ENTITYA TYPEA IDA DATABASEA ENTITYB TYPEB IDB DATABASEB EFFECT MECHANISM RESIDUE SEQUENCE TAX_ID CELL_DATA TISSUE_DATA MODULATOR_COMPLEX TARGET_COMPLEX MODIFICATIONA MODASEQ MODIFICATIONB MODBSEQ PMID DIRECT NOTES ANNOTATOR SENTENCE SIGNOR_ID roscovitine chemical CID:160355 PUBCHEM CDK2 protein P24941 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-206571 p38 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF16 SIGNOR HNF4A protein P41235 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser167 VLSRQITsPVSGING 9606 16351573 t lperfetto "Our results indicate that p38 kinase-mediated ser158 phosphorylation is essential for augmentation of the dna binding and transactivation potential of hnf4alpha" SIGNOR-143046 PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT DNAJC5 protein Q9H3Z4 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser10 DQRQRSLsTSGESLY 9606 BTO:0000938 18951872 t gcesareni "Csp is phosphorylated in vivo on a single residue, ser10, and this phosphorylation regulates its cellular functions,[...]PKA Phosphorylation of full-length csp protein stimulated 14-3-3 binding, and this was abolished in a ser10-ala mutant csp, confirming the binding site as phospho-ser10" SIGNOR-181788 NTRK2 protein Q16620 UNIPROT FYN protein P06241 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000938 9648856 t gcesareni "All these data suggest the involvement of fyn in the neurotrophin signal transduction pathways downstream of trkb. We investigated whether fyn is involved in the trk-dependent signal transduction pathways of neurotrophin. The fyn-src homology domain 2 (sh2) was observed to associate in vitro with the intracellular domain of trkb (icd-trkb)." SIGNOR-58424 CSNK1A1 protein P48729 UNIPROT LRP6 protein O75581 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr1493 NPPPSPAtERSHYTM 9606 16341017 t lperfetto "We show that wnt induces sequential phosphorylation of lrp6 by gsk3 and casein kinase 1, and this dual phosphorylation promotes the engagement of lrp6 with the scaffolding protein axin.Site ii, like site i, was phosphorylated, as detected by means of a phospho-specific antibody (ab1493, for phosphorylated t1493 in lrp6)" SIGNOR-143034 CSNK1A1 protein P48729 UNIPROT LRP6 protein O75581 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation 9606 16341017 t gcesareni "We show that wnt induces sequential phosphorylation of lrp6 by gsk3 and casein kinase 1, and this dual phosphorylation promotes the engagement of lrp6 with the scaffolding protein axin." SIGNOR-143037 GAS6 protein Q14393 UNIPROT AXL protein P30530 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 16362042 t gcesareni "Receptor tyrosine kinases of the axl family are activated by the vitamin k-dependent protein gas6. We report the identification of ligands for tyro 3 (alternatively called sky, rse, brt, or tif) and axl (alternatively, ark or ufo), members of a previously orphan family of receptor-like tyrosine kinases. These ligands correspond to protein s, a protease regulator that is a potent anticoagulant, and gas6, a protein related to protein s but lacking any known function." SIGNOR-143109 NXPH1 protein P58417 UNIPROT NRXN3 protein Q9Y4C0 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000938 9856994 t gcesareni "We show that neurexophilins 1 and 3 but not 4 (neurexophilin 2 is not expressed in rodents) bind to a single individual lns domain, the second overall lns domain in all three alpha-neurexins." SIGNOR-60643 NTRK1 protein P04629 UNIPROT SH2B2 protein O14492 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation 9606 BTO:0000938 9856458 t lperfetto "Two substrates of trk kinases, raps and sh2-b. raps and sh2-b mediate trk signaling in developing neurons" SIGNOR-62619 NXPH1 protein P58417 UNIPROT NRXN1 protein P58400 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000938 9856994 t gcesareni "Purification of neurexin ialpha revealed that it is tightly complexed to a secreted glycoprotein called neurexophilin 1" SIGNOR-62699 NXPH1 protein P58417 UNIPROT NRXN1 protein Q9ULB1 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000938 9856994 t gcesareni "Purification of neurexin ialpha revealed that it is tightly complexed to a secreted glycoprotein called neurexophilin 1" SIGNOR-62775 ARTN protein Q5T4W7 UNIPROT GFRA3 protein O60609 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000938 9883723 t gcesareni "Here, we report the identification of artemin, a novel member of the gdnf family, and demonstrate that it is the ligand for the former orphan receptor gfralpha3-ret. Artemin can also activate the gfralpha1-ret complex." SIGNOR-63009 JNK proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF15 SIGNOR JUN protein P05412 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser63 KNSDLLTsPDVGLLK 9606 BTO:0000938 12040039 t lperfetto "Stress in primary cultured cns neurons induces phosphorylation of c-jun serines 63 and 73 and increased c-jun protein. Jnk2/3 activity selectively targets c-jun." SIGNOR-236130 MAPK9 protein P45984 UNIPROT JUN protein P05412 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser63 KNSDLLTsPDVGLLK 9606 BTO:0000938 12040039 t gcesareni "Stress in primary cultured cns neurons induces phosphorylation of c-jun serines 63 and 73 and increased c-jun protein. Jnk2/3 activity selectively targets c-jun." SIGNOR-88208 SLIT2 protein O94813 UNIPROT ROBO4 protein Q8WZ75 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000938 12941633 t gcesareni "We show that robo4 binds slit and inhibits cellular migration in a heterologous expression system, analogous to the role of known robo receptors in the nervous system." SIGNOR-86380 PTGER3 protein P43115 UNIPROT GNAI1 protein P63096 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000938 12038972 t gcesareni "Ep3 receptor signals are primarily involved in adenylyl cyclase via g(i) activation, and in ca(2+)-mobilization through g(beta)(gamma) from g(i)" SIGNOR-88143 PTGER3 protein P43115 UNIPROT GNB3 protein P16520 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000938 12038972 t gcesareni "Ep3 receptor signals are primarily involved in adenylyl cyclase via g(i) activation, and in ca(2+)-mobilization through g(beta)(gamma) from g(i)" SIGNOR-88192 MAPK9 protein P45984 UNIPROT JUN protein P05412 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser73 VGLLKLAsPELERLI 9606 BTO:0000938 12040039 t gcesareni "Stress in primary cultured cns neurons induces phosphorylation of c-jun serines 63 and 73 and increased c-jun protein. Jnk2/3 activity selectively targets c-jun." SIGNOR-88212 SMAD6 protein O43541 UNIPROT TGFBR1 protein P36897 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 9606 20663871 t lperfetto "The inhibitory Smads (I-Smads), i.e. Smad6 and Smad7, are negative regulators of transforming growth factor-_ (TGF-_) family signaling. I-Smads inhibit TGF-_ family signaling principally through physical interaction with type I receptors (activin receptor-like kinases), so as to compete with receptor-regulated Smads (R-Smads) for activation." SIGNOR-167160 TAOK2 protein Q9UL54 UNIPROT MAP2K4 protein P45985 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0001130 10660600 t lperfetto "Immunoprecipitated psk phosphorylates myelin basic protein and transfected psk stimulates mkk4 and mkk7 and activates the c-jun n-terminal kinase mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway." SIGNOR-74864 TRAF2 protein Q12933 UNIPROT MAP3K5 protein Q99683 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 10688666 t lperfetto "Tnf receptor (tnfr) associated factor 2 (traf2), an adapter protein that couples tnfrs to the sapks and p38s, can activate ask1 in vivo and can interact in vivo with the amino- and carboxyl-terminal noncatalytic domains of the ask1 polypeptide" SIGNOR-75334 SMAD7 protein O15105 UNIPROT SMURF1 protein Q9HCE7 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" relocalization 9606 19352540 t lperfetto "Smad7 also recruits the HECT type of E3 ubiquitin ligases, Smurf1 and Smurf2. It binds to Smurfs in the nucleus and translocates into the cytoplasm in response to TGF-_ and recruits the ubiquitin ligases to the activated type I receptor ALK5/T_RI, leading to the degradation of the receptor through the proteasomal pathway." SIGNOR-185131 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT MEF2C protein Q06413 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" 9606 BTO:0000222 BTO:0000887;BTO:0001103 10896679 f lperfetto "Two candidates that may function as mediators of pi3-k in the phosphorylation of mef2 proteins are pkb and big map kinase 1." SIGNOR-79335 DYRK1A protein Q13627 UNIPROT SNCA protein P37840 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser87 KTVEGAGsIAAATGF 9606 BTO:0000938 16959772 t lperfetto "In vitro kinase assay of anti-dyrk1a immunocomplexes demonstrated that dyrk1a could phosphorylate alpha-synuclein at ser-87. Furthermore, aggregates formed by phosphorylated alpha-synuclein have a distinct morphology and are more neurotoxic compared with aggregates composed of unmodified wild type alpha-synuclein. These findings suggest alpha-synuclein inclusion formation regulated by dyrk1a, potentially affecting neuronal cell viability." SIGNOR-149393 LCK protein P06239 UNIPROT LCK protein P06239 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr394 RLIEDNEyTAREGAK 9606 2250907 t lperfetto "They also demonstrate that replacement of the major site of autophosphorylation of p56lck (tyrosine 394) by a phenylalanine residue abolishes the ability to activate p56lck by CD4 cross-linking, implying that this residue is critical for the positive regulation of the Lck tyrosine kinase activity by CD4." SIGNOR-81372 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT MEF2D protein Q14814 UNIPROT up-regulates 9606 BTO:0000222 BTO:0000887;BTO:0001103 10896679 f lperfetto "Two candidates that may function as mediators of pi3-k in the phosphorylation of mef2 proteins are pkb and big map kinase 1." SIGNOR-79338 SMURF1 protein Q9HCE7 UNIPROT SMAD7 protein O15105 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" ubiquitination 9606 12519765 t lperfetto "Smad ubiquitin regulatory factor 1 (Smurf1), a HECT type E3 ubiquitin ligase, interacts with inhibitory Smad7 and induces translocation of Smad7 to the cytoplasm" SIGNOR-97064 SH3RF1 protein Q7Z6J0 UNIPROT MAP3K10 protein Q02779 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000938 12514131 t gcesareni "Taken together, these findings support a model in which apoptotic stimuli or posh overexpression induce direct association between posh and inactive mlks." SIGNOR-97003 SH3RF1 protein Q7Z6J0 UNIPROT MAP3K11 protein Q16584 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000938 12514131 t gcesareni "Taken together, these findings support a model in which apoptotic stimuli or posh overexpression induce direct association between posh and inactive mlks." SIGNOR-97006 SH3RF1 protein Q7Z6J0 UNIPROT MAP3K12 protein Q12852 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000938 12514131 t gcesareni "One explanation as provided by our model is that mlk3 and dlk interact indirectly via posh with mutual activation when both are wild-type the multidomain protein posh binds to the constitutively active form of rac1, which is known to regulate the activity of mlks, while jip1 binds to mlks and additional components of the jnk pathway and appears to be capable of activating mlks" SIGNOR-97060 PPM1D protein O15297 UNIPROT MAPK14 protein Q16539 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation 9606 11101524 t lperfetto "Wip1 selectively inactivates p38 by specific dephosphorylation of its conserved threonine residue" SIGNOR-84793 SMAD7 protein O15105 UNIPROT SMURF2 protein Q9HAU4 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" relocalization 9606 21791611 t lperfetto "One of the major mechanisms underlying the inhibitory effect of Smad7 on TGF-_ signaling operates through accelerating T_RI turnover by recruiting ubiquitin E3 ligases such as Smurf1 and Smurf2" SIGNOR-227556 ZFYVE9 protein O95405 UNIPROT SMAD2 protein Q15796 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" relocalization 9606 20515759 t lperfetto "Smad anchor for receptor activation (SARA) is known as Smad cofactor that interacts directly with Smad2/3 and functions to recruit Smad2/3 to the TGF-beta receptor." SIGNOR-165786 MAP2K6 protein P52564 UNIPROT MAPK14 protein Q16539 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation 9606 10480932 t lperfetto "We have found that p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase, and its direct activator MKK6 are rapidly activated in response to TGF-beta." SIGNOR-70607 GNAI3 protein P08754 UNIPROT ADCY1 protein Q08828 UNIPROT down-regulates 9606 8327893 f gcesareni "Members of the gi family are linked with reductions in camp through adenylyl cyclase, but have many other actions as well." SIGNOR-38032 ATM protein Q13315 UNIPROT TERF1 protein P54274 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser219 SKLLMIIsQKDTFHS 9606 BTO:0000567 11375976 t lperfetto "Telomeric protein pin2/trf1 as an important atm target in response to double strand dna breaks. activated atm directly phosphorylated pin2/trf1 preferentially on the conserved ser(219)-gln site in vitro and in vivo." SIGNOR-108419 MAP3K7 protein O43318 UNIPROT MAP3K7 protein O43318 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr187 CDIQTHMtNNKGSAA 9606 20538596 t lperfetto "Analyses of phosphorylation site mutants of the activation segment indicate that autophosphorylation of Ser-192 precedes TAB1 phosphorylation and is followed by sequential phosphorylation of Thr-178, Thr-187, and finally Thr-184. Finally, we present a model for the chronological order of events governing TAB1-induced TAK1 autoactivation." SIGNOR-227540 MAPK14 protein Q16539 UNIPROT SMAD3 protein P84022 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation 10116 BTO:0001946 14512875 t lperfetto "P38 mapk mediates fibrogenic signal through smad3 phosphorylation in rat myofibroblasts. the phosphorylation promoted hetero-complex formation and nuclear translocation of smad3 and smad4." SIGNOR-236136 AFF4 protein Q9UHB7 UNIPROT "AEP complex" complex SIGNOR-C117 SIGNOR "form complex" binding 9606 BTO:0000664 20153263 t 1 miannu "These data demonstrate that AF4, AF5q31 and ENL associate in an endogenous higher-order complex (hereafter referred to as AEP for the AF4 family/ENL family/P-TEFb complex) containing P-TEFb in hematopoietic lineage cells." SIGNOR-239224 RPS6KA5 protein O75582 UNIPROT ATF1 protein P18846 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser63 GILARRPsYRKILKD 9606 12414794 t lperfetto "We find that activation of the c-jun promoter through the atf1 site requires phosphorylation of atf1 at serine 63. atf1 can be phosphorylated by mitogen- and stress-activated protein kinase 1 (msk1), which is activated by egf and erk1/2." SIGNOR-95318 CDH15 protein P55291 UNIPROT CDON protein Q4KMG0 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000222 BTO:0000887;BTO:0001103 12634428 t lperfetto "Cdo binds promyogenic cadherins form complexes with n- and m-cadherin." SIGNOR-99250 LTK protein P29376 UNIPROT CBL protein P22681 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation 9606 BTO:0000938 9223670 t gcesareni "Although c-cbl is found to be phosphorylated by ltk and therefore is a second candidate linking ltk with the pi3-kinase pathway along with irs-1, we found that the p85 subunit of pi3 kinase directly binds to tyrosine 753 of ltk, which is located within a yxxm motif, a consensus binding amino acid sequence for the sh2 domain of p85." SIGNOR-49528 NTRK1 protein P04629 UNIPROT FRS2 protein Q8WU20 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000938 10092678 t gcesareni "The signaling adapter frs-2 competes with shc for binding to the nerve growth factor receptor trka:a model for discriminating proliferation and differentiation" SIGNOR-65955 PPP2CA protein P67775 UNIPROT MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation 9606 12840032 t gcesareni "P-erk1/2 proteins were efficiently dephosphorylated in vitro by protein phosphatases 1 and 2a (pp1/2a) and mapk phosphatase 3 (mkp3)." SIGNOR-103162 RARA protein P10276 UNIPROT RXRA protein P19793 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 1310351 t gcesareni "Here we report that the transcriptional activity of rar and rxr can be reciprocally modulated by direct interactions between the two proteins" SIGNOR-16433 SMURF1 protein Q9HCE7 UNIPROT TGFBR2 protein P37173 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" ubiquitination 9606 22298955 t lperfetto "Smurf1 and smurf2 are e3 ubiquitin ligases known to suppress tgf-beta signaling through degradation of smads and receptors for tgf-beta and bmps." SIGNOR-195672 ROCK2 protein O75116 UNIPROT DPYSL2 protein Q16555 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr555 DNIPRRTtQRIVAPP 9606 BTO:0000938 10818093 t lperfetto "Rho-kinase phosphorylated crmp-2 at thr-555 in vitro.we demonstrated that crmp-2 is phosphorylated by rho-kinase in drg neurons during lpa-induced growth cone collapse." SIGNOR-77543 AKT2 protein P31751 UNIPROT BMI1 protein P35226 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser316 ANRPRKSsVNGSSAT 22505453 t lperfetto "the polycomb group silencing protein Bmi1 can be phosphorylated by AKT, which enhances its oncogenic potential in PCa. Overexpression of Bmi1 can act in combination with PTEN haploinsufficiency to induce invasive carcinogenic formation in the prostate" SIGNOR-249582 CDK5 protein Q00535 UNIPROT SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser75 NSSDTVTsPQRAGPL 9606 BTO:0000938 10544291 t llicata "These results present compelling evidence that cdk5/p35 kinase is responsible for the novel phosphorylation of c-src at ser75 in neuronal cells, raising the intriguing possibility that c-src acts as an effector of cdk5/p35 kinase during neuronal development." SIGNOR-71950 SMAD7 protein O15105 UNIPROT TGFBR1 protein P36897 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 9606 20663871 t lperfetto "The inhibitory Smads (I-Smads), i.e. Smad6 and Smad7, are negative regulators of transforming growth factor-_ (TGF-_) family signaling. I-Smads inhibit TGF-_ family signaling principally through physical interaction with type I receptors (activin receptor-like kinases), so as to compete with receptor-regulated Smads (R-Smads) for activation." SIGNOR-167163 MAP3K7 protein O43318 UNIPROT MAP2K6 protein P52564 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation 9606 BTO:0000222 21902831 t lperfetto "Tak1 can phosphorylate and activate map kinase kinase 3/6 (mkk3/6), and numerous studies have demonstrated a requirement for mkk3/6 activity in the initiation of myoblast differentiation, again in a p38-dependent manner." SIGNOR-236145 SMARCAD1 protein Q9H4L7 UNIPROT HDAC1 protein Q13547 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 21549307 t 1 miannu "SMARCAD1 interacts with HDAC1 and KAP1 and is required for their binding to heterochromatin" SIGNOR-239835 AXIN1 protein O15169 UNIPROT GSK3B/Axin/APC complex SIGNOR-C110 SIGNOR "form complex" binding 9606 BTO:0000586 9734785 t lperfetto "Axin, an inhibitor of the wnt pathway, interacts with beta-catenin, gsk-3beta and apc and reduces the beta-catenin level." SIGNOR-227292 NTRK3 protein Q16288 UNIPROT SHC1 protein P29353 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000938 10092678 t gcesareni "We demonstrate that the phosphotyrosine binding domain of frs-2 directly binds the trk receptors at the same phosphotyrosine residue that binds the signaling adapter shc, suggesting a model in which competitive binding between frs-2 and shc regulates differentiation versus proliferation." SIGNOR-65958 NTRK3 protein Q16288 UNIPROT PLCG1 protein P19174 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000938 10235685 t gcesareni "Unglycosylated trka core protein is phosphorylated even in the absence of ligand stimulation and displays constitutive kinase activity as well as constitutive interaction with the signaling molecules shc and plc-gamma." SIGNOR-67404 MLN protein P12872 UNIPROT MLNR protein O43193 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000938 10381885 t gcesareni "A heterotrimeric guanosine triphosphate-binding protein (g protein)-coupled receptor for motilin was isolated from human stomach" SIGNOR-68721 SEMA7A protein O75326 UNIPROT PLXNC1 protein O60486 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000938 10520995 t gcesareni "Plexin-c1 is a receptor for the gpi-anchored semaphorin sema7a. The cytoplasmic domain of plexins associates with a tyrosine kinase activity. Plexins may also act as ligands mediating repulsion in epithelial cells in vitro." SIGNOR-71260 JNK proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF15 SIGNOR JUN protein P05412 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser73 VGLLKLAsPELERLI 9606 BTO:0000938 12040039 t lperfetto "Stress in primary cultured cns neurons induces phosphorylation of c-jun serines 63 and 73 and increased c-jun protein. Thus, neuronal stress selectively activates JNK2/3 in the presence of mechanisms maintaining constitutive JNK1 activity, and this JNK2/3 activity selectively targets c-Jun, which is isolated from constitutive JNK1 activity." SIGNOR-236149 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT SOS1 protein Q07889 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser1193 QPTSKAYsPRYSISD 9606 8816480 t gcesareni "In this report, we describe the identification of five map kinase sites (s-1137, s-1167, s-1178, s-1193, and s-1197) on hsos1" SIGNOR-43951 KRAS protein P01116 UNIPROT RAF1 protein P04049 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000938 10882715 t gcesareni "Among other effectors, active ras binds and activates the raf kinase, iniziating a kinase cascade involving serine phosporylation of mek1/2 (mapkk) and tyrosine and threonine phosphorylation of erk1/2. the raf family of proteins (raf-1, a-raf, and b-raf) is serine/threonine kinases that bind to the effector region of ras-gtp, thus inducing translocation of the protein to the plasma membrane. Once there, raf proteins are activated and phosphorylated by different protein kinases.. Association of ras with the mapk kinase kinase, raf, initiates the raf mek erk map kinase cascade." SIGNOR-78911 BMPR2 protein Q13873 UNIPROT BMPR1B protein O00238 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9534 BTO:0004055 10712517 t lperfetto "Using several complementary approaches, we investigated the formation of homomeric and heteromeric complexes between the two known bmp type i receptors (br-ia and br-ib) and the bmp type ii receptor (br-ii)." SIGNOR-219291 DTX1 protein Q86Y01 UNIPROT NOTCH1 protein P46531 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" ubiquitination 7227 22162134 t lperfetto "The expression of dx, which physically interacts with notch, favors a mono-ubiquitinated state of the receptor, which leads to a ligand-independent intracellular activation of notch" SIGNOR-219269 SMAD7 protein O15105 UNIPROT SMURF1 protein Q9HCE7 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" relocalization 9606 21791611 t lperfetto "One of the major mechanisms underlying the inhibitory effect of Smad7 on TGF-_ signaling operates through accelerating T_RI turnover by recruiting ubiquitin E3 ligases such as Smurf1 and Smurf2" SIGNOR-175269 NOG protein Q13253 UNIPROT BMPR1A protein P36894 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0001593 BTO:0000140 22298955 t lperfetto "Noggin binds the domain that is re-quired for bmp-7 to interact with bmp type i and type ii receptorsNoggin Inhibits bmp by blocking the molecular interfaces of the binding epitopes for both type i and type ii receptors (pmid 12478285)" SIGNOR-192799 NOG protein Q13253 UNIPROT BMPR1B protein O00238 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0001593 BTO:0000140 22298955 t lperfetto "Noggin binds the domain that is re-quired for bmp-7 to interact with bmp type i and type ii receptors.Noggin Inhibits bmp by blocking the molecular interfaces of the binding epitopes for both type i and type ii receptors (pmid 12478285)" SIGNOR-192802 NOG protein Q13253 UNIPROT BMPR2 protein Q13873 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0001593 BTO:0000140 SIGNOR-C29 22298955 t "Create trimers (2 typeII and 1 typeI) with serine/threonine kinase function" lperfetto "Noggin binds the domain that is re-quired for bmp-7 to interact with bmp type i and type ii receptors.Noggin Inhibits bmp by blocking the molecular interfaces of the binding epitopes for both type i and type ii receptors (pmid 12478285)" SIGNOR-195612 JNK proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF15 SIGNOR JUN protein P05412 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser63 KNSDLLTsPDVGLLK 9606 17158707 t lperfetto "The JNK-mediated phosphorylation of both Ser63 and Ser73 within the transactivation domain of c-Jun (Table _(Table1)1) potentiates its transcriptional activity" SIGNOR-53784 CAMK2A protein Q9UQM7 UNIPROT GFAP protein P14136 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser393 NLQIRETsLDTKSVS -1 7822264 t llicata "On the other hand, GFAP was phosphorylated to approximately 1.9 mol of phosphate/mol of GFAP by Ca(2+)-CaM-dependent protein kinase II, and this phosphorylation did induce disassembly of the filament. Sequential analysis of the purified phosphopeptides revealed that only Ser8 on GFAP was phosphorylated by cdc2 kinase, whereas Ser13, Ser17, Ser34, and Ser389 on GFAP were phosphorylated by Ca(2+)-CaM-dependent protein kinase II." SIGNOR-250629 CLCF1 protein Q9UBD9 UNIPROT CNTFR protein P26992 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000938 10966616 t gcesareni "Striking phenotypic differences between cntf- and cntfr-deficient mice suggest that cntfr serves as a receptor for a second, developmentally important ligand. We have identified this factor as a stable secreted complex of cardiotrophin-like cytokine (clc) and the soluble receptor cytokine-like factor-1 (clf)." SIGNOR-81376 CNTF protein P26441 UNIPROT CNTFR protein P26992 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000938 10966616 t gcesareni "Ciliary neurotrophic factor (cntf) is a cytokine supporting the differentiation and survival of various cell types in the peripheral and central nervous systems. Its receptor complex consists of a non-signaling alpha chain, cntfr, and two signaling beta chains, gp130 and the leukemia inhibitory factor receptor (lifr)" SIGNOR-81379 CNTF protein P26441 UNIPROT LIFR protein P42702 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000938 10966616 t gcesareni "Ciliary neurotrophic factor (cntf) is a cytokine supporting the differentiation and survival of various cell types in the peripheral and central nervous systems. Its receptor complex consists of a non-signaling alpha chain, cntfr, and two signaling beta chains, gp130 and the leukemia inhibitory factor receptor (lifr)" SIGNOR-81382 MAP3K7 protein O43318 UNIPROT MAP2K3 protein P46734 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation 9606 17299140 t lperfetto "Taken together, our data indicate that TAK1 and TAB1 play a pivotal role as upstream signal transducers activating the MKK3-p38 MAPK signaling cascade that leads to the induction of type I collagen expression by TGF-beta(1). In addition, our findings also suggest that TAK1 has a novel function in regulation of the steady-state protein levels of MKK3 and p38 MAPK." SIGNOR-42402 UPR stimulus SIGNOR-ST6 SIGNOR BBC3 protein Q9BXH1 UNIPROT up-regulates 9606 22492984 f lperfetto "Exposure to stress results in the induction of bh3-only proteins, which neutralise the pro-survival proteins" SIGNOR-196938 SMO protein Q99835 UNIPROT GNAI2 protein P04899 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 23074268 t lperfetto "it was proposed that Smo might signal through activation of Gi proteins to reduce PKA activity." SIGNOR-199162 HMGB2 protein P26583 UNIPROT POU3F1 protein Q03052 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 10090 BTO:0002910 7720710 t 2 miannu "HMG2 and Oct2 interact via their HMG domains and POU homeodomains, respectively. This interaction is not restricted to Oct2, as other members of the octamer transcription factor family like Oct1 and Oct6 also interact with HMG2. The interaction with HMG2 results in a marked increase in the sequence-specific DNA binding activity of the Oct proteins" SIGNOR-240148 PTGS2 protein P35354 UNIPROT GSK3B protein P49841 UNIPROT down-regulates 9606 BTO:0000586 16293724 f lperfetto "We show that pge2 stimulates colon cancer cell growth through its heterotrimeric guanine nucleotide-binding protein (g protein)coupled receptor, ep2, by a signaling route that involves the activation of phosphoinositide 3-kinase and the protein kinase akt by free g protein bg subunits and the direct association of the g protein as subunit with the regulator of g protein signaling (rgs) domain of axin. This leads to the inactivation and release of glycogen synthase kinase 3b from its complex with axin, thereby relieving the inhibitory phosphorylation of b-catenin and activating its signaling pathway." SIGNOR-141783 CAMK2A protein Q9UQM7 UNIPROT GRIN2B protein Q13224 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser1303 NKLRRQHsYDTFVDL BTO:0003036 8940188 t llicata "By peptide mapping, automated sequencing, and mass spectrometry, we identified the major site of phosphorylation on the fusion protein as Ser-383, corresponding to Ser-1303 of full-length NR2B. The Km for phosphorylation of this site in the fusion protein was approximately 50 nM, much lower than that of other known substrates for CaM kinase II, suggesting that the receptor is a high affinity substrate. We show that serine 1303 in the full-length NR2B and/or the cognate site in NR2A is a major site of phosphorylation of the receptor both in the postsynaptic density fraction and in living hippocampal neurons." SIGNOR-250630 ABL1 protein P00519 UNIPROT STK3 protein Q13188 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr81 MQQCDSPyVVKYYGS 9606 BTO:0000938 22590567 t llicata "We demonstrate that c-abl kinase phosphorylates mst2 at an evolutionarily conserved site, y81, within the kinase domain. We further show that the phosphorylation of mst2 by c-abl leads to the disruption of the interaction with raf-1 proteins and the enhancement of homodimerization of mst2 proteins. It thereby enhances the mst2 activation and induces neuronal cell death." SIGNOR-197538 CDK12 protein Q9NYV4 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser1875 SPTSPKYsPTSPTYS 9606 22012619 t miannu "Cyck/cdk12 can activate transcription and phosphorylate ser2 in the ctd of rnapii / phosphorylation of serine at position 2 (ser2) is thought to be responsible for productive transcriptional elongation and synthesis of full-length mature mrna" SIGNOR-176801 Tandutinib chemical CID:3038522 PUBCHEM FLT3 protein P36888 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-207209 SMAD3/SMAD4 complex SIGNOR-C9 SIGNOR JUN protein P05412 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 9732876 t lperfetto "Smad3 and smad4 also act together with c-jun and c-fos to activate transcription in response to tgf-beta, through a tgf-beta-inducible association of c-jun with smad3 and an interaction of smad3 and c-fos" SIGNOR-229545 CDC14B protein O60729 UNIPROT APC protein P25054 UNIPROT up-regulates dephosphorylation 9606 SIGNOR-C110 18662541 t gcesareni "The phosphatase cdc14b translocates from the nucleolus to the nucleoplasm and induces the activation of the ubiquitin ligase apc/ccdh1" SIGNOR-179636 GSK3B protein P49841 UNIPROT APC protein P25054 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation 9606 SIGNOR-C110 SIGNOR-C110 10698523 t lperfetto "Gsk-3beta-dependent phosphorylation of apc." SIGNOR-75366 Palbociclib chemical CID:5330286 PUBCHEM CCND2 protein P30279 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-205701 PSPN protein O60542 UNIPROT GFRA4 protein Q9GZZ7 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000938 11116144 t gcesareni "Glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (gdnf) family ligands signal through receptor complex consisting of a glycosylphosphatidylinositol-linked gdnf family receptor (gfr) alpha subunit and the transmembrane receptor tyrosine kinase ret." SIGNOR-85162 Mocetinostat chemical CID:9865515 PUBCHEM HDAC3 protein O15379 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-194551 RPS6KA5 protein O75582 UNIPROT H3F3A protein P84243 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser11 TKQTARKsTGGKAPR 9606 BTO:0000938 14625384 t gcesareni "Phosphorylation at ser-11 (h3s10ph) by rps6ka4 and rps6ka5 is important during interphase because it enables the transcription of genes following external stimulation, like mitogens, stress, growth factors or uv irradiation and result in the activation of genes, such as c-fos and c-jun." SIGNOR-119233 RPS6KA3 protein P51812 UNIPROT HIST1H3A protein P68431 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser11 TKQTARKsTGGKAPR 9606 BTO:0000938 14625384 t gcesareni "Phosphorylation at ser-11 (h3s10ph) by rps6ka4 and rps6ka5 is important during interphase because it enables the transcription of genes following external stimulation, like mitogens, stress, growth factors or uv irradiation and result in the activation of genes, such as c-fos and c-jun." SIGNOR-119229 RPS6KA1 protein Q15418 UNIPROT H3F3A protein P84243 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser11 TKQTARKsTGGKAPR 9606 BTO:0000938 14625384 t gcesareni "Phosphorylation at ser-11 (h3s10ph) by rps6ka4 and rps6ka5 is important during interphase because it enables the transcription of genes following external stimulation, like mitogens, stress, growth factors or uv irradiation and result in the activation of genes, such as c-fos and c-jun." SIGNOR-119221 AAK1 protein Q2M2I8 UNIPROT AP2M1 protein Q96CW1 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr156 SQITSQVtGQIGWRR 9606 BTO:0000938 11877461 t lperfetto "Aak1 is enriched at presynaptic terminals, whereas in nonneuronal cells it colocalizes with clathrin and ap2 in clathrin-coated pits and at the leading edge of migrating cells. Aak1 specifically phosphorylates the mu subunit in vitro, and stage-specific assays for endocytosis show that mu phosphorylation by aak1 results in a decrease in ap2-stimulated transferrin internalization. Together, these results provide strong evidence that aak1 is the endogenous mu 2 kinase and plays a regulatory role in clathrin-mediated endocytosis." SIGNOR-115657 PRKD1 protein Q15139 UNIPROT CTTN protein Q14247 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser348 EAVTSKTsNIRANFE 9606 BTO:0000150 19038333 t lperfetto "Here we have investigated the possible role of pkd as a cortactin kinase. Using a mass spectrometric approach, we found that pkd phosphorylates cortactin on ser 298 examination of cortactin phosphorylation kinetics revealed that ser 298 serves as a priming site for subsequent phosphorylation of ser 348" SIGNOR-182502 SH3RF1 protein Q7Z6J0 UNIPROT MAP3K12 protein Q12852 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000938 11416147 t gcesareni "One explanation as provided by our model is that mlk3 and dlk interact indirectly via posh with mutual activation when both are wild-type the multidomain protein posh binds to the constitutively active form of rac1, which is known to regulate the activity of mlks, while jip1 binds to mlks and additional components of the jnk pathway and appears to be capable of activating mlks" SIGNOR-108577 RET protein P07949 UNIPROT DOK4 protein Q8TEW6 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000938 11470823 t gcesareni "We identified two new family members, dok-4 and dok-5, that can directly associate with y1062 of c-ret dok-4 and dok-5 enhance c-ret-dependent activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase" SIGNOR-109513 FGFR2 protein P21802 UNIPROT PPARG protein P37231 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0005198 17543283 f lperfetto "Furthermore, in cultures receiving FGF-2 before adipogenic induction, mRNA expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma), a key transcription factor in adipogenesis, was upregulated." SIGNOR-236220 RPS6KA3 protein P51812 UNIPROT H3F3A protein P84243 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser11 TKQTARKsTGGKAPR 9606 BTO:0000938 14625384 t gcesareni "Phosphorylation at ser-11 (h3s10ph) by rps6ka4 and rps6ka5 is important during interphase because it enables the transcription of genes following external stimulation, like mitogens, stress, growth factors or uv irradiation and result in the activation of genes, such as c-fos and c-jun." SIGNOR-119225 CDK4 protein P11802 UNIPROT RB1 protein P06400 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser795 SPYKFPSsPLRIPGG 9606 BTO:0000150 SIGNOR-C18 23336272 t gcesareni "Cyclin d1 is known to activate cdk4, which then phosphorylates the rb protein, leading to cell cycle progression." SIGNOR-200487 CDK4 protein P11802 UNIPROT RB1 protein P06400 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser780 STRPPTLsPIPHIPR 9606 BTO:0000150 SIGNOR-C18 23336272 t gcesareni "Cyclin d1 is known to activate cdk4, which then phosphorylates the rb protein, leading to cell cycle progression." SIGNOR-200483 CBP/p300 complex SIGNOR-C6 SIGNOR SMAD3 protein P84022 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" acetylation Lys19 VKRLLGWkKGEQNGQ 9606 BTO:0000567;BTO:0002181;BTO:0000552 17074756 t lperfetto "We demonstrate that both smad2 and smad3 are acetylated by the coactivators p300 and cbp in a tgfb-dependent manner. the p300-dependent acetylation of smad3 was attenuated when lys19 was mutated, whereas mutation of lys20 had no effect, suggesting that lys19 is acetylated also in smad3." SIGNOR-236126 PRKCE protein Q02156 UNIPROT FGFR1 protein P11362 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser779 PLDQYSPsFPDTRSS 9606 BTO:0000938 23564461 t lperfetto "Phosphorylation of serine 779 in fibroblast growth factor receptor 1 and 2 by protein kinase c(epsilon) regulates ras/mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling and neuronal differentiationour findings show that in addition to fgfr tyrosine phosphorylation, the phosphorylation of a conserved serine residue, ser(779), can quantitatively control ras/mapk signaling to promote specific cellular responses." SIGNOR-201671 EP300 protein Q09472 UNIPROT DUSP1 protein P28562 UNIPROT up-regulates acetylation Lys57 TIVRRRAkGAMGLEH 9606 BTO:0000801 20626350 t gcesareni "A recent report shows that mkp1 may also be regulated by acetylation. When raw macrophages are stimulated with lps, mkp1 becomes acetylated on lys57 by p300" SIGNOR-166581 ATM protein Q13315 UNIPROT TP53 protein P04637 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by stabilization" phosphorylation Ser9 EEPQSDPsVEPPLSQ 9606 11875057 t gcesareni "In response to ionizing radiation (ir), atm, the gene product mutated in ataxia telangiectasia, stabilizes and activates p53 through phosphorylation of ser15 and (indirectly) ser20. Here we show that phosphorylation of p53 on ser46, a residue important for p53 apoptotic activity, as well as on ser9, in response to ir also is dependent on the atm protein kinase. one pathway involves the phosphorylation of p53 and its negative regulator mdm2 by ataxia telangiectasia mutated (atm) and chk2 causing p53 activation and stabilization." SIGNOR-115348 Afatinib chemical CID:10184653 PUBCHEM ERBB2 protein P04626 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 BTO:0000150 22418700 t gcesareni "Afatinib is an oral, erbb family blocker, which covalently binds and irreversibly blocks all kinase-competent erbb family members." SIGNOR-196621 LCK protein P06239 UNIPROT ZAP70 protein P43403 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000782 phosphorylation:Tyr319 TSVYESPySDPEELK 10318843 t lperfetto "Phosphopeptide encompassing the motif harboring tyr319, ysdp, interacted with lcksh2;tyr319-mediated binding of the sh2 domain of lck is crucial for zap-70 activation and consequently for the propagation of the signaling cascade leading to t-cell activation" SIGNOR-67443 NF1 protein P21359 UNIPROT ADCY1 protein Q08828 UNIPROT up-regulates 9606 BTO:0000938 24431436 f miannu "Nf1encodes neurofibromin, a protein with multiple functions including ras inactivation (ras gtpase-activating protein or rasgap) and adenylyl cyclase (ac) activation" SIGNOR-203872 IFNGR2/INFGR1 complex SIGNOR-C142 SIGNOR JAK2 protein O60674 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000801 23898330 t lperfetto "In the classical model of IFNgamma signaling, dimeric IFNgamma cross-links the IFNGR1 receptor subunit that results in allosteric changes in receptor cytoplasmic domain. This results in movement of JAK2 from receptor subunit IFNGR2 to IFNGR1. The JAKs autophosphorylate and then phosphorylate IFNGR1 cytoplasmic domain. This results in binding, phosphorylation, and dimer formation of STAT1_. The dimeric STAT1_ dissociates from receptor and undergoes nuclear translocation via an intrinsic NLS for specific gene activation" SIGNOR-249506 SMAD6 protein O43541 UNIPROT TGFBR1 protein P36897 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 9606 9892110 t lperfetto "SMAD6 functions as a negative regulator of the TGFB and BMP signaling pathways by interacting with other SMADs and/or TBRI." SIGNOR-64079 TAOK2 protein Q9UL54 UNIPROT MAP2K3 protein P46734 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding -1 10497253 t lperfetto "Cotransfection experiments suggested that tao2 selectively activates mek3 and mek6 but not meks 1, 4, or 7." SIGNOR-70947 MAP2K6 protein P52564 UNIPROT MAPK14 protein Q16539 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr180 RHTDDEMtGYVATRW 9606 8622669 t lperfetto "These data indicate that mkk6 phosphorylates p38 map kinase on thr-180 and tyr-182, the sites of phosphorylation that activate p38 map kinase" SIGNOR-40423 RPS6KA1 protein Q15418 UNIPROT ESR1 protein P03372 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser167 GGRERLAsTNDKGSM 9606 BTO:0000150 7838153 t gcesareni "Serine 167 is the major phosphorylation site on the human estrogen receptor. Phosphorylation is mediated by casein kinase ii." SIGNOR-34113 p38 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF16 SIGNOR CDC25B protein P30305 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser375 ARVLRSKsLCHDEIE 9606 11333986 t lperfetto "P38 binds and phosphorylates cdc25-b and -c at serines 309 and 361 and at serine 216, respectively, and phosphorylation of these residues is required for binding to 14-3-3 proteins phosphorylation of cdc25 triggers cell-cycle arrest by the sequestration of cdc25 by 14-3-3" SIGNOR-107416 TAOK2 protein Q9UL54 UNIPROT MAP2K6 protein P52564 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 10497253 t lperfetto "Cotransfection experiments suggested that tao2 selectively activates mek3 and mek6 but not meks 1, 4, or 7." SIGNOR-70950 ERBB2 protein P04626 UNIPROT NOTCH3 protein Q9UM47 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000150 21743488 f gcesareni "We demonstrate that her2 overexpression in this cellular model of dcis drives transcriptional upregulation of multiple components of the notch survival pathway. Importantly, luminal filling required upregulation of a signaling pathway comprising notch3, its cleaved intracellular domain and the transcriptional regulator hes1." SIGNOR-174747 NOTCH3 protein Q9UM47 UNIPROT HES1 protein Q14469 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000150 21743488 f gcesareni "We demonstrate that her2 overexpression in this cellular model of dcis drives transcriptional upregulation of multiple components of the notch survival pathway. Importantly, luminal filling required upregulation of a signaling pathway comprising notch3, its cleaved intracellular domain and the transcriptional regulator hes1." SIGNOR-174750 NCOA3 protein Q9Y6Q9 UNIPROT CCND1 protein P24385 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000150 15808510 f gcesareni "Ikkalpha in conjunction with eralpha and aib1/src-3, is important in activating the transcription of estrogen-responsive genes, including cyclin d1." SIGNOR-135056 BRCA1 protein P38398 UNIPROT CDKN1B protein P46527 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000150 16331276 f miannu "We identified a foxa1 binding site within the brca1-responsive element of the p27(kip1) promoter and showed that foxa1 activated the promoter alone and in conjunction with brca1." SIGNOR-142888 FOXA1 protein P55317 UNIPROT CDKN1B protein P46527 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000150 16331276 f miannu "We identified a foxa1 binding site within the brca1-responsive element of the p27(kip1) promoter and showed that foxa1 activated the promoter alone and in conjunction with brca1." SIGNOR-142940 SETD2 protein Q9BYW2 UNIPROT FOXO3 protein O43524 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000150 18158893 f gcesareni "In response to hypoxia, foxo3a transcript levels accumulate in an hif1-dependent way, resulting in enhanced foxo3a activity." SIGNOR-160201 RPS6KA5 protein O75582 UNIPROT HIST1H3A protein P68431 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser11 TKQTARKsTGGKAPR 9606 BTO:0000938 14625384 t gcesareni "Phosphorylation at ser-11 (h3s10ph) by rps6ka4 and rps6ka5 is important during interphase because it enables the transcription of genes following external stimulation, like mitogens, stress, growth factors or uv irradiation and result in the activation of genes, such as c-fos and c-jun." SIGNOR-119237 PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT YWHAZ protein P63104 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser58 VVGARRSsWRVVSSI 9606 16376338 t llicata "Phosphorylation by pka leads to modulation of 14-3-3zeta dimerization and affect its interaction with partner proteins. Substitution of ser58 to ala completely abolished phosphorylation of 14-3-3zeta by pka." SIGNOR-143373 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT SYN3 protein O14994 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser470 PQGQQPLsPQSGSPQ 9606 BTO:0000938 14732590 t lperfetto "A rare, missense polymorphism, s470n, was identified in the synapsin iii gene and appeared more frequently in individuals with schizophrenia than in controls. Ser470, was determined to be a substrate for mitogen-activated protein kinase, a downstream effector of neurotrophin action." SIGNOR-121402 MAP2K4 protein P45985 UNIPROT MAPK9 protein P45984 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr185 TNFMMTPyVVTRYYR 9606 BTO:0000149;BTO:0001129 22730327 t gcesareni "Mkk4, which activates p38gamma, p38delta, and jnk2 to phosphorylate p53 on ser-33 and cause a transient g(1) arrest. A map kinase kinase kinase (mapkkk), termed ask1, was identified that activated two different subs of map kinase kinases (mapkk), sek1 (or mkk4) and mkk3/mapkk6 (or mkk6), which in turn activated stress-activated protein kinase (sapk, also known as jnk;c-jun amino-terminal kinase) here we report that mkk4 shows a striking preference for the tyrosine residue (tyr-185), and mkk7 a striking preference for the threonine residue (thr-183) in three sapk1/jnk1 isoforms tested (jnk1 alpha 1, jnk2 alpha 2 and jnk3 alpha 1)" SIGNOR-197998 CDK1 protein P06493 UNIPROT SYN3 protein O14994 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser470 PQGQQPLsPQSGSPQ 9606 BTO:0000938 14732590 t lperfetto "A rare, missense polymorphism, s470n, was identified in the synapsin iii gene and appeared more frequently in individuals with schizophrenia than in controls. Ser470, was determined to be a substrate for mitogen-activated protein kinase, a downstream effector of neurotrophin action." SIGNOR-121398 CDK5 protein Q00535 UNIPROT PTK2 protein Q05397 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser732 SSEGFYPsPQHMVQT 9606 BTO:0000938 12941275 t gcesareni "Here, we show that fak phosphorylation by cdk5 at s732 is important for microtubule organization, nuclear movement, and neuronal migration. In cultured neurons, s732-phosphorylated fak is enriched along a centrosome-associated microtubule fork that abuts the nucleus. Overexpression of the nonphosphorylatable mutant fak s732a results in disorganization of the microtubule fork and impairment of nuclear movement in vitro, and neuronal positioning defects in vivo." SIGNOR-86223 CNTN6 protein Q9UQ52 UNIPROT NOTCH1 protein P46531 UNIPROT up-regulates relocalization 9606 BTO:0000938 15082708 t gcesareni "Here, we establish that nb-3, a member of the f3/contactin family, acts as a novel notch ligand to participate in oligodendrocyte generation. Nb-3 triggers nuclear translocation of the notch intracellular domain and promotes oligodendrogliogenesis from progenitor cells and differentiation of oligodendrocyte precursor cells via deltex1." SIGNOR-124151 PTGER3 protein P43115 UNIPROT GNG12 protein Q9UBI6 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000938 12038972 t gcesareni "Ep3 receptor signals are primarily involved in adenylyl cyclase via g(i) activation, and in ca(2+)-mobilization through g(beta)(gamma) from g(i)" SIGNOR-88195 MAPK8 protein P45983 UNIPROT BCL2L11 protein O43521 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation 9606 BTO:0000782;BTO:0001271 18174237 t gcesareni "Constitutive activation of the c-jun n-terminal kinase (jnk) pathway in sup-t1 cells promoted phosphorylation and degradation of bimel via the proteosome." SIGNOR-160326 AAK1 protein Q2M2I8 UNIPROT AP1M1 protein Q9BXS5 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr144 QEGHKLEtGAPRPPA 9606 BTO:0000938 11877461 t lperfetto "Aak1 is enriched at presynaptic terminals, whereas in nonneuronal cells it colocalizes with clathrin and ap2 in clathrin-coated pits and at the leading edge of migrating cells. Aak1 specifically phosphorylates the mu subunit in vitro, and stage-specific assays for endocytosis show that mu phosphorylation by aak1 results in a decrease in ap2-stimulated transferrin internalization. Together, these results provide strong evidence that aak1 is the endogenous mu 2 kinase and plays a regulatory role in clathrin-mediated endocytosis." SIGNOR-115589 CDK5/CDK5R1 complex SIGNOR-C144 SIGNOR DCX protein O43602 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Thr289 AGPKASPtPQKTSAK 9606 BTO:0000007 14741103 t llicata "In order to determine the sites of phosphorylation by Cdk5, serine or threonine in the nine potential sites were substituted with alanine by site-directed mutagenesis to create mutant Dcx proteins. hese were analyzed by co-transfection of 293T cells with cdk5/p35. All-sites-A mutant Dcx showed no slower migrating species on Western analysis, indicating that removal of all nine possible sites is sufficient to block the phosphorylation by Cdk5/p35. However, each single mutant Dcx retains the slower migrating species similar to the wild-type Dcx, suggesting that any single mutation is not sufficient to block phosphorylation by Cdk5/p35." SIGNOR-250656 PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT CHAT protein P28329 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser465 LKHVTQSsRKLIRAD 9606 BTO:0000938 15381704 t "The effect has been demonstrated using P28329-3" gcesareni "We show that chat is differentially phosphorylated by protein kinase c (pkc) isoforms on four serines (ser-440, ser-346, ser-347, and ser-476) and one threonine (thr-255). This phosphorylation is hierarchical, with phosphorylation at ser-476 required for phosphorylation at other serines. Phosphorylation at some, but not all, sites regulates basal catalysis and activation." SIGNOR-129264 PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT CHAT protein P28329 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser558 VPTYESAsIRRFQEG 9606 BTO:0000938 15381704 t "The effect has been demonstrated using P28329-3" gcesareni "We show that chat is differentially phosphorylated by protein kinase c (pkc) isoforms on four serines (ser-440, ser-346, ser-347, and ser-476) and one threonine (thr-255). This phosphorylation is hierarchical, with phosphorylation at ser-476 required for phosphorylation at other serines. Phosphorylation at some, but not all, sites regulates basal catalysis and activation." SIGNOR-129268 CSNK2A1 protein P68400 UNIPROT TLE1 protein Q04724 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser239 KDSSHYDsDGDKSDD 9606 BTO:0000938 15367661 t lperfetto "These results suggest that ck2 phosphorylation of serine 239 of gro/tle1 is important for its function during neuronal differentiation." SIGNOR-129026 PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT CHAT protein P28329 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser594 HKAAVPAsEKLLLLK 9606 BTO:0000938 15381704 t "The effect has been demonstrated using P28329-3" gcesareni "We show that chat is differentially phosphorylated by protein kinase c (pkc) isoforms on four serines (ser-440, ser-346, ser-347, and ser-476) and one threonine (thr-255). This phosphorylation is hierarchical, with phosphorylation at ser-476 required for phosphorylation at other serines. Phosphorylation at some, but not all, sites regulates basal catalysis and activation." SIGNOR-129272 PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT CHAT protein P28329 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr373 TVLVKDStNRDSLDM 9606 BTO:0000938 15381704 t "The effect has been demonstrated using P28329-3" gcesareni "We show that chat is differentially phosphorylated by protein kinase c (pkc) isoforms on four serines (ser-440, ser-346, ser-347, and ser-476) and one threonine (thr-255). This phosphorylation is hierarchical, with phosphorylation at ser-476 required for phosphorylation at other serines. Phosphorylation at some, but not all, sites regulates basal catalysis and activation." SIGNOR-129276 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT RPS6KA2 protein Q15349 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation 9606 19282669 t gcesareni "Erk-activates the rsk family of serine/threonine kinases,rsk1, rsk2, and rsk3." SIGNOR-161515 CDK5/CDK5R1 complex SIGNOR-C144 SIGNOR DCX protein O43602 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser297 PQKTSAKsPGPMRRS 9606 BTO:0000007 14741103 t llicata "We identified that Ser297 is the major phosphorylation site by Cdk5. Phosphorylation of this site occurs in human. | Mutation of Ser297 blocks the effect of Dcx on migration in a fashion similar to pharmacological inhibition of Cdk5 activity." SIGNOR-250657 PRKCB protein P05771 UNIPROT CHAT protein P28329 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser558 VPTYESAsIRRFQEG 9606 BTO:0000938 15381704 t "The effect has been demonstrated using P28329-3" gcesareni "Protein kinase c isoforms differentially phosphorylate human choline acetyltransferase regulating its catalytic activity." SIGNOR-129288 GSK3B protein P49841 UNIPROT CTNNB1 protein P35222 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser33 QQQSYLDsGIHSGAT 9606 SIGNOR-C110 11955436 t gcesareni "Wnt regulation of beta-catenin degradation is essential for development and carcinogenesis. beta-catenin degradation is initiated upon amino-terminal serine/threonine phosphorylation, which is believed to be performed by glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK-3) in complex with tumor suppressor proteins Axin and adnomatous polyposis coli (APC)." SIGNOR-116520 PRKCB protein P05771 UNIPROT CHAT protein P28329 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser594 HKAAVPAsEKLLLLK 9606 BTO:0000938 15381704 t "The effect has been demonstrated using P28329-3" gcesareni "We show that chat is differentially phosphorylated by protein kinase c (pkc) isoforms on four serines (ser-440, ser-346, ser-347, and ser-476) and one threonine (thr-255). This phosphorylation is hierarchical, with phosphorylation at ser-476 required for phosphorylation at other serines. Phosphorylation at some, but not all, sites regulates basal catalysis and activation." SIGNOR-129292 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT FOXO1 protein Q12778 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" phosphorylation 9606 21440011 t lperfetto "Phosphorylation of FoxOs by Akt inhibits transcriptional functions of FoxOs and contributes to cell survival, growth and proliferation.The PI3K/Akt signaling regulates cell proliferation and survival in part by phosphorylating FoxOs to promote their interaction with 14-3-3 protein that results in nuclear exclusion and eventual ubiquitin proteasome pathway (UPP)-dependent degradation of FoxOs" SIGNOR-209647 U0126-EtOH chemical CID:16220066 PUBCHEM MAP2K1 protein Q02750 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-207603 JUN protein P05412 UNIPROT "Brown Adipogenesis" phenotype SIGNOR-PH27 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 BTO:0000887;BTO:0001103 22944199 f gcesareni "Other g protein-mediated pathways are the planar cell polarity (pcp) pathway (shown in blue) leading to the activation of rac/rho, c-jun n-terminal kinase (jnk), and/or rho-associated kinase (rock). Jnk can induce jun, which, together with fos, forms the ap-1 early response transcription factor. Both pcp pathways have been implicated in cytoskeletal rearrangements" SIGNOR-198834 ROCK1 protein Q13464 UNIPROT "Brown Adipogenesis" phenotype SIGNOR-PH27 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 BTO:0000887;BTO:0001103 22944199 f gcesareni "Other g protein-mediated pathways are the planar cell polarity (pcp) pathway (shown in blue) leading to the activation of rac/rho, c-jun n-terminal kinase (jnk), and/or rho-associated kinase (rock). Jnk can induce jun, which, together with fos, forms the ap-1 early response transcription factor. Both pcp pathways have been implicated in cytoskeletal rearrangements" SIGNOR-198840 F2 protein P00734 UNIPROT F2R protein P25116 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000150;BTO:0001130;BTO:0000848 23450633 t gcesareni "Thrombin, actin through par1 promotes tumor cell proliferation, migration and contributes to the metastatic potenital of breast, prostate, gastrointestinal cancers and melanoma." SIGNOR-199788 IL6 protein P05231 UNIPROT IL6R protein P08887 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000887;BTO:0001103 23663276 t milica "In classical il-6 signaling, the cytokine first binds to the membrane-bound il-6 receptor (il-6r;cd126) that is induced to associate with a homodimer of gp130 which then transmits the intracellular signal." SIGNOR-202030 IL6R protein P08887 UNIPROT IL6ST protein P40189 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000887;BTO:0001103 23663276 t milica "In classical il-6 signaling, the cytokine first binds to the membrane-bound il-6 receptor (il-6r;cd126) that is induced to associate with a homodimer of gp130 which then transmits the intracellular signal." SIGNOR-202033 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT RPTOR protein Q8N122 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser8 MESEMLQsPLLGLGE 9606 SIGNOR-C3 21071439 t llicata "We found three proline-directed residues within raptor, ser(8), ser(696), and ser(863), which are directly phosphorylated by erk1/2. Expression of phosphorylation-deficient alleles of raptor revealed that phosphorylation of these sites by erk1/2 normally promotes mtorc1 activity and signaling to downstream substrates, such as 4e-bp1." SIGNOR-169518 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT RPTOR protein Q8N122 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser696 EKNYALPsPATTEGG 9606 SIGNOR-C3 21071439 t llicata "We found three proline-directed residues within raptor, ser(8), ser(696), and ser(863), which are directly phosphorylated by erk1/2. Expression of phosphorylation-deficient alleles of raptor revealed that phosphorylation of these sites by erk1/2 normally promotes mtorc1 activity and signaling to downstream substrates, such as 4e-bp1." SIGNOR-169514 BMP7 protein P18075 UNIPROT PPARG protein P37231 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 18719589 f lperfetto "Bmp7 activates a full program of brown adipogenesis including induction of early regulators of brown fat fate prdm16 (pr-domain-containing 16;ref. 4) and pgc-1alpha (peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (ppargamma) coactivator-1alpha;ref. 5), increased expression of the brown-fat-defining marker uncoupling protein 1 (ucp1) and adipogenic transcription factors ppargamma and ccaat/enhancer-binding proteins (c/ebps), and induction of mitochondrial biogenesis via p38 mitogen-activated protein (map) kinase-(also known as mapk14) and pgc-1-dependent pathways" SIGNOR-180311 PTPRF protein P10586 UNIPROT INSR protein P06213 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation Tyr999 YASSNPEyLSASDVF 9606 10734133 t lperfetto "Many cellular receptors signal via tyrosine phosphorylation. The tyrosine kinases required for this activity are often recruited upon ligand bindingAlternatively, receptors themselves have kinase activity, like insulin receptors. In either case, the receptors are returned to their original state through the activity of protein-tyrosine phosphatases (PTPs)The major candidate PTPs previously implicated in IRK dephosphorylation are PTP-1b and LAR." SIGNOR-76017 CAMK2A protein Q9UQM7 UNIPROT ITGB1BP1 protein O14713 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr38 GGLSRSStVASLDTD 9813144 t llicata "The point mutation T38D localized within the optimal CaMKII recognition motif of ICAP-1alpha results in a strong defect in cell spreading which cannot be overcome by the inhibition of the endogenous CaMKII. This fact strongly suggests that the phosphorylation of Threonine 38 by CaMKII modulates the alpha5beta1 integrin function. Conversely, the mutation T38A produces an analog of ICAP-1alpha that cannot be phosphorylated and that stimulates cell spreading on fibronectin to a similar extent when CaMKII is inhibited." SIGNOR-250632 WWP1 protein Q9H0M0 UNIPROT SMAD7 protein O15105 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" relocalization 9606 BTO:0005493 15221015 t lperfetto "we found that WWP1 inhibited transcriptional activities induced by TGF-beta. Similar to Smurfs, WWP1 associated with Smad7 and induced its nuclear export, and enhanced binding of Smad7 to TGF-beta type I receptor to cause ubiquitination and degradation of the receptor." SIGNOR-126578 RAD50 protein Q92878 UNIPROT BRCA1 protein P38398 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000150 10426999 t amattioni "Brca1 interacts in vitro and in vivo with hrad50. Brca1 is important for the cellular responses to dna damage that are mediated by the hrad50-hmre11-p95 complex." SIGNOR-69701 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT BAD protein Q92934 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser99 PFRGRSRsAPPNLWA 9606 BTO:0000938 9346240 t lperfetto "Experiments in this study reveal that akt phosphorylates bad both in vitro and in vivo and that akt-mediated phosphorylation of bad effectively blocks bad induced cell death.[...] In addition, these findings implicate a particular phosphorylation site on bad, serine 136, in the suppression of bad-mediated death by akt.[...]The Phosphorylation of bad may lead to the prevention of cell death via a mechanism that involves the selective association of the phosphorylated forms of bad with 14-3-3 protein isoforms. Akt phosphorylates bad in vitro and in vivo we show that growth factor activation of the pi3'k/akt signaling pathway culminates in the phosphorylation of the bcl-2 family member bad, thereby suppressing apoptosis and promoting cell survival. Akt phosphorylates bad in vitro and in vivo erbb-mediated phosphorylation of bad by akt promotes survival by blocking the interaction of this pro-apoptotic molecule with bcl-2 and bcl-x proteins" SIGNOR-52863 PRKAA1 protein Q13131 UNIPROT FOXO3 protein O43524 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser555 RALSNSVsNMGLSES 9606 BTO:0000007 17711846 t gcesareni "Phosphorylation by AMPK leads to the activtion of FOXO3 transcriptional activity without affecting FOXO3 subcellular localization." SIGNOR-249681 WNT6 protein Q9Y6F9 UNIPROT MYOD1 protein P15172 UNIPROT up-regulates 9606 BTO:0000887;BTO:0001103 22944199 f gcesareni "In explant cultures of mouse paraxial mesoderm, wnt1 induced expression of the mrf myf5, whereas wnt7a or wnt6 preferentially activated the mrf myod. Wnt4, wnt5a and wnt6 exert an intermediate effect activating both myf5 and myod equivalently in paraxial mesoderm." SIGNOR-198916 VAV1 protein P15498 UNIPROT SYK protein P43405 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 11331248 t lperfetto "Vav interacts with the tyrosine kinase syk" SIGNOR-107049 CARM1 protein Q86X55 UNIPROT PAX7 protein P23759 UNIPROT up-regulates methylation 9606 BTO:0002314 BTO:0000887;BTO:0001103 22863532 t miannu "Carm1 specifically methylates multiple arginines in the n-terminus of pax7. Methylated pax7 directly binds the c-terminal cleavage forms of the trithorax proteins mll1/2 resulting in the recruitment of the ash2l:mll1/2:wdr5:rbbp5 histone h3k4 methyltransferase complex to regulatory enhancers and the proximal promoter of myf5." SIGNOR-198617 APAF1 protein O14727 UNIPROT CASP9 protein P55211 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000567 9390557 t lperfetto "Caspase-9 and Apaf-1 bind to each other via their respective NH2-terminal CED-3 homologous domains in the presence of cytochrome c and dATP, an event that leads to caspase-9 activation." SIGNOR-53576 IKBKE protein Q14164 UNIPROT IRF3 protein Q14653 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser386 ARVGGASsLENTVDL -1 18440553 t lperfetto "Virus-induced phosphoactivation of irf-3, thought to be mediated directly or indirectly by ikk? And/or tbk1 occurs in the c-terminal region of irf-3 at seven ser/thr residues, 385sslentvdlhisnshplslts405 (fig. 1a).Within This region, irf-3 has two phosphorylation sites: site 1 includes ser385 and ser386, whereas site 2 includes ser396, ser398, ser402, ser405, and thr404." SIGNOR-178367 CDC7 protein O00311 UNIPROT RAD18 protein Q9NS91 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser434 IQEVLSSsESDSCNS 9606 21098111 t llicata "Although the cdc7/rad18 interaction and phosphorylation at s434 are induced by dna damage, s434 was also observed to be phosphorylated basally" SIGNOR-170049 TRIM33 protein Q9UPN9 UNIPROT SMAD3 protein P84022 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000574;BTO:0002625;BTO:0000414 16751102 t lperfetto "The ubiquitious nuclear protein transcriptional intermediary factor 1gamma (tif1gamma) selectively binds receptor-phosphorylated smad2/3 in competition with smad4. Rapid and robust binding of tif1gamma to smad2/3 occurs in hematopoietic, mesenchymal, and epithelial cell types in response to tgfbeta. Tif1gamma mediates the differentiation response while smad4 mediates the antiproliferative response with smad2/3 participating in both responses." SIGNOR-236060 CSNK2A2 protein P19784 UNIPROT HNRNPC protein P07910 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser260 SEGGADDsAEEGDLL -1 12564933 t llicata "Protein kinase CK2 phosphorylates hnRNP-C1/C2 at S247" SIGNOR-251007 PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT PDE4D protein Q08499 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation 9606 8663227 t llicata "Phosphorylation and activation of a camp-specific phosphodiesterase by the camp-dependent protein kinase." SIGNOR-42515 CSNK2A1 protein P68400 UNIPROT ATF1 protein P18846 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser63 GILARRPsYRKILKD 9606 8663317 t lperfetto "Camk ii phosphorylates only ser63 (corresponding to ser133 of creb), which is essential for the activation, and not ser72 (corresponding to ser142 of creb), which is a negative regulation site" SIGNOR-42565 MERTK protein Q12866 UNIPROT MERTK protein Q12866 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr749 FGLSKKIySGDYYRQ 9606 8702477 t gcesareni "By using a vaccinia virus expression system to express a constitutively activated form of nyk, we identified the major sites of nyk autophosphorylation in tryptic peptide iy749sgdy753y754r. Tyr-749, tyr-753, and tyr-754 in this peptide lie in the activation loop of the kinase domain." SIGNOR-42914 RAPGEF6 protein Q8TEU7 UNIPROT HRAS protein P01112 UNIPROT up-regulates "guanine nucleotide exchange factor" 9606 19201597 t gcesareni "Gefs catalyse the transition from gdp-bound, inactive ras to gtp-bound, active ras." SIGNOR-183796 SYK protein P43405 UNIPROT BLNK protein Q8WV28 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr84 EHSDSEMyVMPAEEN 9606 BTO:0000776 12456653 t llicata "The phosphorylation of multiple tyrosine residues not only amplifies plcgamma-mediated signaling but also supports 'cis'-mediated interaction between distinct signaling effectors within a large molecular complex." SIGNOR-96048 MERTK protein Q12866 UNIPROT MERTK protein Q12866 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr753 KKIYSGDyYRQGRIA 9606 8702477 t gcesareni "By using a vaccinia virus expression system to express a constitutively activated form of nyk, we identified the major sites of nyk autophosphorylation in tryptic peptide iy749sgdy753y754r. Tyr-749, tyr-753, and tyr-754 in this peptide lie in the activation loop of the kinase domain." SIGNOR-42918 HOXD9 protein P28356 UNIPROT MEIS1 protein O00470 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 10523646 t miannu "We find that DNA binding by MEIS1A is absolutely required for the formation of a cooperative complex with HOXD9" SIGNOR-220721 CASP9 protein P55211 UNIPROT CASP3 protein P42574 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" cleavage 9606 BTO:0000567 9390557 t lperfetto "Activated caspase-9 in turn cleaves and activates caspase-3. Mutation of the active site of caspase-9 attenuated the activation of caspase-3 and cellular apoptotic response in vivo, indicating that caspase-9 is the most upstream member of the apoptotic protease cascade." SIGNOR-53582 CYCS protein P99999 UNIPROT CASP9 protein P55211 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000567 9390557 t lperfetto "Caspase-9 and apaf-1 bind to each other via their respective nh2-terminal ced-3 homologous domains in the presence of cytochrome c and datp, an event that leads to caspase-9 activation." SIGNOR-53585 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT RPS6KA1 protein Q15418 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser221 DHEKKAYsFCGTVEY 9534 BTO:0004055 9430688 t lperfetto "Several lines of evidence indicate that the mapkap-k1 isoforms are also activated by mapks in vivo via the ras-dependent protein kinase cascade that is triggered by growth factors or tumor-promoting phorbol esters, such as phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (pma). here we identify six sites in mapkap-k1a that become phosphorylated in transfected cos-1 cells. The inactive form of mapkap-k1a in unstimulated cells is partially phosphorylated at ser222 and ser733. Stimulation with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate induces the phosphorylation of thr360, ser364, thr574, and ser381 and increases the phosphorylation of ser222 and ser733." SIGNOR-219308 BMP2 protein P12643 UNIPROT SMAD1 protein Q15797 UNIPROT up-regulates 9606 22298955 f lperfetto "Neogenin, a transmembranous protein, was reported to regulate bmp receptor association with lipid raft, where bmp induces canonical smad1/5/8 phosphorylation." SIGNOR-195561 MERTK protein Q12866 UNIPROT MERTK protein Q12866 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr754 KIYSGDYyRQGRIAK 9606 8702477 t gcesareni "By using a vaccinia virus expression system to express a constitutively activated form of nyk, we identified the major sites of nyk autophosphorylation in tryptic peptide iy749sgdy753y754r. Tyr-749, tyr-753, and tyr-754 in this peptide lie in the activation loop of the kinase domain." SIGNOR-42922 JAK1 protein P23458 UNIPROT TYK2 protein P29597 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr1055 VPEGHEYyRVREDGD 9606 8702790 t llicata "These results indicate that tyk2 is activated by phosphorylation on tyr-1054 and/or tyr-1055 and that this phosphorylation requires another kinase, most likely jak1." SIGNOR-43084 PIAS4 protein Q8N2W9 UNIPROT SMAD3 protein P84022 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 SIGNOR-C9 12904571 t gcesareni "Piasy binds most strongly with smad3 and also associates with other receptor-regulated smads and smad4. smad3, smad4, and piasy can form a ternary complex. Piasy does not inhibit smad complex binding to dna, but it represses smad transcriptional activity." SIGNOR-104538 PIAS4 protein Q8N2W9 UNIPROT SMAD4 protein Q13485 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 SIGNOR-C9 12904571 t gcesareni "Piasy binds most strongly with smad3 and also associates with other receptor-regulated smads and smad4. smad3, smad4, and piasy can form a ternary complex. Piasy does not inhibit smad complex binding to dna, but it represses smad transcriptional activity." SIGNOR-104541 RARA protein P10276 UNIPROT RXRG protein P48443 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 1310351 t gcesareni "Here we report that the transcriptional activity of rar and rxr can be reciprocally modulated by direct interactions between the two proteins" SIGNOR-16466 CREB1 protein P16220 UNIPROT FOXO4 protein P98177 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 9606 15126506 t lperfetto "We provide evidence that the acetyltransferase creb-binding protein (cbp) binds foxo resulting in acetylation of foxo. This acetylation inhibits foxo transcriptional activity" SIGNOR-124711 JAK1 protein P23458 UNIPROT STAT1 protein P42224 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation 9606 BTO:0000007 9020188 t lperfetto "The stat1 and stat2 proteins are present in the cytoplasm of untreated cells;upon stimulation with ifn-g they become rapidly activated by tyrosine phosphorylation at a single site catalyzed by receptor associated jak (janus) kinases." SIGNOR-236239 PTPRF protein P10586 UNIPROT FYN protein P06241 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation Tyr420 RLIEDNEyTARQGAK 9606 BTO:0000661 BTO:0000142;BTO:0000671 12496362 t lperfetto "Regulation of lck and fyn tyrosine kinase activities by transmembrane protein tyrosine phosphatase leukocyte common antigen-related molecule." SIGNOR-96768 AMPK complex SIGNOR-C15 SIGNOR FOXO3 protein O43524 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser555 RALSNSVsNMGLSES 9606 BTO:0000007 17711846 t gcesareni "Phosphorylation by AMPK leads to the activtion of FOXO3 transcriptional activity without affecting FOXO3 subcellular localization." SIGNOR-249682 EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT STAM2 protein O75886 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Tyr192 HTETKSLyPSSEIQL -1 11687594 t llicata "Another major tyrosine phosphorylation site of STAM2 was identified as Tyr-192" SIGNOR-251097 ADCYAP1 protein P18509 UNIPROT ADCYAP1R1 protein P41586 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 8703026 t gcesareni "Type i pacap receptors bind pacap-27 and -38. the potencies of the two forms of pacap are similar for adenylate cyclase stimulation, whereas pacap-38 is more potent than pacap-27 in phospholipase c activation." SIGNOR-43225 PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT LATS2 protein Q9NRM7 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation 10090 BTO:0000944 23644383 t milica "Here, we show that cyclic amp (camp)-dependent protein kinase (pka) phosphorylates lats and thereby enhances its activity sufficiently to phosphorylate yap on ser381." SIGNOR-236994 SMAD1 protein Q15797 UNIPROT SMAD4 protein Q13485 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation 9606 SIGNOR-C85 20957627 t lperfetto "Whereas alk5 signalling is mediated by phosphorylation of smad2 and smad3 proteins, alk1 signalling is mediated by smad1, smad5, and smad8. Activated smads form a complex with the common(co-Smad; Smad4 in mammals) and shuttle into the nucleus." SIGNOR-168734 SMAD1 protein Q15797 UNIPROT SMAD4 protein Q13485 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 SIGNOR-C85 21454478 t lperfetto "Upon ligand binding, the specific heteromeric transmembrane serine/threonine kinase receptor complexes undergo phosphorylation/activation and subsequently phosphorylate the two ser residues in the c-terminal sxs motif of specific r-smads, smad1/5/8 for bmp pathway and smad2/3 for tgf-_/activin signaling. The activated r-smads then associate with co-smad, smad4. The heteromeric complexes translocate into the nucleus, where they bind to dna directly or indirectly to regulate the transcription of specific genes." SIGNOR-172990 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT RPS6KA1 protein Q15418 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr359 DTEFTSRtPKDSPGI 9534 BTO:0004055 9430688 t lperfetto "Several lines of evidence indicate that the mapkap-k1 isoforms are also activated by mapks in vivo via the ras-dependent protein kinase cascade that is triggered by growth factors or tumor-promoting phorbol esters, such as phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (pma). here we identify six sites in mapkap-k1a that become phosphorylated in transfected cos-1 cells. The inactive form of mapkap-k1a in unstimulated cells is partially phosphorylated at ser222 and ser733. Stimulation with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate induces the phosphorylation of thr360, ser364, thr574, and ser381 and increases the phosphorylation of ser222 and ser733." SIGNOR-219324 PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT ADD2 protein P35612 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser713 KKKFRTPsFLKKSKK 9606 BTO:0000938 BTO:0000671 9679146 t gcesareni "Pkc phosphorylation of native and recombinant adducin inhibited actin capping measured using pyrene-actin polymerization and abolished activity of adducin in recruiting spectrin to ends and sides of actin filaments" SIGNOR-59299 BIRC5 protein O15392 UNIPROT CASP3 protein P42574 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000150;BTO:0000551 9850056 t amattioni "Survivin binds specifically to caspase-3. Survivin protected from apoptosis induced by overexpression of procaspase-3 and inhibited the processing of these zymogens into active caspases. Survivin, which is commonly expressed in human tumor cell lines, can bind the effector cell death proteases caspase-3 in vitro and inhibits caspase activity" SIGNOR-62484 SH2B2 protein O14492 UNIPROT CBL protein P22681 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000975 11498022 t gcesareni "Aps couples c-cbl to theinsulinreceptor, resulting in ubiquitination of theinsulinreceptor. The aps adapter protein couples theinsulinreceptor to the phosphorylation of c-cbl and facilitates ligand-stimulated ubiquitination of theinsulinreceptor." SIGNOR-109691 PTPRB protein P23467 UNIPROT INSR protein P06213 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation Tyr999 YASSNPEyLSASDVF 9606 10734133 t gcesareni "Identification of tyrosine phosphatases that dephosphorylate the insulin receptor." SIGNOR-76001 CDKN1B protein P46527 UNIPROT CDK1 protein P06493 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 15340381 t gcesareni "P21 and p27 are key inhibitors of both cdk1 and cdk2." SIGNOR-128445 LFNG protein Q8NES3 UNIPROT NOTCH1 protein P46531 UNIPROT up-regulates glycosylation 9606 BTO:0000975 12486116 t "Fringe is a fucose-specific beta1,3-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase that modifies O-fucose moieties on the epidermal growth factor-like (EGF) repeats of Notch." gcesareni "We demonstrate that egf 12, a portion of the ligand-binding site, is modified with o-fucose and that this site is evolutionarily conserved. We also show that endogenous fringe proteins in chinese hamster ovary cells (lunatic fringe and radical fringe) as well as exogenous manic fringe modify o-fucose on many but not all egf repeats of mouse notch1." SIGNOR-96540 BMP15 protein O95972 UNIPROT BMPR2 protein Q13873 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000975 SIGNOR-C29 16446785 t gcesareni "Here we have performed a detailed in situ hybridization analysis of the spatial and temporal expression patterns of the bmp ligands (bmp-2, -3, -3b, -4, -6, -7, -15), receptors (bmpr-ia, -ib, -ii), and bmp antagonist, follistatin, in rat ovaries over the normal estrous cycle." SIGNOR-144098 CAMK2G protein Q13555 UNIPROT SYN1 protein P17600 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser568 PQATRQTsVSGPAPP 3118371 t llicata "Sites 2 and 3 are serine residues phosphorylated by calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II." SIGNOR-250707 CDK5/CDK5R1 complex SIGNOR-C144 SIGNOR DCX protein O43602 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser306 GPMRRSKsPADSGND 9606 BTO:0000007 14741103 t llicata "In order to determine the sites of phosphorylation by Cdk5, serine or threonine in the nine potential sites were substituted with alanine by site-directed mutagenesis to create mutant Dcx proteins. hese were analyzed by co-transfection of 293T cells with cdk5/p35. All-sites-A mutant Dcx showed no slower migrating species on Western analysis, indicating that removal of all nine possible sites is sufficient to block the phosphorylation by Cdk5/p35. However, each single mutant Dcx retains the slower migrating species similar to the wild-type Dcx, suggesting that any single mutation is not sufficient to block phosphorylation by Cdk5/p35." SIGNOR-250658 PRKAA1 protein Q13131 UNIPROT FOXO3 protein O43524 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser626 SLECDMEsIIRSELM 9606 BTO:0000007 17711846 t gcesareni "Phosphorylation by AMPK leads to the activtion of FOXO3 transcriptional activity without affecting FOXO3 subcellular localization." SIGNOR-249687 AMPK complex SIGNOR-C15 SIGNOR FOXO3 protein O43524 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser626 SLECDMEsIIRSELM 9606 BTO:0000007 17711846 t gcesareni "Phosphorylation by AMPK leads to the activtion of FOXO3 transcriptional activity without affecting FOXO3 subcellular localization." SIGNOR-249688 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT CALD1 protein Q05682 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser759 KTPDGNKsPAPKPSD 9606 BTO:0000887;BTO:0001260 11983427 t amattioni "The actin binding properties of the minimal inhibitory region of caldesmon, residues 750-779, alter upon map kinase phosphorylation of ser-759. This phosphorylation leads to markedly diminished actin affinity." SIGNOR-86741 PTPN5 protein P54829 UNIPROT FYN protein P06241 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation Tyr420 RLIEDNEyTARQGAK 9606 BTO:0000938 BTO:0000671 11983687 t lperfetto "Wild-type step(61) dephosphorylates fyn at tyr(420) but not at tyr(531). These results suggest that step regulates the activity of fyn by specifically dephosphorylating the regulatory tyr(420) and may be one mechanism by which fyn activity is decreased within psds." SIGNOR-86791 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT TOB1 protein P50616 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser164 FGHSAAVsPTFMPRS 9606 12050114 t gcesareni "Tob is rapidly phosphorylated at ser 152, ser 154, and ser 164 by erk1 and erk2 upon growth-factor stimulation." SIGNOR-88724 ILK protein Q13418 UNIPROT PPP1R14A protein Q96A00 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr38 QKRHARVtVKYDRRE 9606 BTO:0000887;BTO:0001260 12144526 t miannu "Phosphopeptide mapping, phospho amino acid analysis and immunoblotting using phospho-specific antibodies indicated that ilk predominantly phosphorylated the site critical for potent inhibition, i.e. Thr(38) of cpi-17" SIGNOR-90828 14-3-3 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF7 SIGNOR HDAC5 protein Q9UQL6 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000887;BTO:0001103 12058061 t gcesareni "In the cytoplasm, 14-3-3 proteins bind the phosphorylated hdac5 and retain it in the cytosol." SIGNOR-89444 MTOR protein P42345 UNIPROT mTORC1 complex SIGNOR-C3 SIGNOR "form complex" binding 9606 25628925 t lperfetto "Depending on their binding partners and sensitivities to rapamycin, mtor resides in at least two distinct complexes, termed mtor complex 1 (mtorc1, containing raptor, fkbp12, pras40 and mlst8) and mtor complex 2 (mtorc2, containing rictor, sin1, protor and mlst8)" SIGNOR-205615 KIF7 protein Q2M1P5 UNIPROT GLI2 protein P10070 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by stabilization" binding 9606 19549984 t lperfetto "Kif7 physically interacted with Gli transcription factors and controlled their proteolysis and stability, and acted both positively and negatively in Hh signaling." SIGNOR-209611 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT GTF2I protein P78347 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser668 INTKALQsPKRPRSP 9606 10648599 t lperfetto "Tfii-i can be phosphorylated in vitro by erk and mutation of consensus map kinase substrate sites at serines 627 and 633 impairs the phosphorylation of tfii-i by erk and its activity on the c-fos promoter. These results suggest that erk regulates the activity of tfii-i by direct phosphorylation." SIGNOR-74296 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT GTF2I protein P78347 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser674 QSPKRPRsPGSNSKV 9606 10648599 t lperfetto "Tfii-i can be phosphorylated in vitro by erk and mutation of consensus map kinase substrate sites at serines 627 and 633 impairs the phosphorylation of tfii-i by erk and its activity on the c-fos promoter. These results suggest that erk regulates the activity of tfii-i by direct phosphorylation." SIGNOR-74300 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT CIITA protein P33076 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser288 PDRPGSTsPFAPSAT 9606 15210796 t gcesareni "Erk1/2-mediated phosphorylation of ciita down-regulates ciita activity by priming it for nuclear export, thus providing a means for cells to tightly regulate the extent of antigen presentation." SIGNOR-126254 ROCK2 protein O75116 UNIPROT PPP1R14A protein Q96A00 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr38 QKRHARVtVKYDRRE 9606 BTO:0000887;BTO:0001260 12144526 t gcesareni "Phosphorylation levels of thr(38)-cpi-17 and thr(696)/thr(850) myosin phosphatase target subunit (mypt1) were measured during pdbu or dog stimulation using site specific antibodies. cpi-17 as a major downstream effector, is phosphorylated by pkc and rock during pdbu and dog stimulation." SIGNOR-90832 LMTK2 protein Q8IWU2 UNIPROT PPP1CA protein P62136 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr320 NPGGRPItPPRNSAK 9606 BTO:0000887;BTO:0001103 12393858 t gcesareni "Kpi-2 kinase domain phosphorylated protein phosphatase-1 (pp1c) at thr(320), which attenuated pp1c activity." SIGNOR-94631 PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT PPP1R14A protein Q96A00 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr38 QKRHARVtVKYDRRE 9606 BTO:0000938 BTO:0000887;BTO:0000142 12495628 t gcesareni "A biochemical circuit that involves pkc-mediated activation of cpi-17 modulates the distinct physiological processes of vascular contractility and cerebellar ltd." SIGNOR-96692 PTPRJ protein Q12913 UNIPROT MET protein P08581 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation Tyr1365 NVKCVAPyPSLLSSE 9606 BTO:0000150;BTO:0000551 12475979 t gcesareni "Hepatocyte growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase met is a substrate of the receptor protein-tyrosine phosphatase dep-1" SIGNOR-96347 BMPR1A/1B/2 complex SIGNOR-C29 SIGNOR SMAD1 protein Q15797 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser463 SPHNPISsVS 9606 9136927 t lperfetto "Here, we report that bmp receptors phosphorylate and activate smad1 directly. Phosphorylation of smad1 in vivo involves serines in the carboxy-terminal motif ssxs. These residues are phosphorylated directly by a bmp type i receptor in vitro" SIGNOR-210079 PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT AKAP13 protein Q12802 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser1565 LSPFRRHsWGPGKNA 9606 15229649 t llicata "Elevation of the cellular concentration of camp activates the pka holoenzyme anchored to akap-lbc, which phosphorylates the anchoring protein on the serine 1565. This phosphorylation event induces the recruitment of 14-3-3, which inhibits the rho-gef activity of akap-lbc." SIGNOR-126723 PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT MARCKS protein P29966 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser159 KKKKKRFsFKKSFKL -1 1560845 t gcesareni "Here we report that MARCKS is a filamentous (F) actin crosslinking protein, with activity that is inhibited by PKC-mediated phosphorylation and by binding to calcium-calmodulin" SIGNOR-243192 NCOR2 protein Q9Y618 UNIPROT PGR protein P06401 UNIPROT down-regulates acetylation 9606 BTO:0000150;BTO:0001130 12771131 t gcesareni "In this study we assessed the effect of smrt and dax-1 on ar and pr activity in the presence of both agonists and partial antagonists. We show that smrt and dax-1 repress agonist-dependent activity of both receptors, and the mechanism of repression includes disruption of the receptor dimer interactions rather than recruitment of histone deacetylases." SIGNOR-101289 PKN1 protein Q16512 UNIPROT MARCKS protein P29966 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser159 KKKKKRFsFKKSFKL -1 8557118 t gcesareni "PRK1 phosphorylates MARCKS at the PKC sites: serine 152, serine 156 and serine 163." SIGNOR-243199 CDK5R1 protein Q15078 UNIPROT LMTK2 protein Q8IWU2 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation 9606 BTO:0000938 BTO:0000887;BTO:0000142 12832520 t gcesareni "Cprk displays catalytic activity in in vitro kinase assays and is itself phosphorylated by cdk5/p35. Cdk5/p35 inhibits cprk activity." SIGNOR-102717 MDFI protein Q99750 UNIPROT MYOG protein P15173 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 10090 BTO:0000944 8797820 t 2 miannu "We demonstrate that I-mf inhibits the transactivation activity of the MyoD family and represses myogenesis. I-mf associates with MyoD family members and retains them in the cytoplasm by masking their nuclear localization signals." SIGNOR-240493 LCK protein P06239 UNIPROT ZAP70 protein P43403 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr493 LGADDSYyTARSAGK -1 8756661 t lperfetto "these data suggest that phosphorylation of ZAP-70 is initiated by a heterologous trans-phosphorylation of ZAP-70 by Lck on Tyr- 493." SIGNOR-226628 CDK5/CDK5R1 complex SIGNOR-C144 SIGNOR DCX protein O43602 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Thr326 TSSSQLStPKSKQSP 9606 BTO:0000007 14741103 t llicata "In order to determine the sites of phosphorylation by Cdk5, serine or threonine in the nine potential sites were substituted with alanine by site-directed mutagenesis to create mutant Dcx proteins. hese were analyzed by co-transfection of 293T cells with cdk5/p35. All-sites-A mutant Dcx showed no slower migrating species on Western analysis, indicating that removal of all nine possible sites is sufficient to block the phosphorylation by Cdk5/p35. However, each single mutant Dcx retains the slower migrating species similar to the wild-type Dcx, suggesting that any single mutation is not sufficient to block phosphorylation by Cdk5/p35." SIGNOR-250659 CDK1 protein P06493 UNIPROT MASTL protein Q96GX5 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr194 NMMDILTtPSMAKPR 8355 22354989 t gcesareni "We propose a model in which the initiating event for Gwl activation is phosphorylation by MPF of the proline-directed sites T193 and T206 in the presumptive activation loop" SIGNOR-243414 CyclinB/CDK1 complex SIGNOR-C17 SIGNOR MASTL protein Q96GX5 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr194 NMMDILTtPSMAKPR 8355 22354989 t gcesareni "We propose a model in which the initiating event for Gwl activation is phosphorylation by MPF of the proline-directed sites T193 and T206 in the presumptive activation loop" SIGNOR-243403 GRK2 protein P25098 UNIPROT MC4R protein P32245 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr312 RSQELRKtFKEIICC 9606 BTO:0000007 12639913 t gcesareni "Mutagenesis studies revealed that Thr312 and Ser329/330 in the C-terminal tail are potential sites for PKA and GRK phosphorylation and may play an essential role in the recruitment of beta-arrestin to the activated receptor." SIGNOR-247770 873837-23-1 chemical CID:46930994 PUBCHEM EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-190467 PRKCB protein P05771 UNIPROT ORAI1 protein Q96D31 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser27 GGSTTSGsRRSRRRS 9606 20534587 t llicata "We propose that pkc suppresses soce and crac channel function by phosphorylation of orai1 at n-terminal serine residues ser-27 and ser-30." SIGNOR-166040 CDK2 protein P24941 UNIPROT RUNX1 protein Q01196 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser249 DTRQIQPsPPWSYDQ 9606 BTO:0002181 16046550 t "The effect has been demonstrated using Q01196-8" gcesareni "We have identified four phosphorylation sites on aml1c that are necessary for transcriptional activity of aml1c in k562 and 293t cells (27).4 mutation of these four sites (serine 276, serine 293, serine 303, and threonine 300) to alanine abolishes transcriptional activation, whereas mutation of these sites to aspartic acid (which mimics phosphorylation) results in a hyperactive protein." SIGNOR-138928 CDK2 protein P24941 UNIPROT SMAD3 protein P84022 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser213 NLSPNPMsPAHNNLD 9606 15241418 t gcesareni "We have mapped cdk4 and cdk2 phosphorylation sites to thr 8, thr 178 and ser 212 in smad3. taken together, these findings indicate that cdk phosphorylation of smad3 inhibits its transcriptional activity and antiproliferative function" SIGNOR-126732 GRK2 protein P25098 UNIPROT OPRM1 protein P35372 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr356 FREFCIPtSSNIEQQ 9606 BTO:0000007 12123746 t gcesareni "These results suggest that two C-terminal amino acids, Ser(355) and Thr(357), are required for short-term homologous desensitization and agonist-induced phosphorylation of mu-opioid receptors expressed in HEK 293 cells" SIGNOR-247782 GRK2 protein P25098 UNIPROT OPRD1 protein P41143 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr358 ATARERVtACTPSDG 9606 BTO:0000007 11040053 t gcesareni "Taken together, we have demonstrated that agonist-induced opioid receptor phosphorylation occurs exclusively at two phosphate acceptor sites (T358 and S363) of GRK2 at the DOR carboxyl terminus." SIGNOR-247776 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT RPS6KA3 protein P51812 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation 9606 19282669 t gcesareni "Erk-activates the rsk family of serine/threonine kinases,rsk1, rsk2, and rsk3." SIGNOR-161518 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT BCL6 protein P41182 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser333 KGLVSPQsPQKSDCQ 9606 BTO:0000782;BTO:0000785 9649500 t gcesareni "Here we show that antigen receptor activation leads to bcl-6 phosphorylation by mitogen-activated protein kinase (mapk). Phosphorylation, in turn, targets bcl-6 for rapid degradation by the ubiquitin/proteasome pathway." SIGNOR-58489 PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT HSPB6 protein O14558 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser16 PSWLRRAsAPLPGLS 9606 BTO:0000887;BTO:0001260 10196226 t llicata "Hosphorylation of hsp20 at ser16 is not only associated with cyclic nucleotide-dependent vasorelaxation but also inhibits agonist-induced contractile responses." SIGNOR-66493 SKI protein P12755 UNIPROT SMAD2 protein Q15796 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000848 12793438 t lperfetto "The ski and snon protein family associate with and repress the activity of smad2, smad3, and smad4, three members of the tgf-fl signaling pathway" SIGNOR-236155 SMAD4 protein Q13485 UNIPROT LEF1 protein Q9UJU2 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" 9606 BTO:0000599 10890911 f lperfetto "Coexpression of smad2 and smad4, smad3 alone, or smad3 and smad4 resulted in strong enhancement of lef1-dependent transcriptional activity" SIGNOR-229311 SMAD2 protein Q15796 UNIPROT LEF1 protein Q9UJU2 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" 9606 BTO:0000599 10890911 f lperfetto "Coexpression of smad2 and smad4, smad3 alone, or smad3 and smad4 resulted in strong enhancement of lef1-dependent transcriptional activity" SIGNOR-78988 TNFRSF6B protein O95407 UNIPROT FASLG protein P48023 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0001271;BTO:0000661 BTO:0000763 10318773 t amattioni "Tr6 specifically binds fas ligand. Tr6 may play a regulatory role for suppressing in fasl- mediated cell death." SIGNOR-67434 ATXN2 protein Q99700 UNIPROT DDX6 protein P26196 UNIPROT unknown binding 9606 17392519 t miannu "Ataxin-2 interacts with the dead/h-box rna helicase ddx6 / ddx6 is an essential component for the assembly of p-bodies/" SIGNOR-154158 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT SPHK2 protein Q9NRA0 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr614 AFRLEPLtPRGVLTV 9606 BTO:0000150 17311928 t llicata "Sphingosine kinase type 2 activation by erk-mediated phosphorylation. site-directed mutagenesis indicated that hsphk2 is phosphorylated on ser-351 and thr-578 by erk1" SIGNOR-153383 PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT MAPT protein P10636 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser673 RVQSKIGsLDNITHV -1 12435421 t miannu "Ser214, Ser262, Ser356, and Ser409 of tau441‚ were phosphorylated by PKA. tau in PHF is abnormally hyperphosphorylated and lacks its normal activity to bind to microtubules and to stimulate their assembly" SIGNOR-250007 CSNK1A1 protein P48729 UNIPROT LGALS3 protein P17931 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser6 sLHDALSG 9606 BTO:0000150 15121858 t llicata "These results indicate that phosphorylation of gal-3 promotes its nuclear export after apoptotic stimuli through enhanced nuclear export." SIGNOR-124583 D-Glucose smallmolecule CID:5793 PUBCHEM "adenosine 5'-monophosphate" smallmolecule CID:6083 PUBCHEM down-regulates 9606 BTO:0000887;BTO:0001103 10409121 f gcesareni "The activation in response to glucose removal appeared to be due to changes in the concentration of the known regulators of the cascade, i.e. Amp and atp, since ampk activation was associated with a large increase in the cellular amp." SIGNOR-69249 MEF2C protein Q06413 UNIPROT "Skeletal Muscle Differentiation" phenotype SIGNOR-PH1 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 BTO:0000887;BTO:0001103 10082551 f lperfetto "During embryogenesis, the MEF2 genes are expressed throughout developing skeletal and cardiac muscle lineages, as well as in the nervous system (19, 42, 65, 68).MEF2C is the first member of the family to be expressed in developing muscle cell lineages, with transcripts appearing in precardiac cells by about embryonic day 7.75 and in skeletal muscle precursor cells within the myotome of the developing somites by embryonic day 8.5. Soon thereafter, the other MEF2 genes are expressed in overlapping patterns (19). After birth, the expression of MEF2A, -B, and -Dbecomes ubiquitous, whereas the expression of MEF2C becomes restricted to skeletal muscle, brain, and spleen" SIGNOR-219368 DPF2 protein Q92785 UNIPROT ESRRA protein P11474 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 10090 BTO:0000165 25713408 t 1 miannu "DPF2 directly bound to ERRalpha and suppressed the transactivation function of nuclear receptors such as androgen receptor. DPF2 was recruited to ERR target gene promoters in myoblast cells, and knockdown of DPF2 derepressed the level of mRNA expressed by target genes of ERRalpha. These results show that DPF2 acts as a nuclear receptor-selective co-repressor for ERRalpha by associating with both acetylated histone H3 and HDAC1." SIGNOR-239539 EPHB2 protein P29323 UNIPROT EPHB2 protein P29323 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr602 IYIDPFTyEDPNEAV -1 10572014 t "Our results demonstrate that autophosphorylation tyrosine 611 in the juxtamembrane region of chicken EphB2 is critical for the association of the Src SH2 domain." SIGNOR-251124 ERK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF1 SIGNOR SMAD2 protein Q15796 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser245 NQSMDTGsPAELSPT 9606 BTO:0000763;BTO:0000149 10197981 t lperfetto "These results suggest that oncogenic ras, acting through mek1 and erk kinases, induces the phosphorylation of smad2 and smad3 .we show that phosphorylation of smad2, a mediator of the activin/transforming growth factor-beta signal, by activated extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1 (erk1) increases the amount of smad2 protein and leads to enhanced transcriptional activity" SIGNOR-244719 RNF111 protein Q6ZNA4 UNIPROT SMAD2 protein Q15796 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" ubiquitination 10090 BTO:0000165;BTO:0000222 17341133 t lperfetto "Arkadia represses the expression of myoblast differentiation markers through degradation of ski and the ski-bound smad complex in c2c12 myoblastsarkadia bound smad2/3 via ski to induce the ubiquitination of smad2/3. These results suggest that arkadia targets ski-bound, inactive phospho-smad2/3 to regulate positively myostatin/tgf-beta signaling." SIGNOR-236873 ERK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF1 SIGNOR SMAD2 protein Q15796 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation 9606 BTO:0000763;BTO:0000149 10197981 t lperfetto "These results suggest that oncogenic ras, acting through mek1 and erk kinases, induces the phosphorylation of smad2 and smad3" SIGNOR-244576 ERK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF1 SIGNOR SMAD2 protein Q15796 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr8 MSSILPFtPPVVKRL 9606 BTO:0000763 12193595 t lperfetto "These results suggest that oncogenic ras, acting through mek1 and erk kinases, induces the phosphorylation of smad2 and smad3 .we show that phosphorylation of smad2, a mediator of the activin/transforming growth factor-beta signal, by activated extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1 (erk1) increases the amount of smad2 protein and leads to enhanced transcriptional activity" SIGNOR-244735 MAP2K1 protein Q02750 UNIPROT TAL1 protein P17542 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser122 DGRMVQLsPPALAAP 9606 BTO:0000782;BTO:0001271 11904294 t gcesareni "We found that hypoxia greatly accelerated tal1 turnover in these cells through mitogen-activated protein kinase (mapk)2-mediated phosphorylation, ubiquitination, and proteasomal degradation." SIGNOR-116149 ERK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF1 SIGNOR SMAD2 protein Q15796 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser250 TGSPAELsPTTLSPV 9606 BTO:0000763;BTO:0000149 10197981 t lperfetto "These results suggest that oncogenic ras, acting through mek1 and erk kinases, induces the phosphorylation of smad2 and smad3 .we show that phosphorylation of smad2, a mediator of the activin/transforming growth factor-beta signal, by activated extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1 (erk1) increases the amount of smad2 protein and leads to enhanced transcriptional activity" SIGNOR-244723 ERK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF1 SIGNOR SMAD2 protein Q15796 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser255 ELSPTTLsPVNHSLD 9606 BTO:0000763;BTO:0000149 10197981 t lperfetto "These results suggest that oncogenic ras, acting through mek1 and erk kinases, induces the phosphorylation of smad2 and smad3 .we show that phosphorylation of smad2, a mediator of the activin/transforming growth factor-beta signal, by activated extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1 (erk1) increases the amount of smad2 protein and leads to enhanced transcriptional activity" SIGNOR-244727 PD318088 chemical CID:10231331 PUBCHEM MEK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF25 SIGNOR down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck lperfetto SIGNOR-244927 SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr419 RLIEDNEyTARQGAK 9606 7578094 t lperfetto "These data are consistent with autophosphorylation on y-419 as predicted. Intermolecular autophosphorylation is consistent with the ability of srctk to dimerize, which is analogous to activation of receptor tyrosine kinases such as the egf receptor kinase in response to growth factors." SIGNOR-29369 FGFR1 protein P11362 UNIPROT LDHA protein P00338 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr10 TLKDQLIyNLLKEEQ 9606 21969607 t gcesareni "We found that the oncogenic receptor tyrosine kinase fgfr1 directly phosphorylates ldh-a. Phosphorylation at y10 and y83 enhances ldh-a activity by enhancing the formation of active, tetrameric ldh-a and the binding of ldh-a substrate nadh, respectively." SIGNOR-176730 CDK2 protein P24941 UNIPROT RUNX1 protein Q01196 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser266 QYLGSIAsPSVHPAT 9606 BTO:0002181 16046550 t "The effect has been demonstrated using Q01196-8" gcesareni "We have identified four phosphorylation sites on aml1c that are necessary for transcriptional activity of aml1c in k562 and 293t cells (27).4 mutation of these four sites (serine 276, serine 293, serine 303, and threonine 300) to alanine abolishes transcriptional activation, whereas mutation of these sites to aspartic acid (which mimics phosphorylation) results in a hyperactive protein." SIGNOR-138932 U0126-EtOH chemical CID:16220066 PUBCHEM MEK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF25 SIGNOR down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck lperfetto SIGNOR-244961 Dabigatran chemical CID:216210 PUBCHEM F2 protein P00734 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-190314 PTPN6 protein P29350 UNIPROT KIT protein P10721 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 9528781 t miannu "Shp-1 binds and negatively modulates the c-kit receptor by interaction with tyrosine 569 in the c-kit juxtamembrane domain." SIGNOR-56104 SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr216 KLDSGGFyITSRTQF 9606 BTO:0000150 12753909 t lperfetto "This study establishes that her2/hrg signaling selectively upregulates tyr phosphorylation of c-src at tyr-215 located within the sh2 domain, increases c-src kinase activity" SIGNOR-236246 JAK2 protein O60674 UNIPROT PTPN11 protein Q06124 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr304 PNEPVSDyINANIIM 9534 BTO:0004055 8995399 t lperfetto "Tyrosine residues 304 and 327 in shp-2 are phosphorylated by jaks, and phosphorylated shp-2 can associate with the downstream adapter protein grb2" SIGNOR-236266 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT RPS6KA1 protein Q15418 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr573 AENGLLMtPCYTANF 9534 BTO:0004055 9430688 t lperfetto "Several lines of evidence indicate that the mapkap-k1 isoforms are also activated by mapks in vivo via the ras-dependent protein kinase cascade that is triggered by growth factors or tumor-promoting phorbol esters, such as phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (pma). here we identify six sites in mapkap-k1a that become phosphorylated in transfected cos-1 cells. The inactive form of mapkap-k1a in unstimulated cells is partially phosphorylated at ser222 and ser733. Stimulation with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate induces the phosphorylation of thr360, ser364, thr574, and ser381 and increases the phosphorylation of ser222 and ser733." SIGNOR-219328 SYK protein P43405 UNIPROT SNCA protein P37840 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Tyr133 EMPSEEGyQDYEPEA 9606 BTO:0000975;BTO:0000142 11744621 t llicata "Here, we show that alpha-synuclein (alpha-syn) is an outstanding substrate for the protein tyrosine kinase p72syk (syk), which phosphorylates three tyrosyl residues in its c-terminal domain (y-125, y-133, and y-136), here, we show that _-syn is an outstanding substrate for syk and that once it is tyrosine phosphorylated, it loses the ability to form oligomers." SIGNOR-113065 SYK protein P43405 UNIPROT SNCA protein P37840 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Tyr136 SEEGYQDyEPEA 9606 BTO:0000975;BTO:0000142 11744621 t llicata "Here, we show that alpha-synuclein (alpha-syn) is an outstanding substrate for the protein tyrosine kinase p72syk (syk), which phosphorylates three tyrosyl residues in its c-terminal domain (y-125, y-133, and y-136), here, we show that _-syn is an outstanding substrate for syk and that once it is tyrosine phosphorylated, it loses the ability to form oligomers." SIGNOR-113069 AST-1306 chemical CID:24739943 PUBCHEM ERBB4 protein Q15303 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-189945 CH5132799 chemical CID:49784945 PUBCHEM PIK3C2B protein O00750 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-190940 CH5132799 chemical CID:49784945 PUBCHEM PIK3CA protein P42336 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-190943 CH5132799 chemical CID:49784945 PUBCHEM PIK3CB protein P42338 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-190946 CDK1 protein P06493 UNIPROT TSC1 protein Q92574 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser584 ETSIFTPsPCKIPPP 9606 BTO:0000680;BTO:0001573;BTO:0001286 SIGNOR-C17 14551205 t lperfetto "Cell cycle-regulated phosphorylation of hamartin, the product of the tuberous sclerosis complex 1 gene, by cyclin-dependent kinase 1/cyclin b.Cyclin-dependent kinase 1 phosphorylates hamartin at three sites, one of which (thr417) is in the hamartin-tuberin interaction domain. Tuberin interacts with phosphohamartin, and tuberin expression attenuates the phosphorylation of exogenous hamartin. Hamartin with alanine mutations in the three cyclin-dependent kinase 1 phosphorylation sites increased the inhibition of p70s6 kinase by the hamartin-tuberin complex" SIGNOR-118576 CDK1 protein P06493 UNIPROT TSC1 protein Q92574 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr1047 SSSSELStPEKPPHQ 9606 BTO:0000680;BTO:0001573;BTO:0001286 SIGNOR-C17 14551205 t lperfetto "Cell cycle-regulated phosphorylation of hamartin, the product of the tuberous sclerosis complex 1 gene, by cyclin-dependent kinase 1/cyclin b.Cyclin-dependent kinase 1 phosphorylates hamartin at three sites, one of which (thr417) is in the hamartin-tuberin interaction domain. Tuberin interacts with phosphohamartin, and tuberin expression attenuates the phosphorylation of exogenous hamartin. Hamartin with alanine mutations in the three cyclin-dependent kinase 1 phosphorylation sites increased the inhibition of p70s6 kinase by the hamartin-tuberin complex" SIGNOR-118580 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT ZFP36L1 protein Q07352 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser92 RFRDRSFsEGGERLL 9606 15538381 t llicata "Here we report that protein kinase b (pkb/akt) stabilizes are transcripts by phosphorylating brf1 at serine 92 (s92). Recombinant brf1 promoted in vitro decay of are-containing mrna (are-mrna), yet phosphorylation by pkb impaired this activity." SIGNOR-130376 FGF2 protein P09038 UNIPROT BMP2 protein P12643 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 15780951 f lperfetto "Furthermore, FGF-2 and FGF-9 increased expression of other osteogenic factors BMP-2 and TGFbeta-1. Meanwhile, blocking endogenous FGF signaling, using a virally transduced dominant-negative FGF receptor (FgfR), resulted in drastically reduced expression of the BMP-2 gene, demonstrating for the first time that endogenous FGF/FgfR signaling is a positive upstream regulator of the BMP-2 gene in calvarial osteoblasts" SIGNOR-134785 HNF1B protein P35680 UNIPROT AKR1C4 protein P17516 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0003846 2044952 f 2 miannu "Hepatocyte nuclear factor (HNF)-4_/_, HNF-1_, and vHNF-1 regulate the cell-specific expression of the human dihydrodiol dehydrogenase (DD)4/AKR1C4 gene.HNF-1_ binds to the target element in the rat DBP gene in the liver, while vHNF-1 recognizes a target element in extrahepatic tissues. The ability of vHNF-1-A to activate the rat DBP gene is much higher than that of vHNF-1-C." SIGNOR-239960 BMP2 protein P12643 UNIPROT BMP2 protein P12643 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000887 11178121 t lperfetto "Bmps are dimeric proteins with a single interchain disulfide bond. The dimeric conformation is an absolute requirement for the biological action and interaction with receptors" SIGNOR-236166 IKBKE protein Q14164 UNIPROT ESR1 protein P03372 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser167 GGRERLAsTNDKGSM 9606 BTO:0000150 19940156 t lperfetto "Here, we show that ikkepsilon interacts with and phosphorylates estrogen receptor alpha (eralpha) on serine 167 in vitro and in vivo. As a result, ikkepsilon induces eralpha transactivation activity and enhances eralpha binding to dna." SIGNOR-161834 ROCK1 protein Q13464 UNIPROT MYL9 protein P24844 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser20 KRPQRATsNVFAMFD 9606 BTO:0000887;BTO:0001260 8702756 t gcesareni "Rho-kinase phosphorylates the mlc of intact myosin and activates its mgatpase activity in a gtp_?Rho-dependent manner." SIGNOR-43031 AURKA protein O14965 UNIPROT CETN2 protein P41208 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser170 LRIMKKTsLY 9606 BTO:0000150 21731694 t llicata "Our studies show that aurora a phosphorylates centrin at serine 170 in vitro and that the serine 170 phosphorylation affects the stability of centrin by regulating its interaction with apc/c. finally we demonstrated that phosphorylation of centrin serine 170 is an absolute requirement for aurora a-mediated centriole amplification." SIGNOR-174686 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT BRCA1 protein P38398 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser694 QTSKRHDsDTFPELK 9606 BTO:0000150 20085797 t lperfetto "We identify a novel akt phosphorylation site in brca1 at s694 which is responsive to activation of these signaling pathways. These data suggest akt phosphorylation of brca1 increases total protein expression by preventing proteasomal degradation" SIGNOR-163472 BMP4 protein P12644 UNIPROT BMP4 protein P12644 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000887 11178121 t lperfetto "Bmps are dimeric proteins with a single inter-chain disulfide bond. The dimeric conformation is anabsolute requirement for the biological action and interaction with receptors" SIGNOR-236169 BMP7 protein P18075 UNIPROT BMP7 protein P18075 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000887 11178121 t lperfetto "Bmps are dimeric proteins with a single inter-chain disulfide bond. The dimeric conformation is an absolute requirement for the biological action and interac- tion with receptors" SIGNOR-236172 TSLP protein Q969D9 UNIPROT CRLF2 protein Q9HC73 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000782;BTO:0000876 11418668 t gcesareni "Human tslp is proposed to signal through a heterodimeric receptor complex that consists of a new member of the hemopoietin family termed human tslp receptor and the il-7r alpha-chain." SIGNOR-108920 CDK2 protein P24941 UNIPROT RUNX1 protein Q01196 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr273 SPSVHPAtPISPGRA 9606 BTO:0002181 16046550 t "The effect has been demonstrated using Q01196-8" gcesareni "We have identified four phosphorylation sites on aml1c that are necessary for transcriptional activity of aml1c in k562 and 293t cells (27).4 mutation of these four sites (serine 276, serine 293, serine 303, and threonine 300) to alanine abolishes transcriptional activation, whereas mutation of these sites to aspartic acid (which mimics phosphorylation) results in a hyperactive protein." SIGNOR-138940 PTPN9 protein P43378 UNIPROT NSF protein P46459 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation Tyr83 QEIEVSLyTFDKAKQ 9606 15322554 t gcesareni "Our results suggest that the molecular mechanism by which ptp-meg2 promotes secretory vesicle fusion involves the local release of nsf from a tyrosine-phosphorylated, inactive state." SIGNOR-128348 GSK3B protein P49841 UNIPROT NEFH protein P12036 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser503 GGEEETKsPPAEEAA 9606 12130654 t lperfetto "Gsk3beta was shown to phosphorylate at ser-493 in vitro by phosphopeptide mapping and site-directed mutagenesis, and in vivo in hek293 cells. The role of ser-493 phosphorylation is also a question to be addressed in the future. Because the e-segment appears to be involved in filament formation (27, 42), phosphorylation in that region may also play a regulatory role in filament formation. Secondary structure prediction suggests that phosphorylation of ser-493 in combination with following the pro residue interrupts _-helix of the e-segment" SIGNOR-90668 CDK2 protein P24941 UNIPROT RUNX1 protein Q01196 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser276 VHPATPIsPGRASGM 9606 BTO:0002181 16046550 t "The effect has been demonstrated using Q01196-8" gcesareni "We have identified four phosphorylation sites on aml1c that are necessary for transcriptional activity of aml1c in k562 and 293t cells (27).4 mutation of these four sites (serine 276, serine 293, serine 303, and threonine 300) to alanine abolishes transcriptional activation, whereas mutation of these sites to aspartic acid (which mimics phosphorylation) results in a hyperactive protein." SIGNOR-138936 TGFBR2 protein P37173 UNIPROT ZFYVE9 protein O95405 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 9865696 t lperfetto "Sara functions to recruit smad2 to the tgfbeta receptor by controlling the subcellular localization of smad2 and by interacting with the tgfbeta receptor complex" SIGNOR-245093 TGFBR1 protein P36897 UNIPROT ZFYVE9 protein O95405 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 9865696 t lperfetto "Sara functions to recruit smad2 to the tgfbeta receptor by controlling the subcellular localization of smad2 and by interacting with the tgfbeta receptor complex" SIGNOR-62868 CDK1 protein P06493 UNIPROT TSC1 protein Q92574 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr417 SLPQATVtPPRKEER 9606 BTO:0000680;BTO:0001573;BTO:0001286 SIGNOR-C17 14551205 t lperfetto "Cell cycle-regulated phosphorylation of hamartin, the product of the tuberous sclerosis complex 1 gene, by cyclin-dependent kinase 1/cyclin b.Cyclin-dependent kinase 1 phosphorylates hamartin at three sites, one of which (thr417) is in the hamartin-tuberin interaction domain. Tuberin interacts with phosphohamartin, and tuberin expression attenuates the phosphorylation of exogenous hamartin. Hamartin with alanine mutations in the three cyclin-dependent kinase 1 phosphorylation sites increased the inhibition of p70s6 kinase by the hamartin-tuberin complex" SIGNOR-118584 PLK3 protein Q9H4B4 UNIPROT ATF2 protein P15336 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr69 SVIVADQtPTPTRFL 9606 20068231 t gcesareni "Phosphorylation of thr-69 by mapk14 and mapk11, and at thr-71 by mapk1/erk2, mapk3/erk1, mapk11, mapk12 and mapk14 in response to external stimulus like insulin causes increased transcriptional activity." SIGNOR-163270 RUNX2 protein Q13950 UNIPROT RUNX2 protein Q13950 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 BTO:0000944;BTO:0003166 11331591 f lperfetto "Together, these results suggest that the inhibition of cbfa1 transcription by TGF-_ requires both the presence of CBFA1 and CBFA1 binding to the cbfa1 promoter." SIGNOR-235533 MTMR3 protein Q13615 UNIPROT MTOR protein P42345 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" 9606 BTO:0000007 SIGNOR-C3 26787466 t lperfetto "The PtdIns3-phosphatase MTMR3 interacts with mTORC1 and suppresses its activity." SIGNOR-245105 Retigabine chemical CID:121892 PUBCHEM KCNQ2 protein O43526 UNIPROT up-regulates "chemical activation" 9606 Other t "Selleck;anticonvulsant for KCNQ2/3 currents" gcesareni SIGNOR-206483 "PP 242" chemical CID:24905147 PUBCHEM MTOR protein P42345 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-206313 Alectinib chemical CID:49806720 PUBCHEM ALK protein Q9UM73 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-190961 CHIR-124 chemical CID:11502647 PUBCHEM FLT3 protein P36888 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-190976 CHIR-98014 chemical CID:53396311 PUBCHEM GSK3A protein P49840 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-190985 CHIR-98014 chemical CID:53396311 PUBCHEM GSK3B protein P49841 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-190988 CSNK2A1 protein P68400 UNIPROT ATF1 protein P18846 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser44 ESEESQDsSDSIGSS 9606 20730097 t lperfetto "These data suggested that atf1 is always hyperphosphorylated on the ck sites in vivo. Also, the antibody reactivity suggested that in addition to ser-36 and ser-41, ser-38 and ser-44 were phosphorylated in vivo. To accommodate these findings, we propose that constitutive hyperphosphorylation by ck1/ck2 maintains atf1 in an inactive state that promotes transcriptional repression." SIGNOR-167556 PAK1 protein Q13153 UNIPROT SNAI1 protein O95863 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser246 QACARTFsRMSLLHK 9606 BTO:0000150 15833848 t lperfetto "Pak1 regulates the repressor activity of snail by phosphorylating on ser(246). Pak1 phosphorylation of snail supports snail's accumulation in the nucleus as well as its repressor functions." SIGNOR-135605 p38 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF16 SIGNOR CDC25C protein P30307 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser216 SGLYRSPsMPENLNR 9606 11333986 t lperfetto "P38 binds and phosphorylates cdc25-b and -c at serines 309 and 361 and at serine 216, respectively, and phosphorylation of these residues is required for binding to 14-3-3 proteins phosphorylation of cdc25 triggers cell-cycle arrest by the sequestration of cdc25 by 14-3-3" SIGNOR-107420 R547 chemical CID:6918852 PUBCHEM CCNE1 protein P24864 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-206355 CHIR-99021 chemical CID:9956119 PUBCHEM GSK3A protein P49840 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-190997 CHIR-99021 chemical CID:9956119 PUBCHEM GSK3B protein P49841 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-191000 "Canertinib dihydrochloride" chemical CID:156413 PUBCHEM EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-191009 "Canertinib dihydrochloride" chemical CID:156413 PUBCHEM ERBB2 protein P04626 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-191012 R547 chemical CID:6918852 PUBCHEM CDK4 protein P11802 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-206364 "Fostamatinib disodium" chemical CID:25008120 PUBCHEM SYK protein P43405 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-206373 212631-79-3 chemical CID:6918454 PUBCHEM MAP2K1 protein Q02750 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-191021 ESR1 protein P03372 UNIPROT PIK3R1 protein P27986 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000150 16169518 t gcesareni "Recently, it has been known that er activates phosphatidylinositol-3-oh kinase (pi3k) through binding with the p85 regulatory subunit of pi3k." SIGNOR-140470 RAF265 chemical CID:11656518 PUBCHEM RAF1 protein P04049 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-206385 AT7519 chemical CID:11338033 PUBCHEM CCND1 protein P24385 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-189972 CDKN2A protein P42771 UNIPROT CyclinD/CDK4 complex SIGNOR-C18 SIGNOR "down-regulates activity" binding 9606 8891723 t lperfetto "The first group, including p16ink4a, p15ink4b,p18ink4cand p19ink4d, is specific for the g1 cdks,cdk4and cdk6, inhibiting the kinase activity of cyclin d/cdk4-cdk6 complexes on prb." SIGNOR-217514 MAPK8 protein P45983 UNIPROT IRS1 protein P35568 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser315 ITATSPAsMVGGKPG 9606 BTO:0000887;BTO:0001103 14579029 t gcesareni "Insulin also activates jnk, erk, pkc and mtor, which induce the phosphorylation of irs1 on serine residues 307, 612 and 632 and inhibit its functions. Our results indicate that the insulin-stimulated degradation of irs-1 via the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase pathway is in part dependent upon the ser(312) phosphorylation of irs-1." SIGNOR-118861 MAPK8 protein P45983 UNIPROT IRS1 protein P35568 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser616 DDGYMPMsPGVAPVP 9606 BTO:0000887;BTO:0001103 14579029 t gcesareni "Insulin also activates jnk, erk, pkc and mtor, which induce the phosphorylation of irs1 on serine residues 307, 612 and 632 and inhibit its functions. Our results indicate that the insulin-stimulated degradation of irs-1 via the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase pathway is in part dependent upon the ser(312) phosphorylation of irs-1." SIGNOR-118865 MAPK8 protein P45983 UNIPROT IRS1 protein P35568 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser636 SGDYMPMsPKSVSAP 9606 BTO:0000887;BTO:0001103 14579029 t gcesareni "Insulin also activates jnk, erk, pkc and mtor, which induce the phosphorylation of irs1 on serine residues 307, 612 and 632 and inhibit its functions. Our results indicate that the insulin-stimulated degradation of irs-1 via the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase pathway is in part dependent upon the ser(312) phosphorylation of irs-1." SIGNOR-118869 MAPK8 protein P45983 UNIPROT IRS1 protein P35568 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser307 TRRSRTEsITATSPA 9606 BTO:0000887;BTO:0001103 14579029 t gcesareni "Insulin also activates jnk, erk, pkc and mtor, which induce the phosphorylation of irs1 on serine residues 307, 612 and 632 and inhibit its functions. Our results indicate that the insulin-stimulated degradation of irs-1 via the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase pathway is in part dependent upon the ser(312) phosphorylation of irs-1." SIGNOR-118857 212631-79-3 chemical CID:6918454 PUBCHEM MAP2K2 protein P36507 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-191024 clinofibrate chemical CID:2787 PUBCHEM HMGCR protein P04035 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-191085 CP-724714 chemical CID:9874913 PUBCHEM ERBB2 protein P04626 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-191103 CP-91149 chemical CID:9843900 PUBCHEM PYGL protein P06737 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-191112 Crenolanib chemical CID:10366136 PUBCHEM PDGFRA protein P16234 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-191121 Crenolanib chemical CID:10366136 PUBCHEM PDGFRB protein P09619 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-191124 Crizotinib chemical CID:11626560 PUBCHEM ALK protein Q9UM73 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-191133 Crizotinib chemical CID:11626560 PUBCHEM MET protein P08581 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-191136 CUDC-101 chemical CID:24756910 PUBCHEM EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-191145 CUDC-101 chemical CID:24756910 PUBCHEM ERBB2 protein P04626 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-191148 GSK2126458 chemical CID:25167777 PUBCHEM PIK3CD protein O00329 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-192901 MAPK9 protein P45984 UNIPROT IRS1 protein P35568 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser307 TRRSRTEsITATSPA 9606 BTO:0000887;BTO:0001103 14579029 t gcesareni "Map kinases and mtor mediate insulin-induced phosphorylation ofinsulinreceptor substrate-1 on serine residues 307, 612 and 632" SIGNOR-118881 GSK3A protein P49840 UNIPROT GYS1 protein P13807 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser641 YRYPRPAsVPPSPSL 9606 BTO:0000887;BTO:0001103 14593110 t gcesareni "Glycogen synthase kinase-3 (gsk-3) phosphorylates four serine residues in the cooh terminus of glycogen synthase. Phosphorylation of one of these residues, ser640 (site 3a), causes strong inactivation of glycogen synthase" SIGNOR-118927 PTPN6 protein P29350 UNIPROT JAK1 protein P23458 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation 9606 BTO:0000150;BTO:0001271;BTO:0000785;BTO:0000661;BTO:0003076 14624462 t gcesareni "We find, for the first time, that shp-1 down-regulates the level of tyk2 kinase in h9 cells and of jak1 kinase in htb26 cells, by accelerating their degradation." SIGNOR-119197 HMN-214 chemical CID:9888590 PUBCHEM PLK1 protein P53350 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-193309 Icariin chemical CID:5318997 PUBCHEM PDE5A protein O76074 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-193363 Imatinib chemical CID:5291 PUBCHEM ABL1 protein P00519 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t "Selleck;VIRAL ABL" gcesareni SIGNOR-193372 "SNS-314 Mesylate" chemical CID:24995523 PUBCHEM AURKB protein Q96GD4 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-207102 "SNS-314 Mesylate" chemical CID:24995523 PUBCHEM AURKC protein Q9UQB9 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-207105 BCL2L1 protein Q07817 UNIPROT BAX protein Q07812 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 9670005 t amattioni "The presence of an anti-apoptotic molecule such as bcl-2 or bcl-xl can inhibit the activation of bax following a death signal." SIGNOR-59141 GSK3B protein P49841 UNIPROT CyclinD/CDK4 complex SIGNOR-C18 SIGNOR "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" phosphorylation 9606 phosphorylation:Ser9 SGRPRTTsFAESCKP 23552696 t lperfetto "Active AKT, a common mediator of cell survival signals induced by radiation through multiple intracellular signaling pathways,11, 12 suppresses apoptosis. AKT positively regulates cyclin D1 expression through inactivation of glycogen synthase kinase 3_ (GSK3_). The AKT-mediated phosphorylation of glycogen synthase kinase 3_ on serine9 decreases its kinase activity for Thr286 of cyclin D1, which inhibits the nuclear export and the cytoplasmic proteasomal degradation of cyclin D1" SIGNOR-245432 PPP2CA protein P67775 UNIPROT MAP2K2 protein P36507 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation 9606 20626350 t gcesareni "In particular, p38 mapk activity stimulates the physical association between ppa2 and mkk1/2- erk1/2 complex, leading to mkk1/2 dephosphorilation by pp2a." SIGNOR-166652 CDKN1A protein P38936 UNIPROT CyclinE/CDK2 complex SIGNOR-C16 SIGNOR "down-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000093 11154267 t lperfetto "Overexpression of p16INK4a in cells with functional pRb results in inhibition of both Cdk4- and Cdk6-associated kinase activity and pRb phosphorylation, with subsequent cell cycle arrest (46, 50). In addition, inhibition of D cyclin-Cdk4 complex formation by p16INK4a prevents sequestration of p21Cip1 and p27Kip1 by these complexes in early G1, leading to suppression of cyclin E-Cdk2 activity" SIGNOR-245462 CDKN1B protein P46527 UNIPROT CyclinE/CDK2 complex SIGNOR-C16 SIGNOR "down-regulates activity" binding 9606 17409098 t lperfetto "P27, an important cell cycle regulator, blocks the g(1)/s transition in cells by binding and inhibiting cdk2/cyclin a and cdk2/cyclin e complexes (cdk2/e)." SIGNOR-217505 CARD8 protein Q9Y2G2 UNIPROT CASP9 protein P55211 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 16678772 t amattioni "Tucan is a recently identified card-containing protein that can complex with caspase-9 and prevent cytochrome c-induced caspase activation." SIGNOR-146663 LCK protein P06239 UNIPROT ESR1 protein P03372 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr537 CKNVVPLyDLLLEML 9606 BTO:0000150;BTO:0000567 9500442 t gcesareni "On the basis of these data and other reports describing the structure and activity of y537 mutations, as well as knowledge of the three-dimensional structure of the her ligand binding domain, we propose an alternate model wherein y537f mutation favors an open pocket conformation, affecting the estrogen binding kinetics and stability of the hormone-bound, transcriptionally active closed pocket conformation." SIGNOR-55853 PLK1 protein P53350 UNIPROT VIM protein P08670 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser83 GVRLLQDsVDFSLAD 9606 BTO:0000150 18056432 t gcesareni "We observed that plk1 phosphorylates vimentin on ser82, which in turn regulates cell surface levels of 1 integrin." SIGNOR-159386 PAK1 protein Q13153 UNIPROT ITGB3BP protein Q13352 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser28 SKITRKKsVITYSPT 9606 BTO:0000150 18521086 t lperfetto "Serine 28 phosphorylation of nrif3 confers its co-activator function for estrogen receptor-alpha transactivation. p21-activated protein kinase 1 (pak1) phosphorylates eralpha at ser305 and this modification is important in eralpha transactivation function." SIGNOR-178795 PTK6 protein Q13882 UNIPROT STAT5B protein P51692 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr699 TAKAVDGyVKPQIKQ 9606 BTO:0000150 17997837 t llicata "Phosphospecific antibodies, mutational analysis, and in vitro kinase assays demonstrated that brk specifically mediated stat5b phosphorylation at the activating tyrosine, y699." SIGNOR-159066 PAK1 protein Q13153 UNIPROT PA2G4 protein Q9UQ80 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr261 QYGLKMKtSRAFFSE 9606 BTO:0000150 18283314 t llicata "We found that pak1 phosphorylated ebp1 in vitro and mapped the phosphorylation site to threonine 261. these studies demonstrate for the first time that ebp1 is a substrate of pak1 and the importance of the pak1 phosphorylation site for the functional activity of ebp1 in breast cancer cells." SIGNOR-160963 CYC-116 chemical CID:6420138 PUBCHEM AURKB protein Q96GD4 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-191224 "CYPROTERONE ACETATE" chemical CID:9880 PUBCHEM AR protein P10275 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-191235 Cyt387 chemical CID:25062766 PUBCHEM JAK1 protein P23458 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-191244 D-106669 chemical CID:16048654 PUBCHEM PIK3CA protein P42336 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-191256 Danusertib chemical CID:11442891 PUBCHEM AURKA protein O14965 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-191274 E2F1 protein Q01094 UNIPROT CyclinE/CDK2 complex SIGNOR-C16 SIGNOR "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 8649818 f lperfetto "We have found that cell cycle regulation of cyclin E transcription is mediated by E2F binding sites present in the promoter. The activity of this promoter can be regulated negatively by pRB." SIGNOR-245471 TGFB1 protein P01137 UNIPROT CyclinE/CDK2 complex SIGNOR-C16 SIGNOR "down-regulates activity" 9606 10611320 f lperfetto "Tgf-beta treatment resulted in the specific inactivation of cyclin cdk2 complexes caused by absence of the activating thr(160) phosphorylation on cdk2." SIGNOR-217502 Danusertib chemical CID:11442891 PUBCHEM AURKB protein Q96GD4 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-191277 Danusertib chemical CID:11442891 PUBCHEM AURKC protein Q9UQB9 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-191280 Dapagliflozin chemical CID:9887712 PUBCHEM SLC5A2 protein P31639 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-191289 dapt chemical CID:5311272 PUBCHEM APP protein P05067 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-191292 Dasatinib chemical CID:3062316 PUBCHEM SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-191304 DCC-2036 chemical CID:25066467 PUBCHEM ABL1 protein P00519 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-191313 Dinaciclib chemical CID:46926350 PUBCHEM CDK2 protein P24941 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-191325 Lenvatinib chemical CID:9823820 PUBCHEM FLT4 protein P35916 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-191454 Dinaciclib chemical CID:46926350 PUBCHEM CDK5 protein Q00535 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-191328 Dinaciclib chemical CID:46926350 PUBCHEM CDK9 protein P50750 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-191331 DMXAA chemical CID:123964 PUBCHEM NQO1 protein P15559 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-191397 CDK5 protein Q00535 UNIPROT CORO1A protein P31146 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr424 AAPEASGtPSSDAVS 9606 BTO:0001588 26823173 t lperfetto "We here show that phosphorylation of coronin 1 on Thr(418/424) by cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) 5 activity was responsible for coronin 1-G_s association and the modulation of cAMP production. Together these results show an essential role for CDK5 activity in promoting the coronin 1-dependent cAMP/PKA pathway." SIGNOR-245187 ABL1 protein P00519 UNIPROT CD19 protein P15391 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr508 EDMRGILyAAPQLRS 10090 11120811 t gcesareni "The results revealed that only tyrosine (Y)490 of CD19 was phosphorylated by c-Abl." SIGNOR-245283 ABL1 protein P00519 UNIPROT BTK protein Q06187 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Tyr223 LKKVVALyDYMPMNA 9606 BTO:0000567 12445832 t gcesareni "In this report we describe for the first time that c-Abl and Btk physically interact and that c-Abl can phosphorylate tyrosine 223 in the SH3 domain of Btk" SIGNOR-245278 ABL1 protein P00519 UNIPROT CDK5 protein Q00535 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr15 EKIGEGTyGTVFKAK 9534 BTO:0000298 10896159 t gcesareni "Phosphorylation of Cdk5 by c-Abl occurs on tyrosine 15 (Y15), which is stimulatory for p35/Cdk5 kinase activity." SIGNOR-245288 ABL1 protein P00519 UNIPROT CDKN1B protein P46527 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity" phosphorylation Tyr88 KGSLPEFyYRPPRPP 9606 BTO:0000007;BTO:0000567 17254966 t gcesareni "A conserved tyrosine residue (Y88) in the Cdk-binding domain of p27 can be phosphorylated by the Src-family kinase Lyn and the oncogene product BCR-ABL" SIGNOR-245293 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT SMAD4 protein Q13485 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr277 GSRTAPYtPNLPHHQ 9606 12801888 t lpetrilli "Phosphorylation of thr276 is shown to be important for tgf-?-Induced nuclear accumulation and, as a consequence, transcriptional activity of smad4. these results suggest that smad4 can be phosphorylated by erk2 at thr276." SIGNOR-101660 SMURF2 protein Q9HAU4 UNIPROT SMAD5 protein Q99717 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" ubiquitination 9606 BTO:0001593 BTO:0000140 22298955 t lperfetto "Smurf1 and smurf2 are e3 ubiquitin ligases known to suppress tgf-beta signaling through degra-dation of smads and receptors for tgf-beta and bmps" SIGNOR-153420 TLR4 protein O00206 UNIPROT JUN protein P05412 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" 9606 BTO:0000801 19592489 f lperfetto "The transcription factor AP-1 consists of a variety of dimers composed of members of the Jun, Fos, and ATF families of proteins. The Jun proteins can both homo- and heterodimerize with Fos members to form transcriptionally active complexes. The stimulation of macrophage TLR4 receptor rapidly activates not only the NF-kappaB pathway but also MAPK pathways, including JNK, ERK, and p38. Many of the downstream targets of MAPK pathways are transcription factors that include c-Jun." SIGNOR-249518 FGFR1 protein P11362 UNIPROT LDHA protein P00338 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr83 KIVSGKDyNVTANSK 9606 21969607 t gcesareni "We found that the oncogenic receptor tyrosine kinase fgfr1 directly phosphorylates ldh-a. Phosphorylation at y10 and y83 enhances ldh-a activity by enhancing the formation of active, tetrameric ldh-a and the binding of ldh-a substrate nadh, respectively." SIGNOR-176734 MK-2461 chemical CID:44137946 PUBCHEM MST1R protein Q04912 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-194387 PTPN6 protein P29350 UNIPROT TYK2 protein P29597 UNIPROT down-regulates 9606 BTO:0000150;BTO:0001271;BTO:0000785;BTO:0000661;BTO:0003076 14624462 f lperfetto "We find, for the first time, that shp-1 down-regulates the level of tyk2 kinase in h9 cells and of jak1 kinase in htb26 cells, by accelerating their degradation" SIGNOR-119200 PRKAA1 protein Q13131 UNIPROT NOS2 protein P35228 UNIPROT down-regulates 9606 BTO:0000801 BTO:0000887 14985344 f gcesareni "Ampk by insulin-sensitizing drugs markedly inactivates in- ducible nitric-oxide synthase (inos)." SIGNOR-120827 AKT2 protein P31751 UNIPROT CASP9 protein P55211 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser196 KLRRRFSsLHFMVEV 9606 9812896 t gcesareni "Akt phosphorylated recombinant casp9 in vitro on serine-196 and inhibited its protease activity" SIGNOR-61561 RPS6KA3 protein P51812 UNIPROT ESR1 protein P03372 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser167 GGRERLAsTNDKGSM 9606 BTO:0000150 19112174 t gcesareni "S6k1 regulates estrogen receptor alpha (eralpha) by phosphorylating it on serine 167, leading to transcriptional activation of eralpha." SIGNOR-182958 "dovitinib; bis(lactic acid)" chemical CID:56973714 PUBCHEM KIT protein P10721 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-191421 "Brivanib alaninate" chemical CID:11154925 PUBCHEM FGFR1 protein P11362 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-190717 PIN1 protein Q13526 UNIPROT NOTCH1 protein P46531 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000150 19151708 t gcesareni "Prolyl-isomerase pin1 interacts with notch1 and affects notch1 activation. Pin1 potentiates notch1 cleavage by gamma-secretase, leading to an increased release of the active intracellular domain and ultimately enhancing notch1. pin1 potentiates notch1 cleavage by gamma-secretase" SIGNOR-183461 NR2F2 protein P24468 UNIPROT MYOD1 protein P15172 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 9826778 t gcesareni "The orphan nuclear receptor, coup-tf ii, inactivates myogenesis by post-transcriptional regulation of myod function: coup-tf ii directly interacts with p300 and myod." SIGNOR-62248 EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT GSTP1 protein P09211 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr199 AFLASPEyVNLPING 9606 BTO:0000150 19254954 t llicata "Taken together, these results and those of the ms/ms analyses confirmed tyr-3, tyr-7, and tyr-198 to be primary residues phosphorylated by egfr in the gstp1 protein. The phosphorylation increased gstp1 enzymatic activity significantly," SIGNOR-184379 PAK1 protein Q13153 UNIPROT HIST1H3A protein P68431 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser11 TKQTARKsTGGKAPR 9606 BTO:0000150 12151336 t gcesareni "Histone h3 is a substrate of pak1 both in vitro and in vivo, and it specifically interacted with pak1 but not pak2 or pak3. Site-directed mutagenesis indicated that pak1 phosphorylates histone h3 on ser10." SIGNOR-91050 ROBO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF14 SIGNOR CDC25B protein P30305 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser375 ARVLRSKsLCHDEIE 9606 BTO:0000567;BTO:0000938 BTO:0000142 15150265 t lperfetto "P38 binds and phosphorylates cdc25-b and -c at serines 309 and 361 and at serine 216, respectively, and phosphorylation of these residues is required for binding to 14-3-3 proteinsphosphorylation of cdc25 triggers cell-cycle arrest by the sequestration of cdc25 by 14-3-3" SIGNOR-124847 ROBO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF14 SIGNOR CDC25C protein P30307 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser216 SGLYRSPsMPENLNR 9606 BTO:0000567;BTO:0000938 BTO:0000142 15150265 t lperfetto "P38 binds and phosphorylates cdc25-b and -c at serines 309 and 361 and at serine 216, respectively, and phosphorylation of these residues is required for binding to 14-3-3 proteinsphosphorylation of cdc25 triggers cell-cycle arrest by the sequestration of cdc25 by 14-3-3" SIGNOR-124851 PBK protein Q96KB5 UNIPROT HIST1H3A protein P68431 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser11 TKQTARKsTGGKAPR 9606 BTO:0000150 16982762 t gcesareni "Pbk/topk could phosphorylate histone h3 at ser10 in vitro and in vivo, and mediated its growth-promoting effect through histone h3 modification." SIGNOR-149716 PIAS3 protein Q9Y6X2 UNIPROT STAT3 protein P40763 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000150;BTO:0000551 15138572 t gcesareni "Specific inhibition of stat3 signal transduction by pias3stat3 mediated signaling pathways can be inhibited by pias3 (protein inhibitor of activated stat3), which was recently found to regulate protein stability and function by its sumo (small-ubiquitin like modifiers) ligase activity in promoting sumoylation of important nuclear proteins." SIGNOR-124723 ABT-737 chemical CID:11228183 PUBCHEM BCL2 protein P10415 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 BTO:0001271;BTO:0000776;BTO:0000785 17200714 t gcesareni "A cell-permeant compound, abt-737, binds with high affinity to bcl2, bcl2l1, and bcl2l2, antagonizes their antiapoptotic function, and induces apoptosis in select human tumor cell lines, primary patient-derived cells." SIGNOR-151781 ABT-737 chemical CID:11228183 PUBCHEM BCL2L1 protein Q07817 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 BTO:0001271;BTO:0000776;BTO:0000785 17200714 t gcesareni "A cell-permeant compound, abt-737, binds with high affinity to bcl2, bcl2l1, and bcl2l2, antagonizes their antiapoptotic function, and induces apoptosis in select human tumor cell lines, primary patient-derived cells." SIGNOR-151784 ABT-737 chemical CID:11228183 PUBCHEM BCL2L2 protein Q92843 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 BTO:0001271;BTO:0000776;BTO:0000785 17200714 t gcesareni "A cell-permeant compound, abt-737, binds with high affinity to bcl2, bcl2l1, and bcl2l2, antagonizes their antiapoptotic function, and induces apoptosis in select human tumor cell lines, primary patient-derived cells." SIGNOR-151790 EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT GSTP1 protein P09211 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr4 yTVVYFPV 9606 BTO:0000150 19254954 t llicata "Taken together, these results and those of the ms/ms analyses confirmed tyr-3, tyr-7, and tyr-198 to be primary residues phosphorylated by egfr in the gstp1 protein. The phosphorylation increased gstp1 enzymatic activity significantly," SIGNOR-184383 SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT TIAM1 protein Q13009 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation 9606 BTO:0000150 12810717 t gcesareni "Tiam1 cooperated with src to induce activation of rac1 in vivo and the formation of membrane ruffles." SIGNOR-102354 ENMD-2076 chemical CID:16041424 PUBCHEM AURKA protein O14965 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-191466 ENMD-2076 chemical CID:16041424 PUBCHEM AURKB protein Q96GD4 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-191469 SU11274 chemical CID:9549297 PUBCHEM MET protein P08581 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-207123 ACVR1 protein Q04771 UNIPROT SMAD1 protein Q15797 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation 9606 9748228 t fspada "Bmp7 stimulated phosphorylation of endogenous smad1 and 5, formation of complexes with smad4 and induced the promoter for the homeobox gene, tlx2" SIGNOR-60174 Entinostat chemical CID:4261 PUBCHEM HDAC3 protein O15379 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-191481 EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT GSTP1 protein P09211 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr8 MPPYTVVyFPVRGRC 9606 BTO:0000150 19254954 t llicata "Taken together, these results and those of the ms/ms analyses confirmed tyr-3, tyr-7, and tyr-198 to be primary residues phosphorylated by egfr in the gstp1 protein. The phosphorylation increased gstp1 enzymatic activity significantly," SIGNOR-184387 ROBO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF14 SIGNOR CDC25B protein P30305 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser323 QRLFRSPsMPCSVIR 9606 BTO:0000567;BTO:0000938 BTO:0000142 15150265 t lperfetto "P38 binds and phosphorylates cdc25-b and -c at serines 309 and 361 and at serine 216, respectively, and phosphorylation of these residues is required for binding to 14-3-3 proteinsphosphorylation of cdc25 triggers cell-cycle arrest by the sequestration of cdc25 by 14-3-3" SIGNOR-124843 BRSK1 protein Q8TDC3 UNIPROT CDC25B protein P30305 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser375 ARVLRSKsLCHDEIE 9606 BTO:0000567;BTO:0000938 BTO:0000142 15150265 t lperfetto "Hssad1 specifically phosphorylated wee1a, cdc25-c, and -b on ser-642, ser-216, and ser-361 in vitro, respectivelyphosphorylation of cdc25 triggers cell-cycle arrest by the sequestration of cdc25 by 14-3-3" SIGNOR-124839 Enzastaurin chemical CID:176167 PUBCHEM PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-191490 Enzastaurin chemical CID:176167 PUBCHEM PRKCB protein P05771 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-191493 Enzastaurin chemical CID:176167 PUBCHEM PRKCG protein P05129 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-191499 "Erlotinib hydrochloride" chemical CID:176871 PUBCHEM EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-191502 Flavopiridol chemical CID:5287969 PUBCHEM CDK1 protein P06493 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-191529 Flavopiridol chemical CID:5287969 PUBCHEM CDK2 protein P24941 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-191532 MK-2461 chemical CID:44137946 PUBCHEM PDGFRB protein P09619 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-194390 RUNX2 protein Q13950 UNIPROT NOTCH1 protein P46531 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 20740684 t "Accumulated Runx2 suppressed Notch1 transcriptional activity by dissociating the Notch1-IC-RBP-Jk complex" gcesareni "Runx2 is an inhibitor of the notch1 signaling pathway during normal osteoblast differentiation. The n-terminal domain of runx2 was crucial to the binding and inhibition of the the n-terminus of the notch1 intracellular domain." SIGNOR-167627 1038915-60-4 chemical CID:24958200 PUBCHEM PARP1 protein P09874 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-194399 1038915-60-4 chemical CID:24958200 PUBCHEM PARP2 protein Q9UGN5 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-194402 MK-5108 chemical CID:24748204 PUBCHEM AURKA protein O14965 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-194411 MK-8245 chemical CID:24988881 PUBCHEM SCD protein O00767 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-194420 NVP-TAE684 chemical CID:16038120 PUBCHEM ALK protein Q9UM73 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-207132 PF-04217903 chemical CID:17754438 PUBCHEM MET protein P08581 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-205968 6-(7-hydroxy-6,7-dihydro-5H-pyrrolo[1,2-c]imidazol-7-yl)-N-methyl-2-naphthamide chemical CID:9883029 PUBCHEM CYP17A1 protein P05093 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-207141 TAK-901 chemical CID:16124208 PUBCHEM AURKB protein Q96GD4 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-207191 PKI-587 chemical CID:44516953 PUBCHEM MTOR protein P42345 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-205986 PKI-587 chemical CID:44516953 PUBCHEM PIK3CA protein P42336 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-205989 PKI-587 chemical CID:44516953 PUBCHEM PIK3CG protein P48736 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-205992 PF-2545920 chemical CID:11581936 PUBCHEM PDE10A protein Q9Y233 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-206001 CAY10505 chemical CID:1204893 PUBCHEM PIK3CG protein P48736 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-190859 NCOR2 protein Q9Y618 UNIPROT AR protein P10275 UNIPROT down-regulates acetylation 9606 BTO:0000150;BTO:0001130 12771131 t gcesareni "In this study we assessed the effect of smrt and dax-1 on ar and pr activity in the presence of both agonists and partial antagonists. We show that smrt and dax-1 repress agonist-dependent activity of both receptors, and the mechanism of repression includes disruption of the receptor dimer interactions rather than recruitment of histone deacetylases." SIGNOR-101286 SYK protein P43405 UNIPROT SNCA protein P37840 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Tyr125 VDPDNEAyEMPSEEG 9606 BTO:0000975;BTO:0000142 11744621 t llicata "Here, we show that alpha-synuclein (alpha-syn) is an outstanding substrate for the protein tyrosine kinase p72syk (syk), which phosphorylates three tyrosyl residues in its c-terminal domain (y-125, y-133, and y-136), here, we show that _-syn is an outstanding substrate for syk and that once it is tyrosine phosphorylated, it loses the ability to form oligomers." SIGNOR-113061 DLL4 protein Q9NR61 UNIPROT PP2B proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF18 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000776 16140393 t lperfetto "Notch signaling is a highly conserved pathway involved in cell fate choice during development with Delta and Jagged constituting the two evolutionary conserved families of Notch ligands. These ligands are transmembrane proteins with conserved biochemical structure that share their receptors and signal through a common mechanism. Upon ligand binding Notch receptors are proteoliticaly cleaved, the intracellular domain of Notch (NICD) is released and translocated to the nucleus, where it activates target genes. In mammals, four receptors and five ligands have been described. Delta-1, Delta-3 and Delta-4 are homologues to Drosophila Delta and Jagged-1 and Jagged-2 to Drosophila Serrate." SIGNOR-209744 ANGPTL1 protein O95841 UNIPROT TEK protein Q02763 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0004980 BTO:0000763 15284220 t gcesareni "In experiments with human endothelial cell lines, ang3 was identified as an antagonist of tie2 and ang4 was identified as an agonist of tie2." SIGNOR-127354 PF-5274857 chemical CID:56956240 PUBCHEM SMO protein Q99835 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-206058 PF-562271 chemical CID:11713159 PUBCHEM PTK2 protein Q05397 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-206067 586379-66-0 chemical CID:22049997 PUBCHEM MAPK14 protein Q16539 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-206079 PHA-665752 chemical CID:10461815 PUBCHEM MET protein P08581 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-206088 PHA-680632 chemical CID:11249084 PUBCHEM AURKA protein O14965 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-206097 PHA-680632 chemical CID:11249084 PUBCHEM AURKB protein Q96GD4 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-206100 PHA-767491 chemical CID:11715767 PUBCHEM CDK9 protein P50750 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-206115 ROCK2 protein O75116 UNIPROT PPP1R14A protein Q96A00 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr38 QKRHARVtVKYDRRE 9606 BTO:0000938 BTO:0000887;BTO:0000142 12495628 t gcesareni "Phosphorylation levels of thr(38)-cpi-17 and thr(696)/thr(850) myosin phosphatase target subunit (mypt1) were measured during pdbu or dog stimulation using site specific antibodies. cpi-17 as a major downstream effector, is phosphorylated by pkc and rock during pdbu and dog stimulation." SIGNOR-96696 PHA-793887 chemical CID:46191454 PUBCHEM CDK4 protein P11802 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-206130 PHA-793887 chemical CID:46191454 PUBCHEM CDK7 protein P50613 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-206136 ERK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF1 SIGNOR ESR1 protein P03372 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser106 PLNSVSPsPLMLLHP 9606 BTO:0000567 17615152 t lperfetto "In several estrogen response element-containing genes, the s118a mutation strongly reduced induction by e(2), and u0126 did not further reduce expression. Here, we show that serines 104 (s104) and 106 (s106) are also phosphorylated by mapk in vitro and upon stimulation of mapk activity in vivo.Phosphorylation at serines 104 and 106 by erk1/2 mapk is important for estrogen receptor-alpha activity" SIGNOR-244651 PHA-793887 chemical CID:46191454 PUBCHEM CDK9 protein P50750 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-206139 PHA-848125 chemical CID:16718576 PUBCHEM CCNA2 protein P20248 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-206148 PHA-848125 chemical CID:16718576 PUBCHEM CDK2 protein P24941 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-206151 PI-103 chemical CID:9884685 PUBCHEM PIK3CA protein P42336 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-206163 Tandutinib chemical CID:3038522 PUBCHEM KIT protein P10721 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-207212 PI-103 chemical CID:9884685 PUBCHEM PIK3CB protein P42338 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-206166 IFNG protein P01579 UNIPROT IFNGR1 protein P15260 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000801 23898330 t lperfetto "In the classical model of IFNgamma signaling, dimeric IFNgamma cross-links the IFNGR1 receptor subunit that results in allosteric changes in receptor cytoplasmic domain. This results in movement of JAK2 from receptor subunit IFNGR2 to IFNGR1. The JAKs autophosphorylate and then phosphorylate IFNGR1 cytoplasmic domain. This results in binding, phosphorylation, and dimer formation of STAT1_. The dimeric STAT1_ dissociates from receptor and undergoes nuclear translocation via an intrinsic NLS for specific gene activation" SIGNOR-249484 SKP2 protein Q13309 UNIPROT MYC protein P01106 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity" ubiquitination 9606 SIGNOR-C136 20852628 t gcesareni "The F-box protein Skp2 mediates c-Myc ubiquitylation by binding to the MB2 domain" SIGNOR-243548 Telatinib chemical CID:9808844 PUBCHEM FLT4 protein P35916 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-207221 PML protein P29590 UNIPROT SMAD2 protein Q15796 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 15356634 t gcesareni "Cytoplasmic pml physically interacts with smad2/3 and sara (smad anchor for receptor activation) and is required for association of smad2/3 with sara and for the accumulation of sara and tgf-beta receptor in the early endosome." SIGNOR-128735 PML protein P29590 UNIPROT SMAD3 protein P84022 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 15356634 t gcesareni "Cytoplasmic pml physically interacts with smad2/3 and sara (smad anchor for receptor activation) and is required for association of smad2/3 with sara and for the accumulation of sara and tgf-beta receptor in the early endosome." SIGNOR-128741 PI-103 chemical CID:9884685 PUBCHEM PIK3CD protein O00329 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-206169 PI-103 chemical CID:9884685 PUBCHEM PIK3CG protein P48736 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-206172 WWTR1 protein Q9GZV5 UNIPROT SMAD2 protein Q15796 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 21084559 t gcesareni "Taz has been shown to interact with smad2 and smad3 through its coiled-coil region, and to be important in maintaining the nuclear localization of smad2 and smad3 as well as the expression of their target genes in response to tgf-b signaling and, thus, in the maintenance of human esc self-renewal." SIGNOR-169835 WWTR1 protein Q9GZV5 UNIPROT SMAD3 protein P84022 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 21084559 t gcesareni "Taz has been shown to interact with smad2 and smad3 through its coiled-coil region, and to be important in maintaining the nuclear localization of smad2 and smad3 as well as the expression of their target genes in response to tgf-b signaling and, thus, in the maintenance of human esc self-renewal." SIGNOR-169841 PI-103 chemical CID:9884685 PUBCHEM PRKDC protein P78527 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-206175 ERK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF1 SIGNOR ESR1 protein P03372 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser118 LHPPPQLsPFLQPHG 9606 BTO:0000567 17615152 t lperfetto "In several estrogen response element-containing genes, the s118a mutation strongly reduced induction by e(2), and u0126 did not further reduce expression. Here, we show that serines 104 (s104) and 106 (s106) are also phosphorylated by mapk in vitro and upon stimulation of mapk activity in vivo." SIGNOR-244655 CAMK2B protein Q13554 UNIPROT CAMK2B protein Q13554 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr287 SMMHRQEtVECLKKF 2842767 t llicata "Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II: identification of threonine-286 as the autophosphorylation site in the alpha subunit associated with the generation of Ca2+-independent activity." SIGNOR-250640 AURKA protein O14965 UNIPROT FADD protein Q13158 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser203 MSWNSDAsTSEAS 9606 21978935 t lperfetto "Here, we report that aur-a phosphorylates s203 of the fas associated with death domain protein (fadd)phosphorylation of s203 by aur-a serves to prime fadd for plk1-mediated phosphorylation at s194" SIGNOR-176739 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT CTTN protein Q14247 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser418 TEERLPSsPVYEDAA 9606 BTO:0000938 21079800 t gcesareni "Cortactin is regulated by multiple phosphorylation events, including phosphorylation of s405 and s418 by extracellular regulated kinases (erk)1/2. Erk1/2 phosphorylation of cortactin has emerged as an important positive regulatory modification, enabling cortactin to bind and activate the arp2/3 regulator neuronal wiskott-aldrich syndrome protein (n-wasp), promoting actin polymerization and enhancing tumor cell movement." SIGNOR-169686 KAT2B protein Q92831 UNIPROT SMAD2 protein Q15796 UNIPROT up-regulates acetylation Lys19 VKRLLGWkKSAGGSG 9606 SIGNOR-C7 17074756 t gcesareni "We demonstrate that both smad2 and smad3 are acetylated by the coactivators p300 and cbp in a tgfbeta-dependent manner. Smad2 is also acetylated by p/caf. The acetylation of smad2 was significantly higher than that of smad3. Lys(19) in the mh1 domain was identified as the major acetylated residue in both the long and short isoform of smad2.....acetylation of the short isoform of smad2 improves its dna binding activity in vitro and enhances its association with target promoters in vivo, thereby augmenting its transcriptional activity" SIGNOR-150273 PAK2 protein Q13177 UNIPROT CASP7 protein P55210 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser239 WRSPGRGsWFVQALC 9606 BTO:0000150 21555521 t gcesareni "Pak2 can bind with caspase-7 and phosphorylate caspase-7 at the ser-30, thr-173, and ser-239 sites. Functionally, the phosphorylation of caspase-7 decreases its activity, thereby inhibiting cellular apoptosis." SIGNOR-173655 ULK1 protein O75385 UNIPROT GABARAP protein O95166 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000567;BTO:0000938 BTO:0000142 11146101 t gcesareni "N-terminal proline/serine rich (ps) domain of ulk1 (amino acid 287-416) is required for ulk1-gate-16 and ulk1-gabarap protein interactions" SIGNOR-85614 SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT GAB1 protein Q13480 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr317 PPTPGNTyQIPRTFP 9606 BTO:0000007 19881549 t lperfetto "Using both mutagenesis and mass spectrometry approaches, y242, y259, y317, y373 and y627 of gab1 were identified to be phosphorylated by c-src a gab1 mutant with substitutions of the src phosphorylation sites failed to promote hgf-induced dna synthesis" SIGNOR-236306 Axitinib chemical CID:6450551 PUBCHEM KIT protein P10721 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 BTO:0000150 21297102 t gcesareni "The inhibitory effect of four tkis (axitinib, imatinib, masitinib, and vatalanib) for proliferation and phosphorylation of c-kit receptor as well as the expression and function of abcb1 were investigated in three cmct cell lines (hrmc, vimc1, and cmmc1)." SIGNOR-171866 Axitinib chemical CID:6450551 PUBCHEM PDGFRB protein P09619 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 BTO:0000150 21297102 t gcesareni "Inhibitors for fgf (azd4547), vegf, or pdgf receptors (axitinib), but not that for tgf receptor (ly364947), significantly decreased the abundance of (pcna) in endothelial cells." SIGNOR-171869 SMAD5 protein Q99717 UNIPROT SMAD4 protein Q13485 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation 9606 20957627 t gcesareni "Whereas alk5 signalling is mediated by phosphorylation of smad2 and smad3 proteins, alk1 signalling is mediated by smad1, smad5, and smad8. Activated smads form a complex with the common smad (co-smad; smad4 in mammals) and shuttle into the nucleus." SIGNOR-168737 GSK1292263 chemical CID:24996872 PUBCHEM GPR119 protein Q8TDV5 UNIPROT up-regulates "chemical activation" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-192859 "GW3965 hydrochloride" chemical CID:16078973 PUBCHEM NR1H3 protein Q13133 UNIPROT up-regulates "chemical activation" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-193015 PPP2R1A protein P30153 UNIPROT MAPT protein P10636 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation 9606 BTO:0000938;BTO:0000195 15525651 t gcesareni "Galpha12 directly interacts with pp2a: evidence for galpha12-stimulated pp2a phosphatase activity and dephosphorylation of microtubule-associated protein, tau." SIGNOR-130136 Telatinib chemical CID:9808844 PUBCHEM KDR protein P35968 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-207224 Telatinib chemical CID:9808844 PUBCHEM KIT protein P10721 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-207227 PIK-293 chemical CID:53245636 PUBCHEM PIK3CD protein O00329 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-206190 PIK-293 chemical CID:53245636 PUBCHEM PIK3CG protein P48736 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-206193 PLK3 protein Q9H4B4 UNIPROT ATF2 protein P15336 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr71 IVADQTPtPTRFLKN 9606 20068231 t gcesareni "Phosphorylation of thr-69 by mapk14 and mapk11, and at thr-71 by mapk1/erk2, mapk3/erk1, mapk11, mapk12 and mapk14 in response to external stimulus like insulin causes increased transcriptional activity." SIGNOR-163274 PIK-294 chemical CID:24905149 PUBCHEM PIK3CD protein O00329 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-206202 UCHL5 protein Q9Y5K5 UNIPROT SMAD2 protein Q15796 UNIPROT up-regulates deubiquitination 9606 16027725 t gcesareni "Here, we report a novel interaction between smads and ubiquitin c-terminal hydrolase uch37, a deubiquitinating enzyme that could potentially reverse smurf-mediated ubiquitination. In gst pull down experiments, uch37 bound weakly to smad2 and smad3, and bound very strongly to smad7 in a region that is distinct from the -py- motif in smad7 that interacts with smurf ubiquitin ligases" SIGNOR-138876 RPS6KA5 protein O75582 UNIPROT ELK1 protein P19419 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser383 IHFWSTLsPIAPRSP 9606 BTO:0000150 BTO:0000975 11145955 t gcesareni "Phosphorylation on ser383 and ser389 of elk-1 by mapk enhances this basal binding but, most importantly, elk-1 exhibits new interactions with p300." SIGNOR-85514 CSNK2A1 protein P68400 UNIPROT MDC1 protein Q14676 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr378 ESQAGSDtDVEEGKA 9606 18678890 t gcesareni "The mdc1-nbs1 interaction occurs through a specific region (residues 200-420) of mdc1, which contains multiple consensus casein kinase 2 (ck2) phosphorylation sites." SIGNOR-179887 PAK2 protein Q13177 UNIPROT CASP7 protein P55210 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr173 FRGDRCKtLLEKPKL 9606 BTO:0000150 21555521 t gcesareni "Pak2 can bind with caspase-7 and phosphorylate caspase-7 at the ser-30, thr-173, and ser-239 sites. Functionally, the phosphorylation of caspase-7 decreases its activity, thereby inhibiting cellular apoptosis." SIGNOR-173663 CSNK2A1 protein P68400 UNIPROT MDC1 protein Q14676 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr455 TTERDSDtDVEEEEL 9606 18678890 t gcesareni "The mdc1-nbs1 interaction occurs through a specific region (residues 200-420) of mdc1, which contains multiple consensus casein kinase 2 (ck2) phosphorylation sites." SIGNOR-179891 SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT GAB1 protein Q13480 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr259 ASVDSSLyNLPRSYS 9606 BTO:0000007 19881549 t lperfetto "Using both mutagenesis and mass spectrometry approaches, y242, y259, y317, y373 and y627 of gab1 were identified to be phosphorylated by c-src a gab1 mutant with substitutions of the src phosphorylation sites failed to promote hgf-induced dna synthesis" SIGNOR-236310 TTK protein P33981 UNIPROT TTK protein P33981 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser742 QQIINQIsKLHAIID 9606 18680479 t gcesareni "We have identified 16 sites of mps1 autophosphorylation in vitro, several of which are required for catalytic activity after expression in bacteria or in cultured human cells." SIGNOR-179900 CSNK1A1L protein Q8N752 UNIPROT GLI2 protein P10070 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation 9606 18698484 t gcesareni "Gli2 is phosphorylated by gsk3 and ck1 for the fbxw11 (betatrcp2)-mediated degradation ci is phosphorylated by pka at multiple sites priming phosphorylation by both gsk3 and cki, leading to partial proteolysis. The pka, gsk3, and cki sites are conserved in gli2 and gli3, vertebrate homologs of ci that are similarly processed" SIGNOR-179972 NCK1 protein P16333 UNIPROT SOS1 protein Q07889 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 10029 BTO:0000246 7862111 t lperfetto "We also found that nck binds directly to the guanine nucleotide exchange factor sos. / by binding to sos, nckmay bring sos to cell membrane where the ras protein is located." SIGNOR-236321 IRF9 protein Q00978 UNIPROT "ISGF3 complex" complex SIGNOR-C124 SIGNOR "form complex" binding -1 8943351 t 2 miannu "The first STAT-containing transcription factor to be studied, the alpha-interferon-induced ISGF3, is composed of a Stat1:2 heterodimer and a weak DNA-binding protein, p48. The p48 and Stat1:2 heterodimer do not associate stably in the absence of DNA, but we show that amino acids approximately 150 to 250 of Stat1 and a COOH-terminal portion of p48 exhibit physical interaction, implying contact that stabilizes ISGF3" SIGNOR-240600 "PIK-75 Hydrochloride" chemical CID:45265864 PUBCHEM PIK3CA protein P42336 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-206211 "PIK-75 Hydrochloride" chemical CID:45265864 PUBCHEM PRKDC protein P78527 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-206214 PIK-90 chemical CID:6857685 PUBCHEM PIK3CA protein P42336 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-206223 PIK-90 chemical CID:6857685 PUBCHEM PIK3CB protein P42338 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-206226 EYA1 protein Q99502 UNIPROT H2AFX protein P16104 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation Tyr143 ATQASQEy 9606 20965415 t gcesareni "Tyr142 is dephosphorylated by the tyr phosphatases eya1 and eya3." SIGNOR-168879 NCK1 protein P16333 UNIPROT PAK1 protein Q13153 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9534 BTO:0004055 8824201 t lperfetto "We describe here a specific interaction of the Nck adapter molecule with PAK1 both in vitro and in vivo. Association of Nck with PAK1 may serve to link this important regulatory kinase to cell activation by growth factor receptors." SIGNOR-236324 NSD2 protein O96028 UNIPROT AR protein P10275 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0001130 19481544 t miannu "In this study, we discovered that nsd2 specifically interacts with the dna-binding domain of androgen receptor (ar) via its hmg domain, and the nuclear translocation of both nsd2 and ar is enhanced in the presence of ligand / the histone methyltransferase, nsd2, enhances androgen receptor-mediated transcription." SIGNOR-186045 INSR protein P06213 UNIPROT DOK4 protein Q8TEW6 UNIPROT up-regulates 9606 BTO:0000887;BTO:0001103;BTO:0000671 12730241 f gcesareni "Irs5/dok4 and irs6/dok5 represent two new signaling proteins with potential roles in insulin and igf-1 action." SIGNOR-101005 CDK5 protein Q00535 UNIPROT STAT3 protein P40763 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser727 NTIDLPMsPRTLDSL 9606 BTO:0000938 BTO:0000887;BTO:0001760;BTO:0000142 15096606 t gcesareni "We report here that the cdk5/p35 complex associates with stat3 and phosphorylates stat3 on the ser-727 residue in vitro and in vivo. Ser phosphorylation of stat3 and transcription of stat3 target genes, such as c-fos and junb, in a cdk5-dependent manner." SIGNOR-124325 EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT GRB2 protein P62993 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding -1 BTO:0000567 16729043 t lperfetto "We determined interaction partners to all cytosolic tyrosine residues of the four members of the ErbB-receptor family in an unbiased fashion by quantitative proteomics using pull-down experiments with pairs of phosphorylated and nonphosphorylated synthetic peptides. Each receptor had characteristic preferences for interacting proteins and most interaction partners had multiple binding sites on each receptor. EGFR and ErbB4 had several docking sites for Grb2, while ErbB3 was characterized by six binding sites for PI3K." SIGNOR-236327 MAPK14 protein Q16539 UNIPROT STAT3 protein P40763 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser727 NTIDLPMsPRTLDSL 9606 18691976 t gcesareni "Kinase-selective enrichment enables quantitative phosphoproteomics of the kinome across the cell cycle." SIGNOR-179912 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT FOXO3 protein O43524 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" phosphorylation Ser425 TKGSGLGsPTSSFNS 9606 BTO:0000007 18204439 t lperfetto "Here, we show that erk downregulates forkhead box o 3a (foxo3a) by directly interacting with and phosphorylating foxo3a at ser 294, ser 344 and ser 425, which consequently promotes cell proliferation and tumorigenesisMDM2 is required for ERk-mediated FOXO3a degradation." SIGNOR-160415 SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT GAB1 protein Q13480 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr373 ASDTDSSyCIPTAGM 9606 BTO:0000007 19881549 t lperfetto "Using both mutagenesis and mass spectrometry approaches, y242, y259, y317, y373 and y627 of gab1 were identified to be phosphorylated by c-src a gab1 mutant with substitutions of the src phosphorylation sites failed to promote hgf-induced dna synthesis" SIGNOR-236318 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT RPS6KA1 protein Q15418 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser732 RRVRKLPsTTL 9534 BTO:0001538 9430688 t lperfetto "Several lines of evidence indicate that the mapkap-k1 isoforms are also activated by mapks in vivo via the ras-dependent protein kinase cascade that is triggered by growth factors or tumor-promoting phorbol esters, such as phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (pma). here we identify six sites in mapkap-k1a that become phosphorylated in transfected cos-1 cells. The inactive form of mapkap-k1a in unstimulated cells is partially phosphorylated at ser222 and ser733. Stimulation with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate induces the phosphorylation of thr360, ser364, thr574, and ser381 and increases the phosphorylation of ser222 and ser733." SIGNOR-219345 MAPK14 protein Q16539 UNIPROT SLC9A1 protein P19634 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser726 IDPASPQsPESVDLV 9606 18701649 t gcesareni "Such results suggest that during apoptosis, oxidative stress could activate p38 mapk, phosphorylating nhe1 at s726 and s729." SIGNOR-180044 PTPN11 protein Q06124 UNIPROT EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Tyr1016 DVVDADEyLIPQQGF 9534 BTO:0004055 14560030 t "Inhibition is achieved through the dephosphorylation of RasGAP binding sites at the level of the plasma membrane. We have identified Tyr992 of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) to be one such site, since its mutation to Phe renders the EGFR refractory to the effect of dominant-negative SHP2. To our knowledge, this is the first report to outline the site and molecular mechanism of action of SHP2 in EGFR signaling," SIGNOR-248666 NTS protein P30990 UNIPROT NTSR2 protein O95665 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000975 9851594 t gcesareni "Neurotensin binding to recombinant neurotensin nt2 receptor expressed in cho cells does not elicit a biological response as determined by second messenger measurements." SIGNOR-62519 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT JAK2 protein O60674 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser523 GVSDVPTsPTLQRPT 9534 BTO:0004055 16705159 t "16705160:the phosphorylation of Jak2 on Ser523 inhibits Jak2 activity and represents a novel mechanism for the regulation of Jak2-dependent cytokine signaling." lperfetto "We hypothesize that phosphorylation of ser523 in jak2 by erks 1 and/or 2 or other as-yet-unidentified kinases acts in a negative feedback manner" SIGNOR-236331 TRIM33 protein Q9UPN9 UNIPROT SMAD3 protein P84022 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 16751102 t gcesareni "The ubiquitious nuclear protein transcriptional intermediary factor 1gamma (tif1gamma) selectively binds receptor-phosphorylated smad2/3 in competition with smad4. Rapid and robust binding of tif1gamma to smad2/3 occurs in hematopoietic, mesenchymal, and epithelial cell types in response to tgfbeta. In human hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells, where tgfbeta inhibits proliferation and stimulates erythroid differentiation, tif1gamma mediates the differentiation response while smad4 mediates the antiproliferative response with smad2/3 participating in both responses." SIGNOR-146986 PIK-93 chemical CID:6852167 PUBCHEM PIK3CG protein P48736 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-206241 TG101209 chemical CID:16722832 PUBCHEM FLT3 protein P36888 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-207260 PKI-402 chemical CID:44187953 PUBCHEM PIK3CA protein P42336 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-206250 TG101209 chemical CID:16722832 PUBCHEM JAK2 protein O60674 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-207263 PKI-402 chemical CID:44187953 PUBCHEM PIK3CB protein P42338 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-206253 PPM1A protein P35813 UNIPROT SMAD3 protein P84022 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation 9606 16751101 t lpetrilli "Ppm1a dephosphorylates and promotes nuclear export of tgfbeta-activated smad2/3. in conclusion, ppm1a is a bona fide phosphatase that directly dephosphorylates the critical sxs motif of r-smads." SIGNOR-146922 FASLG protein P48023 UNIPROT FAS protein P25445 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 14965271 t lperfetto "Fas (CD95) is activated by its natural ligand FasL" SIGNOR-216292 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT SMAD2 protein Q15796 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser255 ELSPTTLsPVNHSLD 9606 19115199 t gcesareni "These results suggest that oncogenic ras, acting through mek1 and erk kinases, induces the phosphorylation of smad2 and smad3 .we show that phosphorylation of smad2, a mediator of the activin/transforming growth factor-beta signal, by activated extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1 (erk1) increases the amount of smad2 protein and leads to enhanced transcriptional activity" SIGNOR-182996 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT SMAD2 protein Q15796 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser250 TGSPAELsPTTLSPV 9606 19115199 t gcesareni "These results suggest that oncogenic ras, acting through mek1 and erk kinases, induces the phosphorylation of smad2 and smad3 .we show that phosphorylation of smad2, a mediator of the activin/transforming growth factor-beta signal, by activated extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1 (erk1) increases the amount of smad2 protein and leads to enhanced transcriptional activity" SIGNOR-182992 CDK5 protein Q00535 UNIPROT ERBB3 protein P21860 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser1123 RSRSRSRsPRPRGDS 10116 BTO:0004102 12824184 t llicata "We demonstrated that Cdk5 phosphorylated Ser-1176 in the neuregulin receptor ErbB2 and phosphorylated Thr-871 and Ser-1120 in the ErbB3 receptor. We identified the Ser-1120 sequence RSRSPR in ErbB3 as a novel phosphorylation consensus sequence of Cdk5. Finally, we found that Cdk5 activity is involved in neuregulin-induced Akt activity and neuregulin-mediated neuronal survival. " SIGNOR-250663 CDK5 protein Q00535 UNIPROT DNM1 protein Q05193 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser774 SVPAGRRsPTSSPTP -1 12855954 t llicata "Here, we show that cyclin-dependent kinase 5 (Cdk5) phosphorylates dynamin I on Ser 774 and Ser 778 in vitro, which are identical to its endogenous phosphorylation sites in vivo. Cdk5 antagonists and expression of dominant-negative Cdk5 block phosphorylation of dynamin I, but not of amphiphysin or AP180, in nerve terminals and inhibit SVE. " SIGNOR-250661 CDK5/CDK5R1 complex SIGNOR-C144 SIGNOR DCX protein O43602 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Thr336 SKQSPIStPTSPGSL 9606 BTO:0000007 14741103 t llicata "In order to determine the sites of phosphorylation by Cdk5, serine or threonine in the nine potential sites were substituted with alanine by site-directed mutagenesis to create mutant Dcx proteins. hese were analyzed by co-transfection of 293T cells with cdk5/p35. All-sites-A mutant Dcx showed no slower migrating species on Western analysis, indicating that removal of all nine possible sites is sufficient to block the phosphorylation by Cdk5/p35. However, each single mutant Dcx retains the slower migrating species similar to the wild-type Dcx, suggesting that any single mutation is not sufficient to block phosphorylation by Cdk5/p35." SIGNOR-250660 CDK5 protein Q00535 UNIPROT EZR protein P15311 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr235 YEKDDKLtPKIGFPW 9606 BTO:0000971 12769842 t llicata "Increased ezrin expression and activation by CDK5 coincident with acquisition of the senescent phenotype." SIGNOR-250665 LIMK1 protein P53667 UNIPROT CFL2 protein Q9Y281 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser3 sGVTVNDE 9606 9655398 t lperfetto "Cofilin is known to be a potent regulator of actin filament dynamics, and its ability to bind and depolymerize actin is abolished by phosphorylation of serine residue at 3;. Here we show that lim-kinase 1 (limk-1), a serine/threonine kinase containing lim and pdz domains, phosphorylates cofilin at ser 3, both in vitro and in vivo" SIGNOR-58596 IKBKG protein Q9Y6K9 UNIPROT IKBKB protein O14920 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 SIGNOR-C14 20300203 t lperfetto "The n-terminal domain of ikkgamma is required both for the binding of ikkalfa and ikkbeta and their assembly into a high-molecular-weight complex essential for activation" SIGNOR-164512 UBE2N protein P61088 UNIPROT UBE2V1 protein Q13404 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 20551964 t lperfetto "Ubc13, the partner of rnf8 and rnf168, usually cooperates with an e2-like protein, uev1 (also known as ube2v1) or mms2 (also known as ube2v2), for the synthesis of lys63-linked polyubiquitin chains." SIGNOR-166177 PRKG1 protein Q13976 UNIPROT SRF protein P11831 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr159 DNKLRRYtTFSKRKT 9606 BTO:0000887;BTO:0001260 19778940 t gcesareni "This residue conforms to a highly conserved consensus camp-dependent protein kinase (pka) site, and in vitro and in vivo labeling studies demonstrated that it was phosphorylated by pka. Results from gel shift and chromatin immunoprecipitation assays demonstrated that t159 phosphorylation inhibited srf binding to smc-specific carg elements." SIGNOR-188185 PP121 chemical CID:24905142 PUBCHEM MTOR protein P42345 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-206289 PP121 chemical CID:24905142 PUBCHEM PIK3CA protein P42336 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-206292 PP121 chemical CID:24905142 PUBCHEM PIK3CB protein P42338 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-206295 TG101209 chemical CID:16722832 PUBCHEM RET protein P07949 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-207269 ENOBOSARM chemical CID:11326715 PUBCHEM AR protein P10275 UNIPROT up-regulates "chemical activation" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-195892 NFKB1 protein P19838 UNIPROT MAP3K8 protein P41279 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 SIGNOR-C13 22435554 t gcesareni "Tpl-2 is stoichiometrically complexed with the nf-kb inhibitory protein, nf-kb1 p105, and the ubiquitin-binding protein abin-2, both of which are required to maintain tpl-2 protein stability. Binding to p105 also prevents tpl-2 from phosphorylating mek" SIGNOR-196747 INS protein P01308 UNIPROT DUSP6 protein Q16828 UNIPROT down-regulates 9606 22521266 f gcesareni "In conclusion,insulinlikely promotes mkp-3 protein degradation" SIGNOR-197203 RB1 protein P06400 UNIPROT E2F2 protein Q14209 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 22569856 t gcesareni "Cyclin-dependent kinase (cdk) phosphorylation of the retinoblastoma protein (rb) drives cell proliferation through rb complexes with e2f transcription factors and other regulatory proteins." SIGNOR-197328 ZNRF3 protein Q9ULT6 UNIPROT FZD2 protein Q14332 UNIPROT down-regulates ubiquitination 9606 22575959 t gcesareni "Znrf3 is associated with the wnt receptor complex, and inhibits wntby promoting the turnover of frizzled and lrp6." SIGNOR-197417 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT SMAD2 protein Q15796 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser245 NQSMDTGsPAELSPT 9606 19115199 t gcesareni "These results suggest that oncogenic ras, acting through mek1 and erk kinases, induces the phosphorylation of smad2 and smad3 .we show that phosphorylation of smad2, a mediator of the activin/transforming growth factor-beta signal, by activated extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1 (erk1) increases the amount of smad2 protein and leads to enhanced transcriptional activity" SIGNOR-182988 TGX-221 chemical CID:9907093 PUBCHEM PIK3CB protein P42338 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-207278 PP121 chemical CID:24905142 PUBCHEM PIK3CD protein O00329 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-206298 "ER stress" stimulus SIGNOR-ST9 SIGNOR BCL2L11 protein O43521 UNIPROT up-regulates 9606 22492984 f gcesareni "Exposure to stress results in the induction of bh3-only proteins, which neutralise the pro-survival proteins" SIGNOR-196941 "ER stress" stimulus SIGNOR-ST9 SIGNOR BID protein P55957 UNIPROT up-regulates 9606 22492984 f gcesareni "Exposure to stress results in the induction of bh3-only proteins, which neutralise the pro-survival proteins" SIGNOR-196944 "Tie2 kinase inhibitor" chemical CID:23625762 PUBCHEM TEK protein Q02763 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-207287 PP121 chemical CID:24905142 PUBCHEM PIK3CG protein P48736 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-206301 Tivozanib chemical CID:9911830 PUBCHEM FLT1 protein P17948 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-207296 PP121 chemical CID:24905142 PUBCHEM PRKDC protein P78527 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-206304 PAC-1 chemical CID:6851947 PUBCHEM CASP3 protein P42574 UNIPROT up-regulates "chemical activation" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-198535 Tivozanib chemical CID:9911830 PUBCHEM FLT4 protein P35916 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-207299 "Sumanirole maleate" chemical CID:9818478 PUBCHEM DRD2 protein P14416 UNIPROT up-regulates "chemical activation" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-207594 RAF1 protein P04049 UNIPROT STK4 protein Q13043 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000782 BTO:0001253 22898666 t gcesareni "Raf1 binding to mst2 sarah domain interdicts mst2 homodimerization and autoactivation, and recruits protein phosphates 2a thereby promoting mst2 inactivation." SIGNOR-191843 Tivozanib chemical CID:9911830 PUBCHEM KDR protein P35968 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-207302 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT RPS3 protein P23396 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Thr42 SGVEVRVtPTRTEII 9606 15950189 t llicata "Erk phosphorylates threonine 42 residue of ribosomal protein s3." SIGNOR-136075 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT SMAD2 protein Q15796 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr8 MSSILPFtPPVVKRL 9606 19115199 t gcesareni "These results suggest that oncogenic ras, acting through mek1 and erk kinases, induces the phosphorylation of smad2 and smad3 .we show that phosphorylation of smad2, a mediator of the activin/transforming growth factor-beta signal, by activated extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1 (erk1) increases the amount of smad2 protein and leads to enhanced transcriptional activity" SIGNOR-183004 ROCK1 protein Q13464 UNIPROT PFN1 protein P07737 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser138 MASHLRRsQY 9606 22479341 t lperfetto "We previously identified pfn1 as a huntingtin aggregation inhibitor, and others have implicated it as a tumor-suppressor. Rho-associated kinase (rock) directly phosphorylates pfn1 at ser-137 to prevent its binding to polyproline sequences. This negatively regulates its anti-aggregation activity." SIGNOR-196820 CyclinB/CDK1 complex SIGNOR-C17 SIGNOR CDC7 protein O00311 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr376 QVAPRAGtPGFRAPE -1 10846177 t llicata "Among four possible Cdk phosphorylation sites of huCdc7, replacement of Thr-376, corresponding to the activating threonine of Cdk, with alanine (T376A mutant) dramatically reduces kinase activity, indicative of kinase activation by phosphorylation of this residue. In vitro, Cdk2-Cyclin E, Cdk2-Cyclin A, and Cdc2-Cyclin B, but not Cdk4-Cyclin D1, phosphorylates the Thr-376 residue of huCdc7, suggesting possible regulation of huCdc7 by Cdks." SIGNOR-250643 Tosedostat chemical CID:15547703 PUBCHEM ANPEP protein P15144 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-207372 TDGF1 protein P13385 UNIPROT MSTN protein O14793 UNIPROT down-regulates 9606 BTO:0002314 BTO:0000887;BTO:0001103 23129614 f fstefani "We provide evidence that cripto modulates myogenic cell determination and promotes proliferation by antagonizing the tgf-beta ligand myostatin." SIGNOR-192436 PRKAA1 protein Q13131 UNIPROT HDAC4 protein P56524 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation 9606 BTO:0000938 BTO:0000887 SIGNOR-C15 21565617 t gcesareni "We show here that in liver, class iia hdacs (hdac4, 5, and 7) are phosphorylated and excluded from the nucleus by ampk family kinases." SIGNOR-173689 MAPKAPK2 protein P49137 UNIPROT HSPB1 protein P04792 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser82 RALSRQLsSGVSEIR 9606 20626350 t "10383393: We demonstrate that both phosphorylated sHsps and the triple mutant Hsp27-S15D,S78D,S82D show significantly decreased abilities to act as molecular chaperones suppressing thermal denaturation and facilitating refolding of citrate synthase in vitro." gcesareni "Notably mk2 is well known to play an important role in actin filament remodellng by phosphorylating hsp27." SIGNOR-166637 ADL-5859 chemical CID:46931003 PUBCHEM OPRD1 protein P41143 UNIPROT up-regulates "chemical activation" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-189278 NGF protein P01138 UNIPROT NGFR protein P08138 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 14699954 t amattioni "Neurotrophin binding to p75ntrhas also been shown to induce apoptosis" SIGNOR-120555 ADX-47273 chemical CID:11383075 PUBCHEM GRM5 protein P41594 UNIPROT up-regulates "chemical activation" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-189338 Andarine chemical CID:9824562 PUBCHEM AR protein P10275 UNIPROT up-regulates "chemical activation" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-189623 "Flavopiridol hydrochloride" chemical CID:9910986 PUBCHEM CDK1 protein P06493 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-192458 STUB1 protein Q9UNE7 UNIPROT SMAD1 protein Q15797 UNIPROT down-regulates ubiquitination 9606 14701756 t gcesareni "These results suggest that chip can interact with the smad1/smad4 proteins and block bmp signal transduction through the ubiquitin-mediated degradation of smad proteins." SIGNOR-120731 GDC-0980 chemical CID:25254071 PUBCHEM PIK3CB protein P42338 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-192607 "Flavopiridol hydrochloride" chemical CID:9910986 PUBCHEM CDK2 protein P24941 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-192461 ARRY-520 chemical CID:44224257 PUBCHEM KIF11 protein P52732 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-189891 VARLITINIB chemical CID:42642648 PUBCHEM EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-189900 VARLITINIB chemical CID:42642648 PUBCHEM ERBB2 protein P04626 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-189903 AS-604850 chemical CID:53394675 PUBCHEM PIK3CG protein P48736 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-189912 AZD7762 chemical CID:11152667 PUBCHEM CHEK1 protein O14757 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-190203 AS-605240 chemical CID:5289247 PUBCHEM PIK3CG protein P48736 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-189921 AZD8055 chemical CID:25262965 PUBCHEM MTOR protein P42345 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t "Selleck;ATP-competitive inhibitor mTOR" gcesareni SIGNOR-190215 AT7519 chemical CID:11338033 PUBCHEM CDK2 protein P24941 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-189984 AT7519 chemical CID:11338033 PUBCHEM CDK3 protein Q00526 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-189987 AT7519 chemical CID:11338033 PUBCHEM CDK4 protein P11802 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-189990 AT7519 chemical CID:11338033 PUBCHEM CDK5 protein Q00535 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-189993 AT7519 chemical CID:11338033 PUBCHEM CDK6 protein Q00534 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-189996 AT7519 chemical CID:11338033 PUBCHEM TP53 protein P04637 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-189999 AT9283 chemical CID:11696609 PUBCHEM ABL1 protein P00519 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-190008 AT9283 chemical CID:11696609 PUBCHEM AURKB protein Q96GD4 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-190014 AT9283 chemical CID:11696609 PUBCHEM JAK2 protein O60674 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-190017 AT9283 chemical CID:11696609 PUBCHEM JAK3 protein P52333 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-190020 "Aurora A Inhibitor I" chemical CID:44139710 PUBCHEM AURKA protein O14965 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-190029 NVP-AUY922 chemical CID:10096043 PUBCHEM HSP90AA1 protein P07900 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-190038 SP1 protein P08047 UNIPROT SP1/STAT3 complex SIGNOR-C74 SIGNOR "form complex" binding 9606 19723038 t miannu "Sp1 and stat3 seem to synergistically augment renalase transcription." SIGNOR-187790 CSNK1D protein P48730 UNIPROT MDM2 protein Q00987 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser118 NQQESSDsGTSVSEN 9606 20708156 t gcesareni "Phosphorylation by casein kinase i promotes the turnover of the mdm2 oncoprotein via the scf(beta-trcp) ubiquitin ligase." SIGNOR-167497 CDK1 protein P06493 UNIPROT NPM1 protein P06748 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr234 SFKKQEKtPKTPKGP 10090 BTO:0000944 SIGNOR-C17 11278991 t lperfetto "CDK1-cyclin B phosphorylates NPM/B23 on Thr234." SIGNOR-235530 IL31 protein Q6EBC2 UNIPROT OSMR protein Q99650 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000782;BTO:0000876 BTO:0001253 15184896 t gcesareni "Here we identify a four-helix bundle cytokine we have called interleukin 31 (il-31), which is preferentially produced by t helper type 2 cells. Il-31 signals through a receptor composed of il-31 receptor a and oncostatin m receptor." SIGNOR-125347 ZNRF3 protein Q9ULT6 UNIPROT LRP6 protein O75581 UNIPROT down-regulates ubiquitination 9606 22575959 t gcesareni "Znrf3 is associated with the wnt receptor complex, and inhibits wnt by promoting the turnover of frizzled and lrp6. Frizzled receptors are regu__lated by cycles of ubiquitylation and deubiquitylation, and znrf3 and rnf43 act as frizzled ubiquitin ligases, removing frizzled and possibly lrp6 from the plasma membrane." SIGNOR-197420 REN protein P00797 UNIPROT ATP6AP2 protein O75787 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000887;BTO:0000142;BTO:0000671;BTO:0001260 12045255 t gcesareni "We report the expression cloning of the human renin receptor complementary dna encoding a 350-amino acid protein with a single transmembrane domain and no homology with any known membrane protein. Transfected cells stably expressing the receptor showed renin- and prorenin-specific binding. The binding of renin induced a fourfold increase of the catalytic efficiency of angiotensinogen conversion to angiotensin i and induced an intracellular signal with phosphorylation of serine and tyrosine residues associated to an activation of map kinases erk1 and erk2" SIGNOR-88416 dexamethasone smallmolecule CID:5743 PUBCHEM PPARG protein P37231 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 BTO:0000011 11279134 f lperfetto "The differentiation of 3t3-l1 preadipocytes is regulated in part by a cascade of transcriptional events involving activation of the ccaat/enhancer-binding proteins (c/ebps) and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (ppargamma) by dexamethasone (dex), 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine (mix), and insulin" SIGNOR-235328 CASP3 protein P42574 UNIPROT DFFB protein O76075 UNIPROT up-regulates cleavage 9606 BTO:0000567 9108473 t gcesareni "Casp3_ cleaves the 45 kda subunit at two sites to generate an active factor that produces_ dna_ fragmentation" SIGNOR-47419 CHEK1 protein O14757 UNIPROT SYK protein P43405 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser295 GIISRIKsYSFPKPG 9606 22585575 t llicata "We found that chk1 phosphorylated the tumor suppressor spleen tyrosine kinase (l) (syk[l]) and identified the phosphorylation site at ser295. Furthermore, chk1 phosphorylation of syk(l) promoted its subsequent proteasomal degradation." SIGNOR-197528 CDKN1A protein P38936 UNIPROT PCNA protein P12004 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 22911014 t gcesareni "P21 exerts its effect on the cell cycle not only by inhibiting cyclin/cdk complexes, but also by inhibiting proliferating cell nuclear antigen (pcna)" SIGNOR-191939 NVP-AUY922 chemical CID:10096043 PUBCHEM HSP90AB1 protein P08238 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-190041 AV412 chemical CID:11700696 PUBCHEM EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-190050 AV412 chemical CID:11700696 PUBCHEM ERBB2 protein P04626 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-190053 Avasimibe chemical CID:166558 PUBCHEM SOAT1 protein P35610 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-190119 "AZ 960" chemical CID:25099184 PUBCHEM JAK2 protein O60674 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-190128 1124329-14-1 chemical CID:56973724 PUBCHEM TTK protein P33981 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-190137 NUMB protein P49757 UNIPROT GLI1 protein P08151 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 20818436 t gcesareni "The consequent activation of_ itch, together with the recruitment of gli1 through direct binding with_ numb, allows gli1 to enter into the complex, resulting in gli1 ubiquitination and degradation." SIGNOR-167841 AZD8931 chemical CID:11488320 PUBCHEM EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-190149 TWIST1 protein Q15672 UNIPROT CSNK2A1 protein P68400 UNIPROT down-regulates 9606 22975381 f amattioni "Ck2-mediated phosphorylation at ser392 of p53 was attenuated in the presence of recombinant twist1" SIGNOR-192064 LRRK2 protein Q5S007 UNIPROT SH3GL1 protein Q99961 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation 9606 22998870 t miannu "We show that lrrk2 affects synaptic endocytosis by phosphorylating endoa at s75, a residue in the bar domain / our work uncovers a regulatory mechanism that indicates that reduced lrrk2 kinase activity facilitates endoa membrane association, while increased kinase activity inhibits membrane association." SIGNOR-192068 AZD8931 chemical CID:11488320 PUBCHEM ERBB2 protein P04626 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-190152 VX-745 chemical CID:3038525 PUBCHEM MAPK11 protein Q15759 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-207684 STUB1 protein Q9UNE7 UNIPROT SMAD1 protein Q15797 UNIPROT down-regulates ubiquitination 9606 21454478 t gcesareni "In ad-dition, some proteins (e.g. Chip, carboxyl terminus of hsc70-interacting protein) inhibit the signaling activities of smad1/5 by recruiting smad1/5 from the functional r-/co-smad complex and further pro-moting the ubiquitination and degradation of smad1/5 in a chaperone-independent manner" SIGNOR-172993 EP300 protein Q09472 UNIPROT TP53 protein P04637 UNIPROT up-regulates acetylation Lys382 QSTSRHKkLMFKTEG 9606 BTO:0000567 11070080 t gcesareni "P300 acetylates and activates the tumor suppressor p53 after dna damage." SIGNOR-84074 CDC42BPA protein Q5VT25 UNIPROT LIMK2 protein P53671 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr505 NDRKKRYtVVGNPYW 9534 BTO:0004055 11340065 t lperfetto "These results indicate that mrckalpha phosphorylates and activates lim kinases downstream of cdc42, which in turn regulates the actin cytoskeletal reorganization through the phosphorylation and inactivation of adf/cofilin." SIGNOR-107584 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT TPR protein P12270 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr2137 EDRTVPStPTLVVPH 9606 18794356 t miannu "Tpr is phosphorylated by erk2 at four different sites. / because phosphorylation of tpr by activated erk stabilizes their interaction, we hypothesize that this phosphorylation is not part of a signal amplification cascade but rather positions activated erk to perform a continuing function in the nuclear pore." SIGNOR-181022 PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT THOC5 protein Q13769 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser6 sKKRKPKV 9606 BTO:0000801;BTO:0000876 15221008 t llicata "We conclude m-csf-mediated activation of pkcalpha can potentiate fmip action to initiate survival/differentiation signaling." SIGNOR-126572 CDK7 protein P50613 UNIPROT RARA protein P10276 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser77 EIVPSPPsPPPLPRI 9606 BTO:0000567 9230306 t llicata "However, only the coexpression of cdk7 stimulated ser-77 phosphorylation in vivo and enhanced transactivation by rar alpha, but not by a s77a rar mutant." SIGNOR-49693 CDK1 protein P06493 UNIPROT RPS6KB1 protein P23443 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser434 SFEPKIRsPRRFIGS 9606 BTO:0000567 9271440 t gcesareni "The activation of p70s6k is associated with multiple phosphorylations at two sets of sites. The first set, s411, s418, t421, and s424, reside within the autoinhibitory domain, mutations of s371 abolished kinase activity. In mitotic hela cells, when the activity of cdc2 is high, s6k1 is phosphorylated at multiple ser/thr, pro (s/tp) sites, including ser(371), ser(411), thr(421), and ser(424)." SIGNOR-50607 GTF2I protein P78347 UNIPROT PRRX1 protein P54821 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000567 9334314 t miannu "Spin binds specifically to multiple sequences in the c-fos promoter and interacts cooperatively withphox1to promote serum-inducible transcription of a reporter gene driven by the c-fos serum response element (sre)." SIGNOR-52654 LRRK2 protein Q5S007 UNIPROT SH3GL2 protein Q99962 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation 9606 22998870 t miannu "We show that lrrk2 affects synaptic endocytosis by phosphorylating endoa at s75, a residue in the bar domain / our work uncovers a regulatory mechanism that indicates that reduced lrrk2 kinase activity facilitates endoa membrane association, while increased kinase activity inhibits membrane association." SIGNOR-192075 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT SOX9 protein P48436 UNIPROT up-regulates "transcriptional regulation" 9606 20457810 f fspada "Soluble pref-1 inhibits adipocyte differentiation through the activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase/mitogen-activated protein kinase (erk/mapk) and the subsequent upregulation of sox9 expression." SIGNOR-209965 baicalein chemical CID:5281605 PUBCHEM CYP2C9 protein P11712 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-190236 722544-51-6 chemical CID:16007391 PUBCHEM AURKB protein Q96GD4 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-190245 PROK1 protein P58294 UNIPROT PROKR1 protein Q8TCW9 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000975 12054613 t gcesareni "The present study demonstrates that eg-vegf/prokineticin 1 and a peptide closely related to eg-vegf, prokineticin 2, are cognate ligands of two orphan g-protein-coupled receptors designated zaq (=eg-vegf/pk-r1) and i5e (=eg-vegf/pk-r2)" SIGNOR-89084 LFNG protein Q8NES3 UNIPROT NOTCH1 protein P46531 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000975 12486116 t gcesareni "We demonstrate that egf 12, a portion of the ligand-binding site, is modified with o-fucose and that this site is evolutionarily conserved. We also show that endogenous fringe proteins in chinese hamster ovary cells (lunatic fringe and radical fringe) as well as exogenous manic fringe modify o-fucose on many but not all egf repeats of mouse notch1." SIGNOR-96537 RFNG protein Q9Y644 UNIPROT NOTCH1 protein P46531 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000975 12486116 t gcesareni "We demonstrate that egf 12, a portion of the ligand-binding site, is modified with o-fucose and that this site is evolutionarily conserved. We also show that endogenous fringe proteins in chinese hamster ovary cells (lunatic fringe and radical fringe) as well as exogenous manic fringe modify o-fucose on many but not all egf repeats of mouse notch1." SIGNOR-96561 SCF-SKP2 complex SIGNOR-C136 SIGNOR MYC protein P01106 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity" ubiquitination 9606 20852628 t gcesareni "The F-box protein Skp2 mediates c-Myc ubiquitylation by binding to the MB2 domain" SIGNOR-243551 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT HSPB8 protein Q9UJY1 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr87 GVPAEGRtPPPFPGE 9606 BTO:0000887 11342557 t lperfetto "Hsp22 is phosphorylated by protein kinase c (at residues ser(14) and thr(63)) and by p44 mitogen-activated protein kinase (at residues ser(27) and thr(87)). Concerning the possible function of hsp22, no definitive conclusions can be drawn with the available data, although its function might be to bind to and modulate the activity of hsp27.Some Studies claimed that phosphorylation is required for the translocation" SIGNOR-107680 ELF1 protein P32519 UNIPROT IL2RA protein P01589 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000661 7862168 f 2 miannu "The interleukin 2 receptor alpha-chain (IL-2R alpha) gene is rapidly and potently induced in T cells in response to mitogenic stimuli. Previously, an inducible enhancer between nucleotides -299 and -228 that contains NF-kappa B and CArG motifs was identified. We now report the characterization of a second essential positive regulatory element located between nucleotides -137 and -64 that binds Elf-1 and HMG-I(Y). Transcription from the IL-2R alpha promoter was inhibited when either the Elf-1 or the HMG-I(Y) binding site was mutated. Coexpression of both proteins activated transcription of the -137 to -64 element in COS-7 cells." SIGNOR-240193 "bay 11-7082" chemical CID:5353431 PUBCHEM PTPN1 protein P18031 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t "The anti-inflammatory compound BAY 11-7082 is a potent inhibitor of Protein Tyrosine Phosphatases." gcesareni SIGNOR-190254 AURKA protein O14965 UNIPROT PARD3 protein Q8TEW0 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser962 SSRSGREsVSTASDQ 9606 BTO:0000938 19812038 t llicata "Aurora a interacts directly with the atypical protein kinase c binding domain of par3 and phosphorylates it at serine 962. The phosphorylation of par3 at serine 962 contributes to its function in the establishment of neuronal polarity." SIGNOR-188398 TBK1 protein Q9UHD2 UNIPROT STAT6 protein P42226 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser407 PIQLQALsLPLVVIV 9606 22000020 t gcesareni "We now show that stat6 is required for innate immune signaling in response to virus infection. Viruses or cytoplasmic nucleic acids trigger sting (also named mita/eris) to recruit stat6 to the endoplasmic reticulum, leading to stat6 phosphorylation on ser(407) by tbk1 and tyr(641), independent of jaks. Phosphorylated stat6 then dimerizes and translocates to the nucleus to induce specific target genes responsible for immune cell homing." SIGNOR-176771 SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT CDH5 protein P33151 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr685 LDARPSLyAQVQKPP 9606 BTO:0000975 16909109 t llicata "In vitro src assay, the ve-cadherin cytoplasmic domain is directly phosphorylated by purified src as well as the tyrosine residue 685 (tyr)685-containing peptide finally, we found that in a vegf-induced wound-healing assay, cadherin adhesive activity was impaired by src kinase inhibitors.RPSLY(685)aqvq." SIGNOR-148818 PRKCD protein Q05655 UNIPROT TP53 protein P04637 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser46 AMDDLMLsPDDIEQW 9606 16377624 t llicata "Here, we show that the pro-apoptotic kinase, protein kinase c delta (pkcdelta), is involved in phosphorylation of p53 on ser(46). pkcdelta potentiates p53-dependent apoptosis by ser(46) phosphorylation in response to genotoxic stress." SIGNOR-143382 CyclinB/CDK1 complex SIGNOR-C17 SIGNOR MASTL protein Q96GX5 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr207 PRQDYSRtPGQVLSL 8355 22354989 t gcesareni "We propose a model in which the initiating event for Gwl activation is phosphorylation by MPF of the proline-directed sites T193 and T206 in the presumptive activation loop" SIGNOR-249652 NVP-BGJ398 chemical CID:53235510 PUBCHEM FGFR1 protein P11362 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-190263 NVP-BGJ398 chemical CID:53235510 PUBCHEM FGFR2 protein P21802 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-190266 NVP-BGJ398 chemical CID:53235510 PUBCHEM FGFR3 protein P22607 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-190269 NVP-BGJ398 chemical CID:53235510 PUBCHEM FGFR4 protein P22455 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-190272 "BI 2536" chemical CID:11364421 PUBCHEM PLK1 protein P53350 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-190281 Volasertib chemical CID:10461508 PUBCHEM PLK1 protein P53350 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-190290 Nintedanib chemical CID:9809715 PUBCHEM FLT1 protein P17948 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-190299 Nintedanib chemical CID:9809715 PUBCHEM KDR protein P35968 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-190305 bicalutamide chemical CID:2375 PUBCHEM AR protein P10275 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-190323 Doramapimod chemical CID:156422 PUBCHEM MAPK14 protein Q16539 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-190332 Doramapimod chemical CID:156422 PUBCHEM TNF protein P01375 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-190335 "bisindolylmaleimide i" chemical CID:2396 PUBCHEM PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t CellSignaling gcesareni SIGNOR-190344 "bisindolylmaleimide i" chemical CID:2396 PUBCHEM PRKCB protein P05771 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t CellSignaling gcesareni SIGNOR-190347 "bisindolylmaleimide i" chemical CID:2396 PUBCHEM PRKCD protein Q05655 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t CellSignaling gcesareni SIGNOR-190350 "bisindolylmaleimide i" chemical CID:2396 PUBCHEM PRKCE protein Q02156 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t CellSignaling gcesareni SIGNOR-190353 BIX-02188 chemical CID:66524294 PUBCHEM MAP2K5 protein Q13163 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-190365 BIX-02189 chemical CID:57336509 PUBCHEM MAP2K5 protein Q13163 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-190374 944396-07-0 chemical CID:16654980 PUBCHEM PIK3CA protein P42336 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-190383 944396-07-0 chemical CID:16654980 PUBCHEM PIK3CB protein P42338 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-190386 Flavopiridol chemical CID:5287969 PUBCHEM CDK6 protein Q00534 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-192385 Regorafenib chemical CID:11167602 PUBCHEM RAF1 protein P04049 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-206418 GSK1059615 chemical CID:23582824 PUBCHEM PIK3CD protein O00329 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-192777 "Flavopiridol hydrochloride" chemical CID:9910986 PUBCHEM CDK6 protein Q00534 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-192470 "Galanthamine hydrobromide" chemical CID:121587 PUBCHEM ACHE protein P22303 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-192583 "Immune complexes" stimulus SIGNOR-ST15 SIGNOR FCGR3A protein P08637 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" 9606 BTO:0000801 17558411 f lperfetto "After binding their antibody ligands, FcgRI and FcgRIII deliver activating signals through an association with the FcRg-chain (FcRg), a transmembrane adaptor protein with an immuno-receptor tyrosine-based activation motif in its cytoplasmic domain." SIGNOR-249523 FCGR3A protein P08637 UNIPROT TNF protein P01375 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" 9606 BTO:0000801 10728755 f lperfetto "This study suggests a dominant role for FcgammaRIIIA in the induction of both TNFalpha and IL-1alpha production by human macrophages in rheumatoid arthritis following receptor ligation by small immune complexes. The signaling of TNFalpha production may require the ligation of either 3 FcgammaRIIIA receptors or only 2 FcgammaRIIIA receptors, where one interaction must involve binding via an Fc domain." SIGNOR-249526 IL4 protein P05112 UNIPROT IL4R protein P24394 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000801 18852293 t lperfetto "IL-4 signals through the type I (IL-4Ralpha/common gamma-chain [gammac]) and the type II (IL-4Ralpha/-13Ralpha1) IL-4 receptors, whereas IL-13 utilizes only the type II receptor." SIGNOR-249527 ARHGEF7 protein Q14155 UNIPROT LRRK2 protein Q5S007 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 21048939 t gcesareni "Arhgef7 is interacting with lrrk2 in vitro and in vivo. Gtpase activity of full-length lrrk2 increases in the presence of recombinant arhgef7. Arhgef7 might act as a guanine nucleotide exchange factor for lrrk2" SIGNOR-169217 GDC-0980 chemical CID:25254071 PUBCHEM MTOR protein P42345 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-192601 GDC-0980 chemical CID:25254071 PUBCHEM PIK3CA protein P42336 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-192604 GDC-0980 chemical CID:25254071 PUBCHEM PIK3CG protein P48736 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-192620 Gefitinib chemical CID:123631 PUBCHEM EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-192623 PAK1 protein Q13153 UNIPROT PAK1 protein Q13153 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000007 11804587 t lperfetto "We show that pak1 forms homodimers in vivo and that its dimerization is regulated by the intracellular level of gtp-cdc42 or gtp-rac1. The dimerized pak1 adopts a trans-inhibited conformation." SIGNOR-236338 PAK1 protein Q13153 UNIPROT LIMK1 protein P53667 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr508 PDRKKRYtVVGNPYW 9606 10559936 t lperfetto "Activation of lim-kinase by pak1 couplesp21-activated kinase (pak1) phosphorylates lim-kinase at threonine residue 508 within lim-kinase's activation loop" SIGNOR-72142 TRADD protein Q15628 UNIPROT FADD protein Q13158 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000007 8565075 t lperfetto "The strong interaction between tradd and fadd occurs via their death domains." SIGNOR-39951 GRK3 protein P35626 UNIPROT CCR5 protein P51681 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser336 QEAPERAsSVYTRST 9534 BTO:0000298 10085131 t gcesareni "Phosphoamino acid analysis revealed that RANTES-induced CCR5 phosphorylation selectively occurs on serine residues. Our findings with receptor mutants indicate that serine residues at positions 336, 337, 342, and 349 represent GRK phosphorylation sites on CCR5." SIGNOR-247910 TUBB protein P07437 UNIPROT SMAD2 protein Q15796 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 17429065 t lpetrilli "Smad2/3 also binds to _-tubulin, which provides a negative regulatory mechanism controlling tgf-_ activity. the results showed that the mh2 domain of smad2 binds to _-tubulin with almost the same efficiency as the full-length (wild-type) smad2. Similar results were obtained for the smad3 binding to _-tubulin." SIGNOR-154316 TUBB protein P07437 UNIPROT SMAD3 protein P84022 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 17429065 t lpetrilli "Smad2/3 also binds to _-tubulin, which provides a negative regulatory mechanism controlling tgf-_ activity. the results showed that the mh2 domain of smad2 binds to _-tubulin with almost the same efficiency as the full-length (wild-type) smad2. Similar results were obtained for the smad3 binding to _-tubulin." SIGNOR-154319 VX-765 chemical CID:53245642 PUBCHEM CASP1 protein P29466 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-207770 Ruxolitinib chemical CID:25126798 PUBCHEM JAK1 protein P23458 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-206667 Vatalanib chemical CID:22386467 PUBCHEM KIT protein P10721 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-207648 LY2603618 chemical CID:11955855 PUBCHEM CHEK1 protein O14757 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-193787 "Vicriviroc Malate" chemical CID:10218922 PUBCHEM CCR5 protein P51681 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-207657 LY2940680 chemical CID:49848070 PUBCHEM SMO protein Q99835 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-193805 501919-59-1 chemical CID:252682 PUBCHEM STAT3 protein P40763 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-194847 PRRX1 protein P54821 UNIPROT SRF protein P11831 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000567 9334314 t miannu "The human homeodomain proteinphox1interacts functionally with serum response factor (srf) to impart serum responsive transcriptional activity to srf-binding sites in a hela cell cotransfection assay." SIGNOR-52657 JNK proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF15 SIGNOR FOXO4 protein P98177 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser230 PEGATPTsPVGHFAK 9606 BTO:0000848 BTO:0001253 20959475 t lperfetto "Braf(v600e) signaling through mitogen-activated protein kinase/extracellular signal-regulated kinase kinase resulted in increased reactive oxygen species levels and c-jun nh(2) terminal kinase-mediated activation of foxo4 via its phosphorylation on thr(223), ser(226), thr(447), and thr(451)." SIGNOR-168754 WNT5B protein Q9H1J7 UNIPROT FZD6 protein O60353 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000551;BTO:0000848 16273260 t gcesareni "Human wnt5a, wnt5b and wnt11 are non-canonical wnt ligands transducing pcp signals through fzd3 or fzd6 receptors." SIGNOR-141443 58131-57-0 chemical CID:42640 PUBCHEM MDM4 protein O15151 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-194856 Ki16425 chemical CID:10367662 PUBCHEM LPAR2 protein Q9HBW0 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-193561 MAPK8 protein P45983 UNIPROT ITCH protein Q96J02 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation 10090 BTO:0002417 15358865 t gcesareni "Activation of the Jun amino-terminal kinase (JNK) mitogen-activated protein kinase cascade after T cell stimulation accelerated degradation of c-Jun and JunB through phosphorylation-dependent activation of the E3 ligase Itch." SIGNOR-245315 GNAI1 protein P63096 UNIPROT PLD2 protein O14939 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000938 9148895 t gcesareni "The results of this study suggest that membrane phospholipase d activity can be negatively regulated via gi" SIGNOR-48256 ROCK1 protein Q13464 UNIPROT LIMK1 protein P53667 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr508 PDRKKRYtVVGNPYW 9606 10652353 t lperfetto "Rho-associated kinase rock activates lim-kinase 1 by phosphorylation at threonine 508 within the activation loop." SIGNOR-74569 JNK proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF15 SIGNOR FOXO4 protein P98177 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr227 PAPPEGAtPTSPVGH 9606 BTO:0000848 BTO:0001253 20959475 t lperfetto "Braf(v600e) signaling through mitogen-activated protein kinase/extracellular signal-regulated kinase kinase resulted in increased reactive oxygen species levels and c-jun nh(2) terminal kinase-mediated activation of foxo4 via its phosphorylation on thr(223), ser(226), thr(447), and thr(451)." SIGNOR-168758 PLK1 protein P53350 UNIPROT PINX1 protein Q96BK5 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr317 EDATLEEtLVKKKKK 9606 20573420 t lperfetto "Here, we show that polo-like kinase 1 (plk1) is a novel interacting protein of pinx1. Plk1 interacts with and phosphorylates pinx1 in vivo and in vitro. Moreover, plk1-mediated phosphorylation of pinx1 at five phosphorylation sites is essential for its plk1-induced degradation." SIGNOR-166333 MAPKAPK3 protein Q16644 UNIPROT HSPB1 protein P04792 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser15 FSLLRGPsWDPFRDW -1 8774846 t miannu "MAPKAP kinase-3 and MAPKAP kinase-2 phosphorylated peptide substrates with similar kinetic constants and phosphorylated the same serine residues in HSP27 at the same relative rates.The three serine residues in HSP27 phosphorylated by MAPKAPK2 were also phosphorylated at the same relative rates by MAPKAP-K3 (Ser-82>>Ser-78 >Ser-15)" SIGNOR-250159 JNK proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF15 SIGNOR FOXO4 protein P98177 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr451 PIPKALGtPVLTPPT 9606 BTO:0000848 BTO:0001253 20959475 t lperfetto "Braf(v600e) signaling through mitogen-activated protein kinase/extracellular signal-regulated kinase kinase resulted in increased reactive oxygen species levels and c-jun nh(2) terminal kinase-mediated activation of foxo4 via its phosphorylation on thr(223), ser(226), thr(447), and thr(451)." SIGNOR-168762 MAPK11 protein Q15759 UNIPROT MAPKAPK5 protein Q8IW41 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr182 IDQGDLMtPQFTPYY 9606 BTO:0000567 9628874 t gcesareni "Prak activity was regulated by p38alpha and p38beta both in vitro and in vivo and thr182 was shown to be the regulatory phosphorylation site." SIGNOR-58131 CDK6/CCND1 complex SIGNOR-C143 SIGNOR CTNNB1 protein P35222 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser45 GATTTAPsLSGKGNP -1 17208333 t llicata "We showed that CCND1-CDK6 phosphorylates beta-catenin on serine 45 (S45). This phosphorylation creates a priming site for glycogen synthase kinase 3beta (GSK3beta) and is both necessary and sufficient to initiate the beta-catenin phosphorylation-degradation cascade." SIGNOR-250647 PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT PDE3A protein Q14432 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser312 SKSHRRTsLPCIPRE 9606 BTO:0000567 16153182 t llicata "Ser312 of pde3a was phosphorylated in an h-89-sensitive response to forskolin, indicative of phosphorylation by pka (camp-dependent protein kinase), but phosphorylation at this site did not stimulate 14-3-3 binding." SIGNOR-140289 nutlin-3A chemical CID:11433190 PUBCHEM MDM2 protein Q00987 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-194874 NVP-AEW541 chemical CID:11476171 PUBCHEM IGF1R protein P08069 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-194892 NVP-AEW541 chemical CID:11476171 PUBCHEM INSR protein P06213 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-194895 ABL1 protein P00519 UNIPROT JAK2 protein O60674 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr1007 VLPQDKEyYKVKEPG -1 11593427 t gcesareni "Jak2 peptide substrate studies indicated that the Bcr-Abl and Abl tyrosine kinases specifically phosphorylated Y1007 of Jak2 but only poorly phosphorylated Y1008. Phosphorylation of Y1007 of Jak2 is known to be critical for its tyrosine kinase activation." SIGNOR-245365 NVP-BHG712 chemical CID:16747388 PUBCHEM ABL1 protein P00519 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-194913 NVP-BHG712 chemical CID:16747388 PUBCHEM EPHB4 protein P54760 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-194916 NVP-BHG712 chemical CID:16747388 PUBCHEM KDR protein P35968 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-194919 NVP-BHG712 chemical CID:16747388 PUBCHEM RAF1 protein P04049 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-194922 "SB 202190" chemical CID:5353940 PUBCHEM MAPK11 protein Q15759 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-206694 NVP-BVU972 chemical CID:44206063 PUBCHEM MET protein P08581 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-194943 "Obatoclax mesylate" chemical CID:46930996 PUBCHEM BCL2 protein P10415 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-194952 Odanacatib chemical CID:10152654 PUBCHEM CTSK protein P43235 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-195007 Dacomitinib chemical CID:11511120 PUBCHEM ERBB4 protein Q15303 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-205942 STAT2 protein P52630 UNIPROT "ISGF3 complex" complex SIGNOR-C124 SIGNOR "form complex" binding -1 8943351 t 2 miannu "The first STAT-containing transcription factor to be studied, the alpha-interferon-induced ISGF3, is composed of a Stat1:2 heterodimer and a weak DNA-binding protein, p48. The p48 and Stat1:2 heterodimer do not associate stably in the absence of DNA, but we show that amino acids approximately 150 to 250 of Stat1 and a COOH-terminal portion of p48 exhibit physical interaction, implying contact that stabilizes ISGF3" SIGNOR-240603 MAPK9 protein P45984 UNIPROT BCL2L11 protein O43521 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser59 GDSCPHGsPQGPLAP 12818176 t miannu "JNKs specifically phosphorylate BIMEL at Ser55, 65, and/or 73. several observations demonstrate that the phosphorylation of BIMEL is a physiologically important mechanism for enhancing its proapoptotic activity." SIGNOR-250134 BCL2L1 protein Q07817 UNIPROT APAF1 protein O14727 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000007 9539746 t lperfetto "These experiments demonstrate that bcl-xl associates with caspase-9 and apaf-1, and show that bcl-xl inhibits the maturation of caspase-9 mediated by apaf-1." SIGNOR-56399 "inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate" smallmolecule CID:439456 PUBCHEM "calcium ion" smallmolecule CID:271 PUBCHEM up-regulates "small molecule catalysis" 9606 BTO:0000938 23630568 t gcesareni "Inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor (ip3r) is a ubiquitous intracellular calcium (ca(2+)) channel which has a major role in controlling ca(2+) levels in neurons." SIGNOR-202011 BCL2L1 protein Q07817 UNIPROT CASP9 protein P55211 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000007 9539746 t lperfetto "Bcl2l1 associates with casp9 and apaf-1 in mammalian cells.Bcl-XL interacts with Apaf-1 and inhibits Apaf-1-dependent caspase-9 activation" SIGNOR-56402 XIAP protein P98170 UNIPROT CASP9 protein P55211 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" binding 9606 BTO:0000007 9545235 t lperfetto "IAPs block apoptotic events induced by caspase-8 and cytochrome c by direct inhibition of distinct caspasesThese findings demonstrate that IAPs can suppress different apoptotic pathways by inhibiting distinct caspases and identify pro-caspase-9 as a new target for IAP-mediated inhibition of apoptosis" SIGNOR-56484 OSI-420 chemical CID:18924996 PUBCHEM EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-195248 OSI-930 chemical CID:9868037 PUBCHEM KDR protein P35968 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-195543 OSI-930 chemical CID:9868037 PUBCHEM KIT protein P10721 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-195675 CHIR-124 chemical CID:11502647 PUBCHEM CHEK1 protein O14757 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-190973 STUB1 protein Q9UNE7 UNIPROT SMAD1 protein Q15797 UNIPROT down-regulates ubiquitination 9606 22298955 t gcesareni "In ad-dition, some proteins (e.g. Chip, carboxyl terminus of hsc70-interacting protein) inhibit the signaling activities of smad1/5 by recruiting smad1/5 from the functional r-/co-smad complex and further pro-moting the ubiquitination and degradation of smad1/5 in a chaperone-independent manner" SIGNOR-195687 STUB1 protein Q9UNE7 UNIPROT SMAD5 protein Q99717 UNIPROT down-regulates ubiquitination 9606 22298955 t gcesareni "In ad-dition, some proteins (e.g. Chip, carboxyl terminus of hsc70-interacting protein) inhibit the signaling activi-ties of smad1/5 by recruiting smad1/5 from the functional r-/co-smad complex and further pro-moting the ubiquitination and degradation of smad1/5 in a chaperone-independent manne" SIGNOR-195690 Tozasertib chemical CID:5494449 PUBCHEM AURKB protein Q96GD4 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-207669 PF-03814735 chemical CID:49830590 PUBCHEM AURKB protein Q96GD4 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-205953 SCH900776 chemical CID:16224745 PUBCHEM CHEK2 protein O96017 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-206841 "Palomid 529" chemical CID:11998575 PUBCHEM MTOR protein P42345 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-199120 "Pazopanib hydrochloride" chemical CID:11525740 PUBCHEM CSF1R protein P07333 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-199527 MAP3K1 protein Q13233 UNIPROT STAT3 protein P40763 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser727 NTIDLPMsPRTLDSL 9606 BTO:0000150 17563747 t lperfetto "Phosphorylation of s727 induces pin1 binding which increases transcription. Pin1 binding increases stat3 interaction with p300 and dna." SIGNOR-236346 CDK5 protein Q00535 UNIPROT CLOCK protein O15516 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr451 AVSDPSStPTKIPTD 9606 BTO:0000938 24235147 t lperfetto "Cdk5 phosphorylates clock at the thr-451 and thr-461 residues in association with transcriptional activation of clock." SIGNOR-203227 IKK-complex complex SIGNOR-C14 SIGNOR IKBKG protein Q9Y6K9 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser68 LRDAIRQsNQILRER 9606 BTO:0000007 17977820 t lperfetto "In this study we analyze the ikkbeta-mediated phosphorylation of the ikk-binding domain of nemo. In vitro, ikkbeta phosphorylates three serine residues in the domain of nemo at positions 43, 68, and 85. However, mutational analysis revealed that only the phosphorylation of serine 68 in the center of the ikk-binding domain plays an essential role for the formation and the function of the ikk complex. Thus, ser(68) phosphorylation attenuates the amino-terminal dimerization of nemo as well as the ikkbeta-nemo interaction. I" SIGNOR-209788 IHH protein Q14623 UNIPROT PTCH1 protein Q13635 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0001253 9811851 t lperfetto "Biochemical analysis of ptch and ptch2 shows that they both bind to all hedgehog family members with similar affinity and that they can form a complex with smo.Current models suggest that binding of Shh to PTCH prevents the normal inhibition of the seven-transmembrane-protein Smoothened (SMO) by PTCH." SIGNOR-61311 IHH protein Q14623 UNIPROT PTCH2 protein Q9Y6C5 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0001253 9811851 t lperfetto "Biochemical analysis of ptch and ptch2 shows that they both bind to all hedgehog family members with similar affinity and that they can form a complex with smo.Current models suggest that binding of Shh to PTCH prevents the normal inhibition of the seven-transmembrane-protein Smoothened (SMO) by PTCH." SIGNOR-61314 GFs stimulus SIGNOR-ST12 SIGNOR AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" 9606 23300340 f lperfetto "Akt normally resides in the cytosol under serum-starved conditions, but translocates to the plasma membrane where it is subsequently phosphorylated and activated in response to growth factor treatment. Phosphorylation of Akt at Thr308 by phosphoinositide-dependent kinase-1 (PDK1) and at Ser473 by mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) complex 2 (mTORC2) is required for full Akt activation" SIGNOR-245402 PPARG protein P37231 UNIPROT "M2 polarization" phenotype SIGNOR-PH55 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 BTO:0000801 17681149 f lperfetto "This mechanism is mainly operative in native monocytes that, in the presence of an appropriate M2 stimulus such as IL-4, can be primed by PPARg ligands to an enhanced M2 phenotype." SIGNOR-249542 GFs stimulus SIGNOR-ST12 SIGNOR AKT2 protein P31751 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" 9606 23300340 f lperfetto "Akt normally resides in the cytosol under serum-starved conditions, but translocates to the plasma membrane where it is subsequently phosphorylated and activated in response to growth factor treatment. Phosphorylation of Akt at Thr308 by phosphoinositide-dependent kinase-1 (PDK1) and at Ser473 by mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) complex 2 (mTORC2) is required for full Akt activation" SIGNOR-245405 NF1 protein P21359 UNIPROT ADCY10 protein Q96PN6 UNIPROT up-regulates 9606 BTO:0000938 24431436 f miannu "Nf1encodes neurofibromin, a protein with multiple functions including ras inactivation (ras gtpase-activating protein or rasgap) and adenylyl cyclase (ac) activation" SIGNOR-203921 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT RPS6KA1 protein Q15418 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr573 AENGLLMtPCYTANF 9606 BTO:0000567 9687510 t lperfetto "Thus, MAPK1/ERK1 and MAPK2/ERK2 activate three closely related protein kinases known as MAPK_activated protein kinases_1a, _1b and _1c (MAPKAP_K1a/b/c; also known as RSK1/2/3)" SIGNOR-59363 CDK12 protein Q9NYV4 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser1878 SPKYSPTsPTYSPTT 9606 22012619 t miannu "Cyck/cdk12 can activate transcription and phosphorylate ser2 in the ctd of rnapii / phosphorylation of serine at position 2 (ser2) is thought to be responsible for productive transcriptional elongation and synthesis of full-length mature mrna" SIGNOR-176805 IKK-complex complex SIGNOR-C14 SIGNOR IKBKG protein Q9Y6K9 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser43 PAMLHLPsEQGAPET 9606 BTO:0000007 17977820 t lperfetto "In this study we analyze the ikkbeta-mediated phosphorylation of the ikk-binding domain of nemo. In vitro, ikkbeta phosphorylates three serine residues in the domain of nemo at positions 43, 68, and 85. However, mutational analysis revealed that only the phosphorylation of serine 68 in the center of the ikk-binding domain plays an essential role for the formation and the function of the ikk complex. Thus, ser(68) phosphorylation attenuates the amino-terminal dimerization of nemo as well as the ikkbeta-nemo interaction. I" SIGNOR-209780 MAPKAPK2 protein P49137 UNIPROT HSPB1 protein P04792 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser15 FSLLRGPsWDPFRDW 9606 20626350 t "10383393: We demonstrate that both phosphorylated sHsps and the triple mutant Hsp27-S15D,S78D,S82D show significantly decreased abilities to act as molecular chaperones suppressing thermal denaturation and facilitating refolding of citrate synthase in vitro." gcesareni "Notably mk2 is well known to play an important role in actin filament remodellng by phosphorylating hsp27." SIGNOR-166629 MAPKAPK2 protein P49137 UNIPROT ARPC5 protein O15511 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser77 AVKDRAGsIVLKVLI -1 12829704 t miannu "MAPKAPK2 also phosphorylated p16-Arc in intact Arp2/3 complexes precipitated from neutrophil lysates. Mutation of serine-77 to alanine on the A isoform prevented phosphorylation by MAPKAPK2." SIGNOR-250144 IKK-complex complex SIGNOR-C14 SIGNOR IKBKG protein Q9Y6K9 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser85 ELLHFQAsQREEKEF 9606 BTO:0000007 17977820 t lperfetto "In this study we analyze the ikkbeta-mediated phosphorylation of the ikk-binding domain of nemo. In vitro, ikkbeta phosphorylates three serine residues in the domain of nemo at positions 43, 68, and 85. However, mutational analysis revealed that only the phosphorylation of serine 68 in the center of the ikk-binding domain plays an essential role for the formation and the function of the ikk complex. Thus, ser(68) phosphorylation attenuates the amino-terminal dimerization of nemo as well as the ikkbeta-nemo interaction. I" SIGNOR-209784 CDK5 protein Q00535 UNIPROT CLOCK protein O15516 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr461 KIPTDTStPPRQHLP 9606 BTO:0000938 24235147 t lperfetto "Cdk5 phosphorylates clock at the thr-451 and thr-461 residues in association with transcriptional activation of clock." SIGNOR-203231 ABL1 protein P00519 UNIPROT JUN protein P05412 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Tyr170 LHSEPPVyANLSNFN 9606 10637231 t gcesareni "After phosphorylation of c-Jun by Abl on Tyr170, both proteins interacted via the SH2 domain of Abl" SIGNOR-245370 SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr530 FTSTEPQyQPGENL 9606 8755732 t lperfetto "Rapid digestion of pp60c-src tyrosine kinase (src TK) in combination with electrospray ionization mass spectrometry enabled the determination of the time course for autophosphorylation of three tyrosine sites (Y338, Y419, and Y530) and a correlation with src TK activity. Here, conditions were identified which promoted essentially complete autophosphorylation of y530. Phosphorylation of y530 was directly correlated to a decrease in tyrosine kinase activity" SIGNOR-43315 SHH protein Q15465 UNIPROT PTCH1 protein Q13635 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0001253 9811851 t lperfetto "Biochemical analysis of ptch and ptch2 shows that they both bind to all hedgehog family members with similar affinity and that they can form a complex with smo.Current models suggest that binding of Shh to PTCH prevents the normal inhibition of the seven-transmembrane-protein Smoothened (SMO) by PTCH." SIGNOR-61552 3-Isobutyl-1-methylxanthine smallmolecule CID:3758 PUBCHEM CEBPB protein P17676 UNIPROT up-regulates 9606 11279134 f fspada "The differentiation of 3t3-l1 preadipocytes is regulated in part by a cascade of transcriptional events involving activation of the ccaat/enhancer-binding proteins (c/ebps) and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (ppargamma) by dexamethasone (dex), 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine (mix), and insulin" SIGNOR-209986 "Pazopanib hydrochloride" chemical CID:11525740 PUBCHEM FLT4 protein P35916 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-200809 VX-702 chemical CID:10341154 PUBCHEM MAPK14 protein Q16539 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-207681 3-Isobutyl-1-methylxanthine smallmolecule CID:3758 PUBCHEM CEBPA protein P49715 UNIPROT up-regulates 9606 11279134 f fspada "The differentiation of 3t3-l1 preadipocytes is regulated in part by a cascade of transcriptional events involving activation of the ccaat/enhancer-binding proteins (c/ebps) and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (ppargamma) by dexamethasone (dex), 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine (mix), and insulin" SIGNOR-209992 "Pazopanib hydrochloride" chemical CID:11525740 PUBCHEM KDR protein P35968 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-201037 3-Isobutyl-1-methylxanthine smallmolecule CID:3758 PUBCHEM PPARG protein P37231 UNIPROT up-regulates 9606 11279134 f fspada "The differentiation of 3t3-l1 preadipocytes is regulated in part by a cascade of transcriptional events involving activation of the ccaat/enhancer-binding proteins (c/ebps) and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (ppargamma) by dexamethasone (dex), 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine (mix), and insulin" SIGNOR-209998 KLF2 protein Q9Y5W3 UNIPROT PPARG protein P37231 UNIPROT down-regulates "transcriptional regulation" 9606 12426306 f fspada "Constitutive overexpression of klf2 but not klf15 potently inhibits peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (ppargamma) expression with no effect on the upstream regulators c/ebpbeta and c/ebpdelta." SIGNOR-210019 Semagacestat chemical CID:9843750 PUBCHEM APP protein P05067 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-206850 PCI-24781 chemical CID:11749858 PUBCHEM HDAC10 protein Q969S8 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-202108 "SNS-314 Mesylate" chemical CID:24995523 PUBCHEM AURKA protein O14965 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-207099 PCI-24781 chemical CID:11749858 PUBCHEM HDAC2 protein Q92769 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-202807 PF-03814735 chemical CID:49830590 PUBCHEM PTK2 protein Q05397 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-205959 PCI-24781 chemical CID:11749858 PUBCHEM HDAC3 protein O15379 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-203476 A-966492 chemical CID:16666333 PUBCHEM PARP2 protein Q9UGN5 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-203622 1166227-08-2 chemical CID:42636535 PUBCHEM PIK3CA protein P42336 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-204490 Abiraterone chemical CID:132971 PUBCHEM CYP17A1 protein P05093 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-204810 "Abiraterone acetate" chemical CID:9821849 PUBCHEM CYP17A1 protein P05093 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-205573 3-methyladenine chemical CID:1673 PUBCHEM PIK3C3 protein Q8NEB9 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-205636 3-methyladenine chemical CID:1673 PUBCHEM PIK3CG protein P48736 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-205639 CDK1 protein P06493 UNIPROT RPS6KB1 protein P23443 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser434 SFEPKIRsPRRFIGS 9606 BTO:0000567 12586835 t gcesareni "The activation of p70s6k is associated with multiple phosphorylations at two sets of sites. The first set, s411, s418, t421, and s424, reside within the autoinhibitory domain, mutations of s371 abolished kinase activity. In mitotic hela cells, when the activity of cdc2 is high, s6k1 is phosphorylated at multiple ser/thr, pro (s/tp) sites, including ser(371), ser(411), thr(421), and ser(424)." SIGNOR-98215 SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT PDPK1 protein O15530 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr373 SEDDEDCyGNYDNLL 9606 BTO:0000887;BTO:0001260 20643654 t miannu "Src-dependent pdk1 tyr373/376 tyrosine phosphorylation. / optimal activation of pdk1 requires phosphorylation of tyr373/376" SIGNOR-166718 959122-11-3 chemical CID:24768261 PUBCHEM DGAT1 protein O75907 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-205695 A-966492 chemical CID:16666333 PUBCHEM PARP1 protein P09874 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-205698 Palbociclib chemical CID:5330286 PUBCHEM CDK4 protein P11802 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-205704 Palbociclib chemical CID:5330286 PUBCHEM CDK6 protein Q00534 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-205707 183322-45-4 chemical CID:11246488 PUBCHEM EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-205716 "PD 173074" chemical CID:1401 PUBCHEM FGFR1 protein P11362 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-205725 "PD 173074" chemical CID:1401 PUBCHEM FGFR3 protein P22607 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-205728 PD318088 chemical CID:10231331 PUBCHEM MAP2K1 protein Q02750 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-205737 PD318088 chemical CID:10231331 PUBCHEM MAP2K2 protein P36507 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-205740 "PD 98059" chemical CID:4713 PUBCHEM MAP2K1 protein Q02750 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-205743 "PD 98059" chemical CID:4713 PUBCHEM MAP2K2 protein P36507 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-205746 Pemetrexed chemical CID:60843 PUBCHEM DHFR protein P00374 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-205819 Pemetrexed chemical CID:60843 PUBCHEM GART protein P22102 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-205883 Pemetrexed chemical CID:60843 PUBCHEM TYMS protein P04818 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-205933 Dacomitinib chemical CID:11511120 PUBCHEM EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-205936 Dacomitinib chemical CID:11511120 PUBCHEM ERBB2 protein P04626 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-205939 MAPK9 protein P45984 UNIPROT MFN2 protein O95140 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser27 HMAEVNAsPLKHFVT 9606 22748923 t lperfetto "Jnk phosphorylation of mitofusin 2 in response to cellular stress leads to recruitment of the ubiquitin ligase (e3) huwe1/mule/arf-bp1/hecth9/e3histone/lasu1 to mitofusin 2, with the bh3 domain of huwe1 implicated in this interaction. This results in ubiquitin-mediated proteasomal degradation of mitofusin 2these data establish that mfn2 is phosphorylated on ser27 in response to a variety of cellular stresses and implicate jnk in this process" SIGNOR-198054 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT CLK2 protein P49760 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser34 HKRRRSRsWSSSSDR 9606 BTO:0000567 20682768 t lperfetto "Akt directly binds to and phosphorylates clk2 on serine 34 and threonine 127, in vitro and in vivo.Our results suggest that akt activation controls cell survival to ionizing radiation by phosphorylating clk2, revealing an important regulatory mechanism required for promoting cell surviva" SIGNOR-167336 EAF1 protein Q96JC9 UNIPROT ELL protein P55199 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 16006523 t miannu "Positive regulation of ell elongation activity depends on stable binding of eaf1 to the ell n terminus" SIGNOR-138516 PIK3C3 protein Q8NEB9 UNIPROT PTEN protein P60484 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000567 20212113 t lperfetto "Direct positive regulation of pten by the p85 subunit of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase.Thus p85 regulates both p110-pi3k and pten-phosphatase enzymes through direct interaction" SIGNOR-164075 SREBF1 protein P36956 UNIPROT PKM protein P14618 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 20577053 f gcesareni "Well-described targets of srebp-1 and the carbohydrate response element binding protein (chrebp), which include the following: fatty acid synthase (fas), acetyl coa carboxylase (acc1), and liver pyruvate kinase (l-pk)" SIGNOR-166381 356559-20-1 chemical CID:9967941 PUBCHEM TGFBR1 protein P36897 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-206715 SGI-1776 chemical CID:24795070 PUBCHEM PIM1 protein P11309 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-206859 SGI-1776 chemical CID:24795070 PUBCHEM PIM3 protein Q86V86 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-206896 SGX-523 chemical CID:24779724 PUBCHEM MET protein P08581 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-206905 "Sitagliptin phosphate monohydrate" chemical CID:11591741 PUBCHEM DPP4 protein P27487 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-206923 SHC1 protein P29353 UNIPROT SOS1 protein Q07889 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 10090 BTO:0005065 17673906 t lperfetto "TGF-beta-induced ShcA phosphorylation induces ShcA association with Grb2 and Sos, thereby initiating the well-characterised pathway linking receptor tyrosine kinases with Erk MAP kinases." SIGNOR-236363 SHC1 protein P29353 UNIPROT GRB2 protein P62993 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 10090 BTO:0005065 17673906 t lperfetto "TGF-beta-induced ShcA phosphorylation induces ShcA association with Grb2 and Sos, thereby initiating the well-characterised pathway linking receptor tyrosine kinases with Erk MAP kinases." SIGNOR-236366 345627-80-7 chemical CID:3025986 PUBCHEM CDK2 protein P24941 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-207084 345627-80-7 chemical CID:3025986 PUBCHEM CDK7 protein P50613 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-207087 CLK2 protein P49760 UNIPROT CLK2 protein P49760 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser142 HSSRRAKsVEDDAEG 9606 BTO:0000567 20682768 t lperfetto "Clk2 was reported to regulate its nuclear localization by autophosphorylating serine 141" SIGNOR-167344 CAMKK2 protein Q96RR4 UNIPROT PRKAA2 protein P54646 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr172 SDGEFLRtSCGSPNY 9606 BTO:0000567 SIGNOR-C15 19958286 t gcesareni "These data indicate that the camkks function in intact cells as ampkks, predicting wider roles for these kinases in regulating ampk activity in vivo." SIGNOR-161929 RAG1 protein P15918 UNIPROT MTOR protein P42345 UNIPROT up-regulates relocalization 9606 22790199 t gcesareni "Rag gtpases, together with a multi-protein complex called ragulator, mediate amino acid-mediated mtor recruitment to the lysosome surface where mtor becomes activated." SIGNOR-198242 RAG2 protein P55895 UNIPROT MTOR protein P42345 UNIPROT up-regulates relocalization 9606 22790199 t gcesareni "Rag gtpases, together with a multi-protein complex called ragulator, mediate amino acid-mediated mtor recruitment to the lysosome surface where mtor becomes activated." SIGNOR-198245 JAK1 protein P23458 UNIPROT STAT3 protein P40763 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr705 DPGSAAPyLKTKFIC 9606 19723038 t lperfetto "The activation of stat-3 is regulated by phosphorylation of tyrosine 705 by receptor and nonreceptor protein tyrosine kinases. These include epidermal growth factor receptor (egfr) kinase, src, janus-activated kinases (jak), and extracellular signal-regulated kinase (erk)." SIGNOR-187775 NFKBIA protein P25963 UNIPROT NfKb-p65/p50 complex SIGNOR-C13 SIGNOR "down-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000567 9914500 t lperfetto "In nonstimulated cells, nf-kappab is present in the cytosol where it is complexed to its inhibitor ikappab however, we found that only one of the activities, namely the ikk1/2 complex, exists as a pre-assembled kinase-substrate complex in which the ikks are directly or indirectly associated with several nf-kappab-related and ikappab-related proteins: rela, relb, crel, p100, p105, ikappa balpha, ikappa bbeta and ikappa bepsilon." SIGNOR-64092 y-27632 chemical CID:448042 PUBCHEM ROCK1 protein Q13464 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-207890 y-27632 chemical CID:448042 PUBCHEM ROCK2 protein O75116 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-207893 Zibotentan chemical CID:9910224 PUBCHEM EDNRA protein P25101 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-207902 HHIP protein Q96QV1 UNIPROT DHH protein O43323 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 10090 10050855 t lperfetto "Hip encodes a membrane glycoprotein that binds to all three mammalian hedgehog proteins with an affinity comparable to that of ptc-1. our findings support a model in which hip attenuates hedgehog signalling as a result of binding to hedgehog proteins: a negative regulatory feedback loop established in this way could thus modulate the responses to any hedgehog signal." SIGNOR-65072 HHIP protein Q96QV1 UNIPROT IHH protein Q14623 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 10090 10050855 t lperfetto "Hip encodes a membrane glycoprotein that binds to all three mammalian hedgehog proteins with an affinity comparable to that of ptc-1. our findings support a model in which hip attenuates hedgehog signalling as a result of binding to hedgehog proteins: a negative regulatory feedback loop established in this way could thus modulate the responses to any hedgehog signal." SIGNOR-65075 HHIP protein Q96QV1 UNIPROT SHH protein Q15465 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 10090 10050855 t lperfetto "Hip encodes a membrane glycoprotein that binds to all three mammalian hedgehog proteins with an affinity comparable to that of ptc-1. our findings support a model in which hip attenuates hedgehog signalling as a result of binding to hedgehog proteins: a negative regulatory feedback loop established in this way could thus modulate the responses to any hedgehog signal." SIGNOR-65078 LPAR3 protein Q9UBY5 UNIPROT GNA12 protein Q03113 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 22863277 t gcesareni "Serum-borne lysophosphatidic acid (lpa) and sphingosine 1-phosphophate (s1p) act through g12/13-coupled receptors to inhibit the hippo pathway kinases lats1/2 thereby activating yap and taz transcription co-activators, which are oncoproteins repressed by lats1/2." SIGNOR-198544 PAFAH1B2 protein P68402 UNIPROT APP protein P05067 UNIPROT up-regulates 9606 23238734 f miannu "We provide evidence that the loss of pafah1b2 potently reduces a_ by promoting the degradation of its immediate precursor, the _ctf." SIGNOR-200188 GSK3B protein P49841 UNIPROT CEBPB protein P17676 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr226 GSSGSLStSSSSSPP 9606 phosphorylation:Thr188 T-->E 22369944 t fspada "However, the acquisition of dna binding and transactivation capacity of c/ebpbeta is delayed until further phosphorylation (on ser(184) or thr(179)) by gsk3beta occurs." SIGNOR-210129 POGLUT1 protein Q8NBL1 UNIPROT NOTCH1 protein P46531 UNIPROT up-regulates glycosylation 9606 22872643 t O-glycosilation gcesareni "O-glucosylation of epidermal growth factor-like (egf) repeats in the extracellular domain of notch is essential for notch function. A udp-glucose:protein o-glucosyltransferase (poglut/rumi) transfers o-glucose to serine within the o-glucose consensus." SIGNOR-198713 CDK2 protein P24941 UNIPROT CEBPB protein P17676 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr235 SSSSPPGtPSPADAK 9606 SIGNOR-C83 17601773 t fspada "Mass spectrometric analysis revealed that cdk2/cyclina phosphorylates c/ebpbeta on thr(188) and is required for phosphorylation (on ser(184) or thr(179)) of c/ebpbeta by gsk3beta and maintenance of dna binding activity." SIGNOR-156509 CDK5 protein Q00535 UNIPROT DNM1 protein Q05193 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser778 GRRSPTSsPTPQRRA -1 12855954 t llicata "Here, we show that cyclin-dependent kinase 5 (Cdk5) phosphorylates dynamin I on Ser 774 and Ser 778 in vitro, which are identical to its endogenous phosphorylation sites in vivo. Cdk5 antagonists and expression of dominant-negative Cdk5 block phosphorylation of dynamin I, but not of amphiphysin or AP180, in nerve terminals and inhibit SVE. " SIGNOR-250662 CAMKK2 protein Q96RR4 UNIPROT CAMKK2 protein Q96RR4 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr483 KHIPSLAtVILVKTM 9606 22778263 t lperfetto "It has been proposed that a major consequence of relief from autoinhibition is autophosphorylation of thr-482, a post-translational change that likely contributes to the increased autonomous activity of camkk2" SIGNOR-198107 SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr1125 APSRDPHyQDPHSTA 9606 8845374 t lperfetto "The c-terminal autophosphorylation domain of egfr was extensively phosphorylated by c-src./These studies revealed that y1086 was phosphorylated to a significantly higher extent by c-src than by egfr. Additionally, y1101 was identified as a unique c-src phosphorylation site" SIGNOR-44247 JAK2 protein O60674 UNIPROT JAK2 protein O60674 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser523 GVSDVPTsPTLQRPT 9606 21841788 t lperfetto "The jak2 jh2 domain functions as a negative regulator and is presumed to be a catalytically inactive pseudokinase, but the mechanism(s) for its inhibition of jak2 remains unknown. Here we show that jh2 is a dual-specificity protein kinase that phosphorylates two negative regulatory sites in jak2: ser523 and tyr570." SIGNOR-176054 WAY-100635 chemical CID:5684 PUBCHEM HTR1A protein P08908 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-207779 Navitoclax chemical CID:24978538 PUBCHEM BCL2 protein P10415 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-189150 Navitoclax chemical CID:24978538 PUBCHEM BCL2L1 protein Q07817 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t "The effect has been demonstrated using Q07817-1" gcesareni SIGNOR-189153 Navitoclax chemical CID:24978538 PUBCHEM BCL2L2 protein Q92843 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-189156 JAK1 protein P23458 UNIPROT STAT3 protein P40763 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000669 24710148 t lperfetto "The binding of lif to the lifr induces its heterodimerization with gp130. The formation of this complex results in the activation of the receptor-associated janus kinases (jaks), in the phosphorylation of receptor docking sites, and finally in the recruitment of src homology-2 (sh2) domain containing proteins such as stat3 (signal transducer and activator of transcription 3)." SIGNOR-236369 CP-466722 chemical CID:44551660 PUBCHEM ATM protein Q13315 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-191094 ABT-737 chemical CID:11228183 PUBCHEM BCL2L1 protein Q07817 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t "The effect has been demonstrated using Q07817-1" gcesareni SIGNOR-189171 Veliparib chemical CID:11960529 PUBCHEM PARP1 protein P09874 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-189183 Veliparib chemical CID:11960529 PUBCHEM PARP2 protein Q9UGN5 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-189224 wortmannin chemical CID:312145 PUBCHEM MYLK protein Q15746 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-207791 WYE-125132 chemical CID:25260757 PUBCHEM MTOR protein P42345 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t "Selleck;ATP-competitive inhibitor mTOR" gcesareni SIGNOR-207800 WYE-354 chemical CID:44219749 PUBCHEM MTOR protein P42345 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t "Selleck;ATP-competitive inhibitor mTOR" gcesareni SIGNOR-207809 WYE-687 chemical CID:25229450 PUBCHEM MTOR protein P42345 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t "Selleck;ATP-competitive inhibitor mTOR" gcesareni SIGNOR-207818 WZ4002 chemical CID:44607530 PUBCHEM EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-207827 284028-89-3 chemical CID:2726824 PUBCHEM TNKS protein O95271 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-207830 SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr1016 DVVDADEyLIPQQGF 9606 8845374 t lperfetto "The c-terminal autophosphorylation domain of egfr was extensively phosphorylated by c-src./These studies revealed that y1086 was phosphorylated to a significantly higher extent by c-src than by egfr. Additionally, y1101 was identified as a unique c-src phosphorylation site" SIGNOR-44239 Cabozantinib chemical CID:25102847 PUBCHEM KDR protein P35968 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-207842 Cabozantinib chemical CID:25102847 PUBCHEM MET protein P08581 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-207845 XL147 chemical CID:1893730 PUBCHEM PIK3CA protein P42336 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-207854 XL-647 chemical CID:10458325 PUBCHEM ERBB2 protein P04626 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-207860 XL765 chemical CID:49867926 PUBCHEM MTOR protein P42345 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-207869 XL765 chemical CID:49867926 PUBCHEM PIK3CA protein P42336 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-207872 XL765 chemical CID:49867926 PUBCHEM PIK3CB protein P42338 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-207875 XL765 chemical CID:49867926 PUBCHEM PIK3CD protein O00329 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-207878 XL765 chemical CID:49867926 PUBCHEM PIK3CG protein P48736 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-207881 MAP3K1 protein Q13233 UNIPROT MAP2K4 protein P45985 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation 9606 BTO:0000007 9712898 t lperfetto "The gck-ctd-mekk1 interaction is sufficiently stable to support mekk1 s phosphorylation of its substrate, SEK1" SIGNOR-236376 "Tyrphostin AG 1024" chemical CID:2044 PUBCHEM IGF1R protein P08069 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-189368 "Tyrphostin AG 1478" chemical CID:2051 PUBCHEM EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-189377 "Tyrphostin B42" chemical CID:5328779 PUBCHEM EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-189386 AG14361 chemical CID:9840076 PUBCHEM PARP1 protein P09874 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-189394 Agomelatine chemical CID:82148 PUBCHEM HTR2C protein P28335 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-189474 CUDC-907 chemical CID:54575456 PUBCHEM PIK3CA protein P42336 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-191212 SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr1110 GSVQNPVyHNQPLNP 9606 8845374 t lperfetto "The c-terminal autophosphorylation domain of egfr was extensively phosphorylated by c-src./These studies revealed that y1086 was phosphorylated to a significantly higher extent by c-src than by egfr. Additionally, y1101 was identified as a unique c-src phosphorylation site." SIGNOR-44243 JAK2 protein O60674 UNIPROT JAK2 protein O60674 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr570 VRREVGDyGQLHETE 9606 21841788 t lperfetto "The jak2 jh2 domain functions as a negative regulator and is presumed to be a catalytically inactive pseudokinase, but the mechanism(s) for its inhibition of jak2 remains unknown. Here we show that jh2 is a dual-specificity protein kinase that phosphorylates two negative regulatory sites in jak2: ser523 and tyr570." SIGNOR-176058 EGF protein P01133 UNIPROT EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 12648462 t lperfetto "The mammalian ligands that bind the egf receptor (egfr [her1, erb-b1]) include egf, transforming growth factor- (tgf), heparin-binding egf-like growth factor (hb-egf), amphiregulin (ar), betacellulin (btc), epiregulin (epr), and epigen" SIGNOR-22716 AminoAcids stimulus SIGNOR-ST5 SIGNOR RAG2 protein P55895 UNIPROT up-regulates 9606 22790199 f gcesareni "Rag gtpases, together with a multi-protein complex called ragulator, mediate amino acid-mediated mtor recruitment to the lysosome surface where mtor becomes activated." SIGNOR-198192 ID1 protein P41134 UNIPROT MYOD1 protein P15172 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 10090 BTO:0000222 8380166 t 2 miannu "Id1 and Id2 interacted strongly with MyoD and Myf-5.Each Id was able to disrupt the ability of E protein-MyoD complexes to transactivate from a muscle creatine kinase reporter construct in vivo." SIGNOR-240265 Starvation stimulus SIGNOR-ST4 SIGNOR AMPK complex SIGNOR-C15 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 BTO:0000567 23000343 f lperfetto "Starvation-induced autophagy is regulated by mitochondrial reactive oxygen species leading to AMPK activationSTARV" SIGNOR-209796 HRAS protein P01112 UNIPROT ARAF protein P10398 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 21779497 t lperfetto "The raf family of proteins (raf-1, a-raf, and b-raf) is serine/threonine kinases that bind to the effector region of ras-gtp, thus inducing translocation of the protein to the plasma membrane. Once there, raf proteins are activated and phosphorylated by different protein kinases." SIGNOR-175183 GSK3B/Axin/APC complex SIGNOR-C110 SIGNOR CTNNB1 protein P35222 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr41 GIHSGATtTAPSLSG 9606 11955436 t lperfetto "Wnt regulation of beta-catenin degradation is essential for development and carcinogenesis. beta-catenin degradation is initiated upon amino-terminal serine/threonine phosphorylation, which is believed to be performed by glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK-3) in complex with tumor suppressor proteins Axin and adnomatous polyposis coli (APC)." SIGNOR-227905 SIK1 protein P57059 UNIPROT CRTC2 protein Q53ET0 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser171 SALNRTSsDSALHTS 9606 BTO:0000007;BTO:0000567 16817901 t miannu "These results suggested that sik1 could phosphorylate all torcs and thereby repress their transactivation activities." SIGNOR-147707 MAPK8 protein P45983 UNIPROT MYC protein P01106 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser71 SRRSGLCsPSYVAVT 9606 BTO:0000007;BTO:0000567 10551811 t lperfetto "The jnk pathway is selectively involved in the c-myc-mediated apoptosis and that the apoptotic function of c-myc is directly regulated by jnk pathway through phosphorylation at ser-62 and ser-71." SIGNOR-236384 GSK3B/Axin/APC complex SIGNOR-C110 SIGNOR CTNNB1 protein P35222 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser33 QQQSYLDsGIHSGAT 9606 BTO:0000938 BTO:0000142 19303846 t lperfetto "DISC1 inhibits GSK3beta activity through direct physical interaction, which reduces beta-catenin phosphorylation and stabilizes beta-catenin." SIGNOR-227870 GSK3B protein P49841 UNIPROT LRP6 protein O75581 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser1490 AILNPPPsPATERSH 9606 SIGNOR-C110 16341017 t gcesareni "Glycogen synthase kinase 3 (gsk3), which is known for its inhibitory role in wnt through the promotion of beta-catenin phosphorylation and degradation, mediates the phosphorylation and activation of lrp6. We show that wnt induces sequential phosphorylation of lrp6 by gsk3 and casein kinase 1, and this dual phosphorylation promotes the engagement of lrp6 with the scaffolding protein axin." SIGNOR-143041 GSK3B/Axin/APC complex SIGNOR-C110 SIGNOR CTNNB1 protein P35222 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser37 YLDSGIHsGATTTAP 9606 BTO:0000938 BTO:0000142 19303846 t lperfetto "DISC1 inhibits GSK3beta activity through direct physical interaction, which reduces beta-catenin phosphorylation and stabilizes beta-catenin." SIGNOR-227874 GSK3B/Axin/APC complex SIGNOR-C110 SIGNOR CTNNB1 protein P35222 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser33 QQQSYLDsGIHSGAT 9606 11955436 t lperfetto "Wnt regulation of beta-catenin degradation is essential for development and carcinogenesis. beta-catenin degradation is initiated upon amino-terminal serine/threonine phosphorylation, which is believed to be performed by glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK-3) in complex with tumor suppressor proteins Axin and adnomatous polyposis coli (APC)." SIGNOR-227897 GSK3B/Axin/APC complex SIGNOR-C110 SIGNOR CTNNB1 protein P35222 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr41 GIHSGATtTAPSLSG 9606 BTO:0000586 16293724 t lperfetto "This leads to the inactivation and release of glycogen synthase kinase 3beta from its complex with axin, thereby relieving the inhibitory phosphorylation of beta-catenin and activating its signaling pathway." SIGNOR-227893 GSK3B protein P49841 UNIPROT PSEN1 protein P49768 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser353 SHLGPHRsTPESRAA 9606 BTO:0000007 SIGNOR-C110 17360711 t gcesareni "We demonstrate that phosphorylation of serines 353 and 357 by glycogen synthase kinase-3beta (gsk3beta) induces a structural change of the hydrophilic loop of ps1the structural change of ps1 reduces the interaction with beta-catenin leading to decreased phosphorylation and ubiquitination of beta-catenin." SIGNOR-153627 GSK3B protein P49841 UNIPROT PSEN1 protein P49768 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser357 PHRSTPEsRAAVQEL 9606 BTO:0000007 SIGNOR-C110 17360711 t gcesareni "We demonstrate that phosphorylation of serines 353 and 357 by glycogen synthase kinase-3beta (gsk3beta) induces a structural change of the hydrophilic loop of ps1the structural change of ps1 reduces the interaction with beta-catenin leading to decreased phosphorylation and ubiquitination of beta-catenin." SIGNOR-153631 GSK3B/Axin/APC complex SIGNOR-C110 SIGNOR CTNNB1 protein P35222 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr41 GIHSGATtTAPSLSG 9606 BTO:0000938 BTO:0000142 19303846 t lperfetto "DISC1 inhibits GSK3beta activity through direct physical interaction, which reduces beta-catenin phosphorylation and stabilizes beta-catenin." SIGNOR-227878 GSK3B/Axin/APC complex SIGNOR-C110 SIGNOR CTNNB1 protein P35222 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser37 YLDSGIHsGATTTAP 9606 BTO:0000586 16293724 t lperfetto "This leads to the inactivation and release of glycogen synthase kinase 3beta from its complex with axin, thereby relieving the inhibitory phosphorylation of beta-catenin and activating its signaling pathway." SIGNOR-227889 GSK3B protein P49841 UNIPROT ROR2 protein Q01974 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser864 PKPSSHHsGSGSTST 9606 SIGNOR-C110 21078818 t gcesareni "We identify ror2 ser 864 as a critical residue phosphorylated by gsk3 and required for noncanonical receptor activation by wnt5a, analogous to the priming phosphorylation of low-density receptor-related protein 6 (lrp6) in response to wnt3a." SIGNOR-169642 GSK3B/Axin/APC complex SIGNOR-C110 SIGNOR CSNK1D protein P48730 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 12000790 t lperfetto "Complex of axin and casein kinase i (cki) induces beta-catenin phosphorylation at a single site: serine 45 (s45)." SIGNOR-227908 DVL1 protein O14640 UNIPROT GSK3B/Axin/APC complex SIGNOR-C110 SIGNOR "down-regulates activity" binding 9606 20837657 t lperfetto "In canonical wnt signaling, dsh phosphorylation inhibits the apcaxingsk3 complex, leading to beta-catenin stabilization." SIGNOR-227914 DVL1 protein O14640 UNIPROT GSK3B/Axin/APC complex SIGNOR-C110 SIGNOR "down-regulates activity" binding 9534 BTO:0004055 10196136 t lperfetto "We have recently found that Dvl-1 directly binds to Axin and that the binding of Dvl-1 to Axin does not affect the interaction of GSK-3beta with Axin. It is possible that the binding of Dvl to Axin induces the structural change of the Axin complex; therefore GSK-3beta does not effectively phosphorylate Axin. This is the first demostration showing that Dvl inhibits the function of GSK-3beta directly." SIGNOR-227917 DVL2 protein O14641 UNIPROT GSK3B/Axin/APC complex SIGNOR-C110 SIGNOR up-regulates binding 9606 17529994 t lperfetto "Dishevelled (dvl) transduces the wnt signal by interacting with the cytoplasmic axin complex." SIGNOR-227920 CDC14B protein O60729 UNIPROT GSK3B/Axin/APC complex SIGNOR-C110 SIGNOR up-regulates dephosphorylation 9606 18662541 t lperfetto "The phosphatase cdc14b translocates from the nucleolus to the nucleoplasm and induces the activation of the ubiquitin ligase apc/ccdh1" SIGNOR-227927 LRP5 protein O75197 UNIPROT GSK3B/Axin/APC complex SIGNOR-C110 SIGNOR "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" relocalization 9606 11336703 t lperfetto "Lrp-5, a close homolog of lrp-6 (hey et al., 1998), functions as a coreceptor for wnt proteins in mammalian cells and that it can transduce the canonical wnt signals, at least in part by binding and recruiting axin to membranes" SIGNOR-227930 GTF2B protein Q00403 UNIPROT FOXF2 protein Q12947 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9534 BTO:0004055 9722567 t miannu "The human forkhead protein FREAC-2 contains two functionally redundant activation domains and interacts with TBP and TFIIB. FREAC-2 dependent activation of transcription by TFIIB." SIGNOR-220317 DLL1 protein O00548 UNIPROT NOTCH2 protein Q04721 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 23111325 t gcesareni "In this study, we demonstrate that dll1 can activate notch signaling mostly through notch2 receptor and can contribute to drug resistance to bortezomib, both in murine and human mm cells." SIGNOR-199320 LRP6 protein O75581 UNIPROT GSK3B/Axin/APC complex SIGNOR-C110 SIGNOR "down-regulates activity" binding 9606 19107203 t "PPPSPxS motif in LRP6/5 must be phosphorylated." lperfetto "These observations demonstrate that phosphorylated lrp6/5 both recruits and directly inhibits gsk3beta using two distinct portions of its cytoplasmic sequence binding of wnts to the coreceptors frizzled and lrp6/5 leads to phosphorylation of pppspxs motifs in the lrp6/5 intracellular region and the inhibition of gsk3beta bound to the scaffold protein axin.These Observations demonstrate that phosphorylated lrp6/5 both recruits and directly inhibits gsk3beta using two distinct portions of its cytoplasmic sequence." SIGNOR-227942 3-Isobutyl-1-methylxanthine smallmolecule CID:3758 PUBCHEM CEBPB protein P17676 UNIPROT up-regulates "transcriptional regulation" 9606 8754811 f fspada "The differentiation of 3t3 preadipocytes into adipocytes is accompanied by a transient induction of c/ebpbeta and c/ebpdelta expression in response to treatment of the cells with methylisobutylxanthine (mix) and dexamethasone (dex), respectively" SIGNOR-210068 Dasatinib chemical CID:3062316 PUBCHEM ABL1 protein P00519 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-191301 "AMG 900" chemical CID:24856041 PUBCHEM AURKB protein Q96GD4 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-189495 PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT RHO protein P08100 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser343 TVSKTETsQVAPA -1 11910029 t lperfetto "Thus, the primary protein kinase C sites are Ser334 and Ser338, with minor phosphorylation of Thr335/336 and Ser343." SIGNOR-249148 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT PPARG protein P37231 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation 9606 18596912 t lbriganti "The genomic activity of ppargamma is modulated, in addition to ligand binding, by phosphorylation of a serine residue by mapks, such as extracellular signal-regulated protein kinases-1/2 (erk-1/2), or by nucleocytoplasmic compartmentalization through the erk activators mapk kinases-1/2 (mek-1/2). These mapks phosphorylate (in humans) ser 84 in the ppargamma1 and ser 114 in ppargamma2 isoform" SIGNOR-210182 85375-15-1 chemical CID:6917797 PUBCHEM SLC6A1 protein P30531 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-206960 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser1878 SPKYSPTsPTYSPTT 9606 14662762 t lperfetto "Erk1/2 are major ser-5 kinases after h2o2 treatment. These results suggest that subsequent to h2o2 treatment, the ser-5-phosphorylated form, but not the ser-2-phosphorylated form or the unphosphorylated form, is targeted for rapid proteasomal degradation through its ubiquitination." SIGNOR-120228 E2F4 protein Q16254 UNIPROT PPARG protein P37231 UNIPROT down-regulates "transcriptional regulation" 9606 12110166 f "During terminal adipocyte differentiation" fspada "we show here that e2f1 induces ppar gamma transcription during clonal expansion, whereas e2f4 represses pparg amma expression during terminal adipocyte differentiation" SIGNOR-210050 AMG-208 chemical CID:24864821 PUBCHEM MET protein P08581 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-189507 "AMG 458" chemical CID:24764449 PUBCHEM MET protein P08581 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-189516 Amuvatinib chemical CID:11282283 PUBCHEM KIT protein P10721 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-189525 APC2 protein O95996 UNIPROT GSK3B/Axin/APC complex SIGNOR-C110 SIGNOR up-regulates binding 9606 9601641 t lperfetto "Human axin (haxin) binds directly to beta-catenin, gsk3 beta, and apc in vitro, and the endogenous proteins are found in a complex in cells." SIGNOR-227945 IGF1 protein P05019 UNIPROT GSK3B/Axin/APC complex SIGNOR-C110 SIGNOR "down-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000150;BTO:0000680 16039586 t lperfetto "Erk, which is activated by hbx, associates with gsk-3beta through a docking motif ((291)fkfp) of gsk-3beta and phosphorylates gsk-3beta at the (43)thr residue, which primes gsk-3beta for its subsequent phosphorylation at ser9 by p90rsk, resulting in inactivation of gsk-3beta and upregulation of beta-catenin. This pathway is a general signal, as it was also observed in cell lines in which erk-primed inactivation of gsk-3beta was regulated by igf-1, tgf-beta, and receptor tyrosine kinase her2" SIGNOR-227948 FGF1 protein P05230 UNIPROT FGFR1 protein P11362 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 11030354 t lperfetto "Crystal structure of a ternary fgf-fgfr-heparin complex reveals a dual role for heparin in fgfr binding and dimerization." SIGNOR-83143 MDM2 protein Q00987 UNIPROT EP300 protein Q09472 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000567 11070080 t gcesareni "Mdm2, a negative-feedback regulator of p53, inhibited p300-mediated p53 acetylation by complexing with these two proteins." SIGNOR-84077 Anacetrapib chemical CID:11556427 PUBCHEM CETP protein P11597 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-189605 anastrozole chemical CID:2187 PUBCHEM CYP19A1 protein P11511 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-189614 Ibrutinib chemical CID:24821094 PUBCHEM BTK protein Q06187 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-189641 PCI-34051 chemical CID:24753719 PUBCHEM HDAC8 protein Q9BY41 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-189684 Palbociclib chemical CID:5330286 PUBCHEM CCND1 protein P24385 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-189693 C25H27N5O4S chemical CID:66577011 PUBCHEM KDR protein P35968 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-189711 apigenin chemical CID:5280443 PUBCHEM CYP2C9 protein P11712 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-189802 CTDSP1 protein Q9GZU7 UNIPROT SMAD2 protein Q15796 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser250 TGSPAELsPTTLSPV 9606 BTO:0000007 17035229 t "SCP1 Dephosphorylates Smad2/3 in the Linkers|MAPK-mediated linker phosphorylation appears to have a dual role in Smad2/3 regulation. Mitogens and hyperactive Ras result in extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)-mediated phosphorylation of Smad3 at Ser-204, Ser-208, and Thr-179 and of Smad2 at Ser-245/250/255 and Thr-220. Mutation of these sites increases the ability of Smad3 to activate target genes, suggesting that MAPK phosphorylation of Smad3 is inhibitory (11, 12). However, in contrast, ERK-dependent phosphorylation of Smad2 at Thr-8 enhances its transcriptional activity" SIGNOR-248796 Apixaban chemical CID:10182969 PUBCHEM F10 protein P00742 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-189865 Tivantinib chemical CID:11494412 PUBCHEM MET protein P08581 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-189873 Arry-380 chemical CID:42598643 PUBCHEM ERBB2 protein P04626 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-189882 AST-1306 chemical CID:24739943 PUBCHEM EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-189942 AT7519 chemical CID:11338033 PUBCHEM CCNA2 protein P20248 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-189966 AT7519 chemical CID:11338033 PUBCHEM CCNB1 protein P14635 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-189969 AT9283 chemical CID:11696609 PUBCHEM AURKA protein O14965 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-190011 878739-06-1 chemical CID:11676786 PUBCHEM RAF1 protein P04049 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-190146 AZD7762 chemical CID:11152667 PUBCHEM CHEK2 protein O96017 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-190206 Bafetinib chemical CID:24853523 PUBCHEM LYN protein P07948 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-190227 WNT5A protein P41221 UNIPROT GSK3B/Axin/APC complex SIGNOR-C110 SIGNOR "down-regulates activity" 9606 21078818 f lperfetto "We demonstrate here that prototype canonical wnt3a and noncanonical wnt5a ligands specifically trigger completely unrelated endogenous coreceptors-lrp5/6 and ror1/2, respectively-through a common mechanism that involves their wnt-dependent coupling to the frizzled (fzd) coreceptor and recruitment of shared components, including dishevelled (dvl), axin, and glycogen synthase kinase 3 (gsk3)" SIGNOR-227961 CSNK1A1 protein P48729 UNIPROT GSK3B/Axin/APC complex SIGNOR-C110 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 19293931 t lperfetto "In the absence of secreted wnt ligands, cytosolic beta-catenin is phosphorylated at ser45 by the priming kinase casein kinase 1 (ck1). Consequently, glycogen synthase kinase 3 (gsk3), in complex with axin and adenomatous polyposis coli (apc), phosphorylates beta-catenin at thr41, ser37, and ser33 apc cooperates with axin to promote the phosphorylation of b-catenin by gsk3 [which requires priming phosphorylation by casein kinase 1, alpha-isoform (ck1alpha)]" SIGNOR-227964 NOTCH1 protein P46531 UNIPROT PPARG protein P37231 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0001253 12107827 f gcesareni "Addition of jag-1 peptide induced ikkalpha mediated nf-kappab activation, as well as increased ppargamma expression." SIGNOR-90455 CSNK1A1 protein P48729 UNIPROT GSK3B/Axin/APC complex SIGNOR-C110 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 22083140 t lperfetto "In the absence of secreted wnt ligands, cytosolic beta-catenin is phosphorylated at ser45 by the priming kinase casein kinase 1 (ck1). Consequently, glycogen synthase kinase 3 (gsk3), in complex with axin and adenomatous polyposis coli (apc), phosphorylates beta-catenin at thr41, ser37, and ser33 apc cooperates with axin to promote the phosphorylation of b-catenin by gsk3 [which requires priming phosphorylation by casein kinase 1, alpha-isoform (ck1alpha)]" SIGNOR-227967 CSNK1D protein P48730 UNIPROT GSK3B/Axin/APC complex SIGNOR-C110 SIGNOR up-regulates binding 9606 12000790 t lperfetto "We conclude that a major role of axin in the wnt is to provide the kinase activity that initiates the beta-catenin phosphorylation cascade at s45. This process is mediated by cki, the alfa, delta, or epsilon isoform, all detected in association with axin by lc/ms." SIGNOR-227973 GSK3B protein P49841 UNIPROT GSK3B/Axin/APC complex SIGNOR-C110 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation 9606 16341017 t lperfetto "Glycogen synthase kinase 3 (gsk3), which is known for its inhibitory role in wnt through the promotion of beta-catenin phosphorylation and degradation, mediates the phosphorylation and activation of lrp6. We show that wnt induces sequential phosphorylation of lrp6 by gsk3 and casein kinase 1, and this dual phosphorylation promotes the engagement of lrp6 with the scaffolding protein axin." SIGNOR-227979 GSK3B protein P49841 UNIPROT GSK3B/Axin/APC complex SIGNOR-C110 SIGNOR "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation 9606 BTO:0000007 17360711 t lperfetto "We demonstrate that phosphorylation of serines 353 and 357 by glycogen synthase kinase-3beta (gsk3beta) induces a structural change of the hydrophilic loop of ps1the structural change of ps1 reduces the interaction with beta-catenin leading to decreased phosphorylation and ubiquitination of beta-catenin." SIGNOR-227982 GSK3B protein P49841 UNIPROT GSK3B/Axin/APC complex SIGNOR-C110 SIGNOR "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation 9606 21078818 t lperfetto "We identify ror2 ser 864 as a critical residue phosphorylated by gsk3 and required for noncanonical receptor activation by wnt5a, analogous to the priming phosphorylation of low-density receptor-related protein 6 (lrp6) in response to wnt3a." SIGNOR-227985 GNAS protein P63092 UNIPROT GSK3B/Axin/APC complex SIGNOR-C110 SIGNOR up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000586 16293724 t lperfetto "We show that pge2 stimulates colon cancer cell growth through its heterotrimeric guanine nucleotide-binding protein (g protein) coupled receptor, ep2, by a signaling route that involves the activation of phosphoinositide 3-kinase and the protein kinase akt by free g protein bg subunits and the direct association of the g protein as subunit with the regulator of g protein signaling (rgs) domain of axin." SIGNOR-227988 AMER1 protein Q5JTC6 UNIPROT GSK3B/Axin/APC complex SIGNOR-C110 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" relocalization 9606 BTO:0000007 21304492 t lperfetto "Amer1 binds ck1gamma, recruits axin and gsk3beta to the plasma membrane and promotes complex formation between axin and lrp6." SIGNOR-227991 RBPJ protein Q06330 UNIPROT DUSP1 protein P28562 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 10090 BTO:0000165 17158101 t gcesareni "Notch induction of mkp-1 depends on an rbp-j-dependent mechanism." SIGNOR-236851 FRAT1 protein Q92837 UNIPROT GSK3B/Axin/APC complex SIGNOR-C110 SIGNOR up-regulates binding 9606 9635432 t lperfetto "The frat family consists of three members: frat-1, -2, and -3. It has been shown that different sites of frat-1 interact with gsk-3 and dvl-1 and that wnt-1 disintegrates the complex formation of frat-1, dvl-1, and axin, resulting in the activation of the wnt signaling pathway" SIGNOR-227994 14-3-3 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF7 SIGNOR FOXO3 protein O43524 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0001130 1010227 t gcesareni "Progressive increase in akt activation during prostate cancer progression led to increase phosphorylation of foxo3a and binding with 14-3-3, which potentially affected its transcriptional activity in age-specific manner." SIGNOR-15849 NTS protein P30990 UNIPROT NTSR1 protein P30989 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000975 1331689 t gcesareni "The rat neurotensin receptor cdna sequence was transfected in chinese hamster ovary cells and cellular clones which stably express the corresponding protein were isolated and characterized. The scatchard analysis of the specific binding of [3h]neurotensin indicated a kd value of 0.45 +/- 0.08 nm and a bmax value of 3.27 +/- 0.29 pmol/mg of protein. ...Neurotensin Stimulated the phosphoinositides hydrolysis" SIGNOR-17369 85375-15-1 chemical CID:6917797 PUBCHEM SLC6A11 protein P48066 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-206990 CAMK2A protein Q9UQM7 UNIPROT CAMK2A protein Q9UQM7 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr286 SCMHRQEtVDCLKKF 9606 BTO:0000975 1849884 t lperfetto "Role of threonine-286 as autophosphorylation site for appearance of ca2(+)-independent activity of calmodulin-dependent protein kinase ii alpha subunit" SIGNOR-21797 GSK3B/Axin/APC complex SIGNOR-C110 SIGNOR CTNNB1 protein P35222 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr41 GIHSGATtTAPSLSG 9606 23151663 t lperfetto "Beta-catenin phosphorylation in vivo is sequentially carried out by two distinct kinases, ckialfa and gsk-3. Ckialfa phosphorylation of s45 proceeds and is required for subsequent gsk-3 phosphorylation of t41, s37, and s33 one key substrate of gsk3 is the transcriptional co-activator beta catenin, whichis inactivated by gsk3 mediated phosphorylation and targeted for proteasomal degradation in unstimulated cells." SIGNOR-227866 PKN1 protein Q16512 UNIPROT MARCKS protein P29966 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser170 SFKLSGFsFKKNKKE -1 8557118 t gcesareni "PRK1 phosphorylates MARCKS at the PKC sites: serine 152, serine 156 and serine 163." SIGNOR-249671 LTA protein P01374 UNIPROT LTBR protein P36941 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000782 BTO:0000975 7995952 t gcesareni "These experiments point toward the lt-alpha 1/beta 2 complex as the predominant membrane form of lt on the lymphocyte surface, and this complex is the primary ligand for the lt-beta receptor." SIGNOR-35708 EDN3 protein P14138 UNIPROT EDNRB protein P24530 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000975 8086489 t gcesareni "These results demonstrate that lys-161 of the receptor is important for high affinity binding with et-3 which, in part, confers the non-selective binding characteristics of the etb receptor for et isopeptides." SIGNOR-36017 EPHA2 protein P29317 UNIPROT PIK3R2 protein O00459 UNIPROT up-regulates 9606 BTO:0000782 7982920 f gcesareni "In keeping with the above observations, activation of eck by its ligand, b61, increased phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase activity" SIGNOR-35418 PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT PLCG1 protein P19174 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser1248 HGRAREGsFESRYQQ 9606 BTO:0000782;BTO:0000661 1370476 t llicata "The observation that pka also phosphorylates plc-yl on serine 1248 suggests that phosphorylation of this residue may be a common mechanism by which pkc and pka inhibit plc-yl." SIGNOR-17901 CD28 protein P10747 UNIPROT GRB2 protein P62993 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000782 7737275 t fspada "In this study, we demonstrate that the co-stimulatory antigen cd28 binds to grb-2 by means of a cytoplasmic pymnm motif, which is the same motif bound by pi 3-kinase." SIGNOR-32509 "Sunitinib malate" chemical CID:6456015 PUBCHEM FLT4 protein P35916 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 BTO:0000776 20185585 t gcesareni "The vegfr/pdgfr inhibitor sunitinib (selleck) was used at 35 mg/kg in citrate-buffered water and administered daily by oral gavage for 7 days." SIGNOR-163944 "Sunitinib malate" chemical CID:6456015 PUBCHEM KDR protein P35968 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 BTO:0000776 20185585 t gcesareni "The vegfr/pdgfr inhibitor sunitinib (selleck) was used at 35 mg/kg in citrate-buffered water and administered daily by oral gavage for 7 days." SIGNOR-163947 "Sunitinib malate" chemical CID:6456015 PUBCHEM PDGFRA protein P16234 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 BTO:0000776 20185585 t gcesareni "The vegfr/pdgfr inhibitor sunitinib (selleck) was used at 35 mg/kg in citrate-buffered water and administered daily by oral gavage for 7 days." SIGNOR-163953 LCK protein P06239 UNIPROT PTPN6 protein P29350 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr564 SKHKEDVyENLHTKN 9606 BTO:0000782 8114715 t llicata "The two sites (y-536 and y-564) which are directly phosphorylated by lck in vitro are also phosphorylated in vivo in lstra cells. One of these sites (y-564) is phosphorylated in t cells in response to lck activation." SIGNOR-36121 MAPK8 protein P45983 UNIPROT BCL2 protein P10415 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation 9606 10567572 t amattioni "Jnk was capable of phosphorylating bcl-2. Phosphorylation of bcl-2 inactivates the molecule" SIGNOR-72364 PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT PLCG1 protein P19174 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser1248 HGRAREGsFESRYQQ 9606 BTO:0000782;BTO:0000661 1370476 t llicata "The observation that pka also phosphorylates plc-yl on serine 1248 suggests that phosphorylation of this residue may be a common mechanism by which pkc and pka inhibit plc-yl." SIGNOR-17905 USP9X protein Q93008 UNIPROT SMAD4 protein Q13485 UNIPROT up-regulates deubiquitination Lys519 DYPRQSIkETPCWIE 10090 BTO:0000165 20016939 t gcesareni "Smad4 is monoubiquitinated in lysine 519 in vivo, a modification that inhibits smad4 by impeding association with phospho-smad2. Fam reverts this negative modification, re-empowering smad4 function;control of smad4 is a good way to regulate bone formation. Fam and ectodermin/tif1gamma (ecto) were reported to respectively regulate the de-ubiquitination and ubiquitination of smad4." SIGNOR-236855 CSK protein P41240 UNIPROT LCK protein P06239 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Tyr505 FTATEGQyQPQP 9606 BTO:0000782 1639064 t gcesareni "P50csk tyrosine kinase phosphorylates p56lck at tyr-505 and down regulates its catalytic activity." SIGNOR-20371 PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT IL2RA protein P01589 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Thr271 RQRKSRRtI 9606 BTO:0000782 2303462 t lperfetto "The interleukin-2 (il-2) receptor, the leukocyte-specific membrane glycoprotein, t200, and the class i major histocompatibility antigens (hla) have been identified as substrates for protein kinase c from these studies, it was concluded that ser-247 is the major site of phosphorylation in the il-2 receptor and that thr-250 is a minor site." SIGNOR-22988 CSNK1E protein P49674 UNIPROT CTNND1 protein O60716 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser268 PQVRVGGsSVDLHRF 9606 BTO:0000782 3133391 t gcesareni "Moreover, in response to wnt3a, p120-catenin is phosphorylated at ser268, a modification dependent on ck1epsilon activity, which disrupts its interaction with e-cadherin and, subsequently, with lrp5/6, promoting the release of ck1epsilon/p120-catenin from the wnt receptor complex." SIGNOR-24443 CyclinE/CDK2 complex SIGNOR-C16 SIGNOR RRN3 protein Q9NYV6 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser44 LENDFFNsPPRKTVR 9606 15004009 t lperfetto "Cdk2/cyclin e-mediated phosphorylation at ser 44 activates tif-ia" SIGNOR-216682 INSR protein P06213 UNIPROT PTPN6 protein P29350 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr536 QKGQESEyGNITYPP 9606 BTO:0000975 7512963 t llicata "Insulin stimulates the phosphorylation of tyr538 and the catalytic activity of ptp1c, a protein tyrosine phosphatase with src homology-2 domains. these results suggest that ptp1c is a target protein for the insulin receptor tyrosine kinase" SIGNOR-26870 IL7 protein P13232 UNIPROT IL7R protein P16871 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000782 8204885 t fspada "Antibody r34.34 was further found to be directed against an epitope interfering with binding of interleukin-7 (il-7) to pre-alp cells. Expression cloning from a pre-alp cdna library showed that r34.34 antigen is cdw127, the 75- to 80-kd il-7 receptor. Proliferation of the b-lineage all cell lines reh and mieliki was inhibited by il-7, and this effect was specifically reverted by moab r34.34. In addition, antibody r34.34 specifically inhibited il-7-dependent proliferation of normal bcp, pre-alp cells, and peripheral t cells. These results imply that both inhibitory and proliferative effects of il-7 can be mediated through the same receptor on various lineages." SIGNOR-37012 "Imatinib mesylate" chemical CID:123596 PUBCHEM KIT protein P10721 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-193393 AXIN2 protein Q9Y2T1 UNIPROT GSK3B/Axin/APC complex SIGNOR-C110 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000142;BTO:0000671;BTO:0000763 10911903 t lperfetto "It has been found that a multiprotein complex assembled by the cytoplasmic component conductin induces degradation of cytoplasmic beta-catenin. The complex includes apc, the serine/threonine kinase gsk3 beta, and beta-catenin, which bind to conductin at distinct domains." SIGNOR-228003 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT JUN protein P05412 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation 9606 23616010 t lperfetto "Erk also undergoes rapid translocation into the nucleus, where it phosphorylates and activates a variety of transcription factor targets, including sp1, e2f, elk-1, and ap1." SIGNOR-201943 GSK3B/Axin/APC complex SIGNOR-C110 SIGNOR ROR2 protein Q01974 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser864 PKPSSHHsGSGSTST 9606 21078818 t gcesareni "We identify ror2 ser 864 as a critical residue phosphorylated by gsk3 and required for noncanonical receptor activation by wnt5a, analogous to the priming phosphorylation of low-density receptor-related protein 6 (lrp6) in response to wnt3a." SIGNOR-228026 Ispinesib chemical CID:6851740 PUBCHEM KIF11 protein P52732 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-193483 AKT2 protein P31751 UNIPROT GSK3B/Axin/APC complex SIGNOR-C110 SIGNOR "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation 9606 BTO:0000586 16293724 t lperfetto "We show that PGE2 stimulates colon cancer cell growth through its heterotrimeric guanine nucleotide-binding protein (G protein)-coupled receptor, EP2, by a signaling route that involves the activation of phosphoinositide 3-kinase and the protein kinase Akt by free G protein betagamma subunits and the direct association of the G protein alphas subunit with the regulator of G protein signaling (RGS) domain of axin. This leads to the inactivation and release of glycogen synthase kinase 3beta from its complex with axin, thereby relieving the inhibitory phosphorylation of beta-catenin and activating its signaling pathway." SIGNOR-227952 GSK3B/Axin/APC complex SIGNOR-C110 SIGNOR PSEN1 protein P49768 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser357 PHRSTPEsRAAVQEL 9606 BTO:0000007 17360711 t gcesareni "We demonstrate that phosphorylation of serines 353 and 357 by glycogen synthase kinase-3beta (gsk3beta) induces a structural change of the hydrophilic loop of ps1the structural change of ps1 reduces the interaction with beta-catenin leading to decreased phosphorylation and ubiquitination of beta-catenin." SIGNOR-228022 ZAP70 protein P43403 UNIPROT LCP2 protein Q13094 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr145 PVEDDADyEPPPSND 9606 BTO:0000782 8702662 t lperfetto "A fourth peptide derived from slp-76 encompassing tyr residues 423 and 426 was also phosphorylated by zap-70 but with a 10-15-fold lesser efficiency compared to tyr-113, _128, and _145. Phosphorylation of slp-76 by the zap-70 protein-tyrosine kinase is required for t-cell receptor function" SIGNOR-42968 CDK5 protein Q00535 UNIPROT GRIN2A protein Q12879 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser1232 SGHFTMRsPFKCDAC 10116 BTO:0000938 11675505 t llicata "Here, we demonstrate that cyclin dependent kinase-5 (Cdk5) associates with and phosphorylates NR2A subunits at Ser-1232 in vitro and in intact cells. Moreover, we show that roscovitine, a selective Cdk5 inhibitor, blocks both long-term potentiation induction and NMDA-evoked currents in rat CA1 hippocampal neurons. These results suggest that Cdk5 plays a key role in synaptic transmission and plasticity through its up-regulation of NMDARs." SIGNOR-250666 EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT GAB1 protein Q13480 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr406 DASSQDCyDIPRAFP 9606 BTO:0000527;BTO:0000017 9890893 t lperfetto "Gab-1 is a multisubstrate docking protein downstream in the signaling pathways of different receptor tyrosine kinases, including the epidermal growth factor receptor (egfr)the entire protein was phosphorylated by regfr at eight tyrosine residues (y285, y373, y406, y447, y472, y619, y657, and y689)." SIGNOR-236396 EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT GAB1 protein Q13480 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr627 KGDKQVEyLDLDLDS 9606 BTO:0000527;BTO:0000017 9890893 t lperfetto "Gab-1 is a multisubstrate docking protein downstream in the signaling pathways of different receptor tyrosine kinases, including the epidermal growth factor receptor (egfr)the entire protein was phosphorylated by regfr at eight tyrosine residues (y285, y373, y406, y447, y472, y619, y657, and y689)." SIGNOR-236392 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT LCK protein P06239 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser42 TLLIRNGsEVRDPLV 9606 BTO:0000782 8226850 t lperfetto "Phosphorylation of serine-59 on p56lck in vivo, which correlated with the shift to p60lck. We also demonstrated that the same serine residue could be phosphorylated in vitro with mitogen-activated protein kinases and that this event was capable of reducing p56lck activity in vitro." SIGNOR-37017 CDK5 protein Q00535 UNIPROT MAPK10 protein P53779 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr131 ISLLNVFtPQKTLEE 9606 BTO:0000007 11823425 t llicata "Here, we show that cdk5 directly phosphorylates c-Jun N-terminal kinase 3 (JNK3) on Thr131 and inhibits its kinase activity, leading to reduced c-Jun phosphorylation." SIGNOR-250668 GSK3B/Axin/APC complex SIGNOR-C110 SIGNOR PSEN1 protein P49768 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser353 SHLGPHRsTPESRAA 9606 BTO:0000007 17360711 t gcesareni "We demonstrate that phosphorylation of serines 353 and 357 by glycogen synthase kinase-3beta (gsk3beta) induces a structural change of the hydrophilic loop of ps1the structural change of ps1 reduces the interaction with beta-catenin leading to decreased phosphorylation and ubiquitination of beta-catenin." SIGNOR-228018 MAPK13 protein O15264 UNIPROT STMN1 protein P16949 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser38 SVPEFPLsPPKKKDL 9606 BTO:0000782 8325880 t gcesareni "Serine 25 of oncoprotein 18 is a major cytosolic target for the mitogen-activated protein kinase." SIGNOR-25826 RBBP8 protein Q99708 UNIPROT SPEN protein Q96T58 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 16287852 t gcesareni "We identify the ctip and ctbp corepressors as novel components of the human rbp-jk/sharp-corepressor complex and show that ctip binds directly to the sharp repression domain." SIGNOR-141616 CAMK2A protein Q9UQM7 UNIPROT HRH1 protein P35367 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser398 WKRLRSHsRQYVSGL 9606 BTO:0000975 15107581 t "Translocation from Endosome to Lysosome" gcesareni "As we have shown previously, human h1r can be phosphorylated in vitro by several kinases includingpka, pkc, pkg, and camk ii in summary, these data suggest that thr140, thr142, ser396, ser398, and thr478 can be phosphorylated by the kinases described above (table 2)." SIGNOR-124344 CBL protein P22681 UNIPROT INSR protein P06213 UNIPROT down-regulates ubiquitination 9606 BTO:0000975 11498022 t gcesareni "Aps couples c-cbl to theinsulinreceptor, resulting in ubiquitination of theinsulinreceptor" SIGNOR-109688 DUSP1 protein P28562 UNIPROT MAPK9 protein P45984 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation 9606 BTO:0000782 8626452 t fstefani "We assayed the relative ability of mkp-2, pac1, and mkp-1 to dephosphorylate erk2 and the other related map kinases, jnk2 and p38. the dual specific phosphatases pac1 and mkp-1 previously have been implicated in the in vivo inactivation of erk or of erk and jnk, respectively." SIGNOR-40879 DUSP2 protein Q05923 UNIPROT MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation 9606 BTO:0000782 8626452 t fstefani "Pac1 and mkp-1 previously have been implicated in the in vivo inactivation of erk or of erk and jnk, respectively." SIGNOR-40915 PPARGC1A protein Q9UBK2 UNIPROT FOXO3 protein O43524 UNIPROT down-regulates 9606 BTO:0000222 BTO:0000887;BTO:0001103;BTO:0001760 19491292 f gcesareni "Nuclear pgc-1alpha and foxo3a respond in a reciprocal manner following aicar treatment." SIGNOR-186058 PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT HRH1 protein P35367 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser398 WKRLRSHsRQYVSGL 9606 BTO:0000975 10101032 t "Translocation from Endosome to Lysosome" fspada "In this study, we demonstrated that ser396 and ser398 are phosphorylated by pkc and, that phosphorylation of ser398 is particularly involved in pmainduced desensitization of the h1r." SIGNOR-66015 KU-60019 chemical CID:15953870 PUBCHEM ATM protein Q13315 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-193597 DUSP4 protein Q13115 UNIPROT MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation 9606 BTO:0000782 8626452 t fstefani "Here we characterize a new map kinase phosphatase, mkp-2, that is induced in human peripheral blood t cells with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate and is expressed in a variety of nonhematopoietic tissues as well. We show that the in vivo substrate specificities of individual phosphatases are unique. Pac1, mkp-2, and mkp-1 recognize erk and p38, erk and jnk, and erk, p38, and jnk, respectively." SIGNOR-40926 DUSP4 protein Q13115 UNIPROT MAPK9 protein P45984 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation 9606 BTO:0000782 8626452 t fstefani "We assayed the relative ability of mkp-2, pac1, and mkp-1 to dephosphorylate erk2 and the other related map kinases, jnk2 and p38. . Mkp-2 had detectable activity against jnk2, although full inactivation of jnk2 was not observed even at the higher phosphatase concentration." SIGNOR-40929 LCK protein P06239 UNIPROT CD247 protein P20963 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation 9606 BTO:0000782 8626561 t amattioni "During tcr signaling, lck interacts with numerous molecules, including tcr-zeta. The binding of lck to the tyrosine-phosphorylated zeta chain of the tcr would serve to strengthen the interaction of the associated cd4 and the tcr complex, leading to increased avidity for the antigen-major histocompatibility protein complex." SIGNOR-41361 CyclinB/CDK1 complex SIGNOR-C17 SIGNOR CDC25C protein P30307 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser122 DQHLMKCsPAQLLCS 9606 10864927 t lperfetto "Activation of human cdc25c at the g2/m transition occurs concomitantly with phosphorylation of five serine/threonine-proline sites: thr48, thr67, ser122, thr130, and ser214, presumably by cdc2-cyclin b." SIGNOR-216741 MAPKAPK3 protein Q16644 UNIPROT HSPB1 protein P04792 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser78 PAYSRALsRQLSSGV -1 8774846 t miannu "MAPKAP kinase-3 and MAPKAP kinase-2 phosphorylated peptide substrates with similar kinetic constants and phosphorylated the same serine residues in HSP27 at the same relative rates.The three serine residues in HSP27 phosphorylated by MAPKAPK2 were also phosphorylated at the same relative rates by MAPKAP-K3 (Ser-82>>Ser-78 >Ser-15)" SIGNOR-250160 CDK5 protein Q00535 UNIPROT NES protein P48681 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Thr1299 GETLPDStPLGFYLR 10090 BTO:0000165 12832492 t llicata "We identify nestin as a novel in vivo target for cdk5 and p35 kinase, a critical signaling determinant in development. Two cdk5-specific phosphorylation sites on nestin, Thr-1495 and Thr-316, were established, the latter of which was used as a marker for cdk5-specific phosphorylation in vivo. | Cdk5 activity is necessary for differentiation and the concomitant nestin reorganization in C2C12 myoblasts." SIGNOR-250669 EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT GAB1 protein Q13480 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr659 VADERVDyVVVDQQK 9606 BTO:0000527;BTO:0000017 9890893 t lperfetto "Gab-1 is a multisubstrate docking protein downstream in the signaling pathways of different receptor tyrosine kinases, including the epidermal growth factor receptor (egfr)the entire protein was phosphorylated by regfr at eight tyrosine residues (y285, y373, y406, y447, y472, y619, y657, and y689)." SIGNOR-236404 GOPC protein Q9HD26 UNIPROT CFTR protein P13569 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 11707463 t miannu "Cal binds to cftr / cal affects insertion of cftr to the plasma membrane as well as its half-life in the plasma membrane." SIGNOR-111671 TP53 protein P04637 UNIPROT BIRC5 protein O15392 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 11714700 t gcesareni "This study identifies the anti-apoptotic survivin gene as a p53-repressed gene;notably, survivin repression by p53 is shown to be distinct from p53-dependent growth arrest." SIGNOR-111971 1,9-Pyrazoloanthrone chemical CID:8515 PUBCHEM MAPK10 protein P53779 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 11717429 t gcesareni "We report the identification of an anthrapyrazolone series with significant jnk1, -2, and -3 (k(i) = 0.19 microm). To determine whether jnk activity is required for stress-induced translocation of bax to the mitochondria, we examined the effect of sp600125, a jnk inhibitor." SIGNOR-111980 NCBP1 protein Q09161 UNIPROT IRF8 protein Q02556 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0001413 11483597 t miannu "we found that tyrosine phosphorylated ICSBP activates CYBB and NCF2 transcription, during late myeloid differentiation, by interacting with PU.1, IRF1 and CBP." SIGNOR-222939 1,9-Pyrazoloanthrone chemical CID:8515 PUBCHEM MAPK8 protein P45983 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 11717429 t gcesareni "We report the identification of an anthrapyrazolone series with significant jnk1, -2, and -3 (k(i) = 0.19 microm)." SIGNOR-111983 1,9-Pyrazoloanthrone chemical CID:8515 PUBCHEM MAPK9 protein P45984 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 11717429 t gcesareni "We report the identification of an anthrapyrazolone series with significant jnk1, -2, and -3 (k(i) = 0.19 microm)." SIGNOR-111986 Ivacaftor chemical CID:16220172 PUBCHEM CFTR protein P13569 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck;potentiator gcesareni SIGNOR-193495 EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT GAB1 protein Q13480 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr373 ASDTDSSyCIPTAGM 9606 BTO:0000527;BTO:0000017 9890893 t lperfetto "Gab-1 is a multisubstrate docking protein downstream in the signaling pathways of different receptor tyrosine kinases, including the epidermal growth factor receptor (egfr)the entire protein was phosphorylated by regfr at eight tyrosine residues (y285, y373, y406, y447, y472, y619, y657, and y689)." SIGNOR-236408 ZAP70 protein P43403 UNIPROT LCP2 protein Q13094 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr128 DGEDDGDyESPNEEE 9606 BTO:0000782 8702662 t lperfetto "A fourth peptide derived from slp-76 encompassing tyr residues 423 and 426 was also phosphorylated by zap-70 but with a 10-15-fold lesser efficiency compared to tyr-113, _128, and _145. Phosphorylation of slp-76 by the zap-70 protein-tyrosine kinase is required for t-cell receptor function" SIGNOR-42960 MAX protein P61244 UNIPROT MNT protein Q99583 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 7954804 t 2 miannu "the role MAX plays in transcription is thought to be primarily as a cofactor for DNA binding. In this capacity, however, it appears to be essential for most, if not all, the known biological activities of MYC. MAX also functions as a cofactor for DNA binding for a group of bHLHZip proteins related to MYC, including MNT, MXD1-4 (formerly Mad1, Mxi1, Mad3 and Mad4), and MGA. Like MYC, these proteins do not homodimerize and appear to be incapable of binding DNA on their own, but when bound to MAX, they recognize E-box sequences." SIGNOR-240354 NFYC protein Q13952 UNIPROT NFY complex SIGNOR-C1 SIGNOR "form complex" binding 9606 BTO:0000801;BTO:0000876 9885213 t lperfetto "Nf-y is one of the best characterized ccaat binding proteins, and its unique structure and evolutionary conservation suggest that it plays a crucial role in transcription of eukaryotic genes.It Is a ubiquitous heteromeric transcription factor, composed of three subunits, nf-ya, nf-yb, and nf-yc, all necessary for dna binding." SIGNOR-63019 DTX1 protein Q86Y01 UNIPROT NOTCH1 protein P46531 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" ubiquitination 9606 11153911 t gcesareni "The human Deltex (DTX1) gene encodes a cytoplasmic protein that functions as a positive regulator of the Notch signaling pathway." SIGNOR-85942 CHEK2 protein O96017 UNIPROT TP53 protein P04637 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by stabilization" phosphorylation Ser378 SKKGQSTsRHKKLMF 9606 BTO:0000776 17339337 t gcesareni "Chk1/chk2 and atm/atr also phosphorylate the effector p53, increasing its stability.We Have demonstrated that the human homologs of the checkpoint kinases, chk1 and chk2/hcds1, phosphorylate at least three dna damage-inducible phosphorylation sites in p53." SIGNOR-153479 PRKAA1 protein Q13131 UNIPROT FOXO3 protein O43524 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr179 SSPDKRLtLSQIYEW 9606 BTO:0000007 17711846 t gcesareni "Phosphorylation by AMPK leads to the activtion of FOXO3 transcriptional activity without affecting FOXO3 subcellular localization." SIGNOR-238804 ZAP70 protein P43403 UNIPROT LCP2 protein Q13094 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr113 SSFEEDDyESPNDDQ 9606 BTO:0000782 8702662 t lperfetto "A fourth peptide derived from slp-76 encompassing tyr residues 423 and 426 was also phosphorylated by zap-70 but with a 10-15-fold lesser efficiency compared to tyr-113, _128, and _145. Phosphorylation of slp-76 by the zap-70 protein-tyrosine kinase is required for t-cell receptor function" SIGNOR-42956 STK4 protein Q13043 UNIPROT LATS2 protein Q9NRM7 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr1041 EHAFYEFtFRRFFDD 9606 21808241 t gcesareni "Activation of mst1/2 leads to phosphorylation and activation of their direct substrates, lats1/2." SIGNOR-175825 STK3 protein Q13188 UNIPROT LATS2 protein Q9NRM7 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr1041 EHAFYEFtFRRFFDD 9606 21808241 t gcesareni "Activation of mst1/2 leads to phosphorylation and activation of their direct substrates, lats1/2." SIGNOR-175801 AMPK complex SIGNOR-C15 SIGNOR FOXO3 protein O43524 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr179 SSPDKRLtLSQIYEW 9606 BTO:0000007 17711846 t gcesareni "Phosphorylation by AMPK leads to the activtion of FOXO3 transcriptional activity without affecting FOXO3 subcellular localization." SIGNOR-238813 EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT GAB1 protein Q13480 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr589 SHDSEENyVPMNPNL 9606 BTO:0000527;BTO:0000017 9890893 t lperfetto "Gab-1 is a multisubstrate docking protein downstream in the signaling pathways of different receptor tyrosine kinases, including the epidermal growth factor receptor (egfr)the entire protein was phosphorylated by regfr at eight tyrosine residues (y285, y373, y406, y447, y472, y619, y657, and y689)." SIGNOR-236416 SYK protein P43405 UNIPROT SHC1 protein P29353 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr349 EEPPDHQyYNDFPGK 9606 BTO:0000782 9710204 t gcesareni "The syk-family kinases (syk and zap-70) were able to phosphorylate the y239 and y240 sites, and less efficiently the y317 site on sch1 (iso2)." SIGNOR-59635 IL17A protein Q16552 UNIPROT IL17RA protein Q96F46 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000782 9367539 t gcesareni "Binding studies suggest that recombinant hil-17 binds to the hil-17r with low affinity. Monoclonal antibodies (mabs) generated against the hil-17r were able to block the il-17-induced production of cytokine from human foreskin fibroblast (hff) cells." SIGNOR-53249 MAP3K5 protein Q99683 UNIPROT MAP2K7 protein O14733 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation 9606 19920149 t gcesareni "Ask1 is a member of a mapkkk family and functions as an upstream kinase engaged in c-jun nh2-terminal kinase (jnk)/p38 signaling via the phosphorylation and activation of mapkks, such as mkk3, -4, -6, and -7" SIGNOR-161766 SOCS3 protein O14543 UNIPROT STAT3 protein P40763 UNIPROT down-regulates 9606 BTO:0000801 21628332 f lperfetto "SOCS3 attenuates IL-6-induced STAT3 anti-inflammatory effects, as well as IL-4-induced insulin receptor substrate-2/PI3K-mediated gene expression." SIGNOR-249567 LTBP1 protein Q14766 UNIPROT TGFB1 protein P01137 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0003247 8432736 t lperfetto "Together these data form strong support for the hypothesis that the LTBP plays an essential role in the activation of latent TGF-b in heterotypic cultures." SIGNOR-235754 DAPK1 protein P53355 UNIPROT TP53 protein P04637 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser20 PLSQETFsDLWKLLP 9606 BTO:0000776 17339337 t gcesareni "A cell-free ser(20) phosphorylation site assay was used to identify a broad range of calcium calmodulin kinase superfamily members, including chk2, chk1, dapk-1, dapk-3, drak-1, and ampk, as ser(20) kinases.Evaluation of these calcium calmodulin kinase superfamily members as candidate ser(20) kinases in vivo has shown that only chk1 or dapk-1 can stimulate p53 transactivation and induce ser(20) phosphorylation of p53." SIGNOR-153487 FYN protein P06241 UNIPROT SHC1 protein P29353 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr349 EEPPDHQyYNDFPGK 9606 BTO:0000782 9710204 t lperfetto "Syk and zap-70 were able to phosphorylate the y239 and y240 sites, and less efficiently the y317 site. Of the two potential grb2 binding sites (y239 and y317), y239 appears to play a greater role in recruiting sos through grb2." SIGNOR-59623 CDK5 protein Q00535 UNIPROT NES protein P48681 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Thr315 AENSRLQtPGGGSKT 10090 BTO:0000165 12832492 t llicata "We identify nestin as a novel in vivo target for cdk5 and p35 kinase, a critical signaling determinant in development. Two cdk5-specific phosphorylation sites on nestin, Thr-1495 and Thr-316, were established, the latter of which was used as a marker for cdk5-specific phosphorylation in vivo. | Cdk5 activity is necessary for differentiation and the concomitant nestin reorganization in C2C12 myoblasts." SIGNOR-250670 CDK5 protein Q00535 UNIPROT PPP1R1B protein Q9UD71 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr75 RPNPCAYtPPSLKAV 10116 BTO:0000142 10604473 t llicata "We find that DARPP-32 is converted into an inhibitor of PKA when phosphorylated at threonine 75 by cyclin-dependent kinase 5 (Cdk5). Cdk5 phosphorylates DARPP-32 in vitro and in intact brain cells. Phospho-Thr 75 DARPP-32 inhibits PKA in vitro by a competitive mechanism." SIGNOR-250671 SYK protein P43405 UNIPROT SHC1 protein P29353 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr427 ELFDDPSyVNVQNLD 9606 BTO:0000782 9710204 t gcesareni "The syk-family kinases (syk and zap-70) were able to phosphorylate the y239 and y240 sites, and less efficiently the y317 site on sch1 (iso2)." SIGNOR-59643 TXK protein P42681 UNIPROT LCP2 protein Q13094 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr145 PVEDDADyEPPPSND 9606 BTO:0000782 10660534 t lperfetto "Resting lymphocyte kinase (rlk/txk) targets lymphoid adaptor slp-76 in the cooperative activation of interleukin-2 transcription in t-cells. In this study, we report that rlk phosphorylates slp-76 at its n-terminal yesp/yepp sites. A third tyrosine within the amino-terminal region (y145) appears to be the most important for optimal slp-76 function" SIGNOR-74848 TXK protein P42681 UNIPROT LCP2 protein Q13094 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr113 SSFEEDDyESPNDDQ 9606 BTO:0000782 8892604 t lperfetto "Resting lymphocyte kinase (rlk/txk) targets lymphoid adaptor slp-76 in the cooperative activation of interleukin-2 transcription in t-cells. In this study, we report that rlk phosphorylates slp-76 at its n-terminal yesp/yepp sites. A third tyrosine within the amino-terminal region (y145) appears to be the most important for optimal slp-76 function" SIGNOR-44665 FYN protein P06241 UNIPROT SHC1 protein P29353 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr350 EPPDHQYyNDFPGKE 9606 BTO:0000782 9710204 t lperfetto "Syk and zap-70 were able to phosphorylate the y239 and y240 sites, and less efficiently the y317 site. Of the two potential grb2 binding sites (y239 and y317), y239 appears to play a greater role in recruiting sos through grb2." SIGNOR-59627 ZAP70 protein P43403 UNIPROT LCP2 protein Q13094 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr423 NSLNEEWyVSYITRP 9606 BTO:0000782 8702662 t lperfetto "A fourth peptide derived from slp-76 encompassing tyr residues 423 and 426 was also phosphorylated by zap-70 but with a 10-15-fold lesser efficiency compared to tyr-113, _128, and _145. Phosphorylation of slp-76 by the zap-70 protein-tyrosine kinase is required for t-cell receptor function" SIGNOR-42972 ZAP70 protein P43403 UNIPROT LCP2 protein Q13094 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr426 NEEWYVSyITRPEAE 9606 BTO:0000782 8702662 t lperfetto "A fourth peptide derived from slp-76 encompassing tyr residues 423 and 426 was also phosphorylated by zap-70 but with a 10-15-fold lesser efficiency compared to tyr-113, _128, and _145. Phosphorylation of slp-76 by the zap-70 protein-tyrosine kinase is required for t-cell receptor function" SIGNOR-42976 SYK protein P43405 UNIPROT SHC1 protein P29353 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr350 EPPDHQYyNDFPGKE 9606 BTO:0000782 9710204 t gcesareni "The syk-family kinases (syk and zap-70) were able to phosphorylate the y239 and y240 sites, and less efficiently the y317 site on sch1 (iso2)." SIGNOR-59639 BTK protein Q06187 UNIPROT PLCG2 protein P16885 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr753 ERDINSLyDVSRMYV 9606 BTO:0000776 11606584 t gcesareni "By measuring the ability of human plcgamma2 to restore calcium responses to the b-cell receptor stimulation or oxidative stress in a b-cell line (dt40) deficient in plcgamma2, we have demonstrated that two tyrosine residues, tyr(753) and tyr(759), were important for the plcgamma2 signaling function.Of the two kinases that previously have been proposed to phosphorylate plcgamma2, btk, and syk, purified btk had much greater ability to phosphorylate recombinant plcgamma2 in vitro, whereas syk efficiently phosphorylated adapter protein blnk." SIGNOR-111069 ZAP70 protein P43403 UNIPROT SHC1 protein P29353 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr349 EEPPDHQyYNDFPGK 9606 BTO:0000782 9710204 t gcesareni "The syk-family kinases (syk and zap-70) were able to phosphorylate the y239 and y240 sites, and less efficiently the y317 site on shc1 (iso2)." SIGNOR-59647 STAT1 protein P42224 UNIPROT "ISGF3 complex" complex SIGNOR-C124 SIGNOR "form complex" binding -1 8943351 t 2 miannu "The first STAT-containing transcription factor to be studied, the alpha-interferon-induced ISGF3, is composed of a Stat1:2 heterodimer and a weak DNA-binding protein, p48. The p48 and Stat1:2 heterodimer do not associate stably in the absence of DNA, but we show that amino acids approximately 150 to 250 of Stat1 and a COOH-terminal portion of p48 exhibit physical interaction, implying contact that stabilizes ISGF3" SIGNOR-240606 IFNA1 protein P01562 UNIPROT "ISGF3 complex" complex SIGNOR-C124 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" stabilization 9606 22171011 t 2 miannu "IFN-I (IFN-_ and IFN-_) induces the assembly of IFN-stimulated gene factor 3 (ISGF3), a multimeric transcriptional activation complex composed of STAT1, STAT2, and IFN regulatory factor 9." SIGNOR-240610 IFNA2 protein P01563 UNIPROT "ISGF3 complex" complex SIGNOR-C124 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" stabilization 9606 22171011 t 2 miannu "IFN-I (IFN-_ and IFN-_) induces the assembly of IFN-stimulated gene factor 3 (ISGF3), a multimeric transcriptional activation complex composed of STAT1, STAT2, and IFN regulatory factor 9." SIGNOR-240684 TLX1 protein P31314 UNIPROT PPP2CB protein P62714 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000661 15897879 t 2 miannu "HOX11 also inhibited PP2A serine/threonine phosphatase activity concomitant with stimulation of the AKT/PKB signaling cascade." SIGNOR-240722 TLX1 protein P31314 UNIPROT RB1 protein P06400 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000661 15897879 t 2 miannu "ectopic HOX11 expression resulted in hyperphosphorylation of the retinoblastoma protein (Rb), which correlated with inhibition of the major Rb serine/threonine phosphatase PP1." SIGNOR-240725 PTPN6 protein P29350 UNIPROT CD72 protein P21854 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation 9606 BTO:0000776 9740800 t gcesareni "Our work clearly identifies cd72 as both an shp-1 binding protein (figure 1,figure 2) and a direct substrate for shp-1 in vivo (figure 3). As tyrosine phosphorylation of cd72 strongly correlates with the ability of the bcr to deliver growth-inhibitory/apoptosis-inducing signals (figure 4), our results suggest that shp-1-catalyzed dephosphorylation of cd72 may antagonize these signals." SIGNOR-60155 CRK protein P46108 UNIPROT MAP4K1 protein Q92918 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000782 9891069 t "HPK1 phosphorylated Crk mainly on threonine and weakly on serine" gcesareni "We found that hpk1 interacted with crk and crkl adaptor proteins in vitro and in vivo and that the proline-rich motifs within hpk1 were involved in the differential interaction of hpk1 with the crk proteins and grb2. Crk and crkl not only activated hpk1 but also synergized with hpk1 in the activation of jnk." SIGNOR-63988 CRKL protein P46109 UNIPROT MAP4K1 protein Q92918 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000782 9891069 t "HPK1 phosphorylated CrkL mainly on serine and weakly on threonine" gcesareni "We found that hpk1 interacted with crk and crkl adaptor proteins in vitro and in vivo and that the proline-rich motifs within hpk1 were involved in the differential interaction of hpk1 with the crk proteins and grb2. Crk and crkl not only activated hpk1 but also synergized with hpk1 in the activation of jnk." SIGNOR-63991 IL23A protein Q9NPF7 UNIPROT IL12RB1 protein P42701 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000782 12023369 t gcesareni "Like il-12, il-23 binds to the il-12r subunit il-12rbeta1." SIGNOR-87739 IL23A protein Q9NPF7 UNIPROT IL23R protein Q5VWK5 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000782 12023369 t gcesareni "We identify a novel member of the hemopoietin receptor family as a subunit of the receptor for il-23, il-23r." SIGNOR-87805 IL23R protein Q5VWK5 UNIPROT JAK2 protein O60674 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000782 12023369 t gcesareni "Il-23 activates the same jak-stat signaling molecules as il-12: jak2, tyk2, and stat1, -3, -4, and -5, but stat4 activation is substantially weaker and different dna-binding stat complexes form in response to il-23 compared with il-12." SIGNOR-87808 IL23R protein Q5VWK5 UNIPROT STAT4 protein Q14765 UNIPROT up-regulates 9606 BTO:0000782 12023369 f gcesareni "Il-23 activates the same jak-stat signaling molecules as il-12: jak2, tyk2, and stat1, -3, -4, and -5, but stat4 activation is substantially weaker and different dna-binding stat complexes form in response to il-23 compared with il-12." SIGNOR-87838 IL23R protein Q5VWK5 UNIPROT TYK2 protein P29597 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000782 12023369 t gcesareni "Il-23 activates the same jak-stat signaling molecules as il-12: jak2, tyk2, and stat1, -3, -4, and -5, but stat4 activation is substantially weaker and different dna-binding stat complexes form in response to il-23 compared with il-12." SIGNOR-87841 SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT SHC1 protein P29353 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr349 EEPPDHQyYNDFPGK 9606 8939605 t lperfetto "Here, we report the identification of two major and novel Shc tyrosine phosphorylation sites, Y239 and Y240. Y239/240 are co-ordinately phosphorylated by the src protein-tyrosine kinase in vitro, and in response to epidermal growth factor stimulation or in v-src-transformed cells in vivo. phosphorylation of y317 has been implicated in grb2 binding and activation of the ras pathway." SIGNOR-44866 MAPK8 protein P45983 UNIPROT ELK1 protein P19419 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser389 LSPIAPRsPAKLSFQ 9606 BTO:0000567 7651411 t lperfetto "However, both of these stimuli strongly activate two other mapks, jnk1 and jnk2, and stimulate elk-1 transcriptional activity and phosphorylation jnk phosphorylation sites include ser383 and ser389, the major residues whose phosphorylation is responsible for enhancement of elk-1 trascriptional activity." SIGNOR-236432 SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT SHC1 protein P29353 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr350 EPPDHQYyNDFPGKE 9606 8939605 t lperfetto "Here, we report the identification of two major and novel Shc tyrosine phosphorylation sites, Y239 and Y240. Y239/240 are co-ordinately phosphorylated by the src protein-tyrosine kinase in vitro, and in response to epidermal growth factor stimulation or in v-src-transformed cells in vivo. phosphorylation of y317 has been implicated in grb2 binding and activation of the ras pathway." SIGNOR-44870 TXK protein P42681 UNIPROT CTLA4 protein P16410 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr201 SPLTTGVyVKMPPTE 9606 BTO:0000782 9813138 t lperfetto "We demonstrate that rlk (resting lymphocyte kinase) is capable of phosphorylating ctla-4 at the yvkm motif. Consistent with this finding, rlk is capable of providing conditions for the binding of the sh2 domains of pi 3-kinase to the receptor. Ctla-4 is therefore the first known substrate for rlk suggesting the possibility that this kinase may participate in ctla-4 function" SIGNOR-61624 MALT1 protein Q9UDY8 UNIPROT TAB2 protein Q9NYJ8 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000782 17948050 t gcesareni "Tab2/tak1 associate with ubiquitinated malt1 upon t-cell stimulation." SIGNOR-158551 PTPN1 protein P18031 UNIPROT SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT up-regulates dephosphorylation Tyr530 FTSTEPQyQPGENL 9606 BTO:0000782 12857726 t gcesareni "The tyrosine kinase pp60c-src has also been identified as a good substrate of ptp1b leading to an activation of this kinase (27)." SIGNOR-103607 1062368-24-4 chemical CID:25195294 PUBCHEM ACVR1 protein Q04771 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-193639 1062368-24-4 chemical CID:25195294 PUBCHEM BMPR1A protein P36894 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-193642 RPS6KA4 protein O75676 UNIPROT RPS6KA4 protein O75676 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser196 EEKERTFsFCGTIEY 9606 BTO:0001253 17429437 t gcesareni "Ser-343 and ser-196 are autophosphorylated by the c-terminal kinase domain, and their phosphorylation is essential for the catalytic activity of the n-terminal kinase domain." SIGNOR-154324 PPP3CA protein Q08209 UNIPROT NFATC1 protein O95644 UNIPROT up-regulates dephosphorylation 9606 BTO:0000782 15276472 t gcesareni "Once activated, calcineurin directly dephosphorylates members of the nuclear factor of activated t-cells (nfat) transcription factor family in the cytoplasm, promoting their translocation into the nucleus." SIGNOR-127248 SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT TNS3 protein Q68CZ2 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation 9606 BTO:0000150;BTO:0000551;BTO:0000848 19732724 t gcesareni "Although sh2 domains have not been reported previously to be phosphorylated, the tensin-3 sh2 domain is a physiologic substrate for src. Tyrosines in the sh2 domain contribute to the biological activity of tensin-3, and phosphorylation of these tyrosines can regulate ligand binding." SIGNOR-187854 LCK protein P06239 UNIPROT LAT protein O43561 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr220 SLDGSREyVNVSQEL 9606 BTO:0000782 16938345 t gcesareni "Evidence of lat as a dual substrate for lck and syk in t lymphocytes.Lat is a linker protein essential for activation of t lymphocytes. Its rapid tyrosine-phosphorylation upon t cell receptor (tcr) stimulation recruits downstream signaling molecules for membrane targeting and activation." SIGNOR-149186 LCK protein P06239 UNIPROT LAT protein O43561 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr200 SMESIDDyVNVPESG 9606 BTO:0000782 16938345 t gcesareni "Evidence of lat as a dual substrate for lck and syk in t lymphocytes.Lat is a linker protein essential for activation of t lymphocytes. Its rapid tyrosine-phosphorylation upon t cell receptor (tcr) stimulation recruits downstream signaling molecules for membrane targeting and activation." SIGNOR-149182 GSK3B protein P49841 UNIPROT SNCAIP protein Q9Y6H5 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser556 AQKSEGKsLPSSPSS 9606 BTO:0000938 16174773 t lperfetto "Synphilin-1 s556a mutant, which is less phosphorylated by gsk3beta, formed more inclusion bodies than wild type synphilin-1. Mutation analysis showed that ser556 is a major gsk3beta phosphorylation site in synphilin-1" SIGNOR-140609 CDK5 protein Q00535 UNIPROT RB1 protein P06400 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser811 IYISPLKsPYKISEG 9606 BTO:0000938 15741232 t gcesareni "Phosphorylation was observed 6 hours after p25 induction and was abolished in the presence of a cdk5 inhibitor, roscovitine, which does not inhibit the usual rb cyclin-d kinases cdk4 and cdk6. Furthermore, analyses of levels and subcellular localization of cdk-related cyclins did not reveal any change following cdk5 activation, arguing for a direct effect of cdk5 activity on rb protein. Rb phosphorylation was visualized using phosphorylation-dependent antibodies (p-rbser795 and p-rbser807/811)." SIGNOR-134468 AURKA protein O14965 UNIPROT LATS2 protein Q9NRM7 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser380 ATLARRDsLQKPGLE 9606 21822051 t lperfetto "In the present study, aurora a was demonstrated to phosphorylate lats2 on serine 380 (s380) during mitosistogether, the results suggest that the aurora a-lats1/2-aurora b axis might be a novel pathway that regulates accurate mitotic progression by ensuring the proper mitotic localization of lats2." SIGNOR-175939 ZAP70 protein P43403 UNIPROT SHC1 protein P29353 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr427 ELFDDPSyVNVQNLD 9606 BTO:0000782 9710204 t gcesareni "The syk-family kinases (syk and zap-70) were able to phosphorylate the y239 and y240 sites, and less efficiently the y317 site on shc1 (iso2)." SIGNOR-59659 FYN protein P06241 UNIPROT LAT protein O43561 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr200 SMESIDDyVNVPESG 9606 BTO:0000782 16938345 t gcesareni "Both lck and syk, phosphorylate the itam-like motifs on lat at y171y191, which is essential for induction of the interaction of lat with downstream signaling molecules such as grb2, plc-gamma1 and c-cbl, and for activation of mapk-erk." SIGNOR-149174 CDK5 protein Q00535 UNIPROT PPP1R2 protein P41236 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Thr73 MKIDEPStPYHSMMG -1 11320080 t llicata "Neuronal Cdc2-like protein kinase (Cdk5/p25) is associated with protein phosphatase 1 and phosphorylates inhibitor-2. | NCLK Phosphorylates Thr72 of I-2" SIGNOR-250672 BTK protein Q06187 UNIPROT GTF2I protein P78347 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr398 QSHVEDLyVEGLPEG 9534 BTO:0004055 11373296 t lperfetto "These residues, tyr248, tyr357, and tyr462, were also found to be the major sites for btk-dependent phosphorylation of bap/tfii-i in vivo. Residues tyr357 and tyr462 are contained within the loop regions of adjacent helix-loop-helix-like repeats within bap/tfii-i. Mutation of either tyr248, tyr357, or tyr462 to phenylalanine reduced transcription from a c-fos promoter relative to wild-type bap/tfii-i in transfected cos-7 cells, consistent with the interpretation that phosphorylation at these sites contributes to transcriptional activation." SIGNOR-108342 TNF protein P01375 UNIPROT REL protein Q04864 UNIPROT up-regulates 9606 BTO:0000782 10823840 f miannu "C-rel emerges as the main nf-kb family member stimulated by tnf_ in the context of physiologic activation of resting t cells." SIGNOR-77547 ULBP2 protein Q9BZM5 UNIPROT KLRK1 protein P26718 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000782 10894171 t gcesareni "Here we describe a family of gpi-anchored cell surface proteins that function as ligands for the mouse activating nkg2d receptor. These molecules are encoded by the retinoic acid early inducible (rae-1) and h60 minor histocompatibility antigen genes on mouse chromosome 10 and show weak homology with mhc class i." SIGNOR-79233 FGF8 protein P55075 UNIPROT MYOD1 protein P15172 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0002314 BTO:0000887;BTO:0001103 24209627 f gcesareni "Loss of fgf signaling in fgf24 and fgf8 double-deficient zebrafish" SIGNOR-203148 MAX protein P61244 UNIPROT MXD3 protein Q9BW11 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 7954804 t 2 miannu "the role MAX plays in transcription is thought to be primarily as a cofactor for DNA binding. In this capacity, however, it appears to be essential for most, if not all, the known biological activities of MYC. MAX also functions as a cofactor for DNA binding for a group of bHLHZip proteins related to MYC, including MNT, MXD1-4 (formerly Mad1, Mxi1, Mad3 and Mad4), and MGA. Like MYC, these proteins do not homodimerize and appear to be incapable of binding DNA on their own, but when bound to MAX, they recognize E-box sequences." SIGNOR-240393 CDK5 protein Q00535 UNIPROT CDK5R1 protein Q15078 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr138 PAVTSAGtPKRVIVQ 9606 BTO:0000938 18326489 t lperfetto "P35 phosphorylation by cdk5 interferes with the microtubule-binding and polymerizing activities of p35. Using a mutational approach, we found that only phosphorylation at thr-138, one of the two residues primarily phosphorylated in vivo, inhibits the polymerizing activity" SIGNOR-177967 CREB5 protein Q02930 UNIPROT JUN protein P05412 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding -1 8440710 t 2 miannu "CRE-BPa binds to CRE with higher affinity than to the 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate response element as a homodimer or a CRE-BPa/c-Jun or CRE-BPa/CRE-BP1 heterodimer." SIGNOR-240397 TNFSF13 protein O75888 UNIPROT TNFRSF17 protein Q02223 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000782 10973284 t gcesareni "April is involved in stimulation of b and t cell function. April functions via binding to bcma and taci and competes with tall-i for receptor binding." SIGNOR-81386 CCL25 protein O15444 UNIPROT CCR9 protein P51686 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000782 11159507 t gcesareni "Ccr9 is a specific receptor for the beta-chemokine teck/ccl25." SIGNOR-104902 FADD protein Q13158 UNIPROT CASP10 protein Q92851 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000782 11717445 t gcesareni "The death-effector domains ofcasp8and -10 bothinteractwith the death-effector domain offadd. Therefore, caspase-10 is recruited into the fas signaling complex and becomes activated like caspase-8" SIGNOR-112058 rapamycin chemical CID:5284616 PUBCHEM MTOR protein P42345 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 BTO:0000938 18636076 t gcesareni "Rapamycin is an immunosuppressive drug that binds simultaneously to the 12-kda fk506- and rapamycin-binding protein (fkbp12, or fkbp) and the fkbp-rapamycin binding (frb) domain of the mammalian target of rapamycin (mtor) kinase. autophagy is negatively regulated by the mammalian target of rapamycin (mtor) and can be induced in all mammalian cell types by the mtor inhibitor rapamycin." SIGNOR-179483 LCK protein P06239 UNIPROT NOTCH1 protein P46531 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000782 14583609 t gcesareni "Endogenous notch-1 associates with p56(lck) and pi3k. p56(lck) is required for the notch-1-mediated activation of akt/pkb function" SIGNOR-118902 JAK1 protein P23458 UNIPROT JAK3 protein P52333 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation 9606 BTO:0000782 17259970 t milica "Il-7r signalling is initiated when il-7 crosslinks the extracellular domains of il-7ralpha and gammac, bringing together jak1 and jak3, which mutually phosphorylate each other, increasing their kinase activity." SIGNOR-152914 PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT PRKD1 protein Q15139 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser742 GEKSFRRsVVGTPAY 9606 10197446 t llicata "These results provide direct evidence that pkd becomes activated in vivo as a consequence of pkc-mediated phosphorylation of serines 744 and 748." SIGNOR-66670 PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT PHOX2A protein O14813 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser153 RKQERAAsAKGAAGA 9606 BTO:0000938 19564421 t llicata "Phox2a becomes phosphorylated by protein kinase a (pka) on ser153, which prevents association of phox2a with dna and terminates p27(kip1) transcription." SIGNOR-186462 CDK2 protein P24941 UNIPROT SIRT2 protein Q8IXJ6 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser368 PNPSTSAsPKKSPPP 9606 BTO:0000938 SIGNOR-C16 18332217 t llicata "We define ser-331 as the site phosphorylated by cyclin e-cdk2, cyclin a-cdk2, and p35-cdk5 both in vitro and in cells. Importantly, phosphorylation at ser-331 inhibits the catalytic activity of sirt2." SIGNOR-177972 ZAP70 protein P43403 UNIPROT DBNL protein Q9UJU6 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr334 QAEEEAVyEEPPEQE 9606 BTO:0000782 14557276 t lperfetto "We found an interaction between the tyrosine kinase zap-70 and hip-55, which was induced by tcr stimulation. Zap-70 phosphorylated hip-55 at tyr-334 and tyr-344, which were shown to be the tyrosine phosphorylation sites of hip-55 in stimulated t cells.Our results demonstrate for the first time that hip-55 is an important adaptor protein for the jnk kinase cascade in tcr signaling." SIGNOR-118691 JAK3 protein P52333 UNIPROT JAK1 protein P23458 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation 9606 BTO:0000782 17259970 t milica "Il-7r signalling is initiated when il-7 crosslinks the extracellular domains of il-7ralpha and gammac, bringing together jak1 and jak3, which mutually phosphorylate each other, increasing their kinase activity." SIGNOR-152917 letrozole chemical CID:3902 PUBCHEM CYP19A1 protein P11511 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-193651 Linifanib chemical CID:11485656 PUBCHEM KDR protein P35968 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-193660 ELF4 protein Q99607 UNIPROT CXCL8 protein P10145 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000130;BTO:0000782 14625302 f miannu "Myeloid elf1-like factor is a potent activator of interleukin-8 expression in hematopoietic cells" SIGNOR-119204 MAP3K5 protein Q99683 UNIPROT MAP2K6 protein P52564 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation 9606 BTO:0000298 8974401 t lperfetto "A MAP kinase kinase kinase (MAPKKK), termed ASK1, was identified that activated two different subgroups of MAP kinase kinases (MAPKK), SEK1 (or MKK4) and MKK3/MAPKK6 (or MKK6), which in turn activated stress-activated protein kinase (SAPK, also known as JNK; c-Jun amino-terminal kinase) and p38 subgroups of MAP kinases, respectively." SIGNOR-45353 MAP3K5 protein Q99683 UNIPROT MAP2K4 protein P45985 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation 9606 BTO:0000298 8974401 t lperfetto "A MAP kinase kinase kinase (MAPKKK), termed ASK1, was identified that activated two different subgroups of MAP kinase kinases (MAPKK), SEK1 (or MKK4) and MKK3/MAPKK6 (or MKK6), which in turn activated stress-activated protein kinase (SAPK, also known as JNK; c-Jun amino-terminal kinase) and p38 subgroups of MAP kinases, respectively." SIGNOR-45366 NFIB protein O00712 UNIPROT NFIC protein P08651 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000567 9099724 t 2 miannu "Coexpression of NFI-B3 with other isoforms of the NFI-B, -C, and -X family, however, led to a strong reduction of transcriptional activation compared with the expression of these factors alone. NFI-B3 apparently forms heterodimers with other NFI proteins thereby interfering with their function." SIGNOR-240880 CDK5/CDK5R1 complex SIGNOR-C144 SIGNOR DCX protein O43602 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser339 SPISTPTsPGSLRKH 9606 BTO:0000007 14741103 t llicata "In order to determine the sites of phosphorylation by Cdk5, serine or threonine in the nine potential sites were substituted with alanine by site-directed mutagenesis to create mutant Dcx proteins. hese were analyzed by co-transfection of 293T cells with cdk5/p35. All-sites-A mutant Dcx showed no slower migrating species on Western analysis, indicating that removal of all nine possible sites is sufficient to block the phosphorylation by Cdk5/p35. However, each single mutant Dcx retains the slower migrating species similar to the wild-type Dcx, suggesting that any single mutation is not sufficient to block phosphorylation by Cdk5/p35." SIGNOR-250673 AURKB protein Q96GD4 UNIPROT CKAP2 protein Q8WWK9 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser628 FLTPVRRsRRLQEKT 9606 20458174 t lperfetto "Here, we report that tmap is a novel substrate of the aurora b kinase. Ser627 of tmap was specifically phosphorylated by aurora b both in vitro and in vivo. Nearly all mutations at the phosphorylation motif had dramatic effects on the subcellular localization of tmap." SIGNOR-165410 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT IL16 protein Q14005 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser845 SIRQRISsFETFGSS 9606 BTO:0000782 14768064 t lperfetto "The precursor form of the cytokine il-16 (proil-16) was shown to be phosphorylated on ser144 . the phosphorylation of proil-16 is dependent on activation of the kinases erk1/2. Il-16 is secreted by mitogen-activated t cells, and the biochemical link between proil-16 and erk1/2, revealed by studies with pap-1, prompted analysis of the role of map kinases in this response." SIGNOR-121852 PPP2CA protein P67775 UNIPROT MKNK1 protein Q9BUB5 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation Thr250 NSCTPITtPELTTPC 9606 20927323 t gcesareni "Moreover, a dephosphorylation assay revealed that pp2a could directly dephosphorylate mnk1 and eif4e." SIGNOR-168310 PPP2CA protein P67775 UNIPROT ICK protein Q9UPZ9 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation Tyr159 SKPPYTDyVSTRWYR 9606 BTO:0002181 15988018 t lperfetto "In addition, mass spectrometry showed that pp2a treatment completely abolished the dually phosphorylated form, leaving only the singly phosphorylated form (data not shown). We conclude that a portion of ick in unstimulated and asynchronized hek293t cells is dually phosphorylated on the tdy motif." SIGNOR-138432 GSK3B protein P49841 UNIPROT MAFA protein Q8NHW3 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr53 PPGSLSStPLSTPCS 9606 18042454 t miannu "We also demonstrate that gsk-3 triggers mafa sequential phosphorylation on residues s61, t57, t53, and s49 /we demonstrated that phosphorylation by gsk-3 is conserved among the large maf proteins. It couples ubiquitination/degradation and transcriptional activation and modulates maf biological activity./ Taken together, these results suggest that, in contrast to what can be expected from ubiquitination/degradation, gsk-3-mediated mafa phosphorylation increases its transactivating ability, thereby controlling its biological activity." SIGNOR-159466 MAP4K3 protein Q8IVH8 UNIPROT MAP4K3 protein Q8IVH8 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser170 ATIAKRKsFIGTPYW 9606 20227368 t gcesareni "We identify a transautophosphorylation site in the map4k3 kinase activation segment (ser170) that is required for map4k3 activity and its activation of mtorc1 signaling." SIGNOR-164103 PPP2CA protein P67775 UNIPROT MKNK1 protein Q9BUB5 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation Thr255 ITTPELTtPCGSAEY 9606 20927323 t gcesareni "Moreover, a dephosphorylation assay revealed that pp2a could directly dephosphorylate mnk1 and eif4e." SIGNOR-168314 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT IL16 protein Q14005 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser845 SIRQRISsFETFGSS 9606 BTO:0000782 14768064 t lperfetto "The precursor form of the cytokine il-16 (proil-16) was shown to be phosphorylated on ser144 in antigen receptor-, sdf1alpha- and il-2-activated t cells. Genetic and pharmacological-inhibitor experiments showed that the phosphorylation of proil-16 is dependent on activation of the kinases erk1/2. Il-16 is secreted by mitogen-activated t cells, and the biochemical link between proil-16 and erk1/2, revealed by studies with pap-1, prompted analysis of the role of map kinases in this response." SIGNOR-121856 PPP2CA protein P67775 UNIPROT ICK protein Q9UPZ9 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation Thr157 IRSKPPYtDYVSTRW 9606 BTO:0002181 15988018 t lperfetto "In addition, mass spectrometry showed that pp2a treatment completely abolished the dually phosphorylated form, leaving only the singly phosphorylated form (data not shown). We conclude that a portion of ick in unstimulated and asynchronized hek293t cells is dually phosphorylated on the tdy motif." SIGNOR-138428 JAK2 protein O60674 UNIPROT STAT4 protein Q14765 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr693 TERGDKGyVPSVFIP 9606 BTO:0000782 16324152 t gcesareni "Janus family tyrosine kinases jak2 and tyk2, which in turn phosphorylate stat4 on tyrosine 693. The p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (mapk) signaling pathway is also activated in response to il-12, followed by phosphorylation of stat4 on serine 721, which is required for stat4 full transcriptional activity" SIGNOR-142736 IL21 protein Q9HBE4 UNIPROT IL21R protein Q9HBE5 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000782 16424177 t gcesareni "Il-21 mediates its biological effects via the il-21r in conjunction with the common receptor gamma-chain that is also shared by members of the il-2 family" SIGNOR-143849 KDR protein P35968 UNIPROT PLCG1 protein P19174 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000782 phosphorylation:Tyr1175 AQQDGKDyIVLPISE 16835467 t gcesareni "(vegfr) phosphorylated y1175 creates a binding site for phospholipase cgamma1 (plc-gamma1)" SIGNOR-147870 PRKCD protein Q05655 UNIPROT ITGB2 protein P05107 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr758 NPLFKSAtTTVMNPK 9606 BTO:0000782 18550856 t gcesareni "In this study, we present evidence that pkc isoforms are the major protein kinases that phosphorylate the c terminus of the integrin cd18 chain in leukocytes. Ser-745 is identified as a novel phosphorylation site in the integrin cytoplasmic domain. Additionally, we show that a thr-758-phosphorylated integrin peptide can interact with 14-3-3 proteins in leukocyte lysates" SIGNOR-178897 LCK protein P06239 UNIPROT MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT up-regulates 9606 BTO:0000782 17998336 f gcesareni "The sh3 domain of lck modulates t-cell receptor-dependent activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase through activation of raf-1." SIGNOR-159164 CD28 protein P10747 UNIPROT PIK3CG protein P48736 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000782 18006698 t gcesareni "Cd28 can bind directly to pi3k by a well-characterized ymnm binding motif in its cytoplasmic domain." SIGNOR-159322 BCL10 protein O95999 UNIPROT IKBKG protein Q9Y6K9 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000782 18287044 t gcesareni "Here, we show that bcl10 undergoes k63-linked polyubiquitination in response to t cell activation and subsequently binds nemo, the regulatory subunit of ikk." SIGNOR-160967 "inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate" smallmolecule CID:439456 PUBCHEM "calcium ion" smallmolecule CID:271 PUBCHEM up-regulates 9606 BTO:0000782 23151663 f gcesareni "Ins(1,4,5)p3 triggers ca2+ release from intracellular stores and activation of effectors such as ca2+- and calmodulin-dependent kinase ii (camkii), calcineurin and protein kinase c (pkc), which activate the transcriptional regulator nuclear factor associated with t cells (nfat)." SIGNOR-199515 CD28 protein P10747 UNIPROT GRB2 protein P62993 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000782 24098653 t fspada "Binding of the py site in cd28 (py-m-n-m) by pi3k and grb2 through their sh2 domains is a key step that triggers the cd28 signal transduction for t cell activation and differentiation" SIGNOR-202706 MAP4K1 protein Q92918 UNIPROT LCP2 protein Q13094 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser376 SSFPQSAsLPPYFSQ 9606 BTO:0000782 17353368 t lperfetto "The serine/threonine kinase hpk-1 phosphorylates serine 376 of slp-76 and induces the interaction with 14-3-3 proteins" SIGNOR-153613 RPS6KA4 protein O75676 UNIPROT CREB1 protein P16220 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser133 EILSRRPsYRKILND 9606 BTO:0000782 17668895 t gcesareni "Msk1 and msk2 directly phosphorilate and activete transcription factors such as creb1, atf1 msk was the kinase responsible for phosphorylation of the transcription factor creb in response to tcr stimulation." SIGNOR-157158 PTPRA protein P18433 UNIPROT FYN protein P06241 UNIPROT up-regulates dephosphorylation Tyr531 FTATEPQyQPGENL 9606 BTO:0000782 17507376 t gcesareni "Ptpalpha is a more widely expressed transmembrane ptp that has been shown to regulate the src family kinases, src and fyn, and is also present in t cells." SIGNOR-154796 FYN protein P06241 UNIPROT MAPK14 protein Q16539 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr323 DEPVADPyDQSFESR 9606 BTO:0000782 15735648 t fstefani "T cell src family kinases and zap70 activate p38 by phosphorylating tyr323." SIGNOR-134293 DYRK1A protein Q13627 UNIPROT RCAN1 protein P53805 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser167 FLISPPAsPPVGWKQ 9606 BTO:0000782 16126726 t gcesareni "We show that rcan1 self-associates and forms multimers, and that this process is promoted by the dyrk1a-mediated phosphorylation of rcan1 at the thr(192) residue. these results suggest that the phosphorylation of rcan1 by dyrk1a stimulates the formation of insoluble aggregates upon aging." SIGNOR-139958 GSK3B protein P49841 UNIPROT RELA protein Q04206 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser468 AVFTDLAsVDNSEFQ 9606 BTO:0000782 SIGNOR-C13 16407239 t gcesareni "Rela is phosphorylated at: ser276 by the catalytic subunit of protein kinase a (pkac), msk1 and msk2; at ser311 by the atypical pkczeta; at ser468 by ikkbeta, ikkepsilon and glycogen-synthase kinase-3beta (gsk3beta); at ser529 by ck2; and at ser536 by ikkbeta, ikkalfa, ikkepsilon, nf-kb activating kinase (nak, also known as tank-binding kinase-1 tbk1)) and rsk1 (also known as p90 ribosomal protein s6 kinase (p90s6k) ." SIGNOR-143581 NME2 protein P22392 UNIPROT KCNN4 protein O15554 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation His358 FRQVRLKhRKLREQV 9606 BTO:0000782 18796614 t gcesareni "We previously showed that nucleoside diphosphate kinase beta (ndpk-b), a mammalian histidine kinase, is required for kca3.1 channel activation in human cd4 t lymphocytes." SIGNOR-181083 BRD4 protein O60885 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser1616 TPQSPSYsPTSPSYS 9606 BTO:0000150;BTO:0001271;BTO:0000785 22509028 t llicata "We report that brd4 is an atypical kinase that binds to the carboxyl-terminal domain (ctd) of rna polymerase ii and directly phosphorylates its serine 2 (ser2) sites both in vitro and in vivo under conditions where other ctd kinases are inactive. our findings may provide a mechanistic basis for several functional studies that showed that loss of brd4 causes transcription termination and embryonic lethality" SIGNOR-197012 LCK protein P06239 UNIPROT MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr204 HTGFLTEyVATRWYR 9606 BTO:0000782 17998336 t gcesareni "The sh3 domain of lck modulates t-cell receptor-dependent activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase through activation of raf-1." SIGNOR-159168 CSNK2A1 protein P68400 UNIPROT NFKBIA protein P25963 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser283 NLQMLPEsEDEESYD 9606 BTO:0000782 8622692 t llicata "Casein kinase ii phosphorylates i kappa b alpha at s-283, s-289, s-293, and t-291 and is required for its degradation." SIGNOR-40502 MAPK8 protein P45983 UNIPROT ELK1 protein P19419 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser389 LSPIAPRsPAKLSFQ 9606 BTO:0000567 8846788 t lperfetto "We find that the JNKs are the predominant Elk-1 activation domain kinases in extracts of UV-irradiated cells and that immunopurified JNK1/2 phosphorylate Elk-1 on the same major sites recognized by ERK1/2, that potentiate its transcriptional activity." SIGNOR-236455 BTK protein Q06187 UNIPROT GTF2I protein P78347 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr503 EAHPNDLyVEGLPEN 9534 BTO:0004055 11373296 t lperfetto "These residues, tyr248, tyr357, and tyr462, were also found to be the major sites for btk-dependent phosphorylation of bap/tfii-i in vivo. Residues tyr357 and tyr462 are contained within the loop regions of adjacent helix-loop-helix-like repeats within bap/tfii-i. Mutation of either tyr248, tyr357, or tyr462 to phenylalanine reduced transcription from a c-fos promoter relative to wild-type bap/tfii-i in transfected cos-7 cells, consistent with the interpretation that phosphorylation at these sites contributes to transcriptional activation." SIGNOR-108346 RXRB protein P28702 UNIPROT NR4A2 protein P43354 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000938 9636132 t lperfetto "The recent discovery that the nuclear transcription factor, nurr1, in heterodimeric tandem with rxr, is unequivocally necessary for the expression of dopaminergic neurons" SIGNOR-58309 NFIB protein O00712 UNIPROT NFIB protein O00712 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000567 9099724 t 2 miannu "Coexpression of NFI-B3 with other isoforms of the NFI-B, -C, and -X family, however, led to a strong reduction of transcriptional activation compared with the expression of these factors alone. NFI-B3 apparently forms heterodimers with other NFI proteins thereby interfering with their function." SIGNOR-240883 CSNK2A1 protein P68400 UNIPROT NFKBIA protein P25963 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser288 PESEDEEsYDTESEF 9606 BTO:0000782 8622692 t llicata "Casein kinase ii phosphorylates i kappa b alpha at s-283, s-289, s-293, and t-291 and is required for its degradation." SIGNOR-40506 CDK5/CDK5R1 complex SIGNOR-C144 SIGNOR NDEL1 protein Q9GZM8 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr219 ASLSLPAtPVGKGTE 10090 BTO:0000142 12796778 t llicata "Three specific phosphorylation sites (Ser198, Thr219 and Ser231) and two weak phosphorylation sites (Ser242 and Thr245) for CDK5/p35 are located in this region of NUDEL | Each single or double mutant compromised,and the triple mutant completely eliminated, interaction with 14-3-3ε. | 14-3-3ε sustains NUDEL phosphorylation and protects it from phosphatase.e dynein motor function." SIGNOR-250678 CDK5/CDK5R1 complex SIGNOR-C144 SIGNOR TP53 protein P04637 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser315 LPNNTSSsPQPKKKP 10116 BTO:0001009 12064478 t llicata " the present study it is shown that in apoptotic PC12 cells the levels of p53 and Cdk5 increase concomitantly. Further, Cdk5/p25 effectively phosphorylates recombinant p53 in vitro. Transient transfection of Cdk5/p25 into cells results in an increase in p53 levels, as well as the expression of the p53-responsive genes p21 and Bax. Furthermore, evidence is provided that increased Cdk5 activity increases p53 transcriptional activity significantly, suggesting that p53 is modulated in situ by Cdk5. " SIGNOR-250674 CDK5 protein Q00535 UNIPROT NDEL1 protein Q9GZM8 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser198 TRKSAPSsPTLDCEK 10090 BTO:0000142 12796778 t llicata "Three specific phosphorylation sites (Ser198, Thr219 and Ser231) and two weak phosphorylation sites (Ser242 and Thr245) for CDK5/p35 are located in this region of NUDEL | Each single or double mutant compromised,and the triple mutant completely eliminated, interaction with 14-3-3ε. | 14-3-3ε sustains NUDEL phosphorylation and protects it from phosphatase.e dynein motor function." SIGNOR-250675 EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr1016 DVVDADEyLIPQQGF 9606 BTO:0000567 10653583 t "Dimerization mediated by a beta hairpin, which protudes from the S1 domains of each ligand bound monomer" lperfetto "After binding of epidermal growth factor (EGF), the EGF receptor (EGFR) becomes autophosphorylated via tyrosine." SIGNOR-236475 EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr1197 STAENAEyLRVAPQS 9606 BTO:0000567 10653583 t "Dimerization mediated by a beta hairpin, which protudes from the S1 domains of each ligand bound monomer" lperfetto "After binding of epidermal growth factor (EGF), the EGF receptor (EGFR) becomes autophosphorylated via tyrosine." SIGNOR-236471 EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr1092 TFLPVPEyINQSVPK 9606 BTO:0000567 10653583 t "Dimerization mediated by a beta hairpin, which protudes from the S1 domains of each ligand bound monomer" lperfetto "After binding of epidermal growth factor (EGF), the EGF receptor (EGFR) becomes autophosphorylated via tyrosine." SIGNOR-236479 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr693 RELVEPLtPSGEAPN -1 1651322 t lperfetto "A growth factor-stimulated protein kinase activity that phosphorylates the epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor at Thr669 has been described Anion-exchange chromatography demonstrated that this protein kinase activity was accounted for by two enzymes. The first peak of activity eluted from the column corresponded to the microtubule-associated protein 2 (MAP2) kinase" SIGNOR-20545 SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT ARAF protein P10398 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr302 GYRDSGYyWEVPPSE 9534 BTO:0004055 9020159 t lperfetto "A-raf behaves like raf-1, being weakly activated by oncogenic ras more strongly activated by oncogenic src, and these signals synergize to give maximal activation" SIGNOR-236459 CSNK2A1 protein P68400 UNIPROT NFKBIA protein P25963 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser293 EESYDTEsEFTEFTE 9606 BTO:0000782 8622692 t llicata "Casein kinase ii phosphorylates i kappa b alpha at s-283, s-289, s-293, and t-291 and is required for its degradation." SIGNOR-40510 EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr1172 ISLDNPDyQQDFFPK 9606 BTO:0000567 10653583 t "Dimerization mediated by a beta hairpin, which protudes from the S1 domains of each ligand bound monomer" lperfetto "After binding of epidermal growth factor (EGF), the EGF receptor (EGFR) becomes autophosphorylated via tyrosine." SIGNOR-236467 MAPK9 protein P45984 UNIPROT TOB1 protein P50616 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser152 PASSVSSsPSPPFGH 9606 BTO:0000782 12151396 t gcesareni "Biochemical analyses have then shown that erk mapk (erk2) and jnk/sapk (jnk2) bind to and phosphorylate tob in vitro." SIGNOR-91067 NFIB protein O00712 UNIPROT NFIX protein Q14938 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000567 9099724 t 2 miannu "Coexpression of NFI-B3 with other isoforms of the NFI-B, -C, and -X family, however, led to a strong reduction of transcriptional activation compared with the expression of these factors alone. NFI-B3 apparently forms heterodimers with other NFI proteins thereby interfering with their function." SIGNOR-240915 PTPN6 protein P29350 UNIPROT IL2RB protein P14784 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation 9606 BTO:0000782 9520455 t gcesareni "We have found that il-2 induces association of shp-1 with the il-2 receptor complex, and that once shp-1 is recruited to the activated receptor it is able to decrease tyrosine phosphorylation of il-2rbeta and the associated tyrosine kinases jak1 and jak3." SIGNOR-55989 MAPK7 protein Q13164 UNIPROT MAP2K5 protein Q13163 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser129 VNTRAGPsQHSSPAV 9606 BTO:0000671 12628002 t lperfetto "Phosphorylation and activation of extracellular-signal-regulated protein kinase 5 (erk5) by mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 5 (mkk5)activated erk5 also phosphorylated mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 5 (mkk5) extensively at ser(129), ser(137), ser(142) and ser(149)" SIGNOR-99127 CBL protein P22681 UNIPROT PIK3R2 protein O00459 UNIPROT down-regulates ubiquitination 9606 BTO:0000782 11526404 t lperfetto "Cbl-b, a ring-type e3 ubiquitin protein ligase, is implicated in setting the threshold of t lymphocyte activation. The p85 regulatory subunit of phosphatidylinositol 3 kinase (pi3k) was identified as a substrate for cbl-b. We have shown that cbl-b negatively regulated p85 in a proteolysis-independent manner." SIGNOR-110063 BMS-265246 chemical CID:5329775 PUBCHEM CDK2 protein P24941 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-190434 BMS-554417 chemical CID:54754526 PUBCHEM INSR protein P06213 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-190458 873837-23-1 chemical CID:46930994 PUBCHEM ERBB2 protein P04626 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-190470 Avagacestat chemical CID:46883536 PUBCHEM APP protein P05067 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-190479 BMS-754807 chemical CID:24785538 PUBCHEM IGF1R protein P08069 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-190497 Bmy-7378 chemical CID:2419 PUBCHEM ADRA1A protein P35348 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-190604 Bmy-7378 chemical CID:2419 PUBCHEM ADRA1D protein P25100 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-190642 Bmy-7378 chemical CID:2419 PUBCHEM HTR1A protein P08908 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-190687 Bosutinib chemical CID:5328940 PUBCHEM ABL1 protein P00519 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-190696 Bosutinib chemical CID:5328940 PUBCHEM SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-190699 Brivanib chemical CID:11234052 PUBCHEM KDR protein P35968 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-190708 "Brivanib alaninate" chemical CID:11154925 PUBCHEM FGFR2 protein P21802 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-190720 "Brivanib alaninate" chemical CID:11154925 PUBCHEM FLT1 protein P17948 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-190726 "Brivanib alaninate" chemical CID:11154925 PUBCHEM FLT4 protein P35916 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-190729 "Brivanib alaninate" chemical CID:11154925 PUBCHEM KDR protein P35968 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-190732 "BRL 15572 hydrochloride" chemical CID:11957475 PUBCHEM HTR1D protein P28221 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-190774 "BS-181 hydrochloride" chemical CID:49867928 PUBCHEM CDK7 protein P50613 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-190783 702675-74-9 chemical CID:10077147 PUBCHEM IKBKE protein Q14164 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-190792 EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr869 LGAEEKEyHAEGGKV 9606 BTO:0000567 10653583 t "Dimerization mediated by a beta hairpin, which protudes from the S1 domains of each ligand bound monomer" lperfetto "After binding of epidermal growth factor (EGF), the EGF receptor (EGFR) becomes autophosphorylated via tyrosine." SIGNOR-236487 PI4K2A protein Q9BTU6 UNIPROT CLSPN protein Q9HAW4 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser984 ALALCSGsFPTDKEE 9606 18082599 t gcesareni "These results indicate that plx1 phosphorylates claspin on s934, which is relatively close to the plx1-docking site at t906. Human claspin also contains a serine at position 984 in a homologous sequence" SIGNOR-159937 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT MAP2K4 protein P45985 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser80 IERLRTHsIESSGKL 9606 BTO:0000007 11707464 t lperfetto "Akt phosphorylated sek1 on serine 78." SIGNOR-236494 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT TOB1 protein P50616 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser154 SSVSSSPsPPFGHSA 9606 BTO:0000782 12151396 t gcesareni "Biochemical analyses have then shown that erk mapk (erk2) and jnk/sapk (jnk2) bind to and phosphorylate tob in vitro. Erk catalyzes the phosphorylation more efficiently than jnk" SIGNOR-91059 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT TOB1 protein P50616 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser164 FGHSAAVsPTFMPRS 9606 BTO:0000782 12151396 t gcesareni "Biochemical analyses have then shown that erk mapk (erk2) and jnk/sapk (jnk2) bind to and phosphorylate tob in vitro. Erk catalyzes the phosphorylation more efficiently than jnk" SIGNOR-91063 LIMK1 protein P53667 UNIPROT CFL1 protein P23528 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser3 sGVAVSDG 9606 18079118 t gcesareni "Our results suggest that limk1-mediated cofilin phosphorylation is required for accurate spindle orientation by stabilizing cortical actin networks during mitosis" SIGNOR-159885 702675-74-9 chemical CID:10077147 PUBCHEM TBK1 protein Q9UHD2 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-190795 BX-912 chemical CID:11754511 PUBCHEM PDPK1 protein O15530 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-190804 Idelalisib chemical CID:11625818 PUBCHEM PIK3CD protein O00329 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-190813 Canagliflozin chemical CID:24812758 PUBCHEM SLC5A2 protein P31639 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-190850 MGCD-265 chemical CID:24901704 PUBCHEM MET protein P08581 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-194343 BMS-554417 chemical CID:54754526 PUBCHEM IGF1R protein P08069 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-190455 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT SMAD2 protein Q15796 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr220 QSNYIPEtPPPGYIS 9606 BTO:0000763 12193595 t gcesareni "These results suggest that oncogenic ras, acting through mek1 and erk kinases, induces the phosphorylation of smad2 and smad3 .we show that phosphorylation of smad2, a mediator of the activin/transforming growth factor-beta signal, by activated extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1 (erk1) increases the amount of smad2 protein and leads to enhanced transcriptional activity" SIGNOR-91742 MGCD-265 chemical CID:24901704 PUBCHEM MST1R protein Q04912 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-194346 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT SMAD2 protein Q15796 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser250 TGSPAELsPTTLSPV 9606 BTO:0000763 12193595 t gcesareni "These results suggest that oncogenic ras, acting through mek1 and erk kinases, induces the phosphorylation of smad2 and smad3 .we show that phosphorylation of smad2, a mediator of the activin/transforming growth factor-beta signal, by activated extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1 (erk1) increases the amount of smad2 protein and leads to enhanced transcriptional activity" SIGNOR-91734 chelerythrine chemical CID:2703 PUBCHEM MAPK8 protein P45983 UNIPROT up-regulates "chemical activation" 9606 Other t CellSignaling gcesareni SIGNOR-190964 anisomycin chemical CID:253602 PUBCHEM MAPK11 protein Q15759 UNIPROT up-regulates "chemical activation" 9606 Other t "CellSignaling;phospho-p38 MAPK (Thr180/Tyr182) (D3F9) XP?? Rabbit mAb" gcesareni SIGNOR-189675 Dutasteride chemical CID:6918296 PUBCHEM ESR2 protein Q92731 UNIPROT up-regulates "chemical activation" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-191445 anisomycin chemical CID:253602 PUBCHEM MAPK13 protein O15264 UNIPROT up-regulates "chemical activation" 9606 Other t "CellSignaling;phospho-p38 MAPK (Thr180/Tyr182) (D3F9) XP?? Rabbit mAb" gcesareni SIGNOR-189696 CCT128930 chemical CID:17751819 PUBCHEM AKT2 protein P31751 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t "Selleck;ATP-competitive inhibitor of Akt2" gcesareni SIGNOR-190868 CCT129202 chemical CID:16202152 PUBCHEM AURKA protein O14965 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-190877 CCT129202 chemical CID:16202152 PUBCHEM AURKB protein Q96GD4 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-190880 CCT129202 chemical CID:16202152 PUBCHEM AURKC protein Q9UQB9 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-190883 CCT137690 chemical CID:25154041 PUBCHEM AURKA protein O14965 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-190892 CCT137690 chemical CID:25154041 PUBCHEM AURKB protein Q96GD4 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-190895 CCT137690 chemical CID:25154041 PUBCHEM AURKC protein Q9UQB9 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-190898 CCT239065 chemical CID:44131523 PUBCHEM BRAF protein P15056 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-190907 anisomycin chemical CID:253602 PUBCHEM MAPK14 protein Q16539 UNIPROT up-regulates "chemical activation" 9606 Other t "CellSignaling;phospho-p38 MAPK (Thr180/Tyr182) (D3F9) XP?? Rabbit mAb" gcesareni SIGNOR-189699 TGFB1 protein P01137 UNIPROT COL1A2 protein P08123 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 8182090 f gcesareni "Tgf-beta stimulates transcription of the human alpha 2(i) collagen gene (col1a2) promoter by increasing the affinity of an sp1-containing protein complex for its cognate dna-binding site" SIGNOR-36783 E2F1 protein Q01094 UNIPROT PPARG protein P37231 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 12110166 f fspada "We show here that e2f1 induces ppar gamma transcription during clonal expansion, whereas e2f4 represses pparg amma expression during terminal adipocyte differentiation" SIGNOR-90459 LNX1 protein Q8TBB1 UNIPROT NUMB protein P49757 UNIPROT down-regulates ubiquitination 9606 11782429 t esanto "Lnx functions as a ring type e3 ubiquitin ligase that targets the cell fate determinant numb for ubiquitin-dependent degradation." SIGNOR-112201 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT SMAD2 protein Q15796 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser255 ELSPTTLsPVNHSLD 9606 BTO:0000763 12193595 t gcesareni "These results suggest that oncogenic ras, acting through mek1 and erk kinases, induces the phosphorylation of smad2 and smad3 .we show that phosphorylation of smad2, a mediator of the activin/transforming growth factor-beta signal, by activated extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1 (erk1) increases the amount of smad2 protein and leads to enhanced transcriptional activity" SIGNOR-91738 IGF1R protein P08069 UNIPROT PDPK1 protein O15530 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr373 SEDDEDCyGNYDNLL 9606 BTO:0000150 20044479 t lperfetto "IGF-1R Directly Interacts with and Phosphorylates PDK1 in Vitro" SIGNOR-236548 MAPK10 protein P53779 UNIPROT MAPK8IP3 protein Q9UPT6 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr286 SVPSAAVtPLNESLQ 9606 15767678 t gcesareni "Phosphoamino acid analysis confirmed that jnk caused thr phosphorylation of jip3 (fig. _(fig.3c).3c). This phosphorylation on thr was markedly decreased when thr266, thr276, and thr287 were replaced with ala. These data indicate that jnk phosphorylated jip3 on thr266, thr276, and thr287 in vitro." SIGNOR-134537 MAPK10 protein P53779 UNIPROT MAPK8IP3 protein Q9UPT6 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr275 TTGTKSNtPTSSVPS 9606 15767678 t gcesareni "Phosphoamino acid analysis confirmed that jnk caused thr phosphorylation of jip3 (fig. _(fig.3c).3c). This phosphorylation on thr was markedly decreased when thr266, thr276, and thr287 were replaced with ala. These data indicate that jnk phosphorylated jip3 on thr266, thr276, and thr287 in vitro." SIGNOR-134533 CDK1 protein P06493 UNIPROT NUMA1 protein Q14980 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr2055 MAFSILNtPKKLGNS 9606 23921553 t llicata "Cdk1-mediated phosphorylation at t2055 negatively regulates numa cortical localization and that this phosphorylation is counteracted by ppp2ca phosphatase activity." SIGNOR-194825 CHEK2 protein O96017 UNIPROT CDC25A protein P30304 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" phosphorylation Ser279 VLKRPERsQEESPPG 9606 12676583 t "Phosphorylation is the signal for ubiquitination" gcesareni "We show that ir-induced destruction of cdc25a requires both atm and the chk2-mediated phosphorylation of cdc25a on serine 123. the basal turnover of cdc25a operating in unperturbed s phase required chk1-dependent phosphorylation of serines 123, 178, 278, and 292. Ir-induced acceleration of cdc25a proteolysis correlated with increased phosphate incorporation into these residues generated by a combined action of chk1 and chk2 kinases." SIGNOR-99729 RRAGD protein Q9NQL2 UNIPROT RPTOR protein Q8N122 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 SIGNOR-C3 20006481 t gcesareni "Active rag and gtr heterodimers are able to bind and activate torc1, through direct interactions with raptor" SIGNOR-162093 ROCK1 protein Q13464 UNIPROT MAPK8IP3 protein Q9UPT6 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser314 RAREKRDsRNMEVQV 9606 15767678 t gcesareni "Identification of rock1 as an upstream activator of the jip-3 to jnk signaling axis in response to uvb damage. phosphorylation of jip-3 by rock1 was crucial for the recruitment of jnk. Inhibition of the activity of rock1 in keratinocytes resulted in decreased activation of the jnk pathway and thus a reduction in apoptosis." SIGNOR-134580 PRKCE protein Q02156 UNIPROT CHAT protein P28329 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser464 LLKHVTQsSRKLIRA 9606 BTO:0000938 15381704 t "The effect has been demonstrated using P28329-3" gcesareni "We show that chat is differentially phosphorylated by protein kinase c (pkc) isoforms on four serines (ser-440, ser-346, ser-347, and ser-476) and one threonine (thr-255). This phosphorylation is hierarchical, with phosphorylation at ser-476 required for phosphorylation at other serines. Phosphorylation at some, but not all, sites regulates basal catalysis and activation" SIGNOR-129300 PRKCE protein Q02156 UNIPROT CHAT protein P28329 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser465 LKHVTQSsRKLIRAD 9606 BTO:0000938 15381704 t "The effect has been demonstrated using P28329-3" gcesareni "We show that chat is differentially phosphorylated by protein kinase c (pkc) isoforms on four serines (ser-440, ser-346, ser-347, and ser-476) and one threonine (thr-255). This phosphorylation is hierarchical, with phosphorylation at ser-476 required for phosphorylation at other serines. Phosphorylation at some, but not all, sites regulates basal catalysis and activation" SIGNOR-129304 MAPK8 protein P45983 UNIPROT MAPK8IP3 protein Q9UPT6 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr286 SVPSAAVtPLNESLQ 9606 15767678 t gcesareni "Phosphoamino acid analysis confirmed that jnk caused thr phosphorylation of jip3 (fig. _(fig.3c).3c). This phosphorylation on thr was markedly decreased when thr266, thr276, and thr287 were replaced with ala. These data indicate that jnk phosphorylated jip3 on thr266, thr276, and thr287 in vitro." SIGNOR-134549 MAPK8 protein P45983 UNIPROT MAPK8IP3 protein Q9UPT6 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr265 GQSSAAAtPSTTGTK 9606 15767678 t gcesareni "Phosphoamino acid analysis confirmed that jnk caused thr phosphorylation of jip3 (fig. _(fig.3c).3c). This phosphorylation on thr was markedly decreased when thr266, thr276, and thr287 were replaced with ala. These data indicate that jnk phosphorylated jip3 on thr266, thr276, and thr287 in vitro." SIGNOR-134541 MAPK8 protein P45983 UNIPROT MAPK8IP3 protein Q9UPT6 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr275 TTGTKSNtPTSSVPS 9606 15767678 t gcesareni "Phosphoamino acid analysis confirmed that jnk caused thr phosphorylation of jip3 (fig. _(fig.3c).3c). This phosphorylation on thr was markedly decreased when thr266, thr276, and thr287 were replaced with ala. These data indicate that jnk phosphorylated jip3 on thr266, thr276, and thr287 in vitro." SIGNOR-134545 MAPK9 protein P45984 UNIPROT MAPK8IP3 protein Q9UPT6 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr265 GQSSAAAtPSTTGTK 9606 15767678 t gcesareni "Phosphoamino acid analysis confirmed that jnk caused thr phosphorylation of jip3 (fig. _(fig.3c).3c). This phosphorylation on thr was markedly decreased when thr266, thr276, and thr287 were replaced with ala. These data indicate that jnk phosphorylated jip3 on thr266, thr276, and thr287 in vitro." SIGNOR-134568 CHEK2 protein O96017 UNIPROT CDC25A protein P30304 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" phosphorylation Ser178 LFTQRQNsAPARMLS 9606 12676583 t "Phosphorylation is the signal for ubiquitination" gcesareni "We show that ir-induced destruction of cdc25a requires both atm and the chk2-mediated phosphorylation of cdc25a on serine 123. the basal turnover of cdc25a operating in unperturbed s phase required chk1-dependent phosphorylation of serines 123, 178, 278, and 292. Ir-induced acceleration of cdc25a proteolysis correlated with increased phosphate incorporation into these residues generated by a combined action of chk1 and chk2 kinases." SIGNOR-99725 PRKCE protein Q02156 UNIPROT CHAT protein P28329 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser594 HKAAVPAsEKLLLLK 9606 BTO:0000938 15381704 t "The effect has been demonstrated using P28329-3" gcesareni "We show that chat is differentially phosphorylated by protein kinase c (pkc) isoforms on four serines (ser-440, ser-346, ser-347, and ser-476) and one threonine (thr-255). This phosphorylation is hierarchical, with phosphorylation at ser-476 required for phosphorylation at other serines. Phosphorylation at some, but not all, sites regulates basal catalysis and activation" SIGNOR-129312 MAPK10 protein P53779 UNIPROT JUN protein P05412 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser73 VGLLKLAsPELERLI 9606 BTO:0001253 20395206 t gcesareni "With epidermal growth factor treatment, overexpression of erk8 in jb6 cl41 cells caused an increased phosphorylation of c-jun at ser(63) and ser(73), resulting in increased activator protein-1 transactivation." SIGNOR-164804 MAPK9 protein P45984 UNIPROT MAPK8IP3 protein Q9UPT6 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr275 TTGTKSNtPTSSVPS 9606 15767678 t gcesareni "Phosphoamino acid analysis confirmed that jnk caused thr phosphorylation of jip3 (fig. _(fig.3c).3c). This phosphorylation on thr was markedly decreased when thr266, thr276, and thr287 were replaced with ala. These data indicate that jnk phosphorylated jip3 on thr266, thr276, and thr287 in vitro." SIGNOR-134572 ROCK1 protein Q13464 UNIPROT MAPK8IP3 protein Q9UPT6 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser364 TRLDRTGsSPTQGIV 9606 15767678 t gcesareni "Identification of rock1 as an upstream activator of the jip-3 to jnk signaling axis in response to uvb damage. phosphorylation of jip-3 by rock1 was crucial for the recruitment of jnk. Inhibition of the activity of rock1 in keratinocytes resulted in decreased activation of the jnk pathway and thus a reduction in apoptosis." SIGNOR-134584 ROCK1 protein Q13464 UNIPROT MAPK8IP3 protein Q9UPT6 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser365 RLDRTGSsPTQGIVN 9606 15767678 t gcesareni "Identification of rock1 as an upstream activator of the jip-3 to jnk signaling axis in response to uvb damage. phosphorylation of jip-3 by rock1 was crucial for the recruitment of jnk. Inhibition of the activity of rock1 in keratinocytes resulted in decreased activation of the jnk pathway and thus a reduction in apoptosis." SIGNOR-134588 GFs stimulus SIGNOR-ST12 SIGNOR AKT3 protein Q9Y243 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" 9606 23300340 f lperfetto "Akt normally resides in the cytosol under serum-starved conditions, but translocates to the plasma membrane where it is subsequently phosphorylated and activated in response to growth factor treatment. Phosphorylation of Akt at Thr308 by phosphoinositide-dependent kinase-1 (PDK1) and at Ser473 by mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) complex 2 (mTORC2) is required for full Akt activation" SIGNOR-245408 GFs stimulus SIGNOR-ST12 SIGNOR AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" 9606 23300340 f lperfetto "Akt normally resides in the cytosol under serum-starved conditions, but translocates to the plasma membrane where it is subsequently phosphorylated and activated in response to growth factor treatment. Phosphorylation of Akt at Thr308 by phosphoinositide-dependent kinase-1 (PDK1) and at Ser473 by mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) complex 2 (mTORC2) is required for full Akt activation" SIGNOR-245411 CDC25A protein P30304 UNIPROT CDK2 protein P24941 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation 9606 BTO:0000093 11154267 t lperfetto "Expression of Cdc25A mRNA and protein was induced by E(2) in control and p16(INK4a)-expressing MCF-7 cells; however, functional activity of Cdc25A was inhibited in cells expressing p16(INK4a). Inhibition of Cdc25A activity in p16(INK4a)-expressing cells was associated with depressed Cdk2 activity" SIGNOR-245449 CDK20 protein Q8IZL9 UNIPROT ICK protein Q9UPZ9 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr157 IRSKPPYtDYVSTRW 9606 15988018 t lperfetto "Recombinant cak1p phosphorylates thr-157 in the tdy motif of recombinant ick and activates its activity in vitro." SIGNOR-138420 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT BAD protein Q92934 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation -1 8929531 t lperfetto "The rapid phosphorylation of bad following il-3 connects a proximal survival signal with the bcl-2 family, modulating this checkpoint for apoptosis.phosphorylatedBAD is bound to 14-3-3 within the cytosol, while only nonphosphorylated BAD is heterodimerized with membrane-bound BCL-XL." SIGNOR-44858 IFNB1 protein P01574 UNIPROT IFNAR1 protein P17181 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9534 BTO:0004055 11278538 t lperfetto "Ifn-alpha, ifn-beta, and ifn-omega, induce somewhat different cellular effects but act through a common receptor complex, ifnar, composed of subunits ifnar-1 and ifnar-2." SIGNOR-219301 NR3C1 protein P04150 UNIPROT KLF15 protein Q9UIH9 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 BTO:0002572 20956975 f lperfetto "We identified glucocorticoid response element sites in the first intron of KLF15 by bioinformatical promoter analysis and confirmed their functional relevance by demonstrating GR interaction by chromatin immunoprecipitation" SIGNOR-236212 E2F1 protein Q01094 UNIPROT TFDP1 protein Q14186 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 10029 BTO:0000246 8832394 t 2 miannu "The transcriptionally active forms of E2F are heterodimers composed of one polypeptide encoded by the E2F gene family and one polypeptide encoded by the DP gene family.In transfected cells, DP-1 did not accumulate in the nucleus unless it was coexpressed with the heterodimeric partners E2F-1, E2F-2, or E2F-3." SIGNOR-240547 E2F2 protein Q14209 UNIPROT TFDP1 protein Q14186 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 10029 BTO:0000246 8832394 t 2 miannu "The transcriptionally active forms of E2F are heterodimers composed of one polypeptide encoded by the E2F gene family and one polypeptide encoded by the DP gene family.In transfected cells, DP-1 did not accumulate in the nucleus unless it was coexpressed with the heterodimeric partners E2F-1, E2F-2, or E2F-3." SIGNOR-240550 TYK2 protein P29597 UNIPROT TYK2 protein P29597 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr1054 AVPEGHEyYRVREDG 9606 BTO:0000452 8702790 t lperfetto "These results indicate that tyk2 is activated by phosphorylation on tyr-1054 and/or tyr-1055The K930R mutant, bearing a mutation in the ATP binding site, is catalytically inactive (Fig. 3B, lanes 5 and 6). This protein is not basally phosphorylated, while the wt and the Y1054F/Y1055F proteins are (Fig. 3A), suggesting that autophosphorylation is responsible for the basal level of phosphorylation." SIGNOR-43088 TYK2 protein P29597 UNIPROT TYK2 protein P29597 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr1055 VPEGHEYyRVREDGD 9606 BTO:0000452 8702790 t lperfetto "These results indicate that tyk2 is activated by phosphorylation on tyr-1054 and/or tyr-1055The K930R mutant, bearing a mutation in the ATP binding site, is catalytically inactive (Fig. 3B, lanes 5 and 6). This protein is not basally phosphorylated, while the wt and the Y1054F/Y1055F proteins are (Fig. 3A), suggesting that autophosphorylation is responsible for the basal level of phosphorylation." SIGNOR-43092 ROCK1 protein Q13464 UNIPROT SOX9 protein P48436 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser181 YQPRRRKsVKNGQAE 9606 20039424 t lperfetto "Rho kinase-dependent activation of sox9 in chondrocytes. In vitro, rock directly phosphorylated sox9 at ser(181), and the overexpression of rock or the activation of the rhoa pathway in sw1353 chondrosarcoma cells increased sox9(ser181) phosphorylation" SIGNOR-162643 LRRK2 protein Q5S007 UNIPROT SH3GL2 protein Q99962 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser75 LSMINTMsKIRGQEK 9606 22998870 t gcesareni "We show that lrrk2 affects synaptic endocytosis by phosphorylating endophilin-a1 at s75." SIGNOR-192072 E2F3 protein O00716 UNIPROT TFDP1 protein Q14186 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 10029 BTO:0000246 8832394 t 2 miannu "The transcriptionally active forms of E2F are heterodimers composed of one polypeptide encoded by the E2F gene family and one polypeptide encoded by the DP gene family.In transfected cells, DP-1 did not accumulate in the nucleus unless it was coexpressed with the heterodimeric partners E2F-1, E2F-2, or E2F-3." SIGNOR-240553 CASP3 protein P42574 UNIPROT DFFA protein O00273 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" cleavage 9606 BTO:0000567 9108473 t lperfetto "DFF, a heterodimeric protein that functions downstream of caspase-3 to trigger DNA fragmentation during apoptosis. We have identified and purified from HeLa cytosol a protein that induces DNA fragmentation in coincubated nuclei after it is activated by caspase-3." SIGNOR-47416 CYCS protein P99999 UNIPROT APAF1 protein O14727 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000567 9267021 t "Cytochrome C released from mitochondria" lperfetto "Once released from mitochondria, cytochrome c binds to Apaf-1, which may trigger the activation of caspase-3 in the presence of dATP." SIGNOR-50585 CASP3 protein P42574 UNIPROT NFKBIA protein P25963 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by stabilization" cleavage -1 9367996 t lperfetto "The cell-death protease cpp32 (caspase-3) in vitro specifically cleaved chicken and human ikappab-alpha at a conserved asp-ser sequence.Therefore, cleavage of I_B-_ by a CPP32-like protease could create what is sometimes called a super-repressor form of I_B-_ (20). That is, cleavage by CPP32 would block the ability of I_B-_ to undergo signal-induced degradation by removing the sites of signal-induced ubiquitination and by likely disrupting the ability of I_B-_ to become phosphorylated at critical Ser residues." SIGNOR-51936 STK24 protein Q9Y6E0 UNIPROT STK38L protein Q9Y2H1 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr442 DWVFLNYtYKRFEGL 9606 BTO:0000007 16314523 t lperfetto "Ndr1/ndr2 protein kinase is activated by phosphorylation on the activation loop phosphorylation site ser281/ser282 and the hydrophobic motif phosphorylation site thr444/thr442. Autophosphorylation of ndr is responsible for phosphorylation on ser281/ser282, whereas thr444/thr442 is targeted by an upstream kinase. Here we show that mst3, a mammalian ste20-like protein kinase, is able to phosphorylate ndr protein kinase at thr444/thr442. In vitro, mst3 selectively phosphorylated thr442 of ndr2, resulting in a 10-fold stimulation of ndr activity." SIGNOR-142510 BCL2 protein P10415 UNIPROT BAX protein Q07812 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000776;BTO:0000785 8183370 t lperfetto "Bcl-2 has the unique oncogenic role of extending cell survival by inhibiting a variety of apoptotic deaths. Bcl-2 exerts its action through heterodimerization with bax." SIGNOR-36898 SHH protein Q15465 UNIPROT CP protein P00450 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0001253 9811851 t gcesareni "Binding of sonic hedgehog (shh) to patched (ptc) relieves the latter's tonic smoothened (smo), a receptor that spans the cell membrane seven times. Ptch exists in vertebrates as two isoforms, ptch1 and ptch2, which seem to be equivalent in terms of binding the three hh isoforms." SIGNOR-61549 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT RPS6KA1 protein Q15418 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation 10090 BTO:0000938 8387505 t lperfetto "The pp90rsk phosphothreonine content paralleled the ERK1 activity more closely than the phosphoserine level. These results provide compelling evidence that in fibroblasts and PC12 cells ERK1 plays a direct role in the phosphorylation of pp90rsk and that pp90rsk represents a physiologically relevant substrate of extracellular-regulated kinases" SIGNOR-38999 STK38 protein Q15208 UNIPROT STK38 protein Q15208 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser281 NRRQLAFsTVGTPDY 9606 BTO:0000007 16314523 t lperfetto "Ndr1/ndr2 protein kinase is activated by phosphorylation on the activation loop phosphorylation site ser281/ser282 and the hydrophobic motif phosphorylation site thr444/thr442. Autophosphorylation of ndr is responsible for phosphorylation on ser281/ser282, whereas thr444/thr442 is targeted by an upstream kinase. Here we show that mst3, a mammalian ste20-like protein kinase, is able to phosphorylate ndr protein kinase at thr444/thr442. In vitro, mst3 selectively phosphorylated thr442 of ndr2, resulting in a 10-fold stimulation of ndr activity." SIGNOR-142514 PAX7 protein P23759 UNIPROT KMT2A protein Q03164 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0002314 BTO:0000887;BTO:0001103 SIGNOR-C89 22863532 t miannu "Carm1 specifically methylates multiple arginines in the n-terminus of pax7. Methylated pax7 directly binds the c-terminal cleavage forms of the trithorax proteins mll1/2 resulting in the recruitment of the ash2l:mll1/2:wdr5:rbbp5 histone h3k4 methyltransferase complex to regulatory enhancers and the proximal promoter of myf5." SIGNOR-198626 PAX7 protein P23759 UNIPROT KMT2D protein O14686 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0002314 BTO:0000887;BTO:0001103 SIGNOR-C88 22863532 t miannu "Carm1 specifically methylates multiple arginines in the n-terminus of pax7. Methylated pax7 directly binds the c-terminal cleavage forms of the trithorax proteins mll1/2 resulting in the recruitment of the ash2l:mll1/2:wdr5:rbbp5 histone h3k4 methyltransferase complex to regulatory enhancers and the proximal promoter of myf5." SIGNOR-198629 "calcium ion" smallmolecule CID:271 PUBCHEM PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT up-regulates "chemical activation" 9606 BTO:0000887;BTO:0001103 22944199 t gcesareni "The wnt/ca2+ signaling pathway is defined by the activation of plc (phospholipase c) through wnt/fzd resulting in an increase in intracellular ca2+ levels, which activate pkcs (protein kinase c) and camkii (calcium-calmodulin-dependent kinase ii) or cn (calcineurin), a phosphatase that activates the transcription factor nfat (nuclear factor of activated t cell)." SIGNOR-198822 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT SMAD2 protein Q15796 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser245 NQSMDTGsPAELSPT 9606 BTO:0000763 12193595 t gcesareni "These results suggest that oncogenic ras, acting through mek1 and erk kinases, induces the phosphorylation of smad2 and smad3 .we show that phosphorylation of smad2, a mediator of the activin/transforming growth factor-beta signal, by activated extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1 (erk1) increases the amount of smad2 protein and leads to enhanced transcriptional activity" SIGNOR-91730 ERK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF1 SIGNOR RPS6KA5 protein O75582 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser360 TEMDPTYsPAALPQS 9606 18267068 t lperfetto "Together, our in vivo and in vitro studies indicate that the pkc/c-raf/mek/erk pathway plays a major role in the s6k1 activation in hypertrophic cardiac growth." SIGNOR-249572 MAPK8 protein P45983 UNIPROT NFATC2 protein Q13469 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation 9606 BTO:0000782 14517246 t gcesareni "Jnks directly phosphorylate nuclear factor of activated t-cell (nfat) transcription factors, thus antagonizing the effects of calcium-regulated signaling through the protein phosphatase calcineurin jnk directly regulated nuclear factor of activated t-cell (nfat) activation in culture and in transgenic mice containing an nfat-dependent luciferase reporter." SIGNOR-118217 MAPK8 protein P45983 UNIPROT NFATC3 protein Q12968 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation 9606 BTO:0000782 14517246 t gcesareni "Jnks directly phosphorylate nuclear factor of activated t-cell (nfat) transcription factors, thus antagonizing the effects of calcium-regulated signaling through the protein phosphatase calcineurin" SIGNOR-118220 MAPK9 protein P45984 UNIPROT NFATC2 protein Q13469 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation 9606 BTO:0000782 14517246 t gcesareni "Jnks directly phosphorylate nuclear factor of activated t-cell (nfat) transcription factors, thus antagonizing the effects of calcium-regulated signaling through the protein phosphatase calcineurin" SIGNOR-118223 CAMK2A protein Q9UQM7 UNIPROT GFPT1 protein Q06210 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser261 CNLSRVDsTTCLFPV 9606 17941647 t gcesareni "Amp-activated protein kinase and calcium/calmodulin-dependent kinase ii were identified to phosphorylate specifically ser243 in vitro. Phosphorylation by these two kinases results in an increase of enzymatic activity by 1.4-fold. These findings suggest for the first time that hgfat1 may be regulated by kinases other than pka." SIGNOR-158486 PTPN12 protein Q05209 UNIPROT WAS protein P42768 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation 9606 BTO:0000782 14707117 t gcesareni "Furthermore, we demonstrate that pstpip serves as a scaffold protein between ptp-pest and wasp and allows ptp-pest to dephosphorylate wasp. This finding suggests a possible mechanism for ptp-pest to directly modulate actin remodeling through the pstpip-wasp interaction." SIGNOR-121136 CDK2 protein P24941 UNIPROT CCNE1 protein P24864 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser387 LSEQNRAsPLPSGLL 9606 BTO:0000150 BTO:0000149 19561641 t gcesareni "Phosphorylation of threonine 395 has been linked to the proteasome-mediated degradation of full length cyclin e" SIGNOR-186414 PPP2CA protein P67775 UNIPROT RACGAP1 protein Q9H0H5 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation Thr588 PEHQLLKtPSSSSLS 9606 18201571 t gcesareni "We report here that (i) mgcracgap is phosphorylated by aurora b and cdk1, (ii) pp2a dephosphorylates aurora b and cdk1 phosphorylated sites and (iii) inhibition of pp2a abrogates mgcracgap/ect2 interaction. Therefore, pp2a may regulate cytokinesis by dephosphorylating mgcracgap and its interacting partners." SIGNOR-160402 CDK5 protein Q00535 UNIPROT NDEL1 protein Q9GZM8 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser231 GTENTFPsPKAIPNG 10090 BTO:0000142 12796778 t llicata "Three specific phosphorylation sites (Ser198, Thr219 and Ser231) and two weak phosphorylation sites (Ser242 and Thr245) for CDK5/p35 are located in this region of NUDEL | Each single or double mutant compromised,and the triple mutant completely eliminated, interaction with 14-3-3ε. | 14-3-3ε sustains NUDEL phosphorylation and protects it from phosphatase.e dynein motor function." SIGNOR-250676 PRKAA1 protein Q13131 UNIPROT GFPT1 protein Q06210 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser242 SKFTRWGsQGERGKD 9606 19170765 t lperfetto "Amp-activated protein kinase phosphorylates glutamine : fructose-6-phosphate amidotransferase 1 at ser243 to modulate its enzymatic activityhe 2-dg induced phosphorylation of gfat1 . The assay of the gfat enzymatic activity in the cell lysates indicated that the 2-dg-treatment inhibited the enzymatic activity" SIGNOR-183528 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT H3F3A protein P84243 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser11 TKQTARKsTGGKAPR 9606 12588998 t gcesareni "Additionally, active akt1 kinase strongly phosphorylates histone h3 at serine 10 in vitro" SIGNOR-98285 PRKAA1 protein Q13131 UNIPROT GFPT1 protein Q06210 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser261 CNLSRVDsTTCLFPV 9606 17941647 t gcesareni "Amp-activated protein kinase and calcium/calmodulin-dependent kinase ii were identified to phosphorylate specifically ser243 in vitro. Phosphorylation by these two kinases results in an increase of enzymatic activity by 1.4-fold. These findings suggest for the first time that hgfat1 may be regulated by kinases other than pka." SIGNOR-158490 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT RPS6KA5 protein O75582 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr581 PDNQPLKtPCFTLHY 9606 18267068 t gcesareni "Together, our in vivo and in vitro studies indicate that the pkc/c-raf/mek/erk pathway plays a major role in the s6k1 activation in hypertrophic cardiac growth." SIGNOR-160787 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT SMAD2 protein Q15796 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr8 MSSILPFtPPVVKRL 9606 BTO:0000763 12193595 t gcesareni "These results suggest that oncogenic ras, acting through mek1 and erk kinases, induces the phosphorylation of smad2 and smad3 .we show that phosphorylation of smad2, a mediator of the activin/transforming growth factor-beta signal, by activated extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1 (erk1) increases the amount of smad2 protein and leads to enhanced transcriptional activity" SIGNOR-91746 PRKAA2 protein P54646 UNIPROT PPP1R12C protein Q9BZL4 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser452 AGLQRSAsSSWLEGT 9606 SIGNOR-C15 22137581 t lperfetto "Ampk-induced phosphorylation is necessary for ppp1r12c interaction with 14-3-3 and phosphorylation of myosin regulatory light chain. Both ampk activity and ppp1r12c phosphorylation are increased in mitotic cells and are important for mitosis completion. The interaction between ppp1r12c and 14-3-3_ may inactivate the ppp1r12c-containing phosphatase complex in vivo." SIGNOR-195148 ERK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF1 SIGNOR RPS6KA5 protein O75582 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr581 PDNQPLKtPCFTLHY 9606 18267068 t lperfetto "Together, our in vivo and in vitro studies indicate that the pkc/c-raf/mek/erk pathway plays a major role in the s6k1 activation in hypertrophic cardiac growth." SIGNOR-249573 AC1NUST0 smallmolecule CID:5460104 PUBCHEM SOS1 protein Q07889 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 17486115 t gcesareni "Phosphatidic acid interacts with a defined site in the sos ph domain with high affinity and specificity" SIGNOR-154676 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT EP300 protein Q09472 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser2366 MEQGHFAsPDQNSML 9606 17623675 t lperfetto "Serine residues (ser-2279, ser-2315, and ser-2366) on the c terminus of p300 were the major signaling targets of egf. Furthermore, the c-terminal serine phosphorylation of p300 stimulated its histone acetyltransferase activity these results also constituted the first report identifying the unique p300 phosphorylation sites induced by erk2 in vivo." SIGNOR-156895 PRKAA2 protein P54646 UNIPROT EEF2K protein O00418 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser366 SPQVRTLsGSRPPLL -1 14709557 t miannu " AMPK can phosphorylate three sites in eEF2 kinase in vitro. Of these, Ser-398 appears to be more efficiently phosphorylated than either Ser-78 or Ser-366. Ser-78 and Ser-366 do not appear to be phosphorylated by AMPK within cells. Ser-366 serves to decrease the activity of eEF2 kinase" SIGNOR-250319 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT PPARG protein P37231 UNIPROT down-regulates relocalization 9606 18596912 t fspada "The genomic activity of ppargamma is modulated, in addition to ligand binding, by phosphorylation of a serine residue by mapks, such as extracellular signal-regulated protein kinases-1/2 (erk-1/2), or by nucleocytoplasmic compartmentalization through the erk activators mapk kinases-1/2 (mek-1/2). These mapks phosphorylate (in humans) ser 84 in the ppargamma1 and ser 114 in ppargamma2 isoform" SIGNOR-179400 STAT6 protein P42226 UNIPROT STAT1 protein P42224 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000801 10982806 t lperfetto "STAT6 mediates suppression of STAT1 and NF-kB-dependent transcription by distinct mechanisms. Both processes are dependent upon the STAT6 transactivation domain and may involve sequestration of necessary but different transcriptional coactivator proteins. These two suppressive mechanisms are controlled differentially by the nature of the STAT6 DNA-binding site" SIGNOR-249552 CBL protein P22681 UNIPROT CFLAR protein O15519 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" ubiquitination 9606 BTO:0000801 phosphorylation:Ser4;Tyr211 S-->E;Y-->Q 19597496 t "CFLAR has to be phosphorylated on Tyr211 and Ser4 by c-Abl and p38, respectively. This phosphorylation facilitated specific interaction between FLIPS and the ubiquitin E3 ligase c-Cbl" gcesareni "We therefore conclude that c-cbl is a e3 ubiquitin ligase for flips and that the interaction of flips with c-cbl requires phosphorylation of both ser4 and tyr211 of flips.This interaction triggered proteasomal degradation of FLIP(S), which promoted activation of caspase-8 and apoptosis." SIGNOR-186998 FBXW11 protein Q9UKB1 UNIPROT EEF2K protein O00418 UNIPROT down-regulates ubiquitination 9606 phosphorylation:Ser441;Ser445 ESENSGDsGYPSEKR;SGDSGYPsEKRGELD 22669845 t gcesareni "Eef2k was degraded by the ubiquitin-proteasome system through the ubiquitin ligase scf(__trcp) (skp1-cul1-f-box protein, __-transducin repeat-containing protein) to enable rapid resumption of translation elongation. This event required autophosphorylation of eef2k on a canonical __trcp-binding domain" SIGNOR-197730 FBXO32 protein Q969P5 UNIPROT MYOD1 protein P15172 UNIPROT down-regulates ubiquitination 9606 BTO:0001103 19319192 t gcesareni "Here we present evidence that mafbx targets myod for degradation in several models of skeletal muscle atrophy." SIGNOR-184861 MK-1775 chemical CID:24856436 PUBCHEM WEE1 protein P30291 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 20068082 t gcesareni "Mk-1775 (merck). This wee1 inhibitor (ic50, 5.2nm) potentiates the activity of dna-damaging agents (e.g., gemcitabine, cisplatin, carboplatin) in vitro and in vivo, particularly in p53-negative cancers" SIGNOR-163173 PIM1 protein P11309 UNIPROT FOXO3 protein O43524 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr32 QSRPRSCtWPLQRPE 9606 18593906 t fspada "Pim1s expression induced the phosphorylation of foxo3a (fig. 5a and b) and inactivated its transcriptional activity (fig. 5c). A previous report showed that phosphorylation at t32, s253, and s315 residues in foxo3a induced 14-3-3 binding, nuclear export, and proteasomemediated degradation (42)." SIGNOR-179308 PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT CTPS1 protein P17812 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser462 TLFQTKNsVMRKLYG 9606 17463002 t llicata "These data indicated that protein kinase c phosphorylation at ser(462) stimulates human ctp synthetase 1 activity, whereas phosphorylation at thr(455) inhibits activity." SIGNOR-154617 PIM1 protein P11309 UNIPROT FOXO3 protein O43524 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser253 APRRRAVsMDNSNKY 9606 18593906 t tpavlidou "Pim-mediated phosphorylation and inactivation of forkhead transcription factors, foxo1a and foxo3a, was involved in the transcriptional repression of the p27(kip1) gene." SIGNOR-179304 PIM1 protein P11309 UNIPROT CDKN1B protein P46527 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr198 PGLRRRQt 9606 18593906 t gcesareni "We show, herein, that all the pim family members (pim1, pim2, and pim3) bind to and directly phosphorylate the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p27(kip1) at threonine-157 and threonine-198 residues in cells and in vitro." SIGNOR-179300 CHEK2 protein O96017 UNIPROT CDC25A protein P30304 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" phosphorylation Ser124 PALKRSHsDSLDHDI 9606 12676583 t "Phosphorylation is the signal for ubiquitination" gcesareni "We show that ir-induced destruction of cdc25a requires both atm and the chk2-mediated phosphorylation of cdc25a on serine 123. the basal turnover of cdc25a operating in unperturbed s phase required chk1-dependent phosphorylation of serines 123, 178, 278, and 292. Ir-induced acceleration of cdc25a proteolysis correlated with increased phosphate incorporation into these residues generated by a combined action of chk1 and chk2 kinases." SIGNOR-99721 CSNK2A1 protein P68400 UNIPROT PTEN protein P60484 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser380 EPDHYRYsDTTDSDP 9606 21779440 t gcesareni "The C-terminal tail of PTEN is also the target of mutations in tumors. As mentioned, this region contains the main phosphorylation sites mapped to residues Ser362, Thr366, Ser370, Ser380, Thr382, Thr383, and Ser385, and the kinases involved are casein kinase 2 (CK2), GSK3_, LKB1, and MAST.84,97-101 The phosphorylation of the tail has been shown to enhance PTEN stability but at the same time decrease its phosphatase activity" SIGNOR-152348 SKP2 protein Q13309 UNIPROT SMAD4 protein Q13485 UNIPROT down-regulates ubiquitination 9606 15314162 t gcesareni "We found that skp2, the f-box component of scfskp2, physically interacted with smad4 at the physiological levels. Several cancer-derived unstable mutants exhibited significantly increased binding to skp2, which led to their increased ubiquitination and accelerated proteolysis. These results suggest an important role for the scfskp2 complex in switching cancer mutants of smad4 to undergo polyubiquitination-dependent degradation." SIGNOR-127964 "Lapatinib Ditosylate" chemical CID:9941095 PUBCHEM ERBB2 protein P04626 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-193627 CDK1 protein P06493 UNIPROT CKAP2 protein Q8WWK9 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr623 FKELKFLtPVRRSRR 9606 SIGNOR-C17 19369249 t llicata "Among these, thr-622 was specifically phosphorylated by cdk1-cyclin b1 both in vitro and in vivo. these findings suggest that cdk1-cyclin b1-mediated phosphorylation of tmap is important for and contributes to proper regulation of microtubule dynamics and establishment of functional bipolar spindles during mitosis." SIGNOR-185317 FYN protein P06241 UNIPROT MED28 protein Q9H204 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr64 ASLVSQDyVNGTDQE 9606 BTO:0001271;BTO:0000661 16899217 t fstefani "To unravel the cellular functions of magicin, we used a yeast two-hybrid system and identified fyn tyrosine kinase as a specific binding partner for magicin. Fyn phosphorylates magicin in vitro." SIGNOR-148700 MTOR protein P42345 UNIPROT MAF1 protein Q9H063 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser68 PPQTSGLsPSRLSKS 9606 20233713 t gcesareni "The identification of maf1 as an mtor-regulated phosphoprotein implicates mtor in the broader regulatory mechanisms governing pol iii activity in cancer cells." SIGNOR-164348 mTORC1 complex SIGNOR-C3 SIGNOR EIF4EBP1 protein Q13541 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr70 RNSPVTKtPPRDLPT 9606 BTO:0000007 12747827 t lperfetto "Phosphorylated on serine and threonine residues in response to insulin, egf and pdgf. Phosphorylation at thr-37, thr-46, ser-65 and thr-70, corresponding to the hyperphosphorylated form, is regulated by mtorc1 and abolishes binding to eif4e." SIGNOR-235964 SRPK1 protein Q96SB4 UNIPROT SRPK1 protein Q96SB4 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser33 SETQHRGsAPHSESD 9606 22727668 t llicata "We found that activated akt binds and induces srpk1 autophosphorylation because akt-mediated phosphorylation depends on the kinase activity of srpk1" SIGNOR-197989 BCKDK protein O14874 UNIPROT BCKDHA protein P12694 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser337 TYRIGHHsTSDDSSA 9606 BTO:0001103;BTO:0000142;BTO:0000562;BTO:0000671 3947057 t gcesareni "Phosphorylation sites and inactivation of branched-chain alpha-ketoacid dehydrogenase isolated from rat heart, bovine kidney, and rabbit liver, kidney, heart, brain, and skeletal muscle." SIGNOR-25084 SRPK1 protein Q96SB4 UNIPROT SRPK1 protein Q96SB4 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser309 RPNKQEEsESPVERP 9606 22727668 t llicata "We found that activated akt binds and induces srpk1 autophosphorylation because akt-mediated phosphorylation depends on the kinase activity of srpk1" SIGNOR-197985 GSK3B protein P49841 UNIPROT CDC25A protein P30304 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" phosphorylation Ser76 SNLQRMGsSESTDSG 9606 BTO:0000567 20348946 t lperfetto "Here, we report that casein kinase 1 alpha (ck1alpha) phosphorylates cdc25a on both s79 and s82 in a hierarchical manner requiring prior phosphorylation of s76 by chk1 or gsk-3beta. This facilitates beta-trcp binding and ubiquitin-mediated proteolysis of cdc25a" SIGNOR-164742 PLK1 protein P53350 UNIPROT RACGAP1 protein Q9H0H5 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser170 ESLDWDSsLVKTFKL 9606 19468302 t llicata "Tandem mass spectrometry analysis of a purified hscyk-4 fragment (hscyk-4n) phosphorylated by plk1 in vitro identified four major sites (s157, s170, s214, and s260 plk1 phosphorylation of hscyk-4 localizes ect2 at the midzone and stimulates rhoa-dependent contractile ring assembly at the equatorial cortex." SIGNOR-185750 PLK1 protein P53350 UNIPROT RACGAP1 protein Q9H0H5 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser214 AVDQGNEsIVAKTTV 9606 19468302 t llicata "Tandem mass spectrometry analysis of a purified hscyk-4 fragment (hscyk-4n) phosphorylated by plk1 in vitro identified four major sites (s157, s170, s214, and s260 plk1 phosphorylation of hscyk-4 localizes ect2 at the midzone and stimulates rhoa-dependent contractile ring assembly at the equatorial cortex." SIGNOR-185754 CHEK1 protein O14757 UNIPROT NEK11 protein Q8NG66 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser273 SMLNKNPsLRPSAIE 9606 19734889 t lperfetto "We demonstrate that chk1 (checkpoint kinase 1) directly activates nek11 by phosphorylating it on ser 273" SIGNOR-187863 SRPK1 protein Q96SB4 UNIPROT SRPK1 protein Q96SB4 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr326 ENPPNKMtQEKLEES 9606 22727668 t llicata "We found that activated akt binds and induces srpk1 autophosphorylation because akt-mediated phosphorylation depends on the kinase activity of srpk1" SIGNOR-197993 CSNK2A1 protein P68400 UNIPROT EIF4EBP1 protein Q13541 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser112 KRAGGEEsQFEMDI 9606 12588975 t gcesareni "Phosphorylation at s112 directly affects binding of 4e-bp1 to eif4e without influencing phosphorylation of other sites." SIGNOR-98280 MTOR protein P42345 UNIPROT EIF4EBP1 protein Q13541 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr45 PGGTLFStTPGGTRI 10090 BTO:0002572 SIGNOR-C3 20670887 t lperfetto "Specifically as part of mTORC1, mTOR directly phosphorylates the ribo- somal protein S6 kinases (S6K1 and S6K2) and the eukaryotic initiation factor 4E (eIF4E)-binding proteins (4E-BP1 and 4E-BP2), both of which control specific steps in the initiation of cap-dependent translation" SIGNOR-167184 MTOR protein P42345 UNIPROT EIF4EBP1 protein Q13541 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr36 LPPGDYStTPGGTLF 10090 BTO:0002572 SIGNOR-C3 20670887 t lperfetto "Specifically as part of mTORC1, mTOR directly phosphorylates the ribo- somal protein S6 kinases (S6K1 and S6K2) and the eukaryotic initiation factor 4E (eIF4E)-binding proteins (4E-BP1 and 4E-BP2), both of which control specific steps in the initiation of cap-dependent translation" SIGNOR-167180 STK4 protein Q13043 UNIPROT LATS2 protein Q9NRM7 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser872 HQRCLAHsLVGTPNY 9606 21808241 t gcesareni "Activation of mst1/2 leads to phosphorylation and activation of their direct substrates, lats1/2." SIGNOR-175821 SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT EPHA2 protein P29317 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity" phosphorylation Tyr594 TYVDPHTyEDPNQAV 9606 BTO:0000661 24457997 t gcesareni "SRC phosphorylates EPHA2 on Tyr594, thus creating a feedback loop that promotes EPHA2 destruction and thereby self-regulates its transforming potential" SIGNOR-246104 PLK1 protein P53350 UNIPROT RACGAP1 protein Q9H0H5 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser157 GSILSDIsFDKTDES 9606 19468302 t llicata "Tandem mass spectrometry analysis of a purified hscyk-4 fragment (hscyk-4n) phosphorylated by plk1 in vitro identified four major sites (s157, s170, s214, and s260 plk1 phosphorylation of hscyk-4 localizes ect2 at the midzone and stimulates rhoa-dependent contractile ring assembly at the equatorial cortex." SIGNOR-185746 CSNK1A1 protein P48729 UNIPROT HNRNPC protein P07910 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser260 SEGGADDsAEEGDLL 9606 15687492 t gcesareni "In contrast, hnRNP-C1 that was also modified at the CK1alpha phosphorylation sites exhibited a 14-500-fold decrease in binding affinity, demonstrating that CK1alpha-mediated phosphorylation modulates the mRNA binding ability of hnRNP-C." SIGNOR-133532 MYC protein P01106 UNIPROT CDC25A protein P30304 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000093 11154267 f lperfetto "Expression of Cdc25A is transcriptionally regulated by Myc and E2F-1 , both of which are expressed in MCF-7 cells in response to estrogen" SIGNOR-245465 TP53 protein P04637 UNIPROT CDKN1A protein P38936 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 21524151 t lperfetto "p53 then transcriptionally upregulates the expression of target genes, of which p21 is critical for inhibiting G1/S entry." SIGNOR-173425 LRRFIP2 protein Q9Y608 UNIPROT DVL3 protein Q92997 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 15677333 t gcesareni "In particular, a previously unrecognized activator, lrrfip2 (leucine-rich repeat in flightless interaction protein 2), was found that interacts with dvl to increase the cellular levels of _-catenin and activate _-catenin/lef/tcf-dependent transcriptional activity" SIGNOR-133429 PLK1 protein P53350 UNIPROT FBXO5 protein Q9UKT4 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation 9606 16439210 t gcesareni "We propose that the balance of evi5 and polo-like kinase activities determines the timely accumulation of emi1 and cyclin, ensuring mitotic fidelity." SIGNOR-142949 HLA-G protein P17693 UNIPROT LILRB1 protein Q8NHL6 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 15718280 t gcesareni "Hla-g binds a limited repertoire of peptides and interacts with the inhibitory leukocyte ig-like receptors lir-1 and lir-2" SIGNOR-134180 SNW1 protein Q13573 UNIPROT NCOR2 protein Q9Y618 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000222 BTO:0000887 10713164 t gcesareni "We present evidence that skip interacts with the cbf1 corepressor complex and that skip has a role in orchestrating the conversion of cbf1 from an smrt-hdac-tethered transcriptional repressor to a notchic-tethered activation complex." SIGNOR-75785 INS protein P01308 UNIPROT GSK3B protein P49841 UNIPROT down-regulates 9606 BTO:0000887;BTO:0001103 8250835 f gcesareni "The results suggest that ser-9 phosphorylation underlies the reported gsk3 beta inhibition by insulin and that gsk3 may represent a point of convergence of two major growth-factor-stimulated protein kinase cascades." SIGNOR-37220 SIRT2 protein Q8IXJ6 UNIPROT MYOD1 protein P15172 UNIPROT down-regulates deacetylation 9606 BTO:0000887;BTO:0001103 12887892 t gcesareni "Sir2-mediated deacetylation of myod can be expected to inhibit its transcriptional capabilities." SIGNOR-104251 WNT5A protein P41221 UNIPROT FZD6 protein O60353 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000551;BTO:0000848 16273260 t gcesareni "Human wnt5a, wnt5b and wnt11 are non-canonical wnt ligands transducing pcp signals through fzd3 or fzd6 receptors." SIGNOR-141437 PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT CALD1 protein Q05682 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser643 CFTPKGSsLKIEERA 9606 BTO:0000887;BTO:0001260 8182108 t gcesareni "Phosphorylation of both intact caldesmon and of its c-terminal fragment (658c), containing residues 658-756, significantly decreased their ability to inhibit acto-heavy meromyosin atpase." SIGNOR-36788 CASP6 protein P55212 UNIPROT LMNA protein P02545 UNIPROT down-regulates cleavage 9606 11058599 t amattioni "Lamin a breakdown is largely mediated by caspase-6 during the execution phase of apoptosis." SIGNOR-83611 CAMK4 protein Q16566 UNIPROT STMN1 protein P16949 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser16 KELEKRAsGQAFELI 9606 BTO:0000782;BTO:0001271;BTO:0000661 7925472 t gcesareni "Serine 16 of oncoprotein 18 is a major cytosolic target for the ca2+/calmodulin-dependent kinase-gr." SIGNOR-34743 PTPN12 protein Q05209 UNIPROT INSR protein P06213 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation Tyr1185 FGMTRDIyETDYYRK 9606 BTO:0000567 BTO:0000887;BTO:0001103 8454633 t gcesareni "Autophosphorylated on tyrosine residues in response to insulin. Dephosphorylated by ptpreand ptpn1 at tyr-999, tyr-1185, tyr-1189 and tyr-1190." SIGNOR-39147 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT DUSP6 protein Q16828 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" phosphorylation Ser197 SATDSDGsPLSNSQP 9606 15632084 t gcesareni "In vitro phosphorylation assays using glutathione S-transferase (GST)-MKP-3 fusion proteins indicated that ERK2 could phosphorylate MKP-3 on serines 159 and 197Double serine mutants of MKP-3 or MKP-3-GFP were more efficiently protected from degradation than single mutants or wild-type MKP-3, indicating that phosphorylation of either serine by ERK1/2 enhances proteasomal degradation of MKP-3." SIGNOR-132971 PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT CALD1 protein Q05682 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser656 RAEFLNKsVQKSSGV 9606 BTO:0000887;BTO:0001260 8182108 t gcesareni "Phosphorylation of both intact caldesmon and of its c-terminal fragment (658c), containing residues 658-756, significantly decreased their ability to inhibit acto-heavy meromyosin atpase." SIGNOR-36792 PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT CALD1 protein Q05682 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser677 AIVSKIDsRLEQYTS 9606 BTO:0000887;BTO:0001260 8182108 t gcesareni "Phosphorylation of both intact caldesmon and of its c-terminal fragment (658c), containing residues 658-756, significantly decreased their ability to inhibit acto-heavy meromyosin atpase." SIGNOR-36796 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT DUSP6 protein Q16828 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" phosphorylation Ser159 DGSCSSSsPPLPVLG 9606 15632084 t gcesareni "In vitro phosphorylation assays using glutathione S-transferase (GST)-MKP-3 fusion proteins indicated that ERK2 could phosphorylate MKP-3 on serines 159 and 197Double serine mutants of MKP-3 or MKP-3-GFP were more efficiently protected from degradation than single mutants or wild-type MKP-3, indicating that phosphorylation of either serine by ERK1/2 enhances proteasomal degradation of MKP-3." SIGNOR-132967 GSK3B protein P49841 UNIPROT EIF4EBP1 protein Q13541 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr37 PPGDYSTtPGGTLFS 9606 BTO:0000671 18701453 t lperfetto "We found that gsk-3Beta phosphorylates and inactivates 4e-bp1, thereby increasing eif4e-dependent protein synthesis. upon stimulation, 4e-bp1 is phosphorylated on several threonine and serine residues, including thr-37/46 (36). This results in dissolution of the complex, freeing eif4e to bind with mrna cap to promote translation initiation." SIGNOR-236026 ASPSCR1 protein Q9BZE9 UNIPROT VCPKMT protein Q9H867 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 23349634 t gcesareni "In the case of vcp, methylation by mettl21d was stimulated by the addition of the ubx cofactor aspscr1, which we show directly interacts with the methyltransferase." SIGNOR-200572 JAK2 protein O60674 UNIPROT IFNGR2/INFGR1 complex SIGNOR-C142 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation 9606 BTO:0000801 23898330 t lperfetto "In the classical model of IFNgamma signaling, dimeric IFNgamma cross-links the IFNGR1 receptor subunit that results in allosteric changes in receptor cytoplasmic domain. This results in movement of JAK2 from receptor subunit IFNGR2 to IFNGR1. The JAKs autophosphorylate and then phosphorylate IFNGR1 cytoplasmic domain. This results in binding, phosphorylation, and dimer formation of STAT1_. The dimeric STAT1_ dissociates from receptor and undergoes nuclear translocation via an intrinsic NLS for specific gene activation" SIGNOR-249493 IKBKE protein Q14164 UNIPROT NfKb-p65/p50 complex SIGNOR-C13 SIGNOR up-regulates phosphorylation 9606 15489227 t lperfetto "Overexpressed ikkepsilon and tbk1 phosphorylate ser-536 in vivo and in vitro." SIGNOR-217379 PTPN12 protein Q05209 UNIPROT INSR protein P06213 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation Tyr1189 RDIYETDyYRKGGKG 9606 BTO:0000567 BTO:0000887;BTO:0001103 8454633 t gcesareni "Autophosphorylated on tyrosine residues in response to insulin. Dephosphorylated by ptpreand ptpn1 at tyr-999, tyr-1185, tyr-1189 and tyr-1190." SIGNOR-39151 SMAD4 protein Q13485 UNIPROT SMAD1/4 complex SIGNOR-C85 SIGNOR "form complex" binding 9606 9436979 t lperfetto "Bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) receptors signal by phosphorylating Smad1, which then associates with Smad4; this complex moves into the nucleus and activates transcription." SIGNOR-103618 SMAD1 protein Q15797 UNIPROT SMAD1/4 complex SIGNOR-C85 SIGNOR "form complex" binding 9606 9436979 t lperfetto "Bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) receptors signal by phosphorylating Smad1, which then associates with Smad4; this complex moves into the nucleus and activates transcription." SIGNOR-103615 SMAD1 protein Q15797 UNIPROT PPARG protein P37231 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 BTO:0004058 12589053 f lperfetto "Overexpression of smad6, a natural antagonist for smad1, blocked ppargamma expression and adipocytic differentiation induced by bmp2" SIGNOR-236227 KLF15 protein Q9UIH9 UNIPROT Adipogenesis phenotype SIGNOR-PH26 SIGNOR up-regulates "transcriptional regulation" 10090 BTO:0002572 20956975 f lperfetto "Our results provide a new mechanism for understanding glucocorticoids-dependent adipogenesis and that GR promotes adipogenesis via KLF15 gene expression as a transcriptional direct target." SIGNOR-236230 ROCK1 protein Q13464 UNIPROT PPP1R12A protein O14974 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr696 ARQSRRStQGVTLTD 9606 BTO:0000887;BTO:0001260 8662509 t "Rho-associated kinase (Rho-kinase) is activated by GTP-RhoA" gcesareni "Rho-associated kinase (rho-kinase) phosphorylated mbs and consequently inactivated myosin phosphatase. Rho appears to inhibit myosin phosphatase through the action of rho-kinase." SIGNOR-42354 PLK1 protein P53350 UNIPROT PINX1 protein Q96BK5 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser117 SFSLEEKsKISKNRV 9606 20573420 t lperfetto "Here, we show that polo-like kinase 1 (plk1) is a novel interacting protein of pinx1. Plk1 interacts with and phosphorylates pinx1 in vivo and in vitro. Moreover, plk1-mediated phosphorylation of pinx1 at five phosphorylation sites is essential for its plk1-induced degradation." SIGNOR-166321 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT RPS6KA1 protein Q15418 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser363 TSRTPKDsPGIPPSA 9534 BTO:0004055 9430688 t lperfetto "Several lines of evidence indicate that the mapkap-k1 isoforms are also activated by mapks in vivo via the ras-dependent protein kinase cascade that is triggered by growth factors or tumor-promoting phorbol esters, such as phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (pma). here we identify six sites in mapkap-k1a that become phosphorylated in transfected cos-1 cells. The inactive form of mapkap-k1a in unstimulated cells is partially phosphorylated at ser222 and ser733. Stimulation with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate induces the phosphorylation of thr360, ser364, thr574, and ser381 and increases the phosphorylation of ser222 and ser733." SIGNOR-219312 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT CEBPB protein P17676 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr235 SSSSPPGtPSPADAK 9606 BTO:0000801 19327116 t gcesareni "Thr235 phosphorylation occurs in nuclei of differentiated macrophages, but not in monocytes." SIGNOR-184917 CSNK1D protein P48730 UNIPROT UHRF1 protein Q96T88 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser95 SELSDTDsGCCLGQS 9606 23297342 t llicata "We further show that uhrf1 physically interacts with _-trcp1 in a manner dependent on phosphorylation of serine 108 (s108(uhrf1)) within the dsg degron. Furthermore, we demonstrate that s108(uhrf1) phosphorylation is catalyzed by casein kinase 1 delta (ck1_) and is important for the recognition of uhrf1 by scf(_-trcp)." SIGNOR-200349 CSNK1A1 protein P48729 UNIPROT HNRNPC protein P07910 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser299 EGEDDRDsANGEDDS 9606 15687492 t gcesareni "In contrast, hnRNP-C1 that was also modified at the CK1alpha phosphorylation sites exhibited a 14-500-fold decrease in binding affinity, demonstrating that CK1alpha-mediated phosphorylation modulates the mRNA binding ability of hnRNP-C." SIGNOR-133536 AURKB protein Q96GD4 UNIPROT DSN1 protein Q9H410 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser100 RQSWRRAsMKETNRR 9606 20471944 t lperfetto "To determine whether the combinatorial regulation of the kmn network by aurora b observed in vitro is critical to controlling kinetochore-microtubule attachments in vivo, we next investigated the effect of the phosphomimetic (to aspartate) and nonphosphorylatable (to alanine) mutants of dsn1, knl1, and ndc80 in vertebrate cells. We predicted that both types of mutations in critical phosphorylation sites would affect chromosome segregation, since preventing the inactivation of inappropriately attached kinetochores by aurora b (in the nonphosphorylatable mutant) or constitutively inactivating this attachment (in the phosphomimetic mutant)." SIGNOR-165546 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT BCL6 protein P41182 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser333 KGLVSPQsPQKSDCQ 9606 BTO:0000782;BTO:0000785 9649500 t gcesareni "Here we show that antigen receptor activation leads to bcl-6 phosphorylation by mitogen-activated protein kinase (mapk). Phosphorylation, in turn, targets bcl-6 for rapid degradation by the ubiquitin/proteasome pathway." SIGNOR-58481 PTPN12 protein Q05209 UNIPROT INSR protein P06213 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation Tyr999 YASSNPEyLSASDVF 9606 BTO:0000567 BTO:0000887;BTO:0001103 8454633 t gcesareni "Autophosphorylated on tyrosine residues in response to insulin. Dephosphorylated by ptpreand ptpn1 at tyr-999, tyr-1185, tyr-1189 and tyr-1190." SIGNOR-39159 AMPK complex SIGNOR-C15 SIGNOR FOXO3 protein O43524 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser588 QTLSDSLsGSSLYST 9606 BTO:0000007 17711846 t gcesareni "Phosphorylation by AMPK leads to the activtion of FOXO3 transcriptional activity without affecting FOXO3 subcellular localization." SIGNOR-249685 PRKAA1 protein Q13131 UNIPROT FOXO3 protein O43524 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser588 QTLSDSLsGSSLYST 9606 BTO:0000007 17711846 t gcesareni "Phosphorylation by AMPK leads to the activtion of FOXO3 transcriptional activity without affecting FOXO3 subcellular localization." SIGNOR-249684 ERK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF1 SIGNOR LRP6 protein O75581 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation 9606 20974802 t lperfetto "We show that several proline-directed mitogen-activated protein kinases (mapks), such as p38, erk1/2, and jnk1 are sufficient and required for the phosphorylation of ppps/tp motifs of lrp6." SIGNOR-244662 ERK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF1 SIGNOR H3F3A protein P84243 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser29 ATKAARKsAPSTGGV 9606 15994958 t lperfetto "Phosphorylation of histone h3 at serine 10 is indispensable for neoplastic cell transformation. When h3 wt was overexpressed, egf induction of c-fos and c-jun promoter activity was significantly increased compared with control cells but not in the h3 mutant s10a or s28a cells." SIGNOR-244659 HMGB1 protein P09429 UNIPROT HOXD10 protein P28358 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding -1 8890171 t 2 miannu "We show that HMG1 interacts with proteins encoded by the HOX gene family by establishing protein-protein contacts between the HMG box domains and the HOX homeodomain. HMG1 enhances, in a dose-dependent fashion, the sequence-specific DNA binding activity in vitro, and the transcriptional activation in a co-transfection assay in vivo, of the HOXD9 protein." SIGNOR-240556 HMGB1 protein P09429 UNIPROT HOXD11 protein P31277 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding -1 8890171 t 2 miannu "We show that HMG1 interacts with proteins encoded by the HOX gene family by establishing protein-protein contacts between the HMG box domains and the HOX homeodomain. HMG1 enhances, in a dose-dependent fashion, the sequence-specific DNA binding activity in vitro, and the transcriptional activation in a co-transfection assay in vivo, of the HOXD9 protein." SIGNOR-240559 EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT STAT1 protein P42224 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation 9606 14967450 t lperfetto "The transcription factors stat1, stat3, and stat5 are directly phosphorylated by erbb-1, subsequent to which they dimerize through phosphotyrosine-sh2 domain interactions and translocate to the nucleus to activate gene trascription critical for proliferation" SIGNOR-121962 EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT STAT3 protein P40763 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation 9606 14967450 t lperfetto "The transcription factors stat1, stat3, and stat5 are directly phosphorylated by erbb-1, subsequent to which they dimerize through phosphotyrosine-sh2 domain interactions and translocate to the nucleus to activate gene trascription critical for proliferation." SIGNOR-121965 PARD6/SMURF1 complex SIGNOR-C112 SIGNOR RHOA protein P61586 UNIPROT down-regulates ubiquitination 9606 BTO:0004183 15761148 t lperfetto "The Par6-Smurf1 complex then mediates the localized ubiquitination of RhoA to enable the TGF_-dependent dissolution of tight junctions during EMT." SIGNOR-227492 NfKb-p65/p50 complex SIGNOR-C13 SIGNOR BIRC2 protein Q13490 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 9916987 f gcesareni "The iaps have been shown to be induced by nf-kappab or v-rel in multiple cell lines and conversely, hiap1 and hiap2 have been shown to activate nf-kappab possibly forming a positive feed-back loop." SIGNOR-64100 CREB3 protein O43889 UNIPROT HERPUD1 protein Q15011 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 16940180 f miannu "Luman/creb3 induces transcription of the endoplasmic reticulum (er) stress response protein herp through an er stress response element." SIGNOR-149268 PLCG1 protein P19174 UNIPROT ITPRIPL1 protein Q6GPH6 UNIPROT up-regulates 9606 BTO:0000938 21368195 f gcesareni "Recruitment of g protein also can activate phospholipase c (plc) that in turn increases inositol triphosphate (ip3) levels and induces ca2+ release from internal stores" SIGNOR-172500 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT CTTN protein Q14247 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser405 KTQTPPVsPAPQPTE 9606 BTO:0000938 20444238 t gcesareni "Cortactin is regulated by multiple phosphorylation events, including phosphorylation of s405 and s418 by extracellular regulated kinases (erk)1/2. Erk1/2 phosphorylation of cortactin has emerged as an important positive regulatory modification, enabling cortactin to bind and activate the arp2/3 regulator neuronal wiskott-aldrich syndrome protein (n-wasp), promoting actin polymerization and enhancing tumor cell movement." SIGNOR-165200 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT SMAD2 protein Q15796 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr220 QSNYIPEtPPPGYIS 9606 BTO:0000763;BTO:0000149 10197981 t gcesareni "These results suggest that oncogenic ras, acting through mek1 and erk kinases, induces the phosphorylation of smad2 and smad3 .we show that phosphorylation of smad2, a mediator of the activin/transforming growth factor-beta signal, by activated extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1 (erk1) increases the amount of smad2 protein and leads to enhanced transcriptional activity" SIGNOR-66771 MAP1LC3C protein Q9BXW4 UNIPROT ATG3 protein Q9NT62 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 10090 BTO:0002572 22170151 t lperfetto "Lc3-i is activated by the same atg7 involved in atg12 conjugation, transferred to atg3, a second e2-like enzyme, and finally conjugated to pe" SIGNOR-191552 CDK3 protein Q00526 UNIPROT CABLES1 protein Q8TDN4 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser273 PGQGGSTsAFEQLQR -1 11733001 t llicata "Here, we report that Ser274 of p70ik3-1 is phosphorylated by cdk2 or cdk3 bound to cyclin A and to cyclin E in vitro. We also found that in COS7 cells in which cyclin E and cdk3 were ectopically overexpressed, the phosphorylation level of Ser274 in coexpressed p70ik3-1 is upregulated. We therefore conclude that p70ik3-1 is a substrate for cdk3-mediated phosphorylation." SIGNOR-250679 RNF111 protein Q6ZNA4 UNIPROT SMAD3 protein P84022 UNIPROT down-regulates ubiquitination 10090 BTO:0000165;BTO:0000222 17341133 t gcesareni "Arkadia represses the expression of myoblast differentiation markers through degradation of ski and the ski-bound smad complex in c2c12 myoblastsarkadia bound smad2/3 via ski to induce the ubiquitination of smad2/3. These results suggest that arkadia targets ski-bound, inactive phospho-smad2/3 to regulate positively myostatin/tgf-beta signaling." SIGNOR-236876 EGF protein P01133 UNIPROT EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 12297050 t lperfetto "Epidermal growth factor (egf) regulates cell proliferation and differentiation by binding to the egf receptor (egfr) extracellular region, comprising domains i-iv, with the resultant dimerization of the receptor tyrosine kinase." SIGNOR-186159 RHOA protein P61586 UNIPROT ROCK1 protein Q13464 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 23151663 t gcesareni "Planar cell polarity (pcp) signalling triggers activation of the small gtpases rhoa and rac1, which in turn activate rho kinase (rock) and jun-n-terminal kinase (jnk), respectively, leading to actin polymerization and microtubule stabilization." SIGNOR-199542 AMPK complex SIGNOR-C15 SIGNOR MFF protein Q9GZY8 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser155 GRLKRERsMSENAVR 9606 BTO:0001938 26816379 t gcesareni "A screen for substrates of AMPK identified mitochondrial fission factor (MFF), a mitochondrial outer-membrane receptor for DRP1, the cytoplasmic guanosine triphosphatase that catalyzes mitochondrial fission." SIGNOR-245948 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT SMAD2 protein Q15796 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser255 ELSPTTLsPVNHSLD 9606 BTO:0000763;BTO:0000149 10197981 t gcesareni "These results suggest that oncogenic ras, acting through mek1 and erk kinases, induces the phosphorylation of smad2 and smad3 .we show that phosphorylation of smad2, a mediator of the activin/transforming growth factor-beta signal, by activated extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1 (erk1) increases the amount of smad2 protein and leads to enhanced transcriptional activity" SIGNOR-66767 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT SMAD2 protein Q15796 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser250 TGSPAELsPTTLSPV 9606 BTO:0000763;BTO:0000149 10197981 t gcesareni "These results suggest that oncogenic ras, acting through mek1 and erk kinases, induces the phosphorylation of smad2 and smad3 .we show that phosphorylation of smad2, a mediator of the activin/transforming growth factor-beta signal, by activated extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1 (erk1) increases the amount of smad2 protein and leads to enhanced transcriptional activity" SIGNOR-66763 PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT TRPV5 protein Q9NQA5 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser654 YVEVFKNsDKEDDQE 9606 17006539 t gcesareni "A cell permeable analog of DAG increased TRPV5 activity within 30 min via protein kinase C activation of the channel since mutation of TRPV5 at the putative PKC phosphorylation sites S299 and S654 prevented the stimulatory effect of TK." SIGNOR-149952 STK3 protein Q13188 UNIPROT LATS2 protein Q9NRM7 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr1041 EHAFYEFtFRRFFDD 9606 23431053 t milica "MST1/2 directly phosphorylate Lats1/2 at the hydrophobic motif (Lats1 T1079 and Lats2 T1041), and this phosphorylation is required for Lats1/2 activation" SIGNOR-201278 LRRK2 protein Q5S007 UNIPROT LRRK2 protein Q5S007 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser2032 CRMGIKTsEGTPGFR 9606 BTO:0000938 20595391 t lperfetto "Three putative autophosphorylation sites (thr-2031, ser-2032, and thr-2035) have been identified within the activation segment of the lrrk2 kinase domain based on sequence homology to mixed-lineage kinases. Phosphorylation at one or more of these sites is critical for the kinase activity of lrrk2." SIGNOR-166466 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT SMAD2 protein Q15796 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser245 NQSMDTGsPAELSPT 9606 BTO:0000763;BTO:0000149 10197981 t gcesareni "These results suggest that oncogenic ras, acting through mek1 and erk kinases, induces the phosphorylation of smad2 and smad3 .we show that phosphorylation of smad2, a mediator of the activin/transforming growth factor-beta signal, by activated extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1 (erk1) increases the amount of smad2 protein and leads to enhanced transcriptional activity" SIGNOR-66759 CSNK2A1 protein P68400 UNIPROT ATF1 protein P18846 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser36 AQQVSSLsESEESQD 9606 20730097 t lperfetto "Although the functional impact of ck-mediated atf1 phosphorylation is still unclear, we found that mutation of ser-36 and ser-41 increased cbp kix domain binding by up to four fold (fig. 2g). This result is consistent with the negative impact of ck-mediated phosphorylation on cbp binding affinity of creb that we previously reported" SIGNOR-167544 DYRK3 protein O43781 UNIPROT AKT1S1 protein Q96B36 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation 9606 SIGNOR-C3 23415227 t lperfetto "When dyrk3 is active, it allows stress granule dissolution, releasing mtorc1 for signaling and promoting its activity by directly phosphorylating the mtorc1 inhibitor pras40" SIGNOR-201002 PTPN11 protein Q06124 UNIPROT STAT1 protein P42224 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser727 TDNLLPMsPEEFDEV 9606 BTO:0000007 12270932 t "SHP-2 is a dual-specificity phosphatase involved in Stat1 dephosphorylation at both tyrosine and serine residues in nuclei|In SHP-2-/- mouse fibroblast cells, Stat1 phosphorylation at both the tyrosine residue Tyr(701) and the serine residue Ser(727) |Overexpression of SHP-2 in 293T cells inhibited IFNgamma-dependent Stat1 phosphorylation and suppressed Stat1-dependent induction of luciferase activity." SIGNOR-248673 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT SMAD3 protein P84022 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation 9606 BTO:0000763;BTO:0000149 10197981 t lperfetto "These results suggest that oncogenic ras, acting through mek1 and erk kinases, induces the phosphorylation of smad2 and smad3" SIGNOR-66749 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT SMAD2 protein Q15796 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation 9606 BTO:0000763;BTO:0000149 10197981 t lperfetto "These results suggest that oncogenic ras, acting through mek1 and erk kinases, induces the phosphorylation of smad2 and smad3" SIGNOR-66738 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT SMAD3 protein P84022 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation 9606 BTO:0000763;BTO:0000149 10197981 t gcesareni "These results suggest that oncogenic ras, acting through mek1 and erk kinases, induces the phosphorylation of smad2 and smad3." SIGNOR-66781 PAX7 protein P23759 UNIPROT "Skeletal Muscle Differentiation" phenotype SIGNOR-PH1 SIGNOR down-regulates 9606 BTO:0001103;BTO:0002314 22493066 f lperfetto "Constitutive Notch Activation Upregulates Pax7 and Promotes the Self-Renewal of Skeletal Muscle Satellite Cells" SIGNOR-219371 NOTCH1 protein P46531 UNIPROT PAX7 protein P23759 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" 9606 BTO:0001103;BTO:0002314 22493066 f lperfetto "Constitutive Notch Activation Upregulates Pax7 and Promotes the Self-Renewal of Skeletal Muscle Satellite Cells" SIGNOR-219374 TNFRSF1A protein P19438 UNIPROT MAPK14 protein Q16539 UNIPROT up-regulates 9606 BTO:0000567 11672426 f lperfetto "Conversely, only activation of the TNFR1 could stimulate mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) or p38 MAPK activities in a time-dependent manner." SIGNOR-226637 JAK1 protein P23458 UNIPROT JAK3 protein P52333 UNIPROT up-regulates 9606 10825200 f gcesareni "Syk activation required jak3, probably indirectly via activation of jak1." SIGNOR-77551 PTPN11 protein Q06124 UNIPROT GAB1 protein Q13480 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Tyr659 VADERVDyVVVDQQK 9606 11323411 t "These results suggest that Tyr(P)-627 and Tyr(P)-659 of Gab1 constitute a bisphosphoryl tyrosine-based activation motif (BTAM) that binds and activates SHP2.|Thus, physical association of activated SHP2 with Gab1 is necessary and sufficient to mediate the ERK mitogen-activated protein kinase activation. Phosphopeptides derived from Gab1 were dephosphorylated by active SHP2 in vitro." SIGNOR-248675 PTPN11 protein Q06124 UNIPROT GAB1 protein Q13480 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Tyr627 KGDKQVEyLDLDLDS 9606 11323411 t "These results suggest that Tyr(P)-627 and Tyr(P)-659 of Gab1 constitute a bisphosphoryl tyrosine-based activation motif (BTAM) that binds and activates SHP2.|Thus, physical association of activated SHP2 with Gab1 is necessary and sufficient to mediate the ERK mitogen-activated protein kinase activation. Phosphopeptides derived from Gab1 were dephosphorylated by active SHP2 in vitro." SIGNOR-248674 PPP3CA protein Q08209 UNIPROT DNM1L protein O00429 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser637 VPVARKLsAREQRDC 9606 18838687 t "When mitochondrial depolarization is associated with sustained cytosolic Ca(2+) rise, it activates the cytosolic phosphatase calcineurin that normally interacts with Drp1. Calcineurin-dependent dephosphorylation of Drp1, and in particular of its conserved serine 637, regulates its translocation to mitochondria as substantiated by site directed mutagenesis." SIGNOR-248676 PTPN11 protein Q06124 UNIPROT SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Tyr419 RLIEDNEyTARQGAK 10090 18482983 t "we identify SHP-2 and PTP-PEST as negative regulators of c-Src kinase | Inactivation of catalytically active c-Src kinase by the phosphatases SHP-2 or PTP-PEST by dephosphorylation of the tyrosine residue Tyr-416 within the c-Src kinase domain prevents the phosphorylation of villin" SIGNOR-248670 PTPN11 protein Q06124 UNIPROT STAT1 protein P42224 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Tyr701 DGPKGTGyIKTELIS 9606 BTO:0000007 12270932 t "SHP-2 is a dual-specificity phosphatase involved in Stat1 dephosphorylation at both tyrosine and serine residues in nuclei|In SHP-2-/- mouse fibroblast cells, Stat1 phosphorylation at both the tyrosine residue Tyr(701) and the serine residue Ser(727) |Overexpression of SHP-2 in 293T cells inhibited IFNgamma-dependent Stat1 phosphorylation and suppressed Stat1-dependent induction of luciferase activity." SIGNOR-248672 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT SMAD3 protein P84022 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser213 NLSPNPMsPAHNNLD 9606 BTO:0000763;BTO:0000149 10197981 t llicata "Oncogenically activated ras inhibits the tgfbeta-induced nuclear accumulation of smad2 and smad3 and smad-dependent transcription. Ras acting via erk map kinases causes phosphorylation of smad2 and smad3 at specific sites in the region linking the dna-binding domain and the transcriptional activation domain." SIGNOR-66742 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT SMAD3 protein P84022 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr179 PQSNIPEtPPPGYLS 9606 BTO:0000763;BTO:0000149 10197981 t llicata "Oncogenically activated ras inhibits the tgfbeta-induced nuclear accumulation of smad2 and smad3 and smad-dependent transcription. Ras acting via erk map kinases causes phosphorylation of smad2 and smad3 at specific sites in the region linking the dna-binding domain and the transcriptional activation domain." SIGNOR-66746 MAPK8 protein P45983 UNIPROT SP1 protein P08047 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr278 SVSAATLtPSSQAVT 9606 19245816 t gcesareni "In addition, for mutation of the jnk-1 phosphorylated residues of sp1, namely, sp1(t278/739a) and sp1(t278/739d), the effect of ga on sp1 stability was reversed." SIGNOR-184190 ERK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF1 SIGNOR PARP1 protein P09874 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser372 VAATPPPsTASAPAA 9606 BTO:0000938 BTO:0000142 16627622 t lperfetto "Parp1 phosphorylation by erk1/2 is required for maximal parp-1 activation after dna damage. S372a and t373a mutations impaired parp-1 activation." SIGNOR-244669 USF1 protein P22415 UNIPROT FOSL1 protein P15407 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 10090 BTO:0000095 9160889 t 2 miannu "USF specifically interacts with Fra1. USF was repressing this modest Fra1 transactivation" SIGNOR-240975 CIITA protein P33076 UNIPROT RFX5 protein P48382 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000776 9177217 t 2 miannu "RFX5 can activate transcription only in cooperation with CIITA. RFX5 and CIITA associate to form a complex capable of activating transcription from class II major histocompatibility complex promoters. In this complex, promoter specificity is determined by the DNA binding domain of RFX5 and the general transcription apparatus is recruited by the acidic activation domain of CIITA." SIGNOR-240980 IL20 protein Q9NYY1 UNIPROT IL20RB protein Q6UXL0 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 11163236 t gcesareni "An IL-20 receptor was identified as a heterodimer of two orphan class II cytokine receptor subunits. Both receptor subunits are expressed in skin and are dramatically upregulated in psoriatic skin. Taken together, these results demonstrate a role in epidermal function and psoriasis for IL-20, a novel cytokine identified solely by bioinformatics analysis." SIGNOR-151874 IL20 protein Q9NYY1 UNIPROT IL22RA1 protein Q8N6P7 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 11163236 t gcesareni "An IL-20 receptor was identified as a heterodimer of two orphan class II cytokine receptor subunits. Both receptor subunits are expressed in skin and are dramatically upregulated in psoriatic skin. Taken together, these results demonstrate a role in epidermal function and psoriasis for IL-20, a novel cytokine identified solely by bioinformatics analysis." SIGNOR-151877 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT mTORC1 complex SIGNOR-C3 SIGNOR up-regulates phosphorylation 9606 19346248 t lperfetto "The phosphorylation of raptor is stimulated by insulin and inhibited by rapamycin. Importantly, the site-directed mutation of raptor at one phosphorylation site, Ser(863), reduced mTORC1 activity both in vitro and in vivo." SIGNOR-217556 NCK1 protein P16333 UNIPROT PAK1 protein Q13153 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 10090 BTO:0002572 10026169 t lperfetto "Both nck and grb4 proteins could associate with receptor tyrosine kinases and the sh3-binding proteins pak, sos1, and prk2, and they synergized with v-abl and sos to induce gene expression via the transcription factor elk-1. Association of nck with pak1 may serve to link this important regulatory kinase to cell activation by growth factor receptors." SIGNOR-236512 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT mTORC1 complex SIGNOR-C3 SIGNOR up-regulates phosphorylation 9606 19864431 t lperfetto "Here we focus primarily although not exclusively on raptor Ser(863) phosphorylation. We report that insulin promotes mTORC1-associated phosphorylation of raptor Ser(863) via the canonical PI3K/TSC/Rheb pathway in a rapamycin-sensitive manner. mTORC1 activation by other stimuli (e.g. amino acids, epidermal growth factor/MAPK signaling, and cellular energy) also promote raptor Ser(863) phosphorylation." SIGNOR-217559 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT mTORC1 complex SIGNOR-C3 SIGNOR up-regulates phosphorylation 9606 21757713 t lperfetto "The phosphorylation of Raptor on these sites enhances mTORC1 activity, and contributes largely to arsenite-induced mTORC1 activation." SIGNOR-217544 PPP3CA protein Q08209 UNIPROT NFATC2 protein Q13469 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser172 LCLSPASsGSSASFI 9606 BTO:0000567 11030334 t "NFAT1 is phosphorylated on fourteen conserved phosphoserine residues in its regulatory domain, thirteen of which are dephosphorylated upon stimulation. Dephosphorylation of all thirteen residues is required to mask a nuclear export signal (NES), cause full exposure of a nuclear localization signal (NLS), and promote transcriptional activity" SIGNOR-248680 PPP3CA protein Q08209 UNIPROT DNM2 protein P50570 UNIPROT unknown dephosphorylation Ser764 LQSASSHsPTPQRRP 10116 20496096 t "CaN is activated, targeting a set of proteins for dephosphorylation, including dynamin II |We have recently discovered that the ubiquitously expressed dynamin isoform, dynII, is phosphorylated at S764 specifically during mitosis (unpublished data). We now show that S764 is phosphorylated throughout mitosis and is dephosphorylated at the time of cytokinesis(dynII)." SIGNOR-248677 PPP3CA protein Q08209 UNIPROT NFATC2 protein Q13469 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser171 PLCLSPAsSGSSASF 9606 BTO:0000567 11030334 t "NFAT1 is phosphorylated on fourteen conserved phosphoserine residues in its regulatory domain, thirteen of which are dephosphorylated upon stimulation. Dephosphorylation of all thirteen residues is required to mask a nuclear export signal (NES), cause full exposure of a nuclear localization signal (NLS), and promote transcriptional activity" SIGNOR-248679 PPP3CA protein Q08209 UNIPROT NFATC2 protein Q13469 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser168 YREPLCLsPASSGSS 9606 BTO:0000567 11030334 t "NFAT1 is phosphorylated on fourteen conserved phosphoserine residues in its regulatory domain, thirteen of which are dephosphorylated upon stimulation. Dephosphorylation of all thirteen residues is required to mask a nuclear export signal (NES), cause full exposure of a nuclear localization signal (NLS), and promote transcriptional activity" SIGNOR-248678 JAK2 protein O60674 UNIPROT JAK2 protein O60674 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr966 QICKGMEyLGTKRYI 9606 BTO:0000007 20304997 t lperfetto "Tyrosines 868, 966, and 972 in the kinase domain of jak2 are autophosphorylated and required for maximal jak2 kinase activity" SIGNOR-236290 JAK2 protein O60674 UNIPROT JAK2 protein O60674 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr221 IRAKIQDyHILTRKR 9606 BTO:0000007 15143187 t lperfetto "Autophosphorylation of jak2 on tyrosines 221 and 570 regulates its activity with phosphorylation of tyrosine 221 increasing kinase activity" SIGNOR-236506 EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr1092 TFLPVPEyINQSVPK 10090 BTO:0002882 16122376 t "Dimerization mediated by a beta hairpin, which protudes from the S1 domains of each ligand bound monomer" lperfetto "EGFR possesses three major and two minor tyrosine autophosphorylation sites located at Y1068, Y1148, Y1173, and at Y992 and Y1086 respectively. In addition, EGFR Y1114 is preceded by glutamic acid (Figure 1), which should be preferred by the EGFR kinase as indicated in previous work" SIGNOR-236523 STK3 protein Q13188 UNIPROT LATS2 protein Q9NRM7 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser872 HQRCLAHsLVGTPNY 9606 23431053 t milica "MST1/2 directly phosphorylate Lats1/2 at the hydrophobic motif (Lats1 T1079 and Lats2 T1041), and this phosphorylation is required for Lats1/2 activation" SIGNOR-201274 WNT5A protein P41221 UNIPROT FZD3 protein Q9NPG1 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000551;BTO:0000848 16273260 t gcesareni "Human wnt5a, wnt5b and wnt11 are non-canonical wnt ligands transducing pcp signals through fzd3 or fzd6 receptors." SIGNOR-141434 WNT3A protein P56704 UNIPROT FZD3 protein Q9NPG1 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000222 10601008 t gcesareni "Here we focus on the role of Wnts, their putative receptors Frizzled and the soluble antagonist Frzb1 in regulating mammalian myogenesis. Although it is becoming evident that the signaling downstream of Frizzled receptors is much more complex than anticipated, it is conceivable that it may lead to transcriptional activation of Myf5 and MyoD and to initiation of myogenesis." SIGNOR-73039 RAC1 protein P63000 UNIPROT MAPK8 protein P45983 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 22252525 t gcesareni "The mechanism by which pak1 induced cancer growth might involve activation of jnk in the non-canonical wnt pathway, frizzled uses galfaq or galfai and gbetagamma dimers to activate phospholipase c (plc), resulting in protein kinase c (pkc) activation and calcium mobilization that regulates the transcription factor nfat, and frizzled also signals through the small gtpases rho and rac to c-jun n-terminal kinase (jnk), which activates the ap1 transcription factor." SIGNOR-195414 RAC1 protein P63000 UNIPROT MAPK8 protein P45983 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 17251915 t gcesareni "The mechanism by which pak1 induced cancer growth might involve activation of jnk in the non-canonical wnt pathway, frizzled uses galfaq or galfai and gbetagamma dimers to activate phospholipase c (plc), resulting in protein kinase c (pkc) activation and calcium mobilization that regulates the transcription factor nfat, and frizzled also signals through the small gtpases rho and rac to c-jun n-terminal kinase (jnk), which activates the ap1 transcription factor." SIGNOR-152808 ADCY1 protein Q08828 UNIPROT cAMP smallmolecule CID:6076 PUBCHEM up-regulates "small molecule catalysis" 9606 17251915 t gcesareni "Typically galfas stimulates adenylyl cyclase and increases levels of cyclic amp (camp), whereas galfai inhibits adenylyl cyclase and lowers camp levels, and members of the galfaq family bind to and activate phospholipase c (plc), which cleaves phosphatidylinositol bisphosphate (pip2) into diacylglycerol and inositol triphosphate (ip3). The gbeta subunits and ggamma subunits function as a dimer to activate many molecules, including phospholipases, ion channels and lipid kinases." SIGNOR-152546 WNT1 protein P04628 UNIPROT FZD1 protein Q9UP38 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000887;BTO:0001103 22944199 t gcesareni "Distinctly, wnt1 signals through fzd receptors 1 and 6 in the epaxial domain of the somite, to regulate myf5 expression via the canonical _-catenin pathway" SIGNOR-198843 WNT1 protein P04628 UNIPROT FZD6 protein O60353 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000887;BTO:0001103 22944199 t gcesareni "Distinctly, wnt1 signals through fzd receptors 1 and 6 in the epaxial domain of the somite, to regulate myf5 expression via the canonical bcatenin pathway." SIGNOR-198846 WNT7A protein O00755 UNIPROT FZD7 protein O75084 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000887;BTO:0001103 22944199 t gcesareni "Analysis of the expression of the fzd receptors during somitogenesis demonstrated that fzd7 is expressed in the hypaxial region of the somite, suggesting an interaction with wnt7a." SIGNOR-198919 WNT1 protein P04628 UNIPROT MYF5 protein P13349 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" 10090 BTO:0000887;BTO:0001103 22944199 f gcesareni "In explant cultures of mouse paraxial mesoderm, Wnt1 induced expression of the MRF Myf5, whereas Wnt7a or Wnt6 preferentially activated the MRF MyoD" SIGNOR-198849 GADD45A protein P24522 UNIPROT CyclinB/CDK1 complex SIGNOR-C17 SIGNOR down-regulates binding 9606 10362260 t lperfetto "Gadd45 has now been found to directly inhibit the activity of cdc2/cyclin b1 complex" SIGNOR-217508 WNT7A protein O00755 UNIPROT MYOD1 protein P15172 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" 10090 BTO:0000887;BTO:0001103 22944199 f gcesareni "In explant cultures of mouse paraxial mesoderm, wnt1 induced expression of the mrf myf5, whereas wnt7a or wnt6 preferentially activated the mrf myod. Here we report that cells expressing wnt1 will preferentially activate myf5 while cells expressing wnt7a will preferentially activate myod" SIGNOR-198922 WNT1 protein P04628 UNIPROT MYF5 protein P13349 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" 10090 BTO:0000887;BTO:0001103 9753670 f gcesareni "Differential activation of Myf5 and MyoD by different Wnts in explants of mouse paraxial mesoderm and the later activation of myogenesis in the absence of Myf5" SIGNOR-60285 WNT5A protein P41221 UNIPROT MYF5 protein P13349 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" 10090 BTO:0000887;BTO:0001103 9753670 f gcesareni "Wnt4, wnt5a and wnt6 exert an intermediate effect activating both myf5 and myod equivalently in paraxial mesoderm." SIGNOR-60376 WNT5A protein P41221 UNIPROT MYOD1 protein P15172 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" 9606 BTO:0000887;BTO:0001103 9753670 f gcesareni "Wnt4, wnt5a and wnt6 exert an intermediate effect activating both myf5 and myod equivalently in paraxial mesoderm." SIGNOR-60379 WNT7A protein O00755 UNIPROT MYOD1 protein P15172 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" 10090 BTO:0000887;BTO:0001103 9753670 f gcesareni "Differential activation of Myf5 and MyoD by different Wnts in explants of mouse paraxial mesoderm and the later activation of myogenesis in the absence of Myf5" SIGNOR-60471 CTNNB1 protein P35222 UNIPROT MYOD1 protein P15172 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000887 18316399 t gcesareni "We showed that beta-catenin interacts directly with myod, a basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor essential for muscle differentiation and enhances its binding to e box elements and transcriptional activity." SIGNOR-161113 ROBO proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF14 SIGNOR CCND3 protein P30281 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr283 QGPSQTStPTDVTAI 9606 BTO:0000782 15326477 t lperfetto "P38sapk2 phosphorylates cyclin d3 at thr-283 and targets it for proteasomal degradation" SIGNOR-128402 SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT TGFA protein P01135 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" 9606 BTO:0000586 17251915 f lperfetto "Ep2 can also promote the transactivation of epidermal growth factor receptor (egfr) expressed in colon cancer cells through src, which activates the proteolytic release of the egfr ligands amphiregulin (ar) and transforming growth factor-alfa (tgfalfa)125, thereby stimulating the egfr- network." SIGNOR-236534 EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr1016 DVVDADEyLIPQQGF 10090 BTO:0002882 16122376 t "Dimerization mediated by a beta hairpin, which protudes from the S1 domains of each ligand bound monomer" lperfetto "EGFR possesses three major and two minor tyrosine autophosphorylation sites located at Y1068, Y1148, Y1173, and at Y992 and Y1086 respectively. In addition, EGFR Y1114 is preceded by glutamic acid (Figure 1), which should be preferred by the EGFR kinase as indicated in previous work" SIGNOR-236527 NTRK1 protein P04629 UNIPROT NTRK1 protein P04629 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr680 RDIYSTDyYRVGGRT 9606 9099755 t gcesareni "In vitro studies indicate that trka autophosphorylates at tyrosines 490, 670, 674, 675, and 785" SIGNOR-47175 SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT AREG protein P15514 UNIPROT up-regulates cleavage 9606 BTO:0000586 17251915 t lperfetto "Ep2 can also promote the transactivation of epidermal growth factor receptor (egfr) expressed in colon cancer cells through src, which activates the proteolytic release of the egfr ligands amphiregulin (ar) and transforming growth factor-alfa (tgfalfa)125, thereby stimulating the egfr- network." SIGNOR-236537 CTNNB1 protein P35222 UNIPROT LEF1 protein Q9UJU2 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 23151663 t gcesareni "Upon wnt activation, cytoplasmic beta-catenin is stabilized and enters the nucleus, where it associates with transcription factors, notably tcf (t cell factor) and lef (lymphoid enhancer-binding factor), to regulate the transcription of target genes. Thus beta-catenin regulates gene expression by direct interaction with transcription factors such as lef-1, providing a molecular mechanism for the transmission of signals, from cell-adhesion components or wnt protein to the nucleus." SIGNOR-199378 RAC1 protein P63000 UNIPROT MAPK8 protein P45983 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" 9606 23151663 f gcesareni "Planar cell polarity (pcp) signalling triggers activation of the small gtpases rhoa and rac1, which in turn activate rho kinase (rock) and jun-n-terminal kinase (jnk), respectively, leading to actin polymerization and microtubule stabilization." SIGNOR-199539 DVL1 protein O14640 UNIPROT RAC1 protein P63000 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" 9606 23151663 f gcesareni "In pcp , dvl binds to proteins such as pkc, atypical pkc (apkc), dvl associated activator of morphogenesis 1 (daam1), dvl-associating protein with a high frequency of leu residues (daple) and partitioning defective 6 (par6), which are important for the regulation of small gtpases such as rho and rac and, consequently, the cytoskeleton and cell polarity58." SIGNOR-199384 WNT7A protein O00755 UNIPROT PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" 9606 BTO:0001103 21902831 f gcesareni "Wnt1 and wnt7a stimulation of precursor cells activates protein kinase a (pka), which, through the phosphorylation of creb, induces the expression of the myogenic transcription factors myf5, myod and pax3, resulting in the myogenic commitment of embryonic precursors." SIGNOR-176575 WNT5A protein P41221 UNIPROT DVL1 protein O14640 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" 9606 BTO:0000007 21078818 f gcesareni "Common mechanism that involves their wnt-dependent coupling to the frizzled (fzd) coreceptor and recruitment of shared components, including dishevelled (dvl), axin, and glycogen synthase kinase 3 (gsk3)." SIGNOR-169666 KW-2449 chemical CID:11427553 PUBCHEM FLT3 protein P36888 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-193615 WNT3A protein P56704 UNIPROT FZD3 protein Q9NPG1 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000007 21078818 t gcesareni "We demonstrate here that prototype canonical Wnt3a and noncanonical Wnt5a ligands specifically trigger completely unrelated endogenous coreceptors-LRP5/6 and Ror1/2, respectively-through a common mechanism that involves their Wnt-dependent coupling to the Frizzled (Fzd) coreceptor and recruitment of shared components, including dishevelled (Dvl), axin, and glycogen synthase kinase 3 (GSK3)" SIGNOR-169654 CTNNB1 protein P35222 UNIPROT LEF1 protein Q9UJU2 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000007 21078818 t gcesareni "Phosphorylated lrp5/6 leads to inhibition of the so-called beta-catenin destruction complex (which includes axin, gsk3, dvl, ck1, and the tumor suppressor adenomatous polyposis coli), resulting in the stabilization and translocation of beta-catenin in the nucleus, where it activates target genes through binding to tcf/lef transcription factors." SIGNOR-169632 MAPK8 protein P45983 UNIPROT LRP6 protein O75581 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation 9606 BTO:0000007 20974802 t gcesareni "We show that several proline-directed mitogen-activated protein kinases (mapks), such as p38, erk1/2, and jnk1 are sufficient and required for the phosphorylation of ppps/tp motifs of lrp6. External stimuli, which control the activity of mapks, such as phorbol esters and fibroblast growth factor 2 (fgf2) control the choice of the lrp6-ppps/tp kinase and regulate the amplitude of lrp6 phosphorylation and wnt/beta-catenin-dependent transcription." SIGNOR-169007 FZD3 protein Q9NPG1 UNIPROT RHOA protein P61586 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 20828404 t gcesareni "Upon ligand binding, non-canonical wnt signaling controls tissue polarity and cell movement through the activation of rhoa, c-jun n-terminal kinase (jnk), and nemo-like kinase (nlk) signaling cascades." SIGNOR-167865 DVL1 protein O14640 UNIPROT DAAM1 protein Q9Y4D1 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 19365405 t gcesareni "B-catenin-independent wnt signaling can activate rho family gtpases through at least two mechanisms: (1) direct activation of rac1 by dvl;and (2) activation of rhoa via dvl-associated activator of morphogenesis-1 (daam1), possibly through the weak-similarity guaninenucleotide exchange factor (wgef)1." SIGNOR-185271 DVL1 protein O14640 UNIPROT RAC1 protein P63000 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 19365405 t gcesareni "B-catenin-independent wnt signaling can activate rho family gtpases through at least two mechanisms: (1) direct activation of rac1 by dvl;and (2) activation of rhoa via dvl-associated activator of morphogenesis-1 (daam1), possibly through the weak-similarity guaninenucleotide exchange factor (wgef)1." SIGNOR-185274 DAAM1 protein Q9Y4D1 UNIPROT RHOA protein P61586 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 19365405 t gcesareni "B-catenin-independent wnt signaling can activate rho family gtpases through at least two mechanisms: (1) direct activation of rac1 by dvl;and (2) activation of rhoa via dvl-associated activator of morphogenesis-1 (daam1), possibly through the weak-similarity guaninenucleotide exchange factor (wgef)1." SIGNOR-185268 IGF1R protein P08069 UNIPROT PDPK1 protein O15530 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr373 SEDDEDCyGNYDNLL 9606 20643654 t lperfetto "Previous studies indicate that optimal activation of PDK1 requires phosphorylation of Tyr373/376 (11, 12, 14, 17), and growth factor receptor activation leads to PDK1 recruitment to the plasma membrane, followed by sequential phosphorylation of Tyr9 and then Tyr373/376" SIGNOR-166710 IGF1R protein P08069 UNIPROT PDPK1 protein O15530 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr376 DEDCYGNyDNLLSQF 9606 20643654 t lperfetto "Previous studies indicate that optimal activation of PDK1 requires phosphorylation of Tyr373/376, and growth factor receptor activation leads to PDK1 recruitment to the plasma membrane, followed by sequential phosphorylation of Tyr9 and then Tyr373/376" SIGNOR-166714 PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT LRP6 protein O75581 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation 10116 BTO:0001593 18981475 t gcesareni "These results suggest that camppka activation is involved in activation of lrp6(...) our results demonstrate that lrp6 can be directly phosphorylated by pka catalytic subunit." SIGNOR-181979 WNT3A protein P56704 UNIPROT DVL1 protein O14640 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" 9606 BTO:0000007 18772438 f gcesareni "Wnt3a stimulates the formation of phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphates [ptdins (4,5)p2] through frizzled and dishevelled, the latter of which directly interacted with and activated pip5ki." SIGNOR-180803 FOXO3 protein O43524 UNIPROT TRIM63 protein Q969Q1 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000887 21798082 f lperfetto "Foxo factors are required for the transcriptional regulation of the ubiquitin ligases atrogin-1, also called muscle atrophy f-box (mafbx) and muscle ring finger 1 (murf1), leading to the ubiquitylation of myosin and other muscle proteins, and their degradation via the proteasome." SIGNOR-236551 FOXO4 protein P98177 UNIPROT FBXO32 protein Q969P5 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000887 21798082 f lperfetto "Foxo factors are required for the transcriptional regulation of the ubiquitin ligases atrogin-1, also called muscle atrophy f-box (mafbx) and muscle ring finger 1 (murf1), leading to the ubiquitylation of myosin and other muscle proteins, and their degradation via the proteasome." SIGNOR-236554 DVL1 protein O14640 UNIPROT JUN protein P05412 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000007 18347071 t gcesareni "In this study, we discovered two novel interactions between dvl and c-jun and between dvl and beta-catenin in the nucleus that mediate the formation of a dvlc-junbeta-catenintcf functional complex." SIGNOR-178038 GNAS protein P63092 UNIPROT ADCY1 protein Q08828 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000007 17652154 t gcesareni "In contrast, a camp increase resulting from the stimulation of adenylyl cyclases has been set up as a direct effect of the galfas." SIGNOR-156958 FOXO4 protein P98177 UNIPROT TRIM63 protein Q969Q1 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000887 21798082 f lperfetto "Foxo factors are required for the transcriptional regulation of the ubiquitin ligases atrogin-1, also called muscle atrophy f-box (mafbx) and muscle ring finger 1 (murf1), leading to the ubiquitylation of myosin and other muscle proteins, and their degradation via the proteasome." SIGNOR-236557 WNT3A protein P56704 UNIPROT LRP6 protein O75581 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000568 16890161 t gcesareni "Here, we present evidence that lrp6 is internalized with caveolin and that the components of this endocytic pathway are required not only for wnt-3a-induced internalization of lrp6 but also for accumulation of beta-catenin." SIGNOR-148671 WNT1 protein P04628 UNIPROT CTNNB1 protein P35222 UNIPROT up-regulates 10116 11149923 f gcesareni "Wnt-1 signaling inhibited the cytochrome c release and the subsequent caspase-9 activation induced by chemotherapeutic drugs, including both vincristine and vinblastine. Furthermore, we found that wnt-1-mediated cell survival was dependent on the activation of beta-catenin/t cell factor (tcf) transcription" SIGNOR-85760 CREB1 protein P16220 UNIPROT CTNNB1 protein P35222 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 8355 10775268 f lperfetto "Here we demonstrate that the closely related acetyltransferases p300 and cbp potentiate beta-catenin-mediated activation of the siamois promoter" SIGNOR-76984 "calcium ion" smallmolecule CID:271 PUBCHEM CAMK2G protein Q13555 UNIPROT up-regulates "chemical activation" 9606 22944199 t lperfetto "Non-canonical Wnt/Ca2+ pathway has also been implicated in multiple functions including cell adhesion and cell movements during gastrulation. In this signaling cascade, binding of Wnt to the Fzd receptor leads to the release of intracellular Ca2+, a process which is mediated through heterotrimeric G proteins, PLC (phospholipase C) and CamKII (calcium-calmodulin-dependent kinae II) as well as PKC (protein kinase C). The increased intracellular Ca2+ concentration also activates the calcineurin phosphatase, leading to activation of the transcription factor NFAT (nuclear factor of activated T cell)." SIGNOR-198816 CAMK4 protein Q16566 UNIPROT HDAC5 protein Q9UQL6 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser259 FPLRKTAsEPNLKVR 9606 BTO:0000887;BTO:0001103 12058061 t lperfetto "Recently, camkiv, a calcium-calmodulindependent protein kinase, was also shown to activate mef2s by dissociating class ii histone deacetylases (e.g., Hdac5) from mef2s, thus relieving the transcriptional repressive effect of hdacs." SIGNOR-236571 CAMKK1 protein Q8N5S9 UNIPROT CAMK4 protein Q16566 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr200 EHQVLMKtVCGTPGY 9606 15143065 t lperfetto "In response to an increase in intracellular Ca2+, CaMKIV binds Ca2+/CaM and becomes phosphorylated on T200 by CaMKK." SIGNOR-124732 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR MDM2 protein Q00987 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser186 RQRKRHKsDSISLSF 9606 11504915 t lperfetto "Mitogen-induced activation of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (pi3-kinase) and its downstream target, the akt/pkb serine-threonine kinase, results in phosphorylation of mdm2 on serine 166 and serine 186. Phosphorylation on these sites is necessary for translocation of mdm2 from the cytoplasm into the nucleus.Both akt expression and serum treatment induced phosphorylation of mdm2 at ser186." SIGNOR-244292 PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT CTNNB1 protein P35222 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser675 QDYKKRLsVELTSSL 9606 BTO:0000007 16476742 t lperfetto "In the present study, we have shown that (i) beta-catenin can be phosphorylated by protein kinase a (pka) in vitro and in intact cells at two novel sites, ser-552 and ser-675;(ii) phosphorylation by pka promotes the transcriptional activity (tcf/lef transactivation) of beta-catenin" SIGNOR-144482 GSK3B/Axin/APC complex SIGNOR-C110 SIGNOR LRP6 protein O75581 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser1490 AILNPPPsPATERSH 10090 BTO:0002572 16341017 t gcesareni "Glycogen synthase kinase 3 (gsk3), which is known for its inhibitory role in wnt through the promotion of beta-catenin phosphorylation and degradation, mediates the phosphorylation and activation of lrp6. We show that wnt induces sequential phosphorylation of lrp6 by gsk3 and casein kinase 1, and this dual phosphorylation promotes the engagement of lrp6 with the scaffolding protein axin." SIGNOR-228014 PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT CTNNB1 protein P35222 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser552 QDTQRRTsMGGTQQQ 9606 BTO:0000007 16476742 t lperfetto "In the present study, we have shown that (i) beta-catenin can be phosphorylated by protein kinase a (pka) in vitro and in intact cells at two novel sites, ser-552 and ser-675;(ii) phosphorylation by pka promotes the transcriptional activity (tcf/lef transactivation) of beta-catenin" SIGNOR-144478 "calcium ion" smallmolecule CID:271 PUBCHEM PPP3CA protein Q08209 UNIPROT up-regulates "chemical activation" 9606 22944199 t lperfetto "Non-canonical Wnt/Ca2+ pathway has also been implicated in multiple functions including cell adhesion and cell movements during gastrulation. In this signaling cascade, binding of Wnt to the Fzd receptor leads to the release of intracellular Ca2+, a process which is mediated through heterotrimeric G proteins, PLC (phospholipase C) and CamKII (calcium-calmodulin-dependent kinae II) as well as PKC (protein kinase C). The increased intracellular Ca2+ concentration also activates the calcineurin phosphatase, leading to activation of the transcription factor NFAT (nuclear factor of activated T cell)." SIGNOR-198819 PPP3CA protein Q08209 UNIPROT NFATC2 protein Q13469 UNIPROT up-regulates dephosphorylation 9606 18676376 t lperfetto "Calcineurin dephosphorylates members of the nuclear factor of activated T cells (NFAT)2 transcription factor family, allowing NFAT to translocate to the nucleus where it cooperates with other transcription factors to induce transcription of target genes." SIGNOR-233435 STK4 protein Q13043 UNIPROT LATS2 protein Q9NRM7 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser872 HQRCLAHsLVGTPNY 9606 23431053 t milica "MST1/2 directly phosphorylate Lats1/2 at the hydrophobic motif (Lats1 T1079 and Lats2 T1041), and this phosphorylation is required for Lats1/2 activation" SIGNOR-201298 ROCK1 protein Q13464 UNIPROT ARHGAP35 protein Q9NRY4 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser1150 LERGRKVsIVSKPVL 9606 BTO:0000887;BTO:0001260 19103606 t gcesareni "Rho-kinase, an effector of rhoa, phosphorylated p190a rhogap at ser(1150) and attenuated p190a rhogap activity in cos7 cells." SIGNOR-182849 PDPK1 protein O15530 UNIPROT AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr308 KDGATMKtFCGTPEY 9606 21798082 t gcesareni "Pip3 acts in turn as a docking site for two kinases, phosphoinositidedependent kinase 1 (pdk1) and akt, and the subsequent phosphorylation of akt at serine 308 by pdk1, leading to akt activation." SIGNOR-175675 ATM protein Q13315 UNIPROT EIF4EBP1 protein Q13541 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser112 KRAGGEEsQFEMDI 9606 11146653 t lperfetto "Here we report that atm... phosphorylates 4e-bp1 at ser 111cells lacking atm kinase activity exhibit a significant decrease in the insulin-induced dissociation of 4e-bp1 from eif-4e." SIGNOR-85619 SIK1 protein P57059 UNIPROT CRTC1 protein Q6UUV9 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser167 MTPTQPEsFSSGSQD 9606 BTO:0000007;BTO:0000567 16817901 t miannu "These results suggested that sik1 could phosphorylate all torcs and thereby repress their transactivation activities." SIGNOR-147669 DAPK3 protein O43293 UNIPROT DAPK3 protein O43293 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr306 TTRLKEYtIKSHSSL 9606 BTO:0000887;BTO:0001260 15611134 t lperfetto "Zipk autophosphorylates in vitrowe have identified six phosphorylation sites in zipk that regulate both its enzyme activity and localization, including thr180, thr225, thr265, thr299, thr306, and ser311" SIGNOR-132475 ERK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF1 SIGNOR PARP1 protein P09874 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr373 AATPPPStASAPAAV 9606 BTO:0000938 BTO:0000142 16627622 t lperfetto "Parp1 phosphorylation by erk1/2 is required for maximal parp-1 activation after dna damage. S372a and t373a mutations impaired parp-1 activation." SIGNOR-244673 SYK protein P43405 UNIPROT MAP4K1 protein Q92918 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr381 SESSDDDyDDVDIPT 9606 11514608 t lperfetto "BCR ligation induced rapid tyrosine-phosphorylation of HPK1 mainly by Syk and Lyn, resulting in its association with BASH and catalytic activation. BCR-mediated activation of HPK1 was impaired in Syk- or BASH-deficient B cells. The functional SH2 domain of BASH and Tyr-379 within HPK1 which we identified as a Syk-phosphorylation site were both necessary for interaction of both proteins and efficient HPK1 activation after BCR stimulation." SIGNOR-246567 AKT2 protein P31751 UNIPROT AKT1S1 protein Q96B36 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr246 LPRPRLNtSDFQKLK 9606 BTO:0000007 12524439 t gcesareni "1) PRAS40 was phosphorylated in vitro by purified Akt on the same site that was phosphorylated in insulin-treated cells; 2) activation of an inducible Akt was alone sufficient to stimulate the phosphorylation of PRAS40; and 3) cells lacking Akt1 and Akt2 exhibit a diminished ability to phosphorylate this protein" SIGNOR-248046 ATM protein Q13315 UNIPROT MDM2 protein Q00987 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser386 DDKITQAsQSQESED 9606 BTO:0000007 19816404 t lperfetto "These data indicate that atm is responsible for directly phosphorylating s386 and s429 after dna damagemdm2 phosphorylation inhibits p53 poly ubiquitination" SIGNOR-188408 STK11 protein Q15831 UNIPROT STRADA protein Q7RTN6 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr419 SGIFGLVtNLEELEV 9606 BTO:0000007 12805220 t lperfetto "Endogenous LKB1 and STRAD form a complex in which STRAD activates LKB1, resulting in phosphorylation of both partners.LKB1 phosphorylates STRAD at Thr329 and Thr419" SIGNOR-247564 STK4 protein Q13043 UNIPROT LATS2 protein Q9NRM7 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr1041 EHAFYEFtFRRFFDD 9606 23431053 t milica "MST1/2 directly phosphorylate Lats1/2 at the hydrophobic motif (Lats1 T1079 and Lats2 T1041), and this phosphorylation is required for Lats1/2 activation" SIGNOR-201302 MAPK8 protein P45983 UNIPROT SP1 protein P08047 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr739 SEGSGTAtPSALITT 9606 19245816 t gcesareni "In addition, for mutation of the jnk-1 phosphorylated residues of sp1, namely, sp1(t278/739a) and sp1(t278/739d), the effect of ga on sp1 stability was reversed." SIGNOR-184194 STK4 protein Q13043 UNIPROT LATS1 protein O95835 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr1079 EHAFYEFtFRRFFDD 9606 BTO:0000007 15688006 t milica "We show that Mst2 and hWW45 interact with each other in human cells and that both Mst2 and Mst1 are able to phosphorylate Lats1 and Lats2, thereby stimulating Lats kinase activity." SIGNOR-133555 STK11 protein Q15831 UNIPROT SNRK protein Q9NRH2 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr173 QPGKKLTtSCGSLAY 9606 BTO:0000567 15733851 t lperfetto "we identify the sucrose non-fermenting protein (SNF1)-related kinase (SNRK), a largely unstudied AMPK subfamily member, as a novel substrate for LKB1. We demonstrate that LKB1 activates SNRK by phosphorylating the T-loop residue (Thr173)," SIGNOR-247493 MYOD1 protein P15172 UNIPROT CDKN1A protein P38936 UNIPROT up-regulates 10090 BTO:0000165;BTO:0000222 BTO:0000887;BTO:0001103;BTO:0001760 7791789 f lperfetto "The upregulation of p21 occurred at the levels of mrna and protein," SIGNOR-235831 MAPK11 protein Q15759 UNIPROT RPS6KA5 protein O75582 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr581 PDNQPLKtPCFTLHY 9606 BTO:0000567 9687510 t gcesareni "Mitogen- and stress-activated protein kinase-1 (msk1) is directly activated by mapk and sapk2/p38, and may mediate activation of crebactivated by phosphorylation at ser-360, thr-581 and thr-700 by mapk1/erk2, mapk3/erk1 and mapk14/p38-alpha" SIGNOR-59447 NUAK2 protein Q9H093 UNIPROT LATS1 protein O95835 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser464 NIPVRSNsFNNPLGN 9606 19927127 t gcesareni "Phosphorylation at ser-464 by nuak1 and nuak2 leads to decreased protein level and is required to regulate cellular senescence and cellular ploidy" SIGNOR-161796 CASP3 protein P42574 UNIPROT IKBKB protein O14920 UNIPROT down-regulates cleavage Asp242 VRQKSEVdIVVSEDL 9606 11741536 t gcesareni "Ikappab kinase (ikk) beta was specifically proteolyzed by caspase-3-related caspases at aspartic acid residues 78, 242, 373, and 546 during tumor necrosis factor (tnf)-alpha-induced apoptosis." SIGNOR-112788 MAPK11 protein Q15759 UNIPROT RPS6KA5 protein O75582 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr700 LSSNPLMtPDILGSS 9606 BTO:0000567 9687510 t gcesareni "Mitogen- and stress-activated protein kinase-1 (msk1) is directly activated by mapk and sapk2/p38, and may mediate activation of crebactivated by phosphorylation at ser-360, thr-581 and thr-700 by mapk1/erk2, mapk3/erk1 and mapk14/p38-alpha" SIGNOR-59451 MAPK14 protein Q16539 UNIPROT RPS6KA4 protein O75676 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser196 EEKERTFsFCGTIEY 9606 BTO:0000567 10806207 t llicata "Rskb, a 90-kda ribosomal s6 protein kinase family (rsk) member with two complete catalytic domains connected by a linker, is activated through p38- and erk-mitogen-activated protein kinases. unlike other rsks, the activation loop phosphorylation sites of both catalytic domains of rskb, ser(196) and thr(568), were required for activity. Rskb activation depended on phosphorylation of linker ser(343) and ser(360) and associated with phosphorylation of nonconserved ser(347), but ser(347)-deficient rskb retained partial activity." SIGNOR-77204 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT RPS6KA5 protein O75582 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser360 TEMDPTYsPAALPQS 9606 BTO:0000567 9687510 t gcesareni "Together, our in vivo and in vitro studies indicate that the pkc/c-raf/mek/erk pathway plays a major role in the s6k1 activation in hypertrophic cardiac growth." SIGNOR-59435 ROCK1 protein Q13464 UNIPROT ARHGAP35 protein Q9NRY4 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser1236 PKPKPRPsITKATWE 9606 BTO:0000887;BTO:0001260 19103606 t acerquone "Here we show that rho-kinase, an effector of rhoa, phosphorylated p190a rhogap at ser1150 and attenuated p190a rhogap activity in cos7 cells" SIGNOR-182853 PAK1 protein Q13153 UNIPROT ELF3 protein P78545 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser207 GTGASRSsHSSDSGG 9606 BTO:0000150 17491012 t lperfetto "Phosphorylation-dependent regulation of stability and transforming potential of ets transcriptional factor ese-1 by p21-activated kinase 1. Pak1 selectively phosphorylates ese-1 at ser(207). Intriguingly, pak1 phosphorylation inactive mutant ese1-s207a is more unstable" SIGNOR-154743 MTOR protein P42345 UNIPROT EIF4EBP1 protein Q13541 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser65 FLMECRNsPVTKTPP 9823 BTO:0001840 SIGNOR-C3 23486913 t lperfetto "These results indicate that arg, leu, and gln act coordinately to stimulate proliferation of ptr cells through activation of the mtor-rps6k-rps6-eif4ebp1 signal transduction pathway. Specifically as part of mtorc1, mtor directly phosphorylates the ribosomal protein s6 kinases (s6k1 and s6k2) and the eukaryotic initiation factor 4e (eif4e)-binding proteins (4e-bp1 and 4e-bp2), both of which control specific steps in the initiation of cap-dependent translation" SIGNOR-219257 MTOR protein P42345 UNIPROT EIF4EBP1 protein Q13541 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr70 RNSPVTKtPPRDLPT 9823 BTO:0001840 SIGNOR-C3 23486913 t lperfetto "These results indicate that arg, leu, and gln act coordinately to stimulate proliferation of ptr cells through activation of the mtor-rps6k-rps6-eif4ebp1 signal transduction pathway. Specifically as part of mtorc1, mtor directly phosphorylates the ribosomal protein s6 kinases (s6k1 and s6k2) and the eukaryotic initiation factor 4e (eif4e)-binding proteins (4e-bp1 and 4e-bp2), both of which control specific steps in the initiation of cap-dependent translation" SIGNOR-219273 MAPK11 protein Q15759 UNIPROT RPS6KA5 protein O75582 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser360 TEMDPTYsPAALPQS 9606 BTO:0000567 9687510 t gcesareni "Mitogen- and stress-activated protein kinase-1 (msk1) is directly activated by mapk and sapk2/p38, and may mediate activation of crebactivated by phosphorylation at ser-360, thr-581 and thr-700 by mapk1/erk2, mapk3/erk1 and mapk14/p38-alpha" SIGNOR-59443 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT MKNK1 protein Q9BUB5 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr385 APEKGLPtPQVLQRN 9606 BTO:0000567 9155018 t lperfetto "Mnk1 was phosphorylated and activated in vitro by erk1 and p38 map kinasespreliminary results showed that thr344 at least was one of the major sites phosphorylated by erk1" SIGNOR-48360 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT RPS6KA5 protein O75582 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser360 TEMDPTYsPAALPQS 9606 BTO:0000887 11940578 t gcesareni "Together, our in vivo and in vitro studies indicate that the pkc/c-raf/mek/erk pathway plays a major role in the s6k1 activation in hypertrophic cardiac growth." SIGNOR-116485 NUAK1 protein O60285 UNIPROT LATS1 protein O95835 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser464 NIPVRSNsFNNPLGN 9606 19927127 t lperfetto "Moreover, we show that nuak1 phosphorylates lats1 at s464 and this has a role in controlling its stabilitycells that constitutively express nuak1 suffer gross aneuploidies and show diminished expression of the genomic stability regulator lats1" SIGNOR-161792 MTOR protein P42345 UNIPROT AKT1S1 protein Q96B36 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser221 DLDRIAAsMRALVLR -1 SIGNOR-C3 SIGNOR-C3 18372248 t lperfetto "We propose that after mtorc1 kinase activation by upstream regulators, pras40 is phosphorylated directly by mtor, thus contributing to the relief of pras40-mediated substrate competitionwe also find that mutation of ser-221 to ala increases the inhibitory activity of pras40 toward mtorc1." SIGNOR-178128 TRIM27 protein P14373 UNIPROT PIK3C2B protein O00750 UNIPROT down-regulates ubiquitination 9606 BTO:0000782 22128329 t miannu "We now show that trim27 functions as an e3 ligase and mediates lysine 48 polyubiquitination of pi3kc2_, leading to a decrease in pi3k enzyme activity." SIGNOR-177935 MTOR protein P42345 UNIPROT AKT1S1 protein Q96B36 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser212 EENGPPSsPDLDRIA -1 SIGNOR-C3 SIGNOR-C3 18372248 t lperfetto "In this study, we used two-dimensional phosphopeptide mapping in conjunction with mutational analysis to show that in addition to ser-183, mtorc1 also phosphorylates ser-212 and ser-221 in pras40 when assayed in vitro." SIGNOR-178124 WNK1 protein Q9H4A3 UNIPROT WNK1 protein Q9H4A3 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser382 KRASFAKsVIGTPEF 9606 BTO:0000007 BTO:0000671 18270262 t gcesareni "We demonstrate that wnk1 is rapidly activated and phosphorylated at multiple residues after exposure of cells to hyperosmotic conditions and that activation is mediated by the phosphorylation of its t-loop ser382 residue, possibly triggered by a transautophosphorylation reaction." SIGNOR-160850 DAPK3 protein O43293 UNIPROT DAPK3 protein O43293 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr180 EFKNIFGtPEFVAPE 9606 BTO:0000887;BTO:0001260 15611134 t gcesareni "Mutational analysis showed that phosphorylation of thr180 in the kinase activation t-loop, thr225 in the substrate-binding groove, and thr265 in kinase subdomain x is essential for full zipk autophosphorylation and activity toward exogenous substrates." SIGNOR-132459 MAPK14 protein Q16539 UNIPROT RPS6KA4 protein O75676 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser343 TRLEPVYsPPGSPPP 9606 BTO:0000567 10806207 t llicata "Rskb, a 90-kda ribosomal s6 protein kinase family (rsk) member with two complete catalytic domains connected by a linker, is activated through p38- and erk-mitogen-activated protein kinases. unlike other rsks, the activation loop phosphorylation sites of both catalytic domains of rskb, ser(196) and thr(568), were required for activity. Rskb activation depended on phosphorylation of linker ser(343) and ser(360) and associated with phosphorylation of nonconserved ser(347), but ser(347)-deficient rskb retained partial activity." SIGNOR-77208 PRKCQ protein Q04759 UNIPROT RAPGEF2 protein Q9Y4G8 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser960 KKRVRRSsFLNAKKL 9606 BTO:0000782 18796635 t lperfetto "After t-cell activation, the direct phosphorylation of rapgef2 at ser960 by pkc- theta regulates rap1 activation as well as lfa-1 adhesiveness to icam-1. Pkc- theta and its effector rapgef2 are critical factors in tcr signaling to rap1" SIGNOR-181186 ABL1 protein P00519 UNIPROT CEBPB protein P17676 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr78 RAIDFSPyLEPLGAP 9606 BTO:0000007 19563810 t gcesareni "The y79 amino acid residue of c/ebpbeta was phosphorylated by c-abl or arg. The phosphorylation of c/ebpbeta resulted in an increased c/ebpbeta stability and a potentiation of c/ebpbeta transcription activation activity in cells" SIGNOR-186423 MTOR protein P42345 UNIPROT AKT1S1 protein Q96B36 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser183 PTQQYAKsLPVSVPV 9606 BTO:0000007 SIGNOR-C3 SIGNOR-C3 17517883 t lperfetto "The proline-rich Akt substrate of 40 kilodaltons (PRAS40) was identified as a raptor-binding protein that is phosphorylated directly by mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) complex 1 (mTORC1) but not mTORC2 in vitro, predominantly at PRAS40 (Ser(183)).PRAS40 binding to raptor was also abolished by mutation of the major mTORC1 phosphorylation site, Ser(183), to Asp." SIGNOR-154956 DAPK3 protein O43293 UNIPROT DAPK3 protein O43293 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr265 KDPKRRMtIAQSLEH 9606 BTO:0000887;BTO:0001260 15611134 t gcesareni "Mutational analysis showed that phosphorylation of thr180 in the kinase activation t-loop, thr225 in the substrate-binding groove, and thr265 in kinase subdomain x is essential for full zipk autophosphorylation and activity toward exogenous substrates." SIGNOR-132467 DAPK3 protein O43293 UNIPROT DAPK3 protein O43293 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr225 LGETKQEtLTNISAV 9606 BTO:0000887;BTO:0001260 15611134 t gcesareni "Mutational analysis showed that phosphorylation of thr180 in the kinase activation t-loop, thr225 in the substrate-binding groove, and thr265 in kinase subdomain x is essential for full zipk autophosphorylation and activity toward exogenous substrates." SIGNOR-132463 GSK3B protein P49841 UNIPROT CRMP1 protein Q14194 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser518 KYATPAPsAKSSPSK 9606 BTO:0000938 16611631 t lperfetto "Using in vitro kinase assays and pharmacological inhibition of gsk3 as described above for crmp2 and crmp4, it was found that thr509 (and presumably ser518 and thr514) of human crmp1 is phosphorylated by gsk3, following priming of ser522 by cdk5" SIGNOR-145991 DAPK3 protein O43293 UNIPROT DAPK3 protein O43293 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr299 PERRRLKtTRLKEYT 9606 BTO:0000887;BTO:0001260 15611134 t lperfetto "Zipk autophosphorylates in vitrowe have identified six phosphorylation sites in zipk that regulate both its enzyme activity and localization, including thr180, thr225, thr265, thr299, thr306, and ser311.Abrogation of phosphorylation of thr299, thr306, and ser311 had little effect on enzyme activity, but mutation of thr299 and thr300 to alanine resulted in redistribution of zipk from the cytosol to the nucleus" SIGNOR-132471 mTORC1 complex SIGNOR-C3 SIGNOR EIF4EBP1 protein Q13541 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr37 PPGDYSTtPGGTLFS 9606 23486913 t lperfetto "These results indicate that arg, leu, and gln act coordinately to stimulate proliferation of ptr cells through activation of the mtor-rps6k-rps6-eif4ebp1 signal transduction pathway. Specifically as part of mtorc1, mtor directly phosphorylates the ribosomal protein s6 kinases (s6k1 and s6k2) and the eukaryotic initiation factor 4e (eif4e)-binding proteins (4e-bp1 and 4e-bp2), both of which control specific steps in the initiation of cap-dependent translation" SIGNOR-217110 GADD45A protein P24522 UNIPROT MAPK14 protein Q16539 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000782 20626350 t gcesareni "Gadd45alfa appears to act as an endogenous inhibitor of the alternative p38alfa-activation pathway in t-cell, by binding to p38alfa and preventing tyr323 phosphorilation" SIGNOR-166584 mTORC1 complex SIGNOR-C3 SIGNOR EIF4EBP1 protein Q13541 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr46 GGTLFSTtPGGTRII 9606 BTO:0000007 12747827 t lperfetto "Phosphorylated on serine and threonine residues in response to insulin, egf and pdgf. Phosphorylation at thr-37, thr-46, ser-65 and thr-70, corresponding to the hyperphosphorylated form, is regulated by mtorc1 and abolishes binding to eif4e." SIGNOR-236698 IKK-complex complex SIGNOR-C14 SIGNOR NfKb-p65/p50 complex SIGNOR-C13 SIGNOR up-regulates phosphorylation 9606 15489227 t lperfetto "Chromatographic fractionation of cell extracts allowed the identification of two distinct enzymatic activities phosphorylating ser-536. Peak 1 represents an unknown kinase, whereas peak 2 contained ikkalpha, ikkbeta, ikkepsilon, and tbk1. collectively, our results provide evidence for at least five kinases that converge on ser-536 of p65 and a novel function for this phosphorylation site in the recruitment of components of the basal transcriptional machinery to the interleukin-8 promoter." SIGNOR-216341 MAP4K1 protein Q92918 UNIPROT MAP3K11 protein Q16584 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser281 WHKTTQMsAAGTYAW 9606 11053428 t gcesareni "Hpk1 also phosphorylated mlk-3 activation loop in vitro, and ser281 was found to be the major phosphorylation site, indicating that hpk1 also activates mlk-3 via phosphorylation of the kinase activation loop." SIGNOR-83415 AURKA protein O14965 UNIPROT LATS2 protein Q9NRM7 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser83 ALREIRYsLLPFANE 9606 15147269 t lperfetto "On the basis of these observations, we conclude that s83 of lats2 is a phosphorylation target of aurora-a and this phosphorylation plays a role of the centrosomal localization of lats2." SIGNOR-124830 MAP3K11 protein Q16584 UNIPROT MAP3K11 protein Q16584 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr277 LAREWHKtTQMSAAG 9606 11053428 t gcesareni "These residues within the activation loop are critical for mlk-3 autophosphorylation and activation. In addition, when the thr277 and ser281 residues were mutated to negatively charged glutamic acid to mimic phosphorylated serine/threonine residues, the resulting mutants were fully functional, implying that these two residues may serve as the autophosphorylation sites." SIGNOR-83411 mTORC1 complex SIGNOR-C3 SIGNOR EIF4EBP1 protein Q13541 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr36 LPPGDYStTPGGTLF 9606 9465032 t lperfetto "Mtorc1 promotes protein synthesis by phosphorylating the eukaryotic initiation factor 4e (eif4e)- binding protein 1 (4e-bp1) and the p70 ribosomal s6 kinase 1 (s6k1). Raft1 phosphorylation of 4e-bp1 on thr-36 and thr-45 blocks its association with the cap-binding protein, eif-4e,in vitro. in response to insulin and nutrients, mtorc1, consisting of mtor, raptor (regulatory-associated protein of mtor), and mlst8, is activated and phosphorylates eukaryotic initiation factor 4e-binding protein (4ebp) and p70 s6 kinase to promote protein synthesis and cell size." SIGNOR-217086 STK38 protein Q15208 UNIPROT STK38 protein Q15208 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr74 SAHARKEtEFLRLKR 9606 12493777 t lperfetto "We found that ndr1 autophosphorylates in vitro predominantly on ser-281 and to a lesser extent on thr-74 and thr-444. All of these residues proved to be crucial also for ndr1 activity in vivo" SIGNOR-96687 mTORC1 complex SIGNOR-C3 SIGNOR EIF4EBP1 protein Q13541 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr37 PPGDYSTtPGGTLFS 9606 BTO:0000007 12747827 t lperfetto "Phosphorylated on serine and threonine residues in response to insulin, egf and pdgf. Phosphorylation at thr-37, thr-46, ser-65 and thr-70, corresponding to the hyperphosphorylated form, is regulated by mtorc1 and abolishes binding to eif4e." SIGNOR-236694 mTORC1 complex SIGNOR-C3 SIGNOR EIF4EBP1 protein Q13541 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser65 FLMECRNsPVTKTPP 9606 BTO:0000007 12747827 t lperfetto "Phosphorylated on serine and threonine residues in response to insulin, egf and pdgf. Phosphorylation at thr-37, thr-46, ser-65 and thr-70, corresponding to the hyperphosphorylated form, is regulated by mtorc1 and abolishes binding to eif4e." SIGNOR-236690 GSK3B protein P49841 UNIPROT EIF4EBP1 protein Q13541 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr46 GGTLFSTtPGGTRII 9606 BTO:0000671 18701453 t lperfetto "We found that gsk-3Beta phosphorylates and inactivates 4e-bp1, thereby increasing eif4e-dependent protein synthesis. upon stimulation, 4e-bp1 is phosphorylated on several threonine and serine residues, including thr-37/46 (36). This results in dissolution of the complex, freeing eif4e to bind with mrna cap to promote translation initiation." SIGNOR-236660 mTORC1 complex SIGNOR-C3 SIGNOR EIF4EBP1 protein Q13541 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr46 GGTLFSTtPGGTRII 9606 23486913 t lperfetto "These results indicate that arg, leu, and gln act coordinately to stimulate proliferation of ptr cells through activation of the mtor-rps6k-rps6-eif4ebp1 signal transduction pathway. Specifically as part of mtorc1, mtor directly phosphorylates the ribosomal protein s6 kinases (s6k1 and s6k2) and the eukaryotic initiation factor 4e (eif4e)-binding proteins (4e-bp1 and 4e-bp2), both of which control specific steps in the initiation of cap-dependent translation" SIGNOR-217114 WNK1 protein Q9H4A3 UNIPROT OXSR1 protein O95747 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr185 TRNKVRKtFVGTPCW 9606 17190791 t gcesareni "Activation of wnk1 coincides with the phosphorylation and activation of two wnk1 substrates, namely, the protein kinases ste20/sps1-related proline alanine-rich kinase (spak) and oxidative stress response kinase-1 (osr1)" SIGNOR-151663 AMPK complex SIGNOR-C15 SIGNOR AMPK complex SIGNOR-C15 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation 9606 BTO:0000007 17728241 t lperfetto "Mutation of serine 108 to alanine, an autophosphorylation site within the glycogen binding domain of the beta1 subunit, almost completely abolishes activation of ampk by a-769662 in cells and in vitro, while only partially reducing activation by ampk" SIGNOR-216411 RET protein P07949 UNIPROT AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR up-regulates phosphorylation 9606 BTO:0000938 12242309 t lperfetto "Overexpressed rai resulted in the potentiation of the ret-dependent activation of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (pi3k) and akt. The ret/ptc receptor tyrosine kinase that responds to glial cell-line-derived neurotrophic factor also phosphorylated akt tyrosine residue 315 promoting activation of akt" SIGNOR-244443 PPP2CB protein P62714 UNIPROT PRKCB protein P05771-2 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser660 QSEFEGFsFVNSEFL 10116 15880462 t "Inhibition of PP2A increased phosphorylation at Ser660 that determines calcium sensitivity and activity of PKCbetaII isoform" SIGNOR-248586 PPP2CB protein P62714 UNIPROT PRKCB protein P05771-2 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Thr641 TRHPPVLtPPDQEVI 10116 8749392 t "Specifically, the threonine at position 500 (T500) on the activation loop, and T641 and S660 on the carboxyl terminus of protein kinase C beta II are phosphorylated in vivo. T500 and S660 are selectively dephosphorylated in vitro by protein phosphatase 2A to yield an enzyme that is still capable of lipid-dependent activation, whereas all three residues are dephosphorylated by protein phosphatase 1 to yield an inactive enzyme." SIGNOR-248587 PPP2CA protein P67775 UNIPROT PRKCB protein P05771-2 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser660 QSEFEGFsFVNSEFL 10116 15880462 t "Inhibition of PP2A increased phosphorylation at Ser660 that determines calcium sensitivity and activity of PKCbetaII isoform" SIGNOR-248621 ID2 protein Q02363 UNIPROT TCF4 protein P15884 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 10090 BTO:0004058 SIGNOR-C129 9242638 t 2 miannu "All three Ids bound with high affinity to E proteins .Each Id was able to disrupt the ability of E protein-MyoD complexes to transactivate from a muscle creatine kinase reporter construct in vivo." SIGNOR-241376 PPP2CA protein P67775 UNIPROT PRKCB protein P05771-2 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Thr641 TRHPPVLtPPDQEVI 10116 8749392 t "Specifically, the threonine at position 500 (T500) on the activation loop, and T641 and S660 on the carboxyl terminus of protein kinase C beta II are phosphorylated in vivo. T500 and S660 are selectively dephosphorylated in vitro by protein phosphatase 2A to yield an enzyme that is still capable of lipid-dependent activation, whereas all three residues are dephosphorylated by protein phosphatase 1 to yield an inactive enzyme." SIGNOR-248622 FBXW11 protein Q9UKB1 UNIPROT CLSPN protein Q9HAW4 UNIPROT down-regulates ubiquitination 9606 16885021 t gcesareni "Claspin degradation was triggered by its interaction with, and ubiquitylation by, the scfbetatrcp ubiquitin ligase." SIGNOR-148438 "lysophosphatidic acid" smallmolecule CID:5497152 PUBCHEM LPAR2 protein Q9HBW0 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 8276865 t gcesareni "Lpa activates its own g protein-coupled receptor(s) leading to stimulation of phospholipase c and inhibition of adenylate cyclase." SIGNOR-37368 STK4 protein Q13043 UNIPROT MOB1B protein Q7L9L4 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr12 FGSRSSKtFKPKKNI 9606 21808241 t "MOB1a and MOB1b are near identical to each other with protein sequence homology>90%, and more importantly, both of them are putative tumor suppressors." gcesareni "Mob1, which forms a complex with lats1/2, is also phosphorylated by mst1/2, resulting in an enhanced lats1/2mob1 interaction." SIGNOR-175837 RPS6KA3 protein P51812 UNIPROT PFKFB2 protein O60825 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser466 PVRMRRNsFTPLSSS 9606 BTO:0000562 2846551 t gcesareni "Heart 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase activation by insulin results from ser-466 and ser-483 phosphorylation and requires 3-phosphoinositide-dependent kinase-1, but not protein kinase b." SIGNOR-23753 CDKL5 protein O76039 UNIPROT CDKL5 protein O76039 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr169;Tyr171 EGNNANYtEYVATRW;NNANYTEyVATRWYR -1 16935860 t gcesareni "Furthermore, we show that CDKL5 can self-associate and mediate the phosphorylation of its own TEY (Thr-Glu-Tyr) motif." SIGNOR-245876 PRKAA1 protein Q13131 UNIPROT PFKFB2 protein O60825 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser466 PVRMRRNsFTPLSSS 9606 BTO:0000562 SIGNOR-C15 11069105 t gcesareni "Heart 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase activation by insulin results from ser-466 and ser-483 phosphorylation and requires 3-phosphoinositide-dependent kinase-1, but not protein kinase b." SIGNOR-84061 MEK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF25 SIGNOR MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr187 HTGFLTEyVATRWYR 9606 BTO:0003807 11971971 t lperfetto "Mapk1 is phosphorylated by map2k1/mek1 and map2k2/mek2 on thr-185 and tyr-187 in response to external stimuli like insulin or ngf. Both phosphorylations are required for activity." SIGNOR-244788 INS protein P01308 UNIPROT IRS1 protein P35568 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" 10116 BTO:0000671 15069075 f lperfetto "The mechanism by which the phosphorylation of ser307 or ser318 inhibits irs-1 tyrosine phosphorylation is not known. Prolonged insulin-stimulation inhibits irs-1 binding to the phosphorylated npey motif in the juxta-membrane region of the irbeta -subunit." SIGNOR-236625 MEK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF25 SIGNOR MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation 9606 BTO:0000443 12270934 t lperfetto "Mek1 as indicated by extensive phosphorylation of erk1 and erk2 during the initial 2 h of adipogenesis." SIGNOR-244795 RPS6KB1 protein P23443 UNIPROT PFKFB2 protein O60825 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser466 PVRMRRNsFTPLSSS 9606 BTO:0000562 9211863 t gcesareni "Heart 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase activation by insulin results from ser-466 and ser-483 phosphorylation and requires 3-phosphoinositide-dependent kinase-1, but not protein kinase b." SIGNOR-49371 PTPRE protein P23469 UNIPROT MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Tyr187 HTGFLTEyVATRWYR 9606 BTO:0000007 12754301 t llicata "The effect of PTP epsilon on ERKs is at least in part indirect because phosphorylation of the threonine residue in the ERK activation loop is reduced in the presence of PTP epsilon. Nonetheless, PTP epsilon is present in a molecular complex with ERK, providing PTP epsilon with opportunity to act on ERK proteins also directly. We conclude that PTP epsilon is a physiological inhibitor of ERK signaling|These enzymes are joined by the large family of dual-specificity phosphatases, which are structurally similar to tyrosine phosphatases but which can dephosphorylate both residues of the activation loop" SIGNOR-248448 MEK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF25 SIGNOR MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr202 HDHTGFLtEYVATRW 9606 9677429 t "MAPK3/ERK1 is a MAPK which plays an important role in the MAPK/ERK cascade." lperfetto "The mek1 proline-rich insert is required for efficient activation of the mitogen-activated protein kinases erk1 and erk2 in mammalian cells." SIGNOR-244802 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT MITF protein O75030 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" phosphorylation Ser180 PGSSAPNsPMAMLTL 10841026 t lperfetto "More interestingly, ERK-dependent phosphorylation of MITF at Ser 73 is essential for MITF ubiquitinilation and degradation (87). Putting together all these findings, it can be proposed that MAPK activation inhibits melanogenesis due to an increased MITF degradation which is dependent on the MAPK-induced MITF phosphorylation and ubiquitinilation. In summary, although the phosphorylation of MITF at Ser73 increases its intrinsic transcriptional activity, this phosphorylation also targets MITF to the proteasome for its degradation. Consequently, the decrease in MITF levels leads to a down-regulation of melanogenic enzymes expression and to an inhibition of melanogenesis." SIGNOR-249620 PTPN2 protein P17706 UNIPROT SHC1 protein P29353 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Tyr349 EEPPDHQyYNDFPGK 9606 9488479 t llicata "However, TC45 inhibited the EGF-induced association of p52Shc with Grb2, which was attributed to the ability of the PTP to recognize specifically p52Shc phosphorylated on Y239. These results indicate that TC45 recognizes not only selected substrates in a cellular context but also specific sites within substrates and thus may regulate discrete signaling events." SIGNOR-248397 PPP1CC protein P36873 UNIPROT CASP2 protein P42575 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser164 STDTVEHsLDNKDGP -1 19531356 t llicata "nutrient-replete oocytes inhibit C2 via S135 phosphorylation catalyzed by calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II. We now show that C2 phosphorylated at S135 binds 14-3-3zeta, thus preventing C2 dephosphorylation. Moreover, we determined that S135 dephosphorylation is catalyzed by protein phosphatase-1 (PP1), which directly binds C2." SIGNOR-248503 MAPK7 protein Q13164 UNIPROT MEF2A protein Q02078 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr312 QATQPLAtPVVSVTT 9606 BTO:0000567 10849446 t lperfetto "We have previously shown that bmk1 regulates c-jun gene expression through direct phosphorylation and activation of transcription factor mef2c.Here, we demonstrate that, in addition to mef2c, bmk1 phosphorylates and activates mef2a and mef2d but not mef2b.The sites phosphorylated by activated bmk1 were mapped to ser-355, thr-312, and thr-319 of mef2a and ser-179 of mef2d both in vitro and in vivo." SIGNOR-236583 MEK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF25 SIGNOR MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr185 HDHTGFLtEYVATRW 9606 BTO:0003807 11971971 t lperfetto "Mapk1 is phosphorylated by map2k1/mek1 and map2k2/mek2 on thr-185 and tyr-187 in response to external stimuli like insulin or ngf. Both phosphorylations are required for activity." SIGNOR-244792 PTPRJ protein Q12913 UNIPROT MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Tyr187 HTGFLTEyVATRWYR -1 19494114 t llicata "Tumor suppressor density-enhanced phosphatase-1 (DEP-1) inhibits the RAS pathway by direct dephosphorylation of ERK1/2 kinases.|Pulldown and in vitro dephosphorylation assays confirmed our prediction and demonstrated an overall specificity of DEP-1 in targeting the phosphorylated tyrosine 204 of ERK1/2." SIGNOR-248708 PPP1CB protein P62140 UNIPROT CASP2 protein P42575 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser164 STDTVEHsLDNKDGP -1 19531356 t llicata "nutrient-replete oocytes inhibit C2 via S135 phosphorylation catalyzed by calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II. We now show that C2 phosphorylated at S135 binds 14-3-3zeta, thus preventing C2 dephosphorylation. Moreover, we determined that S135 dephosphorylation is catalyzed by protein phosphatase-1 (PP1), which directly binds C2." SIGNOR-248576 PPP1CA protein P62136 UNIPROT CASP2 protein P42575 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser164 STDTVEHsLDNKDGP -1 19531356 t llicata "nutrient-replete oocytes inhibit C2 via S135 phosphorylation catalyzed by calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II. We now show that C2 phosphorylated at S135 binds 14-3-3zeta, thus preventing C2 dephosphorylation. Moreover, we determined that S135 dephosphorylation is catalyzed by protein phosphatase-1 (PP1), which directly binds C2." SIGNOR-248564 PRKCD protein Q05655 UNIPROT SDC4 protein P31431 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser179 MKKKDEGsYDLGKKP 9606 11916978 t gcesareni "Protein conformation;cell adhesion, induced;cell motility, inhibited;decreased rho a activation" SIGNOR-116265 ATM protein Q13315 UNIPROT RASSF1 protein Q9NS23 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser135 EWETPDLsQAEIEQK 9606 BTO:0000551 19962312 t llicata "We show that, upon dna damage, rassf1a is phosphorylated by atm on ser131 and is involved in the activation of both mst2 and lats1, leading to the stabilization of p73." SIGNOR-161934 PTPN1 protein P18031 UNIPROT TRPV6 protein Q9H1D0 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation 9606 BTO:0000007 17197020 t llicata "In HEK293 cells, transfected with the Ca2+ channel protein TRPV6, Ca2+ influx is increased and TRPV6 is tyrosine phosphorylated following addition of the tyrosine phosphatase inhibitor|PTP1B interacts with the N-terminal domain of TRPV6 within a region of amino acids 1-191 as shown by co-immunoprecipitation, bimolecular fluorescence complementation and the yeast 2-hybrid system. Point mutation of both tyrosines 161 and 162 in the TRPV6 protein abolishes the DMHV-effect on Ca2+ influx and tyrosine phosphorylation by Src. Single mutations of Y161 or Y162 shows that each of both tyrosines alone is sufficient for the DMHV-effect. We conclude that phosphorylation/dephosphorylation of tyrosines in position 161 and 162 is essential for regulation of Ca2+ influx through TRPV6 Ca2+ channels in HEK293 cells." SIGNOR-248433 MEK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF25 SIGNOR MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr204 HTGFLTEyVATRWYR 9606 9677429 t "MAPK3/ERK1 is a MAPK which plays an important role in the MAPK/ERK cascade." lperfetto "The mek1 proline-rich insert is required for efficient activation of the mitogen-activated protein kinases erk1 and erk2 in mammalian cells." SIGNOR-244806 NFATC2 protein Q13469 UNIPROT MEF2A protein Q02078 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 11796223 t lperfetto "Upon dephosphorylation by calcineurin, nfatc2, also referred to as nfatp/nfat1, translocates to the nucleus where it directly associates with mef2a and -d. Nfatc2 stimulates mef2-dependent transcription by facilitating recruitment of the p300 coactivator to mef2-response elements." SIGNOR-117586 NFATC2 protein Q13469 UNIPROT MEF2D protein Q14814 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 11796223 t lperfetto "Upon dephosphorylation by calcineurin, nfatc2, also referred to as nfatp/nfat1, translocates to the nucleus where it directly associates with mef2a and -d. Nfatc2 stimulates mef2-dependent transcription by facilitating recruitment of the p300 coactivator to mef2-response elements." SIGNOR-117589 CREBBP protein Q92793 UNIPROT MYB protein P10242 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9534 BTO:0004055 8654374 t 2 miannu "the nuclear co-activator CREB binding protein (CBP). This protein interacts directly with both c-Myb and v-Myb and potentiates Myb-specific transcription" SIGNOR-240994 PRDM2 protein Q13029 UNIPROT HMOX1 protein P09601 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 8654390 f 2 miannu "We show that a portion of MTB-Zf, including an N-terminal zinc-finger domain, binds in vitro to MTE and that the transient coexpression of MTB-Zf cDNA leads to transativation of the heme-oxygenase-1 gene promoter." SIGNOR-241047 CSRP3 protein P50461 UNIPROT MYF6 protein P23409 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 10090 BTO:0004058 9234731 t 2 miannu "we found that nuclear MLP functions through a physical interaction with the muscle basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) transcription factors MyoD, MRF4, and myogenin. we propose that it serves as a cofactor for the myogenic bHLH proteins by increasing their interaction with specific DNA regulatory elements." SIGNOR-241096 PPP3CC protein P48454 UNIPROT NFATC2 protein Q13469 UNIPROT up-regulates dephosphorylation 9606 18676376 t lperfetto "Calcineurin dephosphorylates members of the nuclear factor of activated T cells (NFAT)2 transcription factor family, allowing NFAT to translocate to the nucleus where it cooperates with other transcription factors to induce transcription of target genes." SIGNOR-233441 MYOD1 protein P15172 UNIPROT MYOD/E2-2 complex SIGNOR-C129 SIGNOR "form complex" binding 9606 16847330 t 2 miannu "The MyoD family of basic helix-loop-helix transcription factors function as heterodimers with members of the E-protein family to induce myogenic gene activation." SIGNOR-241100 ID1 protein P41134 UNIPROT TCF12 protein Q99081 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 10090 BTO:0004058 SIGNOR-C128 9242638 t 2 miannu "All three Ids bound with high affinity to E proteins .Each Id was able to disrupt the ability of E protein-MyoD complexes to transactivate from a muscle creatine kinase reporter construct in vivo." SIGNOR-241104 ID1 protein P41134 UNIPROT TCF3 protein P15923 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 10090 BTO:0004058 SIGNOR-C127 9242638 t 2 miannu "All three Ids bound with high affinity to E proteins .Each Id was able to disrupt the ability of E protein-MyoD complexes to transactivate from a muscle creatine kinase reporter construct in vivo." SIGNOR-241107 ID1 protein P41134 UNIPROT MYOD/HEB complex SIGNOR-C128 SIGNOR "down-regulates activity" binding 10090 BTO:0004058 9242638 t 2 miannu "All three Ids bound with high affinity to E proteins .Each Id was able to disrupt the ability of E protein-MyoD complexes to transactivate from a muscle creatine kinase reporter construct in vivo." SIGNOR-241110 ATM protein Q13315 UNIPROT PNKP protein Q96T60 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser114 EETRTPEsQPDTPPG 9606 21824916 t lperfetto "We demonstrate that pnkp is phosphorylated by the dna-dependent protein kinase (dna-pk) and ataxia-telangiectasia mutated (atm) in vitro. The major phosphorylation site for both kinases was serine 114, with serine 126 being a minor site. Purified pnkp protein with mutation of serines 114 and 126 had decreased dna kinase and dna phosphatase activities and reduced affinity for dna in vitro." SIGNOR-176008 AMPK complex SIGNOR-C15 SIGNOR PPARGC1A protein Q9UBK2 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr178 NHNHRIRtNPAIVKT 10090 BTO:0001103 17609368 t gcesareni "AMPK phosphorylates PGC-1alpha directly both in vitro and in cells. These direct phosphorylations of the PGC-1alpha protein at threonine-177 and serine-538 are required for the PGC-1alpha-dependent induction of the PGC-1alpha promoter" SIGNOR-228642 CHEK1 protein O14757 UNIPROT RASSF1 protein Q9NS23 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser188 PSSKKPPsLQDARRG 9606 24197116 t llicata "This study reveals that chk1-mediated phosphorylation of rassf1a, at serine 184, plays an important role in cell-cycle regulation" SIGNOR-203144 AMPK complex SIGNOR-C15 SIGNOR PPARGC1A protein Q9UBK2 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser539 SLFNVSPsCSSFNSP 10090 BTO:0001103 17609368 t gcesareni "AMPK phosphorylates PGC-1alpha directly both in vitro and in cells. These direct phosphorylations of the PGC-1alpha protein at threonine-177 and serine-538 are required for the PGC-1alpha-dependent induction of the PGC-1alpha promoter" SIGNOR-228646 MTOR protein P42345 UNIPROT RPS6KB1 protein P23443 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser394 TRQTPVDsPDDSTLS 10090 BTO:0002572 12782654 t lperfetto "S6K1 is a positive regulator of protein synthesis, and its activity is induced by mTOR-mediated phosphorylation." SIGNOR-101328 CSRP3 protein P50461 UNIPROT MYOG protein P15173 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 10090 BTO:0004058 9234731 t 2 miannu "we found that nuclear MLP functions through a physical interaction with the muscle basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) transcription factors MyoD, MRF4, and myogenin. we propose that it serves as a cofactor for the myogenic bHLH proteins by increasing their interaction with specific DNA regulatory elements." SIGNOR-241113 TCF12 protein Q99081 UNIPROT MYOD/HEB complex SIGNOR-C128 SIGNOR "form complex" binding 9606 16847330 t 2 miannu "The MyoD family of basic helix-loop-helix transcription factors function as heterodimers with members of the E-protein family to induce myogenic gene activation." SIGNOR-241119 MYOD1 protein P15172 UNIPROT MYOD/HEB complex SIGNOR-C128 SIGNOR "form complex" binding 9606 16847330 t 2 miannu "The MyoD family of basic helix-loop-helix transcription factors function as heterodimers with members of the E-protein family to induce myogenic gene activation." SIGNOR-241122 ID1 protein P41134 UNIPROT MYOD/E2-2 complex SIGNOR-C129 SIGNOR "down-regulates activity" binding 10090 BTO:0004058 9242638 t 2 miannu "All three Ids bound with high affinity to E proteins .Each Id was able to disrupt the ability of E protein-MyoD complexes to transactivate from a muscle creatine kinase reporter construct in vivo." SIGNOR-241125 GSK3B protein P49841 UNIPROT CRMP1 protein Q14194 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr514 PATPKYAtPAPSAKS 9606 BTO:0000938 16611631 t lperfetto "Using in vitro kinase assays and pharmacological inhibition of gsk3 as described above for crmp2 and crmp4, it was found that thr509 (and presumably ser518 and thr514) of human crmp1 is phosphorylated by gsk3, following priming of ser522 by cdk5" SIGNOR-145999 ID1 protein P41134 UNIPROT MYOD/E12E47 complex SIGNOR-C127 SIGNOR "down-regulates activity" binding 10090 BTO:0004058 9242638 t 2 miannu "All three Ids bound with high affinity to E proteins .Each Id was able to disrupt the ability of E protein-MyoD complexes to transactivate from a muscle creatine kinase reporter construct in vivo." SIGNOR-241128 ID2 protein Q02363 UNIPROT TCF12 protein Q99081 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 10090 BTO:0004058 SIGNOR-C128 9242638 t 2 miannu "All three Ids bound with high affinity to E proteins .Each Id was able to disrupt the ability of E protein-MyoD complexes to transactivate from a muscle creatine kinase reporter construct in vivo." SIGNOR-241131 ID3 protein Q02535 UNIPROT TCF3 protein P15923 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 10090 BTO:0004058 SIGNOR-C127 9242638 t 2 miannu "All three Ids bound with high affinity to E proteins .Each Id was able to disrupt the ability of E protein-MyoD complexes to transactivate from a muscle creatine kinase reporter construct in vivo." SIGNOR-241134 STAT1 protein P42224 UNIPROT STAT1 protein P42224 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000801 19041276 t lperfetto "Each STAT1 monomer becomes tyrosine phosphorylated at tyrosine 701 by the JAKs, dissociates from the receptor to form a STAT1-STAT1 homodimer which translocates to the nucleus" SIGNOR-249495 STAT1 protein P42224 UNIPROT "M1 polarization" phenotype SIGNOR-PH54 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 BTO:0000801 19029990 f lperfetto "STAT1 binds as a homodimer to cis elements known as gammaactivated sequences in the promoters of the genes encoding NOS2, the MHC class II transactivator (CIITA) and IL-12, among others." SIGNOR-249496 STAT1 protein P42224 UNIPROT NOS2 protein P35228 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000801 19029990 f lperfetto "STAT1 binds as a homodimer to cis elements known as gammaactivated sequences in the promoters of the genes encoding NOS2, the MHC class II transactivator (CIITA) and IL-12, among others." SIGNOR-249497 STAT1 protein P42224 UNIPROT CIITA protein P33076 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000801 19029990 f lperfetto "STAT1 binds as a homodimer to cis elements known as gammaactivated sequences in the promoters of the genes encoding NOS2, the MHC class II transactivator (CIITA) and IL-12, among others." SIGNOR-249498 GSK3B protein P49841 UNIPROT CRMP1 protein Q14194 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr509 PVYEVPAtPKYATPA 9606 BTO:0000938 16611631 t lperfetto "In summary, phosphorylation of thr509 of human crmp1 appears to be regulated by two mechanisms; direct phosphorylation by cdk5, or by priming of ser522 by cdk5 followed by sequential phosphorylation of ser518, thr514, and thr509 by gsk3." SIGNOR-145995 APC protein P25054 UNIPROT GSK3B/Axin/APC complex SIGNOR-C110 SIGNOR "form complex" binding 9606 BTO:0000586 9734785 t lperfetto "Axin, an inhibitor of the wnt pathway, interacts with beta-catenin, gsk-3beta and apc and reduces the beta-catenin level." SIGNOR-227296 ID3 protein Q02535 UNIPROT MYOD/HEB complex SIGNOR-C128 SIGNOR "down-regulates activity" binding 10090 BTO:0004058 9242638 t 2 miannu "All three Ids bound with high affinity to E proteins .Each Id was able to disrupt the ability of E protein-MyoD complexes to transactivate from a muscle creatine kinase reporter construct in vivo." SIGNOR-241137 PPP3CB protein P16298 UNIPROT NFATC2 protein Q13469 UNIPROT up-regulates dephosphorylation 9606 18676376 t lperfetto "Calcineurin dephosphorylates members of the nuclear factor of activated T cells (NFAT)2 transcription factor family, allowing NFAT to translocate to the nucleus where it cooperates with other transcription factors to induce transcription of target genes." SIGNOR-233438 ID2 protein Q02363 UNIPROT TCF3 protein P15923 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 10090 BTO:0004058 SIGNOR-C127 9242638 t 2 miannu "All three Ids bound with high affinity to E proteins .Each Id was able to disrupt the ability of E protein-MyoD complexes to transactivate from a muscle creatine kinase reporter construct in vivo." SIGNOR-241140 ID2 protein Q02363 UNIPROT MYOD/HEB complex SIGNOR-C128 SIGNOR "down-regulates activity" binding 10090 BTO:0004058 9242638 t 2 miannu "All three Ids bound with high affinity to E proteins .Each Id was able to disrupt the ability of E protein-MyoD complexes to transactivate from a muscle creatine kinase reporter construct in vivo." SIGNOR-241143 ID2 protein Q02363 UNIPROT MYOD/E2-2 complex SIGNOR-C129 SIGNOR "down-regulates activity" binding 10090 BTO:0004058 9242638 t 2 miannu "All three Ids bound with high affinity to E proteins .Each Id was able to disrupt the ability of E protein-MyoD complexes to transactivate from a muscle creatine kinase reporter construct in vivo." SIGNOR-241146 ID2 protein Q02363 UNIPROT MYOD/E12E47 complex SIGNOR-C127 SIGNOR "down-regulates activity" binding 10090 BTO:0004058 9242638 t 2 miannu "All three Ids bound with high affinity to E proteins .Each Id was able to disrupt the ability of E protein-MyoD complexes to transactivate from a muscle creatine kinase reporter construct in vivo." SIGNOR-241149 ID3 protein Q02535 UNIPROT TCF12 protein Q99081 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 10090 BTO:0004058 SIGNOR-C128 9242638 t 2 miannu "All three Ids bound with high affinity to E proteins .Each Id was able to disrupt the ability of E protein-MyoD complexes to transactivate from a muscle creatine kinase reporter construct in vivo." SIGNOR-241152 ID3 protein Q02535 UNIPROT MYOD/E2-2 complex SIGNOR-C129 SIGNOR "down-regulates activity" binding 10090 BTO:0004058 9242638 t 2 miannu "All three Ids bound with high affinity to E proteins .Each Id was able to disrupt the ability of E protein-MyoD complexes to transactivate from a muscle creatine kinase reporter construct in vivo." SIGNOR-241155 ID3 protein Q02535 UNIPROT MYOD/E12E47 complex SIGNOR-C127 SIGNOR "down-regulates activity" binding 10090 BTO:0004058 9242638 t 2 miannu "All three Ids bound with high affinity to E proteins .Each Id was able to disrupt the ability of E protein-MyoD complexes to transactivate from a muscle creatine kinase reporter construct in vivo." SIGNOR-241158 HOXA9 protein P31269 UNIPROT MEIS1 protein O00470 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding -1 9343407 t 2 miannu "We now show that the Hoxa-9 protein physically interacts with Meis1 proteins. Hox proteins from the other AbdB-like paralogs, Hoxa-10, Hoxa-11, Hoxd-12, and Hoxb-13, also form DNA binding complexes with Meis1b. DNA binding complexes formed by Meis1 with Hox proteins dissociate much more slowly than DNA complexes with Meis1 alone, suggesting that Hox proteins stabilize the interactions of Meis1 proteins with their DNA targets." SIGNOR-241162 POU4F2 protein Q12837 UNIPROT ESR1 protein P03372 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000093 9448000 t 2 miannu "the POU domain of Brn-3a and Brn-3b was shown to interact with the DNA-binding domain of the ER. Brn-3-ER interactions also affect transcriptional activity of an ERE-containing promoter, such that in estradiol-stimulated cells, Brn-3b strongly activated the promoter via the ERE, while Brn-3a had a mild inhibitory effect." SIGNOR-241208 HOXD11 protein P31277 UNIPROT MEIS1 protein O00470 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding -1 9343407 t 2 miannu "We now show that the Hoxa-9 protein physically interacts with Meis1 proteins. Hox proteins from the other AbdB-like paralogs, Hoxa-10, Hoxa-11, Hoxd-12, and Hoxb-13, also form DNA binding complexes with Meis1b. DNA binding complexes formed by Meis1 with Hox proteins dissociate much more slowly than DNA complexes with Meis1 alone, suggesting that Hox proteins stabilize the interactions of Meis1 proteins with their DNA targets." SIGNOR-241229 HOXD12 protein P35452 UNIPROT MEIS1 protein O00470 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding -1 9343407 t 2 miannu "We now show that the Hoxa-9 protein physically interacts with Meis1 proteins. Hox proteins from the other AbdB-like paralogs, Hoxa-10, Hoxa-11, Hoxd-12, and Hoxb-13, also form DNA binding complexes with Meis1b. DNA binding complexes formed by Meis1 with Hox proteins dissociate much more slowly than DNA complexes with Meis1 alone, suggesting that Hox proteins stabilize the interactions of Meis1 proteins with their DNA targets." SIGNOR-241232 HOXD13 protein P35453 UNIPROT MEIS1 protein O00470 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding -1 9343407 t 2 miannu "We now show that the Hoxa-9 protein physically interacts with Meis1 proteins. Hox proteins from the other AbdB-like paralogs, Hoxa-10, Hoxa-11, Hoxd-12, and Hoxb-13, also form DNA binding complexes with Meis1b. DNA binding complexes formed by Meis1 with Hox proteins dissociate much more slowly than DNA complexes with Meis1 alone, suggesting that Hox proteins stabilize the interactions of Meis1 proteins with their DNA targets." SIGNOR-241235 ERK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF1 SIGNOR SP1 protein P08047 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation 9606 23616010 t lperfetto "Erk also undergoes rapid translocation into the nucleus, where it phosphorylates and activates a variety of transcription factor targets, including sp1, e2f, elk-1, and ap1." SIGNOR-233523 ERK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF1 SIGNOR E2F1 protein Q01094 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation 9606 23616010 t lperfetto "Erk also undergoes rapid translocation into the nucleus, where it phosphorylates and activates a variety of transcription factor targets, including sp1, e2f, elk-1, and ap1." SIGNOR-233526 C1D protein Q13901 UNIPROT NR1D1 protein P20393 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000567 9405624 t 2 miannu "SUN-CoR is a protein involved in transcriptional repression by nuclear hormone receptors. The C terminus of SUN-CoR interacts with TR and RevErb in vitro and associates with RevErb in cells, SUN-CoR potentiates repression by both receptors in cells, and the N terminus of SUN-CoR contains an intrinsic repression domain." SIGNOR-241272 POU4F1 protein Q01851 UNIPROT ESR1 protein P03372 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000093 9448000 t 2 miannu "the POU domain of Brn-3a and Brn-3b was shown to interact with the DNA-binding domain of the ER. Brn-3-ER interactions also affect transcriptional activity of an ERE-containing promoter, such that in estradiol-stimulated cells, Brn-3b strongly activated the promoter via the ERE, while Brn-3a had a mild inhibitory effect." SIGNOR-241275 MSC protein O60682 UNIPROT TCF3 protein P15923 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000776 9584154 t 2 miannu "ABF-1 contains a transcriptional repression domain and is capable of inhibiting the transactivation capability of E47 in mammalian cells." SIGNOR-241315 GSN protein P06396 UNIPROT "Membrane Blebbing" phenotype SIGNOR-PH24 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 BTO:0000130 9323209 f "Cleaved by CASP3" amattioni "Expression of the gelsolin cleavage product in multiple cell types caused the cells to round up, detach from the plate, and undergo nuclear fragmentation." SIGNOR-51658 MSX1 protein P28360 UNIPROT LHX2 protein P50458 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding -1 9697309 t 2 miannu "Protein complex formation between Msx1 and Lhx2 homeoproteins is incompatible with DNA binding activity" SIGNOR-241330 RPS6KB1 protein P23443 UNIPROT IRS1 protein P35568 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" phosphorylation Ser639 YMPMSPKsVSAPQQI 10090 BTO:0002572 18498745 t lperfetto "In this report, we identified insulin receptor substrate 1 (IRS-1), a critical mediator of the insulin/insulin-like growth factor 1 signaling, as a proteolytic target of the CUL7 E3 ligase in a manner that depends on mammalian target of rapamycin and the p70 S6 kinase activities.Elimination of phosphorylation at S307/S312/S527/S636/S639 renders V5-IRS-1 partially resistant to degradation by Fbw8" SIGNOR-236599 NRP2 protein O60462 UNIPROT VEGFC protein P49767 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000938 16816121 t gcesareni "By in vitro binding studies we found that both vegf-c and vegf-d interact with np2, vegf-c in a heparin-independent and vegf-d in a heparin-dependent manner." SIGNOR-147530 CORT protein O00230 UNIPROT GHSR protein Q92847 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 12161511 t gcesareni "In human tissues cst-14 as well as cst-17 but not ss-14 bind the gh secretagogue receptor (ghs-r)." SIGNOR-91134 CDK4 protein P11802 UNIPROT MEF2C protein Q06413 UNIPROT down-regulates 9606 21902831 t gcesareni "Not much is known about how this occurs, but inhibition of mef2c by cdk4 prevents the association of mef2 with its transcriptional coactivator, glucocorticoid receptor-interacting protein 1 (grip1)." SIGNOR-176521 CDK4 protein P11802 UNIPROT MEF2D protein Q14814 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 SIGNOR-C18 21902831 t gcesareni "In contrast to cdk2, cyclin d/cdk4 blocks myod activity through an as yet unclear mechanism that may involve direct binding. Cyclin d/cdk4 can also block the activity of myogenin and all mef2 isoforms." SIGNOR-176524 RHEB protein Q15382 UNIPROT FKBP8 protein Q14318 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" "gtpase-activating protein" 9606 19222999 t lperfetto "Recent studies document that Rheb activates mTORC1 via direct, GTP-dependent interaction with the peptidyl-prolyl-cis/trans-isomerase FKBP38, which is proposed to act as an inhibitor of mTORC1." SIGNOR-233568 Neratinib chemical CID:9915743 PUBCHEM EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-194628 Saracatinib chemical CID:10302451 PUBCHEM SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-206691 nilutamide chemical CID:4493 PUBCHEM AR protein P10275 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-194649 IFNG protein P01579 UNIPROT RFX5 protein P48382 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" 9606 BTO:0000567 9177217 f 2 miannu "Transcriptional Activation by the RFX5 Activation Domain Is IFN-_-Inducible in HeLa Cells." SIGNOR-241368 mTORC2 complex SIGNOR-C2 SIGNOR mTORC2 complex SIGNOR-C2 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation 9606 BTO:0000782 10702316 t lperfetto "We report here the identification of a FRAP autophosphorylation site. This site, Ser-2481, is located in a hydrophobic region near the conserved carboxyl-terminal FRAP tail. We demonstrate that the COOH-terminal tail is required for FRAP kinase activity and for signaling to the translational regulator p70(s6k) (ribosomal subunit S6 kinase)." SIGNOR-217000 IRS1 protein P35568 UNIPROT PIK3R1 protein P27986 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 10116 BTO:0001103 21798082 t lperfetto "Phosphorylated irs then acts as docking site to recruit and activate phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (pi3k) which phosphorylates membrane phospholipids, generating phosphoinositide-3,4,5-triphosphate (pip3) from phosphoinositide-4,5-biphosphate (pip2)." SIGNOR-175668 ID3 protein Q02535 UNIPROT TCF4 protein P15884 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 10090 BTO:0004058 SIGNOR-C129 9242638 t 2 miannu "All three Ids bound with high affinity to E proteins .Each Id was able to disrupt the ability of E protein-MyoD complexes to transactivate from a muscle creatine kinase reporter construct in vivo." SIGNOR-241379 INSR protein P06213 UNIPROT INSR protein P06213 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr1361 SYEEHIPyTHMNGGK -1 3166375 t lperfetto "This approach revealed that insulin stimulates autophosphorylation of the insulin-receptor beta-subunit in vitro on at least seven tyrosine residues distributed among three distinct domainsAt least two further tyrosine residues appeared to be phosphorylated after those in domains 2 and 3. These residues probably residue within a domain lying in close proximity to the inner face of the plasma membrane containing tyrosines 953, 960 and 972" SIGNOR-233560 PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT IRS1 protein P35568 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" phosphorylation Ser1223 SSSTRRSsEDLSAYA 9606 BTO:0000975 17360977 t lperfetto "Tyrosine phosphorylation of IRS-1 initiates insulin signaling, whereas serine/threonine phosphorylation alters the ability of IRS-1 to transduce the insulin signalInsulin increased the phosphorylation of Ser312, Ser616, Ser636, Ser892, Ser1101, and Ser1223" SIGNOR-236603 MAP4K3 protein Q8IVH8 UNIPROT PRKCQ protein Q04759 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr538 LGDAKTNtFCGTPDY 9606 BTO:0000782 21983831 t llicata "We report that the kinase glk (map4k3) directly activated pkc-? During tcr signaling." SIGNOR-176744 INSR protein P06213 UNIPROT INSR protein P06213 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr1011 DVFPCSVyVPDEWEV -1 3166375 t lperfetto "This approach revealed that insulin stimulates autophosphorylation of the insulin-receptor beta-subunit in vitro on at least seven tyrosine residues distributed among three distinct domainsAt least two further tyrosine residues appeared to be phosphorylated after those in domains 2 and 3. These residues probably residue within a domain lying in close proximity to the inner face of the plasma membrane containing tyrosines 953, 960 and 972" SIGNOR-233564 MTOR protein P42345 UNIPROT AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser473 RPHFPQFsYSASGTA 9606 SIGNOR-C2 21157483 t lperfetto "Mammalian TOR complex 1 (mTORC1) and mTORC2 exert their actions by regulating other important kinases, such as S6 kinase (S6K) and Akt.Recent findings have revealed novel important roles for mTORC2 in the phosphorylation of AGC kinase family members. mTORC2 phosphorylates and activates Akt, SGK, and PKC, which regulate cell survival, cell cycle progression and anabolism" SIGNOR-170604 MAP2K1 protein Q02750 UNIPROT IRS1 protein P35568 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser307 TRRSRTEsITATSPA 9606 BTO:0000887 11160134 t lperfetto "Thus, at least three kinases mediate phosphorylation of ser307, including jnk, serine kinases in the pi 3-kinase cascade that are activated byinsulinor igf-1, and mek1-sensitive kinase cascades during tnf-alfa stimulation." SIGNOR-236611 AURKB protein Q96GD4 UNIPROT RASSF1 protein Q9NS23 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser207 TSVRRRTsFYLPKDA 9606 19276349 t llicata "Here, we show that aurora a and b associate with and phosphorylate rassf1a on serine 203 aurora a regulates prometaphase progression by inhibiting the ability of rassf1a to suppress apc-cdc20 activity." SIGNOR-184561 IRS1 protein P35568 UNIPROT GRB2 protein P62993 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000156 11259577 t lperfetto "Association ofinsulinreceptor substrate 1 (irs-1) y895 with grb-2 mediates theinsulinsignaling involved in irs-1-deficient brown adipocyte mitogenesis." SIGNOR-236614 CSK protein P41240 UNIPROT ITCH protein Q96J02 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation 9606 BTO:0000007 16888620 t gcesareni "CISK strongly interacts and colocalizes with the E3 ubiquitin ligase AIP4, which is important for the ubiquitin-dependent lysosomal degradation of CXCR4. Moreover, the observed inhibition is both dependent on the interaction between CISK and AIP4 and on the activation status of CISK. Consistent with this, an activated form of CISK but not of the related kinase SGK1 phosphorylates specific sites of AIP4 in vitro." SIGNOR-245327 WNT5A protein P41221 UNIPROT ROR1 protein Q01973 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000938 22343533 t gcesareni "Ror1 and ror2 bind wnt5a." SIGNOR-196133 IKK-complex complex SIGNOR-C14 SIGNOR BAD protein Q92934 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation 9606 23332762 t lperfetto "Ikk phosphorylates bad at serine-26 (ser26) and primes it for inactivation." SIGNOR-216399 AURKA protein O14965 UNIPROT RASSF1 protein Q9NS23 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser207 TSVRRRTsFYLPKDA 9606 17563743 t llicata "Aurora-a appears to phosphorylate rassf1a at threonine202 and/or serine203 that reside within the known microtubule-binding domain of rassf1a. Substitutions of these residues with glutamic acid at both positions, mimicking constitutive phosphorylation of rassf1a, disrupt rassf1a interactions with microtubules and abolish its ability to induce m-phase cell cycle arrest." SIGNOR-155815 CDK12 protein Q9NYV4 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser1861 TPTSPKYsPTSPKYS 9606 22012619 t miannu "Cyck/cdk12 can activate transcription and phosphorylate ser2 in the ctd of rnapii / phosphorylation of serine at position 2 (ser2) is thought to be responsible for productive transcriptional elongation and synthesis of full-length mature mrna" SIGNOR-176793 CDK12 protein Q9NYV4 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser1868 SPTSPKYsPTSPKYS 9606 22012619 t miannu "Cyck/cdk12 can activate transcription and phosphorylate ser2 in the ctd of rnapii / phosphorylation of serine at position 2 (ser2) is thought to be responsible for productive transcriptional elongation and synthesis of full-length mature mrna" SIGNOR-176797 MTOR protein P42345 UNIPROT AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser473 RPHFPQFsYSASGTA 9606 BTO:0000132 SIGNOR-C2 21592956 t lperfetto "Protein kinase B (PKB, Akt) is a Ser/Thr kinase involved in the regulation of cell survival, proliferation, and metabolism and is activated by dual phosphorylation on Thr(308) in the activation loop and Ser(473) in the hydrophobic motif. It plays a contributory role to platelet function, although little is known about its regulation. In this study, we investigated the role of the mammalian target of rapamycin complex (mTORC)-2 in Akt regulation using the recently identified small molecule ATP competitive mTOR inhibitors PP242 and Torin1." SIGNOR-217869 SGK1 protein O00141 UNIPROT FOXO3 protein O43524 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser315 DFRSRTNsNASTVSG 9606 BTO:0000007 11154281 t lperfetto "We show here that sgk1, like akt, promotes cell survival and that it does so in part by phosphorylating and inactivating fkhrl1. However, sgk and akt display differences with respect to the efficacy with which they phosphorylate the three regulatory sites on fkhrl1. While both kinases can phosphorylate thr-32, sgk displays a marked preference for ser-315 whereas akt favors ser-253." SIGNOR-236607 RPS6KB1 protein P23443 UNIPROT IRS1 protein P35568 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser270 EFRPRSKsQSSSNCS 9606 BTO:0000975;BTO:0001760;BTO:0000142 9312143 t lperfetto "Turnover of the active fraction of irs1 involves raptor-mtor- and s6k1-dependent serine phosphorylation in cell culture models of tuberous sclerosiss6k1 phosphorylates irs1 in vitro on multiple residues showing strong preference for rxrxxs/t over s/t,p sites." SIGNOR-51216 SIK2 protein Q9H0K1 UNIPROT CRTC2 protein Q53ET0 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser171 SALNRTSsDSALHTS 9606 20577053 t gcesareni "Phosphorylation on the ser171 residue of crtc2 by ampk and ampk-related kinases, including the salt-inducible kinases (siks), is critical for determining the activity, cellular localization, and degradation of crtc2" SIGNOR-166372 mTORC2 complex SIGNOR-C2 SIGNOR AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser473 RPHFPQFsYSASGTA 9606 21157483 t lperfetto "Mammalian TOR complex 1 (mTORC1) and mTORC2 exert their actions by regulating other important kinases, such as S6 kinase (S6K) and Akt.Recent findings have revealed novel important roles for mTORC2 in the phosphorylation of AGC kinase family members. mTORC2 phosphorylates and activates Akt, SGK, and PKC, which regulate cell survival, cell cycle progression and anabolism" SIGNOR-217004 RPS6KB1 protein P23443 UNIPROT IRS1 protein P35568 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser1101 GCRRRHSsETFSSTP 10090 15306821 t lperfetto "Nevertheless, s6k1-deficient mice remain sensitive to insulin owing to the apparent loss of a negative feedback loop from s6k1 to insulin receptor substrate 1 (irs1), which blunts s307 and s636/s639 phosphorylation; thus under conditions of nutrient satiation s6k1 negatively regulates insulin." SIGNOR-127904 DUSP5 protein Q16690 UNIPROT MAPK14 protein Q16539 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation 9606 20626350 t gcesareni "The activity of mapks can be also regulated by a family of dusps, which dephosphorylates bot phosphotyrosine and phopsphothreonine residues." SIGNOR-166574 AminoAcids stimulus SIGNOR-ST5 SIGNOR LAMTOR complex SIGNOR-C26 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 BTO:0000007 SIGNOR-C3 20381137 f lperfetto "The trimeric Ragulator complex, which comprises the p18, p14, and MP1 proteins, anchors the Rag GTPases to the lysosome, and, like the Rags, is necessary for mTORC1 activation by amino acids" SIGNOR-228152 RAGAC complex SIGNOR-C113 SIGNOR MTOR protein P42345 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" relocalization 9606 BTO:0000007 SIGNOR-C3 20381137 t lperfetto "The Rag GTPases interact with mTORC1 and are proposed to activate it in response to amino acids by promoting mTORC1 translocation to a membrane-bound compartment that contains the mTORC1 activator, Rheb" SIGNOR-228657 HCFC1 protein P51610 UNIPROT CREB3 protein O43889 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding -1 BTO:0000120 9658067 t 2 miannu "We also show that while interaction with HCF is not required for the ability of Luman to activate transcription when tethered to the GAL4 promoter, it appears to be essential for Luman to activate transcription through CRE sites." SIGNOR-241372 FYN protein P06241 UNIPROT ITCH protein Q96J02 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr420 QFNQRFIyGNQDLFA 10090 BTO:0002417 16387660 t gcesareni "Tyrosine phosphorylation of Itch appears to reduce its interaction with its substrate JunB. The turnover of JunB is accelerated in Fyn-deficient T cells, which is further reconstituted by Itch Tyr371 mutation" SIGNOR-245332 BCL2L1 protein Q07817 UNIPROT BECN1 protein Q14457 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 17446862 t gcesareni "The anti-apoptotic proteins bcl-2 and bcl-x(l) bind and inhibit beclin-1, an essential mediator of autophagy." SIGNOR-154480 HDAC1 protein Q13547 UNIPROT CEBPA protein P49715 UNIPROT down-regulates "transcriptional regulation" 9606 16431920 t fspada "These data suggest that c/ebp beta activates a single unified pathway of adipogenesis involving its stimulation of ppargamma expression, which then activates c/ebp alpha expression by dislodging hdac1 from the promoter for degradation in the proteasome" SIGNOR-210013 KLF6 protein Q99612 UNIPROT DLK1 protein P80370 UNIPROT down-regulates "transcriptional regulation" 9606 15917248 f "Repression of dlk1 requires hdac3 deacetylase activity" fspada "We have identified krappel-like factor-6 (klf6), a recently described tumor suppressor gene, as a repressor of the proto-oncogene delta-like 1 (dlk1), a gene encoding a transmembrane protein that inhibits adipocyte differentiation." SIGNOR-210016 TSC1 protein Q92574 UNIPROT MTOR protein P42345 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" 9606 BTO:0000007;BTO:0001938 12271141 f lperfetto "These findings strongly implicate the tuberin-hamartin tumor suppressor complex as an inhibitor of mtor. Here, we show that hamartin and tuberin function together to inhibit mammalian target of rapamycin (mtor)-mediated signaling to eukaryotic initiation factor 4e-binding protein 1 (4e-bp1) and ribosomal protein s6 kinase 1 (s6k1)." SIGNOR-93130 TSC2 protein P49815 UNIPROT MTOR protein P42345 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" 9606 BTO:0000007;BTO:0001938 12271141 f lperfetto "These findings strongly implicate the tuberin-hamartin tumor suppressor complex as an inhibitor of mtor" SIGNOR-93133 AMPK complex SIGNOR-C15 SIGNOR ULK1 protein O75385 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser638 FDFPKTPsSQNLLAL 9606 21205641 t lperfetto "In a screen for conserved substrates of ampk, we identified ulk1 and ulk2, mammalian orthologs of the yeast protein kinase atg1, which is required for autophagy." SIGNOR-216461 RPS6KB1 protein P23443 UNIPROT MTOR protein P42345 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr2446 NKRSRTRtDSYSAGQ 9606 BTO:0000150;BTO:0000093 15905173 t lperfetto "Importantly, phosphorylation of mTOR by S6K1 occurs at threonine 2446/serine 2448. This region has been shown previously to be part of a regulatory repressor domain. These sites are also constitutively phosphorylated in the breast cancer cell line MCF7 carrying an amplification of the S6K1 geneit has been proposed that other inputs, in addition to phosphorylation of Thr-2446/Ser-2448 by S6K1, are part of the mechanism involved in inhibiting this repressor domain" SIGNOR-137255 RPS6KB1 protein P23443 UNIPROT IRS1 protein P35568 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser307 TRRSRTEsITATSPA 10090 15306821 t lperfetto "Nevertheless, s6k1-deficient mice remain sensitive to insulin owing to the apparent loss of a negative feedback loop from s6k1 to insulin receptor substrate 1 (irs1), which blunts s307 and s636/s639 phosphorylation; thus under conditions of nutrient satiation s6k1 negatively regulatesinsulin." SIGNOR-127908 RPS6KB1 protein P23443 UNIPROT IRS1 protein P35568 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser527 RFRKRTHsAGTSPTI 9606 BTO:0000007 16914728 t lperfetto "Turnover of the active fraction of irs1 involves raptor-mtor- and s6k1-dependent serine phosphorylation in cell culture models of tuberous sclerosiss6k1 phosphorylates irs1 in vitro on multiple residues showing strong preference for rxrxxs/t over s/t,p sites." SIGNOR-148903 PPP2CA protein P67775 UNIPROT FOXO3 protein O43524 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr32 QSRPRSCtWPLQRPE 9606 20110348 t gcesareni "Pp2a-mediated dephosphorylation of t32/s253 is required for dissociation of 14-3-3, nuclear translocation, and transcriptional activation of foxo3a." SIGNOR-163688 RPS6KB1 protein P23443 UNIPROT IRS1 protein P35568 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser636 SGDYMPMsPKSVSAP 10090 15306821 t lperfetto "Nevertheless, s6k1-deficient mice remain sensitive to insulin owing to the apparent loss of a negative feedback loop from s6k1 to insulin receptor substrate 1 (irs1), which blunts s307 and s636/s639 phosphorylation; thus under conditions of nutrient satiation s6k1 negatively regulatesinsulin." SIGNOR-127912 RPS6KB1 protein P23443 UNIPROT MTOR protein P42345 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser2448 RSRTRTDsYSAGQSV 9606 BTO:0000150;BTO:0000093 15905173 t lperfetto "Importantly, phosphorylation of mTOR by S6K1 occurs at threonine 2446/serine 2448. This region has been shown previously to be part of a regulatory repressor domain. These sites are also constitutively phosphorylated in the breast cancer cell line MCF7 carrying an amplification of the S6K1 geneit has been proposed that other inputs, in addition to phosphorylation of Thr-2446/Ser-2448 by S6K1, are part of the mechanism involved in inhibiting this repressor domain" SIGNOR-137251 INSR protein P06213 UNIPROT INSR protein P06213 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr1185 FGMTRDIyETDYYRK -1 2449432 t lperfetto "We identified the major autophosphorylation sites in the insulin receptor and correlated their phosphorylation with the phosphotransferase activity of the receptor on synthetic peptides." SIGNOR-106510 PRKAA1 protein Q13131 UNIPROT PPARGC1A protein Q9UBK2 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser539 SLFNVSPsCSSFNSP 10090 BTO:0001103 SIGNOR-C15 17609368 t lperfetto "AMPK phosphorylates PGC-1alpha directly both in vitro and in cells. These direct phosphorylations of the PGC-1alpha protein at threonine-177 and serine-538 are required for the PGC-1alpha-dependent induction of the PGC-1alpha promoter" SIGNOR-228654 TCF4 protein P15884 UNIPROT MYOD/E2-2 complex SIGNOR-C129 SIGNOR "form complex" binding 9606 16847330 t 2 miannu "The MyoD family of basic helix-loop-helix transcription factors function as heterodimers with members of the E-protein family to induce myogenic gene activation." SIGNOR-241382 ID1 protein P41134 UNIPROT TCF4 protein P15884 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 10090 BTO:0004058 SIGNOR-C129 9242638 t 2 miannu "All three Ids bound with high affinity to E proteins .Each Id was able to disrupt the ability of E protein-MyoD complexes to transactivate from a muscle creatine kinase reporter construct in vivo." SIGNOR-241385 RUNX2 protein Q13950 UNIPROT SPP1 protein P10451 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 BTO:0001616 16670084 t gcesareni "Ets-1 and Runx2 are critical transcriptional regulators of OPN expression in CT26 colorectal cancer cells. Suppression of these transcription factors results in significant down-regulation of the OPN metastasis protein." SIGNOR-245336 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT PPARG protein P37231 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" relocalization 9606 18596912 t lperfetto "The genomic activity of ppargamma is modulated, in addition to ligand binding, by phosphorylation of a serine residue by mapks, such as extracellular signal-regulated protein kinases-1/2 (erk-1/2), or by nucleocytoplasmic compartmentalization through the erk activators mapk kinases-1/2 (mek-1/2). These mapks phosphorylate (in humans) ser 84 in the ppargamma1 and ser 114 in ppargamma2 isoform" SIGNOR-179407 ULK1 protein O75385 UNIPROT PRKAA1 protein Q13131 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation 9606 BTO:0000007 SIGNOR-C15 21460634 t lperfetto "Ulk1/2 in turn phosphorylates all three subunits of ampk and thereby negatively regulates its activity." SIGNOR-173047 IRS1 protein P35568 UNIPROT PIK3CB protein P42338 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 10090 BTO:0000887 14623899 t lperfetto "As shown previously, IRS-1 was required for insulin-stimulated phosphorylation of Akt in 32D cells, which is consistent with the binding and activation of PI3K by IRS-1 during insulin stimulation" SIGNOR-236618 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT PPARG protein P37231 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser112 AIKVEPAsPPYYSEK 9606 18596912 t "The effect has been demonstrated using P37231-2" lperfetto "The genomic activity of ppargamma is modulated, in addition to ligand binding, by phosphorylation of a serine residue by mapks, such as extracellular signal-regulated protein kinases-1/2 (erk-1/2), or by nucleocytoplasmic compartmentalization through the erk activators mapk kinases-1/2 (mek-1/2). These mapks phosphorylate (in humans) ser 84 in the ppargamma1 and ser 114 in ppargamma2 isoform" SIGNOR-179404 INSR protein P06213 UNIPROT INSR protein P06213 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr1189 RDIYETDyYRKGGKG -1 2449432 t lperfetto "We identified the major autophosphorylation sites in the insulin receptor and correlated their phosphorylation with the phosphotransferase activity of the receptor on synthetic peptides." SIGNOR-106514 PRKG1 protein Q13976 UNIPROT HRH1 protein P35367 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser398 WKRLRSHsRQYVSGL 9606 BTO:0000975 15107581 t "Translocation from Endosome to Lysosome" fspada "A specific pkg inhibitor inhibits h1r downregulation in cho cells (37). However, direct activation of pkg in these cells does not cause h1r down-regulation, indicating that more studies are required to clarify the role of pkg in h1r down-regulation." SIGNOR-124360 CSNK1A1 protein P48729 UNIPROT TP53 protein P04637 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser20 PLSQETFsDLWKLLP 9606 20041275 t llicata "Our data support the concept that non-primed phosphorylation of p53 by ck1 is an isoform-specific reaction preferentially affecting s20" SIGNOR-162648 INSR protein P06213 UNIPROT INSR protein P06213 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr999 YASSNPEyLSASDVF -1 3166375 t lperfetto "This approach revealed that insulin stimulates autophosphorylation of the insulin-receptor beta-subunit in vitro on at least seven tyrosine residues distributed among three distinct domainsAt least two further tyrosine residues appeared to be phosphorylated after those in domains 2 and 3. These residues probably residue within a domain lying in close proximity to the inner face of the plasma membrane containing tyrosines 953, 960 and 972" SIGNOR-106526 PRKAA1 protein Q13131 UNIPROT PPARGC1A protein Q9UBK2 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr178 NHNHRIRtNPAIVKT 9606 BTO:0000887;BTO:0001103 SIGNOR-C15 17609368 t lperfetto "Ampk phosphorylates pgc-1alpha directly both in vitro and in cells. These direct phosphorylations of the pgc-1alpha protein at threonine-177 and serine-538." SIGNOR-156780 PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT HRH1 protein P35367 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr478 CNENFKKtFKRILHI 9606 BTO:0000975 15107581 t "Translocation from Endosome to Lysosome" fspada "The peptide p10-t478a (thr478 to alanine) was not phosphorylated by pkc, indicating that thr478 can be phosphorylated by pkc." SIGNOR-124356 PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT HRH1 protein P35367 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser398 WKRLRSHsRQYVSGL 9606 BTO:0000975 15107581 t "Translocation from Endosome to Lysosome" fspada "The peptide p9-s396a/s398a (both ser396 and ser398 to alanines) was phosphorylated only slightly or not phosphorylated by these kinases. Thus both ser396 and ser398 can be phosphorylated by camk ii and pkc" SIGNOR-124352 INSR protein P06213 UNIPROT INSR protein P06213 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr992 DGPLGPLyASSNPEY -1 3166375 t lperfetto "This approach revealed that insulin stimulates autophosphorylation of the insulin-receptor beta-subunit in vitro on at least seven tyrosine residues distributed among three distinct domainsAt least two further tyrosine residues appeared to be phosphorylated after those in domains 2 and 3. These residues probably residue within a domain lying in close proximity to the inner face of the plasma membrane containing tyrosines 953, 960 and 972" SIGNOR-106522 LAMTOR complex SIGNOR-C26 SIGNOR RAGAC complex SIGNOR-C113 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" relocalization 9606 BTO:0000007 SIGNOR-C3 20381137 t lperfetto "We identify the trimeric Ragulator protein complex as a new component of the mTORC1 pathway that interacts with the Rag GTPases, is essential for localizing them and mTORC1 to the lysosomal surface, and is necessary for the activation of the mTORC1 pathway by amino acids." SIGNOR-228155 TSC1 protein Q92574 UNIPROT RHEB protein Q15382 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000007 20006481 t lperfetto "Tsc1 and tsc2 proteins, which together inhibit rheb through the gap activity of tsc2." SIGNOR-162096 TSC2 protein P49815 UNIPROT RHEB protein Q15382 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" "gtpase-activating protein" 9606 BTO:0000142 15340059 t lperfetto "Tsc2 functions as a gap to inhibit rheb activity. Tsc2 displays gap (gtpase-activating protein) activity specifically towards the small g protein rheb and inhibits its ability to stimulate the mtor signaling pathway. It has recently been shown that tsc2 has gtpase-activating protein (gap) activity towards the ras family small gtpase rheb (ras homolog enriched in brain), and tsc1/2 antagonizes the mtor signaling pathway via stimulation of gtp hydrolysis of rheb." SIGNOR-128432 PCI-24781 chemical CID:11749858 PUBCHEM HDAC6 protein Q9UBN7 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-189168 ABT-737 chemical CID:11228183 PUBCHEM BCL2L2 protein Q92843 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-189174 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT RPS6KB1 protein P23443 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr444 RFIGSPRtPVSPVKF 10116 15774499 t lperfetto "Thr 421/Ser 424 have been reported to be targeted by ERK1, 2 (39), JNK or p38 MAPKs (36). Interestingly, with a comparable kinetics, FSH represses ERK1, 2 constitutive phosphorylation in Sertoli cells isolated from 19-d-old rats" SIGNOR-134662 PDPK1 protein O15530 UNIPROT AKT2 protein P31751 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr309 SDGATMKtFCGTPEY 9606 15743829 t lperfetto "Akt1 and akt2 are phosphorylated and activated by the protein kinase pdk1 at thr-308 or thr-309, respectively, in the activation t-loop, and further activation occurs through phosphorylation at ser-473 or ser-474, respectively. Pdk1 phosphorylates akt-2 at thr 309 in the catalytic domain, leading to enzymatic activation." SIGNOR-134485 PDPK1 protein O15530 UNIPROT AKT2 protein P31751 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser474 RTHFPQFsYSASIRE 9606 15743829 t lperfetto "Akt1 and akt2 are phosphorylated and activated by the protein kinase pdk1 at thr-308 or thr-309, respectively, in the activation t-loop, and further activation occurs through phosphorylation at ser-473 or ser-474, respectively. Pdk1 phosphorylates akt-2 at thr 309 in the catalytic domain, leading to enzymatic activation." SIGNOR-134481 PDPK1 protein O15530 UNIPROT MAP2K1 protein Q02750 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser222 LIDSMANsFVGTRSY 9606 BTO:0000007 15175348 t lperfetto "In vitro kinase assay revealed that the direct targets of pdk1 in the mapk pathway were the upstream mapk kinases mek1 and mek2. The identified pdk1 phosphorylation sites in mek1 and mek2 are ser222 and ser226, respectively, and are known to be essential for full activation" SIGNOR-236633 PRKD1 protein Q15139 UNIPROT HDAC7 protein Q8WUI4 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser155 FPLRKTVsEPNLKLR 9606 BTO:0000782 15623513 t lperfetto "Protein kinase d1 (pkd1) was activated after tcr engagement, interacted with hdac7, and phosphorylated three serines (ser155, ser318, and ser448) at its n terminus, leading to its export from the nucleus." SIGNOR-132894 RPS6KB1 protein P23443 UNIPROT RPS6 protein P62753 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser236 AKRRRLSsLRASTSK 10090 15809305 t lperfetto "A knockin mouse carrying mutations at all phosphorylation sites in the primary s6k substrate, ribosomal protein s6 (rps6), has provided insight into the physiological role of this protein phosphorylation event. Of the many known substrates of s6k1, it is rps6 that has been shown to be directly involved, via its phosphorylation, in controlling cell size." SIGNOR-135176 RPS6KB1 protein P23443 UNIPROT RPS6 protein P62753 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser235 IAKRRRLsSLRASTS 10090 15809305 t lperfetto "A knockin mouse carrying mutations at all phosphorylation sites in the primary s6k substrate, ribosomal protein s6 (rps6), has provided insight into the physiological role of this protein phosphorylation event. Of the many known substrates of s6k1, it is rps6 that has been shown to be directly involved, via its phosphorylation, in controlling cell size." SIGNOR-135172 MAP2K1 protein Q02750 UNIPROT GSK3B protein P49841 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr216 RGEPNVSyICSRYYR 9606 BTO:0001253 15020233 t lperfetto "In vitro kinase assay was carried out using a recombinant human active mek1 and we found that gsk-3beta was phosphorylated on tyr(216) by this kinase in a dose- and time-dependent manner. Further, the pretreatment of fibroblasts with u0126 inhibited serum-induced nuclear translocation of gsk-3beta. These results suggested that mek1/2 induces tyrosine phosphorylation of gsk-3beta and this cellular event might induce nuclear translocation of gsk-3beta." SIGNOR-236622 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT RPS6KB1 protein P23443 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser441 SPRRFIGsPRTPVSP 10116 15774499 t lperfetto "Thr 421/Ser 424 have been reported to be targeted by ERK1, 2 (39), JNK or p38 MAPKs (36). Interestingly, with a comparable kinetics, FSH represses ERK1, 2 constitutive phosphorylation in Sertoli cells isolated from 19-d-old rats" SIGNOR-111515 PDPK1 protein O15530 UNIPROT SGK1 protein O00141 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr256 EHNSTTStFCGTPEY 9606 15209375 t lperfetto "Here, we review recent biochemical, genetic and structural studies on the 3-phosphoinositide-dependent protein kinase-1 (pdk1), which phosphorylates and activates the agc kinase members regulated by pi 3-kinase. We also discuss whether inhibitors of pdk1 might have chemotherapeutic potential in the treatment of cancers in which the pdk1-regulated agc kinases are constitutively activated." SIGNOR-236637 SGK1 protein O00141 UNIPROT SLC2A4 protein P14672 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser274 LERERPLsLLQLLGS 8355 BTO:0000887 17382906 t lperfetto "We evaluated the putative role of sgk1 in the modulation of glut4. Coexpression of the kinase along with glut4 in xenopus oocytes stimulated glucose transport. The enhanced glut4 activity was paralleled by increased transporter abundance in the plasma membrane. Disruption of the sgk1 phosphorylation site on glut4 ((s274a)glut4) abrogated the stimulating effect of sgk1. In summary, sgk1 promotes glucose transporter membrane abundance via glut4 phosphorylation at ser274." SIGNOR-236653 EIF4EBP1 protein Q13541 UNIPROT EIF4E protein P06730 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 9606 23584478 t lperfetto "The rate-limiting factor for translation is eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4E (eIF4E), which is negatively regulated by eIF4E-binding protein 1 (4E-BP1)." SIGNOR-167176 MTOR protein P42345 UNIPROT RPS6KB1 protein P23443 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr412 NQVFLGFtYVAPSVL -1 SIGNOR-C3 10567431 t lperfetto "We report here that a mammalian recombinant p70alpha polypeptide, extracted in an inactive form from rapamycin-treated cells, can be directly phosphorylated by the mTOR kinase in vitro predominantly at the rapamycin-sensitive site Thr-412. mTOR-catalyzed p70alpha phosphorylation in vitro is accompanied by a substantial restoration in p70alpha kinase activity toward its physiologic substrate" SIGNOR-72357 HRAS protein P01112 UNIPROT PIK3CB protein P42338 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 21779497 t lperfetto "Grb2 binds and activates sos, which then activates ras, and this activates p110 independently of p85. it was also described that ras interacts with pi3k in a direct manner." SIGNOR-175189 PIK3CB protein P42338 UNIPROT PtsIns(3,4,5)P3 smallmolecule CID:24755492 PUBCHEM "up-regulates quantity" "small molecule catalysis" 9606 21779497 t lperfetto "The activation of pi3k results in the generation of the second messenger, phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-triphosphate (pip3) from phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (pip2). In vivo, class i pi3ks primarily generate phosphatidylinositol-3,4,5-trisphosphate (pip3) from phosphatidylinositol- 4,5-bisphosphate (pi-4,5-p2)" SIGNOR-175241 PtsIns(3,4,5)P3 smallmolecule CID:24755492 PUBCHEM PDPK1 protein O15530 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" relocalization 9606 21798082 t lperfetto "Pip3 acts in turn as a docking site for two kinases, phosphoinositide-dependent kinase 1 (pdk1) and akt, and the subsequent phosphorylation of akt at serine 308 by pdk1, leading to akt activation." SIGNOR-175253 HRAS protein P01112 UNIPROT RAF1 protein P04049 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 21779497 t lperfetto "The first RAS effector pathway to be identified was the RAF-MEK-ERK pathway. This pathway is an essential, shared element of mitogenic signaling involving tyrosine kinase receptors, leading to a wide range of cellular responses, including growth, differentiation, inflammation, and apoptosis.23 The RAF family of proteins (Raf-1, A-Raf, and B-Raf) is serine/threonine kinases that bind to the effector region of RAS-GTP, thus inducing translocation of the protein to the plasma membrane." SIGNOR-236656 STK10 protein O94804 UNIPROT MSN protein P26038 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr558 LGRDKYKtLRQIRQG 9606 BTO:0000661 19255442 t llicata "Evidence in jurkat cells that lok phosphorylates erm and that erm phosphorylation impedes migration." SIGNOR-184433 PRKD1 protein Q15139 UNIPROT HDAC7 protein Q8WUI4 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser358 WPLSRTRsEPLPPSA 9606 BTO:0000782 15623513 t lperfetto "Protein kinase d1 (pkd1) was activated after tcr engagement, interacted with hdac7, and phosphorylated three serines (ser155, ser318, and ser448) at its n terminus, leading to its export from the nucleus." SIGNOR-132898 MTOR protein P42345 UNIPROT RPS6KB1 protein P23443 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser434 SFEPKIRsPRRFIGS 9823 BTO:0004712 23486913 t lperfetto "Collectively, these results indicate that Arg, Leu, and Gln act coordinately to stimulate proliferation of pTr cells through activation of the MTOR-RPS6K-RPS6-EIF4EBP1 signal transduction pathway" SIGNOR-201534 MTOR protein P42345 UNIPROT RPS6KB1 protein P23443 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser394 TRQTPVDsPDDSTLS 9823 BTO:0004712 23486913 t lperfetto "Collectively, these results indicate that Arg, Leu, and Gln act coordinately to stimulate proliferation of pTr cells through activation of the MTOR-RPS6K-RPS6-EIF4EBP1 signal transduction pathway" SIGNOR-201530 MTOR protein P42345 UNIPROT RPS6KB1 protein P23443 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr412 NQVFLGFtYVAPSVL 9606 BTO:0000007 SIGNOR-C3 10579915 t lperfetto "S6 kinases are under the control of the PI3K relative, mammalian Target Of Rapamycin (mTOR), which may serve an additional function as a checkpoint for amino acid availability." SIGNOR-72682 GSK3B protein P49841 UNIPROT SREBF1 protein P36956 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" phosphorylation Ser430 DTLTPPPsDAGSPFQ 9606 BTO:0000567 16825193 t lperfetto "The transcription factor SREBP1 is degraded by the ubiquitin-proteasome system following phosphorylation of Thr426 and Ser430 in its phosphodegron. We now demonstrate that the glycogen synthase kinase (GSK)-3beta-dependent phosphorylation of these residues in SREBP1 is enhanced in response to specific DNA binding" SIGNOR-236645 MTOR protein P42345 UNIPROT RPS6KB1 protein P23443 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr412 NQVFLGFtYVAPSVL 10090 BTO:0002572 12782654 t lperfetto "S6K1 is a positive regulator of protein synthesis, and its activity is induced by mTOR-mediated phosphorylation." SIGNOR-101336 MTOR protein P42345 UNIPROT RPS6KB1 protein P23443 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser434 SFEPKIRsPRRFIGS 10090 BTO:0002572 12782654 t lperfetto "S6K1 is a positive regulator of protein synthesis, and its activity is induced by mTOR-mediated phosphorylation." SIGNOR-101332 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT RPTOR protein Q8N122 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser696 EKNYALPsPATTEGG 9606 BTO:0000007 SIGNOR-C3 21071439 t lperfetto "We found three proline-directed residues within raptor, ser(8), ser(696), and ser(863), which are directly phosphorylated by erk1/2. Expression of phosphorylation-deficient alleles of raptor revealed that phosphorylation of these sites by erk1/2 normally promotes mtorc1 activity and signaling to downstream substrates, such as 4e-bp1." SIGNOR-169526 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT RPTOR protein Q8N122 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser8 MESEMLQsPLLGLGE 9606 BTO:0000007 SIGNOR-C3 21071439 t lperfetto "We found three proline-directed residues within raptor, ser(8), ser(696), and ser(863), which are directly phosphorylated by erk1/2. Expression of phosphorylation-deficient alleles of raptor revealed that phosphorylation of these sites by erk1/2 normally promotes mtorc1 activity and signaling to downstream substrates, such as 4e-bp1." SIGNOR-169530 MAPK14 protein Q16539 UNIPROT MAP3K11 protein Q16584 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation 9606 20626350 t gcesareni "Jnk and p38 mapk activation have antagonistic effects in many cases. From a mechanicistic point of view, the p38 mapk pathway can negatively regulate jnk activity at the level of map3ks, either by phosphorylating mlk3 or the tak1 regulatory subunit tab2" SIGNOR-166605 PPP3CA protein Q08209 UNIPROT NFATC4 protein Q14934 UNIPROT up-regulates dephosphorylation 9606 21880741 t gcesareni "Calcineurin directly dephosphorylates nfat resulting in the nuclear import of nfat." SIGNOR-176379 PTEN protein P60484 UNIPROT PIK3CB protein P42338 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" 9606 BTO:0000938 18794881 f lperfetto "The pten tumour suppressor is a lipid and protein phosphatase that inhibits phosphoinositide 3-kinase (pi3k)-dependent by dephosphorylating phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate (ptdinsp(3))." SIGNOR-236663 CHEK2 protein O96017 UNIPROT CHEK2 protein O96017 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr68 SSLETVStQELYSIP 9606 BTO:0000007 11901158 t lperfetto "Thus, activation of chk2 in irradiated cells may occur through oligomerization of chk2 via binding of the thr-68-phosphorylated region of one chk2 to the fha domain of another. Oligomerization of chk2 may therefore increase the efficiency of trans-autophosphorylation resulting in the release of active chk2 monomers that proceed to enforce checkpoint control in irradiated cells." SIGNOR-116135 PRKAA1 protein Q13131 UNIPROT RPTOR protein Q8N122 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation 9606 BTO:0000007 SIGNOR-C15 SIGNOR-C3 21460634 t lperfetto "Ampk in turn inactivates mtorc1 directly by phosphorylating raptor and indirectly by phosphorylating tsc2." SIGNOR-173035 AKT2 protein P31751 UNIPROT mTORC1 complex SIGNOR-C3 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation 9606 BTO:0000007 17386266 t lperfetto "Insulin-stimulated phosphorylation of pras40 by akt/pkb suppresses its mtorc1 inhibitory activity." SIGNOR-236705 MAPK10 protein P53779 UNIPROT BCL2L11 protein O43521 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser77 PGPFATRsPLFIFMR 10090 BTO:0000938 12818176 t miannu "JNKs specifically phosphorylate BIMEL at Ser55, 65, and/or 73. several observations demonstrate that the phosphorylation of BIMEL is a physiologically important mechanism for enhancing its proapoptotic activity." SIGNOR-250131 ERK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF1 SIGNOR RAF1 protein P04049 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser301 SSSPNNLsPTGWSQP 9606 16407412 t lperfetto "Using mass spectrometry, we identified raf-1 phosphorylation on three sp motif sites: s289/s296/s301. These sites were phosphorylated by extracellular signal-regulated kinase (erk)-1 in vitro, and their phosphorylation in vivo was dependent on endogenous erk activity. Functionally, erk-1 expression sustains raf-1 activation in a manner dependent on raf-1 phosphorylation on the identified sites, and s289/296/301a substitution markedly decreases the in vivo activity of raf-1 s259a." SIGNOR-244685 MTOR protein P42345 UNIPROT RPTOR protein Q8N122 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser855 QRVLDTSsLTQSAPA 9606 BTO:0000007 19864431 t lperfetto "Strikingly, raptor Ser(863) phosphorylation is absolutely required for raptor Ser(859) and Ser(855) phosphorylation. These data suggest that mTORC1 activation leads to raptor multisite phosphorylation and that raptor Ser(863) phosphorylation functions as a master biochemical switch that modulates hierarchical raptor phosphorylation (e.g. on Ser(859) and Ser(855))" SIGNOR-174882 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT RPTOR protein Q8N122 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser863 LTQSAPAsPTNKGVH 9606 BTO:0000007 SIGNOR-C3 21071439 t lperfetto "We found three proline-directed residues within raptor, ser(8), ser(696), and ser(863), which are directly phosphorylated by erk1/2. Expression of phosphorylation-deficient alleles of raptor revealed that phosphorylation of these sites by erk1/2 normally promotes mtorc1 activity and signaling to downstream substrates, such as 4e-bp1." SIGNOR-169534 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT RPTOR protein Q8N122 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser863 LTQSAPAsPTNKGVH 9606 BTO:0000007 SIGNOR-C3 19864431 t lperfetto "Strikingly, raptor Ser(863) phosphorylation is absolutely required for raptor Ser(859) and Ser(855) phosphorylation. These data suggest that mTORC1 activation leads to raptor multisite phosphorylation and that raptor Ser(863) phosphorylation functions as a master biochemical switch that modulates hierarchical raptor phosphorylation (e.g. on Ser(859) and Ser(855))" SIGNOR-188916 GSK3B protein P49841 UNIPROT SREBF1 protein P36956 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" phosphorylation Thr426 TEVEDTLtPPPSDAG 9606 BTO:0000007 19126544 t lperfetto "Importantly, we demonstrate that the mature form of endogenous SREBP1 is phosphorylated on Ser-434. Glycogen synthase kinase-3 phosphorylates Ser-434, and the phosphorylation of this residue is attenuated in response to insulin signaling. Interestingly, phosphorylation of Ser-434 promotes the glycogen synthase kinase-3-dependent phosphorylation of Thr-426 and Ser-430 and destabilizes SREBP1." SIGNOR-236667 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT RPTOR protein Q8N122 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser863 LTQSAPAsPTNKGVH 10090 BTO:0002572 SIGNOR-C3 21757713 t lperfetto "Arsenite treatment of cells activates p38_ and induces interaction between p38_ and Raptor, a regulatory component of mTORC1, resulting in phosphorylation of Raptor on Ser(863) and Ser(771). The phosphorylation of Raptor on these sites enhances mTORC1 activity, and contributes largely to arsenite-induced mTORC1 activation" SIGNOR-174878 PRKAA1 protein Q13131 UNIPROT RPTOR protein Q8N122 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser792 DKMRRASsYSSLNSL 10090 BTO:0002572 SIGNOR-C15 SIGNOR-C3 18439900 t lperfetto "The phosphorylation of raptor by ampk is required for the inhibition of mtorc1 and cell-cycle arrest induced by energy stress." SIGNOR-161375 MTOR protein P42345 UNIPROT RPTOR protein Q8N122 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser859 DTSSLTQsAPASPTN 9606 BTO:0000007 19864431 t lperfetto "Strikingly, raptor Ser(863) phosphorylation is absolutely required for raptor Ser(859) and Ser(855) phosphorylation. These data suggest that mTORC1 activation leads to raptor multisite phosphorylation and that raptor Ser(863) phosphorylation functions as a master biochemical switch that modulates hierarchical raptor phosphorylation (e.g. on Ser(859) and Ser(855))" SIGNOR-188920 LIPH protein Q8WWY8 UNIPROT LPAR2 protein Q9HBW0 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000661 9525886 t gcesareni "When overexpressed in jurkat t cells, the edg4 protein mediated lpa-induced activation of a serum response element reporter gene with lpa concentration dependence (ec50 of 10 nm) and specificity." SIGNOR-56093 GSK3B protein P49841 UNIPROT JUN protein P05412 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser249 LSPIDMEsQERIKAE -1 1846781 t lperfetto "Phosphorylation of recombinant human c-jun proteins in vitro by gsk-3 decreases their dna-binding activity." SIGNOR-18684 RPS6KB1 protein P23443 UNIPROT SREBF1 protein P36956 UNIPROT up-regulates 10090 BTO:0002572 20670887 f lperfetto "We find that srebp1 and 2 promote proliferation downstream of mtorc1, and the activation of these transcription factors is mediated by s6k1." SIGNOR-167190 TSC2 protein P49815 UNIPROT TSC1 protein Q92574 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000142;BTO:0000671 10807585 t lperfetto "Furthermore, tsc2 is directly phosphorylated by akt, which is involved in stimulating cell growth and is activated by growth stimulating signals, such as insulin. Tsc2 is inactivated by akt-dependent phosphorylation, which destabilizes tsc2 and disrupts its interaction with tsc1." SIGNOR-77400 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT TSC2 protein P49815 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation 9606 BTO:0000150;BTO:0001130;BTO:0001271;BTO:0000527 19188143 t lperfetto "Phosphorylation of tsc2 (by akt and erk;refs. 28, 29) and tsc1(by ikkbeta;ref. 30) results in the disruption of the tsc1/2 complex, and thereby activates the oncogenic mtor signaling contributing to tumor progression" SIGNOR-183695 MTOR protein P42345 UNIPROT ULK1 protein O75385 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation 9606 BTO:0000007 21460634 t lperfetto "mTORC1, which is often referred to as the gatekeeper to autophagy, is a key regulator of the Ulk1-Atg13-FIP200 kinase complex.11,14,25 Under nutrient-rich conditions, active mTORC1 associates with and inactivates the Ulk1-Atg13-FIP200 complex by phosphorylating Ulk1 and Atg13." SIGNOR-183903 MTOR protein P42345 UNIPROT ULK1 protein O75385 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation 9606 SIGNOR-C3 19690328 t lperfetto "The complementary inhibitory mechanism in which mtorc1 phosphorylates the autophagy regulatory complex containing unc-51-like kinase 1 (ulk1), the mammalian atg13 protein, and focal adhesion kinase interacting protein of 200 kd (fip200) has also been elucidated." SIGNOR-187611 PRKAA1 protein Q13131 UNIPROT ULK1 protein O75385 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation 9606 BTO:0000007 SIGNOR-C15 21460634 t lperfetto "Ampk and ulk1 interact and that the latter is phosphorylated by ampk. This phosphorylation leads to the direct activation of ulk1 by ampk bypassing mtor-inhibition." SIGNOR-173038 mTORC1 complex SIGNOR-C3 SIGNOR EIF4EBP1 protein Q13541 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation 9606 BTO:0000007 12747827 t lperfetto "Our data demonstrate that the TOS motif functions as a docking site for the mTOR/raptor complex, which is required for multisite phosphorylation of 4E-BP1, eIF4E release from 4E-BP1, and cell growth." SIGNOR-236678 PPM1A protein P35813 UNIPROT GSK3B/Axin/APC complex SIGNOR-C110 SIGNOR down-regulates dephosphorylation 9606 10644691 t lperfetto "Pp2c utilizes axin as a substrate both in vitro and in vivo and decreases its half-life. These results indicate that pp2c is a positive regulator of wnt signal transduction and mediates its effects through the dephosphorylation of axin." SIGNOR-227955 WNT5A protein P41221 UNIPROT GSK3B/Axin/APC complex SIGNOR-C110 SIGNOR down-regulates 9606 21078818 f lperfetto "We demonstrate here that prototype canonical wnt3a and noncanonical wnt5a ligands specifically trigger completely unrelated endogenous coreceptors-lrp5/6 and ror1/2, respectively-through a common mechanism that involves their wnt-dependent coupling to the frizzled (fzd) coreceptor and recruitment of shared components, including dishevelled (dvl), axin, and glycogen synthase kinase 3 (gsk3)." SIGNOR-227958 MTOR protein P42345 UNIPROT ULK1 protein O75385 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser758 PVVFTVGsPPSGSTP 9606 BTO:0001938 21383122 t lperfetto "When cells are replenished with rich medium, mtor is activated;it phosphorylates serine 638 and serine 758. The phosphorylation of ulk1 at serine 758 then leads to reassociation between ulk1 and ampk." SIGNOR-172541 AKT2 protein P31751 UNIPROT FOXO3 protein O43524 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr32 QSRPRSCtWPLQRPE 9606 BTO:0000150;BTO:0001130;BTO:0001271;BTO:0000527 19188143 t lperfetto "Akt-dependent phosphorylation of foxo3a (thr32, ser253, and ser315 for human foxo3) enhances foxo3a/14-3-3 Interaction and promotes foxo3a nuclear export to the cytoplasm, resulting in the repression of foxo3a transcriptional function akt phosphorylates members of the foxo factors (forkhead family of transcription factors), leading to binding of 14-3-3 proteins and cytoplasmic localisation. In particular, akt phosphorylates foxo1 on thr24, ser256 and ser319. Foxo 3alfa and foxo4 are phosphorylated on equivalent sites." SIGNOR-236675 CSNK2A1 protein P68400 UNIPROT CD5 protein P06127 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser483 SMQPDNSsDSDYDLH 9606 BTO:0000661 9834084 t lperfetto "In this study, we use jurkat t cell transfectants of cd5 cytoplasmic tail mutants to reveal phosphorylation sites relevant to signal transduction. Our results show that casein kinase ii (ckii) is responsible for the constitutive phosphorylation of cd5 molecules at a cluster of three serine residues located at the extreme c terminus (s458, s459, and s461)" SIGNOR-62307 INSR protein P06213 UNIPROT IRS1 protein P35568 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr632 GRKGSGDyMPMSPKS 10116 BTO:0000443 11416002 t lperfetto "All known IRS proteins contain multiple YXXM motifs that upon phosphorylation by activated insulin re- ceptors Tyr(612) and Tyr(632) in human insulin receptor substrate-1 are important for full activation of insulin-stimulated phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase activity and translocation of GLUT4 in adipose cells" SIGNOR-236709 AKT2 protein P31751 UNIPROT FOXO3 protein O43524 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser253 APRRRAVsMDNSNKY 9606 BTO:0000150;BTO:0001130;BTO:0001271;BTO:0000527 19188143 t lperfetto "Akt-dependent phosphorylation of foxo3a (thr32, ser253, and ser315 for human foxo3) enhances foxo3a/14-3-3 Interaction and promotes foxo3a nuclear export to the cytoplasm, resulting in the repression of foxo3a transcriptional function akt phosphorylates members of the foxo factors (forkhead family of transcription factors), leading to binding of 14-3-3 proteins and cytoplasmic localisation. In particular, akt phosphorylates foxo1 on thr24, ser256 and ser319. Foxo 3alfa and foxo4 are phosphorylated on equivalent sites." SIGNOR-236671 FOXH1 protein O75593 UNIPROT SMAD2 protein Q15796 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0001538 9858566 t lperfetto "FAST-2 also interacts directly with Smad2, a cytoplasmic protein which is translocated to the nucleus in response to TGF-beta, and forms a multimeric complex with Smad2 and Smad4 on the activin response element, a high-affinity binding site for FAST-1." SIGNOR-108333 PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT IRS1 protein P35568 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" phosphorylation Ser1222 ESSSTRRsSEDLSAY 9606 BTO:0000975 17360977 t lperfetto "Tyrosine phosphorylation of IRS-1 initiates insulin signaling, whereas serine/threonine phosphorylation alters the ability of IRS-1 to transduce the insulin signalInsulin increased the phosphorylation of Ser312, Ser616, Ser636, Ser892, Ser1101, and Ser1223" SIGNOR-236729 TDGF1 protein P13385 UNIPROT TGFB1 protein P01137 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0002181;BTO:0000599 17030617 t lperfetto "ere, we provide evidence supporting a novel mechanism in which Cripto inhibits the tumor suppressor function of TGF-beta. Cripto bound TGF-beta and reduced the association of TGF-beta with its type I receptor, TbetaRI." SIGNOR-150006 hesperadin chemical CID:10142586 PUBCHEM AURKB protein Q96GD4 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-193128 INSR protein P06213 UNIPROT IRS1 protein P35568 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr465 GEEELSNyICMGGKG 10116 BTO:0000443 7651388 t lperfetto "All known IRS proteins contain multiple YXXM motifs that upon phosphorylation by activated insulin receptors A previous study using phosphopeptides suggested that tyrosine-phosphorylated YXXM motifs at positions 608 and 939 in rat IRS-1 bind with high affinity to SH2 domains of p85, and motifs at positions 460 and 987 bind with lower affinity (10)." SIGNOR-236713 mTORC1 complex SIGNOR-C3 SIGNOR SGK1 protein O00141 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser422 AEAFLGFsYAPPTDS -1 18570873 t lperfetto "Mtor phosphorylated sgk1, but not sgk1-s422a, in vitro. Sgk1 phosphorylated p27 in vitro. These data implicate sgk1 as an mtorc1 (mtor-raptor) substrate. mtor may promote g1 progression in part through sgk1 activation" SIGNOR-217078 HRAS protein P01112 UNIPROT JUN protein P05412 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser73 VGLLKLAsPELERLI 10116 BTO:0000452 1749429 t lperfetto "Expression of oncogenic ha-ras augments transactivation by c-jun and stimulates its phosphorylation. Here we describe the mapping of the ha-ras-responsive phosphorylation sites to serines 63 and 73 of c-jun. Site-directed mutagenesis indicates that phosphorylation of these serines is essential for stimulation of c-jun activity and for cooperation with ha-ras in ocogenic transformation." SIGNOR-236686 HRAS protein P01112 UNIPROT JUN protein P05412 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser63 KNSDLLTsPDVGLLK 10116 BTO:0000452 1749429 t lperfetto "Expression of oncogenic ha-ras augments transactivation by c-jun and stimulates its phosphorylation. Here we describe the mapping of the ha-ras-responsive phosphorylation sites to serines 63 and 73 of c-jun. Site-directed mutagenesis indicates that phosphorylation of these serines is essential for stimulation of c-jun activity and for cooperation with ha-ras in ocogenic transformation." SIGNOR-236682 PRKCB protein P05771 UNIPROT ILF3 protein Q12906 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser647 RGRGRGGsIRGRGRG 9606 BTO:0000782 20870937 t llicata "In this study, we demonstrate that pma stimulation led to phosphorylation of nf90 at ser(647) via pkc_i. This phosphorylation was necessary for nuclear export of nf90 in response to pma and for il-2 mrna stabilization." SIGNOR-168173 INSR protein P06213 UNIPROT IRS1 protein P35568 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr632 GRKGSGDyMPMSPKS 10029 BTO:0000246 7651388 t lperfetto "Therefore, during insulin stimulation irs-1 undergoes tyrosine phosphorylation, and a portion of tyrosine phosphorylated irs-1 associated with the insulin receptor. The insulin receptor substrate-1 (irs-1) is rapidly phosphorylated on several tyrosine residues by the activated insulin receptor. Insulin signals are mediated through tyrosine phosphorylation of specific proteins such as insulin receptor substrate 1 (irs-1) and shc by the activated insulin receptor (ir)." SIGNOR-236741 INSR protein P06213 UNIPROT IRS1 protein P35568 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr896 EPKSPGEyVNIEFGS 9606 BTO:0000443 12220227 t lperfetto "Here we show that stimulation by insulin of freshly isolated primary adipocytes resulted in the expected rapid tyrosine phosphorylation of the insulin receptor, IRS-1 and IRS-3. Inhibition of PI 3-kinase enhanced the insulin-stimulated phosphorylation of IRS-1 on (i) Tyr(612) and Tyr(941) (p85 binding sites), concomitant with an increased association of the p85 subunit of PI 3-kinase; (ii) Tyr(896) (a Grb2 binding site); and (iii) Tyr(1229) (an SHP-2 binding site), although little or no binding of SHP-2 to IRS-1 was detectable under any conditions." SIGNOR-236725 GSK3B protein P49841 UNIPROT JUN protein P05412 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr239 VPEMPGEtPPLSPID 9606 BTO:0000007 16023596 t lperfetto "The c-jun and c-myc oncogenic transcription factors are highly unstable proteins due to polyubiquitination. Similar to c-myc, we report here that phosphorylation of c-jun by gsk3 creates a high-affinity binding site for the e3 ligase fbw7, which targets c-jun for polyubiquitination and proteasomal degradation similar to c-myc, we report here that phosphorylation of c-jun by gsk3 creates a high-affinity binding site for the e3 ligase fbw7, which targets c-jun for polyubiquitination and proteasomal degradation.Phosphorylation of Thr-239 and Ser-243 is required for Fbw7-mediated c-Jun disappearance" SIGNOR-236717 RPS6KB1 protein P23443 UNIPROT IRS1 protein P35568 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" phosphorylation Ser636 SGDYMPMsPKSVSAP 10090 BTO:0002572 18498745 t lperfetto "In this report, we identified insulin receptor substrate 1 (IRS-1), a critical mediator of the insulin/insulin-like growth factor 1 signaling, as a proteolytic target of the CUL7 E3 ligase in a manner that depends on mammalian target of rapamycin and the p70 S6 kinase activities.Elimination of phosphorylation at S307/S312/S527/S636/S639 renders V5-IRS-1 partially resistant to degradation by Fbw8" SIGNOR-236733 PDPK1 protein O15530 UNIPROT SGK1 protein O00141 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr256 EHNSTTStFCGTPEY 9606 BTO:0000007 10191262 t lperfetto "This is followed by the ptdins(3,4,5)p3-independent phosphorylation at thr256 that activates sgk, and is catalysed by pdk1" SIGNOR-236796 SREBF1 protein P36956 UNIPROT Lipogenesis phenotype SIGNOR-PH30 SIGNOR up-regulates 10090 15589694 f lperfetto "In vivo studies using transgenic and knockout mice suggest that SREBP-1c is involved in FA synthesis and insulin induced glucose metabolism (particularly in lipogenesis)," SIGNOR-228614 INS protein P01308 UNIPROT INSR protein P06213 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 2550426 t lperfetto "Our previous studies indicated that amino acid residues 240-250 in the cysteine-rich region of the human insulin receptor alpha-subunit constitute a site in which insulin binds." SIGNOR-23001 PRKCZ protein Q05513 UNIPROT IRS1 protein P35568 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser307 TRRSRTEsITATSPA 10029 BTO:0001131 15069075 t lperfetto "Extensive studies have provided evidence that phosphorylation of Ser307 in IRS-1 inhibits IR/IRS-1 complex formation and IRS-1 tyrosine phosphorylation after prolonged insulin-stimulation similar to our results." SIGNOR-236760 AKT2 protein P31751 UNIPROT FOXO4 protein P98177 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation 9606 21620960 t lperfetto "Akt phosphorylates members of the foxo factors (forkhead family of transcription factors), leading to binding of 14-3-3 proteins and cytoplasmic localisation. In particular, akt phosphorylates foxo1 on thr24, ser256 and ser319. Foxo 3alfa and foxo4 are phosphorylated on equivalent sites. In addition, phosphorylation of afx by protein kinase b inhibits its transcriptional activity." SIGNOR-233529 INSR protein P06213 UNIPROT IRS1 protein P35568 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr896 EPKSPGEyVNIEFGS 10029 BTO:0000246 7651388 t lperfetto "Therefore, during insulin stimulation irs-1 undergoes tyrosine phosphorylation, and a portion of tyrosine phosphorylated irs-1 associated with the insulin receptor. The insulin receptor substrate-1 (irs-1) is rapidly phosphorylated on several tyrosine residues by the activated insulin receptor. Insulin signals are mediated through tyrosine phosphorylation of specific proteins such as insulin receptor substrate 1 (irs-1) and shc by the activated insulin receptor (ir)." SIGNOR-236745 INS protein P01308 UNIPROT SLC2A4 protein P14672 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" 9606 BTO:0000887 9415393 f lperfetto "Studies in adipose cells have demonstrated that insulin stimulates its receptor to phosphorylate tyrosine residues in irs-1, leading to activation of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase, which plays a necessary role in mediating the translocation of the insulin-responsive glucose transporter glut4 to the cell surface." SIGNOR-236781 XIAP protein P98170 UNIPROT CASP7 protein P55210 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" binding -1 11257231 t lperfetto "Our crystal structure of the complex between xiap (linker-bir2) and caspase-7 surprisingly revealed that the linker is the major determinant of binding and inhibition for the caspase." SIGNOR-105732 INSR protein P06213 UNIPROT INSR protein P06213 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr1355 SLGFKRSyEEHIPYT -1 3166375 t lperfetto "This approach revealed that insulin stimulates autophosphorylation of the insulin-receptor beta-subunit in vitro on at least seven tyrosine residues distributed among three distinct domainsAt least two further tyrosine residues appeared to be phosphorylated after those in domains 2 and 3. These residues probably residue within a domain lying in close proximity to the inner face of the plasma membrane containing tyrosines 953, 960 and 972" SIGNOR-22577 INSR protein P06213 UNIPROT IRS1 protein P35568 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr612 TLHTDDGyMPMSPGV 10029 BTO:0000246 7651388 t lperfetto "Therefore, during insulin stimulation irs-1 undergoes tyrosine phosphorylation, and a portion of tyrosine phosphorylated irs-1 associated with the insulin receptor. The insulin receptor substrate-1 (irs-1) is rapidly phosphorylated on several tyrosine residues by the activated insulin receptor. Insulin signals are mediated through tyrosine phosphorylation of specific proteins such as insulin receptor substrate 1 (irs-1) and shc by the activated insulin receptor (ir)." SIGNOR-236756 INSR protein P06213 UNIPROT IRS1 protein P35568 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr1229 SSEDLSAyASISFQK 10029 BTO:0000246 7651388 t lperfetto "Therefore, during insulin stimulation irs-1 undergoes tyrosine phosphorylation, and a portion of tyrosine phosphorylated irs-1 associated with the insulin receptor. The insulin receptor substrate-1 (irs-1) is rapidly phosphorylated on several tyrosine residues by the activated insulin receptor. Insulin signals are mediated through tyrosine phosphorylation of specific proteins such as insulin receptor substrate 1 (irs-1) and shc by the activated insulin receptor (ir)." SIGNOR-236752 PDPK1 protein O15530 UNIPROT AKT2 protein P31751 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr309 SDGATMKtFCGTPEY 9606 BTO:0000887;BTO:0001103;BTO:0001760 9512493 t lperfetto "The activation of pkbbeta and pkbgamma by pdk1 was accompanied by the phosphorylation of the residues equivalent to thr308 in pkbalpha, namely thr309 (pkbbeta) and thr305 (pkbgamma)" SIGNOR-236785 PtsIns(3,4,5)P3 smallmolecule CID:24755492 PUBCHEM PDPK1 protein O15530 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" relocalization 9606 9637919 t lperfetto "In response to pdgf, binding of ptdlns (3,4,5)p3 and/or ptdlns(3,4)p2 to the ph domain of pdk-1 causes its translocation to the plasma membrane where it co-localises with pkb, significantly contributing to the scale of pkb activation." SIGNOR-58313 WWP1 protein Q9H0M0 UNIPROT SMAD7 protein O15105 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" ubiquitination 9606 BTO:0005493 15221015 t lperfetto "Similar to Smurfs, WWP1 associated with Smad7 and induced its nuclear export, and enhanced binding of Smad7 to TGF-beta type I receptor to cause ubiquitination and degradation of the receptor." SIGNOR-227466 SP1 protein P08047 UNIPROT SLC2A1 protein P11166 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 BTO:0004058 9148896 t lperfetto "these data suggest a regulatory model in which MyoD activation during myogenesis causes the down-regulation of Sp1, which contributes to the repression of GLUT1 gene transcription and, therefore, leads to the reduction in GLUT1 expression and glucose transport." SIGNOR-241485 INSR protein P06213 UNIPROT GYS1 protein P13807 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" 9606 BTO:0000887;BTO:0001103 10909964 f lperfetto "In skeletal muscle, insulin activates glycogen synthase by reducing phosphorylation at both NH2- and COOH-terminal sites of the enzyme and by elevating the levels of glucose-6-phosphate, an allosteric activator of glycogen synthase." SIGNOR-236803 CSNK2A1 protein P68400 UNIPROT ATF1 protein P18846 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser41 SLSESEEsQDSSDSI 9606 20730097 t lperfetto "Although the functional impact of ck-mediated atf1 phosphorylation is still unclear, we found that mutation of ser-36 and ser-41 increased cbp kix domain binding by up to four fold (fig. 2g). This result is consistent with the negative impact of ck-mediated phosphorylation on cbp binding affinity of creb that we previously reported" SIGNOR-167552 PTPN1 protein P18031 UNIPROT IRS1 protein P35568 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation -1 10660596 t lperfetto "Tyrosine dephosphorylation and deactivation of insulin receptor substrate-1 by protein-tyrosine phosphatase 1B. Possible facilitation by the formation of a ternary complex with the Grb2 adaptor protein." SIGNOR-74852 BAP1 protein Q92560 UNIPROT CDKN2B protein P42772 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 26470845 t lperfetto "Since we found that ASXL1 and BAP1 both are enriched at the INK4B locus, our results suggest that activation of the INK4B locus requires ASXL1/BAP1-mediated deubiquitinylation of H2AK119ub1." SIGNOR-241656 ELK1 protein P19419 UNIPROT "Cell Growth" phenotype SIGNOR-PH33 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 23426362 f lperfetto "AR required ELK1 to up-regulate a major subset of its target genes that was strongly and primarily enriched for cell growth functions" SIGNOR-233471 ULK1/Atg13/Fip200 complex SIGNOR-C100 SIGNOR "Cell Growth" phenotype SIGNOR-PH33 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 23863160 f lperfetto "Cellular energy and nutrient status will dictate whether mTORC1 takes over and drives cell growth or conversely whether AMPK becomes active once again to drive consecutive waves of autophagy thorough ULK1." SIGNOR-209925 HDAC7 protein Q8WUI4 UNIPROT PLAGL2 protein Q9UPG8 UNIPROT down-regulates deacetylation 9606 16207715 t miannu "Plag1 and plagl2 are also regulated by acetylation. They are acetylated and activated by p300 and deacetylated and repressed by hdac7." SIGNOR-140953 SFPQ protein P23246 UNIPROT NONO/SFPQ complex SIGNOR-C62 SIGNOR "form complex" binding 9606 BTO:0000017 9756848 t miannu "We show that the psf/p54 dimer has pronounced stimulatory effect on dna catalysis by topoisomerase i" SIGNOR-60560 BMI1 protein P35226 UNIPROT BMI1 protein P35226 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000093 23239878 t gcesareni "Here, we report that BMI1 autoactivates its own promoter via an E-box present in its promoter." SIGNOR-245344 mTORC1 complex SIGNOR-C3 SIGNOR "Cell Growth" phenotype SIGNOR-PH33 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 23863160 f lperfetto "Cellular energy and nutrient status will dictate whether mTORC1 takes over and drives cell growth or conversely whether AMPK becomes active once again to drive consecutive waves of autophagy thorough ULK1." SIGNOR-209919 PDPK1 protein O15530 UNIPROT SGK1 protein O00141 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr256 EHNSTTStFCGTPEY 9534 BTO:0004055 12387817 t lperfetto "Thus, it was suggested that NHERF2 mediates the activation and phosphorylation of SGK1 by PDK1 through its first PDZ domain and PIF motif, as a novel SGK1 activation mechanism." SIGNOR-236800 PIK3CB protein P42338 UNIPROT PIK3CB protein P42338 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser1070 TVRKDYRs -1 12502714 t lperfetto "Autophosphorylation sites of both pi3k isoforms were mapped to c-terminal serine residues of the catalytic p110 subunit (i.e. serine 1070 of p110 beta and serine 1101 of p110 gamma). autophosphorylation of p110 beta On serine 1070 results in down-regulation of the lipid kinase activity of pi3k beta" SIGNOR-96776 AKT2 protein P31751 UNIPROT FOXO1 protein Q12778 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr24 LPRPRSCtWPLPRPE 9606 10377430 t lperfetto "Our results demonstrate that pkb/akt directly phosphorylates fkhr1, a member of the closely related fkhr subclass of the forkhead family of transcription factors, on at least two residues (threonine-24 and serine-253). These results indicate that phosphorylation by pkbyakt negatively regulates fkhr1 by promoting export from the nucleus." SIGNOR-68656 PDPK1 protein O15530 UNIPROT PDPK1 protein O15530 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser241 SKQARANsFVGTAQY 9606 BTO:0000007 10455013 t lperfetto "Pdk1 is itself phosphorylated in vivo and whether phosphorylation plays a role in regulating its activity/ phosphorylation of ser-241 is essential for the activity of 3-phosphoinositide-dependent protein kinase-1" SIGNOR-236789 AKT2 protein P31751 UNIPROT FOXO1 protein Q12778 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser256 SPRRRAAsMDNNSKF 9606 10377430 t lperfetto "Our results demonstrate that pkb/akt directly phosphorylates fkhr1, a member of the closely related fkhr subclass of the forkhead family of transcription factors, on at least two residues (threonine-24 and serine-253). These results indicate that phosphorylation by pkbyakt negatively regulates fkhr1 by promoting export from the nucleus." SIGNOR-68652 CSNK2A1 protein P68400 UNIPROT TLE1 protein Q04724 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser253 DNLVVDVsNEDPSSP 9606 BTO:0000938 22354967 t lperfetto "These results show that tle1 is necessary for the maintenance of neuronal survival. Experiments using pharmacological inhibitors as well as expression of point mutants indicate that phosphorylation of tle1 by casein kinase-2 (ck2) at ser-239 and ser-253 is necessary for its survival-promoting activity." SIGNOR-196146 LEF1 protein Q9UJU2 UNIPROT Differentiation phenotype SIGNOR-PH37 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 17081971 f amattioni "The interaction of beta-catenin with the N terminus of tcf/lef transiently converts it into an activator, translating the Wnt signal into the transient transcription of Tcf target genes. The Wnt pathway has distinct transcriptional outputs, which are determined by the identity of the responding cell, and range from cell proliferation and survival to the terminal differentiation of postmitotic cells." SIGNOR-229770 NfKb-p65/p50 complex SIGNOR-C13 SIGNOR "Immune Response" phenotype SIGNOR-PH17 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 12692549 f lperfetto "The transcription factors interferon regulatory factor 3 (IRF3) and NF-B are required for the expression of many genes involved in the innate immune response." SIGNOR-216319 MAP1LC3B protein Q9GZQ8 UNIPROT "Autophagosome formation" phenotype SIGNOR-PH36 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 BTO:0001623 20921139 f lperfetto "We assessed both conversion of LC3-I to its cleaved and lipidated form LC3-II and its translocation to autophagic structures, two steps in autophagosome formation" SIGNOR-219403 MAP1LC3A protein Q9H492 UNIPROT "Autophagosome formation" phenotype SIGNOR-PH36 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 BTO:0001623 20921139 f lperfetto "We assessed both conversion of LC3-I to its cleaved and lipidated form LC3-II and its translocation to autophagic structures, two steps in autophagosome formation" SIGNOR-219406 TLRs proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF20 SIGNOR "Interferon Production" phenotype SIGNOR-PH16 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 20404851 f lperfetto "TLR signaling pathways can be largely classified as either MyD88-dependent pathways, which drive the induction of inflammatory cytokines, or TRIF-dependent pathways, which are responsible for the induction of type I interferon as well as inflammatory cytokines3." SIGNOR-216310 NfKb-p65/p50 complex SIGNOR-C13 SIGNOR "Interferon Production" phenotype SIGNOR-PH16 SIGNOR up-regulates 10090 BTO:0002572 20610653 f lperfetto "Type 1 IFNs are induced in a cell type-specific manner through Toll-like receptor and RIG-I-like receptor pathways, both of which activate interferon regulatory factors (IRFs) and nuclear factor _B (NF-_B) transcription factors." SIGNOR-216322 GPER1 protein Q99527 UNIPROT GNAQ protein P50148 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000130 22203955 t gcesareni "However, grpr preferentially couples to galfaq proteins." SIGNOR-195320 SP1 protein P08047 UNIPROT MET protein P08581 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 BTO:0000944 9223667 t lperfetto "Furthermore, in transient cotransfection assays, overexpression of Sp1 and/or Sp3 stimulated HGF promoter activity independently and additively through binding to the Sp1 binding site in the HGF gene promoter region." SIGNOR-241490 CAMK1G protein Q96NX5 UNIPROT EIF4G3 protein O43432 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser1156 NTFMRGGsSKDLLDN 9606 BTO:0000938 22514323 t lperfetto "Here we report that activity-dependent translational initiation in cultured rat hippocampal neurons is enhanced by camki-mediated phosphorylation of ser1156 in eukaryotic initiation factor eif4gii (4gii)." SIGNOR-197149 LEF1 protein Q9UJU2 UNIPROT Proliferation phenotype SIGNOR-PH4 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 17081971 f amattioni "The interaction of beta-catenin with the N terminus of tcf/lef transiently converts it into an activator, translating the Wnt signal into the transient transcription of Tcf target genes. The Wnt pathway has distinct transcriptional outputs, which are determined by the identity of the responding cell, and range from cell proliferation and survival to the terminal differentiation of postmitotic cells." SIGNOR-229764 YAP1 protein P46937 UNIPROT Proliferation phenotype SIGNOR-PH4 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 23075495 f gcesareni "Yap and taz are two main downstream effectors of the hippo pathway, and they function as transcription co-activators to promote cell proliferation and inhibit apoptosis." SIGNOR-199217 LEF1 protein Q9UJU2 UNIPROT Survival phenotype SIGNOR-PH13 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 17081971 f amattioni "The interaction of beta-catenin with the N terminus of tcf/lef transiently converts it into an activator, translating the Wnt signal into the transient transcription of Tcf target genes. The Wnt pathway has distinct transcriptional outputs, which are determined by the identity of the responding cell, and range from cell proliferation and survival to the terminal differentiation of postmitotic cells." SIGNOR-229767 NfKb-p65/p50 complex SIGNOR-C13 SIGNOR Survival phenotype SIGNOR-PH13 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 14585074 f amattioni "Activation of the nf-kb pathway regulates a variety of ant-apoptotic factors" SIGNOR-96834 CREB1 protein P16220 UNIPROT Survival phenotype SIGNOR-PH13 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 20660310 f amattioni "beta-catenin/CBP-driven transcription is critical for maintenance of an undifferentiated/proliferative state" SIGNOR-229777 EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT GAB1 protein Q13480 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr472 EPIQEANyVPMTPGT 9606 BTO:0000527;BTO:0000017 9890893 t lperfetto "Gab-1 is a multisubstrate docking protein downstream in the signaling pathways of different receptor tyrosine kinases, including the epidermal growth factor receptor (egfr)the entire protein was phosphorylated by regfr at eight tyrosine residues (y285, y373, y406, y447, y472, y619, y657, and y689)." SIGNOR-236412 RIPK1 protein Q13546 UNIPROT Necrosis phenotype SIGNOR-PH3 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 14965271 f amattioni "Fas-induced necrosis requires rip" SIGNOR-121901 MYC protein P01106 UNIPROT BMI1 protein P35226 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000093 23239878 t gcesareni "DKK1 led to up-regulation of WNT target c-Myc, which in turn further led to transcriptional autoactivation of BMI1" SIGNOR-245347 AZD1480 chemical CID:16659841 PUBCHEM JAK1 protein P23458 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-190164 MYF5 protein P13349 UNIPROT DES protein P17661 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 BTO:0000165 8382796 t lperfetto "Desmin, the muscle specific intermediate filament (IF) protein, is expressed at low levels in myoblasts and at the onset of differentiation its expression increases several fold. In an effort to explore the mechanism involved in the tissue-specific and developmentally regulated expression of desmin, we have isolated the mouse desmin gene.Co-transfection of myoD, myogenin, MRF4 and Myf5, with the desmin-CAT construct into 10T-1/2 cells demonstrated that all these factors could transactivate desmin gene expression" SIGNOR-241494 NTRK1 protein P04629 UNIPROT NTRK1 protein P04629 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr681 DIYSTDYyRVGGRTM 9606 9099755 t gcesareni "In vitro studies indicate that trka autophosphorylates at tyrosines 490, 670, 674, 675, and 785" SIGNOR-47179 STK3 protein Q13188 UNIPROT LATS2 protein Q9NRM7 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser872 HQRCLAHsLVGTPNY 9606 21808241 t gcesareni "Activation of mst1/2 leads to phosphorylation and activation of their direct substrates, lats1/2." SIGNOR-175797 MYF6 protein P23409 UNIPROT DES protein P17661 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 BTO:0000165 8382796 t lperfetto "Desmin, the muscle specific intermediate filament (IF) protein, is expressed at low levels in myoblasts and at the onset of differentiation its expression increases several fold. In an effort to explore the mechanism involved in the tissue-specific and developmentally regulated expression of desmin, we have isolated the mouse desmin gene.Co-transfection of myoD, myogenin, MRF4 and Myf5, with the desmin-CAT construct into 10T-1/2 cells demonstrated that all these factors could transactivate desmin gene expression" SIGNOR-241497 MYOG protein P15173 UNIPROT DES protein P17661 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 BTO:0000165 25653159 f lperfetto "Ectopic expression of myogenin and a specific Mef2 isoform induced myogenic differentiation without activating endogenous MyoD expression. Under these conditions, the regulatory sequences of late gene loci were not in close proximity, and these genes were prematurely activated." SIGNOR-241501 MEF2D protein Q14814 UNIPROT DES protein P17661 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 BTO:0000222 25653159 t lperfetto "Ectopic expression of myogenin and a specific Mef2 isoform induced myogenic differentiation without activating endogenous MyoD expression. Under these conditions, the regulatory sequences of late gene loci were not in close proximity, and these genes were prematurely activated." SIGNOR-241504 ITGA7 protein Q13683 UNIPROT "a7/b1 integrin" complex SIGNOR-C126 SIGNOR "form complex" binding 9606 BTO:0000222;BTO:0002319 10199978 t lperfetto "The alpha7beta1 integrin is a laminin receptor on the surface of skeletal myoblasts and myofibers. Alternative forms of both the alpha7 and beta1 chains are expressed in a developmentally regulated fashion during myogenesis. These different alpha7beta1 isoforms localize at specific sites on myofibers and appear to have distinct functions in skeletal muscle." SIGNOR-241508 ITGB1 protein P05556 UNIPROT "a7/b1 integrin" complex SIGNOR-C126 SIGNOR "form complex" binding 9606 BTO:0000222;BTO:0002319 10199978 t lperfetto "The alpha7beta1 integrin is a laminin receptor on the surface of skeletal myoblasts and myofibers. Alternative forms of both the alpha7 and beta1 chains are expressed in a developmentally regulated fashion during myogenesis. These different alpha7beta1 isoforms localize at specific sites on myofibers and appear to have distinct functions in skeletal muscle." SIGNOR-241512 GADD45A protein P24522 UNIPROT MAPK14 protein Q16539 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000782 15735649 t gcesareni "Both phosphorylation of p38 ty323 and the activity of this phosphorylated species are inhibited by binding gadd45alpha, thus preventing these low-treshold signals from activating p38" SIGNOR-134333 IL20RA protein Q9UHF4 UNIPROT STAT3 protein P40763 UNIPROT up-regulates 9606 BTO:0000782;BTO:0000876 12941475 f gcesareni "Il-20 induces cheratin proliferation and stat-3 signal transduction pathway" SIGNOR-86269 MYOD1 protein P15172 UNIPROT ITGA7 protein Q13683 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 BTO:0000165;BTO:0000222;BTO:0001760 8798472 t lperfetto "Only myogenin and MyoD were able to efficiently trans-activate the alpha7 promoter-CAT construct (Fig. 7). Myogenin trans-activated the promoter by _2-fold whereas MyoD was able to trans-activate by nearly 4-fold, indicating that both of these factors may play a role in alpha7 gene expression during muscle development." SIGNOR-241518 MYOG protein P15173 UNIPROT ITGA7 protein Q13683 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 BTO:0000165;BTO:0000222;BTO:0001760 8798472 t lperfetto "Only myogenin and MyoD were able to efficiently trans-activate the alpha7 promoter-CAT construct (Fig. 7). Myogenin trans-activated the promoter by _2-fold whereas MyoD was able to trans-activate by nearly 4-fold, indicating that both of these factors may play a role in alpha7 gene expression during muscle development." SIGNOR-241521 PRKCQ protein Q04759 UNIPROT ITGB1 protein P05556 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 BTO:0000165 26431586 f lperfetto "It is known that the teta isoform of the PKC family promotes the fusion of myoblasts and regulates the expression of caveolin-3 and beta1D integrin [15]. Of note, it has also been demonstrated that PKCepsilon expression increases during insulin-induced myogenic differentiation of the C2C12 cells." SIGNOR-241525 ANGPT1 protein Q15389 UNIPROT MYOD1 protein P15172 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 BTO:0000222 26042050 f lperfetto "Exogenous Ang-1 enhanced myogenic (MyoD and Myogenin) mRNA in differentiating myoblasts and increased myosin heavy chain protein." SIGNOR-241529 LEF1 protein Q9UJU2 UNIPROT MYC protein P01106 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 19653274 t gcesareni "Expression of Lef-1 FL, but not the newly identified Lef-1 Deltaexon VI, induced the expression of the cell cycle regulating proteins c-myc and cyclin D1 in cooperation with beta-catenin and it enhanced cell proliferation" SIGNOR-245351 PRKCE protein Q02156 UNIPROT FGFR2 protein P21802 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser782 PLEQYSPsYPDTRSS 9606 BTO:0000938 23564461 t lperfetto "Phosphorylation of serine 779 in fibroblast growth factor receptor 1 and 2 by protein kinase c(epsilon) regulates ras/mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling and neuronal differentiation" SIGNOR-201675 PRKD1 protein Q15139 UNIPROT HDAC7 protein Q8WUI4 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser486 RPLSRAQsSPAAPAS 9606 BTO:0000782 15623513 t lperfetto "Protein kinase d1 (pkd1) was activated after tcr engagement, interacted with hdac7, and phosphorylated three serines (ser155, ser318, and ser448) at its n terminus, leading to its export from the nucleus." SIGNOR-132902 CyclinB/CDK1 complex SIGNOR-C17 SIGNOR ZC3HC1 protein Q86WB0 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser395 PGLEVPSsPLRKAKR 9606 17389604 t lperfetto "Moreover, we found cyclin b1/cdk1 to phosphorylate nipa at ser-395 in mitosis. Mutation of both ser-359 and ser-395 impaired effective inactivation of the scfnipa complex, resulting in reduced levels of mitotic cyclin b1" SIGNOR-216880 IFNGR2/INFGR1 complex SIGNOR-C142 SIGNOR STAT1 protein P42224 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation 9606 BTO:0000801 23898330 t lperfetto "In the classical model of IFNgamma signaling, dimeric IFNgamma cross-links the IFNGR1 receptor subunit that results in allosteric changes in receptor cytoplasmic domain. This results in movement of JAK2 from receptor subunit IFNGR2 to IFNGR1. The JAKs autophosphorylate and then phosphorylate IFNGR1 cytoplasmic domain. This results in binding, phosphorylation, and dimer formation of STAT1_. The dimeric STAT1_ dissociates from receptor and undergoes nuclear translocation via an intrinsic NLS for specific gene activation" SIGNOR-249494 FANCM protein Q8IYD8 UNIPROT FANCF protein Q9NPI8 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 20064461 t gcesareni "Protein interaction motifs in fancm, designated mm1 and mm2, were identified. Mm1 interacts with the fa core complex by binding to fancf, whereas mm2 interacts with rm1 and topoisomerase iiialpha, components of the bs complex." SIGNOR-163101 SOCS1 protein O15524 UNIPROT IRAK1 protein P51617 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000801 12433373 t flangone "Coimmunoprecipitation analyses demonstrated association of socs-1 with irak...This Finding suggests that socs-1 might suppress myd88-dependent signal pathways at least by binding to irak" SIGNOR-95528 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT ATF2 protein P15336 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr69 SVIVADQtPTPTRFL 9606 20068231 t gcesareni "Phosphorylation of thr-69 by mapk14 and mapk11, and at thr-71 by mapk1/erk2, mapk3/erk1, mapk11, mapk12 and mapk14 in response to external stimulus like insulin causes increased transcriptional activity." SIGNOR-163242 ATM protein Q13315 UNIPROT CHEK1 protein O14757 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser345 LVQGISFsQPTCPDH 9606 20068082 t gcesareni "Atr (predominantly) or atm (to a lesser extent) phosphorylates chk1 at ser317/345, directly leading to activation." SIGNOR-163110 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT PDE4D protein Q08499 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser715 YQSTIPQsPSPAPDD 9606 BTO:0000801 16973330 t "The effect has been demonstrated using Q08499-2" gcesareni "These straddle the target residue, ser(579), for erk2 phosphorylation of pde4d3. Mutation of either or both of these docking sites prevented erk2 from being co-immunoprecipitated with pde4d3, ablated the ability of epidermal growth factor to inhibit pde4d3 through erk2 action in transfected cos cells, and attenuated the ability of erk2 to phosphorylate pde4d3 in vitro." SIGNOR-149570 MAPK14 protein Q16539 UNIPROT ATF2 protein P15336 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr71 IVADQTPtPTRFLKN 9606 20068231 t gcesareni "Phosphorylation of thr-69 by mapk14 and mapk11, and at thr-71 by mapk1/erk2, mapk3/erk1, mapk11, mapk12 and mapk14 in response to external stimulus like insulin causes increased transcriptional activity." SIGNOR-163250 GRK2 protein P25098 UNIPROT MAPK14 protein Q16539 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr123 IVKCQKLtDDHVQFL 9606 BTO:0000801 17055984 t lperfetto "Phosphorylation of p38 by grk2 at the docking groove unveils a novel mechanism for inactivating p38mapk p38 associates with grk2 endogenously and is phosphorylated by grk2 at thr-123, a residue located at its docking groove. Mimicking phosphorylation at this site impairs the binding and activation of p38 by mkk6 and diminishes the capacity of p38 to bind and phosphorylate its substrates" SIGNOR-150152 ATM protein Q13315 UNIPROT CHEK1 protein O14757 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser317 ENVKYSSsQPEPRTG 9606 20068082 t gcesareni "Atr (predominantly) or atm (to a lesser extent) phosphorylates chk1 at ser317/345, directly leading to activation." SIGNOR-163106 PTK2 protein Q05397 UNIPROT PTK2 protein Q05397 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr397 SVSETDDyAEIIDEE 9606 17828307 t gcesareni "Fak y397 phosphorylation promotes src sh2 domain binding to fak, presumably leading to conformational src activation with a fak-src complex." SIGNOR-157763 MAPK14 protein Q16539 UNIPROT ATF2 protein P15336 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr69 SVIVADQtPTPTRFL 9606 20068231 t gcesareni "Phosphorylation of thr-69 by mapk14 and mapk11, and at thr-71 by mapk1/erk2, mapk3/erk1, mapk11, mapk12 and mapk14 in response to external stimulus like insulin causes increased transcriptional activity." SIGNOR-163246 CSNK2A1 protein P68400 UNIPROT ATF1 protein P18846 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser38 QVSSLSEsEESQDSS 9606 20730097 t lperfetto "These data suggested that atf1 is always hyperphosphorylated on the ck sites in vivo. Also, the antibody reactivity suggested that in addition to ser-36 and ser-41, ser-38 and ser-44 were phosphorylated in vivo. To accommodate these findings, we propose that constitutive hyperphosphorylation by ck1/ck2 maintains atf1 in an inactive state that promotes transcriptional repression." SIGNOR-167548 TEK protein Q02763 UNIPROT MYOD1 protein P15172 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 BTO:0000222 26042050 f lperfetto "the effects of the angiopoietins are not specific for vascular endothelial cells, as their receptors (Tie1, Tie2) are known to be expressed in hematopoietic cells and they have also recently been shown to be expressed in skeletal muscle cellsExogenous Ang-1 enhanced myogenic (MyoD and Myogenin) mRNA in differentiating myoblasts and increased myosin heavy chain protein." SIGNOR-241532 TEK protein Q02763 UNIPROT MYOG protein P15173 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 BTO:0000222 26042050 f lperfetto "the effects of the angiopoietins are not specific for vascular endothelial cells, as their receptors (Tie1, Tie2) are known to be expressed in hematopoietic cells and they have also recently been shown to be expressed in skeletal muscle cellsExogenous Ang-1 enhanced myogenic (MyoD and Myogenin) mRNA in differentiating myoblasts and increased myosin heavy chain protein." SIGNOR-241535 TEK protein Q02763 UNIPROT MYH2 protein Q9UKX2 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 BTO:0000222 26042050 f lperfetto "the effects of the angiopoietins are not specific for vascular endothelial cells, as their receptors (Tie1, Tie2) are known to be expressed in hematopoietic cells and they have also recently been shown to be expressed in skeletal muscle cellsExogenous Ang-1 enhanced myogenic (MyoD and Myogenin) mRNA in differentiating myoblasts and increased myosin heavy chain protein." SIGNOR-241538 TEK protein Q02763 UNIPROT MYH1 protein P12882 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 BTO:0000222 26042050 f lperfetto "the effects of the angiopoietins are not specific for vascular endothelial cells, as their receptors (Tie1, Tie2) are known to be expressed in hematopoietic cells and they have also recently been shown to be expressed in skeletal muscle cellsExogenous Ang-1 enhanced myogenic (MyoD and Myogenin) mRNA in differentiating myoblasts and increased myosin heavy chain protein." SIGNOR-241541 MYOD/E12E47 complex SIGNOR-C127 SIGNOR VEGFA protein P15692 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 BTO:0001103 18094043 t lperfetto "we further demonstrate that the myogenic transcription factor, MyoD, and its heterodimeric binding proteins E12 and E47, up-regulate the expression of endogenous VEGF through direct interaction with the VEGF promoter." SIGNOR-241545 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT ATF2 protein P15336 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr71 IVADQTPtPTRFLKN 9606 20068231 t gcesareni "Phosphorylation of thr-69 by mapk14 and mapk11, and at thr-71 by mapk1/erk2, mapk3/erk1, mapk11, mapk12 and mapk14 in response to external stimulus like insulin causes increased transcriptional activity." SIGNOR-163258 MYOD1 protein P15172 UNIPROT MYOD/E12E47 complex SIGNOR-C127 SIGNOR "form complex" binding 10090 BTO:0001103 18094043 t lperfetto "MyoD omodimers or heterodimers of MyoD plus E12 or E47 serve as transcription factor complexes that bind to CANNTG consensus sites in the promoter regions of genes, performing major functions in specification and differentiation of skeletl muscle precursor cells." SIGNOR-241548 TCF3 protein P15923 UNIPROT MYOD/E12E47 complex SIGNOR-C127 SIGNOR "form complex" binding 10090 BTO:0001103 18094043 t lperfetto "MyoD omodimers or heterodimers of MyoD plus E12 or E47 serve as transcription factor complexes that bind to CANNTG consensus sites in the promoter regions of genes, performing major functions in specification and differentiation of skeletl muscle precursor cells." SIGNOR-241551 ANGPT1 protein Q15389 UNIPROT MYH2 protein Q9UKX2 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 BTO:0000222 26042050 f lperfetto "Exogenous Ang-1 enhanced myogenic (MyoD and Myogenin) mRNA in differentiating myoblasts and increased myosin heavy chain protein." SIGNOR-241557 ANGPT1 protein Q15389 UNIPROT MYH1 protein P12882 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 BTO:0000222 26042050 f lperfetto "Exogenous Ang-1 enhanced myogenic (MyoD and Myogenin) mRNA in differentiating myoblasts and increased myosin heavy chain protein." SIGNOR-241560 MYOD1 protein P15172 UNIPROT VEGFA protein P15692 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 BTO:0001103 18094043 t lperfetto "we further demonstrate that the myogenic transcription factor, MyoD, and its heterodimeric binding proteins E12 and E47, up-regulate the expression of endogenous VEGF through direct interaction with the VEGF promoter." SIGNOR-241663 PTPN6 protein P29350 UNIPROT SH3BP2 protein P78314 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation 9606 BTO:0000782 16649996 t gcesareni "Shp-1 dephosphorylates 3bp2 and potentially downregulates 3bp2-mediated t cell antigen receptor signaling" SIGNOR-146508 SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT CAV2 protein P51636 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Tyr27 SHHSGLEyADPEKFA 9606 BTO:0000017 15504032 t lperfetto "Here, we show that cav-2 is phosphorylated at both tyrosines 19 and 27. We reconstituted this phosphorylation event by recombinantly coexpressing c-src and cav-2.Further functional analysis revealed that tyrosine phosphorylation of cav-2 has no effect on its targeting to lipid rafts, but clearly disrupts the hetero-oligomerization of cav-2 with cav-1." SIGNOR-129961 ZAP70 protein P43403 UNIPROT SHC1 protein P29353 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr350 EPPDHQYyNDFPGKE 9606 BTO:0000782 9710204 t gcesareni "The syk-family kinases (syk and zap-70) were able to phosphorylate the y239 and y240 sites, and less efficiently the y317 site on shc1 (iso2)." SIGNOR-59651 MAPK8 protein P45983 UNIPROT CDKN1A protein P38936 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by stabilization" phosphorylation Thr57 NFDFVTEtPLEGDFA -1 12058028 t miannu "P38α and JNK1 Phosphorylate p21 in Vitro at Thr57 and Ser130. These data suggest that phosphorylation at Thr57 is necessary for stabilization of p21." SIGNOR-250118 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT ATF2 protein P15336 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr69 SVIVADQtPTPTRFL 9606 20068231 t gcesareni "Phosphorylation of thr-69 by mapk14 and mapk11, and at thr-71 by mapk1/erk2, mapk3/erk1, mapk11, mapk12 and mapk14 in response to external stimulus like insulin causes increased transcriptional activity." SIGNOR-163254 ARID1B protein Q8NFD5 UNIPROT "SWI/SNF complex" complex SIGNOR-C92 SIGNOR "form complex" binding 9606 15627498 t lperfetto "We discuss recent insights in the functional differences between two evolutionary conserved subclasses of swi/snf-related chromatin remodeling factors. Onesubfamily comprises yeast swi/snf, fly bap and mammalian baf, whereas the other subfamily includes yeast rsc, fly pbap andmammalian pbaf. We review the subunit composition, conserved protein modules and biological functions of each of these subclasses ofswi/snf remodelers." SIGNOR-241713 ARID2 protein Q68CP9 UNIPROT "SWI/SNF complex" complex SIGNOR-C92 SIGNOR "form complex" binding 9606 15627498 t lperfetto "We discuss recent insights in the functional differences between two evolutionary conserved subclasses of swi/snf-related chromatin remodeling factors. Onesubfamily comprises yeast swi/snf, fly bap and mammalian baf, whereas the other subfamily includes yeast rsc, fly pbap andmammalian pbaf. We review the subunit composition, conserved protein modules and biological functions of each of these subclasses ofswi/snf remodelers." SIGNOR-241756 ASXL1 protein Q8IXJ9 UNIPROT CDKN2B protein P42772 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 26470845 t lperfetto "Tumor suppressor ASXL1 is essential for the activation of INK4B expression in response to oncogene activity and anti-proliferative signals" SIGNOR-241759 MYOD1 protein P15172 UNIPROT DES protein P17661 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 BTO:0000222 25653159 t lperfetto "MyoD and HDAC2 repress myogenic late genes at early times of differentiation.A time course of Ckm, Des and Acta1 gene expression demonstrated that these genes were prematurely expressed when differentiation was driven by myogenin and Mef2D1b (Figure _(Figure6A).6A). Since MyoD is not expressed under these conditions, it cannot bind to these genes; ChIP assays demonstrated that HDAC2 also was not present on the Ckm, Des and Acta1 regulatory sequences under these conditions (Figure _(Figure6B).6B). Therefore the presence of MyoD and HDAC2 prior to gene expression functions to repress late gene expression at early times of differentiation." SIGNOR-241762 ATRX protein P46100 UNIPROT PRC2 complex SIGNOR-C130 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 25417162 t lperfetto "ATRX is a required specificity determinant for PRC2 targeting and function." SIGNOR-241890 EZH2 protein Q15910 UNIPROT PRC2 complex SIGNOR-C130 SIGNOR "form complex" binding 9606 23110252 t lperfetto "The PRC2 core, conserved from Drosophila to humans, is composed of four proteins that add up to about 230 kDa (Figure 1A) (see Margueron and Reinberg, 2010 for a recent review): EED (present in different isoforms), either one of the two methyltranferases Ezh1 or Ezh2 (Ezh1/2), Suz12, and either RbAp46 or RbAp48 (RbAp46/48)." SIGNOR-241894 EED protein O75530 UNIPROT PRC2 complex SIGNOR-C130 SIGNOR "form complex" binding 9606 23110252 t lperfetto "The PRC2 core, conserved from Drosophila to humans, is composed of four proteins that add up to about 230 kDa (Figure 1A) (see Margueron and Reinberg, 2010 for a recent review): EED (present in different isoforms), either one of the two methyltranferases Ezh1 or Ezh2 (Ezh1/2), Suz12, and either RbAp46 or RbAp48 (RbAp46/48)." SIGNOR-241897 TOP2A protein P11388 UNIPROT "chromosome segregation" phenotype SIGNOR-PH44 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 20562910 f lperfetto "Topoisomerase IIalpha (topoIIalpha) is an essential mammalian enzyme that topologically modifies DNA and is required for chromosome segregation during mitosis." SIGNOR-242530 SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT PTK2 protein Q05397 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation 9606 phosphorylation:Tyr397 SVSETDDyAEIIDEE 17828307 t gcesareni "Fak y397 phosphorylation promotes src sh2 domain binding to fak, presumably leading to conformational src activation with a fak-src complex." SIGNOR-157767 SUZ12 protein Q15022 UNIPROT PRC2 complex SIGNOR-C130 SIGNOR "form complex" binding 9606 23110252 t lperfetto "The PRC2 core, conserved from Drosophila to humans, is composed of four proteins that add up to about 230 kDa (Figure 1A) (see Margueron and Reinberg, 2010 for a recent review): EED (present in different isoforms), either one of the two methyltranferases Ezh1 or Ezh2 (Ezh1/2), Suz12, and either RbAp46 or RbAp48 (RbAp46/48)." SIGNOR-241900 AEBP2 protein Q6ZN18 UNIPROT PRC2 complex SIGNOR-C130 SIGNOR "form complex" binding 9606 23110252 t lperfetto "The PRC2 core, conserved from Drosophila to humans, is composed of four proteins that add up to about 230 kDa (Figure 1A) (see Margueron and Reinberg, 2010 for a recent review): EED (present in different isoforms), either one of the two methyltranferases Ezh1 or Ezh2 (Ezh1/2), Suz12, and either RbAp46 or RbAp48 (RbAp46/48)." SIGNOR-241903 RBBP4 protein Q09028 UNIPROT PRC2 complex SIGNOR-C130 SIGNOR "form complex" binding 9606 23110252 t lperfetto "The PRC2 core, conserved from Drosophila to humans, is composed of four proteins that add up to about 230 kDa (Figure 1A) (see Margueron and Reinberg, 2010 for a recent review): EED (present in different isoforms), either one of the two methyltranferases Ezh1 or Ezh2 (Ezh1/2), Suz12, and either RbAp46 or RbAp48 (RbAp46/48)." SIGNOR-241906 TP53 protein P04637 UNIPROT FASLG protein P48023 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000150 9841917 f "Nuclear p53" amattioni "Cd95l, cd95, and the trail death receptors are induced by the tumour suppressor p53" SIGNOR-62379 MYOD1 protein P15172 UNIPROT SP1 protein P08047 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 BTO:0004058 9148896 t lperfetto "these data suggest a regulatory model in which MyoD activation during myogenesis causes the down-regulation of Sp1, which contributes to the repression of GLUT1 gene transcription and, therefore, leads to the reduction in GLUT1 expression and glucose transport." SIGNOR-241765 DLX5 protein P56178 UNIPROT MYC protein P01106 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 19497851 t gcesareni "DLX5 (Distal-less Homeobox 5) Promotes Tumor Cell Proliferation by Transcriptionally Regulating MYC" SIGNOR-241914 RELA protein Q04206 UNIPROT MET protein P08581 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 BTO:0002895 19530226 t gcesareni "Together, these results indicate that the Met gene is a direct target of NFkappaB and that Met participates in NFkappaB-mediated cell survival." SIGNOR-241929 CASP3 protein P42574 UNIPROT PARP1 protein P09874 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" cleavage 10090 BTO:0000331 11907276 t amattioni "Caspase-3 cleaves parp-1. During cd95-mediated apoptosis proteolytic inactivation of parp-1 by caspases prevents atp depletion and thereby ensures the execution of the apoptotic process" SIGNOR-116178 MYC protein P01106 UNIPROT ITGA7 protein Q13683 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 BTO:0000165;BTO:0000222;BTO:0001760 14525975 t lperfetto "This report provides evidence that alpha7 gene expression during muscle differentiation is regulated by the c-Myc transcription factor. In myoblasts, alpha7 is expressed at basal levels, but following conversion to myotubes the expression of the integrin is strongly elevated. The increased alpha7 mRNA and protein levels following myogenic differentiation are inversely correlated with c-Myc expression. Transfection of myoblasts with the c-Myc transcription factor down-regulated alpha7 expression" SIGNOR-241769 RBL2 protein Q08999 UNIPROT MYOD1 protein P15172 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 BTO:0000165 10801445 f gcesareni "Furthermore, muscle cells overexpressing p130 had reduced levels of the muscle-promoting factor MyoD. In addition, p130 repressed the transactivation capacity of MyoD, an effect abolished by co-transfection of pRb" SIGNOR-241943 RBL2 protein Q08999 UNIPROT "Cell cycle progr." phenotype SIGNOR-PH42 SIGNOR down-regulates 10090 BTO:0000165 10801445 f gcesareni "Although forced expression of either p130 or pRb in mouse C2 myoblasts efficiently blocked cell cycle progression, only p130 inhibited the differentiation program." SIGNOR-241946 CDKN1A protein P38936 UNIPROT "Cell cycle exit" phenotype SIGNOR-PH41 SIGNOR up-regulates 10090 BTO:0000222 9388774 f gcesareni "The upregulation of the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p21 and the dephosphorylation of retinoblastoma protein (pRb) appear to be critical regulatory events for the establishment ,,, the postmitotic ... states [in myoblasts differentiating into mature myotubes]" SIGNOR-241956 XIAP protein P98170 UNIPROT CASP3 protein P42574 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 9606 10548111 t amattioni "The linker region located adjacent to the bir2 domain also participates in the binding of xiap to the effector caspases (-3 and -7)." SIGNOR-71954 EEF1D protein P29692 UNIPROT ITGA7 protein Q13683 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 BTO:0000165 16129691 t lperfetto "alpha7 Integrin Expression Is Negatively Regulated by deltaEF1 during Skeletal Myogenesis" SIGNOR-241773 CCND3 protein P30281 UNIPROT "Cell cycle exit" phenotype SIGNOR-PH41 SIGNOR up-regulates 10090 BTO:0000165 21898542 f gcesareni "Our findings suggest that cyclin D3 primes myoblasts for differentiation by enhancing muscle specific gene expression and cell cycle exit" SIGNOR-241960 NOTCH1 protein P46531 UNIPROT MYC protein P01106 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000782;BTO:0001271;BTO:0000785 16847353 f gcesareni "We identified c-myc as a direct target of notch1" SIGNOR-147944 NONO protein Q15233 UNIPROT TOP1 protein P11387 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000017 9756848 t miannu "We show that the psf/p54 dimer has pronounced stimulatory effect on dna catalysis by topoisomerase i" SIGNOR-60557 AZD1480 chemical CID:16659841 PUBCHEM JAK2 protein O60674 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-190167 CHEK2 protein O96017 UNIPROT CHEK2 protein O96017 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr387 LMRTLCGtPTYLAPE 9606 BTO:0000007 11901158 t gcesareni "Phosphorylation of thr-68 by the ataxia telangiectasia-mutated is necessary for efficient activation of chk2 when cells are exposed to ionizing radiation. By an unknown mechanism, this initial event promotes additional autophosphorylation events including modifications of thr-383 and thr-387" SIGNOR-116131 FADD protein Q13158 UNIPROT CASP8 protein Q14790 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000782 11717445 t amattioni "Fadd recruits caspase-8 through homotypic interactions of death-effector domains (deds), leading to caspase-8 activation and apoptosis. In turn, fadd recruits the zymogen form of the apoptosis-initiating protease caspase-8, through homophilic interaction of death effector domains." SIGNOR-112061 BIRC3 protein Q13489 UNIPROT BIRC3 protein Q13489 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" ubiquitination 9606 BTO:0000567 14960576 t amattioni "Ciap1 and ciap2 undergo autoubiquitination and degradation upon binding to the iap antagonist second mitochondrial activator of caspases (smac)/direct iap-binding protein with low pi (diablo), which is released from the mitochondria." SIGNOR-121880 EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT EZR protein P15311 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr354 LMLRLQDyEEKTKKA 9606 BTO:0000017 15647376 t lperfetto "Ezrin was initially identified as a substrate for tyrosine phosphorylation by egfr (bretscher, 1989) and phosphorylation of residues y145 and y353 were detected to high stoichiometry after egf treatment . Phosphorylation of ezrin at y353 has been delineated to signal survival during epithelial cell differentiation via the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (pi3k)/akt pathway." SIGNOR-133215 SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT EZR protein P15311 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr146 KEVHKSGyLSSERLI 9606 BTO:0000017 15647376 t llicata "N this study we have demonstrated that ezrin y145 is a direct target for phosphorylation by the tyrosine kinase src evidence from this study suggests that a positive feedback loop exists whereby src-mediated ezrin y145 phosphorylation sustains src activity._" SIGNOR-133227 EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT EZR protein P15311 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Tyr146 KEVHKSGyLSSERLI 9606 BTO:0000017 15647376 t lperfetto "Here we report the identification of the tyrosine phosphorylation sites in ezrin using bacterially expressed protein as a substrate for in vitro phosphorylation with the egf receptor. tyrosines 145 and 353 were identified as the sites of phosphorylation. but as of yet the role of ezrin phosphorylation at y145 is unknown." SIGNOR-133219 PRKCD protein Q05655 UNIPROT ELAVL1 protein Q15717 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser318 GDKILQVsFKTNKSH 9606 20086103 t lperfetto "Tandem phosphorylation of serines 221 and 318 by protein kinase cdelta coordinates mrna binding and nucleocytoplasmic shuttling of hurstabilization of mrna by the ubiquitous rna binding protein human antigen r (hur), a member of the embryonic lethal abnormal vision (elav) protein family, requires canonical binding to au-rich element (are)-bearing target mrna and export of nuclear hur-mrna complexes to the cytoplasm. In human mesangial cells (hmc) both processes are induced by angiotensin ii (angii) via protein kinase cdelta (pkcdelta)-triggered serine phosphorylation of hur." SIGNOR-163528 BIRC2 protein Q13490 UNIPROT RIPK1 protein Q13546 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" ubiquitination 9606 BTO:0000007 18570872 t amattioni "cIAP1 and cIAP2 directly ubiquitinate RIP1 and induce constitutive RIP1 ubiquitination in cancer cells and demonstrate that constitutively ubiquitinated RIP1 associates with the prosurvival kinase TAK1. In this way RIP1 functions as a prosurvival scaffold molecule instead of a proapoptotic adaptor protein" SIGNOR-179100 AXIN1 protein O15169 UNIPROT AXIN1 protein O15169 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 17529994 t amattioni "The axin dix domain has a novel structural fold largely composed of beta-strands that engage in head-to-tail self-interaction to form filaments in the crystal" SIGNOR-155218 CASP8 protein Q14790 UNIPROT RIPK1 protein Q13546 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" cleavage Asp324 RMQSLQLdCVAVPSS 9606 BTO:0000007;BTO:0000093;BTO:0000567 10521396 t amattioni "These results suggested that the aspartic acid at position 324 is the cleavage site of ripk1. In this study we found that receptor-interacting protein (ripk1) is cleaved by casp8 when cells undergo tnf-induced apoptosis. The cleavage of ripk1 abolished its nf-kb inducing ability." SIGNOR-71265 IL31RA protein Q8NI17 UNIPROT JAK1 protein P23458 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000782 18926762 t gcesareni "Il-31 can activate janus kinase (jak) 1 and jak2 signaling molecules after binding to its receptor complex." SIGNOR-161342 IL31RA protein Q8NI17 UNIPROT JAK2 protein O60674 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000782 18926762 t gcesareni "Il-31 can activate janus kinase (jak) 1 and jak2 signaling molecules after binding to its receptor complex." SIGNOR-161430 CD3G protein P09693 UNIPROT RPS6KA4 protein O75676 UNIPROT up-regulates 9606 BTO:0000782 17668895 f gcesareni "Tcr stimulation also activates the mitogen- and stress-activated kinases (msk) downstream of erk1/2." SIGNOR-157148 Linsitinib chemical CID:11640390 PUBCHEM IGF1R protein P08069 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-193675 CDKN1B protein P46527 UNIPROT "Cell cycle progr." phenotype SIGNOR-PH42 SIGNOR down-regulates 9606 8033212 f gcesareni "p27Kip1, a cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor implicated in G1 phase arrest by TGF beta and cell-cell contact. p27Kip1 associates with cyclin E-Cdk2 complexes in vivo and in vitro, prevents their activation, and inhibits previously activated complexes, and p27Kip1 overexpression obstructs cell entry into S phase." SIGNOR-241967 BIRC2 protein Q13490 UNIPROT RIPK1 protein Q13546 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" ubiquitination 9606 BTO:0000459 18621737 t amattioni "c-IAPs are ubiquitin ligases capable of promoting polymerization of non-degradative Lys-63-linked polyubiquitin chains on the critical adapter in the canonical NF-_B signaling pathway, RIP1. c-IAPs are E3 ligases and RIP1 ubiquitination is critical for propagation of TNF_-induced NF-_B activation" SIGNOR-179439 BIRC2 protein Q13490 UNIPROT RIPK1 protein Q13546 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" ubiquitination 9606 16603398 t amattioni "In this report, we show that ciap1 and ciap2 promote cancer cell survival by functioning as e3 ubiquitin ligases that maintain constitutive ubiquitination of the rip1 adaptor protein." SIGNOR-145036 RIPK1 protein Q13546 UNIPROT CASP8 protein Q14790 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000007;BTO:0000459 12887920 t amattioni "Tradd and rip1 associate with fadd and caspase-8, forming a cytoplasmic complex" SIGNOR-104255 RIPK1 protein Q13546 UNIPROT CASP8 protein Q14790 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0002025 21525013 t amattioni "Degradation of ciaps triggers the release of receptor interacting protein kinase (ripk1) from tnf receptor i (tnfr1) to form a caspase-8 activating complex" SIGNOR-173432 CASP8 protein Q14790 UNIPROT CASP3 protein P42574 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" cleavage 9606 BTO:0000007 16964285 t amattioni "Casp8 induces apoptosis by directly activating casp3." SIGNOR-149420 TRADD protein Q15628 UNIPROT BIRC2 protein Q13490 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000007;BTO:0001412;BTO:0000567 8943045 t amattioni "The recruitment of TRAF2 and c-IAP1 to TNF-R1 is TNF-dependent, is mediated by TRADD. N-terminal domain of tradd may become accessible to traf2, thereby permitting recruitment of the traf2/ciap1 heterocomplex." SIGNOR-45134 TRADD protein Q15628 UNIPROT CASP8 protein Q14790 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 14585074 t amattioni "Tradd recruits caspase-8" SIGNOR-118591 POU5F1 protein Q01860 UNIPROT Pluripotency phenotype SIGNOR-PH43 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 BTO:0001086 16153702 f flangone "Our results suggest that OCT4, SOX2, and NANOG contribute to pluripotency and self-renewal by activating their own genes and genes encoding components of key signaling pathways and by repressing genes that are key to developmental processes." SIGNOR-242070 DIABLO protein Q9NR28 UNIPROT XIAP protein P98170 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000567 10929711 t amattioni "Smac promotes caspase-9 activation by binding to inhibitor of apoptosis proteins, iaps, and removing their inhibitory activity." SIGNOR-80218 DIABLO protein Q9NR28 UNIPROT BIRC3 protein Q13489 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000007;BTO:0000891 10929712 t amattioni "Diablo may promote apoptosis by binding to iaps and preventing them from inhibiting caspases." SIGNOR-80225 DIABLO protein Q9NR28 UNIPROT XIAP protein P98170 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000007;BTO:0000567 11583623 t "Smac/DIABLO released from mitochondria" amattioni "Smac/diablo, an inhibitor of xiap, is released from mitochondria upon receiving apoptotic stimuli and binds to the bir2 and bir3 domains of xiap, thereby inhibiting its caspase-inhibitory activity" SIGNOR-110831 NANOG protein Q9H9S0 UNIPROT Pluripotency phenotype SIGNOR-PH43 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 BTO:0001086 16153702 f flangone "Our results suggest that OCT4, SOX2, and NANOG contribute to pluripotency and self-renewal by activating their own genes and genes encoding components of key signaling pathways and by repressing genes that are key to developmental processes." SIGNOR-242076 AXIN1 protein O15169 UNIPROT APC protein P25054 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000038 9734785 t amattioni "Axin, an inhibitor of the wnt pathway, interacts with beta-catenin, gsk-3beta and apc and reduces the beta-catenin level." SIGNOR-60043 DIABLO protein Q9NR28 UNIPROT BIRC3 protein Q13489 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000007;BTO:0000891 10929711 t amattioni "Smac promotes caspase-9 activation by binding to inhibitor of apoptosis proteins, iaps, and removing their inhibitory activity." SIGNOR-80209 DIABLO protein Q9NR28 UNIPROT BIRC3 protein Q13489 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity" binding 9606 BTO:0000567 14960576 t amattioni "smac/diablo selectively causes the rapid degradation of c-iap1 and c-iap2 in hela cells. Smac binding to c-iap via its n-terminal iap-binding motif is the prerequisite for this effect" SIGNOR-121886 IRF4 protein Q15306 UNIPROT IRF5 protein Q13568 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" 9606 BTO:0000801 22378047 t lperfetto "IL-4-induced c-Myc activity controls a subset of M2-associated genes. IL-4 also induces the M2-polarizing JMJD3-IRF4 axis to inhibit IRF5-mediated M1 polarization." SIGNOR-249560 ERK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF1 SIGNOR SOX2 protein P48431 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 BTO:0000596 24942200 t flangone "During neural fate specification, nuclear translocation of ERK1/2 is critical for its activation of Sox2 transcription. More-over, melatonin-induced Sox2 expression, through ERK1/ 2 activation, could locate between base pairs2719 and 1708 in the mouse Sox2 gene." SIGNOR-241977 RIPK2 protein O43353 UNIPROT RIPK2 protein O43353 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser176 KWRMMSLsQSRSSKS 9606 BTO:0000801 16824733 t amattioni "In summary, our results indicate that s176 is a regulatory autophosphorylation site for rip2 and that s176 phosphorylation can be used to monitor the activation state of rip2." SIGNOR-229701 CTNNB1 protein P35222 UNIPROT SOX2 protein P48431 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000093 24291232 t flangone "The interaction between Sox2 and _-catenin provides a novel mechanism underlying the functional dichotomy of BC cells, which carries potential therapeutic implications." SIGNOR-241994 DVL1 protein O14640 UNIPROT APC protein P25054 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 9606 10330181 t amattioni "Dvl-1 inhibits Axin-promoted GSK-3_-dependent phosphorylation of _-catenin and APC, leading to beta-catenin stabilization." SIGNOR-167951 DVL1 protein O14640 UNIPROT LRP6 protein O75581 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 17569865 t amattioni "The scaffold protein dishevelled (dvl) is required for lrp6 phosphorylation and aggregation. We propose that wnts induce coclustering of receptors and dvl in lrp6-signalosomes, which in turn triggers lrp6 phosphorylation to promote axin recruitment and beta-catenin stabilization." SIGNOR-156072 LRP6 protein O75581 UNIPROT AXIN1 protein O15169 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" relocalization 9606 BTO:0000007;BTO:0000567 16890161 t amattioni "The phosphorylation of lrp6 generates a docking site for axin and recruits it to the plasma membrane, where axin is inactivated and/or targeted for degradation by an unknown mechanism." SIGNOR-148668 APC protein P25054 UNIPROT CTNNB1 protein P35222 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity" binding 9606 22083140 t amattioni "Apc binds to both b-catenin and axin, and could shuttle b-catenin from the plasma membrane and nucleus to the cytoplasmic axin complex. APC cooperates with Axin to promote the phosphorylation of _-catenin by GSK3 [which requires priming phosphorylation by casein kinase 1, _-isoform (CK1_)]." SIGNOR-177230 NOTCH1 protein P46531 UNIPROT Differentiation phenotype SIGNOR-PH37 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 18342499 f flangone "Genetic ablation or activation of the pathway reveals that Notch signalling promotes differentiation of the hair follicle, sebaceous gland and interfollicular epidermal lineages" SIGNOR-241998 SMAD2/SMAD4 complex SIGNOR-C8 SIGNOR NANOG protein Q9H9S0 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0002861 18682241 t flangone "We also find that SMADs bind with the NANOG promoter and that SMAD2/3 activity enhances NANOG promoter activity." SIGNOR-242044 SMAD2/SMAD4 complex SIGNOR-C8 SIGNOR NANOG protein Q9H9S0 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0001086 19279133 t flangone "Here, we show that Smad2/3, the downstream effectors of Activin/Nodal signalling, bind and directly control the activity of the Nanog gene in hESCs." SIGNOR-242049 SMAD3/SMAD4 complex SIGNOR-C9 SIGNOR NANOG protein Q9H9S0 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0002861 18682241 t flangone "We also find that SMADs bind with the NANOG promoter and that SMAD2/3 activity enhances NANOG promoter activity." SIGNOR-242052 SMAD3/SMAD4 complex SIGNOR-C9 SIGNOR NANOG protein Q9H9S0 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0001086 19279133 t flangone "Here, we show that Smad2/3, the downstream effectors of Activin/Nodal signalling, bind and directly control the activity of the Nanog gene in hESCs." SIGNOR-242055 DVL2 protein O14641 UNIPROT AXIN1 protein O15169 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 17529994 t amattioni "Dishevelled (dvl) transduces the wnt signal by interacting with the cytoplasmic axin complex." SIGNOR-155221 DVL2 protein O14641 UNIPROT LRP6 protein O75581 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000331 10196136 t amattioni "Dvl is required for lrp6 phosphorylation, which is essential for subsequent steps of signal transduction." SIGNOR-66362 DVL2 protein O14641 UNIPROT DVL2 protein O14641 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 17529994 t amattioni "dix domain of dvl2 mediates dynamic polymerization, which is essential for the signaling activity of dvl2." SIGNOR-155224 CASP8 protein Q14790 UNIPROT BID protein P55957 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" cleavage Asp60 GYDELQTdGNRSSHS 9606 BTO:0000093 9727492 t amattioni "Caspase-8 cleaves bid at aspartic acid residue 60 (asp60) cleavage of bid by casp8 releases its potent proapoptotic activity" SIGNOR-59655 PRKCD protein Q05655 UNIPROT PTPN22 protein Q9Y2R2 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser35 FLKLKRQsTKYKADK 9606 BTO:0000782 18056643 t llicata "We show that lyp is phosphorylated exclusively at ser-35 by pkc both in vitro and in vivo. our data establish a mechanism by which pkc could attenuate the cellular function of lyp, thereby augmenting t cell activation." SIGNOR-159591 LRP6 protein O75581 UNIPROT AXIN1 protein O15169 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" relocalization 9606 BTO:0000007 18632848 t amattioni "The phosphorylation of lrp6 generates a docking site for axin and recruits it to the plasma membrane, where axin is inactivated and/or targeted for degradation by an unknown mechanism." SIGNOR-179469 LRP6 protein O75581 UNIPROT AXIN1 protein O15169 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" relocalization 9606 BTO:0000007 12897152 t amattioni "The phosphorylation of lrp6 generates a docking site for axin and recruits it to the plasma membrane, where axin is inactivated and/or targeted for degradation by an unknown mechanism." SIGNOR-104493 FZD3 protein Q9NPG1 UNIPROT DVL1 protein O14640 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000887;BTO:0001103 22944199 t amattioni "When canonical wnts bind to their respective fzd receptors, heterotrimeric g-proteins and dsh get activated and lead to the recruitment of axin to the fzd co-receptor lrp." SIGNOR-134288 FZD4 protein Q9ULV1 UNIPROT DVL2 protein O14641 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000007 12958364 t amattioni "Endocytosis of frizzled 4 (fz4) in human embryonic kidney 293 cells was dependent on added wnt5a protein and was accomplished by the multifunctional adaptor protein beta-arrestin 2 (betaarr2), which was recruited to fz4 by binding to phosphorylated dvl2." SIGNOR-100274 FZD1 protein Q9UP38 UNIPROT DVL1 protein O14640 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000887;BTO:0001103 22944199 t amattioni "When canonical wnts bind to their respective fzd receptors, heterotrimeric g-proteins and dsh get activated and lead to the recruitment of axin to the fzd co-receptor lrp." SIGNOR-198825 TOP2B protein Q02880 UNIPROT RELN protein P78509 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 24463367 f lperfetto "While Top2a is essential in proliferating cells and has been linked to DNA replication and chromosome condensation/segregation, Top2b has been clearly indicated in regulating gene expression (e.g. Reln, Dab1, Catna2, Cdh13, Sst, Pbx3, and Epha7) during brain development" SIGNOR-242207 TOP2B protein Q02880 UNIPROT DAB1 protein O75553 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 24463367 f lperfetto "While Top2a is essential in proliferating cells and has been linked to DNA replication and chromosome condensation/segregation, Top2b has been clearly indicated in regulating gene expression (e.g. Reln, Dab1, Catna2, Cdh13, Sst, Pbx3, and Epha7) during brain development" SIGNOR-242210 TNF protein P01375 UNIPROT TNFRSF1A protein P19438 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 14965271 t amattioni "TNFalpha activates TNF-R1" SIGNOR-229754 BAK/BAX complex SIGNOR-C96 SIGNOR DIABLO protein Q9NR28 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" relocalization 9606 14585074 t "from mitochondria to cytosol" amattioni "Bax and/or Bak-mediated release of pro-apoptotic mediators including Smac/Diablo and Omi" SIGNOR-229757 AKT2 protein P31751 UNIPROT POU5F1 protein Q01860 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by stabilization" phosphorylation Thr235 QARKRKRtSIENRVR 9606 BTO:0004180 23041284 t flangone "Here we show that in ECCs, Akt phosphorylated the master pluripotency factor Oct4 at threonine 235, and that the levels of phosphorylated Oct4 in ECCs correlated with resistance to apoptosis and tumorigenic potential. Phosphorylation of Oct4 increased its stability and facilitated its nuclear localization and its interaction with Sox2, which promoted the transcription of the core stemness genes POU5F1 and NANOG." SIGNOR-242097 TOP2B protein Q02880 UNIPROT SST protein P61278 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 24463367 f lperfetto "While Top2a is essential in proliferating cells and has been linked to DNA replication and chromosome condensation/segregation, Top2b has been clearly indicated in regulating gene expression (e.g. Reln, Dab1, Catna2, Cdh13, Sst, Pbx3, and Epha7) during brain development" SIGNOR-242305 TOP2B protein Q02880 UNIPROT PBX3 protein P40426 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 24463367 f lperfetto "While Top2a is essential in proliferating cells and has been linked to DNA replication and chromosome condensation/segregation, Top2b has been clearly indicated in regulating gene expression (e.g. Reln, Dab1, Catna2, Cdh13, Sst, Pbx3, and Epha7) during brain development" SIGNOR-242308 SLC16A3 protein O15427 UNIPROT Apoptosis phenotype SIGNOR-PH2 SIGNOR down-regulates 9606 26384349 f lperfetto "Treatment with _-cyano-4-hydroxy cinnamate (CHC), a known inhibitor of MCT1, MCT2 and MCT4, dose-dependently induced cell death in MM cell lines and primary MM cells (Figure 1C). Thus, monocarboxylate transportation across membranes appears crucial for MM cell survival." SIGNOR-242471 AURKB protein Q96GD4 UNIPROT NDC80 protein O14777 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser15 SGGAGRLsMQELRSQ 9606 20471944 t lperfetto "To determine whether the combinatorial regulation of the kmn network by aurora b observed in vitro is critical to controlling kinetochore-microtubule attachments in vivo, we next investigated the effect of the phosphomimetic (to aspartate) and nonphosphorylatable (to alanine) mutants of dsn1, knl1, and ndc80 in vertebrate cells. We predicted that both types of mutations in critical phosphorylation sites would affect chromosome segregation, since preventing the inactivation of inappropriately attached kinetochores by aurora b (in the nonphosphorylatable mutant) or constitutively inactivating this attachment (in the phosphomimetic mutant)." SIGNOR-165554 CDK1 protein P06493 UNIPROT RAD9A protein Q99638 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser277 SHSQDLGsPERHQPV 9606 BTO:0000567 12734188 t lperfetto "Here we present evidence that thr292 of hrad9 is subject to cdc2-dependent phosphorylation in mitosis. Furthermore, our data are also consistent with four other hrad9 phosphorylation sites (ser277, ser328, ser336, and thr355) being regulated in part by cdc2. We also identify ser387 as a novel site of hrad9 constitutive phosphorylation and show that phosphorylation at ser387 is a prerequisite for one form of dna damage-induced hyperphosphorylation of hrad9." SIGNOR-101043 SLC16A4 protein O15374 UNIPROT Survival phenotype SIGNOR-PH13 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 26384349 f lperfetto "Treatment with _-cyano-4-hydroxy cinnamate (CHC), a known inhibitor of MCT1, MCT2 and MCT4, dose-dependently induced cell death in MM cell lines and primary MM cells (Figure 1C). Thus, monocarboxylate transportation across membranes appears crucial for MM cell survival." SIGNOR-242519 SLC16A4 protein O15374 UNIPROT Apoptosis phenotype SIGNOR-PH2 SIGNOR down-regulates 9606 26384349 f lperfetto "Treatment with _-cyano-4-hydroxy cinnamate (CHC), a known inhibitor of MCT1, MCT2 and MCT4, dose-dependently induced cell death in MM cell lines and primary MM cells (Figure 1C). Thus, monocarboxylate transportation across membranes appears crucial for MM cell survival." SIGNOR-242522 FNTB protein P49356 UNIPROT KRAS protein P01116 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" 9606 24294527 t lperfetto "Major investments have been made to target Ras through indirect routes. Inhibition of farnesyl transferase to block Ras maturation has failed in large clinical trials." SIGNOR-242556 CDK1 protein P06493 UNIPROT PIK3C2A protein O00443 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser259 KVSNLQVsPKSEDIS 9606 BTO:0000567 12719431 t lperfetto "Mitotic and stress-induced phosphorylation of HsPI3K-C2alpha targets the protein for degradation. Stress-dependent and mitotic phosphorylation of hspik3-c2alpha occurs on the same serine residue (ser259) within a recognition motif for proline-directed kinases. Mitotic phosphorylation of hspik3-c2alpha can be attributed to cdc2 activity, and stress-induced phosphorylation of hspik3-c2alpha is mediated by jnk/sapk" SIGNOR-100903 MAP4K1 protein Q92918 UNIPROT MAP3K7 protein O43318 UNIPROT up-regulates 9606 BTO:0002181 10224067 f gcesareni "These studies establish that hpk1 acts as an upstream activator for the tak1-sek-jnk1 module in relaying the tgf-_ signal into the nuclei in 293t cells." SIGNOR-67321 ABL2 protein P42684 UNIPROT LGALS3 protein P17931 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr118 AGPLIVPyNLPLPGG 9606 20150913 t llicata "The sh (src homology)3 domains of c-abl/arg bind to a p(80)gppsgp motif of gal3, and tyr79 and tyr118 are the major tyrosine phosphorylation sites. A consequence of this interaction and phosphorylation is the significant impairment of chaperone-mediated autophagy of gal3." SIGNOR-163743 CDK1 protein P06493 UNIPROT RAD9A protein Q99638 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser336 PGPQPPKsPGPHSEE 9606 BTO:0000567 12734188 t lperfetto "Here we present evidence that thr292 of hrad9 is subject to cdc2-dependent phosphorylation in mitosis. Furthermore, our data are also consistent with four other hrad9 phosphorylation sites (ser277, ser328, ser336, and thr355) being regulated in part by cdc2. We also identify ser387 as a novel site of hrad9 constitutive phosphorylation and show that phosphorylation at ser387 is a prerequisite for one form of dna damage-induced hyperphosphorylation of hrad9." SIGNOR-101051 CDK1 protein P06493 UNIPROT RAD9A protein Q99638 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr292 PQLQAHStPHPDDFA 9606 BTO:0000567 12734188 t lperfetto "Here we present evidence that thr292 of hrad9 is subject to cdc2-dependent phosphorylation in mitosis. Furthermore, our data are also consistent with four other hrad9 phosphorylation sites (ser277, ser328, ser336, and thr355) being regulated in part by cdc2. We also identify ser387 as a novel site of hrad9 constitutive phosphorylation and show that phosphorylation at ser387 is a prerequisite for one form of dna damage-induced hyperphosphorylation of hrad9." SIGNOR-101055 CDK2 protein P24941 UNIPROT MCM4 protein P33991 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr19 GSRRGRAtPAQTPRS 9606 BTO:0000567 12714602 t lperfetto "We report here that human mcm4, a subunit of the putative dna replicative helicase, is extensively phosphorylated in hela cells when they are incubated in the presence of inhibitors of dna synthesis or are exposed to uv irradiation. The data presented here indicate that the consecutive actions of atr-chk1 and cdk2 kinases are involved in this phosphorylation in the presence of hydroxyurea. Phosphorylation of t19 correlates with lowered level of dna helicase activity of the purified mcm4,6,7 complex." SIGNOR-100893 CSNK2A1 protein P68400 UNIPROT TELO2 protein Q9Y4R8 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser491 GSDSDLDsDDEFVPY 9606 20864032 t lperfetto "Here we report that tel2 and tti1 are targeted for degradation within mtorc1 by the scffbxo9 ubiquitin ligase to adjust mtor signalling to growth factor availability. This process is primed by ck2, which translocates to the cytoplasm to mediate mtorc1-specific phosphorylation of tel2/tti1. Here, we show that tel2 is constitutively phosphorylated on conserved serines 487 and 491 by casein kinase 2 (ck2)" SIGNOR-168040 CDK1 protein P06493 UNIPROT RAD9A protein Q99638 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser328 VLPSISLsPGPQPPK 9606 BTO:0000567 12734188 t lperfetto "Here we present evidence that thr292 of hrad9 is subject to cdc2-dependent phosphorylation in mitosis. Furthermore, our data are also consistent with four other hrad9 phosphorylation sites (ser277, ser328, ser336, and thr355) being regulated in part by cdc2. We also identify ser387 as a novel site of hrad9 constitutive phosphorylation and show that phosphorylation at ser387 is a prerequisite for one form of dna damage-induced hyperphosphorylation of hrad9." SIGNOR-101047 CDK1 protein P06493 UNIPROT KIF22 protein Q14807 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr463 QGAPLLStPKRERMV 9606 SIGNOR-C17 12727876 t lperfetto "Cdc2-mediated phosphorylation of kid controls its distribution to spindle and chromosomes. We identify ser427 and thr463 as m phase-specific phosphorylation sites and cdc2-cyclin b as a thr463 kinase. Kid with a thr463 to alanine mutation fails to be localized on chromosomes and is only detected along spindles, although it retains the ability to bind dna or chromosomes" SIGNOR-100964 DYNLL1 protein P63167 UNIPROT AMBRA1 protein Q9C0C7 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 20921139 t gcesareni "The beclin 1vps34 complex is tethered to the cytoskeleton through an interaction between the beclin 1interacting protein ambra1 and dynein light chains 1/2." SIGNOR-168255 FNTB protein P49356 UNIPROT MRAS protein O14807 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" 9606 24294527 t lperfetto "Major investments have been made to target Ras through indirect routes. Inhibition of farnesyl transferase to block Ras maturation has failed in large clinical trials." SIGNOR-242562 DYNLL2 protein Q96FJ2 UNIPROT AMBRA1 protein Q9C0C7 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 20921139 t gcesareni "The beclin 1 vps34 complex is tethered to the cytoskeleton through an interaction between the beclin 1 interacting protein ambra1 and dynein light chains 1/2" SIGNOR-168289 SGK1 protein O00141 UNIPROT MAP3K3 protein Q99759 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser337 DPRGRLRsADSENAL 9606 12761205 t lperfetto "Inhibition of mitogen-activated kinase kinase kinase 3 activity through phosphorylation by the serum- and glucocorticoid-induced kinase 2" SIGNOR-101216 ASH2L protein Q9UBL3 UNIPROT GATA3 protein P23771 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000150 25258321 t miannu "We identifiedgata3as the binding protein of ash2l. Ash2l was shown to potentiate the transcriptional activity ofgata3." SIGNOR-205312 FNTB protein P49356 UNIPROT HRAS protein P01112 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" 9606 24294527 t lperfetto "Major investments have been made to target Ras through indirect routes. Inhibition of farnesyl transferase to block Ras maturation has failed in large clinical trials." SIGNOR-242565 ABL1 protein P00519 UNIPROT CAT protein P04040 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr386 YRARVANyQRDGPMC 9606 BTO:0000093 12777400 t lperfetto "C-abl and arg phosphorylated catalase at tyr231 and tyr386 in vitrocatalase is a major effector in the defense of aerobic cells against oxidative stress. Recent studies have shown that catalase activity is stimulated by the c-abl and arg tyrosine kinases" SIGNOR-101302 CSNK2A1 protein P68400 UNIPROT CAV2 protein P51636 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser36 DPEKFADsDQDRDPH 9606 BTO:0001130 12743374 t lperfetto "We show that caveolin-2 is phosphorylated in vivo at two serine residues and that the phosphorylation of caveolin-2 is necessary for its actions as a positive regulator of caveolin-1 during organelle biogenesis in prostate cancer cells. Mutation of the primary phosphorylation sites on caveolin-2, serine 23 and 36, reduces the number of plasmalemma-attached caveolae" SIGNOR-101110 CDK1 protein P06493 UNIPROT RAD9A protein Q99638 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr355 EPSTVPGtPPPKKFR 9606 BTO:0000567 12734188 t lperfetto "Here we present evidence that thr292 of hrad9 is subject to cdc2-dependent phosphorylation in mitosis. Furthermore, our data are also consistent with four other hrad9 phosphorylation sites (ser277, ser328, ser336, and thr355) being regulated in part by cdc2. We also identify ser387 as a novel site of hrad9 constitutive phosphorylation and show that phosphorylation at ser387 is a prerequisite for one form of dna damage-induced hyperphosphorylation of hrad9." SIGNOR-101059 MAPK8 protein P45983 UNIPROT MAPK8IP1 protein Q9UQF2 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr103 LIDATGDtPGAEDDE 9606 BTO:0000298 12756254 t lperfetto "Recruitment of jnk to jip1 and jnk-dependent jip1 phosphorylation regulates jnk module dynamics and activation it was observed that phosphorylation by jnk of jip1 on thr-103 and not other phosphorylated jip1 residues is necessary for the regulation of dlk association with jip1, dlk activation, and subsequent module activation." SIGNOR-101197 MAPK9 protein P45984 UNIPROT MAPK8IP1 protein Q9UQF2 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr103 LIDATGDtPGAEDDE 9606 BTO:0000298 12756254 t lperfetto "Recruitment of jnk to jip1 and jnk-dependent jip1 phosphorylation regulates jnk module dynamics and activation it was observed that phosphorylation by jnk of jip1 on thr-103 and not other phosphorylated jip1 residues is necessary for the regulation of dlk association with jip1, dlk activation, and subsequent module activation." SIGNOR-101201 MAPK14 protein Q16539 UNIPROT RB1 protein P06400 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser567 SLAWLSDsPLFDLIK 9606 20871633 t llicata "P38 bypasses the cell cycle-associated hierarchical phosphorylation and directly phosphorylates rb on ser567, which is not phosphorylated during the normal cell cycle. Phosphorylation by p38, but not cdks, triggers an interaction between rb and the human homolog of murine double minute 2 (hdm2), leading to degradation of rb, release of e2f1 and cell death." SIGNOR-168178 PRKAA1 protein Q13131 UNIPROT HNF4A protein P41235 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser303 DPDAKGLsDPGKIKR 9606 BTO:0001131 SIGNOR-C15 12740371 t lperfetto "Here we demonstrate that ampk directly phosphorylates hnf4 and represses its transcriptional activity. Ampk-mediated phosphorylation of hnf4 on serine 304 had a 2-fold effect" SIGNOR-101101 CSNK2A1 protein P68400 UNIPROT CAV2 protein P51636 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser23 DDSYSHHsGLEYADP 9606 BTO:0001130 12743374 t lperfetto "We show that caveolin-2 is phosphorylated in vivo at two serine residues and that the phosphorylation of caveolin-2 is necessary for its actions as a positive regulator of caveolin-1 during organelle biogenesis in prostate cancer cells. Mutation of the primary phosphorylation sites on caveolin-2, serine 23 and 36, reduces the number of plasmalemma-attached caveolae" SIGNOR-101106 PTPRJ protein Q12913 UNIPROT MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Tyr205 IMLNSKGyTKSIDIW 9606 BTO:0000007 19494114 t lperfetto "In this study we show that one of these potential targets, the erk1/2, is indeed a direct dep-1 substrate in vivo." SIGNOR-101276 SGK1 protein O00141 UNIPROT MAP3K3 protein Q99759 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser166 EPRSRHLsVSSQNPG 9606 12761204 t lperfetto "Inhibition of mitogen-activated kinase kinase kinase 3 activity through phosphorylation by the serum- and glucocorticoid-induced kinase 1" SIGNOR-101211 CDK1 protein P06493 UNIPROT MAPK6 protein Q16659 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser684 IGIPQFHsPVGSPLK 9606 SIGNOR-C17 20236090 t lperfetto "Using ms analysis, we identified four novel phosphorylation sites, ser684, ser688, thr698 and ser705, located at the extreme c-terminus of erk3. All four sites are followed by a proline residue. We have shown that purified cyclin b-cdk1 (cyclindependent kinase 1) phosphorylates these sitesalanine substitution of the four c-terminal phosphorylation sites markedly decreased the half-life of erk3 in mitosis, thereby linking phosphorylation to the stabilization of the kinase." SIGNOR-164487 GSK3B/Axin/APC complex SIGNOR-C110 SIGNOR CTNNB1 protein P35222 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 22083140 t lperfetto "The role of apc is less clear, but it clearly binds to both b-catenin and axin, and could shuttle b-catenin from the plasma membrane and nucleus to the cytoplasmic axin complex." SIGNOR-227881 BBC3 protein Q9BXH1 UNIPROT BCL2L2 protein Q92843 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 15694340 t gcesareni "Only bimbh3 and bbc3 had comparable strong affinitiesfor all the prosurvival proteins. The members that promote cell survival, including mammalian bcl-2, bcl-xl,bcl-w, mcl-1, and a1." SIGNOR-133814 GSK3B protein P49841 UNIPROT NOTCH2 protein Q04721 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr2068 LLDEYNVtPSPPGTV 9606 BTO:0000007 12794074 t lperfetto "We show that gsk-3beta directly binds at c-terminal of the notch2 ankyrin repeats and phosphorylates thr-2068 and/or ser-2070, thr-2074, and thr-2093." SIGNOR-101570 PIK3CG protein P48736 UNIPROT Survival phenotype SIGNOR-PH13 SIGNOR up-regulates 9534 BTO:0004055 14665640 f lperfetto "Signal transduction pathways triggered by Tie2 have been extensively examined. Tyr-1101of Tie2 directly associates in a phosphotyrosine (pTyr)-dependent manner with the p85 regulatory subunit of phosphatidylinositol (PI) 3-kinase, which in turn activate PI 3-kinase, leading to cell motility and survival" SIGNOR-242658 BTRC protein Q9Y297 UNIPROT GLI3 protein P10071 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" ubiquitination 9606 BTO:0000007 16371461 t lperfetto "Phosphorylated gli3 can bind beta-trcp directly both in vitro and in vivo, resulting in polyubiquitination of gli3 and processing through proteasome activity" SIGNOR-143171 BBC3 protein Q9BXH1 UNIPROT MCL1 protein Q07820 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 15694340 t gcesareni "Only bimbh3 and bbc3 had comparable strong affinities for all the prosurvival proteins. The members that promote cell survival, including mammalian bcl-2, bcl-xl,bcl-w, mcl-1, and a1." SIGNOR-133817 ABL2 protein P42684 UNIPROT CAT protein P04040 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr231 NANGEAVyCKFHYKT 9606 BTO:0000093 12777400 t lperfetto "C-abl and arg phosphorylated catalase at tyr231 and tyr386 in vitrocatalase is a major effector in the defense of aerobic cells against oxidative stress. Recent studies have shown that catalase activity is stimulated by the c-abl and arg tyrosine kinases" SIGNOR-101306 GSK3B protein P49841 UNIPROT NOTCH2 protein Q04721 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser2070 DEYNVTPsPPGTVLT 9606 BTO:0000007 12794074 t lperfetto "We show that gsk-3beta directly binds at c-terminal of the notch2 ankyrin repeats and phosphorylates thr-2068 and/or ser-2070, thr-2074, and thr-2093." SIGNOR-101566 SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT DAG1 protein Q14118 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Tyr892 PYRSPPPyVPP 9606 BTO:0000887;BTO:0001103 12795607 t lperfetto "Tyrosine 892 is now thought to be the principal site for recognition by the c-src tyrosine kinase;. We show that upon tyrosine phosphorylation, beta-dystroglycan undergoes a profound change in its sub-cellular localization (e.g., from the plasma membrane to an internal membrane compartment). One possibility is that the net negative charge at position 892 causes the redistribution of beta-dystroglycan to this intracellular vesicular location" SIGNOR-101655 ABL2 protein P42684 UNIPROT CAT protein P04040 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr386 YRARVANyQRDGPMC 9606 BTO:0000093 12777400 t lperfetto "C-abl and arg phosphorylated catalase at tyr231 and tyr386 in vitrocatalase is a major effector in the defense of aerobic cells against oxidative stress. Recent studies have shown that catalase activity is stimulated by the c-abl and arg tyrosine kinases" SIGNOR-101310 CSNK1A1 protein P48729 UNIPROT HNRNPC protein P07910 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser253 ETNVKMEsEGGADDS 9606 15687492 t gcesareni "A kinase activity was identified in mouse liver that phosphorylates the acd of hnrnp-c at ser(240) and at two sites at ser(225)-ser(228). The kinase was purified and identified by tandem mass spectrometry as protein kinase ck1alpha (formerly casein kinase 1alpha).hnrnp-c1 that was also modified at the ck1alpha phosphorylation sites exhibited a 14-500-fold decrease in binding affinity, demonstrating that ck1alpha-mediated phosphorylation modulates the mrna binding ability of hnrnp-c." SIGNOR-133528 GSK3B protein P49841 UNIPROT NOTCH2 protein Q04721 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr2074 VTPSPPGtVLTSALS 9606 BTO:0000007 12794074 t lperfetto "We show that gsk-3beta directly binds at c-terminal of the notch2 ankyrin repeats and phosphorylates thr-2068 and/or ser-2070, thr-2074, and thr-2093." SIGNOR-101574 ILK protein Q13418 UNIPROT PPP1R14C protein Q8TAE6 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr73 RHQQGKVtVKYDRKE 9606 12804574 t lperfetto "Pka predominantly phosphorylated a site distinct from the inhibitory t73 in kepi. Integrin-linked kinase phosphorylated KEPI (T73) and this dramatically increased inhibition of PP1c" SIGNOR-101835 CDK1 protein P06493 UNIPROT NSFL1C protein Q9UNZ2 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser140 AVERVTKsPGETSKP 9606 BTO:0000759 12810701 t lperfetto "Now, we have found that p47, which mainly localizes to the nucleus during interphase, is phosphorylated on serine-140 by cdc2 at mitosis. The phosphorylated p47 does not bind to golgi membranes." SIGNOR-102350 STK11 protein Q15831 UNIPROT AMPK complex SIGNOR-C15 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation -1 14976552 t lperfetto "We recently demonstrated that the LKB1 tumour suppressor kinase, in complex with the pseudokinase STRAD and the scaffolding protein MO25, phosphorylates and activates AMP_activated protein kinase (AMPK)." SIGNOR-242602 BCL2L11 protein O43521 UNIPROT BCL2 protein P10415 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 15694340 t gcesareni "Bim can induce apoptosis by interacting with anti-apoptotic members of the bcl2 family, including bcl2, bcl-xl and mcl-1.. Bim binds prosurvival proteins comparably. The members that promote cell survival, including mammalian bcl-2, bcl-xl,bcl-w, mcl-1, and a1" SIGNOR-133823 BCL2L11 protein O43521 UNIPROT BCL2L2 protein Q92843 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 15694340 t gcesareni "Bim binds prosurvival proteins comparably. The members that promote cell survival, including mammalian bcl-2, bcl-xl,bcl-w, mcl-1, and a1." SIGNOR-133832 RHOA protein P61586 UNIPROT PLD1 protein Q13393 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 11102529 t gcesareni "Our results demonstrate that direct stimulation of pld1 in vivo by rhoa" SIGNOR-84953 MAPK8 protein P45983 UNIPROT ATN1 protein P54259 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser739 EEYETPEsPVPPARS 9606 BTO:0000142 12812981 t lperfetto "Dentatorubral-pallidoluysian atrophy protein is phosphorylated by c-jun nh2-terminal kinase. serine 734 of the drpla protein is a phospho-acceptor site by jnk. The phosphorylation may be coupled to the activation of a protease. The molecular size of drpla protein detected in the rat brain with the specific phosphopeptide antibody was 150_kda, which was slightly smaller than that expected from the sequence and the results with the human protein. The phosphorylated forms of ha-tagged human drpla gradually disappeared after osmotic treatment," SIGNOR-102398 MAPK10 protein P53779 UNIPROT ATN1 protein P54259 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser739 EEYETPEsPVPPARS 9606 BTO:0000142 12812981 t lperfetto "Dentatorubral-pallidoluysian atrophy protein is phosphorylated by c-jun nh2-terminal kinase. serine 734 of the drpla protein is a phospho-acceptor site by jnk. The phosphorylation may be coupled to the activation of a protease. The molecular size of drpla protein detected in the rat brain with the specific phosphopeptide antibody was 150_kda, which was slightly smaller than that expected from the sequence and the results with the human protein. The phosphorylated forms of ha-tagged human drpla gradually disappeared after osmotic treatment," SIGNOR-102394 MAPK9 protein P45984 UNIPROT ATN1 protein P54259 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser739 EEYETPEsPVPPARS 9606 BTO:0000142 12812981 t lperfetto "Dentatorubral-pallidoluysian atrophy protein is phosphorylated by c-jun nh2-terminal kinase. serine 734 of the drpla protein is a phospho-acceptor site by jnk. The phosphorylation may be coupled to the activation of a protease. The molecular size of drpla protein detected in the rat brain with the specific phosphopeptide antibody was 150_kda, which was slightly smaller than that expected from the sequence and the results with the human protein. The phosphorylated forms of ha-tagged human drpla gradually disappeared after osmotic treatment," SIGNOR-102402 PLK1 protein P53350 UNIPROT BRCA2 protein P51587 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser193 AEVDPDMsWSSSLAT 9606 BTO:0001938 12815053 t lperfetto "M phase-specific phosphorylation of brca2 by polo-like kinase 1 correlates with the dissociation of the brca2-p/caf complex.Plk1 interacts with brca2 in vivo, and mutation of ser193, ser205/206, and thr203/207 to ala in br-n1 abolished plk1 phosphorylation, suggesting that brca2 is the substrate of plk1" SIGNOR-102486 AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT PEA15 protein Q15121 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser116 KDIIRQPsEEEIIKL 9606 BTO:0000007 12808093 t lperfetto "Protein kinase b/akt binds and phosphorylates ped/pea-15, stabilizing its antiapoptotic action." SIGNOR-102092 RPS6KB1 protein P23443 UNIPROT MTOR protein P42345 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr2446 NKRSRTRtDSYSAGQ 9606 BTO:0000551 BTO:0000018 12807916 t lperfetto "We show that s6 kinase 1 (s6k1), but not akt, directly phosphorylates mtor in cell-free_ in vitro_ system and in cells." SIGNOR-102051 "DNA damage" stimulus SIGNOR-ST1 SIGNOR TTK protein P33981 UNIPROT up-regulates 9606 19151762 f lperfetto "Cell cycle progression is monitored constantly to ensure faithful passage of genetic codes and genome stability. We have demonstrated previously that, upon DNA damage, TTK/hMps1 activates the checkpoint kinase CHK2 by phosphorylating CHK2 at Thr68" SIGNOR-242619 SHC1 protein P29353 UNIPROT MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" 10090 BTO:0000944 17673906 f lperfetto "We report that upon TGF__ stimulation, the activated TGF__ type I receptor (T_RI) recruits and directly phosphorylates ShcA proteins on tyrosine and serine. This dual phosphorylation results from an intrinsic T_RI tyrosine kinase activity that complements its well_defined serine_threonine kinase function. TGF___induced ShcA phosphorylation induces ShcA association with Grb2 and Sos, thereby initiating the well_characterised pathway linking receptor tyrosine kinases with Erk MAP kinases." SIGNOR-242622 SHC1 protein P29353 UNIPROT MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" 10090 BTO:0000944 17673906 f lperfetto "We report that upon TGF__ stimulation, the activated TGF__ type I receptor (T_RI) recruits and directly phosphorylates ShcA proteins on tyrosine and serine. This dual phosphorylation results from an intrinsic T_RI tyrosine kinase activity that complements its well_defined serine_threonine kinase function. TGF___induced ShcA phosphorylation induces ShcA association with Grb2 and Sos, thereby initiating the well_characterised pathway linking receptor tyrosine kinases with Erk MAP kinases." SIGNOR-242625 SHC1 protein P29353 UNIPROT ERK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF1 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" 10090 BTO:0000944 17673906 f lperfetto "We report that upon TGF__ stimulation, the activated TGF__ type I receptor (T_RI) recruits and directly phosphorylates ShcA proteins on tyrosine and serine. This dual phosphorylation results from an intrinsic T_RI tyrosine kinase activity that complements its well_defined serine_threonine kinase function. TGF___induced ShcA phosphorylation induces ShcA association with Grb2 and Sos, thereby initiating the well_characterised pathway linking receptor tyrosine kinases with Erk MAP kinases." SIGNOR-242628 TGFB1 protein P01137 UNIPROT SHC1 protein P29353 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" 10090 BTO:0000944 17673906 f lperfetto "We report that upon TGF__ stimulation, the activated TGF__ type I receptor (T_RI) recruits and directly phosphorylates ShcA proteins on tyrosine and serine. This dual phosphorylation results from an intrinsic T_RI tyrosine kinase activity that complements its well_defined serine_threonine kinase function. TGF___induced ShcA phosphorylation induces ShcA association with Grb2 and Sos, thereby initiating the well_characterised pathway linking receptor tyrosine kinases with Erk MAP kinases." SIGNOR-242631 TEK protein Q02763 UNIPROT PIK3R1 protein P27986 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9534 BTO:0004055 14665640 t lperfetto "Signal transduction pathways triggered by Tie2 have been extensively examined. Tyr-1101of Tie2 directly associates in a phosphotyrosine (pTyr)-dependent manner with the p85 regulatory subunit of phosphatidylinositol (PI) 3-kinase, which in turn activate PI 3-kinase, leading to cell motility and survival" SIGNOR-242634 GSK3B protein P49841 UNIPROT HNRNPD protein Q14103 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser83 DEGHSNSsPRHSEAA 9606 BTO:0001271 11903055 t lperfetto "In kinase assays pka phosphorylated ser-87 of hnrnp d, whereas glycogen synthase kinase-3 beta (gsk-3 beta) phosphorylated ser-83, but only if ser-87 had been pre-phosphorylated by pka. Phosphorylation of ser-87 enhanced, whereas phosphorylation of ser-83 repressed, transactivation." SIGNOR-102582 NFKBIE protein O00221 UNIPROT NfKb-p65/p50 complex SIGNOR-C13 SIGNOR down-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0001271 12835716 t lperfetto "Nf-kb is normally sequestered in the cell cytoplasm by binding to ikbx, ikbb, ikbe" SIGNOR-217361 ZAP70 protein P43403 UNIPROT LCP2 protein Q13094 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr128 DGEDDGDyESPNEEE 9606 BTO:0000782 12817019 t lperfetto "Phosphorylation of slp-76 is required for prolonged erk activation in response to sdf-1_ cr signal transduction results in slp-76 tyrosine phosphorylation at the amino-terminal tyrosines 113, 128, and 145 via a mechanism requiring the zap-70 tyrosine kinase." SIGNOR-102511 PRKCD protein Q05655 UNIPROT NR2F6 protein P10588 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser83 CKSFFKRsIRRNLSY 9606 BTO:0000782 18701084 t esanto "Ser-83 on recombinant nr2f6is a pkc substrate site;mutation of ser-83 (but not ser-89) to alanine strongly reduced pkc-mediated nr2f6 phosphorylation, confirming ser-83 as the major pkc phosphorylation site in nr2f6;the dna-binding capacity of nr2f6 is antagonized by a (p)ser-83 switch on nr2f6." SIGNOR-180017 PLK1 protein P53350 UNIPROT BRCA2 protein P51587 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser206 ATPPTLSsTVLIVRN 9606 BTO:0001938 12815053 t lperfetto "M phase-specific phosphorylation of brca2 by polo-like kinase 1 correlates with the dissociation of the brca2-p/caf complex.Plk1 interacts with brca2 in vivo, and mutation of ser193, ser205/206, and thr203/207 to ala in br-n1 abolished plk1 phosphorylation, suggesting that brca2 is the substrate of plk1" SIGNOR-102494 PLK1 protein P53350 UNIPROT BRCA2 protein P51587 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr203 SSLATPPtLSSTVLI 9606 BTO:0001938 12815053 t lperfetto "M phase-specific phosphorylation of brca2 by polo-like kinase 1 correlates with the dissociation of the brca2-p/caf complex.Plk1 interacts with brca2 in vivo, and mutation of ser193, ser205/206, and thr203/207 to ala in br-n1 abolished plk1 phosphorylation, suggesting that brca2 is the substrate of plk1" SIGNOR-102498 ZAP70 protein P43403 UNIPROT LCP2 protein Q13094 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr145 PVEDDADyEPPPSND 9606 BTO:0000782 12817019 t lperfetto "Phosphorylation of slp-76 is required for prolonged erk activation in response to sdf-1_ cr signal transduction results in slp-76 tyrosine phosphorylation at the amino-terminal tyrosines 113, 128, and 145 via a mechanism requiring the zap-70 tyrosine kinase." SIGNOR-102515 KIT protein P10721 UNIPROT KIT protein P10721 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr568 EEINGNNyVYIDPTQ 9606 BTO:0001271 12824176 t lperfetto "Upon binding its ligand, stem cell factor (scf), c-kit forms an active dimer that autophosphorylates itself and activates a signaling cascade that induces cell growth./ Tyr-568 and tyr-570 are significantly phosphorylated" SIGNOR-102633 PLK1 protein P53350 UNIPROT BRCA2 protein P51587 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr207 TPPTLSStVLIVRNE 9606 BTO:0001938 12815053 t lperfetto "M phase-specific phosphorylation of brca2 by polo-like kinase 1 correlates with the dissociation of the brca2-p/caf complex.Plk1 interacts with brca2 in vivo, and mutation of ser193, ser205/206, and thr203/207 to ala in br-n1 abolished plk1 phosphorylation, suggesting that brca2 is the substrate of plk1" SIGNOR-102502 PIK3R1 protein P27986 UNIPROT PIK3CA protein P42336 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9534 BTO:0004055 14665640 t lperfetto "Signal transduction pathways triggered by Tie2 have been extensively examined. Tyr-1101of Tie2 directly associates in a phosphotyrosine (pTyr)-dependent manner with the p85 regulatory subunit of phosphatidylinositol (PI) 3-kinase, which in turn activate PI 3-kinase, leading to cell motility and survival" SIGNOR-242637 PIK3R1 protein P27986 UNIPROT PIK3CB protein P42338 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9534 BTO:0004055 14665640 t lperfetto "Signal transduction pathways triggered by Tie2 have been extensively examined. Tyr-1101of Tie2 directly associates in a phosphotyrosine (pTyr)-dependent manner with the p85 regulatory subunit of phosphatidylinositol (PI) 3-kinase, which in turn activate PI 3-kinase, leading to cell motility and survival" SIGNOR-242640 PIK3R1 protein P27986 UNIPROT PIK3CD protein O00329 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9534 BTO:0004055 14665640 t lperfetto "Signal transduction pathways triggered by Tie2 have been extensively examined. Tyr-1101of Tie2 directly associates in a phosphotyrosine (pTyr)-dependent manner with the p85 regulatory subunit of phosphatidylinositol (PI) 3-kinase, which in turn activate PI 3-kinase, leading to cell motility and survival" SIGNOR-242643 PIK3R1 protein P27986 UNIPROT PIK3CG protein P48736 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9534 BTO:0004055 14665640 t lperfetto "Signal transduction pathways triggered by Tie2 have been extensively examined. Tyr-1101of Tie2 directly associates in a phosphotyrosine (pTyr)-dependent manner with the p85 regulatory subunit of phosphatidylinositol (PI) 3-kinase, which in turn activate PI 3-kinase, leading to cell motility and survival" SIGNOR-242646 PIK3CA protein P42336 UNIPROT Survival phenotype SIGNOR-PH13 SIGNOR up-regulates 9534 BTO:0004055 14665640 f lperfetto "Signal transduction pathways triggered by Tie2 have been extensively examined. Tyr-1101of Tie2 directly associates in a phosphotyrosine (pTyr)-dependent manner with the p85 regulatory subunit of phosphatidylinositol (PI) 3-kinase, which in turn activate PI 3-kinase, leading to cell motility and survival" SIGNOR-242649 PIK3CB protein P42338 UNIPROT Survival phenotype SIGNOR-PH13 SIGNOR up-regulates 9534 BTO:0004055 14665640 f lperfetto "Signal transduction pathways triggered by Tie2 have been extensively examined. Tyr-1101of Tie2 directly associates in a phosphotyrosine (pTyr)-dependent manner with the p85 regulatory subunit of phosphatidylinositol (PI) 3-kinase, which in turn activate PI 3-kinase, leading to cell motility and survival" SIGNOR-242652 CDK1 protein P06493 UNIPROT LIG1 protein P18858 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser76 EEEDEALsPAKGQKP 9606 BTO:0000567 12851383 t lperfetto "We show that three residues (ser51, ser76, and ser91), which are part of cyclin-dependent kinase sites, are phosphorylated in a cell cycle-dependent manner." SIGNOR-103242 CHEK2 protein O96017 UNIPROT CDC25C protein P30307 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser216 SGLYRSPsMPENLNR 9606 12835754 t lperfetto "Activated chk2 in turn phosphorylates cdc25c at serine-216 contributing to the g2/m checkpoints. Cds1 phosphorylates and inactivates cdc25 in vitro" SIGNOR-102779 MTOR protein P42345 UNIPROT EIF4EBP1 protein Q13541 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr36 LPPGDYStTPGGTLF 9606 BTO:0000007;BTO:0000443 SIGNOR-C3 17510057 t lperfetto "In response to insulin and nutrients, mTORC1, consisting of mTOR, raptor (regulatory-associated protein of mTOR), and mLST8, is activated and phosphorylates eukaryotic initiation factor 4E-binding protein (4EBP) and p70 S6 kinase to promote protein synthesis and cell size." SIGNOR-154810 CAMK4 protein Q16566 UNIPROT CREB1 protein P16220 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser133 EILSRRPsYRKILND 9606 BTO:0001271 12835716 t lperfetto "Pka, ca2+-calmodulin-dependent kinase iv (camkiv), msk, p70s6k and rsk phosphorylate creb. All these kinases target CREB on S133 to activate CREB." SIGNOR-102722 NEK9 protein Q8TD19 UNIPROT NEK7 protein Q8TDX7 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser195 SKTTAAHsLVGTPYY 9606 BTO:0000007 12840024 t lperfetto "Nercc1 catalyzes the phosphorylation of nek6 (ser206) and the equivalent site on nek7 (ser195), resulting in a 20-25-fold activation of nek6/7 kinase activity" SIGNOR-103030 NEK9 protein Q8TD19 UNIPROT NEK6 protein Q9HC98 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser206 SETTAAHsLVGTPYY 9606 BTO:0000007 12840024 t lperfetto "Nercc1/nek9 activates the nek6 and nek7 kinases. Nercc1 catalyzes the direct phosphorylation of prokaryotic recombinant nek6 at ser206 in vitro concomitant with 20-25-fold activation of nek6 activity." SIGNOR-102996 KIT protein P10721 UNIPROT KIT protein P10721 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr570 INGNNYVyIDPTQLP 9606 BTO:0001271 12824176 t lperfetto "Upon binding its ligand, stem cell factor (scf), c-kit forms an active dimer that autophosphorylates itself and activates a signaling cascade that induces cell growth./ Tyr-568 and tyr-570 are significantly phosphorylated" SIGNOR-102637 KIT protein P10721 UNIPROT KIT protein P10721 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr823 DIKNDSNyVVKGNAR 9606 BTO:0001271 12824176 t lperfetto "Upon binding its ligand, stem cell factor (scf), c-kit forms an active dimer that autophosphorylates itself and activates a signaling cascade that induces cell growth. / tyr-823 is the last tyrosine residue to be autophosphorylated" SIGNOR-102641 PAK4 protein O96013 UNIPROT ITGB5 protein P18084 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser759 REFAKFQsERSRARY 9606 20507994 t llicata "Pak4 specifically phosphorylated the integrin beta5 subunit at ser-759 and ser-762 within the beta5-sers-motif. Point mutation of these two serine residues abolished the pak4-induced cell migration, indicating a functional role for these phosphorylations in migration." SIGNOR-165702 ITK protein Q08881 UNIPROT ITK protein Q08881 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr180 ETVVIALyDYQTNDP 9606 BTO:0000782 12842872 t lperfetto "In this study, we present evidence for another mode of regulation for itk, the autophosphorylation of tyr-180 in the src homology 3 (sh3) domain." SIGNOR-103170 PPP2CA protein P67775 UNIPROT MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Thr185 HDHTGFLtEYVATRW 9606 BTO:0004419 12840032 t lperfetto "P-erk1/2 proteins were efficiently dephosphorylated in vitro by protein phosphatases 1 and 2a (pp1/2a) and mapk phosphatase 3 (mkp3).Mapk activity is tightly regulated by phosphorylation and dephosphorylation. The activation of the mapk activity requires the dual phosphorylation of the ser/thr and tyr residues in the txy kinase activation motif (1113), and deactivation occurs through the action of either ser/thr protein phosphatase" SIGNOR-103159 MTOR protein P42345 UNIPROT EIF4EBP1 protein Q13541 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr45 PGGTLFStTPGGTRI 9606 BTO:0000007;BTO:0000443 SIGNOR-C3 17510057 t lperfetto "In response to insulin and nutrients, mTORC1, consisting of mTOR, raptor (regulatory-associated protein of mTOR), and mLST8, is activated and phosphorylates eukaryotic initiation factor 4E-binding protein (4EBP) and p70 S6 kinase to promote protein synthesis and cell size." SIGNOR-154814 FGFR4 protein P22455 UNIPROT FRS2 protein Q8WU20 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation 10116 BTO:0002809 9182757 t lperfetto "In this report, we demonstrate that FGF stimulation induces tyrosine phosphorylation of a novel lipid anchored docking protein, termed FRS2, that forms a complex with Grb2/Sos, thus linking FGF-receptor activation to the Ras/MAPK signaling pathway." SIGNOR-242661 SCF-betaTRCP complex SIGNOR-C5 SIGNOR NFKB1 protein P19838 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" ubiquitination 9534 BTO:0004055 11295495 t lperfetto "The scf-betatrcp complex is responsible for the ubiquitination of p100 and p105 following their phosphorylation by ikk." SIGNOR-217190 PLK1 protein P53350 UNIPROT NINL protein Q9Y2I6 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser686 LEELHEKsQEVIWGL -1 12852856 t lperfetto "Here, we identify a centrosomal plk1 substrate, termed nlp (ninein-like protein), whose properties suggest an important role in microtubule organization. Nlp interacts with two components of the gamma-tubulin ring complex and stimulates microtubule nucleation. Plk1 phosphorylates nlp and disrupts both its centrosome association and its gamma-tubulin interaction" SIGNOR-103348 SOSTDC1 protein Q6X4U4 UNIPROT WNT10A protein Q9GZT5 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" 10090 22829579 f lperfetto "Our laboratory identified an almost twofold upregulation of sclerostin domain-containing 1 (Sostdc1; also referred to as WISE, USAG-1, ectodin), a dual Bmp/Wnt inhibitor, in postnatal day (P)1 pancreata from transgenic mice misexpressing hepatocyte nuclear factor (Hnf)6 in islet endocrine cells." SIGNOR-242695 SOSTDC1 protein Q6X4U4 UNIPROT WNT10B protein O00744 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" 10090 22829579 f lperfetto "Our laboratory identified an almost twofold upregulation of sclerostin domain-containing 1 (Sostdc1; also referred to as WISE, USAG-1, ectodin), a dual Bmp/Wnt inhibitor, in postnatal day (P)1 pancreata from transgenic mice misexpressing hepatocyte nuclear factor (Hnf)6 in islet endocrine cells." SIGNOR-242698 SOSTDC1 protein Q6X4U4 UNIPROT WNT2B protein Q93097 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" 10090 22829579 f lperfetto "Our laboratory identified an almost twofold upregulation of sclerostin domain-containing 1 (Sostdc1; also referred to as WISE, USAG-1, ectodin), a dual Bmp/Wnt inhibitor, in postnatal day (P)1 pancreata from transgenic mice misexpressing hepatocyte nuclear factor (Hnf)6 in islet endocrine cells." SIGNOR-242701 PLK1 protein P53350 UNIPROT NINL protein Q9Y2I6 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr161 SDEEAEStKEAQNEL -1 12852856 t lperfetto "Here, we identify a centrosomal plk1 substrate, termed nlp (ninein-like protein), whose properties suggest an important role in microtubule organization. Nlp interacts with two components of the gamma-tubulin ring complex and stimulates microtubule nucleation. Plk1 phosphorylates nlp and disrupts both its centrosome association and its gamma-tubulin interaction" SIGNOR-103364 ATG5 protein Q9H1Y0 UNIPROT ATG12/5/16L1 complex SIGNOR-C109 SIGNOR "form complex" binding 9606 BTO:0000007 18321988 t lperfetto "Atg12 is conjugated to atg5 and forms an approximately 800-kda protein complex with atg16l (referred to as atg16l complex)." SIGNOR-226693 PLK1 protein P53350 UNIPROT NINL protein Q9Y2I6 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser87 VRPSDEDsSSLESAA -1 12852856 t lperfetto "Here, we identify a centrosomal plk1 substrate, termed nlp (ninein-like protein), whose properties suggest an important role in microtubule organization. Nlp interacts with two components of the gamma-tubulin ring complex and stimulates microtubule nucleation. Plk1 phosphorylates nlp and disrupts both its centrosome association and its gamma-tubulin interaction" SIGNOR-103352 MAPK9 protein P45984 UNIPROT ATF2 protein P15336 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr69 SVIVADQtPTPTRFL 9606 20068231 t gcesareni "Phosphorylation of thr-69 by mapk14 and mapk11, and at thr-71 by mapk1/erk2, mapk3/erk1, mapk11, mapk12 and mapk14 in response to external stimulus like insulin causes increased transcriptional activity." SIGNOR-163262 CDK2 protein P24941 UNIPROT LIG1 protein P18858 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser76 EEEDEALsPAKGQKP 9606 BTO:0000567 12851383 t lperfetto "We show that three residues (ser51, ser76, and ser91), which are part of cyclin-dependent kinase sites, are phosphorylated in a cell cycle-dependent manner." SIGNOR-103250 CDK2 protein P24941 UNIPROT LIG1 protein P18858 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser51 GVVSESDsPVKRPGR 9606 BTO:0000567 12851383 t lperfetto "Thus, phosphorylation of serine 51 on hligi plays a critical role in regulating the interaction between hligi and rfc, which is required for efficient dna replication and repair." SIGNOR-103246 CDK2 protein P24941 UNIPROT LIG1 protein P18858 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser91 ALDCSQVsPPRPATS 9606 BTO:0000567 12851383 t lperfetto "We show that three residues (ser51, ser76, and ser91), which are part of cyclin-dependent kinase sites, are phosphorylated in a cell cycle-dependent manner." SIGNOR-103254 CDK1 protein P06493 UNIPROT EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser1026 PQQGFFSsPSTSRTP 9606 BTO:0000017 8360196 t gcesareni "Using a synthetic peptide corresponding to the sequence surrounding ser-1002, p34cdc2 was identified as a kinase capable of phosphorylating this serine residue. phosphorylation of the egf receptor by p34cdc2 was associated with a decrease in its tyrosine protein kinase activity." SIGNOR-38313 PLK1 protein P53350 UNIPROT NUDC protein Q9Y266 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser326 QHPEMDFsKAKFN 9606 BTO:0000567 12852857 t lperfetto "Here, we characterize the interaction between plk1 and nudc, show that plk1 phosphorylates nudc at conserved s274 and s326 residues in vitro, and present evidence that nudc is also a substrate for plk1 in vivo. Downregulation of nudc by rna interference results in multiple mitotic defects, including multinucleation and cells arrested at the midbody stage, which are rescued by ectopic expression of wild-type nudc, but not by nudc with mutations in the plk1 phosphorylation sites." SIGNOR-103407 PLK1 protein P53350 UNIPROT NUDC protein Q9Y266 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser274 KKINPENsKLSDLDS 9606 BTO:0000567 12852857 t lperfetto "Here, we characterize the interaction between plk1 and nudc, show that plk1 phosphorylates nudc at conserved s274 and s326 residues in vitro, and present evidence that nudc is also a substrate for plk1 in vivo. Downregulation of nudc by rna interference results in multiple mitotic defects, including multinucleation and cells arrested at the midbody stage, which are rescued by ectopic expression of wild-type nudc, but not by nudc with mutations in the plk1 phosphorylation sites." SIGNOR-103403 CSNK2A1 protein P68400 UNIPROT LIG1 protein P18858 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser66 KAARVLGsEGEEEDE 9606 BTO:0000567 12851383 t lperfetto "Moreover, these data confirmed the occurrence of Ser66 phosphorylation, which was previously studied with a specific monoclonal antibody (23)." SIGNOR-103258 SOSTDC1 protein Q6X4U4 UNIPROT WNT1 protein P04628 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" 10090 22829579 f lperfetto "Our laboratory identified an almost twofold upregulation of sclerostin domain-containing 1 (Sostdc1; also referred to as WISE, USAG-1, ectodin), a dual Bmp/Wnt inhibitor, in postnatal day (P)1 pancreata from transgenic mice misexpressing hepatocyte nuclear factor (Hnf)6 in islet endocrine cells." SIGNOR-242704 DYRK1A protein Q13627 UNIPROT TP53 protein P04637 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser15 PSVEPPLsQETFSDL 9606 BTO:0000938 20696760 t gcesareni "Dyrk1a phosphorylates p53 and inhibits proliferation of embryonic neuronal cells. we found that dyrk1a phosphorylates p53 at ser-15 in vitro and in immortalized rat embryonic hippocampal progenitor h19-7 cells. In addition, dyrk1a-induced p53 phosphorylation at ser-15 led to a robust induction of p53 target genes" SIGNOR-167407 SOSTDC1 protein Q6X4U4 UNIPROT WNT4 protein P56705 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" 10090 22829579 f lperfetto "Our laboratory identified an almost twofold upregulation of sclerostin domain-containing 1 (Sostdc1; also referred to as WISE, USAG-1, ectodin), a dual Bmp/Wnt inhibitor, in postnatal day (P)1 pancreata from transgenic mice misexpressing hepatocyte nuclear factor (Hnf)6 in islet endocrine cells." SIGNOR-242707 SOSTDC1 protein Q6X4U4 UNIPROT WNT7A protein O00755 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" 10090 22829579 f lperfetto "Our laboratory identified an almost twofold upregulation of sclerostin domain-containing 1 (Sostdc1; also referred to as WISE, USAG-1, ectodin), a dual Bmp/Wnt inhibitor, in postnatal day (P)1 pancreata from transgenic mice misexpressing hepatocyte nuclear factor (Hnf)6 in islet endocrine cells." SIGNOR-242710 SOSTDC1 protein Q6X4U4 UNIPROT WNT3A protein P56704 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" 9606 BTO:0000815 21113658 f lperfetto "In this context, SOSTDC1 leads to decreased cellular proliferation and inhibition of Wnt3a- and BMP-7-induced signaling" SIGNOR-242714 NFIL3 protein Q16649 UNIPROT Survival phenotype SIGNOR-PH13 SIGNOR up-regulates 10090 BTO:0003104 10082541 f lperfetto "the effect of NFIL3 on cytokine-mediated cell survival was independent of an effect on cell proliferation." SIGNOR-242760 BAD protein Q92934 UNIPROT BCL2L1 protein Q07817 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000007 15694340 t lperfetto "Bad, however, bound tightly to bcl-2, bcl2l1, and bcl2l2" SIGNOR-133759 BBC3 protein Q9BXH1 UNIPROT BCL2 protein P10415 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000007 15694340 t lperfetto "Only bimbh3 and bbc3 had comparable strong affinitiesfor all the prosurvival proteins. The members that promote cell survival, including mammalian bcl-2, bcl-xl,bcl-w, mcl-1, and a1." SIGNOR-133808 SOSTDC1 protein Q6X4U4 UNIPROT WNT16 protein Q9UBV4 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" 10090 22829579 f lperfetto "Our laboratory identified an almost twofold upregulation of sclerostin domain-containing 1 (Sostdc1; also referred to as WISE, USAG-1, ectodin), a dual Bmp/Wnt inhibitor, in postnatal day (P)1 pancreata from transgenic mice misexpressing hepatocyte nuclear factor (Hnf)6 in islet endocrine cells." SIGNOR-242718 SOSTDC1 protein Q6X4U4 UNIPROT WNT11 protein O96014 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" 10090 22829579 f lperfetto "Our laboratory identified an almost twofold upregulation of sclerostin domain-containing 1 (Sostdc1; also referred to as WISE, USAG-1, ectodin), a dual Bmp/Wnt inhibitor, in postnatal day (P)1 pancreata from transgenic mice misexpressing hepatocyte nuclear factor (Hnf)6 in islet endocrine cells." SIGNOR-242721 SOSTDC1 protein Q6X4U4 UNIPROT WNT2 protein P09544 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" 10090 22829579 f lperfetto "Our laboratory identified an almost twofold upregulation of sclerostin domain-containing 1 (Sostdc1; also referred to as WISE, USAG-1, ectodin), a dual Bmp/Wnt inhibitor, in postnatal day (P)1 pancreata from transgenic mice misexpressing hepatocyte nuclear factor (Hnf)6 in islet endocrine cells." SIGNOR-242724 SOSTDC1 protein Q6X4U4 UNIPROT WNT5B protein Q9H1J7 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" 10090 22829579 f lperfetto "Our laboratory identified an almost twofold upregulation of sclerostin domain-containing 1 (Sostdc1; also referred to as WISE, USAG-1, ectodin), a dual Bmp/Wnt inhibitor, in postnatal day (P)1 pancreata from transgenic mice misexpressing hepatocyte nuclear factor (Hnf)6 in islet endocrine cells." SIGNOR-242727 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT TSC2 protein P49815 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser664 KKTSGPLsPPTGPPG 9606 15851026 t llicata "Here, we show that erk may play a critical role in tsc progression through posttranslational inactivation of tsc2. s664 is the primary erk phosphorylation site on tsc2 in vitro and in vivo" SIGNOR-135696 SOSTDC1 protein Q6X4U4 UNIPROT WNT3 protein P56703 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" 10090 22829579 f lperfetto "Our laboratory identified an almost twofold upregulation of sclerostin domain-containing 1 (Sostdc1; also referred to as WISE, USAG-1, ectodin), a dual Bmp/Wnt inhibitor, in postnatal day (P)1 pancreata from transgenic mice misexpressing hepatocyte nuclear factor (Hnf)6 in islet endocrine cells." SIGNOR-242730 SOSTDC1 protein Q6X4U4 UNIPROT WNT7B protein P56706 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" 10090 22829579 f lperfetto "Our laboratory identified an almost twofold upregulation of sclerostin domain-containing 1 (Sostdc1; also referred to as WISE, USAG-1, ectodin), a dual Bmp/Wnt inhibitor, in postnatal day (P)1 pancreata from transgenic mice misexpressing hepatocyte nuclear factor (Hnf)6 in islet endocrine cells." SIGNOR-242733 ERC1 protein Q8IUD2 UNIPROT IKK-complex complex SIGNOR-C14 SIGNOR up-regulates binding 9606 15218148 t lperfetto "Elks likely functions by recruiting ikappabalpha to the ikk complex and thus serves a regulatory function for ikk activation." SIGNOR-217448 MAPK8 protein P45983 UNIPROT YWHAB protein P31946 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser186 FYYEILNsPEKACSL 9606 15696159 t llicata "The c-jun n-terminal kinase (jnk) protein is activated in the cellular response to dna damage and phosphorylates 14-3-3 on ser 184 these results support a role for 14-3-3 proteins in inhibiting c-abl-mediated apoptosis by sequestering c-abl into the cytoplasm. these findings support a model in which jnk phosphorylation of 14-3-3 proteins induces dissociation of the c-abl_14-3-3 complex and thereby targeting of c-abl to the nucleus." SIGNOR-133875 PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT CHAT protein P28329 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser464 LLKHVTQsSRKLIRA 9606 BTO:0000938 15381704 t "The effect has been demonstrated using P28329-3" gcesareni "We show that chat is differentially phosphorylated by protein kinase c (pkc) isoforms on four serines (ser-440, ser-346, ser-347, and ser-476) and one threonine (thr-255). This phosphorylation is hierarchical, with phosphorylation at ser-476 required for phosphorylation at other serines. Phosphorylation at some, but not all, sites regulates basal catalysis and activation." SIGNOR-129260 SOSTDC1 protein Q6X4U4 UNIPROT WNT5A protein P41221 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" 10090 22829579 f lperfetto "Our laboratory identified an almost twofold upregulation of sclerostin domain-containing 1 (Sostdc1; also referred to as WISE, USAG-1, ectodin), a dual Bmp/Wnt inhibitor, in postnatal day (P)1 pancreata from transgenic mice misexpressing hepatocyte nuclear factor (Hnf)6 in islet endocrine cells." SIGNOR-242736 SOSTDC1 protein Q6X4U4 UNIPROT WNT9B protein O14905 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" 10090 22829579 f lperfetto "Our laboratory identified an almost twofold upregulation of sclerostin domain-containing 1 (Sostdc1; also referred to as WISE, USAG-1, ectodin), a dual Bmp/Wnt inhibitor, in postnatal day (P)1 pancreata from transgenic mice misexpressing hepatocyte nuclear factor (Hnf)6 in islet endocrine cells." SIGNOR-242739 SOSTDC1 protein Q6X4U4 UNIPROT BMP2 protein P12643 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" 10090 18032587 f lperfetto "SOSTDC1 is orthologous to a recently characterized murine antagonist of BMPs-2, -4, and -7" SIGNOR-242746 SOSTDC1 protein Q6X4U4 UNIPROT BMP4 protein P12644 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" 10090 18032587 f lperfetto "SOSTDC1 is orthologous to a recently characterized murine antagonist of BMPs-2, -4, and -7" SIGNOR-242749 SOSTDC1 protein Q6X4U4 UNIPROT BMP7 protein P18075 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" 10090 18032587 f lperfetto "SOSTDC1 is orthologous to a recently characterized murine antagonist of BMPs-2, -4, and -7" SIGNOR-242752 TUBB protein P07437 UNIPROT SMAD2 protein Q15796 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 9606 17429065 t lperfetto "Smad2/3 also binds to _-tubulin, which provides a negative regulatory mechanism controlling tgf-_ activity. the results showed that the mh2 domain of smad2 binds to _-tubulin with almost the same efficiency as the full-length (wild-type) smad2. Similar results were obtained for the smad3 binding to _-tubulin." SIGNOR-217631 FLT4 protein P35916 UNIPROT FLT4 protein P35916 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr1333 ARGGQVFyNSEYGEL 9606 BTO:0000394 12881528 t lperfetto "Trans-phosphorylation of activated, dimerized receptor tyrosine kinases is known to be critical for the regulation of kinase activity and for receptor interaction with signal transduction molecules. In this study, we have identified five tyrosyl phosphorylation sites in the vegfr-3 carboxyl-terminal tail." SIGNOR-104084 CDK1 protein P06493 UNIPROT MAPK6 protein Q16659 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser688 QFHSPVGsPLKSIQA 9606 SIGNOR-C17 20236090 t lperfetto "Using ms analysis, we identified four novel phosphorylation sites, ser684, ser688, thr698 and ser705, located at the extreme c-terminus of erk3. All four sites are followed by a proline residue. We have shown that purified cyclin b-cdk1 (cyclindependent kinase 1) phosphorylates these sitesalanine substitution of the four c-terminal phosphorylation sites markedly decreased the half-life of erk3 in mitosis, thereby linking phosphorylation to the stabilization of the kinase." SIGNOR-164491 "Cell cycle exit" phenotype SIGNOR-PH41 SIGNOR "Skeletal Muscle Differentiation" phenotype SIGNOR-PH1 SIGNOR up-regulates 10090 9388774 f gcesareni "Myogenic precursor cells withdraw irreversibly from the cell cycle as they differentiate into mature myotubes. Cell cycle exit occurs early during the differentiation program and is required for normal expression of the contractile phenotype." SIGNOR-243206 SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT PLSCR1 protein O15162 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr74 PVYNQPVyNQPVGAA 9606 BTO:0000671 12871937 t lperfetto "Cell stimulation by egf results in tyr phosphorylation of plscr1, its association with both shc and egf receptors, and rapid cycling of plscr1 between plasma membrane and endosomal compartments.We Now report evidence that upon egf stimulation, plscr1 is phosphorylated by c-src, within the tandem repeat sequence 68vynqpvynqp77. The in vivo interaction between plscr1 and shc requires the src-mediated phosphorylation on tyrosines 69 and 74. Furthermore, our data suggest that deletion of plscr1 from the plasma membrane results in marked reduction in egf-initiated activation of c-src kinase." SIGNOR-103773 CDK1 protein P06493 UNIPROT FEN1 protein P39748 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser187 MDCLTFGsPVLMRHL 9606 BTO:0000007 12853968 t lperfetto "Phosphorylation of human fen1 by cyclin-dependent kinase modulates its role in replication fork regulation.As a functional consequence of phosphorylation by cdk1-cyclin a in vitro, endo- and exonuclease activities of fen1 are reduced whereas its dna binding is not affected." SIGNOR-103535 FLT4 protein P35916 UNIPROT FLT4 protein P35916 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr1231 HSLAARYyNWVSFPG 9606 BTO:0000394 12881528 t lperfetto "Trans-phosphorylation of activated, dimerized receptor tyrosine kinases is known to be critical for the regulation of kinase activity and for receptor interaction with signal transduction molecules. In this study, we have identified five tyrosyl phosphorylation sites in the vegfr-3 carboxyl-terminal tail." SIGNOR-104076 FLT4 protein P35916 UNIPROT FLT4 protein P35916 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr1265 FPMTPTTyKGSVDNQ 9606 BTO:0000394 12881528 t lperfetto "Trans-phosphorylation of activated, dimerized receptor tyrosine kinases is known to be critical for the regulation of kinase activity and for receptor interaction with signal transduction molecules. In this study, we have identified five tyrosyl phosphorylation sites in the vegfr-3 carboxyl-terminal tail." SIGNOR-104080 IL3 protein P08700 UNIPROT NFIL3 protein Q16649 UNIPROT up-regulates 10090 BTO:0003104 10082541 f lperfetto "We previously reported that NFIL3 is an IL-3-responsive gene in Baf-3 cells" SIGNOR-242763 CBLB protein Q13191 UNIPROT EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" ubiquitination 9606 BTO:0000007 11375397 t lperfetto "Cbl proteins function as ubiquitin protein ligases for the activated epidermal growth factor receptor and, thus, negatively regulate its activity." SIGNOR-236519 CTNNB1 protein P35222 UNIPROT LEF1 protein Q9UJU2 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000782 15735151 t gcesareni "Activated dvl binds and inhibits the phosphorylation of beta catenin by gsk3beta/alfa, blocking beta catenin degradation), so that beta catenin accumulates and translocates to the nucleus, where it interacts with the t cell specific factor (tcf)/lymphoid enhancer binding factor 1 (lef-1) transcription factor and induces the transcription of target genes such as c-jun, c-myc, and cyclin d1" SIGNOR-134219 CDK2 protein P24941 UNIPROT HIRA protein P54198 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr555 LSPSVLTtPSKIEPM 9606 BTO:0001938 SIGNOR-C16 11238922 t lperfetto "Hira bound to and was phosphorylated by cyclin a- and e-cdk2 in vitrohira became phosphorylated on threonine 555 in s phase when cyclin-cdk2 kinases are active.ectopic expression of hira in cells caused arrest in s phase and this is consistent with the notion that it is a cyclin-cdk2 substrate that has a role in control of the cell cycle." SIGNOR-105548 NFIL3 protein Q16649 UNIPROT Apoptosis phenotype SIGNOR-PH2 SIGNOR down-regulates 10090 BTO:0003104 10082541 f lperfetto "NFIL3 inhibits apoptosis without affecting Bcl-xL expression." SIGNOR-242770 FASN protein P49327 UNIPROT Lipogenesis phenotype SIGNOR-PH30 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 20373869 f lperfetto "Fatty acid synthase (FASN) is a key enzyme involved in neoplastic lipogenesis" SIGNOR-242874 CD19 protein P15391 UNIPROT "B Cell Maturation" phenotype SIGNOR-PH15 SIGNOR up-regulates 10090 BTO:0000776 25673924 f lperfetto "CD19 is a crucial regulator of B cell activation." SIGNOR-242888 TAF1 protein P21675 UNIPROT GTF2A1 protein P52655 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser316 VEEEPLNsEDDVSDE 9606 BTO:0000007 11278496 t lperfetto "Taf(ii) 250 phosphorylates human transcription factor iia on serine residues important for tbp binding and transcription activity." SIGNOR-105688 ABL1 protein P00519 UNIPROT GPX1 protein P07203 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr98 EILNSLKyVRPGGGF 9606 12893824 t lperfetto "GPx1 also functions as a substrate for c-Abl- and Arg-mediated phosphorylation on Tyr-96. The results further show that c-Abl and Arg stimulate GPx activity and that these kinases contribute to GPx-mediated protection of cells against oxidative stress." SIGNOR-104324 EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr1110 GSVQNPVyHNQPLNP 10090 BTO:0002882 16122376 t "Dimerization mediated by a beta hairpin, which protudes from the S1 domains of each ligand bound monomer" lperfetto "EGFR possesses three major and two minor tyrosine autophosphorylation sites located at Y1068, Y1148, Y1173, and at Y992 and Y1086 respectively. In addition, EGFR Y1114 is preceded by glutamic acid (Figure 1), which should be preferred by the EGFR kinase as indicated in previous work" SIGNOR-236516 ABL2 protein P42684 UNIPROT GPX1 protein P07203 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr98 EILNSLKyVRPGGGF 9606 12893824 t lperfetto "GPx1 also functions as a substrate for c-Abl- and Arg-mediated phosphorylation on Tyr-96. The results further show that c-Abl and Arg stimulate GPx activity and that these kinases contribute to GPx-mediated protection of cells against oxidative stress." SIGNOR-104328 FLT4 protein P35916 UNIPROT FLT4 protein P35916 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr1337 QVFYNSEyGELSEPS 9606 BTO:0000394 12881528 t lperfetto "Trans-phosphorylation of activated, dimerized receptor tyrosine kinases is known to be critical for the regulation of kinase activity and for receptor interaction with signal transduction molecules. In this study, we have identified five tyrosyl phosphorylation sites in the vegfr-3 carboxyl-terminal tail." SIGNOR-104088 CDK1 protein P06493 UNIPROT MAPK6 protein Q16659 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser705 TPSAMKSsPQIPHQT 9606 SIGNOR-C17 20236090 t lperfetto "Using ms analysis, we identified four novel phosphorylation sites, ser684, ser688, thr698 and ser705, located at the extreme c-terminus of erk3. All four sites are followed by a proline residue. We have shown that purified cyclin b-cdk1 (cyclindependent kinase 1) phosphorylates these sitesalanine substitution of the four c-terminal phosphorylation sites markedly decreased the half-life of erk3 in mitosis, thereby linking phosphorylation to the stabilization of the kinase." SIGNOR-164495 ATR protein Q13535 UNIPROT BRCA1 protein P38398 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser1423 AVLEQHGsQPSNSYP 9606 BTO:0000773 11278964 t lperfetto "Brca1 is phosphorylated at ser-1423 and ser-1524 after ir and uv;however, ser-1387 is specifically phosphorylated after ir, and ser-1457 is predominantly phosphorylated after uv.atr controls brca1 phosphorylation in vivo. Taken together, our results support a model in which atm and atr act in parallel but somewhat overlapping pathways of dna damage signaling but respond primarily to different types of dna lesion." SIGNOR-106436 CDK4 protein P11802 UNIPROT FOXM1 protein Q08050 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation 9606 22094256 t tpavlidou "We identified the forkhead box m1 (foxm1) transcription factor as a common critical phosphorylation target. Cdk4/6 stabilize and activate foxm1, thereby maintain expression of g1/s phase genes, suppress the levels of reactive oxygen species (ros), and protect cancer cells from senescence." SIGNOR-177266 MAP2K1 protein Q02750 UNIPROT MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation 9606 12270934 t lbriganti "Mek1 as indicated by extensive phosphorylation of erk1 and erk2 during the initial 2 h of adipogenesis." SIGNOR-210176 ATR protein Q13535 UNIPROT BRCA1 protein P38398 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser1457 SEKAVLTsQKSSEYP 9606 BTO:0000773 11278964 t lperfetto "Brca1 is phosphorylated at ser-1423 and ser-1524 after ir and uv;however, ser-1387 is specifically phosphorylated after ir, and ser-1457 is predominantly phosphorylated after uv.atr controls brca1 phosphorylation in vivo. Taken together, our results support a model in which atm and atr act in parallel but somewhat overlapping pathways of dna damage signaling but respond primarily to different types of dna lesion." SIGNOR-106440 MAPK8 protein P45983 UNIPROT TP53 protein P04637 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by stabilization" phosphorylation Thr81 APAPAAPtPAAPAPA 9606 BTO:0000007 11283254 t lperfetto "Jnk phosphorylated p53 at t81 in response to dna damage and stress-inducing agents, as determined by phospho-specific antibodies to t81 . Jun NH2-terminal kinase phosphorylation of p53 on Thr-81 is important for p53 stabilization and transcriptional activities in response to stress." SIGNOR-106542 CDK1 protein P06493 UNIPROT RUNX1 protein Q01196 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser249 DTRQIQPsPPWSYDQ 9606 BTO:0002181 16046550 t "The effect has been demonstrated using Q01196-8." gcesareni "We have identified four phosphorylation sites on aml1c that are necessary for transcriptional activity of aml1c in k562 and 293t cells (27).4 mutation of these four sites (serine 276, serine 293, serine 303, and threonine 300) to alanine abolishes transcriptional activation, whereas mutation of these sites to aspartic acid (which mimics phosphorylation) results in a hyperactive protein." SIGNOR-138908 PIM1 protein P11309 UNIPROT CDKN1A protein P38936 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr145 QGRKRRQtSMTDFYH 9606 20307683 t lperfetto "Pim-2 phosphorylation of p21(cip1/waf1) enhances its stability and inhibits cell proliferation in hct116 cellshere we demonstrate that like pim-1, pim-2 also phosphorylates the cell cycle inhibitor p21(cip1/waf1) (p21) on thr145 in vitro and in vivo" SIGNOR-164642 PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT CASP9 protein P55211 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser99 NRQAAKLsKPTLENL 9606 15703181 t lperfetto "We show that protein kinase a inhibits activation of caspase-9 and caspase-3 downstream of cytochrome c in xenopus egg extracts and in a human cell-free system. Protein kinase a directly phosphorylates human caspase-9 at serines 99, 183, and 195." SIGNOR-133888 CDK1 protein P06493 UNIPROT MAPK6 protein Q16659 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr698 KSIQATLtPSAMKSS 9606 SIGNOR-C17 20236090 t lperfetto "Using ms analysis, we identified four novel phosphorylation sites, ser684, ser688, thr698 and ser705, located at the extreme c-terminus of erk3. All four sites are followed by a proline residue. We have shown that purified cyclin b-cdk1 (cyclindependent kinase 1) phosphorylates these sitesalanine substitution of the four c-terminal phosphorylation sites markedly decreased the half-life of erk3 in mitosis, thereby linking phosphorylation to the stabilization of the kinase." SIGNOR-164499 SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT CTNNB1 protein P35222 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr86 VADIDGQyAMTRAQR 9606 BTO:0000038 11279024 t lperfetto "beta-catenin is a good substrate of pp60c- srctyrosine kinase in vitro;this kinase modifies specifically tyr-86 and tyr-654although consistently detected, this negative effect of tyr-86 phosphorylation on tbp binding was clearly less important than the positive effect observed after tyr-654 phosphorylation." SIGNOR-106458 SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT CTNNB1 protein P35222 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr654 RNEGVATyAAAVLFR 9606 BTO:0000038 11279024 t lperfetto "beta-catenin is a good substrate of pp60c- src tyrosine kinase in vitro;this kinase modifies specifically tyr-86 and tyr-654,although consistently detected, this negative effect of tyr-86 phosphorylation on tbp binding was clearly less important than the positive effect observed after tyr-654 phosphorylation." SIGNOR-106454 PRKD1 protein Q15139 UNIPROT TLR5 protein O60602 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser805 YQLMKHQsIRGFVQK 9606 BTO:0002181 20557879 t lperfetto "Pkd phosphorylated the tlr5-derived target peptide in vitro, and phosphorylation of the putative target serine 805 in hek 293t cell-derived tlr5 was identified by mass spectrometry. These results demonstrate that both pkd1 and pkd2 are required for inflammatory responses following tlr2, tlr4, or tlr5 activation, although pkd1 is more strongly involved" SIGNOR-166191 MTOR protein P42345 UNIPROT IRS1 protein P35568 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser307 TRRSRTEsITATSPA 10116 BTO:0000452 11287630 t lperfetto "Mtor induced the serine phosphorylation of irs-1 (ser-636/639), and such phosphorylation was inhibited by rapamycin. These results suggest that tnf impairs insulin signaling through irs-1 by activation of a pi 3-kinase/akt/mtor pathway, which is antagonized by pten" SIGNOR-106570 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT TFCP2 protein Q12800 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser309 SLGEGNGsPNHQPEP 9606 19237534 t lperfetto "We previously established that phosphorylation of lsf in early g1 at ser-291 and ser-309 inhibits its transcriptional activity and that dephosphorylation later in g1 is required for its reactivation. At the peak activities of erk and cyclin c/cdk2 in early g1, lsf is efficiently phosphorylated on ser-291 and ser-309." SIGNOR-184172 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT PLCB1 protein Q9NQ66 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser982 KKKSEPSsPDHGSST -1 11287604 t lperfetto "Plc beta1 could be efficiently phosphorylated by activated mitogen-activated protein kinase but not by pka. The erk phosphorylation site was mapped to serine 982" SIGNOR-106565 FOXO1 protein Q12778 UNIPROT FBXO32 protein Q969P5 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000887 21798082 f lperfetto "Foxo factors are required for the transcriptional regulation of the ubiquitin ligases atrogin-1, also called muscle atrophy f-box (mafbx) and muscle ring finger 1 (murf1), leading to the ubiquitylation of myosin and other muscle proteins, and their degradation via the proteasome." SIGNOR-236540 WNT5A protein P41221 UNIPROT FZD3 protein Q9NPG1 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0000393 21903638 t gcesareni "It has been shown that wnt5a activates the calcium signaling pathway in the presence of receptor fz2, 3, 4, 6 and receptor fz 5." SIGNOR-176579 PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT CREB1 protein P16220 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation 9606 BTO:0001103 21902831 t gcesareni "Phosphorylation of creb by pka allows it to initiate the transcription of genes that contain a cre element, two of which are pax3 and myf5." SIGNOR-176560 CREB1 protein P16220 UNIPROT MYF5 protein P13349 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0001103 21902831 f gcesareni "Chen et al. showed that phosphorylated creb is present at high levels in cells of the dermomyotome that express pax3, myod and myf5 and that this phosphorylation is critical for the induction of these genes." SIGNOR-176533 CREB1 protein P16220 UNIPROT MYOD1 protein P15172 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0001103 21902831 f gcesareni "Chen et al. showed that phosphorylated creb is present at high levels in cells of the dermomyotome that express pax3, myod and myf5 and that this phosphorylation is critical for the induction of these genes." SIGNOR-176536 CREB1 protein P16220 UNIPROT PAX3 protein P23760 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0001103 21902831 f gcesareni "Chen et al. showed that phosphorylated creb is present at high levels in cells of the dermomyotome that express pax3, myod and myf5 and that this phosphorylation is critical for the induction of these genes." SIGNOR-176539 WNT1 protein P04628 UNIPROT PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" 9606 BTO:0001103 21902831 f gcesareni "Wnt1 and wnt7a stimulation of precursor cells activates protein kinase a (pka), which, through the phosphorylation of creb, induces the expression of the myogenic transcription factors myf5, myod and pax3, resulting in the myogenic commitment of embryonic precursors." SIGNOR-176572 MTOR protein P42345 UNIPROT IRS1 protein P35568 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser639 YMPMSPKsVSAPQQI 10116 BTO:0000452 11287630 t lperfetto "Mtor induced the serine phosphorylation of irs-1 (ser-636/639), and such phosphorylation was inhibited by rapamycin. These results suggest that tnf impairs insulin signaling through irs-1 by activation of a pi 3-kinase/akt/mtor pathway, which is antagonized by pten" SIGNOR-106590 STK11 protein Q15831 UNIPROT PAK1 protein Q13153 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr109 QWARLLQtSNITKSE 9606 20400510 t esanto "Lkb1 suppresses p21-activated kinase-1 (pak1) by phosphorylation of thr109 in the p21-binding domain." SIGNOR-164814 NAE complex SIGNOR-C131 SIGNOR CUL1 protein Q13616 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" neddylation 9606 25504797 t lperfetto "The family of cullin proteins is the most established target for NEDD8. In humans, it is composed of seven cullins (Cul1, 2, 3, 4A, 4B, 5 and 7), whereas PARC (CUL9) and APC2 (component of the anaphase promoting complex APC) contain a cullin-homology domain. All cullins are modified with NEDD8The role of cullin NEDDylation is to enhance the activity of the CRLs and subsequent ubiquitination and degradation of the regulated substrates." SIGNOR-243151 FGFR3 protein P22607 UNIPROT FGFR3 protein P22607 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr648 DVHNLDYyKKTTNGR 9606 BTO:0000007 11294897 t lperfetto "Ligand stimulation leads to autophosphorylation of fgfr3the two tyrosine residues in the YYKK Motif of the activation loop of fgfrs are required for kinase activity of fgfr1 and fgfr3." SIGNOR-106734 FGFR3 protein P22607 UNIPROT FGFR3 protein P22607 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr647 RDVHNLDyYKKTTNG 9606 BTO:0000007 11294897 t lperfetto "Ligand stimulation leads to autophosphorylation of fgfr3 the two tyrosine residues in the YYKK Motif of the activation loop of fgfrs are required for kinase activity of fgfr1 and fgfr3." SIGNOR-106730 FGFR3 protein P22607 UNIPROT FGFR3 protein P22607 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr724 ANCTHDLyMIMRECW 9606 BTO:0000007 11294897 t lperfetto "Ligand stimulation leads to autophosphorylation of fgfr3taken together, these results clearly implicate y724 in the activation of stat proteins by constitutively activated mutants of fgfr3 and suggest that both y724 and y760 are required for maximal stat activation." SIGNOR-106738 MTOR protein P42345 UNIPROT IRS1 protein P35568 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser616 DDGYMPMsPGVAPVP 10116 BTO:0000452 11287630 t lperfetto "Mtor induced the serine phosphorylation of irs-1 (ser-636/639), and such phosphorylation was inhibited by rapamycin. These results suggest that tnf impairs insulin signaling through irs-1 by activation of a pi 3-kinase/akt/mtor pathway, which is antagonized by pten" SIGNOR-106582 MTOR protein P42345 UNIPROT IRS1 protein P35568 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser636 SGDYMPMsPKSVSAP 10116 BTO:0000452 11287630 t lperfetto "Mtor induced the serine phosphorylation of irs-1 (ser-636/639), and such phosphorylation was inhibited by rapamycin. These results suggest that tnf impairs insulin signaling through irs-1 by activation of a pi 3-kinase/akt/mtor pathway, which is antagonized by pten" SIGNOR-106586 MTOR protein P42345 UNIPROT IRS1 protein P35568 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser312 TESITATsPASMVGG 10116 BTO:0000452 11287630 t lperfetto "Mtor induced the serine phosphorylation of irs-1 (ser-636/639), and such phosphorylation was inhibited by rapamycin. These results suggest that tnf impairs insulin signaling through irs-1 by activation of a pi 3-kinase/akt/mtor pathway, which is antagonized by pten" SIGNOR-106574 MTOR protein P42345 UNIPROT IRS1 protein P35568 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser315 ITATSPAsMVGGKPG 10116 BTO:0000452 11287630 t lperfetto "Mtor induced the serine phosphorylation of irs-1 (ser-636/639), and such phosphorylation was inhibited by rapamycin. These results suggest that tnf impairs insulin signaling through irs-1 by activation of a pi 3-kinase/akt/mtor pathway, which is antagonized by pten" SIGNOR-106578 FGFR3 protein P22607 UNIPROT FGFR3 protein P22607 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr577 RRPPGLDySFDTCKP 9606 BTO:0000007 11294897 t lperfetto "Ligand stimulation leads to autophosphorylation of fgfr3 the absence of y577 (3y-577f) or y760 (3y-760f) resulted in a modest decrease in activity." SIGNOR-106726 NAE complex SIGNOR-C131 SIGNOR CUL2 protein Q13617 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" neddylation 9606 25504797 t lperfetto "The family of cullin proteins is the most established target for NEDD8. In humans, it is composed of seven cullins (Cul1, 2, 3, 4A, 4B, 5 and 7), whereas PARC (CUL9) and APC2 (component of the anaphase promoting complex APC) contain a cullin-homology domain. All cullins are modified with NEDD8The role of cullin NEDDylation is to enhance the activity of the CRLs and subsequent ubiquitination and degradation of the regulated substrates." SIGNOR-243154 NAE complex SIGNOR-C131 SIGNOR CUL3 protein Q13618 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" neddylation 9606 25504797 t lperfetto "The family of cullin proteins is the most established target for NEDD8. In humans, it is composed of seven cullins (Cul1, 2, 3, 4A, 4B, 5 and 7), whereas PARC (CUL9) and APC2 (component of the anaphase promoting complex APC) contain a cullin-homology domain. All cullins are modified with NEDD8The role of cullin NEDDylation is to enhance the activity of the CRLs and subsequent ubiquitination and degradation of the regulated substrates." SIGNOR-243157 NAE complex SIGNOR-C131 SIGNOR CUL4A protein Q13619 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" neddylation 9606 25504797 t lperfetto "The family of cullin proteins is the most established target for NEDD8. In humans, it is composed of seven cullins (Cul1, 2, 3, 4A, 4B, 5 and 7), whereas PARC (CUL9) and APC2 (component of the anaphase promoting complex APC) contain a cullin-homology domain. All cullins are modified with NEDD8The role of cullin NEDDylation is to enhance the activity of the CRLs and subsequent ubiquitination and degradation of the regulated substrates." SIGNOR-243160 NAE complex SIGNOR-C131 SIGNOR CUL4B protein Q13620 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" neddylation 9606 25504797 t lperfetto "The family of cullin proteins is the most established target for NEDD8. In humans, it is composed of seven cullins (Cul1, 2, 3, 4A, 4B, 5 and 7), whereas PARC (CUL9) and APC2 (component of the anaphase promoting complex APC) contain a cullin-homology domain. All cullins are modified with NEDD8The role of cullin NEDDylation is to enhance the activity of the CRLs and subsequent ubiquitination and degradation of the regulated substrates." SIGNOR-243163 NAE complex SIGNOR-C131 SIGNOR CUL5 protein Q93034 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" neddylation 9606 25504797 t lperfetto "The family of cullin proteins is the most established target for NEDD8. In humans, it is composed of seven cullins (Cul1, 2, 3, 4A, 4B, 5 and 7), whereas PARC (CUL9) and APC2 (component of the anaphase promoting complex APC) contain a cullin-homology domain. All cullins are modified with NEDD8The role of cullin NEDDylation is to enhance the activity of the CRLs and subsequent ubiquitination and degradation of the regulated substrates." SIGNOR-243166 NAE complex SIGNOR-C131 SIGNOR CUL9 protein Q8IWT3 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" neddylation 9606 25504797 t lperfetto "The family of cullin proteins is the most established target for NEDD8. In humans, it is composed of seven cullins (Cul1, 2, 3, 4A, 4B, 5 and 7), whereas PARC (CUL9) and APC2 (component of the anaphase promoting complex APC) contain a cullin-homology domain. All cullins are modified with NEDD8The role of cullin NEDDylation is to enhance the activity of the CRLs and subsequent ubiquitination and degradation of the regulated substrates." SIGNOR-243169 NAE complex SIGNOR-C131 SIGNOR CUL7 protein Q14999 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" neddylation 9606 25504797 t lperfetto "The family of cullin proteins is the most established target for NEDD8. In humans, it is composed of seven cullins (Cul1, 2, 3, 4A, 4B, 5 and 7), whereas PARC (CUL9) and APC2 (component of the anaphase promoting complex APC) contain a cullin-homology domain. All cullins are modified with NEDD8The role of cullin NEDDylation is to enhance the activity of the CRLs and subsequent ubiquitination and degradation of the regulated substrates." SIGNOR-243172 NAE complex SIGNOR-C131 SIGNOR ANAPC2 protein Q9UJX6 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" neddylation 9606 25504797 t lperfetto "The family of cullin proteins is the most established target for NEDD8. In humans, it is composed of seven cullins (Cul1, 2, 3, 4A, 4B, 5 and 7), whereas PARC (CUL9) and APC2 (component of the anaphase promoting complex APC) contain a cullin-homology domain. All cullins are modified with NEDD8The role of cullin NEDDylation is to enhance the activity of the CRLs and subsequent ubiquitination and degradation of the regulated substrates." SIGNOR-243175 HES1 protein Q14469 UNIPROT MYOD1 protein P15172 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 BTO:0000165 10066785 t gcesareni "Notch signaling up-regulated HES1 mRNA expression within 1 h and subsequently reduced expression of MyoD mRNA" SIGNOR-243181 FOXO3 protein O43524 UNIPROT NOTCH1 protein P46531 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 BTO:0002314 24749067 f gcesareni "We demonstrate that FOXO3, perhaps by activating Notch signaling, promotes the quiescent state during SC self-renewal in adult muscle regeneration." SIGNOR-244076 CDK6 protein Q00534 UNIPROT RUNX1 protein Q01196 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser249 DTRQIQPsPPWSYDQ 9606 BTO:0002181 16046550 t "The effect has been demonstrated using Q01196-8." gcesareni "We have identified four phosphorylation sites on aml1c that are necessary for transcriptional activity of aml1c in k562 and 293t cells (27).4 mutation of these four sites (serine 276, serine 293, serine 303, and threonine 300) to alanine abolishes transcriptional activation, whereas mutation of these sites to aspartic acid (which mimics phosphorylation) results in a hyperactive protein." SIGNOR-138953 TESK1 protein Q15569 UNIPROT CFL1 protein P23528 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser3 sGVAVSDG 9606 BTO:0000567 11294912 t lperfetto "These results suggest that TESK1 functions downstream of integrins and plays a key role in integrin-mediated actin reorganization, presumably through phosphorylating and inactivating cofilin. We propose that tesk1 and lim-kinases commonly phosphorylate cofilin but are regulated in different ways and play distinct roles in actin reorganization in living cells." SIGNOR-106777 LCK protein P06239 UNIPROT CD5 protein P06127 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr453 ASHVDNEySQPPRNS 9606 BTO:0000782 11298344 t lperfetto "Tyrosine phosphorylation of cd5 requires lck activity. We propose that t cell activation mediates cd5 tyrosine phosphorylation at residues y429 and y463 mainly through the activation of lck" SIGNOR-106799 LCK protein P06239 UNIPROT CD5 protein P06127 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr487 DNSSDSDyDLHGAQR 9606 BTO:0000782 11298344 t lperfetto "Tyrosine phosphorylation of cd5 requires lck activity. We propose that t cell activation mediates cd5 tyrosine phosphorylation at residues y429 and y463 mainly through the activation of lck" SIGNOR-106803 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr693 RELVEPLtPSGEAPN 9606 1651322 t lperfetto "It is likely that the map2 and ert kinases account for the phosphorylation of the egf receptor at thr669 (egf receptor (krel veplt669psgeapnqallr)) observed in cultured cells.Phosphorylation at ser-695 is partial and occurs only if thr-693 is phosphorylated. Phosphorylation at thr-678 and thr-693 by prkd1 inhibits egf-induced mapk8/jnk1 activation." SIGNOR-20549 FOXO6 protein A8MYZ6 UNIPROT FBXO32 protein Q969P5 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000887 21798082 f lperfetto "Foxo factors are required for the transcriptional regulation of the ubiquitin ligases atrogin-1, also called muscle atrophy f-box (mafbx) and muscle ring finger 1 (murf1), leading to the ubiquitylation of myosin and other muscle proteins, and their degradation via the proteasome." SIGNOR-236560 GNAS protein P63092 UNIPROT ADCY1 protein Q08828 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 10090 BTO:0000669 15568017 t gcesareni "These data imply that modulation of ac activity via ga proteins (which probably couple to frizzled receptors) may be a mechanism by which wnt proteins signal." SIGNOR-131304 ADCY1 protein Q08828 UNIPROT cAMP smallmolecule CID:6076 PUBCHEM up-regulates "small molecule catalysis" 10090 BTO:0000669 15568017 t gcesareni "We observed creb phosphorylation within 10_min of application. This induction was dependent on ac and camp-dependent pka activity." SIGNOR-131199 PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT CREB1 protein P16220 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation 10090 BTO:0000669 15568017 t gcesareni "Using a combination of in vitro explant assays, mutant analysis and gene delivery into mouse embryos cultured ex vivo, we demonstrate that adenylyl cyclase signalling via pka and its target transcription factor creb are required for wnt-directed myogenic gene expression. Phosphorylation of creb by pka allows it to initiate the transcription of genes that contain a cre element, two of which are pax3 and myf5." SIGNOR-131307 CSNK1D protein P48730 UNIPROT LEF1 protein Q9UJU2 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation 9606 15747065 t gcesareni "Cki_/_ binds and phosphorylates lef-1, and this phosphorylation disrupts lef-1_-catenin interaction" SIGNOR-134494 DAXX protein Q9UER7 UNIPROT TGFBR2 protein P37173 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000776;BTO:0000785 11483955 t gcesareni "Tgf-beta-induced apoptosis is mediated by the adapter protein daxx that facilitates jnk activation" SIGNOR-109542 CSNK1E protein P49674 UNIPROT LEF1 protein Q9UJU2 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation 9606 15747065 t gcesareni "Here, we identify ck1 and ck2 as major kinases that directly bind to and phosphorylate lef-1 inducing distinct, kinase-specific changes in the lef-1/dna complex.CK1-dependent phosphorylation inhibits, whereas ck2 activates lef-1/beta-catenin transcriptional activity in reporter gene assays." SIGNOR-134497 "G1/S transition" phenotype SIGNOR-PH50 SIGNOR "DNA replication" phenotype SIGNOR-PH53 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 21524151 f lperfetto "In addition to the successive phosphorylation of pRb by active Cyclin/Cdk complexes, other factors can also impact upon S-phase entry Subsequently, the initiation of replication requires the formation of a pre-initiation complex (pre-IC) that is initiated by phosphorylation of Mcm2-7 by CyclinE/Cdk2 and DDK (Dbf4- and Drf1-dependent kinase) and recruitment of Cdc45 onto the chromatin (Figure 1). This recruitment is thought to be the critical step for the activation of the Mcm2-7 helicase activity and replication initiation. Finally, unwinding of the chromatin enables DNA-polymerase _ to initiate DNA synthesis and DNA-polymerase _ to continue replication" SIGNOR-245489 ROCK1 protein Q13464 UNIPROT MAPK8 protein P45983 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation 9606 BTO:0000007 15068801 t gcesareni "Instead, we found that rock activates jnk, which then phosphorylates c-jun and atf2 when bound to the c-jun promoter." SIGNOR-123717 CUL1 protein Q13616 UNIPROT CDKN1B protein P46527 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" ubiquitination 9606 BTO:0001271 SIGNOR-C5 12835716 t lperfetto "Furthermore, c-myc activation can also promote the degradation of p27kip1 protein by directly activating the cul1 gene, which encodes a critical component of the ubiquitin ligase scfskp2" SIGNOR-102725 DYRK1A protein Q13627 UNIPROT FOXO1 protein Q12778 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser329 STISGRLsPIMTEQD 9606 BTO:0000887;BTO:0001103 11311120 t lperfetto "The kinase dyrk1a phosphorylates the transcription factor fkhr at ser329 in vitro, a novel in vivo phosphorylation siteser(329) phosphorylation also decreases the ability of fkhr to stimulate gene transactivation and reduces the proportion of fkhr present in the nucleus" SIGNOR-106829 PTPN1 protein P18031 UNIPROT JAK2 protein O60674 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation Tyr1007 VLPQDKEyYKVKEPG 9606 15821101 t gcesareni "Ptp1b has been shown to regulate the activation of cytokine receptors through the dephosphorylation of specific members of the jak family, namely jak2 and tyk2" SIGNOR-134955 MAPK9 protein P45984 UNIPROT RRN3 protein Q9NYV6 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr200 IARYVPStPWFLMPI 9606 15805466 t llicata "Inactivation is due to phosphorylation of tif-ia by c-jun n-terminal kinase (jnk) at a single threonine residue (thr 200). Phosphorylation at thr 200 impairs the interaction of tif-ia with pol i and the tbp-containing factor tif-ib/sl1, thereby abrogating initiation complex formation." SIGNOR-134878 PTPN2 protein P17706 UNIPROT KDR protein P35968 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation Tyr1214 VCDPKFHyDNTAGIS 9606 BTO:0000782 18840653 t gcesareni "Vegfr2 contains several critical tyrosine residues that are autophosphorylated following activation. Our phosphorylation assays showed that tcptp was able to target specific tyrosines in vegfr2. The autophosphorylation sites tyr1054/1059 and tyr1214 were dephosphorylated by tcptp. Tyr996 was a tcptp target as well." SIGNOR-181546 PTPN1 protein P18031 UNIPROT STAT3 protein P40763 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation Tyr705 DPGSAAPyLKTKFIC 9606 15821101 t gcesareni "Mechanism of protein tyrosine phosphatase 1b-mediated inhibition of leptin signalling. Ptp1b plays a critical role in the down-regulation of activated-stat3 by dephosphorylating tyr705, that is the phosphorylation site of activation of stat3." SIGNOR-135211 WNT11 protein O96014 UNIPROT FZD7 protein O75084 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 7227 10862746 t gcesareni "Consistent with this, xfz7 biochemically and functionally interacts with xwnt11" SIGNOR-78406 SLC30A9 protein Q6PML9 UNIPROT NUMB protein P49757 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" ubiquitination 9606 11782429 t lperfetto "Lnx functions as a ring type e3 ubiquitin ligase that targets the cell fate determinant numb for ubiquitin-dependent degradation." SIGNOR-113704 SOCS1 protein O15524 UNIPROT JAK2 protein O60674 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" ubiquitination 9606 14522994 t lperfetto "Shp-2 regulates socs-1-mediated janus kinase-2 ubiquitination/degradation downstream of the prolactin receptor" SIGNOR-118407 BIRC2 protein Q13490 UNIPROT BIRC2 protein Q13490 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" ubiquitination 9606 BTO:0000567 14960576 t lperfetto "Ciap1 and ciap2 undergo autoubiquitination and degradation upon binding to the iap antagonist second mitochondrial activator of caspases (smac)/direct iap-binding protein with low pi (diablo), which is released from the mitochondria." SIGNOR-121877 FBXW7 protein Q969H0 UNIPROT NOTCH1 protein P46531 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" ubiquitination 9606 15546612 t lperfetto "Purified recombinant cycc:cdk8 phosphorylates the notch icd within the tad and pest domains, and expression of cycc:cdk8 strongly enhances notch icd hyperphosphorylation and pest-dependent degradation by the fbw7/sel10 ubiquitin ligase in vivo." SIGNOR-130706 XIAP protein P98170 UNIPROT DIABLO protein Q9NR28 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" ubiquitination -1 15749826 t lperfetto "Xiap functions as ubiquitin ligase toward smac to inhibit apoptosis." SIGNOR-134504 BTRC protein Q9Y297 UNIPROT GLI2 protein P10070 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" ubiquitination 10090 BTO:0002572 16611981 t "The interaction between BTRC and Gli2 occur whne Gli2 is phosphorilated." lperfetto "The phosphorylated gli2 protein interacts with beta-trcp, and is ubiquitinated and degraded by the proteasome" SIGNOR-146109 SIX1 protein Q15475 UNIPROT Six1/Dach complex SIGNOR-C122 SIGNOR "form complex" binding 10090 14628042 t llicata "The phosphatase function of Eya switches the function of Six1-Dach from repression to activation," SIGNOR-238029 BIRC2 protein Q13490 UNIPROT TRAF2 protein Q12933 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" ubiquitination 9606 20651737 t lperfetto "Engagement of cd40 with its ligand cd40l results in the recruitment of the TRAF3/TRAF2/cIAP Complex to the receptor. At the receptor, traf3 undergoes ciap-dependent k48-linked polyubiquitylation (ub) that targets it for proteasomal degradation. In the absence of traf3, nik protein levels accumulate as it can no longer be recruited to the TRAF2/cIAP Complex." SIGNOR-167057 CBL protein P22681 UNIPROT ABL1 protein P00519 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" ubiquitination 9606 BTO:0001271 20675402 t lperfetto "We found that while c-cbl e3 ligase induced ubiquitin-dependent degradation of mature and phosphorylated bcr-abl proteins" SIGNOR-167194 BIRC2 protein Q13490 UNIPROT TRAF2 protein Q12933 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" ubiquitination 9606 BTO:0000007 18997794 t lperfetto "Traf3-binding receptors stabilize nik by activating ciap-dependent degradation of traf2 and traf3." SIGNOR-182128 BIRC3 protein Q13489 UNIPROT TRAF2 protein Q12933 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" ubiquitination 9606 18997794 t lperfetto "Traf3-binding receptors stabilize nik by activating ciap-dependent degradation of traf2 and traf3." SIGNOR-182131 CBL protein P22681 UNIPROT MET protein P08581 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" ubiquitination 9606 19450681 t lperfetto "Tyrosine y1001, which when phosphorylated upon met activation, is involved in cbl recruitment, allowing receptor ubiquitination and down regulation" SIGNOR-185680 TNKS protein O95271 UNIPROT AXIN1 protein O15169 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" ubiquitination 9606 19759537 t lperfetto "Both tankyrase isoforms interact with a highly conserved domain of axin and stimulate its degradation through the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway." SIGNOR-187972 TNKS protein O95271 UNIPROT AXIN2 protein Q9Y2T1 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" ubiquitination 9606 19759537 t lperfetto "Both tankyrase isoforms interact with a highly conserved domain of axin and stimulate its degradation through the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway." SIGNOR-187975 CDK4 protein P11802 UNIPROT RB1 protein P06400 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser811 IYISPLKsPYKISEG 9606 15809340 t gcesareni "Phosphorylated by cdk6 and cdk4, and subsequently by cdk2 at ser-567 in g1, thereby releasing e2f1 which is then able to activate cell growth. Here we show that although these cdks phosphorylate multiple residues in prb, they do so with different residue selectivities in vitro;thr821 and thr826 are preferentially phosphorylated by cdk6 and cdk4, respectively." SIGNOR-135185 CDK6 protein Q00534 UNIPROT RB1 protein P06400 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser811 IYISPLKsPYKISEG 9606 15809340 t gcesareni "Phosphorylated by cdk6 and cdk4, and subsequently by cdk2 at ser-567 in g1, thereby releasing e2f1 which is then able to activate cell growth. Here we show that although these cdks phosphorylate multiple residues in prb, they do so with different residue selectivities in vitro;thr821 and thr826 are preferentially phosphorylated by cdk6 and cdk4, respectively." SIGNOR-135189 SCF-betaTRCP complex SIGNOR-C5 SIGNOR YAP1 protein P46937 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" ubiquitination 9606 23431053 t lperfetto "This cascade of phosphorylation allows the binding of scfbetatrcp that promotes the ubiquitination and degradation of yap." SIGNOR-217187 SCF-betaTRCP complex SIGNOR-C5 SIGNOR WWTR1 protein Q9GZV5 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" ubiquitination 9606 23431053 t lperfetto "Phosphorylation of YAP (S381) and TAZ (S311) by Lats1/2 primes subsequent phosphorylation events by casein kinase 1 (CK1d/e); this sequential phosphorylation results in recruitment of b-transducin repeat-containing proteins (b-TRCP; a subunit of the SCF ubiquitin E3 ligase) and consequently leads to degradation of YAP/TAZ" SIGNOR-230750 BTRC protein Q9Y297 UNIPROT GLI1 protein P08151 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" ubiquitination 10090 BTO:0000944 16421275 t lperfetto "Here we show that Gli is rapidly destroyed by the proteasome and that mouse basal cell carcinoma induction correlates with Gli protein accumulation. We identify two independent destruction signals in Gli1, D(N) and D(C), and show that removal of these signals stabilizes Gli1 protein and rapidly accelerates tumor formation in transgenic animals.Levels of _TrCP appeared to be limiting for Gli1 degradation, as increasing the levels of _TrCP protein significantly decreased steady-state levels of Gli1 protein" SIGNOR-235631 CNTF protein P26441 UNIPROT CNTFR protein P26992 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000938 BTO:0000887;BTO:0001103 10812968 t amattioni "Signal transduction by cntf requires that it bind first to cntfr alpha. Cntf activates downstream signaling molecules" SIGNOR-77408 CBL protein P22681 UNIPROT ERBB2 protein P04626 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" ubiquitination 9606 BTO:0001271;BTO:0000785 20332299 t lperfetto "Ligand binding to EGFR also leads to rapid internalization and proteosomal/lysosomal degradation of the receptors. This process results in a dramatic downregulation of both total and cell surface receptors. EGF-induced degradation of EGFR is thought to be initiated by phosphorylation of tyrosine 1045 of the receptor followed by binding of Cbl adaptor proteins and ubiquitination of the receptor. Internalized EGFR is transported to early endosomes where receptor-ligand complexes are sorted for either degradation or recycling to the cell surface." SIGNOR-30794 CUL1 protein Q13616 UNIPROT CTNNB1 protein P35222 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" ubiquitination 9606 SIGNOR-C5 10023660 t lperfetto "These results indicate that the cul1/skp1/beta-trcp complex forms a ubiquitin ligase that mediates the degradation of beta-catenin." SIGNOR-64499 CyclinB/CDK1 complex SIGNOR-C17 SIGNOR LATS1 protein O95835 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser613 EKKQITTsPITVRKN 9606 12372621 t lperfetto "Warts is a serine/threonine kinase and a dynamic component of the mitotic apparatus. We have found that cdc2/cyclin b forms a complex with a fraction of warts in the centrosome and phosphorylates the ser613 site of warts during mitosisit can be speculated that phosphorylation of warts by cdc2/cyclin b promotes a protein complex formation on the mitotic apparatus at early mitosis, which may be required for subsequent activation of warts kinase at the metaphase-anaphase transition." SIGNOR-216757 CBL protein P22681 UNIPROT EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" ubiquitination 9606 20332299 t lperfetto "Ligand binding to EGFR also leads to rapid internalization and proteosomal/lysosomal degradation of the receptors. This process results in a dramatic downregulation of both total and cell surface receptors. EGF-induced degradation of EGFR is thought to be initiated by phosphorylation of tyrosine 1045 of the receptor followed by binding of Cbl adaptor proteins and ubiquitination of the receptor. Internalized EGFR is transported to early endosomes where receptor-ligand complexes are sorted for either degradation or recycling to the cell surface." SIGNOR-65642 CBL protein P22681 UNIPROT PDGFRA protein P16234 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" ubiquitination 9606 10347229 t lperfetto "Cbl overexpression in nih3t3 cells enhanced the ubiquitination and degradation of the platelet-derived growth factor receptor-alpha (pdgfralpha)" SIGNOR-68024 CBL protein P22681 UNIPROT FRS2 protein Q8WU20 UNIPROT down-regulates ubiquitination 9606 11997436 t lperfetto "The experiments presented in this report illustrate that in response to fgf stimulation, cbl is recruited by grb2 binding to the frs2_ multiprotein complex, resulting in ubiquitination of frs2_ and fgfr. grb2 functions as a link between frs2_ and cbl;grb2 is bound to tyrosine-phosphorylated frs2_ by means of its sh2 domain and to a proline-rich region in the c terminus of cbl by means of its sh3 domains." SIGNOR-87166 NUMB protein P49757 UNIPROT NOTCH1 protein P46531 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" ubiquitination 9606 BTO:0000007 12682059 t lperfetto "Mammalian numb proteins promote notch1 receptor ubiquitination and degradation of the notch1 intracellular domain" SIGNOR-99762 YWHAQ protein P27348 UNIPROT PRKD1 protein Q15139 UNIPROT down-regulates -1 BTO:0000782 10092600 f lperfetto "14-3-3tau strongly down-regulates pkcmu kinase activity in vitro" SIGNOR-65951 ATG12/5/16L1 complex SIGNOR-C109 SIGNOR "Autophagosome formation" phenotype SIGNOR-PH36 SIGNOR up-regulates -1 23321721 f lperfetto "Dissecting the role of the Atg12-Atg5-Atg16 complex during autophagosome formation" SIGNOR-226702 PTPN2 protein P17706 UNIPROT KDR protein P35968 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation Tyr996 EEAPEDLyKDFLTLE 9606 BTO:0000782 18840653 t gcesareni "Vegfr2 contains several critical tyrosine residues that are autophosphorylated following activation. Our phosphorylation assays showed that tcptp was able to target specific tyrosines in vegfr2. The autophosphorylation sites tyr1054/1059 and tyr1214 were dephosphorylated by tcptp. Tyr996 was a tcptp target as well." SIGNOR-181550 STK11 protein Q15831 UNIPROT STRADA protein Q7RTN6 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr329 GLSDSLTtSTPRPSN 9606 BTO:0000007 12805220 t lperfetto "Endogenous LKB1 and STRAD form a complex in which STRAD activates LKB1, resulting in phosphorylation of both partners.LKB1 phosphorylates STRAD at Thr329 and Thr419" SIGNOR-247560 CyclinB/CDK1 complex SIGNOR-C17 SIGNOR CKAP2 protein Q8WWK9 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr623 FKELKFLtPVRRSRR 9606 19369249 t lperfetto "Among these, thr-622 was specifically phosphorylated by cdk1-cyclin b1 both in vitro and in vivo. these findings suggest that cdk1-cyclin b1-mediated phosphorylation of tmap is important for and contributes to proper regulation of microtubule dynamics and establishment of functional bipolar spindles during mitosis." SIGNOR-216829 PtsIns(3,4,5)P3 smallmolecule CID:24755492 PUBCHEM PDPK1 protein O15530 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding -1 9094314 t gcesareni "We tested the kinase in the presence of several inositol phospholipids and found that only low micromolar concentrations of the D enantiomers of either phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-triphosphate (PtdIns(3,4,5)P3) or PtdIns(3,4)P2 were effective in potently activating the kinase, which has been named PtdIns(3,4,5)P3-dependent protein kinase-1 (PDK1)" SIGNOR-243274 EPS15 protein P42566 UNIPROT EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 10029 BTO:0002988 15383614 t gcesareni "We suggest that the ubiquitinated EGFR or another c-Cbl substrate that is ubiquitinated upon EGFR activation recruits Eps15 to the plasma membrane via its UIM. This event would facilitate EGFR internalization via a clathrin-dependent route in which Eps15 plays a role" SIGNOR-243278 PRKN protein O60260 UNIPROT EPS15 protein P42566 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" ubiquitination 10090 16862145 t gcesareni "Treatment of cells with EGF stimulates parkin binding to both Eps15 and the EGFR and promotes parkin-mediated ubiquitination of Eps15." SIGNOR-243282 MAPK14 protein Q16539 UNIPROT RPS6KA5 protein O75582 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr581 PDNQPLKtPCFTLHY 9606 15568999 t lperfetto "Msk1 (mitogen- and stress-activated protein kinase) is a kinase activated in cells downstream of both the erk1/2 (extracellular-signal-regulated kinase) and p38 mapk (mitogen-activated protein kinase) cascades. In the present study, we show that, in addition to being phosphorylated on thr-581 and ser-360 by erk1/2 or p38, msk1 can autophosphorylate on at least six sites" SIGNOR-131375 PASK protein Q96RG2 UNIPROT EEF1A1 protein P68104 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation 9606 BTO:0000567 17595531 t gcesareni "Kinase assays, mass spectrometry and site-directed mutagenesis revealed PASKIN auto-phosphorylation as well as eEF1A1 target phosphorylation mainly but not exclusively at Thr432." SIGNOR-245862 PASK protein Q96RG2 UNIPROT GYS1 protein P13807 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation -1 16275910 t gcesareni "Recombinant human PASK (hPASK) phosphorylates purified muscle glycogen synthase, causing robust inactivation. Furthermore, hPASK interacts directly with glycogen synthase when expressed in cultured cells and this interaction and the phosphorylation of glycogen synthase by human PASK (hPASK) are inhibited by glycogen." SIGNOR-245866 BID protein P55957 UNIPROT BAK1 protein Q16611 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 11175253 t amattioni "Activated tbid results in an allosteric activation of bak" SIGNOR-105210 BID protein P55957 UNIPROT BAX protein Q07812 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 10629050 t amattioni "Bid, a bh3-domain-only protein which interacts with bax, was able to trigger a conformational change in bax." SIGNOR-73902 CASP8 protein Q14790 UNIPROT Apoptosis phenotype SIGNOR-PH2 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 14585074 f amattioni "Downstream of caspase-8 activation, apoptosis induction takes place" SIGNOR-90612 CAMK4 protein Q16566 UNIPROT PHB2 protein Q99623 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser91 RARPRKIsSPTGSKD 9606 BTO:0000887 21689744 t lperfetto "Here we show that calcium/calmodulin-dependent kinase iv (camk iv) specifically binds to the c terminus of phb2 and phosphorylates phb2 at serine 91. Camk iv effectively decreased phb2-mediated repression of mef2 activity through phosphorylation" SIGNOR-174437 MAPK14 protein Q16539 UNIPROT RPS6KA5 protein O75582 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser360 TEMDPTYsPAALPQS 9606 15568999 t lperfetto "Msk1 (mitogen- and stress-activated protein kinase) is a kinase activated in cells downstream of both the erk1/2 (extracellular-signal-regulated kinase) and p38 mapk (mitogen-activated protein kinase) cascades. In the present study, we show that, in addition to being phosphorylated on thr-581 and ser-360 by erk1/2 or p38, msk1 can autophosphorylate on at least six sites" SIGNOR-130736 ATM protein Q13315 UNIPROT ATM protein Q13315 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser1981 SLAFEEGsQSTTISS 9606 21149446 t gcesareni "In human cells, the activation process involves autophosphorylation on three sites (ser367, ser1893, and ser1981) and acetylation on lys3016. We now describe the identification of a new atm phosphorylation site, thr(p)1885 and an additional autophosphorylation site, ser(p)2996, that is highly dna damage-inducible." SIGNOR-170469 RPS6KA5 protein O75582 UNIPROT RPS6KA5 protein O75582 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser750 RRKMKKTsTSTETRS 9606 15568999 t lperfetto "Msk1 can autophosphorylate on at least six sites: ser-212, ser-376, ser-381, ser-750, ser-752 and ser-758. ser-750, ser-752 and ser-758 are phosphorylated by the n-terminal kinase domain;however, their function is not known." SIGNOR-131399 RPS6KA5 protein O75582 UNIPROT RPS6KA5 protein O75582 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser752 KMKKTSTsTETRSSS 9606 15568999 t lperfetto "Msk1 can autophosphorylate on at least six sites: ser-212, ser-376, ser-381, ser-750, ser-752 and ser-758. ser-750, ser-752 and ser-758 are phosphorylated by the n-terminal kinase domain;however, their function is not known." SIGNOR-131403 CSNK1E protein P49674 UNIPROT EIF4EBP1 protein Q13541 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr41 YSTTPGGtLFSTTPG 9606 BTO:0000150 24247720 t lperfetto "Mechanistic investigations showed that ck1_ interacted with and phosphorylated 4e-bp1 at two novel sites t41 and t50, which were essential for 4e-bp1 inactivation along with increased mrna translation and cell proliferation." SIGNOR-203240 MAPK14 protein Q16539 UNIPROT MKNK1 protein Q9BUB5 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr250 NSCTPITtPELTTPC 9606 9155017 t lperfetto "Mnk1, but not mnk2, also binds strongly to the stress-activated kinase, p38. Erk and p38 phosphorylate MNK1 and Mnk2." SIGNOR-48342 CDK7 protein P50613 UNIPROT CDK11B protein P21127 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr595 GSPLKAYtPVVVTLW 9606 BTO:0000567 16327805 t gcesareni "We conclude that CDK7 phsphorylates Cdk11, dependent on the conserved Thr219 residue in the CDK11 T loop, and it is therefore likely to be a genuine Cdk11 activating kinase" SIGNOR-245871 RPS6KA5 protein O75582 UNIPROT RPS6KA5 protein O75582 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser758 TSTETRSsSSESSHS 9606 15568999 t lperfetto "Msk1 can autophosphorylate on at least six sites: ser-212, ser-376, ser-381, ser-750, ser-752 and ser-758. ser-750, ser-752 and ser-758 are phosphorylated by the n-terminal kinase domain;however, their function is not known." SIGNOR-131407 XIAP protein P98170 UNIPROT CASP3 protein P42574 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" ubiquitination 9606 BTO:0000007 11447297 t lperfetto "Xiap promotes the degradation of active-form caspase-3, but not procaspase-3, in living cells. Both the association of XIAP with caspase-3 and the RING finger domain of XIAP were essential for ubiquitination. XIAP promotes the degradation of caspase-3, which enhances its anti-apoptotic effect." SIGNOR-109243 MAP3K20 protein Q9NYL2 UNIPROT MAP2K7 protein O14733 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation 9606 11416147 t gcesareni "We show here that members of the mixed-lineage kinase (MLK) family (including MLK1, MLK2, MLK3, and dual leucine zipper kinase [DLK]) are expressed in neuronal cells and are likely to act between Rac1/Cdc42 and MKK4 and -7 in death signaling." SIGNOR-243345 MAP3K20 protein Q9NYL2 UNIPROT MAP2K7 protein O14733 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation 9606 12220515 t gcesareni "This result suggests that ZAK activates JNK/SAPK mediated by downstream target, MKK7" SIGNOR-243342 FOXO3 protein O43524 UNIPROT NOTCH3 protein Q9UM47 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 BTO:0002314 24749067 f gcesareni "We demonstrate that FOXO3, perhaps by activating Notch signaling, promotes the quiescent state during SC self-renewal in adult muscle regeneration." SIGNOR-244079 PPP2CA protein P67775 UNIPROT PP2Ca_R1A_Bd complex SIGNOR-C134 SIGNOR "form complex" binding 9606 23454242 t gcesareni "[PP2A] ... is multifarious as it is composed of catalytic, scaffold and regulatory subunits. The catalytic and scaffold subunits have two isoforms and the regulatory subunit has four different families containing different isoforms. The regulatory subunit is the most diverse with temporal and spatial specificity." SIGNOR-243433 CDK6 protein Q00534 UNIPROT RUNX1 protein Q01196 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser276 VHPATPIsPGRASGM 9606 BTO:0002181 16046550 t "The effect has been demonstrated using Q01196-8." gcesareni "We have identified four phosphorylation sites on aml1c that are necessary for transcriptional activity of aml1c in k562 and 293t cells (27).4 mutation of these four sites (serine 276, serine 293, serine 303, and threonine 300) to alanine abolishes transcriptional activation, whereas mutation of these sites to aspartic acid (which mimics phosphorylation) results in a hyperactive protein." SIGNOR-138961 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT TSC1 protein Q92574 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation 9606 15851026 t gcesareni "Here, we show that erk may play a critical role in tsc progression through posttranslational inactivation of tsc2. Erk-dependent phosphorylation leads to tsc1-tsc2 dissociation and markedly impairs tsc2 ability to inhibit mtor signalin." SIGNOR-135692 PPP2R1A protein P30153 UNIPROT PP2Ca_R1A_Bd complex SIGNOR-C134 SIGNOR "form complex" binding 9606 23454242 t gcesareni "[PP2A] ... is multifarious as it is composed of catalytic, scaffold and regulatory subunits. The catalytic and scaffold subunits have two isoforms and the regulatory subunit has four different families containing different isoforms. The regulatory subunit is the most diverse with temporal and spatial specificity." SIGNOR-243436 PPP2R5D protein Q14738 UNIPROT PP2Ca_R1A_Bd complex SIGNOR-C134 SIGNOR "form complex" binding 9606 23454242 t gcesareni "[PP2A] ... is multifarious as it is composed of catalytic, scaffold and regulatory subunits. The catalytic and scaffold subunits have two isoforms and the regulatory subunit has four different families containing different isoforms. The regulatory subunit is the most diverse with temporal and spatial specificity." SIGNOR-243439 PPP2CA protein P67775 UNIPROT PP2Ca_R1A_Bd complex SIGNOR-C133 SIGNOR "form complex" binding 9606 23454242 t gcesareni "[PP2A] ... is multifarious as it is composed of catalytic, scaffold and regulatory subunits. The catalytic and scaffold subunits have two isoforms and the regulatory subunit has four different families containing different isoforms. The regulatory subunit is the most diverse with temporal and spatial specificity." SIGNOR-243442 PPP2R1A protein P30153 UNIPROT PP2Ca_R1A_Bd complex SIGNOR-C133 SIGNOR "form complex" binding 9606 23454242 t gcesareni "[PP2A] ... is multifarious as it is composed of catalytic, scaffold and regulatory subunits. The catalytic and scaffold subunits have two isoforms and the regulatory subunit has four different families containing different isoforms. The regulatory subunit is the most diverse with temporal and spatial specificity." SIGNOR-243445 CDK1 protein P06493 UNIPROT KHDRBS1 protein Q07666 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Thr317 RGALVRGtPVRGAIT 9606 BTO:0000567 9315091 t lperfetto "Phosphorylation of sam68 by purified cdc2." SIGNOR-51275 PDPK1 protein O15530 UNIPROT RPS6KB1 protein P23443 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr252 HDGTVTHtFCGTIEY -1 9445476 t gcesareni "The results presented here are consistent with PDK1 as the in vivo kinase responsible for mediating Thr252 phosphorylation in the catalytic domain of p70s6k." SIGNOR-243338 CDK1 protein P06493 UNIPROT RB1 protein P06400 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser249 AVIPINGsPRTPRRG 9606 1756735 t lperfetto "The retinoblastoma gene product (prb) is a nuclear phosphoprotein that is thought to play a key role in the negative regulation of cellular proliferation. The active form of prb is underphosphorylated. Using synthetic peptides corresponding to potential cdc2 phosphorylation sites, we have developed a strategy which has allowed the identification of five sites. S249, t252, t373, s807 and s811 are phosphorylated in vivo, and in each case these sites correspond closely to the consensus sequence for phosphorylation by p34cdc2." SIGNOR-21548 PRKAA1 protein Q13131 UNIPROT POU2F1 protein P14859 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser385 RRRKKRTsIETNIRV 9606 1684878 t lperfetto "Mitosis-specific phosphorylation site in the homeodomain of oct-1 was phosphorylated in vitro by protein kinase a. Pka-mediated phosphorylation event was identified in the cns-specific pou domain protein brn-2/n-oct-3/pou3f2 (nieto et al. 2007). In this case, the modification, at a position homologous to oct1 s385, was found to alter binding specificity for complex dimeric sites." SIGNOR-20971 CDK6 protein Q00534 UNIPROT RUNX1 protein Q01196 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser266 QYLGSIAsPSVHPAT 9606 BTO:0002181 16046550 t "The effect has been demonstrated using Q01196-8." gcesareni "We have identified four phosphorylation sites on aml1c that are necessary for transcriptional activity of aml1c in k562 and 293t cells (27).4 mutation of these four sites (serine 276, serine 293, serine 303, and threonine 300) to alanine abolishes transcriptional activation, whereas mutation of these sites to aspartic acid (which mimics phosphorylation) results in a hyperactive protein." SIGNOR-138957 CENPX protein A8MT69 UNIPROT FANCM protein Q8IYD8 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 20347429 t gcesareni "We also provide biochemical evidence that mhf1 and mhf2 assemble into a heterodimer that binds dna and enhances the dna branch migration activity of fancm. These findings reveal critical roles of the mhf1-mhf2 dimer in dna damage repair and genome maintenance through fancm." SIGNOR-164729 CTDSP1 protein Q9GZU7 UNIPROT TWIST1 protein Q15672 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser68 GGGDEPGsPAQGKRG 9606 BTO:0000007 26975371 t gcesareni "These results indicate that SCP1 is the phosphatase that counter-regulates the MAPK-mediated phosphorylation of S68-Twist1." SIGNOR-245962 UBE2I protein P63279 UNIPROT ETV5 protein P41161 UNIPROT down-regulates sumoylation 9606 15857832 t miannu "Here we show that erm interacts with the sumo-conjugating enzyme ubc9 and is modified by sumo. We further show that sumo modification of this ets transcription factor affects its ability to activate transcription." SIGNOR-135850 ASCL1 protein P50553 UNIPROT DKK1 protein O94907 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 10090 BTO:0000527 23707066 t gcesareni "We demonstrate that a critical factor in the set, ASCL1, activates Wnt signaling by repressing the negative regulator DKK1." SIGNOR-245885 PPP3CA protein Q08209 UNIPROT NFATC1 protein O95644 UNIPROT up-regulates dephosphorylation 9606 21880741 t gcesareni "Calcineurin directly dephosphorylates nfat resulting in the nuclear import of nfat." SIGNOR-176370 CSNK1E protein P49674 UNIPROT PER1 protein O15534 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation 9606 15917222 t miannu "Ck1_ and ck1_2 can promote proteasome-dependent per1 degradation in mammalian tissue culture cells, and their removal by rnai leads to an increased abundance of per1." SIGNOR-137706 CSNK1G2 protein P78368 UNIPROT PER1 protein O15534 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation 9606 15917222 t miannu "Ck1_ and ck1_2 can promote proteasome-dependent per1 degradation in mammalian tissue culture cells, and their removal by rnai leads to an increased abundance of per1." SIGNOR-137751 SMARCA4 protein P51532 UNIPROT ZEB1 protein P37275 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 20418909 t miannu "Zeb1 represses e-cadherin transcription / we reported that brg1 binds to the ntr of zeb1 acting as its co-repressor in the regulation of the e-cadherin promoter." SIGNOR-165017 SKP2 protein Q13309 UNIPROT CDKN1A protein P38936 UNIPROT down-regulates ubiquitination 9606 15998794 t gcesareni "Up-regulation of skp2 by notch signaling enhances proteasome-mediated degradation of the ckis, p27 kip1 and p21 cip1, and causes premature entry into s phase." SIGNOR-138490 PIM2 protein Q9P1W9 UNIPROT CDKN1A protein P38936 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr145 QGRKRRQtSMTDFYH 9606 20307683 t lperfetto "Pim-2 phosphorylation of p21(cip1/waf1) enhances its stability and inhibits cell proliferation in hct116 cellsere we demonstrate that like pim-1, pim-2 also phosphorylates the cell cycle inhibitor p21(cip1/waf1) (p21) on thr145 in vitro and in vivo" SIGNOR-164646 SKP2 protein Q13309 UNIPROT CDKN1B protein P46527 UNIPROT down-regulates ubiquitination 9606 15998794 t gcesareni "Up-regulation of skp2 by notch signaling enhances proteasome-mediated degradation of the ckis, p27 kip1 and p21 cip1, and causes premature entry into s phase. ;the recognition of p27 by skp2/cks1 of the scfskp2 complex is dictated by cycline/cdk2, providing a high affinity binding site and the phosphorylation of p27 at t187, serving here we provide evidence suggesting that both cdk2/e and phosphorylation of thr(187) on p27 are essential for the recognition of p27 by the scf(skp2/cks1) complex, the ubiquitin-protein isopeptide ligase (e3)." SIGNOR-138493 RTKN protein Q9BST9 UNIPROT SEPT9 protein Q9UHD8 UNIPROT down-regulates 9606 16007136 f miannu "We identified rhotekin, a downstream effector for rho, as a candidate regulator organizing septin structures through filament disruption." SIGNOR-138578 PPP2R2B protein Q00005 UNIPROT PP2Ca_R1A_Bd complex SIGNOR-C133 SIGNOR "form complex" binding 9606 23454242 t gcesareni "[PP2A] ... is multifarious as it is composed of catalytic, scaffold and regulatory subunits. The catalytic and scaffold subunits have two isoforms and the regulatory subunit has four different families containing different isoforms. The regulatory subunit is the most diverse with temporal and spatial specificity." SIGNOR-243507 PDPK1 protein O15530 UNIPROT PLK1 protein P53350 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation 9606 BTO:0000007;BTO:0001914 23887393 t gcesareni "Here, we report that PDK1 directly induces phosphorylation of Polo-like kinase 1 (PLK1), which in turn induces MYC phosphorylation and protein accumulation. We show that PDK1-PLK1-MYC signaling is critical for cancer cell growth and survival, and small-molecule inhibition of PDK1/PLK1 provides an effective approach for therapeutic targeting of MYC dependency" SIGNOR-243519 GSK3A protein P49840 UNIPROT JUN protein P05412 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation 9606 16023596 t gcesareni "Similar to c-myc, we report here that phosphorylation of c-jun by gsk3 creates a high-affinity binding site for the e3 ligase fbw7, which targets c-jun for polyubiquitination and proteasomal degradation." SIGNOR-138592 CDKL5 protein O76039 UNIPROT AMPH protein P49418 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser293 PAPARPRsPSQTRKG 10090 BTO:0000142 23651931 t gcesareni "This 120-kDa protein was identified as amphiphysin 1 (Amph1) by LC-MS/MS analysis, and the site of phosphorylation by CDKL5 was determined to be Ser-293." SIGNOR-245881 PRKCD protein Q05655 UNIPROT LIMK2 protein P53671 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser283 EGTLRRRsLRRSNSI 9606 15923181 t "Translocation from Cytosol to Nucleus" flangone "Activation of pkc by phorbol ester treatment of endothelial cells stimulated limk2 phosphorylation at ser-283 and inhibited nuclear import of limk2" SIGNOR-137927 PPM1D protein O15297 UNIPROT MAPK12 protein P53778 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation Thr183 RQADSEMtGYVVTRW 9606 15870257 t gcesareni "Ppm1d selectively inhibits p38 activation by dephosphorylating thr 180." SIGNOR-135976 PPM1D protein O15297 UNIPROT CHEK1 protein O14757 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation Ser345 LVQGISFsQPTCPDH 9606 15870257 t gcesareni "Ppm1d dephosphorylates chk1 phospho-ser 345" SIGNOR-135972 GSK3A protein P49840 UNIPROT MYC protein P01106 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr58 KKFELLPtPPLSPSR 9606 16023596 t gcesareni "Similar to c-myc, similar to c-myc, we report here that phosphorylation of c-jun by gsk3 creates a high-affinity binding site for the e3 ligase fbw7, which targets c-jun for polyubiquitination and proteasomal degradation." SIGNOR-138596 PDPK1 protein O15530 UNIPROT RPS6KA3 protein P51812 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser227 DHEKKAYsFCGTVEY 9606 19956600 t gcesareni "We characterize two monoclonal antibodies raised against phosphorylated forms of the n- and c-terminal domain of rsk2 (p-s227 and p-t577, respectively). Using these two antibodies, we show that stress signals, such as uv light, induce phosphorylation and activation of the three rsks." SIGNOR-161924 SMURF1 protein Q9HCE7 UNIPROT BMPR2 protein Q13873 UNIPROT down-regulates ubiquitination 9606 17317136 t gcesareni "Smurf1 and smurf2 are e3 ubiquitin ligases known to suppress tgf-beta signaling through degradation of smads and receptors for tgf-beta and bmps." SIGNOR-153402 PLK1 protein P53350 UNIPROT MYC protein P01106 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation 9606 BTO:0000007;BTO:0001914 23887393 t gcesareni "Here, we report that PDK1 directly induces phosphorylation of Polo-like kinase 1 (PLK1), which in turn induces MYC phosphorylation and protein accumulation. We show that PDK1-PLK1-MYC signaling is critical for cancer cell growth and survival, and small-molecule inhibition of PDK1/PLK1 provides an effective approach for therapeutic targeting of MYC dependency" SIGNOR-243522 CSNK1E protein P49674 UNIPROT DVL2 protein O14641 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation 6239 10517632 t gcesareni "In addition, CKI bound to and increased the phosphorylation of dishevelled, a known component of the Wnt pathway" SIGNOR-244097 SCF-FBW7 complex SIGNOR-C135 SIGNOR MYC protein P01106 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity" ubiquitination 9606 20852628 t gcesareni "We now show that the F-box protein Fbw7 interacts with and thereby destabilizes c-Myc in a manner dependent on phosphorylation of MB1. Whereas wild-type Fbw7 promoted c-Myc turnover in cells, an Fbw7 mutant lacking the F-box domain delayed it." SIGNOR-243757 FRAT2 protein O75474 UNIPROT GSK3B protein P49841 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding -1 11738041 t gcesareni "The structure of phosphorylated GSK-3beta complexed with a peptide, FRATtide, that inhibits beta-catenin phosphorylation." SIGNOR-244030 MAPK14 protein Q16539 UNIPROT RPS6KA4 protein O75676 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser360 PRIFQGYsFVAPSIL 9606 BTO:0000567 10806207 t llicata "Rskb, a 90-kda ribosomal s6 protein kinase family (rsk) member with two complete catalytic domains connected by a linker, is activated through p38- and erk-mitogen-activated protein kinases. unlike other rsks, the activation loop phosphorylation sites of both catalytic domains of rskb, ser(196) and thr(568), were required for activity. Rskb activation depended on phosphorylation of linker ser(343) and ser(360) and associated with phosphorylation of nonconserved ser(347), but ser(347)-deficient rskb retained partial activity." SIGNOR-77216 CDK5 protein Q00535 UNIPROT PIK3C3 protein Q8NEB9 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr159 DGSEPTKtPGRTSST 9606 BTO:0000938 20513426 t llicata "Thr159 phosphorylation negatively regulates the ptdins3 kinase activity of vps34 and autophagy cdk5/p25, a neuronal cdk shown to play a role in alzheimer's disease, can also phosphorylate thr159 of vps34." SIGNOR-165772 PTPN2 protein P17706 UNIPROT FYN protein P06241 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation Tyr420 RLIEDNEyTARQGAK 9606 BTO:0000782 22080863 t lperfetto "Previously, we reported that sfks can serve as bona fide substrates for tcptp and that tcptp dephosphorylates the y418 activation loop autophosphorylation site (corresponding to y394 in lck and y417 in fyn) to inactivate sfks" SIGNOR-177113 DAPK3 protein O43293 UNIPROT DAPK3 protein O43293 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser311 EYTIKSHsSLPPNNS 9606 BTO:0000887;BTO:0001260 15611134 t lperfetto "Zipk autophosphorylates in vitrowe have identified six phosphorylation sites in zipk that regulate both its enzyme activity and localization, including thr180, thr225, thr265, thr299, thr306, and ser311." SIGNOR-132455 PRKCQ protein Q04759 UNIPROT RASGRP3 protein Q8IV61 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr133 YDWMRRVtQRKKVSK 9606 BTO:0000776 15545601 t lperfetto "Activation of rasgrp3 by phosphorylation of thr-133 is required for b cell receptor-mediated ras activation. our data suggest that pkc, after being activated by diacylglycerol, phosphorylates rasgrp3, thereby contributing to its full activation." SIGNOR-130490 MAPK14 protein Q16539 UNIPROT RPS6KA4 protein O75676 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr568 SPGVPMQtPCFTLQY 9606 BTO:0000567 10806207 t llicata "Rskb, a 90-kda ribosomal s6 protein kinase family (rsk) member with two complete catalytic domains connected by a linker, is activated through p38- and erk-mitogen-activated protein kinases. unlike other rsks, the activation loop phosphorylation sites of both catalytic domains of rskb, ser(196) and thr(568), were required for activity. Rskb activation depended on phosphorylation of linker ser(343) and ser(360) and associated with phosphorylation of nonconserved ser(347), but ser(347)-deficient rskb retained partial activity." SIGNOR-77220 CSNK2A1 protein P68400 UNIPROT HIF1A protein Q16665 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Thr796 ESGLPQLtSYDCEVN -1 17382325 t llicata "These results implied that only Thr-796 was phosphorylated CK2. " SIGNOR-250891 CDK1 protein P06493 UNIPROT PIK3C3 protein Q8NEB9 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr159 DGSEPTKtPGRTSST 9606 BTO:0000938 20513426 t llicata "We show that vps34 is phosphorylated on thr159 by cdk1, thr159 phosphorylation negatively regulates the ptdins3 kinase activity of vps34 and autophagy" SIGNOR-165768 CHEK1 protein O14757 UNIPROT TLK1 protein Q9UKI8 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser743 PHMRRSNsSGNLHMA 9606 12660173 t llicata "Chk1 phosphorylates tlk1 on serine 695 (s695) these findings identify an unprecedented functional co- operation between atm and chk1 in propagation of a checkpoint response during s phase and suggest that, through transient inhibition of tlk kinases, the atm_chk1_tlk pathway may regulate processes involved in chromatin assembly." SIGNOR-99653 MAP4K1 protein Q92918 UNIPROT MAP4K1 protein Q92918 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr165 ISAQIGAtLARRLSF 9606 BTO:0000782 15743830 t gcesareni "Activation of hematopoietic progenitor kinase 1 involves relocation, autophosphorylation, and transphosphorylation by protein kinase d1." SIGNOR-134490 MAPK14 protein Q16539 UNIPROT RPS6KA4 protein O75676 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser347 PVYSPPGsPPPGDPR 9606 BTO:0000567 10806207 t llicata "Rskb, a 90-kda ribosomal s6 protein kinase family (rsk) member with two complete catalytic domains connected by a linker, is activated through p38- and erk-mitogen-activated protein kinases. unlike other rsks, the activation loop phosphorylation sites of both catalytic domains of rskb, ser(196) and thr(568), were required for activity. Rskb activation depended on phosphorylation of linker ser(343) and ser(360) and associated with phosphorylation of nonconserved ser(347), but ser(347)-deficient rskb retained partial activity." SIGNOR-77212 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR BRCA1 protein P38398 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr509 LKRKRRPtSGLHPED 9606 BTO:0000150 17428466 t lperfetto "Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/akt signaling enhances nuclear localization and transcriptional activity of brca1. mutation of threonine 509 in brca1, the site of akt phosphorylation, to an alanine, attenuates the ability of heregulin to induce brca1 nuclear accumulation" SIGNOR-244168 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR CLK2 protein P49760 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser34 HKRRRSRsWSSSSDR 9606 BTO:0000567 20682768 t lperfetto "Akt directly binds to and phosphorylates clk2 on serine 34 and threonine 127, in vitro and in vivo.Our results suggest that akt activation controls cell survival to ionizing radiation by phosphorylating clk2, revealing an important regulatory mechanism required for promoting cell surviva" SIGNOR-244214 PTPN2 protein P17706 UNIPROT SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation 9606 BTO:0000782 22080863 t gcesareni "We found that tcptp dephosphorylates and inactivates src family kinases to regulate t cell responses._" SIGNOR-177116 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR CHUK protein O15111 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr23 EMRERLGtGGFGNVC 9606 BTO:0001454 SIGNOR-C14 19609947 t lperfetto "Although there are likely to be multiple levels of crosstalk between the pi3k-akt and nf-kb pathways, one mechanism has been attributed to direct phosphorylation of the amino acid residue t23 on ikb kinase alfa (ikkalfa) by akt, thereby leading to activation of this kinase upstream of nf-kb akt mediates ikkalpha phosphorylation at threonine 23 akt transiently associates in vivo with ikk and induces ikk activation. Akt mediates ikkalfa phosphorylation at threonine 23.Akt phosphorylates ikkalpha on t23, and this phosphorylation event is a prerequisite for the phosphorylation of p65 at s534 by ikkalpha and beta" SIGNOR-244210 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR BRAF protein P15056 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser428 GPQRERKsSSSSEDR 9606 10869359 t lperfetto "We show that phosphorylation of b-raf by akt occurs at multiple residues within its amino terminal regulatory domain, at both the conserved and unique phosphorylation sites. Akt phosphorylated b-raf on s364 and s428 to inactivate its kinase activity b-raf contains three akt consensus sites, table i. One site, ser364 is conserved with c-raf;however, two sites, ser428 and thr439, are unique to b-raf" SIGNOR-244160 MTOR protein P42345 UNIPROT EIF4EBP1 protein Q13541 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr36 LPPGDYStTPGGTLF 9606 BTO:0000007 SIGNOR-C3 9465032 t lperfetto "Mtorc1 promotes protein synthesis by phosphorylating the eukaryotic initiation factor 4e (eif4e)- binding protein 1 (4e-bp1) and the p70 ribosomal s6 kinase 1 (s6k1). Raft1 phosphorylation of 4e-bp1 on thr-36 and thr-45 blocks its association with the cap-binding protein, eif-4e,in vitro. in response to insulin and nutrients, mtorc1, consisting of mtor, raptor (regulatory-associated protein of mtor), and mlst8, is activated and phosphorylates eukaryotic initiation factor 4e-binding protein (4ebp) and p70 s6 kinase to promote protein synthesis and cell size." SIGNOR-55697 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR BRAF protein P15056 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser364 FGQRDRSsSAPNVHI 9606 10869359 t lperfetto "We show that phosphorylation of b-raf by akt occurs at multiple residues within its amino terminal regulatory domain, at both the conserved and unique phosphorylation sites. Akt phosphorylated b-raf on s364 and s428 to inactivate its kinase activity b-raf contains three akt consensus sites, table i. One site, ser364 is conserved with c-raf;however, two sites, ser428 and thr439, are unique to b-raf" SIGNOR-244152 MTOR protein P42345 UNIPROT EIF4EBP1 protein Q13541 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr45 PGGTLFStTPGGTRI 9606 BTO:0000007 SIGNOR-C3 9465032 t lperfetto "Mtorc1 promotes protein synthesis by phosphorylating the eukaryotic initiation factor 4e (eif4e)- binding protein 1 (4e-bp1) and the p70 ribosomal s6 kinase 1 (s6k1). Raft1 phosphorylation of 4e-bp1 on thr-36 and thr-45 blocks its association with the cap-binding protein, eif-4e,in vitro. in response to insulin and nutrients, mtorc1, consisting of mtor, raptor (regulatory-associated protein of mtor), and mlst8, is activated and phosphorylates eukaryotic initiation factor 4e-binding protein (4ebp) and p70 s6 kinase to promote protein synthesis and cell size." SIGNOR-55701 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR BRAF protein P15056 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr440 EDRNRMKtLGRRDSS 9606 10869359 t lperfetto "We show that phosphorylation of b-raf by akt occurs at multiple residues within its amino terminal regulatory domain, at both the conserved and unique phosphorylation sites. Akt phosphorylated b-raf on s364 and s428 to inactivate its kinase activity b-raf contains three akt consensus sites, table i. One site, ser364 is conserved with c-raf;however, two sites, ser428 and thr439, are unique to b-raf" SIGNOR-244156 PRKCZ protein Q05513 UNIPROT IRS1 protein P35568 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" phosphorylation Ser1101 GCRRRHSsETFSSTP 9606 BTO:0000975 17360977 t lperfetto "Tyrosine phosphorylation of IRS-1 initiates insulin signaling, whereas serine/threonine phosphorylation alters the ability of IRS-1 to transduce the insulin signalInsulin increased the phosphorylation of Ser312, Ser616, Ser636, Ser892, Ser1101, and Ser1223" SIGNOR-236022 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR BRCA1 protein P38398 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser694 QTSKRHDsDTFPELK 9606 BTO:0000150 20085797 t lperfetto "We identify a novel akt phosphorylation site in brca1 at s694 which is responsive to activation of these signaling pathways. These data suggest akt phosphorylation of brca1 increases total protein expression by preventing proteasomal degradation" SIGNOR-244164 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR DLX5 protein P56178 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation 9606 22298955 t lperfetto "Akt, a member of the ser-ine/threonine-specific protein kinase, was found to phosphorylate osx and dlx5. akt interacts with and phosphorylates dlx5. In addition, we provide evidences that akt kinase activity is important for akt to enhance the protein stability and transcriptional activity of dlx5." SIGNOR-244228 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR EP300 protein Q09472 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation 9606 BTO:0000887 SIGNOR-C7 17964260 t lperfetto "Akt1 and 2 promote the association of myod with p300 and pcaf acetyltransferases, via direct phosphorylation of p300." SIGNOR-244239 "MYOD1/SWI/SNF complex" complex SIGNOR-C93 SIGNOR MYOG protein P15173 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0001103 17194702 f miannu "Myod targets brg1 to the myogenin promoter during the initiation of myogenesis in tissue culture models for skeletal muscle differentiation /initiation of myogenin transcription is dependent upon myod, the pbx homeodomain factor, and swi/snf chromatin-remodeling enzymes" SIGNOR-151688 PRKCD protein Q05655 UNIPROT YWHAB protein P31946 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser60 VVGARRSsWRVISSI 9606 16024783 t gcesareni "We provide a mechanism for these observations through the phosphorylation of 14-3-3 by ikk and pkc on serine residues ser132 and ser60, respectively, which interferes with its binding to ttp and hence the retention of ttp in the cytoplasm." SIGNOR-138612 PPP3CA protein Q08209 UNIPROT BAD protein Q92934 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser75 EIRSRHSsYPAGTED 9606 BTO:0000007 10195903 t "Ca2+-induced apoptosis through calcineurin dephosphorylation of BAD|Calcineurin was found to dephosphorylate BAD, a pro-apoptotic member of the Bcl-2 family, thus enhancing BAD heterodimerization with Bcl-xL and promoting apoptosis." SIGNOR-248694 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR IKK-complex complex SIGNOR-C14 SIGNOR up-regulates phosphorylation 9606 BTO:0001454 19609947 t lperfetto "Although there are likely to be multiple levels of crosstalk between the pi3k-akt and nf-kb pathways, one mechanism has been attributed to direct phosphorylation of the amino acid residue t23 on ikb kinase alfa (ikkalfa) by akt, thereby leading to activation of this kinase upstream of nf-kb akt mediates ikkalpha phosphorylation at threonine 23 akt transiently associates in vivo with ikk and induces ikk activation. Akt mediates ikkalfa phosphorylation at threonine 23.Akt phosphorylates ikkalpha on t23, and this phosphorylation event is a prerequisite for the phosphorylation of p65 at s534 by ikkalpha and beta" SIGNOR-244281 Ki16425 chemical CID:10367662 PUBCHEM LPAR3 protein Q9UBY5 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-193564 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR H3F3A protein P84243 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser11 TKQTARKsTGGKAPR 9606 12588998 t lperfetto "Additionally, active akt1 kinase strongly phosphorylates histone h3 at serine 10 in vitro" SIGNOR-244275 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR ESR1 protein P03372 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser167 GGRERLAsTNDKGSM 9606 11108261 t lperfetto "Studies using mutants of er-alpha demonstrated that akt increased estrogen receptor activity through the amino-terminal activation function-1 (af-1). Serines s104 s106, s118, and s167 appear to play a role in the activation of er-alpha by akt." SIGNOR-244251 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR ESR1 protein P03372 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser118 LHPPPQLsPFLQPHG 9606 11108261 t lperfetto "Studies using mutants of er-alpha demonstrated that akt increased estrogen receptor activity through the amino-terminal activation function-1 (af-1). Serines s104 s106, s118, and s167 appear to play a role in the activation of er-alpha by akt." SIGNOR-244255 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR CLK2 protein P49760 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr127 RRRRRSRtFSRSSSQ 9606 BTO:0000567 20682768 t lperfetto "Akt directly binds to and phosphorylates clk2 on serine 34 and threonine 127, in vitro and in vivo.Our results suggest that akt activation controls cell survival to ionizing radiation by phosphorylating clk2, revealing an important regulatory mechanism required for promoting cell surviva" SIGNOR-244218 PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT CORO1B protein Q9BR76 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser2 sFRKVVRQ 9606 16027158 t lperfetto "We have identified serine 2 (ser-2) on coronin 1b as the major residue phosphorylated by pkc in vivo.In this work, we show that coronin 1b interacts in vivo with the arp2/3 complex and that this interaction is inhibited by pkc phosphorylation." SIGNOR-138733 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR GATA2 protein P23769 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser401 QTRNRKMsNKSKKSK 9606 BTO:0000876 15837948 t "PI-3K/Akt-dependent manner." lperfetto "We show that insulin induces gata2 phosphorylation on serine 401 in a pi-3k/akt-dependent manner. Insulin-dependent phosphorylation of serine 401 impairs gata2 translocation to the nucleus and its dna binding activity" SIGNOR-244271 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR EZH2 protein Q15910 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser21 CWRKRVKsEYMRLRQ 9606 16224021 t lperfetto "Enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (ezh2) is a methyltransferase that plays an important role in many biological processes through its ability to trimethylate lysine 27 in histone h3. Here, we show that akt phosphorylates ezh2 at serine 21 and suppresses its methyltransferase activity by impeding ezh2 binding to histone h3" SIGNOR-244259 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR ESR1 protein P03372 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser106 PLNSVSPsPLMLLHP 9606 11108261 t lperfetto "Studies using mutants of er-alpha demonstrated that akt increased estrogen receptor activity through the amino-terminal activation function-1 (af-1). Serines s104 s106, s118, and s167 appear to play a role in the activation of er-alpha by akt." SIGNOR-244247 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR EZR protein P15311 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr567 QGRDKYKtLRQIRQG 9606 15531580 t lperfetto "Purified akt directly phosphorylates recombinant ezrin at threonine 567 in vitro in an atp-dependent manner. ezrin activation after initiation of na+-glucose cotransport requires akt2 expression" SIGNOR-244263 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR MEF2D protein Q14814 UNIPROT up-regulates 9606 BTO:0000222 BTO:0000887;BTO:0001103 10896679 f lperfetto "Two candidates that may function as mediators of pi3-k in the phosphorylation of mef2 proteins are pkb and big map kinase 1." SIGNOR-244303 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR MTOR protein P42345 UNIPROT up-regulates 9606 BTO:0000887;BTO:0001103 12782654 f lperfetto "It was shown recently that akt activates mtor through direct phosphorylation of tsc2 the serine/threonine kinase akt is an upstream positive regulator of the mammalian target of rapamycin (mtor). However, the mechanism by which akt activates mtor is not fully understood. The known pathway by which akt activates mtor is via direct phosphorylation and tuberous sclerosis complex 2 (tsc2), which is a negative regulator of mtor." SIGNOR-244314 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR TWIST1 protein Q15672 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser42 GGRKRRSsRRSAGGG 9606 20400976 t lperfetto "Moreover, phosphorylation of twist-1 at ser42 was shown in vivo in various human cancer tissues, suggesting that this post-translational modification ensures functional activation of twist-1 after promotion of survival during carcinogenesis." SIGNOR-244373 AC1NUST0 smallmolecule CID:5460104 PUBCHEM PRKCZ protein Q05513 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 12401205 t gcesareni "The pkc isoform pkc-zeta appear to be activated by direct interactions with pa" SIGNOR-94867 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT RUNX1 protein Q01196 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser249 DTRQIQPsPPWSYDQ 9606 BTO:0002181 16046550 t "The effect has been demonstrated using Q01196-8" gcesareni "We have identified four phosphorylation sites on aml1c that are necessary for transcriptional activity of aml1c in k562 and 293t cells (27).4 mutation of these four sites (serine 276, serine 293, serine 303, and threonine 300) to alanine abolishes transcriptional activation, whereas mutation of these sites to aspartic acid (which mimics phosphorylation) results in a hyperactive protein." SIGNOR-138969 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR XIAP protein P98170 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by stabilization" phosphorylation Ser87 VGRHRKVsPNCRFIN 9606 BTO:0001023 14645242 t lperfetto "Akt, including akt1 and akt2, interacts with and phosphorylates x-linked inhibitor of apoptosis protein (xiap) at residue serine-87 in vitro and in vivo. Phosphorylation of xiap by akt protects xiap from ubiquitination and degradation in response to cisplatin." SIGNOR-244377 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT RUNX1 protein Q01196 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser276 VHPATPIsPGRASGM 9606 16046550 t "The effect has been demonstrated using Q01196-8" gcesareni "Mutation of the four phosphorylation sites necessary for transcriptional regulation (serine 276, serine 293, serine 303, and threonine 300) mimics the effects of the proteasome inhibitor, increasing the levels of ubiquitinated, matrix-bound aml1c. Thus, phosphorylation of aml1c on specific serine/threonine residues controls both transcriptional activity and rate of degradation." SIGNOR-138985 mTORC1 complex SIGNOR-C3 SIGNOR EIF4EBP1 protein Q13541 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser65 FLMECRNsPVTKTPP 9606 23486913 t lperfetto "These results indicate that arg, leu, and gln act coordinately to stimulate proliferation of ptr cells through activation of the mtor-rps6k-rps6-eif4ebp1 signal transduction pathway. Specifically as part of mtorc1, mtor directly phosphorylates the ribosomal protein s6 kinases (s6k1 and s6k2) and the eukaryotic initiation factor 4e (eif4e)-binding proteins (4e-bp1 and 4e-bp2), both of which control specific steps in the initiation of cap-dependent translation" SIGNOR-217137 BRSK2 protein Q8IWQ3 UNIPROT PRKAA1 protein Q13131 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr183 SDGEFLRtSCGSPNY 9606 21918180 t gcesareni "Ampka1 activators increased phosphorylation level and cytoplasmic localization (reduced nuclear/cytoplasmic ratio). Ampka1 activators reduced rna synthesis in the nucleoli." SIGNOR-176594 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR YWHAZ protein P63104 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Ser58 VVGARRSsWRVVSSI 9606 BTO:0000007 11956222 t lperfetto "Ese data indicate that pkb/akt phosphorylates ser-58 on 14-3-3zeta both in vitro and in intact cells. The functional relevance of this phosphorylation remains to be determined." SIGNOR-244381 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR SRPK2 protein P78362 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr492 PSHDRSRtVSASSTG 9606 BTO:0000938 BTO:0000142 19592491 t lperfetto "Here we show that srpk2, a protein kinase specific for the serine/arginine (sr) family of splicing factors, triggers cell cycle progression in neurons and induces apoptosis through regulation of nuclear cyclin d1. Akt phosphorylates srpk2 on thr-492 and promotes its nuclear translocation leading to cyclin d1 up-regulation, cell cycle reentry, and neuronal apoptosis." SIGNOR-244341 mTORC1 complex SIGNOR-C3 SIGNOR EIF4EBP1 protein Q13541 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr70 RNSPVTKtPPRDLPT 9606 23486913 t lperfetto "These results indicate that arg, leu, and gln act coordinately to stimulate proliferation of ptr cells through activation of the mtor-rps6k-rps6-eif4ebp1 signal transduction pathway. Specifically as part of mtorc1, mtor directly phosphorylates the ribosomal protein s6 kinases (s6k1 and s6k2) and the eukaryotic initiation factor 4e (eif4e)-binding proteins (4e-bp1 and 4e-bp2), both of which control specific steps in the initiation of cap-dependent translation" SIGNOR-217141 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR METTL1 protein Q9UBP6 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser27 YYRQRAHsNPMADHT 9606 3627513 t lperfetto "The trna methylase mettl1 is phosphorylated and inactivated by pkb and rsk in vitro and in cells" SIGNOR-244307 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR NOS3 protein P29474 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser1177 TSRIRTQsFSLQERQ 9606 11729179 t lperfetto "Recently many investigators have shown that protein phosphorylation of enos by several serine/threonine kinases is a critical control step for no production by endothelial cells. Phosphorylation by amp kinase, akt (or protein kinase b), or protein kinase a on serine 1179 (bovine) or serine 1177 (human) of enos leads to enhanced activity of the enzyme and, thus, augmented production of no." SIGNOR-244322 PTPRZ1 protein P23471 UNIPROT ARHGAP35 protein Q9NRY4 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Tyr1105 RNEEENIySVPHDST 10090 BTO:0000601 16513268 t "Protein tyrosine phosphatase receptor type Z is involved in hippocampus-dependent memory formation through dephosphorylation at Y1105 on p190 RhoGAP| Furthermore, Ptprz selectively dephosphorylated pY1105 of p190 RhoGAP in vitro, and the tyrosine phosphorylation at Y1105 controls p190 RhoGAP activity in vivo." SIGNOR-248451 AURKB protein Q96GD4 UNIPROT RACGAP1 protein Q9H0H5 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser387 ETGLYRIsGCDRTVK 9606 BTO:0000567 12689593 t lperfetto "We also report that aurora b phosphorylates mgcracgap on serine residues and that this modification induces latent gap activity toward rhoa in vitro." SIGNOR-100569 PRKD2 protein Q9BZL6 UNIPROT PI4KB protein Q9UBF8 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser294 SNLKRTAsNPKVENE 9606 16912074 t "The effect has been demonstrated using Q9UBF8-2" gcesareni "Binding of 14-3-3 proteins to pi4kiiibeta involved the pkd phosphorylation site ser294, evident from reduced 14-3-3 binding to a s294a pi4kiiibeta mutant. Phospho-specific binding of 14-3-3 proteins to phosphatidylinositol 4-kinase iii beta protects from dephosphorylation and stabilizes lipid kinase activity." SIGNOR-148880 MTCP1 protein P56278 UNIPROT AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000782;BTO:0001271 10983986 t lperfetto "Full-length tcl1 and its isoforms bind to akt / in in vitro kinase assays using gsk-3_ as a substrate, we found that the presence of any of the tcl1 family proteins (tcl1, mtcp1, or tcl1b) as gst fusion proteins significantly enhanced akt-induced gsk-3_ phosphorylation" SIGNOR-244413 ATM protein Q13315 UNIPROT MDM4 protein O15151 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation 9606 16082221 t gcesareni "Atm directly and indirectly induces mdm2 and mdmx phosphorylation, resulting in decreased activity and stability of these proteins. We recently provided a mechanism for the reduced stability of mdm2 and mdmx by showing that atm-dependent phosphorylation lowers their affinity for the deubiquitinating enzyme hausp." SIGNOR-139403 PIK3CG protein P48736 UNIPROT AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR up-regulates phosphorylation 9606 BTO:0000938 9346240 t lperfetto "Akt may be regulated by both phosphorylation and by the direct binding of pi3k to the akt pleckstrin homology (ph) domain." SIGNOR-244432 NfKb-p65/p50 complex SIGNOR-C13 SIGNOR MDM2 protein Q00987 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000782 20921405 f gcesareni "Nf-kb activation following t-cell receptor engagement induces the expression of mdm2 through interaction with nf-kb sites in its p1 promoter" SIGNOR-168296 SHH protein Q15465 UNIPROT AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 BTO:0000222;BTO:0002314 BTO:0000887 17688959 f lperfetto "Most importantly, we report that shh induces mapk/erk and phosphoinositide 3-kinase (pi3k)-dependent akt phosphorylation and that activation of both signaling pathways is essential for shh's signaling in muscle cells. However, the effect of shh on akt phosphorylation is more robust than that on mapk/erk, and data suggest that shh influences these pathways in a manner similar to igf-i." SIGNOR-244446 TCL1A protein P56279 UNIPROT AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000782;BTO:0001271 10983986 t lperfetto "Full-length tcl1 and its isoforms bind to akt / in in vitro kinase assays using gsk-3_ as a substrate, we found that the presence of any of the tcl1 family proteins (tcl1, mtcp1, or tcl1b) as gst fusion proteins significantly enhanced akt-induced gsk-3_ phosphorylation" SIGNOR-244449 TCL1B protein O95988 UNIPROT AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000782;BTO:0001271 10983986 t lperfetto "In vivo, tcl1 forms trimers, which associate with akt. Tcl1 facilitates the oligomerization and activation of akt. Our data show that tcl1 is a novel akt kinase coactivator, which promotes akt-induced cell survival and proliferation." SIGNOR-244452 THEM4 protein Q5T1C6 UNIPROT AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR down-regulates binding 9606 11598301 t lperfetto "Here, we describe a protein partner for pkbalpha termed ctmp, or carboxyl-terminal modulator protein, that binds specifically to the carboxyl-terminal regulatory domain of pkbalpha at the plasma membrane. Binding of ctmp reduces the activity of pkbalpha by inhibiting phosphorylation on serine 473 and threonine 308." SIGNOR-244455 TNF protein P01375 UNIPROT AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 11287630 f lperfetto "Tumor necrosis factor (tnf) inhibited insulin-promoted tyrosine phosphorylation of irs-1 and activated the akt/protein kinase b serine-threonine kinase, a downstream target for phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase" SIGNOR-244458 MAPK14 protein Q16539 UNIPROT AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR "down-regulates activity" 9606 20626350 f lperfetto "On the other hand, p38 alfa may negatively modulate akt activity, indipendently of pi3k by regulating the interaction between caveolin 1 and pp2a through a mechanism dependent on cell attachment." SIGNOR-244461 CSNK1A1 protein P48729 UNIPROT FADD protein Q13158 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser194 QNRSGAMsPMSWNSD 9606 16061179 t gcesareni "We now demonstrate that casein kinase ialpha (ckialpha) phosphorylates fadd at ser194 both in vitro and in vivo. Fadd-ckialpha association regulates the subcellular localization of fadd, and phosphorylated fadd was found to colocalize with ckialpha on the spindle poles in metaphase" SIGNOR-139307 AKT2 protein P31751 UNIPROT ESR1 protein P03372 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser167 GGRERLAsTNDKGSM 9606 BTO:0000093 11139588 t gcesareni "The consensus AKT phosphorylation site Ser-167 of ERalpha is required for phosphorylation and activation by AKT." SIGNOR-248051 CDK2 protein P24941 UNIPROT WEE1 protein P30291 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser123 EEGFGSSsPVKSPAA 9606 16085715 t gcesareni "Phosphorylation of serines 53 and 123 (s53 and s123) of wee1a by polo-like kinase 1 (plk1) and cdk, respectively, are required for binding to beta-trcp. During the s and g2 phases, s123 (wee1) is phosphorylated by a cdk (possibly cdk2)." SIGNOR-139469 CDK1 protein P06493 UNIPROT LATS1 protein O95835 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser613 EKKQITTsPITVRKN 9606 SIGNOR-C17 12372621 t lperfetto "Warts is a serine/threonine kinase and a dynamic component of the mitotic apparatus. We have found that cdc2/cyclin b forms a complex with a fraction of warts in the centrosome and phosphorylates the ser613 site of warts during mitosisit can be speculated that phosphorylation of warts by cdc2/cyclin b promotes a protein complex formation on the mitotic apparatus at early mitosis, which may be required for subsequent activation of warts kinase at the metaphase-anaphase transition." SIGNOR-94160 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR ZFP36L1 protein Q07352 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser92 RFRDRSFsEGGERLL 9606 15538381 t lperfetto "Here we report that protein kinase b (pkb/akt) stabilizes are transcripts by phosphorylating brf1 at serine 92 (s92). Recombinant brf1 promoted in vitro decay of are-containing mrna (are-mrna), yet phosphorylation by pkb impaired this activity." SIGNOR-244385 AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR ZYX protein Q15942 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser142 PQPREKVsSIDLEID 9606 17572661 t lperfetto "Akt binds and phosphorylates zyxin on serine 142, leading to its association with acinus zyxin is a substrate of caspases, but akt phosphorylation fails to protect its proteolytic degradation" SIGNOR-244389 PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT CDKN1A protein P38936 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser153 SMTDFYHsKRRLIFS 9606 16055744 t lperfetto "Binding of calmodulin to the carboxy-terminal region of p21 induces nuclear accumulation via inhibition of protein kinase c-mediated phosphorylation of ser153" SIGNOR-139302 CHEK2 protein O96017 UNIPROT CDC25A protein P30304 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" phosphorylation Ser293 GSTKRRKsMSGASPK 9606 12676583 t "Phosphorylation is the signal for ubiquitination" gcesareni "We show that ir-induced destruction of cdc25a requires both atm and the chk2-mediated phosphorylation of cdc25a on serine 123. the basal turnover of cdc25a operating in unperturbed s phase required chk1-dependent phosphorylation of serines 123, 178, 278, and 292. Ir-induced acceleration of cdc25a proteolysis correlated with increased phosphate incorporation into these residues generated by a combined action of chk1 and chk2 kinases." SIGNOR-99733 848193-68-0 chemical CID:707029 PUBCHEM SIRT1 protein Q96EB6 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-191511 SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT FLT4 protein P35916 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr853 HLGRVLGyGAFGKVV 9606 20431062 t lperfetto "Vegfr-3 is a direct c-src target and mass spectrometry analysis identified the sites phosphorylated by c-src as tyrosine 830, 833, 853, 1063, 1333, and 1337 vegfr-3 phosphorylation activates the recruitment to the receptor of the adaptor proteins crki/ii and shc inducing activation of jnk." SIGNOR-165055 PALB2 protein Q86YC2 UNIPROT BRCA1 protein P38398 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 BTO:0001938 19369211 t lperfetto "The BRCA1-PALB2 interaction is required for homologous recombination repair.Here, we report that PALB2, the partner and localizer of BRCA2, binds directly to BRCA1, and serves as the molecular scaffold in the formation of the BRCA1-PALB2-BRCA2 complex." SIGNOR-244487 "DNA damage" stimulus SIGNOR-ST1 SIGNOR PALB2 protein Q86YC2 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" 9606 BTO:0001938 19369211 f lperfetto "Consistent with the converging functions of the BRCA proteins in DNA repair, cells harboring mutations with abrogated BRCA1-PALB2 interaction resulted in defective homologous recombination (HR) repair. We propose that, via its direct interaction with PALB2, BRCA1 fine-tunes recombinational repair partly through its modulatory role in the PALB2-dependent loading of BRCA2-RAD51 repair machinery at DNA breaks. Our findings uncover PALB2 as the molecular adaptor between the BRCA proteins, and suggest that impaired HR repair is one of the fundamental causes for genomic instability and tumorigenesis observed in patients carrying BRCA1, BRCA2, or PALB2 mutations." SIGNOR-244490 CSF2RA protein P15509 UNIPROT STAT5A protein P42229 UNIPROT up-regulates 9606 BTO:0000801 7716810 f gcesareni "A major pathway which mediates the effects of gm-csf on macrophages involves activation of the latent transcription factor stat5a via a janus kinase 2 (jak2)-dependent pathway." SIGNOR-32220 MAP3K20 protein Q9NYL2 UNIPROT MAP3K20 protein Q9NYL2 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser165 HNHTTHMsLVGTFPW 9606 15342622 t gcesareni "Ionizing radiation induces mrk autophosphorylation and activation. Within the mrk kinase loop between the dfg (subdomain vii) and ape (subdomain viii) residues, there are three conserved threonine/serine residues (thr161, thr162, and ser165) that are important for activation." SIGNOR-128573 SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT FLT4 protein P35916 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr1337 QVFYNSEyGELSEPS 9606 20431062 t lperfetto "Vegfr-3 is a direct c-src target and mass spectrometry analysis identified the sites phosphorylated by c-src as tyrosine 830, 833, 853, 1063, 1333, and 1337, demonstrating that integrin-mediated receptor phosphorylation induces a phosphorylation pattern that is distinct from that induced by growth factors. Furthermore, pull-down assays show that integrin-mediated vegfr-3 phosphorylation activates the recruitment to the receptor of the adaptor proteins crki/ii and shc inducing activation of jnk." SIGNOR-165043 SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT FLT4 protein P35916 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr830 PLEEQCEyLSYDASQ 9606 20431062 t lperfetto "Vegfr-3 is a direct c-src target and mass spectrometry analysis identified the sites phosphorylated by c-src as tyrosine 830, 833, 853, 1063, 1333, and 1337 vegfr-3 phosphorylation activates the recruitment to the receptor of the adaptor proteins crki/ii and shc inducing activation of jnk." SIGNOR-165047 PAK4 protein O96013 UNIPROT ITGB5 protein P18084 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser762 AKFQSERsRARYEMA 9606 20507994 t llicata "Pak4 specifically phosphorylated the integrin beta5 subunit at ser-759 and ser-762 within the beta5-sers-motif. Point mutation of these two serine residues abolished the pak4-induced cell migration, indicating a functional role for these phosphorylations in migration." SIGNOR-165706 PLK1 protein P53350 UNIPROT WEE1 protein P30291 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser123 EEGFGSSsPVKSPAA 9606 16085715 t gcesareni "Phosphorylation of serines 53 and 123 (s53 and s123) of wee1a by polo-like kinase 1 (plk1) and cdk, respectively, are required for binding to beta-trcp." SIGNOR-139473 WEE1 protein P30291 UNIPROT CDK1 protein P06493 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Tyr15 EKIGEGTyGVVYKGR 9606 16096060 t gcesareni "The wee1 kinase phosphorylates and inhibits cyclin-dependent kinase 1 (cdk1), thereby delaying entry into mitosis until appropriate conditions have been met" SIGNOR-139491 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT RPS6KA5 protein O75582 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr581 PDNQPLKtPCFTLHY 9606 15568999 t gcesareni "In the present study, we show that, in addition to being phosphorylated on thr-581 and ser-360 by erk1/2 or p38, msk1 can autophosphorylate on at least six sites: ser-212, ser-376, ser-381, ser-750, ser-752 and ser-758." SIGNOR-131383 ERK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF1 SIGNOR BAD protein Q92934 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation -1 8929531 t lperfetto "The rapid phosphorylation of bad following il-3 connects a proximal survival signal with the bcl-2 family, modulating this checkpoint for apoptosis.phosphorylatedBAD is bound to 14-3-3 within the cytosol, while only nonphosphorylated BAD is heterodimerized with membrane-bound BCL-XL." SIGNOR-244497 MAP3K20 protein Q9NYL2 UNIPROT MAP3K20 protein Q9NYL2 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr161 ASRFHNHtTHMSLVG 9606 15342622 t gcesareni "Ionizing radiation induces mrk autophosphorylation and activation. Within the mrk kinase loop between the dfg (subdomain vii) and ape (subdomain viii) residues, there are three conserved threonine/serine residues (thr161, thr162, and ser165) that are important for activation." SIGNOR-128577 AMPK complex SIGNOR-C15 SIGNOR AMPK complex SIGNOR-C15 SIGNOR unknown phosphorylation 9606 BTO:0000007 11171104 t lperfetto "In contrast, the phosphorylation site mutations, ss24, 25aa and s182a, while having no effects on enzyme activity, are associated with nuclear redistribution of the subunit." SIGNOR-216415 MAP2K4 protein P45985 UNIPROT JNK proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF15 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation 9606 11062067 t lperfetto "Here we report that mkk4 shows a striking preference for the tyrosine residue (tyr-185), and mkk7 a striking preference for the threonine residue (thr-183) in three sapk1/jnk1 isoforms tested (jnk1 alpha 1, jnk2 alpha 2 and jnk3 alpha 1)." SIGNOR-83729 MAP2K7 protein O14733 UNIPROT JNK proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF15 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation 9606 11062067 t lperfetto "Here we report that MKK4 shows a striking preference for the tyrosine residue (Tyr-185), and MKK7 a striking preference for the threonine residue (Thr-183) in three SAPK1/JNK1 isoforms tested (JNK1 alpha 1, JNK2 alpha 2 and JNK3 alpha 1)." SIGNOR-83725 ERK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF1 SIGNOR CASP8 protein Q14790 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser387 YLEMDLSsPQTRYIP 9606 BTO:0000149 24342355 t lperfetto "We demonstrate that perk 1/2 can phosphorylate pro-caspase-8 at s387 by knocking-down the endogenous pro-caspase-8 using rnai and replacing it with its non-phosphorylatable counterpart (s387a), a significant increase in caspase-8 activity" SIGNOR-244509 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT RPS6KA5 protein O75582 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser360 TEMDPTYsPAALPQS 9606 15568999 t gcesareni "In the present study, we show that, in addition to being phosphorylated on thr-581 and ser-360 by erk1/2 or p38, msk1 can autophosphorylate on at least six sites: ser-212, ser-376, ser-381, ser-750, ser-752 and ser-758." SIGNOR-131379 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT RPS6KA5 protein O75582 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser360 TEMDPTYsPAALPQS 9606 15568999 t gcesareni "Together, our in vivo and in vitro studies indicate that the pkc/c-raf/mek/erk pathway plays a major role in the s6k1 activation in hypertrophic cardiac growth." SIGNOR-131311 JAK2 protein O60674 UNIPROT ARHGEF1 protein Q92888 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr738 WDQEAQIyELVAQTV 9606 BTO:0000887;BTO:0001260 20098430 t gcesareni "We found that angiotensin ii activates arhgef1 through a previously undescribed mechanism in which jak2 phosphorylates tyr738 of arhgef1" SIGNOR-163557 PRKCZ protein Q05513 UNIPROT ADD2 protein P35612 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser713 KKKFRTPsFLKKSKK 9606 16116087 t gcesareni "We now demonstrate that ptn stimulates the phosphorylation of serines 713 and 726 in the myristoylated alanine-rich protein kinase (pk) c substrate domain of beta-adducin through activation of either pkc alpha or beta." SIGNOR-139914 MAP3K20 protein Q9NYL2 UNIPROT MAP3K20 protein Q9NYL2 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr162 SRFHNHTtHMSLVGT 9606 15342622 t gcesareni "Ionizing radiation induces mrk autophosphorylation and activation. Within the mrk kinase loop between the dfg (subdomain vii) and ape (subdomain viii) residues, there are three conserved threonine/serine residues (thr161, thr162, and ser165) that are important for activation." SIGNOR-128581 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT RUNX1 protein Q01196 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser266 QYLGSIAsPSVHPAT 9606 BTO:0002181 16046550 t "The effect has been demonstrated using Q01196-8" gcesareni "We have identified four phosphorylation sites on aml1c that are necessary for transcriptional activity of aml1c in k562 and 293t cells (27).4 mutation of these four sites (serine 276, serine 293, serine 303, and threonine 300) to alanine abolishes transcriptional activation, whereas mutation of these sites to aspartic acid (which mimics phosphorylation) results in a hyperactive protein." SIGNOR-138973 SRPK1 protein Q96SB4 UNIPROT RBM8A protein Q9Y5S9 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser166 RRGGRRRsRSPDRRR 9606 16100109 t gcesareni "We demonstrate that y14 is phosphorylated at its repeated arginine/serine (rs) dipeptides, likely by sr protein-specific kinases. Phosphorylation of y14 abolished its interaction with ejc components as well as factors that function downstream of the ejc." SIGNOR-139551 PDPK1 protein O15530 UNIPROT AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR up-regulates phosphorylation 9606 BTO:0000887;BTO:0001103;BTO:0001760 9512493 t lperfetto "The activation of pkbbeta and pkbgamma by pdk1 was accompanied by the phosphorylation of the residues equivalent to thr308 in pkbalpha, namely thr309 (pkbbeta) and thr305 (pkbgamma)" SIGNOR-244480 PTK2B protein Q14289 UNIPROT NOS3 protein P29474 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Tyr657 FGLGSRAyPHFCAFA 9606 BTO:0000007 19934023 t gcesareni "We found that fluid shear stress induces the association of enos with the proline-rich tyrosine kinase 2 (pyk2) in endothelial cells and that the enos immunoprecipitated from enos- and pyk2-overexpressing hek293 cells was tyrosine-phosphorylated on tyr657." SIGNOR-161824 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT RUNX1 protein Q01196 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr273 SPSVHPAtPISPGRA 9606 BTO:0002181 16046550 t "The effect has been demonstrated using Q01196-8" gcesareni "We have identified four phosphorylation sites on aml1c that are necessary for transcriptional activity of aml1c in k562 and 293t cells (27).4 mutation of these four sites (serine 276, serine 293, serine 303, and threonine 300) to alanine abolishes transcriptional activation, whereas mutation of these sites to aspartic acid (which mimics phosphorylation) results in a hyperactive protein." SIGNOR-138981 PIK3AP1 protein Q6ZUJ8 UNIPROT PIK3CB protein P42338 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000801 22187458 t gcesareni "This accumulation of tyrosine-phosphorylated bcap at the membrane with its associated pi3k would then allow for the catalysis of ptd ins p2 to ptd ins p3 and downstream pi3k-dependent signals. Therefore, bcap is an essential activator of the pi3k pathway downstream of tlr signaling, providing a brake to limit potentially pathogenic excessive tlr responses." SIGNOR-191667 PAK1 protein Q13153 UNIPROT BAD protein Q92934 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser74 VEIRSRHsSYPAGTE 9606 BTO:0000007 22096607 t lperfetto "Bad is a pro-apoptotic member of the bcl-2 family of proteins, which can be phosphorylated on numerous sites to modulate binding to bcl-2 and 14-3-3 proteins and inhibit its pro-apoptotic activities. Together, these findings demonstrate that pak1 phosphorylates bad directly at s111, but phosphorylated s112 through raf-1. These two sites of bad serve as redundant regulatory sites for bcl-2 binding" SIGNOR-177271 IL1R1 protein P14778 UNIPROT MAPK9 protein P45984 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation 9606 BTO:0000801 9625767 t lperfetto "Il-1 binding to its receptor triggers a cascade of signaling events, including activation of the stress-activated mitogen-activated protein (map) kinases, c-jun nh2-terminal kinase (jnk) and p38 map kinase, as well as transcription factor nuclear factor kappab (nf-kappab" SIGNOR-249514 CRTC2 protein Q53ET0 UNIPROT AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR up-regulates phosphorylation 9606 21798082 t lperfetto "Positive feedback involves mtorc2, which phosphorylates akt at serine 473, a phosphorylation required for maximum activation of akt in addition to phosphorylation at threonine 308 by pdk1." SIGNOR-244396 CSNK2A1 protein P68400 UNIPROT AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR up-regulates phosphorylation 9606 BTO:0000661 15818404 t lperfetto "Akt/pkb ser129 is phosphorylated by ck2 in vitro and in vivo;(4) such a phosphorylation of activated akt/pkb correlates with a further increase in catalytic activity." SIGNOR-244400 LRRK2 protein Q5S007 UNIPROT AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR up-regulates phosphorylation 9606 BTO:0000938 21658387 t lperfetto "Lrrk2 directly phosphorylates akt1 as a possible physiological substrate. These data establish that lrrk2 can protect neurons from apoptotic insult through a survival pathway in which lrrk2 signals to activate akt. Lrrk2-mediated phosphorylation of akt1 (ser473)" SIGNOR-244410 MTOR protein P42345 UNIPROT AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation 9606 BTO:0000132 SIGNOR-C2 21592956 t lperfetto "Protein kinase B (PKB, Akt) is a Ser/Thr kinase involved in the regulation of cell survival, proliferation, and metabolism and is activated by dual phosphorylation on Thr(308) in the activation loop and Ser(473) in the hydrophobic motif. It plays a contributory role to platelet function, although little is known about its regulation. In this study, we investigated the role of the mammalian target of rapamycin complex (mTORC)-2 in Akt regulation using the recently identified small molecule ATP competitive mTOR inhibitors PP242 and Torin1." SIGNOR-244417 PIK3AP1 protein Q6ZUJ8 UNIPROT PIK3CG protein P48736 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000801 22187458 t gcesareni "This accumulation of tyrosine-phosphorylated bcap at the membrane with its associated pi3k would then allow for the catalysis of ptd ins p2 to ptd ins p3 and downstream pi3k-dependent signals. Therefore, bcap is an essential activator of the pi3k pathway downstream of tlr signaling, providing a brake to limit potentially pathogenic excessive tlr responses." SIGNOR-191670 FZD3 protein Q9NPG1 UNIPROT NLK protein Q9UBE8 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 20828404 t gcesareni "Upon ligand binding, non-canonical wnt signaling controls tissue polarity and cell movement through the activation of rhoa, c-jun n-terminal kinase (jnk), and nemo-like kinase (nlk) signaling cascades." SIGNOR-167862 MTCH2 protein Q9Y6C9 UNIPROT BID protein P55957 UNIPROT up-regulates relocalization 9606 20436477 t "In the experiment they use a truncated BID (tBID)-interacting protein." gcesareni "Mtch2/mimp (mitochondrial carrier homologue 2/met-induced mitochondrial protein), a novel truncated bid (tbid)-interacting protein, is a surface-exposed outer mitochondrial membrane protein that facilitates the recruitment of tbid to mitochondria" SIGNOR-165081 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT RUNX1 protein Q01196 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser276 VHPATPIsPGRASGM 9606 BTO:0002181 16046550 t "The effect has been demonstrated using Q01196-8" gcesareni "We have identified four phosphorylation sites on aml1c that are necessary for transcriptional activity of aml1c in k562 and 293t cells (27).4 mutation of these four sites (serine 276, serine 293, serine 303, and threonine 300) to alanine abolishes transcriptional activation, whereas mutation of these sites to aspartic acid (which mimics phosphorylation) results in a hyperactive protein." SIGNOR-138977 PRKD1 protein Q15139 UNIPROT TLR5 protein O60602 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser805 YQLMKHQsIRGFVQK 9606 BTO:0002181 17442957 t lperfetto "Pkd phosphorylated the tlr5-derived target peptide in vitro, and phosphorylation of the putative target serine 805 in hek 293t cell-derived tlr5 was identified by mass spectrometry. These results demonstrate that both pkd1 and pkd2 are required for inflammatory responses following tlr2, tlr4, or tlr5 activation, although pkd1 is more strongly involved" SIGNOR-154473 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT NOXA1 protein Q86UR1 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser282 VGKQAPLsPGLPAMG 9606 BTO:0000007 20110267 t llicata "These results demonstrated a critical role of noxa1 phosphorylation on ser-282 and ser-172 in preventing nox1 hyperactivation through the decrease of noxa1 interaction to nox1 and rac1." SIGNOR-163659 PPP1CA protein P62136 UNIPROT AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR down-regulates dephosphorylation 9606 20186153 t lperfetto "Several stps have been reported to negatively regulate akt pathway. It has been shown that pp1 dephosphorylates akt and regulates cell survival." SIGNOR-244436 KPNA3 protein O00505 UNIPROT NOTCH1 protein P46531 UNIPROT up-regulates relocalization 9606 20454918 t gcesareni "Nicd binds via one of its four potential nuclear localization signals to importins alfa3, alfa4, and alfa7." SIGNOR-165280 KPNA4 protein O00629 UNIPROT NOTCH1 protein P46531 UNIPROT up-regulates relocalization 9606 20454918 t gcesareni "Nicd binds via one of its four potential nuclear localization signals to importins alfa3, alfa4, and alfa7." SIGNOR-165314 BRAF protein P15056 UNIPROT MEK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF25 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation 10090 BTO:0000944 8131746 t lperfetto "Activation of mek family kinases requires phosphorylation of two conserved ser/thr residueserine residues 218 and 222 of human mek1 are the primary sites for phosphorylation by c-raf." SIGNOR-244827 BRAF protein P15056 UNIPROT MEK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF25 SIGNOR up-regulates phosphorylation 9606 BTO:0000142 8668348 t lperfetto "We show that, consequently, b-raf interacts with mek-1 and mek-2 with a better affinity than does c-raf-1, thus strengthening the notion that b-raf is a stronger mek activator than c-raf-l." SIGNOR-244843 ERK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF1 SIGNOR MEK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF25 SIGNOR "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation 9606 BTO:0000007 10567369 t lperfetto "An ERK2-binding site at the N terminus of MEK1 was reported to mediate their stable association. We examined the importance of this binding site in the feedback phosphorylation of mek1 on thr(292) and thr(386) by erk2" SIGNOR-244858 ERK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF1 SIGNOR MEK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF25 SIGNOR "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation 9534 BTO:0004055 14993270 t lperfetto "We propose that activation of erk during adhesion creates a feedback system in which erk phosphorylates mek1 on t292, and this in turn blocks additional s298 phosphorylation in response to integrin signaling." SIGNOR-244862 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT MEK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF25 SIGNOR "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation 9606 BTO:0000007 10567369 t lperfetto "An ERK2-binding site at the N terminus of MEK1 was reported to mediate their stable association. We examined the importance of this binding site in the feedback phosphorylation of mek1 on thr(292) and thr(386) by erk2" SIGNOR-244912 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT MEK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF25 SIGNOR "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation 9534 BTO:0004055 14993270 t lperfetto "We propose that activation of erk during adhesion creates a feedback system in which erk phosphorylates mek1 on t292, and this in turn blocks additional s298 phosphorylation in response to integrin signaling." SIGNOR-244916 PAK proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF13 SIGNOR MEK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF25 SIGNOR up-regulates phosphorylation 9606 BTO:0000567 16129686 t lperfetto "Inhibition of pak kinase activity dramatically decreased phosphorylation of mek1 at ser(298) in response to either pdgf or egf." SIGNOR-244920 PAK1 protein Q13153 UNIPROT MEK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF25 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation 9606 BTO:0001955 12876277 t lperfetto "We find that adhesion to fibronectin induces pak1-dependent phosphorylation of mek1 on s298 and that this phosphorylation is necessary for efficient activation of mek1 and subsequent mapk activation." SIGNOR-244924 PDPK1 protein O15530 UNIPROT MEK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF25 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation 9606 BTO:0000007 15175348 t lperfetto "In vitro kinase assay revealed that the direct targets of pdk1 in the mapk pathway were the upstream mapk kinases mek1 and mek2. The identified pdk1 phosphorylation sites in mek1 and mek2 are ser222 and ser226, respectively, and are known to be essential for full activation" SIGNOR-244934 PDPK1 protein O15530 UNIPROT MEK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF25 SIGNOR up-regulates phosphorylation 9606 15175348 t lperfetto "The identified pdk1 phosphorylation sites in mek1 and mek2 are ser222 and ser226, respectively, and are known to be essential for full activation." SIGNOR-244938 ERK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF1 SIGNOR CSNK2A1 protein P68400 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser362 ISSVPTPsPLGPLAG 9606 BTO:0000527 19941816 t lperfetto "Erk2, which is activated by egfr signaling, directly binds to ck2alpha via the erk2 docking groove and phosphorylates ck2alpha primarily at t360/s362, subsequently enhancing ck2alpha activity" SIGNOR-244521 ERK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF1 SIGNOR CSNK2A1 protein P68400 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr360 SGISSVPtPSPLGPL 9606 BTO:0000527 19941816 t lperfetto "Erk2, which is activated by egfr signaling, directly binds to ck2alpha via the erk2 docking groove and phosphorylates ck2alpha primarily at t360/s362, subsequently enhancing ck2alpha activity" SIGNOR-244525 ERK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF1 SIGNOR CDKN1B protein P46527 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser178 EENVSDGsPNAGSVE 9606 10831586 t lperfetto "Indeed, p27kip1 was phosphorylated by p42 mapk (erk2) in vitrothese results suggest that ser(10) is the major site of phosphorylation of p27(kip1) and that phosphorylation at this site, like that at thr(187), contributes to regulation of p27(kip1) stability." SIGNOR-244517 ERK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF1 SIGNOR CDKN1A protein P38936 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr57 NFDFVTEtPLEGDFA 9606 19364816 t lperfetto "We have shown that erk2 interacts with and phosphorylates p21cip1, promoting p21cip1_ubiquitination. We identified two erk2 phosphorylation sites, thr57 and ser130, in p21cip1_and showed that phosphorylation of these residues increases p21cip1_cytoplasmic distribution and proteasome-dependent degradation." SIGNOR-244513 LRIG1 protein Q96JA1 UNIPROT ERBB2 protein P04626 UNIPROT down-regulates ubiquitination 9606 16123311 t gcesareni "We report upregulation of lrig1 transcript and protein upon egf stimulation, and physical association of the encoded protein with the four egfr orthologs of mammals. Upregulation of lrig1 is followed by enhanced ubiquitylation and degradation of egfr. The underlying mechanism involves recruitment of c-cbl, an e3 ubiquitin ligase that simultaneously ubiquitylates egfr and lrig1 and sorts them for degradation." SIGNOR-139948 JAK1 protein P23458 UNIPROT IFNGR2/INFGR1 complex SIGNOR-C142 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation 9606 BTO:0000801 19041276 t lperfetto "The activation of this signaling pathway involves the binding of IFN-g to two IFN-g receptor (IFN-gR) subunits, made up of respective IFNgR1:IFNgR2 pairs, which dimerize upon IFN-g binding to form the IFN-gR complex. Two JAKs, JAK1and JAK2,which bind to each IFN-gR subunits, respectively through their N-terminal domains, both become activated by tyrosine phosphorylation in a JAK2-dependent process." SIGNOR-249492 ERK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF1 SIGNOR HDAC6 protein Q9UBN7 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr1031 ASSTDHQtPPTSPVQ 9606 24089523 t lperfetto "Histone deacetylase 6 (hdac6) is well known for its ability to promote cell migrationextracellular signal-regulated kinase (erk) phosphorylates histone deacetylase 6 (hdac6) at serine 1035 to stimulate cell migrationwe have identified two novel erk-mediated phosphorylation sites: threonine 1031 and serine 1035 in hdac6. Both sites were phosphorylated by erk1" SIGNOR-244549 MAPKAPK2 protein P49137 UNIPROT ELAVL1 protein Q15717 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation 9606 20626350 t gcesareni "Mk2 and mk3 participate in the control of gene expression mostly at the post-transcriptional level, by phosphorylating the are-binding proteins ttp and hur, and by regulating eef2k" SIGNOR-166622 MAPKAPK2 protein P49137 UNIPROT ETV1 protein P50549 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation 9606 20626350 t gcesareni "Neverthless, some transcription factors, such as e47, er81, srf and creb are also phosphorylated by mk2" SIGNOR-166625 MAPKAPK2 protein P49137 UNIPROT SRF protein P11831 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation 9606 20626350 t gcesareni "Neverthless, some transcription factors, such as e47, er81, srf and creb are also phosphorylated by mk2" SIGNOR-166640 MAPKAPK2 protein P49137 UNIPROT TCF3 protein P15923 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation 9606 20626350 t gcesareni "Neverthless, some transcription factors, such as e47, er81, srf and creb are also phosphorylated by mk2" SIGNOR-166643 ERK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF1 SIGNOR HDAC6 protein Q9UBN7 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser1035 DHQTPPTsPVQGTTP 9606 24089523 t lperfetto "Histone deacetylase 6 (hdac6) is well known for its ability to promote cell migrationextracellular signal-regulated kinase (erk) phosphorylates histone deacetylase 6 (hdac6) at serine 1035 to stimulate cell migrationwe have identified two novel erk-mediated phosphorylation sites: threonine 1031 and serine 1035 in hdac6. Both sites were phosphorylated by erk1" SIGNOR-244545 ERK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF1 SIGNOR EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr693 RELVEPLtPSGEAPN 9606 10816576 t lperfetto "It is likely that the map2 and ert kinases account for the phosphorylation of the egf receptor at thr669 (egf receptor (krel veplt669psgeapnqallr)) observed in cultured cells.Phosphorylation at ser-695 is partial and occurs only if thr-693 is phosphorylated. Phosphorylation at thr-678 and thr-693 by prkd1 inhibits egf-induced mapk8/jnk1 activation." SIGNOR-244529 CSNK2A1 protein P68400 UNIPROT CASP2 protein P42575 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser157 LYKKLRLsTDTVEHS 9606 16193064 t gcesareni "Here we show that protein kinase (pk) ck2 phosphorylates procaspase-2 directly at serine-157. When intracellular pkck2 activity is low or downregulated by specific inhibitors, procaspase-2 is dephosphorylated, dimerized, and activated in a piddosome-independent manner." SIGNOR-140836 MAPKAPK2 protein P49137 UNIPROT AGO2 protein Q9UKV8 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser387 SKLMRSAsFNTDPYV 9606 20626350 t gcesareni "Mk2 was found to phopsphorylate in vitro the ago2 protein in ser387, which was identified as the major ago2 phosphorylation site in cells.and mutation of ser387 to alanineimpairsago2 localization to therna-containing granules termedprocessing bodies" SIGNOR-166615 ERK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF1 SIGNOR MAP2K1 protein Q02750 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr292 ETPPRPRtPGRPLSS 9534 BTO:0004055 14993270 t lperfetto "We propose that activation of erk during adhesion creates a feedback system in which erk phosphorylates mek1 on t292, and this in turn blocks additional s298 phosphorylation in response to integrin signaling." SIGNOR-244557 ERK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF1 SIGNOR JAK2 protein O60674 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser523 GVSDVPTsPTLQRPT 9534 BTO:0004055 16705159 t "16705160:the phosphorylation of Jak2 on Ser523 inhibits Jak2 activity and represents a novel mechanism for the regulation of Jak2-dependent cytokine signaling." lperfetto "We hypothesize that phosphorylation of ser523 in jak2 by erks 1 and/or 2 or other as-yet-unidentified kinases acts in a negative feedback manner" SIGNOR-244553 ERK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF1 SIGNOR EP300 protein Q09472 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser2279 PVQPNPMsPQQHMLP 9606 17623675 t lperfetto "Serine residues (ser-2279, ser-2315, and ser-2366) on the c terminus of p300 were the major signaling targets of egf. Furthermore, the c-terminal serine phosphorylation of p300 stimulated its histone acetyltransferase activity these results also constituted the first report identifying the unique p300 phosphorylation sites induced by erk2 in vivo." SIGNOR-244533 ERK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF1 SIGNOR EP300 protein Q09472 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser2366 MEQGHFAsPDQNSML 9606 17623675 t lperfetto "Serine residues (ser-2279, ser-2315, and ser-2366) on the c terminus of p300 were the major signaling targets of egf. Furthermore, the c-terminal serine phosphorylation of p300 stimulated its histone acetyltransferase activity these results also constituted the first report identifying the unique p300 phosphorylation sites induced by erk2 in vivo." SIGNOR-244537 MAPK14 protein Q16539 UNIPROT HIST1H3A protein P68431 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser11 TKQTARKsTGGKAPR 9606 20626350 t gcesareni "The p38 mapk pathway can positevely regulate nf-kb activity by different mechanisms, including chromatin remodelling through ser10 phosphorylation of histone h3 at nf-kb dependent promoters such as il-8 and mcp or by impinging on ikk or the p65 subunit in a direct or indirect manner." SIGNOR-166602 CDK1 protein P06493 UNIPROT CEP55 protein Q53EZ4 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser428 KVAASPKsPTAALNE 9606 16198290 t lperfetto "Upon mitotic entry, centrosome dissociation of cep55 is triggered by erk2/cdk1-dependent phosphorylation at s425 and s428. S425/428 phosphorylation is required for interaction with plk1, enabling phosphorylation of cep55 at s436. enabling it to relocate to the midbody to function in mitotic exit and cytokinesis." SIGNOR-140886 MAML1 protein Q92585 UNIPROT EP300 protein Q09472 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 16530044 t gcesareni "Maml-1 is preassociated with other components of the transcriptional machinery, such as p300" SIGNOR-145057 CHEK1 protein O14757 UNIPROT BLM protein P54132 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser646 LKHERFQsLSFPHTK 9606 20719863 t llicata "Hese results indicated that chk1-mediated phosphorylation on blm at ser(646) might be a determinant for regulating subnuclear localization and could act as a marker for the activation status of blm in response to dna damage." SIGNOR-167534 RPS6KA5 protein O75582 UNIPROT STAT3 protein P40763 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation 9606 20626350 t gcesareni "Msk (mitogen- and stress-activated kinase) 1 and 2 can directly phosphorylate and activate transcription factors such as creb, atf1, the nf- b isoform p65 and stat (signal transducer and activator of transcription) 1 and 3" SIGNOR-166664 ERK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF1 SIGNOR MYB protein P10242 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser532 KIKQEVEsPTDKSGN 9606 BTO:0000661 8960373 t lperfetto "Functional analysis of phosphorylation at serine 532 of human c-myb by map kinase. expression of a polypeptide containing the c-myb c-terminal domain stimulated c-myb activity. This effect is reduced upon mapk-dependent phosphorylation of serine 532. Our data suggest that the mapk-dependent state of phosphorylation modifies the cellular function of c-myb by modulating its interaction with a putative inhibitory factor" SIGNOR-244569 ERK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF1 SIGNOR MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr207 FLTEYVAtRWYRAPE 9606 BTO:0000562 19060905 t lperfetto "Here we show that autophosphorylation of erk1/2 on thr188 directs erk1/2 to phosphorylate nuclear targets known to cause cardiac hypertrophy." SIGNOR-244565 ERK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF1 SIGNOR MAP2K1 protein Q02750 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Thr386 IGLNQPStPTHAAGV 9606 BTO:0000007 10567369 t lperfetto "An ERK2-binding site at the N terminus of MEK1 was reported to mediate their stable association. We examined the importance of this binding site in the feedback phosphorylation of mek1 on thr(292) and thr(386) by erk2" SIGNOR-244561 ERK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF1 SIGNOR SOS1 protein Q07889 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser1167 ESAPAESsPSKIMSK 9534 BTO:0004055 8816480 t lperfetto "In this report, we describe the identification of five map kinase sites (s-1137, s-1167, s-1178, s-1193, and s-1197) on hsos1Replacing the MAP kinase phosphorylation sites with alanine residues results in an increase in the binding affinity of Grb2 to hSos1" SIGNOR-244584 ERK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF1 SIGNOR SOS1 protein Q07889 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser1132 TLPHGPRsASVSSIS 9534 BTO:0004055 8816480 t lperfetto "In this report, we describe the identification of five map kinase sites (s-1137, s-1167, s-1178, s-1193, and s-1197) on hsos1Replacing the MAP kinase phosphorylation sites with alanine residues results in an increase in the binding affinity of Grb2 to hSos1" SIGNOR-244580 ERK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF1 SIGNOR SOS1 protein Q07889 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser1197 KAYSPRYsISDRTSI 9534 BTO:0004055 8816480 t lperfetto "In this report, we describe the identification of five map kinase sites (s-1137, s-1167, s-1178, s-1193, and s-1197) on hsos1Replacing the MAP kinase phosphorylation sites with alanine residues results in an increase in the binding affinity of Grb2 to hSos1" SIGNOR-244588 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT CEP55 protein Q53EZ4 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser425 NREKVAAsPKSPTAA 9606 16198290 t lperfetto "Upon mitotic entry, centrosome dissociation of cep55 is triggered by erk2/cdk1-dependent phosphorylation at s425 and s428. S425/428 phosphorylation is required for interaction with plk1, enabling phosphorylation of cep55 at s436. enabling it to relocate to the midbody to function in mitotic exit and cytokinesis." SIGNOR-140890 ERK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF1 SIGNOR RXRA protein P19793 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser260 NMGLNPSsPNDPVTN 9606 12048211 t lperfetto "9-cis retinoid x receptor alpha (rxr alpha) interacted with erk2 but not erk5 in intact cells, whereas ets-1 interacted preferentially with erk5. Increased phosphorylation of rxr alpha and ets-1 was detected in response to 1,25d. Activated erk2 and erk5 specifically phosphorylated rxr alpha and ets-1, respectively.Mutagenesis of ets-1 (t38a) reduced cyp24 promoter activity to levels observed with the dominant-negative mek5(a) and inhibited erk5-directed phosphorylation. Mutated rxr alpha (s260a) inhibited 1,25d-induced cyp24 promoter activity and abolished phosphorylation by activated erk2." SIGNOR-244573 CSNK1E protein P49674 UNIPROT LRP6 protein O75581 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser1430 LGYVPHPsSLSGSLP 9606 16513652 t gcesareni "We find that ckiepsilon binds to lrp5 and lrp6 in vitro and in vivo and identify three ckiepsilon-specific phosphorylation sites in lrp6. Two of the identified phosphorylation sites, ser1420 and ser1430, influence wnt signaling in vivo," SIGNOR-145053 CSNK1E protein P49674 UNIPROT LRP6 protein O75581 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser1420 YVVHGPAsVPLGYVP 9606 16513652 t gcesareni "We find that ckiepsilon binds to lrp5 and lrp6 in vitro and in vivo and identify three ckiepsilon-specific phosphorylation sites in lrp6. Two of the identified phosphorylation sites, ser1420 and ser1430, influence wnt signaling in vivo," SIGNOR-145049 PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT GSK3B protein P49841 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser9 SGRPRTTsFAESCKP 9606 BTO:0000782 19836308 t lperfetto "Gsk3 is different from most kinases in that it is constitutively partially active and the most common regulatory mechanism is inhibition by phosphorylation of ser21 in gsk3_ or ser9 in gsk3_. This inhibitory phosphorylation can be mediated by several kinases, such as akt/protein kinase b (pkb), protein kinase c (pkc) and protein kinase a (pka)." SIGNOR-188581 SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT ABL1 protein P00519 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr226 KRNKPTVyGVSPNYD 9606 11847100 t lperfetto "c-Src-induced c-Abl activation involves phosphorylation of Y245 and Y412, two residues required for c-Abl mitogenic function." SIGNOR-246307 CDK2 protein P24941 UNIPROT CROCC protein Q5TZA2 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser1460 APRPVPGsPARDAPA 9606 22610972 t llicata "Finally, phosphorylation of tax1bp2 at serine-763 by cyclin-dependent kinase (cdk)2 abolished the tax1bp2-mediated p38 activation and tumor-suppressive activity, indicating that tax1bp2 can adapt cdk2 signaling to the p38/p53/p21 pathway." SIGNOR-197593 PJA1 protein Q8NG27 UNIPROT SPTBN1 protein Q01082 UNIPROT down-regulates ubiquitination 9606 16247473 t gcesareni "The present study indicates that praja, a ring finger e3 ubiquitin ligase, interacts with elf and ubiquitinates it." SIGNOR-141216 PAK4 protein O96013 UNIPROT RAN protein P62826 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser135 DRKVKAKsIVFHRKK 9606 20805321 t lperfetto "We show that ran is a substrate for p21-activated kinase 4 (pak4) and that its phosphorylation on serine-135 increases during mitosis.Altogether, our findings strongly suggest that pak4-mediated phosphorylation of gdp- or gtp-bound ran modulates the assembly of complexes that are required at specific subcellular localizations for ran to carry out its functions during mitotic progression." SIGNOR-167667 MAP1LC3B protein Q9GZQ8 UNIPROT NBR1 protein Q14596 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000007 19250911 t gcesareni "We performed glutathione s-transferase (gst) pull-down assays using extracts from hek293 cells overexpressing an ha-tagged nbr1(d50r) mutant, which lacks the ability to bind p62 (lamark et al., 2003) (figures s1a and s1b, available online), and gst fusions of six human atg8 homologs: gabarap, gabarapl1, gabarapl2, lc3a, lc3b, and lc3c. Indeed, nbr1 interacted with all these members of the mammalian atg8 protein family. downregulation of either lc3 or gabarap (or both) family members leads to stabilization and p62-dependent aggregation of nbr1." SIGNOR-184252 KRAS protein P01116 UNIPROT MINK1 protein Q8N4C8 UNIPROT up-regulates 9606 16337592 f gcesareni "Mink is activated after ras induction via a mechanism involving reactive oxygen species and mediates stimulation of the stress-activated protein kinase p38 mapk downstream of the raf/erk pathway." SIGNOR-142985 CDK1 protein P06493 UNIPROT DDX3X protein O00571 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr323 GCHLLVAtPGRLVDM 9606 SIGNOR-C17 16280325 t lperfetto "Thr204 to glu204 ddx3 mutant protein lost its function, suggesting that phosphorylation at thr204 affects ddx3 function. Thr204 was phosphorylated by cyclin b/cdc2. Thr323 in motif ib was also phosphorylated by cyclin b/cdc2 kinase. We propose a novel function of cyclin b/cdc2 kinase in mitosis, which is to cause a loss of ddx3 function to repress cyclin a expression and to decrease ribosome biogenesis and translation during mitosis." SIGNOR-141569 CDK5 protein Q00535 UNIPROT NOS3 protein P29474 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser114 RKLQGRPsPGPPAPE 9606 BTO:0000938 20213743 t llicata "Together, our data suggest that cdk5 can phosphorylate enos at the ser-113 site and down-regulate enos-derived no levels." SIGNOR-164080 CDK1 protein P06493 UNIPROT FOXK2 protein Q01167 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser373 SSRSAPAsPNHAGVL 9606 20810654 t gcesareni "We have mapped two cdk phosphorylation sites, serines 368 and 423, which play a role in defining foxk2 function through regulating its stability and its activity as a transcriptional repressor protein. These two cdk sites appear vital for foxk2 function because expression of a mutant lacking these sites cannot be tolerated and causes apoptosis." SIGNOR-167822 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT DUSP1 protein P28562 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser323 HCSAEAGsPAMAVLD 9606 16286470 t lperfetto "The dual-specificity mapk phosphatase mkp-1/cl100/dusp1 is an inducible nuclear protein controlled by p44/42 mapk (erk1/2) in a negative feedback mechanism to inhibit kinase activity. Here, we report on the molecular basis for a novel positive feedback mechanism to sustain erk activation by triggering mkp-1 proteolysis. Active erk2 docking to the def motif (fxfp, residues 339-342) of n-terminally truncated mkp-1 in vitro initiated phosphorylation at the ser(296)/ser(323) domain" SIGNOR-141601 ERK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF1 SIGNOR STK11 protein Q15831 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser428 SSKIRRLsACKQQ 9606 BTO:0001271 25846811 t lperfetto "Negative regulation of the LKB1/AMPK pathway by ERK in human acute myeloid leukemia cellsBRAFV600E activates downstream molecules, including ERK and p90 ribosomal S6 kinase (RSK), and leads to the phosphorylation of LKB-1 at Ser428 by these kinases. This cascade results in the dissociation of LKB1 from AMPK." SIGNOR-244595 PDGFRB protein P09619 UNIPROT PTK2 protein Q05397 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr5 yLDPNLNH 9606 20802513 t llicata "In this study, we demonstrate that growth factor receptors including hepatocyte growth factor receptor met, epidermal growth factor receptor, and platelet-derived growth factor receptor directly phosphorylate fak on tyr194 in the ferm domain collectively, this study provides the first example to explain how fak is activated by receptor tyrosine kinases." SIGNOR-167662 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT DUSP1 protein P28562 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser296 KQRRSIIsPNFSFMG 9606 16286470 t lperfetto "The dual-specificity mapk phosphatase mkp-1/cl100/dusp1 is an inducible nuclear protein controlled by p44/42 mapk (erk1/2) in a negative feedback mechanism to inhibit kinase activity. Here, we report on the molecular basis for a novel positive feedback mechanism to sustain erk activation by triggering mkp-1 proteolysis. Active erk2 docking to the def motif (fxfp, residues 339-342) of n-terminally truncated mkp-1 in vitro initiated phosphorylation at the ser(296)/ser(323) domain" SIGNOR-141593 CHEK1 protein O14757 UNIPROT WEE1 protein P30291 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation 9606 20068082 t gcesareni "Chk1 also phosphorylates and stabilizes wee1." SIGNOR-163164 MAP1LC3C protein Q9BXW4 UNIPROT NBR1 protein Q14596 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000007 19250911 t gcesareni "We performed glutathione s-transferase (gst) pull-down assays using extracts from hek293 cells overexpressing an ha-tagged nbr1(d50r) mutant, which lacks the ability to bind p62 (lamark et al., 2003) (figures s1a and s1b, available online), and gst fusions of six human atg8 homologs: gabarap, gabarapl1, gabarapl2, lc3a, lc3b, and lc3c. Indeed, nbr1 interacted with all these members of the mammalian atg8 protein family. . downregulation of either lc3 or gabarap (or both) family members leads to stabilization and p62-dependent aggregation of nbr1." SIGNOR-184258 CDK2 protein P24941 UNIPROT FOXK2 protein Q01167 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser428 FAQSAPGsPLSSQPV 9606 20810654 t gcesareni "We have mapped two cdk phosphorylation sites, serines 368 and 423, which play a role in defining foxk2 function through regulating its stability and its activity as a transcriptional repressor protein. These two cdk sites appear vital for foxk2 function because expression of a mutant lacking these sites cannot be tolerated and causes apoptosis." SIGNOR-167834 TNFSF4 protein P23510 UNIPROT TNFRSF4 protein P43489 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000007 9488716 t gcesareni "Activation of nf-kappab in ox40-transfected hsb-2 cells was detected by electrophoretic mobility shift assay within 30 min after the binding of the ligand gp34." SIGNOR-54927 THRA protein P10827 UNIPROT RARG protein P13631 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 15650024 t gcesareni "We report that the retinoic acid receptors (rars), a distinct class of nuclear receptors, are also efficient heterodimer partners for trs." SIGNOR-133246 ATG12 protein O94817 UNIPROT "Autophagosome formation" phenotype SIGNOR-PH36 SIGNOR up-regulates 4932 23321721 f lperfetto "Dissecting the role of the Atg12-Atg5-Atg16 complex during autophagosome formation" SIGNOR-219396 CDK2 protein P24941 UNIPROT FOXK2 protein Q01167 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser373 SSRSAPAsPNHAGVL 9606 20810654 t gcesareni "We have mapped two cdk phosphorylation sites, serines 368 and 423, which play a role in defining foxk2 function through regulating its stability and its activity as a transcriptional repressor protein. These two cdk sites appear vital for foxk2 function because expression of a mutant lacking these sites cannot be tolerated and causes apoptosis." SIGNOR-167830 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT FOXO3 protein O43524 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" phosphorylation Ser425 TKGSGLGsPTSSFNS 9606 19282669 t lperfetto "Phosphorylation of foxo3a by erk1/2 at residues ser 294, ser 344 and ser 425 increases foxo3amdm2 interaction and enhances foxo3a degradation via an mdm2-dependent ubiquitin-proteasome pathway" SIGNOR-184577 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT DUSP1 protein P28562 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser296 KQRRSIIsPNFSFMG 9606 16286470 t lperfetto "The dual-specificity mapk phosphatase mkp-1/cl100/dusp1 is an inducible nuclear protein controlled by p44/42 mapk (erk1/2) in a negative feedback mechanism to inhibit kinase activity. Here, we report on the molecular basis for a novel positive feedback mechanism to sustain erk activation by triggering mkp-1 proteolysis. Active erk2 docking to the def motif (fxfp, residues 339-342) of n-terminally truncated mkp-1 in vitro initiated phosphorylation at the ser(296)/ser(323) domain" SIGNOR-141605 CDK1 protein P06493 UNIPROT CASP9 protein P55211 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr125 PEVLRPEtPRPVDIG 9606 SIGNOR-C17 16287866 t gcesareni "Here, we show that the apoptotic initiator protease caspase-9 is regulated during the cell cycle through periodic phosphorylation at an inhibitory site, thr125. This site is phosphorylated by cdk1/cyclin b1 during mitosis and in response to microtubule poisons that arrest cells at this stage of the cell cycle." SIGNOR-141621 ABL1 protein P00519 UNIPROT SRCIN1 protein Q9C0H9 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Tyr136 IYRKEPLyAAFPGSH 9606 BTO:0000142 23383002 t llicata "Furthermore, we identify abl as the major tyrosine kinase that can trigger p140cap phosphorylation on these sequences." SIGNOR-200854 PAK2 protein Q13177 UNIPROT VIM protein P08670 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser26 GTASRPSsSRSYVTT -1 11895474 t miannu "In vitro analyses revealed that vimentin served as an excellent substrate for PAK. This phosphorylated vimentin lost the potential to form 10 nm filaments. We identified Ser25, Ser38, Ser50, Ser65 and Ser72 in the amino-terminal head domain as the major phosphorylation sites on vimentin for PAK. " SIGNOR-250237 SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT RPS6KA3 protein P51812 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Tyr488 DVYDDGKyVYVVTEL 9606 BTO:0000007 18156174 t llicata "The results showed that tyr-488 is a major site of src but mutations at tyr-529 or tyr-707 did not significantly decrease src-dependent tyrosine phosphorylation of rsk2 (fig. 4c). However, we have previously characterized the tyr-488 site that is also phosphorylated by fgfr3 (14), and substitution of tyr-488 did not affect rsk2 activation." SIGNOR-160056 PRKCZ protein Q05513 UNIPROT CASP9 protein P55211 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser144 GDVGALEsLRGNADL 9606 16287866 t gcesareni "Inhibitor sensitivity and interactions with caspase 9 indicate that the predominant kinase that targets ser144 is the atypical protein kinase c isoform zeta (pkczeta)." SIGNOR-141629 CDK1 protein P06493 UNIPROT FOXK2 protein Q01167 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser428 FAQSAPGsPLSSQPV 9606 20810654 t gcesareni "We have mapped two cdk phosphorylation sites, serines 368 and 423, which play a role in defining foxk2 function through regulating its stability and its activity as a transcriptional repressor protein. These two cdk sites appear vital for foxk2 function because expression of a mutant lacking these sites cannot be tolerated and causes apoptosis." SIGNOR-167826 PPP5C protein P53041 UNIPROT MAP3K5 protein Q99683 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Thr842 CTETFTGtLQYMAPE 10090 11689443 t llicata "After exposure of cells to H2O2, ASK1 is transiently activated by autophosphorylation at Thr845. The protein then associates with PP5 (protein serine/threonine phosphatase 5), which inactivates ASK1 by dephosphorylation of Thr845." SIGNOR-248540 ABL1 protein P00519 UNIPROT SRCIN1 protein Q9C0H9 UNIPROT unknown phosphorylation Tyr268 LVKGEGLyADPYGLL 9606 BTO:0000142 23383002 t llicata "Mapping of p140cap phosphorylation sites: the eplya and eglya motifs have a key role in tyrosine phosphorylation and csk binding, and are substrates of the abl kinase" SIGNOR-200858 "DNA damage" stimulus SIGNOR-ST1 SIGNOR CHEK2 protein O96017 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" 9606 19151762 f lperfetto "Cell cycle progression is monitored constantly to ensure faithful passage of genetic codes and genome stability. We have demonstrated previously that, upon DNA damage, TTK/hMps1 activates the checkpoint kinase CHK2 by phosphorylating CHK2 at Thr68" SIGNOR-242605 BUB1 protein O43683 UNIPROT "Mitotic Checkpoint" phenotype SIGNOR-PH28 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 20888775 f gcesareni "The multidomain protein kinases bub1 and bubr1 (mad3 in yeast, worms and plants) are central components of the mitotic checkpoint for spindle assembly (sac)" SIGNOR-168192 ERK1/2 proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF1 SIGNOR TSC2 protein P49815 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation 9606 BTO:0000150;BTO:0001130;BTO:0001271;BTO:0000527 19188143 t lperfetto "Phosphorylation of tsc2 (by akt and erk;refs. 28, 29) and tsc1(by ikkbeta;ref. 30) results in the disruption of the tsc1/2 complex, and thereby activates the oncogenic mtor signaling contributing to tumor progression" SIGNOR-244602 PPP3CA protein Q08209 UNIPROT NFATC2 protein Q13469 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser174 LSPASSGsSASFISD 9606 BTO:0000567 11030334 t "NFAT1 is phosphorylated on fourteen conserved phosphoserine residues in its regulatory domain, thirteen of which are dephosphorylated upon stimulation. Dephosphorylation of all thirteen residues is required to mask a nuclear export signal (NES), cause full exposure of a nuclear localization signal (NLS), and promote transcriptional activity" SIGNOR-248681 PTPN1 protein P18031 UNIPROT PTK2 protein Q05397 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation 9606 16291744 t gcesareni "We show that coexpression of wild-type alpha-actinin and ptp 1b causes dephosphorylation at tyr-397 in fak." SIGNOR-141637 FOXO1 protein Q12778 UNIPROT PPARGC1A protein Q9UBK2 UNIPROT down-regulates 9606 16308421 f gcesareni "Foxo1 antagonized ppargamma activity and vice versa indicating that these transcription factors functionally interact in a reciprocal antagonistic manner." SIGNOR-142150 ULK1 protein O75385 UNIPROT AMBRA1 protein Q9C0C7 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation 9606 20921139 t gcesareni "When autophagy is induced, ulk1 phosphorylates ambra1, releasing the autophagy core complex from dynein. Its subsequent relocalization to the endoplasmic reticulum enables autophagosome nucleation. Ambra1-dlc1 dissociates from the dynein complex upon ulk1-dependent ambra1 phosphorylation." SIGNOR-168292 PRKAA2 protein P54646 UNIPROT CRTC2 protein Q53ET0 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser171 SALNRTSsDSALHTS 9606 SIGNOR-C15 16308421 t gcesareni "Phosphorylation on the ser171 residue of crtc2 by ampk and ampk-related kinases, including the salt-inducible kinases (siks), is critical for determining the activity, cellular localization, and degradation of crtc2" SIGNOR-142211 BUB1B protein O60566 UNIPROT "Mitotic Checkpoint" phenotype SIGNOR-PH28 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 20888775 f gcesareni "The multidomain protein kinases bub1 and bubr1 (mad3 in yeast, worms and plants) are central components of the mitotic checkpoint for spindle assembly (sac)" SIGNOR-168195 KRN-633 chemical CID:9549295 PUBCHEM KDR protein P35968 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-193588 AURKB protein Q96GD4 UNIPROT NINL protein Q9Y2I6 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser585 RLPKNRHsPSWSPDG 9606 20864540 t lperfetto "Importantly, nlp is characterized as a novel substrate of aurora b and can be phosphorylated by aurora b. The specific phosphorylation sites are mapped at ser-185, ser-448, and ser-585. The phosphorylation at ser-448 and ser-585 is likely required for nlp association with aurora b and localization at midbody. Meanwhile, the phosphorylation at ser-185 is vital to nlp protein stability. Disruptions of these phosphorylation sites abolish cytokinesis and lead to chromosomal instability." SIGNOR-168053 PLK1 protein P53350 UNIPROT RACGAP1 protein Q9H0H5 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr260 QPWNSDStLNSRQLE 9606 19468302 t llicata "Tandem mass spectrometry analysis of a purified hscyk-4 fragment (hscyk-4n) phosphorylated by plk1 in vitro identified four major sites (s157, s170, s214, and s260 plk1 phosphorylation of hscyk-4 localizes ect2 at the midzone and stimulates rhoa-dependent contractile ring assembly at the equatorial cortex." SIGNOR-185758 PPP3CA protein Q08209 UNIPROT NFATC2 protein Q13469 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser180 GSSASFIsDTFSPYT 9606 BTO:0000567 11030334 t "NFAT1 is phosphorylated on fourteen conserved phosphoserine residues in its regulatory domain, thirteen of which are dephosphorylated upon stimulation. Dephosphorylation of all thirteen residues is required to mask a nuclear export signal (NES), cause full exposure of a nuclear localization signal (NLS), and promote transcriptional activity" SIGNOR-248684 PPP3CA protein Q08209 UNIPROT NFATC2 protein Q13469 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser177 ASSGSSAsFISDTFS 9606 BTO:0000567 11030334 t "NFAT1 is phosphorylated on fourteen conserved phosphoserine residues in its regulatory domain, thirteen of which are dephosphorylated upon stimulation. Dephosphorylation of all thirteen residues is required to mask a nuclear export signal (NES), cause full exposure of a nuclear localization signal (NLS), and promote transcriptional activity" SIGNOR-248683 AURKB protein Q96GD4 UNIPROT NINL protein Q9Y2I6 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser185 WDSEDFGsPQKSCSP 9606 20864540 t lperfetto "Importantly, nlp is characterized as a novel substrate of aurora b and can be phosphorylated by aurora b. The specific phosphorylation sites are mapped at ser-185, ser-448, and ser-585. The phosphorylation at ser-448 and ser-585 is likely required for nlp association with aurora b and localization at midbody. Meanwhile, the phosphorylation at ser-185 is vital to nlp protein stability. Disruptions of these phosphorylation sites abolish cytokinesis and lead to chromosomal instability." SIGNOR-168045 AURKB protein Q96GD4 UNIPROT NINL protein Q9Y2I6 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser448 QGYRERLsLLRSEVE 9606 20864540 t lperfetto "Importantly, nlp is characterized as a novel substrate of aurora b and can be phosphorylated by aurora b. The specific phosphorylation sites are mapped at ser-185, ser-448, and ser-585. The phosphorylation at ser-448 and ser-585 is likely required for nlp association with aurora b and localization at midbody. Meanwhile, the phosphorylation at ser-185 is vital to nlp protein stability. Disruptions of these phosphorylation sites abolish cytokinesis and lead to chromosomal instability." SIGNOR-168049 PAK4 protein O96013 UNIPROT PAK4 protein O96013 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser474 KEVPRRKsLVGTPYW 9606 20926745 t gcesareni "Intracellular localization;enzymatic activity, induced;cell growth, altered;" SIGNOR-168301 SMAD7 protein O15105 UNIPROT SMAD3 protein P84022 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 9606 9892110 t lperfetto "Smad6 and smad7, can prevent tgfb signaling by interacting either with the receptor or with smad2 and smad3." SIGNOR-64085 SH3BP4 protein Q9P0V3 UNIPROT TFRC protein P02786 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 16325581 t miannu "Here, we report that ttp (sh3bp4), a sh3-containing protein, specifically regulates the internalization of the transferrin receptor (tfr). / overexpression of ttp specifically inhibits tfr internalization" SIGNOR-142840 USP6 protein P35125 UNIPROT ARF6 protein P62330 UNIPROT up-regulates relocalization 9606 15509780 t miannu "Here we show that tre17 (also called tre-2 and usp6), a founding member of the tbc family, targets the arf family gtpase arf6, which regulates plasma membrane-endosome trafficking. Surprisingly, tre17 does not function as a gap for arf6 but rather promotes its activation in vivo. Forced expression of tre17 promotes the localization of arf6 to the plasma membrane, leading to arf6 activation, presumably due to facilitated access to membrane-associated guanine nucleotide exchange factors (gefs)." SIGNOR-130019 PPP3CA protein Q08209 UNIPROT NFATC2 protein Q13469 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser213 QNIPAHYsPRTSPIM 9606 BTO:0000567 11030334 t "NFAT1 is phosphorylated on fourteen conserved phosphoserine residues in its regulatory domain, thirteen of which are dephosphorylated upon stimulation. Dephosphorylation of all thirteen residues is required to mask a nuclear export signal (NES), cause full exposure of a nuclear localization signal (NLS), and promote transcriptional activity" SIGNOR-248685 PPP3CA protein Q08209 UNIPROT NFATC2 protein Q13469 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser217 AHYSPRTsPIMSPRT 9606 BTO:0000567 11030334 t "NFAT1 is phosphorylated on fourteen conserved phosphoserine residues in its regulatory domain, thirteen of which are dephosphorylated upon stimulation. Dephosphorylation of all thirteen residues is required to mask a nuclear export signal (NES), cause full exposure of a nuclear localization signal (NLS), and promote transcriptional activity" SIGNOR-248686 CAMK2G protein Q13555 UNIPROT MAP3K7 protein O43318 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation 9606 BTO:0000007 12482967 t gcesareni "Camkii interacts with and phosphorylates tak1." SIGNOR-96422 MAP3K7 protein O43318 UNIPROT NLK protein Q9UBE8 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation 9606 BTO:0000007 12482967 t gcesareni "The tak1-nlk-mapk-related pathway antagonizes signalling between beta-catenin and transcription factor tcf." SIGNOR-96425 GAB1 protein Q13480 UNIPROT ARHGAP32 protein A7KAX9 UNIPROT up-regulates relocalization 9606 BTO:0000007 12819203 t gcesareni "Gc-gap, a rho family gtpase-activating protein that interacts with signaling adapters gab1 and gab2." SIGNOR-102586 PPP3CA protein Q08209 UNIPROT NFATC2 protein Q13469 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser221 PRTSPIMsPRTSLAE 9606 BTO:0000567 11030334 t "NFAT1 is phosphorylated on fourteen conserved phosphoserine residues in its regulatory domain, thirteen of which are dephosphorylated upon stimulation. Dephosphorylation of all thirteen residues is required to mask a nuclear export signal (NES), cause full exposure of a nuclear localization signal (NLS), and promote transcriptional activity" SIGNOR-248687 PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT TRPM4 protein Q8TD43 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser1152 SERLKRTsQKVDLAL 9606 15590641 t gcesareni "Phorbol ester-induced activation of protein kinase c (pkc) increased the ca(2+) sensitivity of wild-type trpm4 but not of two mutants mutated at putative pkc phosphorylation sites." SIGNOR-132247 TTK protein P33981 UNIPROT CHEK2 protein O96017 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr68 SSLETVStQELYSIP 9606 15618221 t lperfetto "Ttk/hmps1 directly phosphorylates chk2 on thr-68 in vitro.ablation of ttk expression using small interfering rna results not only in reduced chk2 thr-68 phosphorylation, but also in impaired growth arrest. Our results are consistent with a model in which ttk functions upstream from chk2 in response to dna damage" SIGNOR-132665 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT DAPK1 protein P53355 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser734 NSSRFPPsPLASKPT 9606 15616583 t gcesareni "Dapk interacts with erk through a docking sequence within its death domain and is a substrate of erk. Phosphorylation of dapk at ser 735 by erk increases the catalytic activity of dapk both in vitro and in vivo" SIGNOR-132614 PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT NCOA3 protein Q9Y6Q9 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser857 PPYNRAVsLDSPVSV 9606 15383283 t gcesareni "Herein, we report the successful identification of six functional in vivo src-3 phosphorylation sites." SIGNOR-129349 PTPN12 protein Q05209 UNIPROT GIT2 protein Q14161 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation Tyr392 QDNDQPDyDSVASDE 9606 16317044 t fspada "Conversely, a gfp-pkl phosphorylation mutant, y286/392/592f (gfp-pkl triple yf) (brown et al., 2005), was not phosphorylated during adhesion and the addition of ptp-pest had no effect, suggesting one or more of these tyrosine residues are dephosphorylated by ptppest. Taken together, these data strongly suggest pkl as a direct substrate for ptp-pest." SIGNOR-142715 VRK1 protein Q99986 UNIPROT JUN protein P05412 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser63 KNSDLLTsPDVGLLK 9606 15378002 t flangone "Vrk1 phosphorylates c-jun in ser63 and ser73 in vitro...VRK1 Activates c-jun dependent transcription" SIGNOR-127069 PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT LRP1 protein Q07954 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser4520 GGHGSRHsLASTDEK 9606 15272003 t lperfetto "Serine and threonine phosphorylation of the low density lipoprotein receptor-related protein by protein kinase calpha regulates endocytosis and association with adaptor moleculesthese results indicate that elimination of serine and threonine phosphorylation sites in the lrp cytoplasmic domain reduces the extent of tyr63 phosphorylation and leads to impaired association with the adaptor protein shc." SIGNOR-127207 PPP3CA protein Q08209 UNIPROT NFATC2 protein Q13469 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser274 ASPQRSRsPSPQPSS 9606 BTO:0000567 11030334 t "NFAT1 is phosphorylated on fourteen conserved phosphoserine residues in its regulatory domain, thirteen of which are dephosphorylated upon stimulation. Dephosphorylation of all thirteen residues is required to mask a nuclear export signal (NES), cause full exposure of a nuclear localization signal (NLS), and promote transcriptional activity" SIGNOR-248689 GAB2 protein Q9UQC2 UNIPROT ARHGAP32 protein A7KAX9 UNIPROT up-regulates relocalization 9606 BTO:0000007 12819203 t gcesareni "Gc-gap, a rho family gtpase-activating protein that interacts with signaling adapters gab1 and gab2we propose that gab1 and gab2 in cooperation with other adapter molecules might regulate the cellular localization of gc-gap under specific stimuli." SIGNOR-102628 AXIN1 protein O15169 UNIPROT MAP3K4 protein Q9Y6R4 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000007 12878610 t gcesareni "Mekk4, also binds to axin in vivo and mediates axin-induced jnk activation." SIGNOR-104003 SMO protein Q99835 UNIPROT ARRB2 protein P32121 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 15618519 t "The binding occours if Smo is phosphorylated" gcesareni "Grk2-mediated phosphorylation of vertebrate smo allows smo to bind to beta-arrestins 1 or 2" SIGNOR-132759 RARA protein P10276 UNIPROT THRA protein P10827 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 15650024 t gcesareni "We report that the retinoic acid receptors (rars), a distinct class of nuclear receptors, are also efficient heterodimer partners for trs." SIGNOR-133231 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT RAF1 protein P04049 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser301 SSSPNNLsPTGWSQP 9606 16407412 t gcesareni "Using mass spectrometry, we identified raf-1 phosphorylation on three sp motif sites: s289/s296/s301. These sites were phosphorylated by extracellular signal-regulated kinase (erk)-1 in vitro, and their phosphorylation in vivo was dependent on endogenous erk activity. Functionally, erk-1 expression sustains raf-1 activation in a manner dependent on raf-1 phosphorylation on the identified sites, and s289/296/301a substitution markedly decreases the in vivo activity of raf-1 s259a." SIGNOR-143696 HGS protein O14964 UNIPROT SMAD2 protein Q15796 UNIPROT up-regulates 9606 11094085 f gcesareni "Hgs and sara, are prerequisites for receptor-mediated activation of smad2" SIGNOR-84616 PPP3CA protein Q08209 UNIPROT BAD protein Q92934 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser99 PFRGRSRsAPPNLWA 9606 BTO:0000007 10195903 t "Ca2+-induced apoptosis through calcineurin dephosphorylation of BAD|Calcineurin was found to dephosphorylate BAD, a pro-apoptotic member of the Bcl-2 family, thus enhancing BAD heterodimerization with Bcl-xL and promoting apoptosis." SIGNOR-248695 CHEK1 protein O14757 UNIPROT RAD51 protein Q06609 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr309 LRKGRGEtRICKIYD 9606 15665856 t gcesareni "We demonstrate that chk1 interacts with rad51, and that rad51 is phosphorylated on thr 309 in a chk1-dependent manner" SIGNOR-133375 PTPRJ protein Q12913 UNIPROT EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by stabilization" dephosphorylation Tyr1092 TFLPVPEyINQSVPK 9606 BTO:0000567 19836242 t "We report the identification of PTPRK and PTPRJ (density-enhanced phosphatase-1 [DEP-1]) as EGFR-targeting phosphatases. DEP-1 is a tumor suppressor that dephosphorylates and thereby stabilizes EGFR by hampering its ability to associate with the CBL-GRB2 ubiquitin ligase complex|By employing commercially available antibodies, which are supposed to recognize specific tyrosine phosphorylation sites of EGFR, we found that depletion of endogenous DEP-1 nonselectively increased receptor phosphorylation, affecting all three sites we analyzed (tyrosines 1045, 1068, and 1173" SIGNOR-248698 PTPRJ protein Q12913 UNIPROT EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by stabilization" dephosphorylation Tyr1069 EDSFLQRySSDPTGA 9606 BTO:0000567 19836242 t "We report the identification of PTPRK and PTPRJ (density-enhanced phosphatase-1 [DEP-1]) as EGFR-targeting phosphatases. DEP-1 is a tumor suppressor that dephosphorylates and thereby stabilizes EGFR by hampering its ability to associate with the CBL-GRB2 ubiquitin ligase complex|By employing commercially available antibodies, which are supposed to recognize specific tyrosine phosphorylation sites of EGFR, we found that depletion of endogenous DEP-1 nonselectively increased receptor phosphorylation, affecting all three sites we analyzed (tyrosines 1045, 1068, and 1173" SIGNOR-248697 PPP3CA protein Q08209 UNIPROT PPP1R1A protein Q13522 UNIPROT unknown dephosphorylation Ser67 LKSTLAMsPRQRKKM 10116 11278334 t "In vitro and in vivo studies indicated that phospho-Ser-67 inhibitor-1 was dephosphorylated by protein phosphatases-2A and -2B. | However, inhibitor-1 phosphorylated at Ser-67 was a less efficient substrate for cAMP-dependent protein kinase. These results demonstrate regulation of a Cdk5-dependent phosphorylation site in inhibitor-1 and suggest a role for this site in modulating the amplitude of signal transduction events that involve cAMP-dependent protein kinase activation." SIGNOR-248693 PPP3CA protein Q08209 UNIPROT NFATC2 protein Q13469 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser326 PPKMWKTsPDPSPVS 9606 BTO:0000567 11030334 t "NFAT1 is phosphorylated on fourteen conserved phosphoserine residues in its regulatory domain, thirteen of which are dephosphorylated upon stimulation. Dephosphorylation of all thirteen residues is required to mask a nuclear export signal (NES), cause full exposure of a nuclear localization signal (NLS), and promote transcriptional activity" SIGNOR-248692 PPP3CA protein Q08209 UNIPROT NFATC2 protein Q13469 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser280 RSPSPQPsSHVAPQD 9606 BTO:0000567 11030334 t "NFAT1 is phosphorylated on fourteen conserved phosphoserine residues in its regulatory domain, thirteen of which are dephosphorylated upon stimulation. Dephosphorylation of all thirteen residues is required to mask a nuclear export signal (NES), cause full exposure of a nuclear localization signal (NLS), and promote transcriptional activity" SIGNOR-248691 EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT MUC1 protein P15941 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Tyr1229 SSTDRSPyEKVSAGN 9606 BTO:0000150 11483589 t lperfetto "We also show that the activated egf-r phosphorylates the muc1 cytoplasmic tail on tyrosine at a yekv motif that functions as a binding site for the c-src sh2 domain. The results demonstrate that egf-r-mediated phosphorylation of muc1 induces binding of muc1 to c-src in cells" SIGNOR-109538 GATA3 protein P23771 UNIPROT Adipogenesis phenotype SIGNOR-PH26 SIGNOR down-regulates 9606 11021798 f fspada "Constitutive gata-2 and gata-3 expression suppressed adipocyte differentiation and trapped cells at the preadipocyte stage." SIGNOR-78830 PPP3CA protein Q08209 UNIPROT NFATC2 protein Q13469 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser276 PQRSRSPsPQPSSHV 9606 BTO:0000567 11030334 t "NFAT1 is phosphorylated on fourteen conserved phosphoserine residues in its regulatory domain, thirteen of which are dephosphorylated upon stimulation. Dephosphorylation of all thirteen residues is required to mask a nuclear export signal (NES), cause full exposure of a nuclear localization signal (NLS), and promote transcriptional activity" SIGNOR-248690 MAP3K8 protein P41279 UNIPROT MAP2K2 protein P36507 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser222 VSGQLIDsMANSFVG 9606 BTO:0000007 15466476 t lperfetto "Cot proteins were used in an in vitro kinase assay using mek as a substrate. Samples were analyzed by western blotting. As seen in the cascade activity assay only wild-type cot was active against mekregulation of cot is of great interest to the signaling field since the cot/mek/erk pathway potentially plays a role in the etiology of inflammatory autoimmune diseases." SIGNOR-129694 CAMKK1 protein Q8N5S9 UNIPROT CAMK4 protein Q16566 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr200 EHQVLMKtVCGTPGY 9606 15769749 t gcesareni "Phosphorylation of ca(2+)/cam-bound camkiv on its activation loop threonine (residue thr(200) in human camkiv) by ca(2+)/calmodulin-dependent kinase kinase leads to increased camkiv kinase activity." SIGNOR-134649 MAPK8IP1 protein Q9UQF2 UNIPROT MAP3K10 protein Q02779 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 15767678 t gcesareni "The c-jun nh2-terminal kinase (jnk)-interacting protein (jip) group of scaffold proteins (jip1, jip2, and jip3) can interact with components of the jnk signaling pathway and potently activate jnk." SIGNOR-134552 MAPK8IP3 protein Q9UPT6 UNIPROT MAPK10 protein P53779 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 15767678 t gcesareni "The c-jun nh2-terminal kinase (jnk)-interacting protein (jip) group of scaffold proteins (jip1, jip2, and jip3) can interact with components of the jnk signaling pathway and potently activate jnk." SIGNOR-134555 MAPK8IP3 protein Q9UPT6 UNIPROT MAPK8 protein P45983 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 15767678 t gcesareni "The c-jun nh2-terminal kinase (jnk)-interacting protein (jip) group of scaffold proteins (jip1, jip2, and jip3) can interact with components of the jnk signaling pathway and potently activate jnk." SIGNOR-134558 MAPK8IP3 protein Q9UPT6 UNIPROT MAPK9 protein P45984 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 15767678 t gcesareni "The c-jun nh2-terminal kinase (jnk)-interacting protein (jip) group of scaffold proteins (jip1, jip2, and jip3) can interact with components of the jnk signaling pathway and potently activate jnk." SIGNOR-134561 HDAC5 protein Q9UQL6 UNIPROT MEF2D protein Q14814 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 11062529 t gcesareni "The histone deacetylase hdac-5, upon dephosphorylation and translocation to the nucleus, directly inactivates mef2, preventing myogenesis." SIGNOR-84029 ATR protein Q13535 UNIPROT CHEK1 protein O14757 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser345 LVQGISFsQPTCPDH 9606 15775976 t gcesareni "Atr activation typically leads to chk1 phosphorylation and activation. In response to genotoxic stress, chk1 is phosphorylated on serines 317 (s317) and 345 (s345) by the ataxia-telangiectasia-related (atr) protein kinase." SIGNOR-134716 ROCK1 protein Q13464 UNIPROT RND3 protein P61587 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser11 RRASQKLsSKSIMDP 9606 15775972 t lperfetto "We show that rock phosphorylates endogenous rhoe at serine 11 upon cell stimulation with platelet-derived growth factor. Phosphorylation has no effect on rhoe binding to rock i, but instead increases rhoe protein stability." SIGNOR-134703 MAP3K8 protein P41279 UNIPROT MAP2K1 protein Q02750 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser218 VSGQLIDsMANSFVG 9606 BTO:0000007 15466476 t lperfetto "Cot proteins were used in an in vitro kinase assay using mek as a substrate. Samples were analyzed by western blotting. As seen in the cascade activity assay only wild-type cot was active against mekregulation of cot is of great interest to the signaling field since the cot/mek/erk pathway potentially plays a role in the etiology of inflammatory autoimmune diseases." SIGNOR-129690 PDK1 protein Q15118 UNIPROT PDHA2 protein P29803 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser291 TYRYHGHsMSDPGVS 9606 16436377 t gcesareni "Human pdh1 and rat pdh2 were expressed previously and were shown to have different specific activities and the ability to be phosphorylated by pdk1 and pdk2" SIGNOR-143966 PTPRJ protein Q12913 UNIPROT RET protein P07949 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Tyr1062 TWIENKLyGMSDPNW 9606 16778204 t "The receptor-type protein tyrosine phosphatase J antagonizes the biochemical and biological effects of RET-derived oncoproteins.|PTPRJ expression induces dephosphorylation of the RET(C634R) and, probably via an indirect mechanism, RET/PTC1 oncoproteins on two key RET autophosphorylation sites (Tyr1062 and Tyr905). This results in a significant decrease of RET-induced Shc and extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 phosphorylation levels" SIGNOR-248700 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT RPS6KB1 protein P23443 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr444 RFIGSPRtPVSPVKF 9606 15774499 t gcesareni "The principal target of rapamycin-induced p70s6k inactivation is a novel phosphorylation site within a conserved hydrophobic domain." SIGNOR-134658 PDK2 protein Q15119 UNIPROT PDHA2 protein P29803 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser291 TYRYHGHsMSDPGVS 9606 16436377 t gcesareni "Kinetic and regulatory properties of recombinant human pdh2 and pdh1 were compared in this study. Site-specific phosphorylation/dephosphorylation of the three phosphorylation sites by four pdh kinases (pdk1-4) and two pdh phosphatases (pdp1-2) were investigated by substituting serines with alanine or glutamate in pdhs." SIGNOR-143970 ATR protein Q13535 UNIPROT CHEK1 protein O14757 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser317 ENVKYSSsQPEPRTG 9606 15775976 t gcesareni "Atr activation typically leads to chk1 phosphorylation and activation. In response to genotoxic stress, chk1 is phosphorylated on serines 317 (s317) and 345 (s345) by the ataxia-telangiectasia-related (atr) protein kinase." SIGNOR-134712 PTPRJ protein Q12913 UNIPROT RET protein P07949 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Tyr905 DVYEEDSyVKRSQGR 9606 16778204 t "The receptor-type protein tyrosine phosphatase J antagonizes the biochemical and biological effects of RET-derived oncoproteins.|PTPRJ expression induces dephosphorylation of the RET(C634R) and, probably via an indirect mechanism, RET/PTC1 oncoproteins on two key RET autophosphorylation sites (Tyr1062 and Tyr905). This results in a significant decrease of RET-induced Shc and extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 phosphorylation levels" SIGNOR-248701 FGF2 protein P09038 UNIPROT FGFR3 protein P22607 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 15780951 t gcesareni "Fgf-2 and fgf-9 increased expression of other osteogenic factors bmp-2 and tgf-beta1, and endogenous fgf/fgfr signaling is a positive upstream regulator of the bmp-2 gene in calvarial osteoblasts." SIGNOR-134788 IL3RA protein P26951 UNIPROT JAK2 protein O60674 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 15795318 t gcesareni "Indeed, only upon fibronectin adhesion is janus kinase 2 (jak2) recruited to the beta1 integrin-il-3r complex and triggers il-3r beta common phosphorylation, leading to the formation of docking sites for activated stat5a." SIGNOR-134859 PTPRJ protein Q12913 UNIPROT KDR protein P35968 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Tyr1059 DIYKDPDyVRKGDAR 9606 18936167 t "These results therefore suggest that the autoactivation residues Y1054 and Y1059 are targeted by DEP-1 and that this results in the inhibition of kinase activity and the consequent general dephosphorylation of VEGFR2." SIGNOR-248710 CCL1 protein P22362 UNIPROT CCR8 protein P51685 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000782;BTO:0000785 12645948 t gcesareni "Ccl1 activates the mapk pathway in ccr8-transfected cho cells." SIGNOR-99401 PTPRJ protein Q12913 UNIPROT PLCG1 protein P19174 UNIPROT unknown dephosphorylation 9606 11259588 t "Protein tyrosine phosphatase CD148-mediated inhibition of T-cell receptor signal transduction is associated with reduced LAT and phospholipase Cgamma1 phosphorylation" SIGNOR-248706 PKNOX1 protein P55347 UNIPROT PBX1 protein P40424 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding -1 9482740 t 2 miannu "we show that Pbx proteins exist as stable heterodimers with a novel homeodomain protein, Prep1. Here we show that Prep1-Pbx interaction presents novel structural features: it is independent of DNA binding and of the integrity of their respective homeodomains, and requires sequences in the N-terminal portions of both proteins. The Prep1-Pbx protein-protein interaction is essential for DNA-binding activity." SIGNOR-241212 PKNOX1 protein P55347 UNIPROT HOXB1 protein P14653 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding -1 9482740 t 2 miannu "we observe the formation of a ternary Prep1-Pbx1-HOXB1 complex on a HOXB1-responsive target in vitro. Interaction with Prep1 enhances the ability of the HOXB1-Pbx1 complex to activate transcription in a cooperative fashion from the same target." SIGNOR-241215 PTPRR protein Q15256 UNIPROT PXN protein P49023 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Tyr88 PQSSSPVyGSSAKTS 9606 20133777 t "Here, we show that paxillin is a direct substrate of PTPRT and that PTPRT specifically regulates paxillin phosphorylation at tyrosine residue 88 (Y88) in colorectal cancer (CRC) cells. We engineered CRC cells homozygous for a paxillin Y88F knock-in mutant and found that these cells exhibit significantly reduced cell migration and impaired anchorage-independent growth," SIGNOR-248720 PTPRJ protein Q12913 UNIPROT KDR protein P35968 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Tyr1054 FGLARDIyKDPDYVR 9606 18936167 t "These results therefore suggest that the autoactivation residues Y1054 and Y1059 are targeted by DEP-1 and that this results in the inhibition of kinase activity and the consequent general dephosphorylation of VEGFR2." SIGNOR-248709 PTPRJ protein Q12913 UNIPROT MET protein P08581 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Tyr1349 STFIGEHyVHVNATY 9606 BTO:0000007 12475979 t "When co-expressed in 293 cells, the full-length substrate-trapping mutant form of DEP-1 formed a stable complex with the chimeric receptor colony stimulating factor 1 (CSF)-Met and wild type DEP-1 dephosphorylated CSF-Met. Furthermore, we observed that DEP-1 preferentially dephosphorylated a Gab1 binding site (Tyr(1349)) and a COOH-terminal tyrosine implicated in morphogenesis (Tyr(1365))," SIGNOR-248702 PTPRJ protein Q12913 UNIPROT SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Tyr530 FTSTEPQyQPGENL 10116 15735685 t "The rat tyrosine phosphatase eta increases cell adhesion by activating c-Src through dephosphorylation of its inhibitory phosphotyrosine residue" SIGNOR-248705 PTPRJ protein Q12913 UNIPROT PDGFRB protein P09619 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Tyr1021 PNEGDNDyIIPLPDP 9606 12062403 t "Primary sequence determinants responsible for site-selective dephosphorylation of the PDGF beta-receptor by the receptor-like protein tyrosine phosphatase DEP-1|DEP-1 dephosphorylation of original and chimeric phospho-peptides spanning the preferred pY1021" SIGNOR-248704 PTPRJ protein Q12913 UNIPROT MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Tyr204 HTGFLTEyVATRWYR -1 19494114 t "Tumor suppressor density-enhanced phosphatase-1 (DEP-1) inhibits the RAS pathway by direct dephosphorylation of ERK1/2 kinases|Pulldown and in vitro dephosphorylation assays confirmed our prediction and demonstrated an overall specificity of DEP-1 in targeting the phosphorylated tyrosine 204 of ERK1/2." SIGNOR-248707 PTPN21 protein Q16825 UNIPROT SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Tyr530 FTSTEPQyQPGENL 9606 15143158 t "Dephosphorylation of Y527 was more pronounced in cells expressing PTPD1 at each time point tested. PTPD1C1108S drastically inhibited Y527 dephosphorylation|Activation of src requires dephosphorylation of src residue Y527. This promotes displacement of the SH2 domain from this residue and subsequent autophosphorylation of residue Y416 within the activation loop" SIGNOR-248725 SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT CDKN1B protein P46527 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Tyr89 GSLPEFYyRPPRPPK 9606 BTO:0000150 17254967 t lperfetto "Src regulates p27 stability through phosphorylation of p27 at tyrosine 74 and tyrosine 88. Our data indicate that phosphorylation by src impairs the cdk2 inhibitory action of p27" SIGNOR-152839 MAP3K8 protein P41279 UNIPROT MAP2K2 protein P36507 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser226 LIDSMANsFVGTRSY 9606 BTO:0000007 15466476 t lperfetto "Cot proteins were used in an in vitro kinase assay using mek as a substrate. Samples were analyzed by western blotting. As seen in the cascade activity assay only wild-type cot was active against mekregulation of cot is of great interest to the signaling field since the cot/mek/erk pathway potentially plays a role in the etiology of inflammatory autoimmune diseases." SIGNOR-129698 PDK3 protein Q15120 UNIPROT PDHA2 protein P29803 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser291 TYRYHGHsMSDPGVS 9606 16436377 t miannu "Pdh2 was found to be very similar to pdh1 / in the mechanism of inactivation by phosphorylation of three sites;and (iv) in the phosphorylation of sites 1 and 2 by pdk3 / (ser-264 (site 1), ser-271 (site 2), and ser-203 (site 3)" SIGNOR-143974 HOXD10 protein P28358 UNIPROT MEIS1 protein O00470 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding -1 9343407 t 2 miannu "We now show that the Hoxa-9 protein physically interacts with Meis1 proteins. Hox proteins from the other AbdB-like paralogs, Hoxa-10, Hoxa-11, Hoxd-12, and Hoxb-13, also form DNA binding complexes with Meis1b. DNA binding complexes formed by Meis1 with Hox proteins dissociate much more slowly than DNA complexes with Meis1 alone, suggesting that Hox proteins stabilize the interactions of Meis1 proteins with their DNA targets." SIGNOR-241226 PHLPP2 protein Q6ZVD8 UNIPROT AKT3 protein Q9Y243 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser472 RPHFPQFsYSASGRE 9606 BTO:0001544 19261608 t "The Abl kinase inhibitors and depletion of Bcr-Abl induced the expression of PHLPP1 and PHLPP2, which dephosphorylated Ser-473 on Akt1, -2, and -3, resulting in inhibited proliferation of CML cells.|Thus, Bcr-Abl represses the expression of PHLPP1 and PHLPP2 and continuously activates Akt1, -2, and -3 via phosphorylation on Ser-473, resulting in the proliferation of CML cells." SIGNOR-248731 DUSP7 protein Q16829 UNIPROT GHR protein P10912 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation 10029 BTO:0000246 12907755 t "Protein tyrosine phosphatases (PTPs) play key roles in switching off tyrosine phosphorylation cascades, such as initiated by cytokine receptors. We have used substrate-trapping mutants of a large set of PTPs to identify members of the PTP family that have substrate specificity for the phosphorylated human GH receptor (GHR) intracellular domain. Among 31 PTPs tested, T cell (TC)-PTP, PTP-beta, PTP1B, stomach cancer-associated PTP 1 (SAP-1), Pyst-2, Meg-2, and PTP-H1 showed specificity for phosphorylated GHR" SIGNOR-248726 HSPB1 protein P04792 UNIPROT DIABLO protein Q9NR28 UNIPROT down-regulates 9606 12855565 f gcesareni "These data demonstrate that hsp27 inhibits the release of smac" SIGNOR-103539 CAMK2A protein Q9UQM7 UNIPROT PTK2 protein Q05397 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser843 DVRLSRGsIDREDGS 9606 15845548 t gcesareni "Furthermore, activated camkii directly phosphorylated the recombinant cooh-terminal region of fak at a residue equivalent to ser-843." SIGNOR-135631 GSK3B protein P49841 UNIPROT SFPQ protein P23246 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation 9606 20932480 t miannu "Psf is directly phosphorylated by gsk3, thus promoting interaction of psf with trap150, which prevents psf from binding cd45 pre-mrna. / threonine phosphorylation of psf by gsk3 primarily occurs on residue t687" SIGNOR-168392 PHLPP2 protein Q6ZVD8 UNIPROT AKT2 protein P31751 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser474 RTHFPQFsYSASIRE 9606 BTO:0001544 19261608 t "The Abl kinase inhibitors and depletion of Bcr-Abl induced the expression of PHLPP1 and PHLPP2, which dephosphorylated Ser-473 on Akt1, -2, and -3, resulting in inhibited proliferation of CML cells.|Thus, Bcr-Abl represses the expression of PHLPP1 and PHLPP2 and continuously activates Akt1, -2, and -3 via phosphorylation on Ser-473, resulting in the proliferation of CML cells." SIGNOR-248729 PHLPP2 protein Q6ZVD8 UNIPROT PRKCB protein P05771 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by destabilization" dephosphorylation Ser661 QNEFAGFsYTNPEFV 9606 18162466 t "These data reveal that PHLPP controls the cellular levels of PKC by specifically dephosphorylating the hydrophobic motif, thus destabilizing the enzyme and promoting its degradation.|n contrast, results from siRNA depletion and overexpression experiments indicate that the hydrophobic motif site (Ser660) is regulated by PHLPP isoforms," SIGNOR-248727 PTPRK protein Q15262 UNIPROT EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT unknown dephosphorylation Tyr1197 STAENAEyLRVAPQS 10029 BTO:0000246 16263724 t "RPTP-kappa also reduced epidermal growth factor-dependent EGFR tyrosine phosphorylation in CHO cells. Purified RPTP-kappa preferentially dephosphorylated EGFR tyrosines 1068 and 1173 in vitro." SIGNOR-248723 CDKN3 protein Q16667 UNIPROT CDK2 protein P24941 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Thr160 GVPVRTYtHEVVTLW 9606 11463386 t "The CDK-interacting protein phosphatase KAP dephosphorylates phosphoThr-160 (pThr-160) of the CDK2 activation segment, the site of regulatory phosphorylation that is essential for kinase activity." SIGNOR-248724 PTPRK protein Q15262 UNIPROT EGFR protein P00533 UNIPROT unknown dephosphorylation Tyr1092 TFLPVPEyINQSVPK 10029 BTO:0000246 16263724 t "RPTP-kappa also reduced epidermal growth factor-dependent EGFR tyrosine phosphorylation in CHO cells. Purified RPTP-kappa preferentially dephosphorylated EGFR tyrosines 1068 and 1173 in vitro." SIGNOR-248722 PTPRR protein Q15256 UNIPROT MAPK7 protein Q13164 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Tyr221 HQYFMTEyVATRWYR 9534 BTO:0004055 12042304 t "in this study we concentrated on whether and how PTP-SL, a kinase-interacting motif-containing PTP, might be involved in the down-regulation of the ERK5 signal|Whereas inactivation of ERK5 by PTP-SL monitored in vitro is most probably simply due to the dephosphorylation of tyrosine 220 in the activating TEY motif" SIGNOR-248721 PHLPP2 protein Q6ZVD8 UNIPROT AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser473 RPHFPQFsYSASGTA 9606 BTO:0001544 19261608 t "The Abl kinase inhibitors and depletion of Bcr-Abl induced the expression of PHLPP1 and PHLPP2, which dephosphorylated Ser-473 on Akt1, -2, and -3, resulting in inhibited proliferation of CML cells.|Thus, Bcr-Abl represses the expression of PHLPP1 and PHLPP2 and continuously activates Akt1, -2, and -3 via phosphorylation on Ser-473, resulting in the proliferation of CML cells." SIGNOR-248728 EP300 protein Q09472 UNIPROT SMAD7 protein O15105 UNIPROT up-regulates acetylation Lys70 GKAVRGAkGHHHPHP 9606 15831498 t gcesareni "Here we present evidence that smad7 interacts with the transcriptional coactivator p300, resulting in acetylation of smad7 on two lysine residues in its n terminus. Acetylation or mutation of these lysine residues stabilizes smad7 and protects it from tgfbeta-induced degradation. we have recently shown that smad7 is acetylated on lysine residues 64 and 70 by p300" SIGNOR-135473 GRK2 protein P25098 UNIPROT EZR protein P15311 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr567 QGRDKYKtLRQIRQG 9606 15843435 t llicata "Grk2 phosphorylates glutathione s-transferase (gst)-ezrin, but not an ezrin fusion protein lacking threonine 567 (t567), in vitro. These results suggest that t567, the regulatory phosphorylation site responsible for maintaining ezrin in its active conformation, represents the principle site of grk2-mediated phosphorylation." SIGNOR-135622 CDK6 protein Q00534 UNIPROT RUNX1 protein Q01196 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser21 TPPSTALsPGKMSEA 9606 BTO:0000007 21059642 t "The effect has been demonstrated using Q01196-8" gcesareni "Phosphorylation of runx1 on ser-303 by cdks leads its ubiquitin-mediated degradation during g2/m (19). We developed additional evidence that cdks phosphorylate ser-303 and found that ser-48 and ser-424 are also substrates of cdk1/cyclin b and cdk6/cyclin d3. Moreover, we demonstrated that phosphorylation of ser-48, ser-303, and ser-424 strengthens the ability of runx1 to activate transcription and to stimulate proliferation of the ba/f3 hematopoietic cell line (20)." SIGNOR-169326 PKN1 protein Q16512 UNIPROT RAF1 protein P04049 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser339 PRGQRDSsYYWEIEA 9606 15849194 t llicata "P21-activated kinase 1 (pak1)-dependent phosphorylation of raf-1 regulates its mitochondrial localization, phosphorylation of bad, and bcl-2 association. moreover, the mitochondrial translocation of raf-1 and the interaction between raf-1 and bcl-2 are regulated by raf-1 phosphorylation at ser-338/ser-339." SIGNOR-135679 CNKSR1 protein Q969H4 UNIPROT RAF1 protein P04049 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 15845549 t gcesareni "Here we demonstrate that the connector enhancer of ksr1, cnk1, mediates src-dependent tyrosine phosphorylation and activation of raf-1. Cnk1 binds preactivated raf-1 and activated src and forms a trimeric complex." SIGNOR-135674 LPAR6 protein P43657 UNIPROT GNAQ protein P50148 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 15856019 t gcesareni "Lysophosphatidic acid (lpa), a major g protein coupled receptor (gpcr)-activating ligand present in serum, elicits growth factor like responses by stimulating specific gpcrs coupled to heterotrimeric g proteins such as g(i), g(q), and g12/13." SIGNOR-135822 SMURF2 protein Q9HAU4 UNIPROT SMAD2 protein Q15796 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" ubiquitination 9606 BTO:0000007 11016919 t lperfetto "The ability of smurf2 to promote smad2 destruction required the hect catalytic activity of smurf2 and depended on the proteasome-dependent pathway." SIGNOR-236133 PRDM1 protein O75626 UNIPROT PAX5 protein Q02548 UNIPROT "down-regulates quantity by repression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000776 12052884 f miannu "Blimp-1-dependent repression of pax-5 is required for differentiation of b cells to immunoglobulin m-secreting plasma cells" SIGNOR-89032 PHLPP2 protein Q6ZVD8 UNIPROT AKT proteinfamily SIGNOR-PF24 SIGNOR "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation 9606 BTO:0001544 19261608 t "The Abl kinase inhibitors and depletion of Bcr-Abl induced the expression of PHLPP1 and PHLPP2, which dephosphorylated Ser-473 on Akt1, -2, and -3, resulting in inhibited proliferation of CML cells.|Thus, Bcr-Abl represses the expression of PHLPP1 and PHLPP2 and continuously activates Akt1, -2, and -3 via phosphorylation on Ser-473, resulting in the proliferation of CML cells." SIGNOR-248732 PPP2R5C protein Q13362 UNIPROT MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 16456541 t gcesareni "B56-containing pp2a dephosphorylate erk and their activity is controlled by the early gene iex-1 and erk" SIGNOR-144328 LPAR2 protein Q9HBW0 UNIPROT GNA12 protein Q03113 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 15856019 t gcesareni "Lysophosphatidic acid (lpa), a major g protein coupled receptor (gpcr)-activating ligand present in serum, elicits growth factor like responses by stimulating specific gpcrs coupled to heterotrimeric g proteins such as g(i), g(q), and g12/13. lpa2 also can couple to the gi/o, g12/13, and gqfamilies." SIGNOR-135834 LPAR2 protein Q9HBW0 UNIPROT GNA13 protein Q14344 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 15856019 t gcesareni "Lysophosphatidic acid (lpa), a major g protein coupled receptor (gpcr)-activating ligand present in serum, elicits growth factor like responses by stimulating specific gpcrs coupled to heterotrimeric g proteins such as g(i), g(q), and g12/13." SIGNOR-135837 PPP2CA protein P67775 UNIPROT MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation Thr202 HDHTGFLtEYVATRW 9606 phosphorylation:Thr202 HDHTGFLtEYVATRW 16456541 t gcesareni "B56-containing pp2a dephosphorylate erk and their activity is controlled by the early gene iex-1 and erk" SIGNOR-144322 SSH2 protein Q76I76 UNIPROT CFL1 protein P23528 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser3 sGVAVSDG 9606 14531860 t "Differential activities, subcellular distribution and tissue expression patterns of three members of Slingshot family phosphatases that dephosphorylate cofilin.|Cofilin, a key regulator of actin filament dynamics, is inactivated by phosphorylation at Ser-3 by LIM-kinases and is reactivated by dephosphorylation by a family of protein phosphatases, termed Slingshot (SSH)." SIGNOR-248733 RPAP2 protein Q8IXW5 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser1616 TPQSPSYsPTSPSYS 9606 BTO:0000567 22137580 t "In addition, we show that RPAP2 is a CTD Ser5 phosphatase. Taken together, our results indicate that during transcription of snRNA genes, Ser7 phosphorylation facilitates recruitment of RPAP2, which in turn both recruits Integrator and dephosphorylates Ser5.|The Pol II CTD is first phosphorylated on Ser5 and then on Ser7 by CDK7. RPAP2 associates with the Pol II CTD after Ser7 phosphorylation and tethers a subcomplex of Integrator to snRNA genes. RPAP2 dephosphorylates Ser5P of the CTD, facilitating transcription and the subsequent recruitment of the Int11 catalytic subunit of Integrator" SIGNOR-248734 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT PPP2R5C protein Q13362 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser337 QLAKCVSsPHFQVAE 9606 16456541 t gcesareni "Iex-1 binds to b56 subunits and perk independently, enhances b56 phosphorylation by erk at a conserved ser/pro site in this complex and triggers dissociation from the catalytic subunit." SIGNOR-144313 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT PPP2R5C protein Q13362 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser337 QLAKCVSsPHFQVAE 9606 16456541 t gcesareni "Iex-1 binds to b56 subunits and perk independently, enhances b56 phosphorylation by erk at a conserved ser/pro site in this complex and triggers dissociation from the catalytic subunit." SIGNOR-144317 MELK protein Q14680 UNIPROT CDC25B protein P30305 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser169 VLRNITNsQAPDGRR 9606 15908796 t lperfetto "We demonstrate that cdc25b is phosphorylated in vitro by peg3 on serine 169this phosphorylated form of cdc25b accumulates during mitosis, and is localized to the centrosomes" SIGNOR-137378 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT CAD protein P27708 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr456 KVYFLPItPHYVTQV 9606 15890648 t lperfetto "Cad is a multifunctional protein that initiates and regulates mammalian de novo pyrimidine biosynthesis. The activation of the pathway required for cell proliferation is a consequence of the phosphorylation of cad thr-456 by mitogen-activated protein (map) kinase.Activated map kinase (erk1/2), the enzyme responsible for the phosphorylation of thr-456, was also present in larger amounts in the nucleus than the cytosol" SIGNOR-137179 RPAP2 protein Q8IXW5 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser1626 SPSYSPTsPSYSPTS 9606 BTO:0000567 22137580 t "In addition, we show that RPAP2 is a CTD Ser5 phosphatase. Taken together, our results indicate that during transcription of snRNA genes, Ser7 phosphorylation facilitates recruitment of RPAP2, which in turn both recruits Integrator and dephosphorylates Ser5.|The Pol II CTD is first phosphorylated on Ser5 and then on Ser7 by CDK7. RPAP2 associates with the Pol II CTD after Ser7 phosphorylation and tethers a subcomplex of Integrator to snRNA genes. RPAP2 dephosphorylates Ser5P of the CTD, facilitating transcription and the subsequent recruitment of the Int11 catalytic subunit of Integrator" SIGNOR-248736 NPPA protein P01160 UNIPROT NPR1 protein P16066 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 15911069 t gcesareni "Natriuretic peptide receptor-a (npra) is the biological receptor of the peptide hormones atrial natriuretic peptide (anp) and brain natriuretic peptide (bnp)" SIGNOR-137600 MAST2 protein Q6P0Q8 UNIPROT PTEN protein P60484 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation 9606 15951562 t gcesareni "We further demonstrate that binding of pten to specific pdz domains diminishes its degradation rate and facilitates its phosphorylation by mast kinases. Our results suggest a regulatory role of pdz domain binding on pten function by controlling its stability and phosphorylation status." SIGNOR-138051 MAST3 protein O60307 UNIPROT PTEN protein P60484 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 15951562 t miannu "Pten binds to and is phosphorylated by mast kinases./ Pdz domain-mediated binding to pten facilitates its phosphorylation by mast kinases / pdz domain binding increases pten protein stability." SIGNOR-138077 RPAP2 protein Q8IXW5 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser1647 SPSYSPTsPSYSPTS 9606 BTO:0000567 22137580 t "In addition, we show that RPAP2 is a CTD Ser5 phosphatase. Taken together, our results indicate that during transcription of snRNA genes, Ser7 phosphorylation facilitates recruitment of RPAP2, which in turn both recruits Integrator and dephosphorylates Ser5.|The Pol II CTD is first phosphorylated on Ser5 and then on Ser7 by CDK7. RPAP2 associates with the Pol II CTD after Ser7 phosphorylation and tethers a subcomplex of Integrator to snRNA genes. RPAP2 dephosphorylates Ser5P of the CTD, facilitating transcription and the subsequent recruitment of the Int11 catalytic subunit of Integrator" SIGNOR-248737 SKIL protein P12757 UNIPROT SMAD2 protein Q15796 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" binding 9606 10531062 t lperfetto "Thus, SnoN can interact with Smad4 and Smad2 and inhibit their abilities to activate transcription." SIGNOR-227479 RPAP2 protein Q8IXW5 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser1654 SPSYSPTsPSYSPTS 9606 BTO:0000567 22137580 t "In addition, we show that RPAP2 is a CTD Ser5 phosphatase. Taken together, our results indicate that during transcription of snRNA genes, Ser7 phosphorylation facilitates recruitment of RPAP2, which in turn both recruits Integrator and dephosphorylates Ser5.|The Pol II CTD is first phosphorylated on Ser5 and then on Ser7 by CDK7. RPAP2 associates with the Pol II CTD after Ser7 phosphorylation and tethers a subcomplex of Integrator to snRNA genes. RPAP2 dephosphorylates Ser5P of the CTD, facilitating transcription and the subsequent recruitment of the Int11 catalytic subunit of Integrator" SIGNOR-248738 RPAP2 protein Q8IXW5 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser1668 SPSYSPTsPSYSPTS 9606 BTO:0000567 22137580 t "In addition, we show that RPAP2 is a CTD Ser5 phosphatase. Taken together, our results indicate that during transcription of snRNA genes, Ser7 phosphorylation facilitates recruitment of RPAP2, which in turn both recruits Integrator and dephosphorylates Ser5.|The Pol II CTD is first phosphorylated on Ser5 and then on Ser7 by CDK7. RPAP2 associates with the Pol II CTD after Ser7 phosphorylation and tethers a subcomplex of Integrator to snRNA genes. RPAP2 dephosphorylates Ser5P of the CTD, facilitating transcription and the subsequent recruitment of the Int11 catalytic subunit of Integrator" SIGNOR-248739 PRKCD protein Q05655 UNIPROT RPS3 protein P23396 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser6 sKKRKFVA 9606 15950189 t lperfetto "It has been shown previously that ribosomal protein s3 (rps3)" SIGNOR-137967 HCK protein P08631 UNIPROT ELMO1 protein Q92556 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr216 VLNSHDLyQKVAQEI 9606 15952790 t llicata "We previously showed that elmo1 binds directly to the hck sh3 domain and is phosphorylated by hck. In this study, we used mass spectrometry to identify the following sites of elmo1 phosphorylation: tyr 18, tyr 216, tyr 511, tyr 395, and tyr 720. Mutant forms of elmo1 lacking these sites were defective in their ability to promote phagocytosis and migration in fibroblasts." SIGNOR-138146 MAP2K7 protein O14733 UNIPROT MAPK10 protein P53779 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr221 AGTSFMMtPYVVTRY 9606 15911620 t lperfetto "Two mapkks, sek1 and mkk7, synergistically activate jnk. Sek1 prefers the tyr-185 residue, and mkk7 prefers the thr-183 residue (17, 19)." SIGNOR-137609 MAP2K4 protein P45985 UNIPROT MAPK10 protein P53779 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr223 TSFMMTPyVVTRYYR 9606 15911620 t lperfetto "Two mapkks, sek1 and mkk7, synergistically activate jnk. Sek1 prefers the tyr-185 residue, and mkk7 prefers the thr-183 residue (17, 19)." SIGNOR-137605 PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT CASP9 protein P55211 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser183 GLRTRTGsNIDCEKL 9606 15703181 t lperfetto "We show that protein kinase a inhibits activation of caspase-9 and caspase-3 downstream of cytochrome c in xenopus egg extracts and in a human cell-free system. Protein kinase a directly phosphorylates human caspase-9 at serines 99, 183, and 195." SIGNOR-133880 HCK protein P08631 UNIPROT ELMO1 protein Q92556 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr18 AIEWPGAyPKLMEID 9606 15952790 t llicata "We previously showed that elmo1 binds directly to the hck sh3 domain and is phosphorylated by hck. In this study, we used mass spectrometry to identify the following sites of elmo1 phosphorylation: tyr 18, tyr 216, tyr 511, tyr 395, and tyr 720. Mutant forms of elmo1 lacking these sites were defective in their ability to promote phagocytosis and migration in fibroblasts." SIGNOR-138142 HCK protein P08631 UNIPROT ELMO1 protein Q92556 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr511 SKLQNLSyTEILKIR 9606 15952790 t llicata "We previously showed that elmo1 binds directly to the hck sh3 domain and is phosphorylated by hck. In this study, we used mass spectrometry to identify the following sites of elmo1 phosphorylation: tyr 18, tyr 216, tyr 511, tyr 395, and tyr 720. Mutant forms of elmo1 lacking these sites were defective in their ability to promote phagocytosis and migration in fibroblasts." SIGNOR-138154 MAP2K3 protein P46734 UNIPROT MAPK14 protein Q16539 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation 9606 8622669 t lperfetto "Mkk3 is a protein kinase that phosphorylates and activates p38 map kinase but does not phosphorylate the related jnk or erk map kinases." SIGNOR-40356 KMT2A protein Q03164 UNIPROT KAT8 protein Q9H7Z6 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 15960975 t miannu "Mll1 and mof can form a stable complex in vivo / given that an interaction of dmof with msl1 through its zinc finger is essential for correct targeting of mof to the male x chromosome" SIGNOR-138245 PAX3 protein P23760 UNIPROT PITX2 protein Q99697 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000887;BTO:0001103 21143873 f gcesareni "Pitx genes, such as pitx2, which is positively regulated by pax3, have been implicated in myogenesis." SIGNOR-170343 Enzalutamide chemical CID:15951529 PUBCHEM AR protein P10275 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-194325 ROCK1 protein Q13464 UNIPROT ADD1 protein P35611 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr480 TKEDGHRtSTSAVPN 9606 BTO:0000671 10209029 t lperfetto "Rho-associated kinase (rho- kinase), which is activated by the small guanosine triphosphatase rho, phosphorylates alpha-adducin and thereby enhances the f-actin-binding activity of alpha-adducin in vitro. Here we identified the sites of phosphorylation of alpha-adducin by rho-kinase as thr445 and thr480" SIGNOR-66996 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT GRB10 protein Q13322 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser150 PELCGPGsPPVLTPG 9606 15952796 t lperfetto "We show that grb10 is a direct substrate of the p42/44 mitogen-activated protein kinase (mapk)we identified ser(150), ser(418), and ser(476) of human grb10zeta as mapk-mediated in vitro phosphorylation sites. Replacing ser(150) and ser(476) with alanines reduced the inhibitory effect of human grb10zeta on insulin-stimulated irs1 tyrosine phosphorylation. Taken together, our findings suggest that phosphorylation of the adaptor protein may provide a feedback inhibitory mechanism by which grb10 regulates insulin signaling." SIGNOR-138163 PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT PLD2 protein O14939 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser243 RWLVVKDsFLLYMCL 9606 15979581 t miannu "The phosphorylation sites in phospholipase d2 (pld2) induced by activation of protein kinase calpha (pkcalpha) in cos 7 cells were analyzed by mass spectrometry. Ser134, 146, and 243, and thr72, 99/100, and 252 were identified. These sites were mutated to ala and the double mutation of ser243 and thr252 eliminated the phosphorylation. / the s243/t252a mutant showed a partial decrease in pld2 activity" SIGNOR-138351 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT GRB10 protein Q13322 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser150 PELCGPGsPPVLTPG 9606 15952796 t lperfetto "Phosphorylation of grb10 by mitogen-activated protein kinase: identification of ser150 and ser476 of human grb10zeta as major phosphorylation sitesreplacing ser(150) and ser(476) with alanines reduced the inhibitory effect of human grb10zeta on insulin-stimulated irs1 tyrosine phosphorylation" SIGNOR-138171 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT GRB10 protein Q13322 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser476 MNILGSQsPLHPSTL 9606 15952796 t lperfetto "Phosphorylation of grb10 by mitogen-activated protein kinase: identification of ser150 and ser476 of human grb10zeta as major phosphorylation sitesreplacing ser(150) and ser(476) with alanines reduced the inhibitory effect of human grb10zeta on insulin-stimulated irs1 tyrosine phosphorylation" SIGNOR-138175 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT GRB10 protein Q13322 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser476 MNILGSQsPLHPSTL 9606 15952796 t lperfetto "We show that grb10 is a direct substrate of the p42/44 mitogen-activated protein kinase (mapk)we identified ser(150), ser(418), and ser(476) of human grb10zeta as mapk-mediated in vitro phosphorylation sites. Replacing ser(150) and ser(476) with alanines reduced the inhibitory effect of human grb10zeta on insulin-stimulated irs1 tyrosine phosphorylation. Taken together, our findings suggest that phosphorylation of the adaptor protein may provide a feedback inhibitory mechanism by which grb10 regulates insulin signaling." SIGNOR-138167 RPAP2 protein Q8IXW5 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser1675 SPSYSPTsPSYSPTS 9606 BTO:0000567 22137580 t "In addition, we show that RPAP2 is a CTD Ser5 phosphatase. Taken together, our results indicate that during transcription of snRNA genes, Ser7 phosphorylation facilitates recruitment of RPAP2, which in turn both recruits Integrator and dephosphorylates Ser5.|The Pol II CTD is first phosphorylated on Ser5 and then on Ser7 by CDK7. RPAP2 associates with the Pol II CTD after Ser7 phosphorylation and tethers a subcomplex of Integrator to snRNA genes. RPAP2 dephosphorylates Ser5P of the CTD, facilitating transcription and the subsequent recruitment of the Int11 catalytic subunit of Integrator" SIGNOR-248740 HCK protein P08631 UNIPROT ELMO1 protein Q92556 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr395 AKHHQDAyIRIVLEN 9606 15952790 t llicata "We previously showed that elmo1 binds directly to the hck sh3 domain and is phosphorylated by hck. In this study, we used mass spectrometry to identify the following sites of elmo1 phosphorylation: tyr 18, tyr 216, tyr 511, tyr 395, and tyr 720. Mutant forms of elmo1 lacking these sites were defective in their ability to promote phagocytosis and migration in fibroblasts." SIGNOR-138150 PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT PLD2 protein O14939 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr252 LLYMCLEtGAISFVQ 9606 15979581 t miannu "The phosphorylation sites in phospholipase d2 (pld2) induced by activation of protein kinase calpha (pkcalpha) in cos 7 cells were analyzed by mass spectrometry. Ser134, 146, and 243, and thr72, 99/100, and 252 were identified. These sites were mutated to ala and the double mutation of ser243 and thr252 eliminated the phosphorylation. / the s243/t252a mutant showed a partial decrease in pld2 activity" SIGNOR-138355 PDP1 protein Q9P0J1 UNIPROT SMAD1 protein Q15797 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation 9606 16510868 t lpetrilli "We show that the mammalian pdps are important in dephosphorylation of bmp-activated smad1 but not tgf-beta-activated smad2 or smad3. Thus, pdps specifically inactivate smads in the bmp/dpp pathway. [...] These observations suggest that pdp1 and pdp2 are important for dephosphorylation of smad1." SIGNOR-144876 PDP2 protein Q9P2J9 UNIPROT SMAD1 protein Q15797 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation 9606 16510868 t lpetrilli "We show that the mammalian pdps are important in dephosphorylation of bmp-activated smad1 but not tgf-beta-activated smad2 or smad3. Thus, pdps specifically inactivate smads in the bmp/dpp pathway. [...] These observations suggest that pdp1 and pdp2 are important for dephosphorylation of smad1." SIGNOR-144909 MDM2 protein Q00987 UNIPROT MDM4 protein O15151 UNIPROT down-regulates ubiquitination 9606 16511560 t lperfetto "The mdm2 homolog mdmx is an important regulator of p53 during mouse embryonic development. Dna damage promotes mdmx phosphorylation, nuclear translocation, and degradation by mdm2." SIGNOR-144970 RELA protein Q04206 UNIPROT HDAC4 protein P56524 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 15988006 t gcesareni "P65 and histone deacetylases 4 cooperate to inhibit the ability of mef2 factors to induce the klf2 promoter" SIGNOR-138368 PIM1 protein P11309 UNIPROT RPS19 protein P39019 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation 9606 BTO:0000007 16266891 t gcesareni "The pim-1/rps19 interaction was demonstrated both in vitro and in living cells and led to phosphorylation of rps19 in an in vitro kinase assay." SIGNOR-141411 RPAP2 protein Q8IXW5 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser1766 SPSYSPTsPSYSPTS 9606 BTO:0000567 22137580 t "In addition, we show that RPAP2 is a CTD Ser5 phosphatase. Taken together, our results indicate that during transcription of snRNA genes, Ser7 phosphorylation facilitates recruitment of RPAP2, which in turn both recruits Integrator and dephosphorylates Ser5.|The Pol II CTD is first phosphorylated on Ser5 and then on Ser7 by CDK7. RPAP2 associates with the Pol II CTD after Ser7 phosphorylation and tethers a subcomplex of Integrator to snRNA genes. RPAP2 dephosphorylates Ser5P of the CTD, facilitating transcription and the subsequent recruitment of the Int11 catalytic subunit of Integrator" SIGNOR-248745 RPAP2 protein Q8IXW5 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser1738 SPSYSPTsPSYSPTS 9606 BTO:0000567 22137580 t "In addition, we show that RPAP2 is a CTD Ser5 phosphatase. Taken together, our results indicate that during transcription of snRNA genes, Ser7 phosphorylation facilitates recruitment of RPAP2, which in turn both recruits Integrator and dephosphorylates Ser5.|The Pol II CTD is first phosphorylated on Ser5 and then on Ser7 by CDK7. RPAP2 associates with the Pol II CTD after Ser7 phosphorylation and tethers a subcomplex of Integrator to snRNA genes. RPAP2 dephosphorylates Ser5P of the CTD, facilitating transcription and the subsequent recruitment of the Int11 catalytic subunit of Integrator" SIGNOR-248744 RPAP2 protein Q8IXW5 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser1717 SPSYSPTsPSYSPTS 9606 BTO:0000567 22137580 t "In addition, we show that RPAP2 is a CTD Ser5 phosphatase. Taken together, our results indicate that during transcription of snRNA genes, Ser7 phosphorylation facilitates recruitment of RPAP2, which in turn both recruits Integrator and dephosphorylates Ser5.|The Pol II CTD is first phosphorylated on Ser5 and then on Ser7 by CDK7. RPAP2 associates with the Pol II CTD after Ser7 phosphorylation and tethers a subcomplex of Integrator to snRNA genes. RPAP2 dephosphorylates Ser5P of the CTD, facilitating transcription and the subsequent recruitment of the Int11 catalytic subunit of Integrator" SIGNOR-248742 RPAP2 protein Q8IXW5 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser1696 SPSYSPTsPSYSPTS 9606 BTO:0000567 22137580 t "In addition, we show that RPAP2 is a CTD Ser5 phosphatase. Taken together, our results indicate that during transcription of snRNA genes, Ser7 phosphorylation facilitates recruitment of RPAP2, which in turn both recruits Integrator and dephosphorylates Ser5.|The Pol II CTD is first phosphorylated on Ser5 and then on Ser7 by CDK7. RPAP2 associates with the Pol II CTD after Ser7 phosphorylation and tethers a subcomplex of Integrator to snRNA genes. RPAP2 dephosphorylates Ser5P of the CTD, facilitating transcription and the subsequent recruitment of the Int11 catalytic subunit of Integrator" SIGNOR-248741 RPAP2 protein Q8IXW5 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser1724 SPSYSPTsPSYSPTS 9606 BTO:0000567 22137580 t "In addition, we show that RPAP2 is a CTD Ser5 phosphatase. Taken together, our results indicate that during transcription of snRNA genes, Ser7 phosphorylation facilitates recruitment of RPAP2, which in turn both recruits Integrator and dephosphorylates Ser5.|The Pol II CTD is first phosphorylated on Ser5 and then on Ser7 by CDK7. RPAP2 associates with the Pol II CTD after Ser7 phosphorylation and tethers a subcomplex of Integrator to snRNA genes. RPAP2 dephosphorylates Ser5P of the CTD, facilitating transcription and the subsequent recruitment of the Int11 catalytic subunit of Integrator" SIGNOR-248743 TSSK4 protein Q6SA08 UNIPROT CREB1 protein P16220 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser133 EILSRRPsYRKILND 9606 BTO:0000007 15964553 t gcesareni "Tssk5, a novel member of the testis-specific serine/threonine kinase family, phosphorylates creb at ser-133, and stimulates the cre/creb responsive pathway." SIGNOR-138289 HEY1 protein Q9Y5J3 UNIPROT RBPJ protein Q06330 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 16682003 t gcesareni "These findings suggest a novel mechanism for negative feedback on notch signaling that requires rbp-jkappa to interact physically with hrt and hes." SIGNOR-146687 MAP2K6 protein P52564 UNIPROT MAP2K6 protein P52564 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation 9606 BTO:0000007 10347227 t lperfetto "However, the autocatalytic activities of both mkk6 and mkk7 were enhanced by their coexpression with either mekk3 or mekk2." SIGNOR-236122 331771-20-1 chemical CID:9914412 PUBCHEM AURKC protein Q9UQB9 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-207926 PCM1 protein Q15154 UNIPROT CETN1 protein Q12798 UNIPROT up-regulates relocalization 9606 12403812 t miannu "Rna silencing of pcm-1 leads to reduced assembly of centrin, pericentrin, and ninein at the centrosome" SIGNOR-94947 MAPK9 protein P45984 UNIPROT H3F3A protein P84243 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser29 ATKAARKsAPSTGGV 9606 15994958 t gcesareni "Phosphorylation of histone h3 at serine 10 is indispensable for neoplastic cell transformation. When h3 wt was overexpressed, egf induction of c-fos and c-jun promoter activity was significantly increased compared with control cells but not in the h3 mutant s10a or s28a cells." SIGNOR-138463 EAF2 protein Q96CJ1 UNIPROT ELL protein P55199 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 16006523 t miannu "The eaf1-related eaf2 protein is also a positive regulator of ell elongation activity" SIGNOR-138540 301836-41-9 chemical CID:4521392 PUBCHEM TGFBR1 protein P36897 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-206706 RPAP2 protein Q8IXW5 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser1787 SPNYSPTsPSYSPTS 9606 BTO:0000567 22137580 t "In addition, we show that RPAP2 is a CTD Ser5 phosphatase. Taken together, our results indicate that during transcription of snRNA genes, Ser7 phosphorylation facilitates recruitment of RPAP2, which in turn both recruits Integrator and dephosphorylates Ser5.|The Pol II CTD is first phosphorylated on Ser5 and then on Ser7 by CDK7. RPAP2 associates with the Pol II CTD after Ser7 phosphorylation and tethers a subcomplex of Integrator to snRNA genes. RPAP2 dephosphorylates Ser5P of the CTD, facilitating transcription and the subsequent recruitment of the Int11 catalytic subunit of Integrator" SIGNOR-248746 RPS6KA3 protein P51812 UNIPROT H3F3A protein P84243 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser11 TKQTARKsTGGKAPR 9606 15994958 t gcesareni "Phosphorylation at ser-11 (h3s10ph) by rps6ka4 and rps6ka5 is important during interphase because it enables the transcription of genes following external stimulation, like mitogens, stress, growth factors or uv irradiation and result in the activation of genes, such as c-fos and c-jun." SIGNOR-138471 MAPK8 protein P45983 UNIPROT H3F3A protein P84243 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser29 ATKAARKsAPSTGGV 9606 15994958 t gcesareni "Phosphorylation of histone h3 at serine 10 is indispensable for neoplastic cell transformation. When h3 wt was overexpressed, egf induction of c-fos and c-jun promoter activity was significantly increased compared with control cells but not in the h3 mutant s10a or s28a cells." SIGNOR-138459 MAPK1 protein P28482 UNIPROT H3F3A protein P84243 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser29 ATKAARKsAPSTGGV 9606 15994958 t gcesareni "Phosphorylation of histone h3 at serine 10 is indispensable for neoplastic cell transformation. When h3 wt was overexpressed, egf induction of c-fos and c-jun promoter activity was significantly increased compared with control cells but not in the h3 mutant s10a or s28a cells." SIGNOR-138451 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT H3F3A protein P84243 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser29 ATKAARKsAPSTGGV 9606 15994958 t gcesareni "Phosphorylation of histone h3 at serine 10 is indispensable for neoplastic cell transformation. When h3 wt was overexpressed, egf induction of c-fos and c-jun promoter activity was significantly increased compared with control cells but not in the h3 mutant s10a or s28a cells." SIGNOR-138455 PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT KCNN2 protein Q9H2S1 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser464 QAIHQLRsVKMEQRK 9606 16513649 t llicata "Mutagenesis and mass spectrometry studies identified four pka phosphorylation sites: ser465 (minor site) and three amino acid residues ser568, ser569, and ser570 (major sites) within the carboxyl-terminal region. pka activation decreased sk2 surface localization" SIGNOR-145028 RPS6KA1 protein Q15418 UNIPROT H3F3A protein P84243 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser11 TKQTARKsTGGKAPR 9606 15994958 t gcesareni "Phosphorylation at ser-11 (h3s10ph) by rps6ka4 and rps6ka5 is important during interphase because it enables the transcription of genes following external stimulation, like mitogens, stress, growth factors or uv irradiation and result in the activation of genes, such as c-fos and c-jun." SIGNOR-138467 RPAP2 protein Q8IXW5 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser1623 SPTSPSYsPTSPSYS 9606 BTO:0000567 22137580 t "In addition, we show that RPAP2 is a CTD Ser5 phosphatase. Taken together, our results indicate that during transcription of snRNA genes, Ser7 phosphorylation facilitates recruitment of RPAP2, which in turn both recruits Integrator and dephosphorylates Ser5.|The Pol II CTD is first phosphorylated on Ser5 and then on Ser7 by CDK7. RPAP2 associates with the Pol II CTD after Ser7 phosphorylation and tethers a subcomplex of Integrator to snRNA genes. RPAP2 dephosphorylates Ser5P of the CTD, facilitating transcription and the subsequent recruitment of the Int11 catalytic subunit of Integrator" SIGNOR-248747 PRKACA protein P17612 UNIPROT KCNN2 protein Q9H2S1 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser567 SSSRRRRsSSTAPPT 9606 16513649 t llicata "Mutagenesis and mass spectrometry studies identified four pka phosphorylation sites: ser465 (minor site) and three amino acid residues ser568, ser569, and ser570 (major sites) within the carboxyl-terminal region. pka activation decreased sk2 surface localization" SIGNOR-145032 PPP2CB protein P62714 UNIPROT AKT3 protein Q9Y243 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Thr305 TDAATMKtFCGTPEY 9606 18160256 t llicata "Overexpression of BTBD10 increased phosphorylation levels of Akts at both Thr(308) and Ser(473) while the reduction of the endogenous BTBD10 level resulted in a decrease in the phosphorylation levels of Akts. In vitro analysis indicated that BTBD10 bound to protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) and inhibited dephosphorylation of Akts by PP2A." SIGNOR-248611 JUN protein P05412 UNIPROT TCF4 protein P15884 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 16007074 t gcesareni "Phosphorylation-dependent interaction between c-jun and tcf4;c-jun and tcf4 cooperatively activated the c-jun promoter in reporter assays" SIGNOR-138544 RPAP2 protein Q8IXW5 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser1693 SPTSPSYsPTSPSYS 9606 BTO:0000567 22137580 t "In addition, we show that RPAP2 is a CTD Ser5 phosphatase. Taken together, our results indicate that during transcription of snRNA genes, Ser7 phosphorylation facilitates recruitment of RPAP2, which in turn both recruits Integrator and dephosphorylates Ser5.|The Pol II CTD is first phosphorylated on Ser5 and then on Ser7 by CDK7. RPAP2 associates with the Pol II CTD after Ser7 phosphorylation and tethers a subcomplex of Integrator to snRNA genes. RPAP2 dephosphorylates Ser5P of the CTD, facilitating transcription and the subsequent recruitment of the Int11 catalytic subunit of Integrator" SIGNOR-248752 RPAP2 protein Q8IXW5 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser1714 SPTSPSYsPTSPSYS 9606 BTO:0000567 22137580 t "In addition, we show that RPAP2 is a CTD Ser5 phosphatase. Taken together, our results indicate that during transcription of snRNA genes, Ser7 phosphorylation facilitates recruitment of RPAP2, which in turn both recruits Integrator and dephosphorylates Ser5.|The Pol II CTD is first phosphorylated on Ser5 and then on Ser7 by CDK7. RPAP2 associates with the Pol II CTD after Ser7 phosphorylation and tethers a subcomplex of Integrator to snRNA genes. RPAP2 dephosphorylates Ser5P of the CTD, facilitating transcription and the subsequent recruitment of the Int11 catalytic subunit of Integrator" SIGNOR-248753 RPAP2 protein Q8IXW5 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser1665 SPTSPSYsPTSPSYS 9606 BTO:0000567 22137580 t "In addition, we show that RPAP2 is a CTD Ser5 phosphatase. Taken together, our results indicate that during transcription of snRNA genes, Ser7 phosphorylation facilitates recruitment of RPAP2, which in turn both recruits Integrator and dephosphorylates Ser5.|The Pol II CTD is first phosphorylated on Ser5 and then on Ser7 by CDK7. RPAP2 associates with the Pol II CTD after Ser7 phosphorylation and tethers a subcomplex of Integrator to snRNA genes. RPAP2 dephosphorylates Ser5P of the CTD, facilitating transcription and the subsequent recruitment of the Int11 catalytic subunit of Integrator" SIGNOR-248750 RPAP2 protein Q8IXW5 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser1672 SPTSPSYsPTSPSYS 9606 BTO:0000567 22137580 t "In addition, we show that RPAP2 is a CTD Ser5 phosphatase. Taken together, our results indicate that during transcription of snRNA genes, Ser7 phosphorylation facilitates recruitment of RPAP2, which in turn both recruits Integrator and dephosphorylates Ser5.|The Pol II CTD is first phosphorylated on Ser5 and then on Ser7 by CDK7. RPAP2 associates with the Pol II CTD after Ser7 phosphorylation and tethers a subcomplex of Integrator to snRNA genes. RPAP2 dephosphorylates Ser5P of the CTD, facilitating transcription and the subsequent recruitment of the Int11 catalytic subunit of Integrator" SIGNOR-248751 PRKCB protein P05771 UNIPROT CHAT protein P28329 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser465 LKHVTQSsRKLIRAD 9606 BTO:0000938 15381704 t "The effect has been demonstrated using P28329-3" gcesareni "Protein kinase c isoforms differentially phosphorylate human choline acetyltransferase regulating its catalytic activity." SIGNOR-129284 PTPN1 protein P18031 UNIPROT MET protein P08581 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation Tyr1235 DMYDKEYySVHNKTG 9606 16537444 t gcesareni "Using substrate trapping mutants of ptp1b or tcptp, we have demonstrated that both phosphatases interact with met and that these interactions require phosphorylation of twin tyrosines (tyr-1234/1235) in the activation loop of the met kinase domain. We demonstrate that phosphorylation of tyr-1234/1235 in the activation loop of the met receptor is elevated in the absence of either ptp1b or tcptp and further elevated upon loss of both phosphatases. This enhanced phosphorylation of met corresponds to enhanced biological activity and cellular invasion." SIGNOR-145145 RPAP2 protein Q8IXW5 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser1651 SPTSPSYsPTSPSYS 9606 BTO:0000567 22137580 t "In addition, we show that RPAP2 is a CTD Ser5 phosphatase. Taken together, our results indicate that during transcription of snRNA genes, Ser7 phosphorylation facilitates recruitment of RPAP2, which in turn both recruits Integrator and dephosphorylates Ser5.|The Pol II CTD is first phosphorylated on Ser5 and then on Ser7 by CDK7. RPAP2 associates with the Pol II CTD after Ser7 phosphorylation and tethers a subcomplex of Integrator to snRNA genes. RPAP2 dephosphorylates Ser5P of the CTD, facilitating transcription and the subsequent recruitment of the Int11 catalytic subunit of Integrator" SIGNOR-248749 RPAP2 protein Q8IXW5 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser1644 SPTSPSYsPTSPSYS 9606 BTO:0000567 22137580 t "In addition, we show that RPAP2 is a CTD Ser5 phosphatase. Taken together, our results indicate that during transcription of snRNA genes, Ser7 phosphorylation facilitates recruitment of RPAP2, which in turn both recruits Integrator and dephosphorylates Ser5.|The Pol II CTD is first phosphorylated on Ser5 and then on Ser7 by CDK7. RPAP2 associates with the Pol II CTD after Ser7 phosphorylation and tethers a subcomplex of Integrator to snRNA genes. RPAP2 dephosphorylates Ser5P of the CTD, facilitating transcription and the subsequent recruitment of the Int11 catalytic subunit of Integrator" SIGNOR-248748 RPS6KB1 protein P23443 UNIPROT IRS1 protein P35568 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser639 YMPMSPKsVSAPQQI 10090 15306821 t lperfetto "Nevertheless, s6k1-deficient mice remain sensitive to insulin owing to the apparent loss of a negative feedback loop from s6k1 to insulin receptor substrate 1 (irs1), which blunts s307 and s636/s639 phosphorylation; thus under conditions of nutrient satiation s6k1 negatively regulatesinsulin." SIGNOR-127203 RPAP2 protein Q8IXW5 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser1735 SPTSPSYsPTSPSYS 9606 BTO:0000567 22137580 t "In addition, we show that RPAP2 is a CTD Ser5 phosphatase. Taken together, our results indicate that during transcription of snRNA genes, Ser7 phosphorylation facilitates recruitment of RPAP2, which in turn both recruits Integrator and dephosphorylates Ser5.|The Pol II CTD is first phosphorylated on Ser5 and then on Ser7 by CDK7. RPAP2 associates with the Pol II CTD after Ser7 phosphorylation and tethers a subcomplex of Integrator to snRNA genes. RPAP2 dephosphorylates Ser5P of the CTD, facilitating transcription and the subsequent recruitment of the Int11 catalytic subunit of Integrator" SIGNOR-248755 SSH1 protein Q8WYL5 UNIPROT CFL1 protein P23528 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser3 sGVAVSDG 9606 14531860 t "Differential activities, subcellular distribution and tissue expression patterns of three members of Slingshot family phosphatases that dephosphorylate cofilin.|Cofilin, a key regulator of actin filament dynamics, is inactivated by phosphorylation at Ser-3 by LIM-kinases and is reactivated by dephosphorylation by a family of protein phosphatases, termed Slingshot (SSH)." SIGNOR-248762 PPM1K protein Q8N3J5 UNIPROT BCKDHA protein P12694 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser337 TYRIGHHsTSDDSSA 10090 19411760 t "BCKD is inhibited by phosphorylation of its E1alpha subunit at Ser293, which is catalyzed by BCKD kinase. During BCAA excess, phosphorylated Ser293 (pSer293) becomes dephosphorylated through the concerted inhibition of BCKD kinase and the activity of an unknown intramitochondrial phosphatase. Using unbiased, proteomic approaches, we have found that a mitochondrial-targeted phosphatase, PP2Cm, specifically binds the BCKD complex and induces dephosphorylation of Ser293 in the presence of BCKD substrates" SIGNOR-248758 UCHL5 protein Q9Y5K5 UNIPROT SMAD7 protein O15105 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 16027725 t gcesareni "Here, we report a novel interaction between smads and ubiquitin c-terminal hydrolase uch37, a deubiquitinating enzyme that could potentially reverse smurf-mediated ubiquitination. In gst pull down experiments, uch37 bound weakly to smad2 and smad3, and bound very strongly to smad7 in a region that is distinct from the -py- motif in smad7 that interacts with smurf ubiquitin ligases." SIGNOR-138879 PPP2R1A protein P30153 UNIPROT PPP2CB protein P62714 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 16039140 t miannu "Pr65/a acts as a scaffold protein for binding pp2ac and regulatory b subunits in a heterotrimeric holoenzyme" SIGNOR-138886 SPTAN1 protein Q13813 UNIPROT "Membrane Blebbing" phenotype SIGNOR-PH24 SIGNOR up-regulates 9606 BTO:0000150;BTO:0000567 9624143 f "Cleaved by CASP3" amattioni "A-fodrin cleavage contributes to blebbing" SIGNOR-57897 RPAP2 protein Q8IXW5 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser1784 TPTSPNYsPTSPSYS 9606 BTO:0000567 22137580 t "In addition, we show that RPAP2 is a CTD Ser5 phosphatase. Taken together, our results indicate that during transcription of snRNA genes, Ser7 phosphorylation facilitates recruitment of RPAP2, which in turn both recruits Integrator and dephosphorylates Ser5.|The Pol II CTD is first phosphorylated on Ser5 and then on Ser7 by CDK7. RPAP2 associates with the Pol II CTD after Ser7 phosphorylation and tethers a subcomplex of Integrator to snRNA genes. RPAP2 dephosphorylates Ser5P of the CTD, facilitating transcription and the subsequent recruitment of the Int11 catalytic subunit of Integrator" SIGNOR-248757 DUSP26 protein Q9BV47 UNIPROT TP53 protein P04637 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser20 PLSQETFsDLWKLLP 9606 20562916 t "Dual-specificity phosphatase 26 is a novel p53 phosphatase and inhibits p53 tumor suppressor functions in human neuroblastoma|Inhibiting DUSP26 expression in the IMR-32 neuroblastoma cell line enhanced doxorubicin-induced p53 phosphorylation at Ser20 and Ser37, p21, Puma, Bax expression as well as apoptosis" SIGNOR-248765 CTDSP1 protein Q9GZU7 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser1616 TPQSPSYsPTSPSYS -1 17157258 t "Phosphorylation and dephosphorylation of the C-terminal domain (CTD) of RNA polymerase II (Pol II) represent a critical regulatory checkpoint for transcription. Transcription initiation requires Fcp1/Scp1-mediated dephosphorylation of phospho-CTD. | This combined structure-function analysis discloses the residues in Scp1 involved in CTD binding and its preferential dephosphorylation of P.Ser5 of the CTD heptad repeat." SIGNOR-248767 DUSP26 protein Q9BV47 UNIPROT TP53 protein P04637 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser37 NVLSPLPsQAMDDLM 9606 20562916 t "Dual-specificity phosphatase 26 is a novel p53 phosphatase and inhibits p53 tumor suppressor functions in human neuroblastoma|Inhibiting DUSP26 expression in the IMR-32 neuroblastoma cell line enhanced doxorubicin-induced p53 phosphorylation at Ser20 and Ser37, p21, Puma, Bax expression as well as apoptosis" SIGNOR-248766 PDXP protein Q96GD0 UNIPROT CFL1 protein P23528 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser3 sGVAVSDG -1 15580268 t "Chronophin, a novel HAD-type serine protein phosphatase, regulates cofilin-dependent actin dynamics|Cofilin is a key regulator of actin cytoskeletal dynamics whose activity is controlled by phosphorylation of a single serine residue. We report the biochemical isolation of chronophin (CIN), a unique cofilin-activating phosphatase of the haloacid dehalogenase (HAD) superfamily." SIGNOR-248764 CTDSP1 protein Q9GZU7 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser1626 SPSYSPTsPSYSPTS -1 22137580 t "Phosphorylation and dephosphorylation of the C-terminal domain (CTD) of RNA polymerase II (Pol II) represent a critical regulatory checkpoint for transcription. Transcription initiation requires Fcp1/Scp1-mediated dephosphorylation of phospho-CTD. | This combined structure-function analysis discloses the residues in Scp1 involved in CTD binding and its preferential dephosphorylation of P.Ser5 of the CTD heptad repeat." SIGNOR-248769 CTDSP1 protein Q9GZU7 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser1619 SPSYSPTsPSYSPTS -1 22137580 t "Phosphorylation and dephosphorylation of the C-terminal domain (CTD) of RNA polymerase II (Pol II) represent a critical regulatory checkpoint for transcription. Transcription initiation requires Fcp1/Scp1-mediated dephosphorylation of phospho-CTD. | This combined structure-function analysis discloses the residues in Scp1 involved in CTD binding and its preferential dephosphorylation of P.Ser5 of the CTD heptad repeat." SIGNOR-248768 RPAP2 protein Q8IXW5 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser1763 TPTSPSYsPTSPSYS 9606 BTO:0000567 22137580 t "In addition, we show that RPAP2 is a CTD Ser5 phosphatase. Taken together, our results indicate that during transcription of snRNA genes, Ser7 phosphorylation facilitates recruitment of RPAP2, which in turn both recruits Integrator and dephosphorylates Ser5.|The Pol II CTD is first phosphorylated on Ser5 and then on Ser7 by CDK7. RPAP2 associates with the Pol II CTD after Ser7 phosphorylation and tethers a subcomplex of Integrator to snRNA genes. RPAP2 dephosphorylates Ser5P of the CTD, facilitating transcription and the subsequent recruitment of the Int11 catalytic subunit of Integrator" SIGNOR-248756 CDK1 protein P06493 UNIPROT RUNX1 protein Q01196 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr273 SPSVHPAtPISPGRA 9606 16046550 t "The effect has been demonstrated using Q01196-8." gcesareni "Phosphorylation of ser-48, ser-303, and ser-424 by cyclin-dependent kinases (cdks) increases runx1 trans-activation activity without perturbing p300 interaction." SIGNOR-138920 GDF6 protein Q6KF10 UNIPROT BMPR1A protein P36894 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 16049014 t gcesareni "We found that transfection of small hairpin rna for bmprii and actriia in mc3t3 cells suppressed the signaling of gdf6, gdf7, and bmp10." SIGNOR-139090 KU-55933 chemical CID:5278396 PUBCHEM ATM protein Q13315 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-193600 CTDSP1 protein Q9GZU7 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser1787 SPNYSPTsPSYSPTS -1 22137580 t "Phosphorylation and dephosphorylation of the C-terminal domain (CTD) of RNA polymerase II (Pol II) represent a critical regulatory checkpoint for transcription. Transcription initiation requires Fcp1/Scp1-mediated dephosphorylation of phospho-CTD. | This combined structure-function analysis discloses the residues in Scp1 involved in CTD binding and its preferential dephosphorylation of P.Ser5 of the CTD heptad repeat." SIGNOR-248779 CTDSP1 protein Q9GZU7 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser1724 SPSYSPTsPSYSPTS -1 22137580 t "Phosphorylation and dephosphorylation of the C-terminal domain (CTD) of RNA polymerase II (Pol II) represent a critical regulatory checkpoint for transcription. Transcription initiation requires Fcp1/Scp1-mediated dephosphorylation of phospho-CTD. | This combined structure-function analysis discloses the residues in Scp1 involved in CTD binding and its preferential dephosphorylation of P.Ser5 of the CTD heptad repeat." SIGNOR-248776 CTDSP1 protein Q9GZU7 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser1654 SPSYSPTsPSYSPTS -1 22137580 t "Phosphorylation and dephosphorylation of the C-terminal domain (CTD) of RNA polymerase II (Pol II) represent a critical regulatory checkpoint for transcription. Transcription initiation requires Fcp1/Scp1-mediated dephosphorylation of phospho-CTD. | This combined structure-function analysis discloses the residues in Scp1 involved in CTD binding and its preferential dephosphorylation of P.Ser5 of the CTD heptad repeat." SIGNOR-248771 CTDSP1 protein Q9GZU7 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser1668 SPSYSPTsPSYSPTS -1 22137580 t "Phosphorylation and dephosphorylation of the C-terminal domain (CTD) of RNA polymerase II (Pol II) represent a critical regulatory checkpoint for transcription. Transcription initiation requires Fcp1/Scp1-mediated dephosphorylation of phospho-CTD. | This combined structure-function analysis discloses the residues in Scp1 involved in CTD binding and its preferential dephosphorylation of P.Ser5 of the CTD heptad repeat." SIGNOR-248772 CTDSP1 protein Q9GZU7 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser1675 SPSYSPTsPSYSPTS -1 22137580 t "Phosphorylation and dephosphorylation of the C-terminal domain (CTD) of RNA polymerase II (Pol II) represent a critical regulatory checkpoint for transcription. Transcription initiation requires Fcp1/Scp1-mediated dephosphorylation of phospho-CTD. | This combined structure-function analysis discloses the residues in Scp1 involved in CTD binding and its preferential dephosphorylation of P.Ser5 of the CTD heptad repeat." SIGNOR-248773 CTDSP1 protein Q9GZU7 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser1647 SPSYSPTsPSYSPTS -1 22137580 t "Phosphorylation and dephosphorylation of the C-terminal domain (CTD) of RNA polymerase II (Pol II) represent a critical regulatory checkpoint for transcription. Transcription initiation requires Fcp1/Scp1-mediated dephosphorylation of phospho-CTD. | This combined structure-function analysis discloses the residues in Scp1 involved in CTD binding and its preferential dephosphorylation of P.Ser5 of the CTD heptad repeat." SIGNOR-248770 CTDSP1 protein Q9GZU7 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser1696 SPSYSPTsPSYSPTS -1 22137580 t "Phosphorylation and dephosphorylation of the C-terminal domain (CTD) of RNA polymerase II (Pol II) represent a critical regulatory checkpoint for transcription. Transcription initiation requires Fcp1/Scp1-mediated dephosphorylation of phospho-CTD. | This combined structure-function analysis discloses the residues in Scp1 involved in CTD binding and its preferential dephosphorylation of P.Ser5 of the CTD heptad repeat." SIGNOR-248774 CTDSP1 protein Q9GZU7 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser1717 SPSYSPTsPSYSPTS -1 22137580 t "Phosphorylation and dephosphorylation of the C-terminal domain (CTD) of RNA polymerase II (Pol II) represent a critical regulatory checkpoint for transcription. Transcription initiation requires Fcp1/Scp1-mediated dephosphorylation of phospho-CTD. | This combined structure-function analysis discloses the residues in Scp1 involved in CTD binding and its preferential dephosphorylation of P.Ser5 of the CTD heptad repeat." SIGNOR-248775 CTDSP1 protein Q9GZU7 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser1738 SPSYSPTsPSYSPTS -1 22137580 t "Phosphorylation and dephosphorylation of the C-terminal domain (CTD) of RNA polymerase II (Pol II) represent a critical regulatory checkpoint for transcription. Transcription initiation requires Fcp1/Scp1-mediated dephosphorylation of phospho-CTD. | This combined structure-function analysis discloses the residues in Scp1 involved in CTD binding and its preferential dephosphorylation of P.Ser5 of the CTD heptad repeat." SIGNOR-248777 CDK1 protein P06493 UNIPROT RUNX1 protein Q01196 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser276 VHPATPIsPGRASGM 9606 16046550 t "The effect has been demonstrated using Q01196-8." gcesareni "Phosphorylation of ser-48, ser-303, and ser-424 by cyclin-dependent kinases (cdks) increases runx1 trans-activation activity without perturbing p300 interaction." SIGNOR-138916 PPP1CA protein P62136 UNIPROT CCND3 protein P30281 UNIPROT up-regulates dephosphorylation Thr283 QGPSQTStPTDVTAI 9606 16331257 t lperfetto "These results support the hypothesis that pp1 constitutively keeps cyclin d3 in a stable, dephosphorylated state" SIGNOR-142884 LCK protein P06239 UNIPROT SH2B3 protein Q9UQQ2 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr273 LEMPDNLyTFVLKVK 9606 BTO:0000782 9169414 t lperfetto "In vitro tyrosine phosphorylation of lnk by lck and zap-70. Tyrosine 297 would appear to be an attractive target for phosphorylation within the c-terminal domain. Our studies suggest that although lnk may participate in tcr signaling, its functions are in no way limiting during t cell development or activation." SIGNOR-48850 GDF6 protein Q6KF10 UNIPROT BMPR2 protein Q13873 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 SIGNOR-C29 16049014 t gcesareni "We found that transfection of small hairpin rna for bmprii and actriia in mc3t3 cells suppressed the signaling of gdf6, gdf7, and bmp10. Thus, the present approach provides a genomic paradigm for matching paralogous polypeptide ligands with a limited number of evolutionarily related receptors capable of activating specific downstream smad proteins." SIGNOR-139093 PRKAG1 protein P54619 UNIPROT PRKAA2 protein P54646 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 16054041 t gcesareni "Gamma non-catalytic subunit mediates binding to amp, adp and atp, leading to activate or inhibit ampk: amp-binding results in allosteric activation of alpha catalytic subunit (prkaa1 or prkaa2) both by inducing phosphorylation and preventing dephosphorylation of catalytic subunits." SIGNOR-139173 ITCH protein Q96J02 UNIPROT SMAD7 protein O15105 UNIPROT down-regulates ubiquitination 9606 15946939 t gcesareni "We identified atrophin 1-interacting protein 4 (aip4) as an e3 ubiquitin ligase that specifically targets smad7 for ubiquitin-dependent degradation without affecting the turnover of the activated tbetari. Surprisingly, we found that despite the ability to degrade smad7, aip4 can inhibit tgf-beta signaling, presumably by enhancing the association of smad7 with the activated tbetari." SIGNOR-137951 MAST1 protein Q9Y2H9 UNIPROT PTEN protein P60484 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation 9606 15951562 t gcesareni "Mast1 was found to associate to pten." SIGNOR-138003 GNAI3 protein P08754 UNIPROT ADCY1 protein Q08828 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 17419683 t gcesareni "Members of the gi family are linked with reductions in camp through adenylyl cyclase, but have many other actions as well." SIGNOR-154246 CTDSP1 protein Q9GZU7 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser1665 SPTSPSYsPTSPSYS -1 22137580 t "Phosphorylation and dephosphorylation of the C-terminal domain (CTD) of RNA polymerase II (Pol II) represent a critical regulatory checkpoint for transcription. Transcription initiation requires Fcp1/Scp1-mediated dephosphorylation of phospho-CTD. | This combined structure-function analysis discloses the residues in Scp1 involved in CTD binding and its preferential dephosphorylation of P.Ser5 of the CTD heptad repeat." SIGNOR-248783 DDX20 protein Q9UHI6 UNIPROT FOXL2 protein P58012 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000975 16153597 t miannu "Dp103 further increased the cell killing effect induced by foxl2 probably due to the direct association of dp103 with foxl2 protein." SIGNOR-140388 NOTCH1 protein P46531 UNIPROT HOXA5 protein P20719 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000782 16990763 f gcesareni "Other than a role in t-cell development, the hox genes may be involved in alternative notchregulated processes in hematopoietic stem cells. Notch signaling is clearly important for self-renewal of hematopoietic progenitors (reviewed by radkte et al. 57). Interestingly, hoxa5, a9 and a10 were found to be part of the stem cell profile'" SIGNOR-149770 SMAD1 protein Q15797 UNIPROT DVL1 protein O14640 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000007 16621789 t gcesareni "These results identify a potential mechanism whereby bmp-2 antagonizes wnt signaling in osteoblast progenitors by promoting an interaction between smad1 and dvl-1 that restricts beta-catenin activation." SIGNOR-146131 SIRT2 protein Q8IXJ6 UNIPROT KAT2B protein Q92831 UNIPROT down-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000887;BTO:0001103 12887892 t gcesareni "Sir2 forms a complex with the acetyltransferase pcaf and myod and, when overexpressed, retards muscle differentiation." SIGNOR-104248 CTDSP1 protein Q9GZU7 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser1651 SPTSPSYsPTSPSYS -1 22137580 t "Phosphorylation and dephosphorylation of the C-terminal domain (CTD) of RNA polymerase II (Pol II) represent a critical regulatory checkpoint for transcription. Transcription initiation requires Fcp1/Scp1-mediated dephosphorylation of phospho-CTD. | This combined structure-function analysis discloses the residues in Scp1 involved in CTD binding and its preferential dephosphorylation of P.Ser5 of the CTD heptad repeat." SIGNOR-248782 CTDSP1 protein Q9GZU7 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser1693 SPTSPSYsPTSPSYS -1 22137580 t "Phosphorylation and dephosphorylation of the C-terminal domain (CTD) of RNA polymerase II (Pol II) represent a critical regulatory checkpoint for transcription. Transcription initiation requires Fcp1/Scp1-mediated dephosphorylation of phospho-CTD. | This combined structure-function analysis discloses the residues in Scp1 involved in CTD binding and its preferential dephosphorylation of P.Ser5 of the CTD heptad repeat." SIGNOR-248785 CTDSP1 protein Q9GZU7 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser1672 SPTSPSYsPTSPSYS -1 22137580 t "Phosphorylation and dephosphorylation of the C-terminal domain (CTD) of RNA polymerase II (Pol II) represent a critical regulatory checkpoint for transcription. Transcription initiation requires Fcp1/Scp1-mediated dephosphorylation of phospho-CTD. | This combined structure-function analysis discloses the residues in Scp1 involved in CTD binding and its preferential dephosphorylation of P.Ser5 of the CTD heptad repeat." SIGNOR-248784 CTDSP1 protein Q9GZU7 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser1714 SPTSPSYsPTSPSYS -1 22137580 t "Phosphorylation and dephosphorylation of the C-terminal domain (CTD) of RNA polymerase II (Pol II) represent a critical regulatory checkpoint for transcription. Transcription initiation requires Fcp1/Scp1-mediated dephosphorylation of phospho-CTD. | This combined structure-function analysis discloses the residues in Scp1 involved in CTD binding and its preferential dephosphorylation of P.Ser5 of the CTD heptad repeat." SIGNOR-248786 CTDSP1 protein Q9GZU7 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser1721 SPTSPSYsPTSPSYS -1 22137580 t "Phosphorylation and dephosphorylation of the C-terminal domain (CTD) of RNA polymerase II (Pol II) represent a critical regulatory checkpoint for transcription. Transcription initiation requires Fcp1/Scp1-mediated dephosphorylation of phospho-CTD. | This combined structure-function analysis discloses the residues in Scp1 involved in CTD binding and its preferential dephosphorylation of P.Ser5 of the CTD heptad repeat." SIGNOR-248787 PTPN5 protein P54829 UNIPROT MAPK14 protein Q16539 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000938 23932588 t "A study conducted by Zhang et al. showed that STEP is significantly less efficient than PTPSL and HePTP at dephosphorylating p38a." gcesareni "First [] step prevents upstream activating kinases from promiscuously binding and activating p38a. Second, by blocking access to the mapk insert pocket, through the stepcat interaction, step can prevent the binding of allosteric signaling molecules that induce autoactivation of p38a." SIGNOR-194829 CCL2 protein P13500 UNIPROT CCR4 protein P51679 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" binding 9606 17160712 t gcesareni "CCR2 and CCR4 are two cell surface receptors that bind CCL2" SIGNOR-237555 CTDSP1 protein Q9GZU7 UNIPROT SMAD3 protein P84022 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser213 NLSPNPMsPAHNNLD 9606 BTO:0000007 17035229 t "SCP1 Dephosphorylates Smad2/3 in the Linkers|MAPK-mediated linker phosphorylation appears to have a dual role in Smad2/3 regulation. Mitogens and hyperactive Ras result in extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)-mediated phosphorylation of Smad3 at Ser-204, Ser-208, and Thr-179 and of Smad2 at Ser-245/250/255 and Thr-220. Mutation of these sites increases the ability of Smad3 to activate target genes, suggesting that MAPK phosphorylation of Smad3 is inhibitory (11, 12). However, in contrast, ERK-dependent phosphorylation of Smad2 at Thr-8 enhances its transcriptional activity" SIGNOR-248793 CTDSP1 protein Q9GZU7 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser1784 TPTSPNYsPTSPSYS -1 22137580 t "Phosphorylation and dephosphorylation of the C-terminal domain (CTD) of RNA polymerase II (Pol II) represent a critical regulatory checkpoint for transcription. Transcription initiation requires Fcp1/Scp1-mediated dephosphorylation of phospho-CTD. | This combined structure-function analysis discloses the residues in Scp1 involved in CTD binding and its preferential dephosphorylation of P.Ser5 of the CTD heptad repeat." SIGNOR-248790 CTDSP1 protein Q9GZU7 UNIPROT SMAD3 protein P84022 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser204 NHSMDAGsPNLSPNP 9606 BTO:0000007 17035229 t "SCP1 Dephosphorylates Smad2/3 in the Linkers|MAPK-mediated linker phosphorylation appears to have a dual role in Smad2/3 regulation. Mitogens and hyperactive Ras result in extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)-mediated phosphorylation of Smad3 at Ser-204, Ser-208, and Thr-179 and of Smad2 at Ser-245/250/255 and Thr-220. Mutation of these sites increases the ability of Smad3 to activate target genes, suggesting that MAPK phosphorylation of Smad3 is inhibitory (11, 12). However, in contrast, ERK-dependent phosphorylation of Smad2 at Thr-8 enhances its transcriptional activity" SIGNOR-248791 CTDSP1 protein Q9GZU7 UNIPROT SMAD2 protein Q15796 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Thr220 QSNYIPEtPPPGYIS 9606 BTO:0000007 17035229 t "SCP1 Dephosphorylates Smad2/3 in the Linkers|MAPK-mediated linker phosphorylation appears to have a dual role in Smad2/3 regulation. Mitogens and hyperactive Ras result in extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)-mediated phosphorylation of Smad3 at Ser-204, Ser-208, and Thr-179 and of Smad2 at Ser-245/250/255 and Thr-220. Mutation of these sites increases the ability of Smad3 to activate target genes, suggesting that MAPK phosphorylation of Smad3 is inhibitory (11, 12). However, in contrast, ERK-dependent phosphorylation of Smad2 at Thr-8 enhances its transcriptional activity" SIGNOR-248794 OXSR1 protein O95747 UNIPROT SLC12A2 protein P55011 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr203 HQHYYYDtHTNTYYL 9606 BTO:0000007 16669787 t miannu "We have identified three residues in nkcc1 (thr175/thr179/thr184 in shark or thr203/thr207/thr212 in human) that are phosphorylated by spak and osr1 / exposure of hek-293 (human embryonic kidney) cells to osmotic stress, which leads to phosphorylation and activation of nkcc1, increased phosphorylation of nkcc1 at the sites targeted by spak/osr1" SIGNOR-146513 OXSR1 protein O95747 UNIPROT SLC12A2 protein P55011 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr207 YYDTHTNtYYLRTFG 9606 BTO:0000007 16669787 t miannu "We have identified three residues in nkcc1 (thr175/thr179/thr184 in shark or thr203/thr207/thr212 in human) that are phosphorylated by spak and osr1 / exposure of hek-293 (human embryonic kidney) cells to osmotic stress, which leads to phosphorylation and activation of nkcc1, increased phosphorylation of nkcc1 at the sites targeted by spak/osr1" SIGNOR-146517 CTDSP1 protein Q9GZU7 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser1763 TPTSPSYsPTSPSYS -1 22137580 t "Phosphorylation and dephosphorylation of the C-terminal domain (CTD) of RNA polymerase II (Pol II) represent a critical regulatory checkpoint for transcription. Transcription initiation requires Fcp1/Scp1-mediated dephosphorylation of phospho-CTD. | This combined structure-function analysis discloses the residues in Scp1 involved in CTD binding and its preferential dephosphorylation of P.Ser5 of the CTD heptad repeat." SIGNOR-248789 CTDSP1 protein Q9GZU7 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser1735 SPTSPSYsPTSPSYS -1 22137580 t "Phosphorylation and dephosphorylation of the C-terminal domain (CTD) of RNA polymerase II (Pol II) represent a critical regulatory checkpoint for transcription. Transcription initiation requires Fcp1/Scp1-mediated dephosphorylation of phospho-CTD. | This combined structure-function analysis discloses the residues in Scp1 involved in CTD binding and its preferential dephosphorylation of P.Ser5 of the CTD heptad repeat." SIGNOR-248788 CTDSP1 protein Q9GZU7 UNIPROT SMAD3 protein P84022 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser208 DAGSPNLsPNPMSPA 9606 BTO:0000007 17035229 t "SCP1 Dephosphorylates Smad2/3 in the Linkers|MAPK-mediated linker phosphorylation appears to have a dual role in Smad2/3 regulation. Mitogens and hyperactive Ras result in extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)-mediated phosphorylation of Smad3 at Ser-204, Ser-208, and Thr-179 and of Smad2 at Ser-245/250/255 and Thr-220. Mutation of these sites increases the ability of Smad3 to activate target genes, suggesting that MAPK phosphorylation of Smad3 is inhibitory (11, 12). However, in contrast, ERK-dependent phosphorylation of Smad2 at Thr-8 enhances its transcriptional activity" SIGNOR-248792 CHEK2 protein O96017 UNIPROT BRCA1 protein P38398 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser988 PPLFPIKsFVKTKCK 9606 BTO:0000150 14701743 t gcesareni "In this study, we tested the hypothesis that the brca1-mediated regulation of recombination requires the chk2- and atm-dependent phosphorylation sites." SIGNOR-120575 NOTCH1 protein P46531 UNIPROT BCL2 protein P10415 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000782 16990763 f gcesareni "Other notch target genes identi__ed in the thymoma cell line were dtx1 (gene for deltex1), i__-202, i__-204, i__-d3, adam19 (meltrinb).24 a number of other genes have been reported as being notch targets, including notch1 itself,28 nrarp in xenopus embryos,29 bcl2 in thymoma cells,30 ccnd1 (gene for cyclin d1) in a kidney cell line,31 dkn1a (gene for cyclindependent kinase inhibitor 1a (p21, cip1)) in keratinocytes32 and tcf3 (gene for e2a)." SIGNOR-149730 NOTCH1 protein P46531 UNIPROT IL7R protein P16871 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000782 22577461 f miannu "E2a positively regulates notch1 expression, which induces the expression of hebalt, bcl11b, and il7r." SIGNOR-197452 NOTCH1 protein P46531 UNIPROT TCF12 protein Q99081 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000782 22577461 f miannu "E2a positively regulates notch1 expression, which induces the expression of hebalt, bcl11b, and il7r." SIGNOR-197514 TXK protein P42681 UNIPROT LCP2 protein Q13094 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr113 SSFEEDDyESPNDDQ 9606 BTO:0000782 10660534 t lperfetto "Resting lymphocyte kinase (rlk/txk) targets lymphoid adaptor slp-76 in the cooperative activation of interleukin-2 transcription in t-cells. In this study, we report that rlk phosphorylates slp-76 at its n-terminal yesp/yepp sites. A third tyrosine within the amino-terminal region (y145) appears to be the most important for optimal slp-76 function" SIGNOR-74844 TCF12 protein Q99081 UNIPROT NOTCH3 protein Q9UM47 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000782 22577461 f miannu "Hebalt positively regulates t-cell genes, such as pt_ and notch3" SIGNOR-197517 TCF12 protein Q99081 UNIPROT PTCRA protein Q6ISU1 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000782 22577461 f miannu "Hebalt positively regulates t-cell genes, such as pt_ and notch3" SIGNOR-197520 TCF3 protein P15923 UNIPROT NOTCH1 protein P46531 UNIPROT "up-regulates quantity by expression" "transcriptional regulation" 9606 BTO:0000782 22577461 f miannu "E2a positively regulates notch1 expression, which induces the expression of hebalt, bcl11b, and il7r." SIGNOR-197523 FYN protein P06241 UNIPROT VAV1 protein P15498 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation 9606 BTO:0000782 11005864 t lperfetto "Study of t cells from a fyn-deficient tcr transgenic mouse also showed that fyn was required for tyrosine phosphorylation and activation of vav induced by both antagonist and agonist peptides." SIGNOR-82287 CD274 protein Q9NZQ7 UNIPROT PDCD1 protein Q15116 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000782 11015443 t miannu "Pd-l1, was found to bind pd-1 specifically. The functional significance of this interaction has been demonstrated in t cell assays, in which engagement of pd-1 by pd-l1 leads to the inhibition of tcr-mediated lymphocyte proliferation and cytokine secretion." SIGNOR-82604 GSK3B protein P49841 UNIPROT ESR1 protein P03372 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser102 GGFPPLNsVSPSPLM 9606 16076840 t gcesareni "The gsk-3 inhibitor lithium chloride was used to determine the role of gsk-3 in phosphorylation of ser-102, -104, and -106 and ser-118 in vivo and to explore the role of these serines in the regulation of eralpha function. Treatment of cells with lithium chloride resulted in dephosphorylation of ser-104 and -106 and ser-118, which suggests these serine residues as targets for gsk-3 in vivo. Our results further suggest that eralpha phosphorylation by gsk-3 stabilizes eralpha under resting conditions and modulates eralpha transcriptional activity upon ligand binding. Estradiol and phorbol ester cause phosphorylation of serine 118 in the human estrogen receptor. Potentiation of human estrogen receptor alpha transcriptional activation through phosphorylation of serines 104 and 106 by the cyclin a-cdk2 complex." SIGNOR-139312 CSK protein P41240 UNIPROT PTPRC protein P08575 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr1216 MVSTFEQyQFLYDVI 9606 BTO:0000782 7507203 t llicata "Tyrosine phosphorylation of cd45 phosphotyrosine phosphatase by p50csk kinase creates a binding site for p56lck tyrosine kinase and activates the phosphatase." SIGNOR-26785 ZAP70 protein P43403 UNIPROT SH2B3 protein Q9UQQ2 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr273 LEMPDNLyTFVLKVK 9606 BTO:0000782 9169414 t lperfetto "In vitro tyrosine phosphorylation of lnk by lck and zap-70. Tyrosine 297 would appear to be an attractive target for phosphorylation within the c-terminal domain. Our studies suggest that although lnk may participate in tcr signaling, its functions are in no way limiting during t cell development or activation." SIGNOR-48854 TXK protein P42681 UNIPROT LCP2 protein Q13094 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr145 PVEDDADyEPPPSND 9606 BTO:0000782 8892604 t lperfetto "Resting lymphocyte kinase (rlk/txk) targets lymphoid adaptor slp-76 in the cooperative activation of interleukin-2 transcription in t-cells. In this study, we report that rlk phosphorylates slp-76 at its n-terminal yesp/yepp sites. A third tyrosine within the amino-terminal region (y145) appears to be the most important for optimal slp-76 function" SIGNOR-44669 ZAP70 protein P43403 UNIPROT LCP2 protein Q13094 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr113 SSFEEDDyESPNDDQ 9606 BTO:0000782 9047237 t lperfetto "Zap-70 phosphorylates slp-76 at specific sites that allow vav sh2 domain bindingwe also show by in vitro and in vivo analysis that two slp-76 pyesp motifs (y113 and y128) mediate binding, the first being more efficient." SIGNOR-46855 PRKCH protein P24723 UNIPROT GSK3B protein P49841 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser9 SGRPRTTsFAESCKP 9606 BTO:0000782 19836308 t lperfetto "Gsk3 is different from most kinases in that it is constitutively partially active and the most common regulatory mechanism is inhibition by phosphorylation of ser21 in gsk3_ or ser9 in gsk3_. This inhibitory phosphorylation can be mediated by several kinases, such as akt/protein kinase b (pkb), protein kinase c (pkc) and protein kinase a (pka)." SIGNOR-188585 TNF protein P01375 UNIPROT TNFRSF21 protein O75509 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000142 9714541 t gcesareni "We report the identification and initial characterization of dr6, a new member of the tnf receptor family possessing a cytoplasmic death domain." SIGNOR-59745 APH1A protein Q96BI3 UNIPROT NCSTN protein Q92542 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000142 12297508 t gcesareni "By using co-immunoprecipitation and nickel affinity pull-down approaches, we now show that mammalian aph-1 (maph-1), a conserved multipass membrane protein, physically associates with nicastrin and the heterodimers of the presenilin amino- and carboxyl-terminal fragments in human cell lines and in rat brain." SIGNOR-93259 APH1A protein Q96BI3 UNIPROT PSEN1 protein P49768 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000142 12297508 t "Gamma secretase subunit that leads to PS1/PS2 eterodimer complex stabilisation." gcesareni "By using co-immunoprecipitation and nickel affinity pull-down approaches, we now show that mammalian aph-1 (maph-1), a conserved multipass membrane protein, physically associates with nicastrin and the heterodimers of the presenilin amino- and carboxyl-terminal fragments in human cell lines and in rat brain." SIGNOR-93262 APH1A protein Q96BI3 UNIPROT PSEN2 protein P49810 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000142 12297508 t gcesareni "Gamma secretase subunit. Leads to ps1/ps2 eterodimer complex stabilisation. By using co-immunoprecipitation and nickel affinity pull-down approaches, we now show that mammalian aph-1 (maph-1), a conserved multipass membrane protein, physically associates with nicastrin and the heterodimers of the presenilin amino- and carboxyl-terminal fragments in human cell lines and in rat brain." SIGNOR-93265 APH1B protein Q8WW43 UNIPROT NCSTN protein Q92542 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000142 12297508 t gcesareni "By using co-immunoprecipitation and nickel affinity pull-down approaches, we now show that mammalian aph-1 (maph-1), a conserved multipass membrane protein, physically associates with nicastrin and the heterodimers of the presenilin amino- and carboxyl-terminal fragments in human cell lines and in rat brain.These data indicate that maph-1 is probably a functional component of the gamma-secretase complex" SIGNOR-93307 APH1B protein Q8WW43 UNIPROT PSEN2 protein P49810 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000142 12297508 t gcesareni "By using co-immunoprecipitation and nickel affinity pull-down approaches, we now show that mammalian aph-1 (maph-1), a conserved multipass membrane protein, physically associates with nicastrin and the heterodimers of the presenilin amino- and carboxyl-terminal fragments in human cell lines and in rat brain." SIGNOR-93310 NCSTN protein Q92542 UNIPROT APH1A protein Q96BI3 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000142 12297508 t gcesareni "We show that mammalian aph-1 (maph-1), a conserved multipass membrane protein, physically associates with nicastrin and the heterodimers of the presenilin amino- and carboxyl-terminal fragments in human cell lines and in rat brain. Similar to the loss of presenilin or nicastrin, the inactivation of endogenous maph-1 using small interfering rnas results in the decrease of presenilin levels, accumulation of gamma-secretase substrates (app carboxyl-terminal fragments), and reduction of gamma-secretase products (amyloid-beta peptides and the intracellular domains of app and notch)." SIGNOR-93313 CD55 protein P08174 UNIPROT CD97 protein P48960 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000142 12417446 t gcesareni "This interaction may facilitate cell activation and migration through the blood-brain barrier. In addition, cd97-cd55 interactions in the parenchyma of the brain may contribute to the inflammation." SIGNOR-95458 NCSTN protein Q92542 UNIPROT APH1A protein Q96BI3 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000142 12471034 t gcesareni "We show that mammalian aph-1 (maph-1), a conserved multipass membrane protein, physically associates with nicastrin and the heterodimers of the presenilin amino- and carboxyl-terminal fragments in human cell lines and in rat brain. Similar to the loss of presenilin or nicastrin, the inactivation of endogenous maph-1 using small interfering rnas results in the decrease of presenilin levels, accumulation of gamma-secretase substrates (app carboxyl-terminal fragments), and reduction of gamma-secretase products (amyloid-beta peptides and the intracellular domains of app and notch)." SIGNOR-96250 CCK protein P06307 UNIPROT CCKBR protein P32239 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000142 10368033 t gcesareni "Cck8 interacts with nanomolar affinities with two different receptors designated cck-a and cck-b" SIGNOR-66339 GAST protein P01350 UNIPROT CCKBR protein P32239 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000142 10368033 t gcesareni "A segment of five amino acids in the second extracellular loop of the cck-b receptor was shown to be essential for the high affinity of the natural peptide agonits, gastrin," SIGNOR-66987 GSK3B protein P49841 UNIPROT MCL1 protein Q07820 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser159 NNTSTDGsLPSTPPP 9606 16543145 t gcesareni "We investigated the role of glycogen synthase kinase-3 (gsk-3), which is inactivated by akt, for its role in the regulation of apoptosis. Upon il-3 withdrawal, protein levels of mcl-1 decreased but were sustained by pharmacological gsk-3, which prevented cytochrome c release and apoptosis. Mcl-1 was phosphorylated by gsk-3 at a conserved gsk-3 phosphorylation site (s159). S159 phosphorylation of mcl-1 was induced by il-3 withdrawal or pi3k inhibition and prevented by akt or gsk-3, and it led to increased ubiquitinylation and degradation of mcl-1." SIGNOR-145200 PRKD1 protein Q15139 UNIPROT PIP4K2A protein P48426 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr376 KAAHAAKtVKHGAGA 9606 16563698 t lperfetto "We conclude that the type ii pip kinases are physiological targets for pkd phosphorylation, and that this modification is likely to regulate inositol lipid turnover by inhibition of these lipid kinases." SIGNOR-145370 PRKCB protein P05771 UNIPROT ORAI1 protein Q96D31 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser30 TTSGSRRsRRRSGDG 9606 20534587 t llicata "We propose that pkc suppresses soce and crac channel function by phosphorylation of orai1 at n-terminal serine residues ser-27 and ser-30." SIGNOR-166044 MAPK9 protein P45984 UNIPROT RXRA protein P19793 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser260 NMGLNPSsPNDPVTN 9606 16551633 t gcesareni "Under stress conditions, hyperphosphorylated by activated jnk on ser-56, ser-70, thr-82 and ser-260. These findings indicate that inflammation-mediated cell signaling leads to rapid and profound reductions in nuclear rxralpha levels, via a multistep, jnk-dependent mechanism involving ser260, nuclear export, and proteasomal degradation." SIGNOR-145301 CTDSP1 protein Q9GZU7 UNIPROT SMAD1 protein Q15797 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser187 NSHPFPHsPNSSYPN 9606 BTO:0000552 17085434 t "Smad proteins transduce bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) and transforming growth factor-beta (TGFbeta) signals upon phosphorylation of their C-terminal SXS motif by receptor kinases.|Phosphatases that dephosphorylate the linker region are therefore likely to play an integral part in the regulation of Smad activity. We reported previously that small C-terminal domain phosphatases 1, 2, and 3 (SCP1-3) dephosphorylate Smad1 C-terminal tail, thereby attenuating BMP signaling. |The linker region of Smad1 consists of four MAPK phosphorylation sites (Ser-187, Ser-195, Ser-206, and Ser-214)" SIGNOR-248798 dapt chemical CID:5311272 PUBCHEM PSEN1 protein P49768 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 16569643 t gcesareni "The catalytic aspartates are necessary for binding of the transition state analogue inhibitor, l-685,458, to ps1. It is possible that these catalytic aspartates also contribute to the direct interaction of ps with dapt." SIGNOR-145385 CSNK1A1 protein P48729 UNIPROT GLI2 protein P10070 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation 9606 16611981 t gcesareni "Gli2 can also be phosphorylated directly by ck-1 at the non-optimal sites" SIGNOR-146112 TLR4 protein O00206 UNIPROT NfKb-p65/p50 complex SIGNOR-C13 SIGNOR "up-regulates activity" 9606 BTO:0000801 7635431 f lperfetto "The activation of NF-kB is triggered by different stimuli, eg., lipopolysaccharides (LPSs), muramyl peptides, viruses,e inflammatory cytokines tumor necrosis factor-alpha(TNF-a) and interleukin (IL)-1b, irradiation, and reactive xygen intermediates (H2O2)." SIGNOR-249517 CH5132799 chemical CID:49784945 PUBCHEM PIK3CD protein O00329 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-190949 JNJ-7706621 chemical CID:5330790 PUBCHEM CDK2 protein P24941 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-193549 PDPK1 protein O15530 UNIPROT AKT1 protein P31749 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr308 KDGATMKtFCGTPEY 9606 BTO:0000142 10226025 t acerquone "Protein kinase b (pkb) is activated by phosphorylation of thr308 and of ser473. Thr308 is phosphorylated by the 3-phosphoinositide-dependent protein kinase-1 (pdk1) but the identity of the kinase that phosphorylates ser473 (provisionally termed pdk2) is unknown." SIGNOR-67363 SRC protein P12931 UNIPROT RPS6KA3 protein P51812 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr529 TITKTVEyLHAQGVV 9606 BTO:0000007 18156174 t llicata "Together, our findings suggest that src-dependent phosphorylation at tyr-529 facilitates inactive erk binding to rsk2, which might be a general requirement for rsk2 activation by egf through the mek/erk pathway." SIGNOR-160052 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT NOS2 protein P35228 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser745 KSRQNLQsPTSSRAT 9606 BTO:0000007 17804409 t esanto "Erk phosphorylated inos on ser745. Mutation of ser745 to ala did not affect basal inos activity but eliminated inos phosphorylation and activation in response to b1r agonist." SIGNOR-157711 FYN protein P06241 UNIPROT RPS6KA3 protein P51812 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Tyr529 TITKTVEyLHAQGVV 9606 BTO:0000007 18156174 t llicata "Epidermal growth factor stimulates rsk2 activation through activation of the mek/erk pathway and src-dependent tyrosine phosphorylation of rsk2 at tyr-529. By mass spectroscopy-based studies, we identified src tyrosine kinase family members src and fyn as upstream kinases of rsk2 tyr-529." SIGNOR-160048 PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT PLD1 protein Q13393 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser561 PRKFSKFsLYKQLHR 9606 BTO:0000142 10441128 t gcesareni "Serine 2, threonine 147, and serine 561 were identified as phosphorylation sites of pld1 by pkcalpha in the cells." SIGNOR-69934 PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT PLD1 protein Q13393 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser2 sLKNEPRV 9606 BTO:0000142 10441128 t gcesareni "Serine 2, threonine 147, and serine 561 were identified as phosphorylation sites of pld1 by pkcalpha in the cells." SIGNOR-69930 MAPK3 protein P27361 UNIPROT HNRNPK protein P61978 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser284 RRDYDDMsPRRGPPP 9606 16564677 t gcesareni "Erk phosphorylation drives cytoplasmic accumulation of hnrnp-k and inhibition of mrna translation mitogen-activated protein kinase/extracellular-signal-regulated kinase (mapk/erk) efficiently phosphorylates hnrnp-k both in vitro and in vivo at serines 284 and 353." SIGNOR-145375 PRKCD protein Q05655 UNIPROT LIMK2 protein P53671 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser283 EGTLRRRsLRRSNSI 9606 16820362 t "Translocation from Cytosol to Nucleus" gcesareni "Recently we have shown that limk2 shuttles between cytoplasm and nucleus in endothelial cells and that nuclear import is inhibited by protein kinase c-mediated phosphorylation of ser-283." SIGNOR-147716 STK3 protein Q13188 UNIPROT MOB1A protein Q9H8S9 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr74 QINMLYGtITEFCTE 9606 BTO:0000007 18362890 t gcesareni "These findings indicate that the phosphorylation of mob1 at thr74 by mst2 is essential to make a complex of mob1, mst2 and ndr1, and to fully activate ndr1" SIGNOR-177977 PRKCZ protein Q05513 UNIPROT MYH10 protein P35580 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser1937 RGGPISFsSSRSGRR 9606 16611744 t lperfetto "After egf stimulation, apkc_ translocates from the nucleus to the cytoplasm (figure 3) and is therefore able to interact with myosin ii-b. apkc_ phosphorylates nmhc ii-b on ser1937, which is located on the nonhelical tailpiece, leading to filament disassembly at certain sites of the cell" SIGNOR-146100 CTDSP1 protein Q9GZU7 UNIPROT SMAD2 protein Q15796 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser255 ELSPTTLsPVNHSLD 9606 BTO:0000007 17035229 t "SCP1 Dephosphorylates Smad2/3 in the Linkers|MAPK-mediated linker phosphorylation appears to have a dual role in Smad2/3 regulation. Mitogens and hyperactive Ras result in extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)-mediated phosphorylation of Smad3 at Ser-204, Ser-208, and Thr-179 and of Smad2 at Ser-245/250/255 and Thr-220. Mutation of these sites increases the ability of Smad3 to activate target genes, suggesting that MAPK phosphorylation of Smad3 is inhibitory (11, 12). However, in contrast, ERK-dependent phosphorylation of Smad2 at Thr-8 enhances its transcriptional activity" SIGNOR-248797 PTPRH protein Q9HD43 UNIPROT GHR protein P10912 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation 10029 BTO:0000246 12907755 t "Protein tyrosine phosphatases (PTPs) play key roles in switching off tyrosine phosphorylation cascades, such as initiated by cytokine receptors. We have used substrate-trapping mutants of a large set of PTPs to identify members of the PTP family that have substrate specificity for the phosphorylated human GH receptor (GHR) intracellular domain. Among 31 PTPs tested, T cell (TC)-PTP, PTP-beta, PTP1B, stomach cancer-associated PTP 1 (SAP-1), Pyst-2, Meg-2, and PTP-H1 showed specificity for phosphorylated GHR" SIGNOR-248802 DTX1 protein Q86Y01 UNIPROT TCF3 protein P15923 UNIPROT down-regulates 9606 BTO:0000776 9528794 f gcesareni "Our experiments indicate that deltex expression alone is suffcient to inhibit e47." SIGNOR-56141 CTDSP1 protein Q9GZU7 UNIPROT SMAD1 protein Q15797 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser195 PNSSYPNsPGSSSST 9606 BTO:0000552 17085434 t "Smad proteins transduce bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) and transforming growth factor-beta (TGFbeta) signals upon phosphorylation of their C-terminal SXS motif by receptor kinases.|Phosphatases that dephosphorylate the linker region are therefore likely to play an integral part in the regulation of Smad activity. We reported previously that small C-terminal domain phosphatases 1, 2, and 3 (SCP1-3) dephosphorylate Smad1 C-terminal tail, thereby attenuating BMP signaling. |The linker region of Smad1 consists of four MAPK phosphorylation sites (Ser-187, Ser-195, Ser-206, and Ser-214)" SIGNOR-248799 SSU72 protein Q9NP77 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser1626 SPSYSPTsPSYSPTS -1 15125841 t "Phosphorylation of serine-2 (S2) and serine-5 (S5) of the C-terminal domain (CTD) of RNA polymerase II (RNAP II) is a dynamic process that regulates the transcription cycle and coordinates recruitment of RNA processing factors. The Fcp1 CTD phosphatase catalyzes dephosphorylation of S2-P.| Depletion of Ssu72 impairs transcription in vitro" SIGNOR-248805 SSU72 protein Q9NP77 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser1619 SPSYSPTsPSYSPTS -1 15125841 t "Phosphorylation of serine-2 (S2) and serine-5 (S5) of the C-terminal domain (CTD) of RNA polymerase II (RNAP II) is a dynamic process that regulates the transcription cycle and coordinates recruitment of RNA processing factors. The Fcp1 CTD phosphatase catalyzes dephosphorylation of S2-P.| Depletion of Ssu72 impairs transcription in vitro" SIGNOR-248804 GSK3B protein P49841 UNIPROT ESR1 protein P03372 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser104 FPPLNSVsPSPLMLL 9606 16076840 t gcesareni "The gsk-3 inhibitor lithium chloride was used to determine the role of gsk-3 in phosphorylation of ser-102, -104, and -106 and ser-118 in vivo and to explore the role of these serines in the regulation of eralpha function. Treatment of cells with lithium chloride resulted in dephosphorylation of ser-104 and -106 and ser-118, which suggests these serine residues as targets for gsk-3 in vivo. Our results further suggest that eralpha phosphorylation by gsk-3 stabilizes eralpha under resting conditions and modulates eralpha transcriptional activity upon ligand binding. Estradiol and phorbol ester cause phosphorylation of serine 118 in the human estrogen receptor. Potentiation of human estrogen receptor alpha transcriptional activation through phosphorylation of serines 104 and 106 by the cyclin a-cdk2 complex." SIGNOR-139316 CTDSP1 protein Q9GZU7 UNIPROT SMAD1 protein Q15797 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser206 SSSTYPHsPTSSDPG 9606 BTO:0000552 17085434 t "Smad proteins transduce bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) and transforming growth factor-beta (TGFbeta) signals upon phosphorylation of their C-terminal SXS motif by receptor kinases.|Phosphatases that dephosphorylate the linker region are therefore likely to play an integral part in the regulation of Smad activity. We reported previously that small C-terminal domain phosphatases 1, 2, and 3 (SCP1-3) dephosphorylate Smad1 C-terminal tail, thereby attenuating BMP signaling. |The linker region of Smad1 consists of four MAPK phosphorylation sites (Ser-187, Ser-195, Ser-206, and Ser-214)" SIGNOR-248800 CTDSP1 protein Q9GZU7 UNIPROT SMAD1 protein Q15797 UNIPROT "down-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser214 PTSSDPGsPFQMPAD 9606 BTO:0000552 17085434 t "Smad proteins transduce bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) and transforming growth factor-beta (TGFbeta) signals upon phosphorylation of their C-terminal SXS motif by receptor kinases.|Phosphatases that dephosphorylate the linker region are therefore likely to play an integral part in the regulation of Smad activity. We reported previously that small C-terminal domain phosphatases 1, 2, and 3 (SCP1-3) dephosphorylate Smad1 C-terminal tail, thereby attenuating BMP signaling. |The linker region of Smad1 consists of four MAPK phosphorylation sites (Ser-187, Ser-195, Ser-206, and Ser-214)" SIGNOR-248801 SSU72 protein Q9NP77 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser1654 SPSYSPTsPSYSPTS -1 15125841 t "Phosphorylation of serine-2 (S2) and serine-5 (S5) of the C-terminal domain (CTD) of RNA polymerase II (RNAP II) is a dynamic process that regulates the transcription cycle and coordinates recruitment of RNA processing factors. The Fcp1 CTD phosphatase catalyzes dephosphorylation of S2-P.| Depletion of Ssu72 impairs transcription in vitro" SIGNOR-248807 SSU72 protein Q9NP77 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser1647 SPSYSPTsPSYSPTS -1 15125841 t "Phosphorylation of serine-2 (S2) and serine-5 (S5) of the C-terminal domain (CTD) of RNA polymerase II (RNAP II) is a dynamic process that regulates the transcription cycle and coordinates recruitment of RNA processing factors. The Fcp1 CTD phosphatase catalyzes dephosphorylation of S2-P.| Depletion of Ssu72 impairs transcription in vitro" SIGNOR-248806 GSK3B protein P49841 UNIPROT ESR1 protein P03372 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser118 LHPPPQLsPFLQPHG 9606 16076840 t gcesareni "The gsk-3 inhibitor lithium chloride was used to determine the role of gsk-3 in phosphorylation of ser-102, -104, and -106 and ser-118 in vivo and to explore the role of these serines in the regulation of eralpha function. Treatment of cells with lithium chloride resulted in dephosphorylation of ser-104 and -106 and ser-118, which suggests these serine residues as targets for gsk-3 in vivo. Our results further suggest that eralpha phosphorylation by gsk-3 stabilizes eralpha under resting conditions and modulates eralpha transcriptional activity upon ligand binding. Estradiol and phorbol ester cause phosphorylation of serine 118 in the human estrogen receptor. Potentiation of human estrogen receptor alpha transcriptional activation through phosphorylation of serines 104 and 106 by the cyclin a-cdk2 complex." SIGNOR-139324 USP28 protein Q96RU2 UNIPROT MYC protein P01106 UNIPROT up-regulates deubiquitination 9606 BTO:0000150 17558397 t esanto "Usp28, an ubiquitin-specific protease, binds to myc through an interaction with fbw7alpha, an f-box protein that is part of an scf-type ubiquitin ligase. Therefore, it stabilizes myc." SIGNOR-155590 SRT1720 chemical CID:25232708 PUBCHEM SIRT1 protein Q96EB6 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-207114 NBR1 protein Q14596 UNIPROT GABARAP protein O95166 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000007 19250911 t gcesareni "We performed glutathione s-transferase (gst) pull-down assays using extracts from hek293 cells overexpressing an ha-tagged nbr1(d50r) mutant, which lacks the ability to bind p62 (lamark et al., 2003) (figures s1a and s1b, available online), and gst fusions of six human atg8 homologs: gabarap, gabarapl1, gabarapl2, lc3a, lc3b, and lc3c. Indeed, nbr1 interacted with all these members of the mammalian atg8 protein family" SIGNOR-184261 NBR1 protein Q14596 UNIPROT GABARAPL1 protein Q9H0R8 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000007 19250911 t gcesareni "We performed glutathione s-transferase (gst) pull-down assays using extracts from hek293 cells overexpressing an ha-tagged nbr1(d50r) mutant, which lacks the ability to bind p62 (lamark et al., 2003) (figures s1a and s1b, available online), and gst fusions of six human atg8 homologs: gabarap, gabarapl1, gabarapl2, lc3a, lc3b, and lc3c. Indeed, nbr1 interacted with all these members of the mammalian atg8 protein family" SIGNOR-184264 MTMR3 protein Q13615 UNIPROT mTORC1 complex SIGNOR-C3 SIGNOR "down-regulates activity" 9606 BTO:0000007 26787466 t lperfetto "The PtdIns3-phosphatase MTMR3 interacts with mTORC1 and suppresses its activity." SIGNOR-245108 Dovitinib chemical CID:9886808 PUBCHEM FLT3 protein P36888 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-191406 CSNK2A1 protein P68400 UNIPROT SLK protein Q9H2G2 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Ser348 SDLSIASsEEDKLSQ 9606 16837460 t gcesareni "Slk down-regulation by v-src is indirect and is accompanied by slk hyperphosphorylation on serine residues. Deletion analysis revealed that casein kinase ii (ck2) sites at position 347/348 are critical for v-src-dependent modulation of slk activity." SIGNOR-147883 DUSP4 protein Q13115 UNIPROT MAPK14 protein Q16539 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation 9606 16849326 t gcesareni "This result suggests that dusp4 represses gluconeogenesis through dephosphorylation of p38" SIGNOR-147958 SSU72 protein Q9NP77 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser1668 SPSYSPTsPSYSPTS -1 15125841 t "Phosphorylation of serine-2 (S2) and serine-5 (S5) of the C-terminal domain (CTD) of RNA polymerase II (RNAP II) is a dynamic process that regulates the transcription cycle and coordinates recruitment of RNA processing factors. The Fcp1 CTD phosphatase catalyzes dephosphorylation of S2-P.| Depletion of Ssu72 impairs transcription in vitro" SIGNOR-248808 SSU72 protein Q9NP77 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser1675 SPSYSPTsPSYSPTS -1 15125841 t "Phosphorylation of serine-2 (S2) and serine-5 (S5) of the C-terminal domain (CTD) of RNA polymerase II (RNAP II) is a dynamic process that regulates the transcription cycle and coordinates recruitment of RNA processing factors. The Fcp1 CTD phosphatase catalyzes dephosphorylation of S2-P.| Depletion of Ssu72 impairs transcription in vitro" SIGNOR-248809 PTPRJ protein Q12913 UNIPROT RET protein P07949 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation Tyr905 DVYEEDSyVKRSQGR 9606 16778204 t gcesareni "Ptprj expression induces dephosphorylation of the ret(c634r) and, probably via an indirect mechanism, ret/ptc1 oncoproteins on two key ret autophosphorylation sites (tyr1062 and tyr905). in line with this finding, adoptive ptprj expression reduced the oncogenic activity of ret" SIGNOR-147165 MAPK14 protein Q16539 UNIPROT BCL2 protein P10415 UNIPROT down-regulates phosphorylation Thr56 FSSQPGHtPHPAASR 9606 16714293 t gcesareni "Bcl-2 phosphorylation by p38 mapkin this study, we identify, by using mass spectrometry techniques and specific anti-phosphopeptide antibodies, ser(87) and thr(56) as the bcl-2 residues phosphorylated by p38 mapk and show that phosphorylation of these residues is always associated with a decrease in the antiapoptotic potential of bcl-2 protein." SIGNOR-146786 SSU72 protein Q9NP77 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser1724 SPSYSPTsPSYSPTS -1 15125841 t "Phosphorylation of serine-2 (S2) and serine-5 (S5) of the C-terminal domain (CTD) of RNA polymerase II (RNAP II) is a dynamic process that regulates the transcription cycle and coordinates recruitment of RNA processing factors. The Fcp1 CTD phosphatase catalyzes dephosphorylation of S2-P.| Depletion of Ssu72 impairs transcription in vitro" SIGNOR-248812 AURKA protein O14965 UNIPROT CDC25B protein P30305 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser353 VQNKRRRsVTPPEEQ 9606 16082213 t lperfetto "We show that bypass of the g2/m checkpoint by the chk1 kinase inhibitor ucn-01 results in the activation of aurora-a and phosphorylation of cdc25b on s353" SIGNOR-139396 SSU72 protein Q9NP77 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser1696 SPSYSPTsPSYSPTS -1 15125841 t "Phosphorylation of serine-2 (S2) and serine-5 (S5) of the C-terminal domain (CTD) of RNA polymerase II (RNAP II) is a dynamic process that regulates the transcription cycle and coordinates recruitment of RNA processing factors. The Fcp1 CTD phosphatase catalyzes dephosphorylation of S2-P.| Depletion of Ssu72 impairs transcription in vitro" SIGNOR-248810 PTPN11 protein Q06124 UNIPROT CTNNA1 protein P35221 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation Tyr148 LADMADVyKLLVQLK 9606 16767162 t gcesareni "Tyr148 of beta-catenin is an shp2 target dephosphorylation site. Together, these results suggest that beta-catenin plays a suppressor role in cell transformation and that shp2, by dephosphorylating beta-catenin, promotes mitogenic, cell survival and transformation signals." SIGNOR-147075 SSU72 protein Q9NP77 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser1717 SPSYSPTsPSYSPTS -1 15125841 t "Phosphorylation of serine-2 (S2) and serine-5 (S5) of the C-terminal domain (CTD) of RNA polymerase II (RNAP II) is a dynamic process that regulates the transcription cycle and coordinates recruitment of RNA processing factors. The Fcp1 CTD phosphatase catalyzes dephosphorylation of S2-P.| Depletion of Ssu72 impairs transcription in vitro" SIGNOR-248811 PTPRJ protein Q12913 UNIPROT RET protein P07949 UNIPROT down-regulates dephosphorylation Tyr1062 TWIENKLyGMSDPNW 9606 16778204 t gcesareni "Ptprj expression induces dephosphorylation of the ret(c634r) and, probably via an indirect mechanism, ret/ptc1 oncoproteins on two key ret autophosphorylation sites (tyr1062 and tyr905). in line with this finding, adoptive ptprj expression reduced the oncogenic activity of ret" SIGNOR-147161 NBR1 protein Q14596 UNIPROT GABARAPL2 protein P60520 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 BTO:0000007 19250911 t gcesareni "We performed glutathione s-transferase (gst) pull-down assays using extracts from hek293 cells overexpressing an ha-tagged nbr1(d50r) mutant, which lacks the ability to bind p62 (lamark et al., 2003) (figures s1a and s1b, available online), and gst fusions of six human atg8 homologs: gabarap, gabarapl1, gabarapl2, lc3a, lc3b, and lc3c. Indeed, nbr1 interacted with all these members of the mammalian atg8 protein family." SIGNOR-184267 MYLK protein Q15746 UNIPROT MYL6B protein P14649 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation 9606 BTO:0000567 BTO:0000671 10092231 t gcesareni "Cytoskeletal dynamics are primarily modulated by interactions of actin and myosin ii that are regulated by myosin light chain kinase (mlck)-mediated phosphorylation of the regulatory myosin light chain (mlc)." SIGNOR-65865 Lenvatinib chemical CID:9823820 PUBCHEM KDR protein P35968 UNIPROT down-regulates "chemical inhibition" 9606 Other t Selleck gcesareni SIGNOR-191457 SH3RF1 protein Q7Z6J0 UNIPROT MAPK8IP1 protein Q9UQF2 UNIPROT up-regulates binding 9606 16571722 t gcesareni "We find that posh and jips directly associate with one another to form a multiprotein complex, pjac (posh-jip apoptotic complex), that includes all of the known kinase components of the pathway. Our observations indicate that this complex is required for jnk activation and cell death in response to apoptotic stimuli." SIGNOR-145393 PRKCA protein P17252 UNIPROT IRS1 protein P35568 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser24 GYLRKPKsMHKRFFV 9606 16574739 t flangone "We show that pkcalpha is likely to be directly involved in ser24 phosphorylation...Using Ser24asp irs-1 mutants to mimic the phosphorylated residue, we demonstrate that the phosphorylation status of ser24 does play an important role in regulating phosphoinositide binding to, and the intracellular localization of, the irs1-ph domain, which can ultimately impinge on insulin-stimulated glucose uptake" SIGNOR-145398 SSU72 protein Q9NP77 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser1644 SPTSPSYsPTSPSYS -1 15125841 t "Phosphorylation of serine-2 (S2) and serine-5 (S5) of the C-terminal domain (CTD) of RNA polymerase II (RNAP II) is a dynamic process that regulates the transcription cycle and coordinates recruitment of RNA processing factors. The Fcp1 CTD phosphatase catalyzes dephosphorylation of S2-P.| Depletion of Ssu72 impairs transcription in vitro" SIGNOR-248817 CDK1 protein P06493 UNIPROT NFAT5 protein O94916 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Thr135 TVQQHPStPKRHTVL 9606 BTO:0000007 21209322 t lperfetto "High nacl-induced activation of cdk5 increases phosphorylation of the osmoprotective transcription factor tonebp/orebp at threonine 135, which contributes to its rapid nuclear localization. we performed in vitro kinase assays using the tonebp/orebp peptide containing t135 as substrate (figure 3b, right panel) and various recombinant kinases. The peptide is strongly phosphorylated by cdk5, less by cdk1." SIGNOR-170882 SSU72 protein Q9NP77 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser1665 SPTSPSYsPTSPSYS -1 15125841 t "Phosphorylation of serine-2 (S2) and serine-5 (S5) of the C-terminal domain (CTD) of RNA polymerase II (RNAP II) is a dynamic process that regulates the transcription cycle and coordinates recruitment of RNA processing factors. The Fcp1 CTD phosphatase catalyzes dephosphorylation of S2-P.| Depletion of Ssu72 impairs transcription in vitro" SIGNOR-248819 PDPK1 protein O15530 UNIPROT RPS6KA1 protein Q15418 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" phosphorylation Ser221 DHEKKAYsFCGTVEY 9534 BTO:0000298 10480933 t miannu "Full-length RSK1, RSK2, and RSK3 Are Activated when Coexpressed with PDK1 in COS7 Cells. Ser221 phosphorylation is increased 2–3-fold during ERK-mediated activation of RSK1 in COS1 cells" SIGNOR-250270 SSU72 protein Q9NP77 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser1623 SPTSPSYsPTSPSYS -1 15125841 t "Phosphorylation of serine-2 (S2) and serine-5 (S5) of the C-terminal domain (CTD) of RNA polymerase II (RNAP II) is a dynamic process that regulates the transcription cycle and coordinates recruitment of RNA processing factors. The Fcp1 CTD phosphatase catalyzes dephosphorylation of S2-P.| Depletion of Ssu72 impairs transcription in vitro" SIGNOR-248816 CDK1 protein P06493 UNIPROT RUNX1 protein Q01196 UNIPROT up-regulates phosphorylation Ser21 TPPSTALsPGKMSEA 9606 BTO:0000007 SIGNOR-C17 21059642 t "The effect has been demonstrated using Q01196-8" gcesareni "Phosphorylation of runx1 on ser-303 by cdks leads its ubiquitin-mediated degradation during g2/m (19). We developed additional evidence that cdks phosphorylate ser-303 and found that ser-48 and ser-424 are also substrates of cdk1/cyclin b and cdk6/cyclin d3. Moreover, we demonstrated that phosphorylation of ser-48, ser-303, and ser-424 strengthens the ability of runx1 to activate transcription and to stimulate proliferation of the ba/f3 hematopoietic cell line (20)." SIGNOR-169318 SSU72 protein Q9NP77 UNIPROT POLR2A protein P24928 UNIPROT "up-regulates activity" dephosphorylation Ser1651 SPTSPSYsPTSPSYS -1 15125841 t "Phosphorylation of serine-2 (S2) and serine-5 (S5) of the C-terminal domain (CTD) of RNA polymerase II (RNAP II) is a dynamic process that regulates the transcription cycle and coordinates recruitment of RNA processing factors. The Fcp1 CTD phosphatase catalyzes dephosphorylation of S2-P.| Depletion of Ssu72 impairs tr