Summary

Name GEMIN5
Full Name Gem-associated protein 5
Synonyms Gemin5 |
Primary ID Q8TEQ6
Links - -
Type protein
Relations 1
Function Required for the assembly of the SMN complex that plays a catalyst role in the assembly of small nuclear ribonucleoproteins (snRNPs), the building blocks of the spliceosome (PubMed:16857593, PubMed:18984161, PubMed:20513430). Thereby, plays an important role in the splicing of cellular pre-mRNAs. Most spliceosomal snRNPs contain a common set of Sm proteins SNRPB, SNRPD1, SNRPD2, SNRPD3, SNRPE, SNRPF and SNRPG that assemble in a heptameric protein ring on the Sm site of the small nuclear RNA to form the core snRNP. In the cytosol, the Sm proteins SNRPD1, SNRPD2, SNRPE, SNRPF and SNRPG are trapped in an inactive 6S pICln-Sm complex by the chaperone CLNS1A that controls the assembly of the core snRNP (PubMed:18984161). Dissociation by the SMN complex of CLNS1A from the trapped Sm proteins and their transfer to an SMN-Sm complex triggers the assembly of core snRNPs and their transport to the nucleus (PubMed:18984161). GEMIN5 acts as the snRNA-binding protein of the SMN complex (PubMed:11714716, PubMed:16857593, PubMed:19377484, PubMed:19750007, PubMed:20513430, PubMed:27834343, PubMed:27881600, PubMed:27881601). Binds to the 7-methylguanosine cap of RNA molecules (PubMed:19750007, PubMed:27834343, PubMed:27881600, PubMed:27881601, Ref.25). Binds to the 3'-UTR of SMN1 mRNA and regulates its translation; does not affect mRNA stability (PubMed:25911097). May play a role in the regulation of protein synthesis via its interaction with ribosomes (PubMed:27507887).

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Relations

Regulator Mechanism target score
+ form complex img/form-complex.png binding SMN complex
Publications: 1