonstrated that PTEN is itself a phosphoprotein, and that the major sites of phosphorylation are found in an acidic stretch (DHYRYSDTTDSDPENE) near the C-terminus [1]. This prompted us to consider whether PTEN may autodephosphorylate these sites" SIGNOR-248546 GSK3B protein P49841 UNIPROT PDX1 protein P52945 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity" phosphorylation Ser272 LSASPQPsSVAPRRP 10090 BTO:0002284 19833727 t "We show that glucose levels modulate PDX1 protein phosphorylation at a novel C-terminal GSK3 consensus that maps to serines 268 and 272. A decrease in glucose levels triggers increased turnover of the PDX1 protein in a GSK3-dependent manner, such that PDX1 phosphomutants are refractory to the destabilizing effect of low glucose" SIGNOR-255567 CEBPB protein P17676 UNIPROT PPARG protein P37231 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 BTO:0001103 7557387 t "Andrea Cerquone Perpetuini" " Induction of C/EBP beta DNA-binding activity in NIH-3T3 beta 2 cells exposed to dexamethasone in the presence of insulin and fetal bovine serum activates the expression of an adipocyte-specific nuclear hormone receptor, PPAR gamma, that stimulates the conversion of these fibroblasts into committed preadipocytes" SIGNOR-255730 CEBPB protein P17676 UNIPROT SREBF1 protein P36956 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 BTO:0001169 22355693 t "These results show that GSK3β is involved in regulating phosphorylation and activation of C/EBPβ and that this transcription factor is required to transactivate srebf1a expression, leading to the early steps of adipogenesis" SIGNOR-251645 rosiglitazone chemical CID:77999 PUBCHEM PPARG protein P37231 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 10090 BTO:0004058 7768881 t "An antidiabetic thiazolidinedione is a high affinity ligand for peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPAR gamma)" SIGNOR-251646 EGR2 protein P11161 UNIPROT CEBPB protein P17676 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 16054051 t fspada "Ectopic expression of krox20 can transactivate the c/ebpbeta promoter and increase c/ebpbeta gene expression in 3t3-l1 preadipocytes" SIGNOR-139292 SHOC2 protein Q9UQ13 UNIPROT PPP1CA protein P62136 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000007 16630891 t "Using a proteomics approach, we have identified a complex comprised of Shoc2/Sur-8 and the catalytic subunit of protein phosphatase 1 (PP1c) as a highly specific M-Ras effector. M-Ras targets Shoc2-PP1c to stimulate Raf activity by dephosphorylating the S259 inhibitory site" SIGNOR-251647 RUNX2 protein Q13950 UNIPROT "Osteoblast Differentiation" phenotype SIGNOR-PH9 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 BTO:0001103 9182762 f gcesareni "This study identifies Osf2/Cbfa1 as an osteoblast-specific transcription factor and as a regulator of osteoblast differentiation" SIGNOR-255731 PIM proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF34 SIGNOR Apoptosis phenotype SIGNOR-PH2 SIGNOR down-regulates 9606 BTO:0000574 16146838 f miannu "The results of 2 microarray experiments demonstrated that the aberrant activation of STAT proteins by Flt3-ITDs resulted in the up-regulation of several STAT5-responsive genes, such as Pim-1, Pim-2, and members of the SOCS (suppressor of cytokine signaling) protein family. These results are particularly interesting because recent data point to an important role of Pim kinases in the antiapoptosis of hematopoietic cells." SIGNOR-255732 RIT1 protein Q92963 UNIPROT BRAF protein P15056 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 10090 BTO:0000944 23791108 t "It is possible that RIT1 interacts with RAF1 and that gain-of-function mutations in RIT1 and RAF1 exert similar effects in heart development." SIGNOR-251650 PRKDC protein P78527 UNIPROT PRKDC protein P78527 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr2609 LTPMFVEtQASQGTL 9606 BTO:0000773 12186630 t lperfetto "We have identified seven in vitro autophosphorylation sites in DNA-PKcs. Six of these sites (Thr2609, Ser2612, Thr2620, Ser2624, Thr2638 and Thr2647) are clustered in a region of 38 amino acids in the central region of the protein. Five of these sites (Thr2609, Ser2612, Thr2638, Thr2647 and Ser3205) are conserved between six vertebrate species. Moreover, we show that DNA-PKcs is phosphorylated in vivo at Thr2609, Ser2612, Thr2638 and Thr2647 in okadaic acid-treated human cells. | Thus phosphorylation of DNA-PKcs at one or more of the autophosphorylation sites identified in this study is likely to be required for DNA-PKcs function." SIGNOR-249154 PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT PFKFB2 protein O60825 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr475 TPLSSSNtIRRPRNY -1 1322130 t lperfetto "The phosphorylation sites for both cAMP-dependent protein kinase and protein kinase C were located in a single peptide whose sequence was Arg-Arg-Asn-Ser-(P)-Phe-Thr-Pro-Leu-Ser-Ser-Ser-Asn-Thr(P)-Ile-Arg-Arg-Pro. The seryl residue nearest the N terminus was the residue specifically phosphorylated by cAMP-dependent protein kinase, whereas the threonine residue nearest the C terminus was phosphorylated by protein kinase C. | Phosphorylation of bovine heart Fru-6-P,B-kinase by either protein kinase C or CAMP-dependent protein kinase results in activation of the enzyme." SIGNOR-248844 PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT GJB1 protein P08034 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser233 NPPSRKGsGFGHRLS 8390988 t lperfetto "Phosphorylation of connexin-32 by protein kinase C prevents its proteolysis by mu-calpain and m-calpain. |In agreement with other authors (see Saez et al., 1990b), we have found that phosphorylation of connexin-32 by protein kinase A and protein kinase C occurs in serine residues, although we have detected trace amounts of phosphothreonine in connexin-32 phosphorylated by protein kinase C (results not shown). Indeed, Se233 has been shown to be the major phosphorylation site catalyzed by protein kinase A. However, Ser233, Ser239, and perhaps other serines are phosphorylated by protein kinase C (Saez et al., 1990b)." SIGNOR-248920 YY1 protein P25490 UNIPROT NOTCH1 protein P46531 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000664 12913000 t "Taken together, these results indicate that transcription factor YY1 may modulate Notch signaling via association with the high molecular weight Notch complex [..] both YY1 and N1IC were present in a large complex of the nucleus to suppress the luciferase reporter activity transactivated by Notch signaling." SIGNOR-251654 ERK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF1 SIGNOR AP1 complex SIGNOR-C154 SIGNOR up-regulates phosphorylation Thr331 CTPVVTCtPSCTAYT 9606 12972619 t lperfetto "In a previous study we have observed that exposure of nih 3t3 cells to pdgf or serum leads to c-fos phosphorylation by erk on specific residues, thr232, thr325, thr331, and ser374, within the cooh-terminal c-fos tad we have recently shown that erk phosphorylates multiple residues within the carboxylterminal transactivation domain (tad) of c-fos, thus resulting in its increased transcriptional activity." SIGNOR-252353 MAPK8 protein P45983 UNIPROT AP1 complex SIGNOR-C154 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser63 KNSDLLTsPDVGLLK 9534 BTO:0004055 8137421 t lperfetto "The jnk-mediated phosphorylation of both ser63 and ser73 within the transactivation domain of c-jun potentiates its transcriptional activity." SIGNOR-252354 MAPK8 protein P45983 UNIPROT AP1 complex SIGNOR-C154 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser73 VGLLKLAsPELERLI 9534 BTO:0000298 8137421 t miannu "JNK1 binds to the c-Jun transactivation domain and phosphorylates it on Ser-63 and Ser-73. The effect on AP-1 transcriptional activity results, in part, from enhanced phosphorylation of the c-Jun NH2-terminal activation domain." SIGNOR-252355 PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT MBP protein P02686 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser141 MASQKRPsQRHGSKY -1 2413024 t lperfetto "MBP was phosphorylated by either protein kinase A or C | Subsequent amino acid analysis and/or sequential Edman degradation of the purified phosphopeptides, together with the known primary sequence of this protein, revealed that Ser-46 and Ser-151 were specifically phosphorylated by protein kinase C, whereas Thr-34 and Ser-115 were phosphorylated preferentially by protein kinase A. Both kinases reacted with Ser-8, Ser-11, Ser-55, Ser-110, Ser-132, and Ser-161 at various reaction velocities." SIGNOR-248869 STAT5A protein P42229 UNIPROT PIM proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF34 SIGNOR "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0004479 29507660 f irozzo "FLT3-ITD is the most frequent tyrosine kinase mutation in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) associated with poor prognosis. We previously reported that activation of STAT5 confers resistance to PI3K/Akt inhibitors on the FLT3-ITD-positive AML cell line MV4-11 and 32D cells driven by FLT3-ITD (32D/ITD) but not by FLT3 mutated in the tyrosine kinase domain (32D/TKD). Here, we report the involvement of Pim kinases expressed through STAT5 activation in acquisition of this resistance." SIGNOR-255733 PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT NOS1 protein P29475 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation -1 1375933 t miannu "NOS is stoichiometrically phosphorylated by PKA, PKC, and CaMK, with each enzyme predominantly phosphorylating a distinct serine. CPT-CAMP has no effect on NOS activity" SIGNOR-250021 CSNK2A2 protein P19784 UNIPROT CTDP1 protein Q9Y5B0 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser740 TKAQRENsPAAFPDR 9606 BTO:0000567 12591939 t llicata "We found that only phosphorylated FCP1 can physically interact with TFIIF. We set out to purify an FCP1 kinase from HeLa cells and identified casein kinase 2, which, surprisingly, displayed a negative effect on FCP1-associated activities.| Phosphorylation of FCP1 by CK2 Inhibits the Transcription Elongation Activity of FCP1. | Two in vivo phosphorylation sites within the C terminus of FCP1 at Ser-575 and Ser-740 were identified" SIGNOR-250986 CSNK2A2 protein P19784 UNIPROT CTDP1 protein Q9Y5B0 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser575 AGESLDQsMEEEEEE 9606 BTO:0000567 12591939 t llicata "We found that only phosphorylated FCP1 can physically interact with TFIIF. We set out to purify an FCP1 kinase from HeLa cells and identified casein kinase 2, which, surprisingly, displayed a negative effect on FCP1-associated activities.| Phosphorylation of FCP1 by CK2 Inhibits the Transcription Elongation Activity of FCP1. | Two in vivo phosphorylation sites within the C terminus of FCP1 at Ser-575 and Ser-740 were identified" SIGNOR-250985 CSNK2A2 protein P19784 UNIPROT CDC37 protein Q16543 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser13 VWDHIEVsDDEDETH -1 12930845 t llicata "Phosphorylation of serine 13 is required for the proper function of the Hsp90 co-chaperone, Cdc37. | In this report, we demonstrate that mammalian Cdc37 is phosphorylated on Ser13 in situ in rabbit reticulocyte lysate and in cultured K562 cells and that casein kinase II is capable of quantitatively phosphorylating recombinant Cdc37 at this site." SIGNOR-250982 CDK2 protein P24941 UNIPROT MYBL2 protein P10244 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr405 VGGSGIGtPPSVLKR BTO:0000007 10593981 t llicata "Ten phosphorylation sites carboxyl-terminal to the DNA-binding domain were identified by this method: threonines at positions 267, 408, 497, 519, 522, and 524 and serines at positions 283, 396, 455, and 581. | Our results indicate that B-Myb can be phosphorylated in a cell-free system by both cyclin A-Cdk2 and cyclin E-Cdk2 complexes. | These data suggest that B-Myb is a target for phosphorylation by cyclin-Cdk2 and that phosphorylation of B-Myb regulates its transcriptional activity." SIGNOR-250737 CDK2 protein P24941 UNIPROT MYBL2 protein P10244 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr266 TDLDAVRtPEPLEEF BTO:0000007 10593981 t llicata "Ten phosphorylation sites carboxyl-terminal to the DNA-binding domain were identified by this method: threonines at positions 267, 408, 497, 519, 522, and 524 and serines at positions 283, 396, 455, and 581. | Our results indicate that B-Myb can be phosphorylated in a cell-free system by both cyclin A-Cdk2 and cyclin E-Cdk2 complexes. | These data suggest that B-Myb is a target for phosphorylation by cyclin-Cdk2 and that phosphorylation of B-Myb regulates its transcriptional activity." SIGNOR-250736 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT STMN1 protein P16949 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser38 SVPEFPLsPPKKKDL 9606 BTO:0000007 9731215 t lperfetto "Stress-induced stathmin phosphorylation is not de- pendent on ERK. Stathmin is also known to be phos- phorylated by ERK on Ser-25 and Ser-38 (17). Thus, it is possible that ERK phosphorylates stathmin in 293 cells|In subsequent reports (28, 29) it was shown that phosphorylation of stathmin blocks its ability to destabilize MTs." SIGNOR-249483 331771-20-1 chemical CID:9914412 PUBCHEM AURKB protein Q96GD4 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-207923 COL1A2 protein P08123 UNIPROT "ECM Synthesis" phenotype SIGNOR-PH8 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 11007770 f gcesareni "The present study was designed to further characterize tgfbeta up-regulation of col1a2 and more generally, to increase our understanding of the tgfbeta signaling pathway that controls ecm accumulation." SIGNOR-82405 ERK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF1 SIGNOR AP1 complex SIGNOR-C154 SIGNOR up-regulates phosphorylation Thr325 TELEPLCtPVVTCTP 9606 12972619 t lperfetto "In a previous study we have observed that exposure of nih 3t3 cells to pdgf or serum leads to c-fos phosphorylation by erk on specific residues, thr232, thr325, thr331, and ser374, within the cooh-terminal c-fos tad we have recently shown that erk phosphorylates multiple residues within the carboxylterminal transactivation domain (tad) of c-fos, thus resulting in its increased transcriptional activity." SIGNOR-252357 PRKCB protein P05771 UNIPROT PRKCB protein P05771 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Thr17 PSEGEEStVRFARKG -1 2377895 t lperfetto "Thus four peptides containing six major sites of intrapeptide autophosphorylation of protein kinase C have been identified. | Phosphoamino acid analyses indicated that only the NH2-terminal peptide contained phosphoserine. The modified residue was determined to be Ser16" SIGNOR-248868 CCNA1 protein P78396 UNIPROT Proliferation phenotype SIGNOR-PH4 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 BTO:0001884 15829981 f miannu "SiRNA mediated silencing of cyclin A1 in highly cyclin A1 expressing ML1 leukemic cells significantly slowed S phase entry, decreased proliferation and inhibited colony formation. " SIGNOR-255734 PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT MBP protein P02686 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser146 RPSQRHGsKYLATAS -1 2413024 t lperfetto "MBP was phosphorylated by either protein kinase A or C | Subsequent amino acid analysis and/or sequential Edman degradation of the purified phosphopeptides, together with the known primary sequence of this protein, revealed that Ser-46 and Ser-151 were specifically phosphorylated by protein kinase C, whereas Thr-34 and Ser-115 were phosphorylated preferentially by protein kinase A. Both kinases reacted with Ser-8, Ser-11, Ser-55, Ser-110, Ser-132, and Ser-161 at various reaction velocities." SIGNOR-248870 PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT GJB1 protein P08034 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser229 QRRSNPPsRKGSGFG -1 8390988 t lperfetto "Phosphorylation of connexin-32 by protein kinase C prevents its proteolysis by mu-calpain and m-calpain. |In agreement with other authors (see Saez et al., 1990b), we have found that phosphorylation of connexin-32 by protein kinase A and protein kinase C occurs in serine residues, although we have detected trace amounts of phosphothreonine in connexin-32 phosphorylated by protein kinase C (results not shown). Indeed, Se233 has been shown to be the major phosphorylation site catalyzed by protein kinase A. However, Ser233, Ser239, and perhaps other serines are phosphorylated by protein kinase C (Saez et al., 1990b)." SIGNOR-248919 CDK2 protein P24941 UNIPROT MYBL2 protein P10244 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser452 PVKTLPFsPSQFLNF BTO:0000007 10593981 t llicata "Ten phosphorylation sites carboxyl-terminal to the DNA-binding domain were identified by this method: threonines at positions 267, 408, 497, 519, 522, and 524 and serines at positions 283, 396, 455, and 581. | Our results indicate that B-Myb can be phosphorylated in a cell-free system by both cyclin A-Cdk2 and cyclin E-Cdk2 complexes. | These data suggest that B-Myb is a target for phosphorylation by cyclin-Cdk2 and that phosphorylation of B-Myb regulates its transcriptional activity." SIGNOR-250735 CDK2 protein P24941 UNIPROT MYBL2 protein P10244 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser393 RGELIPIsPSTEVGG BTO:0000007 10593981 t llicata "Ten phosphorylation sites carboxyl-terminal to the DNA-binding domain were identified by this method: threonines at positions 267, 408, 497, 519, 522, and 524 and serines at positions 283, 396, 455, and 581. | Our results indicate that B-Myb can be phosphorylated in a cell-free system by both cyclin A-Cdk2 and cyclin E-Cdk2 complexes. | These data suggest that B-Myb is a target for phosphorylation by cyclin-Cdk2 and that phosphorylation of B-Myb regulates its transcriptional activity." SIGNOR-250734 PRKDC protein P78527 UNIPROT PRKDC protein P78527 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser2624 QTRTQEGsLSARWPV -1 12186630 t lperfetto "We have identified seven in vitro autophosphorylation sites in DNA-PKcs. Six of these sites (Thr2609, Ser2612, Thr2620, Ser2624, Thr2638 and Thr2647) are clustered in a region of 38 amino acids in the central region of the protein. Five of these sites (Thr2609, Ser2612, Thr2638, Thr2647 and Ser3205) are conserved between six vertebrate species. Moreover, we show that DNA-PKcs is phosphorylated in vivo at Thr2609, Ser2612, Thr2638 and Thr2647 in okadaic acid-treated human cells. | Thus phosphorylation of DNA-PKcs at one or more of the autophosphorylation sites identified in this study is likely to be required for DNA-PKcs function." SIGNOR-249156 CAMKK1 protein Q8N5S9 UNIPROT CAMK1D protein Q8IU85 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr180 GKGDVMStACGTPGY BTO:0000567 12935886 t llicata "CaM-KIdelta exhibits Ca(2+)/CaM-dependent activity that is enhanced (approximately 30-fold) in vitro by phosphorylation of its Thr180 by CaM-K kinase (CaM-KK)alpha, consistent with detection of CaM-KIdelta-activating activity in HeLa cells. | This sustained activation of CaM-KIdelta was completely abolished by Thr180Ala mutation and inhibited by CaM-KK inhibitor, STO-609, indicating a functional CaM-KK/CaM-KIdelta cascade in HeLa cells." SIGNOR-250715 PRKDC protein P78527 UNIPROT PRKDC protein P78527 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser2612 MFVETQAsQGTLQTR 9606 BTO:0000773 12186630 t lperfetto "We have identified seven in vitro autophosphorylation sites in DNA-PKcs. Six of these sites (Thr2609, Ser2612, Thr2620, Ser2624, Thr2638 and Thr2647) are clustered in a region of 38 amino acids in the central region of the protein. Five of these sites (Thr2609, Ser2612, Thr2638, Thr2647 and Ser3205) are conserved between six vertebrate species. Moreover, we show that DNA-PKcs is phosphorylated in vivo at Thr2609, Ser2612, Thr2638 and Thr2647 in okadaic acid-treated human cells. | Thus phosphorylation of DNA-PKcs at one or more of the autophosphorylation sites identified in this study is likely to be required for DNA-PKcs function." SIGNOR-249155 PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT MBP protein P02686 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser190 RGAPKRGsGKDSHHP -1 2413024 t lperfetto "MBP was phosphorylated by either protein kinase A or C | Subsequent amino acid analysis and/or sequential Edman degradation of the purified phosphopeptides, together with the known primary sequence of this protein, revealed that Ser-46 and Ser-151 were specifically phosphorylated by protein kinase C, whereas Thr-34 and Ser-115 were phosphorylated preferentially by protein kinase A. Both kinases reacted with Ser-8, Ser-11, Ser-55, Ser-110, Ser-132, and Ser-161 at various reaction velocities." SIGNOR-248871 PRKDC protein P78527 UNIPROT PRKDC protein P78527 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser3205 TPLPEDNsMNVDQDG 9606 BTO:0000773 12186630 t lperfetto "We have identified seven in vitro autophosphorylation sites in DNA-PKcs. Six of these sites (Thr2609, Ser2612, Thr2620, Ser2624, Thr2638 and Thr2647) are clustered in a region of 38 amino acids in the central region of the protein. Five of these sites (Thr2609, Ser2612, Thr2638, Thr2647 and Ser3205) are conserved between six vertebrate species. Moreover, we show that DNA-PKcs is phosphorylated in vivo at Thr2609, Ser2612, Thr2638 and Thr2647 in okadaic acid-treated human cells. | Thus phosphorylation of DNA-PKcs at one or more of the autophosphorylation sites identified in this study is likely to be required for DNA-PKcs function." SIGNOR-249157 ERK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF1 SIGNOR AP1 complex SIGNOR-C154 SIGNOR up-regulates phosphorylation Ser374 PSSDSLSsPTLLAL 9606 12972619 t lperfetto "In a previous study we have observed that exposure of nih 3t3 cells to pdgf or serum leads to c-fos phosphorylation by erk on specific residues, thr232, thr325, thr331, and ser374, within the cooh-terminal c-fos tad we have recently shown that erk phosphorylates multiple residues within the carboxylterminal transactivation domain (tad) of c-fos, thus resulting in its increased transcriptional activity." SIGNOR-252358 CBFβ-MYH11 "fusion protein" SIGNOR-FP3 SIGNOR Differentiation phenotype SIGNOR-PH37 SIGNOR down-regulates 10090 BTO:0004793 10508507 f "The data reported here indicate that Cbfb-MYH11 blocks myeloid differentiation and predisposes mice to leukaemia." SIGNOR-255736 CBFβ-MYH11 "fusion protein" SIGNOR-FP3 SIGNOR TP53 protein P04637 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 10090 BTO:0002882 26387755 t "Here, we show that p53 activity is inhibited in inv(16)+ AML LSCs via interactions with the CBFβ-SMMHC (CM) fusion protein and histone deacetylase 8 (HDAC8).Altogether, these results indicate that CM fusion protein binds to p53 and impairs acetylation and activation of p53." SIGNOR-255737 CSNK2A1 protein P68400 UNIPROT CTDP1 protein Q9Y5B0 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser575 AGESLDQsMEEEEEE 9606 BTO:0000567 12591939 t llicata "We found that only phosphorylated FCP1 can physically interact with TFIIF. We set out to purify an FCP1 kinase from HeLa cells and identified casein kinase 2, which, surprisingly, displayed a negative effect on FCP1-associated activities.| Phosphorylation of FCP1 by CK2 Inhibits the Transcription Elongation Activity of FCP1. | Two in vivo phosphorylation sites within the C terminus of FCP1 at Ser-575 and Ser-740 were identified" SIGNOR-250844 PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT VTN protein P04004 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser397 NQNSRRPsRATWLSL -1 1706595 t miannu "Phosphorylation of vitronectin by protein kinase A is stoichiometric (approx. 1 mol/mol), that it is targeted to one site (Ser-378) at the C-terminal edge of the heparin-binding domain. gh the role of phosphorylation by PKA remains to be established, the identification of Ser-378 as the sole site for PKA action, and the proximity of the phosphorylation site to the point of cleavage that converts V75 into V65 10' focuses attention on a putative role for PKA in the modulation of this cleavage." SIGNOR-250072 CLK1 protein P49759 UNIPROT PTPN1 protein P18031 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser242 MDKRKDPsSVDIKKV -1 10480872 t llicata "The CLK family kinases, CLK1 and CLK2, phosphorylate and activate the tyrosine phosphatase, PTP-1B. | although CLK1 and CLK2 directly phosphorylate PTP-1B on both Ser50 and Ser242/Ser243, the preferred CLK phosphorylation site is Ser50, as it is preferentially phosphorylated at an approximate ratio of 9:1 over the Ser242/Ser243 site." SIGNOR-250773 CSNK2A1 protein P68400 UNIPROT AQP4 protein P55087 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser285 MEVEDNRsQVETDDL 9615 BTO:0000837 11742978 t llicata "We found that the stress-induced kinase casein kinase (CK)II phosphorylates the Ser276 immediately preceding the tyrosine motif, increasing AQP4-mu 3A interaction and enhancing AQP4-lysosomal targeting and degradation. AQP4 phosphorylation by CKII may thus provide a mechanism that regulates AQP4 cell surface expression. | To determine whether Ser276 is an actual CKII substrate, we used GST–AQP4-Cter proteins in which only one out of the three C-terminal CKII consensus sites was sequentially conserved (Ser276, Ser285 and Ser315, respectively). Figure 7B (right panel) shows that the three serine residues, including Ser276, were indeed efficiently phosphorylated by CKII." SIGNOR-250827 CSNK2A1 protein P68400 UNIPROT AQP4 protein P55087 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser276 AAQQTKGsYMEVEDN 9615 BTO:0000837 11742978 t llicata "We found that the stress-induced kinase casein kinase (CK)II phosphorylates the Ser276 immediately preceding the tyrosine motif, increasing AQP4-mu 3A interaction and enhancing AQP4-lysosomal targeting and degradation. AQP4 phosphorylation by CKII may thus provide a mechanism that regulates AQP4 cell surface expression. | To determine whether Ser276 is an actual CKII substrate, we used GST–AQP4-Cter proteins in which only one out of the three C-terminal CKII consensus sites was sequentially conserved (Ser276, Ser285 and Ser315, respectively). Figure 7B (right panel) shows that the three serine residues, including Ser276, were indeed efficiently phosphorylated by CKII." SIGNOR-250826 CSNK2A1 protein P68400 UNIPROT CTDP1 protein Q9Y5B0 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser740 TKAQRENsPAAFPDR 9606 BTO:0000567 12591939 t llicata "We found that only phosphorylated FCP1 can physically interact with TFIIF. We set out to purify an FCP1 kinase from HeLa cells and identified casein kinase 2, which, surprisingly, displayed a negative effect on FCP1-associated activities.| Phosphorylation of FCP1 by CK2 Inhibits the Transcription Elongation Activity of FCP1. | Two in vivo phosphorylation sites within the C terminus of FCP1 at Ser-575 and Ser-740 were identified" SIGNOR-250845 CLK2 protein P49760 UNIPROT PTPN1 protein P18031 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser242 MDKRKDPsSVDIKKV -1 10480872 t llicata "The CLK family kinases, CLK1 and CLK2, phosphorylate and activate the tyrosine phosphatase, PTP-1B. | although CLK1 and CLK2 directly phosphorylate PTP-1B on both Ser50 and Ser242/Ser243, the preferred CLK phosphorylation site is Ser50, as it is preferentially phosphorylated at an approximate ratio of 9:1 over the Ser242/Ser243 site." SIGNOR-250775 CSNK2B protein P67870 UNIPROT CTDP1 protein Q9Y5B0 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser575 AGESLDQsMEEEEEE 9606 BTO:0000567 12591939 t llicata "We found that only phosphorylated FCP1 can physically interact with TFIIF. We set out to purify an FCP1 kinase from HeLa cells and identified casein kinase 2, which, surprisingly, displayed a negative effect on FCP1-associated activities.| Phosphorylation of FCP1 by CK2 Inhibits the Transcription Elongation Activity of FCP1. | Two in vivo phosphorylation sites within the C terminus of FCP1 at Ser-575 and Ser-740 were identified" SIGNOR-251063 CSNK2B protein P67870 UNIPROT CD163 protein Q86VB7 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser1085 RQRLAVSsRGENLVH -1 11298324 t llicata "Interaction of CD163 with the regulatory subunit of casein kinase II (CKII) and dependence of CD163 signaling on CKII and protein kinase C. | Inhibition studies using specific kinase inhibitors reveal that both CKII and PKC are involved in the CD163 signaling mechanism resulting in the secretion of proinflammatory cytokines." SIGNOR-251056 HDAC8 protein Q9BY41 UNIPROT TP53 protein P04637 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" deacetylation 10090 BTO:0002882 26387755 t "HDAC8 mediates CM-induced deacetylation of p53.Collectively, these results indicate that although binding to p53 and HDAC8 occurs through distinct regions of the CM protein, simultaneous interaction with HDAC8 and p53 is required for aberrant deacetylation and inactivation of p53." SIGNOR-255738 ERK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF1 SIGNOR AP1 complex SIGNOR-C154 SIGNOR up-regulates phosphorylation Thr232 GGLPEVAtPESEEAF 9606 7816602 t lperfetto "Phosphorylation of the c-fos and c-jun hob1 motif stimulates its activation capacity here we show that the hob1-containing activation domain of c-fos is stimulated by ha-ras in vivo and phosphorylated by a map kinase family member in vitro and that mutating t232 to ala abolishes both functions." SIGNOR-252359 CLK2 protein P49760 UNIPROT PTPN1 protein P18031 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser243 DKRKDPSsVDIKKVL -1 10480872 t llicata "The CLK family kinases, CLK1 and CLK2, phosphorylate and activate the tyrosine phosphatase, PTP-1B. | although CLK1 and CLK2 directly phosphorylate PTP-1B on both Ser50 and Ser242/Ser243, the preferred CLK phosphorylation site is Ser50, as it is preferentially phosphorylated at an approximate ratio of 9:1 over the Ser242/Ser243 site." SIGNOR-250776 "Core Binding Factor complex" complex SIGNOR-C214 SIGNOR Differentiation phenotype SIGNOR-PH37 SIGNOR up-regulates 10090 19813271 f "The core binding factor (CBF), consisting of a Runx protein and the CBFβ protein, is a transcription factor complex that is essential for emergence of the hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) from an endothelial cell stage. The hematopoietic defects observed in either Runx1 or CBFβ knockout mice underscore the necessity of this complex for definitive hematopoiesis." SIGNOR-255740 CBFβ-MYH11 "fusion protein" SIGNOR-FP3 SIGNOR "Core Binding Factor complex" complex SIGNOR-C214 SIGNOR "down-regulates activity" relocalization 9606 BTO:0000661 9632809 f "The polyomavirus enhancer binding protein 2 (PEBP2)/core binding factor (CBF) is a transcription factor composed of two subunits, α and β. The gene encoding the β subunit is disrupted by inv(16), resulting in the formation of a chimeric protein, β-SMMHC, which is associated with acute myelogenous leukemia.Thus, the result suggess that β-SMMHC inhibits PEBP2-mediated transcription via cytoplasmic sequestration of the α subunit." SIGNOR-255741 TBX2 protein Q13207 UNIPROT MYOG protein P15173 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 9606 24470334 t "We have found that TBX2 is highly up regulated in both ERMS and ARMS subtypes of RMS and demonstrate that TBX2 is a repressor of myogenesis by binding to MyoD and myogenin and inhibiting their activity." SIGNOR-251561 Pax7-FOXO1 protein F8TAD1 UNIPROT FGFR4 protein P22455 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 25211658 t "Several deregulated signalling pathways enhance cell growth by modulating cell-cycle regulatory factors in RMS. The most frequently affected signalling pathways include the insulin-like growth factor (IGF), fibroblast growth factor (FGF), hepatocyte growth factor, and platelet-derived growth factor. In ARMS, PAX-FOXO1 activates these pathways by transcriptional activation of receptor genes including IGFR1, FGFR4, MET (c-Met), and PDGFRA." SIGNOR-251565 Pax7-FOXO1 protein F8TAD1 UNIPROT MET protein P08581 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 25211658 t "Several deregulated signalling pathways enhance cell growth by modulating cell-cycle regulatory factors in RMS. The most frequently affected signalling pathways include the insulin-like growth factor (IGF), fibroblast growth factor (FGF), hepatocyte growth factor, and platelet-derived growth factor. In ARMS, PAX-FOXO1 activates these pathways by transcriptional activation of receptor genes including IGFR1, FGFR4, MET (c-Met), and PDGFRA." SIGNOR-251566 Pax7-FOXO1 protein F8TAD1 UNIPROT PDGFA protein P04085 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 25211658 t "Several deregulated signalling pathways enhance cell growth by modulating cell-cycle regulatory factors in RMS. The most frequently affected signalling pathways include the insulin-like growth factor (IGF), fibroblast growth factor (FGF), hepatocyte growth factor, and platelet-derived growth factor. In ARMS, PAX-FOXO1 activates these pathways by transcriptional activation of receptor genes including IGFR1, FGFR4, MET (c-Met), and PDGFRA." SIGNOR-251567 Pax3-FOXO1 protein J9SW06 UNIPROT IGF1R protein P08069 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 25211658 t "Several deregulated signalling pathways enhance cell growth by modulating cell-cycle regulatory factors in RMS. The most frequently affected signalling pathways include the insulin-like growth factor (IGF), fibroblast growth factor (FGF), hepatocyte growth factor, and platelet-derived growth factor. In ARMS, PAX-FOXO1 activates these pathways by transcriptional activation of receptor genes including IGFR1, FGFR4, MET (c-Met), and PDGFRA." SIGNOR-251568 Pax3-FOXO1 protein J9SW06 UNIPROT FGFR4 protein P22455 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 25211658 t "Several deregulated signalling pathways enhance cell growth by modulating cell-cycle regulatory factors in RMS. The most frequently affected signalling pathways include the insulin-like growth factor (IGF), fibroblast growth factor (FGF), hepatocyte growth factor, and platelet-derived growth factor. In ARMS, PAX-FOXO1 activates these pathways by transcriptional activation of receptor genes including IGFR1, FGFR4, MET (c-Met), and PDGFRA." SIGNOR-251569 Pax3-FOXO1 protein J9SW06 UNIPROT MET protein P08581 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 25211658 t "Several deregulated signalling pathways enhance cell growth by modulating cell-cycle regulatory factors in RMS. The most frequently affected signalling pathways include the insulin-like growth factor (IGF), fibroblast growth factor (FGF), hepatocyte growth factor, and platelet-derived growth factor. In ARMS, PAX-FOXO1 activates these pathways by transcriptional activation of receptor genes including IGFR1, FGFR4, MET (c-Met), and PDGFRA." SIGNOR-251570 GSK3B protein P49841 UNIPROT AXIN1 protein O15169 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser486 LRTPGRQsPGPGHRS 9606 BTO:0000007 10581160 t "Axin residues T609 and S614 are physiological GSK3beta targets. Axin phosphorylation in the regulation of b-catenin stability. When active (left), GSK3b phosphorylates Axin as well as APC and b-catenin. The phosphorylated form of Axin binds strongly to b-catenin and promotes the phosphorylation of b-catenin by GSK3b, leading to strong interaction with b-TrCP" SIGNOR-251221 GSK3B protein P49841 UNIPROT AXIN1 protein O15169 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr481 HVQRVLRtPGRQSPG 9606 BTO:0000007 10581160 t "Axin residues T609 and S614 are physiological GSK3beta targets. Axin phosphorylation in the regulation of b-catenin stability. When active (left), GSK3b phosphorylates Axin as well as APC and b-catenin. The phosphorylated form of Axin binds strongly to b-catenin and promotes the phosphorylation of b-catenin by GSK3b, leading to strong interaction with b-TrCP" SIGNOR-251222 PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT FOS protein P01100 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" phosphorylation Ser362 AAAHRKGsSSNEPSS 9534 BTO:0000298 1545828 t miannu "Human c-Fos protein is phosphorylated in vitro by PKA. phosphorylation of Fos occurs at serine residue 362. Modification of the Fos protein by phosphorylation with PKA then allows it to act as a regulator of its own synthesis by downregulating fos gene expression at a transcriptional level" SIGNOR-250356 TSC2 protein P49815 UNIPROT RPS6KB2 protein Q9UBS0 UNIPROT down-regulates 9606 12172553 f gcesareni "Here, we show that tsc1-tsc2 inhibits the p70 ribosomal protein s6 kinase 1 (an activator of translation) and activates the eukaryotic initiation factor 4e binding protein 1 (4e-bp1, an inhibitor of translational initiation)." SIGNOR-91395 MRAP protein Q8TCY5 UNIPROT MC2R protein Q01718 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 10029 BTO:0000246 19329486 t miannu "We report that MRAP and MRAP2 can interact with all 5 MCRs. This interaction results in MC2R surface expression and signaling.We have previously identified MRAP as an accessory protein for MC2R, required for receptor trafficking to the cell surface and the formation of a functional MC2R. Here we have identified MRAP2 as a homologue of MRAP. Like MRAP, MRAP2 is able to support MC2R cell-surface expression, producing a functional ACTH-responsive receptor." SIGNOR-252360 LCK protein P06239 UNIPROT CD3E protein P07766 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr188 PPVPNPDyEPIRKGQ 9534 BTO:0004055 11855827 t "Tyrosine Phosphorylation of CD8- Chimeras by Lck and ZAP-70 in COS Cells. both Y170F and Y181F chimeric proteins could be efficiently phosphorylated by Lck in vivo. phosphorylation of Y170 and Y181 within CD3- –ITAM provides to CD3- the potential to interact with multiple downstream effectors and signaling pathways." SIGNOR-251368 NR3C1 protein P04150 UNIPROT CEBPB protein P17676 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 10116 9428795 t "We have shown that one of the functions of the GR to activate transcription of the AGP gene is to recruit C/EBPbeta and to maintain it bound at its target DNA sequences (SRU)" SIGNOR-251655 CBFB protein Q13951 UNIPROT RUNX1 protein Q01196 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by stabilization" binding 10090 BTO:0002883  11179217 t "The RUNX genes encode the α subunit of the transcription factor PEBP2/CBF. The β subunit consists of the non-RUNX protein PEBP2β. We found that RUNX1/AML1, which is essential for hematopoiesis, is continuously subjected to proteolytic degradation mediated by the ubiquitin–proteasome pathway. When PEBP2β is present, however, the ubiquitylation of RUNX1 is abrogated and this causes a dramatic inhibition of RUNX1 proteolysis." SIGNOR-255742 NR3C1 protein P04150 UNIPROT CEBPB protein P17676 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 10090 BTO:0000011 11279134 t lperfetto "The differentiation of 3T3-L1 preadipocytes is regulated in part by a cascade of transcriptional events involving activation of the CCAAT/enhancer-binding proteins (C/EBPs) and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) by dexamethasone (DEX), 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine (MIX), and insulin" SIGNOR-250566 CBFβ-MYH11 "fusion protein" SIGNOR-FP3 SIGNOR RUNX1 protein Q01196 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by stabilization" binding 10090 BTO:0000596  11179217 t "The present work further demonstrated that β/SMMHC is more potent in protecting RUNX1 from proteolysis. These observations collectively suggest that β/SMMHC may make an extra contact with the negative regulatory domains of RUNX1 in addition to the Runt domain, thereby gaining an increased ability to interact with RUNX1 than from direct contact with β/SMMHC." SIGNOR-255743 DEPTOR protein Q8TB45 UNIPROT MTOR protein P42345 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000007 19446321 t "DEPTOR is an mTOR inhibitor frequently overexpressed in multiple myeloma cells and required for their survival" SIGNOR-251657 DEPTOR protein Q8TB45 UNIPROT mTORC1 complex SIGNOR-C3 SIGNOR "down-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000007 19446321 t "DEPTOR is an mTOR inhibitor frequently overexpressed in multiple myeloma cells and required for their survival" SIGNOR-251658 DEPTOR protein Q8TB45 UNIPROT mTORC2 complex SIGNOR-C2 SIGNOR "down-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000007 19446321 t "DEPTOR is an mTOR inhibitor frequently overexpressed in multiple myeloma cells and required for their survival" SIGNOR-251659 STYX protein Q8WUJ0 UNIPROT FBXW7 protein Q969H0 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 9606 28007894 t "STYX acts as a direct inhibitor of FBXW7, affecting the cellular levels of its substrates. Furthermore, we find that levels of STYX and FBXW7 are anti-correlated in breast cancer patients," SIGNOR-251663 FKBP5 protein Q13451 UNIPROT NR3C1 protein P04150 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 25790864 t gcesareni "When not associated with glucocorticoids, glucocorticoid receptors are predominantly found in the cytoplasm as part of a multimeric molecular chaperone complex that includes several heat shock proteins (HSPs), such as HSP70 and HSP90, the HSP90_binding protein p23 (also known as PTGES3) and proteins that help to bind HSP90 such as FK506_binding protein 5 (FKBP5)." SIGNOR-251666 NF1 protein P21359 UNIPROT ADCY2 protein Q08462 UNIPROT up-regulates 9606 BTO:0000938 24431436 f miannu "Nf1encodes neurofibromin, a protein with multiple functions including ras inactivation (ras gtpase-activating protein or rasgap) and adenylyl cyclase (ac) activation" SIGNOR-203983 HSPA1A protein P0DMV8 UNIPROT NR3C1 protein P04150 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 21730050 t gcesareni "Interestingly, FKBP51 forms complexes in mitochondria with the glucocorticoid receptor and the Hsp90/Hsp70-based chaperone heterocomplex" SIGNOR-251668 SGK1 protein O00141 UNIPROT GLI1 protein P08151 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 25790864 t gcesareni "SGK1 is known to inhibit another intrinsic pathway, the Hedgehog pathway, through downregulation of SMO and the GLI transcription factor family" SIGNOR-251672 SGK1 protein O00141 UNIPROT SMO protein Q99835 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 25790864 t gcesareni "SGK1 is known to inhibit another intrinsic pathway, the Hedgehog pathway, through downregulation of SMO and the GLI transcription factor family" SIGNOR-251673 HES1 protein Q14469 UNIPROT NR3C1 protein P04150 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 19129776 t gcesareni "HES1 binding to the promoter of the NC3C1 gene inhibits its expression and results in insufficient production of the encoded glucocorticoid receptor- rendering these cells resistant to treatment with dexamethasone" SIGNOR-251674 NR3C1 protein P04150 UNIPROT JUN protein P05412 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 8639160 t gcesareni "We have described how the receptor uses several means to achieve repression of the genes regulated by AP-1 and NF-KB proteins" SIGNOR-251679 NR3C1 protein P04150 UNIPROT NFKB1 protein P19838 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 8639160 t gcesareni "We have described how the receptor uses several means to achieve repression of the genes regulated by AP-1 and NF-KB proteins" SIGNOR-251680 PELP1 protein Q8IZL8 UNIPROT NR3C1 protein P04150 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 18682536 t gcesareni "MNAR functionally interacts with both NH2- and COOH-terminal GR domains to modulate transactivation" SIGNOR-251681 NR3C1 protein P04150 UNIPROT NCOA1 protein Q15788 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 9590696 t gcesareni "Transactivation of these templates depends on the association of the GR with co-activators such as SRC-1/NcoA1, GRIP-1/TIF-2/NcoA2 and p300/CBP." SIGNOR-251682 NR3C1 protein P04150 UNIPROT CAV1 protein Q03135 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 23339905 t gcesareni "He mGR appears to reside in caveolae and its association with caveolin-1 (Cav-1) was clearly detected in two of the four cell lines investigated using double recognition proximity ligation assay." SIGNOR-251683 NR3C1 protein P04150 UNIPROT HNF4A protein P41235 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 17978169 t gcesareni "Electrophoretic mobility shift, chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP), and streptavidin DNA binding assays revealed that DEX increased binding of HNF4alpha to the HNF4-RE and that an interaction of GR and HNF4alpha occurred at this site." SIGNOR-251684 NR3C1 protein P04150 UNIPROT LCK protein P06239 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 16888650 t gcesareni "The present study shows that the GC receptor is part of a TCR-linked multiprotein complex containing heat-shock protein (HSP)90, LCK and FYN, which is essential for TCR-dependent LCK/FYN activation." SIGNOR-251685 MRAP2 protein Q96G30 UNIPROT MC2R protein Q01718 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 10029 BTO:0000246 19329486 t miannu "We report that MRAP and MRAP2 can interact with all 5 MCRs. This interaction results in MC2R surface expression and signaling.We have previously identified MRAP as an accessory protein for MC2R, required for receptor trafficking to the cell surface and the formation of a functional MC2R. Here we have identified MRAP2 as a homologue of MRAP. Like MRAP, MRAP2 is able to support MC2R cell-surface expression, producing a functional ACTH-responsive receptor." SIGNOR-252361 MRAP protein Q8TCY5 UNIPROT MC4R protein P32245 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 10029 BTO:0000246 19329486 t miannu "We report that MRAP and MRAP2 can interact with all 5 MCRs. This interaction results in MC2R surface expression and signaling. In contrast, MRAP and MRAP2 can reduce MC1R, MC3R, MC4R, and MC5R responsiveness to [Nle4,D-Phe7]alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (NDP-MSH). MRAP and MRAP2 can reduce the surface expression of MC4R and also the signaling of this receptor. we observed a significant decrease in the cell-surface expression of MC4R and MC5R in the presence of MRAP and MRAP2. It is interesting that MRAP and MRAP2 have opposite effects in the modulation of different MCR family members." SIGNOR-252362 MRAP2 protein Q96G30 UNIPROT MC4R protein P32245 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 10029 BTO:0000246 19329486 t miannu "We report that MRAP and MRAP2 can interact with all 5 MCRs. This interaction results in MC2R surface expression and signaling. In contrast, MRAP and MRAP2 can reduce MC1R, MC3R, MC4R, and MC5R responsiveness to [Nle4,D-Phe7]alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (NDP-MSH). MRAP and MRAP2 can reduce the surface expression of MC4R and also the signaling of this receptor. we observed a significant decrease in the cell-surface expression of MC4R and MC5R in the presence of MRAP and MRAP2. It is interesting that MRAP and MRAP2 have opposite effects in the modulation of different MCR family members." SIGNOR-252363 MRAP protein Q8TCY5 UNIPROT MC1R protein Q01726 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 10029 BTO:0000246 19329486 t miannu "We report that MRAP and MRAP2 can interact with all 5 MCRs. This interaction results in MC2R surface expression and signaling. In contrast, MRAP and MRAP2 can reduce MC1R, MC3R, MC4R, and MC5R responsiveness to [Nle4,D-Phe7]alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (NDP-MSH). MRAP and MRAP2 can reduce the surface expression of MC4R and also the signaling of this receptor. we observed a significant decrease in the cell-surface expression of MC4R and MC5R in the presence of MRAP and MRAP2. It is interesting that MRAP and MRAP2 have opposite effects in the modulation of different MCR family members." SIGNOR-252364 MRAP2 protein Q96G30 UNIPROT MC1R protein Q01726 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 10029 BTO:0000246 19329486 t miannu "We report that MRAP and MRAP2 can interact with all 5 MCRs. This interaction results in MC2R surface expression and signaling. In contrast, MRAP and MRAP2 can reduce MC1R, MC3R, MC4R, and MC5R responsiveness to [Nle4,D-Phe7]alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (NDP-MSH). MRAP and MRAP2 can reduce the surface expression of MC4R and also the signaling of this receptor. we observed a significant decrease in the cell-surface expression of MC4R and MC5R in the presence of MRAP and MRAP2. It is interesting that MRAP and MRAP2 have opposite effects in the modulation of different MCR family members." SIGNOR-252365 MRAP protein Q8TCY5 UNIPROT MC3R protein P41968 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 10029 BTO:0000246 19329486 t miannu "We report that MRAP and MRAP2 can interact with all 5 MCRs. This interaction results in MC2R surface expression and signaling. In contrast, MRAP and MRAP2 can reduce MC1R, MC3R, MC4R, and MC5R responsiveness to [Nle4,D-Phe7]alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (NDP-MSH). MRAP and MRAP2 can reduce the surface expression of MC4R and also the signaling of this receptor. we observed a significant decrease in the cell-surface expression of MC4R and MC5R in the presence of MRAP and MRAP2. It is interesting that MRAP and MRAP2 have opposite effects in the modulation of different MCR family members." SIGNOR-252366 MRAP2 protein Q96G30 UNIPROT MC3R protein P41968 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 10029 BTO:0000246 19329486 t miannu "We report that MRAP and MRAP2 can interact with all 5 MCRs. This interaction results in MC2R surface expression and signaling. In contrast, MRAP and MRAP2 can reduce MC1R, MC3R, MC4R, and MC5R responsiveness to [Nle4,D-Phe7]alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (NDP-MSH). MRAP and MRAP2 can reduce the surface expression of MC4R and also the signaling of this receptor. we observed a significant decrease in the cell-surface expression of MC4R and MC5R in the presence of MRAP and MRAP2. It is interesting that MRAP and MRAP2 have opposite effects in the modulation of different MCR family members." SIGNOR-252367 MRAP protein Q8TCY5 UNIPROT MC5R protein P33032 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 10029 BTO:0000246 19329486 t miannu "We report that MRAP and MRAP2 can interact with all 5 MCRs. This interaction results in MC2R surface expression and signaling. In contrast, MRAP and MRAP2 can reduce MC1R, MC3R, MC4R, and MC5R responsiveness to [Nle4,D-Phe7]alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (NDP-MSH). MRAP and MRAP2 can reduce the surface expression of MC4R and also the signaling of this receptor. we observed a significant decrease in the cell-surface expression of MC4R and MC5R in the presence of MRAP and MRAP2. It is interesting that MRAP and MRAP2 have opposite effects in the modulation of different MCR family members." SIGNOR-252368 MRAP2 protein Q96G30 UNIPROT MC5R protein P33032 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 10029 BTO:0000246 19329486 t miannu "We report that MRAP and MRAP2 can interact with all 5 MCRs. This interaction results in MC2R surface expression and signaling. In contrast, MRAP and MRAP2 can reduce MC1R, MC3R, MC4R, and MC5R responsiveness to [Nle4,D-Phe7]alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (NDP-MSH). MRAP and MRAP2 can reduce the surface expression of MC4R and also the signaling of this receptor. we observed a significant decrease in the cell-surface expression of MC4R and MC5R in the presence of MRAP and MRAP2. It is interesting that MRAP and MRAP2 have opposite effects in the modulation of different MCR family members." SIGNOR-252369 POMC protein P01189 UNIPROT MC1R protein Q01726 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000847 19656324 t miannu "Alpha-melanocyte stimulating hormone (alpha-MSH) binds to melanocortin-1 receptor (MC1R) on melanocytes to stimulate pigmentation and modulate various cutaneous inflammatory responses." SIGNOR-252370 HSPA1A protein P0DMV8 UNIPROT APAF1 protein O14727 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 10934467 t gcesareni "Here we show that the documented anti-apoptotic effect of the principal heat-shock protein, hsp70, is mediated through its direct association with the caspase-recruitment domain (card) of apaf-1 and through apoptosome formation" SIGNOR-80451 HSPA1A protein P0DMV8 UNIPROT MAPK8 protein P45983 UNIPROT down-regulates 9606 16172114 f gcesareni "Hsp70 inhibited stress-induced jnk activation and jnk with sp600125 or by expression of a dominant negative mutant of jnk-blocked bax translocation as effectively as hsp70 overexpression" SIGNOR-140553 CARM1 protein Q86X55 UNIPROT SMARCC1 protein Q92922 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" methylation Arg1064 PGNILGPrVPLTAPN 9606 BTO:0000007;BTO:0000356 24434208 t "CARM1-mediated BAF155 methylation affects gene expression by directing methylated BAF155 to unique chromatin regions (e.g., c-Myc pathway genes). Collectively, our studies uncover a mechanism by which BAF155 acquires tumorigenic functions via arginine methylation." SIGNOR-251708 RBPJ/NOTCH complex SIGNOR-C97 SIGNOR DUSP1 protein P28562 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 BTO:0001103 17158101 f Andrea "Our results show that Notch specifically induces expression of MKP-1, a member of the dual-specificity MAPK phosphatase, which directly inactivates p38 to negatively regulate C2C12 myogenesis" SIGNOR-255744 POMC protein P01189 UNIPROT NFKB1 protein P19838 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" 9606 BTO:0000848 16274845 f miannu "Alpha-MSH is an anti-inflammatory peptide which signals by binding to the melanocortin-1 receptor (MC1R) and elevating cyclic AMP in several different cells and tissues. The carboxyl terminal peptides of alpha-MSH (KPV/GKPV) are the smallest minimal sequences that prevent inflammation, but it is not known if they operate via MC1R or cyclic AMP. Immobilized alpha-melanocyte stimulating hormone 10-13 (GKPV) inhibits tumor necrosis factor-alpha stimulated NF-kappaB activity." SIGNOR-252371 PRCP protein P42785 UNIPROT POMC protein P01189 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" 10090 20694162 f miannu "Prolylcarboxypeptidase (PRCP) was found to be responsible for the control of food intake and energy expenditure at a central level. The molecular mechanisms underlying the suppression of food intake in PRCP-deficient mice or by the inhibitor of PRCP clearly provide physiological evidence that PRCP is an inactivator of α-MSH" SIGNOR-252372 POMC protein P01189 UNIPROT MC4R protein P32245 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 20694162 t miannu "α-MSH can activate both melanocortin 4 receptors (MC4R) and melanocortin 1 receptors (MC1R)" SIGNOR-252373 MC1R protein Q01726 UNIPROT Pigmentation phenotype SIGNOR-PH70 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 BTO:0000847 19656324 f miannu "Alpha-melanocyte stimulating hormone (alpha-MSH) binds to melanocortin-1 receptor (MC1R) on melanocytes to stimulate pigmentation and modulate various cutaneous inflammatory responses." SIGNOR-252374 MC1R protein Q01726 UNIPROT TNF protein P01375 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000552 19656324 f miannu "Constitutive expression of MC1R in HaCaT keratinocytes inhibits basal and UVB-induced TNF-alpha production. the constitutive activity of MC1R results in elevated intracellular cAMP level, reduced NF-kappaB activity and decreased TNF-alpha transcription" SIGNOR-252375 "UV stress" stimulus SIGNOR-ST7 SIGNOR CDKN2A protein P42771 UNIPROT up-regulates 9606 BTO:0001253 11830546 f miannu "The expression of the melanoma susceptibility gene product p16 is increased after UVR both in epidermally derived cell lines and in human skin. the increased expression of p16 after exposure to suberythemal doses of UVR is potentiated by α-MSH, a ligand for MC1R, and this effect is mimicked by cAMP, the intracellular mediator of α-MSH signaling via the MC1 receptor." SIGNOR-252376 POMC protein P01189 UNIPROT CDKN2A protein P42771 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0001253 11830546 f miannu "The expression of the melanoma susceptibility gene product p16 is increased after UVR both in epidermally derived cell lines and in human skin. the increased expression of p16 after exposure to suberythemal doses of UVR is potentiated by α-MSH, a ligand for MC1R, and this effect is mimicked by cAMP, the intracellular mediator of α-MSH signaling via the MC1 receptor." SIGNOR-252377 ASIP protein P42127 UNIPROT MC1R protein Q01726 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000847 14500544 t miannu "The antagonist agouti signal protein (ASP) interacts with the Mc1r and blocks its stimulation by MSH." SIGNOR-252378 AGRP protein O00253 UNIPROT MC4R protein P32245 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 9606 10318826 t miannu "AGRP is a potent antagonist of the melanocortin-3 receptor and the MC4R and has also been shown to have a lesser degree of inhibitory action at the melanocortin-5 receptor." SIGNOR-252379 AGRP protein O00253 UNIPROT MC3R protein P41968 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 9606 10318826 t miannu "AGRP is a potent antagonist of the melanocortin-3 receptor and the MC4R and has also been shown to have a lesser degree of inhibitory action at the melanocortin-5 receptor." SIGNOR-252380 TNF protein P01375 UNIPROT MC1R protein Q01726 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000847 9767234 f miannu "MSH receptor (MSH-R) binding activity was upregulated by UVB, IL-1alpha, -1beta and ET-1, but was downregulated by TNF-alpha.Northern blotanalysis showed that MC1-R mRNA expression was induced 24 h after UVB irradiation in a dose-dependent manner, and that 24-h treatment with ET-1 also induced an expression of MC1-R mRNA,whereas TNF-a downregulated the expression. In addition, IL-1a and -1b have a small but real inductiveeffect on MC1-R mRNA expression." SIGNOR-252381 "UVB radiation" stimulus SIGNOR-ST17 SIGNOR IL1B protein P01584 UNIPROT up-regulates 9606 BTO:0000667 9767234 f miannu "UVB can stimulate the synthesis of IL-1, TNF-a and ET-1, and other cytokines by keratinocytes." SIGNOR-252382 "UVB radiation" stimulus SIGNOR-ST17 SIGNOR EDN1 protein P05305 UNIPROT up-regulates 9606 BTO:0000667 9767234 f miannu "UVB can stimulate the synthesis of IL-1, TNF-a and ET-1, and other cytokines by keratinocytes." SIGNOR-252383 "UVB radiation" stimulus SIGNOR-ST17 SIGNOR IL1A protein P01583 UNIPROT up-regulates 9606 BTO:0000667 9767234 f miannu "UVB can stimulate the synthesis of IL-1, TNF-a and ET-1, and other cytokines by keratinocytes." SIGNOR-252384 PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT CACNA1C protein Q13936 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser1897 LLRKANPsRCHSRES 10090 BTO:0000087 28119464 t "These findings reveal an essential role for _1C phosphorylation at Ser1928 in stimulating CaV1.2 channel activity and vasoconstriction by AKAP-targeted PKA upon exposure to increased glucose and in diabetes" SIGNOR-251709 MAPK14 protein Q16539 UNIPROT Proliferation phenotype SIGNOR-PH4 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 BTO:0001103 15824134 f Andrea "Inhibition of p38 / MAPKs (a) promotes exit from the cell cycle, (b) prevents differentiation, and (c) insulates the cell from most external stimuli allowing the satellite cell to maintain a quiescent state. Activation of satellite cells and p38 / MAPKs occurs concomitantly, providing further support that these MAPKs function as a molecular switch for satellite cell activation" SIGNOR-255745 PAXIP1 protein Q6ZW49 UNIPROT PAX2 protein Q02962 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000007 17925232 t "PTIP promotes assembly of the ALR complex and H3K4 methylation at a PAX2-binding DNA element. Without PTIP, Pax2 binds to this element but does not assemble the ALR complex" SIGNOR-251711 IL1B protein P01584 UNIPROT MC1R protein Q01726 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000847 9767234 f miannu "MSH receptor (MSH-R) binding activity was upregulated by UVB, IL-1alpha, -1beta and ET-1, but was downregulated by TNF-alpha.Northern blotanalysis showed that MC1-R mRNA expression was induced 24 h after UVB irradiation in a dose-dependent manner, and that 24-h treatment with ET-1 also induced an expression of MC1-R mRNA,whereas TNF-a downregulated the expression. In addition, IL-1a and -1b have a small but real inductiveeffect on MC1-R mRNA expression." SIGNOR-252385 EDN1 protein P05305 UNIPROT MC1R protein Q01726 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000847 9767234 f miannu "MSH receptor (MSH-R) binding activity was upregulated by UVB, IL-1alpha, -1beta and ET-1, but was downregulated by TNF-alpha.Northern blotanalysis showed that MC1-R mRNA expression was induced 24 h after UVB irradiation in a dose-dependent manner, and that 24-h treatment with ET-1 also induced an expression of MC1-R mRNA,whereas TNF-a downregulated the expression. In addition, IL-1a and -1b have a small but real inductiveeffect on MC1-R mRNA expression." SIGNOR-252386 IL1A protein P01583 UNIPROT MC1R protein Q01726 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000847 9767234 f miannu "MSH receptor (MSH-R) binding activity was upregulated by UVB, IL-1alpha, -1beta and ET-1, but was downregulated by TNF-alpha.Northern blotanalysis showed that MC1-R mRNA expression was induced 24 h after UVB irradiation in a dose-dependent manner, and that 24-h treatment with ET-1 also induced an expression of MC1-R mRNA,whereas TNF-a downregulated the expression. In addition, IL-1a and -1b have a small but real inductiveeffect on MC1-R mRNA expression." SIGNOR-252387 "UVB radiation" stimulus SIGNOR-ST17 SIGNOR MC1R protein Q01726 UNIPROT up-regulates 9606 BTO:0000847 9767234 f miannu "Melanocyte-stimulating hormone (MSH) receptor binding activity and melanocortin-1 receptor (MC1-R) gene expression on normal human melanocytes have been studied as responses to the effects of ultraviolet B (UVB), interleukin-1 (IL-1), endothelin-1 (ET-1) and tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), which are known as UV sensitive regulators of melanocytic function. MSH receptor (MSH-R) binding activity was upregulated by UVB, IL-1alpha, -1beta and ET-1, but was downregulated by TNF-alpha.Northern blotanalysis showed that MC1-R mRNA expression was induced 24 h after UVB irradiation in a dose-dependent manner, and that 24-h treatment with ET-1 also induced an expression of MC1-R mRNA,whereas TNF-a downregulated the expression. In addition, IL-1a and -1b have a small but real inductiveeffect on MC1-R mRNA expression." SIGNOR-252388 GRK6 protein P43250 UNIPROT MC1R protein Q01726 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation 9606 BTO:0000848 15650023 t miannu "Overexpression of GRK6 Inhibits Agonist-Induced cAMP Production in HBL Human Melanoma Cells, without Affecting MC1R Gene Expression" SIGNOR-252389 betamethasone chemical CID:9782 PUBCHEM NR3C1 protein P04150 UNIPROT up-regulates "chemical activation" 9606 17561562 t dermatitis gcesareni SIGNOR-251686 budesonide chemical CID:5281004 PUBCHEM NR3C1 protein P04150 UNIPROT up-regulates "chemical activation" 9606 11208622 t ashma gcesareni SIGNOR-251687 budesonide chemical CID:5281004 PUBCHEM NR3C1 protein P04150 UNIPROT up-regulates "chemical activation" 9606 6958488 t "nasal polyposys" gcesareni SIGNOR-251688 budesonide chemical CID:5281004 PUBCHEM NR3C1 protein P04150 UNIPROT up-regulates "chemical activation" 9606 9657565 t "allergic rhinitis" gcesareni SIGNOR-251689 budesonide chemical CID:5281004 PUBCHEM NR3C1 protein P04150 UNIPROT up-regulates "chemical activation" 9606 9753485 t "Crohn's Disease" gcesareni SIGNOR-251690 cortisone chemical CID:222786 PUBCHEM NR3C1 protein P04150 UNIPROT up-regulates "chemical activation" 9606 14817168 t allergy gcesareni SIGNOR-251691 methylprednisolone chemical CID:6741 PUBCHEM NR3C1 protein P04150 UNIPROT up-regulates "chemical activation" 9606 9259419 t "rheumatoid arthritis" gcesareni SIGNOR-251695 methylprednisolone chemical CID:6741 PUBCHEM NR3C1 protein P04150 UNIPROT up-regulates "chemical activation" 9606 6749443 t "bronchial ashma" gcesareni SIGNOR-251696 methylprednisolone chemical CID:6741 PUBCHEM NR3C1 protein P04150 UNIPROT up-regulates "chemical activation" 9606 1159081 t inflammation gcesareni SIGNOR-251697 prednisolone chemical CID:5755 PUBCHEM NR3C1 protein P04150 UNIPROT up-regulates "chemical activation" 9606 8342904 t ashma gcesareni SIGNOR-251698 prednisolone chemical CID:5755 PUBCHEM NR3C1 protein P04150 UNIPROT up-regulates "chemical activation" 9606 11777359 t "rheumatoid arthritis" gcesareni SIGNOR-251699 prednisolone chemical CID:5755 PUBCHEM NR3C1 protein P04150 UNIPROT up-regulates "chemical activation" 9606 13760840 t gcesareni SIGNOR-251700 prednisolone chemical CID:5755 PUBCHEM NR3C1 protein P04150 UNIPROT up-regulates "chemical activation" 9606 8335191 t "Crohn's Disease" gcesareni SIGNOR-251701 prednisone chemical CID:5865 PUBCHEM NR3C1 protein P04150 UNIPROT up-regulates "chemical activation" 9606 3930339 t "ulcerative colitis" gcesareni SIGNOR-251702 prednisone chemical CID:5865 PUBCHEM NR3C1 protein P04150 UNIPROT up-regulates "chemical activation" 9606 9753485 t "Crohn's Disease" gcesareni SIGNOR-251703 prednisone chemical CID:5865 PUBCHEM NR3C1 protein P04150 UNIPROT up-regulates "chemical activation" 9606 4344326 t "Bell's palsy" gcesareni SIGNOR-251704 prednisone chemical CID:5865 PUBCHEM NR3C1 protein P04150 UNIPROT up-regulates "chemical activation" 9606 4188963 t dermatitis gcesareni SIGNOR-251705 prednisone chemical CID:5865 PUBCHEM NR3C1 protein P04150 UNIPROT up-regulates "chemical activation" 9606 8143061 t asthma gcesareni SIGNOR-251706 Dehydroepiandrosterone chemical CID:5881 PUBCHEM NR3C1 protein P04150 UNIPROT up-regulates "chemical activation" 9606 9489820 t "systemic lupus erythematosus" gcesareni SIGNOR-251707 NEFH protein P12036 UNIPROT "Neurofilament bundle assembly" phenotype SIGNOR-PH72 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 BTO:0000938 8376466 f miannu "Neurofilaments (NFs), composed of three distinct subunits NF-L, NF-M, and NF-H, are neuron-specific intermediate filaments present in most mature neurons." SIGNOR-252390 NEFM protein P07197 UNIPROT "Neurofilament bundle assembly" phenotype SIGNOR-PH72 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 BTO:0000938 8376466 f miannu "Neurofilaments (NFs), composed of three distinct subunits NF-L, NF-M, and NF-H, are neuron-specific intermediate filaments present in most mature neurons." SIGNOR-252391 NEFL protein P07196 UNIPROT "Neurofilament bundle assembly" phenotype SIGNOR-PH72 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 BTO:0000938 8376466 f miannu "Neurofilaments (NFs), composed of three distinct subunits NF-L, NF-M, and NF-H, are neuron-specific intermediate filaments present in most mature neurons." SIGNOR-252392 JUN protein P05412 UNIPROT TGFB1 protein P01137 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 23936544 t lperfetto "MAPKs have cis-acting regulatory elements in the mouse-TGF promoter region, which respond to various transcription factors, including specificity protein-1 and activating protein 1. Thus, it is possible that apoptotic cell-induced TGF-β mRNA expression is mediated through activation of these transcription factors via MAPK signaling. Xiao et al. reported that all of the MAPK members, including p38/ERK/JNK, are required for apoptotic Jurkat cells up-regulation of TGF-β production" SIGNOR-251713 CREB1 protein P16220 UNIPROT FST protein P19883 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 BTO:0000165 15130492 t lperfetto "MyoD, CREB, and NFAT Mediate the Transcriptional Activation of the Follistatin Promoter Induced by TSA" SIGNOR-251714 FST protein P19883 UNIPROT INHBA protein P08476 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 10090 BTO:0005787 24627466 t lperfetto "Follistatin (FST) is a member of the tissue growth factor β family and is a secreted glycoprotein that antagonizes many members of the family, including activin A, growth differentiation factor 11, and myostatin. |FST315-ΔHBS-Fc induced improvements in muscle repair after injury/atrophy by modulating the early inflammatory phase allowing for increased macrophage density, and Pax7-positive cells leading to an accelerated restoration of myofibers and muscle function." SIGNOR-251715 FST protein P19883 UNIPROT GDF11 protein O95390 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 10090 BTO:0005787 24627466 t lperfetto "Follistatin (FST) is a member of the tissue growth factor β family and is a secreted glycoprotein that antagonizes many members of the family, including activin A, growth differentiation factor 11, and myostatin. |FST315-ΔHBS-Fc induced improvements in muscle repair after injury/atrophy by modulating the early inflammatory phase allowing for increased macrophage density, and Pax7-positive cells leading to an accelerated restoration of myofibers and muscle function." SIGNOR-251716 HIF1A protein Q16665 UNIPROT IL1B protein P01584 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 BTO:0000801 24352507 t lperfetto "We finally confirmed that in the absence of HIF-1α there was a significant reduction at the protein level in pro-caspase-1, activated caspase-1, pro-IL-1β, and ultimately active IL-1β (Fig. 4g and h). These data show that adenosine induced up-regulation of IL-1β is dependent on a CREB/HIF-1α pathway which is distinct from the NF-kB pathway used for initial production of IL-1β in response to LPS." SIGNOR-251718 HIF1A protein Q16665 UNIPROT CCL2 protein P13500 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0001496 17474992 t lperfetto "These findings suggest that both MCP-1 and MCP-5 are HIF-1 target genes and that HIF-1α is involved in transcriptional induction of these two chemokines in astrocytes by hypoxia." SIGNOR-251719 HNF1A protein P20823 UNIPROT IGF1 protein P05019 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000972 10050749 t lperfetto "Growth hormone induces insulin-like growth factor-I gene transcription by a synergistic action of STAT5 and HNF-1α" SIGNOR-251720 IRF3 protein Q14653 UNIPROT IL6 protein P05231 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 BTO:0000801 27337441 t lperfetto "Recent reports show that in mice the microbiome, comprising commensal microorganisms that colonize body surfaces, promotes a partial and low-grade M1-like phenotype in macrophages throughout the body, including those in lymphoid organs (119, 120). This M1-like priming of macrophages induces chromatin remodeling with increased H3K4me3 marks at Ifnb, Il6, and Tnf promoters, which is associated with increased binding of NF-κB p65, IRF3, and Pol II upon cell stimulation" SIGNOR-251721 LEF1 protein Q9UJU2 UNIPROT FST protein P19883 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 BTO:0000165 24344199 t lperfetto "We further demonstrate that Fst is a direct target of the WNT/β-catenin pathway. Activation and inactivation of β-catenin induced and inhibited Fst expression, respectively, in both C2C12 cells and mouse embryos. Specific TCF/LEF1 binding sites within the promoter and intron 1 region of the Fst gene were required for RSPO2 and WNT/β-catenin-induced Fst expression." SIGNOR-251722 CCL3 protein P10147 UNIPROT CCR2 protein P41597 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 10090 BTO:0005787 15075201 t lperfetto "The purpose of this study was to determine whether certain chemokines, which are highly expressed in injured skeletal muscle, are involved in the repair and functional recovery of the muscle after traumatic injury. In wild-type control mice, mRNA transcripts of macrophage inflammatory protein (MIP)-1􏰂, MIP-1􏰃, and monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP)-1 as well as their major receptors, CCR5 and CCR2, increased after freeze injury and gradu- ally returned to control (uninjured) levels by 14 days." SIGNOR-251723 CCL3 protein P10147 UNIPROT CCR5 protein P51681 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 10090 BTO:0005787 15075201 t lperfetto "The purpose of this study was to determine whether certain chemokines, which are highly expressed in injured skeletal muscle, are involved in the repair and functional recovery of the muscle after traumatic injury. In wild-type control mice, mRNA transcripts of macrophage inflammatory protein (MIP)-1􏰂, MIP-1􏰃, and monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP)-1 as well as their major receptors, CCR5 and CCR2, increased after freeze injury and gradu- ally returned to control (uninjured) levels by 14 days." SIGNOR-251724 MITF protein O75030 UNIPROT TPSAB1 protein Q15661 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000830 20513998 t lperfetto "The transcription of tryptase gene in human mast cells is regulated by mi transcription factor |Using mutant constructs of tryptase promoter, we observed that two E-box (CANNTG) motifs including between -817 to -715 and -421 to -202 are able to involve in the transactivation of tryptase gene by MITF-A." SIGNOR-251725 KAT6A protein Q92794 UNIPROT CCL3 protein P10147 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000661 12771199 t lperfetto "We further demonstrate that the histone acetyltransferase, MOZ, can activate the MIP-1a promoter in T-cells and that this activation is largely dependent upon the proximal RUNX site. Moreover, we show that co-expression of MOZ and RUNX1 can activate the MIP-1a promoter." SIGNOR-251726 MYOD1 protein P15172 UNIPROT FST protein P19883 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 BTO:0000165 15130492 t lperfetto "MyoD, CREB, and NFAT Mediate the Transcriptional Activation of the Follistatin Promoter Induced by TSA" SIGNOR-251727 NFATC1 protein O95644 UNIPROT IL4 protein P05112 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000782 8668213 t lperfetto "Recombinant NFAT1 can mediate transcription of the interleukin-2, interleukin-4, tumor necrosis factor alpha, and granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor promoters in T cells, suggesting that NFAT1 contributes to the CsA-sensitive transcription of these genes during the immune response." SIGNOR-251728 NFATC2 protein Q13469 UNIPROT FST protein P19883 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 BTO:0000165 15130492 t lperfetto "MyoD, CREB, and NFAT Mediate the Transcriptional Activation of the Follistatin Promoter Induced by TSA" SIGNOR-251729 NFATC1 protein O95644 UNIPROT IL6 protein P05231 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0001260 17079331 t lperfetto "The calcineurin/nuclear factor of activated T cells (NFAT) signaling pathway has been found to play a role in regulating growth and differentiation in several cell types. However, the functional significance of NFAT in the vasculature is largely unclear. Here we show that NFATc1, NFATc3, and NFATc4 are expressed in human myometrial arteries. |Chronic inhibition of NFAT significantly reduced IL-6 production in intact myometrial arteries and inhibited cell proliferation in vascular smooth muscle cells cultured from explants from the same arteries." SIGNOR-251730 NFATC2 protein Q13469 UNIPROT IL6 protein P05231 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0001260 17079331 t lperfetto "The calcineurin/nuclear factor of activated T cells (NFAT) signaling pathway has been found to play a role in regulating growth and differentiation in several cell types. However, the functional significance of NFAT in the vasculature is largely unclear. Here we show that NFATc1, NFATc3, and NFATc4 are expressed in human myometrial arteries. |Chronic inhibition of NFAT significantly reduced IL-6 production in intact myometrial arteries and inhibited cell proliferation in vascular smooth muscle cells cultured from explants from the same arteries." SIGNOR-251731 NFATC3 protein Q12968 UNIPROT IL6 protein P05231 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0001260 17079331 t lperfetto "The calcineurin/nuclear factor of activated T cells (NFAT) signaling pathway has been found to play a role in regulating growth and differentiation in several cell types. However, the functional significance of NFAT in the vasculature is largely unclear. Here we show that NFATc1, NFATc3, and NFATc4 are expressed in human myometrial arteries. |Chronic inhibition of NFAT significantly reduced IL-6 production in intact myometrial arteries and inhibited cell proliferation in vascular smooth muscle cells cultured from explants from the same arteries." SIGNOR-251732 PPP3CA protein Q08209 UNIPROT IL6 protein P05231 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 18177723 f lperfetto "Interestingly, since IL-6 production by nerve-mediated skeletal muscle contraction has recently been shown to be partly dependent on the activation of the calcineurin pathway |The fact that IL-6 is produced not only by proliferating satellite cells but also by growing myofibers during hypertrophy" SIGNOR-251733 PPP3CB protein P16298 UNIPROT IL6 protein P05231 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 18177723 f lperfetto "Interestingly, since IL-6 production by nerve-mediated skeletal muscle contraction has recently been shown to be partly dependent on the activation of the calcineurin pathway |The fact that IL-6 is produced not only by proliferating satellite cells but also by growing myofibers during hypertrophy" SIGNOR-251734 PPP3CC protein P48454 UNIPROT IL6 protein P05231 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 18177723 f lperfetto "Interestingly, since IL-6 production by nerve-mediated skeletal muscle contraction has recently been shown to be partly dependent on the activation of the calcineurin pathway |The fact that IL-6 is produced not only by proliferating satellite cells but also by growing myofibers during hypertrophy" SIGNOR-251735 RELA protein Q04206 UNIPROT IL1B protein P01584 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 BTO:0000801 23667107 t lperfetto "Early Inhibition of IL-1 beta Expression by IFN-gamma Is Mediated by Impaired Binding of NF-kappa B to the IL-1 beta Promoter but Is Independent of Nitric Oxide|We report that IFN-γ suppressed bacterial RNA and LPS induced IL-1β transcription in primary murine macrophages" SIGNOR-251736 RELA protein Q04206 UNIPROT IL6 protein P05231 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 BTO:0000801 27337441 t lperfetto "Recent reports show that in mice the microbiome, comprising commensal microorganisms that colonize body surfaces, promotes a partial and low-grade M1-like phenotype in macrophages throughout the body, including those in lymphoid organs (119, 120). This M1-like priming of macrophages induces chromatin remodeling with increased H3K4me3 marks at Ifnb, Il6, and Tnf promoters, which is associated with increased binding of NF-κB p65, IRF3, and Pol II upon cell stimulation" SIGNOR-251737 RUNX1 protein Q01196 UNIPROT CCL3 protein P10147 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000661 12771199 t lperfetto "We show that RUNX1 can specifically bind to both RUNX sites but that only the proximal RUNX site is essential for PMA/ PHA stimulation of the MIP-1a promoter in Jurkat T-cells. We also show that the endogenous MIP-1a promoter is constitutively bound by RUNX1." SIGNOR-251738 SP1 protein P08047 UNIPROT HGF protein P14210 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 9223667 t lperfetto "Furthermore, in transient cotransfection assays, overexpression of Sp1 and/or Sp3 stimulated HGF promoter activity independently and additively through binding to the Sp1 binding site in the HGF gene promoter region." SIGNOR-251739 SP1 protein P08047 UNIPROT TGFB1 protein P01137 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 BTO:0000944 23936544 t lperfetto "MAPKs have cis-acting regulatory elements in the mouse-TGF promoter region, which respond to various transcription factors, including specificity protein-1 and activating protein 1. Thus, it is possible that apoptotic cell-induced TGF-β mRNA expression is mediated through activation of these transcription factors via MAPK signaling. Xiao et al. reported that all of the MAPK members, including p38/ERK/JNK, are required for apoptotic Jurkat cells up-regulation of TGF-β production" SIGNOR-251740 SP3 protein Q02447 UNIPROT HGF protein P14210 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 BTO:0000944 9223667 t lperfetto "Furthermore, in transient cotransfection assays, overexpression of Sp1 and/or Sp3 stimulated HGF promoter activity independently and additively through binding to the Sp1 binding site in the HGF gene promoter region." SIGNOR-251741 STAT3 protein P40763 UNIPROT HGF protein P14210 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 BTO:0000150 11278729 t lperfetto "Coexpression of activated c-Src and Stat3 synergistically induced strong HGF promoter activity in SP1 cells" SIGNOR-251742 STAT5A protein P42229 UNIPROT IGF1 protein P05019 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000972 10050749 t lperfetto "Growth hormone induces insulin-like growth factor-I gene transcription by a synergistic action of STAT5 and HNF-1α" SIGNOR-251743 TPSAB1 protein Q15661 UNIPROT F2RL1 protein P55085 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 10116 21999702 t lperfetto "Mast cells contribute to tissue repair in fibrous tissues by stimulating proliferation of fibroblasts through the release of tryptase which activates protease-activated receptor-2 (PAR-2).|Taken together, our data show that tryptase can stimulate myoblast proliferation and this effect is part of a signaling cascade dependent on PAR-2 activation and on the downstream activation of COX-2." SIGNOR-251744 NFY complex SIGNOR-C1 SIGNOR ID1 protein P41134 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional activation" 9606 BTO:0000972 18025157 f "We show that the ID1 and ID2 promoters are activated by PML-RARalpha but, unexpectedly, not by wild-type RARalpha/RXR. Our data support a model in which the PML-RARalpha fusion protein regulates a novel class of target genes by interaction with the Sp1 and NF-Y transcription factors, without directly binding to the DNA, defining a gain-of-function for the oncoprotein." SIGNOR-255746 PML-RARα "fusion protein" SIGNOR-FP2 SIGNOR NFY complex SIGNOR-C1 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000972 18025157 t "We show that the ID1 and ID2 promoters are activated by PML-RARalpha but, unexpectedly, not by wild-type RARalpha/RXR. Our data support a model in which the PML-RARalpha fusion protein regulates a novel class of target genes by interaction with the Sp1 and NF-Y transcription factors, without directly binding to the DNA, defining a gain-of-function for the oncoprotein." SIGNOR-255747 YWHAB protein P31946 UNIPROT NEFL protein P07196 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 9606 23230147 t miannu "These results suggest the important role of 14-3-3 in the dynamic regulation of NF-L assembly, and in the capacity to prevent the formation of NF-L aggregates. all seven isoforms specifically interacted with NF-L, but not NF-M or NF-H. specific interaction of 14-3-3 proteins with phosphorylated NF-L subunits also indicated the role of 14-3-3 and NF-L phosphorylation in the disassembly of neurofilaments. What is more, binding of 14-3-3 to phosphorylated NF-L subunits may prevent the dephosphorylation of these subunits by phosphatases, maintaining the hyperphosphorylation state of the subunits, which facilitates the disassembly of neurofilaments." SIGNOR-252396 YWHAZ protein P63104 UNIPROT NEFL protein P07196 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 9606 23230147 t miannu "These results suggest the important role of 14-3-3 in the dynamic regulation of NF-L assembly, and in the capacity to prevent the formation of NF-L aggregates. all seven isoforms specifically interacted with NF-L, but not NF-M or NF-H. specific interaction of 14-3-3 proteins with phosphorylated NF-L subunits also indicated the role of 14-3-3 and NF-L phosphorylation in the disassembly of neurofilaments. What is more, binding of 14-3-3 to phosphorylated NF-L subunits may prevent the dephosphorylation of these subunits by phosphatases, maintaining the hyperphosphorylation state of the subunits, which facilitates the disassembly of neurofilaments." SIGNOR-252397 YWHAE protein P62258 UNIPROT NEFL protein P07196 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 9606 23230147 t miannu "These results suggest the important role of 14-3-3 in the dynamic regulation of NF-L assembly, and in the capacity to prevent the formation of NF-L aggregates. all seven isoforms specifically interacted with NF-L, but not NF-M or NF-H. specific interaction of 14-3-3 proteins with phosphorylated NF-L subunits also indicated the role of 14-3-3 and NF-L phosphorylation in the disassembly of neurofilaments. What is more, binding of 14-3-3 to phosphorylated NF-L subunits may prevent the dephosphorylation of these subunits by phosphatases, maintaining the hyperphosphorylation state of the subunits, which facilitates the disassembly of neurofilaments." SIGNOR-252398 YWHAQ protein P27348 UNIPROT NEFL protein P07196 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 9606 23230147 t miannu "These results suggest the important role of 14-3-3 in the dynamic regulation of NF-L assembly, and in the capacity to prevent the formation of NF-L aggregates. all seven isoforms specifically interacted with NF-L, but not NF-M or NF-H. specific interaction of 14-3-3 proteins with phosphorylated NF-L subunits also indicated the role of 14-3-3 and NF-L phosphorylation in the disassembly of neurofilaments. What is more, binding of 14-3-3 to phosphorylated NF-L subunits may prevent the dephosphorylation of these subunits by phosphatases, maintaining the hyperphosphorylation state of the subunits, which facilitates the disassembly of neurofilaments." SIGNOR-252399 YWHAG protein P61981 UNIPROT NEFL protein P07196 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 9606 23230147 t miannu "These results suggest the important role of 14-3-3 in the dynamic regulation of NF-L assembly, and in the capacity to prevent the formation of NF-L aggregates. all seven isoforms specifically interacted with NF-L, but not NF-M or NF-H. specific interaction of 14-3-3 proteins with phosphorylated NF-L subunits also indicated the role of 14-3-3 and NF-L phosphorylation in the disassembly of neurofilaments. What is more, binding of 14-3-3 to phosphorylated NF-L subunits may prevent the dephosphorylation of these subunits by phosphatases, maintaining the hyperphosphorylation state of the subunits, which facilitates the disassembly of neurofilaments." SIGNOR-252400 PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT NEFL protein P07196 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation 9606 8019002 t miannu "Phosphorylation of neurofilament-L protein (NF-L) by the catalytic subunit of cAMP-dependent protein kinase (A-kinase) inhibits the reassembly of NF-L and disassembles filamentous NF-L." SIGNOR-252401 NOD2 protein Q9HC29 UNIPROT RIPK2 protein O43353 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000007 17355968 t miannu "The function of NOD2 could be to recruit RICK at the plasma membrane to form an active complex able to activate part of the NF-κB pathway. NOD2 induces a membrane recruitment of RICK that is dependent on a CARD-CARD interaction." SIGNOR-252402 NOD2 protein Q9HC29 UNIPROT Autophagy phenotype SIGNOR-PH31 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 BTO:0000567 19898471 f miannu "Autophagy is emerging as a crucial defense mechanism against bacteria, but the host intracellular sensors responsible for inducing autophagy in response to bacterial infection remain unknown. Here we demonstrated that the intracellular sensors Nod1 and Nod2 are critical for the autophagic response to invasive bacteria." SIGNOR-252403 NOD1 protein Q9Y239 UNIPROT Autophagy phenotype SIGNOR-PH31 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 BTO:0000567 19898471 f miannu "Autophagy is emerging as a crucial defense mechanism against bacteria, but the host intracellular sensors responsible for inducing autophagy in response to bacterial infection remain unknown. Here we demonstrated that the intracellular sensors Nod1 and Nod2 are critical for the autophagic response to invasive bacteria." SIGNOR-252404 NOD2 protein Q9HC29 UNIPROT ATG16L1 protein Q676U5 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000567 19898471 t miannu "By a mechanism independent of the adaptor RIP2 and transcription factor NF-kappaB, Nod1 and Nod2 recruited the autophagy protein ATG16L1 to the plasma membrane at the bacterial entry site. Our results link bacterial sensing by Nod proteins to the induction of autophagy and provide a functional link between Nod2 and ATG16L1, which are encoded by two of the most important genes associated with Crohn's disease." SIGNOR-252405 PHA-793887 chemical CID:46191454 PUBCHEM CDK1 protein P06493 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-206124 HBB protein P68871 UNIPROT CD163 protein Q86VB7 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 16522161 t Regulation miannu "These data suggest that hemoglobin may mediate a stimulatory effect on erythropoiesis through the activation of CD163 on hematopoietic progenitor cells." SIGNOR-251746 HBA1 protein P69905 UNIPROT CD163 protein Q86VB7 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 16522161 t Regulation miannu "These data suggest that hemoglobin may mediate a stimulatory effect on erythropoiesis through the activation of CD163 on hematopoietic progenitor cells." SIGNOR-251747 HBB protein P68871 UNIPROT ADAMTS13 protein Q76LX8 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" 9606 15367436 f "Regulation of binding" miannu "Incubation of hemoglobin, recombinant and from lysed erythrocytes, with normal plasma revealed an ADAMTS13 inhibitory effect at hemoglobin concentrations of 2 g/L or higher." SIGNOR-251748 HBA1 protein P69905 UNIPROT ADAMTS13 protein Q76LX8 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" 9606 15367436 f "Regulation of binding" miannu "Incubation of hemoglobin, recombinant and from lysed erythrocytes, with normal plasma revealed an ADAMTS13 inhibitory effect at hemoglobin concentrations of 2 g/L or higher." SIGNOR-251749 HBB protein P68871 UNIPROT AHSP protein Q9NZD4 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" 9606 2545495 f Regulation miannu "EDRF is rapidly inactivated by hemoglobin and superoxide." SIGNOR-251750 HBA1 protein P69905 UNIPROT AHSP protein Q9NZD4 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" 9606 2545495 f Regulation miannu "EDRF is rapidly inactivated by hemoglobin and superoxide." SIGNOR-251751 HBB protein P68871 UNIPROT TNF protein P01375 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000876 11901318 f "Regulation of expression" miannu "Free hemoglobin enhances tumor necrosis factor-alpha production in isolated human monocytes." SIGNOR-251752 HBA1 protein P69905 UNIPROT TNF protein P01375 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000876 11901318 f "Regulation of expression" miannu "Free hemoglobin enhances tumor necrosis factor-alpha production in isolated human monocytes." SIGNOR-251753 HBB protein P68871 UNIPROT APOB protein P04114 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by stabilization" stabilization 9606 8611031 f "Regulation of binding" miannu "Hemoglobin induced apolipoprotein B crosslinking in low-density lipoprotein peroxidation. Crosslinked apo B was shown to resist lysosomal degradation, thereby causing accumulation of oxidized LDL in macrophages" SIGNOR-251754 HBA1 protein P69905 UNIPROT APOB protein P04114 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by stabilization" stabilization 9606 8611031 f "Regulation of binding" miannu "Hemoglobin induced apolipoprotein B crosslinking in low-density lipoprotein peroxidation. Crosslinked apo B was shown to resist lysosomal degradation, thereby causing accumulation of oxidized LDL in macrophages" SIGNOR-251755 SOX9 protein P48436 UNIPROT COL2A1 protein P02458 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 10980415 f miannu "Since Sox9 also contains a potent transcription activation domain, it is a typical transcription factor. Sox9 which binds and activates this enhancer element, is required for chondrocyte differentiation and for expression of a series of chondrocyte-specific marker genes including Col2a1, Col9a2, Col11a2 and Aggrecan." SIGNOR-251756 SOX9 protein P48436 UNIPROT COL9A2 protein Q14055 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 10980415 f miannu "Since Sox9 also contains a potent transcription activation domain, it is a typical transcription factor. Sox9 which binds and activates this enhancer element, is required for chondrocyte differentiation and for expression of a series of chondrocyte-specific marker genes including Col2a1, Col9a2, Col11a2 and Aggrecan." SIGNOR-251757 SOX9 protein P48436 UNIPROT COL11A2 protein P13942 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 10980415 f miannu "Since Sox9 also contains a potent transcription activation domain, it is a typical transcription factor. Sox9 which binds and activates this enhancer element, is required for chondrocyte differentiation and for expression of a series of chondrocyte-specific marker genes including Col2a1, Col9a2, Col11a2 and Aggrecan." SIGNOR-251758 SOX5 protein P35711 UNIPROT COL2A1 protein P02458 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 10980415 f miannu "Since Sox9 also contains a potent transcription activation domain, it is a typical transcription factor. Two other members of the Sox family, L-Sox5 and Sox6, also bind to the 48-bp Col2a1 enhancer and together with Sox9 activate this enhancer as well as the endogenous Col2a1" SIGNOR-251759 SOX6 protein P35712 UNIPROT COL2A1 protein P02458 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 10980415 f miannu "Since Sox9 also contains a potent transcription activation domain, it is a typical transcription factor. Two other members of the Sox family, L-Sox5 and Sox6, also bind to the 48-bp Col2a1 enhancer and together with Sox9 activate this enhancer as well as the endogenous Col2a1" SIGNOR-251760 FARP2 protein O94887 UNIPROT SOD2 protein P04179 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 19276662 f "Regulation of expression" miannu "FIR induced the expression of IAP1, IAP2, XIAP Survivin, MnSOD, TNFalpha, pAKT and IL-1alpha" SIGNOR-251761 PPARGC1A protein Q9UBK2 UNIPROT SOD2 protein P04179 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 20089851 f Regulation miannu "PGC-1α has been reported to induce Mn-SOD expression" SIGNOR-251762 SIRT1 protein Q96EB6 UNIPROT SOD2 protein P04179 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 20089851 f Regulation miannu "SIRT1 deacetylates and activates the FOXOs under oxidative stress, thereby inducing Mn-SOD expression" SIGNOR-251763 HBB protein P68871 UNIPROT CYP2E1 protein P05181 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" 9606 BTO:0000575 19325051 f Regulation miannu "Hemoglobin dramatically stimulated CYP 2E1 activity but not the protein expression in quercetin- and ethanol-cotreated hepatocytes." SIGNOR-251764 HBA1 protein P69905 UNIPROT CYP2E1 protein P05181 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" 9606 BTO:0000575 19325051 f Regulation miannu "Hemoglobin dramatically stimulated CYP 2E1 activity but not the protein expression in quercetin- and ethanol-cotreated hepatocytes." SIGNOR-251765 HBB protein P68871 UNIPROT EDN1 protein P05305 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" 9606 8573884 f "Regulation of localization" miannu "Hb inhibitory activity toward ET-1 production might be related to Hb mediated endothelial oxidative injury." SIGNOR-251766 HBA1 protein P69905 UNIPROT EDN1 protein P05305 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" 9606 8573884 f "Regulation of localization" miannu "Hb inhibitory activity toward ET-1 production might be related to Hb mediated endothelial oxidative injury." SIGNOR-251767 ACVR1B protein P36896 UNIPROT HBB protein P68871 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by stabilization" stabilization 9606 BTO:0000664 2920215 f Regulation miannu "Activin, also named FSH-releasing protein, was previously shown to induce hemoglobin accumulation in K562 cells and potentiate the proliferation and differentiation of CFU-E in human bone marrow cultures." SIGNOR-251768 ACVR1B protein P36896 UNIPROT HBA1 protein P69905 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by stabilization" stabilization 9606 BTO:0000664 2920215 f Regulation miannu "Activin, also named FSH-releasing protein, was previously shown to induce hemoglobin accumulation in K562 cells and potentiate the proliferation and differentiation of CFU-E in human bone marrow cultures." SIGNOR-251769 AHSP protein Q9NZD4 UNIPROT HBA1 protein P69905 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by stabilization" binding 9606 18179859 t Regulation miannu "α-Hemoglobin stabilizing protein (AHSP) binds α-hemoglobin (Hb), avoiding its precipitation and its pro-oxidant activity." SIGNOR-251770 SP1 protein P08047 UNIPROT ID1 protein P41134 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional activation" 9606 18025157 f "We show that the ID1 and ID2 promoters are activated by PML-RARalpha but, unexpectedly, not by wild-type RARalpha/RXR. Our data support a model in which the PML-RARalpha fusion protein regulates a novel class of target genes by interaction with the Sp1 and NF-Y transcription factors, without directly binding to the DNA, defining a gain-of-function for the oncoprotein." SIGNOR-255748 ARSA protein P15289 UNIPROT HBB protein P68871 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" acetylation 9606 237937 t Regulation miannu "ASA acetylates hemoglobin. Purified acetylated hemoglobin had a slightly increased oxygen affinity and decreased heme-heme interaction." SIGNOR-251772 ARSA protein P15289 UNIPROT HBA1 protein P69905 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" acetylation 9606 237937 t Regulation miannu "ASA acetylates hemoglobin. Purified acetylated hemoglobin had a slightly increased oxygen affinity and decreased heme-heme interaction." SIGNOR-251773 BCL11A protein Q9H165 UNIPROT HBG1 protein P69891 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 20712774 f Regulation miannu "BCL11A maintains silencing of gamma-globin expression in adult erythroid cells and functions as a direct transcriptional regulator of the fetal to adult hemoglobin switch in humans. we found that BCL11A plays a central role in the evolutionarily divergent globin gene switches of mammals. As a factor critical for gamma-globin gene silencing, BCL11A should be considered as a therapeutic target to increase HbF in a directed manner in beta-thalassemia patients." SIGNOR-251774 BCL11A protein Q9H165 UNIPROT HBG2 protein P69892 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 20712774 f Regulation miannu "BCL11A maintains silencing of gamma-globin expression in adult erythroid cells and functions as a direct transcriptional regulator of the fetal to adult hemoglobin switch in humans. we found that BCL11A plays a central role in the evolutionarily divergent globin gene switches of mammals. As a factor critical for gamma-globin gene silencing, BCL11A should be considered as a therapeutic target to increase HbF in a directed manner in beta-thalassemia patients." SIGNOR-251775 CSF2 protein P04141 UNIPROT HBG2 protein P69892 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0001571 2479426 f "Regulation of expression" miannu "Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor reactivates fetal hemoglobin synthesis in erythroblast clones from normal adults." SIGNOR-251776 CTDSPL2 protein Q05D32 UNIPROT HBG2 protein P69892 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000664 20932329 f "Indirect:regulation of transcription" miannu "CTD small phosphatase like 2 (CTDSPL2) can increase ε- and γ-globin gene expression in K562 cells and CD34+ cells derived from umbilical cord blood." SIGNOR-251777 CTDSPL2 protein Q05D32 UNIPROT HBG1 protein P69891 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000664 20932329 f "Regulation of transcription" miannu "CTD small phosphatase like 2 (CTDSPL2) can increase ε- and γ-globin gene expression in K562 cells and CD34+ cells derived from umbilical cord blood." SIGNOR-251778 CTDSPL2 protein Q05D32 UNIPROT HBE1 protein P02100 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000664 20932329 f "Regulation of transcription" miannu "CTD small phosphatase like 2 (CTDSPL2) can increase ε- and γ-globin gene expression in K562 cells and CD34+ cells derived from umbilical cord blood." SIGNOR-251779 EIF2AK1 protein Q9BQI3 UNIPROT HBB protein P68871 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 19946423 f "Regulation of expression" miannu "Translation of α- and β-globin is tightly controlled by eIF2 and downregulated by HRI." SIGNOR-251780 EIF2AK1 protein Q9BQI3 UNIPROT HBA1 protein P69905 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 19946423 f "Regulation of expression" miannu "Translation of α- and β-globin is tightly controlled by eIF2 and downregulated by HRI." SIGNOR-251781 EGF protein P01133 UNIPROT HBB protein P68871 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 BTO:0000574 9168989 f Regulation miannu "We describe the roles of Stat5 and of these tyrosine residues in the EPOR in the erythroid differentiation of murine hematopoietic cell line SKT6 which produces hemoglobin in response to EPO. Chimeric receptors carrying the extracellular domain of the EGF receptor and the intracellular domain of the EPOR were introduced into SKT6 cells. Like EPO, EGF equally activated Stat5 and induced hemoglobin." SIGNOR-251782 EPO protein P01588 UNIPROT HBB protein P68871 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 BTO:0000574 9168989 f Regulation miannu "We describe the roles of Stat5 and of these tyrosine residues in the EPOR in the erythroid differentiation of murine hematopoietic cell line SKT6 which produces hemoglobin in response to EPO. Chimeric receptors carrying the extracellular domain of the EGF receptor and the intracellular domain of the EPOR were introduced into SKT6 cells. Like EPO, EGF equally activated Stat5 and induced hemoglobin." SIGNOR-251783 STAT5A protein P42229 UNIPROT HBB protein P68871 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 BTO:0000574 9168989 f Regulation miannu "We describe the roles of Stat5 and of these tyrosine residues in the EPOR in the erythroid differentiation of murine hematopoietic cell line SKT6 which produces hemoglobin in response to EPO. Chimeric receptors carrying the extracellular domain of the EGF receptor and the intracellular domain of the EPOR were introduced into SKT6 cells. Like EPO, EGF equally activated Stat5 and induced hemoglobin." SIGNOR-251784 EGF protein P01133 UNIPROT HBA1 protein P69905 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 BTO:0000574 9168989 f Regulation miannu "We describe the roles of Stat5 and of these tyrosine residues in the EPOR in the erythroid differentiation of murine hematopoietic cell line SKT6 which produces hemoglobin in response to EPO. Chimeric receptors carrying the extracellular domain of the EGF receptor and the intracellular domain of the EPOR were introduced into SKT6 cells. Like EPO, EGF equally activated Stat5 and induced hemoglobin." SIGNOR-251785 EPO protein P01588 UNIPROT HBA1 protein P69905 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 BTO:0000574 9168989 f Regulation miannu "We describe the roles of Stat5 and of these tyrosine residues in the EPOR in the erythroid differentiation of murine hematopoietic cell line SKT6 which produces hemoglobin in response to EPO. Chimeric receptors carrying the extracellular domain of the EGF receptor and the intracellular domain of the EPOR were introduced into SKT6 cells. Like EPO, EGF equally activated Stat5 and induced hemoglobin." SIGNOR-251786 STAT5A protein P42229 UNIPROT HBA1 protein P69905 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 BTO:0000574 9168989 f Regulation miannu "We describe the roles of Stat5 and of these tyrosine residues in the EPOR in the erythroid differentiation of murine hematopoietic cell line SKT6 which produces hemoglobin in response to EPO. Chimeric receptors carrying the extracellular domain of the EGF receptor and the intracellular domain of the EPOR were introduced into SKT6 cells. Like EPO, EGF equally activated Stat5 and induced hemoglobin." SIGNOR-251787 CBP/p300 complex SIGNOR-C6 SIGNOR KLF1 protein Q13351 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" acetylation 9606 BTO:0002731 9707565 t Regulation miannu "CBP and p300, but Not P/CAF, Enhance EKLF Trans-activation in Erythroid Cells. We find that EKLF is an acetylated transcription factor, and that it interacts in vivo with CBP, p300, and P/CAF. However, its interactions with these histone acetyltransferases are not equivalent, as CBP and p300, but not P/CAF, utilize EKLF as a substrate for in vitro acetylation within its trans-activation region." SIGNOR-251789 KLF1 protein Q13351 UNIPROT HBB protein P68871 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0002731 9707565 f Regulation miannu "EKLF is an acetylated transcription factor, and that it interacts in vivo with CBP, p300, and P/CAF. However, its interactions with these histone acetyltransferases are not equivalent, as CBP and p300, but not P/CAF, utilize EKLF as a substrate for in vitro acetylation within its trans-activation region. The functional effects of these interactions are that CBP and p300, but not P/CAF, enhance EKLF's transcriptional activation of the beta-globin promoter in erythroid cells." SIGNOR-251790 EPAS1 protein Q99814 UNIPROT HBB protein P68871 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 20534544 f Regulation miannu "We used genomic and candidate gene approaches to search for evidence of such genetic selection. First, a genome-wide allelic differentiation scan (GWADS) comparing indigenous highlanders of the Tibetan Plateau (3,200-3,500 m) with closely related lowland Han revealed a genome-wide significant divergence across eight SNPs located near EPAS1. This gene encodes the transcription factor HIF2alpha, which stimulates production of red blood cells and thus increases the concentration of hemoglobin in blood." SIGNOR-251791 EPAS1 protein Q99814 UNIPROT HBA1 protein P69905 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 20534544 f Regulation miannu "We used genomic and candidate gene approaches to search for evidence of such genetic selection. First, a genome-wide allelic differentiation scan (GWADS) comparing indigenous highlanders of the Tibetan Plateau (3,200-3,500 m) with closely related lowland Han revealed a genome-wide significant divergence across eight SNPs located near EPAS1. This gene encodes the transcription factor HIF2alpha, which stimulates production of red blood cells and thus increases the concentration of hemoglobin in blood." SIGNOR-251792 ETV6 protein P41212 UNIPROT HBB protein P68871 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 15958056 f "Regulation of expression" miannu "Upon erythropoietin exposure, overexpressed TEL stimulated hemoglobin synthesis" SIGNOR-251793 ETV6 protein P41212 UNIPROT HBA1 protein P69905 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 15958056 f "Regulation of expression" miannu "Upon erythropoietin exposure, overexpressed TEL stimulated hemoglobin synthesis" SIGNOR-251794 FGF2 protein P09038 UNIPROT HBB protein P68871 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 8142649 f Regulation miannu "Basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) and transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TGF-beta) have both been shown to act on hematopoietic progenitor cells. bFGF antagonized the TGF-beta-mediated induction of hemoglobin in a dose-dependent manner, with 0.1 ng/mL bFGF inhibiting hemoglobin induction by 40% and 10 ng/mL bFGF completely abrogating hemoglobin production." SIGNOR-251795 FGF2 protein P09038 UNIPROT HBA1 protein P69905 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 8142649 f Regulation miannu "Basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) and transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TGF-beta) have both been shown to act on hematopoietic progenitor cells. bFGF antagonized the TGF-beta-mediated induction of hemoglobin in a dose-dependent manner, with 0.1 ng/mL bFGF inhibiting hemoglobin induction by 40% and 10 ng/mL bFGF completely abrogating hemoglobin production." SIGNOR-251796 TGFB1 protein P01137 UNIPROT HBB protein P68871 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 8142649 f Regulation miannu "Basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) and transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TGF-beta) have both been shown to act on hematopoietic progenitor cells. bFGF antagonized the TGF-beta-mediated induction of hemoglobin in a dose-dependent manner, with 0.1 ng/mL bFGF inhibiting hemoglobin induction by 40% and 10 ng/mL bFGF completely abrogating hemoglobin production." SIGNOR-251797 TGFB1 protein P01137 UNIPROT HBA1 protein P69905 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 8142649 f Regulation miannu "Basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) and transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TGF-beta) have both been shown to act on hematopoietic progenitor cells. bFGF antagonized the TGF-beta-mediated induction of hemoglobin in a dose-dependent manner, with 0.1 ng/mL bFGF inhibiting hemoglobin induction by 40% and 10 ng/mL bFGF completely abrogating hemoglobin production." SIGNOR-251798 PML-RARα "fusion protein" SIGNOR-FP2 SIGNOR SP1 protein P08047 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0001412 18025157 t "We show that the ID1 and ID2 promoters are activated by PML-RARalpha but, unexpectedly, not by wild-type RARalpha/RXR. Our data support a model in which the PML-RARalpha fusion protein regulates a novel class of target genes by interaction with the Sp1 and NF-Y transcription factors, without directly binding to the DNA, defining a gain-of-function for the oncoprotein." SIGNOR-255749 BCL11A protein Q9H165 UNIPROT HBG2 protein P69892 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0004911 20395365 f Regulation miannu "BCL11A and SOX6 co-occupy the human beta-globin cluster along with GATA1, and cooperate in silencing gamma-globin transcription in adult human erythroid progenitors." SIGNOR-251800 EHMT2 protein Q96KQ7 UNIPROT HBB protein P68871 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 19822740 f "Regulation of transcription" miannu "G9a activation of the βmaj globin gene was shown to be independent of G9a MT activity." SIGNOR-251788 BCL11A protein Q9H165 UNIPROT HBG1 protein P69891 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0004911 20395365 f Regulation miannu "BCL11A and SOX6 co-occupy the human beta-globin cluster along with GATA1, and cooperate in silencing gamma-globin transcription in adult human erythroid progenitors." SIGNOR-251802 Droxinostat chemical CID:568416 PUBCHEM HDAC6 protein Q9UBN7 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-191433 GATA1 protein P15976 UNIPROT HBG2 protein P69892 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0004911 20395365 f Regulation miannu "BCL11A and SOX6 co-occupy the human beta-globin cluster along with GATA1, and cooperate in silencing gamma-globin transcription in adult human erythroid progenitors." SIGNOR-251804 GATA1 protein P15976 UNIPROT HBG1 protein P69891 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0004911 20395365 f Regulation miannu "BCL11A and SOX6 co-occupy the human beta-globin cluster along with GATA1, and cooperate in silencing gamma-globin transcription in adult human erythroid progenitors." SIGNOR-251806 RUNX1 protein Q01196 UNIPROT CDKN2A protein P42771 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional activation" 9606 BTO:0000567 12091906 f irozzo "AML1 binds to a six base pair DNA sequence (TGT/cGGT) that is present in many hematopoietic-specific genes.The p53 promoter does not contain any perfect AML1 DNA-binding sites (TGT/cGGT), but the human p14ARF promoter contains eight such sites (Fig. 1a), as well as multiple sites that match the broader consensus sequence (PyGPy/AGGT) or that have a single change from the consensus site.AML1 regulates the p14ARF promoter through an AML1 consensus DNA-binding site." SIGNOR-255713 SOX6 protein P35712 UNIPROT HBG2 protein P69892 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0004911 20395365 f Regulation miannu "BCL11A and SOX6 co-occupy the human beta-globin cluster along with GATA1, and cooperate in silencing gamma-globin transcription in adult human erythroid progenitors." SIGNOR-251808 STAT1 protein P42224 UNIPROT CIITA protein P33076 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0001103 9551976 f "Federica Ferrentino" "A role for STAT1 in regulation of the CIITA promoter is shown by the rescue of IFN-gamma induction by expression of STAT1 in STAT1-defective U3A cells" SIGNOR-255752 SOX6 protein P35712 UNIPROT HBG1 protein P69891 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0004911 20395365 f Regulation miannu "BCL11A and SOX6 co-occupy the human beta-globin cluster along with GATA1, and cooperate in silencing gamma-globin transcription in adult human erythroid progenitors." SIGNOR-251810 HPX protein P02790 UNIPROT HBB protein P68871 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" 9606 20617898 f Regulation miannu "The endogenous molecule hemoglobin and its derivative heme are often released into tissue compartments where there is infection in the presence of degrading blood. We found that hemoglobin synergizes with multiple TLR agonists to induce high levels of tumor necrosis factor and interleukin-6 from macrophages and that this synergy is independent of TLR4 and MyD88. In contrast, heme synergized with some but not all TLR agonists studied. Furthermore, the synergy of both hemoglobin and heme with lipopolysaccharide was suppressed by hemopexin, a plasma heme-binding protein." SIGNOR-251811 HLTF protein Q14527 UNIPROT HBB protein P68871 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000664 11756191 f "Regulation of transcription" miannu "DNA-dependent adenosine triphosphatase (helicaselike transcription factor) activates beta-globin transcription in K562 cells. Overexpression of HLTF in K562 cells does not affect the endogenous levels of gamma- and epsilon-globin message, but it markedly activates beta-globin transcription." SIGNOR-251812 NR3C1 protein P04150 UNIPROT PPARG protein P37231 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 BTO:0000011 10649448 f gcesareni "The dose of DEX required to promote maximal expression of PPARg mRNA is approximately 10 nM, which is within the range of the Kd for the association of DEX with the glucocorticoid receptor in 3T3-L1 cells" SIGNOR-255753 NOD1 protein Q9Y239 UNIPROT ATG16L1 protein Q676U5 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000567 19898471 t miannu "By a mechanism independent of the adaptor RIP2 and transcription factor NF-kappaB, Nod1 and Nod2 recruited the autophagy protein ATG16L1 to the plasma membrane at the bacterial entry site. Our results link bacterial sensing by Nod proteins to the induction of autophagy and provide a functional link between Nod2 and ATG16L1, which are encoded by two of the most important genes associated with Crohn's disease." SIGNOR-252406 HMOX1 protein P09601 UNIPROT HBA1 protein P69905 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" 9606 10490932 t Regulation miannu "Heme oxygenase (HO), by catabolizing heme to bile pigments, down-regulates cellular hemoprotein, hemoglobin, and heme" SIGNOR-251813 HMOX2 protein P30519 UNIPROT HBA1 protein P69905 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" 9606 10490932 t Regulation miannu "Heme oxygenase (HO), by catabolizing heme to bile pigments, down-regulates cellular hemoprotein, hemoglobin, and heme" SIGNOR-251814 TNF protein P01375 UNIPROT NOD2 protein Q9HC29 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0003355 18647246 f miannu "NOD2, toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) and the adapter protein receptor-interacting protein 2 (RIP2) are induced by tumor-necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) in the bronchial epithelial cell line BEAS-2B." SIGNOR-252407 IFNG protein P01579 UNIPROT NOD2 protein Q9HC29 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0003355 18647246 f miannu "NOD2, toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) and the adapter protein receptor-interacting protein 2 (RIP2) are induced by tumor-necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) in the bronchial epithelial cell line BEAS-2B." SIGNOR-252408 TNF protein P01375 UNIPROT RIPK2 protein O43353 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0003355 18647246 f miannu "NOD2, toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) and the adapter protein receptor-interacting protein 2 (RIP2) are induced by tumor-necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) in the bronchial epithelial cell line BEAS-2B." SIGNOR-252409 FOXC1 protein Q12948 UNIPROT RBPJ protein Q06330 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000671 21871448 t gcesareni "We demonstrate that physical interactions occur between wt1, foxc1/2 and rbpj, suggestive of the formation of multimeric transcriptional complexes." SIGNOR-176183 RXRA protein P19793 UNIPROT RARG protein P13631 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 1310351 t gcesareni "Here we report that the transcriptional activity of rar and rxr can be reciprocally modulated by direct interactions between the two proteins" SIGNOR-16671 EIF2AK1 protein Q9BQI3 UNIPROT EIF2S1 protein P05198 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation 9606 24714526 t miannu "HRI is an intracellular heme sensor that coordinates heme and globin synthesis in erythropoiesis by inhibiting protein synthesis of globins and heme biosynthetic enzymes during heme deficiency. HRI is a heme-regulated kinase that phosphorylates the α-subunit of eIF2 in heme deficiency, impairing another round of translational initiation and thereby inhibiting translation." SIGNOR-251817 EIF2S1 protein P05198 UNIPROT HBG2 protein P69892 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 24714526 f miannu "Reduction of globin inclusions and induction of ATF4 and HbF by the HRI-eIF2αP signaling provide strong bases for targeting this pathway for novel pharmaceutical therapy of hemoglobinopathy." SIGNOR-251818 EIF2S1 protein P05198 UNIPROT HBG1 protein P69891 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 24714526 f miannu "Reduction of globin inclusions and induction of ATF4 and HbF by the HRI-eIF2αP signaling provide strong bases for targeting this pathway for novel pharmaceutical therapy of hemoglobinopathy." SIGNOR-251819 EIF2S1 protein P05198 UNIPROT ATF4 protein P18848 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 24714526 f miannu "Reduction of globin inclusions and induction of ATF4 and HbF by the HRI-eIF2αP signaling provide strong bases for targeting this pathway for novel pharmaceutical therapy of hemoglobinopathy." SIGNOR-251820 RXRB protein P28702 UNIPROT PPARG protein P37231 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 10882139 t lperfetto "The nuclear receptor ppargamma/rxralpha heterodimer regulates glucose and lipid homeostasis" SIGNOR-78907 CD163 protein Q86VB7 UNIPROT hb:hp complex SIGNOR-C149 SIGNOR "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" binding 9606 11854029 t miannu "CD163 was identified as the endocytic receptor binding hemoglobin (Hb) in complex with the plasma protein haptoglobin (Hp). This specific receptor-ligand interaction leading to removal from plasma of the Hp-Hb complex-but not free Hp or Hb-now explains the depletion of circulating Hp in individuals with increased intravascular hemolysis." SIGNOR-251823 CRP protein P02741 UNIPROT IL10 protein P22301 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "translation regulation" 9606 BTO:0000801 16917108 f Regulation miannu "CRP significantly decreased IL-10 mRNA stability" SIGNOR-251824 CRP protein P02741 UNIPROT IL10 protein P22301 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000801 16917108 f Regulation miannu "CRP treatment significantly decreased (P<0.05) LPS-induced IL-10 mRNA expression" SIGNOR-251825 CEBPD protein P49716 UNIPROT PPARG protein P37231 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 BTO:0000011 19281808 t gcesareni "We conclude that glucocorticoid-induced adipogenesis from bone marrow stromal cells is mediated through a reaction cascade in which dexamethasone transcriptionally activates C/EBPδ; C/EBPδ then binds to PPARγ2 promoter and transactivates PPARγ2 gene expression." SIGNOR-253062 KLF11 protein O14901 UNIPROT HBG2 protein P69892 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000664 10207080 f Regulation miannu "Transfection of K562 cells with FKLF cDNA enhanced the expression of the endogenous epsilon- and gamma-globin genes, suggesting an in vivo role of FKLF in fetal and embryonic globin gene expression." SIGNOR-251827 KLF11 protein O14901 UNIPROT HBG1 protein P69891 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000664 10207080 f Regulation miannu "Transfection of K562 cells with FKLF cDNA enhanced the expression of the endogenous epsilon- and gamma-globin genes, suggesting an in vivo role of FKLF in fetal and embryonic globin gene expression." SIGNOR-251828 KLF11 protein O14901 UNIPROT HBE1 protein P02100 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000664 10207080 f Regulation miannu "Transfection of K562 cells with FKLF cDNA enhanced the expression of the endogenous epsilon- and gamma-globin genes, suggesting an in vivo role of FKLF in fetal and embryonic globin gene expression." SIGNOR-251829 KLF2 protein Q9Y5W3 UNIPROT HBE1 protein P02100 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 15947087 f "Regulation of expression" miannu "Our results show that KLF2 positively regulates the human (ε) and murine (Ey and βh1) embryonic globin genes at both E10.5 and E12.5, in the yolk sac, which is the site of primitive erythropoiesis." SIGNOR-251830 MIF protein P14174 UNIPROT HBB protein P68871 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000664 16636133 f "Regulation of expression" miannu "MIF inhibits cytodifferentiation and hemoglobin synthesis of MEL cells." SIGNOR-251831 MIF protein P14174 UNIPROT HBA1 protein P69905 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000664 16636133 f "Regulation of expression" miannu "MIF inhibits cytodifferentiation and hemoglobin synthesis of MEL cells." SIGNOR-251832 MAPK11 protein Q15759 UNIPROT HBB protein P68871 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 20162623 f Indirect:regulation miannu "Our results demonstrate that activin A induced Hb synthesis and promoter activation of the specific erythroid gene, ζ-globin, through p38α and p38β isoforms and their activator, MKK6 (mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 6)." SIGNOR-251833 MAPK11 protein Q15759 UNIPROT HBA1 protein P69905 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 20162623 f Indirect:regulation miannu "Our results demonstrate that activin A induced Hb synthesis and promoter activation of the specific erythroid gene, ζ-globin, through p38α and p38β isoforms and their activator, MKK6 (mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 6)." SIGNOR-251834 NR3C1 protein P04150 UNIPROT CEBPD protein P49716 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 BTO:0000011 10649448 t gcesareni "We conclude that glucocorticoid-induced adipogenesis from bone marrow stromal cells is mediated through a reaction cascade in which dexamethasone transcriptionally activates C/EBPδ; C/EBPδ then binds to PPARγ2 promoter and transactivates PPARγ2 gene expression." SIGNOR-253061 PTPN11 protein Q06124 UNIPROT NRAS protein P01111 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Tyr32 QNHFVDEyDPTIEDS 9606 BTO:0000007 26617336 t miannu "Here we identify SHP2 as the ubiquitously expressed tyrosine phosphatase that preferentially binds to and dephosphorylates Ras to increase its association with Raf and activate downstream proliferative Ras/ERK/MAPK signalling." SIGNOR-255754 MAPK14 protein Q16539 UNIPROT HBB protein P68871 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 20162623 f Indirect:regulation miannu "Our results demonstrate that activin A induced Hb synthesis and promoter activation of the specific erythroid gene, ζ-globin, through p38α and p38β isoforms and their activator, MKK6 (mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 6)." SIGNOR-251837 SREBF1 protein P36956 UNIPROT PPARG protein P37231 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" 10090 BTO:0000011 9539737 f gcesareni "Finally, we demonstrate directly that cells expressing ADD1/SREBP1 produce and secrete lipid molecule(s) that bind directly to PPARgamma, displacing the binding of radioactive thiazolidinedione ligands" SIGNOR-170607 MAPK14 protein Q16539 UNIPROT HBA1 protein P69905 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 20162623 f Indirect:regulation miannu "Our results demonstrate that activin A induced Hb synthesis and promoter activation of the specific erythroid gene, ζ-globin, through p38α and p38β isoforms and their activator, MKK6 (mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 6)." SIGNOR-251838 NFE2 protein Q16621 UNIPROT HBB protein P68871 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 BTO:0000426 16287851 f "Regulation of expression" miannu "NF-E2 is a transcription activator for the regulation of a number of erythroid- and megakaryocytic lineage-specific genes. Here we present evidence that the large subunit of mammalian NF-E2, p45, is sumoylated in vivo in human erythroid K562 cells. we demonstrated by stable transfection assay that only the wild-type p45, but not its mutant form p45 (K368R), could efficiently rescue β-globin gene expression in the p45-null, erythroid cell line CB3. These data together point to a model of mammalian β-like globin gene activation by sumoylated p45/NF-E2 in erythroid cells." SIGNOR-251839 NFE2 protein Q16621 UNIPROT HBG2 protein P69892 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 BTO:0000426 16287851 f "Regulation of expression" miannu "NF-E2 is a transcription activator for the regulation of a number of erythroid- and megakaryocytic lineage-specific genes. Here we present evidence that the large subunit of mammalian NF-E2, p45, is sumoylated in vivo in human erythroid K562 cells. we demonstrated by stable transfection assay that only the wild-type p45, but not its mutant form p45 (K368R), could efficiently rescue β-globin gene expression in the p45-null, erythroid cell line CB3. These data together point to a model of mammalian β-like globin gene activation by sumoylated p45/NF-E2 in erythroid cells." SIGNOR-251840 NFE2 protein Q16621 UNIPROT HBG1 protein P69891 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 BTO:0000426 16287851 f "Regulation of expression" miannu "NF-E2 is a transcription activator for the regulation of a number of erythroid- and megakaryocytic lineage-specific genes. Here we present evidence that the large subunit of mammalian NF-E2, p45, is sumoylated in vivo in human erythroid K562 cells. we demonstrated by stable transfection assay that only the wild-type p45, but not its mutant form p45 (K368R), could efficiently rescue β-globin gene expression in the p45-null, erythroid cell line CB3. These data together point to a model of mammalian β-like globin gene activation by sumoylated p45/NF-E2 in erythroid cells." SIGNOR-251841 NFE2 protein Q16621 UNIPROT HBE1 protein P02100 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 BTO:0000426 16287851 f "Regulation of expression" miannu "NF-E2 is a transcription activator for the regulation of a number of erythroid- and megakaryocytic lineage-specific genes. Here we present evidence that the large subunit of mammalian NF-E2, p45, is sumoylated in vivo in human erythroid K562 cells. we demonstrated by stable transfection assay that only the wild-type p45, but not its mutant form p45 (K368R), could efficiently rescue β-globin gene expression in the p45-null, erythroid cell line CB3. These data together point to a model of mammalian β-like globin gene activation by sumoylated p45/NF-E2 in erythroid cells." SIGNOR-251842 NFE2 protein Q16621 UNIPROT HBD protein P02042 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 BTO:0000426 16287851 f "Regulation of expression" miannu "NF-E2 is a transcription activator for the regulation of a number of erythroid- and megakaryocytic lineage-specific genes. Here we present evidence that the large subunit of mammalian NF-E2, p45, is sumoylated in vivo in human erythroid K562 cells. we demonstrated by stable transfection assay that only the wild-type p45, but not its mutant form p45 (K368R), could efficiently rescue β-globin gene expression in the p45-null, erythroid cell line CB3. These data together point to a model of mammalian β-like globin gene activation by sumoylated p45/NF-E2 in erythroid cells." SIGNOR-251843 NCL protein P19338 UNIPROT HBB protein P68871 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity" "translation regulation" 9606 BTO:0002731 16508016 t Regulation miannu "Nucleolin binds human β-globin mRNA. A Nucleolin-Binding 3′ Untranslated Region Element Stabilizes β-Globin mRNA In Vivo" SIGNOR-251844 APOA5 protein Q6Q788 UNIPROT LPL protein P06858 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 21773006 t Regulation miannu "Apo A5 binds to and enhances the activity of lipoprotein lipase (LPL) enzyme" SIGNOR-251845 APOC2 protein P02655 UNIPROT LPL protein P06858 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" 9606 19956660 f Regulation miannu "Triglycerides in VLDL are hydrolyzed by lipoprotein lipase, which in turn is activated by apolipoprotein CII on the surface but inhibited by apolipoprotein CIII." SIGNOR-251846 TGFB1 protein P01137 UNIPROT LPL protein P06858 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 BTO:0000801 11742878 f "Regulation of expression" miannu "TGF-β1 inhibited gene expression and cell surface activity of LPL. TGF-β1 did not have an effect on LPL activity when it was added directly to the LPL activity assay (data not shown); however, as shown in the Table, TGF-β1 significantly reduced LPL mRNA by 55.0%" SIGNOR-251847 IFNG protein P01579 UNIPROT LPL protein P06858 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000801 2114181 f Regulation miannu "Interferon-gamma inhibits lipoprotein lipase in human monocyte-derived macrophages. The data indicate that IFN-gamma is inhibiting macrophage LPL at least in part via a reduction of LPL synthesis" SIGNOR-251848 PPARA protein Q07869 UNIPROT LPL protein P06858 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" 9606 16511610 f Regulation miannu "The effect of fibrates on the metabolism of triglyceride-rich lipoproteins is due to a PPAR-alpha-dependent stimulation of lipoprotein lipase and of apolipoprotein (apo)A-V and to an inhibition of apoC-III expression, whereas the increase in plasma HDL-cholesterol depends partly on an overexpression of apoA-I and apoA-II. " SIGNOR-251849 APOC3 protein P02656 UNIPROT LPL protein P06858 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" 9606 17315402 f Regulation miannu "Apolipoprotein CIII inhibits the lipoprotein lipase." SIGNOR-251850 IFNG protein P01579 UNIPROT RIPK2 protein O43353 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0003355 18647246 f miannu "NOD2, toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) and the adapter protein receptor-interacting protein 2 (RIP2) are induced by tumor-necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) in the bronchial epithelial cell line BEAS-2B." SIGNOR-252410 PRL protein P01236 UNIPROT LPL protein P06858 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" 9606 BTO:0001487 12679477 f Regulation miannu "PRL inhibits lipoprotein lipase activity in human white adipose tissue" SIGNOR-251851 CRP protein P02741 UNIPROT LPL protein P06858 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000801 18708524 f "Regulation of expression" miannu "C-reactive protein enhances macrophage lipoprotein lipase expression." SIGNOR-251852 TNF protein P01375 UNIPROT LPL protein P06858 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 9609 3063839 f "Regulation of expression" miannu "Cytokines, notably TNF and IL-1, suppress synthesis of lipoprotein lipase which decreases the rate of TGFA clearance." SIGNOR-251853 CTDNEP1 protein O95476 UNIPROT BMPR2 protein Q13873 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 17141153 t gcesareni "We show that dullard promotes the ubiquitin-mediated proteosomal degradation of bmp receptors" SIGNOR-151001 IFNG protein P01579 UNIPROT LPL protein P06858 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 BTO:0001030 10909770 f "Regulation of expression" miannu "The suppression of lipoprotein lipase expression in J774.2 macrophages by IFN-gamma and TNF-alpha is mediated at the transcriptional level." SIGNOR-251854 TNF protein P01375 UNIPROT LPL protein P06858 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 16106106 f Regulation miannu "TNF-α and IL-6 inhibit lipoprotein lipase" SIGNOR-251855 IL1B protein P01584 UNIPROT LPL protein P06858 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" 9606 1572904 f Regulation miannu "IL-1 beta also depressed adipoconversion, inhibited markedly LPL activity, and partially reduced GPDH activity." SIGNOR-251856 INS protein P01308 UNIPROT LPL protein P06858 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0001487 21966368 f Regulation miannu "Insulin has a major effect on LPL regulation in adipose tissue since in mature adipocytes insulin not only increases the level of LPL mRNA but also regulates LPL activity through both posttranscriptional and posttranslational mechanisms" SIGNOR-251857 INS protein P01308 UNIPROT LPL protein P06858 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" 9606 BTO:0001487 21966368 f Regulation miannu "Insulin has a major effect on LPL regulation in adipose tissue since in mature adipocytes insulin not only increases the level of LPL mRNA but also regulates LPL activity through both posttranscriptional and posttranslational mechanisms" SIGNOR-251858 IFNA10 protein P01566 UNIPROT LPL protein P06858 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" 10090 BTO:0000944 1632769 f Regulation miannu "Interleukin-1 and interferon-alpha and gamma induce lipolysis and decrease LPL activity but do not stimulate much PG production. These results demonstrate that cytokines enhance lipolysis and decrease LPL activity in 3T3 adipocytes by a PG independent mechanism." SIGNOR-251859 FBN1 protein P35555 UNIPROT EFEMP2 protein O95967 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 9606 19570982 t "Regulation of binding" miannu "Fibulin-4 and -5 are extracellular glycoproteins with essential non-compensatory roles in elastic fiber assembly. Both fibulins differentially bound N-terminal fibrillin-1, which strongly inhibited their binding to lysyl oxidase and tropoelastin." SIGNOR-251860 NOD1 protein Q9Y239 UNIPROT NfKb-p65/p50 complex SIGNOR-C13 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 18079694 f miannu "Nod1 and Nod2 stimulation activates NF-kappaB through RICK, a caspase-recruitment domain-containing kinase." SIGNOR-252411 IGF1 protein P05019 UNIPROT FBN1 protein P35555 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 10116 BTO:0000951 17200203 f "Regulation of expression" miannu "Decorin and IGF-I induce fibrillin-1 protein synthesis in normal rat kidney fibroblasts" SIGNOR-251862 IGF1R protein P08069 UNIPROT FBN1 protein P35555 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 10116 BTO:0000951 17200203 f "Indirect:regulation of expression" miannu "Decorin and IGF-I induce fibrillin-1 protein synthesis in normal rat kidney fibroblasts" SIGNOR-251863 IL1B protein P01584 UNIPROT GDF5 protein P43026 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0003742 19818765 f Regulation miannu "GDF-5 is suppressed by IL-1beta and enhances TGF-beta3-mediated chondrogenic differentiation in human rheumatoid fibroblast-like synoviocytes." SIGNOR-251864 NOG protein Q13253 UNIPROT GDF5 protein P43026 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 9606 19956691 t Regulation miannu "We identified two mutations (N445K,T) in patients with multiple synostosis syndrome (SYM1) in the BMP–related ligand GDF5. Residue N445, situated within overlapping receptor and antagonist interfaces, is highly conserved among the BMP family with the exception of BMP9 and BMP10, in which it is substituted with lysine. Like the mutant GDF5, both BMPs are insensitive to NOGGIN and show a high chondrogenic activity." SIGNOR-251865 TRPS1 protein Q9UHF7 UNIPROT GDF5 protein P43026 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 BTO:0005092 18363966 f "Regulation of expression" miannu "Treatment of cells with Gdf5 enhanced Trps1 protein levels and phosphorylation of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) in a dose-dependent manner. Nuclear translocation of Trps1 was also induced by Gdf5. These effects were blocked by a dominant negative form of activin-linked kinase 6 (dn-Alk6) and by SB203580, an inhibitor of the p38 MAPK pathway. Conversely, Gdf5 expression was suppressed by the over-expression of Trps1." SIGNOR-251866 GDF5 protein P43026 UNIPROT TRPS1 protein Q9UHF7 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" relocalization 10090 BTO:0005092 18363966 t "Regulation of localization" miannu "Treatment of cells with Gdf5 enhanced Trps1 protein levels and phosphorylation of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) in a dose-dependent manner. Nuclear translocation of Trps1 was also induced by Gdf5. These effects were blocked by a dominant negative form of activin-linked kinase 6 (dn-Alk6) and by SB203580, an inhibitor of the p38 MAPK pathway. Conversely, Gdf5 expression was suppressed by the over-expression of Trps1." SIGNOR-251867 ASH2L protein Q9UBL3 UNIPROT TBX1 protein O43435 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0002269 20463296 t Regulation miannu "Tbx1 interacts with Ash2l in both yeast and mammalian cells and Ash2l acts as a transcriptional co-activator in luciferase reporter assays." SIGNOR-251868 TBX1 protein O43435 UNIPROT FLT4 protein P35916 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0001176 20439995 f "Regulation of expression" miannu "Tbx1 plays a critical role in lymphatic vessel development and regulates the expression of Vegfr3, a gene that is essential for lymphangiogenesis. Tbx1 activates Vegfr3 transcription in endothelial cells (ECs) by binding to an enhancer element in the Vegfr3 gene." SIGNOR-251869 PITX2 protein Q99697 UNIPROT TBX1 protein O43435 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 20129917 f Regulation miannu "Pitx2 activated Tbx4, Tbx15, and Mga and repressed Tbx1, Tbx2, Tbx5, and Tbx6 expression." SIGNOR-251870 GDF5 protein P43026 UNIPROT ID1 protein P41134 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0004291 16716349 f Regulation miannu "GDF5 induces ID1 and ID3 in HUVSMC by a smad-dependent, MAPK-independent pathway. GDF5 binds to specific receptors, thereby inducing phosphorylation and translocation of smad1 to the nucleus where it is involved in the regulation of transcription." SIGNOR-251871 GDF5 protein P43026 UNIPROT ID3 protein Q02535 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0004291 16716349 f Regulation miannu "GDF5 induces ID1 and ID3 in HUVSMC by a smad-dependent, MAPK-independent pathway. GDF5 binds to specific receptors, thereby inducing phosphorylation and translocation of smad1 to the nucleus where it is involved in the regulation of transcription." SIGNOR-251872 PAX6 protein P26367 UNIPROT PAX6 protein P26367 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0001874 17251190 f Regulation miannu "Pax6-stimulated activity of the Pax6 promoter is repressed by TGFβ signalling. TGFβ receptor activation represses Pax6 promoter activity by releasing Pax6 from autoregulating its own promoter." SIGNOR-251873 NOD2 protein Q9HC29 UNIPROT NfKb-p65/p50 complex SIGNOR-C13 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 18079694 f miannu "Nod1 and Nod2 stimulation activates NF-kappaB through RICK, a caspase-recruitment domain-containing kinase." SIGNOR-252412 TGFB1 protein P01137 UNIPROT PAX6 protein P26367 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0001874 17251190 f Regulation miannu "The effect of TGFbeta on Pax6 expression was studied in the FHL124 lens epithelial cell line and was found to cause up to a 50% reduction in Pax6 mRNA levels within 24 h. Pax6-stimulated activity of the Pax6 promoter is repressed by TGFβ signalling." SIGNOR-251874 SMAD3 protein P84022 UNIPROT PAX6 protein P26367 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0001874 17251190 t Regulation miannu "The paired domain of Pax6 interacts with the MH1 domain of Smad3. Smad3 prevents Pax6 paired domain from binding DNA" SIGNOR-251875 E2F1 protein Q01094 UNIPROT CTNND2 protein Q9UQB3 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 BTO:0001033 21106062 f miannu "Coordinated regulation of δ-catenin expression by both the activating transcription factor E2F1 and repressive transcription factor Hes1 in prostate cancer progression." SIGNOR-251876 HES1 protein Q14469 UNIPROT CTNND2 protein Q9UQB3 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 BTO:0001033 21106062 f miannu "Coordinated regulation of δ-catenin expression by both the activating transcription factor E2F1 and repressive transcription factor Hes1 in prostate cancer progression." SIGNOR-251877 PAX6 protein P26367 UNIPROT CTNND2 protein Q9UQB3 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 16973151 f "Indirect:regulation of expression" miannu "In Pax6 mutant embryos, delta-catenin expression was severely reduced in the optic vesicle neural ectoderm, in the ventricular zone of the neocortex and in the external granule layer of the cerebellum. We identified a Pax6 binding site in delta-catenin promoter that is conserved between mice and humans and which is effectively bound by Pax6 in vitro. Our results suggest that Pax6 regulates delta-catenin expression during CNS development in mice." SIGNOR-251878 KRT1 protein P04264 UNIPROT APC protein P25054 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation 9606 18359618 t "Regulation of catabolism" miannu "Phosphorylation of this central repeat region of APC significantly enhances its affinity for β-catenin. When the repeats are phosphorylated by the cooperative action of CK1 and GSK3β, the binding interaction is significantly altered and enhanced." SIGNOR-251879 CRH protein P06850 UNIPROT KRT1 protein P04264 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 15787816 f "Regulation of expression" miannu "CRH also increased AP-1 binding activity, cell granularity, cytokeratin 1 and involucrin expression, and inhibited cytokeratin 14 expression." SIGNOR-251882 IL1B protein P01584 UNIPROT KRT1 protein P04264 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 17982242 f "Regulation of expression" miannu "IL-1β alone decreased the expression of E-cadherin and cytokeratin" SIGNOR-251883 TGFB1 protein P01137 UNIPROT KRT1 protein P04264 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 16258965 f Regulation miannu "TGFβ1 and TGFβ2 induce loss of epithelial morphology, cytokeratin, and membrane-associated Zonula Occludens-1 and increase the smooth muscle markers calponin and caldesmon" SIGNOR-251884 KRT1 protein P04264 UNIPROT MPO protein P05164 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity" binding 9606 17591979 t "Regulation of binding" miannu "CK1 and CK9 specifically bind MPO. MPO is internalized by endothelial cells through a direct interaction with the endothelial surface protein CK1" SIGNOR-251886 FBN1 protein P35555 UNIPROT MMP1 protein P03956 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 16442122 f "Regulation of expression" miannu "In this study we show that a fibrillin-1 fragment containing a EGFEPG sequence that conforms to a putative GxxPG elastin-binding protein (EBP) consensus sequence upregulates the expression and production of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-1 by up to ninefold in a cell culture system. Mutations in the gene for fibrillin-1 cause Marfan syndrome (MFS), a common hereditary disorder of connective tissue" SIGNOR-251887 FBN1 protein P35555 UNIPROT TGFB1 protein P01137 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity" binding 9606 17242066 t "Regulation of localization" miannu "We have discovered that fibrillin-1, which forms extracellular microfibrils, can regulate the bioavailability of transforming growth factor (TGF) beta1, a powerful cytokine that modulates cell survival and phenotype. Altered TGFbeta signaling is a major contributor to the pathology of Marfan syndrome (MFS) and related diseases. In the presence of cell layer extracellular matrix, a fibrillin-1 sequence encoded by exons 44-49 releases endogenous TGFbeta1, thereby stimulating TGFbeta receptor-mediated Smad2 signaling." SIGNOR-251888 FBN1 protein P35555 UNIPROT SMAD2 protein Q15796 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" 9606 17242066 f Regulation miannu "Fibrillin-1 sequence encoded by exons 44-49 releases endogenous TGFbeta1, thereby stimulating TGFbeta receptor-mediated Smad2 signaling." SIGNOR-251889 IL1A protein P01583 UNIPROT FBN1 protein P35555 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000452 9036927 f Regulation miannu "UVB irradiation (50 mJ) of cultured skin fibroblasts suppressed fibrillin mRNA by 50%, consistent with a direct effect of radiation. UVB irradiation (50 mJ) of cultured skin fibroblasts suppressed fibrillin mRNA by 50%, consistent with a direct effect of radiation. Addition to the cultured fibroblasts of several cytokines upregulated by UVB showed that IL-1alpha had no effect on fibrillin mRNA in unirradiated cells, but in irradiated cells, this cytokine enhanced the suppression of fibrillin mRNA." SIGNOR-251890 LTBP2 protein Q14767 UNIPROT FBN1 protein P35555 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000452 19681046 t Regulation miannu "LTBP-2 interacts with fibrillin-1. The association of LTBP-2 with the ECM always coincided with that of fibrillin-1, and in fibroblast cultures the appearance of fibrillar fibrillin-1 structures preceded the assembly of LTBP-2 network." SIGNOR-251891 ERK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF1 SIGNOR RAF1 protein P04049 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation 9606 9922370 t lperfetto "Mapkerk1/2 is also able to phopshorylate the egf receptor, the ras exchange factor sos, mkkkraf1, and mkkmek1. The phosphorylation of each of these proteins by mapkerk1/2 is believed to reduce their catalytic activity" SIGNOR-244688 PPP2CA protein P67775 UNIPROT RAF1 protein P04049 UNIPROT up-regulates dephosphorylation 9606 BTO:0000671 16239230 t miannu "Both pp2a holoenzymes were found to associate with raf1 and catalyze dephosphorylation of inhibitory phospho-ser-259. Together these findings indicate that pp2a abalphac and abdeltac holoenzymes function as positive regulators of raf1-mek1/2-erk1/2 signaling by targeting raf1." SIGNOR-141170 IGF1R protein P08069 UNIPROT FBN1 protein P35555 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 10116 BTO:0000951 17200203 t Regulation miannu "We report a novel mechanism of action that involves two key molecules: decorin, a small leucine-rich proteoglycan, and the IGF-IR. These two players, together with the downstream signaling pathway evoked by decorin-mediated activation of the receptor, lead to an enhanced translation of fibrillin-1 and its deposition in the extracellular environment both in vitro and in vivo." SIGNOR-251892 DCN protein P07585 UNIPROT FBN1 protein P35555 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 10116 BTO:0000951 17200203 f Regulation miannu "Decorin Induces Fibrillin-1 Protein Expression in NRK Cells via IGF-IR. we report a novel mechanism of action that involves two key molecules: decorin, a small leucine-rich proteoglycan, and the IGF-IR. These two players, together with the downstream signaling pathway evoked by decorin-mediated activation of the receptor, lead to an enhanced translation of fibrillin-1 and its deposition in the extracellular environment both in vitro and in vivo." SIGNOR-251893 RIPK2 protein O43353 UNIPROT IKBKG protein Q9Y6K9 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" ubiquitination 9606 16493424 f miannu "In the case of NOD2, activation of RICK leads to K63 (Lys63)-linked polyubiquitylation of IKKgamma, the scaffold of the inhibitor of NF-kappaB (IkappaB)-kinase complex (the IKK complex), which also consists of IKKalpha and IKKbeta. This is followed by the phosphorylation of IKKbeta, as well as the phosphorylation of IkappaB and the release of nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) for translocation to the nucleus. So, in activating the IKK complex, RICK either activates an E3 ubiquitin ligase that promotes K63-linked polyubiquitylation or inhibits an enzyme (such as cylindromatosis protein, CYLD) that de-ubiquitylates proteins that are modified with K63-linked polyubiquitin, so RICK does not require its own kinase activity for this function." SIGNOR-252413 WNT3A protein P56704 UNIPROT FBN1 protein P35555 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by stabilization" stabilization 10090 BTO:0000951 17943183 t Regulation miannu "Wnt3a markedly stimulated matrix assembly of microfibrillar proteins, including Fbn-1, by cultured fibroblasts, suggesting that Wnts contribute to increased microfibrillar matrices in Tsk skin.Wnt3a stimulates Fbn-1 matrix formation." SIGNOR-251894 ITGA6 protein P23229 UNIPROT PMP22 protein Q01453 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 10090 BTO:0000938 16436605 t Regulation miannu "PMP22 is in a complex with α6β4 integrin and laminin. PMP22 and β4 integrin are in a complex in a variety of cell types. The interaction with the integrins provides PMP22 with the ability to modulate the cell–ECM communications, as well as intracellular events. Signaling between the ECM and the intracellular compartment is essential for SC myelination, as well as cellular differentiation and motility, in general. The identification of PMP22 as a binding partner for an integrin signaling complex provides a major step toward understanding the role of this disease-linked molecule in the nervous system and in non-neural cell types." SIGNOR-251895 ITGB4 protein P16144 UNIPROT PMP22 protein Q01453 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 10090 BTO:0000938 16436605 t Regulation miannu "PMP22 is in a complex with α6β4 integrin and laminin. PMP22 and β4 integrin are in a complex in a variety of cell types. The interaction with the integrins provides PMP22 with the ability to modulate the cell–ECM communications, as well as intracellular events. Signaling between the ECM and the intracellular compartment is essential for SC myelination, as well as cellular differentiation and motility, in general. The identification of PMP22 as a binding partner for an integrin signaling complex provides a major step toward understanding the role of this disease-linked molecule in the nervous system and in non-neural cell types." SIGNOR-251896 PMP22 protein Q01453 UNIPROT ITGA6 protein P23229 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 21518455 f Regulation miannu "Peripheral myelin protein-22 (PMP22) modulates alpha 6 integrin expression in the human endometrium. Overexpression of PMP22 was sufficient to increase α6 integrin surface expression with a concominant increase in binding to the extracellular matrix laminin, while a reduction in PMP22 suppressed α6 integrin surface expression." SIGNOR-251897 CRH protein P06850 UNIPROT KRT14 protein P02533 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000667 15468147 t Regulation miannu "CRH stimulated the expression of cytokeratin 1 and involucrin, and inhibited cytokeratin 14 on both mRNA and protein levels." SIGNOR-251899 "UV stress" stimulus SIGNOR-ST7 SIGNOR KRT14 protein P02533 UNIPROT up-regulates 9606 BTO:0000667 11875647 f miannu "UVB increases keratin 5 and keratin 14 expression through direct activation of the EGF receptor in SVHK." SIGNOR-251900 EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT KRT14 protein P02533 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000667 11875647 f "Regulation of expression" miannu "UVB increases keratin 5 and keratin 14 expression through direct activation of the EGF receptor in SVHK." SIGNOR-251901 PRL protein P01236 UNIPROT KRT14 protein P02533 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000667 20103718 f Regulation miannu "PRL up-regulated expression of keratins K5 and K14 and the epithelial stem cell-associated keratins K15 and K19 in organ-cultured HFs and/or isolated HF keratinocytes." SIGNOR-251902 PRL protein P01236 UNIPROT KRT5 protein P13647 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000667 20103718 f Regulation miannu "PRL up-regulated expression of keratins K5 and K14 and the epithelial stem cell-associated keratins K15 and K19 in organ-cultured HFs and/or isolated HF keratinocytes." SIGNOR-251903 PRL protein P01236 UNIPROT KRT15 protein P19012 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000667 20103718 f Regulation miannu "PRL up-regulated expression of keratins K5 and K14 and the epithelial stem cell-associated keratins K15 and K19 in organ-cultured HFs and/or isolated HF keratinocytes." SIGNOR-251904 PRL protein P01236 UNIPROT KRT19 protein P08727 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000667 20103718 f Regulation miannu "PRL up-regulated expression of keratins K5 and K14 and the epithelial stem cell-associated keratins K15 and K19 in organ-cultured HFs and/or isolated HF keratinocytes." SIGNOR-251905 KRT14 protein P02533 UNIPROT TNFRSF1A protein P19438 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 9606 11684708 t Regulation miannu "TRADD specifically bound K18 and K14, type I (acidic) keratins. it is possible that epidermal K14 may function as an inhibitor of TNF–TNFR1 signaling through an association with TRADD." SIGNOR-251906 KRT14 protein P02533 UNIPROT TRADD protein Q15628 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 9606 11684708 t "Regulation of binding" miannu "TRADD specifically bound K18 and K14, type I (acidic) keratins. it is possible that epidermal K14 may function as an inhibitor of TNF–TNFR1 signaling through an association with TRADD." SIGNOR-251907 HSP90AA1 protein P07900 UNIPROT NOD2 protein Q9HC29 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by stabilization" binding 9606 23019338 t miannu "Nod2 is constitutively associated with a chaperone protein, Hsp90, which is required for Nod2 stability and protects Nod2 from degradation." SIGNOR-252414 HSP90AB1 protein P08238 UNIPROT NOD2 protein Q9HC29 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by stabilization" binding 9606 23019338 t miannu "Nod2 is constitutively associated with a chaperone protein, Hsp90, which is required for Nod2 stability and protects Nod2 from degradation." SIGNOR-252415 HSPA1A protein P0DMV8 UNIPROT NOD2 protein Q9HC29 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by stabilization" binding 9606 24790089 t miannu "The molecular chaperone HSP70 binds to and stabilizes NOD2, an important protein involved in Crohn disease." SIGNOR-252416 HSPA1B protein P0DMV9 UNIPROT NOD2 protein Q9HC29 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by stabilization" binding 9606 24790089 t miannu "The molecular chaperone HSP70 binds to and stabilizes NOD2, an important protein involved in Crohn disease." SIGNOR-252417 GDF5 protein P43026 UNIPROT "Cartilage development" phenotype SIGNOR-PH75 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 21976273 f miannu "Growth and differentiation factor 5 (GDF5), a member of the bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) family, is essential for cartilage, bone, and joint formation." SIGNOR-252418 GDF5 protein P43026 UNIPROT Ossification phenotype SIGNOR-PH74 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 21976273 f miannu "Growth and differentiation factor 5 (GDF5), a member of the bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) family, is essential for cartilage, bone, and joint formation." SIGNOR-252419 NOG protein Q13253 UNIPROT GDF5 protein P43026 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 9606 21976273 t miannu "Growth and differentiation factor 5 (GDF5), a member of the bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) family, is essential for cartilage, bone, and joint formation. Antagonists such as noggin counteract BMP signaling by covering the ligand's BMP type I (BMPRI) and type II (BMPRII, ActRII, ActRIIB) interaction sites. The mutation GDF5-S94N is located within the BMPRII interaction site, the so-called knuckle epitope, and was identified in patients suffering from multiple synostoses syndrome (SYNS)." SIGNOR-252420 UFD1 protein Q92890 UNIPROT CD4 protein P01730 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" binding 9606 20442859 t miannu "These findings ascribe specific functions to each of the components of the VCP-UFD1L-NPL4 complex in Vpu-mediated CD4 degradation: VCP energizes the process through ATP binding and hydrolysis, UFD1L binds ubiquitinated CD4 through recognition of K48 Ub chains, and NPL4 stabilizes UFD1L." SIGNOR-252421 NPLOC4 protein Q8TAT6 UNIPROT UFD1 protein Q92890 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 20442859 t miannu "These findings ascribe specific functions to each of the components of the VCP-UFD1L-NPL4 complex in Vpu-mediated CD4 degradation: VCP energizes the process through ATP binding and hydrolysis, UFD1L binds ubiquitinated CD4 through recognition of K48 Ub chains, and NPL4 stabilizes UFD1L. VCP is thus likely to provide the energy required for extraction of CD4 from membranes." SIGNOR-252422 VCP protein P55072 UNIPROT NPLOC4 protein Q8TAT6 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 20442859 t miannu "These findings ascribe specific functions to each of the components of the VCP-UFD1L-NPL4 complex in Vpu-mediated CD4 degradation: VCP energizes the process through ATP binding and hydrolysis, UFD1L binds ubiquitinated CD4 through recognition of K48 Ub chains, and NPL4 stabilizes UFD1L. VCP is thus likely to provide the energy required for extraction of CD4 from membranes." SIGNOR-252423 VCP protein P55072 UNIPROT UFD1 protein Q92890 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 20442859 t miannu "These findings ascribe specific functions to each of the components of the VCP-UFD1L-NPL4 complex in Vpu-mediated CD4 degradation: VCP energizes the process through ATP binding and hydrolysis, UFD1L binds ubiquitinated CD4 through recognition of K48 Ub chains, and NPL4 stabilizes UFD1L. VCP is thus likely to provide the energy required for extraction of CD4 from membranes." SIGNOR-252424 PRKAA1 protein Q13131 UNIPROT FOXO3 protein O43524 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation 10090 BTO:0000759 22848740 t "When AMPK is stimulated, pre-existing FOXO3 becomes reverted toward an active form." SIGNOR-255755 heme smallmolecule CID:444098 PUBCHEM HBB protein P68871 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" "chemical activation" 9606 26557657 t miannu "Heme is a prosthetic group comprising ferrous iron (Fe2+) and protoporphyrin IX and is an essential cofactor in various biological processes such as oxygen transport (hemoglobin) and storage (myoglobin) and electron transfer (respiratory cytochromes) in addition to its role as a structural component of hemoproteins." SIGNOR-251908 heme smallmolecule CID:444098 PUBCHEM HBA1 protein P69905 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" "chemical activation" 9606 26557657 t miannu "Heme is a prosthetic group comprising ferrous iron (Fe2+) and protoporphyrin IX and is an essential cofactor in various biological processes such as oxygen transport (hemoglobin) and storage (myoglobin) and electron transfer (respiratory cytochromes) in addition to its role as a structural component of hemoproteins." SIGNOR-251909 "Eicosapentaenoic acid" smallmolecule CID:446284 PUBCHEM FBN1 protein P35555 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000951 16467281 f "Regulation of expression" miannu "it was found that EPA increased collagen and elastic fibers (tropoelastin and fibrillin-1) expression by increasing transformin growth factor-beta expression in aged human skin." SIGNOR-251910 AMPK complex SIGNOR-C15 SIGNOR FOXO3 protein O43524 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser413 10090 BTO:0000759 22848740 t "When AMPK is stimulated, pre-existing FOXO3 becomes reverted toward an active form." SIGNOR-255756 FOXO3 protein O43524 UNIPROT FOXO3 protein O43524 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 BTO:0000759 22848740 t "We show that FOXO3 binds and activates its own promoter via a positive autoregulatory feedback loop" SIGNOR-255757 USP7 protein Q93009 UNIPROT TP53 protein P04637 UNIPROT up-regulates deubiquitination 9606 16082221 t gcesareni "Hausp counteracts the destabilizing effect of mdm2 by direct deubiquitination of p53." SIGNOR-139456 FOXO3 protein O43524 UNIPROT STK11 protein Q15831 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000007 22848740 t "SGK-1 Negatively Regulates LKB1 Expression via FOXO3 Transcription Factor" SIGNOR-255758 NR3C1 protein P04150 UNIPROT FOXO3 protein O43524 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 BTO:0000759 22848740 t "We show that FOXO3 is an immediate early glucocorticoid receptor (GR) target, whose transcription is even further enhanced by conditions that mimic metabolic stress." SIGNOR-255759 EGR1 protein P18146 UNIPROT COL4A1 protein P02462 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 21931594 f Regulation miannu "Egr-1 induced a time-dependent ECM gene expression program, with the number of ECM genes increasing >2.5-fold (from 16 to 41) between 24 and 48 h. Genes in this group include those coding for multiple collagens (COL4A1, COL4A2, COL11A1, COL7A1, COL10A1)" SIGNOR-251917 miR-142-3p mirna MI0000458 miRBase MLL-AF4 "fusion protein" SIGNOR-FP4 SIGNOR "down-regulates quantity by repression" "post transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000737 24057258 t miannu "MiR-142-3p downregulated MLL-AF4 expression in the RS4;11 leukemic cell line. the downregulation of MLL-AF4 by ectopically expressed miR-142-3p reduced the expression of MLL-AF4 downstream target genes, including HOXA7, HOXA9, and HOXA10, which may contribute to miR-142-3p-induced apoptosis and growth inhibition." SIGNOR-255760 HMOX1 protein P09601 UNIPROT heme smallmolecule CID:444098 PUBCHEM "down-regulates quantity" "small molecule catalysis" 9606 10490932 t Regulation miannu "Heme oxygenase (HO), by catabolizing heme to bile pigments, down-regulates cellular hemoprotein, hemoglobin, and heme" SIGNOR-251911 HMOX2 protein P30519 UNIPROT heme smallmolecule CID:444098 PUBCHEM "down-regulates quantity" "small molecule catalysis" 9606 10490932 t Regulation miannu "Heme oxygenase (HO), by catabolizing heme to bile pigments, down-regulates cellular hemoprotein, hemoglobin, and heme" SIGNOR-251912 EGR1 protein P18146 UNIPROT COL4A2 protein P08572 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 21931594 f Regulation miannu "Egr-1 induced a time-dependent ECM gene expression program, with the number of ECM genes increasing >2.5-fold (from 16 to 41) between 24 and 48 h. Genes in this group include those coding for multiple collagens (COL4A1, COL4A2, COL11A1, COL7A1, COL10A1)" SIGNOR-251918 EGR1 protein P18146 UNIPROT COL11A1 protein P12107 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 21931594 f Regulation miannu "Egr-1 induced a time-dependent ECM gene expression program, with the number of ECM genes increasing >2.5-fold (from 16 to 41) between 24 and 48 h. Genes in this group include those coding for multiple collagens (COL4A1, COL4A2, COL11A1, COL7A1, COL10A1)" SIGNOR-251919 EGR1 protein P18146 UNIPROT COL7A1 protein Q02388 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 21931594 f Regulation miannu "Egr-1 induced a time-dependent ECM gene expression program, with the number of ECM genes increasing >2.5-fold (from 16 to 41) between 24 and 48 h. Genes in this group include those coding for multiple collagens (COL4A1, COL4A2, COL11A1, COL7A1, COL10A1)" SIGNOR-251920 EGR1 protein P18146 UNIPROT COL10A1 protein Q03692 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 21931594 f Regulation miannu "Egr-1 induced a time-dependent ECM gene expression program, with the number of ECM genes increasing >2.5-fold (from 16 to 41) between 24 and 48 h. Genes in this group include those coding for multiple collagens (COL4A1, COL4A2, COL11A1, COL7A1, COL10A1)" SIGNOR-251921 TGFB1 protein P01137 UNIPROT COL4A1 protein P02462 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000764 20846954 f Regulation miannu "We used diploid human lung fibroblasts (WI38 cells) induced by TGFβ to differentiate into myofibroblast-like cells. In order to characterize this system, we first studied the expression of the myofibroblast marker genes ACTA2 (coding for smooth muscle α-actin; SMA), COL4A1 (encoding collagen type IV α1) and SM22A (coding for smooth muscle protein 22-α). As shown in Figure 1A and B, TGFβ induced the expression all three genes." SIGNOR-251922 TGFB1 protein P01137 UNIPROT ACTA2 protein P62736 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000764 20846954 f Regulation miannu "We used diploid human lung fibroblasts (WI38 cells) induced by TGFβ to differentiate into myofibroblast-like cells. In order to characterize this system, we first studied the expression of the myofibroblast marker genes ACTA2 (coding for smooth muscle α-actin; SMA), COL4A1 (encoding collagen type IV α1) and SM22A (coding for smooth muscle protein 22-α). As shown in Figure 1A and B, TGFβ induced the expression all three genes." SIGNOR-251923 TGFB1 protein P01137 UNIPROT TAGLN protein Q01995 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000764 20846954 f Regulation miannu "We used diploid human lung fibroblasts (WI38 cells) induced by TGFβ to differentiate into myofibroblast-like cells. In order to characterize this system, we first studied the expression of the myofibroblast marker genes ACTA2 (coding for smooth muscle α-actin; SMA), COL4A1 (encoding collagen type IV α1) and SM22A (coding for smooth muscle protein 22-α). As shown in Figure 1A and B, TGFβ induced the expression all three genes." SIGNOR-251924 IFNA2 protein P01563 UNIPROT HLA-B protein P01889 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 2507660 f Regulation miannu "HLA-B (class I) and C13 gene expression was transcriptionally activated by IFN-gamma and IFN-alpha 2" SIGNOR-251925 IFNG protein P01579 UNIPROT HLA-B protein P01889 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 2507660 f Regulation miannu "HLA-B (class I) and C13 gene expression was transcriptionally activated by IFN-gamma and IFN-alpha 2" SIGNOR-251926 HNF1B protein P35680 UNIPROT FXYD2 protein P54710 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 19389850 f Regulation miannu "We analyzed genes associated with hypermagnesuria and detected highly conserved HNF1 recognition sites in FXYD2, a gene that can cause autosomal dominant hypomagnesemia and hypocalciuria when mutated. Using a luciferase reporter assay, we demonstrated HNF1B-mediated transactivation of FXYD2." SIGNOR-251927 GATA1 protein P15976 UNIPROT SPTA1 protein P02549 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000567 10037687 f "Regulation of expression" miannu "GATA-1 and CACCC-related Proteins Are Both Major Activators of the Human Erythroid β-Spectrin Gene Promoter" SIGNOR-251928 GATA1 protein P15976 UNIPROT RUNX1T1 protein Q06455 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0002731 20487545 f Regulation miannu "GATA-1 transcription factor binds and transactivates the ETO proximal promoter in an erythroid/megakaryocytic-specific manner. Thus, trans-acting factors that are essential in erythroid/megakaryocytic differentiation govern ETO expression." SIGNOR-251929 HNF1B protein P35680 UNIPROT ALB protein P02768 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 1673926 f Regulation miannu "VHNF1 transactivated the albumin promoter in transfection experiments" SIGNOR-251930 ERCC6 protein Q03468 UNIPROT NEIL1 protein Q96FI4 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000567 19179336 t Regulation miannu "CSB stimulates NEIL1 incision activity in vitro, and CSB and NEIL1 co-immunoprecipitate and co-localize in HeLa cells." SIGNOR-251931 ERCC6 protein Q03468 UNIPROT APEX1 protein P27695 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 9606 17567611 t Regulation miannu "CSB stimulates the AP site incision activity of APE1 on normal (i.e. fully paired) and bubble AP-DNA substrates, with the latter being more pronounced (up to 6-fold). This activation is ATP-independent, and specific for the human CSB and full-length APE1 protein. CSB and APE1 were also found in a common protein complex in human cell extracts, and recombinant CSB, when added back to CSB-deficient whole cell extracts, resulted in increased total AP site incision capacity." SIGNOR-251932 UFD1 protein Q92890 UNIPROT AMFR protein Q9UKV5 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 17681147 t miannu "Here we show that Ufd1 directly interacts with gp78 and functions as a cofactor. Ufd1 enhances the E3 activity of gp78, accelerates the ubiquitination and degradation of reductase, and eventually promotes receptor-mediated uptake of low-density lipoprotein." SIGNOR-252425 NODAL protein Q96S42 UNIPROT Apoptosis phenotype SIGNOR-PH2 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 BTO:0004094 15531507 f Regulation miannu "Nodal induces apoptosis and inhibits proliferation in human epithelial ovarian cancer cells via activin receptor-like kinase 7." SIGNOR-251934 NODAL protein Q96S42 UNIPROT Proliferation phenotype SIGNOR-PH4 SIGNOR down-regulates 9606 BTO:0004094 15531507 f Regulation miannu "Nodal induces apoptosis and inhibits proliferation in human epithelial ovarian cancer cells via activin receptor-like kinase 7." SIGNOR-251935 NODAL protein Q96S42 UNIPROT ACVR1C protein Q8NER5 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0004094 15531507 t "Indirect_regulation of expression" miannu "Human activin receptor-like kinase 7 (ALK7), a type I receptor for Nodal. activation of the Nodal-ALK7 signaling pathway leads to induction of apoptosis and inhibition of cell proliferation." SIGNOR-251936 TDGF1 protein P13385 UNIPROT NODAL protein Q96S42 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 19874624 t Regulation miannu "Nodal effects are dependent upon interactions with Cripto, a small cysteine-rich extracellular protein that is attached to the plasma membrane through a glycosyl phosphatidyl inositol linkage. Cripto interacts with Nodal and ALK4, independently, and promotes the formation of a stable high affinity complex with activin type II receptors." SIGNOR-251937 TDGF1 protein P13385 UNIPROT ACVR1B protein P36896 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 19874624 t Regulation miannu "Nodal effects are dependent upon interactions with Cripto, a small cysteine-rich extracellular protein that is attached to the plasma membrane through a glycosyl phosphatidyl inositol linkage. Cripto interacts with Nodal and ALK4, independently, and promotes the formation of a stable high affinity complex with activin type II receptors." SIGNOR-251938 NODAL protein Q96S42 UNIPROT ACVR1B protein P36896 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 19874624 t Regulation miannu "Nodal effects are dependent upon interactions with Cripto, a small cysteine-rich extracellular protein that is attached to the plasma membrane through a glycosyl phosphatidyl inositol linkage. Cripto interacts with Nodal and ALK4, independently, and promotes the formation of a stable high affinity complex with activin type II receptors." SIGNOR-251939 NODAL protein Q96S42 UNIPROT MMP2 protein P08253 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0003879 20383200 f Regulation miannu "Ectopic expression of Nodal or activation of Nodal signaling by addition of rNodal increased MMP-2 protein level and cell invasion. the expression level of Nodal correlates well with MMP-2 expression and cell invasion." SIGNOR-251940 NODAL protein Q96S42 UNIPROT LIF protein P15018 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0003879 20383200 f Regulation miannu "Nodal induced LIF and Cripto-1 expressions through Smad2 signaling pathway." SIGNOR-251941 NODAL protein Q96S42 UNIPROT TDGF1 protein P13385 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0003879 20383200 f Regulation miannu "Nodal induced LIF and Cripto-1 expressions through Smad2 signaling pathway." SIGNOR-251942 ACVR1B protein P36896 UNIPROT SMAD2 protein Q15796 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation 9606 11389842 t "Indirect_regulation of phosphorylation" miannu "Nodal Induces Smad Phosphorylation through ALK4 in a Cripto-Dependent Manner" SIGNOR-251943 MLLT3 protein P42568 UNIPROT SCNN1A protein P37088 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0005545 20159978 f Regulation miannu "AF9/MLLT3 contributes to the regulation of the gene encoding the epithelial sodium channel alpha, ENaCalpha, in renal tubular cells. Specifically, increases in AF9 protein lead to a reduction in ENaCalpha expression and changes in AF9 activity appear to be an important component of aldosterone signaling in the kidney." SIGNOR-251944 dexamethasone smallmolecule CID:5743 PUBCHEM SCNN1A protein P37088 UNIPROT up-regulates 9606 BTO:0000018 10722699 f "Regulation of expression" miannu "Dexamethasone induces α-ENaCmRNA expression in lung epithelial A549 cells" SIGNOR-251945 HMGA2 protein P52926 UNIPROT SCNN1A protein P37088 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 10116 BTO:0001003 11390395 f "Regulation of expression" miannu "Expression of endogenous alpha-ENaC gene in salivary Pa-4 cells is suppressed by an ectopic HMGI-C overexpression." SIGNOR-251946 IL1B protein P01584 UNIPROT SCNN1A protein P37088 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0005760 15755725 f "Regulation of transcription" miannu "Interleukin-1beta decreases expression of the epithelial sodium channel alpha-subunit in alveolar epithelial cells via a p38 MAPK-dependent signaling pathway." SIGNOR-251947 NEDD4L protein Q96PU5 UNIPROT SCNN1A protein P37088 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" ubiquitination 9606 15586017 t "Regulation of localization" miannu "The serum and glucocorticoid inducible kinase 1 (SGK1) is induced in the aldosterone sensitive distal nephron (ASDN) where it may stimulate Na reabsorption, partly by inhibiting ubiquitin ligase Nedd4-2-mediated retrieval of epithelial Na+ channel ENaC from the luminal membrane." SIGNOR-251948 SGK1 protein O00141 UNIPROT NEDD4L protein Q96PU5 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation 9606 15586017 t "Regulation of localization" miannu "The serum and glucocorticoid inducible kinase 1 (SGK1) is induced in the aldosterone sensitive distal nephron (ASDN) where it may stimulate Na reabsorption, partly by inhibiting ubiquitin ligase Nedd4-2-mediated retrieval of epithelial Na+ channel ENaC from the luminal membrane." SIGNOR-251949 SP1 protein P08047 UNIPROT SCNN1A protein P37088 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0004299 12684058 f "Regulation of expression" miannu "Transcription factors Sp1 and Sp3 activate alpha-ENaC2 transcription through a GC-rich element (Sp1-binding site) in the promoter. Sp1 and Sp3 are essential for alpha-ENaC2 transcription in lung epithelial cells and that dephosphorylation of the Sp transcription factors by PP1 suppresses alpha-ENaC2 expression." SIGNOR-251950 SP3 protein Q02447 UNIPROT SCNN1A protein P37088 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0004299 12684058 f "Regulation of expression" miannu "Transcription factors Sp1 and Sp3 activate alpha-ENaC2 transcription through a GC-rich element (Sp1-binding site) in the promoter. Sp1 and Sp3 are essential for alpha-ENaC2 transcription in lung epithelial cells and that dephosphorylation of the Sp transcription factors by PP1 suppresses alpha-ENaC2 expression." SIGNOR-251951 PPP1CA protein P62136 UNIPROT SP1 protein P08047 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation 9606 BTO:0004299 12684058 f "Regulation of expression" miannu "Transcription factors Sp1 and Sp3 activate alpha-ENaC2 transcription through a GC-rich element (Sp1-binding site) in the promoter. Sp1 and Sp3 are essential for alpha-ENaC2 transcription in lung epithelial cells and that dephosphorylation of the Sp transcription factors by PP1 suppresses alpha-ENaC2 expression." SIGNOR-251952 PPP1CA protein P62136 UNIPROT SP3 protein Q02447 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation 9606 BTO:0004299 12684058 f "Regulation of expression" miannu "Transcription factors Sp1 and Sp3 activate alpha-ENaC2 transcription through a GC-rich element (Sp1-binding site) in the promoter. Sp1 and Sp3 are essential for alpha-ENaC2 transcription in lung epithelial cells and that dephosphorylation of the Sp transcription factors by PP1 suppresses alpha-ENaC2 expression." SIGNOR-251953 TNF protein P01375 UNIPROT SCNN1A protein P37088 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0005760 16877633 f "Regulation of expression" miannu "TNF, a proinflammatory cytokine present in several lung pathologies, decreases the expression and activity of the epithelial Na(+) channel (ENaC) by approximately 70% in alveolar epithelial cells." SIGNOR-251954 EDN1 protein P05305 UNIPROT MYH7 protein P12883 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 12847114 f "Regulation of expression" miannu "βMHC expression was markedly augmented by PE and ET, suggesting the transformation of myosin. endothelin-1 (ET)" SIGNOR-251955 NFATC1 protein O95644 UNIPROT MYH7 protein P12883 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 BTO:0000165 17111365 f Regulation miannu "Transient transfection assays demonstrated that the calcineurin/NFATc1 signaling pathway is essential for MyHCbeta promoter activation during transformation of C2C12 myotubes but is not sufficient for complete fast MyHCIId/x promoter inhibition. Along with NFATc1, myocyte enhancer factor-2D (MEF-2D) and the myogenic transcription factor MyoD transactivated the MyHCbeta promoter in calcium-ionophore-treated myotubes in a calcineurin-dependent manner." SIGNOR-251956 MEF2D protein Q14814 UNIPROT MYH7 protein P12883 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 BTO:0000165 17111365 f Regulation miannu "Transient transfection assays demonstrated that the calcineurin/NFATc1 signaling pathway is essential for MyHCbeta promoter activation during transformation of C2C12 myotubes but is not sufficient for complete fast MyHCIId/x promoter inhibition. Along with NFATc1, myocyte enhancer factor-2D (MEF-2D) and the myogenic transcription factor MyoD transactivated the MyHCbeta promoter in calcium-ionophore-treated myotubes in a calcineurin-dependent manner." SIGNOR-251957 MYOD1 protein P15172 UNIPROT MYH7 protein P12883 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 BTO:0000165 17111365 f Regulation miannu "Transient transfection assays demonstrated that the calcineurin/NFATc1 signaling pathway is essential for MyHCbeta promoter activation during transformation of C2C12 myotubes but is not sufficient for complete fast MyHCIId/x promoter inhibition. Along with NFATc1, myocyte enhancer factor-2D (MEF-2D) and the myogenic transcription factor MyoD transactivated the MyHCbeta promoter in calcium-ionophore-treated myotubes in a calcineurin-dependent manner." SIGNOR-251958 LIF protein P15018 UNIPROT MYH7 protein P12883 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 10116 BTO:0002320 10212267 f "Regulation of expression" miannu "Increase of protein synthesis rate and β-MHC gene expression in cardiac myocytes by ET-1 and LIF." SIGNOR-251959 progesterone smallmolecule CID:5994 PUBCHEM COMT protein P21964 UNIPROT down-regulates 17138778 f "Regulation of expression" miannu "Catechol-O-methyltransferase expression was down-regulated by progesterone or estrogen." SIGNOR-251960 INS protein P01308 UNIPROT COMT protein P21964 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000542 17612537 f "Regulation of expression" miannu "Catechol O-methyltransferase expression in granulosa cells was up-regulated by insulin, DHT, and ATRA." SIGNOR-251961 STANOLONE smallmolecule CID:10635 PUBCHEM COMT protein P21964 UNIPROT up-regulates 9606 BTO:0000542 17612537 f "Regulation of expression" miannu "Catechol O-methyltransferase expression in granulosa cells was up-regulated by insulin, DHT, and ATRA." SIGNOR-251962 TNF protein P01375 UNIPROT COMT protein P21964 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 10116 BTO:0000099 19291302 f "Regulation of expression" miannu "COMT gene expression is downregulated by TNFα in primary rat astrocytes at both protein and mRNA levels." SIGNOR-251963 RELA protein Q04206 UNIPROT COMT protein P21964 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000100 19291302 f "Regulation of expression" miannu "TNFα-dependent COMT downregulation was indeed mediated by the NF-κB pathway. Transient expression of p65, the essential component of NF-κB complexes, or IKKβ, the major positive regulator of NF-κB activition, significantly decreased P2-COMT reporter expression." SIGNOR-251964 IKBKB protein O14920 UNIPROT COMT protein P21964 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000100 19291302 f "Regulation of expression" miannu "TNFα-dependent COMT downregulation was indeed mediated by the NF-κB pathway. Transient expression of p65, the essential component of NF-κB complexes, or IKKβ, the major positive regulator of NF-κB activition, significantly decreased P2-COMT reporter expression." SIGNOR-251965 ADAMTS13 protein Q76LX8 UNIPROT VWF protein P04275 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" cleavage 9606 23020315 t miannu "Proteolytic degradation of VWF by ADAMTS-13 downregulates the proinflammatory potential of VWF. " SIGNOR-251966 VWF protein P04275 UNIPROT F8 protein P00451 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 23020315 t miannu "Binding of FVIII to VWF is needed to maintain appropriate plasma levels, as FVIII plasma levels and half-life are remarkably reduced in the absence of VWF" SIGNOR-251967 FGG protein P02679 UNIPROT VWF protein P04275 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 9606 2243140 t Regulation miannu "Fibrinogen y-chain carboxyterminal (GQQHHLGGAKQAGDV) peptides inhibit fibrinogen, fibronectin (Fn), vitronectin, and von Willebrand factor (vWF) binding to the platelet glycoprotein Ilb-Illa complex (GP lIbII1a)." SIGNOR-251968 FGG protein P02679 UNIPROT VTN protein P04004 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 9606 2243140 t Regulation miannu "Fibrinogen y-chain carboxyterminal (GQQHHLGGAKQAGDV) peptides inhibit fibrinogen, fibronectin (Fn), vitronectin, and von Willebrand factor (vWF) binding to the platelet glycoprotein Ilb-Illa complex (GP lIbII1a)." SIGNOR-251969 FGG protein P02679 UNIPROT FN1 protein P02751 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 9606 2243140 t Regulation miannu "Fibrinogen y-chain carboxyterminal (GQQHHLGGAKQAGDV) peptides inhibit fibrinogen, fibronectin (Fn), vitronectin, and von Willebrand factor (vWF) binding to the platelet glycoprotein Ilb-Illa complex (GP lIbII1a)." SIGNOR-251970 ARX protein Q96QS3 UNIPROT EBF3 protein Q9H4W6 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 19627984 f "Regulation of expression" miannu "Arx is sufficient to repress Ebf3 endogenous expression and that its silencing in Arx mutant tissues partially rescues tangential cell movement." SIGNOR-251971 DLX2 protein Q07687 UNIPROT ARX protein Q96QS3 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 18923043 f Regulation miannu "Dlx overexpression induces ectopic expression of endogenous Arx and its isolated enhancer, whereas loss of Dlx expression results in reduced Arx expression" SIGNOR-251972 OFD1 protein O75665 UNIPROT IFT88 protein Q13099 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0001086 20230748 t "Regulation of binding" miannu "Ofd1 acts at the distal centriole to build distal appendages, recruit Ift88, and stabilize centriolar microtubules at a defined length." SIGNOR-251973 ERCC5 protein P28715 UNIPROT ERCC2 protein P18074 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by stabilization" binding 9606 20840796 t "Regulation of binding" "The NER protein XPG was also found to associate with the TFIIH complex by interacting directly with XPD stabilizing the interaction between TFIIH and the CAK-XPD complex" SIGNOR-251974 "cyclosporin A" chemical CID:5284373 PUBCHEM TTN protein Q8WZ42 UNIPROT up-regulates 9606 17636278 f "Regulation of transcription" "Cyclosporine A induces titin expression via MAPK/ERK signalling and improves proliferative and invasive potential of human trophoblast cells." SIGNOR-251975 SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT EZR protein P15311 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr478 PPPPPPVyEPVSYHV 9606 BTO:0000671 15623525 t lperfetto "Src phosphorylates ezrin at tyrosine 477 and induces a phosphospecific association between ezrin and a kelch-repeat protein family member" SIGNOR-132907 SUFU protein Q9UMX1 UNIPROT GLI1 protein P08151 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 15367681 t lperfetto "Here we characterize structural and functional determinants of Su(fu) required for Gli regulation and show that Su(fu) contains at least two distinct domains: a highly conserved carboxy-terminal region required for binding to the amino-terminal ends of the Gli proteins and a unique amino-terminal domain that binds the carboxy-terminal tail of Gli1. While each domain is capable of binding to different Gli1 regions independently, interactions between Su(fu) and Gli1 at both sites are required for cytoplasmic tethering and repression of Gli1" SIGNOR-249591 IL1RAP protein Q9NPH3 UNIPROT TOLLIP protein Q9H0E2 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000007 10854325 t lperfetto "Binding of IL-1 to its receptor results in rapid assembly of a membrane-proximal signalling complex that consists of two different receptor chains (IL-1Rs), IL-1RI and IL-1RAcP, the adaptor protein MyD88, the serine/threonine kinase IRAK and a new protein, which we have named Tollip. Here we show that, before IL-1β treatment, Tollip is present in a complex with IRAK, and that recruitment of Tollip–IRAK complexes to the activated receptor complex occurs through association of Tollip with IL-1RAcP. Co-recruited MyD88 then triggers IRAK autophosphorylation, which in turn leads to rapid dissociation of IRAK from Tollip (and IL-1Rs)" SIGNOR-251979 TOLLIP protein Q9H0E2 UNIPROT IRAK1 protein P51617 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000007 10854325 t lperfetto "Binding of IL-1 to its receptor results in rapid assembly of a membrane-proximal signalling complex that consists of two different receptor chains (IL-1Rs), IL-1RI and IL-1RAcP, the adaptor protein MyD88, the serine/threonine kinase IRAK and a new protein, which we have named Tollip. Here we show that, before IL-1β treatment, Tollip is present in a complex with IRAK, and that recruitment of Tollip–IRAK complexes to the activated receptor complex occurs through association of Tollip with IL-1RAcP. Co-recruited MyD88 then triggers IRAK autophosphorylation, which in turn leads to rapid dissociation of IRAK from Tollip (and IL-1Rs)" SIGNOR-251980 IL1R1 protein P14778 UNIPROT IL1RAP protein Q9NPH3 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000007 10854325 t lperfetto "Binding of IL-1 to its receptor results in rapid assembly of a membrane-proximal signalling complex that consists of two different receptor chains (IL-1Rs), IL-1RI and IL-1RAcP, the adaptor protein MyD88, the serine/threonine kinase IRAK and a new protein, which we have named Tollip. Here we show that, before IL-1β treatment, Tollip is present in a complex with IRAK, and that recruitment of Tollip–IRAK complexes to the activated receptor complex occurs through association of Tollip with IL-1RAcP. Co-recruited MyD88 then triggers IRAK autophosphorylation, which in turn leads to rapid dissociation of IRAK from Tollip (and IL-1Rs)" SIGNOR-251981 IL1R1 protein P14778 UNIPROT IRAK1 protein P51617 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" 9606 BTO:0000007 14625308 f lperfetto "Formation of the signaling il-1 receptor complex results in the activation and hyperphosphorylation of irak-1." SIGNOR-119208 mTORC2 complex SIGNOR-C2 SIGNOR AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation 9606 21157483 t lperfetto "Mammalian TOR complex 1 (mTORC1) and mTORC2 exert their actions by regulating other important kinases, such as S6 kinase (S6K) and Akt.Recent findings have revealed novel important roles for mTORC2 in the phosphorylation of AGC kinase family members. mTORC2 phosphorylates and activates Akt, SGK, and PKC, which regulate cell survival, cell cycle progression and anabolism" SIGNOR-251982 mTORC2 complex SIGNOR-C2 SIGNOR AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation 9606 BTO:0000132 21592956 t lperfetto "Protein kinase B (PKB, Akt) is a Ser/Thr kinase involved in the regulation of cell survival, proliferation, and metabolism and is activated by dual phosphorylation on Thr(308) in the activation loop and Ser(473) in the hydrophobic motif. It plays a contributory role to platelet function, although little is known about its regulation. In this study, we investigated the role of the mammalian target of rapamycin complex (mTORC)-2 in Akt regulation using the recently identified small molecule ATP competitive mTOR inhibitors PP242 and Torin1." SIGNOR-251983 PIK3C3 protein Q8NEB9 UNIPROT BECN1 protein Q14457 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 10090 BTO:0000142 19270693 t lperfetto "The beclin 1-vps34 interaction regulates autophagy." SIGNOR-184521 PARP1 protein P09874 UNIPROT Apoptosis phenotype SIGNOR-PH2 SIGNOR down-regulates 10090 BTO:0000331 11907276 t amattioni "Caspase-3 cleaves parp-1. During cd95-mediated apoptosis proteolytic inactivation of parp-1 by caspases prevents atp depletion and thereby ensures the execution of the apoptotic process" SIGNOR-111680 "Ionizing radiation" stimulus SIGNOR-ST16 SIGNOR ELE1-RET protein Q99931 UNIPROT up-regulates 9606 23128507 t miannu "In PTC, genomic rearrangements juxtapose the RET tyrosine kinase domain to unrelated genes, thereby creating dominantly transforming oncogenes, denominated RET/PTC. The RET/PTC rearrangements are the 2nd most common genetic alteration described in PTC and observed in ∼13–43% of cases, mostly in pediatric cancers or in individuals exposed to ionizing radiation from nuclear accidents" SIGNOR-251984 ELE1-RET protein Q99931 UNIPROT SHC1 protein P29353 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 16946010 t miannu "RET/PTC is tumorigenic in thyroid follicular cells; it transforms thyroid cells in culture and gives rise to thyroid carcinomas in transgenic mice. effects of RET/PTC activation require signaling along the MAPK pathway and, more specifically, the presence of the functional BRAF kinase. all breakpoints in the RET gene occur within intron 11, leaving intact the TK domain of the receptor and enabling the RET/PTC oncoprotein to bind SHC via Y1062 and activate the RAS-RAF-MAPK cascade" SIGNOR-251985 CCDC6-RETa protein J7MDF2 UNIPROT SHC1 protein P29353 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 16946010 t miannu "RET/PTC is tumorigenic in thyroid follicular cells; it transforms thyroid cells in culture and gives rise to thyroid carcinomas in transgenic mice. effects of RET/PTC activation require signaling along the MAPK pathway and, more specifically, the presence of the functional BRAF kinase. all breakpoints in the RET gene occur within intron 11, leaving intact the TK domain of the receptor and enabling the RET/PTC oncoprotein to bind SHC via Y1062 and activate the RAS-RAF-MAPK cascade" SIGNOR-251986 BRAF protein P15056 UNIPROT TGFB1 protein P01137 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity" relocalization 9606 19861538 t miannu "The BRAFV600E oncogene induces transforming growth factor beta secretion leading to sodium iodide symporter repression and increased malignancy in thyroid cancer. BRAF induces TGFβ secretion leading to NIS repression in a MEK-ERK–independent manner but cooperating with the MEK-ERK pathway to induce strong tumor invasion, two major traits acquired during PTC progression." SIGNOR-251987 CSNK1A1 protein P48729 UNIPROT YWHAZ protein P63104 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr232 LTLWTSDtQGDEAEA 9606 BTO:0000007 9360956 t llicata "This protein kinase has been identified as casein kinase Ialpha (CKIalpha) by peptide mapping analysis and sequencing. Among mammalian 14-3-3, only 14-3-3 tau possesses a phosphorylatable residue at the same position (Ser-233), and we show that this residue is also phosphorylated by CKI. In addition, we show that 14-3-3 zeta is exclusively phosphorylated on Thr-233 in human embryonic kidney 293 cells. The residue 233 is located within a region shown to be important for the association of 14-3-3 to target proteins. | We have now shown that in vivo phosphorylation of 14-3-3 zeta at the CKIalpha site (Thr-233) negatively regulates its binding to c-Raf, and may be important in Raf-mediated signal transduction." SIGNOR-250796 BRAF protein P15056 UNIPROT SLC5A5 protein Q92911 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 19861538 t miannu "The BRAFV600E oncogene induces transforming growth factor beta secretion leading to sodium iodide symporter repression and increased malignancy in thyroid cancer. BRAF induces TGFβ secretion leading to NIS repression in a MEK-ERK–independent manner but cooperating with the MEK-ERK pathway to induce strong tumor invasion, two major traits acquired during PTC progression." SIGNOR-251989 miR-155 mirna MI0000681 miRBase CEBPB protein P17676 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "post transcriptional regulation" 9606 25477897 t miannu "MiR-155 directly inhibits src homology 2 domaincontaining inositol-5-phosphatase (SHIP1) as well as CCAATenhancer-binding protein-beta (CEBP-β) to mediate leukemogenesis" SIGNOR-255770 miR-155 mirna MI0000681 miRBase TRIB2 protein Q92519 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "post transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0004620 24708856 t miannu "We found overexpression of miR-155 led to increase in cJUN, FOS and TRIB2, and decrease in MEIS1, GFI1, cMYC and JARID2." SIGNOR-255763 miR-155 mirna MI0000681 miRBase MEIS1 protein O00470 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "post transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0004620 24708856 t miannu "We found overexpression of miR-155 led to increase in cJUN, FOS and TRIB2, and decrease in MEIS1, GFI1, cMYC and JARID2." SIGNOR-255764 miR-155 mirna MI0000681 miRBase GFI1 protein Q99684 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "post transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0004620 24708856 t miannu "We found overexpression of miR-155 led to increase in cJUN, FOS and TRIB2, and decrease in MEIS1, GFI1, cMYC and JARID2." SIGNOR-255765 miR-155 mirna MI0000681 miRBase MYC protein P01106 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "post transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0004620 24708856 t miannu "We found overexpression of miR-155 led to increase in cJUN, FOS and TRIB2, and decrease in MEIS1, GFI1, cMYC and JARID2." SIGNOR-255766 miR-155 mirna MI0000681 miRBase JARID2 protein Q92833 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "post transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0004620 24708856 t miannu "We found overexpression of miR-155 led to increase in cJUN, FOS and TRIB2, and decrease in MEIS1, GFI1, cMYC and JARID2." SIGNOR-255767 PPARG protein P37231 UNIPROT PTEN protein P60484 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" 9606 23128507 t "PAX8-PPARγ fusion protein" miannu "The PAX8-PPARγ rearrangement leads to strong induction of the PPARγ protein and the consequent abrogation of the normal PPARγ function. PPARγ overexpression abolishes the PTEN-inhibitory effect on immunoactive AKT, which in turn induces the PI3K signaling pathway." SIGNOR-251997 PAX8 protein Q06710 UNIPROT TG protein P01266 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 11786384 t miannu "The transcription factor Pax8 plays an important role in the expression of the differentiated phenotype of thyroid follicular cells. It has recently been shown that Pax8 is necessary for thyroglobulin (Tg) gene expression." SIGNOR-251998 miR-155 mirna MI0000681 miRBase INPP5D protein Q92835 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "post transcriptional regulation" 9606 25477897 t miannu "Overexpression of miR-155 leads to the activation of the PI3K-Akt pathway through negative regulation of Src Homology 2 domain-containing Inositol-5-Phosphatase (SHIP1)." SIGNOR-255769 PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT MBP protein P02686 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser249 GLSLSRFsWGAEGQR -1 2413024 t lperfetto "MBP was phosphorylated by either protein kinase A or C | Subsequent amino acid analysis and/or sequential Edman degradation of the purified phosphopeptides, together with the known primary sequence of this protein, revealed that Ser-46 and Ser-151 were specifically phosphorylated by protein kinase C, whereas Thr-34 and Ser-115 were phosphorylated preferentially by protein kinase A. Both kinases reacted with Ser-8, Ser-11, Ser-55, Ser-110, Ser-132, and Ser-161 at various reaction velocities." SIGNOR-248872 S1PR2 protein O95136 UNIPROT GNAI1 protein P63096 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000007 10488065 t gcesareni "Edg-3 and edg-5 couple not only to gibut also to gqand g13." SIGNOR-70664 RIPK1 protein Q13546 UNIPROT MAP3K1 protein Q13233 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation 9606 BTO:0000661 11369754 t gcesareni "These findings strongly suggest that rip phosphorylates mekk1 at ser-957 and ser-994." SIGNOR-108260 "Ionizing radiation" stimulus SIGNOR-ST16 SIGNOR CCDC6-RETa protein J7MDF2 UNIPROT up-regulates 9606 23128507 t miannu "In PTC, genomic rearrangements juxtapose the RET tyrosine kinase domain to unrelated genes, thereby creating dominantly transforming oncogenes, denominated RET/PTC. The RET/PTC rearrangements are the 2nd most common genetic alteration described in PTC and observed in ∼13–43% of cases, mostly in pediatric cancers or in individuals exposed to ionizing radiation from nuclear accidents" SIGNOR-251999 BRAF protein P15056 UNIPROT MEK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF25 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation 9606 21900390 t miannu "BRAFV600E has been shown to initiate thyroid follicular cell transformation. The BRAFV600E mutation disrupts the hydrophobic interaction, enabling the BRAF kinase to fold into a catalytically active formation, resulting in an almost 500-fold increase in kinase activity. Mutant BRAF can dimerize and activate MEK without Ras activation." SIGNOR-251988 CSNK2A2 protein P19784 UNIPROT GTF2A1 protein P52655 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser280 VDGTGDTsSEEDEDE -1 11278496 t llicata "We now show that human TFIIA is phosphorylated in vivo on serine residues that are partially conserved between yeast and human TFIIA large subunits. Alanine substitution mutation of serine residues 316 and 321 in TFIIA alphabeta reduced TFIIA phosphorylation significantly in vivo. Additional alanine substitutions at serines 280 and 281 reduced phosphorylation to undetectable levels. Mutation of all four serine residues reduced the ability of TFIIA to stimulate transcription in transient transfection assays with various activators and promoters, indicating that TFIIA phosphorylation is required globally for optimal function." SIGNOR-250995 CSNK1D protein P48730 UNIPROT GJA1 protein P17302 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser330 AGSTISNsHAQPFDF 10116 BTO:0000067 12270943 t lperfetto "We have examined the role of casein kinase 1 (CK1) in connexin-43 (Cx43) gap junction assembly. Cellular co-immunoprecipitation experiments and in vitro CK1 phosphorylation reactions indicate that CK1 interacted with and phosphorylated Cx43, initially on serine(s) 325, 328, or 330.| To examine CK1 function, normal rat kidney cells were treated with CKI-7, and Cx43 content was analyzed by Triton X-100 extraction, cell-surface biotinylation, and immunofluorescence. Western blot analysis indicated a slight increase in total Cx43, whereas gap junctional (Triton-insoluble) Cx43 decreased, and non-junctional plasma membrane Cx43 increased (as detected by cell surface biotinylation)." SIGNOR-249331 GSK3B protein P49841 UNIPROT ESR1 protein P03372 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser106 PLNSVSPsPLMLLHP 9606 16076840 t gcesareni "The gsk-3 inhibitor lithium chloride was used to determine the role of gsk-3 in phosphorylation of ser-102, -104, and -106 and ser-118 in vivo and to explore the role of these serines in the regulation of eralpha function. Treatment of cells with lithium chloride resulted in dephosphorylation of ser-104 and -106 and ser-118, which suggests these serine residues as targets for gsk-3 in vivo. Our results further suggest that eralpha phosphorylation by gsk-3 stabilizes eralpha under resting conditions and modulates eralpha transcriptional activity upon ligand binding. Estradiol and phorbol ester cause phosphorylation of serine 118 in the human estrogen receptor. Potentiation of human estrogen receptor alpha transcriptional activation through phosphorylation of serines 104 and 106 by the cyclin a-cdk2 complex." SIGNOR-139320 CDR2 protein Q01850 UNIPROT MYC protein P01106 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 20383333 t lperfetto "Here we find that cdr2 is cell cycle regulated in tumor cells with protein levels peaking in mitosis. As cells exit mitosis, cdr2 is ubiquitinated by the anaphase promoting complex/cyclosome (APC/C) and rapidly degraded by the proteasome. Previously we showed that cdr2 binds to the oncogene c-myc, and here we extend this observation to show that cdr2 and c-myc interact to synergistically regulate c-myc-dependent transcription during passage through mitosis." SIGNOR-252000 ANAPC1 protein Q9H1A4 UNIPROT APC complex SIGNOR-C150 SIGNOR "form complex" binding 16896351 t lperfetto "The anaphase promoting complex/cyclosome (APC/C) is a ubiquitin ligase that has essential functions in and outside the eukaryotic cell cycle. It is the most complex molecular machine that is known to catalyse ubiquitylation reactions, and it contains more than a dozen subunits that assemble into a large 1.5-MDa complex." SIGNOR-252001 ANAPC2 protein Q9UJX6 UNIPROT APC complex SIGNOR-C150 SIGNOR "form complex" binding 16896351 t lperfetto "The anaphase promoting complex/cyclosome (APC/C) is a ubiquitin ligase that has essential functions in and outside the eukaryotic cell cycle. It is the most complex molecular machine that is known to catalyse ubiquitylation reactions, and it contains more than a dozen subunits that assemble into a large 1.5-MDa complex." SIGNOR-252002 CDC27 protein P30260 UNIPROT APC complex SIGNOR-C150 SIGNOR "form complex" binding 16896351 t lperfetto "The anaphase promoting complex/cyclosome (APC/C) is a ubiquitin ligase that has essential functions in and outside the eukaryotic cell cycle. It is the most complex molecular machine that is known to catalyse ubiquitylation reactions, and it contains more than a dozen subunits that assemble into a large 1.5-MDa complex." SIGNOR-252003 ANAPC4 protein Q9UJX5 UNIPROT APC complex SIGNOR-C150 SIGNOR "form complex" binding 16896351 t lperfetto "The anaphase promoting complex/cyclosome (APC/C) is a ubiquitin ligase that has essential functions in and outside the eukaryotic cell cycle. It is the most complex molecular machine that is known to catalyse ubiquitylation reactions, and it contains more than a dozen subunits that assemble into a large 1.5-MDa complex." SIGNOR-252004 ANAPC5 protein Q9UJX4 UNIPROT APC complex SIGNOR-C150 SIGNOR "form complex" binding 16896351 t lperfetto "The anaphase promoting complex/cyclosome (APC/C) is a ubiquitin ligase that has essential functions in and outside the eukaryotic cell cycle. It is the most complex molecular machine that is known to catalyse ubiquitylation reactions, and it contains more than a dozen subunits that assemble into a large 1.5-MDa complex." SIGNOR-252005 CDC16 protein Q13042 UNIPROT APC complex SIGNOR-C150 SIGNOR "form complex" binding 16896351 t lperfetto "The anaphase promoting complex/cyclosome (APC/C) is a ubiquitin ligase that has essential functions in and outside the eukaryotic cell cycle. It is the most complex molecular machine that is known to catalyse ubiquitylation reactions, and it contains more than a dozen subunits that assemble into a large 1.5-MDa complex." SIGNOR-252006 ANAPC7 protein Q9UJX3 UNIPROT APC complex SIGNOR-C150 SIGNOR "form complex" binding 16896351 t lperfetto "The anaphase promoting complex/cyclosome (APC/C) is a ubiquitin ligase that has essential functions in and outside the eukaryotic cell cycle. It is the most complex molecular machine that is known to catalyse ubiquitylation reactions, and it contains more than a dozen subunits that assemble into a large 1.5-MDa complex." SIGNOR-252007 CDC23 protein Q9UJX2 UNIPROT APC complex SIGNOR-C150 SIGNOR "form complex" binding 16896351 t lperfetto "The anaphase promoting complex/cyclosome (APC/C) is a ubiquitin ligase that has essential functions in and outside the eukaryotic cell cycle. It is the most complex molecular machine that is known to catalyse ubiquitylation reactions, and it contains more than a dozen subunits that assemble into a large 1.5-MDa complex." SIGNOR-252008 ANAPC10 protein Q9UM13 UNIPROT APC complex SIGNOR-C150 SIGNOR "form complex" binding 16896351 t lperfetto "The anaphase promoting complex/cyclosome (APC/C) is a ubiquitin ligase that has essential functions in and outside the eukaryotic cell cycle. It is the most complex molecular machine that is known to catalyse ubiquitylation reactions, and it contains more than a dozen subunits that assemble into a large 1.5-MDa complex." SIGNOR-252009 ANAPC11 protein Q9NYG5 UNIPROT APC complex SIGNOR-C150 SIGNOR "form complex" binding 16896351 t lperfetto "The anaphase promoting complex/cyclosome (APC/C) is a ubiquitin ligase that has essential functions in and outside the eukaryotic cell cycle. It is the most complex molecular machine that is known to catalyse ubiquitylation reactions, and it contains more than a dozen subunits that assemble into a large 1.5-MDa complex." SIGNOR-252010 CDC26 protein Q8NHZ8 UNIPROT APC complex SIGNOR-C150 SIGNOR "form complex" binding 16896351 t lperfetto "The anaphase promoting complex/cyclosome (APC/C) is a ubiquitin ligase that has essential functions in and outside the eukaryotic cell cycle. It is the most complex molecular machine that is known to catalyse ubiquitylation reactions, and it contains more than a dozen subunits that assemble into a large 1.5-MDa complex." SIGNOR-252011 ANAPC13 protein Q9BS18 UNIPROT APC complex SIGNOR-C150 SIGNOR "form complex" binding 16896351 t lperfetto "The anaphase promoting complex/cyclosome (APC/C) is a ubiquitin ligase that has essential functions in and outside the eukaryotic cell cycle. It is the most complex molecular machine that is known to catalyse ubiquitylation reactions, and it contains more than a dozen subunits that assemble into a large 1.5-MDa complex." SIGNOR-252012 CENPE protein Q02224 UNIPROT "Spindle Assembly" phenotype SIGNOR-PH60 SIGNOR up-regulates 20383333 f lperfetto "Additionally, cdr2 knockdown lead to a decrease (Table 3) in four other transcripts (AURKA, CENPE, SPC25 and TTK), which are involved in kinetochore and spindle biology" SIGNOR-252013 CDC20 protein Q12834 UNIPROT APC complex SIGNOR-C150 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" binding 16896351 t lperfetto "In addition to E2 enzymes, APC/C activity is also strictly dependent on one of several co-activator proteins that associate with APC/C during specific periods of the cell cycle. The best studied of these are Cdc20 and Cdh1" SIGNOR-252014 CDH1 protein P12830 UNIPROT APC complex SIGNOR-C150 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" binding 16896351 t lperfetto "In addition to E2 enzymes, APC/C activity is also strictly dependent on one of several co-activator proteins that associate with APC/C during specific periods of the cell cycle. The best studied of these are Cdc20 and Cdh1" SIGNOR-252015 BUB1 protein O43683 UNIPROT CENPE protein Q02224 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" relocalization 11402067 t lperfetto "Spindle checkpoint protein Bub1 is required for kinetochore localization of Mad1, Mad2, Bub3, and CENP-E, independently of its kinase activity" SIGNOR-252016 BUB1 protein O43683 UNIPROT MAD1L1 protein Q9Y6D9 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" relocalization 11402067 t lperfetto "Spindle checkpoint protein Bub1 is required for kinetochore localization of Mad1, Mad2, Bub3, and CENP-E, independently of its kinase activity" SIGNOR-252017 BUB1 protein O43683 UNIPROT MAD2L1 protein Q13257 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" relocalization 11402067 t lperfetto "Spindle checkpoint protein Bub1 is required for kinetochore localization of Mad1, Mad2, Bub3, and CENP-E, independently of its kinase activity" SIGNOR-252018 BUB1 protein O43683 UNIPROT BUB3 protein O43684 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" relocalization 11402067 t lperfetto "Spindle checkpoint protein Bub1 is required for kinetochore localization of Mad1, Mad2, Bub3, and CENP-E, independently of its kinase activity" SIGNOR-252019 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT MAPT protein P10636 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser721 PVVSGDTsPRHLSNV 9606 BTO:0000590 10737616 t lperfetto "Using nanoelectrospray mass spectrometry, we have undertaken an extensive comparison of phosphorylation in vitro by several candidate tau kinases, namely, JNK, p38, ERK2, and glycogen synthase kinase 3beta (GSK3beta). Between 10 and 15 sites were identified for each kinase. The three MAP kinases phosphorylated Ser202 and Thr205 but not detectably Ser199, whereas conversely GSK3beta phosphorylated Ser199 but not detectably Ser202 or Thr205. Phosphorylated Ser404 was found with all of these kinases except JNK. The MAP kinases may not be strictly proline specific: p38 phosphorylated the nonproline sites Ser185, Thr245, Ser305, and Ser356, whereas ERK2 was the most strict. All of the sites detected except Thr245 and Ser305 are known or suspected phosphorylation sites in paired helical filament-tau extracted from Alzheimer brains. Thus, the three MAP kinases and GSK3beta are importantly all strong candidates as tau kinases that may be involved in the pathogenic hyperphosphorylation of tau in Alzheimer's disease." SIGNOR-249418 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT MAPT protein P10636 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser519 SGYSSPGsPGTPGSR 9606 BTO:0000590 10737616 t lperfetto "Using nanoelectrospray mass spectrometry, we have undertaken an extensive comparison of phosphorylation in vitro by several candidate tau kinases, namely, JNK, p38, ERK2, and glycogen synthase kinase 3beta (GSK3beta). Between 10 and 15 sites were identified for each kinase. The three MAP kinases phosphorylated Ser202 and Thr205 but not detectably Ser199, whereas conversely GSK3beta phosphorylated Ser199 but not detectably Ser202 or Thr205. Phosphorylated Ser404 was found with all of these kinases except JNK. The MAP kinases may not be strictly proline specific: p38 phosphorylated the nonproline sites Ser185, Thr245, Ser305, and Ser356, whereas ERK2 was the most strict. All of the sites detected except Thr245 and Ser305 are known or suspected phosphorylation sites in paired helical filament-tau extracted from Alzheimer brains. Thus, the three MAP kinases and GSK3beta are importantly all strong candidates as tau kinases that may be involved in the pathogenic hyperphosphorylation of tau in Alzheimer's disease." SIGNOR-249416 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR CTNNB1 protein P35222 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser552 QDTQRRTsMGGTQQQ 9606 17287208 t lperfetto "Phosphorylation of beta-catenin by akt promotes beta-catenin transcriptional activitywe have demonstrated that akt phosphorylates beta-catenin at ser552 in vitro and in vivo." SIGNOR-244222 BMP2 protein P12643 UNIPROT BMPR1A protein P36894 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 18937504 t ggiuliani "Here we report the high-resolution NMR structure of BMPR-IA ECD in solution, revealing that a large part of the ligand-binding epitope is unfolded and flexible before formation of the complex. The binding beta4beta5 loop of BMPR-IA passes through a structural rearrangement upon BMP-2 binding." SIGNOR-255771 SLK protein Q9H2G2 UNIPROT MAP3K5 protein Q99683 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation 9606 BTO:0000671 16316999 t gcesareni "Induction of apoptosis by the ste20-like kinase slk, a germinal center kinase that activates apoptosis signal-regulating kinase and p38" SIGNOR-142665 GDF11 protein O95390 UNIPROT ACVR2B protein Q13705 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000671 16845371 t acerquone "The identity of the receptors that mediate gdf11 signalling during embryogenesis remains unclear. gdf11 could only bind directly to acvr2b but not to any type i receptor" SIGNOR-147940 CDR2 protein Q01850 UNIPROT CENPE protein Q02224 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 20383333 f lperfetto "Additionally, cdr2 knockdown lead to a decrease (Table 3) in four other transcripts (AURKA, CENPE, SPC25 and TTK), which are involved in kinetochore and spindle biology" SIGNOR-252020 CDR2 protein Q01850 UNIPROT TTK protein P33981 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 20383333 f lperfetto "Additionally, cdr2 knockdown lead to a decrease (Table 3) in four other transcripts (AURKA, CENPE, SPC25 and TTK), which are involved in kinetochore and spindle biology" SIGNOR-252021 CDR2 protein Q01850 UNIPROT NUF2 protein Q9BZD4 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 20383333 f lperfetto "Additionally, cdr2 knockdown lead to a decrease (Table 3) in four other transcripts (AURKA, CENPE, SPC25 and TTK), which are involved in kinetochore and spindle biology" SIGNOR-252022 CDR2 protein Q01850 UNIPROT AURKA protein O14965 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 20383333 f lperfetto "Additionally, cdr2 knockdown lead to a decrease (Table 3) in four other transcripts (AURKA, CENPE, SPC25 and TTK), which are involved in kinetochore and spindle biology" SIGNOR-252023 APC complex SIGNOR-C150 SIGNOR CDR2 protein Q01850 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" ubiquitination 20383333 t lperfetto "Here we find that cdr2 is cell cycle regulated in tumor cells with protein levels peaking in mitosis. As cells exit mitosis, cdr2 is ubiquitinated by the anaphase promoting complex/cyclosome (APC/C) and rapidly degraded by the proteasome. Previously we showed that cdr2 binds to the oncogene c-myc, and here we extend this observation to show that cdr2 and c-myc interact to synergistically regulate c-myc-dependent transcription during passage through mitosis." SIGNOR-252024 DUSP4 protein Q13115 UNIPROT MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Thr202 HDHTGFLtEYVATRW 10116 7535768 t "Dephosphorylation and Inactivation of ERKs|ERK1 phosphorylated on either threonine (ERK1*Y204F) or tyrosine alone (ERK1*T202A) was utilized as a substrate for HVH2. Threonine 202 and tyrosine 204 in ERK1 (53) correspond to threonine 183 and tyrosine 185 in ERK2 which are the activation-phosphorylation sites by MEK(14, 15, 16). ERK1*, a kinase-deficient mutant, was phosphorylated on both threonine and tyrosine by MEK2 (Fig. 3B). ERK1*T202A, having threonine 202 substituted by an alanine, was phosphorylated only on tyrosine while ERK1*Y204F, having tyrosine 204 substituted by a phenylalanine, was phosphorylated only on threonine (Fig. 3B). GST-HVH2 dephosphorylated all three ERK1* mutants (Fig. 3A), suggesting that double phosphorylations of adjacent threonine and tyrosine were not a prerequisite for HVH2 recognition. However, HVH2 dephosphorylated ERK1* and ERK1*T202A more efficiently than ERK1*Y204F (Fig. 3A), indicating that HVH2 preferred phosphotyrosine over phosphothreonine. Interestingly, MEK also phosphorylated tyrosine residues more efficiently than threonine residues of ERK" SIGNOR-248715 RCAN1 protein P53805 UNIPROT PPP3CA protein Q08209 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 9606 12554096 t "MCIP proteins can bind to and inhibit calcineurin, a calcium/calmodulin-regulated serine/threonine protein phosphatase that is activated during cardiac hypertrophy and failure" SIGNOR-252025 HES1 protein Q14469 UNIPROT RCAN1 protein P53805 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 BTO:0000667 15866158 t "Increased Calcineurin/NFAT activity by Notch signaling involves downregulation of Calcipressin, an endogenous Calcineurin inhibitor, through a HES-1-dependent mechanism .... Chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) analysis of keratinocytes overexpressing HES-1 showed that this protein can bind to the HES binding sites present in both distal and proximal promoters" SIGNOR-252026 SMCR8 protein Q8TEV9 UNIPROT WIPI2 protein Q9Y4P8 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000007 28169830 t "Global mRNA expression analysis revealed that SMCR8 regulates transcription of several other autophagy genes including WIPI2" SIGNOR-252028 SMCR8 protein Q8TEV9 UNIPROT ULK1 protein O75385 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000007 28195531 t "While focusing on the role of SMCR8 during autophagy initiation, we found that kinase activity and gene expression of ULK1 are increased upon SMCR8 depletion." SIGNOR-252029 SMCR8 protein Q8TEV9 UNIPROT ULK1 protein O75385 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000007 28195531 t "While focusing on the role of SMCR8 during autophagy initiation, we found that kinase activity and gene expression of ULK1 are increased upon SMCR8 depletion. The latter phenotype involved association of SMCR8 with the ULK1 gene locus." SIGNOR-252030 GSK3B protein P49841 UNIPROT CEBPB protein P17676 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr235 SSSSPPGtPSPADAK 10090 BTO:0001169 22355693 t "We found that expression of srebf1a depended on GSK3β activity and that GSK3β activity was necessary for C/EBPβ phosphorylation at Thr188" SIGNOR-251644 MAP2K1 protein Q02750 UNIPROT ARRB2 protein P32121 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr382 EFDTNYAtDDDIVFE 9606 BTO:0000007 28169830 t "Here, we show that activation of serotonin 5-HT2C receptors, which engage Erk1/2 pathway via a _-arrestin-dependent mechanism, promotes MEK-dependent _-arrestin2 phosphorylation at Thr383" SIGNOR-252027 PLN protein P26678 UNIPROT ATP2A2 protein P16615 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 10090 BTO:0003265 12838339 t "Heart failure can be traced, in part, to alterations in the activity of the sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ pump that are induced by its interactions with phospholamban, a reversible inhibitor." SIGNOR-252031 RBPJ protein Q06330 UNIPROT CDKN1A protein P38936 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 BTO:0000667 15866158 t "Induction of the p21WAF1/Cip1 gene by Notch 1 activation in differentiating keratinocytes is associated with direct targeting of the RBP-J_ protein to the p21 promoter." SIGNOR-252032 RBPJ/NOTCH complex SIGNOR-C97 SIGNOR CDKN1A protein P38936 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 BTO:0000667 15866158 t "Induction of the p21WAF1/Cip1 gene by Notch 1 activation in differentiating keratinocytes is associated with direct targeting of the RBP-J_ protein to the p21 promoter." SIGNOR-252033 FKBP4 protein Q02790 UNIPROT AR protein P10275 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 10090 BTO:0000947 19545546 t "We noted that FK506 altered nuclear localization of the GR and inhibited expression of GR-responsive genes. Furthermore, si-RNA knockdown of FKBP4 gene, coding for the immunophilin FKBP52, inhibited cortisol-activated GR nuclear translocation" SIGNOR-252034 TTK protein P33981 UNIPROT MAD2L1 protein Q13257 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation 18541701 t lperfetto "Mps1 is an upstream component of the spindle assembly checkpoint, which, in human cells, is required for checkpoint activation in response to spindle damage but not apparently during an unperturbed mitosis. Mps1 also recruits Mad1 and Mad2 to kinetochores.|Thus, in human cells, Mps1 catalytic activity is required for spindle checkpoint function and recruitment of Mad2." SIGNOR-252036 602306-29-6 chemical CID:16747683 PUBCHEM CDK2 protein P24941 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-190179 RPS6KA3 protein P51812 UNIPROT CENPE protein Q02224 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" 9606 BTO:0000567 20383198 f lperfetto "We also show that this kinase might also participate in the maintenance of the SAC in mammalian cells as Rsk2 knockdown in these cells prevents the kinetochore localization of Mad1, Mad2 and CENP-E under checkpoint conditions." SIGNOR-252037 RPS6KA3 protein P51812 UNIPROT MAD1L1 protein Q9Y6D9 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" 9606 BTO:0000567 20383198 f lperfetto "We also show that this kinase might also participate in the maintenance of the SAC in mammalian cells as Rsk2 knockdown in these cells prevents the kinetochore localization of Mad1, Mad2 and CENP-E under checkpoint conditions." SIGNOR-252038 RPS6KA3 protein P51812 UNIPROT MAD2L1 protein Q13257 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" 9606 BTO:0000567 20383198 f lperfetto "We also show that this kinase might also participate in the maintenance of the SAC in mammalian cells as Rsk2 knockdown in these cells prevents the kinetochore localization of Mad1, Mad2 and CENP-E under checkpoint conditions." SIGNOR-252039 SEPT7 protein Q16181 UNIPROT CENPE protein Q02224 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000567 18460473 t lperfetto "These findings reveal a key role for the SEPT7-CENP-E interaction in the distribution of CENP-E to the kinetochore and achieving chromosome alignment. We propose that SEPT7 forms a link between kinetochore distribution of CENP-E and the mitotic spindle checkpoint." SIGNOR-252040 SPAG5 protein Q96R06 UNIPROT CENPE protein Q02224 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" 9606 BTO:0000567 17664331 f lperfetto "Furthermore, although both the core kinetochore protein Hec1 and the spindle checkpoint kinase Bub1 were unaffected (Fig. 3 C), the kinetochore resident motor protein CENP-E (Yen et al., 1992) and its interaction partner CENP-F (Chan et al., 1998) were delocalized from the kinetochore in the absence of astrin. These cells remained cyclin B1 positive (unpublished data), confirming that they were still in mitosis. These data suggest that the presence of astrin is required for the kinetochore recruitment or maintenance of CENP-E and CENP-F." SIGNOR-252041 SPAG5 protein Q96R06 UNIPROT CENPF protein P49454 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" 9606 BTO:0000567 17664331 f lperfetto "Furthermore, although both the core kinetochore protein Hec1 and the spindle checkpoint kinase Bub1 were unaffected (Fig. 3 C), the kinetochore resident motor protein CENP-E (Yen et al., 1992) and its interaction partner CENP-F (Chan et al., 1998) were delocalized from the kinetochore in the absence of astrin. These cells remained cyclin B1 positive (unpublished data), confirming that they were still in mitosis. These data suggest that the presence of astrin is required for the kinetochore recruitment or maintenance of CENP-E and CENP-F." SIGNOR-252042 CENPE protein Q02224 UNIPROT BUB1B protein O60566 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 10090 BTO:0000452 12925705 t lperfetto "Without CENP-E, diminished levels of BubR1 are recruited to kinetochores and BubR1 kinase activity remains at basal levels. CENP-E binds to and directly stimulates the kinase activity of purified BubR1 in vitro. Thus, CENP-E is required for enhancing recruitment of its binding partner BubR1 to each unattached kinetochore and for stimulating BubR1 kinase activity, implicating it as an essential amplifier of a basal mitotic checkpoint signal." SIGNOR-252043 CENPE protein Q02224 UNIPROT MAD1L1 protein Q9Y6D9 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" 10090 BTO:0000452 12925705 f lperfetto "CENP-E is required for efficient recruitment of BubR1, Mad1, and Mad2 to attached and newly unattached kinetochores" SIGNOR-252044 CENPE protein Q02224 UNIPROT MAD2L1 protein Q13257 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" 10090 BTO:0000452 12925705 f lperfetto "CENP-E is required for efficient recruitment of BubR1, Mad1, and Mad2 to attached and newly unattached kinetochores" SIGNOR-252045 AURKA protein O14965 UNIPROT SGO1 protein Q5FBB7 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation -1 16824953 t lperfetto "Loss of INCENP/Aurora B in Mitosis Correlates with Delocalization of MEI-S332|MEI-S332 Is Phosphorylated by Aurora B In Vitro|Of these, MEI-S332S124,125,126A was a poor substrate for Aurora B kinase in vitro" SIGNOR-252046 AURKA protein O14965 UNIPROT INCENP protein Q9NQS7 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation 7227 16824953 t lperfetto "INCENP is phosphorylated by Aurora B and activates the kinase in a positive feedback loop" SIGNOR-252047 INCENP protein Q9NQS7 UNIPROT AURKA protein O14965 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 7227 16824953 t lperfetto "INCENP is phosphorylated by Aurora B and activates the kinase in a positive feedback loop" SIGNOR-252048 BMPR1A protein P36894 UNIPROT SMAD9 protein O15198 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation 9606 19620713 f ggiuliani "To ascertain whether overexpression of BMPr1A can initiate adipocyte lineage commitment in the absence of its BMP ligand, constitutively active (CA)-BMPr1A and CA-BMPr1B were expressed in C3H10T1/2 stem cells using a mouse stem cell virus (MSCV) retroviral system. […]Thus, their overexpression provoked a substantial rise in the phosphorylation of Smad1/5/8 and p38 MAPK, known downstream phosphorylated intermediates in the BMP signaling pathway." SIGNOR-255772 KIF2B protein Q8N4N8 UNIPROT "Mitotic Checkpoint" phenotype SIGNOR-PH28 SIGNOR down-regulates 9606 BTO:0001938 22535524 t lperfetto "The protein astrin has been shown to remove Kif2b from kinetochores in metaphase through competitive binding of CLASP1 (Manning et al., 2010 blue right-pointing triangle). During prometaphase, Aurora B kinase activity prevents astrin from localizing to kinetochores (Manning et al., 2010 blue right-pointing triangle; Schmidt et al., 2010 blue right-pointing triangle). This permits Kif2b to localize to kinetochores to destabilize k-MT attachments to execute error correction through Plk1-dependent recruitment and activation." SIGNOR-252051 AURKA protein O14965 UNIPROT KNSTRN protein Q9Y448 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation 9606 BTO:0001938 22535524 t lperfetto "The protein astrin has been shown to remove Kif2b from kinetochores in metaphase through competitive binding of CLASP1 (Manning et al., 2010 blue right-pointing triangle). During prometaphase, Aurora B kinase activity prevents astrin from localizing to kinetochores (Manning et al., 2010 blue right-pointing triangle; Schmidt et al., 2010 blue right-pointing triangle). This permits Kif2b to localize to kinetochores to destabilize k-MT attachments to execute error correction through Plk1-dependent recruitment and activation." SIGNOR-252052 GRK3 protein P35626 UNIPROT BDKRB2 protein P30411 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser373 SMGTLRTsISVERQI 9606 BTO:0000007 11517230 t "Ligand-induced phosphorylation is found at Ser339 and Ser346/Ser348 that could be executed by several G protein-coupled receptor kinases. 32P labeling of peptide 3 containing pS346/pS348 was enhanced 1.5–3-fold as compared with mock-transfected cells in the order GRK6 < GRK5 < GRK2 < GRK4α < GRK3. several endogenous GRKs may phosphorylate the B2R and that the various GRKs, even without apparent effect on total GPCR phosphorylation levels, may induce distinct phosphorylation patterns with possible functional consequences for receptor desensitization and sequestration." SIGNOR-251461 PLK1 protein P53350 UNIPROT KIF2B protein Q8N4N8 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser204 HLDSSKIsVLEPPQE 9606 BTO:0001938 22535524 t lperfetto "We show that Plk1 directly phosphorylates Kif2b at threonine 125 (T125) and serine 204 (S204), and that these two sites differentially regulate Kif2b function. Phosphorylation of S204 is required for the kinetochore localization and activity of Kif2b in prometaphase, and phosphorylation of T125 is required for Kif2b activity in the correction of k-MT attachment errors." SIGNOR-252050 KNSTRN protein Q9Y448 UNIPROT KIF2B protein Q8N4N8 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" relocalization 9606 BTO:0001938 22535524 t lperfetto "The protein astrin has been shown to remove Kif2b from kinetochores in metaphase through competitive binding of CLASP1 (Manning et al., 2010 blue right-pointing triangle). During prometaphase, Aurora B kinase activity prevents astrin from localizing to kinetochores (Manning et al., 2010 blue right-pointing triangle; Schmidt et al., 2010 blue right-pointing triangle). This permits Kif2b to localize to kinetochores to destabilize k-MT attachments to execute error correction through Plk1-dependent recruitment and activation." SIGNOR-252053 PDK2 protein Q15119 UNIPROT PDHA1 protein P08559 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser293 TYRYHGHsMSDPGVS -1 11485553 t lperfetto "Here we report that the four isoenzymes of protein kinase responsible for the phosphorylation and inactivation of pyruvate dehydrogenase (pdk1, pdk2, pdk3 and pdk4) differ in their abilities to phosphorylate the enzyme. Pdk1 can phosphorylate all three sites (s232, s293, s300), whereas pdk2, pdk3 and pdk4 each phosphorylate only s232 and s293." SIGNOR-109563 PDK4 protein Q16654 UNIPROT PDHA1 protein P08559 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser293 TYRYHGHsMSDPGVS -1 11485553 t lperfetto "Here we report that the four isoenzymes of protein kinase responsible for the phosphorylation and inactivation of pyruvate dehydrogenase (pdk1, pdk2, pdk3 and pdk4) differ in their abilities to phosphorylate the enzyme. Pdk1 can phosphorylate all three sites (s232, s293, s300), whereas pdk2, pdk3 and pdk4 each phosphorylate only s232 and s293." SIGNOR-109617 PDK3 protein Q15120 UNIPROT PDHA1 protein P08559 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser232 NRYGMGTsVERAAAS -1 11485553 t lperfetto "Here we report that the four isoenzymes of protein kinase responsible for the phosphorylation and inactivation of pyruvate dehydrogenase (pdk1, pdk2, pdk3 and pdk4) differ in their abilities to phosphorylate the enzyme. Pdk1 can phosphorylate all three sites (s232, s293, s300), whereas pdk2, pdk3 and pdk4 each phosphorylate only s232 and s293." SIGNOR-109613 PDK4 protein Q16654 UNIPROT PDHA1 protein P08559 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser293 TYRYHGHsMSDPGVS -1 7782287 t gcesareni "Mammalian pyruvate dehydrogenase (?2_2) (e1) is regulated by phosphorylation-dephosphorylation, catalyzed by the e1-kinase and the phospho-e1-phosphatase." SIGNOR-33197 PDK2 protein Q15119 UNIPROT PDHA1 protein P08559 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser293 TYRYHGHsMSDPGVS -1 7782287 t gcesareni "Mammalian pyruvate dehydrogenase (?2_2) (e1) is regulated by phosphorylation-dephosphorylation, catalyzed by the e1-kinase and the phospho-e1-phosphatase." SIGNOR-33137 PDK2 protein Q15119 UNIPROT PDHA1 protein P08559 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser232 NRYGMGTsVERAAAS -1 11485553 t lperfetto "Here we report that the four isoenzymes of protein kinase responsible for the phosphorylation and inactivation of pyruvate dehydrogenase (pdk1, pdk2, pdk3 and pdk4) differ in their abilities to phosphorylate the enzyme. Pdk1 can phosphorylate all three sites (s232, s293, s300), whereas pdk2, pdk3 and pdk4 each phosphorylate only s232 and s293." SIGNOR-109559 PDK2 protein Q15119 UNIPROT PDHA1 protein P08559 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser232 NRYGMGTsVERAAAS -1 7782287 t gcesareni "Sites 1, 2, and 3 in the E1 mutants were phosphorylated either individually or in the presence of the other sites by the dihydrolipoamide acetyltransferase-protein X-E1 kinase indicating a site-independent mechanism of phosphorylation." SIGNOR-33040 PDK1 protein Q15118 UNIPROT PDHA1 protein P08559 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser232 NRYGMGTsVERAAAS -1 7782287 t gcesareni "Sites 1, 2, and 3 in the E1 mutants were phosphorylated either individually or in the presence of the other sites by the dihydrolipoamide acetyltransferase-protein X-E1 kinase indicating a site-independent mechanism of phosphorylation." SIGNOR-32977 PDK3 protein Q15120 UNIPROT PDHA1 protein P08559 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser293 TYRYHGHsMSDPGVS -1 11485553 t lperfetto "Here we report that the four isoenzymes of protein kinase responsible for the phosphorylation and inactivation of pyruvate dehydrogenase (pdk1, pdk2, pdk3 and pdk4) differ in their abilities to phosphorylate the enzyme. Pdk1 can phosphorylate all three sites (s232, s293, s300), whereas pdk2, pdk3 and pdk4 each phosphorylate only s232 and s293." SIGNOR-109609 NR0B2 protein Q15466 UNIPROT AR protein P10275 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 11735420 t gcesareni "We demonstrated that shp inhibited both ar-lbd and ntd-dependent transactivation, which evidenced for the first time a protein capable of inhibiting a steroid receptor amino-terminal-dependent transactivation. We further characterized the shp mechanism of action by showing that shp reversed ar coactivator-mediated activation" SIGNOR-112589 SMAD6 protein O43541 UNIPROT NR2C2 protein P49116 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 11737269 t lperfetto "Smad6 interacts with tak1 and tab1, and smad7 with tab1" SIGNOR-112636 Lenalidomide chemical CID:216326 PUBCHEM IKZF1 protein Q13422 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" ubiquitination 9606 BTO:0000782 24328678 t gcesareni "members of the Ikaros family of transcription factors, specifically Ikaros and Aiolos (encoded by the genes IKZF1 and IKZF3 respectively), are recruited as protein substrates for CRL4CRBN in T cells in response to lenalidomide or pomalidomide treatment." SIGNOR-236910 PDK4 protein Q16654 UNIPROT PDHA1 protein P08559 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser232 NRYGMGTsVERAAAS -1 11485553 t lperfetto "Here we report that the four isoenzymes of protein kinase responsible for the phosphorylation and inactivation of pyruvate dehydrogenase (pdk1, pdk2, pdk3 and pdk4) differ in their abilities to phosphorylate the enzyme. Pdk1 can phosphorylate all three sites (s232, s293, s300), whereas pdk2, pdk3 and pdk4 each phosphorylate only s232 and s293." SIGNOR-109621 PDK3 protein Q15120 UNIPROT PDHA1 protein P08559 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser293 TYRYHGHsMSDPGVS -1 11486000 t lperfetto "Activity of the mammalian pyruvate dehydrogenase complex is regulated by phosphorylation-dephosphorylation of the alpha subunit of the pyruvate dehydrogenase (e1) component. Phosphorylation is carried out by four pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase (pdk) isoenzymes." SIGNOR-109647 PDK2 protein Q15119 UNIPROT PDHA1 protein P08559 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser300 SMSDPGVsYRTREEI -1 7782287 t gcesareni "Mammalian pyruvate dehydrogenase (?2_2) (e1) is regulated by phosphorylation-dephosphorylation, catalyzed by the e1-kinase and the phospho-e1-phosphatase." SIGNOR-33141 PDK1 protein Q15118 UNIPROT PDHA1 protein P08559 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser293 TYRYHGHsMSDPGVS -1 11485553 t lperfetto "Here we report that the four isoenzymes of protein kinase responsible for the phosphorylation and inactivation of pyruvate dehydrogenase (pdk1, pdk2, pdk3 and pdk4) differ in their abilities to phosphorylate the enzyme. Pdk1 can phosphorylate all three sites (s232, s293, s300), whereas pdk2, pdk3 and pdk4 each phosphorylate only s232 and s293." SIGNOR-109551 PDP1 protein Q9P0J1 UNIPROT PDHA1 protein P08559 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation 9606 20208177 t "Pyruvate dehydrogenase phosphatase (PDP) is a mitochondrial serine phosphatase that activates phosphorylated pyruvate dehydrogenase complex by dephosphorylation" SIGNOR-251664 PDP2 protein Q9P2J9 UNIPROT PDHA1 protein P08559 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation 9606 20208177 t "Pyruvate dehydrogenase phosphatase (PDP) is a mitochondrial serine phosphatase that activates phosphorylated pyruvate dehydrogenase complex by dephosphorylation" SIGNOR-251665 PDK3 protein Q15120 UNIPROT PDHA1 protein P08559 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser300 SMSDPGVsYRTREEI -1 11486000 t lperfetto "Activity of the mammalian pyruvate dehydrogenase complex is regulated by phosphorylation-dephosphorylation of the alpha subunit of the pyruvate dehydrogenase (e1) component. Phosphorylation is carried out by four pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase (pdk) isoenzymes." SIGNOR-109651 PDK1 protein Q15118 UNIPROT PDHA1 protein P08559 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser300 SMSDPGVsYRTREEI -1 11485553 t lperfetto "Here we report that the four isoenzymes of protein kinase responsible for the phosphorylation and inactivation of pyruvate dehydrogenase (pdk1, pdk2, pdk3 and pdk4) differ in their abilities to phosphorylate the enzyme. Pdk1 can phosphorylate all three sites (s232, s293, s300), whereas pdk2, pdk3 and pdk4 each phosphorylate only s232 and s293." SIGNOR-109555 SMAD1 protein Q15797 UNIPROT SMAD1/4 complex SIGNOR-C85 SIGNOR "form complex" binding 9606 8893010 t ggiuliani "Conversely, Smad1 and DPC4 formed a complex when the cells were stimulated with BMP4 but not with activin of TGF-beta." SIGNOR-255774 SMAD5 protein Q99717 UNIPROT SMAD5/SMAD4 complex SIGNOR-C205 SIGNOR "form complex" binding 9606 "BTO:0000165;BTO:0002974; BTO:0002809" 9442019 t ggiuliani "These data suggest that activation of Smad5 and subsequent Smad5-DPC4 complex formation are key steps in the BMP signaling pathway, which mediates BMP-2-induced osteoblastic differentiation of the C2C12 mesenchymal cells." SIGNOR-255775 SMAD9 protein O15198 UNIPROT SMAD8/SMAD4 complex SIGNOR-C206 SIGNOR "form complex" binding 10116 9371779 t ggiuliani "As shown in Fig. 2, immunoprecipitation of Smad8 with an anti-myc antibody could bring down the Flag-tagged Smad4 only in the presence of CA-ALK-2, indicating that only activation of ALK-2 but not ALK-4 could induce the heteromerization of Smad8 with Smad4." SIGNOR-255776 MAPK14 protein Q16539 UNIPROT RUNX2 protein Q13950 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation 10090 20551513 t ggiuliani "Mechanistic analysis revealed that the TAK1–MKK3/6–p38 MAPK axis phosphorylated Runx2, promoting its association with the coactivator CREB-binding protein (CBP), which was required to regulate osteoblast genetic programs" SIGNOR-255777 Calcineurin complex SIGNOR-C155 SIGNOR BAD protein Q92934 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser75 EIRSRHSsYPAGTED 9606 BTO:0000007 10195903 t "Ca2+-induced apoptosis through calcineurin dephosphorylation of BAD|Calcineurin was found to dephosphorylate BAD, a pro-apoptotic member of the Bcl-2 family, thus enhancing BAD heterodimerization with Bcl-xL and promoting apoptosis." SIGNOR-252324 PDK4 protein Q16654 UNIPROT PDHA1 protein P08559 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser300 SMSDPGVsYRTREEI -1 7782287 t gcesareni "Mammalian pyruvate dehydrogenase (?2_2) (e1) is regulated by phosphorylation-dephosphorylation, catalyzed by the e1-kinase and the phospho-e1-phosphatase." SIGNOR-33201 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR FOXO1 protein Q12778 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser256 SPRRRAAsMDNNSKF -1 BTO:0000318 10377430 t lperfetto "Here we show that the activation of phosphatidylinositol 3 (PI3) kinase by extracellular growth factors induces phosphorylation, nuclear export, and transcriptional inactivation of FKHR1, a member of the FKHR subclass of the forkhead family of transcription factors. Protein kinase B (PKB)/Akt, a key mediator of PI3 kinase signal transduction, phosphorylated recombinant FKHR1 in vitro at threonine-24 and serine-253. Mutants FKHR1(T24A), FKHR1(S253A), and FKHR1(T24A/S253A) were resistant to both PKB/Akt-mediated phosphorylation and PI3 kinase-stimulated nuclear export." SIGNOR-252346 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR FOXO1 protein Q12778 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr24 LPRPRSCtWPLPRPE -1 BTO:0000318 10377430 t lperfetto "Here we show that the activation of phosphatidylinositol 3 (PI3) kinase by extracellular growth factors induces phosphorylation, nuclear export, and transcriptional inactivation of FKHR1, a member of the FKHR subclass of the forkhead family of transcription factors. Protein kinase B (PKB)/Akt, a key mediator of PI3 kinase signal transduction, phosphorylated recombinant FKHR1 in vitro at threonine-24 and serine-253. Mutants FKHR1(T24A), FKHR1(S253A), and FKHR1(T24A/S253A) were resistant to both PKB/Akt-mediated phosphorylation and PI3 kinase-stimulated nuclear export." SIGNOR-252347 PPP1CA protein P62136 UNIPROT RAF1 protein P04049 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser259 SQRQRSTsTPNVHMV 9606 BTO:0000007 16630891 t "We have identified a complex comprised of Shoc2/Sur-8 and the catalytic subunit of protein phosphatase 1 (PP1c) as a highly specific M-Ras effector. M-Ras targets Shoc2-PP1c to stimulate Raf activity by dephosphorylating the S259 inhibitory site of Raf proteins" SIGNOR-251649 PTPN6 protein P29350 UNIPROT KDR protein P35968 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Tyr1175 AQQDGKDyIVLPISE 9606 18377662 t "Src homology 2 (SH2) domain containing protein tyrosine phosphatase-1 (SHP-1) dephosphorylates VEGF Receptor-2 and attenuates endothelial DNA synthesis, but not migration|Knockdown of SHP-1 by siRNA or inhibition of c-Src by an inhibitor, results in augmented DNA synthesis perhaps due to increased phosphorylation of at least three tyrosine residues of KDR 996, 1059 and 1175" SIGNOR-248475 PTPRJ protein Q12913 UNIPROT EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by stabilization" dephosphorylation Tyr1197 STAENAEyLRVAPQS 9606 BTO:0000567 19836242 t "We report the identification of PTPRK and PTPRJ (density-enhanced phosphatase-1 [DEP-1]) as EGFR-targeting phosphatases. DEP-1 is a tumor suppressor that dephosphorylates and thereby stabilizes EGFR by hampering its ability to associate with the CBL-GRB2 ubiquitin ligase complex|By employing commercially available antibodies, which are supposed to recognize specific tyrosine phosphorylation sites of EGFR, we found that depletion of endogenous DEP-1 nonselectively increased receptor phosphorylation, affecting all three sites we analyzed (tyrosines 1045, 1068, and 1173" SIGNOR-248699 LCK protein P06239 UNIPROT CD3E protein P07766 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr199 RKGQRDLySGLNQRR 9534 BTO:0004055 11855827 t "Tyrosine Phosphorylation of CD8- Chimeras by Lck and ZAP-70 in COS Cells. both Y170F and Y181F chimeric proteins could be efficiently phosphorylated by Lck in vivo. phosphorylation of Y170 and Y181 within CD3- –ITAM provides to CD3- the potential to interact with multiple downstream effectors and signaling pathways." SIGNOR-251369 BMPR1A protein P36894 UNIPROT SMAD1/4 complex SIGNOR-C85 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation 9606 8893010 f ggiuliani "Conversely, Smad1 and DPC4 formed a complex when the cells were stimulated with BMP4 but not with activin of TGF-beta." SIGNOR-255778 BMPR1A protein P36894 UNIPROT SMAD5/SMAD4 complex SIGNOR-C205 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation 9606 "BTO:0000165;BTO:0002974; BTO:0002809" 9442019 f ggiuliani "In this study, we isolated human Smad5 and found that Smad5 was involved in BMP-2 signaling cascades, which mediate the bone-inducing effects of BMP-2. Smad5 was directly serine-phosphorylated by BMPIR through a physical interaction. The activated Smad5 subsequently formed a complex with DPC4, and this complex was then translocated to the nucleus." SIGNOR-255779 PDP1 protein Q9P0J1 UNIPROT PDHA1 protein P08559 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser232 NRYGMGTsVERAAAS -1 7782287 t "Sites 1, 2, and 3 were dephosphorylated either individually or in the presence of the other sites by the phospho-E1-phosphatase resulting in complete reactivation of the E1. The rates of dephosphorylation and reactivation were similar for sites 1, 2, and 3, indicating a random dephosphorylation mechanism" SIGNOR-252055 MAP2K6 protein P52564 UNIPROT MAPK14 protein Q16539 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation 10090 20551513 t ggiuliani "Expression of a constitutively active mutant of MKK6 (MKK6-glu) (39), but not a kinase-inactive mutant of MKK6 (MKK6-K82A) (39), strongly promoted human MSC differentiation to osteoblasts as shown by increased ALP activity and extracellular matrix mineralization (Figure 4E). Furthermore, MKK6-glu–expressing osteoblasts were treated with inhibitors of p38, JNK, and MEK (Figure 4F). Only treatment with the p38 inhibitor SB203580 blocked the effects of MKK6-glu." SIGNOR-255780 PDP1 protein Q9P0J1 UNIPROT PDHA1 protein P08559 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser293 TYRYHGHsMSDPGVS -1 7782287 t "Sites 1, 2, and 3 were dephosphorylated either individually or in the presence of the other sites by the phospho-E1-phosphatase resulting in complete reactivation of the E1. The rates of dephosphorylation and reactivation were similar for sites 1, 2, and 3, indicating a random dephosphorylation mechanism" SIGNOR-252054 HMGB1 protein P09429 UNIPROT TLR4 protein O00206 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000801 20547845 t gcesareni "Here we show that Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), a pivotal receptor for activation of innate immunity and cytokine release, is required for HMGB1-dependent activation of macrophage TNF release." SIGNOR-252057 LY96 protein Q9Y6Y9 UNIPROT HMGB1 protein P09429 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 10090 BTO:0000801 25559892 t gcesareni "Here we demonstrate that the extracellular TLR4 adaptor, myeloid differentiation factor 2 (MD-2), binds specifically to the cytokine-inducing disulfide isoform of HMGB1, to the exclusion of other isoforms. Using MD-2-deficient mice, as well as MD-2 silencing in macrophages, we show a requirement for HMGB1-dependent TLR4 signaling." SIGNOR-252058 HMGB1 protein P09429 UNIPROT AGER protein Q15109 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 10090 BTO:0000938 25014009 t gcesareni "HMGB1 is known to influence cellular responses within the nervous system via two distinct receptor families; the Receptor for Advanced Glycation End-products (RAGE) and Toll-like receptors (TLRs)" SIGNOR-252059 MIF protein P14174 UNIPROT CD74 protein P04233 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000452 12782713 t gcesareni "MIF binds to the extracellular domain of CD74, and CD74 is required for MIF-induced activation of the extracellular signal-regulated kinase-1/2 MAP kinase cascade, cell proliferation, and PGE2 production" SIGNOR-252060 MIF protein P14174 UNIPROT CXCR2 protein P25025 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 10090 BTO:0000876 17435771 t gcesareni "We identify the chemokine receptors CXCR2 and CXCR4 as functional receptors for MIF [] By activating both CXCR2 and CXCR4, MIF displays chemokine-like functions and acts as a major regulator of inflammatory cell recruitment and atherogenesis." SIGNOR-252061 MIF protein P14174 UNIPROT CXCR4 protein P61073 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 10090 BTO:0000876 17435771 t gcesareni "We identify the chemokine receptors CXCR2 and CXCR4 as functional receptors for MIF [] By activating both CXCR2 and CXCR4, MIF displays chemokine-like functions and acts as a major regulator of inflammatory cell recruitment and atherogenesis." SIGNOR-252062 TIRAP protein P58753 UNIPROT MYD88 protein Q99836 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000007 11544529 t gcesareni "Here we describe a protein, Mal (MyD88-adapter-like), which joins MyD88 as a cytoplasmic TlR-domain-containing protein in the human genome. Mal activates NF-_B, Jun amino-terminal kinase and extracellular signal-regulated kinase-1 and -2." SIGNOR-252063 TLR4 protein O00206 UNIPROT TIRAP protein P58753 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000007 11544529 t gcesareni "Here we describe a protein, Mal (MyD88-adapter-like), which joins MyD88 as a cytoplasmic TlR-domain-containing protein in the human genome. Mal activates NF-_B, Jun amino-terminal kinase and extracellular signal-regulated kinase-1 and -2." SIGNOR-252064 TLR4 protein O00206 UNIPROT MYD88 protein Q99836 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 10090 22664090 t gcesareni "To initiate the innate immune response, Toll-like receptors (TLRs) associate with cytoplasmic adaptor proteins through TIR (Toll/interleukin-1 receptor) domain interactions. The four principal signaling adaptor proteins include MyD88, MAL, TRIF and TRAM, and the fifth protein SARM, involved in negative regulation of TLR pathways, is usually considered a part of the TIR domain-containing adaptor protein group" SIGNOR-252065 TLR4 protein O00206 UNIPROT TLR4 protein O00206 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 10090 22664090 t gcesareni "To initiate the innate immune response, Toll-like receptors (TLRs) associate with cytoplasmic adaptor proteins through TIR (Toll/interleukin-1 receptor) domain interactions. The four principal signaling adaptor proteins include MyD88, MAL, TRIF and TRAM, and the fifth protein SARM, involved in negative regulation of TLR pathways, is usually considered a part of the TIR domain-containing adaptor protein group" SIGNOR-252066 TLR4 protein O00206 UNIPROT TICAM1 protein Q8IUC6 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 10090 22664090 t gcesareni "To initiate the innate immune response, Toll-like receptors (TLRs) associate with cytoplasmic adaptor proteins through TIR (Toll/interleukin-1 receptor) domain interactions. The four principal signaling adaptor proteins include MyD88, MAL, TRIF and TRAM, and the fifth protein SARM, involved in negative regulation of TLR pathways, is usually considered a part of the TIR domain-containing adaptor protein group" SIGNOR-252067 SARM1 protein Q6SZW1 UNIPROT TICAM1 protein Q8IUC6 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 10090 17667936 t gcesareni "SARM utilizes its TIR domain to negatively regulate TRIF" SIGNOR-252068 FOXO1 protein Q12778 UNIPROT FBXO32 protein Q969P5 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 BTO:0000165 15109499 t "The activity of the PI3K/AKT pathway decreases, leading to activation of Foxo transcription factors and atrogin-1 induction. IGF-1 treatment or AKT overexpression inhibits Foxo and atrogin-1 expression." SIGNOR-252069 FOXO3 protein O43524 UNIPROT FBXO32 protein Q969P5 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 BTO:0000165 15109499 t "Constitutively active Foxo3 acts on the atrogin-1 promoter to cause atrogin-1 transcription and dramatic atrophy of myotubes and muscle fibers" SIGNOR-252070 FBXO32 protein Q969P5 UNIPROT "Muscle atrophy" phenotype SIGNOR-PH40 SIGNOR up-regulates 10090 25096180 f "Muscle RING finger 1 (MuRF1) and muscle atrophy F-box (MAFbx)/atrogin-1 were identified more than 10 years ago as two muscle-specific E3 ubiquitin ligases that are increased transcriptionally in skeletal muscle under atrophy-inducing conditions, making them excellent markers of muscle atrophy" SIGNOR-252072 ERRFI1 protein Q9UJM3 UNIPROT EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" binding 10090 BTO:0001867 20421427 t "We report here an additional mechanism of EGFR suppression mediated by RALT, demonstrating that RALT-bound EGF receptors undergo endocytosis and eventual degradation into lysosomes" SIGNOR-252073 BMPR2 protein Q13873 UNIPROT BMPR1A protein P36894 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 10712517 t ggiuliani "Using several complementary approaches, we investigated the formation of homomeric and heteromeric complexes between the two known BMP type I receptors (BR-Ia and BR-Ib) and the BMP type II receptor (BR-II). Coimmunoprecipitation studies detected the formation of heteromeric and homomeric complexes among all the BMP receptor types even in the absence of ligand." SIGNOR-255781 SMAD1/4 complex SIGNOR-C85 SIGNOR RUNX2 protein Q13950 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000567 15573378 f ggiuliani "The Runx2 WT and deletion constructs (1 –495, 1–464, and 1–432) all physically interact with the BMP2 responsive Smad 1" SIGNOR-255782 SMAD5/SMAD4 complex SIGNOR-C205 SIGNOR RUNX2 protein Q13950 UNIPROT up-regulates "transcriptional regulation" 10090 BTO:0000165 11073979 f ggiuliani "As shown in Fig. 8A, overexpression of Smad5 by itself induced Runx2 expression even in the absence of BMP-2 (lane 5). Western blot analysis also confirmed the induced level of Runx2 protein in C2C12-Sm5 cells (Fig. 8B)" SIGNOR-255783 AURKB protein Q96GD4 UNIPROT RACGAP1 protein Q9H0H5 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser144 NAGNKRLsTIDESGS 9606 BTO:0000567 14744859 t llicata "It was found that the 5A fragment in which five Ser/Thr residues were substituted with Ala (S144A/T145A/S185A/T186A/S187A) fully prevented phosphorylation (Fig. 5B), confirming that Aurora B primarily phosphorylates five Ser/Thr residues in the basic region of MgcRacGAP. | the strong phosphorylation of the basic region of MgcRacGAP by Aurora B kinase was demonstrated, and this phosphorylation prevents the inhibition of MgcRacGAP GAP activity by PRC1" SIGNOR-250586 SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT PLSCR1 protein O15162 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr69 PVPNQPVyNQPVYNQ 9606 BTO:0000671 12871937 t lperfetto "Cell stimulation by egf results in tyr phosphorylation of plscr1, its association with both shc and egf receptors, and rapid cycling of plscr1 between plasma membrane and endosomal compartments.We Now report evidence that upon egf stimulation, plscr1 is phosphorylated by c-src, within the tandem repeat sequence 68vynqpvynqp77. The in vivo interaction between plscr1 and shc requires the src-mediated phosphorylation on tyrosines 69 and 74. Furthermore, our data suggest that deletion of plscr1 from the plasma membrane results in marked reduction in egf-initiated activation of c-src kinase.\ We propose that PLSCR1, through its interaction with Shc, promotes Src kinase activation through the EGF receptor." SIGNOR-103769 SMAD8/SMAD4 complex SIGNOR-C206 SIGNOR RUNX2 protein Q13950 UNIPROT up-regulates "transcriptional regulation" 9606 27563484 f ggiuliani "Smad1/5/8-Smad4 complex transcribed Runx2 expression, as they complex with Runx2 to initiate other osteoblast gene expression." SIGNOR-255784 FGFR1 protein P11362 UNIPROT SYNCRIP protein O60506 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Tyr373 RVKKLKDyAFIHFDE 9606 12601080 t lperfetto "Novel in vivo tyrosine phosphorylation sites were found in the fgfr-1, phospholipase cgamma, p90 ribosomal s6 kinase, cortactin, and ns-1-associated protein-1. Syncrip, was very recently found to be phosphorylated in response to insulin treatment of 3t3-l1 adipocytes (32). Phosphorylation of syncrip was accommodated by the insulin receptor tyrosine kinase in vitro but was inhibited upon binding of rna. Tyrosine phosphorylation at tyr-373 in the third rna recognition motif domain of nsap1/syncrip can possibly influence its rna binding properties and thus link fgfr-1 signaling to mrna metabolism." SIGNOR-98704 PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT DLX3 protein O60479 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser138 KPRTIYSsYQLAALQ 10090 BTO:0000667 11343707 t lperfetto "Dlx3 is primarily phosphorylated by PKCalpha. By deletion and mutational analysis, we show that the serine residue S138, located in the homeodomain of Dlx3 protein, was specifically phosphorylated by PKC. The phosphorylation of purified Dlx3 proteins by PKC partially inhibited formation of complexes between Dlx3 protein and DNA. These results suggest that Dlx3 protein can be directly phosphorylated by PKC and this affects the DNA binding activity of Dlx3. | Since DNA binding may reveal only a part of Dlx3 protein function, we cannot rule out the influence of phosphorylation on other biological functions. Thus, the characterization of the full biological function of PKC phosphorylation of Dlx3 protein will require further studies." SIGNOR-249095 BMPR1A protein P36894 UNIPROT MAPK14 protein Q16539 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation 10090 BTO:0004058 19620713 f ggiuliani "The expression of CA-BMPr1A and CA-BMPr1B mRNA was confirmed by RT-PCR using appropriate primers to distinguish expression of the constitutively active receptors from endogenous BMP receptors; specific antibodies for these receptors were not available. However, the functional effects of their expression, i.e., phosphorylation of Smad1/5/8 and p38 MAPK, verify overexpression of the constitutively active receptors (Fig. 3B). Thus, their overexpression provoked a substantial rise in the phosphorylation of Smad1/5/8 and p38 MAPK, known downstream phosphorylated intermediates in the BMP signaling pathway (Fig. 3B) (16, 17)." SIGNOR-255785 CSNK2A1 protein P68400 UNIPROT AQP4 protein P55087 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser316 EKKGKDQsGEVLSSV 9615 BTO:0000837 11742978 t llicata "We found that the stress-induced kinase casein kinase (CK)II phosphorylates the Ser276 immediately preceding the tyrosine motif, increasing AQP4-mu 3A interaction and enhancing AQP4-lysosomal targeting and degradation. AQP4 phosphorylation by CKII may thus provide a mechanism that regulates AQP4 cell surface expression. | To determine whether Ser276 is an actual CKII substrate, we used GST–AQP4-Cter proteins in which only one out of the three C-terminal CKII consensus sites was sequentially conserved (Ser276, Ser285 and Ser315, respectively). Figure 7B (right panel) shows that the three serine residues, including Ser276, were indeed efficiently phosphorylated by CKII." SIGNOR-250828 PICK1 protein Q9NRD5 UNIPROT BNC1 protein Q01954 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" relocalization 10116 BTO:0000938 11802773 t miannu "we found that the PDZ domain-containing protein PICK1 (protein interacting with C kinase) interacts specifically with the C-termini of BNC1 and ASIC. Our studies showing association of recombinant PICK1 with ASIC and BNC1, and the presence of both PICK1 and ASIC in the synaptosomal fraction" SIGNOR-223414 PICK1 protein Q9NRD5 UNIPROT ASIC1 protein P78348 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" relocalization 10116 BTO:0000938 11802773 t miannu "we found that the PDZ domain-containing protein PICK1 (protein interacting with C kinase) interacts specifically with the C-termini of BNC1 and ASIC. Our studies showing association of recombinant PICK1 with ASIC and BNC1, and the presence of both PICK1 and ASIC in the synaptosomal fraction" SIGNOR-223417 ERRFI1 protein Q9UJM3 UNIPROT EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 10116 11003669 t gcesareni "These data indicate that the gene 33 protein is a feedback inhibitor of ErbB-2 mitogenic function and a suppressor of ErbB-2 oncogenic activity. We propose that the gene 33 protein be renamed with the acronym RALT (receptor-associated late transducer)" SIGNOR-186198 BMPR1A protein P36894 UNIPROT SMAD8/SMAD4 complex SIGNOR-C206 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation 10090 BTO:0004058 19620713 f ggiuliani "The expression of CA-BMPr1A and CA-BMPr1B mRNA was confirmed by RT-PCR using appropriate primers to distinguish expression of the constitutively active receptors from endogenous BMP receptors; specific antibodies for these receptors were not available. However, the functional effects of their expression, i.e., phosphorylation of Smad1/5/8 and p38 MAPK, verify overexpression of the constitutively active receptors (Fig. 3B). Thus, their overexpression provoked a substantial rise in the phosphorylation of Smad1/5/8 and p38 MAPK, known downstream phosphorylated intermediates in the BMP signaling pathway (Fig. 3B) (16, 17)." SIGNOR-255786 IL1R1 protein P14778 UNIPROT NfKb-p65/p50 complex SIGNOR-C13 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation 9606 BTO:0000801 9625767 f lperfetto "Il-1 binding to its receptor triggers a cascade of signaling events, including activation of the stress-activated mitogen-activated protein (map) kinases, c-jun nh2-terminal kinase (jnk) and p38 map kinase, as well as transcription factor nuclear factor kappab (nf-kappab)" SIGNOR-249512 PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT HMGN2 protein P05204 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser29 QRRSARLsAKPAPPK 9606 10739259 t lperfetto "Protein kinases that phosphorylate hmg-14 17 at the major sites have been implicated from previous in vitro studies. Protein kinase c and a similar calcium phospholipid-dependent kinase have been reported to phosphorylate both proteins in vitro, where the phosphorylation of hmg-17 occurs predominantly at ser24 and to a lesser degree at ser28. Phosphorylation of hmg-14 at ser6 by camp- or cgmp-dependent kinases has also been reported. Thus, other kinases may contribute to phosphorylation at ser6 in response to oa. Ser88 and ser98 on hmg-14 are also phosphorylated by casein kinase ii in vitro. we conclude that the correlation we observe reflects a causal relationship, in which phosphorylation somehow facilitates the redistribution of hmg-14 and -17 toward non-nuclear pools." SIGNOR-76324 CSNK2B protein P67870 UNIPROT CTDP1 protein Q9Y5B0 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser740 TKAQRENsPAAFPDR 9606 BTO:0000567 12591939 t llicata "We found that only phosphorylated FCP1 can physically interact with TFIIF. We set out to purify an FCP1 kinase from HeLa cells and identified casein kinase 2, which, surprisingly, displayed a negative effect on FCP1-associated activities.| Phosphorylation of FCP1 by CK2 Inhibits the Transcription Elongation Activity of FCP1. | Two in vivo phosphorylation sites within the C terminus of FCP1 at Ser-575 and Ser-740 were identified" SIGNOR-251064 PLK1 protein P53350 UNIPROT KIF2B protein Q8N4N8 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr125 MIPQKNQtASGDSLD 9606 BTO:0001938 22535524 t lperfetto "We show that Plk1 directly phosphorylates Kif2b at threonine 125 (T125) and serine 204 (S204), and that these two sites differentially regulate Kif2b function. Phosphorylation of S204 is required for the kinetochore localization and activity of Kif2b in prometaphase, and phosphorylation of T125 is required for Kif2b activity in the correction of k-MT attachment errors." SIGNOR-252049 PAK2 protein Q13177 UNIPROT PAK2 protein Q13177 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr402 PEQSKRStMVGTPYW -1 10075701 t miannu "Eight autophosphorylation sites were identified in Cdc42-activated gamma-PAK, six of which are in common with those previously reported in alpha-PAK, while Ser-19 and Ser-165 appear to be uniquely phosphorylated in the gamma-form. Further, the phosphorylation of Ser-141, Ser-165, and Thr-402 was found to correlate with gamma-PAK activation. The information resulting from manual Edman degradation and from automated sequencing clearly identified Ser-192, Ser-197, and Thr-402 as the phosphorylation sites" SIGNOR-250230 PTPN1 protein P18031 UNIPROT PDGFRB protein P09619 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Tyr1009 LDTSSVLyTAVQPNE -1 7545675 t "Upon activation, the βPDGFR is phosphorylated at multiple tyrosine residues and thereby becomes a docking site for SH2-domain-containing signal transduction proteins.|While all phosphotyrosine sites on the βPDGFR are equally good targets for rPTP1B, maps of the βPDGFR dephosphorylated by rSyp showed that rSyp had a distinct preference for certain sites (Fig. 4 D-F). The low dose of rSyp primarily dephosphorylated spots 1, 6, 7, 9, and to a lesser extent 8a|Spot 1 corresponds to tyrosine 751; spot 3 corresponds to tyrosine 1009; spot 6 corresponds to tyrosine 740; spot 8b corresponds to tyrosine 1021; spot 9 corresponds to tyrosine 771, and spots 2, 7, and 8a are as yet unidentified phosphopeptides" SIGNOR-248416 AKT3 protein Q9Y243 UNIPROT TBX3 protein O15119 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser719 AEKEAATsELQSIQR 9606 BTO:0000848 25595898 t miannu "We have identified TBX3 as a key substrate of AKT3 in melanomagenesis. we have identified the AKT3 target site at serine residue 720 in the TBX3 protein and show that this site is phosphorylated in vivo. the phosphorylation at S720 promotes TBX3 protein stability, nuclear localization, transcriptional repression of E-cadherin, and its role in cell migration and invasion." SIGNOR-223534 TAB2 protein Q9NYJ8 UNIPROT MAP3K7 protein O43318 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 8638164 t lperfetto "The yeast two-hybrid system has now revealed two human proteins, termed tab1 and tab2 (for tak1 binding protein), that interact with tak1. Overproduction of tab1 enhanced activity of the plasminogen activator inhibitor 1 gene promoter, which is regulated by tgf-beta, and increased the kinase activity of tak1. . These results define tab2 as an adaptor linking tak1 and traf6 and as a mediator of tak1 activation in the il-1 signaling pathway . taken together, these results indicate that polyubiquitination of rip1 mediates the independent recruitment of tab2 and nemo, which in turn recruits tak1 and ikk, respectively, to tnf-r1." SIGNOR-105860 TAB2 protein Q9NYJ8 UNIPROT MAP3K7 protein O43318 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000801 14670075 t lperfetto "Our results indicate that two distinct TAK1 complexes are present in cells. One comprises TAK1 complexed with TAB1 and TAB2, and the other TAK1 complexed with TAB1 and TAB3. Both complexes are activated in response to tumour necrosis factor-alpha or interleukin-1 in human epithelial KB cells or bacterial lipopolysaccharide in RAW264.7 macrophages" SIGNOR-120268 ERRFI1 protein Q9UJM3 UNIPROT EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding -1 18046415 t "The cytoplasmic protein MIG6 (mitogen-induced gene 6; also known as ERRFI1) interacts with and inhibits the kinase domains of EGFR and ERBB2" SIGNOR-252076 ERRFI1 protein Q9UJM3 UNIPROT ERBB2 protein P04626 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding -1 18046415 t "The cytoplasmic protein MIG6 (mitogen-induced gene 6; also known as ERRFI1) interacts with and inhibits the kinase domains of EGFR and ERBB2" SIGNOR-252077 BMPR1A protein P36894 UNIPROT SMAD1/4 complex SIGNOR-C85 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation 10090 BTO:0004058 19620713 f ggiuliani "The expression of CA-BMPr1A and CA-BMPr1B mRNA was confirmed by RT-PCR using appropriate primers to distinguish expression of the constitutively active receptors from endogenous BMP receptors; specific antibodies for these receptors were not available. However, the functional effects of their expression, i.e., phosphorylation of Smad1/5/8 and p38 MAPK, verify overexpression of the constitutively active receptors (Fig. 3B). Thus, their overexpression provoked a substantial rise in the phosphorylation of Smad1/5/8 and p38 MAPK, known downstream phosphorylated intermediates in the BMP signaling pathway (Fig. 3B) (16, 17)." SIGNOR-255787 STK4 protein Q13043 UNIPROT MOB1B protein Q7L9L4 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr35 LLKHAEAtLGSGNLR 9606 23431053 t milica "Mob1, when phosphorylated by MST1/2, binds to the autoinhibitory motif in Lats1/2, which in turn leads to the phosphorylation of the Lats activation loop (Lats1 S909 and Lats2 S872) and thereby an increase of their kinase activity" SIGNOR-201318 ERRFI1 protein Q9UJM3 UNIPROT EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" binding 10090 BTO:0001867 20421427 t "We report here an additional mechanism of EGFR suppression mediated by RALT, demonstrating that RALT-bound EGF receptors undergo endocytosis and eventual degradation into lysosomes." SIGNOR-252078 BMPR1A protein P36894 UNIPROT SMAD5/SMAD4 complex SIGNOR-C205 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation 10090 BTO:0004058 19620713 f ggiuliani "The expression of CA-BMPr1A and CA-BMPr1B mRNA was confirmed by RT-PCR using appropriate primers to distinguish expression of the constitutively active receptors from endogenous BMP receptors; specific antibodies for these receptors were not available. However, the functional effects of their expression, i.e., phosphorylation of Smad1/5/8 and p38 MAPK, verify overexpression of the constitutively active receptors (Fig. 3B). Thus, their overexpression provoked a substantial rise in the phosphorylation of Smad1/5/8 and p38 MAPK, known downstream phosphorylated intermediates in the BMP signaling pathway (Fig. 3B) (16, 17)." SIGNOR-255788 Calcineurin complex SIGNOR-C155 SIGNOR PPP1R1A protein Q13522 UNIPROT unknown dephosphorylation Ser67 LKSTLAMsPRQRKKM 10116 11278334 t "In vitro and in vivo studies indicated that phospho-Ser-67 inhibitor-1 was dephosphorylated by protein phosphatases-2A and -2B. | However, inhibitor-1 phosphorylated at Ser-67 was a less efficient substrate for cAMP-dependent protein kinase. These results demonstrate regulation of a Cdk5-dependent phosphorylation site in inhibitor-1 and suggest a role for this site in modulating the amplitude of signal transduction events that involve cAMP-dependent protein kinase activation." SIGNOR-252334 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT NR3C1 protein P04150 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser226 IDENCLLsPLAGEDD -1 9199329 t lperfetto "Cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) phosphorylate the rat glucocorticoid receptor in vitro at distinct sites that together correspond to the major phosphorylated receptor residues observed in vivo; MAPK phosphorylates receptor residues threonine 171 and serine 246, whereas multiple CDK complexes modify serines 224 and 232.|MAPKs and CDKs exert opposite effects on receptor transcriptional enhancement. From our results, we speculate that activators of the MAPK pathway, such as growth factors, insulin, and certain oncoproteins, or inhibitors of CDK function, such as tumor growth factor beta (TGF_), p21, and p27, might attenuate receptor-induced transcrip- tional responses. In contrast, negative regulators of MAPK, such as pKA, as well as activators of CDK, such as the cyclins or CAKs, should potentiate receptor action." SIGNOR-249428 SMAD1/4 complex SIGNOR-C85 SIGNOR DLX5 protein P56178 UNIPROT up-regulates "transcriptional regulation" 10090 BTO:0000165 12815054 f ggiuliani "Over-expression of Smad1 or Smad5, mediators of BMP-signaling, also induced Dlx5 expression even in the absence of BMP-2 treatment concomitant with positive ALP staining" SIGNOR-255789 PDPK1 protein O15530 UNIPROT RPS6KB2 protein Q9UBS0 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr228 HEGAVTHtFCGTIEY 9606 9445476 t gcesareni "A regulatory link between p70s6k and pkb was demonstrated, as pdk1 was found to selectively phosphorylate p70s6k at thr229. More importantly, pdk1 activated p70s6k in vitro and in vivo, whereas the catalytically inactive pdk1 blocked insulin-induced activation of p70s6k. one of the most studied signalling events controlled by ptdins(3,4,5)p3, comprises the activation of a group of agc family protein kinases, including isoforms of protein kinase b (pkb)/akt, p70 ribosomal s6 kinase (s6k), serum- and glucocorticoid-induced protein kinase (sgk) and protein kinase c (pkc), which play crucial roles in regulating physiological processes relevant to metabolism, growth, proliferation and survival. Here, we review recent biochemical, genetic and structural studies on the 3-phosphoinositide-dependent protein kinase-1 (pdk1), which phosphorylates and activates the agc kinase members regulated by pi 3-kinase. We also discuss whether inhibitors of pdk1 might have chemotherapeutic potential in the treatment of cancers in which the pdk1-regulated agc kinases are constitutively activated." SIGNOR-55371 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT BAD protein Q92934 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser118 GRELRRMsDEFVDSF 9606 BTO:0000938 9346240 t lperfetto "Experiments in this study reveal that akt phosphorylates bad both in vitro and in vivo and that akt-mediated phosphorylation of bad effectively blocks bad induced cell death.[...] In addition, these findings implicate a particular phosphorylation site on bad, serine 136, in the suppression of bad-mediated death by akt.[...]The Phosphorylation of bad may lead to the prevention of cell death via a mechanism that involves the selective association of the phosphorylated forms of bad with 14-3-3 protein isoforms. Akt phosphorylates bad in vitro and in vivo we show that growth factor activation of the pi3'k/akt signaling pathway culminates in the phosphorylation of the bcl-2 family member bad, thereby suppressing apoptosis and promoting cell survival. Akt phosphorylates bad in vitro and in vivo erbb-mediated phosphorylation of bad by akt promotes survival by blocking the interaction of this pro-apoptotic molecule with bcl-2 and bcl-x proteins" SIGNOR-52859 SGK1 protein O00141 UNIPROT FOXO3 protein O43524 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr32 QSRPRSCtWPLQRPE 9606 BTO:0000007 11154281 t lperfetto "Protein kinase SGK mediates survival signals by phosphorylating the forkhead transcription factor FKHRL1 (FOXO3a)|However, SGK and Akt display differences with respect to the efficacy with which they phosphorylate the three regulatory sites on FKHRL1. While both kinases can phosphorylate Thr-32, SGK displays a marked preference for Ser-315 whereas Akt favors Ser-253. These findings suggest that SGK and Akt may coordinately regulate the function of FKHRL1 by phosphorylating this transcription factor at distinct sites. The efficient phosphorylation of these three sites on FKHRL1 by SGK and Akt appears to be critical to the ability of growth factors to suppress FKHRL1-dependent transcription, thereby preventing FKHRL1 from inducing cell cycle arrest and apoptosis." SIGNOR-249134 SMAD5/SMAD4 complex SIGNOR-C205 SIGNOR DLX5 protein P56178 UNIPROT up-regulates "transcriptional regulation" 10090 BTO:0000165 12815054 f ggiuliani "Over-expression of Smad1 or Smad5, mediators of BMP-signaling, also induced Dlx5 expression even in the absence of BMP-2 treatment concomitant with positive ALP staining" SIGNOR-255790 TGFA protein P01135 UNIPROT EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000584 16585207 t "Transforming growth factor alpha expression drives constitutive epidermal growth factor receptor pathway activation and sensitivity to gefitinib (Iressa) in human pancreatic cancer cell lines" gcesareni "Our data indicate that a subset of cell lines is dependent on TGF-_-mediated activation of the EGFR for cell proliferation and strongly suggest that pancreatic tumors expressing high levels of TGF-_ and phosphorylated (activated) EGFR are EGFR-dependent in vitro and in vivo." SIGNOR-93199 AREG protein P15514 UNIPROT EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 10209155 t "Amphiregulin is an autocrine growth factor" lperfetto "ErbB ligands include: EGF, transforming growth factor (TGF)_, and amphiregulin which only bind ErbB1" SIGNOR-67000 AREG protein P15514 UNIPROT EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 10085134 t "Amphiregulin is an autocrine growth factor" gcesareni "The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mediates the actions of a family of bioactive peptides that include epidermal growth factor (EGF) and amphiregulin (AR)" SIGNOR-65576 AREG protein P15514 UNIPROT EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0001253 20513444 t "Amphiregulin is an autocrine growth factor" lperfetto "Remarkably, three members of the epidermal growth factor (egf) family (ereg, areg, and epgn) showed increased expression that was associated with elevated epidermal activation of the egf receptor (egfr) and stat3, a downstream effector of egfr signaling." SIGNOR-236356 ERK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF1 SIGNOR ELK1 protein P19419 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation 9606 7618106 t lperfetto "The tcf protein elk-1 is phosphorylated by the jnk and erk groups of mitogen-activated protein (map) kinases causing increased dna binding, ternary complex formation, and transcriptional activation" SIGNOR-252081 GSK3B protein P49841 UNIPROT MYC protein P01106 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" phosphorylation Thr58 KKFELLPtPPLSPSR 9606 BTO:0000785 14563837 t gcesareni "Conversely, overexpression of gsk-3 alpha or gsk-3 beta enhances thr-58 phosphorylation and ubiquitination of c-myc" SIGNOR-118844 ERK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF1 SIGNOR ELK1 protein P19419 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr336 GGPGPERtPGSGSGS 9606 7889942 t gcesareni "Erki phosphorylates five c-terminal sites in elk-i (s324, t336, s383, s389 and s422) with varying degrees of efficiency." SIGNOR-252082 EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT ERRFI1 protein Q9UJM3 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr394 KKVSSTHyYLLPERP 10090 BTO:0000944 phosphorylation:Tyr395 KVSSTHYyLLPERPP 26280531 t """here we found that the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) phosphorylates Mig6 on Y394 and that this phosphorylation is primed by prior phosphorylation of an adjacent residue, Y395, by Src.""" SIGNOR-252091 POU3F4 protein P49335 UNIPROT POU3F3 protein P20264 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding -1 9105675 t miannu "POU proteins (Brain-1, Brain-2, Brain-4 and SCIP) serve as transcriptional transactivators. if they were to form homomeric and heteromeric complexes with each other, depending on the particular combination, they might have different DNA-binding specificities and, thus, activate different genes." SIGNOR-220127 ERK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF1 SIGNOR JUN protein P05412 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation 9606 BTO:0000675 23616010 lperfetto "The results revealed that PAR2-AP and FVIIa could upregulate c-Jun expression and c-Jun phosphorylation in SW620 cells in a time-dependent manner. The effect of FVIIa was significantly blocked by anti-TF and anti-PAR2 antibodies. Protein kinase C_ (PKC_) inhibitor safingol and extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1 and 2 (ERK1/2) inhibitor U0126 abrogated the activation of c-Jun" SIGNOR-236767 FOS protein P01100 UNIPROT JUN protein P05412 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 10090 BTO:0000095 2516828 t "The cFos proto-oncoprotein associates with cJun to form a heterodimer with increased DNA binding and transcriptional activities." SIGNOR-252087 EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT JAK1/STAT1/STAT3 complex SIGNOR-C120 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation 9606 BTO:0000375 15284024 f "Stimulation of EGFR induces Tyr701 phosphorylation of STAT1 and initiates complex formation of STAT1 and STAT3 with JAK1 and JAK2. Thereafter, the STATs translocate to the nucleus within 15 min." SIGNOR-252088 EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT NCK1 protein P16333 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 10090 BTO:0000944 1333047 t "We show that epidermal growth factor or platelet-derived growth factor stimulation of intact human or murine cells leads to phosphorylation of Nck protein on tyrosine, serine, and threonine residues" SIGNOR-252089 GSK3B protein P49841 UNIPROT MYC protein P01106 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" phosphorylation Thr58 KKFELLPtPPLSPSR 10116 BTO:0004725 11018017 t "Phosphorylation of Thr 58, likely mediated by GSK-3 but dependent on the prior phosphorylation of Ser 62, is associated with degradation of Myc." SIGNOR-252080 ERK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF1 SIGNOR ELK1 protein P19419 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser383 IHFWSTLsPIAPRSP 9606 7889942 t gcesareni "Erki phosphorylates five c-terminal sites in elk-i (s324, t336, s383, s389 and s422) with varying degrees of efficiency." SIGNOR-252083 EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT MYC protein P01106 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" 10090 BTO:0000988 26592448 f "Instead our data provide novel evidence that EGFR signaling is needed to activate the oncogenic and pro-proliferative transcription factor c-MYC" SIGNOR-252092 ERK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF1 SIGNOR MYC protein P01106 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by stabilization" phosphorylation Ser62 LLPTPPLsPSRRSGL 10116 BTO:0004725 11018017 t "Phosphorylation of Ser 62 is required for Ras-induced stabilization of Myc, likely mediated through the action of ERK." SIGNOR-252079 ERK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF1 SIGNOR ELK1 protein P19419 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser324 RDLELPLsPSLLGGP 9606 7889942 t gcesareni "Erki phosphorylates five c-terminal sites in elk-i (s324, t336, s383, s389 and s422) with varying degrees of efficiency." SIGNOR-252085 ERK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF1 SIGNOR ELK1 protein P19419 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser422 LSTPVVLsPGPQKP 9606 7889942 t gcesareni "Erki phosphorylates five c-terminal sites in elk-i (s324, t336, s383, s389 and s422) with varying degrees of efficiency." SIGNOR-252084 ERK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF1 SIGNOR ELK1 protein P19419 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser389 LSPIAPRsPAKLSFQ 9606 7889942 t gcesareni "Erki phosphorylates five c-terminal sites in elk-i (s324, t336, s383, s389 and s422) with varying degrees of efficiency." SIGNOR-252086 MAPK14 protein Q16539 UNIPROT SP7 protein Q8TDD2 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation 10090 20682789 t ggiuliani "We therefore propose that Osterix binds to Sp1 sequences on target gene promoters and that its phosphorylation by p38 enhances recruitment of coactivators to form transcriptionally active complexes" SIGNOR-255791 GSK3B protein P49841 UNIPROT MYC protein P01106 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" phosphorylation Thr58 KKFELLPtPPLSPSR 9606 BTO:0000938 16023596 t gcesareni "Similar to c-myc, we report here that phosphorylation of c-jun by gsk3 creates a high-affinity binding site for the e3 ligase fbw7, which targets c-jun for polyubiquitination and proteasomal degradation." SIGNOR-138603 MAPK14 protein Q16539 UNIPROT DLX5 protein P56178 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation 10090 BTO:0000165 18056716 t ggiuliani "We show that Dlx5 is a novel substrate for p38 MAPK in vitro and in vivo and that Ser-34 and Ser-217 are the sites phosphorylated by p38" SIGNOR-255792 miR-29b mirna MI0000105 miRBase DNMT3A protein Q9Y6K1 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "post transcriptional regulation" 9606 25477897 t miannu "The down-regulation of miR-29b is thought to promote DNA hypermethylation in AML since miR-29b can directly target DNMT3A, DNMT3B, and Sp1 (a transcriptional regulator of DNMT1" SIGNOR-255793 AURKB protein Q96GD4 UNIPROT RACGAP1 protein Q9H0H5 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr145 AGNKRLStIDESGSI 9606 BTO:0000567 14744859 t llicata "It was found that the 5A fragment in which five Ser/Thr residues were substituted with Ala (S144A/T145A/S185A/T186A/S187A) fully prevented phosphorylation (Fig. 5B), confirming that Aurora B primarily phosphorylates five Ser/Thr residues in the basic region of MgcRacGAP. | the strong phosphorylation of the basic region of MgcRacGAP by Aurora B kinase was demonstrated, and this phosphorylation prevents the inhibition of MgcRacGAP GAP activity by PRC1" SIGNOR-250589 miR-29b mirna MI0000105 miRBase DNMT3B protein Q9UBC3 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "post transcriptional regulation" 9606 25477897 t miannu "The down-regulation of miR-29b is thought to promote DNA hypermethylation in AML since miR-29b can directly target DNMT3A, DNMT3B, and Sp1 (a transcriptional regulator of DNMT2" SIGNOR-255794 CSNK2A1 protein P68400 UNIPROT PSEN2 protein P49810 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser327 DPEMEEDsYDSFGEP -1 9558331 t llicata "In vitro the large hydrophilic loop of PS-2 between transmembrane domains 6 and 7 can be phosphorylated by casein kinase-1 (CK-1) and CK-2, but not by PKA or PKC. Quantitative analysis of in vitro phosphorylation demonstrates the presence of two phosphorylation sites for CK-1 and a single site for CK-2. A deletion analysis revealed that the CTF of PS-2 is phosphorylated in vivo within an acidic sequence containing three potential phosphorylation sites for CKs (serines 327, 330, and 335). These data suggest that CK type protein kinases phosphorylate the CTF of PS-2 within its hydrophilic loop domain in vivo. Interestingly, the potential phosphorylation sites are located directly adjacent to the recently identified caspase cleavage sites." SIGNOR-250933 CAMK2A protein Q9UQM7 UNIPROT EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser1071 SFLQRYSsDPTGALT 9606 BTO:0000007 10347170 t llicata " We show that serines 1046/1047 are sites for CaM kinase II phosphorylation, although there is a preference for serine 1047, which resides within the consensus -R-X-X-S-. In addition, we have identified major phosphorylation sites at serine 1142 and serine 1057, which lie within a novel -S-X-D- consensus. Mutation of serines 1046/1047 in full-length EGFR enhanced both fibroblast transformation and tyrosine autokinase activity that was significantly potentiated by additional mutation of serines 1057 and 1142. A single CaM kinase II site was also identified at serine 744 within sub-kinase domain III, and autokinase activity was significantly affected by mutation of this serine to an aspartic acid making this site appear constitutively phosphorylated. We have addressed the mechanism by which CaM kinase II phosphorylation of the EGFR might regulate receptor autokinase activity and show that this modification can hinder association of the cytoplasmic tail with the kinase domain to prevent an enzyme-substrate interaction. " SIGNOR-250621 miR-29b mirna MI0000105 miRBase SP1 protein P08047 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "post transcriptional regulation" 9606 25477897 t miannu "The down-regulation of miR-29b is thought to promote DNA hypermethylation in AML since miR-29b can directly target DNMT3A, DNMT3B, and Sp1 (a transcriptional regulator of DNMT3" SIGNOR-255795 miR-29b mirna MI0000105 miRBase TET2 protein Q6N021 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "post transcriptional regulation" 10090 BTO:0004850 25477897 t miannu "The three miR-29 family members in mouse bone marrow cells reduced the level of TET2 as well as its metabolic by-product, 5hmC" SIGNOR-255796 miR-29a mirna MI0000087 miRBase TET2 protein Q6N021 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "post transcriptional regulation" 10090 BTO:0004850 25477897 t miannu "The three miR-29 family members in mouse bone marrow cells reduced the level of TET2 as well as its metabolic by-product, 5hmC" SIGNOR-255797 miR-29c mirna MI0000735 miRBase TET2 protein Q6N021 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "post transcriptional regulation" 10090 BTO:0004850 25477897 t miannu "The three miR-29 family members in mouse bone marrow cells reduced the level of TET2 as well as its metabolic by-product, 5hmC" SIGNOR-255798 dexamethasone smallmolecule CID:5743 PUBCHEM NR3C1 protein P04150 UNIPROT up-regulates "chemical activation" 9606 20956975 t fspada "Glucocorticoids, such as dexamethasone, have been used as in vitro inducers of adipogenesis. However, the roles of the glucocorticoid receptor (gr) in adipogenesis have not been well characterized yet. Here, we show that inhibition of gr activity using the gr antagonist ru486 prevents human mesenchymal stem cell and mouse embryonic fibroblast (mef) differentiation into adipocytes" SIGNOR-168562 TLRs proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF20 SIGNOR TICAM1 protein Q8IUC6 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 10090 22664090 t gcesareni "To initiate the innate immune response, Toll-like receptors (TLRs) associate with cytoplasmic adaptor proteins through TIR (Toll/interleukin-1 receptor) domain interactions. The four principal signaling adaptor proteins include MyD88, MAL, TRIF and TRAM, and the fifth protein SARM, involved in negative regulation of TLR pathways, is usually considered a part of the TIR domain-containing adaptor protein group" SIGNOR-252095 DAMPS stimulus SIGNOR-ST18 SIGNOR TLRs proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF20 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 25644504 t "The innate immune system is present in almost all multicellular organisms and its activation occurs in response to pathogens or tissue injury via pattern-recognition receptors (PRRs) that recognize pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) or danger-associated molecular patterns (DAMPs)" SIGNOR-252096 MYD88 protein Q99836 UNIPROT IRAK4 protein Q9NWZ3 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 12297423 t "Signaling between MyD88 and TRAF6 is mediated by members of the IL-1R-associated kinase (IRAK) family; however, the exact function of each IRAK protein remains controversial. IRAK-1 is required for the optimal transduction of IL-1R- and TLR-mediated signals, but IRAK-1 can be replaced by other IRAKs. Surprisingly, gene targeting studies show that the newest IRAK protein, IRAK-4, has an essential role in mediating signals initiated by IL-1R and TLR engagement." SIGNOR-252097 PTPN11 protein Q06124 UNIPROT HRAS protein P01112 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Tyr32 QNHFVDEyDPTIEDS 9606 BTO:0000007 26617336 t "Here we identify SHP2 as the ubiquitously expressed tyrosine phosphatase that preferentially binds to and dephosphorylates Ras to increase its association with Raf and activate downstream proliferative Ras/ERK/MAPK signalling." SIGNOR-252094 dexamethasone smallmolecule CID:5743 PUBCHEM NR3C1 protein P04150 UNIPROT up-regulates "chemical activation" 9606 27660409 t "diabetic macular edema" gcesareni "They differ according to their glucocorticoid-receptor binding affinities (dexamethasone > triamcinolone > fluocinolone) and their lipophilicity (triamcinolone > fluocinolone > dexamethasone), characteristics that may partially explain their relative potencies" SIGNOR-251694 ABCA1 protein O95477 UNIPROT APOA1 protein P02647 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 15347662 t miannu "The stimulation of cellular cholesterol and phospholipid efflux by apolipoprotein A-I is mediated by the activity of the ATP-binding cassette transporter A1 (ABCA1). ABCA1 forms a high affinity complex with apoA-I by binding amphipathic helices within the apolipoprotein. VFVNFA sequence is required for ABCA1 to form a complex with apoA-I and to transfer cholesterol to the apolipoprotein." SIGNOR-252100 APOA1 protein P02647 UNIPROT ABCA1 protein O95477 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by stabilization" stabilization 9606 12869555 t miannu "ApoA-I stabilization of ABCA1 is mediated by reduced PEST sequence phosphorylation, which in turn leads to decreased calpain proteolysis of ABCA1." SIGNOR-252101 MPO protein P05164 UNIPROT APOA1 protein P02647 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" oxidation 9606 20043647 t miannu "When apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I), the major HDL protein, was oxidized by MPO, its ability to promote cellular cholesterol efflux by ABCA1 was impaired. Moreover, oxidized apoA-I was unable to activate lecithin:cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT), which rapidly converts free cholesterol to cholesteryl ester, a critical step in HDL maturation" SIGNOR-252102 APOA1 protein P02647 UNIPROT LCAT protein P04180 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 19860440 t miannu "Activation of LCAT by apolipoprotein (apo) A-I on nascent (discoidal) high density lipoproteins (HDL) is essential for formation of mature (spheroidal) HDL during the antiatherogenic process of reverse cholesterol transport. After attachment of LCAT to discoidal HDL, the helix 5/5 domains in apoA-I form amphipathic presentation tunnels for migration of hydrophobic acyl chains and amphipathic UC from the bilayer to the phospholipase A2-like and esterification active sites of LCAT, respectively." SIGNOR-252103 APOA1 protein P02647 UNIPROT cholesterol smallmolecule CID:5997 PUBCHEM up-regulates 9606 BTO:0000443 20642861 t miannu "ApoA-I increases cholesterol release in mature human adipocytes." SIGNOR-252104 APOA1 protein P02647 UNIPROT APOE protein P02649 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" relocalization 9606 20642861 t miannu "ApoA-I stimulates apoE secretion in mature human adipocytes. The regulation of apoE secretion by apoA-I, is neither dependent upon an increase in gene transcription, nor upon increased release from the Golgi. It may therefore be assumed that, in macrophage models, apoE is stored mainly in the cytoplasm and/or on the cell surface, with apoA-I enabling secretion of this cytoplasmic pool" SIGNOR-252105 HP protein P00738 UNIPROT APOA1 protein P02647 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by stabilization" binding 9606 17824618 t miannu "Haptoglobin binding to apolipoprotein A-I prevents damage from hydroxyl radicals on its stimulatory activity of the enzyme lecithin-cholesterol acyl-transferase. haptoglobin, when circulating at enhanced levels with free Hb during the acute phase of inflammation, might protect ApoA-I structure and function against hydroxyl radicals." SIGNOR-252106 JAK2 protein O60674 UNIPROT APOA1 protein P02647 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" 9606 14668333 t miannu "ApoA-I interactions with ABCA1 and lipid efflux to apoA-I were substantially impaired by inhibiting or abolishing JAK2, whereas ABCA1 protein levels were unaffected, and ABCA1 cholesterol translocase activity was only slightly reduced. The most likely explanation for these findings is that JAK2 promotes apolipoprotein interactions with ABCA1 or a closely proximal site, and this facilitates the removal of cellular lipids. the interaction of apolipoproteins with ABCA1-expressing cells activates JAK2, which in turn activates a process that enhances apolipoprotein interactions with ABCA1 and lipid removal from cells" SIGNOR-252107 APOA1 protein P02647 UNIPROT JAK2 protein O60674 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" 9606 14668333 f miannu "ApoA-I Stimulates JAK2 Autophosphorylation. the interaction of apolipoproteins with ABCA1-expressing cells activates JAK2, which in turn activates a process that enhances apolipoprotein interactions with ABCA1 and lipid removal from cells" SIGNOR-252108 ABCA1 protein O95477 UNIPROT "HDL assembly" phenotype SIGNOR-PH61 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 23077142 f miannu "Cholesterol efflux is the first step in the formation of HDL, which is initiated through the action of ATP binding cassette transporter (ABC) A1 on apolipoprotein (apo) A-I that produces nascent HDL (nHDL)." SIGNOR-252109 HCFC1 protein P51610 UNIPROT ZBTB17 protein Q13105 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 9534 BTO:0001538 12244100 t miannu "We show here that HCF-1 directly binds to the Myc-interacting protein Miz-1. HCF-1 Represses Gal4-Miz-1-mediated Transcriptional Activation" SIGNOR-223590 PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT CREB1 protein P16220 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser133 EILSRRPsYRKILND 10116 BTO:0001009 8336722 t gcesareni "The degree of CREB phosphorylation, assessed with antiserum specific for CREB phosphorylated at Ser-133, correlated with the amount of PKA liberated. The time course of phosphorylation closely paralleled the nuclear entry of the catalytic subun" SIGNOR-166342 TRAF6 protein Q9Y4K3 UNIPROT TRAF6 protein Q9Y4K3 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" ubiquitination 9606 BTO:0000007 17135271 t "These data establish a signaling cascade in which regulated site-specific Lys-63-linked TRAF6 auto-ubiquitination is the critical upstream mediator of IKK." SIGNOR-252099 APOA1 protein P02647 UNIPROT "HDL assembly" phenotype SIGNOR-PH61 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 23077142 f miannu "Cholesterol efflux is the first step in the formation of HDL, which is initiated through the action of ATP binding cassette transporter (ABC) A1 on apolipoprotein (apo) A-I that produces nascent HDL (nHDL)." SIGNOR-252110 ABCG1 protein P45844 UNIPROT "HDL assembly" phenotype SIGNOR-PH61 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 16054053 f miannu "ABCG1 has a critical role in mediating cholesterol efflux to HDL and preventing cellular lipid accumulation. cholesterol efflux to HDL specifically requires ABCG1, whereas efflux to apoA1 requires ABCA1. These studies identify Abcg1 as a key gene involved in both cholesterol efflux to HDL and in tissue lipid homeostasis." SIGNOR-252111 SREBF1 protein P36956 UNIPROT "VLDL assembly" phenotype SIGNOR-PH62 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 BTO:0000575 11111091 f miannu "SREBP1 increased the expression of MTP and increased the assembly and secretion of VLDL containing apo B100. SREBP1 induced the expression of the genes regulating the synthesis of all VLDL lipids" SIGNOR-252112 SREBF1 protein P36956 UNIPROT MTTP protein P55157 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000575 11111091 f miannu "SREBP1 increased the expression of MTP and increased the assembly and secretion of VLDL containing apo B100." SIGNOR-252113 INS protein P01308 UNIPROT APOB protein P04114 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" destabilization 9606 BTO:0000575 23721961 f miannu "Insulin decreases ApoB secretion by promoting ApoB degradation in the hepatocyte. Though insulin does not alter ApoB mRNA levels, it inhibits ApoB translation by promoting the trafficking of ApoB mRNA into P-bodies, aggregates of translationally repressed mRNAs" SIGNOR-252114 APOB protein P04114 UNIPROT "VLDL assembly" phenotype SIGNOR-PH62 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 BTO:0000575 23721961 f miannu "Apolipoprotein B is a structural protein that is an integral component of chylomicrons, as well as very low density lipoprotein (VLDL), intermediate density lipoprotein (IDL) and low density lipoprotein (LDL) particles. In man, VLDL contains only ApoB100, the full length protein" SIGNOR-252115 APOB protein P04114 UNIPROT "LDL assembly" phenotype SIGNOR-PH63 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 BTO:0000575 23721961 f miannu "Apolipoprotein B is a structural protein that is an integral component of chylomicrons, as well as very low density lipoprotein (VLDL), intermediate density lipoprotein (IDL) and low density lipoprotein (LDL) particles." SIGNOR-252116 mTORC1 complex SIGNOR-C3 SIGNOR APOB protein P04114 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "translation regulation" 9606 23721961 f miannu "Activation of mTORC1 also has dual effects on ApoB synthesis: it inhibits ApoB secretion by decreasing ApoB translation, but promotes ApoB secretion by inhibiting sortilin." SIGNOR-252117 MTTP protein P55157 UNIPROT APOB protein P04114 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" lipidation 9606 23721961 t miannu "As ApoB is translated, it is lipidated by microsomal triglyceride transfer protein (MTP). MTP adds triglycerides to the nascent ApoB during its co-translational translocation into the lumen of the endoplasmic reticulum." SIGNOR-252118 ARVCF protein O00192 UNIPROT ERBIN protein Q96RT1 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000938 11821434 t miannu "We characterized the interactions between the Erbin PDZ domain and both ARVCF and δ-catenin in vitro and in vivo. endogenous δ-catenin and Erbin co-localized in and co-immunoprecipitated from neurons. These results suggest that δ-catenin and ARVCF may function to mediate the association of Erbin with the junctional cadherin-catenin complex." SIGNOR-252119 CTNND2 protein Q9UQB3 UNIPROT ERBIN protein Q96RT1 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000938 11821434 t miannu "We characterized the interactions between the Erbin PDZ domain and both ARVCF and δ-catenin in vitro and in vivo. endogenous δ-catenin and Erbin co-localized in and co-immunoprecipitated from neurons. These results suggest that δ-catenin and ARVCF may function to mediate the association of Erbin with the junctional cadherin-catenin complex." SIGNOR-252120 TJP1 protein Q07157 UNIPROT ARVCF protein O00192 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9615 BTO:0000837 15456900 t "Regulation of binding" miannu "We identified ARVCF as a binding partner of ZO-1 and ZO-2 and characterized the role of PDZ-domain proteins in plasma membrane and nuclear localization of ARVCF. E-cadherin, ZO-1, and ARVCF are recruited to sites of initial cell-cell contact. Binding of the ZO-1 PDZ domains per se does not facilitate membrane recruitment of ARVCF, indicating a requirement for the intact ZO-1 and possibly its association with membrane proteins and/or the cytoskeleton for this process." SIGNOR-252121 TJP2 protein Q9UDY2 UNIPROT ARVCF protein O00192 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" relocalization 9615 BTO:0000837 15456900 t "Regulation of binding" miannu "We identified ARVCF as a binding partner of ZO-1 and ZO-2 and characterized the role of PDZ-domain proteins in plasma membrane and nuclear localization of ARVCF. ZO-2, in contrast, relocated to the nucleus with ARVCF, and, given the interaction between the ZO-2 PDZ domains and ARVCF, raised the possibility that ZO-2 may play a role in nuclear localization of ARVCF. Such a role for ZO-2 is indeed supported by the ability of the ZO-2 PDZ domain to efficiently relocate ARVCF from the plasma membrane to the nucleus in a process that required the ability of the two proteins to interact and the presence of a functional NLS in the ZO-2 PDZ domains. Thus, ZO-2 could be involved in nuclear translocation and/or retention of ARVCF and play a role in regulating postulated functions of ARVCF in gene expression" SIGNOR-252122 CTNND1 protein O60716 UNIPROT CDH1 protein P12830 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by stabilization" binding 9606 BTO:0000414 14610055 t miannu "P120 regulates E-cadherin turnover at the cell membrane. Because direct binding of p120 to E-cadherin is required, it is possible that p120 binding blocks the interaction of an unknown binding partner (or event) that targets E-cadherin for degradation" SIGNOR-252123 CTNND1 protein O60716 UNIPROT CDH3 protein P22223 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by stabilization" binding 9606 BTO:0003564 14610055 t miannu "To clarify the role of p120 in mammalian cells, we have knocked down p120 with siRNA in cells expressing epithelial (E-), placental (P-), neuronal (N-), and vascular endothelial (VE-) cadherins. We report that each of these cadherins, as well as α- and β-catenins, were rapidly degraded in the absence of p120, resulting in loss of cell–cell adhesion. The effect was clearly dose dependent, indicating that p120 expression levels may directly determine cadherin levels. Degradation of p120-uncoupled cadherin occurred after its arrival at the surface, indicating that p120 regulates cadherin turnover at the level of internalization or recycling. p120 homologues ARVCF and δ-catenin could substitute for p120, so at least one family member is likely required to maintain adhesion. Thus, cadherin complexes are rapidly turned over and degraded in mammalian cells in the absence of direct interaction with p120 or a p120 family member." SIGNOR-252124 CTNND1 protein O60716 UNIPROT CDH2 protein P19022 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by stabilization" binding 9606 BTO:0003564 14610055 t miannu "To clarify the role of p120 in mammalian cells, we have knocked down p120 with siRNA in cells expressing epithelial (E-), placental (P-), neuronal (N-), and vascular endothelial (VE-) cadherins. We report that each of these cadherins, as well as α- and β-catenins, were rapidly degraded in the absence of p120, resulting in loss of cell–cell adhesion. The effect was clearly dose dependent, indicating that p120 expression levels may directly determine cadherin levels. Degradation of p120-uncoupled cadherin occurred after its arrival at the surface, indicating that p120 regulates cadherin turnover at the level of internalization or recycling. p120 homologues ARVCF and δ-catenin could substitute for p120, so at least one family member is likely required to maintain adhesion. Thus, cadherin complexes are rapidly turned over and degraded in mammalian cells in the absence of direct interaction with p120 or a p120 family member." SIGNOR-252125 CTNND1 protein O60716 UNIPROT CDH5 protein P33151 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by stabilization" binding 9606 BTO:0003564 14610055 t miannu "To clarify the role of p120 in mammalian cells, we have knocked down p120 with siRNA in cells expressing epithelial (E-), placental (P-), neuronal (N-), and vascular endothelial (VE-) cadherins. We report that each of these cadherins, as well as α- and β-catenins, were rapidly degraded in the absence of p120, resulting in loss of cell–cell adhesion. The effect was clearly dose dependent, indicating that p120 expression levels may directly determine cadherin levels. Degradation of p120-uncoupled cadherin occurred after its arrival at the surface, indicating that p120 regulates cadherin turnover at the level of internalization or recycling. p120 homologues ARVCF and δ-catenin could substitute for p120, so at least one family member is likely required to maintain adhesion. Thus, cadherin complexes are rapidly turned over and degraded in mammalian cells in the absence of direct interaction with p120 or a p120 family member." SIGNOR-252126 ARVCF protein O00192 UNIPROT CDH3 protein P22223 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by stabilization" binding 9606 BTO:0001109 14610055 t miannu "To clarify the role of p120 in mammalian cells, we have knocked down p120 with siRNA in cells expressing epithelial (E-), placental (P-), neuronal (N-), and vascular endothelial (VE-) cadherins. We report that each of these cadherins, as well as α- and β-catenins, were rapidly degraded in the absence of p120, resulting in loss of cell–cell adhesion. The effect was clearly dose dependent, indicating that p120 expression levels may directly determine cadherin levels. Degradation of p120-uncoupled cadherin occurred after its arrival at the surface, indicating that p120 regulates cadherin turnover at the level of internalization or recycling. p120 homologues ARVCF and δ-catenin could substitute for p120, so at least one family member is likely required to maintain adhesion. Thus, cadherin complexes are rapidly turned over and degraded in mammalian cells in the absence of direct interaction with p120 or a p120 family member." SIGNOR-252127 ARVCF protein O00192 UNIPROT CDH2 protein P19022 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by stabilization" binding 9606 BTO:0001109 14610055 t miannu "To clarify the role of p120 in mammalian cells, we have knocked down p120 with siRNA in cells expressing epithelial (E-), placental (P-), neuronal (N-), and vascular endothelial (VE-) cadherins. We report that each of these cadherins, as well as α- and β-catenins, were rapidly degraded in the absence of p120, resulting in loss of cell–cell adhesion. The effect was clearly dose dependent, indicating that p120 expression levels may directly determine cadherin levels. Degradation of p120-uncoupled cadherin occurred after its arrival at the surface, indicating that p120 regulates cadherin turnover at the level of internalization or recycling. p120 homologues ARVCF and δ-catenin could substitute for p120, so at least one family member is likely required to maintain adhesion. Thus, cadherin complexes are rapidly turned over and degraded in mammalian cells in the absence of direct interaction with p120 or a p120 family member." SIGNOR-252128 ARVCF protein O00192 UNIPROT CDH5 protein P33151 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by stabilization" binding 9606 BTO:0001109 14610055 t miannu "To clarify the role of p120 in mammalian cells, we have knocked down p120 with siRNA in cells expressing epithelial (E-), placental (P-), neuronal (N-), and vascular endothelial (VE-) cadherins. We report that each of these cadherins, as well as α- and β-catenins, were rapidly degraded in the absence of p120, resulting in loss of cell–cell adhesion. The effect was clearly dose dependent, indicating that p120 expression levels may directly determine cadherin levels. Degradation of p120-uncoupled cadherin occurred after its arrival at the surface, indicating that p120 regulates cadherin turnover at the level of internalization or recycling. p120 homologues ARVCF and δ-catenin could substitute for p120, so at least one family member is likely required to maintain adhesion. Thus, cadherin complexes are rapidly turned over and degraded in mammalian cells in the absence of direct interaction with p120 or a p120 family member." SIGNOR-252129 CTNND2 protein Q9UQB3 UNIPROT CDH3 protein P22223 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by stabilization" binding 9606 BTO:0001109 14610055 t miannu "To clarify the role of p120 in mammalian cells, we have knocked down p120 with siRNA in cells expressing epithelial (E-), placental (P-), neuronal (N-), and vascular endothelial (VE-) cadherins. We report that each of these cadherins, as well as α- and β-catenins, were rapidly degraded in the absence of p120, resulting in loss of cell–cell adhesion. The effect was clearly dose dependent, indicating that p120 expression levels may directly determine cadherin levels. Degradation of p120-uncoupled cadherin occurred after its arrival at the surface, indicating that p120 regulates cadherin turnover at the level of internalization or recycling. p120 homologues ARVCF and δ-catenin could substitute for p120, so at least one family member is likely required to maintain adhesion. Thus, cadherin complexes are rapidly turned over and degraded in mammalian cells in the absence of direct interaction with p120 or a p120 family member." SIGNOR-252130 CTNND2 protein Q9UQB3 UNIPROT CDH2 protein P19022 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by stabilization" binding 9606 BTO:0001109 14610055 t miannu "To clarify the role of p120 in mammalian cells, we have knocked down p120 with siRNA in cells expressing epithelial (E-), placental (P-), neuronal (N-), and vascular endothelial (VE-) cadherins. We report that each of these cadherins, as well as α- and β-catenins, were rapidly degraded in the absence of p120, resulting in loss of cell–cell adhesion. The effect was clearly dose dependent, indicating that p120 expression levels may directly determine cadherin levels. Degradation of p120-uncoupled cadherin occurred after its arrival at the surface, indicating that p120 regulates cadherin turnover at the level of internalization or recycling. p120 homologues ARVCF and δ-catenin could substitute for p120, so at least one family member is likely required to maintain adhesion. Thus, cadherin complexes are rapidly turned over and degraded in mammalian cells in the absence of direct interaction with p120 or a p120 family member." SIGNOR-252131 BCL2L11 protein O43521 UNIPROT BCL2L1 protein Q07817 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000007 18498746 t lperfetto "Bim can induce apoptosis by interacting with anti-apoptotic members of the bcl2 family, including bcl2, bcl-xl and mcl-1.Bim binds bcl-2, bcl2l1, bcl2l2, mcl1 and a1 tightly." SIGNOR-178679 CTNND2 protein Q9UQB3 UNIPROT CDH5 protein P33151 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by stabilization" binding 9606 BTO:0001109 14610055 t miannu "To clarify the role of p120 in mammalian cells, we have knocked down p120 with siRNA in cells expressing epithelial (E-), placental (P-), neuronal (N-), and vascular endothelial (VE-) cadherins. We report that each of these cadherins, as well as α- and β-catenins, were rapidly degraded in the absence of p120, resulting in loss of cell–cell adhesion. The effect was clearly dose dependent, indicating that p120 expression levels may directly determine cadherin levels. Degradation of p120-uncoupled cadherin occurred after its arrival at the surface, indicating that p120 regulates cadherin turnover at the level of internalization or recycling. p120 homologues ARVCF and δ-catenin could substitute for p120, so at least one family member is likely required to maintain adhesion. Thus, cadherin complexes are rapidly turned over and degraded in mammalian cells in the absence of direct interaction with p120 or a p120 family member." SIGNOR-252132 ARVCF protein O00192 UNIPROT CDH1 protein P12830 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by stabilization" binding 9606 BTO:0001109 14610055 t miannu "To clarify the role of p120 in mammalian cells, we have knocked down p120 with siRNA in cells expressing epithelial (E-), placental (P-), neuronal (N-), and vascular endothelial (VE-) cadherins. We report that each of these cadherins, as well as α- and β-catenins, were rapidly degraded in the absence of p120, resulting in loss of cell–cell adhesion. The effect was clearly dose dependent, indicating that p120 expression levels may directly determine cadherin levels. Degradation of p120-uncoupled cadherin occurred after its arrival at the surface, indicating that p120 regulates cadherin turnover at the level of internalization or recycling. p120 homologues ARVCF and δ-catenin could substitute for p120, so at least one family member is likely required to maintain adhesion. Thus, cadherin complexes are rapidly turned over and degraded in mammalian cells in the absence of direct interaction with p120 or a p120 family member." SIGNOR-252133 CTNND2 protein Q9UQB3 UNIPROT CDH1 protein P12830 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by stabilization" binding 9606 BTO:0001109 14610055 t miannu "To clarify the role of p120 in mammalian cells, we have knocked down p120 with siRNA in cells expressing epithelial (E-), placental (P-), neuronal (N-), and vascular endothelial (VE-) cadherins. We report that each of these cadherins, as well as α- and β-catenins, were rapidly degraded in the absence of p120, resulting in loss of cell–cell adhesion. The effect was clearly dose dependent, indicating that p120 expression levels may directly determine cadherin levels. Degradation of p120-uncoupled cadherin occurred after its arrival at the surface, indicating that p120 regulates cadherin turnover at the level of internalization or recycling. p120 homologues ARVCF and δ-catenin could substitute for p120, so at least one family member is likely required to maintain adhesion. Thus, cadherin complexes are rapidly turned over and degraded in mammalian cells in the absence of direct interaction with p120 or a p120 family member." SIGNOR-252134 LOX protein P28300 UNIPROT EFEMP2 protein O95967 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 19570982 t miannu "Fibulin-4 directly binds LOX, and this interaction enhances fibulin-4 binding to tropoelastin, thus forming a ternary complex that may be critical for elastin cross-linking." SIGNOR-252135 EFEMP2 protein O95967 UNIPROT ELN protein P15502 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 19570982 t miannu "Fibulin-4 directly binds LOX, and this interaction enhances fibulin-4 binding to tropoelastin, thus forming a ternary complex that may be critical for elastin cross-linking." SIGNOR-252136 FBLN5 protein Q9UBX5 UNIPROT ELN protein P15502 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 18267938 t miannu "The binding of tropoelastin fragments to fibulin-5 was directly proportional to their propensity to coacervate. Furthermore, the addition of fibulin-5 to tropoelastin facilitated coacervation. Taken together, the present study shows that fibulin-5 enhances elastic fiber formation in part by improving the self-association properties of tropoelastin." SIGNOR-252137 FBN1 protein P35555 UNIPROT FBLN5 protein Q9UBX5 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 9606 19570982 t miannu "Fibulin-4 and -5 are extracellular glycoproteins with essential non-compensatory roles in elastic fiber assembly. We have determined how they interact with tropoelastin, lysyl oxidase, and fibrillin-1, thereby revealing how they differentially regulate assembly. Both fibulins differentially bound N-terminal fibrillin-1, which strongly inhibited their binding to lysyl oxidase and tropoelastin." SIGNOR-252138 FBN1 protein P35555 UNIPROT EFEMP2 protein O95967 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 9606 19570982 t miannu "Fibulin-4 and -5 are extracellular glycoproteins with essential non-compensatory roles in elastic fiber assembly. We have determined how they interact with tropoelastin, lysyl oxidase, and fibrillin-1, thereby revealing how they differentially regulate assembly. Both fibulins differentially bound N-terminal fibrillin-1, which strongly inhibited their binding to lysyl oxidase and tropoelastin." SIGNOR-252139 PTX3 protein P26022 UNIPROT CFH protein P08603 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000661 19050261 t miannu "Our findings identify PTX3 as a unique FH ligand in that it can bind both of the two hot-spots of FH, namely SCR7 and SCR19-20 and indicate that PTX3 participates in the localization of functionally active FH. PTX3 binds FH without interfering with its complement inhibitory function. Therefore PTX3 may contribute to focusing FH regulatory action, prevent excessive complement activation, and thus exert an important function in the control of inflammation in response to tissue injury." SIGNOR-252140 CFH protein P08603 UNIPROT C3 protein P01024 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 9606 19050261 t miannu "As a regulator of the alternative pathway, FH binds to C3b and inhibits the binding of factor B to C3b, acts as a cofactor for the factor I-mediated cleavage of C3b to iC3b (cofactor activity), and accelerates the decay of C3bBb, the alternative pathway C3 convertase (decay-accelerating activity)" SIGNOR-252141 CFH protein P08603 UNIPROT CFB protein P00751 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 9606 19050261 t miannu "As a regulator of the alternative pathway, FH binds to C3b and inhibits the binding of factor B to C3b, acts as a cofactor for the factor I-mediated cleavage of C3b to iC3b (cofactor activity), and accelerates the decay of C3bBb, the alternative pathway C3 convertase (decay-accelerating activity)" SIGNOR-252142 CRP protein P02741 UNIPROT CXCL8 protein P10145 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0004910 26961257 f miannu "In this study, we provide mechanistic insight into how CRP contributes to the development of AMD. In particular, we show that monomeric CRP (mCRP) but not the pentameric form (pCRP) upregulates IL-8 and CCL2 levels in retinal pigment epithelial cells. Further, we show that complement factor H (FH) binds mCRP to dampen its proinflammatory activity. FH from AMD patients carrying the “risk” His402 polymorphism displays impaired binding to mCRP, and therefore proinflammatory effects of mCRP remain unrestrained." SIGNOR-252143 BCL2 protein P10415 UNIPROT BAK1 protein Q16611 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 9463381 t amattioni "Bcl-2 bind to bax or five other pro-apoptotic relatives (bak, bad, bik, bid or bim)" SIGNOR-55546 CRP protein P02741 UNIPROT CCL2 protein P13500 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0004910 26961257 f miannu "In this study, we provide mechanistic insight into how CRP contributes to the development of AMD. In particular, we show that monomeric CRP (mCRP) but not the pentameric form (pCRP) upregulates IL-8 and CCL2 levels in retinal pigment epithelial cells. Further, we show that complement factor H (FH) binds mCRP to dampen its proinflammatory activity. FH from AMD patients carrying the “risk” His402 polymorphism displays impaired binding to mCRP, and therefore proinflammatory effects of mCRP remain unrestrained." SIGNOR-252144 CFH protein P08603 UNIPROT CRP protein P02741 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0004910 26961257 t miannu "In this study, we provide mechanistic insight into how CRP contributes to the development of AMD. In particular, we show that monomeric CRP (mCRP) but not the pentameric form (pCRP) upregulates IL-8 and CCL2 levels in retinal pigment epithelial cells. Further, we show that complement factor H (FH) binds mCRP to dampen its proinflammatory activity. FH from AMD patients carrying the “risk” His402 polymorphism displays impaired binding to mCRP, and therefore proinflammatory effects of mCRP remain unrestrained." SIGNOR-252145 CEP290 protein O15078 UNIPROT RAB8A protein P61006 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 18694559 t miannu "CEP290 cooperates with Rab8a to promote ciliogenesis and this function is antagonized by CP110. CEP290 recruits Rab8a to centrosomes. Depletion of CEP290 results in a significant decrease of Rab8a at the centrosome and at the cilium, raising the possibility that CEP290 first recruits Rab8a through direct protein-protein interactions to the centrosome in cycling cells and later promotes ciliogenesis by allowing the entry of Rab8a into the cilium" SIGNOR-252146 CEP290 protein O15078 UNIPROT "Cilium assembly" phenotype SIGNOR-PH64 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 18694559 f miannu "CEP290 cooperates with Rab8a to promote ciliogenesis and this function is antagonized by CP110" SIGNOR-252147 RAB8A protein P61006 UNIPROT "Cilium assembly" phenotype SIGNOR-PH64 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 18694559 f miannu "CEP290 cooperates with Rab8a to promote ciliogenesis and this function is antagonized by CP110" SIGNOR-252148 CCP110 protein O43303 UNIPROT CEP290 protein O15078 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 9606 18694559 t miannu "CEP290 cooperates with Rab8a to promote ciliogenesis and this function is antagonized by CP110. CP110 in this complex is to keep CEP290 inactive in growing cells until cells are ready to undergo ciliogenesis as they transit into the quiescent state" SIGNOR-252149 CCP110 protein O43303 UNIPROT "Cilium assembly" phenotype SIGNOR-PH64 SIGNOR down-regulates 9606 18694559 f miannu "CEP290 cooperates with Rab8a to promote ciliogenesis and this function is antagonized by CP110. CP110 in this complex is to keep CEP290 inactive in growing cells until cells are ready to undergo ciliogenesis as they transit into the quiescent state" SIGNOR-252150 CRYBB2 protein P43320 UNIPROT "Maintenance of lens transparency" phenotype SIGNOR-PH65 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 16319073 f miannu "At high concentrations or in the lens, βB2-crystallin forms hetero-oligomers with other β-crystallins. These oligomeric β-crystallins further participate in the formation of a supramolecular assembly that is important in lens function-lens transparency." SIGNOR-252151 CRYBB2 protein P43320 UNIPROT CRYBB3 protein P26998 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 16319073 t miannu "At high concentrations or in the lens, βB2-crystallin forms hetero-oligomers with other β-crystallins. These oligomeric β-crystallins further participate in the formation of a supramolecular assembly that is important in lens function-lens transparency." SIGNOR-252152 CRYBB2 protein P43320 UNIPROT CRYBB1 protein P53674 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 16319073 t miannu "At high concentrations or in the lens, βB2-crystallin forms hetero-oligomers with other β-crystallins. These oligomeric β-crystallins further participate in the formation of a supramolecular assembly that is important in lens function-lens transparency." SIGNOR-252153 CRYBB2 protein P43320 UNIPROT CRYBB2 protein P43320 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 16319073 t miannu "βB2-crystallin is the major component of β-crystallin and is a dimer at low concentrations. At high concentrations or in the lens, βB2-crystallin forms hetero-oligomers with other β-crystallins. These oligomeric β-crystallins further participate in the formation of a supramolecular assembly that is important in lens function-lens transparency." SIGNOR-252154 CRYAA protein P02489 UNIPROT CRYBB2 protein P43320 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 22982024 t miannu "Aberrant protein interactions can lead to aggregation and insolubilization, such as occurs during cataract formation. Deamidation, a prevalent age-related modification in the lens of the eye, decreases stability of the major lens proteins, crystallins. Deamidation did not disrupt specific αA/βB2 interactions but favored aggregation before complex formation with αA. We conclude that deamidation contributes to cataract formation through destabilization of crystallins before they can be rescued by α-crystallin." SIGNOR-252155 CRYAA protein P02489 UNIPROT "Maintenance of lens transparency" phenotype SIGNOR-PH65 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 22982024 f miannu "Aberrant protein interactions can lead to aggregation and insolubilization, such as occurs during cataract formation. Deamidation, a prevalent age-related modification in the lens of the eye, decreases stability of the major lens proteins, crystallins. Deamidation did not disrupt specific αA/βB2 interactions but favored aggregation before complex formation with αA. We conclude that deamidation contributes to cataract formation through destabilization of crystallins before they can be rescued by α-crystallin." SIGNOR-252156 PAFAH1B1 protein P43034 UNIPROT NDEL1 protein Q9GZM8 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 10090 BTO:0000938 11163259 t miannu "We demonstrate that LIS1 directly interacts with the cytoplasmic dynein heavy chain (CDHC) and NUDEL. LIS1 is required for the proper distribution of NUDEL and cellular components regulated by CDHC function. Reduction of LIS1 leads to mislocalization of NUDEL, CDHC, β-tubulin, and the Golgi complex" SIGNOR-252157 PAFAH1B1 protein P43034 UNIPROT DYNC1H1 protein Q14204 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 10090 BTO:0000938 11163259 t miannu "We demonstrate that LIS1 directly interacts with the cytoplasmic dynein heavy chain (CDHC) and NUDEL. LIS1 specifically binds the P1 loop domain of CDHC, while NUDEL binds the C-terminal region as well as a distinct binding site in the P1 loop domain. LIS1 and NUDEL regulate CDHC localization and motor function. Reduction of LIS1 leads to mislocalization of NUDEL, CDHC, β-tubulin, and the Golgi complex" SIGNOR-252158 NDEL1 protein Q9GZM8 UNIPROT DYNC1H1 protein Q14204 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 10090 BTO:0000938 11163259 t miannu "LIS1 specifically binds the P1 loop domain of CDHC, while NUDEL binds the C-terminal region as well as a distinct binding site in the P1 loop domain. LIS1 and NUDEL regulate CDHC localization and motor function. Reduction of LIS1 leads to mislocalization of NUDEL, CDHC, β-tubulin, and the Golgi complex" SIGNOR-252159 FIZ1 protein Q96SL8 UNIPROT NRL protein P54845 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9913 12566383 t miannu "Interaction of Fiz1 and NRL-leucine zipper was validated by GST pulldown assays and co-immunoprecipitation from bovine retinal nuclear extracts. Fiz1 suppressed NRL- but not CRX-mediated transactivation of rhodopsin promoter activity in transiently transfected CV1 cells." SIGNOR-223796 YWHAE protein P62258 UNIPROT NDEL1 protein Q9GZM8 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000938 17202468 t miannu "14-3-3epsilon is involved in the proper localization of NUDEL and LIS1 in axons. 14-3-3ε binds to NUDEL phosphorylated by cyclin-dependent kinase (cdk5) and maintains NUDEL phosphorylation. Deficiency of 14-3-3ε causes mislocalization of the NUDEL/LIS1 complex from axons, suggesting that 14-3-3ε regulates the axonal targeting of the NUDEL/LIS1 complex by sustaining NUDEL phosphorylation" SIGNOR-252160 DISC1 protein Q9NRI5 UNIPROT KIF5B protein P33176 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000938 17202468 t miannu "We identified Kinesin-1, a microtubule-dependent and plus-end directed motor, as a DISC1-interacting molecule. Our results show that DISC1 links Kinesin-1 to the NUDEL/LIS1/14-3-3ε complex, serves as the cargo receptor, and regulates the transport of the complex to axons, leading to axon elongation. DISC1 directly interacted with kinesin heavy chain of Kinesin-1. Kinesin-1 interacted with the NUDEL/LIS1/14-3-3ε complex through DISC1" SIGNOR-252161 DISC1 protein Q9NRI5 UNIPROT NDEL1 protein Q9GZM8 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000938 17202468 t miannu "Disrupted-In-Schizophrenia 1 (DISC1) is a candidate gene for susceptibility to schizophrenia. DISC1 is reported to interact with NudE-like (NUDEL), which forms a complex with lissencephaly-1 (LIS1) and 14-3-3ε. 14-3-3ε is involved in the proper localization of NUDEL and LIS1 in axons. the association with NUDEL and LIS1 supports the notion that DISC1 contributes to the neuronal development and morphology " SIGNOR-252162 DISC1 protein Q9NRI5 UNIPROT PAFAH1B1 protein P43034 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000938 17202468 t miannu "Disrupted-In-Schizophrenia 1 (DISC1) is a candidate gene for susceptibility to schizophrenia. DISC1 is reported to interact with NudE-like (NUDEL), which forms a complex with lissencephaly-1 (LIS1) and 14-3-3ε. 14-3-3ε is involved in the proper localization of NUDEL and LIS1 in axons. the association with NUDEL and LIS1 supports the notion that DISC1 contributes to the neuronal development and morphology " SIGNOR-252163 CLIP1 protein P30622 UNIPROT DCTN1 protein Q14203 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 15381688 t miannu "MT-unbound CLIP-170 can adopt a folded conformation through an intramolecular interaction of its terminal domains. Binding to MTs correlates with the unfolding of CLIP-170, which allows the interaction of the COOH-terminal domain with its binding partners, such as dynactin, resulting in their recruitment to the MT tip. The NH2 terminus of p150Glued binds directly to the COOH terminus of CLIP-170 through its second metal-binding motif." SIGNOR-252164 PAFAH1B1 protein P43034 UNIPROT "Cerebral cortex development" phenotype SIGNOR-PH66 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 23973156 f miannu "LIS1, the first gene to be identified as involved in a neuronal migration disease, is a dosage-sensitive gene whose proper levels are required for multiple aspects of cortical development. Deletions in LIS1 result in a severe brain malformation, known as lissencephaly, whereas duplications delay brain development. LIS1 affects the proliferation of progenitors, spindle orientation and interkinetic nuclear movement in the ventricular zone, as well as nucleokinesis and migration of neurons." SIGNOR-252165 PAFAH1B1 protein P43034 UNIPROT CLIP1 protein P30622 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000567 11940666 t miannu "Here we demonstrate colocalization and direct interaction between CLIP-170 and LIS1. In mammalian cells, LIS1 recruitment to kinetochores is dynein/dynactin dependent, and recruitment there of CLIP-170 is dependent on its site of binding to LIS1, located in the distal zinc finger motif." SIGNOR-252166 NUDCD2 protein Q8WVJ2 UNIPROT PAFAH1B1 protein P43034 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by stabilization" binding 9606 BTO:0000567 20133715 t miannu "The type I lissencephaly gene product LIS1, a key regulator of cytoplasmic dynein, is critical for cell proliferation, survival, and neuronal migration. However, little is known about the regulation of LIS1. Here, we identify a previously uncharacterized mammalian homolog of Aspergillus NudC, NudCL2 (NudC-like protein 2), as a regulator of LIS1. NudCL2 is localized to the centrosome in interphase, and spindle poles and kinetochores during mitosis, a pattern similar to the localization of LIS1 and cytoplasmic dynein. Depletion of NudCL2 destabilized LIS1 and led to phenotypes resembling those of either dynein or LIS1 deficiency. NudCL2 complexed with and enhanced the interaction between LIS1 and Hsp90. Either disruption of the LIS1-Hsp90 interaction with the C terminus of NudCL2 or inhibition of Hsp90 chaperone function by geldanamycin decreased LIS1 stability." SIGNOR-252167 HSP90AA1 protein P07900 UNIPROT PAFAH1B1 protein P43034 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by stabilization" stabilization 9606 20133715 t miannu "The type I lissencephaly gene product LIS1, a key regulator of cytoplasmic dynein, is critical for cell proliferation, survival, and neuronal migration. However, little is known about the regulation of LIS1. Here, we identify a previously uncharacterized mammalian homolog of Aspergillus NudC, NudCL2 (NudC-like protein 2), as a regulator of LIS1. NudCL2 is localized to the centrosome in interphase, and spindle poles and kinetochores during mitosis, a pattern similar to the localization of LIS1 and cytoplasmic dynein. Depletion of NudCL2 destabilized LIS1 and led to phenotypes resembling those of either dynein or LIS1 deficiency. NudCL2 complexed with and enhanced the interaction between LIS1 and Hsp90. Either disruption of the LIS1-Hsp90 interaction with the C terminus of NudCL2 or inhibition of Hsp90 chaperone function by geldanamycin decreased LIS1 stability." SIGNOR-252168 PAFAH1B1 protein P43034 UNIPROT "Neuron migration" phenotype SIGNOR-PH67 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 20133715 f miannu "The type I lissencephaly gene product LIS1, a key regulator of cytoplasmic dynein, is critical for cell proliferation, survival, and neuronal migration." SIGNOR-252169 PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT CREB1 protein P16220 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation 10090 BTO:0000742 21902831 t gcesareni "We demonstrate that adenylyl cyclase signalling via PKA and its target transcription factor CREB are required for Wnt-directed myogenic gene expression." SIGNOR-255799 LRRK2 protein Q5S007 UNIPROT AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser473 RPHFPQFsYSASGTA 9606 BTO:0000938 21658387 t lperfetto "A knockdown experiment using intact cells also demonstrated LRRK2-mediated phosphorylation of Akt1 (Ser473), suggesting that Akt1 is a convincing candidate for the physiological substrate of LRRK2." SIGNOR-174044 miR-155 mirna MI0000681 miRBase JUN protein P05412 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "post transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0004620 24708856 t miannu "We found overexpression of miR-155 led to increase in cJUN, FOS and TRIB2, and decrease in MEIS1, GFI1, cMYC and JARID2." SIGNOR-255761 miR-155 mirna MI0000681 miRBase FOS protein P01100 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "post transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0004620 24708856 t miannu "We found overexpression of miR-155 led to increase in cJUN, FOS and TRIB2, and decrease in MEIS1, GFI1, cMYC and JARID2." SIGNOR-255762 RUNX1 protein Q01196 UNIPROT miR-155 mirna MI0000681 miRBase "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 26910834 f miannu "RUNX1high was positively associated with miR-155, miR-125a, miR-99b, miR-133a, miR-130a, miR-25 and miR-92a-1. MiR-155 was previously found to function as an oncogene in CN-AML" SIGNOR-255800 FIZ1 protein Q96SL8 UNIPROT CRX protein O43186 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 9913 12566383 t miannu "Interaction of Fiz1 and NRL-leucine zipper was validated by GST pulldown assays and co-immunoprecipitation from bovine retinal nuclear extracts. Fiz1 suppressed NRL- but not CRX-mediated transactivation of rhodopsin promoter activity in transiently transfected CV1 cells." SIGNOR-223799 JUN protein P05412 UNIPROT miR-155 mirna MI0000681 miRBase "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 26055960 f miannu "Our results suggest that activating mutation of FLT3 in AML can lead, through the induction of JUN, to an increased expression of miR-155, which then causes down-regulation of SPI1 and CEBPB and consequently may causes block of myeloid differentiation." SIGNOR-255801 F2R protein P25116 UNIPROT LATS2 protein Q9NRM7 UNIPROT down-regulates 9606 BTO:0000007 22972936 f milica "Par1 acts through g12/13 and rho gtpase to inhibit the lats1/2 kinase." SIGNOR-192048 FLT3 protein P36888 UNIPROT miR-155 mirna MI0000681 miRBase "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 26055960 f miannu "Our results suggest that activating mutation of FLT3 in AML can lead, to increased expression of miR-155, which then causes down-regulation of SPI1 and CEBPB and consequently causes block of myeloid differentiation." SIGNOR-255802 ENPP1 protein P22413 UNIPROT INSR protein P06213 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000093 10615944 t miannu "Plasma cell membrane glycoprotein-1 (PC-1) inhibits insulin receptor (IR) tyrosine kinase activity and subsequent cellular signaling. PC-1 may inhibit the IR by interacting directly with a specific region in the IR alpha-subunit." SIGNOR-252190 FGF2 protein P09038 UNIPROT ENPP1 protein P22413 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0004473 19049325 f miannu "FGF2 increases PC-1 and Ank expression while inhibiting Tnap expression in primary pre-osteoblast cells. Additionally, we show that the induction of PC-1 by FGF2 is cell type specific and mediated by the transcription factor, Runx2." SIGNOR-252191 RUNX2 protein Q13950 UNIPROT ENPP1 protein P22413 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0004473 19049325 f miannu "FGF2 increases PC-1 and Ank expression while inhibiting Tnap expression in primary pre-osteoblast cells. Additionally, we show that the induction of PC-1 by FGF2 is cell type specific and mediated by the transcription factor, Runx2." SIGNOR-252192 FGF2 protein P09038 UNIPROT ANKH protein Q9HCJ1 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0004473 19049325 f miannu "FGF2 increases PC-1 and Ank expression while inhibiting Tnap expression in primary pre-osteoblast cells. Additionally, we show that the induction of PC-1 by FGF2 is cell type specific and mediated by the transcription factor, Runx2." SIGNOR-252193 FGF2 protein P09038 UNIPROT ALPL protein P05186 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0004473 19049325 f miannu "FGF2 increases PC-1 and Ank expression while inhibiting Tnap expression in primary pre-osteoblast cells. Additionally, we show that the induction of PC-1 by FGF2 is cell type specific and mediated by the transcription factor, Runx2." SIGNOR-252194 ENPP1 protein P22413 UNIPROT "Bone mineralization" phenotype SIGNOR-PH69 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 BTO:0004473 19049325 f miannu "PC-1 and Tnap work together to produce normally mineralized bone matrix through the generation and hydrolysis of pyrophosphate." SIGNOR-252195 ALPL protein P05186 UNIPROT "Bone mineralization" phenotype SIGNOR-PH69 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 BTO:0004473 19049325 f miannu "PC-1 and Tnap work together to produce normally mineralized bone matrix through the generation and hydrolysis of pyrophosphate." SIGNOR-252196 HSPA1A protein P0DMV8 UNIPROT ENPP1 protein P22413 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity" "post transcriptional regulation" 9606 19083193 t miannu "We demonstrated the binding of heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) to ENPP1-3'UTR. Through this binding, HSP70 stabilizes ENPP1 mRNA and increases ENPP1 transcript and protein levels. This positive modulation of ENPP1 expression is paralleled by a reduced insulin-induced IR and IRS-1 phosphorylation." SIGNOR-252197 HSPA1B protein P0DMV9 UNIPROT ENPP1 protein P22413 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity" "post transcriptional regulation" 9606 19083193 t miannu "We demonstrated the binding of heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) to ENPP1-3'UTR. Through this binding, HSP70 stabilizes ENPP1 mRNA and increases ENPP1 transcript and protein levels. This positive modulation of ENPP1 expression is paralleled by a reduced insulin-induced IR and IRS-1 phosphorylation." SIGNOR-252198 IL1B protein P01584 UNIPROT ENPP1 protein P22413 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000249 7479785 f miannu "Interleukin 1 beta suppresses transforming growth factor-induced inorganic pyrophosphate (PPi) production and expression of the PPi-generating enzyme PC-1 in human chondrocytes. IL-1 beta may be an important regulator of mineralization in chondrocytes by inhibiting TGF beta-induced PPi production and PC-1 expression." SIGNOR-252199 CDK1 protein P06493 UNIPROT PBK protein Q96KB5 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Thr9 EGISNFKtPSKLSEK 9606 SIGNOR-C17 15541388 t llicata "Topk-thr-9 was phosphorylated by cdk1/cyclin b and topk significantly associates with mitotic spindles." SIGNOR-130439 PIM1 protein P11309 UNIPROT MARK3 protein P27448 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr95 DKTQLNPtSLQKLFR 9606 15319445 t gcesareni "Here we show that the protein kinase cdc25 c-associated kinase 1 (c-tak1) is a binding partner and a substrate of pim-1." SIGNOR-128268 PDPK1 protein O15530 UNIPROT AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser473 RPHFPQFsYSASGTA 9606 BTO:0000142 10226025 t acerquone "We have partially purified a kinase from brain extract that phosphorylates Ser473 of PKBalpha in a PtdIns(3,4,5)P3-dependent manner and that is immunoprecipitated with PDK1 antibodies." SIGNOR-67367 TGFB1 protein P01137 UNIPROT ENPP1 protein P22413 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000249 20930330 f miannu "TGF-β1 was shown to stimulate ANK and PC-1 expression in articular chondrocytes, and subsequent ePPi level, as well as to increase ePi uptake by inducing PiT-1 expression in a chondrogenic cell line." SIGNOR-252200 TGFB1 protein P01137 UNIPROT ANKH protein Q9HCJ1 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000249 20930330 f miannu "TGF-β1 was shown to stimulate ANK and PC-1 expression in articular chondrocytes, and subsequent ePPi level, as well as to increase ePi uptake by inducing PiT-1 expression in a chondrogenic cell line." SIGNOR-252201 TGFB1 protein P01137 UNIPROT SLC20A1 protein Q8WUM9 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000249 20930330 f miannu "TGF-β1 was shown to stimulate ANK and PC-1 expression in articular chondrocytes, and subsequent ePPi level, as well as to increase ePi uptake by inducing PiT-1 expression in a chondrogenic cell line." SIGNOR-252202 GCHFR protein P30047 UNIPROT GCH1 protein P30793 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 9606 11361142 t miannu "The enzyme activity of GTP cyclohydrolase I is controlled by a regulatory protein for this enzyme, GFRP, which is a pentamer of identical subunits. GFRP mediates feedback inhibition of GTP cyclohydrolase I activity by BH4, and the inhibition by BH4 is reversed by phenylalanine" SIGNOR-252203 Sapropterin smallmolecule CID:44257 PUBCHEM GCHFR protein P30047 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" "chemical activation" 9606 11361142 t miannu "The enzyme activity of GTP cyclohydrolase I is controlled by a regulatory protein for this enzyme, GFRP, which is a pentamer of identical subunits. GFRP mediates feedback inhibition of GTP cyclohydrolase I activity by BH4, and the inhibition by BH4 is reversed by phenylalanine" SIGNOR-252204 L-phenylalanine smallmolecule CID:6140 PUBCHEM GCHFR protein P30047 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" "chemical inhibition" 9606 11361142 t miannu "The enzyme activity of GTP cyclohydrolase I is controlled by a regulatory protein for this enzyme, GFRP, which is a pentamer of identical subunits. GFRP mediates feedback inhibition of GTP cyclohydrolase I activity by BH4, and the inhibition by BH4 is reversed by phenylalanine" SIGNOR-252205 "UVB radiation" stimulus SIGNOR-ST17 SIGNOR GCH1 protein P30793 UNIPROT up-regulates 9606 9204951 f miannu "UVB light induces GTP-CH.-1 to increase the de novo synthesis of 6-BH4 in association with a concomitant increase in PAH activities, thus providing more L-tyrosine." SIGNOR-252206 "UVB radiation" stimulus SIGNOR-ST17 SIGNOR PAH protein P00439 UNIPROT up-regulates 9606 9204951 f miannu "UVB light induces GTP-CH.-1 to increase the de novo synthesis of 6-BH4 in association with a concomitant increase in PAH activities, thus providing more L-tyrosine." SIGNOR-252207 "UVB radiation" stimulus SIGNOR-ST17 SIGNOR TNF protein P01375 UNIPROT up-regulates 9606 BTO:0000667 19005488 f miannu "UVB and proinflammatory cytokines synergistically activate TNF-alpha production in keratinocytes through enhanced gene transcription. UVB and IL-1alpha treatment synergistically enhanced TNF-alpha secretion and mRNA levels in human keratinocytes, similar to the findings reported previously in human fibroblasts." SIGNOR-252208 IL1A protein P01583 UNIPROT TNF protein P01375 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000667 19005488 f miannu "UVB and proinflammatory cytokines synergistically activate TNF-alpha production in keratinocytes through enhanced gene transcription. UVB and IL-1alpha treatment synergistically enhanced TNF-alpha secretion and mRNA levels in human keratinocytes, similar to the findings reported previously in human fibroblasts." SIGNOR-252209 TNF protein P01375 UNIPROT GCH1 protein P30793 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" 9606 9204951 f miannu "The de novo synthesis of 6-BH4 depends on the induction of GTP-CH-1, e.g., by tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF alpha)." SIGNOR-252210 AHSA1 protein O95433 UNIPROT HSP90AA1 protein P07900 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 16696853 t miannu "The N-terminal region of Aha1 interacts with the central domain of Hsp90 and stimulates Hsp90 ATPase activity" SIGNOR-252211 AHSA1 protein O95433 UNIPROT HSP90AB1 protein P08238 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 16696853 t miannu "The N-terminal region of Aha1 interacts with the central domain of Hsp90 and stimulates Hsp90 ATPase activity" SIGNOR-252212 AHSA1 protein O95433 UNIPROT GCH1 protein P30793 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0001519 16696853 t miannu "The interaction of GCH1 with Aha1 may recruit GCH1 into the eNOS/Hsp90 complex so as to support local changes in nitric oxide production by endothelial cells." SIGNOR-252213 HSP90AB1 protein P08238 UNIPROT NOS3 protein P29474 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 9580552 t miannu "Here we show that Hsp90 associates with endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) and is rapidly recruited to the eNOS complex by agonists that stimulate production of nitric oxide, namely vascular endothelial growth factor, histamine and fluid shear stress. Moreover, the binding of Hsp90 to eNOS enhances the activation of eNOS." SIGNOR-252214 CRP protein P02741 UNIPROT GCH1 protein P30793 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" 9606 BTO:0004602 17942113 f miannu "The gene expression and enzymatic activity of GTPCH1, the first enzyme in the de novo biosynthesis of BH(4), were significantly inhibited by CRP. Importantly, GTPCH1 is known to be regulated by cAMP-mediated pathway. In the present study, CRP-mediated inhibition of GTPCH1 activity was reversed by pretreatment with cAMP analogues." SIGNOR-252215 CRP protein P02741 UNIPROT GCH1 protein P30793 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0004602 17942113 f miannu "The gene expression and enzymatic activity of GTPCH1, the first enzyme in the de novo biosynthesis of BH(4), were significantly inhibited by CRP." SIGNOR-252216 CRP protein P02741 UNIPROT NOS3 protein P29474 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" destabilization 17942113 f miannu "C-reactive protein (CRP), a cardiovascular risk marker, induces endothelial dysfunction. CRP decreases endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) expression and bioactivity in human aortic endothelial cells (HAECs). CRP treatment significantly decreased levels of BH4 thereby promoting eNOS uncoupling. we found that CRP decreased the eNOS dimer/monomer ratio further supporting eNOS uncoupling." SIGNOR-252217 CTF1 protein Q16619 UNIPROT GCH1 protein P30793 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 12859689 f miannu "CT-1 exerted these effects by decreasing tyrosine hydroxylase, GTP cyclohydrolase (GCH) and NE transporter mRNAs, while IL-6 lowered only GCH mRNA." SIGNOR-252218 CTF1 protein Q16619 UNIPROT TH protein P07101 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 12859689 f miannu "CT-1 exerted these effects by decreasing tyrosine hydroxylase, GTP cyclohydrolase (GCH) and NE transporter mRNAs, while IL-6 lowered only GCH mRNA." SIGNOR-252219 IL6 protein P05231 UNIPROT GCH1 protein P30793 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 12859689 f miannu "CT-1 exerted these effects by decreasing tyrosine hydroxylase, GTP cyclohydrolase (GCH) and NE transporter mRNAs, while IL-6 lowered only GCH mRNA." SIGNOR-252220 GDNF protein P39905 UNIPROT GCH1 protein P30793 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" 9606 12358777 f miannu "GDNF can support the function of primary dopaminergic neurones by triggering activation of GTP-cyclohydrolase I (GTPCH I), a key enzyme in catecholamine biosynthesis. GTPCH I mRNA levels in primary dopaminergic neurones were not altered by GDNF treatment, suggesting that the mode of action for that up-regulation is not directly connected to the regulation of GTPCH I transcription" SIGNOR-252221 HSPB1 protein P04792 UNIPROT GCH1 protein P30793 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity" stabilization 9606 18241680 t miannu "GTP cyclohydrolase I (GCH), an oligomeric protein composed of 10 identical subunits, is required for the synthesis of neurotransmitters; mutations in GCH are associated with dopa-responsive dystonia (DRD) and hyperphenylalaninemia. Mutated GCH proteins are unstable and prone to dominant-negative effect. We show herein that expression of the GCH mutant GCH-201E or the splicing variant GCH-II caused intracellular inclusion bodies. When Hsp27 was expressed together with the GCH mutants, Hsp27 expression decreased the formation of inclusion bodies by GCH (as assessed by immunofluorescence) and decreased the amount of insoluble GCH mutant proteins (as assessed by Western blot). we demonstrated that Hsp27 increases the expression of the wild-type GCH protein, causes the appearance of the soluble GCH-II protein, and decreases the quantities of insoluble mutated GCH protein. Therefore, it is likely that Hsp27 improves the folding of mutated GCH proteins, so they can stay in free cytosolic compartment." SIGNOR-252222 IFNG protein P01579 UNIPROT GCH1 protein P30793 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000142 20525234 f miannu "Pro-inflammatory cytokines like interferon-γ (IFN-γ) induce expression of GTP-cyclohydrolase I in various brain cells." SIGNOR-252223 IL1B protein P01584 UNIPROT GCH1 protein P30793 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000766 10435048 f miannu "IL-1 beta induces expression of GTP cyclohydrolase-1 which leads to increased generation of BH4 and activation of eNOS." SIGNOR-252224 JUN protein P05412 UNIPROT GCH1 protein P30793 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 16149046 f miannu "Constitutively active mutants of activating transcription factor 2 (ATF2) and c-Jun additionally stimulated GTP cyclohydrolase I promoter activity, but to a lesser extent than the constitutively active CREB mutant. Enzymatic reactions that require tetrahydrobiopterin as cofactor are therefore indirectly controlled by signaling cascades involving the signal-responsive transcription factors CREB, c-Jun, and ATF2." SIGNOR-252225 ATF2 protein P15336 UNIPROT GCH1 protein P30793 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 16149046 f miannu "Constitutively active mutants of activating transcription factor 2 (ATF2) and c-Jun additionally stimulated GTP cyclohydrolase I promoter activity, but to a lesser extent than the constitutively active CREB mutant. Enzymatic reactions that require tetrahydrobiopterin as cofactor are therefore indirectly controlled by signaling cascades involving the signal-responsive transcription factors CREB, c-Jun, and ATF2." SIGNOR-252226 CREB1 protein P16220 UNIPROT GCH1 protein P30793 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 16149046 f miannu "Constitutively active mutants of activating transcription factor 2 (ATF2) and c-Jun additionally stimulated GTP cyclohydrolase I promoter activity, but to a lesser extent than the constitutively active CREB mutant. Enzymatic reactions that require tetrahydrobiopterin as cofactor are therefore indirectly controlled by signaling cascades involving the signal-responsive transcription factors CREB, c-Jun, and ATF2." SIGNOR-252227 NGF protein P01138 UNIPROT GCH1 protein P30793 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 10116 BTO:0001676 16190874 f miannu "We examined intracellular signals required for NGF-induced expression of the GCH gene in PC12D cells. The activity of GCH was increased up to 5-fold after the NGF treatment. The human GCH promoter activity was significantly enhanced by NGF treatment." SIGNOR-252228 RNF4 protein P78317 UNIPROT NFYA protein P23511 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 15496512 t miannu "Coactivator RNF4 is involved in the GCH gene expression. Through serial deletion and mutagenesis studies of the GCH promoter, we defined the RNF4-responsive element on GCH proximal promoter as a CCAAT box. RNF4 did not possess specific DNA binding activity toward this CCAAT box, which suggests that RNF4 may be a coactivator of the CCAAT boxbinding protein nuclear factor Y (NF-Y). RNF4 is a coactivator for nuclear factor Y on GTP cyclohydrolase I proximal promoter." SIGNOR-252229 RNF4 protein P78317 UNIPROT NFYB protein P25208 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 15496512 t miannu "Coactivator RNF4 is involved in the GCH gene expression. Through serial deletion and mutagenesis studies of the GCH promoter, we defined the RNF4-responsive element on GCH proximal promoter as a CCAAT box. RNF4 did not possess specific DNA binding activity toward this CCAAT box, which suggests that RNF4 may be a coactivator of the CCAAT boxbinding protein nuclear factor Y (NF-Y). RNF4 is a coactivator for nuclear factor Y on GTP cyclohydrolase I proximal promoter." SIGNOR-252230 RNF4 protein P78317 UNIPROT NFYC protein Q13952 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 15496512 t miannu "Coactivator RNF4 is involved in the GCH gene expression. Through serial deletion and mutagenesis studies of the GCH promoter, we defined the RNF4-responsive element on GCH proximal promoter as a CCAAT box. RNF4 did not possess specific DNA binding activity toward this CCAAT box, which suggests that RNF4 may be a coactivator of the CCAAT boxbinding protein nuclear factor Y (NF-Y). RNF4 is a coactivator for nuclear factor Y on GTP cyclohydrolase I proximal promoter." SIGNOR-252231 NFYA protein P23511 UNIPROT GCH1 protein P30793 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 15496512 f miannu "Coactivator RNF4 is involved in the GCH gene expression. Through serial deletion and mutagenesis studies of the GCH promoter, we defined the RNF4-responsive element on GCH proximal promoter as a CCAAT box. RNF4 did not possess specific DNA binding activity toward this CCAAT box, which suggests that RNF4 may be a coactivator of the CCAAT boxbinding protein nuclear factor Y (NF-Y). RNF4 is a coactivator for nuclear factor Y on GTP cyclohydrolase I proximal promoter." SIGNOR-252232 NFYB protein P25208 UNIPROT GCH1 protein P30793 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 15496512 f miannu "Coactivator RNF4 is involved in the GCH gene expression. Through serial deletion and mutagenesis studies of the GCH promoter, we defined the RNF4-responsive element on GCH proximal promoter as a CCAAT box. RNF4 did not possess specific DNA binding activity toward this CCAAT box, which suggests that RNF4 may be a coactivator of the CCAAT boxbinding protein nuclear factor Y (NF-Y). RNF4 is a coactivator for nuclear factor Y on GTP cyclohydrolase I proximal promoter." SIGNOR-252233 RXRA protein P19793 UNIPROT PML-RARα "fusion protein" SIGNOR-FP2 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" binding 10090 BTO:0002572 17613434 t irozzo "RXR Binding Increases the DNA-Binding Affinity of PML/RARA. Here, we demonstrate that the presence of the RARA heterodimeric partner RXR in the PML/RARA complex is required for leukemogenesis in transgenic mice. RXR greatly facilitates the binding of PML/RARA to DNA, but titration of RXR by PML/RARA could also contribute to transformation." SIGNOR-255804 NFYC protein Q13952 UNIPROT GCH1 protein P30793 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 15496512 f miannu "Coactivator RNF4 is involved in the GCH gene expression. Through serial deletion and mutagenesis studies of the GCH promoter, we defined the RNF4-responsive element on GCH proximal promoter as a CCAAT box. RNF4 did not possess specific DNA binding activity toward this CCAAT box, which suggests that RNF4 may be a coactivator of the CCAAT boxbinding protein nuclear factor Y (NF-Y). RNF4 is a coactivator for nuclear factor Y on GTP cyclohydrolase I proximal promoter." SIGNOR-252234 BCOR protein Q6W2J9 UNIPROT BCL6 protein P41182 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000007 10898795 t miannu "In this study we have shown that BCoR interacts with BCL-6 and potentiates transcriptional repression by BCL-6 with striking specificity." SIGNOR-252235 BCOR protein Q6W2J9 UNIPROT HDAC1 protein Q13547 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000007 10898795 t miannu "BCoR can interact w Because HDACs appear to be involved in repression by an increasing number of transcriptional repressors, we tested whether BCoR can associate with HDACs. BCoR can interact with HDAC1, HDAC3, and HDAC-B/5 more strongly than with HDAC-A/4, HDAC-C, HDAC-D, and HDAC-E." SIGNOR-252236 BCOR protein Q6W2J9 UNIPROT HDAC3 protein O15379 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000007 10898795 t miannu "BCoR can interact w Because HDACs appear to be involved in repression by an increasing number of transcriptional repressors, we tested whether BCoR can associate with HDACs. BCoR can interact with HDAC1, HDAC3, and HDAC-B/5 more strongly than with HDAC-A/4, HDAC-C, HDAC-D, and HDAC-E." SIGNOR-252237 BCOR protein Q6W2J9 UNIPROT HDAC5 protein Q9UQL6 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000007 10898795 t miannu "BCoR can interact w Because HDACs appear to be involved in repression by an increasing number of transcriptional repressors, we tested whether BCoR can associate with HDACs. BCoR can interact with HDAC1, HDAC3, and HDAC-B/5 more strongly than with HDAC-A/4, HDAC-C, HDAC-D, and HDAC-E." SIGNOR-252238 NCOR1 protein O75376 UNIPROT BCL6 protein P41182 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000007 10898795 t miannu "The POZ domains of BCL-6 and several other POZ proteins interact with corepressors N-CoR and SMRT." SIGNOR-252239 NCOR2 protein Q9Y618 UNIPROT BCL6 protein P41182 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000007 10898795 t miannu "The POZ domains of BCL-6 and several other POZ proteins interact with corepressors N-CoR and SMRT." SIGNOR-252240 BCOR protein Q6W2J9 UNIPROT RNF2 protein Q99496 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 17296600 t miannu "BcoR and Fbxl10/Jhdm1B are among the most abundant Ring1B/Rnf2 interactors identified with the highest confidence, and their association has been validated by coimmunoprecipitation studies; hence we call this the Fbxl10-BcoR complex. In summary, we have widened the set of multiprotein complexes containing the Polycomb group protein Ring1B/Rnf2. The new interactors contain protein motifs whose enzymatic activities and binding properties would expand the regulatory potential and gene target diversity of Ring1B/Rnf2 complexes in terms of recruitment to and modification of chromatin" SIGNOR-252241 KDM2B protein Q8NHM5 UNIPROT RNF2 protein Q99496 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 17296600 t miannu "BcoR and Fbxl10/Jhdm1B are among the most abundant Ring1B/Rnf2 interactors identified with the highest confidence, and their association has been validated by coimmunoprecipitation studies; hence we call this the Fbxl10-BcoR complex. The assembly of Fbxl10-BcoR complex(es), the associations among its various subunits, and its functional significance remain to be characterized but are presently under investigation." SIGNOR-252242 KDM2B protein Q8NHM5 UNIPROT Adipogenesis phenotype SIGNOR-PH26 SIGNOR down-regulates 10090 BTO:0000011 25533466 f miannu "Here, we show that FBXL10/KDM2B is an anti-adipogenic factor that is up-regulated during the early phase of 3T3-L1 preadipocyte differentiation and in adipose tissue in a diet-induced model of obesity. These results suggest that FBXL10 represses adipogenesis by targeting a noncanonical PRC1 complex to repress key genes (e.g. Pparg) that control conversion of pluripotent cells into the adipogenic lineage." SIGNOR-252243 KDM2B protein Q8NHM5 UNIPROT CDK1 protein P06493 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 BTO:0000011 25533466 f miannu "We concluded that FBXL10 recruits the noncanonical PRC1 complex to directly repress Cdk1, Uhrf1, and Pparg that may account for the FBXL10-mediated inhibition of adipogenesis." SIGNOR-252244 KDM2B protein Q8NHM5 UNIPROT UHRF1 protein Q96T88 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 BTO:0000011 25533466 f miannu "We concluded that FBXL10 recruits the noncanonical PRC1 complex to directly repress Cdk1, Uhrf1, and Pparg that may account for the FBXL10-mediated inhibition of adipogenesis." SIGNOR-252245 KDM2B protein Q8NHM5 UNIPROT PPARG protein P37231 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 BTO:0000011 25533466 f miannu "We concluded that FBXL10 recruits the noncanonical PRC1 complex to directly repress Cdk1, Uhrf1, and Pparg that may account for the FBXL10-mediated inhibition of adipogenesis." SIGNOR-252246 KDM2B protein Q8NHM5 UNIPROT "Noncanonical PRC1" complex SIGNOR-C151 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" binding 10090 BTO:0000011 25533466 t miannu "We show that FBXL10/KDM2B is an anti-adipogenic factor that is up-regulated during the early phase of 3T3-L1 preadipocyte differentiation and in adipose tissue in a diet-induced model of obesity. Interestingly, inhibition of adipogenesis does not require the JmjC demethylase domain of FBXL10, but it does require the F-box and leucine-rich repeat domains, which we show recruit a noncanonical polycomb repressive complex 1 (PRC1) containing RING1B, SKP1, PCGF1, and BCOR." SIGNOR-252247 "Noncanonical PRC1" complex SIGNOR-C151 SIGNOR Adipogenesis phenotype SIGNOR-PH26 SIGNOR down-regulates 10090 BTO:0000011 25533466 f miannu "We show that FBXL10/KDM2B is an anti-adipogenic factor that is up-regulated during the early phase of 3T3-L1 preadipocyte differentiation and in adipose tissue in a diet-induced model of obesity. Interestingly, inhibition of adipogenesis does not require the JmjC demethylase domain of FBXL10, but it does require the F-box and leucine-rich repeat domains, which we show recruit a noncanonical polycomb repressive complex 1 (PRC1) containing RING1B, SKP1, PCGF1, and BCOR." SIGNOR-252248 "Noncanonical PRC1" complex SIGNOR-C151 SIGNOR CDK1 protein P06493 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 BTO:0000011 25533466 f miannu "We concluded that FBXL10 recruits the noncanonical PRC1 complex to directly repress Cdk1, Uhrf1, and Pparg that may account for the FBXL10-mediated inhibition of adipogenesis." SIGNOR-252249 "Noncanonical PRC1" complex SIGNOR-C151 SIGNOR UHRF1 protein Q96T88 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 BTO:0000011 25533466 f miannu "We concluded that FBXL10 recruits the noncanonical PRC1 complex to directly repress Cdk1, Uhrf1, and Pparg that may account for the FBXL10-mediated inhibition of adipogenesis." SIGNOR-252250 "Noncanonical PRC1" complex SIGNOR-C151 SIGNOR PPARG protein P37231 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 BTO:0000011 25533466 f miannu "We concluded that FBXL10 recruits the noncanonical PRC1 complex to directly repress Cdk1, Uhrf1, and Pparg that may account for the FBXL10-mediated inhibition of adipogenesis." SIGNOR-252251 MYC protein P01106 UNIPROT DNMT3A protein Q9Y6K1 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 19786833 t irozzo "Based on one of these publications, we here showed that the interaction of Dnmt3a with c-myc promote the specific methylation of CG dinucleotides localized in c-myc boxes of promoter regions of CDKN2a, CCND1 and TIMP2 genes. Acellular experiments corroborated and complemented these results by revealing that the specificity of consensus sequence for DNA methylation of Dnmt3a is increased in presence of c-myc." SIGNOR-255806 DNMT3A protein Q9Y6K1 UNIPROT TIMP2 protein P16035 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional repression" 9606 BTO:0002126 19786833 f irozzo "Based on one of these publications, we here showed that the interaction of Dnmt3a with c-myc promote the specific methylation of CG dinucleotides localized in c-myc boxes of promoter regions of CDKN2a, CCND1 and TIMP2 genes. Acellular experiments corroborated and complemented these results by revealing that the specificity of consensus sequence for DNA methylation of Dnmt3a is increased in presence of c-myc." SIGNOR-255807 DNMT3A protein Q9Y6K1 UNIPROT CCND1 protein P24385 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional repression" 9606 BTO:0002126 19786833 f irozzo "Based on one of these publications, we here showed that the interaction of Dnmt3a with c-myc promote the specific methylation of CG dinucleotides localized in c-myc boxes of promoter regions of CDKN2a, CCND1 and TIMP2 genes. Acellular experiments corroborated and complemented these results by revealing that the specificity of consensus sequence for DNA methylation of Dnmt3a is increased in presence of c-myc." SIGNOR-255808 DNMT3A protein Q9Y6K1 UNIPROT CDKN2A protein P42771 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional repression" 9606 19786833 f irozzo "Based on one of these publications, we here showed that the interaction of Dnmt3a with c-myc promote the specific methylation of CG dinucleotides localized in c-myc boxes of promoter regions of CDKN2a, CCND1 and TIMP2 genes. Acellular experiments corroborated and complemented these results by revealing that the specificity of consensus sequence for DNA methylation of Dnmt3a is increased in presence of c-myc." SIGNOR-255809 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT UBTF protein P17480 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr117 DFPKKPLtPYFRFFM 9606 11741541 t lperfetto "Erk1/2 was found to phosphorylate the architectural transcription factor ubf at amino acids 117 and 201 within hmg boxes 1 and 2, preventing their interaction with dna" SIGNOR-112805 CASP3 protein P42574 UNIPROT IKBKB protein O14920 UNIPROT down-regulates cleavage Asp78 PNVVAARdVPEGMQN 9606 11741536 t gcesareni "Ikappab kinase (ikk) beta was specifically proteolyzed by caspase-3-related caspases at aspartic acid residues 78, 242, 373, and 546 during tumor necrosis factor (tnf)-alpha-induced apoptosis." SIGNOR-112800 INPP5D protein Q92835 UNIPROT PIP2(16:0/18:1(9Z)) smallmolecule CID:53480228 PUBCHEM "up-regulates quantity" "small molecule catalysis" 9606 23650141 t gcesareni "PtdIns(3,4)P2 is commonly reported as a product of the SH2 domain-containing inositol 5-phosphatases 1/2 (SHIP1 and SHIP2) that dephosphorylate PtdIns(3,4,5)P3 at the 5-position" SIGNOR-252427 INPP5D protein Q92835 UNIPROT PtsIns(3,4,5)P3 smallmolecule CID:24755492 PUBCHEM "down-regulates quantity" "small molecule catalysis" 9606 BTO:0000661 12421919 t gcesareni "Two inositol phosphatases implicated in the degradation of PI(3, 4, 5)P3, namely the 5_ phosphatase Src homology 2 domain containing inositol polyphosphate phosphatase (SHIP) and the 3_ phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome ten" SIGNOR-252428 PtsIns(3,4,5)P3 smallmolecule CID:24755492 PUBCHEM MAPKAP1 protein Q9BPZ7 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 99606 BTO:0000007 26293922 t gcesareni "PtdIns(3,4,5)P3, but not other PtdInsPn species, interacts with SIN1-PH to release its inhibition on the mTOR kinase domain, thereby triggering mTORC2 activation" SIGNOR-252429 PtsIns(3,4,5)P3 smallmolecule CID:24755492 PUBCHEM mTORC2 complex SIGNOR-C2 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" binding 99606 BTO:0000007 26293922 t gcesareni "PtdIns(3,4,5)P3, but not other PtdInsPn species, interacts with SIN1-PH to release its inhibition on the mTOR kinase domain, thereby triggering mTORC2 activation" SIGNOR-252430 PRKDC protein P78527 UNIPROT AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser473 RPHFPQFsYSASGTA 9606 BTO:0001949 18439899 t gcesareni "DNA-PK phosphorylates HM Ser473 of PKB. However, we also noted similar patterns in T loop Thr308 phosphorylation after _-IR []his function is apparently restricted to the PKBalpha isoform" SIGNOR-252431 JAK2 protein O60674 UNIPROT MYC protein P01106 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by stabilization" binding 10090 BTO:0002882 12370803 t irozzo "In this study, we show that Jak2 is involved in c-Myc induction by inducing c-MYC mRNA and protecting c-Myc protein from 26S proteasome-dependent degradation. These results indicate that c-Myc is a downstream target of activated Jak2 in Bcr-Abl positive cells. " SIGNOR-255810 JAK2 protein O60674 UNIPROT MYC protein P01106 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional activation" 10090 BTO:0002882 12370803 f irozzo "In this study, we show that Jak2 is involved in c-Myc induction by inducing c-MYC mRNA and protecting c-Myc protein from 26S proteasome-dependent degradation. These results indicate that c-Myc is a downstream target of activated Jak2 in Bcr-Abl positive cells. " SIGNOR-255811 BCR-ABL "fusion protein" SIGNOR-FP6 SIGNOR STAT5A protein P42229 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation 10090 BTO:0002882 8642285 t irozzo "Phosphorylation of STAT1 and STAT5 was directly due to the tyrosine kinase activity of Bcr/Abl since it could be activated or deactivated by temperature shifting of cells expressing the Bcr/Abl ts mutant.These data suggest that STATs can be activated directly by Bcr/Abl, possibly bypassing JAK family kinase activation." SIGNOR-255813 BCR-ABL "fusion protein" SIGNOR-FP6 SIGNOR CSF2RB protein P32927 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation 9606 BTO:0005248 8758906 t irozzo "We demonstrated that Bcr-Abl co-immunoprecipitates with, and constitutively phosphorylates, the common βc,subunit of the interleukin 3 and granulocyte/macrophage-colony stimulating factor receptors.We demonstrate that Bcr-Abl interacts with the common βc subunit of the IL-3 family of receptors and phosphorylates it on tyrosine." SIGNOR-255814 BCR-ABL "fusion protein" SIGNOR-FP6 SIGNOR JAK2 protein O60674 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr1007 "VLPQDKEyYKV KEPG" 10090 BTO:0002882 11593427 t irozzo "In this report, we show that Bcr–Abl forms a complex with Jak2, and induces tyrosine phosphorylation of Jak2; full phosphorylation requires the SH2 domain of Bcr–Abl. We found that Y1007 of Jak2 was phosphorylated in Bcr–Abl positive cells; phosphorylation of Jak2 Y1007 is known to be required for Jak2 kinase activation." SIGNOR-255812 GDC-0980 chemical CID:25254071 PUBCHEM PIK3CD protein O00329 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-192617 BMPR1A protein P36894 UNIPROT MAP3K7 protein O43318 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation 10090 BTO:0001957 8533096 f ggiuliani "We also examined whether TAK1 was activated by bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) […]. BMP-4 lalso stimulated TAK1 activity in a time- and dose-dependent manner" SIGNOR-255815 TRAF6 protein Q9Y4K3 UNIPROT MAP3K8 protein P41279 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" 9606 BTO:0000007 16371247 f "The activation of Cot-MKK1-ERK1/ERK2 signalling pathway by IL-1 is dependent on the activity of the transducer protein TRAF6." SIGNOR-252254 TRAF6 protein Q9Y4K3 UNIPROT IRAK1 protein P51617 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" ubiquitination Lys134;Lys180 AEAWSPRkLPSSAST;SPAPSSTkPGPESSV 9606 BTO:0000007 18347055 t "K63-linked polyubiquitination of proximal signaling proteins is a common mechanism used by diverse innate immune receptors for recruiting IKK and activating NF-_B" SIGNOR-252252 NR3C1/STAT5A complex SIGNOR-C84 SIGNOR Adipogenesis phenotype SIGNOR-PH26 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 12540601 f fspada "We have shown that stat5a is associated with the glucocorticoid receptor during adipogenesis in a highly regulated manner." SIGNOR-97562 JUN protein P05412 UNIPROT "Cell Migration" phenotype SIGNOR-PH38 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 23151663 f amattioni "Planar cell polarity (PCP) signalling is prominently involved in the regulation of cell polarity, cell motility and morphogenetic movements, throught the activation of JUN transcription factor." SIGNOR-229760 CASP3 protein P42574 UNIPROT Apoptosis phenotype SIGNOR-PH2 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 14585074 f amattioni "Caspase-3 is responsible for apoptosis execution" SIGNOR-89244 STAT5A protein P42229 UNIPROT "M1 polarization" phenotype SIGNOR-PH54 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 BTO:0000801 22025054 f lperfetto "The activation of receptors for both GM-CSF and IFN-g stimulates the Jak kinaseSTAT transcription factor pathway, and an ISRE in the Irf5 promoter can bind STAT1 and STAT2, which suggests a possible mechanism for IRF5 expression induced by GM-CSF and IFN-g. Consequently, high expression of IRF5 results in polarization of the macrophage phenotype toward M1." SIGNOR-249510 IL1A protein P01583 UNIPROT Inflammation phenotype SIGNOR-PH12 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 21304099 f lperfetto "Interleukin-1 in the pathogenesis and treatment of inflammatory diseases" SIGNOR-171873 PIP2(16:0/18:1(9Z)) smallmolecule CID:53480228 PUBCHEM AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0001931 18249092 t gcesareni "Furthermore, overall PKB activity, primarily consisting of cytosolic enzyme, was dependent upon levels of PI(3,4)P2, while only membrane-associated PKB activity was dependent upon PI(3,4,5)P3 levels. We conclude that PI(3,4,5)P3 and PI(3,4)P2 have distinct roles in determining PKB phosphorylation and activity. Thus, when investigating PI3K-PKB pathways, the importance of both lipids must be considered" SIGNOR-252432 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT UBTF protein P17480 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr201 DIPEKPKtPQQLWYT 9606 11741541 t lperfetto "Erk1/2 was found to phosphorylate the architectural transcription factor ubf at amino acids 117 and 201 within hmg boxes 1 and 2, preventing their interaction with dna" SIGNOR-112809 CCNA1 protein P78396 UNIPROT "Cell Growth" phenotype SIGNOR-PH33 SIGNOR up-regulates 15829981 f lperfetto "Cyclin A1 contributes to G1 to S cell cycle progression in somatic cells. Cyclin A1 overexpression enhances S phase entry consistent with an oncogenic function. Finally, cyclin A1 might be a therapeutic target since its silencing inhibited leukemia cell growth." SIGNOR-249637 TUBB1 protein Q9H4B7 UNIPROT Proliferation phenotype SIGNOR-PH4 SIGNOR up-regulates 10116 17118269 f lperfetto "However, evidence suggests that the detyrosination/tyrosination cycle of alpha-tubulin may be linked in some cell types to cell division and proliferationNF-Y" SIGNOR-242138 STAT3 protein P40763 UNIPROT "Cell Growth" phenotype SIGNOR-PH33 SIGNOR up-regulates 10090 11426647 f "Constitutive activation of Stat3 signaling is accompanied by upregulation of cyclin D1, c-Myc, and Bcl-x, changes consistent with subversion of normal cellular growth and survival control mechanisms." SIGNOR-252090 ASXL1 protein Q8IXJ9 UNIPROT Proliferation phenotype SIGNOR-PH4 SIGNOR down-regulates 10090 26470845 f lperfetto "Consistently, our results show that ASXL1 mutations are associated with lower expression levels of p15INK4B and a proliferative advantage of hematopoietic progenitors in primary bone marrow cells, and that depletion of ASXL1 in multiple cell lines results in resistance to growth inhibitory signals." SIGNOR-241614 CCNA1 protein P78396 UNIPROT "G1/S transition" phenotype SIGNOR-PH50 SIGNOR up-regulates 15829981 f lperfetto "Cyclin A1 contributes to G1 to S cell cycle progression in somatic cells. Cyclin A1 overexpression enhances S phase entry consistent with an oncogenic function. Finally, cyclin A1 might be a therapeutic target since its silencing inhibited leukemia cell growth." SIGNOR-252255 aspirin chemical CID:2244 PUBCHEM PTGS1 protein P23219 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 11809688 t gcesareni "Nsaids inhibit cyclooxygenase (cox) isozymes, which are responsible for the committed step in prostaglandin biosynthesis, and this has been considered the primary mechanism by which nsaids exert their antitumorigenic effects." SIGNOR-114377 PIN1 protein Q13526 UNIPROT IRF3 protein Q14653 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" binding 9606 BTO:0000007 16699525 t lperfetto "Here we report that activation of IRF3 is negatively regulated by the peptidyl-prolyl isomerase Pin1. After stimulation by double-stranded RNA, induced phosphorylation of the Ser339–Pro340 motif of IRF3 led to its interaction with Pin1 and finally polyubiquitination and then proteasome-dependent degradation of IRF3. Suppression of Pin1 by RNA interference or genetic deletion resulted in enhanced IRF-3-dependent production of interferon-beta, with consequent reduction of virus replication." SIGNOR-252256 IRF3 protein Q14653 UNIPROT IFNB1 protein P01574 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000007 16699525 t lperfetto "Similarly, exogenous expression of wild-type Pin1 suppressed TLR3-mediated, IRF3-dependent activation of the IFN-beta promoter and reduced IFN-beta secretion in culture supernatants" SIGNOR-252257 IRF3 protein Q14653 UNIPROT Inflammation phenotype SIGNOR-PH12 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 BTO:0000007 16699525 f lperfetto "Similarly, exogenous expression of wild-type Pin1 suppressed TLR3-mediated, IRF3-dependent activation of the IFN-beta promoter and reduced IFN-beta secretion in culture supernatants" SIGNOR-252258 SNAI1 protein O95863 UNIPROT "Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition" phenotype SIGNOR-PH45 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 19055748 f lperfetto "Taken together these results suggest that SNAI1 functional blockade is leading to partial re-expression of E-cadherin (i.e. at the level of transcription), to a decrease in PAI-1 and to a more collective migration, while the parental cells expressing SNAI1 have less E-cadherin, more PAI 1, and migrate individually. We suggest that the present study establishes a relation between SNAI1 function, PAI-1 distribution and EMT status." SIGNOR-252259 SNAI1 protein O95863 UNIPROT CDH1 protein P12830 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 19055748 f lperfetto "Taken together these results suggest that SNAI1 functional blockade is leading to partial re-expression of E-cadherin (i.e. at the level of transcription), to a decrease in PAI-1 and to a more collective migration, while the parental cells expressing SNAI1 have less E-cadherin, more PAI 1, and migrate individually. We suggest that the present study establishes a relation between SNAI1 function, PAI-1 distribution and EMT status." SIGNOR-252260 CDH1 protein P12830 UNIPROT "Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition" phenotype SIGNOR-PH45 SIGNOR down-regulates 15601859 f lperfetto "A hallmark characteristic of epithelial tumor progression as well as some processes of normal development is the loss of the epithelial phenotype and acquisition of a motile or mesenchymal phenotype. Such epithelial to mesenchymal transitions are accompanied by the loss of E-cadherin function by either transcriptional or posttranscriptional mechanisms." SIGNOR-252261 SNAI1 protein O95863 UNIPROT SERPINE1 protein P05121 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 19055748 f lperfetto "We demonstrated by both cDNA microarrays and real-time quantitative RT-PCR that the functional blockade of SNAI1 induces a significant decrease of PAI-1 and uPA transcripts." SIGNOR-252262 SNAI1 protein O95863 UNIPROT PLAU protein P00749 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 19055748 f lperfetto "We demonstrated by both cDNA microarrays and real-time quantitative RT-PCR that the functional blockade of SNAI1 induces a significant decrease of PAI-1 and uPA transcripts." SIGNOR-252263 PLAU protein P00749 UNIPROT "Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition" phenotype SIGNOR-PH45 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 19055748 f lperfetto "Our data show that functional blockade of SNAI1 (SNAI1-dominant negative (DN)) leads to a partial re-expression of E-cadherin, and induces differential expression of EMT-related genes. This is confirmed by RT-PCR of PA system genes, where PAI-1 and uPA are decreased." SIGNOR-252264 MMP1 protein P03956 UNIPROT Angiogenesis phenotype SIGNOR-PH46 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 BTO:0005387 19584257 f lperfetto "However, we show that soluble factors secreted by SUM102 breast cancer cells stimulated the expression of MMP-1 and CXCR4 in HMFs. As a result, these stromal cells acquired an invasive and migratory phenotype" SIGNOR-252265 CXCR4 protein P61073 UNIPROT Angiogenesis phenotype SIGNOR-PH46 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 BTO:0005387 19584257 f lperfetto "However, we show that soluble factors secreted by SUM102 breast cancer cells stimulated the expression of MMP-1 and CXCR4 in HMFs. As a result, these stromal cells acquired an invasive and migratory phenotype" SIGNOR-252266 CXCL12 protein P48061 UNIPROT Angiogenesis phenotype SIGNOR-PH46 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 BTO:0000093 15882617 f lperfetto "Stromal fibroblast-derived SDF-1 enhances tumor growth both by stimulating angiogenesis through recruiting circulating EPCs into the tumor mass (endocrine effect) and by direct paracrine stimulation of tumor cells through CXCR4 expressed on carcinoma cells" SIGNOR-252267 AGTR2 protein P50052 UNIPROT Angiogenesis phenotype SIGNOR-PH46 SIGNOR down-regulates 17326328 f lperfetto "There are many naturally occurring proteins that can inhibit angiogenesis, including angiostatin, endostatin, interferon, platelet factor 4, thorombospondin, prolactin 16 kd fragment, and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1, -2, and -3" SIGNOR-252268 COL18A1 protein P39060 UNIPROT Angiogenesis phenotype SIGNOR-PH46 SIGNOR down-regulates 17326328 f lperfetto "There are many naturally occurring proteins that can inhibit angiogenesis, including angiostatin, endostatin, interferon, platelet factor 4, thorombospondin, prolactin 16 kd fragment, and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1, -2, and -3" SIGNOR-252269 CD36 protein P16671 UNIPROT Angiogenesis phenotype SIGNOR-PH46 SIGNOR down-regulates 17326328 f lperfetto "There are many naturally occurring proteins that can inhibit angiogenesis, including angiostatin, endostatin, interferon, platelet factor 4, thorombospondin, prolactin 16 kd fragment, and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1, -2, and -3" SIGNOR-252270 THBS1 protein P07996 UNIPROT Angiogenesis phenotype SIGNOR-PH46 SIGNOR down-regulates 17326328 f lperfetto "There are many naturally occurring proteins that can inhibit angiogenesis, including angiostatin, endostatin, interferon, platelet factor 4, thorombospondin, prolactin 16 kd fragment, and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1, -2, and -3" SIGNOR-252271 TIMP1 protein P01033 UNIPROT Angiogenesis phenotype SIGNOR-PH46 SIGNOR down-regulates 17326328 f lperfetto "There are many naturally occurring proteins that can inhibit angiogenesis, including angiostatin, endostatin, interferon, platelet factor 4, thorombospondin, prolactin 16 kd fragment, and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1, -2, and -3" SIGNOR-252272 TIMP2 protein P16035 UNIPROT Angiogenesis phenotype SIGNOR-PH46 SIGNOR down-regulates 17326328 f lperfetto "There are many naturally occurring proteins that can inhibit angiogenesis, including angiostatin, endostatin, interferon, platelet factor 4, thorombospondin, prolactin 16 kd fragment, and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1, -2, and -3" SIGNOR-252273 TIMP3 protein P35625 UNIPROT Angiogenesis phenotype SIGNOR-PH46 SIGNOR down-regulates 17326328 f lperfetto "There are many naturally occurring proteins that can inhibit angiogenesis, including angiostatin, endostatin, interferon, platelet factor 4, thorombospondin, prolactin 16 kd fragment, and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1, -2, and -3" SIGNOR-252274 VEGFA protein P15692 UNIPROT Angiogenesis phenotype SIGNOR-PH46 SIGNOR up-regulates 17326328 f lperfetto "More than a dozen different proteins have been identified as angiogenic activators, including vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), angiogenin, transforming growth factor (TGF)-α, TGF-β, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, platelet-derived endothelial growth factor, granulocyte colony-stimulating factor, placental growth factor, interleukin-8, hepatocyte growth factor, and epidermal growth factor" SIGNOR-252275 VEGFB protein P49765 UNIPROT Angiogenesis phenotype SIGNOR-PH46 SIGNOR up-regulates 17326328 f lperfetto "More than a dozen different proteins have been identified as angiogenic activators, including vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), angiogenin, transforming growth factor (TGF)-α, TGF-β, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, platelet-derived endothelial growth factor, granulocyte colony-stimulating factor, placental growth factor, interleukin-8, hepatocyte growth factor, and epidermal growth factor" SIGNOR-252276 VEGFC protein P49767 UNIPROT Angiogenesis phenotype SIGNOR-PH46 SIGNOR up-regulates 17326328 f lperfetto "More than a dozen different proteins have been identified as angiogenic activators, including vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), angiogenin, transforming growth factor (TGF)-α, TGF-β, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, platelet-derived endothelial growth factor, granulocyte colony-stimulating factor, placental growth factor, interleukin-8, hepatocyte growth factor, and epidermal growth factor" SIGNOR-252277 VEGFD protein O43915 UNIPROT Angiogenesis phenotype SIGNOR-PH46 SIGNOR up-regulates 17326328 f lperfetto "More than a dozen different proteins have been identified as angiogenic activators, including vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), angiogenin, transforming growth factor (TGF)-α, TGF-β, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, platelet-derived endothelial growth factor, granulocyte colony-stimulating factor, placental growth factor, interleukin-8, hepatocyte growth factor, and epidermal growth factor" SIGNOR-252278 FGF2 protein P09038 UNIPROT Angiogenesis phenotype SIGNOR-PH46 SIGNOR up-regulates 17326328 f lperfetto "More than a dozen different proteins have been identified as angiogenic activators, including vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), angiogenin, transforming growth factor (TGF)-α, TGF-β, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, platelet-derived endothelial growth factor, granulocyte colony-stimulating factor, placental growth factor, interleukin-8, hepatocyte growth factor, and epidermal growth factor" SIGNOR-252279 ANG protein P03950 UNIPROT Angiogenesis phenotype SIGNOR-PH46 SIGNOR up-regulates 17326328 f lperfetto "More than a dozen different proteins have been identified as angiogenic activators, including vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), angiogenin, transforming growth factor (TGF)-α, TGF-β, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, platelet-derived endothelial growth factor, granulocyte colony-stimulating factor, placental growth factor, interleukin-8, hepatocyte growth factor, and epidermal growth factor" SIGNOR-252280 TGFA protein P01135 UNIPROT Angiogenesis phenotype SIGNOR-PH46 SIGNOR up-regulates 17326328 f lperfetto "More than a dozen different proteins have been identified as angiogenic activators, including vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), angiogenin, transforming growth factor (TGF)-α, TGF-β, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, platelet-derived endothelial growth factor, granulocyte colony-stimulating factor, placental growth factor, interleukin-8, hepatocyte growth factor, and epidermal growth factor" SIGNOR-252281 TGFB1 protein P01137 UNIPROT Angiogenesis phenotype SIGNOR-PH46 SIGNOR up-regulates 17326328 f lperfetto "More than a dozen different proteins have been identified as angiogenic activators, including vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), angiogenin, transforming growth factor (TGF)-α, TGF-β, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, platelet-derived endothelial growth factor, granulocyte colony-stimulating factor, placental growth factor, interleukin-8, hepatocyte growth factor, and epidermal growth factor" SIGNOR-252282 TGFB2 protein P61812 UNIPROT Angiogenesis phenotype SIGNOR-PH46 SIGNOR up-regulates 17326328 f lperfetto "More than a dozen different proteins have been identified as angiogenic activators, including vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), angiogenin, transforming growth factor (TGF)-α, TGF-β, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, platelet-derived endothelial growth factor, granulocyte colony-stimulating factor, placental growth factor, interleukin-8, hepatocyte growth factor, and epidermal growth factor" SIGNOR-252283 TGFB3 protein P10600 UNIPROT Angiogenesis phenotype SIGNOR-PH46 SIGNOR up-regulates 17326328 f lperfetto "More than a dozen different proteins have been identified as angiogenic activators, including vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), angiogenin, transforming growth factor (TGF)-α, TGF-β, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, platelet-derived endothelial growth factor, granulocyte colony-stimulating factor, placental growth factor, interleukin-8, hepatocyte growth factor, and epidermal growth factor" SIGNOR-252284 TNF protein P01375 UNIPROT Angiogenesis phenotype SIGNOR-PH46 SIGNOR up-regulates 17326328 f lperfetto "More than a dozen different proteins have been identified as angiogenic activators, including vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), angiogenin, transforming growth factor (TGF)-α, TGF-β, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, platelet-derived endothelial growth factor, granulocyte colony-stimulating factor, placental growth factor, interleukin-8, hepatocyte growth factor, and epidermal growth factor" SIGNOR-252285 PDGFA protein P04085 UNIPROT Angiogenesis phenotype SIGNOR-PH46 SIGNOR up-regulates 17326328 f lperfetto "More than a dozen different proteins have been identified as angiogenic activators, including vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), angiogenin, transforming growth factor (TGF)-α, TGF-β, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, platelet-derived endothelial growth factor, granulocyte colony-stimulating factor, placental growth factor, interleukin-8, hepatocyte growth factor, and epidermal growth factor" SIGNOR-252286 CSF3 protein P09919 UNIPROT Angiogenesis phenotype SIGNOR-PH46 SIGNOR up-regulates 17326328 f lperfetto "More than a dozen different proteins have been identified as angiogenic activators, including vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), angiogenin, transforming growth factor (TGF)-α, TGF-β, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, platelet-derived endothelial growth factor, granulocyte colony-stimulating factor, placental growth factor, interleukin-8, hepatocyte growth factor, and epidermal growth factor" SIGNOR-252287 CXCL8 protein P10145 UNIPROT Angiogenesis phenotype SIGNOR-PH46 SIGNOR up-regulates 17326328 f lperfetto "More than a dozen different proteins have been identified as angiogenic activators, including vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), angiogenin, transforming growth factor (TGF)-α, TGF-β, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, platelet-derived endothelial growth factor, granulocyte colony-stimulating factor, placental growth factor, interleukin-8, hepatocyte growth factor, and epidermal growth factor" SIGNOR-252288 BCR-ABL "fusion protein" SIGNOR-FP6 SIGNOR VAV1 protein P15498 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation 9606 BTO:0001271 11790798 t lperfetto "Thus, the c-terminal tail of vav serves as a direct substrate of bcr-abl in vitro." SIGNOR-114094 BCR-ABL "fusion protein" SIGNOR-FP6 SIGNOR CTNNB1 protein P35222 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr654 RNEGVATyAAAVLFR 9606 BTO:0001271 17318191 t lperfetto "Bcr-abl stabilizes beta-catenin in chronic myeloid leukemia through its tyrosine phosphorylationthe notion that y86 and y654 are located respectively within the n_ and c_terminal transcriptional domains of __catenin suggests that one or both residues might regulate the transactivating function of __catenin. In this regard, phosphorylation of y654 was reported to strengthen __catenin association with the basal transcription factor tata_binding protein (tbp)" SIGNOR-153431 BCR-ABL "fusion protein" SIGNOR-FP6 SIGNOR BCR protein P11274 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Tyr177 ADAEKPFyVNVEFHH 9606 BTO:0001271 8622703 t lperfetto "We have previously demonstrated that the bcr protein is tyrosine phosphorylated within first-exon sequences by the bcr-abl oncoprotein. Here we report that in addition to tyrose 177 (y-177), y-360 and y283 are phosphorylated in bcr-abl proteins in vitro. Tyrosine-phosphorylated bcr, phosphorylated in vitro by bcr-abl, was greatly inhibited in its serine/threonine kinase activity, impairing both auto- and transkinase activities of bcr." SIGNOR-40611 BCR-ABL "fusion protein" SIGNOR-FP6 SIGNOR BCR protein P11274 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Tyr360 VSPSPTTyRMFRDKS 9606 BTO:0001271 8622703 t lperfetto "We have previously demonstrated that the bcr protein is tyrosine phosphorylated within first-exon sequences by the bcr-abl oncoprotein. Here we report that in addition to tyrose 177 (y-177), y-360 and y283 are phosphorylated in bcr-abl proteins in vitro. Tyrosine-phosphorylated bcr, phosphorylated in vitro by bcr-abl, was greatly inhibited in its serine/threonine kinase activity, impairing both auto- and transkinase activities of bcr." SIGNOR-40619 CDK1 protein P06493 UNIPROT ESPL1 protein Q14674 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser1126 IAPSTNSsPVLKTKP 9606 11747808 t lperfetto "Both cdc2/cyclinb1 and mapk (erk2) efficiently phosphorylate separase at its major inhibitory site in vitro" SIGNOR-113126 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT ESPL1 protein Q14674 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser1126 IAPSTNSsPVLKTKP 9606 11747808 t lperfetto "Both cdc2/cyclinb1 and mapk (erk2) efficiently phosphorylate separase at its major inhibitory site in vitro" SIGNOR-113130 INPP4B protein O15327 UNIPROT PIP2(16:0/18:1(9Z)) smallmolecule CID:53480228 PUBCHEM "down-regulates quantity" "small molecule catalysis" 9606 BTO:0000356 21127264 t gcesareni "Collectively this data indicates INPP4B is the only PtdIns(3,4)P2 4-phosphatase expressed in breast cancer cells and suggests a correlation between INPP4B and hormone receptor status in human breast cancer" SIGNOR-252433 PIN1 protein Q13526 UNIPROT IFNB1 protein P01574 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000007 16699525 t lperfetto "To investigate the temporal regulation of IRF3-dependent transcription by Pin1, we used a rapid-response luciferase reporter gene. Real-time reporter gene assays showed that suppression of endogenous Pin1 expression substantially prolonged both IRF3-dependent transcription and IFN-beta promoter activation after poly(I)dotpoly(C) stimulation (Fig. 4c,d). Consistent with the inhibitory effects of Pin1 on the IFN-beta promoter" SIGNOR-252289 PTPRH protein Q9HD43 UNIPROT INSR protein P06213 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation Tyr1185 FGMTRDIyETDYYRK 9606 10734133 t gcesareni "These results, combined with secondary dephosphorylation tests, confirm and extend earlier findings that ptp-1b and t-cell ptp are physiological enzymes for the insulin receptor kinase" SIGNOR-76072 PRKAA2 protein P54646 UNIPROT EEF2K protein O00418 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser78 SSGSPANsFHFKEAW -1 14709557 t miannu " AMPK can phosphorylate three sites in eEF2 kinase in vitro. Of these, Ser-398 appears to be more efficiently phosphorylated than either Ser-78 or Ser-366. Ser-78 and Ser-366 do not appear to be phosphorylated by AMPK within cells. phosphorylation at Ser-78 may also decrease the activity of eEF2 kinase" SIGNOR-250321 TERT protein O14746 UNIPROT Immortalization phenotype SIGNOR-PH47 SIGNOR up-regulates 11327115 f lperfetto "Telomerase is tightly repressed in the vast majority of normal human somatic cells but becomes activated during cellular immortalization and in cancers" SIGNOR-252292 AGT protein P01019 UNIPROT AGTR1 protein P30556 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 10116 BTO:0004578 17346243 t "AT(1) receptor (AngII type-1 receptor), a G-protein-coupled receptor, mediates most of the physiological and pathophysiological actions of AngII, and this receptor is predominantly expressed in cardiovascular cells, such as VSMCs (vascular smooth muscle cells)" SIGNOR-252293 AGTR1 protein P30556 UNIPROT PAX2 protein Q02962 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 BTO:0002295 15569307 f "Ang II up-regulated Pax-2 gene expression via AT2R in IRPTC (immortalized rat renal proximal tubular cells)" SIGNOR-252294 ROS stimulus SIGNOR-ST2 SIGNOR PAX2 protein Q02962 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 BTO:0002733 16985513 f "High glucose-induced Pax-2 gene expression is mediated, at least in part, via ROS generation and activation of the nuclear factor kappa B signaling pathway, but not via protein kinase C, p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK), and p44/42 MAPK signaling." SIGNOR-252295 REN protein P00797 UNIPROT AGT protein P01019 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" cleavage 9606 16816138 t "Angiotensinogen, an _-glycoprotein, is released from the liver (152, 250, 444) and is cleaved in the circulation by the enzyme renin that is secreted from the juxtaglomerular apparatus of the kidney (245, 250, 540, 631) to form the decapeptide angiotensin (ANG) I" SIGNOR-252297 PLK3 protein Q9H4B4 UNIPROT JUN protein P05412 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser63 KNSDLLTsPDVGLLK 9606 17804415 t gcesareni "Stress-induced c-jun activation mediated by polo-like kinase 3 in corneal epithelial cells. Hypoxia/reoxygenation activated plk3 in hce cells to directly phosphorylate c-jun proteins at phosphorylation sites ser-63 and ser-73, and to increase dna binding activity of c-jun." SIGNOR-157721 BCR-ABL "fusion protein" SIGNOR-FP6 SIGNOR BCR protein P11274 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Tyr283 YQPYQSIyVGGMMEG 9606 BTO:0001271 8622703 t lperfetto "We have previously demonstrated that the bcr protein is tyrosine phosphorylated within first-exon sequences by the bcr-abl oncoprotein. Here we report that in addition to tyrose 177 (y-177), y-360 and y283 are phosphorylated in bcr-abl proteins in vitro. Tyrosine-phosphorylated bcr, phosphorylated in vitro by bcr-abl, was greatly inhibited in its serine/threonine kinase activity, impairing both auto- and transkinase activities of bcr." SIGNOR-40615 PTPRH protein Q9HD43 UNIPROT INSR protein P06213 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation Tyr1189 RDIYETDyYRKGGKG 9606 10734133 t gcesareni "These results, combined with secondary dephosphorylation tests, confirm and extend earlier findings that ptp-1b and t-cell ptp are physiological enzymes for the insulin receptor kinase" SIGNOR-76076 BCR-ABL "fusion protein" SIGNOR-FP6 SIGNOR CTNNB1 protein P35222 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Tyr86 VADIDGQyAMTRAQR 9606 BTO:0001271 17318191 t lperfetto "Bcr_abl_mediated phosphorylation of y86 could induce a conformational change of __catenin impairing its binding to axin" SIGNOR-153435 PAX2 protein Q02962 UNIPROT "Urogenital tract" phenotype SIGNOR-PH71 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" 10090 BTO:0000671 8575306 f "Pax-2 is required for multiple steps during the differentiation of intermediate mesoderm. In addition, Pax-2 mouse mutants provide an animal model for human hereditary kidney diseases." SIGNOR-252301 BCR-ABL "fusion protein" SIGNOR-FP6 SIGNOR GRB2 protein P62993 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr7 yDFKATAD 9606 BTO:0000007 20554525 t lperfetto "More recently, however, tyrosine phosphorylation of Grb2 in BCR-ABL-transformed cells on residues Tyr7, Tyr37, Tyr52, and Tyr209 in the SH3 domains has been reported and shown to negatively regulate the Ras/MAPK pathway." SIGNOR-246285 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT TSC2 protein P49815 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser664 KKTSGPLsPPTGPPG 10090 BTO:0000944 15851026 t lperfetto "Here, we show that Erk may play a critical role in TSC progression through posttranslational inactivation of TSC2. Erk-dependent phosphorylation leads to TSC1-TSC2 dissociation and markedly impairs TSC2 ability to inhibit mTOR signaling, cell proliferation, and oncogenic transformation. |Serine to alanine substitution at S664 or double S664A/S540A mutagenesis resulted in a marked reduction in TSC2 phosphorylation to a similar extent. In contrast, S540A substitution only moderately impaired TSC2 phosphorylation (Figure 3D), corroborating the notion that in vivo S664 is the most relevant residue for Erk-mediated phosphorylation." SIGNOR-249457 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT TSC2 protein P49815 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser540 KVMARSLsPPPELEE 10090 BTO:0000944 15851026 t lperfetto "Here, we show that Erk may play a critical role in TSC progression through posttranslational inactivation of TSC2. Erk-dependent phosphorylation leads to TSC1-TSC2 dissociation and markedly impairs TSC2 ability to inhibit mTOR signaling, cell proliferation, and oncogenic transformation. |Serine to alanine substitution at S664 or double S664A/S540A mutagenesis resulted in a marked reduction in TSC2 phosphorylation to a similar extent. In contrast, S540A substitution only moderately impaired TSC2 phosphorylation (Figure 3D), corroborating the notion that in vivo S664 is the most relevant residue for Erk-mediated phosphorylation." SIGNOR-249458 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT HSPB8 protein Q9UJY1 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser27 PFRDSPLsSRLLDDG 9606 22721717 t lperfetto "Hsp22 is phosphorylated by protein kinase c (at residues ser(14) and thr(63)) and by p44 mitogen-activated protein kinase (at residues ser(27) and thr(87)). Concerning the possible function of hsp22, no definitive conclusions can be drawn with the available data, although its function might be to bind to and modulate the activity of hsp27.Some Studies claimed that phosphorylation is required for the translocation" SIGNOR-197932 MAPK8 protein P45983 UNIPROT IRS1 protein P35568 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser312 TESITATsPASMVGG 9606 18728222 t gcesareni "Insulin also activates jnk, erk, pkc and mtor, which induce the phosphorylation of irs1 on serine residues 307, 612 and 632 and inhibit its functions. Our results indicate that the insulin-stimulated degradation of irs-1 via the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase pathway is in part dependent upon the ser(312) phosphorylation of irs-1." SIGNOR-180532 PTK2 protein Q05397 UNIPROT TRIO protein O75962 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr2796 KDNFDSFySEVAELG 9534 BTO:0000298 12551902 t lperfetto "A FAK phosphorylation site, tyrosine residue 2737, was identified in subdomain I of the Trio kinase domain. Additionally, in vitro phosphorylation assays and in vivo co-expression studies indicated that Trio enhances FAK kinase activity." SIGNOR-249188 GRK3 protein P35626 UNIPROT BDKRB2 protein P30411 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser375 GTLRTSIsVERQIHK 9606 BTO:0000007 11517230 t gcesareni "...expression of GRK4Ž drastically increased the basal level of32P incorporation into B2R.[€]a clustered phosphorylation around Ser(346) is necessary for desensitization of the B2 receptor-induced phospholipase C activation." SIGNOR-249672 GSK3A protein P49840 UNIPROT AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr312 TMKTFCGtPEYLAPE 10090 BTO:0005655 23142783 t gcesareni "GSK3_ negatively regulates AKT activation by phosphorylating AKT at T312 in the substrate binding site, which inhibited IL-1-induced AKT activation and function." SIGNOR-252434 CSNK1A1 protein P48729 UNIPROT AHCYL1 protein O43865 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser77 SSTDSYSsAASYTDS 9534 BTO:0004055 17635105 t lperfetto "Residue 68 resides in a consensus phosphorylation site for PKD (Figure 1A) [22,23]. Interestingly, phosphorylation of Ser68 could allow for subsequent phosphorylation of Ser71, Ser74, Ser77 and Ser80 by CK1, for which the consensus phosphorylation site is pS/T-X-X-S/T" SIGNOR-249185 PRKAA1 protein Q13131 UNIPROT FOXO3 protein O43524 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser413 GLMQRSSsFPYTTKG 9606 BTO:0000007 17711846 t gcesareni "Phosphorylation by AMPK leads to the activtion of FOXO3 transcriptional activity without affecting FOXO3 subcellular localization." SIGNOR-249677 PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT GMFB protein P60983 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser83 QHDDGRVsYPLCFIF -1 9030586 t miannu "Protein kinase A (PKA)-phosphorylated GMF is a potent inhibitor of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) and enhancer of p38; both are subfamilies of mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase, suggesting GMF as a bifunctional regulator of the MAP kinase cascades. PKA is capable of phosphorylating threonine 26 and serine 82." SIGNOR-249983 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT TSC2 protein P49815 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser540 KVMARSLsPPPELEE 10090 BTO:0000944 15851026 t lperfetto "Here, we show that Erk may play a critical role in TSC progression through posttranslational inactivation of TSC2. Erk-dependent phosphorylation leads to TSC1-TSC2 dissociation and markedly impairs TSC2 ability to inhibit mTOR signaling, cell proliferation, and oncogenic transformation. |Serine to alanine substitution at S664 or double S664A/S540A mutagenesis resulted in a marked reduction in TSC2 phosphorylation to a similar extent. In contrast, S540A substitution only moderately impaired TSC2 phosphorylation (Figure 3D), corroborating the notion that in vivo S664 is the most relevant residue for Erk-mediated phosphorylation." SIGNOR-249454 MAPK14 protein Q16539 UNIPROT JUNB protein P17275 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser79 QGSDTGAsLKLASSE 9606 15308641 t lperfetto "These results clearly demonstrate that phosphorylation by p38 kinase is essential for the regulation of dmp1 transcription by junb and p300. phosphorylation of junb at ser-79 was found to be essential for its interaction with p300." SIGNOR-127545 BCR-ABL "fusion protein" SIGNOR-FP6 SIGNOR GRB2 protein P62993 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr209 TGMFPRNyVTPVNRN 9606 BTO:0000007 20554525 t lperfetto "More recently, however, tyrosine phosphorylation of Grb2 in BCR-ABL-transformed cells on residues Tyr7, Tyr37, Tyr52, and Tyr209 in the SH3 domains has been reported and shown to negatively regulate the Ras/MAPK pathway." SIGNOR-246281 PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT HAND1 protein O96004 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser109 KERRRTEsINSAFAE 10116 BTO:0001556 14636580 t miannu "In vitro and in vivo phosphorylation studies show that both PKA and PKC can phosphorylate HAND1 and -2. T107; S109 within helix I and S98 within the basic domain, are the phosphorylated residues. We determined that modification of HAND1 at residues 107 and 109 affects dimerization affinities with E-proteins, thus changing the bHLH dimer equilibrium within the cell. These modifications also affect HAND1 function." SIGNOR-249989 GRK4 protein P32298 UNIPROT BDKRB2 protein P30411 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser375 GTLRTSIsVERQIHK 9606 BTO:0000007 11517230 t gcesareni "...expression of GRK4ƒŽ‚ drastically increased the basal level of32P incorporation into B2R.[ƒ‚€‚]a clustered phosphorylation around Ser(346) is necessary for desensitization of the B2 receptor-induced phospholipase C activation." SIGNOR-249674 BCR-ABL "fusion protein" SIGNOR-FP6 SIGNOR GRB2 protein P62993 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Tyr209 TGMFPRNyVTPVNRN 9606 BTO:0000017 11726515 t lperfetto "Phosphorylation of grb2 by bcr/abl or egf receptor reduced its sh3-dependent binding to sos in vivo, but not its sh2-dependent binding to bcr/abl. Tyr209 within the c-terminal sh3 domain of grb2 was identified as one of the tyrosine phosphorylation sites" SIGNOR-112354 BCR-ABL "fusion protein" SIGNOR-FP6 SIGNOR CRKL protein P46109 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr207 IPEPAHAyAQPQTTT 9606 BTO:0001271 9053848 t lperfetto "Tyrosine 207 in crkl is the bcr/abl phosphorylation sitephosphorylation of y207 provides a binding site for the crkl sh2 domain and potentially for other sh2-containing proteins." SIGNOR-46893 ACP1 protein P24666 UNIPROT AKT2 protein P31751 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser474 RTHFPQFsYSASIRE 10090 17353188 t "Reduction in the levels of both LMW-PTP isoforms in vitro and in vivo increased tyrosine phosphorylation of IR and AktSer473 and increased IRS-1- and IRS-2-associated PI3-K activities in both liver and fat.|Activated PI3-K stimulates Akt (or protein kinase B) that in turn phosphorylates and inactivates glycogen synthase kinase-3" SIGNOR-248456 RPS6KA1 protein Q15418 UNIPROT MITF protein O75030 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser409 HGLSLIPsTGLCSPD 9606 10673502 t "The effect has been demonstrated using O75030-9" gcesareni "The current study reveals that c-kit signaling triggers two phosphorylation events on mi, which up-regulate transactivation potential yet simultaneously target mi for ubiquitin-dependent proteolysis. The specific activation/degradation signals derive from mapk/erk targeting of serine 73, whereas serine 409 serves as a substrate for p90 rsk-1. An unphosphorylatable double mutant at these two residues is at once profoundly stable and transcriptionally inert." SIGNOR-75034 PRKAA2 protein P54646 UNIPROT ULK1 protein O75385 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser556 GLGCRLHsAPNLSDL 9606 SIGNOR-C15 19584320 t gcesareni "In a screen for conserved substrates of ampk, we identified ulk1 and ulk2, mammalian orthologs of the yeast protein kinase atg1, which is required for autophagy." SIGNOR-186637 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR GATA1 protein P15976 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser310 QTRNRKAsGKGKKKR 9606 16107690 t lperfetto "We found that akt directly phosphorylates the transcription factor gata-1 at serine 310 and that this site-specific phosphorylation is required for the transcriptional activation of the timp-1 promoter." SIGNOR-244267 CDK6 protein Q00534 UNIPROT RUNX1 protein Q01196 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser276 VHPATPIsPGRASGM 9606 BTO:0000007 21059642 t "The effect has been demonstrated using Q01196-8" gcesareni "Phosphorylation of runx1 on ser-303 by cdks leads its ubiquitin-mediated degradation during g2/m (19). We developed additional evidence that cdks phosphorylate ser-303 and found that ser-48 and ser-424 are also substrates of cdk1/cyclin b and cdk6/cyclin d3. Moreover, we demonstrated that phosphorylation of ser-48, ser-303, and ser-424 strengthens the ability of runx1 to activate transcription and to stimulate proliferation of the ba/f3 hematopoietic cell line (20)." SIGNOR-169334 PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT PIP5K1B protein O14986 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser413 PSKKRCNsIAALKAT 9606 23909401 t lperfetto "Collaboration of ampk and pkc to induce phosphorylation of ser413 on pip5k1b resulting in decreased kinase activity and reduced ptdins(4,5)p2 synthesis in response to oxidative stress and energy restriction. we demonstrate that pkc can directly phosphorylate ser413 in vitro" SIGNOR-194820 NUAK1 protein O60285 UNIPROT CASP6 protein P55212 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser257 TLVNRKVsQRRVDFC -1 15273717 t miannu "ARK5 negatively regulates procaspase-6 by phosphorylation at Ser257, leading to resistance to the FasL/Fas system." SIGNOR-250209 BRCA1 protein P38398 UNIPROT AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" ubiquitination 10090 BTO:0002572 19074868 t gcesareni "The BRCA1-BRCT domains bind to phosphorylated AKT (pAKT) and lead to its ubiquitination toward protein degradation" SIGNOR-252435 NTRK2 protein Q16620 UNIPROT NTRK2 protein Q16620 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr702 FGMSRDVySTDYYRV 10090 BTO:0000944 10533983 t miannu "TrkB autophosphorylation occurs on five cytoplasmic tyrosines: Y484, Y670, Y674, Y675, and Y785. Mutagenesis of Y484 inhibits the interaction between Shc and TrkB, and also block the E3DNF-inducible tyrosine phoslphorylation of Shc" SIGNOR-250205 MAPK8 protein P45983 UNIPROT H2AFX protein P16104 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser140 GKKATQAsQEY 9606 BTO:0000671 19234442 t gcesareni "The stress-response kinase jnk1, activated by dna damage and initiating a pro-apoptotic program, has been recently shown to translocate into the nucleus upon activation where it phosphorylates substrates including h2ax s139, an event critical for dna degradation mediated by caspase-activated dnase (cad) in apoptotic cells" SIGNOR-184146 CSNK2A2 protein P19784 UNIPROT AQP4 protein P55087 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser316 EKKGKDQsGEVLSSV 9615 BTO:0000837 11742978 t llicata "We found that the stress-induced kinase casein kinase (CK)II phosphorylates the Ser276 immediately preceding the tyrosine motif, increasing AQP4-mu 3A interaction and enhancing AQP4-lysosomal targeting and degradation. | To determine whether Ser276 is an actual CKII substrate, we used GST–AQP4‐Cter proteins in which only one out of the three C‐terminal CKII consensus sites was sequentially conserved (Ser276, Ser285 and Ser315, respectively). Figure 7B (right panel) shows that the three serine residues, including Ser276, were indeed efficiently phosphorylated by CKII." SIGNOR-250976 TTK protein P33981 UNIPROT CDCA8 protein Q53HL2 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr169 KRSSRANtVTPAVGR 9606 19530738 t lperfetto "First, we confirmed that wild-type borealin is phosphorylated at the previously described sites t88, t94, t169, and t230 when present in complex with survivin borealin might be a substrate for mps1. In the case of wild-type borealin, the fast exchange between the monomeric and dimeric forms may allow mps1 to phosphorylate the monomer. In turn, mps1 may regulate borealin function by unfolding the c-terminal domain and/or shifting the population to the monomeric form." SIGNOR-186143 PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT GRIA2 protein P42262 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser880 YNVYGIEsVKI 9606 BTO:0000007 10501226 t lperfetto "Here, we show that the C terminus of GluR2 of the alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methylisoxazole-4-propionate (AMPA) receptor is phosphorylated by protein kinase C and that serine-880 is the major phosphorylation site. This phosphorylation also occurs in human embryonic kidney (HEK) cells by addition of 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol 13-acetate." SIGNOR-249022 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT MAPKAPK5 protein Q8IW41 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr182 IDQGDLMtPQFTPYY 9606 BTO:0000567 9628874 t gcesareni "Activated following phosphorylation at thr-182 by p38-alpha/mapk14, p38-beta/mapk11, erk2/mapk1, erk3/mapk6, and erk4/mapk4." SIGNOR-58127 TTC3 protein P53804 UNIPROT AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" ubiquitination 10090 BTO:0000944 20059950 t gcesareni "TTC3 is an Akt-specific E3 ligase that binds to phosphorylated Akt and facilitates its ubiquitination and degradation within the nucleus" SIGNOR-252436 MUL1 protein Q969V5 UNIPROT AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" ubiquitination Lys284 LENLMLDkDGHIKIT 9606 BTO:0000007 22410793 t gcesareni "The results of the functional studies suggest that the degradation of Akt by MULAN suppresses cell proliferation and viability." SIGNOR-252437 PTPN1 protein P18031 UNIPROT BCR-ABL "fusion protein" SIGNOR-FP6 SIGNOR down-regulates dephosphorylation 9606 phosphorylation:Tyr177 9566916 t gcesareni "We have observed association and dephosphorylation of p210 bcr-abl, but not v-abl, by ptp1b in vivo." SIGNOR-56822 EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT PTPN1 protein P18031 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr66 LHQEDNDyINASLIK 9606 9355745 t llicata "After binding to egfr, ptp1b becomes tyrosine-phosphorylated at tyr-66 phosphorylation of ptp1b by egfr enhances its catalytic activity" SIGNOR-52950 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT SREBF1 protein P36956 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser117 YPSMPAFsPGPGIKE 9606 10915800 t llicata "Map kinases erk1/2 phosphorylate sterol regulatory element-binding protein (srebp)-1a at serine 117 in vitro. mutation of serine 117 to alanine abolished erk2-mediated phosphorylation in vitro and the map kinase-related transcriptional activation of srebp-1a by insulin and platelet-derived growth factor in vivo." SIGNOR-80092 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT SREBF1 protein P36956 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser117 YPSMPAFsPGPGIKE 9606 BTO:0000599 10915800 t lperfetto "Map kinases erk1/2 phosphorylate sterol regulatory element-binding protein (srebp)-1a at serine 117 in vitro. mutation of serine 117 to alanine abolished erk2-mediated phosphorylation in vitro and the map kinase-related transcriptional activation of srebp-1a by insulin and platelet-derived growth factor in vivo." SIGNOR-80096 mTORC2 complex SIGNOR-C2 SIGNOR AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr450 TAQMITItPPDQDDS 10090 BTO:0002572 18566586 t gcesareni "MTORC2 phosphorylates newly synthesized Akt at the TM (Thr450) site to facilitate carboxyl-terminal folding and to stabilize Akt" SIGNOR-252438 CDK1 protein P06493 UNIPROT CDC25A protein P30304 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser116 PQKLLGCsPALKRSH 9606 SIGNOR-C17 12411508 t lperfetto "Mitotic stabilization of cdc25a reflects its phosphorylation on ser17 and ser115 by cyclin b-cdk1, modifications required to uncouple cdc25a from its ubiquitin-proteasome-mediated turnover." SIGNOR-95256 PRKCD protein Q05655 UNIPROT C5AR1 protein P21730 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser334 SVVRESKsFTRSTVD 9606 10636859 t gcesareni "Whole cell phosphorylation assays with specific inhibitors as well as in vitro phosphorylation assays with recombinant enzymes and peptide substrates revealed that phosphorylation of ser-334 is regulated by protein kinase c-beta this study is among the first to analyze in a detailed manner, using a non-mutational approach, modifications of a defined phosphorylation site in a g protein-coupled receptor and to correlate these findings with functional parameters of receptor deactivation." SIGNOR-73967 CSNK2A1 protein P68400 UNIPROT SLK protein Q9H2G2 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser347 SSDLSIAsSEEDKLS 9606 16837460 t gcesareni "Slk down-regulation by v-src is indirect and is accompanied by slk hyperphosphorylation on serine residues. Deletion analysis revealed that casein kinase ii (ck2) sites at position 347/348 are critical for v-src-dependent modulation of slk activity." SIGNOR-147879 PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT TFAM protein Q00059 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser55 SCPKKPVsSYLRFSK 9606 23201127 t llicata "Here, we demonstrate that tfam is phosphorylated within its hmg box 1 (hmg1) by camp-dependent protein kinase in mitochondria. Hmg1 phosphorylation impairs the ability of tfam to bind dna and to activate transcription." SIGNOR-199934 GSK3B/Axin/APC complex SIGNOR-C110 SIGNOR CTNNB1 protein P35222 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser33 QQQSYLDsGIHSGAT 9606 BTO:0000586 16293724 t lperfetto "This leads to the inactivation and release of glycogen synthase kinase 3beta from its complex with axin, thereby relieving the inhibitory phosphorylation of beta-catenin and activating its signaling pathway." SIGNOR-227885 CSNK2A2 protein P19784 UNIPROT TCF7L2 protein Q9NQB0 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser59 SETNQNSsSDSEAER -1 11711551 t llicata "We show here that Tcf-4 can be phosphorylated in vitro by protein kinase CK2 stoichiometrically in amino acids Ser-58-Ser-59-Ser-60. Phosphorylation of these residues does not modify the interaction of Tcf-4 with beta-catenin but reduces its association to plakoglobin. | Experiments performed using a Tcf-4 mutant with decreased interaction to plakoglobin demonstrated that binding to this protein negatively affected the transcriptional activity of Tcf-4." SIGNOR-251045 KDM5B protein Q9UGL1 UNIPROT PAX9 protein P55771 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000007 12657635 t miannu "Human PLU-1 Has transcriptional repression properties and interacts with the developmental transcription factors BF-1 and PAX9. In a reporter assay system, PLU-1 has potent transcriptional repression activity. BF-1 and PAX9 also represses transcription in the same assay, but co-expression of PLU-1 with BF-1 or PAX9 significantly enhances this repression" SIGNOR-223875 BCR-ABL "fusion protein" SIGNOR-FP6 SIGNOR GRB2 protein P62993 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr37 EECDQNWyKAELNGK 9606 BTO:0000007 20554525 t lperfetto "More recently, however, tyrosine phosphorylation of Grb2 in BCR-ABL-transformed cells on residues Tyr7, Tyr37, Tyr52, and Tyr209 in the SH3 domains has been reported and shown to negatively regulate the Ras/MAPK pathway." SIGNOR-246289 FBXO5 protein Q9UKT4 UNIPROT CDH1 protein P12830 UNIPROT down-regulates ubiquitination 9606 11751633 t gcesareni "Emi1 binds cdh1 and inhibits apc-cdh1 activity." SIGNOR-113385 RET protein P07949 UNIPROT RET protein P07949 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr905 DVYEEDSyVKRSQGR 9606 14711813 t llicata "Mass spectrometric analysis revealed that ret tyr(806), tyr(809), tyr(900), tyr(905), tyr(981), tyr(1062), tyr(1090), and tyr(1096) were autophosphorylation sites. taken together, the results suggest that phosphorylation of tyr981 is not obligatorily required for the catalytic activity but plays a supplementary role in initiating autophosphorylation of tyr905, which brings about the overall kinase activity." SIGNOR-121165 PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT HSPB8 protein Q9UJY1 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr63 LSSAWPGtLRSGMVP 9606 BTO:0000887 11342557 t lperfetto "Hsp22 is phosphorylated by protein kinase c (at residues ser(14) and thr(63)) and by p44 mitogen-activated protein kinase (at residues ser(27) and thr(87)). Concerning the possible function of hsp22, no definitive conclusions can be drawn with the available data, although its function might be to bind to and modulate the activity of hsp27.Some Studies claimed that phosphorylation is required for the translocation" SIGNOR-107688 FGFR3 protein P22607 UNIPROT FGFR3 protein P22607 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr760 TVTSTDEyLDLSAPF 9606 BTO:0000007 11294897 t lperfetto "Ligand stimulation leads to autophosphorylation of fgfr3taken together, these results clearly implicate y724 in the activation of stat proteins by constitutively activated mutants of fgfr3 and suggest that both y724 and y760 are required for maximal stat activation." SIGNOR-106742 CyclinA2/CDK2 complex SIGNOR-C83 SIGNOR AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser477 PQFSYSAsGTA 9606 BTO:0000093 24670654 t gcesareni "Phosphorylation of S477 and T479 at the Akt extreme carboxy terminus by cyclin-dependent kinase 2 (Cdk2)/cyclin A or mTORC2, under distinct physiological conditions, promotes Akt activation through facilitating, or functionally compensating for, S473 phosphorylation" SIGNOR-252440 BCR-ABL "fusion protein" SIGNOR-FP6 SIGNOR GRB2 protein P62993 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Tyr160 QVPQQPTyVQALFDF 9606 BTO:0000007 20554525 t lperfetto "Our data show that BCR-ABL also phosphorylates Grb2 in Tyr160Previous reports suggested an inhibitory role of Grb2 Tyr7, Tyr37, Tyr52, and Tyr209 phosphorylation in receptor tyrosine kinase signaling (16) (43). Instead, in our system Grb2 Tyr160 mutation was not show to have a role in ALCL proliferation." SIGNOR-247146 HCK protein P08631 UNIPROT BCR-ABL "fusion protein" SIGNOR-FP6 SIGNOR up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr177 ADAEKPFyVNVEFHH 9606 BTO:0001271 9407116 t lperfetto "The src family kinase hck interacts with bcr-abl by a kinase-independent mechanism and phosphorylates the grb2-binding site of bcr" SIGNOR-53964 KDM5B protein Q9UGL1 UNIPROT FOXG1 protein P55316 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000007 12657635 t miannu "Human PLU-1 Has transcriptional repression properties and interacts with the developmental transcription factors BF-1 and PAX9. In a reporter assay system, PLU-1 has potent transcriptional repression activity. BF-1 and PAX9 also represses transcription in the same assay, but co-expression of PLU-1 with BF-1 or PAX9 significantly enhances this repression" SIGNOR-223878 CDK4 protein P11802 UNIPROT RASSF1 protein Q9NS23 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser207 TSVRRRTsFYLPKDA 9606 SIGNOR-C18 18071316 t llicata "This skp2-dependent destruction of rassf1a requires phosphorylation of the latter on serine-203 by cyclin d-cyclin-dependent kinase 4." SIGNOR-159849 MAPK8 protein P45983 UNIPROT KRT8 protein P05787 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser74 TVNQSLLsPLVLEVD 9606 11781324 t lperfetto "Kinase assays showed that c-jun n-terminal kinase (jnk) was also activated with activation kinetics corresponding to that of k8 phosphorylation. Furthermore, k8 was also phosphorylated on ser-73 by jnk in vitro. The ser-73 --> ala-associated filament reorganization defect is rescued by a ser-73 --> asp mutation. Also, disease-causing keratin mutations can modulate keratin phosphorylation and organization, which may affect disease pathogenesis." SIGNOR-113645 PRKCB protein P05771 UNIPROT KCNC4 protein Q03721 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser15 SSYRGRKsGNKPPSK 9606 9649584 t gcesareni "This study investigated the molecular physiology of the nh2-terminal phosphorylation sites that regulate inactivation gating of an a-type k+ channel. The main results show that: (a) pkc acts on four phosphate acceptors (s8, s9, s15, and s21) within the inactivation domain because mutation of these residues to alanine is necessary and sufficient to remove the action of pkc on channel inactivation." SIGNOR-58498 LDB1 protein Q86U70 UNIPROT LHX2 protein P50458 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000007 17005264 t miannu "Cofactor CLIM2 promotes the repressive action of LIM homeodomain transcription factor Lhx2 in the expression of porcine pituitary glycoprotein hormone alpha subunit gene." SIGNOR-223962 Tozasertib chemical CID:5494449 PUBCHEM AURKA protein O14965 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-207666 CSNK2A1 protein P68400 UNIPROT PDCL protein Q13371 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser20 LQYYYSSsEDEDSDH 9606 16717095 t lperfetto "Phosducin-like protein (phlp) is a widely expressed binding partner of the g protein betagamma subunit complex (gbetagamma) that has been recently shown to catalyze the formation of the gbetagamma dimer from its nascent polypeptides. Phosphorylation of phlp at one or more of three consecutive serines (ser-18, ser-19, and ser-20) is necessary for gbetagamma dimer formation and is believed to be mediated by the protein kinase ck2." SIGNOR-146833 CSNK2A1 protein P68400 UNIPROT PDCL protein Q13371 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser25 SSSEDEDsDHEDKDR 9606 16717095 t lperfetto "Together, these data make a strong case for ck2 phosphorylation events within the serines 18-20 and 25 sites in vivo. hey also show that phosphorylation of ser-25 and ser-296 plays no additional role in g__ expression." SIGNOR-146837 CAMK2A protein Q9UQM7 UNIPROT SMAD2 protein Q15796 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser260 TLSPVNHsLDLQPVT 9606 SIGNOR-C8 11027280 t gcesareni "Smad2 is a target substrate for cam kinase ii in vitro at serine-110, -240, and -260. furthermore, cam kinase ii blocked nuclear accumulation of a smad2 and induced smad2-smad4 hetero-oligomerization independently of tgfbeta receptor activation, while preventing tgfbeta-dependent smad2-smad3 interactions." SIGNOR-82974 PTPRE protein P23469 UNIPROT MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Thr185 HDHTGFLtEYVATRW 9606 BTO:0000007 12754301 t llicata "The effect of PTP epsilon on ERKs is at least in part indirect because phosphorylation of the threonine residue in the ERK activation loop is reduced in the presence of PTP epsilon. Nonetheless, PTP epsilon is present in a molecular complex with ERK, providing PTP epsilon with opportunity to act on ERK proteins also directly. We conclude that PTP epsilon is a physiological inhibitor of ERK signaling|These enzymes are joined by the large family of dual-specificity phosphatases, which are structurally similar to tyrosine phosphatases but which can dephosphorylate both residues of the activation loop" SIGNOR-248449 PTPRE protein P23469 UNIPROT INSR protein P06213 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Tyr1185 FGMTRDIyETDYYRK 10116 BTO:0000575 15738637 t "In this study, we showed that receptor-type PTPepsilon (PTP epsilonM) dephosphorylated IR in rat primary hepatocytes and tyrosines 972, 1158, 1162 and 1163| These results suggest that PTPepsilonM is a negative regulator of IR signaling and involved in insulin-induced glucose metabolism mainly through direct dephosphorylation and inactivation of IR in hepatocytes and liver." SIGNOR-248444 CSNK2A2 protein P19784 UNIPROT SPIB protein Q01892 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" phosphorylation Ser129 PYPSPVLsEEEDLPL 9606 BTO:0000567 10618498 t llicata "Phosphorylation of the Spi-B transcription factor reduces its intrinsic stability. | Serine residues 37 in the transactivation domain and 129, 144 and 146 in the PEST domain of Spi-B are phosphorylated by CKII in vitro | The CKII phosphorylation sites mapped in vitro are phosphorylated in vivo" SIGNOR-251039 CDK1 protein P06493 UNIPROT CHEK1 protein O14757 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser301 IQSNLDFsPVNSASS 9606 21765472 t lperfetto "Chk1 itself is also subject to cdk-mediated phosphorylation at serines 286 and 301 (s286 and 301). We show that chk1 s301 phosphorylation increases as cells progress through s and g2 and that both cdk1 and cdk2 are likely to contribute to this modification in vivo. We also find that substitution of s286 and s301 with non-phosphorylatable alanine residues strongly attenuates dna damage-induced chk1 activation and g2 checkpoint proficiency" SIGNOR-175075 SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT HNF4A protein P41235 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Tyr23 SAALDPAyTTLEFEN 9606 22308320 t lperfetto "Here we show that c-src phosphorylates human hnf4_ on three tyrosines phosphomimetic mutants in the lbd decrease p1-hnf4_ protein stability, nuclear localization and transactivation function." SIGNOR-195883 BCR-ABL "fusion protein" SIGNOR-FP6 SIGNOR GRB2 protein P62993 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9534 BTO:0000298 phosphorylation:Tyr177 8402896 t gcesareni "BCR-ABL-induced oncogenesis is mediated by direct interaction with the SH2 domain of the GRB-2 adaptor protein. Mutation of Y177 to phenylalanine (Y177F) abolishes GRB-2 binding and abrogates BCR-ABL-induced Ras activation" SIGNOR-248199 BCR-ABL "fusion protein" SIGNOR-FP6 SIGNOR GRB2 protein P62993 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr52 DGFIPKNyIEMKPHP 9606 BTO:0000007 20554525 t lperfetto "More recently, however, tyrosine phosphorylation of Grb2 in BCR-ABL-transformed cells on residues Tyr7, Tyr37, Tyr52, and Tyr209 in the SH3 domains has been reported and shown to negatively regulate the Ras/MAPK pathway." SIGNOR-246293 CAMK4 protein Q16566 UNIPROT HNRNPL protein P14866 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser544 GKSERSSsGLLEWES 9606 22570490 t lperfetto "Here we show that the regulation of the stress axis-regulated exon of the slo1 potassium channel transcripts by membrane depolarization requires a highly conserved camkiv target serine (ser-513) of the heterogeneous ribonucleoprotein l. Ser-513 phosphorylation within the rna recognition motif 4 enhanced heterogeneous ribonucleoprotein l interaction with the camkiv-responsive rna element 1 of stress axis-regulated exon and inhibited binding of the large subunit of the u2 auxiliary factor u2af65." SIGNOR-197367 CDK1 protein P06493 UNIPROT MPLKIP protein Q8TAP9 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser93 YPGSYSRsPAGSQQQ 9606 17310276 t lperfetto "Ttdn1 is phosphorylated by cdk1 in vitro and in vivo. Ttdn1 is phosphorylated at multiple residues, including ser93 and ser104. Mutation of thr120 of ttdn1 abolishes its interaction with plk1, suggesting phosphorylation of thr120 in the consensus plk1-binding motif is required for its interaction with plk1" SIGNOR-153304 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT RUNX2 protein Q13950 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser312 SYLSQMTsPSIHSTT 9606 19801668 t llicata "In this study, we identified two phosphorylation sites in runx2 at ser301 and ser319 that are required for mapk-dependent activation of runx2 transcriptional activity and osteoblast differentiation." SIGNOR-188347 INSR protein P06213 UNIPROT CALM1 protein P62158 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Tyr100 FDKDGNGyISAAELR 9606 3415247 t lperfetto "The in vitro phosphorylation of calmodulin by the insulin receptor tyrosine kinase. Phosphorylated calmodulin does not exhibit the characteristic ca2+ shift normally observed with calmodulin in electrophoretic gels, an observation that is consistent with this modification affecting the biological activity of the molecule." SIGNOR-24782 Bafetinib chemical CID:24853523 PUBCHEM BCR-ABL "fusion protein" SIGNOR-FP6 SIGNOR down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-190224 PRKCG protein P05129 UNIPROT HABP4 protein Q5JVS0 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr354 RKPANDItSQLEINF 9606 BTO:0004974 14699138 t lperfetto "We found a strong phosphorylation of Ki-1/57 by PKCalphabeta, PKCdelta, PKClambda/zeta, and especially by PKCsigma, however not by PKCmi. These data show that Ki-1/57 can serve in principal as a substrate for a wide variety of different PKC isoforms but also that its phosphorylation is strongest with PKCsigma. | This suggests that the two threonine residues present in this fragment (Thr354 and Thr375) might be the main target residues for phosphorylation by PKC in vitro. | Ki-1/57 Exits the Nucleus upon PMA Activation" SIGNOR-249249 PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT HAND1 protein O96004 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser98 RLGRRKGsGPKKERR 9606 BTO:0000007 14636580 t lperfetto "In vitro and in vivo phosphorylation studies show that both PKA and PKC can phosphorylate HAND1 and -2. In addition, phosphopeptide mapping analysis of wild-type and mutant forms of HAND1 shows that three of these conserved residues, T107; S109 within helix I and S98 within the basic domain, are the phosphorylated residues. " SIGNOR-249243 PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT HABP4 protein Q5JVS0 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr354 RKPANDItSQLEINF 9606 BTO:0004974 14699138 t lperfetto "We found a strong phosphorylation of Ki-1/57 by PKCalphabeta, PKCdelta, PKClambda/zeta, and especially by PKCsigma, however not by PKCmi. These data show that Ki-1/57 can serve in principal as a substrate for a wide variety of different PKC isoforms but also that its phosphorylation is strongest with PKCsigma. | This suggests that the two threonine residues present in this fragment (Thr354 and Thr375) might be the main target residues for phosphorylation by PKC in vitro. | Ki-1/57 Exits the Nucleus upon PMA Activation" SIGNOR-249246 AKT2 protein P31751 UNIPROT MDM2 protein Q00987 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser166 SSRRRAIsETEENSD 9606 BTO:0000093 11504915 t lperfetto "Mitogen-induced activation of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (pi3-kinase) and its downstream target, the akt/pkb serine-threonine kinase, results in phosphorylation of mdm2 on serine 166 and serine 186. Phosphorylation on these sites is necessary for translocation of mdm2 from the cytoplasm into the nucleus.. Both akt expression and serum treatment induced phosphorylation of mdm2 at ser186." SIGNOR-109732 Nilotinib chemical CID:644241 PUBCHEM BCR-ABL "fusion protein" SIGNOR-FP6 SIGNOR down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-194640 AKT2 protein P31751 UNIPROT MDM2 protein Q00987 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser186 RQRKRHKsDSISLSF 9606 BTO:0000093 11504915 t lperfetto "Mitogen-induced activation of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (pi3-kinase) and its downstream target, the akt/pkb serine-threonine kinase, results in phosphorylation of mdm2 on serine 166 and serine 186. Phosphorylation on these sites is necessary for translocation of mdm2 from the cytoplasm into the nucleus.. Both akt expression and serum treatment induced phosphorylation of mdm2 at ser186." SIGNOR-109736 PTPN6 protein P29350 UNIPROT INSR protein P06213 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation Tyr1190 DIYETDYyRKGGKGL 9606 10734133 t flangone "Finally, we have tested the set of ptps for their ability to dephosphorylate a phosphopeptide corresponding to the irk autophosphorylation site. tc-ptp, sap-1, and ptp-1b all tested positive, but ptp-? Showed no activity, although the same gst-ptp preparation could efficiently convert pnpp (tablei). Interestingly, many other ptps showed activity, namely dep-1, glepp-1, lar, ptp-?, -?, -?, And shp-1." SIGNOR-75934 AKT2 protein P31751 UNIPROT SH3RF1 protein Q7Z6J0 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser304 KNTKKRHsFTSLTMA 9606 17535800 t gcesareni "Overexpression of posh induces apoptosis in a variety of cell types, but apoptosis can be prevented by co-expressing the pro-survival protein kinase akt. We report here that posh is a direct substrate for phosphorylation by akt in vivo and in vitro, and we identify a major site of akt phosphorylation as serine 304 of posh, which lies within the rac-binding domain. We further show that phosphorylation of posh results in a decreased ability to bind activated rac" SIGNOR-155233 CDK2 protein P24941 UNIPROT ZBTB16 protein Q05516 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr282 RGKEGPGtPTRSSVI 9606 BTO:0001271 18246121 t llicata "Here we show that the main cyclin-dependent kinase involved at the g(1) to s transition (cdk2) phosphorylates plzf at two consensus sites found within pest domains present in the hinge region of the protein. This phosphorylation triggers the ubiquitination and subsequent degradation of plzf, which impairs plzf transcriptional repression ability and antagonizes its growth inhibitory effects." SIGNOR-160630 NfKb-p65/p50 complex SIGNOR-C13 SIGNOR miR-155 mirna MI0000681 miRBase "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0004479 25092144 f miannu "We showed a strong induction of miR-155 promoter activity by p65. We demonstrate that NF-κB (p65) directly binds to the miR-155 promoter in FLT3-ITD-associated MV4;11 cells." SIGNOR-255816 MTOR protein P42345 UNIPROT EIF4EBP1 protein Q13541 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr46 GGTLFSTtPGGTRII 9606 BTO:0000007 SIGNOR-C3 12747827 t lperfetto "Here, we show that a functional TOS motif is required for 4E-BP1 to bind to raptor (a recently identified mTOR-interacting protein), for 4E-BP1 to be efficiently phosphorylated in vitro by themTOR/raptor complex, and for 4E-BP1 to be phosphorylated in vivo at all identified mTOR-regulated sites. mTOR/raptor regulated phosphorylation is necessary for 4E-BP’s efficient release from the translational initiation factor eIF4E. We find that the TOS motif is absolutely required for efficient phosphorylation of 4E-BP1 at all the identified mTOR-regulated sites, namely, Thr37/46, Ser65, and Thr70 in vivo." SIGNOR-101123 AURKA protein O14965 UNIPROT BRCA1 protein P38398 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser308 KAEFCNKsKQPGLAR 9606 14990569 t lperfetto "Previous studies have shown that the brca1 breast cancer tumor suppressor also localizes to the centrosome and that brca1 inactivation results in loss of the g(2)-m checkpoint. We demonstrate here that aurora-a physically binds to and phosphorylates brca1. We propose that brca1 phosphorylation by aurora-a plays a role in g(2) to m transition of cell cycle" SIGNOR-123065 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT RPS6KA1 protein Q15418 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr359 DTEFTSRtPKDSPGI 9534 BTO:0001538 9430688 t lperfetto "Several lines of evidence indicate that the mapkap-k1 isoforms are also activated by mapks in vivo via the ras-dependent protein kinase cascade that is triggered by growth factors or tumor-promoting phorbol esters, such as phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (pma). here we identify six sites in mapkap-k1a that become phosphorylated in transfected cos-1 cells. The inactive form of mapkap-k1a in unstimulated cells is partially phosphorylated at ser222 and ser733. Stimulation with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate induces the phosphorylation of thr360, ser364, thr574, and ser381 and increases the phosphorylation of ser222 and ser733." SIGNOR-219349 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR BAD protein Q92934 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser99 PFRGRSRsAPPNLWA 9606 BTO:0000938 9346240 t lperfetto "Experiments in this study reveal that akt phosphorylates bad both in vitro and in vivo and that akt-mediated phosphorylation of bad effectively blocks bad induced cell death.[...] In addition, these findings implicate a particular phosphorylation site on bad, serine 136, in the suppression of bad-mediated death by akt.[...]The Phosphorylation of bad may lead to the prevention of cell death via a mechanism that involves the selective association of the phosphorylated forms of bad with 14-3-3 protein isoforms. Akt phosphorylates bad in vitro and in vivo we show that growth factor activation of the pi3'k/akt signaling pathway culminates in the phosphorylation of the bcl-2 family member bad, thereby suppressing apoptosis and promoting cell survival. Akt phosphorylates bad in vitro and in vivo erbb-mediated phosphorylation of bad by akt promotes survival by blocking the interaction of this pro-apoptotic molecule with bcl-2 and bcl-x proteins" SIGNOR-244144 AURKB protein Q96GD4 UNIPROT HDAC5 protein Q9UQL6 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser278 QKVAERRsSPLLRRK 9606 22865920 t lperfetto "We define the precise site of aurb-mediated phosphorylation as a conserved serine within the nuclear localization signals of hdac4, hdac5, and hdac9 at ser265, ser278, and ser242, respectivelyduring mitosis, aurb-mediated phosphorylation may localize class iia hdacs to a phosphorylation gradient at the spindle midzone, permitting temporal and spatial regulatory mechanisms altering hdac protein interactions" SIGNOR-198650 PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT HDAC5 protein Q9UQL6 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser279 KVAERRSsPLLRRKD 9606 BTO:0000007;BTO:0001938;BTO:0000938 22865920 t lperfetto "We showed that phosphorylation at ser279 is necessary for efficient nuclear import of hdac5 in kidney cells (hek293) and osteosarcoma cells (u2os) (15). The kinases responsible for ser279 phosphorylation have recently been identified to be pka in cos-7 cells (16) and cdk5 in neurons" SIGNOR-198658 ATM protein Q13315 UNIPROT TP53BP1 protein Q12888 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser784 GVEKCSDsQSWEDIA 9606 12697768 t llicata "To examine whether the respective sq sites become phosphorylated in vivo, we raised polyclonal antibodies against phosphorylated ser-6 (anti-s6p), phosphorylated ser-25 and ser-29 (anti-s25p/29p), and phosphorylated ser-784 (anti-s784p). All affinity-purified antisera recognized 53bp1" SIGNOR-100653 STAT5A protein P42229 UNIPROT miR-155 mirna MI0000681 miRBase "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 25092144 f miannu "We could show that STAT5 is involved in miR-155 induction. STAT5 knockdown in FLT3-ITD model systems reduced miR-155 expression in vitro and in vivo. In silico analyses predicted an STAT binding site in the miR-155 promoter." SIGNOR-255817 SFPQ protein P23246 UNIPROT "LMX1B/SFPQ/PSPC1 complex" complex SIGNOR-C106 SIGNOR "form complex" binding 10090 BTO:0000669 23308148 t miannu "LMX1B is part of a transcriptional complex with PSPC1 and PSF. This complex was observed in vitro and in vivo." SIGNOR-223970 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT RPS6KA1 protein Q15418 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser380 HQLFRGFsFVATGLM 9534 BTO:0001538 9430688 t lperfetto "Several lines of evidence indicate that the mapkap-k1 isoforms are also activated by mapks in vivo via the ras-dependent protein kinase cascade that is triggered by growth factors or tumor-promoting phorbol esters, such as phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (pma). here we identify six sites in mapkap-k1a that become phosphorylated in transfected cos-1 cells. The inactive form of mapkap-k1a in unstimulated cells is partially phosphorylated at ser222 and ser733. Stimulation with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate induces the phosphorylation of thr360, ser364, thr574, and ser381 and increases the phosphorylation of ser222 and ser733." SIGNOR-219341 IFNA1 protein P01562 UNIPROT IFNAR1 protein P17181 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 8181059 t fspada "The present study describes a novel type i ifn receptor having the ability to bind and respond to several subtypes of ifn-a as well as to ifn-8. This 102 kda-51 kda receptor is essential for the activity of many type i ifns, as demonstrated with anti-receptor antibodies." SIGNOR-36622 MTOR protein P42345 UNIPROT EIF4EBP1 protein Q13541 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr70 RNSPVTKtPPRDLPT 9606 BTO:0000007 SIGNOR-C3 12747827 t lperfetto "Here, we show that a functional TOS motif is required for 4E-BP1 to bind to raptor (a recently identified mTOR-interacting protein), for 4E-BP1 to be efficiently phosphorylated in vitro by themTOR/raptor complex, and for 4E-BP1 to be phosphorylated in vivo at all identified mTOR-regulated sites. mTOR/raptor regulated phosphorylation is necessary for 4E-BP’s efficient release from the translational initiation factor eIF4E. We find that the TOS motif is absolutely required for efficient phosphorylation of 4E-BP1 at all the identified mTOR-regulated sites, namely, Thr37/46, Ser65, and Thr70 in vivo." SIGNOR-101127 CSNK2A1 protein P68400 UNIPROT EIF5 protein P55010 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser390 KEAEEESsGGEEEDE 9606 16227438 t gcesareni "We find that eif5 is associated with ck2 when the kinase activity is at the highest level in vivo, and is phosphorylated at ser389 and ser390 by ck2." SIGNOR-141159 TBK1 protein Q9UHD2 UNIPROT IRF5 protein Q13568 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser293 VELFGPIsLEQVRFP 9606 22412986 t lperfetto "Activation of interferon regulatory factor 5 by site specific phosphorylation. Although the gene induction by irf5 in the presence of tbk-1 was modest, phosphorylation by tbk-1 produced a significant shift in the mobility of irf5 in sds-page. For this reason we identified the residues that are phosphorylated on irf5 by tbk-1 with mass spectrometry. Ser-158 and ser-309 were found to be phosphorylated" SIGNOR-196532 ERBB2 protein P04626 UNIPROT ERBB2 protein P04626 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Tyr1023 DLVDAEEyLVPQQGF 9606 BTO:0000149 1706616 t gcesareni "However, each of these peptides contains tyrosines that correspond to major autophosphorylation sites of the epidermal growth factor receptor, suggesting that, in addition to y1023 and y1248, y1139 and y1222 also serve as autophosphorylation sites of her2." SIGNOR-21207 MAP2K7 protein O14733 UNIPROT MAPK9 protein P45984 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr185 TNFMMTPyVVTRYYR 9606 11062067 t lperfetto "In the present study, we found that mkk7 phosphorylates sapk2a/p38 exclusively at tyr-182, albeit at a low rate. Therefore one possibility is that the interaction of mkk7 and/or sapk1/jnk with another cellular protein alters the conformation of one of these enzymes in such a way as to facilitate phosphorylation of tyr-185 by mkk7 in vivo." SIGNOR-83748 PRKX protein P51817 UNIPROT PKD1 protein P98161 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser4166 EPLPSRSsRGSKVSP 9606 BTO:0000671 17980165 t lperfetto "The possibility of functional interactions between pkd1-encoded polycystin-1 and prkx was suggested by the renal co-distribution of prkx and polycystin-1 and the binding and phosphorylation of the c-terminal of polycystin-1 by prkx at s4166 in vitro. Taken together these results suggest that prkx can reverse the abnormalities in epithelial adhesion, migration and morphogenesis associated with pkd1 inhibition and cyst formation in adpkd." SIGNOR-158852 PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT KCNH2 protein Q12809 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr895 KLSFRRRtDKDTEQP 9606 10488078 t lperfetto "Deletion of protein kinase a phosphorylation sites in the herg potassium channel inhibits activation shift by protein kinase afour consensus pka phosphorylation sites (s283a, s890a, t895a, s1137a)" SIGNOR-70730 IKK-complex complex SIGNOR-C14 SIGNOR IKBKG protein Q9Y6K9 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser85 ELLHFQAsQREEKEF 9606 17977820 t lperfetto "In this study we analyze the ikkbeta-mediated phosphorylation of the ikk-binding domain of nemo. In vitro, ikkbeta phosphorylates three serine residues in the domain of nemo at positions 43, 68, and 85. However, mutational analysis revealed that only the phosphorylation of serine 68 in the center of the ikk-binding domain plays an essential role for the formation and the function of the ikk complex. Thus, ser(68) phosphorylation attenuates the amino-terminal dimerization of nemo as well as the ikkbeta-nemo interaction. I" SIGNOR-216353 AMPK complex SIGNOR-C15 SIGNOR PPP1R12C protein Q9BZL4 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser452 AGLQRSAsSSWLEGT 9606 22137581 t lperfetto "Ampk-induced phosphorylation is necessary for ppp1r12c interaction with 14-3-3 and phosphorylation of myosin regulatory light chain. Both ampk activity and ppp1r12c phosphorylation are increased in mitotic cells and are important for mitosis completion. The interaction between ppp1r12c and 14-3-3_ may inactivate the ppp1r12c-containing phosphatase complex in vivo." SIGNOR-216600 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT RCAN1 protein P53805 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser167 FLISPPAsPPVGWKQ 10090 BTO:0000165 12063245 t lperfetto "Consensus phosphorylation sites for p42/44 MAPK and GSK-3 are present in the SP repeat of MCIP1 at serine 112 and serine 108, respectively |Several endogenous proteins are capable of inhibiting the catalytic activity of calcineurin. Modulatory calcineurin interacting protein 1 (MCIP1) is unique among these proteins on the basis of its pattern of expression and its function in a negative feedback loop to regulate calcineurin activity. Here we show that MCIP1 can be phosphorylated by MAPK and glycogen synthase kinase-3 and that phosphorylated MCIP1 is a substrate for calcineurin." SIGNOR-249478 mTORC2 complex SIGNOR-C2 SIGNOR AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser477 PQFSYSAsGTA 9606 BTO:0000093 24670654 t gcesareni "Phosphorylation of S477 and T479 at the Akt extreme carboxy terminus by cyclin-dependent kinase 2 (Cdk2)/cyclin A or mTORC2, under distinct physiological conditions, promotes Akt activation through facilitating, or functionally compensating for, S473 phosphorylation" SIGNOR-252441 TTBK1 protein Q5TCY1 UNIPROT MAPT protein P10636 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser516 GDRSGYSsPGSPGTP 9606 BTO:0000938 16923168 t "The effect has been demonstrated using P10636-8" lperfetto "Direct tau phosphorylation by ttbk1 at ser198, ser199, ser202 and ser422, which are also phosphorylated in phfs. Ttbk1 also induces tau aggregation in human neuronal cells in a dose-dependent manner. We conclude that ttbk1 is a neuron-specific dual kinase involved in tau phosphorylation at ad-related sites and is also associated with tau aggregation." SIGNOR-148970 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT MYB protein P10242 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser532 KIKQEVEsPTDKSGN 9606 BTO:0000661 8960373 t lperfetto "Functional analysis of phosphorylation at serine 532 of human c-myb by map kinase. expression of a polypeptide containing the c-myb c-terminal domain stimulated c-myb activity. This effect is reduced upon mapk-dependent phosphorylation of serine 532. Our data suggest that the mapk-dependent state of phosphorylation modifies the cellular function of c-myb by modulating its interaction with a putative inhibitory factor" SIGNOR-45348 MAPKAPK2 protein P49137 UNIPROT ZFP36L1 protein Q07352 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser54 GGFPRRHsVTLPSSK 9606 18326031 t lperfetto "Mk2-mediated inhibition of brf1 requires phosphorylation at s54, s92, and s203. Phosphorylation of brf1 by mk2 does not appear to alter its ability to interact with ares or to associate with mrna decay enzymes. Thus, mk2 inhibits brf1-dependent amd through direct phosphorylation." SIGNOR-161274 MTOR protein P42345 UNIPROT RPS6KB1 protein P23443 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr412 NQVFLGFtYVAPSVL 9823 BTO:0004712 23486913 t lperfetto "Collectively, these results indicate that Arg, Leu, and Gln act coordinately to stimulate proliferation of pTr cells through activation of the MTOR-RPS6K-RPS6-EIF4EBP1 signal transduction pathway" SIGNOR-201538 CyclinA2/CDK2 complex SIGNOR-C83 SIGNOR AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr479 FSYSASGtA 9606 BTO:0000093 24670654 t gcesareni "Phosphorylation of S477 and T479 at the Akt extreme carboxy terminus by cyclin-dependent kinase 2 (Cdk2)/cyclin A or mTORC2, under distinct physiological conditions, promotes Akt activation through facilitating, or functionally compensating for, S473 phosphorylation" SIGNOR-252443 Nilotinib chemical CID:644241 PUBCHEM BCR-ABL "fusion protein" SIGNOR-FP6 SIGNOR "down-regulates activity" "chemical inhibition" 9606 19108785 t irozzo "Nilotinib is an oral second-generation bcr-abl TKI indicated for the treatment of imatinib resistant or -intolerant Ph+ CML-CP and -AP in adults. Nilotinib binds to inactive configuration of the abl kinase, thus preventing the tyrosine phosphorylation of proteins involved in bcr-abl signal transduction. Nilotinib binds to the inactive (unphosphorylated) configuration of the abl TK, with the P-Ioop folding over, disrupting the ATP binding site and catalytic activity of the enzyme." SIGNOR-255818 Bafetinib chemical CID:24853523 PUBCHEM BCR-ABL "fusion protein" SIGNOR-FP6 SIGNOR "down-regulates activity" "chemical inhibition" 9606 21154127 t irozzo "Bafetinib (NS-187, INNO-406) is a second-generation tyrosine kinase inhibitor in development by CytRx under license from Nippon Shinyaku for treating Bcr-Abl+ leukemia's, including chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) and Philadelphia+ acute lymphoblastic leukemia. It is a rationally developed tyrosine kinase inhibitor based on the chemical structure of imatinib, with modifications added to improve binding and potency against Bcr-Abl kinase." SIGNOR-255819 PRKCG protein P05129 UNIPROT CHAT protein P28329 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser464 LLKHVTQsSRKLIRA 9606 BTO:0000938 15381704 t "The effect has been demonstrated using P28329-3" gcesareni "We show that chat is differentially phosphorylated by protein kinase c (pkc) isoforms on four serines (ser-440, ser-346, ser-347, and ser-476) and one threonine (thr-255). This phosphorylation is hierarchical, with phosphorylation at ser-476 required for phosphorylation at other serines. Phosphorylation at some, but not all, sites regulates basal catalysis and activation." SIGNOR-129316 PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT VIM protein P08670 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" phosphorylation Ser27 TASRPSSsRSYVTTS -1 2500966 t lperfetto "We reported that stoichiometric phosphorylation by either cAMP-dependent protein kinase or protein kinase C induces disassembly of vimentin filaments. In the present work, we attempted to identify the sites of vimentin phosphorylated by each protein kinase. Sequential analysis of the purified phosphopeptides, together with the known primary sequence, revealed that Ser-8, Ser-9, Ser-20, Ser-25, Ser-33, and Ser-41 were specifically phosphorylated by protein kinase C, whereas Ser-46 was phosphorylated preferentially by cAMP-dependent protein kinase. Both kinases reacted with Ser-6, Ser-24, Ser-38, Ser-50, and Ser-65." SIGNOR-248879 PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT MBP protein P02686 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser285 VDAQGTLsKIFKLGG -1 2413024 t lperfetto "MBP was phosphorylated by either protein kinase A or C | Subsequent amino acid analysis and/or sequential Edman degradation of the purified phosphopeptides, together with the known primary sequence of this protein, revealed that Ser-46 and Ser-151 were specifically phosphorylated by protein kinase C, whereas Thr-34 and Ser-115 were phosphorylated preferentially by protein kinase A. Both kinases reacted with Ser-8, Ser-11, Ser-55, Ser-110, Ser-132, and Ser-161 at various reaction velocities." SIGNOR-248874 SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT RGS16 protein O15492 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr177 RFLKSPAyRDLAAQA 9606 12588871 t lperfetto "Src-mediated rgs16 tyrosine phosphorylation promotes rgs16 stability. hosphorylation on tyr(168) was mediated by the epidermal growth factor receptor (egfr)." SIGNOR-98275 GRK3 protein P35626 UNIPROT BDKRB2 protein P30411 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser373 SMGTLRTsISVERQI 9606 BTO:0000007 11517230 t gcesareni "...expression of GRK4Ž drastically increased the basal level of32P incorporation into B2R.[€]a clustered phosphorylation around Ser(346) is necessary for desensitization of the B2 receptor-induced phospholipase C activation." SIGNOR-249658 GRK2 protein P25098 UNIPROT MC4R protein P32245 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser329 LGGLCDLsSRY 9606 BTO:0000007 12639913 t gcesareni "Mutagenesis studies revealed that Thr312 and Ser329/330 in the C-terminal tail are potential sites for PKA and GRK phosphorylation and may play an essential role in the recruitment of beta-arrestin to the activated receptor." SIGNOR-249659 ATR protein Q13535 UNIPROT RAD17 protein O75943 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser656 SASELPAsQPQPFSA 9606 BTO:0000567 11687627 t lperfetto "Here we demonstrate that atr but not atm phosphorylates the human rad17 (hrad17) checkpoint protein on ser(635) and ser(645) in vitro.The rfc-related checkpoint protein rad17, a phosphorylation substrate of atr, is critical for atr-mediated checkpoint signaling and cell survival." SIGNOR-111252 PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT MARCKS protein P29966 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser163 KRFSFKKsFKLSGFS -1 1560845 t gcesareni "Here we report that MARCKS is a filamentous (F) actin crosslinking protein, with activity that is inhibited by PKC-mediated phosphorylation and by binding to calcium-calmodulin" SIGNOR-249650 DYRK2 protein Q92630 UNIPROT CARHSP1 protein Q9Y2V2 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser32 RSRERSPsPLRGNVV 9606 BTO:0000671 15910284 t lperfetto "Dyrk2 (dual-specificity tyrosine-phosphorylated and -regulated protein kinase 2) phosphorylated crhsp24 at ser30, ser32 and ser41 in vitro, and ser41 was identified as a site phosphorylated in cells." SIGNOR-137478 MAPKAPK5 protein Q8IW41 UNIPROT TH protein P07101 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser19 KGFRRAVsELDAKQA 9606 12421349 t "The effect has been demonstrated using P07101-3" gcesareni "Recombinant human tyrosine hydroxylase (hth1) was found to be phosphorylated by mitogen and stress-activated protein kinase 1 (msk1) at ser40 and by p38 regulated/activated kinase (prak) on ser19. Phosphorylation of both ser40 and ser19 induced a high-affinity binding of 14-3-3 proteins, but only the interaction of 14-3-3 with ser19 increased the hth1 activity." SIGNOR-95479 MAPK9 protein P45984 UNIPROT MAPK8IP3 protein Q9UPT6 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr286 SVPSAAVtPLNESLQ 9606 15767678 t gcesareni "Phosphoamino acid analysis confirmed that jnk caused thr phosphorylation of jip3 (fig. _(fig.3c).3c). This phosphorylation on thr was markedly decreased when thr266, thr276, and thr287 were replaced with ala. These data indicate that jnk phosphorylated jip3 on thr266, thr276, and thr287 in vitro." SIGNOR-134576 PRKD1 protein Q15139 UNIPROT PTRH2 protein Q9Y3E5 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser5 sLVMEYLA 9606 18703509 t lperfetto "Overexpression of constitutively active pkd or pkd activation by treatment with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate results in phosphorylation of two serine residues (ser5 and ser87) in a form of bit1 that is confined to the cytoplasm and concomitantly increases the apoptotic activity of cytoplasmic bit1" SIGNOR-180085 ZAP70 protein P43403 UNIPROT ZAP70 protein P43403 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr126 RDAMVRDyVRQTWKL 9606 BTO:0000661 7961936 t lperfetto "We show that ZAP-70 has a primary autophosphorylation site at Tyr-292, with a secondary site at Tyr-126. We also show additional phosphorylation at Tyr-69, Tyr-178, Tyr-492, and Tyr-493 upon the addition of the protein tyrosine kinase, p56lck. By comparative two-dimensional phosphopeptide mapping, we show that ZAP-70 isolated from Jurkat T cells also autophosphorylates at Tyr-292 and Tyr-126" SIGNOR-247044 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT PTPRR protein Q15256 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr361 EPFVSIPtPREKVAM 11493009 t lperfetto "Specifically, the complex formation between PTP-SL and ERK2 involves an unusual interaction leading to the phosphorylation of PTP-SL by ERK2 at Thr253 and the inactivating dephosphorylation of ERK2 by PTP-SL." SIGNOR-249477 PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT CTPS1 protein P17812 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr455 MRLGKRRtLFQTKNS 9606 17463002 t llicata "These data indicated that protein kinase c phosphorylation at ser(462) stimulates human ctp synthetase 1 activity, whereas phosphorylation at thr(455) inhibits activity." SIGNOR-154621 CDK1 protein P06493 UNIPROT CASP9 protein P55211 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr125 PEVLRPEtPRPVDIG 9606 SIGNOR-C17 17466630 t gcesareni "Here, we show that the apoptotic initiator protease caspase-9 is regulated during the cell cycle through periodic phosphorylation at an inhibitory site, thr125. This site is phosphorylated by cdk1/cyclin b1 during mitosis and in response to microtubule poisons that arrest cells at this stage of the cell cycle." SIGNOR-154626 CSNK2A2 protein P19784 UNIPROT GTF2A1 protein P52655 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser316 VEEEPLNsEDDVSDE -1 11278496 t llicata "We now show that human TFIIA is phosphorylated in vivo on serine residues that are partially conserved between yeast and human TFIIA large subunits. Alanine substitution mutation of serine residues 316 and 321 in TFIIA alphabeta reduced TFIIA phosphorylation significantly in vivo. Additional alanine substitutions at serines 280 and 281 reduced phosphorylation to undetectable levels. Mutation of all four serine residues reduced the ability of TFIIA to stimulate transcription in transient transfection assays with various activators and promoters, indicating that TFIIA phosphorylation is required globally for optimal function." SIGNOR-250997 CSNK2A2 protein P19784 UNIPROT GTF2A1 protein P52655 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser281 DGTGDTSsEEDEDEE -1 11278496 t llicata "We now show that human TFIIA is phosphorylated in vivo on serine residues that are partially conserved between yeast and human TFIIA large subunits. Alanine substitution mutation of serine residues 316 and 321 in TFIIA alphabeta reduced TFIIA phosphorylation significantly in vivo. Additional alanine substitutions at serines 280 and 281 reduced phosphorylation to undetectable levels. Mutation of all four serine residues reduced the ability of TFIIA to stimulate transcription in transient transfection assays with various activators and promoters, indicating that TFIIA phosphorylation is required globally for optimal function." SIGNOR-250996 CTDSPL protein O15194 UNIPROT SMAD3 protein P84022 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser208 DAGSPNLsPNPMSPA 9606 BTO:0000007 17035229 t "Dephosphorylation of Smad2/3 Linkers by SCP2 and SCP3|MAPK-mediated linker phosphorylation appears to have a dual role in Smad2/3 regulation. Mitogens and hyperactive Ras result in extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)-mediated phosphorylation of Smad3 at Ser-204, Ser-208, and Thr-179 and of Smad2 at Ser-245/250/255 and Thr-220. Mutation of these sites increases the ability of Smad3 to activate target genes, suggesting that MAPK phosphorylation of Smad3 is inhibitory (11, 12). However, in contrast, ERK-dependent phosphorylation of Smad2 at Thr-8 enhances its transcriptional activity" SIGNOR-248307 CTDSPL protein O15194 UNIPROT SMAD3 protein P84022 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser204 NHSMDAGsPNLSPNP 9606 BTO:0000007 17035229 t "Dephosphorylation of Smad2/3 Linkers by SCP2 and SCP3|MAPK-mediated linker phosphorylation appears to have a dual role in Smad2/3 regulation. Mitogens and hyperactive Ras result in extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)-mediated phosphorylation of Smad3 at Ser-204, Ser-208, and Thr-179 and of Smad2 at Ser-245/250/255 and Thr-220. Mutation of these sites increases the ability of Smad3 to activate target genes, suggesting that MAPK phosphorylation of Smad3 is inhibitory (11, 12). However, in contrast, ERK-dependent phosphorylation of Smad2 at Thr-8 enhances its transcriptional activity" SIGNOR-248306 mTORC2 complex SIGNOR-C2 SIGNOR AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr479 FSYSASGtA 9606 BTO:0000093 24670654 t gcesareni "Phosphorylation of S477 and T479 at the Akt extreme carboxy terminus by cyclin-dependent kinase 2 (Cdk2)/cyclin A or mTORC2, under distinct physiological conditions, promotes Akt activation through facilitating, or functionally compensating for, S473 phosphorylation" SIGNOR-252444 CDK1 protein P06493 UNIPROT PPP1CA protein P62136 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr320 NPGGRPItPPRNSAK 9606 BTO:0000661 12202491 t gcesareni "In this study, we observed that phosphorylation of protein phosphatase 1 (pp1) on thr(320) is reduced in brain extracts from egr-1(-/-) mice, indicating that a kinase downstream of egr-1 phosphorylates pp1. both of these pp1 isoforms contain an arg-pro-ile/val-thr-pro-pro-arg sequence near the c terminus, a known site of phosphorylation by cdc/cdk kinases, and phosphorylation attenuates phosphatase activity." SIGNOR-92261 MAPK14 protein Q16539 UNIPROT AKT2 protein P31751 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" Ser474 RTHFPQFsYSASIRE 9606 12181443 f lperfetto "We show [] that the kinase activity and s473 phosphorylation of akt induced by lpa and s1p requires both mitogen-activated protein (map) kinase kinase (mek) and p38 map kinase. [] among different stimuli tested, platelet-derived growth factor stimulates s473 phosphorylation of akt in a mek- and p38-dependent manner. However, epidermal growth factor, thrombin, and endothelin-1?stimulated Akt s473 phosphorylation require p38 but not mek." SIGNOR-91408 CSNK2A2 protein P19784 UNIPROT GTF2A1L protein Q9UNN4 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser356 VDGSGDTsSNEEIGS -1 12107178 t llicata "ALF was able to stabilize the binding of TBP to DNA, but it could not stabilize TBP mutants A184E, N189E, E191R, and R205E nor could it facilitate binding of the TBP-like factor TRF2/TLF to a consensus TATA element. However, phosphorylation of ALF with casein kinase II resulted in the partial restoration of complex formation using mutant TBPs. | Because the residues involved (Ser-280, Ser-281, Ser-316, and Ser-321) are conserved in ALF (Ser-356, Ser-357, Ser-418, and Ser-423), we tested whether its activity might also be affected by this modification. We first showed that ALF and TFIIAα/β polypeptides incubated with casein kinase II and [γ-32P]ATP could be labeled." SIGNOR-250991 SIRT1 protein Q96EB6 UNIPROT AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" deacetylation Lys14 VKEGWLHkRGEYIKT 10090 BTO:0000562 21775285 t gcesareni "We show that Akt and PDK1 are acetylated at lysine residues in their pleckstrin homology domains, which mediate PIP(3) binding. Acetylation blocked binding of Akt and PDK1 to PIP(3), thereby preventing membrane localization and phosphorylation of Akt. Deacetylation by SIRT1 enhanced binding of Akt and PDK1 to PIP(3) and promoted their activation." SIGNOR-252445 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT BCL6 protein P41182 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser343 KSDCQPNsPTESCSS 9606 BTO:0000782;BTO:0000785 9649500 t gcesareni "Here we show that antigen receptor activation leads to bcl-6 phosphorylation by mitogen-activated protein kinase (mapk). Phosphorylation, in turn, targets bcl-6 for rapid degradation by the ubiquitin/proteasome pathway." SIGNOR-58493 CHUK protein O15111 UNIPROT CREBBP protein Q92793 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser1386 FVDSGEMsESFPYRT 9606 BTO:0000551 17434128 t lperfetto "Phosphorylation of cbp by ikkalpha promotes cell growth by switching the binding preference of cbp from p53 to nf-kappabhere, we show that ikkalpha phosphorylates cbp at serine 1382 and serine 1386 and consequently increases cbp's hat and transcriptional activities" SIGNOR-154333 BCR-ABL "fusion protein" SIGNOR-FP6 SIGNOR GRB2 protein P62993 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0002181 11726515 t irozzo "However, direct binding of Grb2 to Bcr/Abl also facilitates its tyrosine phosphorylation, which we propose reflects activation of a physiological negative regulatory mechanism by this oncogenic tyrosine kinase.Direct binding of Grb2 to Bcr/Abl facilitates Grb2 phosphorylation." SIGNOR-255820 CSNK2A1 protein P68400 UNIPROT MAX protein P61244 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser2 sDNDDIEV 9606 8018564 t gcesareni "Here, we have mapped the nh2-terminal in vivo phosphorylation sites of max to ser2 and ser11[...]" SIGNOR-35772 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR ESR1 protein P03372 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser104 FPPLNSVsPSPLMLL 9606 11108261 t lperfetto "Studies using mutants of er-alpha demonstrated that akt increased estrogen receptor activity through the amino-terminal activation function-1 (af-1). Serines s104 s106, s118, and s167 appear to play a role in the activation of er-alpha by akt." SIGNOR-244243 FLT1 protein P17948 UNIPROT FLT1 protein P17948 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr1333 DYNSVVLySTPPI 9606 9722576 t lperfetto "Receptor tyrosine phosphorylation is crucial for signal transduction by creating high affinity binding sites for src homology 2 domain-containing molecules. By expressing the intracellular domain of flt-1/vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-1 in the baculosystem, we identified two major tyrosine phosphorylation sites at tyr-1213 and tyr-1242 and two minor tyrosine phosphorylation sites at tyr-1327 and tyr-1333 in this receptor." SIGNOR-59762 PRKCG protein P05129 UNIPROT VTN protein P04004 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by stabilization" phosphorylation Ser381 RNRKGYRsQRGHSRG -1 9030777 t lperfetto "Phosphorylation of vitronectin on Ser362 by protein kinase C attenuates its cleavage by plasmin." SIGNOR-248964 PPP2CA protein P67775 UNIPROT CHEK1 protein O14757 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser345 LVQGISFsQPTCPDH 9606 17015476 t "Phosphorylation of Chk1 by ATR is antagonized by a Chk1-regulated protein phosphatase 2A circuit|In response to genotoxic stress, Chk1 is phosphorylated on serines 317 (S317) and 345 (S345) by the ataxia-telangiectasia-related (ATR) protein kinase. Phosphorylation of Chk1 on these C-terminal serine residues is used as an indicator of Chk1 activation in vivo." SIGNOR-248615 SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT RGS16 protein O15492 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr168 TLMEKDSyPRFLKSP 9606 12588871 t miannu "Src-mediated rgs16 tyrosine phosphorylation promotes rgs16 stability. / this result suggests src phosphorylates native rgs16 at residue tyr177 in vitro." SIGNOR-98271 PAK2 protein Q13177 UNIPROT PAK2 protein Q13177 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser20 APPVRMSsTIFSTGG -1 10075701 t miannu "Eight autophosphorylation sites were identified in Cdc42-activated gamma-PAK, six of which are in common with those previously reported in alpha-PAK, while Ser-19 and Ser-165 appear to be uniquely phosphorylated in the gamma-form. Further, the phosphorylation of Ser-141, Ser-165, and Thr-402 was found to correlate with gamma-PAK activation. Autophosphorylation of γ-PAK with MgATP alone takes place at Ser-19, Ser-20, Ser-55, Ser-192, and Ser-197." SIGNOR-250227 FLT4 protein P35916 UNIPROT FLT4 protein P35916 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr1363 TFFTDNSy 9606 BTO:0000394 12881528 t lperfetto "Trans-phosphorylation of activated, dimerized receptor tyrosine kinases is known to be critical for the regulation of kinase activity and for receptor interaction with signal transduction molecules. In this study, we have identified five tyrosyl phosphorylation sites in the vegfr-3 carboxyl-terminal tail." SIGNOR-104092 PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT IL2RA protein P01589 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser268 WQRRQRKsRRTI 9606 BTO:0000782 2303462 t lperfetto "The interleukin-2 (il-2) receptor, the leukocyte-specific membrane glycoprotein, t200, and the class i major histocompatibility antigens (hla) have been identified as substrates for protein kinase c from these studies, it was concluded that ser-247 is the major site of phosphorylation in the il-2 receptor and that thr-250 is a minor site." SIGNOR-22984 PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT GMFB protein P60983 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser53 DEELEGIsPDELKDE -1 9030586 t lperfetto "Using synthetic peptide fragments containing putative phosphorylation sites of GMF, we demonstrate that PKA is capable of phosphorylating threonine 26 and serine 82, whereas PKC, p90 ribosomal S6 kinase, and casein kinase II, can phosphorylate serine 71, threonine 26, and serine 52, respectively." SIGNOR-248960 PAK2 protein Q13177 UNIPROT PAK2 protein Q13177 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser141 TVKQKYLsFTPPEKD -1 10075701 t miannu "Eight autophosphorylation sites were identified in Cdc42-activated gamma-PAK, six of which are in common with those previously reported in alpha-PAK, while Ser-19 and Ser-165 appear to be uniquely phosphorylated in the gamma-form. Further, the phosphorylation of Ser-141, Ser-165, and Thr-402 was found to correlate with gamma-PAK activation. Autophosphorylation of γ-PAK with MgATP alone takes place at Ser-19, Ser-20, Ser-55, Ser-192, and Ser-197." SIGNOR-250228 PAK2 protein Q13177 UNIPROT MKNK1 protein Q9BUB5 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser39 RRGRATDsLPGKFED 9606 BTO:0000007 15234964 t miannu "Phosphorylation of Mnk1 by caspase-activated Pak2/gamma-PAK inhibits phosphorylation and interaction of eIF4G with Mnk. When 293T cells are subjected to apoptotic induction by hydrogen peroxide, Mnk1 is phosphorylated at both Thr(22) and Ser(27). These results indicate a role for Pak2 in the down-regulation of translation initiation in apoptosis by phosphorylation of Mnk1." SIGNOR-250221 TNK2 protein Q07912 UNIPROT AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr176 EKATGRYyAMKILKK 10090 BTO:0002021 20333297 t gcesareni "Ack1 (also known as ACK or TNK2), which directly phosphorylates AKT at an evolutionarily conserved tyrosine 176 in the kinase domain. Tyr176-phosphorylated AKT localizes to the plasma membrane and promotes Thr308/Ser473-phosphorylation leading to AKT activation." SIGNOR-252446 DUSP3 protein P51452 UNIPROT MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Tyr187 HTGFLTEyVATRWYR 9534 BTO:0004055 10224087 t "Extracellular regulated kinases (ERK) 1 and ERK2 are authentic substrates for the dual-specificity protein-tyrosine phosphatase VHR. A novel role in down-regulating the ERK pathway.|Catalysis by VHR requires the native structure of ERK and is specific for tyrosine 185 of ERK2" SIGNOR-248536 CBL protein P22681 UNIPROT FLT3 protein P36888 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 10090 BTO:0001516 19276253 t "Functionally, CBL negatively regulated FMS-like tyrosine kinase 3 (FLT3) activity and interacted with human FLT3 via the autophosphorylation sites Y589 and Y599 and colocalized in vivo." SIGNOR-255739 PRKAA1 protein Q13131 UNIPROT SYN1 protein P17600 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser9 NYLRRRLsDSNFMAN 9606 10880969 t lperfetto "It has been reported that site 1 of syn i can be phosphorylated by pka. Pka-mediated synapsin i ser9 phosphorylation occurs in response to cgs 21680 treatment. Results show that the adenosine a2a receptor agonist, cgs 21680, increases neurotransmitter release, in particular, glutamate and noradrenaline and such response is mediated by protein kinase a activation, which in turn increased synapsin i phosphorylation" SIGNOR-78891 CDK1 protein P06493 UNIPROT RB1 protein P06400 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr373 VNVIPPHtPVRTVMN 9606 1756735 t lperfetto "The retinoblastoma gene product (prb) is a nuclear phosphoprotein that is thought to play a key role in the negative regulation of cellular proliferation. The active form of prb is underphosphorylated. Using synthetic peptides corresponding to potential cdc2 phosphorylation sites, we have developed a strate